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Citizenship Citizenship

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					  Citizenship
the rights, duties, and
    responsibilities
                Citizenship
   A citizen is an individual with certain
    rights and duties under a
    government and who, by birth or by
    choice, owes allegiance to that
    government.
   Another word for allegiance is
    loyalty.
             Citizenship
   How does an individual become a
    citizen?
                  Citizenship
   The Fourteenth
    Amendment to the
    Constitution of the
    United States of
    America defines
    citizenship: ―All
    persons born or
    naturalized in the
    United States, and
    subject to the
    jurisdiction thereof,
    are citizens of the
    United States and the
    state wherein they
    reside.‖
                 Citizenship
   Means of
    obtaining
    citizenship
   Birth
   Naturalization
                Citizenship
   By birth -- you
    can become a
    citizen of the
    United States by
    being born to
    individuals who are
    already American
    citizens, or by
    being born on
    American soil
Citizenship
         By Naturalization
         Immigration and
          naturalization,
          particularly in the
          twentieth century,
          have led to an
          increasingly
          diverse society.
                 Citizenship
   To become a
    citizen through
    naturalization, a
    person must
    demonstrate
    knowledge of
    American history
    and principles and
    the ability to speak
    and write English
                Citizenship
   Do we have rights?       The Constitution of
   How do we know what       the United States of
    our rights are as         America establishes
    citizens?                 and protects the
                              citizen's fundamental
                              rights and liberties.
                             Few rights, if any, are
                              considered absolute or
                              unrestricted.
                 Citizenship
   What fundamental
    rights and liberties
    are guaranteed in
    the First and
    Fourteenth
    Amendments to
    the Constitution of
    the United States
    of America?
            Citizenship
   First Amendment freedoms
   Religion
   Speech
   Press
   Assembly
   Petition
                  Citizenship
   Religion—
    Government may
    not establish an
    official religion, nor
    endorse, or unduly
    interfere with the
    free exercise of
    religion.
Citizenship
         Speech—
          Individuals are
          free to express
          their opinions
          and beliefs.
              Citizenship
   Press—The press
    has the right to
    gather and
    publish
    information,
    including that
    which criticizes
    the government.
Citizenship
         Assembly—
          Individuals may
          peacefully gather.
         This applies to
          every citizen of the
          United States –
          young, old, male,
          female, all races
          and creeds.
Citizenship
         Petition—
          Individuals have
          the right to make
          their views known
          to public officials.
                Citizenship
   Fourteenth
    Amendment
   Extends the due
    process protection
    to actions of the
    states
                  Citizenship
   For government to
    be effective,
    citizens must fulfill
    their civic duties.
               Citizenship
   What duties           Duties of
                           responsible
    are expected           citizens
    of all citizens?      Obey laws
                          Pay taxes
                          Serve in the armed
                           forces if called
                          Serve on a jury or
                           as a witness in
                           court
               Citizenship
   Citizens who choose not to fulfill
    these civic duties face legal
    consequences.
   Remember: If you don’t fulfill your
    responsibilities, then you probably
    don’t have the right to complain.
    Being a responsible citizen entitles
    you to a voice in the government!
                 Citizenship




   A basic responsibility of citizenship is to
    contribute to the common good.
               Citizenship
   What are the ways individuals
    demonstrate responsible citizenship?
   Civic responsibilities are fulfilled by
    choice; they are voluntary.
   Each citizen can choose their level of
    participation.
   Obviously, some are more involved
    than others.
                 Citizenship
   Responsibilities of citizens
   Register and vote
   Hold elective office
   Influence government by communicating
    with government officials
   Serve in voluntary, appointed positions
   Participate in political campaigns
   Keep informed regarding current issues
   Respect others' rights to an equal voice in
    government
                  Citizenship
   A democratic
    society requires
    the active
    participation of its
    citizens.
Citizenship
         In what ways
          do citizens
          participate in
          community
          service?
                Citizenship
   Ways for citizens
    to participate in
    community
    service
   Volunteer to
    support democratic
    institutions (e.g.,
    League of Women
    Voters).
                 Citizenship
   Ways for citizens to
    participate in
    community service
   Express concern
    about the welfare of
    the community as a
    whole (e.g.,
    environment, public
    health and safety,
    education).
Citizenship
         Ways for citizens to
          participate in
          community service
         Help to make the
          community a good
          place to work and
          live (e.g., by
          becoming involved
          with public service
          organizations,
          tutoring,
          volunteering in
          nursing homes).
                    Citizenship
   Thoughtful and               Personal traits of
    effective participation       good citizens
    in civic life depends        Trustworthiness and
    upon the exercise of          honesty
    good citizenship.            Courtesy and respect
                                  for the rights of others
                                 Responsibility,
                                  accountability, and
                                  self-reliance
                                 Respect for the law
                                 Patriotism

				
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posted:10/14/2011
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