; Erik Erikson's Personality Theory
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Erik Erikson's Personality Theory

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									Erik Erikson’s Personality Theory

        Psychosocial Development
             throughout the
                Life Span
Overview of the Theory
 Erikson believed that at each stage in
  life, individual’s would face a specific
 While facing the challenge, individual’s
  may struggle personally and/or socially
 Each person will ultimately follow one
  of the two life stage options
Trust vs. Mistrust
 Infant’s basic needs
  are either met or not
  met by the parents
 Parents are expected
  to provide food,
  caring, comfort
 Infants learn whether
  or not people are
Autonomy vs. Shame
               Children begin to explore
                surroundings (if Trust is
                developed, use parents as a
                secure base)
               Begin to develop own interests
                and try to do things on their own
                 Feeding
                 Dressing
                 Bathroom
               Develop either self-sufficiency or
                a sense of shame about own
Initiative vs. Guilt
                        Undertaking, planning and
                           executing a task
                          May feel guilt when initiative
                           does not produce desired
                          Accomplishing tasks on own
                          Testing limits/boundaries
                          Become more autonomous if
                           plans are supported, but may
                           develop guilt if parents or
                           caregivers dismiss their plans
     Industry vs. Inferiority
 Development of self-
 Industry = hard working,
  sacrificing play for work
 Inferiority = ridiculed or
  punished for lack of ability
 Development of individual
   Not doing so can lead to
    poor self-esteem
   Identity vs. Role Confusion
 Transition from
  childhood to adulthood
 Development of personal
  identity, beliefs, values
 May test personal limits
 “Identity Crisis”
 Often a conflict between
  personal desires and the
  expectations of others
Intimacy vs. Isolation
                  Blend own identities
                   with those of friends or
                   loved ones
                  Development of long-
                   term relationships
                    Friendships
                    Marriage
                  Inability to develop close
                   relationships may lead to
                   a feeling of isolation
Generativity vs. Stagnation
                 Generativity – establishing
                  and guiding the next
                 Contributing to society
                   Sense of productivity and
                 Stagnation = dissatisfaction
                  with the lack of personal
                   “What have I contributed?”
    Integrity vs. Despair
 Contemplation of personal
 Reflect upon one’s own
 Integrity = “I’ve had a
  successful life”
 Despair = “I haven’t done
  what I’ve wanted to do”

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