Religious Education Grade 11 By Linda Nsama Chanda ORDER AND FREEDOM IN SOCIETY JUSTICE IN SOCIETY Definition of justice Present situation Injustice within social systems Champions of justice What is justice? The word JUSTICE means to be fair. Present Situation Most people have experienced different types of injustices. For some, it has been at school, at work or at home- when a child has been punished for what he/she has not done. One injustice can lead to another e.g prejudice, selfishness, greed and hatred. Injustices within the social system Bribery- The offer of money or a gift to bring something usually illegal. Blackmail- A threat to expose discredible information about someone in order to obtain money or a favour from him. Abortion- Procuring a premature birth in order to destroy the baby, thus denying the child the right to life. Nepotism- Showing unfair favours to relatives in allocating jobs, promotions and scholarships. Tribalism- Showing unfair favours to members of one‟s own tribe. Absentism- Being away from work without good reason(s) Steps to follow in order to act justly We must try to understand how things are. Consider how things could be. Do something to make things better. Champions of Justice Martin Luther King Jr Don Helder Camara Chief Albert Luthuli Martin Luther King Jr He was born in the state of Georgia in the U.S.A at a time when racial equality was little known in that state. His parents were religious people. He was ordained as a minister and appointed as assistant pastor in the Ebenezer church in the city of Atlanta. He married social justice to Christianity. As soon as he was ordained his fight for equality and dignity began. He was non-violent and organized both blacks and whites in marches to protest unjust laws. He was beaten, stabbed but never used evil to fight evil. He was always called the „Champion of justice and non violence.” Martin received the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, Norway on 10th December, 1964. He died by an assassins bullet on 4th April, 1968. Don Helder Camara He was an Archbishop of Olinda and Recife in Brazil. He fought for justice for the poor in his country. In Brazil, the minority own a large proportion of it‟s wealth while the majority live in poverty and very sub-human conditions. (Capitalist). He strongly spoke against the government which seemed to keep the rich richer and the poor poorer. He believed in non-violence as a vehicle to arrive at the end. He felt violence is not the answer to justice. Justice is to have the courage to face the injustices. Justice and Love are more than believing in the power of wars and hatred. Chief Albert Luthuli He joined the African National Congress Party of South Africa in the 1940‟s In 1952 he was elected president of the Natal branch. He campaigned against unjust racialist Laws. He encouraged his people to enter doors marked “for the racial groups to sit in only” and made similar non violence protests. He finally became President General of the African National Congress. In 1961 he was awarded the prestigious Nobel Peace prize for his courage and commitment to non violence in seeking his justice.
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