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About the Foundation For the Future The Foundation for the Future is an independent, multilateral and non-profit organization launched in November 2005 at the second Forum for the Future. The Foundation provides technical and financial assistance to support, strengthen and enhance civil society initiatives towards democracy, freedoms and human rights in 20 countries of the Broader Middle East and North Africa (BMENA) region. Promoting democracy, human rights and reform The Foundation is engaged in strengthening freedoms, human dignity, equal opportunity, accountability and social justice. The Foundation promotes endogenous initiatives and reforms aiming at democracy enhancement, civil participation, human rights and the rule of Law. By doing so, the Foundation pays a particular attention in improving media freedom, women empowerment and civic education, as key conditions of reform efficiency and sustainability. Engaging with civil society The Foundation views civil society as a critical partner to initiate, accompany and monitor the progress of democratic governance and human rights. Civil society can voice and embody the requests of the citizens and peoples of the Region. The Foundation provides technical and financial assistance, and a conducive framework to nurture civil society initiatives through demand-driven grant-making, action-oriented research and capacity building. Established with the conviction that a regional and independent organization would foster the spirit of democracy and reform, the Foundation for the Future operates with political neutrality and autonomy, and denigrate the use of violence under all circumstances. The Foundation pursues this commitment in its policies, activities and governance. Contents 2- Building and sharing knowledge 32 Taking a leading role - Leading the debate on emerging issues 33 Introduction 4 - Promoting action-oriented research 34 With pride and hope - Transmitting knowledge through capacity building - Building from within 36 38 Editorial 6 A New Dawn Why Civil Society Does Matter 2010 in review and figures 8 3- Investing in change 39 A responsive funding approach 1- Engaging a wider world 11 - Letter from the Treasurer 40 A broader grant-making support for civil society - Accompanying the growth in operations 41 - Capitalizing on the trust invested in us 42 - The Foundation in the Broder Middle East and North Africa 12 - Financial Summary Statement 42 - Exploring new frontiers 13 - Echoing the aspiration for change 16 - Fostering the obligation of quality 17 Projects Miscellany 19 Appendices 45 - A watchful eye on power 20 Monitoring public accountability - Map of grants awarded in 2010 46 - Breaking the cloak of silence 22 - List of Grants awarded in 2010 48 Fighting violence against women - Board members 54 - Human Rights, old and new 24 - Access to justice 26 Legal aid for the disenfranchised - The cause of press freedom 28 With pride and hope “[The donor community] should strengthen its commitment to the slow and unglamorous work of nurturing autonomous Dear friends, dear partners, institutions in the region; We concluded 2010 with the satisfaction of having reached an important the only real solutions to momentum in the development of the Foundation for the Future. We have the woes of the Arab world achieved unprecedented growth, expansion, maturity and enhanced quality in are long-term ones. The various aspects of our work. Foundation for the Future (…) is the perfect vehicle In less than four years, we have taken great strides to position the Foundation as for such support” a credible and supportive partner for civil society organizations (CSOs) across the BMENA region. We are fulfilling the mission that we have been entrusted with: being a practical and constructive mechanism supporting valuable local initiatives James Traub, in the promotion of inclusive Democracy and effective Rights. Faithful to this Foreign Policy “We have discovered the commitment, we have awarded 140 grants since 2007, totaling nearly US $ 20 Foundation for the Future million. We have more than 120 partner organizations on the field, each of them to be the only organization impacting the development of the rule of law, women’s rights, civic participation, which appreciates the real good governance and media freedom. value of regional networks, We are confident that our commitment and vision are holding the course of and its importance in change. In 2010, we went much beyond the grant-making mechanism in our positively influencing local dialogue with civil society. In line with our strategic orientations, we have carved situations” an important space for constructive discussions, knowledge-building and capacity development. Ramallah Center for Human Rights Studies, While we embrace a truly regional dimension, we proudly observe encouraging Grantee in Palestine signs of change in many of our fields of operations. Civil society has undeniably emerged as a credible actor and essential pillar on issues that are of vital concern to the citizens. We are proud, but not complacent: much more needs to be done “The work of the for deeper and broader results. We are also strongly aware of the challenges Foundation for the Future ahead of us: countries in the region are transiting through perilous times of social is exceedingly important. It frustrations, intolerance, and fragmented identity. is my great hope that the efforts of the Foundation to As we share with you our successes, we also share a message of hope. It is our belief and experience that the political maturity of nations and peoples in the encourage the development region is growing, and this calls for the stronger engagement of progressive forces of civil society in that such as civil society. Efforts to invest in these emerging social and political actors region will prove extremely are paying off. beneficial to the area in the long term” In a region that is so crucial for the world, it is our shared responsibility – civil society, governments, international community – to enrich this promising trend. Justice Sandra Day We are grateful for the trust expressed by our donors, and we extend to them our O’Connor call for continuous and renewed support. At this condition only can we do even more, and even better, in maintaining the momentum that many had hoped for, and that is materializing today. Faithfully, Cornelio Sommaruga Nabila Hamza Chair, Board of Directors President 4 5 A New Dawn Why Civil Society Does Matter Had it not been for the early beginnings of the ‘Jasmine Revolution’ in December, against women and girls. They are in Pakistan or Palestine, where NGOs are 2010 would have ended on a bitter note as regards to the prospects of change meticulously auditing the quality of democracy and the performance of the justice and the role of civil society in the BMENA. We are hopeful that with the Tunisian sector. precedent a new dawn is rising in the region, where civil society at large has a seminal role to play. Many of these initiatives are the first of their kind in their local environment. They all, undeniably, contribute to building more inclusive societies and questioning the The 'Arab street' is talking fundamentals of the social contract. They all are examples of civil society engagement Events in Tunisia shattered the impression of immutable Middle Eastern and North and capacity to voice and embody pressing needs and vital demands from the African regimes. Tunisians took the streets to demand social justice and express citizens. They would need more time to prosper and unfold fully, but they would seem political frustrations. The spontaneity of these social movements took the world by insufficient only to an impatient eye. surprise and opposed a strong denial to the litany of impossible change. No one should be oblivious of the fact that civil society The fact that the revolt grew in a country where the space for organizations make this mark despite an increasingly alternative expression was practically suppressed in the past restrictive and constraining environment. Unspecific denials “What the events in decade underlines even more the thirst for inclusion and the WHO IS CIVIL SOCIETY? of registration for NGOs, interferences in their governance, Tunisia tell us is that call for legitimacy expressed by citizens. It is the result of The civil society is the surveillance or non-motivated dissolutions and suppression ‘the genie is out of the years of resistance and simmering discontent. History and arena of voluntary collective of CSOs: severe infringements to freedom of association and bottle’: the peoples and academic debates will have to analyze precisely the roots and actions, whose institutional freedom of expression are still major obstacles in the building societies of this region attribute roles, without dispossessing the Tunisian people of forms differ from the state, of a vibrant civil society. The setbacks are often rationalized are capable of a strong its pride and victory. But a first conclusion is also that civil the family and the market. by alleged preoccupations for public order, security, national mobilization for reform and society – well-rooted trade unions, human rights activists Civil society organizations unity or counter-terrorism; they are too often disproportionate progressive aspirations. and diasporas movements in particular – was instrumental (CSOs) include non- and legally questionable. They formidably disclaimed in amplifying an initially spontaneous and popular uprising, governmental organizations and refuted the pessimists’ and articulating a pro-democratic agenda. (NGOs), community-based Civil society is a pillar of political development views” organizations (CBOs), At the Foundation for the Future, it is our firm and unshakeable The Jasmine revolution is an undeniable disclaimer to the faith-based organizations, conviction that civil society is a rather resilient and crucial loud hubbub of criticism and skepticism that had depicted charitable organizations, segment in the BMENA, and an important pillar in the long-term equation of the region as one of stagnant political order, and was making foundations, labor sustainable social and political development. The events in Tunisia corroborated our a dent in the vast enthusiasm for democracy promotion unions and professional conviction. They told us that ‘the genie is out of the bottle’: the peoples and societies and civil society support that had spread after the political associations, advocacy of this region are capable of a strong mobilization and progressive aspirations. transitions in Central and Eastern Europe. The argument of groups, research an ‘Arab exceptionalism’ was misleading, misguided and institutions, as well as more Civil society offers and embraces a space that can channelize grievances and demeaning for the nations and peoples of the region. informal political, social and constructively inform the decision-making – sometimes it is even the only space religious movements. available for the articulation of alternative debates, when opposition movements Change is happening are shallow and ‘muzzled’. CSOs operate, at the grassroots level, the tedious and The disenchantment might well have come from rather slow task of building cultures and values that would be supportive to democratic inadequate expectations. The fact that effective democracies progress, because democracy does not rely solely on the technicalities of are not a sound reality in all countries of the region is not the immediate indication electoral machinery or the functioning of a parliament. They increasingly confront of the incapacity of civil society to be a promoter of reform. Signs of change are authorities on sensitive issues – security sector reform, media freedom, corruption, numerous, and invaluable. They are in schools of the West Bank, where teams and minorities’ rights for example. Civil society can be an ‘adjuvant’ to reform, of Palestinian students have been trained on active citizenship, and are exposing progressively building counterweights and shifting subtle lines of power, but never with a sense of morale and leadership, cases of mismanagement of local affairs. exonerating all the other stakeholders from their own responsibilities. They are in Iraq, where representatives of religious and ethnic minorities are being empowered to monitor violations committed against their own communities, and join hands to advocate for protective legislations. They are in Lebanon, Libya or We enter 2011 with a renewed belief that civil society does and will matter. Yemen, where local activists engage in important campaigns to combat violence 6 7 2010 IN FIGURES 2010 IN REvIEW The Foundation could achieve in 2010 a larger visibility and significant results along three major lines: 1. Engaging a wider world A broader grant-making support for civil society The Foundation has reached a truly regional dimension in the BMENA region, by diversifying and increasing its outreach. Initiatives and projects are now supported in 19 countries. For the first time, grants have been awarded for projects in Afghanistan, Libya and Kuwait. Strongly anchored in the Levant and Mashriq sub- region, the Foundation has proactively developed activities in strategic countries such as Pakistan and Yemen. This was accompanied by more support and action on emerging or pressing issues, such as violence against women, juvenile justice, empowerment of the marginalized, or human trafficking. As a result, the foundation has awarded 83 new grants, through a streamlined and more competitive selection process. A strategic commitment is maintained on Civic Participation, Women Empowerment and Human Rights. This came in response to an overwhelming call from CSOs: more than 245 grant applications have been received and reviewed. 2. Building and sharing knowledge Taking a leading role The Foundation took a leading role in building knowledge, with 3 major regional conferences organized, and 11 research papers published. Seminar discussions took place on “Status and Prospects for Research on Civil Society Organizations”, “Tools for Enhancing CSO Accountability” and “Perspectives and Resources to Combat Human Trafficking”. The conferences impacted directly on the grant making program, generating new partnerships with potential grantees. Committed to transmitting knowledge through capacity building, the Foundation has invited to capacity-building sessions 40 representatives of 21 CSOs. In addition, 1 in 10 projects implemented by grantees focuses exclusively on CSO capacity-building. 3. Investing in change A responsive funding approach The Foundation has succeeded in aligning its financial response to the operational growth achieved through its various programs. Despite the sobering reality of persistent signs of global economic downturn, the Foundation strives to secure and allocate the resources required to advance further towards change. While doing so, it has crossed two important benchmarks: the $20 million mark of grant funding commitment, and the $7 million mark of grant disbursement. The Foundation is supported by a community of 12 donors and has been praised for being a model of efficient ‘pool-funding mechanism’. 8 9 1 ENGAGING A WIDER WORLD A broader grant-making support for civil society Providing grants to projects initiated by civil society organizations is at the heart of the vision, mission and mandate of the Foundation. This core activity has witnessed in 2010 an unprecedented growth and remarkable qualitative achievements. The Foundation is now active in 19 countries, with 83 new grants approved throughout Courtesy of the Ramallah Center for Human Rights Studies the year. Rapidly becoming a much- sought provider of financial assistance, the Foundation’s grant-making program also materializes the geographical and thematic diversification voiced by civil society. “A man who stretches out his hands to ask for freedom is not begging; he is seeking a right that has been stolen from him by human greed. If he obtains it, it will not be as a favour from anyone, and he will not beholden to anyone.” Al-Manfaluti, Egyptian poet A n n uA l R e p o Rt 2 0 1 0 The Foundation in the Exploring new frontiers Broder Middle East and North Africa In 2010, the operational outreach of the grant-making program has expanded to new countries, new locations and new domains of intervention. The Foundation is proud to embrace a broad regional dimension and to award grants reflecting the socio-political diversity of the Region. Diversifying the geographical outreach The Foundation is supporting projects in 19 countries within Portfolio of grants by sub-region: its geographical mandate. For the first time, partnerships comparative analysis are being established for projects in Afghanistan, Libya and Kuwait. Now stretching from the Maghreb to West Asia, from the Atlas mounts to the Himalayas, the Foundation has achieved a rapid expansion throughout the four sub-regions of the BMENA (Arabian Peninsula, Levant and Mashriq, Maghreb and West Asia). Strongly anchored in the Levant and Mashriq sub-region, the Syria Tunisia Foundation has also proactively developed activities in the Lebanon Iraq Iran Afghanistan Arabian Peninsula (mainly Yemen), the Maghreb and West Morocco Palestine Asia (graph 1). A geographical balance is always sought while Jordan Kuwait allocating funding. This is in line with a strategic orientation Algeria Pakistan aiming at expanding and strengthening the operations in Libya Egypt Bahrain underserved countries (including countries less exposed to Qatar international aid delivery mechanisms) and sub-regions by Saudi Arabia UAE 2012. Oman This has allowed for an accrued outreach in new centres of gravity, essential to the stability and political development of Yemen the region, such as Pakistan and Yemen. These two countries have been, for the first time in 2010, among the three largest recipients of grants. This does not only reflect the efforts of communications and visibility undertaken by the Foundation, but transcribes more generally the vitality of local civil societies. Wending its way along a less travelled road, the Foundation has also achieved diversification within each active country: a larger number of grants have been awarded to projects based or operating outside the capital cities and major urban centres. Reaching to a wide diversity of project locations is crucial for the Foundation: change and political transformation are contingent to the capacity to intertwine actions at the micro, meso and macro levels. This is why, while maintaining a primary support to projects with a national outreach (the meso level, 43% of the grants), the Foundation also pays a particular attention to strengthening initiatives at the micro level: 13% of the new grants focus on marginalized areas such as the Tafilah governorate (Jordan), the Balochistan province Sub-region Countries included (Pakistan), the Sinai desert (Egypt) or certain remote districts Arabian Peninsula Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Yemen of Yemen. Additionally, 21% of the projects supported operate in secondary urban centres such as Taiz (Yemen), Kirkuk Levant and Mashriq Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria (Iraq) or Tizi-Ouzou (Algeria), away from the usually better- served capital city environments. Maghreb Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia West Asia Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan Almost 1 out of 10 projects have a regional or multi-country dimension, illustrating the significant encouragement given by the Foundation to networking, experience sharing and replicability of good practices. 12 13 A n n uA l R e p o Rt 2 0 1 0 When the Arts Rewarding innovation and creativity convey the promise The Foundation favorably reviews proposals that would have an innovative potential, either by addressing emerging issues, Thematic distribution of grant portfolio 2010 of change by offering high standard of expertise and specialization, or by channeling traditional messages through new methods such as the Arts as a medium of awareness-raising (see opposite page). “Let’s hear your voice”: Geography sometimes makes the originality of a project, when calling for youth electoral participation good ideas and successful methods are implemented in a new Centre for Defending Freedom of Journalists (CDFJ), geographical context. This is the case, for example, when the Jordan Foundation supports the establishment of some of the first www.cdfj.org shelters or legal aid clinics for women victims of violence in Elections have a true meaning when they are free, fair… Beirut (Lebanon) and Kirkuk (Iraq). and inclusive. With the ambition to encourage youth political participation, the CDFJ prepared two short videos in the weeks The Foundation noticed with satisfaction a thematic leading up to November 10th Parliamentary elections in Jordan. diversification in the priorities and ideas proposed by CSOs. Audiovisual arts are an effective media to reach out to the youth The list of new grants awarded is a mere translation of this and women, and deliver strong messages to categories of trend (see graph below). Many of the newly-awarded grants populations whose political participation is traditionally weak in the Region. Broadcasted on two national Tv channels on prime will deal with emerging issues in the region, such as trafficking time, and in the show rooms of a large mobile phone network, in persons (Egypt), juvenile justice (Egypt), prevention of sexual the videos were an encouragement for the youth to make an exploitation of girls and women (Morocco), awareness on early informed political choice, without preferences to religion, kinship marriages of girls (Yemen), migrant workers’ rights (Jordan, or personal interests. Seven personalities from the media, the Lebanon) and CSO accountability (Palestine). Arts and sports were associated to the campaign. It is also a success to count a larger number of projects operating This media campaign was partially sponsored by the with a rights-based focus, for minorities or marginalized Foundation. categories of population. A larger civil society engagement for “Democratic Governance” has also been noticed: 12 new grants related to local governance and democratic systems have been awarded. Some will directly monitor major political moments in the region, such as the upcoming elections in Egypt and Yemen in 2011. Civic Participation, Women Empowerment and Human Rights and Protection remain core strategic areas of intervention. However, encouraging thematic diversity is an opportunity to reflect the various preoccupations and changing realities in the Democracy through Arts: the “edutainment” approach Region, and ensure the relevance of each project in its specific One World Foundation, Egypt local or national context. The Foundation is attentive to reflect www.owf-eg.org the growing diversity and complexity of civil society. The Karama Festival: a new scene for Human Rights Young girl: I need someone to stand by my side! Films Parliamentarian: Marginalized women are my case! Their The Foundation was also pleased to notice the efforts from Community Media Network (CMN), Jordan awareness, health, rights, these are my top priorities! (…) [this various CSOs in trying to leverage their skills and networks for meeting] is for all, men and women!! Both should strive for their attaining good impact, both ‘upstream’ (an increasing number www.karamafestival.org rights in the community!! of projects target the policy level and partner with officials and The December 2010 Karama Festival was the first human More than 5250 young men and women in 7 Egyptian public stakeholders to prepare reforms) and ‘downstream’ (a rights film festival in Jordan. 27 movies and documentaries governorates have attended the theatre play from which larger number of projects build on community mobilization were screened, with a large international as well as regional this dialogue is extracted. After the shows, they engaged in and essential direct service assistance). selection. Supporting an engaging and eclectic discourse on discussions and shared opinions and expectations. Counting human rights, the festival gathered more than 7000 people for more than 40% of the population in Egypt, the 15-35 age from all walks of life. Several exhibitions, music performances group is hardly represented in the decision-making circles. and panel debates completed the film screenings hosted in Their understanding of democracy is still narrow, limited to Amman, Jerash, Irbid and Zarqa. The combination of screening elections and democratic systems. The major success of and discussions in presence of movie directors and activists the “Democracy Through Arts” project would have been to gave a platform for the expression of opinion and enhanced make this youth reflect on and adhere to values and pillars of awareness messages. The Karama festival will now unfold as democracy – tolerance, peace building, participation, balance a continuous project, culminating with a caravan human rights of power. The play is now converted to a DvD available in more festival in 2011 between various countries. than 1000 schools and youth centres, as a tool to build civic education with innovation. This project received a grant from the Foundation. This project received a grant from the Foundation. 14 15 A n n uA l R e p o Rt 2 0 1 0 Echoing the aspiration for change Fostering the obligation of quality The number of concept papers submitted in 2010 has exceeded by far the anticipated estimates. This pledge of trust The quantitative growth was carefully accompanied by enhanced quality in the grant management. Tools and procedures expressed by civil society is a reward of the visibility efforts undertaken by the Foundation and a source of pride. Abiding by are regularly upgraded and fine-tuned. With the greater dialogue at the field level and the initiation of a vast project a demand-driven approach to encourage this dynamism, the Foundation was able to award 83 new grants during the year. evaluation process the commitment to qualitative work has been further promoted in 2010. Responding to an unprecedented As a consequence of this demand-driven approach, the Strengthening the grant selection process Getting closer to the field call from civil society majority (75%) of the totale proposals submitted in 2010 With 245 new concept papers received in 2010, the Grant The quality of the outreach and partnerships also depends With 245 eligible concept papers (CPs) received in 2010, emanated from “first timers”, i.e. applicant CSOs who have Department faced a tremendous challenge to maintain on the capacity of the Foundation to accompany closely the The Foundation witnessed unprecedented developments never before submitted a grant request to the Foundation. the reactivity of the developments on the field. In 2009, four country-based and growth in its core grant-making program. The symbolic While the Foundation has nearly completed its fourth year program and quality Liaison Officers were recruited to decentralize the work of benchmark of 500 eligible CPs has been surpassed (see of operations, this was a laudable achievement: the array of of the grant portfolio. the Foundation, with a priority to countries with a sizeable graph), with exactly 565 CPs submitted since inception potential CSO partners is growing and constantly renewed. Main selection criteria A 3-step selection number of ongoing projects and incoming proposals (Egypt, (43.4% of them received in 2010). They represent a pool of for new grants process was thoroughly Iraq, Pakistan and Yemen), or good development potential and 447 different CSOs. This demand for support from civil society i. The project presents implemented, with overall strategic importance. In 2010, this cost-effective strategy is also a clear sign of tangible visibility for the Foundation in a strong potential for the introduction of has been pursued with two more liaison officers deployed in the region. innovation or replication fixed deadlines for Palestine and the Maghreb (mainly Morocco and Algeria). ii. The project holder is an application (rather The presence of Liaison Officers in six key locations is an invaluable In order to adapt to this growth, the Foundation introduced endogenous registered than the previously asset for the Foundation. Their proximity to the projects allows amendments in its internal governance. The newly established CSO implemented rolling-in for a closer and more reactive monitoring, as well as need-based Grant Committee gathered at three occasions throughout the Total number of concept iii. The project encourages or “pipeline” system), technical guidance to grantees. They are also the voice and year. It recommended the approval of 83 new grants. The total papers submitted effective citizen and civil successive filters the face of the Foundation throughout the region, acting as an of grants in the portfolio of the Foundation has reached 140 by society engagement, and and systematic due interface between the Headquarters and the local civil societies. the end of 2010, crossing the symbolic 100 grants mark. respond to evident needs diligence on the field. The contextualized expertise that the Liaison Officers bring is iv. A tangible and effective The consequence of this a key element of better-informed decision making, particularly Encouraging dynamism impact is foreseen in willingness to identify at the time of approving new grants. They have, for example, The Foundation has adopted since inception, a demand- terms of contributions and select the most completed organizational capacity assessments (OCA) for 94 pre- driven rather than donor-driven approach for its grant-making. to socio-political deserving initiatives is selected applicant CSOs in 2010: looking into the background of Because the context in which the civil society operates is transformation a decreasing selection each of these organizations, their governance, their experience, not always conducive and favorable, the Foundation insists v. The ‘value for money’ is ratio (regardless of the capacities and specific features, Liaison Officers could provide on remaining a constructive rather than constrictive partner carefully estimated geographical origin of recommendations with knowledgeable insight. for CSOs. Focused primarily on the quality of the ideas and the proposal): less than projects, the Foundation gives to the CSOs the possibility to 24% of the applications Learning the lessons interpret in their own terms the scope of its mandate, and most received were approved Entering its third full year of operation in 2010, the Foundation importantly voice and embody the needs and concerns of the in 2010. In other words, the trendline of grant approval does was particularly willing to gauging the efficacy and impact of a citizens in their specific local environment. This accounts for not grow as fast as the demand (applications) trendline (see series of projects approaching completion. For that matter, the the diversity of the work of the Foundation: it is necessary to graph). Despite this trend towards a more competitive and Foundation commissioned 12 evaluation studies. recognize and reflect the maturation and diversification of civil selective grant approval, the Foundation distinguishes itself as Beyond the conventional objectives of assessing project society itself. a rigorous but accessible grant-maker. performance and impact in terms of intended and unintended changes, the Foundation also approached the evaluation Another example of the Foundation's flexibility is the amendment Evolution of grants selection exercise with expectations in identifying lessons learned, of the grant-making policy. In light of the particular challenges vs. Applications received capitalizing on innovative experiences, estimating potentials for faced by “start-up” CSOs. This improvement was derived from replicability of certain actions and assessing the relevance of the observation that an increasing number of organizations in funding extension. Despite the difficult “evaluability” of themes the BMENA region are newly-formed groups: either emerging related to the Foundation’s mandate (due to the heterogeneous outside the main urban centers, or established by volunteers grant portfolio and mostly immaterial changes intended), or activists not belonging to the intelligentsia or elites. These interesting conclusions can be derived from the exercise groups struggle to compete with organizations already exposed particularly regarding the leverage effect of empowerment to donors, fundraising strategies and project implementation projects (in Iraq, the Foundation supports a an empowerment processes. The Foundation is committed to support and projects for religious and ethnic minorities) and legal aid invest in these nascent groups as they represent a source of initiatives (in Jordan and Yemen, for the underprivileged). The dynamism and renewal within civil society. evaluation studies highlighted the overall relevance, efficiency and effectiveness of the projects, but called for further strengthening of the grantees’ capacities, with an even more engaged technical assistance role for the Foundation. This first step into evaluating performance and effectiveness shall be carried further in the coming years. Options currently discussed include long-term or summative evaluations, thematic evaluations and a larger engagement on democracy evaluability and impact assessment of complex advocacy and rights initiatives. 16 17 PROJECTS MISCELLANY The Foundation for the Future serves as a tool supportive of the initiatives imagined and implemented by civil society organizations. This year, grantees have driven remarkable changes, making their mark in their communities, their societies and their fields. The story of their successes is also the reflection of the diversification of the needs and preoccupations of citizens and societies across the region. Courtesy of the Ramallah Center for Human Rights Studies “Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing, there is a field. I will meet you there.” Jalal ad-Din Rumi, Persian poet Quality of Democracy or the under-addressed development challenges. This leads to a growing in Pakistan: disillusionment about accountability A watchful eye on power A Lukewarm Score Pakistan Institute for Legislative and integrity. Reflecting this increasing dissatisfaction in the country, the Monitoring public accountability overall score of 45% for the quality of Development And Transparency democracy is a clear warning about (PILDAT), the need to speed up the pace of www.pildat.org reform in Pakistan. Supremacy of the Law, equality of all, establishment of law and order, efficient and In a pioneering effort to assess the For as in absolute predictable application of justice, and protection of human rights are core elements quality of democracy in the country, Our stand on the Rule “ PILDAT has convened a 24-member governments the King is law, hoisting democratic development. of Law and Public so in free countries the law Interestingly enough, ancient examples of “primitive” constitutions and common Democracy Assessment Group Accountability ought to be King; and there rules of conduct overseen by judges were found in what constitute today the BMENA (DAG). Drawing upon a wide range region. It was in Babylon and Mesopotamia that the earliest written legal codes for a of experts and representing the ought to be no other” diversity of the society, the DAG has “The emergence and government were edified: the codes of Urukagina and Hammurabi date from more subsistence of truly than 3500 years. In modern days, however, the Region seems to struggle to retain built upon international research Thomas Paine, Common democratic systems demand the advancement it once possessed: conflicts and authoritarian regimes have been studies, and adapted the framework Sense, 1776 that all are submitted to deterrent to democratic progress and the Rule of Law. to the Pakistani context. It reviewed the Law and that the limits CSOs have nonetheless started to open a critical eye on the system, calling for broader and ranked 75 criteria, on four of power are contained. transparency and accountability. The policy-relevant studies recently published by main pillars of democracy: state- Legitimacy, transparency, PILDAT (Pakistan) and MUSAWA (Palestine) are illustrative of a civil society striving citizen relationship; representation integrity and the due process to advocate for more open and right-based societies in the Region. Both studies are and accountability; civil society and of law are the safeguards instrumental in compensating for the paucity of documentation on the topic. popular participation; external factors against arbitrary governance. of influence. The conclusions have Countries and governments in been presented in an amply praised The Legal Monitor is the declining esteem and confidence and commented report. the Region have to live up to of the population in its Justice (63.4% this standard” Report: a Pioneer mistrust), in a country where the culture Since the 2008 elections and the return of an elected civilian of the Rule of Law remains fragile after Study of the decades of conflict, occupation, and the government, constitutional and institutional arrangements of Palestinian Justice long absence of a State apparatus. The study made numerous democracy have radically improved in The recommendations are abundant, and policy-oriented. PILDAT calls Sector recommendations, including legal Pakistan. The media sector is stronger, the conditions for an independent urgently for performance legitimacy The Palestinian Centre for the guarantees for the separation of powers, and concrete socio-economic Independence of the Judiciary and comprehensive strategy for quality of law Judiciary have been restored, the outcomes as key guarantors of the Legal Profession (MUSAWA), Palestine education and judiciary performance opposition plays a significant role in sustainability of the democratic www.musawa.ps review, establishment of codes of governance, and new principles of progress. The report gathered conduct, and efficient resources federalism and sovereignty of the constructive reactions from officials, “Abiding by the Rule of Law and management. Parliament have been introduced. among whom the Chief of Army Staff, establishing effective and functioning Civil society activists and international Nonetheless, serious weaknesses the Foreign Affairs Minister, the leader judicial systems are conditions of viable donors have praised the pioneering persist, such as the unsatisfactory of the opposition and some members state-building”, believes MUSAWA. effort, and the conclusions were widely operation of the Rule of Law, the of Parliament. During the past two years, the NGO has commented by the media. Within the obstacles posed by political violence, Judiciary system, despite anticipated "PILDAT representatives conducted series of surveys on various criticism, many have acknowledged discuss the Quality of components of the Justice system, from Democracy Report during a Stats and Facts law students to judges. The research the accuracy and importance of the report, including the Secretary of press conference" Our commitments concluded in May 2010 with the Legal Most of the countries of Monitor Report, the first study of this Justice and the Attorney General. The the region have ratified Ministry of Justice has now engaged in 20 grants on the Rule kind in Palestine. the UN 2005 Convention a self-evaluation exercise with similar of Law and Public The general dissatisfaction with the on Corruption, with the conclusions, the Ministry of Labor Accountability system is mainly rooted in the lack exception of Oman, and the Council of Shari’a courts have Nearly US$ 2.95 million of independence and impartiality of Palestine, Saudi Arabia approached MUSAWA for further committed in grants judiciary professionals by interferences and Syria (both signatures research and capacity-building. Another Projects in Bahrain, Egypt, and external pressures, to the point pending ratification) interesting collaboration should take Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, where “nepotism and patronage have Gulf Council Countries place with the opening of consultation Lebanon, Morocco, prevailed in the selection and promotion (Qatar and the UAE in on the status of military courts. Most Pakistan, Palestine and of judiciary personnel”, according to particular) score better importantly, MUSAWA succeeded in Yemen the study. Professionals of the sector on the Rule of Law stimulating discussion on the necessity 1 regional project themselves acknowledge the inadequate Index because of better of judicial reform, and will produce a 1 conference on Security level of qualification, competence and government accountability, second Legal Monitor Report in the next Sector governance experience in the sector, and question anti-corruption policy, the legitimacy and performance of the phase of the project. security and stability oversight bodies. A direct consequence 20 21 JRF has trained so far 378 professionals within the Family Protection System (FPS), the national and multi-sectoral framework of action on domestic violence in Jordan. Police and courtroom personnel, social workers and caregivers, teachers, educators, health professionals, were accompanied towards a change in their perceptions and attitudes vis-à-vis Breaking the cloak of silence victims. The workshops were particularly successful in increasing the knowledge of participants about the cycle of violence and its consequences on victims, hence developing a rights-based approach that will help the effective handling of cases. Fighting violence against women However, a lot remains to be done regarding, for example, the general acceptance of the “normality” of mild forms of violence such as reprimand, intimidation and disrespect. This program articulates a sustainable response to domestic violence by building capacities of the national and official violence against women is still one and responses. Behind this diversity stakeholders, throughout all the 12 governorates of Jordan, and with the capacity-building of 150 in-house experts and “violence against women is of the most common though under- however, lies a common reality: a trainers in four key ministries. The collaboration with National Council for Family Affairs has also allowed for the formulation perhaps the most shameful recognized crimes: global estimates phenomenon deeply rooted in structural of quality assurance mechanisms such as “professional standards” policies, and codes of ethics. human rights violation, and it place the risk for young women to imbalances of power and opportunities is perhaps the most pervasive. suffer from abuse and violence above between men and women. It knows no boundaries of geography, culture or wealth. the threat of motor vehicle accident, war, malaria and even cancer. The effective response to this multi- faceted phenomenon is the one that Documenting before prevention: several workshops will make newly married couples reflect on As long as it continues, we The manifestations of this violence may correlates advocacy, relief services, acting the causes of violence and solutions cannot claim to be making differ: battering, sexual abuse, honor empowerment of women and societal Waatasemu – Protection Program for for dispute resolution. real progress towards equality, crimes, genital mutilation, harassment change, with a large involvement Families and Women (PPFW), Libya A major success for PPFW so far is development and peace” … However, the existence of violence from all key stakeholders. Below are www.waatasemu.org to have put domestic violence on the is a widespread reality from which the examples of successful initiatives public policy agenda: the campaign Kofi Annan, Former UN Arab world is not immune. The Region undertaken by the Foundation’s UNIFEM has described the abuse launched in October 2010 is the first Secretary-General presents a heterogeneous array of grantees in Iraq, Jordan and Libya. and violence faced by women as an of its kind in Libya. legislations, socio-cultural awareness “invisible pandemics”. In the MENA Region, very few comprehensive Our stand on Violence Providing immediate studies and policy-oriented data against Women collection on the nature and extent assistance of domestic violence have been Pana Center for Combating Violence conducted. In Libya, like in many “Protecting women and girls against Women, Iraq other countries of the region, no against violence is one axis of www.pana-center.org comprehensive national survey support for the Foundation, is available to document violence as part of a broader strategy Without financial security and external against women. However, CSOs and to promote the cultural, legal support systems, many victims cannot courtroom officials attest of a rise in and sociological changes that run away from situations of domestic cases related to marital and domestic women need. Combating violence. “Women are afraid to speak violence. A major part of PPFW’s violence against women and and reveal their personal problems, project will focus on understanding this girls is an urgent necessity, and they do not feel confident trend and its roots. The organization but it fits more broadly in enough to initiate legal mitigation” is in the process of analyzing more our efforts to strengthen explains the Iraqi NGO Pana. The than 3000 complaints received since the leadership of women NGO established in 2010 a legal aid 2009 on its 1515 helpline for victims. and protect their rights. We centre for women in Kirkuk. Only 4 This will be supplemented by a series observe with satisfaction and months into the project, 149 women Stats and Facts of in-depth interviews and field visits also with larger expectations from the district have already been 30% in several districts of Iraq] or provided, which means that women to detention facilities, in order to the fact that the status and trained through legal awareness women who are confined at home” depend on informal community All countries in the region, publish a comprehensive fact-finding rights of women is one of the workshops. Thousands more were says Pana. litigation. with the exception of Iran report, and back advocacy efforts. most-rapidly changing realities reached through bi-monthly programs These efforts have helped survivors In a post-conflict environment where and Palestine, are parties The legislation review is not sidelined: in the Region. We intend to be on Lawan local radio and various Tv to find the courage to speak out and women are particularly at risk, the to CEDAW but acceded laws maintain certain forms of an accompanying partner of stations. The information was given act: 47 women solicited socio-legal project was of urgent and utmost to the convention with inequality and discrimination that can this change” in Arabic, Kurdish and Turkmen, to counseling, and 19 victims were relevance: it is still, to date, one of numerous and major sociologically trigger violence against reach out to the multi-ethnic Kirkuk provided with the pro bono assistance the very rare protective mechanisms reservations women. Laws related to inheritance, citizenry. “Developing legal literacy of a lawyer for judicial proceedings. for women victims of violence in the Despite persistent marriage contract, adultery and honor of women through the radio is very Legal representation in court is northern Iraqi province of Kirkuk, crimes still contain provisions leading Our commitments inequality, the status of useful: we reach out to women who particularly important in the case where honor killings and violence are women has improved to abuses and biases favorable to are illiterate [female illiteracy exceeds of women: this service is still rarely a sad reality. 15 grants to develop in 14 out of 17 MENA perpetrators. various strategies for countries over the past Simultaneously, the organization is combating violence against 5 years according to deploying efforts in Tripoli, Benghazi Training law enforcement and health professionals Freedom House and Sebha to promote primary women Jordan River Foundation (JRF), Jordan Over US$ 2.25 million The greatest gains are www.jordanriver.jo allocated for grants usually on education, One of the reasons for victims to keep silent about the abuses they endure is their fear of the justice sector and the lack Projects in Algeria, Iraq, and to a lesser extent of confidence in official services, from which they might receive blame and disbelief in response to their suffering. For Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, employment in certain JRF it was essential to build the sensitivity, quality and competences of law enforcement and health professionals as a key Morocco, Pakistan and countries element in breaking the cycle of impunity of the perpetrators. Yemen 22 23 Protecting the Southern governorates of Aden, Lahj and Abyan. "Protecting workers' socio-economic rights Human Rights, rights, education rights, access to Our stand on Human basic amenities or health services has Rights in Yemen a direct impact on the daily needs Yemen Center for Human Rights of Yemenis in the South" explains “Effective freedoms and old and new Studies (YCfHRS) The divide along regional lines remains YCfHRS. Since mid 2009, the NGO has reported more than 3000 violations. These included: infringements of right legal provision of Human Rights are the safeguards against excesses and abuses strong in Yemen, despite unification to education for girls or impoverished of power, repression and The definition, scope and protection of Human Rights are continuously evolving. in 1990. Inflation, unemployment, children; non enforcement of labor regression in individual “Peace can only last where Some rather talk about “generations of Human Rights” in reference to the deprivation, unequal sharing of and social security laws in several potentialities. The demand for human rights are respected, progressive development of civil liberties and political participation; social, wealth are often sources of a growing privatized factories; illegal evictions advancement of human rights where the people are fed, and economic and cultural rights; and collective rights. Each generation of rights sentiment of marginalization among and violations of housing rights; child is non-negotiable: it is an where individuals and nations adds layers of duties and obligations of protection. None is entirely independent: Southerners. Observers confirm a labor; etc. essential condition of progress are free. All human beings, securing civil or political rights of individuals implies further concerns about the progressive deterioration of public The project is distinctive for its and reform in the Region. We whatever their cultural or living conditions and context in which these rights and liberties are exercised. services, the delegitimization of the mediation role. Indeed, most of notice with satisfaction that historical background, suffer State and the rise of factionalism. the reported violations find a non- civil society is now a major when they are intimidated, The human rights landscape in the BMENA region is crossed by similar lines of These are all ingredients leading to judicial settlement: less than 1 in stakeholder on this issue in imprisoned or tortured.” divides and evolutions. Initiatives for human rights promotion and protection in frequent and widespread human 5 cases are taken to court. This the region, where a voice on Lebanon, Yemen and Iraq are illustrative of the diversity and evolution of Human rights violations. shows the expression of grievances contexts and peculiarities is 14th Dalai Lama Rights. YCfHRS has developed a unique and protection of rights can be raised” response to these challenges: a project channelized, and with an effectual aiming at educating about economic, role of the concerned authorities. social and cultural rights; monitoring These lessons learned at the micro The disappeared of families of victims, this means legal vacuum and the impossibility to find and documenting violations of these level are of importance for the macro rights and providing legal aid to level in Yemen: socio-economic Lebanon redress through the current justice those in need. This focus on second- tensions can be addressed through Lebanese Centre for Human Rights system. generation rights is only nascent in inclusive dialogue, with a human (LCHR) With this daunting and abundant sum the Region. Teams of monitors have rights perspective and a constructive www.cldh-lebanon.org of challenges, progress is difficult been spearheading the initiative in and depoliticized role for CSOs. to attain, although the project has When it comes to enforced already succeeded in building a disappearances, the cases of popular and cross-partisan political consensus of the necessity of justice, Argentina, Chile, Chechnya, Algeria or Morocco are well-known. Less is but no consensual solution has yet Empowering captured violations at the community level in Baghdad, Basra, Kirkuk and situation, and inform an adequate government's response. The Iraqi told about the 17,000 Lebanese who emerged on a process of transitional minorities in Iraq Nineveh. "We can get our voice to example epitomizes the need for where abducted, illegally detained and justice. It also contributed to place the Free Iraq Center for Civic Education the people in charge, this is the most a wider culture of tolerance and “disappeared” during the civil war. question of enforced disappearances (FICCE) significant change we can expect as a common citizenship throughout the The LCHR has built a core expertise on under a general scrutiny of human minority" they say. Middle East. the issue of enforced disappearances rights violations during the civil war, News reports have once more More than 1000 violation reports have in Lebanon, but in 2009, they took which the NGO has now meticulously highlighted in the last few months of been collected: attacks, restrictions to the campaign to a new level. First, it documented. 2010 the persecution of minorities in religious practice, "protection bribes" Stats and Facts is important to prompt awareness of LCHR is an example of the capacity Iraq. The country comes second in the paid to armed groups, infringements the public opinion and also opinion- of civil society to lead the debate on Peoples Under Threat Index due to to housing rights, sexual violence, The development of a drivers, such as academics and extremely sensitive human rights the increasing sectarian violence. The and banishment. Once compiled Human Rights culture Law experts. The campaign has to issues. constitution and legislation maintain and analyzed, this reporting will be has been slow in the overcome several obstacles. First, contradictions that are detrimental a precious tool to map the minority BMENA, with conflictive the Lebanese political equilibrium is to the protection of minorities, and views on universality of fragile, and the past too distressing. amidst the myriad of existing threats, human rights vs. cultural In this context, amnesty, stability officials do not maintain a consistent Our commitments relativism and peace still prevail over truth, conciliatory attitude. CSOs have endorsed reconciliation and justice. The NGO FICCE believes in the necessity "to 34 grants on Human a rapidly-growing and clearly demonstrated, drawing from involve the minorities themselves Rights Promotion and diversified role on international experiences such as in the protection of their rights. Protection human rights: defender, the case of Cyprus, that it is rather We need to build their confidence, Over US$ 4 million watchdog, whistle-blower, the contrary: truth can support a self-assertiveness, capacities and allocated for grants educator, fact-finder sustainable reconciliation. experience". The NGO has trained Projects in Algeria, The region is often Moreover, Lebanon does not have 120 representatives from various Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, criticized for systematic an impressive record of abiding minority groups: Christians, Turkmen, Jordan, Lebanon, Pakistan use of reservations and by international human rights Shabak, Yezidis and Sabian. The last and Yemen non adherence to certain mechanisms. The country has signed two groups are "acutely vulnerable to Several multi-country UN special procedures but still not ratified the UN Convention extinction" according to international initiatives on Enforced Disappearances. For the observers. The core group of monitors 24 25 alienation, insecurity, arbitrary arrest and detention, or unfair trial. “Agencies like the UNHCR are Access to justice in charge of the refugee status determination. The legal assistance Legal aid for the disenfranchised we can provide to refugees is different: we counsel and represent those who are arbitrarily detained or victims of crimes”, explains EFRR. The In 2004, during a regional conference on democracy and human rights in project was one of the first in Egypt “All individuals are equal Sana’a, Arab States and CSOs representatives rightly stated that “the effective to provide specific legal assistance before the Law, without application of the rule of law is vital to protecting democracy and human to refugees. In less than a year, the distinction between the ruler rights”. However, the emphasis is often focused on building more competent legal aid project has given counsel and the ruled; the right to and independent judiciary, and comprehensive legislations. But beyond these and advice to 44 refugees, and has resort to justice is guaranteed systemic approaches, it is the capacity to protect equality before the Law and represented 98 others. Many of these to everyone” in particular the rights and interests of the vulnerable citizens that is at stake. had been arbitrarily detained; others Marginalized groups can include the poor, women, children, juveniles, refugees, had been victims of robbery, assault, 1990 Cairo Declaration on migrant workers and minorities. Legal aid services are an essential mechanism extortion of money, harassment. “Our Human Rights in Islam, to ensure the access to justice for these categories of population. experience shows that the assistance Article 19 of a pro bono lawyer results in faster redress and release, in case of This is one of the key challenges of political development for the Arab world in the coming years: Rule of Law reforms have yet to include legal aid schemes Voicing the arbitrary detention. For the refugees and community mediation mechanisms. Fundamental Rights victims of crimes, this assistance simply means that they dare and can Examples from Jordan and Egypt shed light on initiatives from the civil society of Refugees initiate prosecution, and have access to make legal systems accessible and affordable for citizens (such as the urban Egyptian Foundation for Refugees to justice”. In this case, legal aid is poor) as well as non-citizens (such as refugees and asylum seekers). Rights (EFRR), Egypt a powerful leverage of fundamental www.efrr-eg.com human rights protection. In the process of consolidating the first The MENA countries are home to National Network of Refugee Lawyers Legal Empowerment With 6 clinics established in the poor urban neighborhoods of Amman, millions of refugees, due to conflicts in the region and beyond. The undeniable in Egypt, EFRR strives to extend the availability of legal services outside of of the Poor Zarqa and Madaba, JCLA has provided vulnerability of this category of Cairo, for the first time in Aswan and Justice Center for Legal Aid (JCLA), legal counseling to 469 persons since population is even increased by Alexandria. Jordan the beginning of the project in late disparate political will and insufficient www.jcla-org.com 2009. Many of the cases concerned The neighborhood of "Kilo legal protection. The refugees’ personal status law, marital status, Arba'a u' nuss" in Cairo is access to justice is often hindered by From an indigent citizen’s perspective, violence against women, child custody home to many Sudanese discriminatory procedures segregating and family disputes. In addition, 224 refugees between citizens and non-citizens. obstacles to redress and legal protection are numerous: delays can cases were represented in courts - At the crossroads of Africa, the Middle Our stand on Access to be long; legal services might not be five times more than the anticipated Stats and Facts East and the Mediterranean, Egypt Justice affordable; the formal system might outreach. It is clearly the sign of the hosts a large number (more than half not be consistent with traditional urgent need of legal services in the a million) of refugees from Sudan, poor communities. “Our ambition is At least 5 countries in Palestine, Iraq, Somalia Eritrea, and “Legal aid services are values, etc. Added to the complexity of the Region have enacted a major contribution to the legislative arsenal and the lack of to provide generic legal assistance, comprehensive laws Ethiopia mainly. Cairo is, according improving the effectiveness legal literacy among poor populations, which means that we offer guidance in specifically providing legal to the UNHCR, one of the largest of the justice system, and these obstacles hamper the principle family, civil as well as criminal cases” aid mechanisms centres of urban refugee population mitigating legal disputes. of equal access to justice. explains JCLA. “We are also proud to At least 4 countries in the in the world. Despite domestic and They are, therefore, at the contribute to a culture of pro bono region have Ombudsmen international laws, many of the crossroads of protection Jordan is one of the rare MENA work in the legal profession of Jordan, offices which mandate can refugees continue to suffer from for Human Rights and signatories of international and against all odds”. The next stage of the include legal mitigation enhancement of the Rule regional mechanisms reasserting project will include: public advocacy According to the World of Law. This emerging principles of equal protection and towards institutionalizing legal aid Justice Project (WJP) Our commitments preoccupation in the region, due process of law. However, large services within the Justice system. Rule of Law Index 2010, brought to light by the civil segments of its population are left with An initial partnership has already access to justice remains 13 grants exclusively society, can be an effective scant legal safety nets. For them, JCLA been established with the Jordanian a weak point of Rule of providing legal aid, tool for social change and has developed a Legal Empowerment Department of Statistics and the World Law effectiveness in the counseling and assistance empowerment because Project (LEP), providing not only legal Bank in order to conduct a national region; access to legal to the marginalized legal aid initiatives voice the counseling and representation, but legal aid needs assessment survey. counsel, accessibility Nearly US$ 1.45 million rights of the disenfranchised also improving the legal literacy and “Empowered”, “I can decide”, “I was and affordability of allocated for grants and redress the abuses and awareness at the community level. listened to and was treated fairly”, “it proceedings, effectiveness Projects in Algeria, Egypt, violations committed against It is the first comprehensive and changed my life” are some of the words and impartiality need Iraq, Jordan, Palestine and their rights” professionalized legal aid model for used by beneficiaries to describe the urgent improvements Yemen the underprivileged in Jordan. impact of LEP on their lives. 26 27 from all charges, but beyond the legal Similarly, no detainee has reported assistance, he also acknowledged acts of torture and inhuman treatment the moral support provided by during imprisonment in 2010”. The cause of press freedom MADA, which gave him “courage” and reduced his feeling of isolation Additionally, MADA has organized Our stand on Media Freedom The Palestinian Center for Development and Media during detention. MADA lawyers have supported 23 such cases between throughout Palestine, a series of workshops to increase the awareness “Media are essential May and December 2010. on media laws and freedom of freedom (MADA*), Palestine expression legislation. “Media guarantors of democratic progress and governance. www.madacenter.org MADA notices with satisfaction the professionals will be better protected They are very special absence of cases of abduction in 2010, against violations if they know more components of the civil and the improvement of detention about their rights and the applicable The media sector in Palestine has society. Journalists and conditions for media professionals in laws”. A legal guide for media grown tremendously in the past “Every one has the freedom media professionals are the the past year. “We have noticed that practitioners, to be published in 2011, decade, and now counts with around to hold and express their tools of the peoples’ and the duration of detention is reducing. spreads further the efforts towards 4 daily newspapers, a hundred of local opinions without interference citizens’ right to know, and We would like to believe that our work information. For the first time such private radios, 25 private Tv channels, […]. Freedom of expression the enhancement of a culture in the Legal Aid unit is one of the a tool will be available for Palestinian 10 news agencies and over 3000 includes the freedom to of freedom of opinion and reasons behind this improvement. media professionals. professionals. However, infringements seek, receive, and impart expression. By giving access to freedom of expression have information and ideas using to information, the press restricted and constrained media any form or medium of and other media are the freedom in Palestine. expression” relays of transparency and accountability, and participate International Covenant on in the balance of power. Civil and Political Rights, The Foundation encourages Article 19 Media Freedom, promoting the protection of media against infringements of their rights, and the development of the capacities of media professionals to search out and report information The media, hostage MADA legal aid when the public interest is concerned” of the conflict unit, a “shield” for Media professionals in Palestine are caught between two fires: the journalists occupation, and the frequent unrest Monitoring the violations of media within the Occupied Territories freedoms is an important but between various political factions insufficient step in the cause for press and security apparatus. But whether freedom: direct protection is also A comprehensive achievements of 2010 have already made an impact for journalists and for required, and this was the reason for violations are committed by Israeli MADA to open the first Legal Aid Unit approach to media freedom. forces, settlers, Palestinian security services or armed groups, is not what for media professionals in Palestine. freedom matters to MADA: “our cause is the Two lawyers, in the West Bank and Beyond the obstacles and the Gaza Strip, are available to provide Stats and Facts one of press freedom, beyond politics infringements, media freedom also and conflicts” the NGO explains. legal assistance. “Journalists are depends on the assertiveness of targeted for who they are, for doing In 2010, there are still 4 And the task is vast: 214 violations journalists in maintaining ethical MENA countries among were reported in 2010, almost 24% their job of providing information. standards of work. The campaign We need to assist them against this the 15 lowest-ranked more than in 2009, and for the first of incitement and defamation, the countries in the various time no truce was observed during the injustice”, explains MADA. When polarization of the sector, the infighting Mamdouh Hamamrah, Al-Quds Tv press freedom indexes month of Ramadan. The risks faced among the press, have shown the Lebanon and Kuwait are the Our commitments by journalists are high: detentions, correspondent in Bethlehem, was urgency to improve professional arrested, his relatives contacted better-ranked countries in house arrest, destruction of buildings standards and regain the trust of the region, though not with 11 grants related to media sheltering media professionals, MADA Legal Aid Unit. Detained Palestinian readers, listeners and entirely satisfactory scores freedom and quality of damages to personal property, ban on illegally, without formal indictment viewers. “Self-censorship and quality Palestine is at the 150th information distribution, confiscation of material, initially, the journalist received the of information are two issues we try place in the 2010 World Over US$ 1.51 million harassment, illegal interrogations, help and visits of MADA West Bank to address through trainings and Press Freedom Index allocated for grants injuring, travel restrictions, lawyer. various appeals to the General publications”, adds MADA. Bloggers, netizens and Projects in Egypt, Palestine deportation… The list of threats is Attorney and courts led to the MADA admits to be “realistic about cyber-dissidents endure and Yemen long. The political split between the release of the journalist almost two the pace of change” because of increasingly repressive Several multi-country or West Bank and Gaza in 2007 has months after his arrest. The case was the obstacles posed by conflict and A photojournalist hit by tear regulations regional initiatives increased even further the tensions motivated by accusations of libel and political stalemate. However the gas while covering a protest in surrounding the media sector. slander. Hamamrah has been cleared Hebron, Palestine, May 2010 * “Mada” means “horizon” in Arabic. 28 29 2 BUILDING AND SHARING KNOWLEDGE Taking a leading role The relevance and effectiveness of the Foundation’s work requires the rigor to understand and learn more about the context of intervention. This policy- oriented approach applied to research, and combined with a commitment to share and build knowledge with the grantees and civil society at large, produced significant results Courtesy of the Ramallah Center for Human Rights Studies in 2010. Conferences, publications and training workshops have set guideposts for reflection and better-informed decisions. A grounded knowledge for grounded actions. “I prefer to be a dreamer among the humblest, with visions to be realized, than lord among those without dreams and desires” Gibran Khalil Gibran A n n uA l R e p o Rt 2 0 1 0 Leading the debate on emerging issues 2010 Conferences The support to civil society cannot be limited to financial and Research on Civil Society Organizations: technical assistance: the Foundation envisages its role more Status and Prospects broadly, and develops a prospective approach on issues related to its mandate, including by shedding light on issues of interest “The event has truly January for civil society in the region. been inspiring and has various presentations and ten commissioned research papers given a lot of food for helped in building a knowledge base on the general patterns, While encouraging a wide range of initiatives on the field, the trends, challenges and effectiveness of CSOs in the Region. The thought” conference shed light on the gaps and weaknesses of research Foundation also aims to act as a catalyst to initiate and lead related to the status of civil society. It also helped in formulating the debate on emerging issues on, about and for civil society, B. Gebrezghi / UNDP more adequately civil society support, and articulating the democracy and human rights. While doing so, the Foundation acquired knowledge with the grant-making programs in the facilitates linkages and networking between various segments CSO Accountability Region. Fruitful discussions were then initiated with FRIDE, a of civil society on the one hand, and between civil society and conference Madrid-based think tank, and will conclude in 2011 with the the policy-makers on the other hand. joint publication of three BMENA case studies (Jordan, Pakistan and the Occupied Palestinian Territories/ West Bank and Gaza) The main avenue for the Foundation to play this role is the The Foundation pursued this ambition to lead the debates on on “civil society and the assessment democracy assistance”. organization of conferences, workshops and seminars. Their emerging issues by supporting a series of workshops, seminars common goal is to provide a platform for mutual contribution and conferences, including a roundtable on personal status towards the advancement of knowledge on key themes. The law in Jordan and a lecture about the socio-political history of topic and focus of these events are decided in consultation the Circassian minorities in the Middle East. with civil society itself or by the Foundation, capitalizing from its experience of observing trends, difficulties, achievements and gaps in the Region. Tools for Enhancing CSO Accountability: Lessons Learned from International Practices Building on the warm response and encouraging success of the first conference organized in 2009 (role of civil society in security sector governance), the Foundation has hosted three May As a grant-making intermediary institution, the Foundation major conferences in 2010. Engaging with more than 300 is particularly observant to the opportunities to improve civil society and government representatives at these various transparency, integrity and traceability. The credibility and occasions, the Foundation is proud to have facilitated seminal responsibility of BMENA CSOs being increasingly questioned, discussions. In 2010 the Foundation has gained visibility and the Foundation wanted to lead a reflection on the applicability credibility through its conferences: the direct interaction with and replicability of various accountability tools. As an outcome regional stakeholders, UN agencies, and international donors and continuation of this conference, one new grant is of has “placed the Foundation on the map” of civil society particular interest: the “NGO good governance certificate” with actors in the BMENA region. All three events have also been AMAN – Coalition for Accountability and Integrity (Palestine). successful in connecting CSOs together and to new and different stakeholders, and in building networks. Building Networks for CSOs to Combat Human Trafficking in the BMENA Region September This conference facilitated groundbreaking discussions on an issue of growing importance in the region. However, the level of information remains low in the region, and civil society is only beginning to fulfill its role(s) in addressing the problem. Well aware of these gaps, the Foundation offered BMENA CSOs a platform of experience sharing, and an occasion to liaise with government officials and public institutions involved in the prevention or prosecution of Human Trafficking cases. The conference was covered widely in the local and regional media, and made a significant impact for networking opportunities to address the phenomenon. 32 33 A n n uA l R e p o Rt 2 0 1 0 Promoting action-oriented When research studies research can inform policies and action For the Foundation, action-based research is a strategic tool of outcome-based knowledge: indeed, it does not only allow for the concrete expression of key lessons and findings, but List of it also aims at giving accessibility and visibility to emerging Publications – 2010 Trafficking in Persons: documenting a MENA issues and trends. Evidence-based research, being both • Status of Research on perspective evaluative and reflective, can maximize the effectiveness of CSOs - country-specific Dr. Nihal Fahmy, for the Foundation for the Future the Foundation’s intervention. studies for Iraq, Jordan, Human trafficking has gained great significance in recent years Syria, North Africa, in the MENA, as the region engaged further into the globalized An immediate and main interest for 2010 was to gather and Egypt, Iran, Palestine, economy. The wider revelation of abuse incidents has prompted compile knowledge on civil society in the region, through Lebanon the initiation of legislative as well as relief actions to combat literature review of research on civil society in Egypt, • Assessment of the trafficking and protect vulnerable populations. Palestine, Iran, North Africa, the Gulf, Syria, Iraq, Lebanon Trafficking Situation and Jordan. All highlighted the tradition of philanthropy, and Anti-Human The Foundation’s research paper clearly exposes the lacunae volunteerism and charitable organization in the Islamic and Trafficking Legislations in the legal protection framework, prosecution mechanisms in the MENA Region: A and prevention policies, with the case studies of Bahrain, Arab histories, with a focus mainly on the poor and needy. Jordan, Oman and the UAE. Despite insufficient quantitative However, the last three decades have seen the emergence Comparative Study of estimates on the phenomenon in the region, the awareness of new actors in civil society, focusing on inter alia human Bahrain, Jordan, Oman, rises and a comparative look into the situation reveals that even rights, accountable governance, gender equality, freedom of UAE though governments have made significant efforts to produce expression, rights of marginalized groups. It is in this sense specific legislations in compliance with international standards, that civil society in BMENA countries is becoming a key the laws adopted are minimalist, and lack precision in the partner for national development and an alternative voice definitions and categories of criminal offences. This makes to official discourse. The case studies have rightly reflected the prosecution of cases complex, particularly for forced labor the complexity and diversity of situations, with various levels offences (88% of the estimated 230,000 victims of trafficking). Outlining a reform agenda for the security sector in Lawmakers also need to strengthen and harmonize the victim of legal restrictions and operational constraints, affecting Lebanon protection mechanisms, and in particular access to justice and the capacities and efficiency of this – still – young sector. existence of shelters. Center for Middle-Eastern Strategic Studies (CESMO), Nonetheless, CSOs are now identified as agents of change Lebanon towards more equitable and peaceful societies. For the The scope for action is large and allows for a crucial and more www.cesmo.org Foundation, these guideposts for reflection are a valuable active role for civil society, which has not yet fully embraced the reinforcement of the relevance of its action and will help in The lack of accountability and the fragmentation of the large challenge. outlining priorities for the Grant Making Program. security sector – defense forces, armed groups and militias, intelligence services, judicial institutions, policing and internal The Foundation also plays an active role in pin-pointing security – are still obstacles to a viable state-building process thematic gaps in civil society engagement, i.e. shed light in Lebanon. After a large consultation with all concerned on issues that are under-documented. A Research Paper stakeholders and experts, CESMO succeeded in outlining a reform agenda for the security sector, beyond political divides. on the situation of human trafficking in the MENA Region (see opposite page) has for example listed numerous The White Paper on National Security Policy is the first recommendations for the civil society to complement, monitor comprehensive research study on the topic in Lebanon. It and study the national responses that authorities have been goes beyond the perspective of “State security” to promote the providing in recent years. The Paper was presented at the concept of “human security”, under which the security sector Foundation’s Human Trafficking Conference in September. should be governed by principles of Democracy, Rule of Law It also prompted the submission, and later the approval and Human Rights. of four new projects related to human trafficking, sexual exploitation and migrant workers’ rights, correlating the The analysis and recommendations detail out the feasibility of civilian oversight (examining the role of the Parliament in dynamic interaction that can take place between research elaborating Defense budgets and procurement for example), and operations. the variety of security threats (including criminality) and the elements supportive to reform (international law, Constitution, Consequently, the Foundation has been actively supporting role of civil society). Attention is also paid to elements of the action-oriented research initiated by CSOs in their respective security sector that are often neglected: internal security and field and environment. Action-research grants have looked policing, gender mainstreaming, institution-building, culture into Civil Society Index (Al Urdun Al Jadid Research centre, and values around legality and security. Jordan), Quality Assessment of democracy (PILDAT, The 2-year research project has consolidated national expertise. Pakistan) or Security Sector Management and Reform This sense of ownership will be instrumental in informing the (Institute of Law of Bir-Zeit University, Palestine, and Centre decision-making and examining the external security-related for Middle eastern and Strategic Studies Report, Lebanon - aid. And for the first time, a voice, a role and a space are see opposite page), to name just a few of the policy-oriented being shaped by and for civil society in the security dialogue studies conducted by grantees. Three new research-action in Lebanon. grants have been approved in 2010. 34 35 A n n uA l R e p o Rt 2 0 1 0 Transmitting knowledge through Capacity-building in the field of Human Rights: capacity building multiple approaches towards expertise The grantees, and numerous other CSOs in the region, are dynamic in their different fields of expertise and are important observers of their local and national environment. Some of them are even young start-ups, bringing new energy to the third sector. However, this activism alone would not suffice in guaranteeing the efficiency of the projects, the quality of the services rendered and the preparation for change. Sound and resourceful project management, healthy and planned organizational development, and rigorous financial reporting are all essential to the viability and sustainability of both the projects and the organizations that carry them out, beyond the collaboration with the Foundation for the Future. Investing on training for capacity building is, therefore, an important strategic orientation. The open dialogue approach in the grant-making program is the main source of identification of needs for capacity building. The constant interaction between the Foundation staff (particularly the Grant Officers and the Liaison Officers) and the grantees also mean that an informal effort of “on the job training” is constantly made, and so far not quantified nor accounted for. Journalists rehearsing a radio program dedicated to human The United Nations Headquarters in Geneva rights, during a training in Amman, Jordan The Foundation has concentrated its direct efforts for capacity building on two major workshops in 2010 (see one Fostering a pioneering human rights spirit Building Arab CSOs’ human rights advocacy expertise example below). However, it acknowledges that more has The Arab Institute of Human Rights (AIHR), Tunisia The Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS), to be done in the coming years. Indirectly, the Foundation Egypt pays attention to award grants to projects aiming at capacity www.aihr-iadh.org. building of CSOs and CBOs: 1 in 10 grants has a specific www.cihrs.org or dominant focus on “organizational capacity building”, Since 1989, the AIHR has specialized in building capacities building technical as well as thematic expertise in Arab civil of a nascent human rights sector. Over the past 20 years, The MENA region suffers from a double trap: a preoccupying society (see opposite page for example of capacity building AIHR has trained more than 4000 human rights professionals: human rights situation, and the weakness of advocacy and in the field of Human Rights). human rights defenders, judges, lawyers, journalists, ministry monitoring CSOS.. This often leads to further impunity for the officials or teachers. The impact is often tremendous: new CSOs perpetrators of violations, and to a misinformed perception founded in Egypt and Yemen by former trainees; primary school of the region by international bodies concerned with Human manuals revised in Morocco and Qatar to introduce a human Rights. The CIHRS International Advocacy Program (IAP) rights perspective; hundreds of activists trained to produce bridges this information gap. shadow reports on their country’s human rights records. In 2010, the Institute trained more than 120 professionals, with International human rights mechanisms and forums can be a specific focus on change-drivers such as journalists and the opportunity for Arab CSOs to express concerns and have judges. At the leading edge emerging trends in the region, powerful pressurizing effect on their respective governments. the Institute maintains its pioneering spirit by offering training Representatives of 40 CSOs from 11 countries across the on new topics (cultural and socio-economic human rights, Region are being trained, both in Cairo for the preparation transitional justice) and adapting the human rights education workshops, and in situ in Geneva for direct exposure and discourse to marginalized populations (refugees, urban poor, advocacy missions. They build their capacity in producing minorities, prisoners). written and oral interventions for UN bodies meetings, and Reinforcing Reporting and Project Management Skills - Amman, JORDAN developing advocacy and lobbying strategies at national and The Institute is currently developing a permanent Human international level. Organised for 20 Finance Officers and Project Managers representing 10 grantees, this two-day training aimed at reinforcing the Rights Training Centre. Accessible to CSOs from Tunisia and abroad, the Centre is a well-equipped facility and a unique For many of the CSOs taking part in the IAP, missions to the narrative and financial reporting competences. Going beyond financial assistance, the Foundation was keen on providing this platform for dialogue on human rights, with more than 10,000 Human Rights Council in Geneva are a first opportunity for technical assistance not only to ensure a smoother and more efficient collaboration with the grantees, but also to build capacities direct international networking. This engagement is clearly Arabic, English and French publications available. that will be beneficial for them in their collaboration with other donors and for their internal monitoring of a project timeframe, empowering Arab CSOs and is a fundamental guarantee of budget and achievements. The improvement in the quality of the financial and narrative reporting will be closely monitored in The AIHR has received the UNESCO Award for Human Rights future impact on the progress of human rights in the region. 2011 to assess the direct impact of the training. Education in 1992. CIHRS was awarded the French Republic Award for Human The Foundation is hoping to compile the two modules developed for this training in a Project Management Manual, which could Rights in 2007. be made accessible to all grantees, and shared with the new ones in the future. 36 37 Building from within The Foundation is not only a source but also a recipient of knowledge: it strives to maintain its own internal capacity and knowledge network. Efforts were consistently made in 2010 in this regard. Consolidating two “knowledge providers” The Foundation also views its six Liaison Officers as knowledge departments sources. In addition to their responsibilities in project Both the Research Department and Monitoring and Evaluation monitoring, and the assessment of new proposals, the Liaison (M&E) Department were established at the Foundation in Officers transmit to the Headquarters information about the 2009, to play a key role in building knowledge within, as well evolution in the context in which CSOs operate. This insightful as transmitting knowledge outside the Foundation. Policy knowledge of the field is crucial for the grant policy and frameworks have been established for both departments. strategic development of the Foundation. The Research Department has successfully organized and followed-up the three Foundation conferences in 2010, including the coordination of 11 publications related to the events. The Department has also intensified the networking efforts of the Foundation, preparing important events and collaboration for 2011, such as the research project on the “Assessment of Democratic Assistance in the MENA “I am the voice of the region: Improving relations between donors and recipients”, Foundation on the field. 3 in collaboration with the Madrid-based think tank FRIDE. My role is also to pass on The Department has also been instrumental in increasing the Foundation’s visibility and credibility in regional and international fora, such as the International Society for Third information about new legislation, events and INVESTING trends affecting the work of Sector Research annual conference, and the World Social Forum on Education. the civil society. The local knowledge and information IN CHANGE In parallel, by outlining in 2010 an M&E agenda, the Foundation that I provide substantiate the decisions made in the A responsive funding approach has taken significant steps towards a more qualitative head office” introspection on the work done and the projects supported. The immediate achievements included the coordination and Rasem Kamal, realization of 12 evaluations of projects reaching completion. Liaison Officer for Palestine Future developments should include the improvement of monitoring tools for the grant management, and significant efforts towards the impact measurement of the Foundation’s intervention, in the various project locations but also in the partnerships with grantees. In particular, the Foundation has set a framework for discussion on the “evaluability” of The ambition to promote democracy, democracy and “Human Rights Impact Assessment”. the rule of law and human rights in the BMENA requires significant and consistent investments in initiatives and mechanisms Counting on knowledgeable staff that can foster valuable initiatives and The Foundation staff has participated in eight internal thematic actual change. In 2010, the Foundation workshops initiated in 2010 by the Research Department. The for the Future could succeed in allocating workshops contributed to vitalizing the knowledge of the staff on large resources to the three-fold support a number of issues related to the socio-economic and political package for civil society. The continuity of context of the BMENA region (“Islamism and Civil Society in such support in the coming years was also Iraq”, “The economic situation in Jordan”, for example) or discussed and prepared. specific themes and pressing issues directly relevant to the operations in the mandate countries (“The status of Palestinian refugees in Lebanon”, “The status of Jerusalem”, “The new election law and Parliament monitoring in Jordan”). 38 A n n uA l R e p o Rt 2 0 1 0 Accompanying the growth in operations Dear friends, Dear partners, The Foundation for the Future has just opened an important chapter of its Broadening support through grant-making Evolution in total grant disbursements In 2010, the Foundation has successfully responded to the development in 2010, with numerous milestones achieved and references set. growth observed in the grant-making program. Despite the As we closed our fourth year of operations in and for the Broader Middle East tremendous challenge posed by a significant increase in the and North Africa region, we are proud to receive a growing pledge of confidence funding commitment taken and the number of grants awarded, from civil society and respond with a sense of responsibility. the financial performance has matched the operational developments. Two symbolic benchmarks have been crossed We have tirelessly worked to ensure that our procedures and financial this year, and they are both an illustration of the Foundation's commitments are aligned with the unprecedented developments and growth capacity to accompany the development of civil society: observed through our Grant-Making program, our Research initiatives and our Capacity-building efforts. For the first time of our young history, we have • The total of funds approved for grants has reached exactly approved grants for an amount totaling more than US$ 21 million since 21,279,005 US$ by the end of 2010, crossing the US$ inception, outstretching a supportive hand to a larger number of deserving 20 million benchmark projects throughout the region. For the first time also, we have disbursed more • US$ 3,045,842 were disbursed in 2010, an unprecedented than US$ 3 million in grants, ensuring to the best of our capacities that the achievement, crossing the US$ 3 million benchmark for capacity building and ad hoc evidence-based research projects and actors of change receive the resources that they need to carry on their activities. For the first time as well, we have invested more than half a accompanying conferences and technical workshops. The disbursement ratio (funds disbursed vs. budget agreed million US$ on the remaining components of the support package that we offer, for closed and ongoing projects) is improving and is on target. In 2010, the Foundation invested more than US$ 3.6 million to research and capacity-building. While doing so, we have kept a meticulous The Foundation is genuinely looking into further adjustments in implement and broaden this support package, with a significant eye on the value of our support, making sure that each dollar is meaningfully order to reduce external and internal delays as far as possible, and increasing allocation of resources for conferences and committed and spent. and perform even better on grant disbursement. policy-oriented research studies in particular. Indeed, for Conscious of the challenges ahead, we look forward to engage further with our every 100 dollars spent on direct assistance to civil society, 84 The allocation of funds and resources are aligned with key consist of grants, and 13 of knowledge building initiatives. The partners in the field and ensure that we strive to secure the resources that are strategic directions for the Foundation: for every 100 dollars direct expenses towards capacity-building are still modest, and required to make progress on the path of social and political transformation. invested on grants by the Foundation, 53 go towards more should be significantly increased in the future. The reality is sobering, with persistent signs of economic downturn around the active citizenship, more engagement and capacities of civil globe and a subsequent apprehensive frailty among the donor community. We society and inclusive societies, with a larger role for women in choose to resent skepticism and convince others to join hands towards investing particular (see below). These have been repeatedly highlighted in change. as key requirements for the region, including in the Arab Human Development Reports. Investing in a ‘support package’ for civil society Over the past three years, the Foundation has formulated and developed a three-fold support package for civil society initiatives Mr. Kamal Abu Jaber consisting of a core grant-making program, as well as training Treasurer, Board of Directors Thematic priorities for every 100 dollars approved for grants (2010) 40 41 A n n uA l R e p o Rt 2 0 1 0 Capitalizing on the trust invested in us Financial Summary Statement An unprecedented number of CSOs and partners have given signs of confidence in the credibility of the Foundation The Foundation’s accounts have been audited as of December 31, 2010. Copies of the fully audited financial statements in 2010. In order to maintain this momentum and the obligation of broader results in the coming yeas, the Foundation (including notes) for 2010 are available on request at the Foundation. The statements of Financial Position, Activities strives to secure resources and protect its guarantees of autonomy. and Cash Flows (in US$) are as follows: For the year ended December 31, 2010 2009 Establishing a model of pool-funding driven framework (the Foundation maintains a demand-driven Statement of Financial Position approach in its grant-making program). mechanism Assets The preoccupation for aid effectiveness is an increasingly Well aware of the sustainability challenge that many Current Assets prominent item on the donors’ agenda. Many have reviewed or 16,865,709 21,310,720 organizations face - particularly at an early stage of their Cash and cash equivalents are in the process of reviewing their assistance mechanisms. Other debit balances 13,238 18,484 development and in a context of a financial crisis impacting international philanthropy - the Foundation strives to secure 16,878,947 21,329,204 Pool-funding is one significant resources and diversify the sources of financing. Property and equipment 27,513 32,368 modality of such In 2010, efforts have been taken in particular to increase Total Assets 16,906,460 21,361,572 WHAT IS ‘POOL mechanisms, where the visibility of the Foundation’s work and comparative Liabilities and Net Assets FUNDING’? several donors and advantages outside the BMENA region, with networking and funding agencies Grants payable 5,827,185 5,887,743 fundraising trips to Europe and North America, but also the Other credit balances In a pool funding jointly contribute to a 13,968 31,110 publication of a bi-monthly e-newsletter informing a mainly mechanism, several donors program or action and Total liabilities 5,841,153 5,918,853 non-BMENA audience on the priorities and achievements of and funding agencies where funds are not Net Assets the Foundation. jointly finance a program earmarked. It is an Unrestricted net assets 11,065,307 15,442,719 or action on the basis of alternative to different The Foundation was also actively calling for the engagement Total Liabilities and Net Assets 16,906,460 21,361,572 commonly agreed objectives donors having their of donors who had pledged contributions, as almost 37% Statement of activities and reporting formats. own mechanisms. The of the confirmed pledges have not yet been disbursed. The The program is managed development of pool- Revenues recent confirmation of a funding commitment by Denmark, for by one of the donors or by funding mechanisms 965,968 - example, was welcomed by the Foundation. Contributions a third party. There is no is in line with the Paris Interest revenue 55,664 75,805 earmarking of funds from Declaration (2005) Difference of exchange (116,109) 22,881 The Foundation is also currently assessing opportunities and contributing donors. and Accra Agenda avenues for diversification of financing, building on its unique Total revenues 905,523 98,686 Other aid modalities and for Action on Aid position and expertise in the BMENA region, and its multi- Expenses mechanisms include Effectiveness (2008), faceted support to civil society. (3,608,129) (4,979,512) Programme/Core funding, particularly on the Program services objectives of increasing General and administrative expenses and Block Grants. (1,674,806) (1,503,107) ownership, alignment, Mobilizing finance at the service of action Total expenses (5,282,935) (6,482,619) cost-effectiveness A meticulous financial management ensures that the focus Net Assets and harmonization and priorities of the Foundation are constantly driven towards Change in net assets (4,377,412) (6,383,933) of aid policies and assistance schemes. For donors, pool- programs and operations (see graph below). Net assets, beginning of the year 15,442,719 21,826,652 funding allows for better focalization of a larger amount of aid Total Liabilities and Net Assets 11,065,307 15,442,719 in a geographical or thematic area, with more ambitious and structured programs. Bifurcation of expenses (2010 estimates) Statement of cash flows Cash flow from operating activities Under the general mandate of democracy promotion and Change in net assets (4,377,412) (6,383,933) human rights protection, the Foundation for the Future is Adjustments to reconcile change in net assets to net cash from (used in) operating activities becoming an efficient pool-funding mechanism in and for Depreciation 4,855 4,855 the BMENA region. A community of twelve Government, Bank interest received (55,664) (75,805) institutional and multilateral donors has so far contributed to Increase in accounts receivable (1,465) - funding the activities of the Foundation for an amount totaling Decrease in other debit balances 6,711 1,915 US$ 28,751,192; out of which nearly US$ 1 million was Increase (decrease) in liabilities received in 2010. Increase in grants payable (60,558) 1,739,473 Till date, more than 88% of the contributions received are (Decrease) increase in other credit balances (17,142) 25,246 unrestricted or allocated to the pool fund. The Foundation is particularly attentive to guaranteeing unrestricted contributions, Net cash from (used in) operating activities (4,500,675) (4,688,249) as a salient characteristic of its financial as well as programmatic Cash flow from investing activities autonomy. While doing so, the Foundation also avoids two Bank interests received 55,664 75,805 weaknesses of pool-funding: the risk to exclude small scale Net cash from investing activities 55,664 75,805 CSOs (the Foundation outreaches to a large number of small or start-up organizations) and the risk to derive towards a donor- (Decrease) in cash and cash equivalents (4,445,011) (4,612,444) Cash and cash equivalent, beginning of the year 21,310,720 25,923,164 Cash and cash equivalent, end of the year 16,865,709 21,310,720 42 43 APPENDICES Map of grants awarded in 2010 LEBANON (8) Beit al Hanan Collective for Research and Training on IRAQ (7) Development Action BACMA Bustan Association for Naba’a/Development Action without Children’s Education, Media and Borders Culture Lebanese Center for Civic Education Civil Society Initiative Lebanese Center for Human Rights Free Iraq Center for Civic Education Lebanese Foundation for Permanent Iraq Civic Action Network LIBYA (1) Civil Peace Modern Iraqi Women Project for Protecting Families and National Committee for the Follow-up Pana Center for Combating violence Women / Waatassimu PALESTINE (5) on Women Issues Against Women Ashtar Theatre Tamkeen wa Tamniya Women’s Legal Aid – WoLA AMAN – Coalition for Accountability and Integrity ALGERIA (6) Ma’an network AFAK MADA – Palestinian Center for Algerian League for the Defense of Development and Media Human Rights MUSAWA – Palestinian Center for the Independence of Judiciary and Legal AFGHANISTAN (1) AvIFE – Aide aux victimes, Femmes et Afghan Women’s Network Enfants Profession Cultural Association M’barek Ait Menguelet/CIDDEF Cultural Star of Akbou SOS Nour Association PAKISTAN (10) Alternative Initiatives for Development Civil Society Human and Institutional Development Programme (CHIP) Development Dimensions Society (DDS) Emergency Patients Welfare Society (EPWS) Human Development Promotion Group (HDPG) National Rural Research and Development Foundation (NRDF) Sindh Community Foundation (SCF) Society for Education Promotion and Rural Support (SEPRS) Taraqee Foundation Youth Parliament of Pakistan MOROCCO (5) Association des Femmes Démocratiques du Maroc KUWAIT (1) Association Initiative Urbaine Kuwait Transparency Association Centre des Droits des Gens Citizenship Forum EGYPT (8) The Cinémathèque of Tangier Arab Media Forum for Environment and Development YEMEN (15) Eskenderella for Arts and Culture Amal Association for Social Forum for Development and Human Development Rights Dialogue April 27 – Organization for Democratic Ibn Khaldun Center for Development Education and Defending Studies Civil Development Foundation MAAT for Peace, Development and Democratic Youth Association Human Rights Impact Foundation for Development Resources for Development Center Middle East Development Foundation Sawa Association for Development Social Democratic Forum Egyptian Association for the Assistance JORDAN (7) Yemen Center for civil Rights to Juveniles and Human Rights Community Media Network Yemen Centre for Human Rights Fatima Zahra Charitable Association for Studies Women Yemen Education for Employment Jordan Transparency Association Foundation Jordanian Center for Civic Education Yemen Foundation for Social Studies REGIONAL OR MULTI-COUNTRY GRANTS Studies Yemen Polling Centre Arab Women Media Center Justice Center for Legal Aid Yemeni Organization for Economic and Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies Musawa Center for Civil Society Social Development Human Rights Information and Training Development Youth Developmental Organization Center Tamkeen for Legal Aid and Human Youth Leadership Development Maharat Foundation Rights Foundation Ramallah Center for Human Rights Studies Samir Kassir Foundation Teacher Creativity Center * Details about the grants in following pages. 46 47 A n n uA l R e p o Rt 2 0 1 0 List of Grants awarded in 2010 Bait Al Hanan (Home of Tenderness): Women Funding Beit Al Hanan Lebanon Providing a Safe Shelter for Women victims 54,125 Empowerment Grantee Country Project Title Thematic Domain commitment of violence (US$) Bustan Association for Engaging Iraqi Youth to Promote Human Children's Education, Media Iraq Civic Participation 51,552 Rights through Arts: the Case of Baghdad Association Démocratique Raising Awareness and Informing about & Culture (BACMA) Women des Femmes du Maroc Morocco Human Trafficking for sexual purposes of 68,220 Empowerment (ADFM) Moroccan Women Egypt Cairo Institute for Human Human Rights Advocacy and Protection Human Rights & (Multi- 151,875 Rights Studies (CIHRS) Program for the Arab Region Protection Supporting Citizenship Education: Freedom country) AFAK Algeria of Conscience and Opinion as a Basis for a Civic Participation 107,167 Democracy Civic and Citizenship Education Promotion Centre des Droits des Gens Morocco in the Education System benefiting Four Civic Participation 61,150 (CDG) Regions in Morocco Enhancing Effective Women Participation Afghan Women’s Network Women Afghanistan in the Political and Peace Processes in 204,501 (AWN) Empowerment Towards Citizenship Empowerment in Democratic Afghanistan Citizenship Forum (CF) Morocco 153,738 Casablanca Governance Algerian League for the Promoting Citizenship and Strengthening Defense of Human Rights Algeria the Capacity of Society Relevant Actors for Civil Participation 48,557 Civil Development Combating Forced and Early Marriages of Women (LADDH) Democratic Practice Yemen 40,466 Foundation (CDF) Young Yemeni Girls Empowerment Protecting Women Economic Rights Civil Society Human and Empowerment of Rural Women victims of Alternative Initiatives for Women Women Pakistan through Raising Awareness and Supporting 83,739 Institutional Development Pakistan violence in Tehsil Sohawa, District Jehlum 163,112 Development (AID) Empowerment Empowerment Networks Programme (CHIP) (Punjab) Enhancing the Awareness of Marginalized Engaging Iraqi Youth in Conflict Areas in Amal Association for Social Yemen Yemeni Youth on the Risks and Mishaps of Civic Participation 60,803 Civil Society Initiative Iraq Peace Building and Conflict Resolution: the Civic Participation 38,090 Development Terrorism and Radicalism on the Society Case of Kirkuk April 27th Organization for Capacity Building of Rural Areas Based Coalition for Accountability Rule of Law & Democratic Education and Yemen Civic Participation 83,661 Palestine NGO Good Governance Certificate – GGC 168,619 CSOs and Integrity-AMAN Accountability Defending Arab Media Forum Media Monitoring to Promote Democracy in Democratic Collective for Research and Fostering and Improving Political and Social for Environment and Egypt 146,742 Human Rights & the Egyptian Presidential Elections 2011 Governance Training on Development Lebanon Rights of Migrant Domestic Women Workers 98,744 Development (AMFED) Protection Action (CRTDA) in Lebanon ‘8th Arab Women Journalists’ Conference: Arab Women Media Center ‘Arab women journalists’ role in combating Community Media Network Human Rights & Jordan Media Freedom 50,000 Jordan Jordan Human Rights Film Festival 2010 34,043 (AWMC) extremism and promoting conflict (CMN) Protection resolution’ Positivity Not Passivity: Empowering Youth Cooperative Association for Lebanon Ashtar Theatre Palestine Civic Participation 129,228 Education and the Arts - (Multi- Animate Your Rights Civic Participation 202,500 Through Drama Khayal country) Strengthening Youth Participation and Association Initiative Leadership for Promoting and Protecting Cultural Association Morocco Civic Participation 100,361 Urbaine Human rights and Democracy in Hay M’barek Ait Menguelet; Mohammedi (Casablanca) in collaboration with the Introduction to International Mechanisms Human Rights & Centre d’Information et de Algeria 21,100 for the Defense of Human Rights Protection Documentation sur les Droits AvIFE – Aide aux vIctimes/ Supporting victims of Domestic violence in Women Algeria 77,683 de l’Enfant et de la Femme Femmes et Enfants Algiers Empowerment (CIDDEF) 48 49 A n n uA l R e p o Rt 2 0 1 0 Developing Networking Spaces of Expression for Children and Young People Jordan Transparency Enhancing the National Integrity System in Rule of Law & Jordan 177,188 Cultural Star of Akbou Algeria to Build their Capacities to be Actors of Civic Participation 125,397 Association Jordan Accountability their Lives and Empower them to be Active Citizens Promoting Citizenship through Students Jordanian Center for Civic Jordan Active Participation in the Local Community Civic Participation 265,582 Enhancing Young Yemenis Understanding Education Studies (JCCES) Democratic Youth Human Rights & - PHASE II Yemen of Human Rights, and Building their 41,837 Association Protection Capacity in Writing Proposals Justice Center for Legal Aid Legal Empowerment for the Poor – PHASE Human Rights & Jordan 161,890 (JCLA) II Protection Development Dimensions Project Smart vote [pilot phase - Punjab Pakistan Civic Participation 44,781 Society (DDS) and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa] Kuwait Transparency Rule of Law & Kuwait Integrity and Legal Advice Center 136,991 Association (KTA) Accountability Developmental Action NGOs Network to Promote Women's Rights Women Lebanon 68,394 without Borders/Naba’a in the Palestinian Camps Empowerment Expanding a Civic Education Model to Lebanese Center for Civic Promote Active Citizenship and Civic Lebanon Civic Participation 274,130 Education (LCCE) Spaces among Lebanese School Students - Prevention of violence against women Emergency Patients Welfare Women PHASE II Pakistan and promotion of women’s rights in South 89,000 Society (EPWS) Empowerment Punjab Lebanese Center for Human Truth and Justice - National Reconciliation Lebanon Civic Participation 35,827 Rights (LCHR) Program in Lebanon Eskenderella for Arts and Ahalina (our people): Promoting Diversity to Egypt Civic Participation 108,401 Cultures Strengthen Citizenship in Alexandria Strengthening Unity and Participation at Lebanese Foundation for Local Level: Initiatives for Participation Democratic Permanent Civil Peace Lebanon 101,250 Enhancing the understanding and skills and Citizenship in 8 Selected Lebanese Governance Fatima Zahra Charitable (LFPCP) Jordan among the youth of Buseira towards active Civic Participation 21,860 Localities Association for Women citizenship (Tafilah Governorate) Empowering Citizens, Civil Society and Media to Demand Accountability and Good Rule of Law & Forum for Development and Modern Slavery: Combating Human Ma'an Network Palestine 81,463 Human Rights & Governance in the Occupied Palestinian Accountability Human Rights Dialogue Egypt Trafficking in Egypt through Research and 80,427 Territories Protection (FDHR) Awareness MAAT for Peace, Citizen's voice: Decentralization & Good Democratic Development and Human Egypt 202,500 Free Iraq Center for Civic Human Rights & Governance Governance Iraq Defending the Rights of Minorities in Iraq 274,312 Rights Education (FICCE) Protection The Empowerment of Women through Civil Strengthening Freedom of Expression in the Human Development Political Education and Social Organization Women MENA Region – Building Effective Networks Pakistan 37,535 Lebanon Promotion Group - HDPG in District Swat (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Empowerment Maharat Foundation for Regional and International Advocacy Media Freedom 50,000 (Regional) province) (Supporting the 2011 IFEX Annual Conference in Beirut) Yemen The Regional Network for Human Rights Human Rights Information Human Rights & (Multi- Activists in the Gulf Cooperation Council 505,744 & Training Center (HRITC) Protection country) Countries and Yemen Middle East Development Enhancing the values of Civic Culture Democratic Yemen 50,495 Foundation (MEFD) among Political Parties’ Youth Governance Ibn Khaldun Center for Monitoring 2010 Parliamentary Elections in Democratic Development Studies Egypt 151,875 Egypt Governance (ICDS) Peaceful Coexistence and Civil Peace as a Modern Iraqi Women (MIW) Iraq Civic Participation 28,218 Model for Enforcing Human Rights Enhancing Illiterate Yemeni Women Impact Foundation for Women Yemen Understanding of the Concepts of Gender 93,625 Enhancing Awareness on the Importance of Development Empowerment Musawa Center for Civil and their Rights Jordan Effective Political Participation of Youth and Civic Participation 41,337 Society Development Women in Mafraq Governorate Enhancing the Accountability and Transparency of Local Governments Rule of Law & National Committee for the Iraq Civic Action Network Iraq 256,738 Promoting the Culture of Democracy within through the Provision of Town Hall Meetings Accountability Follow up on Women Issues Lebanon Civic Participation 200,637 Lebanese Families in 12 Iraqi Governorates (CFUWI) 50 51 A n n uA l R e p o Rt 2 0 1 0 National Rural Research Women Empowerment through Livelihood Teacher Creativity Center Women and Development Pakistan Opportunities and Democratic Engagement 212,625 – (TCC) in collaboration Palestine Enhancing Community Commitment to Empowerment Foundation (NRDF) (WELD) in Northern Provinces with The Arab Network for (multi- Democracy, Equity and Human Rights Civic Participation 601,500 Human Rights Education country) across MENA - PHASE II (ANHRE) Palestinian Center for Defending Journalists Rights in Palestine Development & Media Palestine Media Freedom 66,163 [Legal Unit Project] Freedom - MADA The Cinémathèque of The Tangier Forums and Workshops: Women Morocco 30,375 Tangier Women in Civic Life in the Arab World Empowerment Pana Center for Combating Women Iraq Women Free Law Center in Kirkuk 123,343 violence Against Women Empowerment The Egyptian Association for the Assistance of Juveniles Justice for Juveniles: Legal Support through Human Rights & Egypt 90,055 and Human Rights National Networks Protection Philanthropic Amlieh (EAAJHR) Women Empowerment Program: Women Women Association (PAA) & Lebanon 50,000 Human Rights Education Program Empowerment Tamkeen wa Tamniya The Palestinian Center for the Independence Legal Monitor: Monitoring the Justice Sector Rule of Law & of Judiciary and Legal Palestine 170,091 Project for Protecting in Palestine Accountability Women Profession (PCIJLP) - Families and Women - Libya Addressing Domestic violence in Libya 78,398 Empowerment MUSAWA PPFW / Waatassimu Palestine Women Ramallah Center for Human Women's Legal Aid (WoLA) Iraq Kifri Women's Center (Diyala) 87,147 (Multi- Regional Action Network on Tolerance Civic Participation 330,804 Empowerment Rights Studies (RCHRS) country) Reform 2.0 : Online Activism towards Yemen Center for Civil Political Reform in Yemen: National Democratic Resources for Development Yemen 56,994 Egypt Political and Socioeconomic Reform in Civic Participation 160,693 Rights (YCCR) Discussions on Initiatives of Unity Governance Center (RDC) Egypt Enhancing Grassroots Knowledge on Lebanon Yemen Center for Human Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, while Human Rights & Samir Kassir Foundation - Establishment of a Middle East Media Yemen 149,879 (Multi- Media Freedom 52,473 Rights Studies (YCfHRS) Monitoring violations and Providing Legal Protection SKF Centre Aid country) Yemen Education for Anchoring Democracy, Human Rights and Human Rights & Sawa Association for Reform in Egypt – Media and Citizens to Rule of Law & Employment Foundation Yemen Economic Development in Youth Job- 137,953 Egypt 143,386 Protection Development Fight Corruption Accountability (YEFE) oriented CSOs in Yemen Yemen Foundation for Investigating Reasons for Women Exclusion Women Sindh Community Strengthening Youth Leadership for Human Yemen 40,651 Pakistan Civic Participation 36,359 Social Studies in Yemen – The Case of Aden Empowerment Foundation (SCF) rights and Democracy in Sindh Province About Local Government: Promoting the 2011 Yemeni Parliamentary Elections – Democratic Social Democratic Forum Democratic Yemen Polling Center (YPC) Yemen 165,994 Yemen Principles of Transparency and Good 81,200 Giving voters a voice Governance - SDF Governance Governance Yemeni Organization for Society for Education Training of Trainers on Islam and Democratic Governance and Democracy in Balochistan Democratic Economic and Social Yemen 43,078 Promotion & Rural Support Pakistan 20,076 Democracy: Towards Effective Citizenship Governance Province (Jaffarad District) Governance Development (YORECSOD) (SEPRS) Enhancing Yemeni Youth Understanding Providing Legal and Social Counseling to Women Youth Developmental Democratic SOS Nour Association Algeria 37,239 Yemen of the Concepts of Citizenship and 50,540 Women victims of violence Empowerment Organization (YDO) Governance Democracy, in the City of Taiz Youth Leadership Tamkeen for Legal aid and Protection of Migrant Workers’ Rights & Human Rights & Human Rights & Jordan 156,285 Development Foundation Yemen Youth for Human Right: Training of Trainers 128,903 Human rights Combating Trafficking in Persons Protection Protection (YLDF) Women Empowerment through Democratic Women Youth Parliament of Taraqee Foundation (TF) Pakistan 227,102 Pakistan Know Your Rights!!! Civic Participation 174,781 Opportunities (WEDO) Empowerment Pakistan (YPP) 52 53 A n n uA l R e p o Rt 2 0 1 0 Board members Cornelio Sommaruga (Chairman, Board of Directors) Abdul Hassan Buhussain (Treasurer of the Foundation since December 2010) A prominent Swiss humanitarian, lawyer and diplomat best known for being President of the International Chief Executive Director of the Bahraini Civil Service Bureau until 1996. Prior to this, he Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) from 1987 to 1999. Currently Dr. Sommaruga is the honorary was Undersecretary for Ministry of Information, and then a Member and Second Deputy President of the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, as well as the honorary of the appointed Shura Council. He was Member of Directors of Bahrain Petroleum President of Initiatives of Change International in Caux (Switzerland). Moreover, Dr. Sommaruga served Company (BAPCO), as well as Board Chairman and Managing Director of BAI, Bahrain as the State Secretary of Switzerland for Economic Affairs from 1984 to 1986. Atomizer International (BAI). He now provides management consultancy services to private companies in Bahrain. Kamel Abu Jaber (Vice-chairman, Board of Directors) Robert H. Henry President of the Jordan Institute of Diplomacy since 1997. Formerly, he served as Minister of the Chief Judge Robert H. Henry held the positions of Dean and Professor of Law at the Economy, Senator and Minister of Foreign Affairs for Jordan. Dr. Abu Jaber had previously held the Oklahoma City University School of Law, and since 1994 serves in the US Court of Appeals. positions of Professor of Political Science, Dean of the Faculty of Economics and Commerce, and Judge Henry is also a member of the Board of Directors for the vERA Institute of Justice and Director of the Strategic Studies Centre at the University of Jordan. is a Life Member of the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws. He currently serves on the Board of various prominent Law institutions, including the American Bar Association’s Rule of Law Initiative, chairing their Middle East/North Africa Council. He has recently been appointed as President of Oklahoma City University. Andreu Claret Serra Parvez Hassan (Secretary of the Foundation) Executive Director of the Anna Lindh Foundation, which promotes dialogue between countries of Senior Partner of Hassan & Hassan (Advocates) in Pakistan and currently the President of the Euro-Mediterranean region. Expert in international affairs, he previously served as the director of the Pakistan Environmental Law Association. He has been actively involved in promoting the Spanish News Agency (EFE) for sub-Saharan Africa and Central America. His interests lie in the and defending the rule of law in Pakistan throughout his career. He led the nation-wide challenges of developing countries, relations between the West and the Arab world, Spanish foreign lawyers’ movement in 1983 against General Zia ul Haq. He is also the founder of the Dr. policy in the Mediterranean space, as well as in the interaction between cultures, civilizations and the Parvez Hassan Environmental Law Centre at the University Law College (Punjab University) role of civil societies. and the co-founder of the Asia-Pacific Centre of Environmental Law in Singapore. Bakhtiar Amin Sabine Gürtner (Chairperson for the Grants Committee) Previously Minister of Human Rights of Iraq and Executive Director of the International Alliance for Research analyst associated for several years with Infratest, a social and economic research Justice (IAJ), which coordinates a network of 275 international non-governmental organizations from institute in Germany. In 2003 she followed a call to establish and to coordinate an NGO- more than 120 countries. He has 20 years of experience in the field of international human rights and Network and Think Tank “WOMNET” to address and to promote women’s and human humanitarian work and has worked extensively on issues involving minorities, indigenous peoples, rights, global governance, social development perspectives and the participation of civil women’s rights, the International Criminal Court, freedom of expression, and conflict resolution. society organizations in international processes through capacity-building, policy dialogue, networking, analysis and research. Ms. Gürtner is currently in charge of the Gender Equality and Women's Rights Promotion Program with the German cooperation agency (GIZ, formerly GTZ). Zahira Kamal Nabila Hamza (President of the Foundation) Director of the Palestinian Women Research and Documentation Center (UNESCO project). She was As a sociologist and human rights activist, Mrs. Hamza has held various leading positions in appointed as the first Minister of Women’s Affairs of the Palestinian Authority in November 2003. She Tunisia and served as an expert and consultant for various organizations, including UNDP, previously served as the Director General of the Gender Planning and Development Directorate at the UNFPA, the UN Economic and Social Commission for Eastern Asia (ESCWA), the League of Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation. She has also worked at UNDP as Director of the Arab States and the European Commission. She participated to the elaboration of the first Women in Development Program and is one of the founders of the International Women Commission Arab Human Development Report, issued by UNDP. Mrs. Hamza is a founding member of for Just Peace between Palestinians and Israelis. several women’s rights and development organizations. Prior to joining the Foundation, she was the Executive Director of the Arab women Center for Training and research (CAWTAR, Tunisia). Amal Basha Chairperson for Sisters Arab Forum for Human Rights (SAF) in Sana’a, Yemen. She is an active member of Yemeni Civil Society and has written a number of papers on gender, human rights, justice and citizenship. She holds a Masters degree in International Development and Gender from the Institute of Development Studies (IDS), University of Sussex. 54 55 “If, one day, a people desire to live, then fate will answer their call. And their night will then begin to fade, and their chains break and fall. For he who is not embraced by a passion for life will dissipate into thin air, At least that is what all creation has told me, and what its hidden spirits declare…” If, one day, the people… Poem, 1925 Abu el-Kassem el-Chabi, Tunisian poet
"Annual Report _English_"