Annual Report _English_ by pengtao


									About the Foundation
For the Future
The Foundation for the Future is an independent, multilateral and non-profit
organization launched in November 2005 at the second Forum for the Future. The
Foundation provides technical and financial assistance to support, strengthen and
enhance civil society initiatives towards democracy, freedoms and human rights in
20 countries of the Broader Middle East and North Africa (BMENA) region.

Promoting democracy, human rights and reform
The Foundation is engaged in strengthening freedoms, human dignity, equal
opportunity, accountability and social justice. The Foundation promotes endogenous
initiatives and reforms aiming at democracy enhancement, civil participation,
human rights and the rule of Law. By doing so, the Foundation pays a particular
attention in improving media freedom, women empowerment and civic education,
as key conditions of reform efficiency and sustainability.

Engaging with civil society
The Foundation views civil society as a critical partner to initiate, accompany and
monitor the progress of democratic governance and human rights. Civil society
can voice and embody the requests of the citizens and peoples of the Region.
The Foundation provides technical and financial assistance, and a conducive
framework to nurture civil society initiatives through demand-driven grant-making,
action-oriented research and capacity building.

Established with the conviction that a regional and independent organization would
foster the spirit of democracy and reform, the Foundation for the Future operates
with political neutrality and autonomy, and denigrate the use of violence under all
circumstances. The Foundation pursues this commitment in its policies, activities
and governance.

                                                                                                       2- Building and sharing knowledge                              32
                                                                                                            Taking a leading role

                                                                                                            - Leading the debate on emerging issues                   33
      Introduction                                       4                                                  - Promoting action-oriented research                      34
      With pride and hope                                                                                   - Transmitting knowledge through capacity building
                                                                                                            - Building from within
      Editorial                                          6
      A New Dawn
      Why Civil Society Does Matter

      2010 in review and figures                         8

                                                                                           3- Investing in change                                39
                                                                                              A responsive funding approach
                 1- Engaging a wider world                                            11
                                                                                              - Letter from the Treasurer                        40
                        A broader grant-making support for civil society
                                                                                              - Accompanying the growth in operations            41
                                                                                              - Capitalizing on the trust invested in us         42
                        - The Foundation in the Broder Middle East and North Africa   12
                                                                                              - Financial Summary Statement                      42
                        - Exploring new frontiers                                     13
                        - Echoing the aspiration for change                           16
                        - Fostering the obligation of quality                         17

  Projects Miscellany                               19
                                                                                                                         Appendices                              45
  - A watchful eye on power                         20
   Monitoring public accountability                                                                                      - Map of grants awarded in 2010         46
  - Breaking the cloak of silence                   22                                                                   - List of Grants awarded in 2010        48
   Fighting violence against women                                                                                       - Board members                         54
  - Human Rights, old and new                       24
  - Access to justice                               26
   Legal aid for the disenfranchised
  - The cause of press freedom                      28
    With pride and hope                                                                      “[The donor community]
                                                                                             should strengthen its
                                                                                             commitment to the slow
                                                                                             and unglamorous work
                                                                                             of nurturing autonomous
    Dear friends, dear partners,
                                                                                             institutions in the region;
    We concluded 2010 with the satisfaction of having reached an important                   the only real solutions to
    momentum in the development of the Foundation for the Future. We have                    the woes of the Arab world
    achieved unprecedented growth, expansion, maturity and enhanced quality in               are long-term ones. The
    various aspects of our work.                                                             Foundation for the Future
                                                                                             (…) is the perfect vehicle
    In less than four years, we have taken great strides to position the Foundation as       for such support”
    a credible and supportive partner for civil society organizations (CSOs) across the
    BMENA region. We are fulfilling the mission that we have been entrusted with:
    being a practical and constructive mechanism supporting valuable local initiatives                     James Traub,
    in the promotion of inclusive Democracy and effective Rights. Faithful to this                        Foreign Policy         “We have discovered the
    commitment, we have awarded 140 grants since 2007, totaling nearly US $ 20                                                   Foundation for the Future
    million. We have more than 120 partner organizations on the field, each of them                                              to be the only organization
    impacting the development of the rule of law, women’s rights, civic participation,                                           which appreciates the real
    good governance and media freedom.
                                                                                                                                 value of regional networks,
    We are confident that our commitment and vision are holding the course of                                                    and its importance in
    change. In 2010, we went much beyond the grant-making mechanism in our                                                       positively influencing local
    dialogue with civil society. In line with our strategic orientations, we have carved                                         situations”
    an important space for constructive discussions, knowledge-building and capacity
    development.                                                                                                                       Ramallah Center for
                                                                                                                                     Human Rights Studies,
    While we embrace a truly regional dimension, we proudly observe encouraging                                                        Grantee in Palestine
    signs of change in many of our fields of operations. Civil society has undeniably
    emerged as a credible actor and essential pillar on issues that are of vital concern
    to the citizens. We are proud, but not complacent: much more needs to be done                “The work of the
    for deeper and broader results. We are also strongly aware of the challenges                 Foundation for the Future
    ahead of us: countries in the region are transiting through perilous times of social         is exceedingly important. It
    frustrations, intolerance, and fragmented identity.                                          is my great hope that the
                                                                                                 efforts of the Foundation to
    As we share with you our successes, we also share a message of hope. It is our
    belief and experience that the political maturity of nations and peoples in the
                                                                                                 encourage the development
    region is growing, and this calls for the stronger engagement of progressive forces          of civil society in that
    such as civil society. Efforts to invest in these emerging social and political actors       region will prove extremely
    are paying off.                                                                              beneficial to the area in the
                                                                                                 long term”
    In a region that is so crucial for the world, it is our shared responsibility – civil
    society, governments, international community – to enrich this promising trend.                      Justice Sandra Day
    We are grateful for the trust expressed by our donors, and we extend to them our
    call for continuous and renewed support. At this condition only can we do even
    more, and even better, in maintaining the momentum that many had hoped for,
    and that is materializing today.

    Cornelio Sommaruga                                      Nabila Hamza
    Chair, Board of Directors                               President

4                                                                                                                                                               5
    A New Dawn
    Why Civil Society Does Matter
    Had it not been for the early beginnings of the ‘Jasmine Revolution’ in December,                      against women and girls. They are in Pakistan or Palestine, where NGOs are
    2010 would have ended on a bitter note as regards to the prospects of change                           meticulously auditing the quality of democracy and the performance of the justice
    and the role of civil society in the BMENA. We are hopeful that with the Tunisian                      sector.
    precedent a new dawn is rising in the region, where civil society at large has a
    seminal role to play.                                                                                  Many of these initiatives are the first of their kind in their local environment. They
                                                                                                           all, undeniably, contribute to building more inclusive societies and questioning the
    The 'Arab street' is talking                                                                           fundamentals of the social contract. They all are examples of civil society engagement
    Events in Tunisia shattered the impression of immutable Middle Eastern and North                       and capacity to voice and embody pressing needs and vital demands from the
    African regimes. Tunisians took the streets to demand social justice and express                       citizens. They would need more time to prosper and unfold fully, but they would seem
    political frustrations. The spontaneity of these social movements took the world by                    insufficient only to an impatient eye.
    surprise and opposed a strong denial to the litany of impossible change.
                                                                                                           No one should be oblivious of the fact that civil society
    The fact that the revolt grew in a country where the space for                                         organizations make this mark despite an increasingly
    alternative expression was practically suppressed in the past                                          restrictive and constraining environment. Unspecific denials              “What the events in
    decade underlines even more the thirst for inclusion and the          WHO IS CIVIL SOCIETY?            of registration for NGOs, interferences in their governance,              Tunisia tell us is that
    call for legitimacy expressed by citizens. It is the result of        The civil society is the         surveillance or non-motivated dissolutions and suppression                ‘the genie is out of the
    years of resistance and simmering discontent. History and             arena of voluntary collective    of CSOs: severe infringements to freedom of association and               bottle’: the peoples and
    academic debates will have to analyze precisely the roots and         actions, whose institutional     freedom of expression are still major obstacles in the building           societies of this region
    attribute roles, without dispossessing the Tunisian people of         forms differ from the state,     of a vibrant civil society. The setbacks are often rationalized           are capable of a strong
    its pride and victory. But a first conclusion is also that civil      the family and the market.       by alleged preoccupations for public order, security, national            mobilization for reform and
    society – well-rooted trade unions, human rights activists            Civil society organizations      unity or counter-terrorism; they are too often disproportionate           progressive aspirations.
    and diasporas movements in particular – was instrumental              (CSOs) include non-              and legally questionable.                                                 They formidably disclaimed
    in amplifying an initially spontaneous and popular uprising,          governmental organizations                                                                                 and refuted the pessimists’
    and articulating a pro-democratic agenda.                             (NGOs), community-based          Civil society is a pillar of political development                        views”
                                                                          organizations (CBOs),            At the Foundation for the Future, it is our firm and unshakeable
    The Jasmine revolution is an undeniable disclaimer to the             faith-based organizations,       conviction that civil society is a rather resilient and crucial
    loud hubbub of criticism and skepticism that had depicted             charitable organizations,        segment in the BMENA, and an important pillar in the long-term equation of
    the region as one of stagnant political order, and was making         foundations, labor               sustainable social and political development. The events in Tunisia corroborated our
    a dent in the vast enthusiasm for democracy promotion                 unions and professional          conviction. They told us that ‘the genie is out of the bottle’: the peoples and societies
    and civil society support that had spread after the political         associations, advocacy           of this region are capable of a strong mobilization and progressive aspirations.
    transitions in Central and Eastern Europe. The argument of            groups, research
    an ‘Arab exceptionalism’ was misleading, misguided and                institutions, as well as more    Civil society offers and embraces a space that can channelize grievances and
    demeaning for the nations and peoples of the region.                  informal political, social and   constructively inform the decision-making – sometimes it is even the only space
                                                                          religious movements.             available for the articulation of alternative debates, when opposition movements
    Change is happening                                                                                    are shallow and ‘muzzled’. CSOs operate, at the grassroots level, the tedious and
    The disenchantment might well have come from rather                                                    slow task of building cultures and values that would be supportive to democratic
    inadequate expectations. The fact that effective democracies                                           progress, because democracy does not rely solely on the technicalities of
    are not a sound reality in all countries of the region is not the immediate indication                 electoral machinery or the functioning of a parliament. They increasingly confront
    of the incapacity of civil society to be a promoter of reform. Signs of change are                     authorities on sensitive issues – security sector reform, media freedom, corruption,
    numerous, and invaluable. They are in schools of the West Bank, where teams                            and minorities’ rights for example. Civil society can be an ‘adjuvant’ to reform,
    of Palestinian students have been trained on active citizenship, and are exposing                      progressively building counterweights and shifting subtle lines of power, but never
    with a sense of morale and leadership, cases of mismanagement of local affairs.                        exonerating all the other stakeholders from their own responsibilities.
    They are in Iraq, where representatives of religious and ethnic minorities are being
    empowered to monitor violations committed against their own communities, and
    join hands to advocate for protective legislations. They are in Lebanon, Libya or                      We enter 2011 with a renewed belief that civil society does and will matter.
    Yemen, where local activists engage in important campaigns to combat violence

6                                                                                                                                                                                                                  7
                                                                                              IN FIGURES
    The Foundation could achieve in 2010 a larger visibility and significant results
    along three major lines:

    1. Engaging a wider world
       A broader grant-making support for civil society
       The Foundation has reached a truly regional dimension in the BMENA region, by
       diversifying and increasing its outreach. Initiatives and projects are now supported
       in 19 countries. For the first time, grants have been awarded for projects in
       Afghanistan, Libya and Kuwait. Strongly anchored in the Levant and Mashriq sub-
       region, the Foundation has proactively developed activities in strategic countries
       such as Pakistan and Yemen. This was accompanied by more support and action
       on emerging or pressing issues, such as violence against women, juvenile justice,
       empowerment of the marginalized, or human trafficking.

       As a result, the foundation has awarded 83 new grants, through a streamlined
       and more competitive selection process. A strategic commitment is maintained
       on Civic Participation, Women Empowerment and Human Rights. This came in
       response to an overwhelming call from CSOs: more than 245 grant applications
       have been received and reviewed.

    2. Building and sharing knowledge
       Taking a leading role
       The Foundation took a leading role in building knowledge, with 3 major
       regional conferences organized, and 11 research papers published. Seminar
       discussions took place on “Status and Prospects for Research on Civil Society
       Organizations”, “Tools for Enhancing CSO Accountability” and “Perspectives
       and Resources to Combat Human Trafficking”. The conferences impacted
       directly on the grant making program, generating new partnerships with
       potential grantees.

       Committed to transmitting knowledge through capacity building, the Foundation
       has invited to capacity-building sessions 40 representatives of 21 CSOs. In
       addition, 1 in 10 projects implemented by grantees focuses exclusively on CSO

    3. Investing in change
       A responsive funding approach
       The Foundation has succeeded in aligning its financial response to the
       operational growth achieved through its various programs. Despite the sobering
       reality of persistent signs of global economic downturn, the Foundation strives
       to secure and allocate the resources required to advance further towards
       change. While doing so, it has crossed two important benchmarks: the $20
       million mark of grant funding commitment, and the $7 million mark of grant
       disbursement. The Foundation is supported by a community of 12 donors and
       has been praised for being a model of efficient ‘pool-funding mechanism’.

8                                                                                                          9
                                                                                          1   ENGAGING
                                                                                              A WIDER WORLD
                                                                                              A broader grant-making support for civil society

                                                                                                   Providing grants to projects initiated by
                                                                                                   civil society organizations is at the heart
                                                                                                   of the vision, mission and mandate of the
                                                                                                   Foundation. This core activity has witnessed
                                                                                                   in 2010 an unprecedented growth and
                                                                                                   remarkable qualitative achievements. The
                                                                                                   Foundation is now active in 19 countries,
                                                                                                   with 83 new grants approved throughout
Courtesy of the Ramallah Center for Human Rights Studies
                                                                                                   the year. Rapidly becoming a much-
                                                                                                   sought provider of financial assistance, the
                                                                                                   Foundation’s grant-making program also
                                                                                                   materializes the geographical and thematic
                                                                                                   diversification voiced by civil society.
                    “A man who stretches out his hands to ask for freedom is not
                   begging; he is seeking a right that has been stolen from him by
                 human greed. If he obtains it, it will not be as a favour from anyone,
                                and he will not beholden to anyone.”

                                               Al-Manfaluti, Egyptian poet
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              A n n uA l R e p o Rt 2 0 1 0

     The Foundation in the                                                                                                                   Exploring new frontiers
     Broder Middle East and North Africa                                                                                                     In 2010, the operational outreach of the grant-making program has expanded to new countries, new locations and new
                                                                                                                                             domains of intervention. The Foundation is proud to embrace a broad regional dimension and to award grants reflecting
                                                                                                                                             the socio-political diversity of the Region.

                                                                                                                                     Diversifying the geographical outreach
                                                                                                                                     The Foundation is supporting projects in 19 countries within              Portfolio of grants by sub-region:
                                                                                                                                     its geographical mandate. For the first time, partnerships                comparative analysis
                                                                                                                                     are being established for projects in Afghanistan, Libya and
                                                                                                                                     Kuwait. Now stretching from the Maghreb to West Asia,
                                                                                                                                     from the Atlas mounts to the Himalayas, the Foundation has
                                                                                                                                     achieved a rapid expansion throughout the four sub-regions of
                                                                                                                                     the BMENA (Arabian Peninsula, Levant and Mashriq, Maghreb
                                                                                                                                     and West Asia).

                                                                                                                                     Strongly anchored in the Levant and Mashriq sub-region, the
                            Tunisia                                                                                                  Foundation has also proactively developed activities in the
                                                                             Iraq                    Iran
                                                                                                                   Afghanistan       Arabian Peninsula (mainly Yemen), the Maghreb and West
      Morocco                                           Palestine
                                                                                                                                     Asia (graph 1). A geographical balance is always sought while
                                                                                    Kuwait                                           allocating funding. This is in line with a strategic orientation
                                                                                                                          Pakistan   aiming at expanding and strengthening the operations in
                                                     Egypt                            Bahrain                                        underserved countries (including countries less exposed to
                                                                                             Qatar                                   international aid delivery mechanisms) and sub-regions by
                                                                             Saudi Arabia
                                                                                                     UAE                             2012.

                                                                                                                                     This has allowed for an accrued outreach in new centres of
                                                                                                                                     gravity, essential to the stability and political development of
                                                                                             Yemen                                   the region, such as Pakistan and Yemen. These two countries
                                                                                                                                     have been, for the first time in 2010, among the three largest
                                                                                                                                     recipients of grants. This does not only reflect the efforts of
                                                                                                                                     communications and visibility undertaken by the Foundation,
                                                                                                                                     but transcribes more generally the vitality of local civil

                                                                                                                                     Wending its way along a less travelled road, the Foundation
                                                                                                                                     has also achieved diversification within each active country:
                                                                                                                                     a larger number of grants have been awarded to projects
                                                                                                                                     based or operating outside the capital cities and major urban
                                                                                                                                     centres. Reaching to a wide diversity of project locations is
                                                                                                                                     crucial for the Foundation: change and political transformation
                                                                                                                                     are contingent to the capacity to intertwine actions at the
                                                                                                                                     micro, meso and macro levels. This is why, while maintaining
                                                                                                                                     a primary support to projects with a national outreach (the
                                                                                                                                     meso level, 43% of the grants), the Foundation also pays a
                                                                                                                                     particular attention to strengthening initiatives at the micro
                                                                                                                                     level: 13% of the new grants focus on marginalized areas such
                                                                                                                                     as the Tafilah governorate (Jordan), the Balochistan province
     Sub-region                          Countries included
                                                                                                                                     (Pakistan), the Sinai desert (Egypt) or certain remote districts
     Arabian Peninsula                   Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Yemen                                      of Yemen. Additionally, 21% of the projects supported operate
                                                                                                                                     in secondary urban centres such as Taiz (Yemen), Kirkuk
     Levant and Mashriq                  Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria                                              (Iraq) or Tizi-Ouzou (Algeria), away from the usually better-
                                                                                                                                     served capital city environments.
     Maghreb                             Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

     West Asia                           Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan                                                                 Almost 1 out of 10 projects have a regional or multi-country
                                                                                                                                     dimension, illustrating the significant encouragement given
                                                                                                                                     by the Foundation to networking, experience sharing and
                                                                                                                                     replicability of good practices.

12                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 A n n uA l R e p o Rt 2 0 1 0

                                                                                                     When the Arts
Rewarding innovation and creativity
                                                                                                     convey the promise
The Foundation favorably reviews proposals that would have
an innovative potential, either by addressing emerging issues,
                                                                      Thematic distribution of
                                                                      grant portfolio 2010
                                                                                                     of change
by offering high standard of expertise and specialization, or by
channeling traditional messages through new methods such
as the Arts as a medium of awareness-raising (see opposite
                                                                                                                                                                   “Let’s hear your voice”:
Geography sometimes makes the originality of a project, when                                                                                                       calling for youth electoral participation
good ideas and successful methods are implemented in a new                                                                                                         Centre for Defending Freedom of Journalists (CDFJ),
geographical context. This is the case, for example, when the                                                                                                      Jordan
Foundation supports the establishment of some of the first                                                                                                                                                    
shelters or legal aid clinics for women victims of violence in                                                                                                     Elections have a true meaning when they are free, fair…
Beirut (Lebanon) and Kirkuk (Iraq).                                                                                                                                and inclusive. With the ambition to encourage youth political
                                                                                                                                                                   participation, the CDFJ prepared two short videos in the weeks
The Foundation noticed with satisfaction a thematic                                                                                                                leading up to November 10th Parliamentary elections in Jordan.
diversification in the priorities and ideas proposed by CSOs.                                                                                                      Audiovisual arts are an effective media to reach out to the youth
The list of new grants awarded is a mere translation of this                                                                                                       and women, and deliver strong messages to categories of
trend (see graph below). Many of the newly-awarded grants                                                                                                          populations whose political participation is traditionally weak in
                                                                                                                                                                   the Region. Broadcasted on two national Tv channels on prime
will deal with emerging issues in the region, such as trafficking
                                                                                                                                                                   time, and in the show rooms of a large mobile phone network,
in persons (Egypt), juvenile justice (Egypt), prevention of sexual                                                                                                 the videos were an encouragement for the youth to make an
exploitation of girls and women (Morocco), awareness on early                                                                                                      informed political choice, without preferences to religion, kinship
marriages of girls (Yemen), migrant workers’ rights (Jordan,                                                                                                       or personal interests. Seven personalities from the media, the
Lebanon) and CSO accountability (Palestine).                                                                                                                       Arts and sports were associated to the campaign.

It is also a success to count a larger number of projects operating                                                                                                This media campaign was partially sponsored by the
with a rights-based focus, for minorities or marginalized                                                                                                          Foundation.
categories of population. A larger civil society engagement
for “Democratic Governance” has also been noticed: 12 new
grants related to local governance and democratic systems
have been awarded. Some will directly monitor major political
moments in the region, such as the upcoming elections in
Egypt and Yemen in 2011.

Civic Participation, Women Empowerment and Human Rights
and Protection remain core strategic areas of intervention.
However, encouraging thematic diversity is an opportunity to
reflect the various preoccupations and changing realities in the                                                                                                   Democracy through Arts: the “edutainment” approach
Region, and ensure the relevance of each project in its specific                                                                                                   One World Foundation, Egypt
local or national context. The Foundation is attentive to reflect                                                                                                                                          
the growing diversity and complexity of civil society.                                           The Karama Festival: a new scene for Human Rights
                                                                                                                                                                   Young girl: I need someone to stand by my side!
                                                                                                 Films                                                             Parliamentarian: Marginalized women are my case! Their
The Foundation was also pleased to notice the efforts from                                       Community Media Network (CMN), Jordan                             awareness, health, rights, these are my top priorities! (…) [this
various CSOs in trying to leverage their skills and networks for                                                                                                   meeting] is for all, men and women!! Both should strive for their
attaining good impact, both ‘upstream’ (an increasing number                                                                       rights in the community!!
of projects target the policy level and partner with officials and
                                                                                                 The December 2010 Karama Festival was the first human             More than 5250 young men and women in 7 Egyptian
public stakeholders to prepare reforms) and ‘downstream’ (a                                      rights film festival in Jordan. 27 movies and documentaries       governorates have attended the theatre play from which
larger number of projects build on community mobilization                                        were screened, with a large international as well as regional     this dialogue is extracted. After the shows, they engaged in
and essential direct service assistance).                                                        selection. Supporting an engaging and eclectic discourse on       discussions and shared opinions and expectations. Counting
                                                                                                 human rights, the festival gathered more than 7000 people         for more than 40% of the population in Egypt, the 15-35 age
                                                                                                 from all walks of life. Several exhibitions, music performances   group is hardly represented in the decision-making circles.
                                                                                                 and panel debates completed the film screenings hosted in         Their understanding of democracy is still narrow, limited to
                                                                                                 Amman, Jerash, Irbid and Zarqa. The combination of screening      elections and democratic systems. The major success of
                                                                                                 and discussions in presence of movie directors and activists      the “Democracy Through Arts” project would have been to
                                                                                                 gave a platform for the expression of opinion and enhanced        make this youth reflect on and adhere to values and pillars of
                                                                                                 awareness messages. The Karama festival will now unfold as        democracy – tolerance, peace building, participation, balance
                                                                                                 a continuous project, culminating with a caravan human rights     of power. The play is now converted to a DvD available in more
                                                                                                 festival in 2011 between various countries.                       than 1000 schools and youth centres, as a tool to build civic
                                                                                                                                                                   education with innovation.
                                                                                                 This project received a grant from the Foundation.
                                                                                                                                                                   This project received a grant from the Foundation.

14                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             A n n uA l R e p o Rt 2 0 1 0

        Echoing the aspiration for change                                                                                                         Fostering the obligation of quality
        The number of concept papers submitted in 2010 has exceeded by far the anticipated estimates. This pledge of trust                        The quantitative growth was carefully accompanied by enhanced quality in the grant management. Tools and procedures
        expressed by civil society is a reward of the visibility efforts undertaken by the Foundation and a source of pride. Abiding by           are regularly upgraded and fine-tuned. With the greater dialogue at the field level and the initiation of a vast project
        a demand-driven approach to encourage this dynamism, the Foundation was able to award 83 new grants during the year.                      evaluation process the commitment to qualitative work has been further promoted in 2010.

Responding to an unprecedented                                       As a consequence of this demand-driven approach, the                 Strengthening the grant selection process                           Getting closer to the field
call from civil society                                              majority (75%) of the totale proposals submitted in 2010             With 245 new concept papers received in 2010, the Grant             The quality of the outreach and partnerships also depends
With 245 eligible concept papers (CPs) received in 2010,             emanated from “first timers”, i.e. applicant CSOs who have           Department faced a tremendous challenge to maintain                 on the capacity of the Foundation to accompany closely the
The Foundation witnessed unprecedented developments                  never before submitted a grant request to the Foundation.                                                   the reactivity of the        developments on the field. In 2009, four country-based
and growth in its core grant-making program. The symbolic            While the Foundation has nearly completed its fourth year                                                   program and quality          Liaison Officers were recruited to decentralize the work of
benchmark of 500 eligible CPs has been surpassed (see                of operations, this was a laudable achievement: the array of                                                of the grant portfolio.      the Foundation, with a priority to countries with a sizeable
graph), with exactly 565 CPs submitted since inception               potential CSO partners is growing and constantly renewed.                     Main selection criteria       A 3-step selection           number of ongoing projects and incoming proposals (Egypt,
(43.4% of them received in 2010). They represent a pool of                                                                                         for new grants                process was thoroughly       Iraq, Pakistan and Yemen), or good development potential and
447 different CSOs. This demand for support from civil society                                                                                i. The project presents            implemented,         with    overall strategic importance. In 2010, this cost-effective strategy
is also a clear sign of tangible visibility for the Foundation in                                                                                  a strong potential for        the introduction of          has been pursued with two more liaison officers deployed in
the region.                                                                                                                                        innovation or replication     fixed deadlines for          Palestine and the Maghreb (mainly Morocco and Algeria).
                                                                                                                                              ii. The project holder is an       application      (rather     The presence of Liaison Officers in six key locations is an invaluable
In order to adapt to this growth, the Foundation introduced                                                                                        endogenous registered         than the previously          asset for the Foundation. Their proximity to the projects allows
amendments in its internal governance. The newly established                                                                                       CSO                           implemented rolling-in       for a closer and more reactive monitoring, as well as need-based
Grant Committee gathered at three occasions throughout the                         Total number of concept                                    iii. The project encourages        or “pipeline” system),       technical guidance to grantees. They are also the voice and
year. It recommended the approval of 83 new grants. The total                      papers submitted                                                effective citizen and civil   successive         filters   the face of the Foundation throughout the region, acting as an
of grants in the portfolio of the Foundation has reached 140 by                                                                                    society engagement, and       and systematic due           interface between the Headquarters and the local civil societies.
the end of 2010, crossing the symbolic 100 grants mark.                                                                                            respond to evident needs      diligence on the field.      The contextualized expertise that the Liaison Officers bring is
                                                                                                                                              iv. A tangible and effective       The consequence of this      a key element of better-informed decision making, particularly
Encouraging dynamism                                                                                                                               impact is foreseen in         willingness to identify      at the time of approving new grants. They have, for example,
The Foundation has adopted since inception, a demand-                                                                                              terms of contributions        and select the most          completed organizational capacity assessments (OCA) for 94 pre-
driven rather than donor-driven approach for its grant-making.                                                                                     to socio-political            deserving initiatives is     selected applicant CSOs in 2010: looking into the background of
Because the context in which the civil society operates is                                                                                         transformation                a decreasing selection       each of these organizations, their governance, their experience,
not always conducive and favorable, the Foundation insists                                                                                    v. The ‘value for money’ is        ratio (regardless of the     capacities and specific features, Liaison Officers could provide
on remaining a constructive rather than constrictive partner                                                                                       carefully estimated           geographical origin of       recommendations with knowledgeable insight.
for CSOs. Focused primarily on the quality of the ideas and                                                                                                                      the proposal): less than
projects, the Foundation gives to the CSOs the possibility to                                                                                                                    24% of the applications      Learning the lessons
interpret in their own terms the scope of its mandate, and most                                                                                                                  received were approved       Entering its third full year of operation in 2010, the Foundation
importantly voice and embody the needs and concerns of the                                                                                in 2010. In other words, the trendline of grant approval does       was particularly willing to gauging the efficacy and impact of a
citizens in their specific local environment. This accounts for                                                                           not grow as fast as the demand (applications) trendline (see        series of projects approaching completion. For that matter, the
the diversity of the work of the Foundation: it is necessary to                                                                           graph). Despite this trend towards a more competitive and           Foundation commissioned 12 evaluation studies.
recognize and reflect the maturation and diversification of civil                                                                         selective grant approval, the Foundation distinguishes itself as    Beyond the conventional objectives of assessing project
society itself.                                                                                                                           a rigorous but accessible grant-maker.                              performance and impact in terms of intended and unintended
                                                                                                                                                                                                              changes, the Foundation also approached the evaluation
Another example of the Foundation's flexibility is the amendment                                                                                 Evolution of grants selection                                exercise with expectations in identifying lessons learned,
of the grant-making policy. In light of the particular challenges                                                                                vs. Applications received                                    capitalizing on innovative experiences, estimating potentials for
faced by “start-up” CSOs. This improvement was derived from                                                                                                                                                   replicability of certain actions and assessing the relevance of
the observation that an increasing number of organizations in                                                                                                                                                 funding extension. Despite the difficult “evaluability” of themes
the BMENA region are newly-formed groups: either emerging                                                                                                                                                     related to the Foundation’s mandate (due to the heterogeneous
outside the main urban centers, or established by volunteers                                                                                                                                                  grant portfolio and mostly immaterial changes intended),
or activists not belonging to the intelligentsia or elites. These                                                                                                                                             interesting conclusions can be derived from the exercise
groups struggle to compete with organizations already exposed                                                                                                                                                 particularly regarding the leverage effect of empowerment
to donors, fundraising strategies and project implementation                                                                                                                                                  projects (in Iraq, the Foundation supports a an empowerment
processes. The Foundation is committed to support and                                                                                                                                                         projects for religious and ethnic minorities) and legal aid
invest in these nascent groups as they represent a source of                                                                                                                                                  initiatives (in Jordan and Yemen, for the underprivileged). The
dynamism and renewal within civil society.                                                                                                                                                                    evaluation studies highlighted the overall relevance, efficiency
                                                                                                                                                                                                              and effectiveness of the projects, but called for further
                                                                                                                                                                                                              strengthening of the grantees’ capacities, with an even more
                                                                                                                                                                                                              engaged technical assistance role for the Foundation.
                                                                                                                                                                                                              This first step into evaluating performance and effectiveness shall
                                                                                                                                                                                                              be carried further in the coming years. Options currently discussed
                                                                                                                                                                                                              include long-term or summative evaluations, thematic evaluations
                                                                                                                                                                                                              and a larger engagement on democracy evaluability and impact
                                                                                                                                                                                                              assessment of complex advocacy and rights initiatives.

16                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    17
                                                                                 The Foundation for the Future serves as a tool
                                                                                 supportive of the initiatives imagined and implemented
                                                                                 by civil society organizations. This year, grantees have
                                                                                 driven remarkable changes, making their mark in their
                                                                                 communities, their societies and their fields. The story of
                                                                                 their successes is also the reflection of the diversification
                                                                                 of the needs and preoccupations of citizens and societies
                                                                                 across the region.

Courtesy of the Ramallah Center for Human Rights Studies

                               “Out beyond ideas of wrongdoing and rightdoing,
                                     there is a field. I will meet you there.”

                                           Jalal ad-Din Rumi, Persian poet
                                                                                                                                                          Quality of Democracy                      or the under-addressed development
                                                                                                                                                                                                    challenges. This leads to a growing
                                                                                                                                                          in Pakistan:                              disillusionment about accountability

        A watchful eye on power                                                                                                                           A Lukewarm Score
                                                                                                                                                          Pakistan Institute for Legislative
                                                                                                                                                                                                    and integrity. Reflecting this increasing
                                                                                                                                                                                                    dissatisfaction in the country, the

        Monitoring public accountability
                                                                                                                                                                                                    overall score of 45% for the quality of
                                                                                                                                                          Development And Transparency              democracy is a clear warning about
                                                                                                                                                          (PILDAT),                                 the need to speed up the pace of
                                                                                                                                                                            reform in Pakistan.

                                    Supremacy of the Law, equality of all, establishment of law and order, efficient and                                  In a pioneering effort to assess the
       For as in absolute           predictable application of justice, and protection of human rights are core elements                                  quality of democracy in the country,            Our stand on the Rule
     “                                                                                                                                                    PILDAT has convened a 24-member
     governments the King is law,   hoisting democratic development.                                                                                                                                       of Law and Public
     so in free countries the law   Interestingly enough, ancient examples of “primitive” constitutions and common                                        Democracy       Assessment       Group
     ought to be King; and there    rules of conduct overseen by judges were found in what constitute today the BMENA                                     (DAG). Drawing upon a wide range
                                    region. It was in Babylon and Mesopotamia that the earliest written legal codes for a                                 of experts and representing the
     ought to be no other”
                                                                                                                                                          diversity of the society, the DAG has
                                                                                                                                                                                                            “The emergence and
                                    government were edified: the codes of Urukagina and Hammurabi date from more                                                                                               subsistence of truly
                                    than 3500 years. In modern days, however, the Region seems to struggle to retain                                      built upon international research
          Thomas Paine, Common                                                                                                                                                                          democratic systems demand
                                    the advancement it once possessed: conflicts and authoritarian regimes have been                                      studies, and adapted the framework
                    Sense, 1776                                                                                                                                                                             that all are submitted to
                                    deterrent to democratic progress and the Rule of Law.                                                                 to the Pakistani context. It reviewed
                                                                                                                                                                                                          the Law and that the limits
                                    CSOs have nonetheless started to open a critical eye on the system, calling for broader                               and ranked 75 criteria, on four
                                                                                                                                                                                                            of power are contained.
                                    transparency and accountability. The policy-relevant studies recently published by                                    main pillars of democracy: state-
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Legitimacy, transparency,
                                    PILDAT (Pakistan) and MUSAWA (Palestine) are illustrative of a civil society striving                                 citizen relationship; representation
                                                                                                                                                                                                        integrity and the due process
                                    to advocate for more open and right-based societies in the Region. Both studies are                                   and accountability; civil society and
                                                                                                                                                                                                           of law are the safeguards
                                    instrumental in compensating for the paucity of documentation on the topic.                                           popular participation; external factors
                                                                                                                                                                                                        against arbitrary governance.
                                                                                                                                                          of influence. The conclusions have
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Countries and governments in
                                                                                                                                                          been presented in an amply praised
                                    The Legal Monitor                            is the declining esteem and confidence
                                                                                                                                                          and commented report.
                                                                                                                                                                                                         the Region have to live up to
                                                                                 of the population in its Justice (63.4%                                                                                         this standard”
                                    Report: a Pioneer                            mistrust), in a country where the culture                                Since the 2008 elections and
                                                                                                                                                          the return of an elected civilian
                                                                                 of the Rule of Law remains fragile after
                                    Study of the                                 decades of conflict, occupation, and the                                 government,      constitutional    and
                                                                                                                                                          institutional     arrangements       of
                                    Palestinian Justice                          long absence of a State apparatus.
                                                                                 The       study      made      numerous                                  democracy have radically improved in
                                                                                                                                                                                                    The recommendations are abundant,
                                                                                                                                                                                                    and policy-oriented. PILDAT calls
                                    Sector                                       recommendations, including legal                                         Pakistan. The media sector is stronger,
                                                                                                                                                          the conditions for an independent
                                                                                                                                                                                                    urgently for performance legitimacy
                                    The Palestinian Centre for the               guarantees for the separation of powers,                                                                           and      concrete      socio-economic
                                    Independence of the Judiciary and            comprehensive strategy for quality of law                                Judiciary have been restored, the         outcomes as key guarantors of the
                                    Legal Profession (MUSAWA), Palestine         education and judiciary performance                                      opposition plays a significant role in    sustainability of the democratic
                                                          review, establishment of codes of                                        governance, and new principles of         progress. The report gathered
                                                                                 conduct, and efficient resources                                         federalism and sovereignty of the         constructive reactions from officials,
                                    “Abiding by the Rule of Law and              management.                                                              Parliament have been introduced.          among whom the Chief of Army Staff,
                                    establishing effective and functioning       Civil society activists and international                                Nonetheless, serious weaknesses           the Foreign Affairs Minister, the leader
                                    judicial systems are conditions of viable    donors have praised the pioneering                                       persist, such as the unsatisfactory       of the opposition and some members
                                    state-building”, believes MUSAWA.            effort, and the conclusions were widely                                  operation of the Rule of Law, the         of Parliament.
                                    During the past two years, the NGO has       commented by the media. Within the                                       obstacles posed by political violence,
                                                                                 Judiciary system, despite anticipated        "PILDAT representatives
                                    conducted series of surveys on various
                                                                                 criticism, many have acknowledged            discuss the Quality of
                                    components of the Justice system, from                                                    Democracy Report during a
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Stats and Facts
                                    law students to judges. The research         the accuracy and importance of the
                                                                                 report, including the Secretary of
                                                                                                                              press conference"              Our commitments
                                    concluded in May 2010 with the Legal                                                                                                                                   Most of the countries of
                                    Monitor Report, the first study of this      Justice and the Attorney General. The                                                                                     the region have ratified
                                                                                 Ministry of Justice has now engaged in                                          20 grants on the Rule
                                    kind in Palestine.                                                                                                                                                     the UN 2005 Convention
                                                                                 a self-evaluation exercise with similar                                         of Law and Public
                                    The general dissatisfaction with the                                                                                                                                   on Corruption, with the
                                                                                 conclusions, the Ministry of Labor                                              Accountability
                                    system is mainly rooted in the lack                                                                                                                                    exception of Oman,
                                                                                 and the Council of Shari’a courts have                                          Nearly US$ 2.95 million
                                    of independence and impartiality of                                                                                                                                    Palestine, Saudi Arabia
                                                                                 approached MUSAWA for further                                                   committed in grants
                                    judiciary professionals by interferences                                                                                                                               and Syria (both signatures
                                                                                 research and capacity-building. Another                                         Projects in Bahrain, Egypt,
                                    and external pressures, to the point                                                                                                                                   pending ratification)
                                                                                 interesting collaboration should take                                           Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait,
                                    where “nepotism and patronage have                                                                                                                                     Gulf Council Countries
                                                                                 place with the opening of consultation                                          Lebanon, Morocco,
                                    prevailed in the selection and promotion                                                                                                                               (Qatar and the UAE in
                                                                                 on the status of military courts. Most                                          Pakistan, Palestine and
                                    of judiciary personnel”, according to                                                                                                                                  particular) score better
                                                                                 importantly, MUSAWA succeeded in                                                Yemen
                                    the study. Professionals of the sector                                                                                                                                 on the Rule of Law
                                                                                 stimulating discussion on the necessity                                         1 regional project
                                    themselves acknowledge the inadequate                                                                                                                                  Index because of better
                                                                                 of judicial reform, and will produce a                                          1 conference on Security
                                    level of qualification, competence and                                                                                                                                 government accountability,
                                                                                 second Legal Monitor Report in the next                                         Sector governance
                                    experience in the sector, and question                                                                                                                                 anti-corruption policy,
                                    the legitimacy and performance of the        phase of the project.                                                                                                     security and stability
                                    oversight bodies. A direct consequence

20                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              21
                                                                                                                                     JRF has trained so far 378 professionals within the Family Protection System (FPS), the national and multi-sectoral
                                                                                                                                     framework of action on domestic violence in Jordan. Police and courtroom personnel, social workers and caregivers,
                                                                                                                                     teachers, educators, health professionals, were accompanied towards a change in their perceptions and attitudes vis-à-vis

            Breaking the cloak of silence                                                                                            victims. The workshops were particularly successful in increasing the knowledge of participants about the cycle of violence
                                                                                                                                     and its consequences on victims, hence developing a rights-based approach that will help the effective handling of cases.

            Fighting violence against women
                                                                                                                                     However, a lot remains to be done regarding, for example, the general acceptance of the “normality” of mild forms of
                                                                                                                                     violence such as reprimand, intimidation and disrespect.

                                                                                                                                     This program articulates a sustainable response to domestic violence by building capacities of the national and official
                                                 violence against women is still one       and responses. Behind this diversity      stakeholders, throughout all the 12 governorates of Jordan, and with the capacity-building of 150 in-house experts and
        “violence against women is               of the most common though under-          however, lies a common reality: a         trainers in four key ministries. The collaboration with National Council for Family Affairs has also allowed for the formulation
        perhaps the most shameful                recognized crimes: global estimates       phenomenon deeply rooted in structural    of quality assurance mechanisms such as “professional standards” policies, and codes of ethics.
        human rights violation, and it           place the risk for young women to         imbalances of power and opportunities
        is perhaps the most pervasive.           suffer from abuse and violence above      between men and women.
        It knows no boundaries of
        geography, culture or wealth.
                                                 the threat of motor vehicle accident,
                                                 war, malaria and even cancer.
                                                                                           The effective response to this multi-
                                                                                           faceted phenomenon is the one that
                                                                                                                                                                                Documenting before                          prevention: several workshops will
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            make newly married couples reflect on
        As long as it continues, we              The manifestations of this violence may   correlates advocacy, relief services,                                                acting                                      the causes of violence and solutions
        cannot claim to be making                differ: battering, sexual abuse, honor    empowerment of women and societal                                                    Waatasemu – Protection Program for          for dispute resolution.
        real progress towards equality,          crimes, genital mutilation, harassment    change, with a large involvement                                                     Families and Women (PPFW), Libya            A major success for PPFW so far is
        development and peace”                   … However, the existence of violence      from all key stakeholders. Below are                                                                  to have put domestic violence on the
                                                 is a widespread reality from which the    examples of successful initiatives                                                                                               public policy agenda: the campaign
               Kofi Annan, Former UN             Arab world is not immune. The Region      undertaken by the Foundation’s                                                       UNIFEM has described the abuse              launched in October 2010 is the first
                     Secretary-General           presents a heterogeneous array of         grantees in Iraq, Jordan and Libya.                                                  and violence faced by women as an           of its kind in Libya.
                                                 legislations, socio-cultural awareness                                                                                         “invisible pandemics”. In the MENA
                                                                                                                                                                                Region, very few comprehensive
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Our stand on Violence
     Providing immediate                                                                                                                                                        studies and policy-oriented data
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      against Women
                                                                                                                                                                                collection on the nature and extent
     assistance                                                                                                                                                                 of domestic violence have been
     Pana Center for Combating Violence                                                                                                                                         conducted. In Libya, like in many                “Protecting women and girls
     against Women, Iraq                                                                                                                                                        other countries of the region, no                against violence is one axis of
                                                                                                                                                   comprehensive         national   survey           support for the Foundation,
                                                                                                                                                                                is available to document violence                 as part of a broader strategy
     Without financial security and external                                                                                                                                    against women. However, CSOs and                 to promote the cultural, legal
     support systems, many victims cannot                                                                                                                                       courtroom officials attest of a rise in          and sociological changes that
     run away from situations of domestic                                                                                                                                       cases related to marital and domestic               women need. Combating
     violence. “Women are afraid to speak                                                                                                                                       violence. A major part of PPFW’s                  violence against women and
     and reveal their personal problems,                                                                                                                                        project will focus on understanding this           girls is an urgent necessity,
     and they do not feel confident                                                                                                                                             trend and its roots. The organization               but it fits more broadly in
     enough to initiate legal mitigation”                                                                                                                                       is in the process of analyzing more                  our efforts to strengthen
     explains the Iraqi NGO Pana. The                                                                                                                                           than 3000 complaints received since                 the leadership of women
     NGO established in 2010 a legal aid                                                                                                                                        2009 on its 1515 helpline for victims.             and protect their rights. We
     centre for women in Kirkuk. Only 4                                                                                                                                         This will be supplemented by a series            observe with satisfaction and
     months into the project, 149 women                                                                                                 Stats and Facts                         of in-depth interviews and field visits           also with larger expectations
     from the district have already been         30% in several districts of Iraq] or      provided, which means that women                                                     to detention facilities, in order to               the fact that the status and
     trained through legal awareness             women who are confined at home”           depend on informal community                     All countries in the region,        publish a comprehensive fact-finding             rights of women is one of the
     workshops. Thousands more were              says Pana.                                litigation.                                      with the exception of Iran          report, and back advocacy efforts.              most-rapidly changing realities
     reached through bi-monthly programs         These efforts have helped survivors       In a post-conflict environment where             and Palestine, are parties          The legislation review is not sidelined:        in the Region. We intend to be
     on Lawan local radio and various Tv         to find the courage to speak out and      women are particularly at risk, the              to CEDAW but acceded                laws maintain certain forms of                    an accompanying partner of
     stations. The information was given         act: 47 women solicited socio-legal       project was of urgent and utmost                 to the convention with              inequality and discrimination that can                      this change”
     in Arabic, Kurdish and Turkmen, to          counseling, and 19 victims were           relevance: it is still, to date, one of          numerous and major                  sociologically trigger violence against
     reach out to the multi-ethnic Kirkuk        provided with the pro bono assistance     the very rare protective mechanisms              reservations                        women. Laws related to inheritance,
     citizenry. “Developing legal literacy       of a lawyer for judicial proceedings.     for women victims of violence in the             Despite persistent                  marriage contract, adultery and honor
     of women through the radio is very          Legal representation in court is          northern Iraqi province of Kirkuk,                                                   crimes still contain provisions leading
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Our commitments
                                                                                                                                            inequality, the status of
     useful: we reach out to women who           particularly important in the case        where honor killings and violence are            women has improved                  to abuses and biases favorable to
     are illiterate [female illiteracy exceeds   of women: this service is still rarely    a sad reality.                                                                                                                           15 grants to develop
                                                                                                                                            in 14 out of 17 MENA                perpetrators.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    various strategies for
                                                                                                                                            countries over the past             Simultaneously, the organization is
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    combating violence against
                                                                                                                                            5 years according to                deploying efforts in Tripoli, Benghazi
     Training law enforcement and health professionals                                                                                      Freedom House                       and Sebha to promote primary
     Jordan River Foundation (JRF), Jordan                                                                                                                                                                                          Over US$ 2.25 million
                                                                                                                                            The greatest gains are
                                                                                                                                                                                                        allocated for grants
                                                                                                                                            usually on education,
     One of the reasons for victims to keep silent about the abuses they endure is their fear of the justice sector and the lack                                                                                                    Projects in Algeria, Iraq,
                                                                                                                                            and to a lesser extent
     of confidence in official services, from which they might receive blame and disbelief in response to their suffering. For                                                                                                      Jordan, Lebanon, Libya,
                                                                                                                                            employment in certain
     JRF it was essential to build the sensitivity, quality and competences of law enforcement and health professionals as a key                                                                                                    Morocco, Pakistan and
     element in breaking the cycle of impunity of the perpetrators.                                                                                                                                                                 Yemen

22                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      23
                                                                                                                            Protecting                                the Southern governorates of Aden,
                                                                                                                                                                      Lahj and Abyan. "Protecting workers'
                                                                                                                            socio-economic rights
        Human Rights,
                                                                                                                                                                      rights, education rights, access to              Our stand on Human
                                                                                                                                                                      basic amenities or health services has                  Rights
                                                                                                                            in Yemen                                  a direct impact on the daily needs
                                                                                                                            Yemen Center for Human Rights             of Yemenis in the South" explains                  “Effective freedoms and
        old and new                                                                                                         Studies (YCfHRS)

                                                                                                                            The divide along regional lines remains
                                                                                                                                                                      YCfHRS. Since mid 2009, the NGO has
                                                                                                                                                                      reported more than 3000 violations.
                                                                                                                                                                      These included: infringements of right
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        legal provision of Human
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Rights are the safeguards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     against excesses and abuses
                                                                                                                            strong in Yemen, despite unification      to education for girls or impoverished            of power, repression and
                                     The definition, scope and protection of Human Rights are continuously evolving.        in 1990. Inflation, unemployment,         children; non enforcement of labor                 regression in individual
     “Peace can only last where      Some rather talk about “generations of Human Rights” in reference to the               deprivation, unequal sharing of           and social security laws in several           potentialities. The demand for
     human rights are respected,     progressive development of civil liberties and political participation; social,        wealth are often sources of a growing     privatized factories; illegal evictions       advancement of human rights
     where the people are fed, and   economic and cultural rights; and collective rights. Each generation of rights         sentiment of marginalization among        and violations of housing rights; child           is non-negotiable: it is an
     where individuals and nations   adds layers of duties and obligations of protection. None is entirely independent:     Southerners. Observers confirm a          labor; etc.                                   essential condition of progress
     are free. All human beings,     securing civil or political rights of individuals implies further concerns about the   progressive deterioration of public       The project is distinctive for its            and reform in the Region. We
     whatever their cultural or      living conditions and context in which these rights and liberties are exercised.       services, the delegitimization of the     mediation role. Indeed, most of                 notice with satisfaction that
     historical background, suffer                                                                                          State and the rise of factionalism.       the reported violations find a non-              civil society is now a major
     when they are intimidated,      The human rights landscape in the BMENA region is crossed by similar lines of          These are all ingredients leading to      judicial settlement: less than 1 in             stakeholder on this issue in
     imprisoned or tortured.”        divides and evolutions. Initiatives for human rights promotion and protection in       frequent and widespread human             5 cases are taken to court. This               the region, where a voice on
                                     Lebanon, Yemen and Iraq are illustrative of the diversity and evolution of Human       rights violations.                        shows the expression of grievances              contexts and peculiarities is
                 14th Dalai Lama     Rights.                                                                                YCfHRS has developed a unique             and protection of rights can be                             raised”
                                                                                                                            response to these challenges: a project   channelized, and with an effectual
                                                                                                                            aiming at educating about economic,       role of the concerned authorities.
                                                                                                                            social and cultural rights; monitoring    These lessons learned at the micro
                                     The disappeared of                         families of victims, this means legal
                                                                                vacuum and the impossibility to find
                                                                                                                            and documenting violations of these       level are of importance for the macro
                                                                                                                            rights and providing legal aid to         level in Yemen: socio-economic
                                     Lebanon                                    redress through the current justice         those in need. This focus on second-      tensions can be addressed through
                                     Lebanese Centre for Human Rights           system.                                     generation rights is only nascent in      inclusive dialogue, with a human
                                     (LCHR)                                     With this daunting and abundant sum         the Region. Teams of monitors have        rights perspective and a constructive
                                                  of challenges, progress is difficult        been spearheading the initiative in       and depoliticized role for CSOs.
                                                                                to attain, although the project has
                                     When it comes to enforced                  already succeeded in building a
                                     disappearances, the cases of               popular and cross-partisan political
                                                                                consensus of the necessity of justice,
                                     Argentina, Chile, Chechnya, Algeria
                                     or Morocco are well-known. Less is         but no consensual solution has yet          Empowering                                captured violations at the community
                                                                                                                                                                      level in Baghdad, Basra, Kirkuk and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 situation, and inform an adequate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 government's response. The Iraqi
                                     told about the 17,000 Lebanese who         emerged on a process of transitional        minorities in Iraq                        Nineveh. "We can get our voice to          example epitomizes the need for
                                     where abducted, illegally detained and     justice. It also contributed to place the   Free Iraq Center for Civic Education      the people in charge, this is the most     a wider culture of tolerance and
                                     “disappeared” during the civil war.        question of enforced disappearances         (FICCE)                                   significant change we can expect as a      common citizenship throughout the
                                     The LCHR has built a core expertise on     under a general scrutiny of human                                                     minority" they say.                        Middle East.
                                     the issue of enforced disappearances       rights violations during the civil war,     News reports have once more               More than 1000 violation reports have
                                     in Lebanon, but in 2009, they took         which the NGO has now meticulously          highlighted in the last few months of     been collected: attacks, restrictions to
                                     the campaign to a new level. First, it     documented.                                 2010 the persecution of minorities in     religious practice, "protection bribes"       Stats and Facts
                                     is important to prompt awareness of        LCHR is an example of the capacity          Iraq. The country comes second in the     paid to armed groups, infringements
                                     the public opinion and also opinion-       of civil society to lead the debate on      Peoples Under Threat Index due to         to housing rights, sexual violence,              The development of a
                                     drivers, such as academics and             extremely sensitive human rights            the increasing sectarian violence. The    and banishment. Once compiled                    Human Rights culture
                                     Law experts. The campaign has to           issues.                                     constitution and legislation maintain     and analyzed, this reporting will be             has been slow in the
                                     overcome several obstacles. First,                                                     contradictions that are detrimental       a precious tool to map the minority              BMENA, with conflictive
                                     the Lebanese political equilibrium is                                                  to the protection of minorities, and                                                       views on universality of
                                     fragile, and the past too distressing.                                                 amidst the myriad of existing threats,                                                     human rights vs. cultural
                                     In this context, amnesty, stability                                                    officials do not maintain a consistent       Our commitments                               relativism
                                     and peace still prevail over truth,                                                    conciliatory attitude.                                                                     CSOs have endorsed
                                     reconciliation and justice. The NGO                                                    FICCE believes in the necessity "to              34 grants on Human                        a rapidly-growing and
                                     clearly demonstrated, drawing from                                                     involve the minorities themselves                Rights Promotion and                      diversified role on
                                     international experiences such as                                                      in the protection of their rights.               Protection                                human rights: defender,
                                     the case of Cyprus, that it is rather                                                  We need to build their confidence,               Over US$ 4 million                        watchdog, whistle-blower,
                                     the contrary: truth can support a                                                      self-assertiveness, capacities and               allocated for grants                      educator, fact-finder
                                     sustainable reconciliation.                                                            experience". The NGO has trained                 Projects in Algeria,                      The region is often
                                     Moreover, Lebanon does not have                                                        120 representatives from various                 Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq,                     criticized for systematic
                                     an impressive record of abiding                                                        minority groups: Christians, Turkmen,            Jordan, Lebanon, Pakistan                 use of reservations and
                                     by international human rights                                                          Shabak, Yezidis and Sabian. The last             and Yemen                                 non adherence to certain
                                     mechanisms. The country has signed                                                     two groups are "acutely vulnerable to            Several multi-country                     UN special procedures
                                     but still not ratified the UN Convention                                               extinction" according to international           initiatives
                                     on Enforced Disappearances. For the                                                    observers. The core group of monitors

24                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    25
                                                                                                                                                                                                                alienation, insecurity, arbitrary arrest
                                                                                                                                                                                                                and detention, or unfair trial.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                “Agencies like the UNHCR are

        Access to justice                                                                                                                                                                                       in charge of the refugee status
                                                                                                                                                                                                                determination. The legal assistance

        Legal aid for the disenfranchised
                                                                                                                                                                                                                we can provide to refugees is different:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                we counsel and represent those who
                                                                                                                                                                                                                are arbitrarily detained or victims
                                                                                                                                                                                                                of crimes”, explains EFRR. The
                                       In 2004, during a regional conference on democracy and human rights in                                                                                                   project was one of the first in Egypt
     “All individuals are equal        Sana’a, Arab States and CSOs representatives rightly stated that “the effective                                                                                          to provide specific legal assistance
     before the Law, without           application of the rule of law is vital to protecting democracy and human                                                                                                to refugees. In less than a year, the
     distinction between the ruler     rights”. However, the emphasis is often focused on building more competent                                                                                               legal aid project has given counsel
     and the ruled; the right to       and independent judiciary, and comprehensive legislations. But beyond these                                                                                              and advice to 44 refugees, and has
     resort to justice is guaranteed   systemic approaches, it is the capacity to protect equality before the Law and                                                                                           represented 98 others. Many of these
     to everyone”                      in particular the rights and interests of the vulnerable citizens that is at stake.                                                                                      had been arbitrarily detained; others
                                       Marginalized groups can include the poor, women, children, juveniles, refugees,                                                                                          had been victims of robbery, assault,
        1990 Cairo Declaration on      migrant workers and minorities. Legal aid services are an essential mechanism                                                                                            extortion of money, harassment. “Our
          Human Rights in Islam,       to ensure the access to justice for these categories of population.                                                                                                      experience shows that the assistance
                       Article 19                                                                                                                                                                               of a pro bono lawyer results in faster
                                                                                                                                                                                                                redress and release, in case of
                                       This is one of the key challenges of political development for the Arab world in
                                       the coming years: Rule of Law reforms have yet to include legal aid schemes
                                                                                                                                                                    Voicing the                                 arbitrary detention. For the refugees
                                       and community mediation mechanisms.                                                                                          Fundamental Rights                          victims of crimes, this assistance
                                                                                                                                                                                                                simply means that they dare and can
                                       Examples from Jordan and Egypt shed light on initiatives from the civil society                                              of Refugees                                 initiate prosecution, and have access
                                       to make legal systems accessible and affordable for citizens (such as the urban                                              Egyptian Foundation for Refugees            to justice”. In this case, legal aid is
                                       poor) as well as non-citizens (such as refugees and asylum seekers).                                                         Rights (EFRR), Egypt                        a powerful leverage of fundamental
                                                                                                                                                                                       human rights protection.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                In the process of consolidating the first
                                                                                                                                                                    The MENA countries are home to              National Network of Refugee Lawyers
                                       Legal Empowerment                          With 6 clinics established in the poor
                                                                                  urban neighborhoods of Amman,
                                                                                                                                                                    millions of refugees, due to conflicts in
                                                                                                                                                                    the region and beyond. The undeniable
                                                                                                                                                                                                                in Egypt, EFRR strives to extend the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                availability of legal services outside of
                                       of the Poor                                Zarqa and Madaba, JCLA has provided                                               vulnerability of this category of           Cairo, for the first time in Aswan and
                                       Justice Center for Legal Aid (JCLA),       legal counseling to 469 persons since                                             population is even increased by             Alexandria.
                                       Jordan                                     the beginning of the project in late                                              disparate political will and insufficient
                                                        2009. Many of the cases concerned          The neighborhood of "Kilo              legal protection. The refugees’
                                                                                  personal status law, marital status,       Arba'a u' nuss" in Cairo is            access to justice is often hindered by
                                       From an indigent citizen’s perspective,    violence against women, child custody      home to many Sudanese                  discriminatory procedures segregating
                                                                                  and family disputes. In addition, 224      refugees                               between citizens and non-citizens.
                                       obstacles to redress and legal
                                       protection are numerous: delays can        cases were represented in courts -                                                At the crossroads of Africa, the Middle           Our stand on Access to
                                       be long; legal services might not be       five times more than the anticipated           Stats and Facts                    East and the Mediterranean, Egypt
                                       affordable; the formal system might        outreach. It is clearly the sign of the                                           hosts a large number (more than half
                                       not be consistent with traditional         urgent need of legal services in the                                              a million) of refugees from Sudan,
                                                                                  poor communities. “Our ambition is
                                                                                                                                     At least 5 countries in
                                                                                                                                                                    Palestine, Iraq, Somalia Eritrea, and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        “Legal aid services are
                                       values, etc. Added to the complexity of                                                       the Region have enacted                                                             a major contribution to
                                       the legislative arsenal and the lack of    to provide generic legal assistance,               comprehensive laws             Ethiopia mainly. Cairo is, according
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      improving the effectiveness
                                       legal literacy among poor populations,     which means that we offer guidance in              specifically providing legal   to the UNHCR, one of the largest
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       of the justice system, and
                                       these obstacles hamper the principle       family, civil as well as criminal cases”           aid mechanisms                 centres of urban refugee population
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        mitigating legal disputes.
                                       of equal access to justice.                explains JCLA. “We are also proud to               At least 4 countries in the    in the world. Despite domestic and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       They are, therefore, at the
                                                                                  contribute to a culture of pro bono                region have Ombudsmen          international laws, many of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        crossroads of protection
                                       Jordan is one of the rare MENA             work in the legal profession of Jordan,            offices which mandate can      refugees continue to suffer from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         for Human Rights and
                                       signatories of international and           against all odds”. The next stage of the           include legal mitigation                                                          enhancement of the Rule
                                       regional mechanisms reasserting            project will include: public advocacy              According to the World                                                              of Law. This emerging
                                       principles of equal protection and         towards institutionalizing legal aid               Justice Project (WJP)             Our commitments                               preoccupation in the region,
                                       due process of law. However, large         services within the Justice system.                Rule of Law Index 2010,                                                           brought to light by the civil
                                       segments of its population are left with   An initial partnership has already                 access to justice remains             13 grants exclusively                      society, can be an effective
                                       scant legal safety nets. For them, JCLA    been established with the Jordanian                a weak point of Rule of               providing legal aid,                        tool for social change and
                                       has developed a Legal Empowerment          Department of Statistics and the World             Law effectiveness in the              counseling and assistance                    empowerment because
                                       Project (LEP), providing not only legal    Bank in order to conduct a national                region; access to legal               to the marginalized                       legal aid initiatives voice the
                                       counseling and representation, but         legal aid needs assessment survey.                 counsel, accessibility                Nearly US$ 1.45 million                   rights of the disenfranchised
                                       also improving the legal literacy and      “Empowered”, “I can decide”, “I was                and affordability of                  allocated for grants                      and redress the abuses and
                                       awareness at the community level.          listened to and was treated fairly”, “it           proceedings, effectiveness            Projects in Algeria, Egypt,               violations committed against
                                       It is the first comprehensive and          changed my life” are some of the words             and impartiality need                 Iraq, Jordan, Palestine and                         their rights”
                                       professionalized legal aid model for       used by beneficiaries to describe the              urgent improvements                   Yemen
                                       the underprivileged in Jordan.             impact of LEP on their lives.

26                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          27
                                                                                                                             from all charges, but beyond the legal       Similarly, no detainee has reported
                                                                                                                             assistance, he also acknowledged             acts of torture and inhuman treatment
                                                                                                                             the moral support provided by                during imprisonment in 2010”.

             The cause of press freedom                                                                                      MADA, which gave him “courage”
                                                                                                                             and reduced his feeling of isolation         Additionally, MADA has organized
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Our stand on Media
             The Palestinian Center for Development and Media                                                                during detention. MADA lawyers have
                                                                                                                             supported 23 such cases between
                                                                                                                                                                          throughout Palestine, a series of
                                                                                                                                                                          workshops to increase the awareness
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           “Media are essential
                                                                                                                             May and December 2010.                       on media laws and freedom of
             freedom (MADA*), Palestine                                                                                                                                   expression       legislation.   “Media
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        guarantors of democratic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        progress and governance.
                                                                                                 MADA notices with satisfaction the           professionals will be better protected
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           They are very special
                                                                                                                             absence of cases of abduction in 2010,       against violations if they know more
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          components of the civil
                                                                                                                             and the improvement of detention             about their rights and the applicable
                                       The media sector in Palestine has                                                                                                                                                  society. Journalists and
                                                                                                                             conditions for media professionals in        laws”. A legal guide for media
                                       grown tremendously in the past                “Every one has the freedom                                                                                                       media professionals are the
                                                                                                                             the past year. “We have noticed that         practitioners, to be published in 2011,
                                       decade, and now counts with around            to hold and express their                                                                                                           tools of the peoples’ and
                                                                                                                             the duration of detention is reducing.       spreads further the efforts towards
                                       4 daily newspapers, a hundred of local        opinions without interference                                                                                                     citizens’ right to know, and
                                                                                                                             We would like to believe that our work       information. For the first time such
                                       private radios, 25 private Tv channels,       […]. Freedom of expression                                                                                                      the enhancement of a culture
                                                                                                                             in the Legal Aid unit is one of the          a tool will be available for Palestinian
                                       10 news agencies and over 3000                includes the freedom to                                                                                                            of freedom of opinion and
                                                                                                                             reasons behind this improvement.             media professionals.
                                       professionals. However, infringements         seek, receive, and impart                                                                                                        expression. By giving access
                                       to freedom of expression have                 information and ideas using                                                                                                         to information, the press
                                       restricted and constrained media              any form or medium of                                                                                                               and other media are the
                                       freedom in Palestine.                         expression”                                                                                                                       relays of transparency and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     accountability, and participate
                                                                                          International Covenant on                                                                                                      in the balance of power.
                                                                                           Civil and Political Rights,                                                                                                The Foundation encourages
                                                                                                            Article 19                                                                                                 Media Freedom, promoting
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          the protection of media
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     against infringements of their
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      rights, and the development
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        of the capacities of media
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          professionals to search
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       out and report information
                                       The media, hostage                         MADA legal aid                                                                                                                       when the public interest is
                                       of the conflict                            unit, a “shield” for
                                       Media professionals in Palestine
                                       are caught between two fires: the          journalists
                                       occupation, and the frequent unrest        Monitoring the violations of media
                                       within the Occupied Territories            freedoms is an important but
                                       between various political factions         insufficient step in the cause for press
                                       and security apparatus. But whether        freedom: direct protection is also         A comprehensive                              achievements of 2010 have already
                                                                                                                                                                          made an impact for journalists and for
                                                                                  required, and this was the reason for
                                       violations are committed by Israeli
                                                                                  MADA to open the first Legal Aid Unit      approach to media                            freedom.
                                       forces, settlers, Palestinian security
                                       services or armed groups, is not what      for media professionals in Palestine.      freedom
                                       matters to MADA: “our cause is the         Two lawyers, in the West Bank and          Beyond       the      obstacles       and
                                                                                  the Gaza Strip, are available to provide                                                   Stats and Facts
                                       one of press freedom, beyond politics                                                 infringements, media freedom also
                                       and conflicts” the NGO explains.           legal assistance. “Journalists are         depends on the assertiveness of
                                                                                  targeted for who they are, for doing                                                           In 2010, there are still 4
                                       And the task is vast: 214 violations                                                  journalists in maintaining ethical                  MENA countries among
                                       were reported in 2010, almost 24%          their job of providing information.        standards of work. The campaign
                                                                                  We need to assist them against this                                                            the 15 lowest-ranked
                                       more than in 2009, and for the first                                                  of incitement and defamation, the                   countries in the various
                                       time no truce was observed during the      injustice”, explains MADA. When            polarization of the sector, the infighting
                                                                                  Mamdouh Hamamrah, Al-Quds Tv                                                                   press freedom indexes
                                       month of Ramadan. The risks faced                                                     among the press, have shown the                     Lebanon and Kuwait are the          Our commitments
                                       by journalists are high: detentions,       correspondent in Bethlehem, was            urgency to improve professional
                                                                                  arrested, his relatives contacted                                                              better-ranked countries in
                                       house arrest, destruction of buildings                                                standards and regain the trust of                   the region, though not with            11 grants related to media
                                       sheltering     media     professionals,    MADA Legal Aid Unit. Detained              Palestinian readers, listeners and                  entirely satisfactory scores           freedom and quality of
                                       damages to personal property, ban on       illegally, without formal indictment       viewers. “Self-censorship and quality               Palestine is at the 150th              information
                                       distribution, confiscation of material,    initially, the journalist received the     of information are two issues we try                place in the 2010 World                Over US$ 1.51 million
                                       harassment, illegal interrogations,        help and visits of MADA West Bank          to address through trainings and                    Press Freedom Index                    allocated for grants
                                       injuring,      travel      restrictions,   lawyer. various appeals to the General     publications”, adds MADA.                           Bloggers, netizens and                 Projects in Egypt, Palestine
                                       deportation… The list of threats is        Attorney and courts led to the             MADA admits to be “realistic about                  cyber-dissidents endure                and Yemen
                                       long. The political split between the      release of the journalist almost two       the pace of change” because of                      increasingly repressive                Several multi-country or
                                       West Bank and Gaza in 2007 has             months after his arrest. The case was      the obstacles posed by conflict and
     A photojournalist hit by tear                                                                                                                                               regulations                            regional initiatives
                                       increased even further the tensions        motivated by accusations of libel and      political stalemate. However the
     gas while covering a protest in
                                       surrounding the media sector.              slander. Hamamrah has been cleared
     Hebron, Palestine, May 2010
                                                                                                                             * “Mada” means “horizon” in Arabic.

28                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     29
                                                                                       2   BUILDING AND
                                                                                           SHARING KNOWLEDGE
                                                                                           Taking a leading role

                                                                                               The relevance and effectiveness of the
                                                                                               Foundation’s work requires the rigor
                                                                                               to understand and learn more about
                                                                                               the context of intervention. This policy-
                                                                                               oriented approach applied to research, and
                                                                                               combined with a commitment to share and
                                                                                               build knowledge with the grantees and civil
                                                                                               society at large, produced significant results
Courtesy of the Ramallah Center for Human Rights Studies                                       in 2010. Conferences, publications and
                                                                                               training workshops have set guideposts for
                                                                                               reflection and better-informed decisions.
                                                                                               A grounded knowledge for grounded
                    “I prefer to be a dreamer among the humblest, with visions to be
                      realized, than lord among those without dreams and desires”

                                                    Gibran Khalil Gibran
                                                                                                                                                                                                             A n n uA l R e p o Rt 2 0 1 0

        Leading the debate on emerging issues                                                                                          2010 Conferences

The support to civil society cannot be limited to financial and                                                                                           Research on Civil Society Organizations:
technical assistance: the Foundation envisages its role more                                                                                              Status and Prospects
broadly, and develops a prospective approach on issues related
to its mandate, including by shedding light on issues of interest      “The event has truly                                                               January
for civil society in the region.                                       been inspiring and has                                                             various presentations and ten commissioned research papers
                                                                       given a lot of food for                                                            helped in building a knowledge base on the general patterns,
While encouraging a wide range of initiatives on the field, the                                                                                           trends, challenges and effectiveness of CSOs in the Region. The
                                                                       thought”                                                                           conference shed light on the gaps and weaknesses of research
Foundation also aims to act as a catalyst to initiate and lead
                                                                                                                                                          related to the status of civil society. It also helped in formulating
the debate on emerging issues on, about and for civil society,
                                                                          B. Gebrezghi / UNDP                                                             more adequately civil society support, and articulating the
democracy and human rights. While doing so, the Foundation                                                                                                acquired knowledge with the grant-making programs in the
facilitates linkages and networking between various segments                 CSO Accountability                                                           Region. Fruitful discussions were then initiated with FRIDE, a
of civil society on the one hand, and between civil society and                    conference                                                             Madrid-based think tank, and will conclude in 2011 with the
the policy-makers on the other hand.                                                                                                                      joint publication of three BMENA case studies (Jordan, Pakistan
                                                                                                                                                          and the Occupied Palestinian Territories/ West Bank and Gaza)
The main avenue for the Foundation to play this role is the         The Foundation pursued this ambition to lead the debates on                           on “civil society and the assessment democracy assistance”.
organization of conferences, workshops and seminars. Their          emerging issues by supporting a series of workshops, seminars
common goal is to provide a platform for mutual contribution        and conferences, including a roundtable on personal status
towards the advancement of knowledge on key themes. The             law in Jordan and a lecture about the socio-political history of
topic and focus of these events are decided in consultation         the Circassian minorities in the Middle East.
with civil society itself or by the Foundation, capitalizing from
its experience of observing trends, difficulties, achievements
and gaps in the Region.                                                                                                                                   Tools for Enhancing CSO Accountability: Lessons
                                                                                                                                                          Learned from International Practices
Building on the warm response and encouraging success of
the first conference organized in 2009 (role of civil society in
security sector governance), the Foundation has hosted three                                                                                              May
                                                                                                                                                          As a grant-making intermediary institution, the Foundation
major conferences in 2010. Engaging with more than 300                                                                                                    is particularly observant to the opportunities to improve
civil society and government representatives at these various                                                                                             transparency, integrity and traceability. The credibility and
occasions, the Foundation is proud to have facilitated seminal                                                                                            responsibility of BMENA CSOs being increasingly questioned,
discussions. In 2010 the Foundation has gained visibility and                                                                                             the Foundation wanted to lead a reflection on the applicability
credibility through its conferences: the direct interaction with                                                                                          and replicability of various accountability tools. As an outcome
regional stakeholders, UN agencies, and international donors                                                                                              and continuation of this conference, one new grant is of
has “placed the Foundation on the map” of civil society                                                                                                   particular interest: the “NGO good governance certificate” with
actors in the BMENA region. All three events have also been                                                                                               AMAN – Coalition for Accountability and Integrity (Palestine).
successful in connecting CSOs together and to new and
different stakeholders, and in building networks.

                                                                                                                                                          Building Networks for CSOs to Combat Human
                                                                                                                                                          Trafficking in the BMENA Region

                                                                                                                                                          This conference facilitated groundbreaking discussions on an
                                                                                                                                                          issue of growing importance in the region. However, the level of
                                                                                                                                                          information remains low in the region, and civil society is only
                                                                                                                                                          beginning to fulfill its role(s) in addressing the problem. Well
                                                                                                                                                          aware of these gaps, the Foundation offered BMENA CSOs a
                                                                                                                                                          platform of experience sharing, and an occasion to liaise with
                                                                                                                                                          government officials and public institutions involved in the
                                                                                                                                                          prevention or prosecution of Human Trafficking cases. The
                                                                                                                                                          conference was covered widely in the local and regional media,
                                                                                                                                                          and made a significant impact for networking opportunities to
                                                                                                                                                          address the phenomenon.

32                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    33
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     A n n uA l R e p o Rt 2 0 1 0

        Promoting action-oriented                                                                    When research studies
        research                                                                                     can inform policies and action
For the Foundation, action-based research is a strategic tool
of outcome-based knowledge: indeed, it does not only allow
for the concrete expression of key lessons and findings, but      List of
it also aims at giving accessibility and visibility to emerging   Publications – 2010                                                                                  Trafficking in Persons: documenting a MENA
issues and trends. Evidence-based research, being both            •	 Status	 of	 Research	 on	                                                                         perspective
evaluative and reflective, can maximize the effectiveness of         CSOs - country-specific                                                                           Dr. Nihal Fahmy, for the Foundation for the Future
the Foundation’s intervention.                                       studies for Iraq, Jordan,
                                                                                                                                                                       Human trafficking has gained great significance in recent years
                                                                     Syria, North Africa,                                                                              in the MENA, as the region engaged further into the globalized
An immediate and main interest for 2010 was to gather and            Egypt, Iran, Palestine,                                                                           economy. The wider revelation of abuse incidents has prompted
compile knowledge on civil society in the region, through            Lebanon                                                                                           the initiation of legislative as well as relief actions to combat
literature review of research on civil society in Egypt,          •	 Assessment	 of	 the	                                                                              trafficking and protect vulnerable populations.
Palestine, Iran, North Africa, the Gulf, Syria, Iraq, Lebanon        Trafficking     Situation
and Jordan. All highlighted the tradition of philanthropy,           and          Anti-Human                                                                           The Foundation’s research paper clearly exposes the lacunae
volunteerism and charitable organization in the Islamic and          Trafficking Legislations                                                                          in the legal protection framework, prosecution mechanisms
                                                                     in the MENA Region: A                                                                             and prevention policies, with the case studies of Bahrain,
Arab histories, with a focus mainly on the poor and needy.
                                                                                                                                                                       Jordan, Oman and the UAE. Despite insufficient quantitative
However, the last three decades have seen the emergence              Comparative Study of
                                                                                                                                                                       estimates on the phenomenon in the region, the awareness
of new actors in civil society, focusing on inter alia human         Bahrain, Jordan, Oman,                                                                            rises and a comparative look into the situation reveals that even
rights, accountable governance, gender equality, freedom of          UAE                                                                                               though governments have made significant efforts to produce
expression, rights of marginalized groups. It is in this sense                                                                                                         specific legislations in compliance with international standards,
that civil society in BMENA countries is becoming a key                                                                                                                the laws adopted are minimalist, and lack precision in the
partner for national development and an alternative voice                                                                                                              definitions and categories of criminal offences. This makes
to official discourse. The case studies have rightly reflected                                                                                                         the prosecution of cases complex, particularly for forced labor
the complexity and diversity of situations, with various levels                                                                                                        offences (88% of the estimated 230,000 victims of trafficking).
                                                                                                 Outlining a reform agenda for the security sector in                  Lawmakers also need to strengthen and harmonize the victim
of legal restrictions and operational constraints, affecting
                                                                                                 Lebanon                                                               protection mechanisms, and in particular access to justice and
the capacities and efficiency of this – still – young sector.                                                                                                          existence of shelters.
                                                                                                 Center for Middle-Eastern Strategic Studies (CESMO),
Nonetheless, CSOs are now identified as agents of change
towards more equitable and peaceful societies. For the                                                                                                                 The scope for action is large and allows for a crucial and more
Foundation, these guideposts for reflection are a valuable                                                                                                             active role for civil society, which has not yet fully embraced the
reinforcement of the relevance of its action and will help in                                    The lack of accountability and the fragmentation of the large         challenge.
outlining priorities for the Grant Making Program.                                               security sector – defense forces, armed groups and militias,
                                                                                                 intelligence services, judicial institutions, policing and internal
The Foundation also plays an active role in pin-pointing                                         security – are still obstacles to a viable state-building process
thematic gaps in civil society engagement, i.e. shed light                                       in Lebanon. After a large consultation with all concerned
on issues that are under-documented. A Research Paper                                            stakeholders and experts, CESMO succeeded in outlining a
                                                                                                 reform agenda for the security sector, beyond political divides.
on the situation of human trafficking in the MENA Region
(see opposite page) has for example listed numerous                                              The White Paper on National Security Policy is the first
recommendations for the civil society to complement, monitor                                     comprehensive research study on the topic in Lebanon. It
and study the national responses that authorities have been                                      goes beyond the perspective of “State security” to promote the
providing in recent years. The Paper was presented at the                                        concept of “human security”, under which the security sector
Foundation’s Human Trafficking Conference in September.                                          should be governed by principles of Democracy, Rule of Law
It also prompted the submission, and later the approval                                          and Human Rights.
of four new projects related to human trafficking, sexual
exploitation and migrant workers’ rights, correlating the                                        The analysis and recommendations detail out the feasibility
                                                                                                 of civilian oversight (examining the role of the Parliament in
dynamic interaction that can take place between research
                                                                                                 elaborating Defense budgets and procurement for example),
and operations.                                                                                  the variety of security threats (including criminality) and the
                                                                                                 elements supportive to reform (international law, Constitution,
Consequently, the Foundation has been actively supporting                                        role of civil society). Attention is also paid to elements of the
action-oriented research initiated by CSOs in their respective                                   security sector that are often neglected: internal security and
field and environment. Action-research grants have looked                                        policing, gender mainstreaming, institution-building, culture
into Civil Society Index (Al Urdun Al Jadid Research centre,                                     and values around legality and security.
Jordan), Quality Assessment of democracy (PILDAT,
                                                                                                 The 2-year research project has consolidated national expertise.
Pakistan) or Security Sector Management and Reform
                                                                                                 This sense of ownership will be instrumental in informing the
(Institute of Law of Bir-Zeit University, Palestine, and Centre                                  decision-making and examining the external security-related
for Middle eastern and Strategic Studies Report, Lebanon -                                       aid. And for the first time, a voice, a role and a space are
see opposite page), to name just a few of the policy-oriented                                    being shaped by and for civil society in the security dialogue
studies conducted by grantees. Three new research-action                                         in Lebanon.
grants have been approved in 2010.

34                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            35
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        A n n uA l R e p o Rt 2 0 1 0

        Transmitting knowledge through                                                                                                      Capacity-building in the field of Human Rights:
        capacity building                                                                                                                   multiple approaches towards expertise

                                                                   The grantees, and numerous other CSOs in the region, are
                                                                   dynamic in their different fields of expertise and are important
                                                                   observers of their local and national environment. Some of
                                                                   them are even young start-ups, bringing new energy to the
                                                                   third sector. However, this activism alone would not suffice
                                                                   in guaranteeing the efficiency of the projects, the quality
                                                                   of the services rendered and the preparation for change.
                                                                   Sound and resourceful project management, healthy and
                                                                   planned organizational development, and rigorous financial
                                                                   reporting are all essential to the viability and sustainability of
                                                                   both the projects and the organizations that carry them out,
                                                                   beyond the collaboration with the Foundation for the Future.
                                                                   Investing on training for capacity building is, therefore, an
                                                                   important strategic orientation.

                                                                   The open dialogue approach in the grant-making program
                                                                   is the main source of identification of needs for capacity
                                                                   building. The constant interaction between the Foundation
                                                                   staff (particularly the Grant Officers and the Liaison Officers)
                                                                   and the grantees also mean that an informal effort of “on the
                                                                   job training” is constantly made, and so far not quantified
                                                                   nor accounted for.                                                    Journalists rehearsing a radio program dedicated to human            The United Nations Headquarters in Geneva
                                                                                                                                         rights, during a training in Amman, Jordan
                                                                   The Foundation has concentrated its direct efforts for
                                                                   capacity building on two major workshops in 2010 (see one
                                                                                                                                        Fostering a pioneering human rights spirit                           Building Arab CSOs’ human rights advocacy expertise
                                                                   example below). However, it acknowledges that more has
                                                                                                                                        The Arab Institute of Human Rights (AIHR), Tunisia                   The Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS),
                                                                   to be done in the coming years. Indirectly, the Foundation
                                                                   pays attention to award grants to projects aiming at capacity
                                                                   building of CSOs and CBOs: 1 in 10 grants has a specific                                                                                                                         
                                                                   or dominant focus on “organizational capacity building”,             Since 1989, the AIHR has specialized in building capacities
                                                                   building technical as well as thematic expertise in Arab civil       of a nascent human rights sector. Over the past 20 years,            The MENA region suffers from a double trap: a preoccupying
                                                                   society (see opposite page for example of capacity building          AIHR has trained more than 4000 human rights professionals:          human rights situation, and the weakness of advocacy and
                                                                   in the field of Human Rights).                                       human rights defenders, judges, lawyers, journalists, ministry       monitoring CSOS.. This often leads to further impunity for the
                                                                                                                                        officials or teachers. The impact is often tremendous: new CSOs      perpetrators of violations, and to a misinformed perception
                                                                                                                                        founded in Egypt and Yemen by former trainees; primary school        of the region by international bodies concerned with Human
                                                                                                                                        manuals revised in Morocco and Qatar to introduce a human            Rights. The CIHRS International Advocacy Program (IAP)
                                                                                                                                        rights perspective; hundreds of activists trained to produce         bridges this information gap.
                                                                                                                                        shadow reports on their country’s human rights records. In
                                                                                                                                        2010, the Institute trained more than 120 professionals, with        International human rights mechanisms and forums can be
                                                                                                                                        a specific focus on change-drivers such as journalists and           the opportunity for Arab CSOs to express concerns and have
                                                                                                                                        judges. At the leading edge emerging trends in the region,           powerful pressurizing effect on their respective governments.
                                                                                                                                        the Institute maintains its pioneering spirit by offering training   Representatives of 40 CSOs from 11 countries across the
                                                                                                                                        on new topics (cultural and socio-economic human rights,             Region are being trained, both in Cairo for the preparation
                                                                                                                                        transitional justice) and adapting the human rights education        workshops, and in situ in Geneva for direct exposure and
                                                                                                                                        discourse to marginalized populations (refugees, urban poor,         advocacy missions. They build their capacity in producing
                                                                                                                                        minorities, prisoners).                                              written and oral interventions for UN bodies meetings, and
Reinforcing Reporting and Project Management Skills - Amman, JORDAN                                                                                                                                          developing advocacy and lobbying strategies at national and
                                                                                                                                        The Institute is currently developing a permanent Human              international level.
Organised for 20 Finance Officers and Project Managers representing 10 grantees, this two-day training aimed at reinforcing the         Rights Training Centre. Accessible to CSOs from Tunisia and
                                                                                                                                        abroad, the Centre is a well-equipped facility and a unique          For many of the CSOs taking part in the IAP, missions to the
narrative and financial reporting competences. Going beyond financial assistance, the Foundation was keen on providing this
                                                                                                                                        platform for dialogue on human rights, with more than 10,000         Human Rights Council in Geneva are a first opportunity for
technical assistance not only to ensure a smoother and more efficient collaboration with the grantees, but also to build capacities                                                                          direct international networking. This engagement is clearly
                                                                                                                                        Arabic, English and French publications available.
that will be beneficial for them in their collaboration with other donors and for their internal monitoring of a project timeframe,                                                                          empowering Arab CSOs and is a fundamental guarantee of
budget and achievements. The improvement in the quality of the financial and narrative reporting will be closely monitored in           The AIHR has received the UNESCO Award for Human Rights              future impact on the progress of human rights in the region.
2011 to assess the direct impact of the training.                                                                                       Education in 1992.
                                                                                                                                                                                                             CIHRS was awarded the French Republic Award for Human
The Foundation is hoping to compile the two modules developed for this training in a Project Management Manual, which could                                                                                  Rights in 2007.
be made accessible to all grantees, and shared with the new ones in the future.

36                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               37
        Building from within
        The Foundation is not only a source but also a recipient of knowledge: it strives to maintain its own internal capacity
        and knowledge network. Efforts were consistently made in 2010 in this regard.

Consolidating two “knowledge providers”
                                                                    The Foundation also views its six Liaison Officers as knowledge
                                                                    sources. In addition to their responsibilities in project
Both the Research Department and Monitoring and Evaluation
                                                                    monitoring, and the assessment of new proposals, the Liaison
(M&E) Department were established at the Foundation in
                                                                    Officers transmit to the Headquarters information about the
2009, to play a key role in building knowledge within, as well
                                                                    evolution in the context in which CSOs operate. This insightful
as transmitting knowledge outside the Foundation. Policy
                                                                    knowledge of the field is crucial for the grant policy and
frameworks have been established for both departments.
                                                                    strategic development of the Foundation.
The Research Department has successfully organized and
followed-up the three Foundation conferences in 2010,
including the coordination of 11 publications related to the
events. The Department has also intensified the networking
efforts of the Foundation, preparing important events and
collaboration for 2011, such as the research project on
the “Assessment of Democratic Assistance in the MENA                   “I am the voice of the
region: Improving relations between donors and recipients”,            Foundation on the field.

in collaboration with the Madrid-based think tank FRIDE.               My role is also to pass on
The Department has also been instrumental in increasing
the Foundation’s visibility and credibility in regional and
international fora, such as the International Society for Third
                                                                       information about new
                                                                       legislation, events and                                            INVESTING
                                                                       trends affecting the work of
Sector Research annual conference, and the World Social
Forum on Education.
                                                                       the civil society. The local
                                                                       knowledge and information                                          IN CHANGE
In parallel, by outlining in 2010 an M&E agenda, the Foundation
                                                                       that I provide substantiate
                                                                       the decisions made in the
                                                                                                                                          A responsive funding approach
has taken significant steps towards a more qualitative                 head office”
introspection on the work done and the projects supported.
The immediate achievements included the coordination and                             Rasem Kamal,
realization of 12 evaluations of projects reaching completion.         Liaison Officer for Palestine
Future developments should include the improvement of
monitoring tools for the grant management, and significant
efforts towards the impact measurement of the Foundation’s
intervention, in the various project locations but also in the
partnerships with grantees. In particular, the Foundation
has set a framework for discussion on the “evaluability” of                                                                                  The ambition to promote democracy,
democracy and “Human Rights Impact Assessment”.                                                                                              the rule of law and human rights in the
                                                                                                                                             BMENA requires significant and consistent
                                                                                                                                             investments in initiatives and mechanisms
Counting on knowledgeable staff                                                                                                              that can foster valuable initiatives and
The Foundation staff has participated in eight internal thematic                                                                             actual change. In 2010, the Foundation
workshops initiated in 2010 by the Research Department. The                                                                                  for the Future could succeed in allocating
workshops contributed to vitalizing the knowledge of the staff on                                                                            large resources to the three-fold support
a number of issues related to the socio-economic and political                                                                               package for civil society. The continuity of
context of the BMENA region (“Islamism and Civil Society in                                                                                  such support in the coming years was also
Iraq”, “The economic situation in Jordan”, for example) or                                                                                   discussed and prepared.
specific themes and pressing issues directly relevant to the
operations in the mandate countries (“The status of Palestinian
refugees in Lebanon”, “The status of Jerusalem”, “The new
election law and Parliament monitoring in Jordan”).

                                                                                                                                                                                                             A n n uA l R e p o Rt 2 0 1 0

                                                                                                  Accompanying the growth in
     Dear friends, Dear partners,

     The Foundation for the Future has just opened an important chapter of its
                                                                                          Broadening support through grant-making                                Evolution in total grant disbursements
                                                                                          In 2010, the Foundation has successfully responded to the
     development in 2010, with numerous milestones achieved and references set.
                                                                                          growth observed in the grant-making program. Despite the
     As we closed our fourth year of operations in and for the Broader Middle East
                                                                                          tremendous challenge posed by a significant increase in the
     and North Africa region, we are proud to receive a growing pledge of confidence
                                                                                          funding commitment taken and the number of grants awarded,
     from civil society and respond with a sense of responsibility.
                                                                                          the financial performance has matched the operational
                                                                                          developments. Two symbolic benchmarks have been crossed
     We have tirelessly worked to ensure that our procedures and financial
                                                                                          this year, and they are both an illustration of the Foundation's
     commitments are aligned with the unprecedented developments and growth
                                                                                          capacity to accompany the development of civil society:
     observed through our Grant-Making program, our Research initiatives and
     our Capacity-building efforts. For the first time of our young history, we have
                                                                                             •	 The	total	of	funds	approved	for	grants	has	reached	exactly	
     approved grants for an amount totaling more than US$ 21 million since
                                                                                                21,279,005 US$ by the end of 2010, crossing the US$
     inception, outstretching a supportive hand to a larger number of deserving
                                                                                                20 million benchmark
     projects throughout the region. For the first time also, we have disbursed more
                                                                                             •	 US$	3,045,842	were	disbursed	in	2010,	an	unprecedented	
     than US$ 3 million in grants, ensuring to the best of our capacities that the
                                                                                                achievement, crossing the US$ 3 million benchmark                for capacity building and ad hoc evidence-based research
     projects and actors of change receive the resources that they need to carry
     on their activities. For the first time as well, we have invested more than half a                                                                          accompanying conferences and technical workshops.
                                                                                          The disbursement ratio (funds disbursed vs. budget agreed
     million US$ on the remaining components of the support package that we offer,
                                                                                          for closed and ongoing projects) is improving and is on target.        In 2010, the Foundation invested more than US$ 3.6 million to
     research and capacity-building. While doing so, we have kept a meticulous
                                                                                          The Foundation is genuinely looking into further adjustments in        implement and broaden this support package, with a significant
     eye on the value of our support, making sure that each dollar is meaningfully
                                                                                          order to reduce external and internal delays as far as possible,       and increasing allocation of resources for conferences and
     committed and spent.
                                                                                          and perform even better on grant disbursement.                         policy-oriented research studies in particular. Indeed, for
     Conscious of the challenges ahead, we look forward to engage further with our                                                                               every 100 dollars spent on direct assistance to civil society, 84
                                                                                          The allocation of funds and resources are aligned with key             consist of grants, and 13 of knowledge building initiatives. The
     partners in the field and ensure that we strive to secure the resources that are
                                                                                          strategic directions for the Foundation: for every 100 dollars         direct expenses towards capacity-building are still modest, and
     required to make progress on the path of social and political transformation.
                                                                                          invested on grants by the Foundation, 53 go towards more               should be significantly increased in the future.
     The reality is sobering, with persistent signs of economic downturn around the
                                                                                          active citizenship, more engagement and capacities of civil
     globe and a subsequent apprehensive frailty among the donor community. We
                                                                                          society and inclusive societies, with a larger role for women in
     choose to resent skepticism and convince others to join hands towards investing
                                                                                          particular (see below). These have been repeatedly highlighted
     in change.
                                                                                          as key requirements for the region, including in the Arab
                                                                                          Human Development Reports.

                                                                                          Investing in a ‘support package’ for civil society
                                                                                          Over the past three years, the Foundation has formulated and
                                                                                          developed a three-fold support package for civil society initiatives
     Mr. Kamal Abu Jaber                                                                  consisting of a core grant-making program, as well as training
     Treasurer, Board of Directors

                                                                                          Thematic priorities for every 100 dollars approved for grants (2010)

40                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    41
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        A n n uA l R e p o Rt 2 0 1 0

        Capitalizing on the trust invested in us                                                                                                   Financial Summary Statement
        An unprecedented number of CSOs and partners have given signs of confidence in the credibility of the Foundation                           The Foundation’s accounts have been audited as of December 31, 2010. Copies of the fully audited financial statements
        in 2010. In order to maintain this momentum and the obligation of broader results in the coming yeas, the Foundation                       (including notes) for 2010 are available on request at the Foundation. The statements of Financial Position, Activities
        strives to secure resources and protect its guarantees of autonomy.                                                                        and Cash Flows (in US$) are as follows:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 For the year ended December 31,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2010                          2009

Establishing a model of pool-funding                                   driven framework (the Foundation maintains a demand-driven         Statement of Financial Position
                                                                       approach in its grant-making program).
mechanism                                                                                                                                 Assets

The preoccupation for aid effectiveness is an increasingly
                                                                       Well aware of the sustainability challenge that many                                                                                            Current Assets
prominent item on the donors’ agenda. Many have reviewed or                                                                                                                                                                                   16,865,709                       21,310,720
                                                                       organizations face - particularly at an early stage of their                                                                         Cash and cash equivalents
are in the process of reviewing their assistance mechanisms.                                                                                                                                                     Other debit balances             13,238                             18,484
                                                                       development and in a context of a financial crisis impacting
                                                                       international philanthropy - the Foundation strives to secure                                                                                                          16,878,947                       21,329,204
                                         Pool-funding is one
                                                                       significant resources and diversify the sources of financing.                                                                           Property and equipment             27,513                             32,368
                                         modality      of     such
                                                                       In 2010, efforts have been taken in particular to increase                                                                                           Total Assets      16,906,460                       21,361,572
    WHAT IS ‘POOL                        mechanisms,         where
                                                                       the visibility of the Foundation’s work and comparative            Liabilities and Net Assets
    FUNDING’?                            several donors and
                                                                       advantages outside the BMENA region, with networking and
                                         funding          agencies                                                                                                                                                      Grants payable         5,827,185                         5,887,743
                                                                       fundraising trips to Europe and North America, but also the                                                                                Other credit balances
    In a pool funding                    jointly contribute to a                                                                                                                                                                                  13,968                             31,110
                                                                       publication of a bi-monthly e-newsletter informing a mainly
    mechanism, several donors            program or action and                                                                                                                                                            Total liabilities    5,841,153                         5,918,853
                                                                       non-BMENA audience on the priorities and achievements of
    and funding agencies                 where funds are not                                                                              Net Assets
                                                                       the Foundation.
    jointly finance a program            earmarked. It is an
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Unrestricted net assets       11,065,307                       15,442,719
    or action on the basis of            alternative to different
                                                                       The Foundation was also actively calling for the engagement                                                                      Total Liabilities and Net Assets      16,906,460                       21,361,572
    commonly agreed objectives           donors having their
                                                                       of donors who had pledged contributions, as almost 37%             Statement of activities
    and reporting formats.               own mechanisms. The
                                                                       of the confirmed pledges have not yet been disbursed. The
    The program is managed               development of pool-                                                                             Revenues
                                                                       recent confirmation of a funding commitment by Denmark, for
    by one of the donors or by           funding mechanisms                                                                                                                                                                                      965,968                                    -
                                                                       example, was welcomed by the Foundation.                                                                                                           Contributions
    a third party. There is no           is in line with the Paris                                                                                                                                                     Interest revenue           55,664                             75,805
    earmarking of funds from             Declaration        (2005)                                                                                                                                              Difference of exchange
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               (116,109)                             22,881
                                                                       The Foundation is also currently assessing opportunities and
    contributing donors.                 and Accra Agenda
                                                                       avenues for diversification of financing, building on its unique                                                                                  Total revenues          905,523                             98,686
    Other aid modalities and             for Action on Aid
                                                                       position and expertise in the BMENA region, and its multi-         Expenses
    mechanisms include                   Effectiveness (2008),
                                                                       faceted support to civil society.                                                                                                                                      (3,608,129)                      (4,979,512)
    Programme/Core funding,              particularly on the                                                                                                                                                        Program services
                                         objectives of increasing                                                                                                                                 General and administrative expenses
    and Block Grants.                                                                                                                                                                                                                         (1,674,806)                      (1,503,107)
                                         ownership, alignment,         Mobilizing finance at the service of action                                                                                                       Total expenses       (5,282,935)                      (6,482,619)
                                         cost-effectiveness            A meticulous financial management ensures that the focus           Net Assets
                                         and        harmonization      and priorities of the Foundation are constantly driven towards
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Change in net assets        (4,377,412)                      (6,383,933)
of aid policies and assistance schemes. For donors, pool-              programs and operations (see graph below).
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Net assets, beginning of the year       15,442,719                       21,826,652
funding allows for better focalization of a larger amount of aid
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Total Liabilities and Net Assets      11,065,307                       15,442,719
in a geographical or thematic area, with more ambitious and
structured programs.                                                   Bifurcation of expenses (2010 estimates)                           Statement of cash flows
                                                                                                                                          Cash flow from operating activities
Under the general mandate of democracy promotion and                                                                                                                                                             Change in net assets
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              (4,377,412)                      (6,383,933)
human rights protection, the Foundation for the Future is                                                                                  Adjustments to reconcile change in net assets to net cash from (used in) operating activities
becoming an efficient pool-funding mechanism in and for                                                                                                                                                                    Depreciation              4,855                            4,855
the BMENA region. A community of twelve Government,                                                                                                                                                              Bank interest received          (55,664)                          (75,805)
institutional and multilateral donors has so far contributed to                                                                                                                                        Increase in accounts receivable            (1,465)                                   -
funding the activities of the Foundation for an amount totaling
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Decrease in other debit balances               6,711                            1,915
US$ 28,751,192; out of which nearly US$ 1 million was
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Increase (decrease) in liabilities
received in 2010.
                                                                                                                                                                                                             Increase in grants payable          (60,558)                        1,739,473
Till date, more than 88% of the contributions received are                                                                                                                                (Decrease) increase in other credit balances           (17,142)                            25,246
unrestricted or allocated to the pool fund. The Foundation is
particularly attentive to guaranteeing unrestricted contributions,                                                                                                                         Net cash from (used in) operating activities       (4,500,675)                      (4,688,249)
as a salient characteristic of its financial as well as programmatic                                                                      Cash flow from investing activities
autonomy. While doing so, the Foundation also avoids two
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Bank interests received           55,664                             75,805
weaknesses of pool-funding: the risk to exclude small scale
                                                                                                                                                                                                      Net cash from investing activities          55,664                             75,805
CSOs (the Foundation outreaches to a large number of small or
start-up organizations) and the risk to derive towards a donor-                                                                                                                               (Decrease) in cash and cash equivalents         (4,445,011)                      (4,612,444)
                                                                                                                                                                                      Cash and cash equivalent, beginning of the year         21,310,720                       25,923,164
                                                                                                                                                                                            Cash and cash equivalent, end of the year         16,865,709                       21,310,720

42                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               43
     Map of grants awarded in 2010                                                                                                                             LEBANON (8)
                                                                                                                                                                  Beit al Hanan
                                                                                                                                                                  Collective for Research and Training on                 IRAQ (7)
                                                                                                                                                                  Development Action                                          BACMA Bustan Association for
                                                                                                                                                                  Naba’a/Development Action without                           Children’s Education, Media and
                                                                                                                                                                  Borders                                                     Culture
                                                                                                                                                                  Lebanese Center for Civic Education                         Civil Society Initiative
                                                                                                                                                                  Lebanese Center for Human Rights                            Free Iraq Center for Civic Education
                                                                                                                                                                  Lebanese Foundation for Permanent                           Iraq Civic Action Network
                          LIBYA (1)
                                                                                                                                                                  Civil Peace                                                 Modern Iraqi Women
                              Project for Protecting Families and
                                                                                                                                                                  National Committee for the Follow-up                        Pana Center for Combating violence
                              Women / Waatassimu
                                                                                                             PALESTINE (5)                                        on Women Issues                                             Against Women
                                                                                                                Ashtar Theatre                                    Tamkeen wa Tamniya                                          Women’s Legal Aid – WoLA
                                                                                                                AMAN – Coalition for Accountability and
               ALGERIA (6)                                                                                      Ma’an network
                  AFAK                                                                                          MADA – Palestinian Center for
                  Algerian League for the Defense of                                                            Development and Media
                  Human Rights                                                                                  MUSAWA – Palestinian Center for the
                                                                                                                Independence of Judiciary and Legal                                                                                                                  AFGHANISTAN (1)
                  AvIFE – Aide aux victimes, Femmes et                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Afghan Women’s Network
                  Enfants                                                                                       Profession
                  Cultural Association M’barek Ait
                  Cultural Star of Akbou
                  SOS Nour Association

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              PAKISTAN (10)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Alternative Initiatives for Development
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Civil Society Human and Institutional
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Development Programme (CHIP)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Development Dimensions Society (DDS)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Emergency Patients Welfare Society
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Human Development Promotion Group
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  National Rural Research and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Development Foundation (NRDF)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Sindh Community Foundation (SCF)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Society for Education Promotion and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Rural Support (SEPRS)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Taraqee Foundation
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Youth Parliament of Pakistan

           MOROCCO (5)
              Association des Femmes
              Démocratiques du Maroc
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        KUWAIT (1)
              Association Initiative Urbaine
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Kuwait Transparency Association
              Centre des Droits des Gens
              Citizenship Forum
                                                                EGYPT (8)
              The Cinémathèque of Tangier
                                                                   Arab Media Forum for Environment and
                                                                                                                                                                                                            YEMEN (15)
                                                                   Eskenderella for Arts and Culture
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Amal Association for Social
                                                                   Forum for Development and Human
                                                                   Rights Dialogue
                                                                                                                                                                                                               April 27 – Organization for Democratic
                                                                   Ibn Khaldun Center for Development
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Education and Defending
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Civil Development Foundation
                                                                   MAAT for Peace, Development and
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Democratic Youth Association
                                                                   Human Rights
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Impact Foundation for Development
                                                                   Resources for Development Center
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Middle East Development Foundation
                                                                   Sawa Association for Development
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Social Democratic Forum
                                                                   Egyptian Association for the Assistance
                                                                                                                  JORDAN (7)                                                                                   Yemen Center for civil Rights
                                                                   to Juveniles and Human Rights
                                                                                                                     Community Media Network                                                                   Yemen Centre for Human Rights
                                                                                                                     Fatima Zahra Charitable Association for                                                   Studies
                                                                                                                     Women                                                                                     Yemen Education for Employment
                                                                                                                     Jordan Transparency Association                                                           Foundation
                                                                                                                     Jordanian Center for Civic Education                                                      Yemen Foundation for Social Studies
     REGIONAL OR MULTI-COUNTRY GRANTS                                                                                Studies                                                                                   Yemen Polling Centre
        Arab Women Media Center                                                                                      Justice Center for Legal Aid                                                              Yemeni Organization for Economic and
        Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies                                                                     Musawa Center for Civil Society                                                           Social Development
        Human Rights Information and Training                                                                        Development                                                                               Youth Developmental Organization
        Center                                                                                                       Tamkeen for Legal Aid and Human                                                           Youth Leadership Development
        Maharat Foundation                                                                                           Rights                                                                                    Foundation
        Ramallah Center for Human Rights
        Samir Kassir Foundation
        Teacher Creativity Center

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     * Details about the grants in following pages.

46                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          47
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     A n n uA l R e p o Rt 2 0 1 0

        List of Grants awarded in 2010
                                                                                                                                                                      Bait Al Hanan (Home of Tenderness):
                                                                                                                Funding    Beit Al Hanan                  Lebanon     Providing a Safe Shelter for Women victims                                 54,125
           Grantee             Country                    Project Title                  Thematic Domain      commitment                                              of violence
                                                                                                                           Bustan Association for
                                                                                                                                                                      Engaging Iraqi Youth to Promote Human
                                                                                                                           Children's Education, Media    Iraq                                                      Civic Participation          51,552
                                                                                                                                                                      Rights through Arts: the Case of Baghdad
Association Démocratique                  Raising Awareness and Informing about                                            & Culture (BACMA)
des Femmes du Maroc           Morocco     Human Trafficking for sexual purposes of                              68,220
(ADFM)                                    Moroccan Women                                                                                                  Egypt
                                                                                                                           Cairo Institute for Human                  Human Rights Advocacy and Protection          Human Rights &
                                                                                                                                                          (Multi-                                                                               151,875
                                                                                                                           Rights Studies (CIHRS)                     Program for the Arab Region                   Protection
                                          Supporting Citizenship Education: Freedom                                                                       country)
AFAK                          Algeria     of Conscience and Opinion as a Basis for a    Civic Participation    107,167
                                          Democracy                                                                                                                   Civic and Citizenship Education Promotion
                                                                                                                           Centre des Droits des Gens
                                                                                                                                                          Morocco     in the Education System benefiting Four       Civic Participation          61,150
                                                                                                                                                                      Regions in Morocco
                                          Enhancing Effective Women Participation
Afghan Women’s Network                                                                  Women
                              Afghanistan in the Political and Peace Processes in                              204,501
(AWN)                                                                                   Empowerment                                                                   Towards Citizenship Empowerment in            Democratic
                                          Afghanistan                                                                      Citizenship Forum (CF)         Morocco                                                                               153,738
                                                                                                                                                                      Casablanca                                    Governance

Algerian League for the                   Promoting Citizenship and Strengthening
Defense of Human Rights       Algeria     the Capacity of Society Relevant Actors for   Civil Participation     48,557     Civil Development                          Combating Forced and Early Marriages of       Women
(LADDH)                                   Democratic Practice                                                                                             Yemen                                                                                  40,466
                                                                                                                           Foundation (CDF)                           Young Yemeni Girls                            Empowerment

                                          Protecting Women Economic Rights                                                 Civil Society Human and                    Empowerment of Rural Women victims of
Alternative Initiatives for                                                             Women                                                                                                                       Women
                              Pakistan    through Raising Awareness and Supporting                              83,739     Institutional Development      Pakistan    violence in Tehsil Sohawa, District Jehlum                                163,112
Development (AID)                                                                       Empowerment                                                                                                                 Empowerment
                                          Networks                                                                         Programme (CHIP)                           (Punjab)

                                          Enhancing the Awareness of Marginalized                                                                                     Engaging Iraqi Youth in Conflict Areas in
Amal Association for Social
                              Yemen       Yemeni Youth on the Risks and Mishaps of      Civic Participation     60,803     Civil Society Initiative       Iraq        Peace Building and Conflict Resolution: the   Civic Participation          38,090
                                          Terrorism and Radicalism on the Society                                                                                     Case of Kirkuk

April 27th Organization for
                                          Capacity Building of Rural Areas Based                                           Coalition for Accountability                                                             Rule of Law &
Democratic Education and      Yemen                                                     Civic Participation     83,661                                    Palestine   NGO Good Governance Certificate – GGC                                     168,619
                                          CSOs                                                                             and Integrity-AMAN                                                                       Accountability

Arab Media Forum
                                          Media Monitoring to Promote Democracy in      Democratic                         Collective for Research and                Fostering and Improving Political and Social
for Environment and           Egypt                                                                            146,742                                                                                             Human Rights &
                                          the Egyptian Presidential Elections 2011      Governance                         Training on Development        Lebanon     Rights of Migrant Domestic Women Workers                                   98,744
Development (AMFED)                                                                                                                                                                                                Protection
                                                                                                                           Action (CRTDA)                             in Lebanon
                                          ‘8th Arab Women Journalists’ Conference:
Arab Women Media Center                   ‘Arab women journalists’ role in combating                                       Community Media Network                                                                  Human Rights &
                              Jordan                                                    Media Freedom           50,000                                    Jordan      Jordan Human Rights Film Festival 2010                                     34,043
(AWMC)                                    extremism and promoting conflict                                                 (CMN)                                                                                    Protection

                                          Positivity Not Passivity: Empowering Youth                                       Cooperative Association for    Lebanon
Ashtar Theatre                Palestine                                                 Civic Participation    129,228     Education and the Arts -       (Multi-     Animate Your Rights                           Civic Participation         202,500
                                          Through Drama
                                                                                                                           Khayal                         country)
                                          Strengthening Youth Participation and
Association Initiative                    Leadership for Promoting and Protecting                                          Cultural Association
                              Morocco                                                   Civic Participation    100,361
Urbaine                                   Human rights and Democracy in Hay                                                M’barek Ait Menguelet;
                                          Mohammedi (Casablanca)                                                           in collaboration with the
                                                                                                                                                                      Introduction to International Mechanisms      Human Rights &
                                                                                                                           Centre d’Information et de     Algeria                                                                                21,100
                                                                                                                                                                      for the Defense of Human Rights               Protection
                                                                                                                           Documentation sur les Droits
AvIFE – Aide aux vIctimes/                Supporting victims of Domestic violence in    Women
                              Algeria                                                                           77,683     de l’Enfant et de la Femme
Femmes et Enfants                         Algiers                                       Empowerment

48                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            49
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     A n n uA l R e p o Rt 2 0 1 0

                                        Developing Networking Spaces of
                                        Expression for Children and Young People                                       Jordan Transparency                         Enhancing the National Integrity System in       Rule of Law &
                                                                                                                                                      Jordan                                                                                    177,188
Cultural Star of Akbou       Algeria    to Build their Capacities to be Actors of      Civic Participation   125,397   Association                                 Jordan                                           Accountability
                                        their Lives and Empower them to be Active
                                                                                                                                                                   Promoting Citizenship through Students
                                                                                                                       Jordanian Center for Civic
                                                                                                                                                      Jordan       Active Participation in the Local Community      Civic Participation         265,582
                                        Enhancing Young Yemenis Understanding                                          Education Studies (JCCES)
Democratic Youth                                                                       Human Rights &                                                              - PHASE II
                             Yemen      of Human Rights, and Building their                                  41,837
Association                                                                            Protection
                                        Capacity in Writing Proposals
                                                                                                                       Justice Center for Legal Aid                Legal Empowerment for the Poor – PHASE           Human Rights &
                                                                                                                                                      Jordan                                                                                    161,890
                                                                                                                       (JCLA)                                      II                                               Protection
Development Dimensions                  Project Smart vote [pilot phase - Punjab
                             Pakistan                                                  Civic Participation   44,781
Society (DDS)                           and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa]
                                                                                                                       Kuwait Transparency                                                                          Rule of Law &
                                                                                                                                                      Kuwait       Integrity and Legal Advice Center                                            136,991
                                                                                                                       Association (KTA)                                                                            Accountability
Developmental Action                    NGOs Network to Promote Women's Rights         Women
                             Lebanon                                                                         68,394
without Borders/Naba’a                  in the Palestinian Camps                       Empowerment
                                                                                                                                                                   Expanding a Civic Education Model to
                                                                                                                       Lebanese Center for Civic                   Promote Active Citizenship and Civic
                                                                                                                                                      Lebanon                                                       Civic Participation         274,130
                                                                                                                       Education (LCCE)                            Spaces among Lebanese School Students -
                                        Prevention of violence against women
Emergency Patients Welfare                                                             Women                                                                       PHASE II
                           Pakistan     and promotion of women’s rights in South                             89,000
Society (EPWS)                                                                         Empowerment
                                                                                                                       Lebanese Center for Human                   Truth and Justice - National Reconciliation
                                                                                                                                                 Lebanon                                                            Civic Participation          35,827
                                                                                                                       Rights (LCHR)                               Program in Lebanon
Eskenderella for Arts and               Ahalina (our people): Promoting Diversity to
                             Egypt                                                     Civic Participation   108,401
Cultures                                Strengthen Citizenship in Alexandria
                                                                                                                                                                   Strengthening Unity and Participation at
                                                                                                                       Lebanese Foundation for
                                                                                                                                                                   Local Level: Initiatives for Participation       Democratic
                                                                                                                       Permanent Civil Peace          Lebanon                                                                                   101,250
                                        Enhancing the understanding and skills                                                                                     and Citizenship in 8 Selected Lebanese           Governance
Fatima Zahra Charitable                                                                                                (LFPCP)
                             Jordan     among the youth of Buseira towards active      Civic Participation   21,860                                                Localities
Association for Women
                                        citizenship (Tafilah Governorate)
                                                                                                                                                                   Empowering Citizens, Civil Society and
                                                                                                                                                                   Media to Demand Accountability and Good          Rule of Law &
Forum for Development and               Modern Slavery: Combating Human                                                Ma'an Network                  Palestine                                                                                  81,463
                                                                                       Human Rights &                                                              Governance in the Occupied Palestinian           Accountability
Human Rights Dialogue     Egypt         Trafficking in Egypt through Research and                            80,427                                                Territories
(FDHR)                                  Awareness
                                                                                                                       MAAT for Peace,
                                                                                                                                                                   Citizen's voice: Decentralization & Good         Democratic
                                                                                                                       Development and Human          Egypt                                                                                     202,500
Free Iraq Center for Civic                                                             Human Rights &                                                              Governance                                       Governance
                             Iraq       Defending the Rights of Minorities in Iraq                           274,312   Rights
Education (FICCE)                                                                      Protection

                                        The Empowerment of Women through Civil                                                                                     Strengthening Freedom of Expression in the
Human Development                       Political Education and Social Organization    Women                                                                       MENA Region – Building Effective Networks
                             Pakistan                                                                        37,535                                   Lebanon
Promotion Group - HDPG                  in District Swat (Khyber Pakhtunkhwa           Empowerment                     Maharat Foundation                          for Regional and International Advocacy    Media Freedom                      50,000
                                        province)                                                                                                                  (Supporting the 2011 IFEX Annual
                                                                                                                                                                   Conference in Beirut)
                             Yemen      The Regional Network for Human Rights
Human Rights Information                                                               Human Rights &
                             (Multi-    Activists in the Gulf Cooperation Council                            505,744
& Training Center (HRITC)                                                              Protection
                             country)   Countries and Yemen                                                            Middle East Development                     Enhancing the values of Civic Culture            Democratic
                                                                                                                                                      Yemen                                                                                      50,495
                                                                                                                       Foundation (MEFD)                           among Political Parties’ Youth                   Governance
Ibn Khaldun Center for
                                        Monitoring 2010 Parliamentary Elections in     Democratic
Development Studies          Egypt                                                                           151,875
                                        Egypt                                          Governance
(ICDS)                                                                                                                                                             Peaceful Coexistence and Civil Peace as a
                                                                                                                       Modern Iraqi Women (MIW) Iraq                                                                Civic Participation          28,218
                                                                                                                                                                   Model for Enforcing Human Rights

                                        Enhancing Illiterate Yemeni Women
Impact Foundation for                                                                  Women
                             Yemen      Understanding of the Concepts of Gender                              93,625                                                Enhancing Awareness on the Importance of
Development                                                                            Empowerment                     Musawa Center for Civil
                                        and their Rights                                                                                              Jordan       Effective Political Participation of Youth and   Civic Participation          41,337
                                                                                                                       Society Development
                                                                                                                                                                   Women in Mafraq Governorate
                                        Enhancing the Accountability and
                                        Transparency of Local Governments           Rule of Law &                      National Committee for the
Iraq Civic Action Network    Iraq                                                                            256,738                                               Promoting the Culture of Democracy within
                                        through the Provision of Town Hall Meetings Accountability                     Follow up on Women Issues Lebanon                                                            Civic Participation         200,637
                                                                                                                                                                   Lebanese Families
                                        in 12 Iraqi Governorates                                                       (CFUWI)

50                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            51
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            A n n uA l R e p o Rt 2 0 1 0

National Rural Research                 Women Empowerment through Livelihood                                        Teacher Creativity Center
and Development             Pakistan    Opportunities and Democratic Engagement                           212,625   – (TCC) in collaboration     Palestine   Enhancing Community Commitment to
Foundation (NRDF)                       (WELD) in Northern Provinces                                                with The Arab Network for    (multi-     Democracy, Equity and Human Rights            Civic Participation         601,500
                                                                                                                    Human Rights Education       country)    across MENA - PHASE II
Palestinian Center for
                                        Defending Journalists Rights in Palestine
Development & Media         Palestine                                               Media Freedom         66,163
                                        [Legal Unit Project]
Freedom - MADA
                                                                                                                    The Cinémathèque of                      The Tangier Forums and Workshops:             Women
                                                                                                                                                 Morocco                                                                                30,375
                                                                                                                    Tangier                                  Women in Civic Life in the Arab World         Empowerment
Pana Center for Combating                                                           Women
                            Iraq        Women Free Law Center in Kirkuk                                   123,343
violence Against Women                                                              Empowerment                     The Egyptian Association for
                                                                                                                    the Assistance of Juveniles              Justice for Juveniles: Legal Support through Human Rights &
                                                                                                                                                 Egypt                                                                                  90,055
                                                                                                                    and Human Rights                         National Networks                            Protection
Philanthropic Amlieh                                                                                                (EAAJHR)
                                        Women Empowerment Program: Women            Women
Association (PAA) &         Lebanon                                                                       50,000
                                        Human Rights Education Program              Empowerment
Tamkeen wa Tamniya                                                                                                  The Palestinian Center
                                                                                                                    for the Independence
                                                                                                                                                             Legal Monitor: Monitoring the Justice Sector Rule of Law &
                                                                                                                    of Judiciary and Legal       Palestine                                                                             170,091
Project for Protecting                                                                                                                                       in Palestine                                 Accountability
                                                                                    Women                           Profession (PCIJLP) -
Families and Women -        Libya       Addressing Domestic violence in Libya                             78,398
                                                                                    Empowerment                     MUSAWA
PPFW / Waatassimu

                          Palestine                                                                                                                                                                        Women
Ramallah Center for Human                                                                                           Women's Legal Aid (WoLA)     Iraq        Kifri Women's Center (Diyala)                                              87,147
                          (Multi-       Regional Action Network on Tolerance        Civic Participation   330,804                                                                                          Empowerment
Rights Studies (RCHRS)

                                        Reform 2.0 : Online Activism towards                                        Yemen Center for Civil                   Political Reform in Yemen: National           Democratic
Resources for Development                                                                                                                        Yemen                                                                                  56,994
                            Egypt       Political and Socioeconomic Reform in       Civic Participation   160,693   Rights (YCCR)                            Discussions on Initiatives of Unity           Governance
Center (RDC)
                                                                                                                                                             Enhancing Grassroots Knowledge on
                            Lebanon                                                                                 Yemen Center for Human                   Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, while   Human Rights &
Samir Kassir Foundation -               Establishment of a Middle East Media                                                                     Yemen                                                                                 149,879
                            (Multi-                                                 Media Freedom         52,473    Rights Studies (YCfHRS)                  Monitoring violations and Providing Legal     Protection
SKF                                     Centre                                                                                                               Aid

                                                                                                                    Yemen Education for                      Anchoring Democracy, Human Rights and
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Human Rights &
Sawa Association for                    Reform in Egypt – Media and Citizens to     Rule of Law &                   Employment Foundation        Yemen       Economic Development in Youth Job-                                        137,953
                            Egypt                                                                         143,386                                                                                          Protection
Development                             Fight Corruption                            Accountability                  (YEFE)                                   oriented CSOs in Yemen

                                                                                                                    Yemen Foundation for                     Investigating Reasons for Women Exclusion     Women
Sindh Community                         Strengthening Youth Leadership for Human                                                                 Yemen                                                                                  40,651
                            Pakistan                                                Civic Participation   36,359    Social Studies                           in Yemen – The Case of Aden                   Empowerment
Foundation (SCF)                        rights and Democracy in Sindh Province

                                        About Local Government: Promoting the                                                                                2011 Yemeni Parliamentary Elections –         Democratic
Social Democratic Forum                                                             Democratic                      Yemen Polling Center (YPC)   Yemen                                                                                 165,994
                            Yemen       Principles of Transparency and Good                               81,200                                             Giving voters a voice                         Governance
- SDF                                                                               Governance

                                                                                                                    Yemeni Organization for
Society for Education                                                                                                                                        Training of Trainers on Islam and             Democratic
                                        Governance and Democracy in Balochistan     Democratic                      Economic and Social          Yemen                                                                                  43,078
Promotion & Rural Support   Pakistan                                                                      20,076                                             Democracy: Towards Effective Citizenship      Governance
                                        Province (Jaffarad District)                Governance                      Development (YORECSOD)

                                                                                                                                                             Enhancing Yemeni Youth Understanding
                                        Providing Legal and Social Counseling to    Women                           Youth Developmental                                                                    Democratic
SOS Nour Association        Algeria                                                                       37,239                                 Yemen       of the Concepts of Citizenship and                                         50,540
                                        Women victims of violence                   Empowerment                     Organization (YDO)                                                                     Governance
                                                                                                                                                             Democracy, in the City of Taiz

                                                                                                                    Youth Leadership
Tamkeen for Legal aid and               Protection of Migrant Workers’ Rights &     Human Rights &                                                                                                         Human Rights &
                            Jordan                                                                        156,285   Development Foundation       Yemen       Youth for Human Right: Training of Trainers                               128,903
Human rights                            Combating Trafficking in Persons            Protection                                                                                                             Protection

                                        Women Empowerment through Democratic        Women                           Youth Parliament of
Taraqee Foundation (TF)     Pakistan                                                                      227,102                                Pakistan    Know Your Rights!!!                           Civic Participation         174,781
                                        Opportunities (WEDO)                        Empowerment                     Pakistan (YPP)

52                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   53
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 A n n uA l R e p o Rt 2 0 1 0

     Board members
           Cornelio Sommaruga (Chairman, Board of Directors)                                                          Abdul Hassan Buhussain (Treasurer of the Foundation since December 2010)
           A prominent Swiss humanitarian, lawyer and diplomat best known for being President of the International    Chief Executive Director of the Bahraini Civil Service Bureau until 1996. Prior to this, he
           Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) from 1987 to 1999. Currently Dr. Sommaruga is the honorary               was Undersecretary for Ministry of Information, and then a Member and Second Deputy
           President of the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining, as well as the honorary            of the appointed Shura Council. He was Member of Directors of Bahrain Petroleum
           President of Initiatives of Change International in Caux (Switzerland). Moreover, Dr. Sommaruga served     Company (BAPCO), as well as Board Chairman and Managing Director of BAI, Bahrain
           as the State Secretary of Switzerland for Economic Affairs from 1984 to 1986.                              Atomizer International (BAI). He now provides management consultancy services to private
                                                                                                                      companies in Bahrain.

           Kamel Abu Jaber (Vice-chairman, Board of Directors)                                                        Robert H. Henry
           President of the Jordan Institute of Diplomacy since 1997. Formerly, he served as Minister of the          Chief Judge Robert H. Henry held the positions of Dean and Professor of Law at the
           Economy, Senator and Minister of Foreign Affairs for Jordan. Dr. Abu Jaber had previously held the         Oklahoma City University School of Law, and since 1994 serves in the US Court of Appeals.
           positions of Professor of Political Science, Dean of the Faculty of Economics and Commerce, and            Judge Henry is also a member of the Board of Directors for the vERA Institute of Justice and
           Director of the Strategic Studies Centre at the University of Jordan.                                      is a Life Member of the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws. He
                                                                                                                      currently serves on the Board of various prominent Law institutions, including the American
                                                                                                                      Bar Association’s Rule of Law Initiative, chairing their Middle East/North Africa Council. He
                                                                                                                      has recently been appointed as President of Oklahoma City University.

           Andreu Claret Serra                                                                                        Parvez Hassan (Secretary of the Foundation)
           Executive Director of the Anna Lindh Foundation, which promotes dialogue between countries of              Senior Partner of Hassan & Hassan (Advocates) in Pakistan and currently the President of
           the Euro-Mediterranean region. Expert in international affairs, he previously served as the director of    the Pakistan Environmental Law Association. He has been actively involved in promoting
           the Spanish News Agency (EFE) for sub-Saharan Africa and Central America. His interests lie in the         and defending the rule of law in Pakistan throughout his career. He led the nation-wide
           challenges of developing countries, relations between the West and the Arab world, Spanish foreign         lawyers’ movement in 1983 against General Zia ul Haq. He is also the founder of the Dr.
           policy in the Mediterranean space, as well as in the interaction between cultures, civilizations and the   Parvez Hassan Environmental Law Centre at the University Law College (Punjab University)
           role of civil societies.                                                                                   and the co-founder of the Asia-Pacific Centre of Environmental Law in Singapore.

           Bakhtiar Amin                                                                                              Sabine Gürtner (Chairperson for the Grants Committee)
           Previously Minister of Human Rights of Iraq and Executive Director of the International Alliance for       Research analyst associated for several years with Infratest, a social and economic research
           Justice (IAJ), which coordinates a network of 275 international non-governmental organizations from        institute in Germany. In 2003 she followed a call to establish and to coordinate an NGO-
           more than 120 countries. He has 20 years of experience in the field of international human rights and      Network and Think Tank “WOMNET” to address and to promote women’s and human
           humanitarian work and has worked extensively on issues involving minorities, indigenous peoples,           rights, global governance, social development perspectives and the participation of civil
           women’s rights, the International Criminal Court, freedom of expression, and conflict resolution.          society organizations in international processes through capacity-building, policy dialogue,
                                                                                                                      networking, analysis and research. Ms. Gürtner is currently in charge of the Gender
                                                                                                                      Equality and Women's Rights Promotion Program with the German cooperation agency
                                                                                                                      (GIZ, formerly GTZ).

           Zahira Kamal                                                                                               Nabila Hamza (President of the Foundation)
           Director of the Palestinian Women Research and Documentation Center (UNESCO project). She was              As a sociologist and human rights activist, Mrs. Hamza has held various leading positions in
           appointed as the first Minister of Women’s Affairs of the Palestinian Authority in November 2003. She      Tunisia and served as an expert and consultant for various organizations, including UNDP,
           previously served as the Director General of the Gender Planning and Development Directorate at the        UNFPA, the UN Economic and Social Commission for Eastern Asia (ESCWA), the League of
           Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation. She has also worked at UNDP as Director of the         Arab States and the European Commission. She participated to the elaboration of the first
           Women in Development Program and is one of the founders of the International Women Commission              Arab Human Development Report, issued by UNDP. Mrs. Hamza is a founding member of
           for Just Peace between Palestinians and Israelis.                                                          several women’s rights and development organizations. Prior to joining the Foundation, she
                                                                                                                      was the Executive Director of the Arab women Center for Training and research (CAWTAR,

           Amal Basha
           Chairperson for Sisters Arab Forum for Human Rights (SAF) in Sana’a, Yemen. She is an active member
           of Yemeni Civil Society and has written a number of papers on gender, human rights, justice and
           citizenship. She holds a Masters degree in International Development and Gender from the Institute of
           Development Studies (IDS), University of Sussex.

54                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        55
         “If, one day, a people desire to live, then fate will answer their call.
       And their night will then begin to fade, and their chains break and fall.
     For he who is not embraced by a passion for life will dissipate into thin air,
At least that is what all creation has told me, and what its hidden spirits declare…”

                             If, one day, the people…
                                    Poem, 1925

                     Abu el-Kassem el-Chabi, Tunisian poet

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