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					FC.53 EARLY CHINA AND THE PATTERN OF ITS HISTORY(c.1500-500 B.C.E.)
                        Most fertile land is in E. 1/3 of China  Pop. concentrated in E. River valleys

Mts., jungles, steppe, & ocean isolate China                                      Irregular & massive floods Major irrig. &
 Feels it is unique & superior “Middle Kgd”                                    flood control projects Strong central govt.

                               Hydraulic civ. evolves in Huang He River Valley after 2000 B.C.E.
   Mandate of                                                                                                   Mandate of
 Heaven justifies                                                                                             Heaven justifies
good dyn’s & rev.                                                                                            good dyn’s & rev.
  vs. bad dyn’s              Shang Dyn. (c.1500-1028 B.C.E.) Sev. developments in Ch. civ.                    vs. bad dyn’s
                             Combining priestly &    Silk textiles, carved     Phonetic rebus (not
                               polit. roles No          jade & highly        ideogr.) script Still
                             separate priest class    developed bronze       over 47,000 characters




                Energetic new dynasty, often semi-civilized nomads, takes over & revives China
                 Restore govt. & civil Lower taxes, redistribute land to peasants       Restore army & the
                 service exam system      & restore irrigation & flood control              Great Wall

                 RECURRING CYCLE OF                                               RECURRING CYCLE OF
                   CHINESE HISTORY                                                  CHINESE HISTORY

                                  Prosperous soc. until neglectful emp’s take over
            Corruption, High taxes & loss of peasant lands      Army is neglected & Great Wall not maintained



                              Peasant revolts                                   Raids & invasions

                                            Central government steadily weakens




N. Nomads est. Zhou dyn. (1028 B.C.E.) Follow cycle of Ch. history “Age of Warring States” (481-221 B.C.E.) (FC.54)



                       Intellectual ferment due to changes in Ch. soc. 2 new philosophies
                          Confucianism: Harmony in soc.          Taoism: Harmony in life requires
                       requires strictly defined relationships       natural balance & flow b/w
                              based on rigid hierarchy         passive/female Yin & active/male Yang

Heavy infl. on civil serv.                                                                         Heavy infl. on Ch. medicine &
 exam system & soc.                Confucianism & Taoism along w/ Buddhism complement                 art (esp. landscapes)
                                          each other & provide balance to Ch. civ.
FC.54 IMPERIAL CHINA: THE QIN & HAN DYNASTIES (500 B.C.E.-220 C.E.)
                        Rise of towns, trade, & middle class during Zhou Dynasty (FC.53)



                               Local princes build canals for transp. & irrig.
    Local princes                                                                             Local princes
   replace village           Princes get tolls Better able to feed Princes claim                raise own
     leaders with            from rising trade  cities & armies newly dev. lands             armies Less
       their own                                                                             distinction b/w
       agents to                                                                             princes & Zhou
    collect taxes                                                                                 emp’s
                                      Growing wealth & power of princes


                     Indep. & competing princes “Age of Warring States”( 400-221 B.C.E.)



  Shih Huang Ti unites China Qin Dyn. (221-202 B.C.E.) & several far reaching reforms & projects
    Lowered taxes & Redistributed land toMakes new provinces & Uniform laws, taxes Great Wall vs.
    restored canals      peasants         non-hereditary gov’s & wt’s & measures nomad horsemen



            Censorship, repression, & huge tax & labor burdens Rebellions Fall of Qin
             Dyn. Rise of Han Dyn (202 B.C.E-220 C.E.) Continued many Qin policies:
          Kept land redistr. Improved govt. with civil service exams Excellent Maintained Great
            to peasants       bureaucrats Still a high value put on education  Wall & large army



               “Pax Sinica” (Chinese peace), a period of prosperity & cultural flowering:
              New tech: rag paper, Chinese cultural     Buddhism comes Expanded trade on
              water clocks, astron. influence spreads from India 1 of the Silk Rd. Brief
                & acupuncture         across E. Asia    “Three Doctrines”  contact w/Rome




                                        Huge army & bur. Heavy taxes


                     Peasants lose lands to nobles          Frontier defenses not kept up
                            Peasants revolts                  Nomadic raids & invasions


                                   Fall of Han dyn. Period of chaos (FC.56)
    FC.55 THE PARALLEL IMPACTS OF DISEASE ON CHINA AND ROME
By 500 BCE, older civilizations in Mid East & (probably) India have adapted to “civilized” infectious diseases (FC.6)

        Spread of civiliz. to                                                              Spread of civiliz. to
       Mediterranean (FC 17).                                                                China (FC 53).


                                          Relatively free of disease because:
                              Wheat & barley Little Cooler &      Little irrigation No
                               biological disruption drier climate parasitic diseases




                                   In 2nd cent C.E. Rome & China establish trade links
                                    across Eurasia & encounter diseases of older civ’s



                              Civ. diseases of Mid-East & India spread to fringe of Eurasia




                Smallpox &                                                                     Smallpox &
                measles hit                                                                    measles hit
                Rome in 165                                                                   China in 161,
                 & 251 C.E.                                                                    310, & 322

Christ. rises                    Pop. loss &                                Buddh. rises                      Pop. loss &
in response                      fall of Rome                               in response                        fall of Han
   (FC.37)                          (FC.36)                                    (FC.50)                        Dyn. (FC.54)

                                                    Bubonic Plague
            Plague hits Persia                                                             Plague hits China
                                                      originating in
             & Byz’s in 500s                         India or Africa
                                                                                            from 600s-800s



           Allowed rise of Arab                                                          Decline & fall of T’ang
             Muslims in 600s                                                                Dynasty by 906


     Civ’s adapt to diseases by 900                                              China adapts to diseases by 900
      CE Pop. & towns recover                                                     CE Pop. & towns recover



                              Revived civ’s vulnerable to return of plague in 1300s (FC.71)
     FC.56 CHINA AT ITS HEIGHT: THE SUI & T’ANG DYNASTIES (220-906)
                                                 Fall of Han Dyn. (FC.54)


                                    Wars & chaos, but also tech. innovations (wheel
                                     barrow, seed sower, & water mill to save labor


                               Kingdom of Wei in N. combines nomadic energy & Chinese
                                   influence  Able to defend vs. nomads further N.



                               Sui Dynasty (581-618) in south which reunites China
                              Restores the China’s W- E rivers linked by Campaigns
                               Great Wall canals Easier trade b/w N & S vs. nomads



                 All done at tremendous cost in lives & money  Widespread revolts & fall of Sui Dyn.


                     T’ang Dyn. (618-906) replaces Sui, & builds on its work much as Han Dyn.
                     Built on Qin Dyn’s work Restored & expanded Chinese power in E. Asia:
           W. into Tibet & Cent. Asia until    NE into Korea (660-68) with        South into rainforests & rice
          halted by Arabs at Talas R. (751) cultural influence reaching Japan     growing regions of SE Asia



                                           Flourishing culture with exchange of
                                               ideas on religion, tech., etc,


                                             Chinese civil service exams &
                                           bureaucrats dominate Chinese soc.


                     Depend on costly &         Govt. grants them estates,        Confucian influence
                      unreliable nomad         taking land from peasants &         China reacts vs.
                     mercenaries Lose          increasing their tax burden       foreign influence
                     battles & provinces                                          Less progressive &
  Thriving trade,         to nomads                                               more inward looking      Literature &
  dev. of credit,                             Corruption & neglect of flood                              painting, which.
paper $, & better                             control & irrigation Famine                                showed Taoist
rice agr. In S S.                                                                                       influence in its
     China’s                                                                                                 excellent
   prominence                         Invasions & peasant revolts Fall of T’ang                           landscapes
                                        & eventual rise of Song Dynasty (FC.57)
 FC.57 THE SUNG DYNASTY (960-1279) & MONGOL RULE (1279-1368)
                                    Fall of T’ang Dynasty in 906 (FC.55)

            Powerful kingdom of semi-civilized              Sung Dyn. in S. Nomads stopped
            nomads, the Khitan, rule N. China                by rice paddies & lack of pasture

                                    Sung help Jurchen (tribe even further
                                    N.) dest. Khitan in middle Jurchen
                                    turn vs. Sung & drive them further S.



  Sung Dyn. thrives in S. where rice agr. supports big pop., strong econ. & bur, but few cavalry:
      Highly urbanized soc. Women’s Invention of paper money Tech. innovations: water clock,
      labor needed less  lower status to avoid carrying cash gunpowder & wood block printing
    Expansion of overseas trade to SE Asia & Indian Art, esp. landscape ptg., emphasizing nature &
     Ocean, since nomads had cut overland Silk Rd. empty space in the spirit of Taoism & Buddhism



              Emperors, absorbed in their own pleasures, ignore growing signs of trouble
Rely on expensive army & tribute to Help Mongols destroy Jurchen No          No attempt to solve probl’s of
 Jurchen in N. to keep the peace    buffer vs. more dangerous Mongols         debt & forced labor Turmoil



                             Genghis Khan conquers N. China, but S. China’s
                           fortified cities & waterways slow Mongols’ progress


                            Mongol Empire, stretching from Pacific to E. Eur.,
                             finally conquers S. China (1279) during reign of
                                               Kublai Khan

             Used foreign rather
                                        Safe travel on Silk Rd More              Strict rule
                than Chinese
                                            contact with Europe                  discouraged
             bureaucrats & script
                                                                              innovations in arts


 Dissension &                 Interest in China Age of Exploration (FC.81)                  Bubonic plague
corruption within                                                                           devastates China
 Mongol ranks                                                                                & esp. Mongols
                                         Mongol rule very unpopular



                Mongol rule in China overthrown (1368) & replaced by Ming Dynasty (FC.57)
      FC.58 THE MING & EARLY QING DYNASTIES (1368-c.1800)
                          Strong native rule restored by Ming Dynasty (FC.56)




                          Strong prosperous empire ruled from Beijing in North:
            Restore civil service exams Extend Chinese rule to old Reforestation, canal &
             & position of mandarins      borders of Han Emp.     dike repairs & tax reform




                   China once again politically & culturally dominates E. Asia:
Jesuits from Europe exchange Sailing exped’s to India & E. Africa to       Architecture develops with
tech. & scientific ideas w/China spread trade & Chinese influence        arched bridges & curved roofs



 Until emperors lose interest                                                 Until hereditary offices in
                                        Corruption & neglect of flood
 in govt & retreat to luxury of                                               army caused its gradual
                                        control & irrigation Famine
 the forbidden City in Beijing                                                       deterioration


                          Nomadic raids from North & pirate raids from Japan
                                      Decline of Ming Dynasty


                                  Semi-nomadic Manchu from Manchuria rule
                                   China as Qing Dynasty (1644-1911j) while
                                   maintaining Chinese govt. & scholarship


                         Greatest expansion of China’s borders & contact with
                                    outside world in China’s history


   Import new crops from                                                    Franciscans & dominicans
                                           Chinese agr. expands to
 Americas: sweet potatoes,                                                preach vs. Confucianist ideas &
                                         uplands of some of its rivers
 corn, & better strains of rice                                                      practices


Population grows to 350m. by                                             China cuts off most contact with
                                        Soil erosion & deforestation 
 1800 Serious economic &                                                 Europe Chinese technology
                                        Disastrous floods downstream
   environmental strains                                                        starts to stagnate


                        China open to aggression from W. Eur. In 1800s (FC124)
GEOGRAPHY QUIZ
    BOWL!
                                                        Sea of Japan

                                                2       Japan
                                            3       1
                                        4                Korea

                                                         Yellow Sea

               13                           5
                                                           Taiwan

                                                            South China Sea
                                        6
                     11                         7
                                    8                         Philippines

                           9                               Indochina
                                                           Malaysia
                12             10

                                                             Indonesia


Himalayas                  Bay of Bengal
            Indian Ocean
CHINA REVIEW BOWL
                                      CHINA REVIEW BOWL
1) 3 geog. Factors affecting China?
                                    CHINA REVIEW BOWL
1) 3 geog. Factors affecting China?
   1) Most fertile land is in E. 1/3 of China  Pop. concentrated in E. River valleys
   2) Mts., jungles, steppe, & ocean isolate China  Feels it is unique & superior “Middle Kgd”
   3) Irregular & massive floods-> Major irrig. & flood control projects-> Strong central govt.
                                    CHINA REVIEW BOWL
1) 3 geog. Factors affecting China?
   1) Most fertile land is in E. 1/3 of China  Pop. concentrated in E. River valleys
   2) Mts., jungles, steppe, & ocean isolate China  Feels it is unique & superior “Middle Kgd”
   3) Irregular & massive floods-> Major irrig. & flood control projects-> Strong central govt.
2) What was called China’s Sorrow & why?
                                    CHINA REVIEW BOWL
1) 3 geog. Factors affecting China?
   1) Most fertile land is in E. 1/3 of China  Pop. concentrated in E. River valleys
   2) Mts., jungles, steppe, & ocean isolate China  Feels it is unique & superior “Middle Kgd”
   3) Irregular & massive floods-> Major irrig. & flood control projects-> Strong central govt.
2) What was called China’s Sorrow & why? Yellow River because it silts up-> Floods
                                    CHINA REVIEW BOWL
1) 3 geog. Factors affecting China?
   1) Most fertile land is in E. 1/3 of China  Pop. concentrated in E. River valleys
   2) Mts., jungles, steppe, & ocean isolate China  Feels it is unique & superior “Middle Kgd”
   3) Irregular & massive floods-> Major irrig. & flood control projects-> Strong central govt.
2) What was called China’s Sorrow & why? Yellow River because it silts up-> Floods
  Tossup: Chinese name for Yellow River?
                                    CHINA REVIEW BOWL
1) 3 geog. Factors affecting China?
   1) Most fertile land is in E. 1/3 of China  Pop. concentrated in E. River valleys
   2) Mts., jungles, steppe, & ocean isolate China  Feels it is unique & superior “Middle Kgd”
   3) Irregular & massive floods-> Major irrig. & flood control projects-> Strong central govt.
2) What was called China’s Sorrow & why? Yellow River because it silts up-> Floods
  Tossup: Chinese name for Yellow River? Huang He
                                    CHINA REVIEW BOWL
1) 3 geog. Factors affecting China?
   1) Most fertile land is in E. 1/3 of China  Pop. concentrated in E. River valleys
   2) Mts., jungles, steppe, & ocean isolate China  Feels it is unique & superior “Middle Kgd”
   3) Irregular & massive floods-> Major irrig. & flood control projects-> Strong central govt.
2) What was called China’s Sorrow & why? Yellow River because it silts up-> Floods
  Tossup: Chinese name for Yellow River? Huang He
  Tossup: What is loess?
                                    CHINA REVIEW BOWL
1) 3 geog. Factors affecting China?
   1) Most fertile land is in E. 1/3 of China  Pop. concentrated in E. River valleys
   2) Mts., jungles, steppe, & ocean isolate China  Feels it is unique & superior “Middle Kgd”
   3) Irregular & massive floods-> Major irrig. & flood control projects-> Strong central govt.
2) What was called China’s Sorrow & why? Yellow River because it silts up-> Floods
  Tossup: Chinese name for Yellow River? Huang He
  Tossup: What is loess? Windblown soil from Gobi Desert that becomes silt in Yellow R.
                                    CHINA REVIEW BOWL
1) 3 geog. Factors affecting China?
   1) Most fertile land is in E. 1/3 of China  Pop. concentrated in E. River valleys
   2) Mts., jungles, steppe, & ocean isolate China  Feels it is unique & superior “Middle Kgd”
   3) Irregular & massive floods-> Major irrig. & flood control projects-> Strong central govt.
2) What was called China’s Sorrow & why? Yellow River because it silts up-> Floods
  Tossup: Chinese name for Yellow River? Huang He
  Tossup: What is loess? Windblown soil from Gobi Desert that becomes silt in Yellow R.
  Tossup: Height of Huang He’s riverbed vs. surrounding farmland By 1887?
                                    CHINA REVIEW BOWL
1) 3 geog. Factors affecting China?
   1) Most fertile land is in E. 1/3 of China  Pop. concentrated in E. River valleys
   2) Mts., jungles, steppe, & ocean isolate China  Feels it is unique & superior “Middle Kgd”
   3) Irregular & massive floods-> Major irrig. & flood control projects-> Strong central govt.
2) What was called China’s Sorrow & why? Yellow River because it silts up-> Floods
  Tossup: Chinese name for Yellow River? Huang He
  Tossup: What is loess? Windblown soil from Gobi Desert that becomes silt in Yellow R.
  Tossup: Height of Huang He’s riverbed vs. surrounding farmland By 1887? 10m. Above
                                    CHINA REVIEW BOWL
1) 3 geog. Factors affecting China?
   1) Most fertile land is in E. 1/3 of China  Pop. concentrated in E. River valleys
   2) Mts., jungles, steppe, & ocean isolate China  Feels it is unique & superior “Middle Kgd”
   3) Irregular & massive floods-> Major irrig. & flood control projects-> Strong central govt.
2) What was called China’s Sorrow & why? Yellow River because it silts up-> Floods
  Tossup: Chinese name for Yellow River? Huang He
  Tossup: What is loess? Windblown soil from Gobi Desert that becomes silt in Yellow R.
  Tossup: Height of Huang He’s riverbed vs. surrounding farmland By 1887? 10m. Above
  Tossup: What caused Yellow R. to flood in 1938?
                                    CHINA REVIEW BOWL
1) 3 geog. Factors affecting China?
   1) Most fertile land is in E. 1/3 of China  Pop. concentrated in E. River valleys
   2) Mts., jungles, steppe, & ocean isolate China  Feels it is unique & superior “Middle Kgd”
   3) Irregular & massive floods-> Major irrig. & flood control projects-> Strong central govt.
2) What was called China’s Sorrow & why? Yellow River because it silts up-> Floods
  Tossup: Chinese name for Yellow River? Huang He
  Tossup: What is loess? Windblown soil from Gobi Desert that becomes silt in Yellow R.
  Tossup: Height of Huang He’s riverbed vs. surrounding farmland By 1887? 10m. Above
  Tossup: What caused Yellow R. to flood in 1938? Chinese dynamited levee to stop Jap. army
                                    CHINA REVIEW BOWL
1) 3 geog. Factors affecting China?
   1) Most fertile land is in E. 1/3 of China  Pop. concentrated in E. River valleys
   2) Mts., jungles, steppe, & ocean isolate China  Feels it is unique & superior “Middle Kgd”
   3) Irregular & massive floods-> Major irrig. & flood control projects-> Strong central govt.
2) What was called China’s Sorrow & why? Yellow River because it silts up-> Floods
  Tossup: Chinese name for Yellow River? Huang He
  Tossup: What is loess? Windblown soil from Gobi Desert that becomes silt in Yellow R.
  Tossup: Height of Huang He’s riverbed vs. surrounding farmland By 1887? 10m. Above
  Tossup: What caused Yellow R. to flood in 1938? Chinese dynamited levee to stop Jap. army
3) The myth of Chinese writing & how it got started?
                                    CHINA REVIEW BOWL
1) 3 geog. Factors affecting China?
   1) Most fertile land is in E. 1/3 of China  Pop. concentrated in E. River valleys
   2) Mts., jungles, steppe, & ocean isolate China  Feels it is unique & superior “Middle Kgd”
   3) Irregular & massive floods-> Major irrig. & flood control projects-> Strong central govt.
2) What was called China’s Sorrow & why? Yellow River because it silts up-> Floods
  Tossup: Chinese name for Yellow River? Huang He
  Tossup: What is loess? Windblown soil from Gobi Desert that becomes silt in Yellow R.
  Tossup: Height of Huang He’s riverbed vs. surrounding farmland By 1887? 10m. Above
  Tossup: What caused Yellow R. to flood in 1938? Chinese dynamited levee to stop Jap. army
3) The myth of Chinese writing & how it got started? It’s 97% phonetic, not ideographic. Sp. &
   Port. Missionaries saw this exotic complicated script & assumed it was ideographic. Chinese
   intellectuals may have encouraged this idea to overawe the Eur’s
                                    CHINA REVIEW BOWL
1) 3 geog. Factors affecting China?
   1) Most fertile land is in E. 1/3 of China  Pop. concentrated in E. River valleys
   2) Mts., jungles, steppe, & ocean isolate China  Feels it is unique & superior “Middle Kgd”
   3) Irregular & massive floods-> Major irrig. & flood control projects-> Strong central govt.
2) What was called China’s Sorrow & why? Yellow River because it silts up-> Floods
  Tossup: Chinese name for Yellow River? Huang He
  Tossup: What is loess? Windblown soil from Gobi Desert that becomes silt in Yellow R.
  Tossup: Height of Huang He’s riverbed vs. surrounding farmland By 1887? 10m. Above
  Tossup: What caused Yellow R. to flood in 1938? Chinese dynamited levee to stop Jap. army
3) The myth of Chinese writing & how it got started? It’s 97% phonetic, not ideographic. Sp. &
   Port. Missionaries saw this exotic complicated script & assumed it was ideographic. Chinese
   intellectuals may have encouraged this idea to overawe the Eur’s
          Tossup: number of ideographs?
                                    CHINA REVIEW BOWL
1) 3 geog. Factors affecting China?
   1) Most fertile land is in E. 1/3 of China  Pop. concentrated in E. River valleys
   2) Mts., jungles, steppe, & ocean isolate China  Feels it is unique & superior “Middle Kgd”
   3) Irregular & massive floods-> Major irrig. & flood control projects-> Strong central govt.
2) What was called China’s Sorrow & why? Yellow River because it silts up-> Floods
  Tossup: Chinese name for Yellow River? Huang He
  Tossup: What is loess? Windblown soil from Gobi Desert that becomes silt in Yellow R.
  Tossup: Height of Huang He’s riverbed vs. surrounding farmland By 1887? 10m. Above
  Tossup: What caused Yellow R. to flood in 1938? Chinese dynamited levee to stop Jap. army
3) The myth of Chinese writing & how it got started? It’s 97% phonetic, not ideographic. Sp. &
   Port. Missionaries saw this exotic complicated script & assumed it was ideographic. Chinese
   intellectuals may have encouraged this idea to overawe the Eur’s
          Tossup: number of ideographs? 47,021
                                      CHINA REVIEW BOWL
1) 3 geog. Factors affecting China?
   1) Most fertile land is in E. 1/3 of China  Pop. concentrated in E. River valleys
   2) Mts., jungles, steppe, & ocean isolate China  Feels it is unique & superior “Middle Kgd”
   3) Irregular & massive floods-> Major irrig. & flood control projects-> Strong central govt.
2) What was called China’s Sorrow & why? Yellow River because it silts up-> Floods
  Tossup: Chinese name for Yellow River? Huang He
  Tossup: What is loess? Windblown soil from Gobi Desert that becomes silt in Yellow R.
  Tossup: Height of Huang He’s riverbed vs. surrounding farmland By 1887? 10m. Above
  Tossup: What caused Yellow R. to flood in 1938? Chinese dynamited levee to stop Jap. army
3) The myth of Chinese writing & how it got started? It’s 97% phonetic, not ideographic. Sp. &
   Port. Missionaries saw this exotic complicated script & assumed it was ideographic. Chinese
   intellectuals may have encouraged this idea to overawe the Eur’s
          Tossup: number of ideographs? 47,021
4) Pattern of rise & fall of Chinese dynasties?
                                      CHINA REVIEW BOWL
1) 3 geog. Factors affecting China?
   1) Most fertile land is in E. 1/3 of China  Pop. concentrated in E. River valleys
   2) Mts., jungles, steppe, & ocean isolate China  Feels it is unique & superior “Middle Kgd”
   3) Irregular & massive floods-> Major irrig. & flood control projects-> Strong central govt.
2) What was called China’s Sorrow & why? Yellow River because it silts up-> Floods
  Tossup: Chinese name for Yellow River? Huang He
  Tossup: What is loess? Windblown soil from Gobi Desert that becomes silt in Yellow R.
  Tossup: Height of Huang He’s riverbed vs. surrounding farmland By 1887? 10m. Above
  Tossup: What caused Yellow R. to flood in 1938? Chinese dynamited levee to stop Jap. army
3) The myth of Chinese writing & how it got started? It’s 97% phonetic, not ideographic. Sp. &
   Port. Missionaries saw this exotic complicated script & assumed it was ideographic. Chinese
   intellectuals may have encouraged this idea to overawe the Eur’s
          Tossup: number of ideographs? [47,021]
4) Pattern of rise & fall of
   Chinese dynasties?                Energetic new dynasty, often semi-civilized nomads, takes over & revives China
                                     Restore govt. & civil Lower taxes, redistribute land to peasants   Restore army & the
                                     service exam system      & restore irrigation & flood control          Great Wall

                                     RECURRING CYCLE OF                                           RECURRING CYCLE OF
                                       CHINESE HISTORY                                              CHINESE HISTORY

                                                    Prosperous soc. until neglectful emp’s take over
                                 Corruption, High taxes & loss of peasant lands   Army is neglected & Great Wall not maintained



                                                Peasant revolts                                 Raids & invasions

                                                             Central government steadily weakens
VIDEO QUIZ BOWL!
Whose palace does this
represent?

An artist’s conception of the
Xia dynasty’s palace and
courtyard at Erlitou (c.2000
B.C.).
Problem with the Xia
Dynasty?

There is still controversy
over whether to treat the Xia
as China’s first true dynasty
or merely as a legend.
What is this and it importance?
Oracle bone with some of the earliest examples of
Chinese writing we have
What were they carved on?

Turtle shells and ox bones.
How do Chinese views of dragons differ from those of the West?.

The Chinese see them as benevolent.

What do its waking, sleeping and breathing determine?
Day & night, the seasons and weather.

From what animals does the dragon get the following body parts?
Head?         Camel
Eyes?         Demon
Ears?         Cow
Horns?        Stag
Neck?         Snake
Belly?        Clam
Paws?         Tiger
Claws?        Eagle
Scales?       Carp
How many?     117

What is it playing with and its significance?

A flaming pearl, which is believed to be the source of its power.
What distinguishes an Imperial dragon?
It has 5 claws instead of 4.
What is this creature called?
The Hodag
Where is it found?
Wisconsin
What does this map illustrate?
The different dialects of Chinese spoken
across China
What is going on here?

Prisoners are being taken for execution as
a human sacrifices in a royal burial.
What is this?
An ax blade used for human sacrifices.
What dynasty was especially noted for its bronze technology?
Shang Dynasty
 What are these?


Different types of currency during the Shang dynasty
What legend surrounds this “limestone forest”?
A god shattered a mountain to create this labyrinth for lovers to court.
What building is this?   The Dalai Lama’s winter quarters in Tibet
Who is this?              Lao Tze, founder of Taoism

What is wu wei?           Do nothingness or creative quietude->
                          combines supreme activity w/supreme
                          relaxation
According to Taoists,     On the tallest tree
where does the ax first
fall?

According to Taoists,  Water because of its effortless motion,
what element should we its ability to bear heavy weights &
strive to be & why?    wear down rocks, and clarity when
                       calm.
What is this?            Symbol for yin & yang

What does yin            Shaded
literally mean?

What qualities           female, dark terrestrial,
does it stand for?       passive, cool, submissive

What does yang           Sunlit
literally mean?

 What qualities           male, bright, celestial, active,
 does it stand for?       warm, dominant

How do they relate to    They complement each other &
one another & what ideal represent an ideal balance between
do they represent?       these opposing qualities


What do the dots         The idea that inside of each quality,
represent?               there is always a little bit of the other

What does the curved     The idea that instead of being
line represent?          opposed to one another, they flow
                         naturally into one another
Who is in this picture?

Confucius (r.), Lao-Tze, and the baby
Buddha, representing the Three
Doctrines

What saying is there about the 3
doctrines & what does it mean?


One is a Confucianist in the day, a Taoist
in the evening, and a Buddhist at night.
Each philosophy can be appropriate for
different parts & periods of our lives w/o
getting in each other’s way.
What does this show?   How the Yellow River has changed course many times over history
                Confucius (551-479 BCE)
“Wagging his lips & clacking his tongue, he presumes to
be a source of right and wrong in order to delude the
masters of Under Heaven.” --contemporary description of
Confucius
Yin & Yang
3) Mandate of heaven?
3) Mandate of heaven? Idea that Heaven shows its approval of a dynasty through peace and
   prosperity (which are largely the result of good govt.) and its disapproval through natural
   disasters (esp. floods), wars, & civil turmoil (which are largely the result of bad govt.)
   -> Justifies revolution
3) Mandate of heaven? Idea that Heaven shows its approval of a dynasty through peace and
   prosperity (which are largely the result of good govt.) and its disapproval through natural
   disasters (esp. floods), wars, & civil turmoil (which are largely the result of bad govt.)
   -> Justifies revolution
  Tossup: Describe the priest class in Chin. history?
3) Mandate of heaven? Idea that Heaven shows its approval of a dynasty through peace and
   prosperity (which are largely the result of good govt.) and its disapproval through natural
   disasters (esp. floods), wars, & civil turmoil (which are largely the result of bad govt.)
   -> Justifies revolution
  Tossup: Describe the priest class in Chin. history? No distinct class of priests except emperor
3) Mandate of heaven? Idea that Heaven shows its approval of a dynasty through peace and
   prosperity (which are largely the result of good govt.) and its disapproval through natural
   disasters (esp. floods), wars, & civil turmoil (which are largely the result of bad govt.)
   -> Justifies revolution
  Tossup: Describe the priest class in Chin. history? No distinct class of priests except emperor
   Tossup: Story of Wu & Yueh?
3) Mandate of heaven? Idea that Heaven shows its approval of a dynasty through peace and
   prosperity (which are largely the result of good govt.) and its disapproval through natural
   disasters (esp. floods), wars, & civil turmoil (which are largely the result of bad govt.)
   -> Justifies revolution
  Tossup: Describe the priest class in Chin. history? No distinct class of priests except emperor
   Tossup: Story of Wu & Yueh? Wu beat Yueh in a war-> Ruler of Yueh sent a beautiful woman
  to ruler of Wu as a gift-> Ruler of Wu distracted from ruling-> Yueh able to defeat Wu
3) Mandate of heaven? Idea that Heaven shows its approval of a dynasty through peace and
   prosperity (which are largely the result of good govt.) and its disapproval through natural
   disasters (esp. floods), wars, & civil turmoil (which are largely the result of bad govt.)
   -> Justifies revolution
  Tossup: Describe the priest class in Chin. history? No distinct class of priests except emperor
   Tossup: Story of Wu & Yueh? Wu beat Yueh in a war-> Ruler of Yueh sent a beautiful woman
  to ruler of Wu as a gift-> Ruler of Wu distracted from ruling-> Yueh able to defeat Wu
7) Confucian saying on what was necessary for world peace.
3) Mandate of heaven? Idea that Heaven shows its approval of a dynasty through peace and
   prosperity (which are largely the result of good govt.) and its disapproval through natural
   disasters (esp. floods), wars, & civil turmoil (which are largely the result of bad govt.)
   -> Justifies revolution
  Tossup: Describe the priest class in Chin. history? No distinct class of priests except emperor
   Tossup: Story of Wu & Yueh? Wu beat Yueh in a war-> Ruler of Yueh sent a beautiful woman
  to ruler of Wu as a gift-> Ruler of Wu distracted from ruling-> Yueh able to defeat Wu
7) Confucian saying on what was necessary for world peace. “With harmony in the home, there
   will be order in the nation. With order in the nation there will be peace in the world.”
3) Mandate of heaven? Idea that Heaven shows its approval of a dynasty through peace and
   prosperity (which are largely the result of good govt.) and its disapproval through natural
   disasters (esp. floods), wars, & civil turmoil (which are largely the result of bad govt.)
   -> Justifies revolution
  Tossup: Describe the priest class in Chin. history? No distinct class of priests except emperor
   Tossup: Story of Wu & Yueh? Wu beat Yueh in a war-> Ruler of Yueh sent a beautiful woman
  to ruler of Wu as a gift-> Ruler of Wu distracted from ruling-> Yueh able to defeat Wu
7) Confucian saying on what was necessary for world peace. “With harmony in the home, there
   will be order in the nation. With order in the nation there will be peace in the world.”
7) What are the five primary relationships according to Confucius?
3) Mandate of heaven? Idea that Heaven shows its approval of a dynasty through peace and
   prosperity (which are largely the result of good govt.) and its disapproval through natural
   disasters (esp. floods), wars, & civil turmoil (which are largely the result of bad govt.)
   -> Justifies revolution
  Tossup: Describe the priest class in Chin. history? No distinct class of priests except emperor
   Tossup: Story of Wu & Yueh? Wu beat Yueh in a war-> Ruler of Yueh sent a beautiful woman
  to ruler of Wu as a gift-> Ruler of Wu distracted from ruling-> Yueh able to defeat Wu
7) Confucian saying on what was necessary for world peace. “With harmony in the home, there
   will be order in the nation. With order in the nation there will be peace in the world.”
7) What are the five primary relationships according to Confucius? Ruler to ruled, husband to
   wife, father to son, older brother to younger brother
3) Mandate of heaven? Idea that Heaven shows its approval of a dynasty through peace and
   prosperity (which are largely the result of good govt.) and its disapproval through natural
   disasters (esp. floods), wars, & civil turmoil (which are largely the result of bad govt.)
   -> Justifies revolution
  Tossup: Describe the priest class in Chin. history? No distinct class of priests except emperor
   Tossup: Story of Wu & Yueh? Wu beat Yueh in a war-> Ruler of Yueh sent a beautiful woman
  to ruler of Wu as a gift-> Ruler of Wu distracted from ruling-> Yueh able to defeat Wu
7) Confucian saying on what was necessary for world peace. “With harmony in the home, there
   will be order in the nation. With order in the nation there will be peace in the world.”
7) What are the five primary relationships according to Confucius? Ruler to ruled, husband to
   wife, father to son, older brother to younger brother
8) Which of these is different from the others and how?
3) Mandate of heaven? Idea that Heaven shows its approval of a dynasty through peace and
   prosperity (which are largely the result of good govt.) and its disapproval through natural
   disasters (esp. floods), wars, & civil turmoil (which are largely the result of bad govt.)
   -> Justifies revolution
  Tossup: Describe the priest class in Chin. history? No distinct class of priests except emperor
   Tossup: Story of Wu & Yueh? Wu beat Yueh in a war-> Ruler of Yueh sent a beautiful woman
  to ruler of Wu as a gift-> Ruler of Wu distracted from ruling-> Yueh able to defeat Wu
7) Confucian saying on what was necessary for world peace. “With harmony in the home, there
   will be order in the nation. With order in the nation there will be peace in the world.”
7) What are the five primary relationships according to Confucius? Ruler to ruled, husband to
   wife, father to son, older brother to younger brother
8) Which of these is different from the others and how? Friend to friend is the only one b/w equals
3) Mandate of heaven? Idea that Heaven shows its approval of a dynasty through peace and
   prosperity (which are largely the result of good govt.) and its disapproval through natural
   disasters (esp. floods), wars, & civil turmoil (which are largely the result of bad govt.)
   -> Justifies revolution
  Tossup: Describe the priest class in Chin. history? No distinct class of priests except emperor
   Tossup: Story of Wu & Yueh? Wu beat Yueh in a war-> Ruler of Yueh sent a beautiful woman
  to ruler of Wu as a gift-> Ruler of Wu distracted from ruling-> Yueh able to defeat Wu
7) Confucian saying on what was necessary for world peace. “With harmony in the home, there
   will be order in the nation. With order in the nation there will be peace in the world.”
7) What are the five primary relationships according to Confucius? Ruler to ruled, husband to
   wife, father to son, older brother to younger brother
8) Which of these is different from the others and how? Friend to friend is the only one b/w equals
8) Taoist concept of wu wei?
3) Mandate of heaven? Idea that Heaven shows its approval of a dynasty through peace and
   prosperity (which are largely the result of good govt.) and its disapproval through natural
   disasters (esp. floods), wars, & civil turmoil (which are largely the result of bad govt.)
   -> Justifies revolution
  Tossup: Describe the priest class in Chin. history? No distinct class of priests except emperor
   Tossup: Story of Wu & Yueh? Wu beat Yueh in a war-> Ruler of Yueh sent a beautiful woman
  to ruler of Wu as a gift-> Ruler of Wu distracted from ruling-> Yueh able to defeat Wu
7) Confucian saying on what was necessary for world peace. “With harmony in the home, there
   will be order in the nation. With order in the nation there will be peace in the world.”
7) What are the five primary relationships according to Confucius? Ruler to ruled, husband to
   wife, father to son, older brother to younger brother
8) Which of these is different from the others and how? Friend to friend is the only one b/w equals
8) Taoist concept of wu wei? Supreme effortlessness-> Creativity comes from subconscious that
   we have to let happen, but can’t force it to happen.
3) Mandate of heaven? Idea that Heaven shows its approval of a dynasty through peace and
   prosperity (which are largely the result of good govt.) and its disapproval through natural
   disasters (esp. floods), wars, & civil turmoil (which are largely the result of bad govt.)
   -> Justifies revolution
  Tossup: Describe the priest class in Chin. history? No distinct class of priests except emperor
   Tossup: Story of Wu & Yueh? Wu beat Yueh in a war-> Ruler of Yueh sent a beautiful woman
  to ruler of Wu as a gift-> Ruler of Wu distracted from ruling-> Yueh able to defeat Wu
7) Confucian saying on what was necessary for world peace. “With harmony in the home, there
   will be order in the nation. With order in the nation there will be peace in the world.”
7) What are the five primary relationships according to Confucius? Ruler to ruled, husband to
   wife, father to son, older brother to younger brother
8) Which of these is different from the others and how? Friend to friend is the only one b/w equals
8) Taoist concept of wu wei? Supreme effortlessness-> Creativity comes from subconscious that
   we have to let happen, but can’t force it to happen.
   Tossup: How should we be like water?
3) Mandate of heaven? Idea that Heaven shows its approval of a dynasty through peace and
   prosperity (which are largely the result of good govt.) and its disapproval through natural
   disasters (esp. floods), wars, & civil turmoil (which are largely the result of bad govt.)
   -> Justifies revolution
  Tossup: Describe the priest class in Chin. history? No distinct class of priests except emperor
   Tossup: Story of Wu & Yueh? Wu beat Yueh in a war-> Ruler of Yueh sent a beautiful woman
  to ruler of Wu as a gift-> Ruler of Wu distracted from ruling-> Yueh able to defeat Wu
7) Confucian saying on what was necessary for world peace. “With harmony in the home, there
   will be order in the nation. With order in the nation there will be peace in the world.”
7) What are the five primary relationships according to Confucius? Ruler to ruled, husband to
   wife, father to son, older brother to younger brother
8) Which of these is different from the others and how? Friend to friend is the only one b/w equals
8) Taoist concept of wu wei? Supreme effortlessness-> Creativity comes from subconscious that
   we have to let happen, but can’t force it to happen.
   Tossup: How should we be like water? Go with the flow rather than fight it.
3) Mandate of heaven? Idea that Heaven shows its approval of a dynasty through peace and
   prosperity (which are largely the result of good govt.) and its disapproval through natural
   disasters (esp. floods), wars, & civil turmoil (which are largely the result of bad govt.)
   -> Justifies revolution
  Tossup: Describe the priest class in Chin. history? No distinct class of priests except emperor
   Tossup: Story of Wu & Yueh? Wu beat Yueh in a war-> Ruler of Yueh sent a beautiful woman
  to ruler of Wu as a gift-> Ruler of Wu distracted from ruling-> Yueh able to defeat Wu
7) Confucian saying on what was necessary for world peace. “With harmony in the home, there
   will be order in the nation. With order in the nation there will be peace in the world.”
7) What are the five primary relationships according to Confucius? Ruler to ruled, husband to
   wife, father to son, older brother to younger brother
8) Which of these is different from the others and how? Friend to friend is the only one b/w equals
8) Taoist concept of wu wei? Supreme effortlessness-> Creativity comes from subconscious that
   we have to let happen, but can’t force it to happen.
   Tossup: How should we be like water? Go with the flow rather than fight it.
9) Yin/yang & how it compares to Western thought?
3) Mandate of heaven? Idea that Heaven shows its approval of a dynasty through peace and
   prosperity (which are largely the result of good govt.) and its disapproval through natural
   disasters (esp. floods), wars, & civil turmoil (which are largely the result of bad govt.)
   -> Justifies revolution
  Tossup: Describe the priest class in Chin. history? No distinct class of priests except emperor
   Tossup: Story of Wu & Yueh? Wu beat Yueh in a war-> Ruler of Yueh sent a beautiful woman
  to ruler of Wu as a gift-> Ruler of Wu distracted from ruling-> Yueh able to defeat Wu
7) Confucian saying on what was necessary for world peace. “With harmony in the home, there
   will be order in the nation. With order in the nation there will be peace in the world.”
7) What are the five primary relationships according to Confucius? Ruler to ruled, husband to
   wife, father to son, older brother to younger brother
8) Which of these is different from the others and how? Friend to friend is the only one b/w equals
8) Taoist concept of wu wei? Supreme effortlessness-> Creativity comes from subconscious that
   we have to let happen, but can’t force it to happen.
   Tossup: How should we be like water? Go with the flow rather than fight it.
9) Yin/yang & how it compares to Western thought? The idea that everything is balanced b/w
   warm active male qualities (yang) & cool, passive, female qualities (yin)
3) Mandate of heaven? Idea that Heaven shows its approval of a dynasty through peace and
   prosperity (which are largely the result of good govt.) and its disapproval through natural
   disasters (esp. floods), wars, & civil turmoil (which are largely the result of bad govt.)
   -> Justifies revolution
  Tossup: Describe the priest class in Chin. history? No distinct class of priests except emperor
   Tossup: Story of Wu & Yueh? Wu beat Yueh in a war-> Ruler of Yueh sent a beautiful woman
  to ruler of Wu as a gift-> Ruler of Wu distracted from ruling-> Yueh able to defeat Wu
7) Confucian saying on what was necessary for world peace. “With harmony in the home, there
   will be order in the nation. With order in the nation there will be peace in the world.”
7) What are the five primary relationships according to Confucius? Ruler to ruled, husband to
   wife, father to son, older brother to younger brother
8) Which of these is different from the others and how? Friend to friend is the only one b/w equals
8) Taoist concept of wu wei? Supreme effortlessness-> Creativity comes from subconscious that
   we have to let happen, but can’t force it to happen.
   Tossup: How should we be like water? Go with the flow rather than fight it.
9) Yin/yang & how it compares to Western thought? The idea that everything is balanced b/w
   warm active male qualities (yang) & cool, passive, female qualities (yin)
10) What are the 3 doctrines & how does Chin. civ. reconcile them?
3) Mandate of heaven? Idea that Heaven shows its approval of a dynasty through peace and
   prosperity (which are largely the result of good govt.) and its disapproval through natural
   disasters (esp. floods), wars, & civil turmoil (which are largely the result of bad govt.)
   -> Justifies revolution
  Tossup: Describe the priest class in Chin. history? No distinct class of priests except emperor
   Tossup: Story of Wu & Yueh? Wu beat Yueh in a war-> Ruler of Yueh sent a beautiful woman
  to ruler of Wu as a gift-> Ruler of Wu distracted from ruling-> Yueh able to defeat Wu
7) Confucian saying on what was necessary for world peace. “With harmony in the home, there
   will be order in the nation. With order in the nation there will be peace in the world.”
7) What are the five primary relationships according to Confucius? Ruler to ruled, husband to
   wife, father to son, older brother to younger brother
8) Which of these is different from the others and how? Friend to friend is the only one b/w equals
8) Taoist concept of wu wei? Supreme effortlessness-> Creativity comes from subconscious that
   we have to let happen, but can’t force it to happen.
   Tossup: How should we be like water? Go with the flow rather than fight it.
9) Yin/yang & how it compares to Western thought? The idea that everything is balanced b/w
   warm active male qualities (yang) & cool, passive, female qualities (yin)
10) What are the 3 doctrines & how does Chin. civ. reconcile them? Confucianism, Taoism, &
    Buddhism. You’re Confucianist during the day (the years of schooling & work), Taoist in the
    evening (years of retirement) and Buddhist at night (when you die)
FC.53 EARLY CHINA AND THE PATTERN OF ITS HISTORY(c.1500-500 B.C.E.)
                        Most fertile land is in E. 1/3 of China  Pop. concentrated in E. River valleys

Mts., jungles, steppe, & ocean isolate China                                      Irregular & massive floods Major irrig. &
 Feels it is unique & superior “Middle Kgd”                                    flood control projects Strong central govt.

                               Hydraulic civ. evolves in Huang He River Valley after 2000 B.C.E.
   Mandate of                                                                                                   Mandate of
 Heaven justifies                                                                                             Heaven justifies
good dyn’s & rev.                                                                                            good dyn’s & rev.
  vs. bad dyn’s              Shang Dyn. (c.1500-1028 B.C.E.) Sev. developments in Ch. civ.                    vs. bad dyn’s
                             Combining priestly &    Silk textiles, carved     Phonetic rebus (not
                               polit. roles No          jade & highly        ideogr.) script Still
                             separate priest class    developed bronze       over 47,000 characters




                Energetic new dynasty, often semi-civilized nomads, takes over & revives China
                 Restore govt. & civil Lower taxes, redistribute land to peasants       Restore army & the
                 service exam system      & restore irrigation & flood control              Great Wall

                 RECURRING CYCLE OF                                               RECURRING CYCLE OF
                   CHINESE HISTORY                                                  CHINESE HISTORY

                                  Prosperous soc. until neglectful emp’s take over
            Corruption, High taxes & loss of peasant lands      Army is neglected & Great Wall not maintained



                              Peasant revolts                                   Raids & invasions

                                            Central government steadily weakens




N. Nomads est. Zhou dyn. (1028 B.C.E.) Follow cycle of Ch. history “Age of Warring States” (481-221 B.C.E.) (FC.54)



                       Intellectual ferment due to changes in Ch. soc. 2 new philosophies
                          Confucianism: Harmony in soc.          Taoism: Harmony in life requires
                       requires strictly defined relationships       natural balance & flow b/w
                              based on rigid hierarchy         passive/female Yin & active/male Yang

Heavy infl. on civil serv.                                                                         Heavy infl. on Ch. medicine &
 exam system & soc.                Confucianism & Taoism along w/ Buddhism complement                 art (esp. landscapes)
                                          each other & provide balance to Ch. civ.
QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
                          QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang?
                               QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
                                QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had?
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called?
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China?
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies?
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
6) Defensive policy?
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
6) Defensive policy? Great Wall
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
6) Defensive policy? Great Wall
7) How extensive was it?
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
6) Defensive policy? Great Wall
7) How extensive was it? Just connected existing walls & natural barriers.
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
6) Defensive policy? Great Wall
7) How extensive was it? Just connected existing walls & natural barriers.
    Tossup: Security device vs. Assassins in Shih Huang Ti's palace?
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
6) Defensive policy? Great Wall
7) How extensive was it? Just connected existing walls & natural barriers.
    Tossup: Security device vs. Assassins in Shih Huang Ti's palace? Giant magnet
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
6) Defensive policy? Great Wall
7) How extensive was it? Just connected existing walls & natural barriers.
    Tossup: Security device vs. Assassins in Shih Huang Ti's palace? Giant magnet
    Tossup: Origin of the word China?
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
6) Defensive policy? Great Wall
7) How extensive was it? Just connected existing walls & natural barriers.
    Tossup: Security device vs. Assassins in Shih Huang Ti's palace? Giant magnet
    Tossup: Origin of the word China? From India which knew of Chin (Qin) dynasty
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
6) Defensive policy? Great Wall
7) How extensive was it? Just connected existing walls & natural barriers.
    Tossup: Security device vs. Assassins in Shih Huang Ti's palace? Giant magnet
    Tossup: Origin of the word China? From India which knew of Chin (Qin) dynasty
    Tossup: How could Shih Huang Ti tour his kgd w/o leaving town?
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
6) Defensive policy? Great Wall
7) How extensive was it? Just connected existing walls & natural barriers.
    Tossup: Security device vs. Assassins in Shih Huang Ti's palace? Giant magnet
    Tossup: Origin of the word China? From India which knew of Chin (Qin) dynasty
    Tossup: How could Shih Huang Ti tour his kgd w/o leaving town? Visited diff palaces
        built in style of diff. parts of China
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
6) Defensive policy? Great Wall
7) How extensive was it? Just connected existing walls & natural barriers.
    Tossup: Security device vs. Assassins in Shih Huang Ti's palace? Giant magnet
    Tossup: Origin of the word China? From India which knew of Chin (Qin) dynasty
    Tossup: How could Shih Huang Ti tour his kgd w/o leaving town? Visited diff palaces
        built in style of diff. parts of China
8) What was the Great Wall really supposed to stop?
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
6) Defensive policy? Great Wall
7) How extensive was it? Just connected existing walls & natural barriers.
    Tossup: Security device vs. Assassins in Shih Huang Ti's palace? Giant magnet
    Tossup: Origin of the word China? From India which knew of Chin (Qin) dynasty
    Tossup: How could Shih Huang Ti tour his kgd w/o leaving town? Visited diff palaces
        built in style of diff. parts of China
8) What was the Great Wall really supposed to stop? Nomads horses
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
6) Defensive policy? Great Wall
7) How extensive was it? Just connected existing walls & natural barriers.
    Tossup: Security device vs. Assassins in Shih Huang Ti's palace? Giant magnet
    Tossup: Origin of the word China? From India which knew of Chin (Qin) dynasty
    Tossup: How could Shih Huang Ti tour his kgd w/o leaving town? Visited diff palaces
        built in style of diff. parts of China
8) What was the Great Wall really supposed to stop? Nomads horses
    Tossup: Shih Huang Ti's original idea for form of the Great Wall?
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
6) Defensive policy? Great Wall
7) How extensive was it? Just connected existing walls & natural barriers.
    Tossup: Security device vs. Assassins in Shih Huang Ti's palace? Giant magnet
    Tossup: Origin of the word China? From India which knew of Chin (Qin) dynasty
    Tossup: How could Shih Huang Ti tour his kgd w/o leaving town? Visited diff palaces
        built in style of diff. parts of China
8) What was the Great Wall really supposed to stop? Nomads horses
    Tossup: Shih Huang Ti's original idea for form of the Great Wall? Surround China
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
6) Defensive policy? Great Wall
7) How extensive was it? Just connected existing walls & natural barriers.
    Tossup: Security device vs. Assassins in Shih Huang Ti's palace? Giant magnet
    Tossup: Origin of the word China? From India which knew of Chin (Qin) dynasty
    Tossup: How could Shih Huang Ti tour his kgd w/o leaving town? Visited diff palaces
        built in style of diff. parts of China
8) What was the Great Wall really supposed to stop? Nomads horses
    Tossup: Shih Huang Ti's original idea for form of the Great Wall? Surround China
    Tossup: Story of "10,000 men”?
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
6) Defensive policy? Great Wall
7) How extensive was it? Just connected existing walls & natural barriers.
    Tossup: Security device vs. Assassins in Shih Huang Ti's palace? Giant magnet
    Tossup: Origin of the word China? From India which knew of Chin (Qin) dynasty
    Tossup: How could Shih Huang Ti tour his kgd w/o leaving town? Visited diff palaces
        built in style of diff. parts of China
8) What was the Great Wall really supposed to stop? Nomads horses
    Tossup: Shih Huang Ti's original idea for form of the Great Wall? Surround China
    Tossup: Story of "10,000 men”? Prophecy that "10,000 men” would have to be buried
    under the Wall-> Found man w/name "10,000 men” & buried him
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
6) Defensive policy? Great Wall
7) How extensive was it? Just connected existing walls & natural barriers.
    Tossup: Security device vs. Assassins in Shih Huang Ti's palace? Giant magnet
    Tossup: Origin of the word China? From India which knew of Chin (Qin) dynasty
    Tossup: How could Shih Huang Ti tour his kgd w/o leaving town? Visited diff palaces
        built in style of diff. parts of China
8) What was the Great Wall really supposed to stop? Nomads horses
    Tossup: Shih Huang Ti's original idea for form of the Great Wall? Surround China
    Tossup: Story of "10,000 men”? Prophecy that "10,000 men” would have to be buried
    under the Wall-> Found man w/name "10,000 men” & buried him
9) Civil service exams & their imp. to Chinese culture today?
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
6) Defensive policy? Great Wall
7) How extensive was it? Just connected existing walls & natural barriers.
    Tossup: Security device vs. Assassins in Shih Huang Ti's palace? Giant magnet
    Tossup: Origin of the word China? From India which knew of Chin (Qin) dynasty
    Tossup: How could Shih Huang Ti tour his kgd w/o leaving town? Visited diff palaces
        built in style of diff. parts of China
8) What was the Great Wall really supposed to stop? Nomads horses
    Tossup: Shih Huang Ti's original idea for form of the Great Wall? Surround China
    Tossup: Story of "10,000 men”? Prophecy that "10,000 men” would have to be buried
    under the Wall-> Found man w/name "10,000 men” & buried him
9) Civil service exams & their imp. to Chinese culture today? Picked bur’s based on
    knowledge of Confuc. Phil.-> Best bur. of any civ.-> Emphasis on educ. even today
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
6) Defensive policy? Great Wall
7) How extensive was it? Just connected existing walls & natural barriers.
    Tossup: Security device vs. Assassins in Shih Huang Ti's palace? Giant magnet
    Tossup: Origin of the word China? From India which knew of Chin (Qin) dynasty
    Tossup: How could Shih Huang Ti tour his kgd w/o leaving town? Visited diff palaces
        built in style of diff. parts of China
8) What was the Great Wall really supposed to stop? Nomads horses
    Tossup: Shih Huang Ti's original idea for form of the Great Wall? Surround China
    Tossup: Story of "10,000 men”? Prophecy that "10,000 men” would have to be buried
    under the Wall-> Found man w/name "10,000 men” & buried him
9) Civil service exams & their imp. to Chinese culture today? Picked bur’s based on
    knowledge of Confuc. Phil.-> Best bur. of any civ.-> Emphasis on educ. even today
    Tossup: Who was Liu Pang & his orig. job?
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
6) Defensive policy? Great Wall
7) How extensive was it? Just connected existing walls & natural barriers.
    Tossup: Security device vs. Assassins in Shih Huang Ti's palace? Giant magnet
    Tossup: Origin of the word China? From India which knew of Chin (Qin) dynasty
    Tossup: How could Shih Huang Ti tour his kgd w/o leaving town? Visited diff palaces
        built in style of diff. parts of China
8) What was the Great Wall really supposed to stop? Nomads horses
    Tossup: Shih Huang Ti's original idea for form of the Great Wall? Surround China
    Tossup: Story of "10,000 men”? Prophecy that "10,000 men” would have to be buried
    under the Wall-> Found man w/name "10,000 men” & buried him
9) Civil service exams & their imp. to Chinese culture today? Picked bur’s based on
    knowledge of Confuc. Phil.-> Best bur. of any civ.-> Emphasis on educ. even today
    Tossup: Who was Liu Pang & his orig. job? Postal worker->Founder of Han Dyn.
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
6) Defensive policy? Great Wall
7) How extensive was it? Just connected existing walls & natural barriers.
    Tossup: Security device vs. Assassins in Shih Huang Ti's palace? Giant magnet
    Tossup: Origin of the word China? From India which knew of Chin (Qin) dynasty
    Tossup: How could Shih Huang Ti tour his kgd w/o leaving town? Visited diff palaces
        built in style of diff. parts of China
8) What was the Great Wall really supposed to stop? Nomads horses
    Tossup: Shih Huang Ti's original idea for form of the Great Wall? Surround China
    Tossup: Story of "10,000 men”? Prophecy that "10,000 men” would have to be buried
    under the Wall-> Found man w/name "10,000 men” & buried him
9) Civil service exams & their imp. to Chinese culture today? Picked bur’s based on
    knowledge of Confuc. Phil.-> Best bur. of any civ.-> Emphasis on educ. even today
    Tossup: Who was Liu Pang & his orig. job? Postal worker->Founder of Han Dyn.
    Tossup: Who was Hsiang Yu & how did he remember his wife?
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
6) Defensive policy? Great Wall
7) How extensive was it? Just connected existing walls & natural barriers.
    Tossup: Security device vs. Assassins in Shih Huang Ti's palace? Giant magnet
    Tossup: Origin of the word China? From India which knew of Chin (Qin) dynasty
    Tossup: How could Shih Huang Ti tour his kgd w/o leaving town? Visited diff palaces
        built in style of diff. parts of China
8) What was the Great Wall really supposed to stop? Nomads horses
    Tossup: Shih Huang Ti's original idea for form of the Great Wall? Surround China
    Tossup: Story of "10,000 men”? Prophecy that "10,000 men” would have to be buried
    under the Wall-> Found man w/name "10,000 men” & buried him
9) Civil service exams & their imp. to Chinese culture today? Picked bur’s based on
    knowledge of Confuc. Phil.-> Best bur. of any civ.-> Emphasis on educ. even today
    Tossup: Who was Liu Pang & his orig. job? Postal worker->Founder of Han Dyn.
    Tossup: Who was Hsiang Yu & how did he remember his wife? Rebel vs Qin who hung
        his wife’s head from his saddle
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
6) Defensive policy? Great Wall
7) How extensive was it? Just connected existing walls & natural barriers.
    Tossup: Security device vs. Assassins in Shih Huang Ti's palace? Giant magnet
    Tossup: Origin of the word China? From India which knew of Chin (Qin) dynasty
    Tossup: How could Shih Huang Ti tour his kgd w/o leaving town? Visited diff palaces
        built in style of diff. parts of China
8) What was the Great Wall really supposed to stop? Nomads horses
    Tossup: Shih Huang Ti's original idea for form of the Great Wall? Surround China
    Tossup: Story of "10,000 men”? Prophecy that "10,000 men” would have to be buried
    under the Wall-> Found man w/name "10,000 men” & buried him
9) Civil service exams & their imp. to Chinese culture today? Picked bur’s based on
    knowledge of Confuc. Phil.-> Best bur. of any civ.-> Emphasis on educ. even today
    Tossup: Who was Liu Pang & his orig. job? Postal worker->Founder of Han Dyn.
    Tossup: Who was Hsiang Yu & how did he remember his wife? Rebel vs Qin who hung
        his wife’s head from his saddle
    Tossup: What did Romans think silk came from?
                                   QIN & HAN DYNASTIES
1) Dynasty after Shang? Zhou (1028-221 BCE)
2) Level of control they had? Very little
3) What is period 400-221 BCE called? Age of Warring States
4) Ruler who unified China? Shih Huang Ti
5) His ruling policies? Redistr. land, stand. wt’s & measures, non-hereditary gov’s
6) Defensive policy? Great Wall
7) How extensive was it? Just connected existing walls & natural barriers.
    Tossup: Security device vs. Assassins in Shih Huang Ti's palace? Giant magnet
    Tossup: Origin of the word China? From India which knew of Chin (Qin) dynasty
    Tossup: How could Shih Huang Ti tour his kgd w/o leaving town? Visited diff palaces
        built in style of diff. parts of China
8) What was the Great Wall really supposed to stop? Nomads horses
    Tossup: Shih Huang Ti's original idea for form of the Great Wall? Surround China
    Tossup: Story of "10,000 men”? Prophecy that "10,000 men” would have to be buried
    under the Wall-> Found man w/name "10,000 men” & buried him
9) Civil service exams & their imp. to Chinese culture today? Picked bur’s based on
    knowledge of Confuc. Phil.-> Best bur. of any civ.-> Emphasis on educ. even today
    Tossup: Who was Liu Pang & his orig. job? Postal worker->Founder of Han Dyn.
    Tossup: Who was Hsiang Yu & how did he remember his wife? Rebel vs Qin who hung
        his wife’s head from his saddle
    Tossup: What did Romans think silk came from? Combed from some animal
10) 3 important inventions during Han dynasty?
10) 3 important inventions during Han dynasty? Paper, water clocks & acupuncture
10) 3 important inventions during Han dynasty? Paper, water clocks & acupuncture
11) New religion that came in during Han?
10) 3 important inventions during Han dynasty? Paper, water clocks & acupuncture
11) New religion that came in during Han? Buddhism
10) 3 important inventions during Han dynasty? Paper, water clocks & acupuncture
11) New religion that came in during Han? Buddhism
12) Population shift in Chinese history & its importance?
10) 3 important inventions during Han dynasty? Paper, water clocks & acupuncture
11) New religion that came in during Han? Buddhism
12) Population shift in Chinese history & its importance? South to fertile rice lands
10) 3 important inventions during Han dynasty? Paper, water clocks & acupuncture
11) New religion that came in during Han? Buddhism
12) Population shift in Chinese history & its importance? South to fertile rice lands
13) Problem that prolonged taking over the S.?
10) 3 important inventions during Han dynasty? Paper, water clocks & acupuncture
11) New religion that came in during Han? Buddhism
12) Population shift in Chinese history & its importance? South to fertile rice lands
13) Problem that prolonged taking over the S.? Tropical diseases
10) 3 important inventions during Han dynasty? Paper, water clocks & acupuncture
11) New religion that came in during Han? Buddhism
12) Population shift in Chinese history & its importance? South to fertile rice lands
13) Problem that prolonged taking over the S.? Tropical diseases
14) Major trade route with the West?
10) 3 important inventions during Han dynasty? Paper, water clocks & acupuncture
11) New religion that came in during Han? Buddhism
12) Population shift in Chinese history & its importance? South to fertile rice lands
13) Problem that prolonged taking over the S.? Tropical diseases
14) Major trade route with the West? Silk Rd. across N. steppes
10) 3 important inventions during Han dynasty? Paper, water clocks & acupuncture
11) New religion that came in during Han? Buddhism
12) Population shift in Chinese history & its importance? South to fertile rice lands
13) Problem that prolonged taking over the S.? Tropical diseases
14) Major trade route with the West? Silk Rd. across N. steppes
         Tossup: What happened in 166 CE?
10) 3 important inventions during Han dynasty? Paper, water clocks & acupuncture
11) New religion that came in during Han? Buddhism
12) Population shift in Chinese history & its importance? South to fertile rice lands
13) Problem that prolonged taking over the S.? Tropical diseases
14) Major trade route with the West? Silk Rd. across N. steppes
         Tossup: What happened in 166 CE? Rome & China made direct contact
10) 3 important inventions during Han dynasty? Paper, water clocks & acupuncture
11) New religion that came in during Han? Buddhism
12) Population shift in Chinese history & its importance? South to fertile rice lands
13) Problem that prolonged taking over the S.? Tropical diseases
14) Major trade route with the West? Silk Rd. across N. steppes
         Tossup: What happened in 166 CE? Rome & China made direct contact
         Tossup: What was about to happen at that time?
10) 3 important inventions during Han dynasty? Paper, water clocks & acupuncture
11) New religion that came in during Han? Buddhism
12) Population shift in Chinese history & its importance? South to fertile rice lands
13) Problem that prolonged taking over the S.? Tropical diseases
14) Major trade route with the West? Silk Rd. across N. steppes
         Tossup: What happened in 166 CE? Rome & China made direct contact
         Tossup: What was about to happen at that time? Both empires go into decline
10) 3 important inventions during Han dynasty? Paper, water clocks & acupuncture
11) New religion that came in during Han? Buddhism
12) Population shift in Chinese history & its importance? South to fertile rice lands
13) Problem that prolonged taking over the S.? Tropical diseases
14) Major trade route with the West? Silk Rd. across N. steppes
         Tossup: What happened in 166 CE? Rome & China made direct contact
         Tossup: What was about to happen at that time? Both empires go into decline
         Tossup: Value of earlobes to Ch. medicine?
10) 3 important inventions during Han dynasty? Paper, water clocks & acupuncture
11) New religion that came in during Han? Buddhism
12) Population shift in Chinese history & its importance? South to fertile rice lands
13) Problem that prolonged taking over the S.? Tropical diseases
14) Major trade route with the West? Silk Rd. across N. steppes
         Tossup: What happened in 166 CE? Rome & China made direct contact
         Tossup: What was about to happen at that time? Both empires go into decline
         Tossup: Value of earlobes to Ch. medicine? Major pressure pt’s in acupuncture
10) 3 important inventions during Han dynasty? Paper, water clocks & acupuncture
11) New religion that came in during Han? Buddhism
12) Population shift in Chinese history & its importance? South to fertile rice lands
13) Problem that prolonged taking over the S.? Tropical diseases
14) Major trade route with the West? Silk Rd. across N. steppes
         Tossup: What happened in 166 CE? Rome & China made direct contact
         Tossup: What was about to happen at that time? Both empires go into decline
         Tossup: Value of earlobes to Ch. medicine? Major pressure pt’s in acupuncture
15) How did Chinese & Roman history parallel each other?
10) 3 important inventions during Han dynasty? Paper, water clocks & acupuncture
11) New religion that came in during Han? Buddhism
12) Population shift in Chinese history & its importance? South to fertile rice lands
13) Problem that prolonged taking over the S.? Tropical diseases
14) Major trade route with the West? Silk Rd. across N. steppes
         Tossup: What happened in 166 CE? Rome & China made direct contact
         Tossup: What was about to happen at that time? Both empires go into decline
         Tossup: Value of earlobes to Ch. medicine? Major pressure pt’s in acupuncture
15) How did Chinese & Roman history parallel each other? Both had major epidemics of
         smallpox, measles, & Plague-> decl. of their empires & rise of salvation religions
10) 3 important inventions during Han dynasty? Paper, water clocks & acupuncture
11) New religion that came in during Han? Buddhism
12) Population shift in Chinese history & its importance? South to fertile rice lands
13) Problem that prolonged taking over the S.? Tropical diseases
14) Major trade route with the West? Silk Rd. across N. steppes
         Tossup: What happened in 166 CE? Rome & China made direct contact
         Tossup: What was about to happen at that time? Both empires go into decline
         Tossup: Value of earlobes to Ch. medicine? Major pressure pt’s in acupuncture
15) How did Chinese & Roman history parallel each other? Both had major epidemics of
         smallpox, measles, & Plague-> decl. of their empires & rise of salvation religions

16) Cycle of decline?
10) 3 important inventions during Han dynasty? Paper, water clocks & acupuncture
11) New religion that came in during Han? Buddhism
12) Population shift in Chinese history & its importance? South to fertile rice lands
13) Problem that prolonged taking over the S.? Tropical diseases
14) Major trade route with the West? Silk Rd. across N. steppes
         Tossup: What happened in 166 CE? Rome & China made direct contact
         Tossup: What was about to happen at that time? Both empires go into decline
         Tossup: Value of earlobes to Ch. medicine? Major pressure pt’s in acupuncture
15) How did Chinese & Roman history parallel each other? Both had major epidemics of
         smallpox, measles, & Plague-> decl. of their empires & rise of salvation religions
                                               Huge army & bur. Heavy taxes
16) Cycle of decline?
                             Peasants lose lands to nobles       Frontier defenses not kept up
                                    Peasants revolts               Nomadic raids & invasions
VIDEO QUIZBOWL!
What is being burned to create smoke signals?
Wolf’s dung
What is this section of the wall made of & how
do you know?

Packed earth with sticks to serve as binding.
The layers of sticks are visible on the interior of
the wall
What are these?

Silk worm cocoons wrapped in silk threads which are unraveled by women and woven into silk
What strategem or trick is being used here?

The old “Let the enemy cavalry in through the gate where they’ll be surrounded by archers while futilely
looking for a way further into the fort even though there isn’t one” trick
What is this a picture of?    Shih Huang Ti’s army of terra cotta warriors guarding his tomb
 How many warriors are there? 6000      How big are they? 6’-> Larger than life
 Where is this tomb?   Xian
What is this a map of?   Different sections of wall Shih Huang Ti had connected
FC.54 IMPERIAL CHINA: THE QIN & HAN DYNASTIES (500 B.C.E.-220 C.E.)
                        Rise of towns, trade, & middle class during Zhou Dynasty (FC.53)



                               Local princes build canals for transp. & irrig.
    Local princes                                                                             Local princes
   replace village           Princes get tolls Better able to feed Princes claim                raise own
     leaders with            from rising trade  cities & armies newly dev. lands             armies Less
       their own                                                                             distinction b/w
       agents to                                                                             princes & Zhou
    collect taxes                                                                                 emp’s
                                      Growing wealth & power of princes


                     Indep. & competing princes “Age of Warring States”( 400-221 B.C.E.)



  Shih Huang Ti unites China Qin Dyn. (221-202 B.C.E.) & several far reaching reforms & projects
    Lowered taxes & Redistributed land toMakes new provinces & Uniform laws, taxes Great Wall vs.
    restored canals      peasants         non-hereditary gov’s & wt’s & measures nomad horsemen



            Censorship, repression, & huge tax & labor burdens Rebellions Fall of Qin
             Dyn. Rise of Han Dyn (202 B.C.E-220 C.E.) Continued many Qin policies:
          Kept land redistr. Improved govt. with civil service exams Excellent Maintained Great
            to peasants       bureaucrats Still a high value put on education  Wall & large army



               “Pax Sinica” (Chinese peace), a period of prosperity & cultural flowering:
              New tech: rag paper, Chinese cultural     Buddhism comes Expanded trade on
              water clocks, astron. influence spreads from India 1 of the Silk Rd. Brief
                & acupuncture         across E. Asia    “Three Doctrines”  contact w/Rome




                                        Huge army & bur. Heavy taxes


                     Peasants lose lands to nobles          Frontier defenses not kept up
                            Peasants revolts                  Nomadic raids & invasions


                                   Fall of Han dyn. Period of chaos (FC.56)
    FC.55 THE PARALLEL IMPACTS OF DISEASE ON CHINA AND ROME
By 500 BCE, older civilizations in Mid East & (probably) India have adapted to “civilized” infectious diseases (FC.6)

        Spread of civiliz. to                                                              Spread of civiliz. to
       Mediterranean (FC 17).                                                                China (FC 53).


                                          Relatively free of disease because:
                              Wheat & barley Little Cooler &      Little irrigation No
                               biological disruption drier climate parasitic diseases




                                   In 2nd cent C.E. Rome & China establish trade links
                                    across Eurasia & encounter diseases of older civ’s



                              Civ. diseases of Mid-East & India spread to fringe of Eurasia




                Smallpox &                                                                     Smallpox &
                measles hit                                                                    measles hit
                Rome in 165                                                                   China in 161,
                 & 251 C.E.                                                                    310, & 322

Christ. rises                    Pop. loss &                                Buddh. rises                      Pop. loss &
in response                      fall of Rome                               in response                        fall of Han
   (FC.37)                          (FC.36)                                    (FC.50)                        Dyn. (FC.54)

                                                    Bubonic Plague
            Plague hits Persia                                                             Plague hits China
                                                      originating in
             & Byz’s in 500s                         India or Africa
                                                                                            from 600s-800s



           Allowed rise of Arab                                                          Decline & fall of T’ang
             Muslims in 600s                                                                Dynasty by 906


     Civ’s adapt to diseases by 900                                              China adapts to diseases by 900
      CE Pop. & towns recover                                                     CE Pop. & towns recover



                              Revived civ’s vulnerable to return of plague in 1300s (FC.71)
Sui & Tang Dynasties
                               Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ?
                                 Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
                                   Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
2) Waterway built by Sui dyn. & Its imp.?
                                  Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
2) Waterway built by Sui dyn. & Its imp.? Grand Canal-> Link Yellow & Yangtze Rivers
                                  Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
2) Waterway built by Sui dyn. & Its imp.? Grand Canal-> Link Yellow & Yangtze Rivers
    Tossup: What did a Sui emperor take on campaign to remind him of home?
                                  Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
2) Waterway built by Sui dyn. & Its imp.? Grand Canal-> Link Yellow & Yangtze Rivers
    Tossup: What did a Sui emperor take on campaign to remind him of home?
      Giant scroll ptg. of Chinese landscape with which he could surround his tent
                                  Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
2) Waterway built by Sui dyn. & Its imp.? Grand Canal-> Link Yellow & Yangtze Rivers
    Tossup: What did a Sui emperor take on campaign to remind him of home?
      Giant scroll ptg. of Chinese landscape with which he could surround his tent
    Tossup: How did Sui emperor remind himself of spring?
                                  Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
2) Waterway built by Sui dyn. & Its imp.? Grand Canal-> Link Yellow & Yangtze Rivers
    Tossup: What did a Sui emperor take on campaign to remind him of home?
      Giant scroll ptg. of Chinese landscape with which he could surround his tent
    Tossup: How did Sui emperor remind himself of spring? Put silk leaves on trees
                                  Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
2) Waterway built by Sui dyn. & Its imp.? Grand Canal-> Link Yellow & Yangtze Rivers
    Tossup: What did a Sui emperor take on campaign to remind him of home?
      Giant scroll ptg. of Chinese landscape with which he could surround his tent
    Tossup: How did Sui emperor remind himself of spring? Put silk leaves on trees
3) Describe Chinese painting?
                                  Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
2) Waterway built by Sui dyn. & Its imp.? Grand Canal-> Link Yellow & Yangtze Rivers
    Tossup: What did a Sui emperor take on campaign to remind him of home?
      Giant scroll ptg. of Chinese landscape with which he could surround his tent
    Tossup: How did Sui emperor remind himself of spring? Put silk leaves on trees
3) Describe Chinese painting? More emphasis on nature & less on color & humans
                                  Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
2) Waterway built by Sui dyn. & Its imp.? Grand Canal-> Link Yellow & Yangtze Rivers
    Tossup: What did a Sui emperor take on campaign to remind him of home?
      Giant scroll ptg. of Chinese landscape with which he could surround his tent
    Tossup: How did Sui emperor remind himself of spring? Put silk leaves on trees
3) Describe Chinese painting? More emphasis on nature & less on color & humans
4) Major influence on Chinese painting?
                                  Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
2) Waterway built by Sui dyn. & Its imp.? Grand Canal-> Link Yellow & Yangtze Rivers
    Tossup: What did a Sui emperor take on campaign to remind him of home?
      Giant scroll ptg. of Chinese landscape with which he could surround his tent
    Tossup: How did Sui emperor remind himself of spring? Put silk leaves on trees
3) Describe Chinese painting? More emphasis on nature & less on color & humans
4) Major influence on Chinese painting? Taoism
                                  Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
2) Waterway built by Sui dyn. & Its imp.? Grand Canal-> Link Yellow & Yangtze Rivers
    Tossup: What did a Sui emperor take on campaign to remind him of home?
      Giant scroll ptg. of Chinese landscape with which he could surround his tent
    Tossup: How did Sui emperor remind himself of spring? Put silk leaves on trees
3) Describe Chinese painting? More emphasis on nature & less on color & humans
4) Major influence on Chinese painting? Taoism
    Tossup: Capital under T'ang dyn. & Its layout?
                                  Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
2) Waterway built by Sui dyn. & Its imp.? Grand Canal-> Link Yellow & Yangtze Rivers
    Tossup: What did a Sui emperor take on campaign to remind him of home?
      Giant scroll ptg. of Chinese landscape with which he could surround his tent
    Tossup: How did Sui emperor remind himself of spring? Put silk leaves on trees
3) Describe Chinese painting? More emphasis on nature & less on color & humans
4) Major influence on Chinese painting? Taoism
    Tossup: Capital under T'ang dyn. & Its layout? Ch’ang an; rectangular grid
                                  Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
2) Waterway built by Sui dyn. & Its imp.? Grand Canal-> Link Yellow & Yangtze Rivers
    Tossup: What did a Sui emperor take on campaign to remind him of home?
      Giant scroll ptg. of Chinese landscape with which he could surround his tent
    Tossup: How did Sui emperor remind himself of spring? Put silk leaves on trees
3) Describe Chinese painting? More emphasis on nature & less on color & humans
4) Major influence on Chinese painting? Taoism
    Tossup: Capital under T'ang dyn. & Its layout? Ch’ang an; rectangular grid
    Tossup: Direction it faced & why?
                                  Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
2) Waterway built by Sui dyn. & Its imp.? Grand Canal-> Link Yellow & Yangtze Rivers
    Tossup: What did a Sui emperor take on campaign to remind him of home?
      Giant scroll ptg. of Chinese landscape with which he could surround his tent
    Tossup: How did Sui emperor remind himself of spring? Put silk leaves on trees
3) Describe Chinese painting? More emphasis on nature & less on color & humans
4) Major influence on Chinese painting? Taoism
    Tossup: Capital under T'ang dyn. & Its layout? Ch’ang an; rectangular grid
    Tossup: Direction it faced & why? South; direction of warm winds of spring
                                  Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
2) Waterway built by Sui dyn. & Its imp.? Grand Canal-> Link Yellow & Yangtze Rivers
    Tossup: What did a Sui emperor take on campaign to remind him of home?
      Giant scroll ptg. of Chinese landscape with which he could surround his tent
    Tossup: How did Sui emperor remind himself of spring? Put silk leaves on trees
3) Describe Chinese painting? More emphasis on nature & less on color & humans
4) Major influence on Chinese painting? Taoism
    Tossup: Capital under T'ang dyn. & Its layout? Ch’ang an; rectangular grid
    Tossup: Direction it faced & why? South; direction of warm winds of spring
    Tossup: Useful purpose besides traffic flow of extra wide streets?
                                  Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
2) Waterway built by Sui dyn. & Its imp.? Grand Canal-> Link Yellow & Yangtze Rivers
    Tossup: What did a Sui emperor take on campaign to remind him of home?
      Giant scroll ptg. of Chinese landscape with which he could surround his tent
    Tossup: How did Sui emperor remind himself of spring? Put silk leaves on trees
3) Describe Chinese painting? More emphasis on nature & less on color & humans
4) Major influence on Chinese painting? Taoism
    Tossup: Capital under T'ang dyn. & Its layout? Ch’ang an; rectangular grid
    Tossup: Direction it faced & why? South; direction of warm winds of spring
    Tossup: Useful purpose besides traffic flow of extra wide streets? Fire breaks
                                  Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
2) Waterway built by Sui dyn. & Its imp.? Grand Canal-> Link Yellow & Yangtze Rivers
    Tossup: What did a Sui emperor take on campaign to remind him of home?
      Giant scroll ptg. of Chinese landscape with which he could surround his tent
    Tossup: How did Sui emperor remind himself of spring? Put silk leaves on trees
3) Describe Chinese painting? More emphasis on nature & less on color & humans
4) Major influence on Chinese painting? Taoism
    Tossup: Capital under T'ang dyn. & Its layout? Ch’ang an; rectangular grid
    Tossup: Direction it faced & why? South; direction of warm winds of spring
    Tossup: Useful purpose besides traffic flow of extra wide streets? Fire breaks
    Tossup: Odd way a gold rush started in T’ang China?
                                  Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
2) Waterway built by Sui dyn. & Its imp.? Grand Canal-> Link Yellow & Yangtze Rivers
    Tossup: What did a Sui emperor take on campaign to remind him of home?
      Giant scroll ptg. of Chinese landscape with which he could surround his tent
    Tossup: How did Sui emperor remind himself of spring? Put silk leaves on trees
3) Describe Chinese painting? More emphasis on nature & less on color & humans
4) Major influence on Chinese painting? Taoism
    Tossup: Capital under T'ang dyn. & Its layout? Ch’ang an; rectangular grid
    Tossup: Direction it faced & why? South; direction of warm winds of spring
    Tossup: Useful purpose besides traffic flow of extra wide streets? Fire breaks
    Tossup: Odd way a gold rush started in T’ang China? Gold found in goose poop
                                  Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
2) Waterway built by Sui dyn. & Its imp.? Grand Canal-> Link Yellow & Yangtze Rivers
    Tossup: What did a Sui emperor take on campaign to remind him of home?
      Giant scroll ptg. of Chinese landscape with which he could surround his tent
    Tossup: How did Sui emperor remind himself of spring? Put silk leaves on trees
3) Describe Chinese painting? More emphasis on nature & less on color & humans
4) Major influence on Chinese painting? Taoism
    Tossup: Capital under T'ang dyn. & Its layout? Ch’ang an; rectangular grid
    Tossup: Direction it faced & why? South; direction of warm winds of spring
    Tossup: Useful purpose besides traffic flow of extra wide streets? Fire breaks
    Tossup: Odd way a gold rush started in T’ang China? Gold found in goose poop
5) T’ang Dyn’s attitude toward outside world?
                                  Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
2) Waterway built by Sui dyn. & Its imp.? Grand Canal-> Link Yellow & Yangtze Rivers
    Tossup: What did a Sui emperor take on campaign to remind him of home?
      Giant scroll ptg. of Chinese landscape with which he could surround his tent
    Tossup: How did Sui emperor remind himself of spring? Put silk leaves on trees
3) Describe Chinese painting? More emphasis on nature & less on color & humans
4) Major influence on Chinese painting? Taoism
    Tossup: Capital under T'ang dyn. & Its layout? Ch’ang an; rectangular grid
    Tossup: Direction it faced & why? South; direction of warm winds of spring
    Tossup: Useful purpose besides traffic flow of extra wide streets? Fire breaks
    Tossup: Odd way a gold rush started in T’ang China? Gold found in goose poop
5) T’ang Dyn’s attitude toward outside world? Much more open than usual
                                   Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
2) Waterway built by Sui dyn. & Its imp.? Grand Canal-> Link Yellow & Yangtze Rivers
    Tossup: What did a Sui emperor take on campaign to remind him of home?
      Giant scroll ptg. of Chinese landscape with which he could surround his tent
    Tossup: How did Sui emperor remind himself of spring? Put silk leaves on trees
3) Describe Chinese painting? More emphasis on nature & less on color & humans
4) Major influence on Chinese painting? Taoism
    Tossup: Capital under T'ang dyn. & Its layout? Ch’ang an; rectangular grid
    Tossup: Direction it faced & why? South; direction of warm winds of spring
    Tossup: Useful purpose besides traffic flow of extra wide streets? Fire breaks
    Tossup: Odd way a gold rush started in T’ang China? Gold found in goose poop
5) T’ang Dyn’s attitude toward outside world? Much more open than usual
6) T’ang Dyn’s defensive policy?
                                  Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
2) Waterway built by Sui dyn. & Its imp.? Grand Canal-> Link Yellow & Yangtze Rivers
    Tossup: What did a Sui emperor take on campaign to remind him of home?
      Giant scroll ptg. of Chinese landscape with which he could surround his tent
    Tossup: How did Sui emperor remind himself of spring? Put silk leaves on trees
3) Describe Chinese painting? More emphasis on nature & less on color & humans
4) Major influence on Chinese painting? Taoism
    Tossup: Capital under T'ang dyn. & Its layout? Ch’ang an; rectangular grid
    Tossup: Direction it faced & why? South; direction of warm winds of spring
    Tossup: Useful purpose besides traffic flow of extra wide streets? Fire breaks
    Tossup: Odd way a gold rush started in T’ang China? Gold found in goose poop
5) T’ang Dyn’s attitude toward outside world? Much more open than usual
6) T’ang Dyn’s defensive policy? Relied on armies instead of Great Wall
                                  Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
2) Waterway built by Sui dyn. & Its imp.? Grand Canal-> Link Yellow & Yangtze Rivers
    Tossup: What did a Sui emperor take on campaign to remind him of home?
      Giant scroll ptg. of Chinese landscape with which he could surround his tent
    Tossup: How did Sui emperor remind himself of spring? Put silk leaves on trees
3) Describe Chinese painting? More emphasis on nature & less on color & humans
4) Major influence on Chinese painting? Taoism
    Tossup: Capital under T'ang dyn. & Its layout? Ch’ang an; rectangular grid
    Tossup: Direction it faced & why? South; direction of warm winds of spring
    Tossup: Useful purpose besides traffic flow of extra wide streets? Fire breaks
    Tossup: Odd way a gold rush started in T’ang China? Gold found in goose poop
5) T’ang Dyn’s attitude toward outside world? Much more open than usual
6) T’ang Dyn’s defensive policy? Relied on armies instead of Great Wall
6) Compare T’ang armies with those of the West.
                                  Sui & Tang Dynasties

1)When are nomads most dangerous to a civ? When they’re partly civilized & have
   learned how civ makes war while still keeping their wild nomadic energy
2) Waterway built by Sui dyn. & Its imp.? Grand Canal-> Link Yellow & Yangtze Rivers
    Tossup: What did a Sui emperor take on campaign to remind him of home?
      Giant scroll ptg. of Chinese landscape with which he could surround his tent
    Tossup: How did Sui emperor remind himself of spring? Put silk leaves on trees
3) Describe Chinese painting? More emphasis on nature & less on color & humans
4) Major influence on Chinese painting? Taoism
    Tossup: Capital under T'ang dyn. & Its layout? Ch’ang an; rectangular grid
    Tossup: Direction it faced & why? South; direction of warm winds of spring
    Tossup: Useful purpose besides traffic flow of extra wide streets? Fire breaks
    Tossup: Odd way a gold rush started in T’ang China? Gold found in goose poop
5) T’ang Dyn’s attitude toward outside world? Much more open than usual
6) T’ang Dyn’s defensive policy? Relied on armies instead of Great Wall
6) Compare T’ang armies with those of the West Relied on heavy cavalry (catatphracts)
VIDEO QUIZBOWL!
What city is this a map
of?
Ch’ang an

Estimated population?

2 million

Name of China’s other
capital at this time?

Loyang
How were these ships often powered?
Paddlewheels powered by men treading them
What important development is depicted here?
The wheelbarrow
     FC.56 CHINA AT ITS HEIGHT: THE SUI & T’ANG DYNASTIES (220-906)
                                                 Fall of Han Dyn. (FC.54)


                                    Wars & chaos, but also tech. innovations (wheel
                                     barrow, seed sower, & water mill to save labor


                               Kingdom of Wei in N. combines nomadic energy & Chinese
                                   influence  Able to defend vs. nomads further N.



                               Sui Dynasty (581-618) in south which reunites China
                              Restores the China’s W- E rivers linked by Campaigns
                               Great Wall canals Easier trade b/w N & S vs. nomads



                 All done at tremendous cost in lives & money  Widespread revolts & fall of Sui Dyn.


                     T’ang Dyn. (618-906) replaces Sui, & builds on its work much as Han Dyn.
                     Built on Qin Dyn’s work Restored & expanded Chinese power in E. Asia:
           W. into Tibet & Cent. Asia until    NE into Korea (660-68) with        South into rainforests & rice
          halted by Arabs at Talas R. (751) cultural influence reaching Japan     growing regions of SE Asia



                                           Flourishing culture with exchange of
                                               ideas on religion, tech., etc,


                                             Chinese civil service exams &
                                           bureaucrats dominate Chinese soc.


                     Depend on costly &         Govt. grants them estates,        Confucian influence
                      unreliable nomad         taking land from peasants &         China reacts vs.
                     mercenaries Lose          increasing their tax burden       foreign influence
                     battles & provinces                                          Less progressive &
  Thriving trade,         to nomads                                               more inward looking      Literature &
  dev. of credit,                             Corruption & neglect of flood                              painting, which.
paper $, & better                             control & irrigation Famine                                showed Taoist
rice agr. In S S.                                                                                       influence in its
     China’s                                                                                                 excellent
   prominence                         Invasions & peasant revolts Fall of T’ang                           landscapes
                                        & eventual rise of Song Dynasty (FC.57)
Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn?
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder?
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called?
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women?
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had?
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money?
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
    Tossup: What was used to give it inherent value?
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
    Tossup: What was used to give it inherent value? Expens. perfume & silk thread
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
    Tossup: What was used to give it inherent value? Expens. perfume & silk thread
    Tossup: What was paper originally made out of?
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
    Tossup: What was used to give it inherent value? Expens. perfume & silk thread
    Tossup: What was paper originally made out of? Rags
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
    Tossup: What was used to give it inherent value? Expens. perfume & silk thread
    Tossup: What was paper originally made out of? Rags
    Tossup: How did Chinese use gunpowder?
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
    Tossup: What was used to give it inherent value? Expens. perfume & silk thread
    Tossup: What was paper originally made out of? Rags
    Tossup: How did Chinese use gunpowder? Fired as rockets
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
    Tossup: What was used to give it inherent value? Expens. perfume & silk thread
    Tossup: What was paper originally made out of? Rags
    Tossup: How did Chinese use gunpowder? Fired as rockets
    Tossup: Why didn’t they invent the printing press?
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
    Tossup: What was used to give it inherent value? Expens. perfume & silk thread
    Tossup: What was paper originally made out of? Rags
    Tossup: How did Chinese use gunpowder? Fired as rockets
    Tossup: Why didn’t they invent the printing press? Too many characters.
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
    Tossup: What was used to give it inherent value? Expens. perfume & silk thread
    Tossup: What was paper originally made out of? Rags
    Tossup: How did Chinese use gunpowder? Fired as rockets
    Tossup: Why didn’t they invent the printing press? Too many characters.
    Tossup: Why didn’t Jin dynasty’s paper $ work out?
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
    Tossup: What was used to give it inherent value? Expens. perfume & silk thread
    Tossup: What was paper originally made out of? Rags
    Tossup: How did Chinese use gunpowder? Fired as rockets
    Tossup: Why didn’t they invent the printing press? Too many characters.
    Tossup: Why didn’t Jin dynasty’s paper $ work out? Not backed up-> inflation
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
    Tossup: What was used to give it inherent value? Expens. perfume & silk thread
    Tossup: What was paper originally made out of? Rags
    Tossup: How did Chinese use gunpowder? Fired as rockets
    Tossup: Why didn’t they invent the printing press? Too many characters.
    Tossup: Why didn’t Jin dynasty’s paper $ work out? Not backed up-> inflation
    Tossup: Nickname for paper $ & why?
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
    Tossup: What was used to give it inherent value? Expens. perfume & silk thread
    Tossup: What was paper originally made out of? Rags
    Tossup: How did Chinese use gunpowder? Fired as rockets
    Tossup: Why didn’t they invent the printing press? Too many characters.
    Tossup: Why didn’t Jin dynasty’s paper $ work out? Not backed up-> inflation
    Tossup: Nickname for paper $ & why? “Flying cash”;it could blow away in wind
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
    Tossup: What was used to give it inherent value? Expens. perfume & silk thread
    Tossup: What was paper originally made out of? Rags
    Tossup: How did Chinese use gunpowder? Fired as rockets
    Tossup: Why didn’t they invent the printing press? Too many characters.
    Tossup: Why didn’t Jin dynasty’s paper $ work out? Not backed up-> inflation
    Tossup: Nickname for paper $ & why? “Flying cash”;it could blow away in wind
    Tossup: Financial term we got from China & what did it mean?
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
    Tossup: What was used to give it inherent value? Expens. perfume & silk thread
    Tossup: What was paper originally made out of? Rags
    Tossup: How did Chinese use gunpowder? Fired as rockets
    Tossup: Why didn’t they invent the printing press? Too many characters.
    Tossup: Why didn’t Jin dynasty’s paper $ work out? Not backed up-> inflation
    Tossup: Nickname for paper $ & why? “Flying cash”;it could blow away in wind
    Tossup: Financial term we got from China & what did it mean? Cash; copper coin
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
    Tossup: What was used to give it inherent value? Expens. perfume & silk thread
    Tossup: What was paper originally made out of? Rags
    Tossup: How did Chinese use gunpowder? Fired as rockets
    Tossup: Why didn’t they invent the printing press? Too many characters.
    Tossup: Why didn’t Jin dynasty’s paper $ work out? Not backed up-> inflation
    Tossup: Nickname for paper $ & why? “Flying cash”;it could blow away in wind
    Tossup: Financial term we got from China & what did it mean? Cash; copper coin
    Tossup: The next biggest denomination?
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
    Tossup: What was used to give it inherent value? Expens. perfume & silk thread
    Tossup: What was paper originally made out of? Rags
    Tossup: How did Chinese use gunpowder? Fired as rockets
    Tossup: Why didn’t they invent the printing press? Too many characters.
    Tossup: Why didn’t Jin dynasty’s paper $ work out? Not backed up-> inflation
    Tossup: Nickname for paper $ & why? “Flying cash”;it could blow away in wind
    Tossup: Financial term we got from China & what did it mean? Cash; copper coin
    Tossup: The next biggest denomination? String of 1000 strung through holes in cash
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
    Tossup: What was used to give it inherent value? Expens. perfume & silk thread
    Tossup: What was paper originally made out of? Rags
    Tossup: How did Chinese use gunpowder? Fired as rockets
    Tossup: Why didn’t they invent the printing press? Too many characters.
    Tossup: Why didn’t Jin dynasty’s paper $ work out? Not backed up-> inflation
    Tossup: Nickname for paper $ & why? “Flying cash”;it could blow away in wind
    Tossup: Financial term we got from China & what did it mean? Cash; copper coin
    Tossup: The next biggest denomination? String of 1000 strung through holes in cash
    Tossup: Describe Chinese water clocks.
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
    Tossup: What was used to give it inherent value? Expens. perfume & silk thread
    Tossup: What was paper originally made out of? Rags
    Tossup: How did Chinese use gunpowder? Fired as rockets
    Tossup: Why didn’t they invent the printing press? Too many characters.
    Tossup: Why didn’t Jin dynasty’s paper $ work out? Not backed up-> inflation
    Tossup: Nickname for paper $ & why? “Flying cash”;it could blow away in wind
    Tossup: Financial term we got from China & what did it mean? Cash; copper coin
    Tossup: The next biggest denomination? String of 1000 strung through holes in cash
    Tossup: Describe Chinese water clocks. Astronomical/astrological clocks w/7 faces
        tracking motions of sun, moon & 5 known planets
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
    Tossup: What was used to give it inherent value? Expens. perfume & silk thread
    Tossup: What was paper originally made out of? Rags
    Tossup: How did Chinese use gunpowder? Fired as rockets
    Tossup: Why didn’t they invent the printing press? Too many characters.
    Tossup: Why didn’t Jin dynasty’s paper $ work out? Not backed up-> inflation
    Tossup: Nickname for paper $ & why? “Flying cash”;it could blow away in wind
    Tossup: Financial term we got from China & what did it mean? Cash; copper coin
    Tossup: The next biggest denomination? String of 1000 strung through holes in cash
    Tossup: Describe Chinese water clocks. Astronomical/astrological clocks w/7 faces
        tracking motions of sun, moon & 5 known planets
    Tossup: What were the 5 known planets?
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
    Tossup: What was used to give it inherent value? Expens. perfume & silk thread
    Tossup: What was paper originally made out of? Rags
    Tossup: How did Chinese use gunpowder? Fired as rockets
    Tossup: Why didn’t they invent the printing press? Too many characters.
    Tossup: Why didn’t Jin dynasty’s paper $ work out? Not backed up-> inflation
    Tossup: Nickname for paper $ & why? “Flying cash”;it could blow away in wind
    Tossup: Financial term we got from China & what did it mean? Cash; copper coin
    Tossup: The next biggest denomination? String of 1000 strung through holes in cash
    Tossup: Describe Chinese water clocks. Astronomical/astrological clocks w/7 faces
        tracking motions of sun, moon & 5 known planets
    Tossup: What were the 5 known planets? Mercury, Venus, Mars, Saturn, Jupiter
                            Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
    Tossup: What was used to give it inherent value? Expens. perfume & silk thread
    Tossup: What was paper originally made out of? Rags
    Tossup: How did Chinese use gunpowder? Fired as rockets
    Tossup: Why didn’t they invent the printing press? Too many characters.
    Tossup: Why didn’t Jin dynasty’s paper $ work out? Not backed up-> inflation
    Tossup: Nickname for paper $ & why? “Flying cash”;it could blow away in wind
    Tossup: Financial term we got from China & what did it mean? Cash; copper coin
    Tossup: The next biggest denomination? String of 1000 strung through holes in cash
    Tossup: Describe Chinese water clocks. Astronomical/astrological clocks w/7 faces
        tracking motions of sun, moon & 5 known planets
    Tossup: What were the 5 known planets? Mercury, Venus, Mars, Saturn, Jupiter
5) Sung Dyn’s diplomatic error?
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
    Tossup: What was used to give it inherent value? Expens. perfume & silk thread
    Tossup: What was paper originally made out of? Rags
    Tossup: How did Chinese use gunpowder? Fired as rockets
    Tossup: Why didn’t they invent the printing press? Too many characters.
    Tossup: Why didn’t Jin dynasty’s paper $ work out? Not backed up-> inflation
    Tossup: Nickname for paper $ & why? “Flying cash”;it could blow away in wind
    Tossup: Financial term we got from China & what did it mean? Cash; copper coin
    Tossup: The next biggest denomination? String of 1000 strung through holes in cash
    Tossup: Describe Chinese water clocks. Astronomical/astrological clocks w/7 faces
        tracking motions of sun, moon & 5 known planets
    Tossup: What were the 5 known planets? Mercury, Venus, Mars, Saturn, Jupiter
5) Sung Dyn’s diplomatic error? Help Jurchen vs. Khitan-> More dangerous neighbor
                           Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
    Tossup: What was used to give it inherent value? Expens. perfume & silk thread
    Tossup: What was paper originally made out of? Rags
    Tossup: How did Chinese use gunpowder? Fired as rockets
    Tossup: Why didn’t they invent the printing press? Too many characters.
    Tossup: Why didn’t Jin dynasty’s paper $ work out? Not backed up-> inflation
    Tossup: Nickname for paper $ & why? “Flying cash”;it could blow away in wind
    Tossup: Financial term we got from China & what did it mean? Cash; copper coin
    Tossup: The next biggest denomination? String of 1000 strung through holes in cash
    Tossup: Describe Chinese water clocks. Astronomical/astrological clocks w/7 faces
        tracking motions of sun, moon & 5 known planets
    Tossup: What were the 5 known planets? Mercury, Venus, Mars, Saturn, Jupiter
5) Sung Dyn’s diplomatic error? Help Jurchen vs. Khitan-> More dangerous neighbor
6) Problem Mongols had conquering S. China?
                            Sung & Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties
1) 3 important inventions seen in Song dyn? Block printing, paper $, gunpowder)
    Tossup: Story of invention of gunpowder? Taoist chemist trying to use salt
      petre as substitute for salt blew up his lab
    Tossup: What was it called? "fire medicine”
2) Urbanization during Song dyn. & Its impact on women? Women lost econ. Function
    -> Decline in status
3) Military problem Southern Sung had? Little access to cavalry horses
4) Evolution of paper money? Originally private credit notes-> Sung Dyn. Issued paper $
    Tossup: What was used to give it inherent value? Expens. perfume & silk thread
    Tossup: What was paper originally made out of? Rags
    Tossup: How did Chinese use gunpowder? Fired as rockets
    Tossup: Why didn’t they invent the printing press? Too many characters.
    Tossup: Why didn’t Jin dynasty’s paper $ work out? Not backed up-> inflation
    Tossup: Nickname for paper $ & why? “Flying cash”;it could blow away in wind
    Tossup: Financial term we got from China & what did it mean? Cash; copper coin
    Tossup: The next biggest denomination? String of 1000 strung through holes in cash
    Tossup: Describe Chinese water clocks. Astronomical/astrological clocks w/7 faces
        tracking motions of sun, moon & 5 known planets
    Tossup: What were the 5 known planets? Mercury, Venus, Mars, Saturn, Jupiter
5) Sung Dyn’s diplomatic error? Help Jurchen vs. Khitan-> More dangerous neighbor
6) Problem Mongols had conquering S. China? Irrig. canals & no forage-> Hard for cavalry
7) Mongol ruling techniques?
7) Mongol ruling techniques? Dumped civ. Serv. Exams & used foreign officials
7) Mongol ruling techniques? Dumped civ. Serv. Exams & used foreign officials
    Tossup: Famous foreigner they used to govern 1 of their cities?
7) Mongol ruling techniques? Dumped civ. Serv. Exams & used foreign officials
    Tossup: Famous foreigner they used to govern 1 of their cities? Marco Polo
7) Mongol ruling techniques? Dumped civ. Serv. Exams & used foreign officials
    Tossup: Famous foreigner they used to govern 1 of their cities? Marco Polo
    Tossup: Role of the Mongols in the spread of the Black Death?
7) Mongol ruling techniques? Dumped civ. Serv. Exams & used foreign officials
    Tossup: Famous foreigner they used to govern 1 of their cities? Marco Polo
    Tossup: Role of the Mongols in the spread of the Black Death? They kept the
        Silk Road open along which Plague traveled & catapulted heads of
        plague victims into city of Caffa
7) Mongol ruling techniques? Dumped civ. Serv. Exams & used foreign officials
    Tossup: Famous foreigner they used to govern 1 of their cities? Marco Polo
    Tossup: Role of the Mongols in the spread of the Black Death? They kept the
        Silk Road open along which Plague traveled & catapulted heads of
        plague victims into city of Caffa
    Tossup: Revolt-> fall of the Mongols?
7) Mongol ruling techniques? Dumped civ. Serv. Exams & used foreign officials
    Tossup: Famous foreigner they used to govern 1 of their cities? Marco Polo
    Tossup: Role of the Mongols in the spread of the Black Death? They kept the
        Silk Road open along which Plague traveled & catapulted heads of
        plague victims into city of Caffa
    Tossup: Revolt-> fall of the Mongols? Red Turban
7) Mongol ruling techniques? Dumped civ. Serv. Exams & used foreign officials
    Tossup: Famous foreigner they used to govern 1 of their cities? Marco Polo
    Tossup: Role of the Mongols in the spread of the Black Death? They kept the
        Silk Road open along which Plague traveled & catapulted heads of
        plague victims into city of Caffa
    Tossup: Revolt-> fall of the Mongols? Red Turban
    Tossup: How did word of it spread?
7) Mongol ruling techniques? Dumped civ. Serv. Exams & used foreign officials
    Tossup: Famous foreigner they used to govern 1 of their cities? Marco Polo
    Tossup: Role of the Mongols in the spread of the Black Death? They kept the
        Silk Road open along which Plague traveled & catapulted heads of
        plague victims into city of Caffa
    Tossup: Revolt-> fall of the Mongols? Red Turban
    Tossup: How did word of it spread? Written in Chinese on mooncakes
7) Mongol ruling techniques? Dumped civ. Serv. Exams & used foreign officials
    Tossup: Famous foreigner they used to govern 1 of their cities? Marco Polo
    Tossup: Role of the Mongols in the spread of the Black Death? They kept the
         Silk Road open along which Plague traveled & catapulted heads of
         plague victims into city of Caffa
    Tossup: Revolt-> fall of the Mongols? Red Turban
    Tossup: How did word of it spread? Written in Chinese on mooncakes
8) Factors-> Decline of Mongols?
7) Mongol ruling techniques? Dumped civ. Serv. Exams & used foreign officials
    Tossup: Famous foreigner they used to govern 1 of their cities? Marco Polo
    Tossup: Role of the Mongols in the spread of the Black Death? They kept the
         Silk Road open along which Plague traveled & catapulted heads of
         plague victims into city of Caffa
    Tossup: Revolt-> fall of the Mongols? Red Turban
    Tossup: How did word of it spread? Written in Chinese on mooncakes
8) Factors-> Decline of Mongols? Corruption, internal dissension, & Black Death
VIDEO QUIZBOWL!
What is this type of ship called?   Junk
Nautical innovation it had?    Separate bulkheads-> Harder to sink
Name of Chinese admiral who made it to E. Africa?    Zheng He
MING & QING DYNASTIES
                               MING & QING DYNASTIES
1) Trade & exploration during the Ming Dyn. & what happened to it?
                               MING & QING DYNASTIES
1) Trade & exploration during the Ming Dyn. & what happened to it? Ming ships traded &
         explored all the way to E. Africa & then were called back by govt. before they
         rounded Africa & reached Europe 60 years before the Portuguese reached India.
                               MING & QING DYNASTIES
1) Trade & exploration during the Ming Dyn. & what happened to it? Ming ships traded &
         explored all the way to E. Africa & then were called back by govt. before they
         rounded Africa & reached Europe 60 years before the Portuguese reached India.
        Tossup: Two types of technology Ming relied on West for & the irony?
                               MING & QING DYNASTIES
1) Trade & exploration during the Ming Dyn. & what happened to it? Ming ships traded &
         explored all the way to E. Africa & then were called back by govt. before they
         rounded Africa & reached Europe 60 years before the Portuguese reached India.
        Tossup: Two types of technology Ming relied on West for & the irony? Firearms
          & clocks, which they invented
                               MING & QING DYNASTIES
1) Trade & exploration during the Ming Dyn. & what happened to it? Ming ships traded &
         explored all the way to E. Africa & then were called back by govt. before they
         rounded Africa & reached Europe 60 years before the Portuguese reached India.
        Tossup: Two types of technology Ming relied on West for & the irony? Firearms
          & clocks, which they invented
        Tossup: Who was Matteo Ricci & how did he keep influence at court?
                               MING & QING DYNASTIES
1) Trade & exploration during the Ming Dyn. & what happened to it? Ming ships traded &
         explored all the way to E. Africa & then were called back by govt. before they
         rounded Africa & reached Europe 60 years before the Portuguese reached India.
        Tossup: Two types of technology Ming relied on West for & the irony? Firearms
          & clocks, which they invented
        Tossup: Who was Matteo Ricci & how did he keep influence at court? Jesuit
        missionary who presented Ch. Emp. W/wind up clock, but not the key
        -> Emperor had to call him back to court each week to wind the clock
                               MING & QING DYNASTIES
1) Trade & exploration during the Ming Dyn. & what happened to it? Ming ships traded &
         explored all the way to E. Africa & then were called back by govt. before they
         rounded Africa & reached Europe 60 years before the Portuguese reached India.
        Tossup: Two types of technology Ming relied on West for & the irony? Firearms
          & clocks, which they invented
        Tossup: Who was Matteo Ricci & how did he keep influence at court? Jesuit
        missionary who presented Ch. Emp. W/wind up clock, but not the key
        -> Emperor had to call him back to court each week to wind the clock
2) Ecological problems-> decline of Qing Dyn. by 1800?
                                MING & QING DYNASTIES
1) Trade & exploration during the Ming Dyn. & what happened to it? Ming ships traded &
         explored all the way to E. Africa & then were called back by govt. before they
         rounded Africa & reached Europe 60 years before the Portuguese reached India.
        Tossup: Two types of technology Ming relied on West for & the irony? Firearms
          & clocks, which they invented
        Tossup: Who was Matteo Ricci & how did he keep influence at court? Jesuit
        missionary who presented Ch. Emp. W/wind up clock, but not the key
        -> Emperor had to call him back to court each week to wind the clock
2) Ecological problems-> decline of Qing Dyn. by 1800? New crops from Amer’s
         -> Overpop.-> Clear forests for new farmland-> Soil erosion & disastrous floods
                                MING & QING DYNASTIES
1) Trade & exploration during the Ming Dyn. & what happened to it? Ming ships traded &
         explored all the way to E. Africa & then were called back by govt. before they
         rounded Africa & reached Europe 60 years before the Portuguese reached India.
        Tossup: Two types of technology Ming relied on West for & the irony? Firearms
          & clocks, which they invented
        Tossup: Who was Matteo Ricci & how did he keep influence at court? Jesuit
        missionary who presented Ch. Emp. W/wind up clock, but not the key
        -> Emperor had to call him back to court each week to wind the clock
2) Ecological problems-> decline of Qing Dyn. by 1800? New crops from Amer’s
         -> Overpop.-> Clear forests for new farmland-> Soil erosion & disastrous floods
        Tossup: What did Qing mean?
                                MING & QING DYNASTIES
1) Trade & exploration during the Ming Dyn. & what happened to it? Ming ships traded &
         explored all the way to E. Africa & then were called back by govt. before they
         rounded Africa & reached Europe 60 years before the Portuguese reached India.
        Tossup: Two types of technology Ming relied on West for & the irony? Firearms
          & clocks, which they invented
        Tossup: Who was Matteo Ricci & how did he keep influence at court? Jesuit
        missionary who presented Ch. Emp. W/wind up clock, but not the key
        -> Emperor had to call him back to court each week to wind the clock
2) Ecological problems-> decline of Qing Dyn. by 1800? New crops from Amer’s
         -> Overpop.-> Clear forests for new farmland-> Soil erosion & disastrous floods
        Tossup: What did Qing mean? Pure to emphasize they were Chinese, even
          though they were Manchurian, not Chinese
                                MING & QING DYNASTIES
1) Trade & exploration during the Ming Dyn. & what happened to it? Ming ships traded &
         explored all the way to E. Africa & then were called back by govt. before they
         rounded Africa & reached Europe 60 years before the Portuguese reached India.
        Tossup: Two types of technology Ming relied on West for & the irony? Firearms
          & clocks, which they invented
        Tossup: Who was Matteo Ricci & how did he keep influence at court? Jesuit
        missionary who presented Ch. Emp. W/wind up clock, but not the key
        -> Emperor had to call him back to court each week to wind the clock
2) Ecological problems-> decline of Qing Dyn. by 1800? New crops from Amer’s
         -> Overpop.-> Clear forests for new farmland-> Soil erosion & disastrous floods
        Tossup: What did Qing mean? Pure to emphasize they were Chinese, even
          though they were Manchurian, not Chinese
        Tossup: How did emp. Kanxi seize power from an evil minister, Oboi?
                                MING & QING DYNASTIES
1) Trade & exploration during the Ming Dyn. & what happened to it? Ming ships traded &
         explored all the way to E. Africa & then were called back by govt. before they
         rounded Africa & reached Europe 60 years before the Portuguese reached India.
        Tossup: Two types of technology Ming relied on West for & the irony? Firearms
          & clocks, which they invented
        Tossup: Who was Matteo Ricci & how did he keep influence at court? Jesuit
        missionary who presented Ch. Emp. W/wind up clock, but not the key
        -> Emperor had to call him back to court each week to wind the clock
2) Ecological problems-> decline of Qing Dyn. by 1800? New crops from Amer’s
         -> Overpop.-> Clear forests for new farmland-> Soil erosion & disastrous floods
        Tossup: What did Qing mean? Pure to emphasize they were Chinese, even
          though they were Manchurian, not Chinese
        Tossup: How did emp. Kanxi seize power from an evil minister, Oboi?
         He & his boyhood friends murdered Oboi while playing Hide & Seek
                                MING & QING DYNASTIES
1) Trade & exploration during the Ming Dyn. & what happened to it? Ming ships traded &
         explored all the way to E. Africa & then were called back by govt. before they
         rounded Africa & reached Europe 60 years before the Portuguese reached India.
        Tossup: Two types of technology Ming relied on West for & the irony? Firearms
          & clocks, which they invented
        Tossup: Who was Matteo Ricci & how did he keep influence at court? Jesuit
        missionary who presented Ch. Emp. W/wind up clock, but not the key
        -> Emperor had to call him back to court each week to wind the clock
2) Ecological problems-> decline of Qing Dyn. by 1800? New crops from Amer’s
         -> Overpop.-> Clear forests for new farmland-> Soil erosion & disastrous floods
        Tossup: What did Qing mean? Pure to emphasize they were Chinese, even
          though they were Manchurian, not Chinese
        Tossup: How did emp. Kanxi seize power from an evil minister, Oboi?
         He & his boyhood friends murdered Oboi while playing Hide & Seek
        Tossup: How did Kanxi keep his army in shape?
                                MING & QING DYNASTIES
1) Trade & exploration during the Ming Dyn. & what happened to it? Ming ships traded &
         explored all the way to E. Africa & then were called back by govt. before they
         rounded Africa & reached Europe 60 years before the Portuguese reached India.
        Tossup: Two types of technology Ming relied on West for & the irony? Firearms
          & clocks, which they invented
        Tossup: Who was Matteo Ricci & how did he keep influence at court? Jesuit
        missionary who presented Ch. Emp. W/wind up clock, but not the key
        -> Emperor had to call him back to court each week to wind the clock
2) Ecological problems-> decline of Qing Dyn. by 1800? New crops from Amer’s
         -> Overpop.-> Clear forests for new farmland-> Soil erosion & disastrous floods
        Tossup: What did Qing mean? Pure to emphasize they were Chinese, even
          though they were Manchurian, not Chinese
        Tossup: How did emp. Kanxi seize power from an evil minister, Oboi?
         He & his boyhood friends murdered Oboi while playing Hide & Seek
        Tossup: How did Kanxi keep his army in shape? Giant Mongol style hunts
                                MING & QING DYNASTIES
1) Trade & exploration during the Ming Dyn. & what happened to it? Ming ships traded &
         explored all the way to E. Africa & then were called back by govt. before they
         rounded Africa & reached Europe 60 years before the Portuguese reached India.
        Tossup: Two types of technology Ming relied on West for & the irony? Firearms
          & clocks, which they invented
        Tossup: Who was Matteo Ricci & how did he keep influence at court? Jesuit
        missionary who presented Ch. Emp. W/wind up clock, but not the key
        -> Emperor had to call him back to court each week to wind the clock
2) Ecological problems-> decline of Qing Dyn. by 1800? New crops from Amer’s
         -> Overpop.-> Clear forests for new farmland-> Soil erosion & disastrous floods
        Tossup: What did Qing mean? Pure to emphasize they were Chinese, even
          though they were Manchurian, not Chinese
        Tossup: How did emp. Kanxi seize power from an evil minister, Oboi?
         He & his boyhood friends murdered Oboi while playing Hide & Seek
        Tossup: How did Kanxi keep his army in shape? Giant Mongol style hunts
        Tossup: Describe Chinese armor during the Qing Dyn.
                                MING & QING DYNASTIES
1) Trade & exploration during the Ming Dyn. & what happened to it? Ming ships traded &
         explored all the way to E. Africa & then were called back by govt. before they
         rounded Africa & reached Europe 60 years before the Portuguese reached India.
        Tossup: Two types of technology Ming relied on West for & the irony? Firearms
          & clocks, which they invented
        Tossup: Who was Matteo Ricci & how did he keep influence at court? Jesuit
        missionary who presented Ch. Emp. W/wind up clock, but not the key
        -> Emperor had to call him back to court each week to wind the clock
2) Ecological problems-> decline of Qing Dyn. by 1800? New crops from Amer’s
         -> Overpop.-> Clear forests for new farmland-> Soil erosion & disastrous floods
        Tossup: What did Qing mean? Pure to emphasize they were Chinese, even
          though they were Manchurian, not Chinese
        Tossup: How did emp. Kanxi seize power from an evil minister, Oboi?
         He & his boyhood friends murdered Oboi while playing Hide & Seek
        Tossup: How did Kanxi keep his army in shape? Giant Mongol style hunts
        Tossup: Describe Chinese armor during the Qing Dyn. Made of layers of paper
                                MING & QING DYNASTIES
1) Trade & exploration during the Ming Dyn. & what happened to it? Ming ships traded &
         explored all the way to E. Africa & then were called back by govt. before they
         rounded Africa & reached Europe 60 years before the Portuguese reached India.
        Tossup: Two types of technology Ming relied on West for & the irony? Firearms
          & clocks, which they invented
        Tossup: Who was Matteo Ricci & how did he keep influence at court? Jesuit
        missionary who presented Ch. Emp. W/wind up clock, but not the key
        -> Emperor had to call him back to court each week to wind the clock
2) Ecological problems-> decline of Qing Dyn. by 1800? New crops from Amer’s
         -> Overpop.-> Clear forests for new farmland-> Soil erosion & disastrous floods
        Tossup: What did Qing mean? Pure to emphasize they were Chinese, even
          though they were Manchurian, not Chinese
        Tossup: How did emp. Kanxi seize power from an evil minister, Oboi?
         He & his boyhood friends murdered Oboi while playing Hide & Seek
        Tossup: How did Kanxi keep his army in shape? Giant Mongol style hunts
        Tossup: Describe Chinese armor during the Qing Dyn. Made of layers of paper
        Tossup: How did Ch. beggars get people’s attention?
                                MING & QING DYNASTIES
1) Trade & exploration during the Ming Dyn. & what happened to it? Ming ships traded &
         explored all the way to E. Africa & then were called back by govt. before they
         rounded Africa & reached Europe 60 years before the Portuguese reached India.
        Tossup: Two types of technology Ming relied on West for & the irony? Firearms
          & clocks, which they invented
        Tossup: Who was Matteo Ricci & how did he keep influence at court? Jesuit
        missionary who presented Ch. Emp. W/wind up clock, but not the key
        -> Emperor had to call him back to court each week to wind the clock
2) Ecological problems-> decline of Qing Dyn. by 1800? New crops from Amer’s
         -> Overpop.-> Clear forests for new farmland-> Soil erosion & disastrous floods
        Tossup: What did Qing mean? Pure to emphasize they were Chinese, even
          though they were Manchurian, not Chinese
        Tossup: How did emp. Kanxi seize power from an evil minister, Oboi?
         He & his boyhood friends murdered Oboi while playing Hide & Seek
        Tossup: How did Kanxi keep his army in shape? Giant Mongol style hunts
        Tossup: Describe Chinese armor during the Qing Dyn. Made of layers of paper
        Tossup: How did Ch. beggars get people’s attention? Bang rocks on their heads,
         lit fires on their heads, or threatened to commit suicide.
                                MING & QING DYNASTIES
1) Trade & exploration during the Ming Dyn. & what happened to it? Ming ships traded &
         explored all the way to E. Africa & then were called back by govt. before they
         rounded Africa & reached Europe 60 years before the Portuguese reached India.
        Tossup: Two types of technology Ming relied on West for & the irony? Firearms
          & clocks, which they invented
        Tossup: Who was Matteo Ricci & how did he keep influence at court? Jesuit
        missionary who presented Ch. Emp. W/wind up clock, but not the key
        -> Emperor had to call him back to court each week to wind the clock
2) Ecological problems-> decline of Qing Dyn. by 1800? New crops from Amer’s
         -> Overpop.-> Clear forests for new farmland-> Soil erosion & disastrous floods
        Tossup: What did Qing mean? Pure to emphasize they were Chinese, even
          though they were Manchurian, not Chinese
        Tossup: How did emp. Kanxi seize power from an evil minister, Oboi?
         He & his boyhood friends murdered Oboi while playing Hide & Seek
        Tossup: How did Kanxi keep his army in shape? Giant Mongol style hunts
        Tossup: Describe Chinese armor during the Qing Dyn. Made of layers of paper
        Tossup: How did Ch. beggars get people’s attention? Bang rocks on their heads,
         lit fires on their heads, or threatened to commit suicide.
        Tossup: Unpopular fashion under Qing?
                                MING & QING DYNASTIES
1) Trade & exploration during the Ming Dyn. & what happened to it? Ming ships traded &
         explored all the way to E. Africa & then were called back by govt. before they
         rounded Africa & reached Europe 60 years before the Portuguese reached India.
        Tossup: Two types of technology Ming relied on West for & the irony? Firearms
          & clocks, which they invented
        Tossup: Who was Matteo Ricci & how did he keep influence at court? Jesuit
        missionary who presented Ch. Emp. W/wind up clock, but not the key
        -> Emperor had to call him back to court each week to wind the clock
2) Ecological problems-> decline of Qing Dyn. by 1800? New crops from Amer’s
         -> Overpop.-> Clear forests for new farmland-> Soil erosion & disastrous floods
        Tossup: What did Qing mean? Pure to emphasize they were Chinese, even
          though they were Manchurian, not Chinese
        Tossup: How did emp. Kanxi seize power from an evil minister, Oboi?
         He & his boyhood friends murdered Oboi while playing Hide & Seek
        Tossup: How did Kanxi keep his army in shape? Giant Mongol style hunts
        Tossup: Describe Chinese armor during the Qing Dyn. Made of layers of paper
        Tossup: How did Ch. beggars get people’s attention? Bang rocks on their heads,
         lit fires on their heads, or threatened to commit suicide.
        Tossup: Unpopular fashion under Qing? Chinese had to wear Manchurian pigtail
                                MING & QING DYNASTIES
1) Trade & exploration during the Ming Dyn. & what happened to it? Ming ships traded &
         explored all the way to E. Africa & then were called back by govt. before they
         rounded Africa & reached Europe 60 years before the Portuguese reached India.
        Tossup: Two types of technology Ming relied on West for & the irony? Firearms
          & clocks, which they invented
        Tossup: Who was Matteo Ricci & how did he keep influence at court? Jesuit
        missionary who presented Ch. Emp. W/wind up clock, but not the key
        -> Emperor had to call him back to court each week to wind the clock
2) Ecological problems-> decline of Qing Dyn. by 1800? New crops from Amer’s
         -> Overpop.-> Clear forests for new farmland-> Soil erosion & disastrous floods
        Tossup: What did Qing mean? Pure to emphasize they were Chinese, even
          though they were Manchurian, not Chinese
        Tossup: How did emp. Kanxi seize power from an evil minister, Oboi?
         He & his boyhood friends murdered Oboi while playing Hide & Seek
        Tossup: How did Kanxi keep his army in shape? Giant Mongol style hunts
        Tossup: Describe Chinese armor during the Qing Dyn. Made of layers of paper
        Tossup: How did Ch. beggars get people’s attention? Bang rocks on their heads,
         lit fires on their heads, or threatened to commit suicide.
        Tossup: Unpopular fashion under Qing? Chinese had to wear Manchurian pigtail
3) Later Ming & Qing relations w/West & result?
                                 MING & QING DYNASTIES
1) Trade & exploration during the Ming Dyn. & what happened to it? Ming ships traded &
         explored all the way to E. Africa & then were called back by govt. before they
         rounded Africa & reached Europe 60 years before the Portuguese reached India.
         Tossup: Two types of technology Ming relied on West for & the irony? Firearms
           & clocks, which they invented
         Tossup: Who was Matteo Ricci & how did he keep influence at court? Jesuit
         missionary who presented Ch. Emp. W/wind up clock, but not the key
         -> Emperor had to call him back to court each week to wind the clock
2) Ecological problems-> decline of Qing Dyn. by 1800? New crops from Amer’s
         -> Overpop.-> Clear forests for new farmland-> Soil erosion & disastrous floods
         Tossup: What did Qing mean? Pure to emphasize they were Chinese, even
           though they were Manchurian, not Chinese
         Tossup: How did emp. Kanxi seize power from an evil minister, Oboi?
          He & his boyhood friends murdered Oboi while playing Hide & Seek
         Tossup: How did Kanxi keep his army in shape? Giant Mongol style hunts
         Tossup: Describe Chinese armor during the Qing Dyn. Made of layers of paper
         Tossup: How did Ch. beggars get people’s attention? Bang rocks on their heads,
          lit fires on their heads, or threatened to commit suicide.
         Tossup: Unpopular fashion under Qing? Chinese had to wear Manchurian pigtail
3) Later Ming & Qing relations w/West & result? Cut off relations-> Fell behind in tech.

				
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