- Y o u r B e s t V a c a t i o n
Belarusian Travel Company “AlandGroup” is nearly ten years providing its services and eager to do
the best to make your travel dreams come true.
We provide high-quality professional services to tourist groups and individual travelers that travel
to Belarus, offering a wide range of services, varying from economy class to VIP.
We will create your personal itinerary and take care of all your travel arrangements from
accommodation, transportation, meals, admissions and guiding right through to arranging special
visits to synagogues, JCC, Jewish museums, private homes, Jewish cemeteries, Holocaust
memorials and archives.
We will bring our local knowledge of destinations and experience to provide your perfect trip.
Welcome to Belarus!
Belarus is a place of birth of the well-known
personalities, internationally renowned
artists as Mark Chagall, the founder of
modern radio communications David Sarnov,
Israel's prominent political figures such as
Chaim Weizmann, the first President of
Israel, Menachem Begin and Shimon Peres,
the former Prime Minister of Israel and Nobel
laureates Nahum Goldmann, president of the
World Jewish Congress.
There are 47 Jewish cultural communities, 3
Jewish religious associations which consist of
43 communities registered and active in
Belarus with the support of the state
Contact us today to discuss your plans and
we will be happy to prepare a quotation for
your ancestral or heritage tour and look
forward to bringing you back to Belarus to
discover the world that your ancestors once
Republic of Belarus,
Minsk, 220033, Serafimovicha Str., 13-15
Tel./Fax. +375 17 298 40 28, +375 17 298 39 71
www.100dorog.by e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Belarus – Jewish heritage
Minsk and Minsk region
The Museum of History and Culture of Jews of Belarus. Visiting the Minsk Jewish Community House.
The history of the Minsk ghetto. The Holocaust.
The Memorial Museum of Zaire Isaakovich Azgur.
The Memorial Khatyn in the memory of the 2.2 million dead citizens of Belarus during the Second World War.
The Concentration Camp Maly Trostenets where from 1941 to 1944 were destroyed more than 200 000 Jews of Belarus and Western Europe.
The Museum of folk crafts and technologies "Dudutki”.
Visiting the Museum and Art Center of Marc Chagall.
The local Jewish organization and functioning synagogue. Shabbat.
Visiting the Rabbi Shimon Shkop's grave, Jewish cemetery (1642), Memorial Plaque to ghetto.
Buildings of the Synagogue and Yeshiva.
Shabbat with the Grodno Jewish Community House “ The Light of Menorah."
Visiting the Synagogue and Yeshiva.
A monument to the Holocaust victims. The Memorial Plaque to Yefim Fomin.
Communicating with the Jewish association "Brisk". Shabbat.
Visiting a memorial commemorated to 8500 Jews - victims of the Holocaust. Communicating with the Jewish community of Lida. Shabbat.
Visiting the typical Jewish town of XIX - early XX centuries.
Mir Castle (XVI century) included in UNESCO World Heritage List.
The Jewish synagogues, Yeshiva (1847), Jewish library.
An ancient cemetery of 1731 with the grave of shoihet of Yeshiva Mir Rabbi Ieruham Leibovitz.
A monument to over 1500 Jews victims of the Holocaust, tomb of the last Rabbi of Mir, place of execution of 700 Jews of the town.
The Museum of Jewish ghetto resistance, a documentary film about the Jewish partisans detachment and their successful escape.
Visiting the first Yeshiva in Eastern Europe (1806), Jewish cemetery (1656) where buried the founder of Yeshiva Rabbi Haim, as well as, a monument to more
than 2000 Jews of Volozhin destroyed during the Holocaust. A monument to 300 Jews of the town burnt alive.
Visiting the only surviving wooden synagogue (1912) built in Belarus.
The local Jewish organization, local museum of history.
A monument to 2000 Jews of the town victims of the Holocaust. An ancient Jewish cemetery of 1712.
The house of the head Rabbi, city block of a ghetto.
Visiting the Slonim’s synagogue - a monument of architecture of XVII century (1648), synagogue of XIX-XX centuries.
Buildings owned by the Jewish organization. Residential building of Jewish neighborhoods XVIII-XIX BB.
A restored Jewish cemetery, the graves of Slonim’s tzadikim, 4 Holocaust sites. Monuments to 35 000 Jews who died here during the Holocaust.
Visiting the Borisov’s Yeshiva complex.
Visiting two Jewish cemeteries, the Holocaust site to more than 9000 Jews, the grave of Gadol mi Minsk - Rabbi Iehuda Leib Perelman.
Jewish community organization “The Light of Menorah”. Shabbat.
During the tour you will learn the history of Jewish
Minsk from origin to nowadays and prospects for
development. You will see the historic centre of Minsk:
Troetskoe predmestye, Upper Town and Downtown
where are the main attractions of the city.
You will see the Choral Synagogue. This is the Drama
Theatre of Maxim Gorky. Built in 1906, following the
sample of the Budapest synagogue around 20 years it
was the main Minsk synagogue. Later is was a Jewish
theater and in the early 50-es – The Drama Theatre of
Gorky. Curiously, the synagogue was not rebuilt – it
Visiting the Museums of Minsk and Minsk was just added the facade with columns. The rest of the
building and even some interior survived.
area: Still preserved a few of Minsk synagogues: at Troetskoe
predmestye (now the House of Nature) and on both
• The Museum of History and Culture of Jews in streets Rakowskaya and Daumana.
Belarus. You will learn the names of architectors who created
Visiting the Jewish Community House of Minsk. and planed our city: from Joseph B. Langbard to
• The Memorial Museum of Zair Isaakovich Azgur. Kramarenko and Vinogradov.
• The history of the Minsk ghetto. Holocaust.
• The Memorial Khatyn.
• The Concentration Camp Maly Trostenets.
• The Museum of folk crafts and technologies
The Museum of History and Culture of Jews in Belarus
This Museum is a center where collected more than 10,000 items,
documents, materials and photos, preserved and promoted the history and
culture of Belarusian Jews. The Museum is also engaged in enlightenment,
education and research activities. Permanent exhibition features the
following sections: "The Jews of Belarus XVI - beg. XX century“, "
Belarusian Jews between the wars. 1917 - June 1941 ", "The Holocaust in
Belarus. 1941 - 1944", "Post-war Jewish life in Belarus“, "The revival of
Jewish life in the late twentieth century".
• The Jews of Belarus XVI - early XX century.
One of the most important section is a Torah scroll from the town Dukora
miraculously survived during the Holocaust. It also presented ancient books
of the XIX century issued in Belarus, as well as household goods and religious
cults of Belarusian Jews. This section includes information about the famous
rabbi, whose work was connected with Belarus, the founders of the dynasty
Schneerson - Zalman from Liady. Attention is paid to outstanding
• The Holocaust in Belarus. 1941 – 1944.
compatriots: Mendel Mocher Sforimu and Chaim Weizmann, Chaim Soutine
A large part of the museum dedicated to Holocaust - it is
and Marc Chagall, Semyon Dubnov and Eliezer Ben-Ichud. Presents unique
the materials and documents from the history of the
documents on the All-Russian Zionist Congress, held in Minsk in 1902 There
Minsk ghetto, the Jewish resistance in Belarus. Total in
are rare photographs from family albums end of XIX - beg. XX the BSSR was established over 200 ghettos. In more than
centuries. 80 of them existed clandestine groups. In the ghettos of
Nesvizh, Klecka, Lahvy, Deep and Kopylov prior to
• Belarusian Jews between the wars. 1917 - June 1941. Nazi’s mass shootings occurred revolts. Most escaped to
The section presents the original documents and materials that indicate the freedom prisoners took an active part in the guerrilla
involvement of Jews in the establishment of Soviet power in the BSSR, the movement. Among the Belarusian guerrillas fought more
development of the Jewish Educational, Scientific and Cultural than 10 thousand Jews. A large part of the museum
Organization, the Jewish collective. Along with these shows destruction of devoted to the story of the Righteous among the Nations -
Jewish national culture, synagogues, community-based educational people of different nationalities who have risked their
institutions. In recent years the exhibition has expanded documents telling lives to rescue Jews during the Holocaust.
about the struggle of Jews to their national values of the clandestine Zionist
youth movement, the repressed Jewish writers and poets and links
Belarusian Jews with the Jews in Palestine.
The Museum of History and Culture of Jews in Bela
• Post-war Jewish life in Belarus.
An important part of this section occupied by materials
on the activities and elimination of the State Jewish
Theatre of the BSSR in 1949. There are exhibits telling
about the tragic death of prominent Jewish actor and
director, Chairman of the Jewish Anti-fascist Committee
Shloyme Mikhoels in January 1948 in Minsk .
Certain materials tell about the struggle of "refuseniks"
for the right to travel to their historic homeland - Israel.
Part of the exhibition devoted to the activities of Jews in
the late 40's - 80's to perpetuate the memory of Holocaust
• The revival of Jewish life.
Materials of this section describe the birth of movement
to study and preserve Jewish heritage of Belarus of the
late 80-es, foundation of the first Jewish organizations
and charities, the work of Jewish schools, publishing of
Jewish books and magazines, activity of the Union of
Belarusian Jewish Public Associations and Communities
(SBEOO) created in 1991. Represented photographs of
monuments commemorating to the Holocaust.
Tour is for 2 hours.
The Memorial Museum of Zair
is the only monographic Azgur
It Isaakovich museum based on the
creative workshop of the Soviet and Belarusian
sculptor, People's Artist of the USSR. The museum
was built in 1984 by architector V.N. Aladov. Since
1999 it is included in the list of historical and
cultural heritage of the Republic of Belarus.
The area of the Museum includes the memorial hall
and sculpture rooms. In the museum are about 4
thousand exhibits: sculptures, paintings, graphics
and memorial funds - an archive, library, tools and
personal belongings of the sculptor.
The museum provided a rich sculptural heritage of
Azgur - his 433 works: portraits of the international
activists of communist arts, portraits of the world
famous writers, Belarusian scientists, writers and
artists. The sculptor gave a special place to military
topics. During the Great Patriotic War, the sculptor
created a gallery of national heroes.
The Museum opened its doors in November 2008
after renovation and can offer to tourists:
• An excursion 'life and work of Z.I. Azgur„.
• A thematic tour „Sculpture as a kind of fine art„.
• A thematic tour „Gallery of portraits of the Great
Patriotic War in the congregation of the Memorial
Museum-workshop of Z.I. Azgur„.
2 hours tours.
The history of the Minsk ghetto. The Holocaust.
During the World War II 82% of the prewar Jewish population of
Belarus have been destroyed (800 000 people). The ghetto of Minsk
was one of the largest ghettos in occupied by the Nazi Europe,
where in addition to the 100000 local Jews were herded Jews from
other European countries. Overall, in 153 settlements of Belarus
was established 163 ghettos.
Today, memorials and memorial signs installed in places of mass
executions of Jews reminiscent of the terrible tragic events of that
time: history of the Minsk ghetto - one of the largest in Europe since
World War II. Jews from Belarus, Germany, Austria, Czech
Republic, Hungary and Poland went through it ... with a rounded
yellow patch or as a six-pointed star on their chest or back the Nazis
marked those to be total destructed for the "final solution of Jews".
During the tour you will visit the old part of town - Rakovsky
district. Here are old Jewish buildings, the building of the former
yeshiva and synagogue. You will hear a story about origin of Jews in
Western Europe and Belarus. You will know the history, life,
resistance and loss of the Minsk ghetto. On the territory of the old
Jewish cemetery you will see the Stellas - monuments to the Jews of
Western Europe. At the Jubilee Square and the adjacent
neighborhood remained buildings and memorable places that have
witnessed the bloody atrocities of the occupiers. This is the
"Judenrat“, the administration center of the ghetto; Labour
Exchange; Sonderghetto (the special ghetto, where were settled the
deportees Jews from Western European), the headquarters office of
organized resistance centre, the clandestine publishing office of this
centre, underground shelter of last prisoners of the ghetto (only 13
people survived); matseyvy - gravestones at a Jewish cemetery;
Memorial Plaques and finally, a Memorial “Hole" with an alley of
the Righteous among the Nations ... 100 000 stars died in the Minsk
ghetto! In the story of your guide come to life the people, fate and
events... 68 years since the complete extermination of prisoners and
destruction of the ghetto will be in 2010.
2 hours tour.
The Memorial Khatyn
Khatyn is a former village of the Logoisk district of the
Minsk region of Belarus, which is 60 km from Minsk.
Khatyn is a symbol of the tragedy of the Belarusian
people, sad page in the history of the World War II.
Tour dedicated to the events of the World War II, the long
years of occupation and struggle of the Belarusian people
against the invaders. On the day of the vernal equinox,
March 22, 1943, had place a tragedy that has become a
symbol of civilian suffering during the War. Khatyn village
was burned out with all 149 inhabitants.
At the place of the tragedy in 1968, architectors Y. Gradov,
V.Zankovich, L.Levin and a sculptor Selikhanov created a
magnificent memorial that now famous all over the world.
It was established in memory of hundreds of Belarusian
villages destroyed by the Nazis during WWII and
tremendous contribution of the Belarusian people who had
countless victims – the every third inhabitant of Belarus
died during the WWII...
Architectural and sculptural memorial complex which
occupies about 50 hectares has an original planning
scheme of the former village Khatyn.
3 hours tour.
The Concentration Camp Maly Trostenets
Maly Trostenets was the largest death camp on the
territory of Belarus established in autumn 1941 at 10
km from Minsk. By the number of victims it was the
fourth largest camp after those notorious Nazis death
camps in Europe as Auschwitz, Majdanek and
Treblinka. In Trostenets were killed Soviet prisoners
of war, the Jews of Belarus, Poland, Austria,
Germany and Czechoslovakia, as well as, partisans,
civilians of Minsk who were arrested as hostages.
More than 200000 people.
"Trostenets" combines several places of mass
extermination of people: the tract Blagovschina - a
place of mass executions, the camp itself - near the
village of Maly Trostenets ten kilometers away from
Minsk-Mogilev highway and Shashkovka - a place
of cremation of bodies. However, just a few know
that in the area of Trostenets in the prewar years and
the first days of war were carried out mass
executions of "Enemies of the people" ...
Tour duration is 2 hours.
The Museum of folk crafts and technologies “Dudu
The museum of material culture "Dudutki" is located in a picturesque place on
the river Ptich at 40 km from Minsk. It is an amazing journey: a serious
excursion with frivolous adventure - tasting handmade vodka, horseback riding,
swimming in the river after a Russain sauna. And everything will start with a
visit of the only operating windmill in Belarus. After that you will visit a pottery
workshop where you can see the master of the potter's wheel and admire the
exhibits of the Museum of ceramics. In the old smithy of 19th century, in the
carpentry workshop of art, in the bakery you will learn about the secrets of
craftsmanship. In a Museum of vintage cars will see restored ZIM, Willis,
Volkswagen Beetle, Fiat Topolino, Chrysler, Horch, Ganomak, Chaika...
You will visit the ethnographic gallery with an exhibition of household goods of
18 - early 20 centuries, stables with the Oryol trotters, ponies, donkey... And
everything in here you will find interactive - all you can touch, taste, feel. You
will make the best photos in here! The tour also includes wine tasting at the mill,
cheesemakery’s and bakery’s tastings (for children – sweets and riding on a cab).
The best at the end of tour is lunch or picnic on the picturesque meadow or in old
inn. And riding in a carriage or on the Orlov trotters! And a sauna with a
swimming in the river!
To relax and visit everything you can place in a holiday house - a hotel with four
double rooms with balconies, living rooms, two bathrooms in each room,
kitchen and sauna.
Optional: picnic, lunch, dinner, horse riding, sauna, hotel etc ...
Duration of this tour is 5 hours (150 km).
The Museum and Art Center of Mark Chagall
The Art Center of Mark Chagall was established in 1992.
Ongoing exhibitions of graphic works of Mark Chagall
(lithographs, woodcuts, etching, aquatint). The museum
has series of illustrations for the poem "Dead Souls"
The museum was opened in 1997 in the house built by the (1923-1925) of Nikolai Gogol, series of color lithographs
artist's father in the early 1900's where Mark Chagall spent his on the theme "The Bible", created in 1956 and 1960,
teenage years. It presents the items of everyday life of XIX-XX series of colored lithographs “The 12 tribes of Israel”
centuries, as well as copies of archival documents and works of (1960) and other works of Mark Chagall.
the artist, telling about the years of life of Mark Chagall and his Chagall’s Art Library was opened on July 7, 2002 in
parents in Vitebsk. Excursion is for 2 hours. honor of 115 anniversary of his Birthday. It is in the
building of the Art Center.
The opening of the library was made possible by the
donation of Dr. Heinrich Mandel (town Irrel, Germany),
made to the Museum of Mark Chagall in February 2002.
During the entire period of cooperation Dr. Henry
Mandel donated to the Museum more than 1500 books,
400 magazines, 110 original graphic works of Mark
Chagall, 69 original graphic works of Joan Miro, Paul
Klee, Fernand Leger and other European artists, lots of
newspapers and other materials. Excursion is for 2 hours.
You will be able to visit the Jewish Society and acting
synagogue, as well as, spend Shabbat together.
There is one of the oldest synagogues in Europe included in the list of historical
and cultural heritage of Belarus in the city of Hrodno. It is an important monument
of the history of the Jewish people. For its construction on the initiative of Rabbi
Mordechai Yaffe in the 70 years of 16 centuries in Hrodno was invited Italian
architect Santi Gucci. The synagogue was closed in 1940.
The events of the World War II made from this cult building a monument to
Holocaust victims. It is hard to imagine that a great majority of doomed to
destruction Jews went through this synagogue. Jews from two Grodno ghettos were
herded into the synagogue and drove to a transit camp in Kolbasino or to the
railway station to be sent to concentration camps Treblinka or Auschwitz. During
the war the Great Synagogue was looted and damaged by shrapnel and bullets.
During the 50 years after the war it was not repaired. Here were storages of food
and pharmacy management and later production and art studios.
In March 1992, at the street Zamkovaya right next to entrance to the ghetto N1 was
established a Memorial Sigh commemorating to the Jewish ghetto.
In 1993, the building of the Great Choral Synagogue was given to Judah religious
association which repaired the synagogue and fully retained its architectural
appearance. The Jewish community appealed to all who cares about the historical
heritage of Hrodno to help in the restoration of historical and cultural monument.
It's the residence of the Chief Rabbi. It should be noted that so far it is only the
synagogue of Belarus where completely restored the prayer hall.
As well, Hrodno has one of the oldest Jewish cemeteries in Belarus. There are
graves of Tzadik (righteous) and very well-known rabbis in the world. The oldest
gravestones monuments in the cemetery is dated 1312.
In Grodno lived Shimon Shkop who created a new way of understanding the
Talmud. He was a rabbi in Zanyomanskaya suburbs. When the Grodno Yeshiva
Shaare Torah had left without a head management, he became Rosh Yeshiva. This
yeshiva became famous - even now in Israel is “Grodno’s yeshiva” where Jews are
exploring HUMASH and TANAKH.
At the left river bank part of Grodno, so-called "Zanemansky Fortstadt“ mainly
lived Jewish poors. Here was a large wooden synagogue – the main centerpiece of
this part of the city and third (surviving to this day) Jewish cemetery where was
buried well-known Shimon Shkop.
You can spend Shabbat with the Grodno Jewish Community House “ The Light of
Menorah“. Also, in Grodno are the public association "Grodno Jewish Welfare
Fund “Hesed Nohum” and public association of Jewish Culture of L. Naydusa.
Excursion is for 4 hours.
City of Brest is at 350 km from Minsk. From 1319 to 1795 Brest was a member of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
From 1795 - at the Russian Empire. From 1920 to 1939 - the center of the Polesie of Poland. From 1939 to 1991
Brest was in the BSSR.
From 14 to 17 centuries Brest was the main center of Jewish community and has played a leading role in the lives
of all Jews of Lithuania. From the 15 century the Jews of Brest played a significant role in trading of Lithuania.
They held solid economic transactions and received tax freedom and freedom of other state fees. Some of them
were landlords. Trade relations of the Brest Jews were also distributed beyond Lithuania.
On the first day of the Great Patriotic War, 22 June 1941 the Germans captured Brest. Virtually none of the Jews
had a time to evacuate. Soon the Jews were supposed to carry a special symbol - a red and white hexagonal star
heaven, in early autumn a form of a symbol has been changed to round yellow patches. 28-29 of June in Brest were
shot about five thousand of Jews.
In summer and autumn of 1941 by order of the occupying forces were seized all gold and other precious metals of
the Jewish population. Only from synagogues of Brest were taken 100 kg of silver. Later, forfeiture, as they said in
the report of the Extraordinary Commission for a government, "... all the synagogues and prayer houses were
occupied by stables and garages“. On December 16, 1941 the Jewish community of Brest was forced into a ghetto.
In October 1942, 17 thousand Jews of Brest were taken to the railway station Bronnaya Gora and shot. By the time
of the liberation of Brest on July 28, 1944 were still alive 19 people, 6 of them were rescued by Polina Makarenko-
The tragedy of the Brest Jews was ignored the entire Soviet period. On the places of mass graves were erected
buildings and paved roads. In 1974 the only monument to the victims of the ghetto was demolished at the area of
Kuibysheva street, restored later in 1992 on the means of the Jews from the United States, Argentina and Israel. The
Brest census of 1989 registered 1,080 Jews. During the so-called Perestroika in the metropolis was renewed Jewish
social and cultural work. In 1991 was registered the Jewish community (Chairman S. Weinstein). In 1992,
authorities returned to the community the synagogue (Rabbi J. Rabinowitz).
Since 1990, in Brest with the regional Cultural Fund has been working the Community of Jewish Culture "Tarbut”,
Jewish Sunday school and high school. In Brest actively work the Belarusian Union of Jews - war veterans,
disabled, partisans and Association of the Jews former prisoners of ghetto and concentration camps; the branch of
international educational centre of the Holocaust; the Centre of the situation and culture of the Jews of Polesie.
A Jewish poet and correspondent M. Boreysho, American union leader Dubinsky, Soviet military commander
General Mayer of tank forces troops M.V. Rabinovich (1901-1977), official functionary of Israel M. Begin were
born in Brest. One of the leaders of the heroic defense of Brest was a Jew Yefim Fomin (1909-1941). After the
war, at the the Kholmsky Gate where he was shot down was established a Memorial Plaque; at the Memory Walk
was installed a bas-relief portrait of a hero and one of the streets was named after him.
In Brest is acting the Jewish Public Associations "Brisk". You will be able to meet Shabbat together.
Excursion is for 4 hours.
Lida is one of the oldest towns located in the western part of Belarus at 164 km from Minsk.
Around 8,500 Jews of Lida died at hands of Nazis during the Second World War. They were
peaceful civilians who were forced into the ghetto. All of them were killed in May 1942.
"Traditionally, at the meeting which takes place at the last month of spring we reminisce all
killed innocent people at the memorial to the victims of the Holocaust", - said a chairman of
the Jewish community of Lida Tamara Zavadskaya.
You'll also be able to see Lida Сastle which was built here in the XVI century. It was the first
castle made of stones and sand of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The events that took place in
the castle are very important in the history of Belarus. It was a line of fortifications.
Construction of the castle took place in a difficult time, when the onslaught of the Crusaders
in the Belarusian and Lithuanian lands had reached a maximum strength. To close the road to The Jewish house. Nowadays
knights into the land of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Prince Gediminas in 1323 ordered to there are the state
found a stone castle in Lida. It was built within five years. establishments.
3-hours tour, communications with the Jewish community of Lida. You will be able to meet
The massacre site of 6700 The massacre site of several The massacre site of several Lida Castle was built in the 14th
Jews in 1941-1942. The thousand Jews in 1942- thousand Jews on March, 8, 1942. century.
monument was erected in 1943. The monument was The monument was erected in
1942. erected in 2002. 1967.
In a small town of Mir, which belonged to Poland
before World War II the Jews lived from 1673. In
1921 there were about 4000 residents 60% of them
were Jews. For centuries there lived the distinguished
wizards of the Torah, including Aderet, who replaced
Rav Shmuel Salan from Jerusalem and Rav Tzvi
Major attractions of Mir:
• Mir Castle, built in the early XVI century and
impressing us nowadays with its unique architectural
beauty and power. No wonder it is included in the
UNESCO World Heritage List. At that time the castle
was surrounded by high earthen ramparts with
bastions at the corners and deep moat filled of water
below of it. Mir Castle is on the plain, on the shore of
a small river Miryanka in the Grodno region.
• Mir, Kirova Str., there was a Yeshiva in 1815, the
second largest yeshiva (250 students) to train rabbis
after the Volozhin yeshiva. Closed in 1940. Till today
has offices in Israel and the United States and is the
largest in the world.
• Jewish cemetery (1598) is located next to the river.
It has about 100 remaining graves, including the
tomb of honored among the Jewish world Tzadik
Excursion is for 4 hours.
The town of Novogrudok is located at 155 km from Minsk.
On July 24, 2007 on Minsk street of Novogrudok opened The Memorial
complex dedicated to resistance of the Jews of Novogrudok during the
Holocaust. It tells about the tragedy that took lifes of 5100 Jews of
Novogrudok and unprecedented Nazi resistance who remained alive after
four actions of destructions.
On September 26, 1943 Novogrudok‟s ghetto prisoners committed an
organized escape through the tunnel which construction took 4 months, 250
At the exhibition you can find lists and photos of Jews who lived and died in
the ghetto. You will see names of those who went through the tunnel into a
Jewish partisan unit of brothers Bielsky. Visitors of the complex can also
see the entrance to the tunnel, which was found during the excavation by
the Belarusian historian Sergei Pivovarov. Restored also living rooms of
prisoners: 65 cm2 of living space for one person .
This act of resistance was the most popular and successful among the
numerous attempts to escape a Ghetto of occupied Europe. According to
one of the participants of this escape Jack (Idel) Kagan, "this could happen
only in Belarus and not in any other country." The successful escape was
due to several reasons, one of which was the existence of Jewish partisans
unit led by Tuvia Bielsky who acted in this area.
Excursion is for 4 hours.
The town of Volozhin is located at 75 km northwest of Minsk. In here
was founded the Volozhin‟s Yeshiva (Yeshiva Etz a-Chaim - "The Tree
of Life") by the initiative of the Vilna Gaon, who instructed his
disciple Rabbi Hayim (was born in Volozhin on Sivan 7th 5607 (1747))
to found a yeshiva for the teaching of the Talmud in accordance with
the method recommended by the Gaon. Rabbi Hayim Volozhiner was
very much inspired and influenced by Gaon and just a few years after
his death (around 1803) he made his teacher‟s desire come true.
Volozhin‟s Yeshiva has become a prototype of the modern world
yeshiva and symbol of modern Judaism. In the Volozhin‟s Yeshiva
studied not only the Jews from Belarus, Ukraine, Russia and Poland,
but also representatives of many countries of Europe, Asia and
You can visit the old Jewish cemetery where buried Rabbi Hayim ben
Yitzhak Volozhiner, the founder of the famous yeshiva. Here is also a
birthplace of one of the leaders of religious Zionism Meir Bar-Ilan
You will be offered to visit the village Vishnevo close to Volozhyn – a
home place of Nahum Goldmann - Nobel laureate, president of the
World Jewish Congress and Shimon Peres - the former Prime
Minister of Israel, as well as, the small town Golshany - the homeland
of the Jewish writer Ben Zion Goldberg where fully preserved all
buildings of Jewish neighborhoods of late XIX - early XX centuries.
In August 1941, the Jewish residents of Volozhin, approximately 3500
people, were moved to a Ghetto in the "Aropzu" neighborhood. The
Jews as well as Russian prisoners in the area were forced to labor,
tortured, underfed, and many of them publicly murdered. Local
Christians who were caught having mercy or assisting the Jews in
giving food received a similar fate. You can visit a Memorial to the
Excursion is 4 hours.
The town of Ivinets lies on the river Volma at 60
km from Minsk to the west of Minsk region. In
the XIV century Ivinets was a private property
of the Grand Prince Vitovt.
The charm of antiquity, modernity and
grandeur of the ancient traditions are creating
extraordinary harmony of Ivenets.
You will visit the preserved wooden building of
a synagogue built in 1912, which is one of the
three remaining in Belarus wooden Jewish
temples, along with the former synagogues in
Luban (Minsk region) and Voronovo (Grodno
region). Two years ago on the walls of this
synagogue were discovered the old murals. In
the recent past it was the House of Culture.
In Ivenets remained the old Jewish cemetery of
the beginning of XVIII century (1712) with
nearly 300 graves and a tomb of more than
2000 victims of the Holocaust executed on June
Visiting the local Museum of history, as well as,
the local Jewish organization.
Excursion is for 3 hours.
Slonim is a typical old Belarusian town with a predominantly prewar Jewish
population (75%) is at 203 km from Minsk. Here you will see the synagogue of the
XVII century with the original interior, synagogue of the XIX century, residential
buildings of Jewish neighborhoods of XVIII-XIX centuries and restored Jewish
The Slonim Jewish community existed more than 600 years and was famous of its
Rabbi's and Yeshiva and personalities.
The Hasidic dynasty was established in Slonim by Rabbi A. Weinberg (Abraham I).
Just after the WW1 and it was a significant minority of the community.
Unfortunately, almost all of the Jews of the community were killed by the Nazi and
their collaborators, about 35'000 victims from July of 1941 till December of 1942
including the Rabbi Yehuda Leib Fein (1871 -1941).
In the pre-war years the Jewish cemetery was on the edge of the city next to a
Christian cemetery. This Jewish cemetery and erected Memorial site in here are also
famous because of the grave of Abraham Weinberg (1804 –1883) the founder of the
Hassidic dynasty of tzadiks. His writings "Chesed le-Abraham” ("Abraham Grace")
and "Yesod ha-Avodah” ("The basis of worship") are not only helped to strengthen
Hasidim in the faith, but also showed the author as a versatile scientist who, by the
way, at the same time was a head of the famous Slonim yeshiva.
Slonim also is a birthplace of the famous military leader of Israel Efraelya Ben -
Artsy. Not far from the city was born Kelmsky Maggid Yitzhak Moshe called Darshan
You will visit the island, which during the Second World War housed the ghetto and
see a Memorial to Victims of Fascism - 35 000 Jews who died here during the
Holocaust, as well as, be able to meet with the Slonim Jewish community. Excursion is
for 3 hours.
Borisov is the second largest town of the Minsk region. At the end of XIX century
the Jewish population was 51% of the total population.
Until 1917 in Borisov worked secular Jewish schools, including a women's college
at a synagogue. One of the synagogues - synagogue "Hevra-Tegilim“ (1911) is a
monument of architecture of the early XIX century.
Large class of intellectuals as teachers, doctors and lawyers were Jews by
nationality. Most floating timber businesses and organizations were built with the
help of Jewish industrialists. The Jews owned the first in Borisov stationery shop,
print shop, photo studio and large private library.
16-17 March 1919 in the town was carried out a rout of Jews. The funeral of the
victims of this rout became a huge demonstration of the Jewish protest against the
Before World War II in Borisov and its region lived about 20 thousand Jews. This
is 52% of the total population. During the Nazis’ occupation in the town were
established ghettos and the entire Jewish population of Borisov and region was
`There are two Jewish cemeteries in both old and new part of Borisov (on the str.
Svetlov - area 4,2 ha and str. Zaslonova - area 1,1 ha). The exact time of the
foundation of these two cemeteries are unknown. However, the external features
clear that the cemetery on the Str.Svetlov (actually the cemetery gates located on
the northern outskirts of the town) was founded in the second half of the XIX
century. And the second cemetery - Novoborisovskoe cemetery (it is in the southern
part of town) could probably appear already under the Soviet regime.
We know that the ghetto in Borisov was wiped out in October 1941. But in 1995,
quite by accident became known the other tragic fact relating to the Holocaust. In
1943 in Borisov were shot about 400 Jewish professionals from Western Belorussia.
For six months they worked in a shoe, clothing and other workshops created by
occupants in a labor camp (now is the village Krasny Oktyabr of Bolshestahovsk
village council of the Borisov region).
Today the Jewish population of Borisov is about 1000 (according to the Law of
Return). In 1990, a group of enthusiasts registered educational society of Jewish
history and culture “The Light of Menorah”. Now it is called the Jewish
Community organization “The Light of Menorah”. You will be able to meet
Shabbat with them.
See you in Minsk!
Republic of Belarus,
Minsk, 220033, Serafimovicha Str. , 13-15
Tel./Fax. +375 17 298 40 28, Tel.+375 17 298 39 71
http://100dorog.by, e-mail: email@example.com