Ocean_Observing_Systems_matrix by qingyunliuliu

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									Observation system survey which includes systems that do, do not, and plan to include acoustics. Column 1 (Deployment Mod
are being made. Columns 6-8 refer to activities associated with the geographic areas and projected change in the area. Colum
units. Column 11 refers to the usable frequency bandwidth of the data collected. Time synch/precision (Column 13) relates to ti
downloads. Column 17 (Depth) is the depth at which the sensors are located. Calibration (Column 18) refers to whether the aco
region of the acoustic sensors.Column 20 (Data Availability) conveys how accessible the data is to the public. Sponsor (Colum
societal purpose the original system was designed for, and Column 23 (Installation & Life Expectancy) reports the years of syst




                                                                           Geographic Characteristics


 Deployment                             Geographical                                                 Anthro.
   Mode                   System           Scale             Location           Coordinates          Activity
   Cabled        1)       CTBTO            Basin            Wake Island
                                                           Cape Leewin
                                                             Ascention
                                                           Diego Garcia
                                                          Juan Fernandez                               Low
                                                           Crozet Island                               Low
                 2)        ALOHA            100 km            Hawaii

                 3)      NEPTUNE            100 km       Juan de Fuca/BC                            Shipping

                 4)       VENUS             50 km        Strt of Georgia/BC                  Shipping
                                                                              43.08459N,     Shipping,
                 5)      ANTARES             50km           Ligurian Sea      5.211491E    Navy, Seismic
                                                             NorthWest      41.1819083N,
                 6)       OBSEA              10km        Mediterranean Sea   1..7523417E     Shipping
                                                                             37.321072N,     Shipping,
                 7)        NEMO              25km            East-Sicily     15.362497E    Navy, Seismic
                                                                              35.00308N,
                 8)      JAMSTEC            100km        Hatsushima, Japan    139.2247E      Shipping
                                                                           41.6870N,144.39
                                            100km         Kushiro1, Japan         45E        Shipping
                                                                               45.9408N,
                                            100km         Kushiro2, Japan     145.0562E      Shipping
                                                                               49.2528N,
                                            100km         Kushiro3, Japan     144.8107E      Shipping
                                            50km              DONET         to come 2012
                 9)       OOI RSN
                                                                                various, exact
                 10)      SOSUS           ~3000 km2          NE Pacific              N/A            Shipping

                 11)       AUTEC          ~1250 km2          Bahamas                                 Military


                 12)       SOCAL          ~1350 km2            S. CA                             Military/Shipping


                 13)       PMRF           ~2500 km2            Hawaii                            Military/Shipping
             14)     PALAOA       100s km       Antarctica                           low/none

             15)   ARGOMARINE     Regional     Ligurian Sea                          shipping
             16)      GOOS
             17)      IOOS
             18)       OOS

                                                                                       Ocean
                                                                                    renewables
                                                                                    converters,
             20)     PLOCAN       Coastal     Canary Islands      27°59'N 15°22'W     shipping




   Fixed     1)       HAFOS        Basin       Weddell Sea                           low/none
Autonomous   2)        HARP

             3)       SBNMS       Regional       SBNMS                               shipping
                                                  Arctic
             4)       EARS        Regional     Ligurian Sea                          shipping



             5)    NOAA EcoFOCI   Regional      Bering Sea                              low



                                  Regional       Bering                                 low
                                              Pacific Ocean
             6)        PAL        Regional      (PAPA)                                  low

                                  Regional      Ionian Sea                           shipping
             7)        POI        100 km      Sakhalin Island
                                                   Arctic


             8)       Hydra       Regional     Ligurian Sea                          shipping

                                                                                    shipping, oil
             9)       IOPAS       Regional      Baltic Sea                            platform


                                             Spitsbergen Fjord                       shipping
             10)      BIMET        costal    N Atlantic (Spain)                shipping, geophysics
                                                         Lower
                                      St        Lawrence St.     Lawrence
11)     SEAWAYS         Regional      Seaway             estuary                 shipping

                                      Eastern Beaufort
                                      Canadian                                none         to
                                      Archipelago                             occasional
                                      Hudson Strait                           shipping and
12)   ARCTIC-NET+       Regional      Hudson Bay                              airgun seismic
                                         Pacific Ocean
                                         Atlantic Ocean
13)       PMEL         Large scale        Davis strait


14)      DASAR          Regional             Arctic          Beaufort sea       Oil & Gas

                                                            Beaufort sea,
15)      AURALs         Regional             Arctic           Chukchi           Oil & Gas

                                        Central-Eastern                          shipping,
         ESTOC-                         Atlantic (ESTOC                          volcanic
16)      PLOCAN         Regional               site)       29º10'N, 15º30'W       tremor

                                                                                 shipping,
        IMOS Perth                      Perth Canyon,                             seismic
17)       Canyon        Regional       Western Australia                          surveys

                                                                                 shipping,
                                       Shelf break south                          seismic
      IMOS Portland     Regional           Portland                               surveys


        IMOS NSW                       Shelf Break west
         Australia      Regional         Cape Howe                               shipping

                                                                                 shipping,
      IMOS Northwest                   North west shelf,                          seismic
           WA           Regional       Western Australia                          surveys



                                                              8-160 km           oil & gas
18)   JASCO-AMARs       Regional         Chukchi Sea           offshore         exploration

                                                                              nuclear power,
      JASCO-AMARs      10 km radius    UK coastal waters       various           shipping


19)   ABB (SIO RAS)     Regional       Black, Baltic Sea             climate, shipping, fishing
                        100 km          Sakhalin Island                  shipping, oil platform
                                         Andaman Sea,
         20)    AUSOMS        Regional   Okinawa Island   variable


Mobile   1)       Argo         Basin         global        variable
         2)     AQARIUS        basin         global        variable
         3)      SPURS         Basin        N Atlantic     variable
         4)      CPAM          Local      Ligurian Sea    shipping
         5)    NURC-Gliders   Regional    Ligurian Sea    shipping
                                                          shipping,
                PLOCAN -                                  volcanic
         6)      Gliders       Basin         global         tremor
 olumn 1 (Deployment Mode) categorized cabled, fixed & mobile systems. Geographical Scale (Column 3) refers to the spatial scale over wh
change in the area. Column 10 includes information about the individual units that comprise the fixed systems and sampling mode (drifting, g
on (Column 13) relates to time synchony between elements and between the GPS time. Data download (Column 15) specifies the time interv
8) refers to whether the acoustic system is calibrated. Column 19 (Ancillary Data) highlights non-passive acoustic data available or planned f
he public. Sponsor (Column 21) refers to the original and/or current sponsor providing funding support for the system. Column 22 (Society V
 y) reports the years of system installaltion and projected life expectancy of the system.




stics                                      Operational                                                                            System Ch
                                            Acoustics

                 Natural       Projected    Acoustics       Units (Auto)                               Time
                 Activity       Change     Operational     Mode (Mobile)      Freq Bandwidth      synch/precision
                                               Y                                  2-125 Hz
                                               Y                                  2-125 Hz
                                               Y                                  2-125 Hz
                                               Y                                  2-125 Hz
                                               Y                                  2-125 Hz
                                               Y                                  2-125 Hz
                                               Y                                 broadband
                 whales,
               geophysical                       Y                             10 Hz-50 kHz             msec
               whales, fish,
               geophysical                       Y                             10 Hz-50 kHz             msec
                 whales,
               geophysical                       Y                             100Hz-125kHz             msec

               whalwes, fish                     Y                             10Hz-200kHz              msec
                 whales,
               geophysical                       Y                              10Hz-96kHz              msec

                  whales                         Y                                 1.50Hz               msec

                  whales                         Y                                 1-50Hz               msec

                  whales                         Y                                 1-50Hz               msec

                  whales                         Y                                 1-50Hz               msec
                                              Y, 2012
                                                 Y

                 whales                         Y/N                            10 Hz - 500 Hz            sec
              beaked whale
               odontocetes                       Y                             ~50 Hz-45 kHx           500 µsec
              beaked whale
               odontocetes
                mysticetes                       Y                             ~50 Hz-45 kHx          501 µsec
              beaked whale
               odontocetes
                mysticetes                       Y                             ~50 Hz-45 kHx          502 µsec
   whales,
 geophysical                      Y                       10 Hz-198 kHz           msec

                                  Y                       10 Hz-70 kHz
                                  N
                                  N
                                  N

               Ocean
beaked whale renewable
 odontocetes   energy          N-planned
  mysticetes converters       (2012-2013)                 under definition   under definition




   whale                                     sonovault,
  migration          no           Y         AURAL, cPOD    10-5000 Hz


    whales                        Y            MARU

    whales                        Y                          0-40 kHz

                   climate,
                  shipping,
 seasonal ice       fishing       Y            PAL        20 Hz-50 kHz          10s sec

                   climate,
                  shipping,
 seasonal ice       fishing       Y           AURAL

                                  Y                       20 Hz-50 kHz          10s sec

    whales                        Y                       20 Hz-50 kHz          10s sec




    whales                        Y                       10 Hz-70 kHz


fish migrations                   Y                       100 Hz-50 kHz           msec


 diving birds                     Y                       100 Hz-50 kHz           msec
   whales                         Y                        10Hz-120kHz            msec
                                                               AURAL
                     whales       shippng         Y         + cabled/shore     1 Hz-100000 kHz        us to s



                  whales     climate,
               arctic marine shipping,
                     life    fishing              Y            AURALs            1Hz-16 kHz              s
                                                                PMEL
                                   climate,                  autonomous
                     whales       shipping                       hyd.                                    s
                                   climate,
                                  shipping,
                     whales         fishing                    DASAR              1-500 Hz
                                   climate,
                                  shipping,
                     whales         fishing                     AURAL            1 Hz-16 kHz

                 whales
              (migratory and
               permanent)                     N - planned   under definition   under definition   under definition
                                  shipping,                     Curtin
                                  increase                    University
                                    from                    Loggers, CMST-
                     whales        whales         Y             DSTO            1 Hz - 6 kHz           msec
                                                                Curtin
                                                              University
               whales, fish,                                Loggers, CMST-
               ocean noise                        Y             DSTO            1 Hz - 6 kHz           msec
                                                                Curtin
                                                              University
                                                            Loggers, CMST-
                   fish, whales   unknown         Y             DSTO             1 Hz - 6 kHz          msec
                                                                Curtin
                                                              University
                                                            Loggers, CMST-
                   fish, whales   unknown         Y             DSTO             1 Hz - 6 kHz          msec


                mysticetes,
               odontocetes,
                pinnipeds                         Y         JASCO-AMARs          5 Hz - 8 kHz         500 ms

                    fish &
                   mammals                        Y         JASCO-AMARs         1 Hz - 24 kHz           ms


hipping, fishing                                  Y             AURAL            1 Hz-32 kHz           msec
                     whales                       Y             AURAL            1 Hz-32 kHz           msec
                          bottom                  20Hz-
                        mounted and          22kHz,max:20Hz-
variable      Y          mooring                  96kHz             22 µsec


variable      N               drifting
variable      Y        drfiting, Argo like        50 kHz              msec
variable      Y        drfiting, Argo like        50 kHz              msec
whales        Y               towed            20 Hz-80 kHz
whales        Y               gliding


whales     N-Planned        gliding           under definition   under definition
n 3) refers to the spatial scale over which observations
ystems and sampling mode (drifting, gliding) for mobile
 (Column 15) specifies the time interval between data
e acoustic data available or planned from the same
 or the system. Column 22 (Society Value) indicates the




                          System Characteristics
                                                                                                       Ancillary Data


                 Duty Cycle         Data downloads         # elements          Depth      Calibrated   Ancillary Data
                 continuous           continuous           6 (2 triads)    sound channel      Y              No
                 continuous           continuous           6 (2 triads)    sound channel      Y              No
                 continuous           continuous           6 (2 triads)    sound channel      Y              No
                 continuous           continuous           6 (2 triads)    sound channel      Y              No
                 continuous           continuous           6 (2 triads)    sound channel      Y              No
                 continuous           continuous           6 (2 triads)    sound channel      Y              No
                 continuous           continuous                1         4750 m (bottom)     Y          HOT site
                                                                            100-3000 m                  CTD, ADCP,
                 continuous            continuous               5             (bottom)        N            echo
                                                                             100-300 m                  CTD, ADCP,
                 continuous            continuous               9             (bottom)        N            echo

                 continuous            continuous              36         2.000m (bottom)      Y        Telescope
                                                                                                       CTD, VIDEO,
                 continuous            continuous               1              20m             Y         meteo.

                 continuous            continuous             2x4             2.500m           Y          HOTsite

                 continuous            continuous               1             2.500m           Y       Seismometers

                 continuous            continuous               1             2.500m           Y       Seismometers

                 continuous            continuous               1             2.500m           Y       Seismometers

                 continuous            continuous               1             2.500m           Y       Seismometers


                                                                           deep bottom,
                 continuous           semi-annual               1           exact N/A       Y,legacy        no

                 continuous            continuous              91          ~1200-2000m       mixed         SVP


                 continuous            continuous              170         ~1100-2500m       mixed         SVP


                 continuous            continuous              200         ~150-4000m        mixed         SVP
                                                                  CTD, video,
 continuous     continuous        2           200 m        Y        meteo.

 continuous     continuous        4        20 m (bottom)   Y       compass




                               under
 continuous     continuous    definition      100m         Y




                                                                 CTD, ADCP,
 continuous       3 years        10           850 m        N     echosounder


                                                           Y

 up to 50%        40 days         5           850 m        Y

                                                                 CTD, ADCP,
adaptive (2-5                                                  echo, chl, oxygen,
   min)         6-12 months       2            70 m        Y       nutrients

                                                                 CTD, ADCP,
                                                               echo, chl, oxygen,
   16%          6-12 months      3-4           70 m                nutrients
adaptive (2-5                                                    metoerlogical,
   min)            2 yrs          1           500 m        Y         waves
adaptive (2-5
   min)          6 months         1           500 m        Y




 continuous       53 days         4           1000 m       Y      compass,tilt

                                                                pressure, temp,
  adaptive       6 months      up to 8        150 m        Y         echo

                                                                pressure, temp,
  adaptive       6 months      up to 8        150 m        Y         echo
 continuous     continuous        1           100m         Y          no
                                                                                   hydrography
                                                                                     ADCPs
                                                                                  hydroacoustics
     programmable to                                                                circulation
        continuous   3 to 12 month per years     up to 10       75-300 m      Y     modeling

                                                                                  oceanographic
                                                                                     sensors
                                                                                     ADCPs
     programmable to                                                              hydroacoustics
        continuous   3 to 12 month per years      up to 8       50-250 m      Y




                                                   ~40          50-100m


      programmable                                 ~30          50-100m            ESTOC station
                                                                                       suite of
                                                                                  instruments: incl
                                                  under                             current, wind,
     under definition        6 months            definition   Sound channel         salinity, CTD


    200 to 500 s / 900
            s                12 months               4          430-500m      Y        temp



    200 to 500 s / 900       12 months               4         130 - 160 m    Y        Temp



     200-500 s / 900 s       12 months               4         150-190 m      Y        Temp


                                                                                  Temp & nearby
     200-500 s / 900 s       12 months             4+2          250-300m      Y   oceanographic



       continuous &                            35 AMARs & 9
           17%           every July & Oct         AURALs        20-50 m       Y       Temp
                                                                                     particle
                                                                                   acceleration,
        continuous       every 4 months          3 nodes         5-10m        Y       temp


programmable to continuous   3-4 month              2            6000 m
programmable to continuous    1 month             up to 8      up to 100 m
programmable
and continuous         15days         2     60m


                                                                CTD
   adaptive          7-10 days        45   1000 m   Y           CTD
   adaptive          7-10 days        25   1000 m   Y           CTD
  continuous         continuous        6    150 m   Y   pitch, roll, compass



under definition   under definition        1000m               CTD
                                                              Society             Installation
  Data Avail     Integration Possibility    Sponsor            Value           Life Expectancy

                                                              Society              Installation
   Data Avail   Integration Possibility     Sponsor            Value            Life Expectancy
approval needed           No                CTBTO        Nuclear monitoring   mid 1990s + decades
approval needed           No                CTBTO        Nuclear monitoring   mid 1990s + decades
approval needed           No                CTBTO        Nuclear monitoring   mid 1990s + decades
approval needed           No                CTBTO        Nuclear monitoring   mid 1990s + decades
approval needed           No                CTBTO        Nuclear monitoring   mid 1990s + decades
approval needed           No                CTBTO        Nuclear monitoring   mid 1990s + decades
 open - website            Y                  NSF           Exploration         2011 + decades
                                                           Ecosystems,
     open                  Y               CFI/Canada       Biodiversity        2009 + decades
                                                           Ecosystems,
     open                  Y               CFI/Canada       Biodiversity        2006 + decades
                                            ANTARES           Neutrino
 Upon request              Y               Collaboration   Observatory          2000 + decades

 Upon request              Y                  UPC              Meteo            2009 + decades

 Upon request              N                LFN/INGV       Geo-hazards          2005 + decades

     open                  N                JAMSTEC        Geo-hazards          2005 + decades

     open                  N                JAMSTEC        Geo-hazards          2005 + decades

     open                  N                JAMSTEC        Geo-hazards          2005 + decades

     open                  N                JAMSTEC        Geo-hazards          2005 + decades
                                                                                     2012

 TBD; request                              U.S. Navy /
   required                N                APL-UW            Military            1950s - ???
Screened upon
    request                Y                U.S. Navy                               >2020

Screened upon
   request                 Y                U.S. Navy                               >2021

Screened upon
   request                 Y                U.S. Navy                               >2022
                                    Ecosystems,
 upon request    N      AWI          Biodiversity       2006 + decade
                                   Communication,
NATO countries   Y     NURC           Security          2011 + decade




                                   whale migration
      Y          Y      AWI          monitoring          2011 + 10 yrs




NATO countries   Y     NURC            MMRM                  2011


                                    Ecosystems,
      Y          Y   ONR/PMEL       Biodiversity        2008 + 5 years


                                    Ecosystems,
                 Y   PMEL/NMML      Biodiversity        2008 + 5 years

      Y          Y     NOAA            Climate          2006 + 5 years

      Y          N    Poseidon         Rainfall         2008 + 5 years


                                  Marine Mammal
                                   Risk Mitigation
NATO countries   Y     NURC           (MMRM)                 2011
                       Polish       Exploration,
                      National    weather, physical
 Upon request    Y   Programs         research          2005 + decade
                                    Exploration,
                     Norwegian    weather, physical
 Upon request    Y     Funds          research          2006-2009, lost
 Upon request    N      AZTI                            2011
                        Marine Mammal Risk Mitigation (MMRM)+ decades
                                                         Shipping
                                                           MPA                2003 - +
  Research                                 DFO         Marine Park       eventual permanent
  program              Y                  UQAR       Whale Watching SEAWAYS observatory
                                                    Arctic pre-industial
                                                           bkgrd
                                                    Inuit communities
                                         Arctic-Net  Climate change
  Research                                 DFO         ICE melting
  programs             Y                  UQAR       whale monitoring       2003-2013+
                                                      Earth quakes
                                                          whales
    PMEL                                PMEL/NMML      Ocean basin


  Oil & Gas                              Oil & Gas                           2008-09 +


  Oil & Gas                              Oil Ministry
                                       Spain& Gas                            2008-09 +
                                         of Science
                                       and Innovation Exploration,
  Data policy                           and Can.Ids weather, physical
under definition   In progress              govt       research            1995 until 2025


                                         Australian
     IMOS                                  Govt            Various           2008-2013


                                         Australian
     IMOS                                  Govt            Various           2009-2013


                                         Australian
     IMOS                                  Govt            Various           2010-2013



     IMOS                                WA Govt          Various            2012-2014
                                                      marine mammal
                                                         migration,
                                            Shell,      distribution,
   request                             ConocoPhillips density; baseline
   approval            Y                  , Statoil    ambient noise         2006-2016

   request                                             impact on fish &
   approval            Y                  industry        mammals             2011-2012
                                                         Exploration,
                                                      weather, physical
 Upon request          Y                                  research
                                 Russian Academy of Science                 2003 + decade
 Upon request          Y                       Marine Mammal Risk Mitigation2005 + decade
                                 Russian Academy of Science
                           Y
    open                   N               NASA water budget/salinity/rainfall   2011 + 2
    open                   N               NASA        water budget                2012
NATO countries             Y               NURC          MMRM                      2011

                                          Ministry of     Exploration,
  Data policy                            Science and    weather, physical
under definition   depending on system    Innovation       research              2011-2025
                                         Geographic Characteristics



Deployment                                              Anthro.     Biological Projected
  Mode       System Geo Scale Location    Coordinates   Activity   Importance Change
Operational                                                      System Characteristics

Acoustics

 Acoustics   Units (Auto)   Freq                        Time                        Data
Operational Mode (Mobile) Bandwidth Directionality synch/precision   Duty Cycle   downloads
stics                                                                                           Society
                                                                        Integration
                                          Ancillary Data   Data Avail   Possibility   Sponsor   Value

                                                                        Integration             Society
        # elements   Depth   Calibrated   Ancillary Data   Data Avail   Possibility   Sponsor    Value
  Installation

Life Expectancy

   Installation
Life Expectancy

								
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