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Click on each subject header for information on that subject.

Welcome                                              Drug Testing and Criminal Background
History of the College                               Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
                                                     Students with disabilities
Pre-Professional Program Requirements                Libraries
Academic preparation for Pharm.D.                    Fees, expenses and refunds
PharmCAS online application                          Housing
UK Supplemental Application                          Financial aid
Admission Requirements                               Employment at the College or University
Drug Testing and Criminal                            Placement
        Background Checks                            Graduation rates
Pharmacy College Admission Test (PCAT)               Board exam scores/pass rates
Deadlines                                            Student organizations, honor and leadership
Rolling Admissions                                           societies
Early Admission                                      Awards
PharmCAS Verification                                Public and professional service projects
Transfer or Readmission
The Interview                                        Graduate, Research, and Postdoctoral
Admission                                            Programs
Out-of-state applicants                              Doctoral training program
Contact information                                  Areas of study
                                                     Clinical pharmaceutical sciences
The Professional Program                             Pharmaceutical Policy
Doctor of Pharmacy degree (Pharm.D.)                 Graduate program requirements
Professional curriculum                              Financial aid
Pharm.D. degree requirements                         Application deadline
Pathways options                                     Grade point average
Dual-degree and concurrent degree programs           Graduate Record Examination
Course sequence                                      Application for admission
Course descriptions                                  Pharm.D. students interested in Ph.D. program
                                                     Graduate course descriptions
Academic Progress and Promotion                      Postdoctoral Training Program
Academic honor code                                  Residency Programs
Technical standards
Rules, standards and regulations                     Organization of the College
Students seeking readmission                         Pharmacy Practice and Science
Part-time study                                      Pharmaceutical Sciences
Employment                                           Continuing Pharmacy Education

Professional Program General                         Institutional Effectiveness
Course meeting patterns                              Faculty in the College of Pharmacy
Convocations and field experience
Experiential Education Assignments                   The University Community
Immunization status

The University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy has a rich and successful tradition as one of the
premier pharmacy schools in the country. The College has been ranked among the top 10 programs
for more than 30 years and is currently ranked 5th in the nation. Graduates of the College have the
highest passing rate on the national licensing exam compared to all other Colleges of Pharmacy in
the country. Recently the Kentucky Pharmacy Practice Residency program was selected as the
number one program in the nation. Academics and Analytics ranked the research program as fourth
in the country in pharmacy research productivity. These national measures point to the quality of the
College’s programs and its faculty, students and staff.

Our mission is to make a difference in the health and well-being of society by advancing
pharmaceutical education, research, service and patient care. We achieve this by providing the
highest quality education to the best and brightest young men and women from Kentucky and from
around the world to make them excellent pharmacists and pharmaceutical scientists. Our
responsibility is to prepare them to take on vital roles in today’s rapidly changing health care system
and to have them act as agents of change for the betterment of health care.

The UK College of Pharmacy offers a four-year professional curriculum leading to the Doctor of
Pharmacy degree (Pharm.D.); a graduate program in the pharmaceutical sciences leading to the
Doctor of Philosophy degree (Ph.D.), a postdoctoral scholars program; and in collaboration with UK
Chandler Hospital, postgraduate year one (PGY1) and postgraduate year two (PGY2) pharmacy
residency programs. The College also collaborates with the Kroger Company and the American
Pharmacy Services Corporation to offer PGY1 community pharmacy residencies.

Continuing pharmacy education is provided through a joint program with continuing medical
education and provides extensive learning activities – both live and online – to pharmacists and other
health care practitioners in Kentucky and throughout the United States.

The college has 60 full-time faculty members; and currently enrolls approximately 515 professional
Pharm.D. Students; 77 graduate (Ph.D.) students; and 30 postdoctoral fellows. It’s our goal to
expand enrollment and our capabilities to educate even more pharmacists to meet a growing health
care need. In 2006, funding was approved for the construction of a new pharmacy building to be
located on Limestone Street. The new 280,000 square-foot facility is expected to be completed in
2010. The new building will enable the college to provide more pharmacy students with a premier
education experience and reduce Kentucky’s pharmacist shortage.

Research space also will increase more than 40 percent in the new facility, allowing the College’s
highly productive and innovative research program to continue to expand. The UK College of
Pharmacy is a vital force in the advancement of research and health care programs that extend far
beyond the Commonwealth from the first development stages of new drugs for killer diseases such
as cancer, AIDS and cardiovascular disease to more patient-centered initiatives created to improve
the lives of people with chronic illnesses. Ongoing research at the college involves a wide array of
health innovations including treatments for nicotine addiction, potential treatments for lung cancer,
nanoengineering of drug delivery systems and the evaluation of drugs for transdermal therapy.

To date more than 5,600 men and women have graduated from the UK College of Pharmacy and
now serve as company presidents, industry executives, community leaders, health care
administrators, scientists, professors, deans and valued health professionals. Their achievements and
success reflect our dedication to making a difference in the health care of Kentuckian citizens and

What is now the University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy was established Aug. 16, 1870, as the
Louisville College of Pharmacy, an independent institution of higher education. Under the leadership
of Dean Earl P. Slone, the College became a Department of the University of Kentucky in 1947. The
College moved to the Lexington campus in 1957 and became part of the newly-developed UK
Chandler Medical Center in 1966.

Joseph V. Swintosky, Ph.D. became dean in 1967 and led an era of incredible expansion, program
development and creativity. The college attracted nationally recognized faculty, added the Doctor of
Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) degree programs, pharmacy practice
residencies, clinical service programs, a program for postdoctoral scholars and established the Center
for Pharmaceutical Science and Technology (CPST).

In 1985, the college moved to its current facility on Rose Street. Between the late 1980s and the mid-
1990s research funding tripled and the continuing education program expanded nearly tenfold. Large
commitments of resources were devoted to enhancing technology and computerization in teaching
and research programs.

In 1995, the college redesigned the professional education program and discontinued the Bachelor of
Science in pharmacy program. As part of a national trend in pharmacy education, the Doctor of
Pharmacy degree became the only professional degree offered. In addition, the nature of the
educational experience was changed to concentrate on medication therapy management, student-
centered and patient-centered learning, developing skills for avoiding drug therapy problems,
identifying and solving problems in ambulatory and acute care patients, health promotion and
disease prevention, and the development of skills and competencies necessary to function in and help
mold changes in health care in an interdisciplinary environment.

In 2000, Kenneth B. Roberts, Ph.D., became dean and the college embarked on a systematic plan for
expansion in all of its missions. New initiatives began in improving the outcomes of drug therapy, in
quantifying and documenting the value of contemporary medication therapy management services,
and in expanding its base of funding, as well as its physical facilities. Research, contract and service
programs all nearly tripled in size. In 2003, the largest single research grant ever received by the
College totaling $6 million was awarded by the NIH to study new treatments for nicotine addiction.
In addition, major federal and state initiatives were developed to improve and track the medication
use outcomes of Kentuckians and serve as demonstration projects for expanded roles of pharmacists
in medication management. Dean Roberts began working with alumni, legislators and University
leaders as soon as he arrived on campus to gain approval and funding for a new building to house an
expanded program.

In 2010 the faculty, staff and students will move into the new 280,000 sq ft Pharmacy Building
located in the newly developing health care college campus adjacent to the main campus. The
building is the largest academic facility built in Kentucky and may be the largest single pharmacy
building in the United States. The new building provides an excellent environment for student
centered education, professional growth and development, an expanding and more intensive research
and graduate training program.
Admission to the professional program is competitive. The number of students admitted to the
Doctor of Pharmacy program depends upon the availability of resources such as faculty, clinical
facilities and space for implementation of a quality educational program. Consideration for
admission will be based on the applicant’s previous academic record, potential for academic
achievement, standardized admission test scores, and an assessment of the applicant’s
communicative skills, contributions to diversity, integrity, commitment, dedication, motivation,
character, maturity and emotional stability. Each applicant must have the physical, mental and
emotional ability to learn and accomplish those competencies required of a pharmacy practitioner, as
well as the character and thought processes necessary to make professional judgments that benefit
the patient. The minimum undergraduate GPA for admission consideration is 2.5; however the
average GPA for admitted students in recent years has been 3.5.

Students are admitted only for the fall semester. The applicant should research opportunities
available to pharmacy graduates, services provided by pharmacists and obligations of pharmacy
practitioners to the people they serve. In addition, the applicant is expected to communicate
knowledge of these areas effectively in the interview. The Admissions Committee believes the
applicant should base a decision to enter the pharmacy profession on more solid reasoning than
merely an interest in science courses.

Any student may be denied admission or permission to continue enrollment in the College of
Pharmacy if, in the opinion of the faculty, the moral or ethical character of the student casts grave
doubts upon his or her potential capabilities as a pharmacist. Any type of involvement in the illegal
use of drugs or other illegal or unethical acts relating to the practice of pharmacy are examples of
incidents which would provide cause for considering denying admission or for dismissal of a student
from the College.

Academic Preparation for the Pharm.D. Program
A minimum of 70 semester credit hours of pre-pharmacy coursework is required for admission.
Approximately 50-60 of those hours are in required subjects; the remaining credit hours can be
elective courses of your choice. Elective courses to consider are Psychology, Public Speaking,
Interpersonal Communications, Medical Terminology, Physiology, and Biochemistry, Logic, Health
Care Ethics, as well as courses that meet the University of Kentucky University Studies Program
general education requirements.

Pre-Pharmacy courses should be completed by the end of the spring semester prior to the desired fall
enrollment. Prior approval must be obtained by students wishing to take required coursework after
the spring semester. One semester in organic chemistry, physics and either anatomy or microbiology
must be completed by the end of the fall semester prior to our application deadline.

See the chart below for the number of semester credit hours required in each pre-pharmacy subject
area and the exact courses as offered at the University of Kentucky. Students may complete the pre-
pharmacy coursework at another accredited college or university.
Pre-Pharmacy Required Number of Semester UK Pre-Pharmacy Courses
Subjects              Credit Hours
                      Required in Each
English                              2 semesters                     ENG 104 & ENG 200+*
                                     (6-7 semester credit hours)

Animal Biology & lab                 1 semester plus lab             BIO 152 & Either BIO 151 or 153 (bio
                                     (4 – 5 semester credit hrs.)    labs)

Microbiology & lab                   1 semester plus lab             BIO 208 & 209 (lab)
                                     (4 –5 semester credit hrs.)     (BIO 308 also acceptable w/ BIO 209

Calculus (Students can choose to     1 semester (4 semester          MA 113 OR BOTH MA 109 (College
bypass Calculus by taking both       credit hrs. OR 6 semester       Algebra) & MA 123 (Elementary
College Algebra & Elementary         hrs.- if taking College         Calculus)
Calculus.)                           Algebra & Elementary

Statistics                           1 semester                      STA 291
                                     (3 semester credit hours)

Human Anatomy or Physiology       1 semester                         ANA 209 or PGY 206
(Non-UK students may take         (3 semester credit hours)          (Anatomy is preferred)
Physiology or combined A/P
courses if Anatomy is not offered
at your school.)

General Chemistry & lab(s)           2 semesters plus lab(s)         CHE 105 & CHE 111, CHE 107 & CHE
                                     (8 – 10 semester credit         113

Organic Chemistry & labs             2 semesters plus labs           CHE 230 & CHE 231, CHE 232 & CHE
                                     (8 – 10 semester credit         233

Physics & labs (Algebra-Based        2 semesters plus labs           PHY 211 & PHY 213
Physics)                             (8 – 10 semester credit
                                     hrs.) If the Physics lecture
                                     courses are worth a
                                     minimum of 8 semester
                                     credit hours, then the labs
                                     are not needed.)

Microeconomics                       1 semester                      ECO 201
                                     (3 semester credit hours)

Elective Courses                     Enough to bring the total to    Electives to consider: Psychology,
                                     70 semester credits.            Public Speaking, Interpersonal
                                                                     Communication, Medical Terminology,
                                                                     Physiology, Biochemistry, Logic, Health
                                                                     Care Ethics, and University Studies
                                                                     general education courses.
*English requirement: University of Kentucky students must take ENG 104, a first-year, 4-credit hour
writing course, and an approved English 200-level, 3-credit hour English course. All other students: 2
semesters of English writing/composition and/or English literature, will suffice. For questions about this
requirement, contact the Pre-Pharmacy Advisor at 859-323-2755.

Special notes regarding required courses
Since admissions decisions are made prior to the end of the spring semester, all applicants must have
a grade of C or higher in any required pre-pharmacy course taken in the spring semester prior to
entering the College of Pharmacy. A grade less than C in any of these classes will result in a review
of status by the Admission Committee and could result in a rescinding of admission.

Please note that a grade of D or below is not acceptable in any required pre-pharmacy course.
PharmCAS Online Application
The College of Pharmacy utilizes a centralized application service called PharmCAS (Pharmacy
College Application Service). Through PharmCAS, applicants submit a web-based application
comprised of biographical data, postsecondary institutions attended, academic course history, work
experience, extracurricular activities, and a personal statement, and official transcripts from all
accredited U.S. and Canadian institutions attended. PharmCAS allows students to submit a single
application to apply to multiple Pharm.D. programs. Students planning to apply to enter the
University of Kentucky’s Pharm.D. program are required to utilize PharmCAS, www.pharmcas.org.
UK Supplemental Application
In addition to applying through PharmCAS, applicants are required to submit a UK Pharm.D.
Supplemental Application package. The application is found on our web site,
http://pharmacy.mc.uky.edu/admissions/admissions.php , and is updated each year in early June.

Admission Requirements
Consideration for admission to the University of Kentucky's Pharm.D. (Doctor of Pharmacy)
program will be based on expected completion of pre-pharmacy coursework, previous academic
record, potential for academic achievement, standardized admission test scores (PCAT), and an
assessment of the applicant’s communicative skills, contributions to diversity, integrity,
commitment, dedication, motivation, character, maturity, and emotional stability. Each applicant
must have the physical, mental, and emotional ability to learn and accomplish those competencies
required of a pharmacy practitioner, as well as the character and thought processes necessary to
make professional judgments that benefit the patient.

The minimum grade-point average needed for admissions consideration is 2.5 and the minimum
composite percentile score needed on the PCAT is 50%. Please note that the average GPA for
admitted students is 3.5 and the average composite percentile score on the PCAT is 82%.

Work experience is not required for admission to our Pharm.D. program. However, work experience
can provide some insight into what a pharmacist does, knowledge about the drugs themselves, the
daily routine of a pharmacist, stressors of the job as well as the various settings in which you can
work within the field of pharmacy. While work experience is not a requirement, applicants should
research the pharmacy profession, the role of the pharmacist & trends for the future by either
working in the field, shadowing a pharmacist, or doing some volunteer work in a pharmacy or health
care environment prior to entering a pharmacy program. Generally, students who have prior
experience in a pharmacy enhance their performance during the interview process.

Drug Testing and Criminal Background Checks (CBC)
Applicants should be aware that both criminal background checks (CBCs) and drug screens are
becoming increasingly common requirements for participation in specific coursework in the College
of Pharmacy and for eventual licensure as a pharmacist. As a result, CBC and drug screens are now
requirements for those students tentatively accepted for admission and must be completed with
satisfactory results prior to matriculation at the College.

Instructions for completion of CBC and drug screen requirements will be forwarded immediately
following a student’s tentative acceptance to the College. The CBC and drug screens will be annual
requirements for all Pharm.D. students enrolled in the College.

The types of tests required as well as the cost involved are subject to change and beyond the control
of the College of Pharmacy. The expense for background checks and drug screens will be borne by
the individual applicant and/or student.

Pharmacy College Admission Test (PCAT)
In addition to completing the pre-pharmacy coursework, prospective students must also take and
submit at least one set of PCAT (Pharmacy College Admission Test) scores for admission
consideration. Students should request that PCAT scores be sent directly to PharmCAS and NOT to
The PCAT is a standardized test designed to measure general ability and scientific knowledge in five
areas: verbal reasoning, reading comprehension, biology, chemistry, and quantitative ability. There
is also a critical thinking essay. The PCAT is developed and administered by Harcourt Assessment,
Inc., which currently offers the exam four times per year. Test dates can vary from year to year. For
more information about PCAT test dates, registration process and deadlines, contact Harcourt
Assessment at: 1(800)622-3231 or via the web at www.pcatweb.info.

The University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy considers the candidate’s composite percentile
score in the admission process and considers only the highest score if more than one test result is
submitted. There is no limit to the number of times an applicant can take the PCAT. We do not
consider PCAT scores that are over 3 years old.

Deadlines: Fall 2009 admissions
Early Decision Deadline: September 3, 2008
PharmCAS application & UK Supplemental Application must be submitted by this date.

PharmCAS Application deadline: January 5, 2009
UK Supplemental Application deadline: January 5, 2009.

Although PharmCAS applications will be accepted through the January 5, 2009 deadline, we
strongly recommend that, to be competitive, you submit your application, with official transcripts, as
early as possible. An early application receives stronger consideration.
Rolling Admissions
Please note that the University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy uses a rolling admissions process.
While our application deadline is January 5, we begin review of applications in September through
the Early Decision process. We interview applicants and make admission decisions on a continual
basis until the class is filled.
Early Admission
Applicants are strongly encouraged to apply early (summer months or September) as waiting
until the January deadline will mean that many positions in the class will already be filled and
interview spaces will be more limited.

PharmCAS Verification
Important Note regarding your PharmCAS application: PharmCAS WILL NOT begin to verify
your transcripts and process your application until you e-submit your complete PharmCAS
application, arrange for sealed official transcripts to be mailed to PharmCAS directly from every
U.S. and Canadian postsecondary institution attended, and pay the correct PharmCAS application
fee. It is not necessary to wait for the arrival of references, transcripts, fall grades, or PCAT
scores to e-submit your application.
Early Decision and Regular Decision Deadline Notes
The interview dates for each admission cycle are set in late summer by our Pharmacy Admissions
Office. Those dates may vary considerably from year to year. It is strongly suggested that applicants
apply well in advance, 6-8 weeks, of either the Early Decision deadline (Sept. 3) or the Regular
Admission deadline (Jan. 5) to allow for the time necessary for PharmCAS to verify and process
your transcripts.

Transfer or Readmission
The Admissions Committee cannot consider applications from students in other colleges of
pharmacy when the applicant has previously been denied admission to the UK professional program
or when the maximum number of students is already enrolled in the program.

Individuals who have been dropped for academic or other reasons applying for reinstatement in the
College will have their application considered through the Academic Performance Committee, but
on a competitive basis with new applicants.
The Interview
To be considered for admission, applicants must be selected for an interview. The interview assesses
the applicant’s communication skills, confidence, integrity, maturity, commitment to the field of
pharmacy, motivation, character and ability to interact with others. Students selected for an interview
can expect to spend about two hours interviewing. The interview may include a two-on-one session
with faculty members and a group portion with other Pharm.D. applicants before a committee of
practitioners, faculty members and current students.

Once interviews conclude, candidates will be assessed based on a holistic review of both the
PharmCAS and UK supplemental application and will include evaluation of GPA (weighing the
science GPA most heavily), PCAT composite percentile score, interview, references,
work/leadership/volunteer activity, written essays and an assessment of the characteristics described
above under “Admission Requirements:”. The total number of students admitted each year will
depend upon the availability of resources such as faculty, clinical facilities and space for
implementation of a quality educational program. The University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy
currently admits 132 students to the Pharm.D. program each fall.

Out-of-State Applicants:
The University of Kentucky is a public institution, and its primary mission is to educate residents of
the Commonwealth of Kentucky and to produce professionals who will provide pharmaceutical care
for the citizens of Kentucky. A considerable number of out-of- state applicants are admitted
annually. Out-of-state students are encouraged to apply. A geographically and culturally diverse
student body contributes to more robust exchange of creative ideas and experiences, one that benefits
all students.

Contact Information
Questions concerning admission, pre-pharmacy course work or a visit to the College should be
directed to:

Pre-Pharmacy Advisor
University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy
Room 331 Pharmacy Building
725 Rose Street
University of Kentucky
Lexington, KY 40536-0082
Phone: (859) 323-2755
The Doctor of Pharmacy Degree
The College of Pharmacy offers a four-year curriculum leading to the
Doctor of Pharmacy degree (Pharm.D.). This program is fully
accredited by the Accreditation Council on Pharmacy Education,
311 W. Superior St., Suite 512, Chicago, IL 60610, (312) 664-3575,
(800) 533-3606; FAX, (312) 664-4562.

The goal of the Professional Program of College of Pharmacy is the
education of outstanding competent and contemporary pharmacy
practitioners who manage drug therapy to achieve optimal response
and contain costs, and who, in cooperation with other health care
professionals, can favorably influence both overall health care and the
quality of life of individual patients. In addition they possess the
competencies necessary for the provision of pharmacist delivered patient
care including medication management services. They also are prepared                Kelly Smith, PharmD,
                                                                                     BCPS, FASHP, FCCP
to advance the practice of pharmacy and its contributions to society and              Assistant Dean of
pursue research and other scholarly activity along with the assessment of             Academic Affairs
and evaluation of desired outcomes.

The pharmacist is expected to be educated and
trained to best serve patients. Thus, pharmacy education is oriented
toward bringing together a drug product authoritativeness,
compassion and a service-before-self attitude. The professional
program also seeks to produce an educated individual who is able
to participate effectively as a responsible citizen in community affairs.

The accreditation manual of the Accreditation Council on Pharmacy Education states that the
Pharm.D. program is intended to prepare pharmacists who:
   • can cope with the complex problems in the delivery of comprehensive health care;
   • possess both the knowledge and skill that enables them to function as authorities in the
       clinical use of drugs;
   • can apply pharmaceutical and biomedical sciences to the practical problems of drug therapy;
   • are motivated to participate in the interdisciplinary delivery of health care; and
   • can function as easily accessible health care informants and educators.

Graduates with the Pharm.D. degree are professionally more mature because of the amount, nature
and level of course work required. For this reason, the only professional degree offered by the
College of Pharmacy at the University of Kentucky is the Doctor of Pharmacy degree.

More than 95% of the students entering the College of Pharmacy graduate and 100% of them have
employment upon graduation with most having many offers. Most graduates enter practice in
community pharmacies, clinics and hospitals. Others take advantage of postgraduate educational
opportunities such as Ph.D. programs, residencies, fellowships, or work in regulatory affairs e.g. the
FDA, in the pharmaceutical industry or in clinical research enterprises. In 2008, UK College of
Pharmacy graduates achieved a 100% first-time pass rate on the NAPLEX, the national pharmacy
licensing exam. UK students had the highest composite first-time pass rates on the NAPLEX from
2002-2006 and from 2003-2007 among 90 accredited pharmacy programs.

The Professional Curriculum
The professional curriculum of the College of Pharmacy is designed to develop critical thinking and
problem-solving skills, and an empathy and appreciation for the patient in a graduated manner as the
student progresses through the program. Students are given a foundation upon which to develop
skills, moving progressively to become independent learners and practitioners.
First professional year courses concentrate on basic principles and skills, including a heavy
emphasis on patient communication and interaction, nonprescription medications, basic science
foundations for practice, and solving well-defined problems. Learning formats include small-group
discussions, independent learning projects, laboratory exercises, computer-based learning programs,
simulated patient/situation encounters and actual practice-site exposure in both acute and ambulatory
care settings.

Second professional year courses concentrate on further development of problem-solving ability,
with emphasis on less-well-defined problems, critical analysis of the biomedical literature, database
management, additional basic science foundations, legal/ethical issues in practice and dealing with
more complex therapeutic situations. The same breadth of learning formats as in the first year are
utilized. Experiences in simulated clinical encounters and work with standardized patients to help
develop skills for practice are expanded.

The third professional year concentrates on information, skills and attitudes necessary to solve
very complex problems. Third-year students refine the ability to learn independently yet function as
members of an interdisciplinary health care team in a rapidly changing health care environment.
Simulated clinical encounters and experiences with actual or simulated patients in a controlled
environment are utilized to help frame complex therapeutic problems.

The fourth professional year is totally experiential education, where students function under the
supervision of preceptors in a patient care setting. In the fourth year, students perfect the skills
necessary to apply all the abilities and attitudes developed earlier in actual practice environments.
Learning experiences take place in a wide variety of health care settings both on and off campus and
with diverse patient populations.

Total Credit Hour Requirement and Approval for the Pharm.D. Degree
The Doctor of Pharmacy degree is awarded upon completion of a minimum of 164 semester credit
hours of specified course work, and with a GPA of at least 2.0 out of a possible 4.0.

Changes in Degree Requirements
The College reserves the right to make additions or changes, as necessary, to the professional
curriculum to better meet accreditation guidelines or reflect continuous quality improvement.
Students who remain in good academic standing will graduate under the curriculum in place at the
time of their entry into the College, with the exception that course topics, sequences or credit hours
may be modified. However, the total credit hour requirement required for graduation will not
change and no retroactive requirements for courses completed will be made. Students who do not
remain in good academic standing, and who repeat courses or curricular segments may be behind a
year or more, and if so will be considered as part of that subsequent entering class. As such they will
be required to complete the curriculum in effect for that class.

Pathways Program (elective courses)
The Doctor of Pharmacy program offers core course work to educate students to become generalist
entry-level pharmacists. Options exist for the student to choose additional elective
course work in areas of interest. The goal of these elective options, called the Pathway Options
program and normally taken in the second and third years, is to allow students to obtain additional,
individual specialized skills. Students should begin to explore potential special interest areas and
develop or sharpen unique skills to become more competitive in the health care environment.
Students are encouraged to take elective didactic course work outside of the College of Pharmacy to
develop a fuller understanding of the health care system in general, of management or administrative
procedures in the health care environment, and of the thought processes of other individuals on the
health care team. Students may also use these elective options to satisfy requirements for additional
or joint degrees. Lists of sample Pathway options and example courses are found on the College of
Pharmacy web site: http://pharmacy.mc.uky.edu/programs/pharmd/pathway.php

During the experiential phase, students may take a portion of their clerkship rotations in selected
areas on a space-available basis to more fully develop the specialized skills begun in the Pathway
Dual Degree Programs: Pharm.D./MPA, Pharm.D./MBA, Pharm.D./M.S. Economics,
Pharm.D./M.S. Public Health
Several dual-degree programs are available through the College of Pharmacy. The dual-degree
programs allow students to earn both degrees in a total time period less than if the degrees were
earned independently and sequentially. For example, with judicious use of Pathway Option electives
it may be possible to complete a dual-degree program, at the same time, or within four months of
when a Pharm.D. alone would be earned.

Admission requirements for the dual-degree programs are separate from admission to the College of
Pharmacy, and a separate admission procedure must be completed, including a GRE or GMAT
requirement. Students apply to the dual-degree programs after admission to the College of
Pharmacy; a prior bachelor’s degree is not required.

The Pharm.D./MPA program is designed to prepare students for careers in state and federal
regulatory and administrative agencies, the pharmaceutical industry, managed care organization, not-
for-profit health organizations and academia. Clinical skills in managing individual and population
drug therapy are combined with knowledge skills in quantitative analysis, leadership, budgeting
systems and operations, and effective written and oral communication. Students develop a working
knowledge of the theories and skills necessary to identify policy issues in health care; define
problems; and analyze consequences, costs and benefits of various policy alternatives. Completion
of the program facilitates the pharmacist’s movement into the management/policy/decision-making
arena. For more information, visit our web site at:

The Pharm.D./MBA program is designed to prepare students for careers in the management and
administration of health care systems. Individuals grounded in both business management and
clinical skills provide an increasingly important and unique interface between practitioners and
managers to balance clinical decision-making with bottom-line financial realities. This dual degree
option is relevant for those seeking careers in institutional practice settings, the pharmaceutical
industry, managed care organizations and pharmacy benefit management organizations. For more
information, visit our web site at: http://pharmacy.mc.uky.edu/programs/prepharm/pmba.php

The Pharm.D./M.S. in Economics is specifically focused on developing skills and knowledge in
health economics evaluation. This program is particularly well suited for students with a previous
background in economic theory. The Pharm.D./M.S. in Economics is excellent preparation for
careers within managed care organization, the pharmaceutical industry, state and federal regulatory
and administrative agencies and academia. For more information, visit our web site at:

Students admitted to the College of Pharmacy who are interested in a dual-degree program should
contact the dual-degree program coordinator in the College of Pharmacy (Karen Blumenschein,
Pharm.D., phone: (859)-257-5778) email: KBLUM1@email.uky.edu at the earliest possible date for
information on program prerequisites, admission requirements, course schedules and sequences, etc.

Concurrent Pharm.D./Ph.D. program
The College offers a concurrent Pharm.D./Ph.D. program whereby Pharm.D. students may complete
the Pharm.D. on the way to a Ph.D. degree. The concurrent program allows students to save 12 to
18 months of time compared to earning both degrees separately. For more information see the
College graduate program website at http://pharmacy.mc.uky.edu/programs/graduate/clinexp.php

Students currently enrolled in the College may also contact the Pharmaceutical Sciences Graduate
Program Director of Graduate Studies (DGS) for additional information.
Course Sequence
                                     FIRST PROFESSIONAL YEAR
FALL             19 hours
(3) PHR 910 Introduction to Pharmacy Practice
(4) PHR 911 Physiological Basis for Therapeutics I
(3) PHR 912 Physiological Chemistry & Molecular Biology I
(3) PHR 913 Pharmacological Basis for Therapeutics: Antibiotics
(3) PHR 914 Basic Principles of Pharmaceutical Science: Pharmaceutics & Biopharmaceutics I
(2) PHR 916 Non Prescription Pharmaceuticals & Supplies I
(1) PHR 919 Patient Care Laboratory I
SPRING           19 hours
(3) PHR 920 Communication and Behavior in Pharmacy Practice
(4) PHR 921 Physiological Basis for Therapeutics II
(3) PHR 922 Physiological Chemistry & Molecular Biology II
(3) PHR 923 Pharmacological Basis for Therapeutics: Nutrition & Health Promotion
(3) PHR 924 Basic Principles of Pharmaceutical Science: Pharmaceutics & Biopharmaceutics II
(2) PHR 926 Non Prescription Pharmaceuticals & Supplies II
(1) PHR 929 Patient Care Laboratory II
SUMMER           4 hours
(4) PHR 928 Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience I

                                   SECOND PROFESSIONAL YEAR
FALL             19 hours
(4) PHR 930 Legal, Ethical, and Access Issues in Pharmacy
(5) PHR 931 Pharmacological Basis for Therapeutics: Nervous System
(3) PHR 932 Immunology, Cancer & Biotechnology
(3) PHR 933 Pharmacological Basis for Therapeutics: Endocrine System
(2) PHR 939 Patient Care Laboratory III
(2) Elective
SPRING           19 hours
(4) PHR 940 Evidence Base for Pharmacy Practice
(3) PHR 944 Basic Principles of Pharmaceutical Science: Medicinal Chemistry
(5) PHR 946 Advanced Pharmacotherapy I
(4) PHR 947 Applied Biopharmaceutics & Pharmacokinetics
(1) PHR 949 Patient Care Laboratory IV
(2) Elective
SUMMER           4 hours
(4) PHR 948 Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience II

                                   THIRD PROFESSIONAL YEAR
FALL             19 hours
(4) PHR 950 Pharmaceutical Policy and Public Health
(5) PHR 951 Pharmacological Basis for Therapeutics: Cardiopulmonary & Renal Systems
(1) PHR 953 Current Topics in Pharmacy Seminar
(5) PHR 957 Advanced Pharmacotherapy II
(2 PHR 959 Patient Care Laboratory V
(2) Elective
SPRING           19 hours
(5) PHR 960 Pharmacy Practice Management
(5) PHR 966 Advanced Pharmacotherapy III
(5) PHR 967 Advanced Pharmacotherapy IV
(2) PHR 969 Patient Care Laboratory VI
(2) Elective

                            FOURTH PROFESSIONAL YEAR (12 months)

Summer, Fall, Spring   42 hours
(42) PHR 988 Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE)
                                                                  164 TOTAL HOURS

Required Professional Core

An introduction to the practice of pharmacy within the major practice settings. Includes an
introduction to the profession and discussions of the pharmacist within the health care system,
professional pharmacy organizations, models and sites of practice, postgraduate educational and
career opportunities, an introduction to product compounding and administration, professionalism,
and required community service experiences. Prereq: Admission to first year, College of Pharmacy

Integrated concepts of human organ system functions with particular emphasis on the physiology of
the central and autonomic nervous system, the cellular and molecular mechanisms of
neurotransmission and transduction and the response of target issues. The course includes an
introduction to the pathophysiology of each system and the pharmacodynamics of therapeutic agents
as a framework for discussion. Variable mixtures of lecture, group discussion and independent study.
Prereq: admission to the first year, College of Pharmacy.

The first of a two-course sequence covering integrated concepts of human biochemistry from a
physiological viewpoint, functional group chemistry essential to biology, key structural and
functional relationships of the biomolecules in living systems, energy metabolism emphasizing inter-
organ relationships and an in-depth discussion of information storage and transfer. The course
includes an introduction to common metabolic diseases and the therapeutic agents used in those
diseases as a framework for discussion. Variable mixture of lecture, group discussion and
independent study. Prereq: admission to the first year, College of Pharmacy.

A study of the pathophysiology and microbiology of infectious diseases concentrating on the
pharmacology of the therapeutic agents (antibiotics) used to treat those diseases, including
discussions of their rational use. Variable mixture of lectures, discussions and independent study.
Prereq: admission to the first year, College of Pharmacy.

The first of a two-course sequence in basic principles of Pharmaceutical Science concentrating
on absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and bioavailability of drugs; and an
introduction to dosage forms, oral drug delivery systems, drug solutions and drug solids,
bioequivalence determinations and ratings, and official compendia. Content delivered via a
modified problem-based learning format. Prereq: admission to first year, College of Pharmacy.

A study of various nonprescription pharmaceuticals, medical and surgical supplies and appliances
commonly found in ambulatory pharmacy practice sites, their rational use and therapeutic efficacy.
Decision-making skills for ambulatory patient triage are emphasized. The use of home remedies and
their limitations in the treatment of minor ailments is considered. Variable mixture of lecture,
discussions and independent study. Prereq: admission to the first year, College of Pharmacy.

An integration and application of the skills needed to fill the professional responsibilities of
pharmacy practice as they relate to patient-centered care and the patient care process, utilizing
principles taught in the co requisite courses to provide the contextual framework for the skills
considered. Prereq: Admission to the first year College of Pharmacy. Coreq: All concurrent PHR
91X series courses.
An introduction to the social and behavioral issues that impact health including their influence on the
pharmacist-patient relationship and the ability of the pharmacist to provide patient care. Includes
discussions of stress and stress coping, communication with patients and other health care
professionals, cultural and religious influences on patient compliance and disease management, and
required community service experiences. Prereq: PHR 910 and PHR 919.

A continuation of PHR 911, covering integrated concepts of human organ system functions, with
particular emphasis on the physiology of the cardiovascular, renal, pulmonary and endocrine
systems. The course includes an introduction to the pathophysiology of each system and the
pharmacodynamics of prototype therapeutic agents as a framework for discussion. Variable mixture
of lecture, group discussions and independent study. Prereq: PHR 911 and admission to the first
year, College of Pharmacy.

A continuation of PHR 912. Variable mixture of lectures, group discussion and independent study.
Prereq: admission to the first year, College of Pharmacy; and PHR 912.

Consideration of the role of the pharmacist in health promotion and disease prevention, including
both pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic methods. Major problems of nutrition and certain
metabolic/chronic disorders for which nutrition plays a pivotal role will be addressed, including
hypertension, cancer and eating disorders. In addition, the pharmacology of drugs affecting the
gastrointestinal tract and drugs used to treat common gastrointestinal problems are discussed.
Variable mixture of lecture, group discussion and independent study. Prereq: admission to the first
year, College of Pharmacy.

The second of a two course sequence in the basic principles of Pharmaceutical Science
concentrating on modified release oral dosage forms; modified release parenteral dosage forms;
nasal, buccal, rectal, vaginal and ophthalmic delivery systems; aerosols and pulmonary delivery
systems, and the drug development process. Variable mixture of lecture, group discussion and
independent study. Prereq: admission to the first year, College of Pharmacy; and PHR 914.

A continuation of PHR 916. Content delivered via a modified problem-based learning format.
Prereq: admission to the first year, College of Pharmacy; and PHR 916.

An introductory experience in the clinical use of drugs in the diagnosis, treatment and management
of diseases. Experiences may involve on-call and evening/weekend responsibilities. Offered on a
pass/fail basis only. Laboratory, 40 or more hours per week. Prereq: successful completion of
required courses in the 9x0 series and consent of instructor.

A continuation of PHR 919. Prereq: PHR 919. Coreq: All concurrent PHR 92X series courses.

The legal, ethical and access issues affecting the practice of pharmacy. Course includes community
service experiences. Prereq: PHR 920.

A study of human disease processes and rational pharmacotherapeutics relating to the autonomic,
central and peripheral nervous system, including a discussion of the factors influencing the
development of substance dependence and the strategies for risk reduction. Emphasis
is placed on the principles of pathophysiology, pharmacology, toxicology and therapeutics, the
incorporation of these principles in the clinical application of modern drug therapy, and how these
principles can be utilized in pharmacy practice. Variable mixture of lecture, group discussion and
independent study. Prereq: admission to the second year, College of Pharmacy.

A study of the immune system, immunopathologies and select autoimmune diseases and their
treatment. Includes a discussion of immunizations, immunology of cancer, neoplasias and an
introduction to antineoplastic therapy. The course concludes with a discussion of biotechnology and
its application to the production and use of pharmaceuticals, diagnostic agents and advanced
therapies. Variable mixture of lecture, group discussion and independent study. Prereq: admission to
the second year, College of Pharmacy.

A study of the pathophysiology of the major disorders affecting the endocrine system, concentrating
on the pharmacology of the therapeutic agents used to treat those disorders, including discussions of
the rational use of endocrine agents and their congeners in the treatment of non-endocrine diseases.
Variable mixture of lecture, group discussion and independent study. Prereq: admission to the
second year, College of Pharmacy.

A continuation of PHR 929. Prereq: PHR 929. Coreq: All concurrent PHR 93X series courses.

A discussion of the evidence base for pharmacy practice including sources of drug information, drug
study design, applied data analysis, and biostatistics in the interpretation and critical analysis of
biomedical literature with the purpose of developing evidence-based care recommendations for a
given patient or patient population. The course is implemented using a variety of educational
methods including lectures, structured reading of biomedical literature, and practice in developing
protocols to address various health-related research questions. Course includes community service
experiences. Prereq: PHR 930.

The rational design of molecules to produce safe and effective therapeutic responses in humans;
molecular changes in drug molecules that affect affinity and activity at drug receptors and
influence the absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and stability of drugs; and the
properties of drug molecules which are important in their formulation into drug products.
Variable mixture of lecture, group discussion and independent study. Prereq: admission to the
second year, College of Pharmacy.

An advanced study of the pathology, pathophysiology and optimal treatment of common diseases.
Through a series of case studies students will acquire and reinforce their skill at understanding
diseases and developing and defending optimal treatment plans for successfully managing those
diseases. The case studies utilized will integrate relevant pathophysiological, pharmacokinetic,
pharmacoeconomic and pharmacological concepts with appropriate patient-specific parameters.
Students will be expected to communicate and defend their decisions, including the process followed
in making those decisions, in understandable, appropriate written and verbal formats. Variable
mixture of discussion, lecture, independent study and laboratory. Prereq: admission to the second
year, College of Pharmacy.
The theoretical and practical considerations of the processes of drug absorption (including dosage
formulation), distribution, metabolism and excretion and the mathematical models that describe
these events including the calculation of dosage regimens for patients, with problems ranging from
simple to complex. A variable mixture of computer-assisted learning, formal lecture, interactive
lecture and problem-based learning laboratory experiences. Prereq: admission to the second year,
College of Pharmacy.

An introductory experience in the clinical use of drugs in the diagnosis, treatment and management
of diseases. Experiences may involve on-call and evening/weekend responsibilities. Offered on a
pass/fail basis only. Laboratory, 40 or more hours per week. Prereq: successful completion of
required courses in the 920 series and consent of instructor.

A continuation of PHR 939. Prereq: PHR 939. PHR Coreq: required PHR 94X series courses.

An introduction to health economics, pharmaceutical policy and public health, including issues
of access to and disparities in healthcare and pharmaceuticals, health and disease indicators,
health promotion, emergency preparedness, and the involvement of the pharmacist in public
health and pharmaceutical policy. Course includes community service experiences. Prereq: PHR

A study of the pathophysiology of the major disorders affecting the cardiovascular, renal and
respiratory systems, concentrating on the pharmacology of the therapeutic agents used to treat those
disorders. Variable mixture of lecture, group discussion and independent study. Prereq: admission to
the third year, College of Pharmacy.

A seminar course dealing with some of the current clinical and nonclinical issues affecting
health care and health care practitioners. Prereq: PHR 940.

A continuation of PHR 956. Variable mixture of discussion, lecture, independent study and
laboratory. Prereq: admission to the third year, College of Pharmacy.

A continuation of PHR 949. Prereq: PHR 949. Coreq: All concurrent PHR 95X series courses.

A discussion of pharmacy practice management in both community and health system practice
settings including general business, human, financial, and operations management, and quality
assurance/risk management issues. Course includes community service experiences. Prereq: PHR

A continuation of 957. Variable mixture of discussion, lecture, independent study and laboratory.
Taught part of term. Prereq: Admission to the third year, College of Pharmacy, PHR 946 and PHR

A continuation of PHR 966. Variable mixture of discussion, lecture, independent study and
laboratory. Taught part of term. Prereq: Admission to the third year, College of Pharmacy, PHR 946
and PHR 957.
A continuation of PHR 959.Prereq: PHR 959. Coreq: All concurrent PHR 96X series courses.

A clinical experience in the use of drugs in the diagnosis, treatment and management of diseases.
Emphasis is placed on a rationale of drug therapy, the provision of contemporary pharmaceutical
care services and functioning as a member of an interdisciplinary health care team. Experiences will
be obtained in a variety of areas and may involve on call and evening/weekend responsibilities. May
be repeated to a maximum of 44 credits. Laboratory: 40 or more hours per week. Prereq: admission
to the fourth year, College of Pharmacy; and permission of instructor.

Professional Electives

Discussion of the legal framework and special legal issues in pharmacy practice. Topics will include
application of antitrust laws to pharmacy, patent and trademark issues relevant to pharmacy, legal
issues related to prescription drug insurance programs, professional liability and legislative issues
such as drug product selection.

Selected problems of interest in the areas of behavioral, economic, ethical, historical, legal,
psychological and social aspects of pharmacy. Methods may include literature search, surveys, field
studies and experimental design. The course may serve as a professional elective for the pharmacy
student and as a graduate course for the graduate student. May be repeated for a maximum of six
credits. Prereq: consent of instructor.

A course designed to educate students in the basic knowledge of attitudes and skills required to meet
the pharmaceutical needs of the elderly. Topics include discussions of the aging process,
physiological and psychological changes in the elderly, how these changes influence patient
compliance and the responses to drug and non-drug treatments, monitoring drug use in long-term
care facilities, and special community services available to the elderly. (Same as GRN 513.)

This course serves the specific purpose of providing instruction and experience of such a nature and
quality as to promote the professional role of the pharmacist in the communication of clinical
pharmacology data and therapeutics information. May be repeated to a maximum of 10 credits.
Lecture, one hour; laboratory, 4-16 hours.

Selected problems in patient care, drug information, pharmacy administration, and pharmaceutical
technology as related to pharmaceutical services. May be repeated to a maximum of six credits.
Prereq: consent of instructor.

Selected problems pertaining to the various aspects of pharmacy, which may include such problems
as pharmaceutical procedures, pharmaceutical formulations, pharmaceutical history and
pharmaceutical economics. May be repeated to a six-credit maximum. Prereq: consent of instructor.

Survey course introducing students to post-graduate training opportunities and clinical opportunities
such as residency, fellowship, graduate school, medical writing, and clinical research. Prereq: PY2
student, currently enrolled in the Pre-Residency pathway.
Advanced, clinically-focused course building on critical care foundation provided in PHR 956/7.
Prereq: Successful completion of PHR 956/7.

A discussion of the clinical aspects of prescription medications designed to supplement, integrate
and enhance the material covered in the Patient Care Laboratory course series (PHR 919-969) and
the Advanced Pharmacotherapy course sequence (PHR 946, 956, 957, 966 and 967). Emphasis is
placed on 1) a critical analysis of the important difference between various drugs and drug classes,
and 2) refining drug information and clinical communication skills through simulated written drug
consults and oral exams involving other health care practitioners. Prereq: PHR 956 and 957.
Coreq: PHR 960, 966, 967, and 969.

A discussion and introduction to the use of computer and other information technologies, such as
Personal Data Assistant (PDAs) and patient management software, as aids to providing more
effective and efficient pharmaceutical care services. Lecture: 1 hour; laboratory, 2 hours per week.
Prereq: Admission to the second or third year, College of Pharmacy.
Academic Progress and Promotion
The Academic Performance Committee (APC) is charged with monitoring students’ progress
through the curriculum. The committee reviews the performance of each student based on course
grades and written comments of each student’s performance, both of which are shared with the
student and are part of the student record. The APC for students in a particular year will consist of
the course directors and laboratory instructors for that year plus a standing core of faculty. The APC
will recommend an action appropriate to the particular student’s standing and record, i.e., proceed to
the next series of courses, promotion to the next year, graduation, probation, probation with remedial
action, removal from probation, academic leave, suspension, or other action. Recommendations are
made to the dean. Student’s promotion to subsequent year standing is not automatic, but must be
earned based on appropriate performance and satisfactory completion of prior coursework. The
APC may also recommend other actions including, but not limited to, adjustment of academic load,
repetition of curriculum segments and participation in counseling sessions. Although the APC
considers the overall record of the student in making decisions, the APC will rely on the following:
All students must maintain a minimum GPAa of 2.0 and earn a minimum grade of “C” in each
course taken during the time they are students in the College of Pharmacy. Further:
1. Any student with a GPA less than 2.0 in a single semester or with a cumulative GPA less than
    2.0 will be placed on probationb or may be suspendedc from the College. Students who fail to
    earn a minimum of “C” in any one course may be placed on probation. The Academic
    Performance Committee (APC) will determine the remediation required.
2. A failure in a pass/fail course will be considered a grade less than C.
3. Students who fail to earn a minimum of “C” in two courses will be placed on probation and
    remediation may be required. The APC will determine the level of remediation required.
4. Students who fail to earn a minimum of “C” in three or more courses will be suspended from the
    College of Pharmacy, regardless of GPA.
5. Students who satisfactorily complete the remediation requirements for probation will be
    removed from probation.
6. Students who are on probation and fail to meet the requirements for remediation or fail to meet
    the requirements needed to remove them from probation as determined by the APC will be
    suspended from the College.
7. Students eligible for probation on a second occasion may be suspended from the College.
8. Repeat Options are not recognized by the College of Pharmacy for students enrolled in the
    College. The original grade received in each course will remain on the transcript, be averaged
    into the cumulative GPA, and be considered in discussions of probation and suspension
    regardless of any grades earned in repeated courses.
 Includes all coursework, including PHR and non-PHR electives, that comprise the First through
Fourth Professional Years of the Pharmacy program.
 Students who are on academic probation may not be allowed:
• To serve as officers or committee members in any campus organization
• To participate in any University extracurricular activities or in the activities of any University
    organization if the participation involves the expenditure of an appreciable amount of time.
• To be employed by any department or College of the University
Students on academic probation may have a restricted academic schedule as dictated by the
Academic Performance Committee. Students placed on academic probation must meet the
requirements dictated by the APC before being removed from probation.
 Students suspended from the College may petition the Dean for reconsideration of their case and for
permission to re-take College of Pharmacy courses to correct their academic deficiencies. That
permission may or may not be granted. If a student is allowed to re-take required Pharmacy courses,
and the academic deficiencies have been satisfactorily addressed, these students
may re-enter the College but will do so on probationary status. If the student is judged after two
semesters to be performing satisfactorily by the APC while taking normal academic course loads,
his/her probation status may be removed.
Academic rules will not be changed during a student's enrollment if and only if the student has
continued to progress in good academic standing within the class of matriculation.

Rules affecting leaves and standards of behavior may be changed with notice.

Academic Honor Code
The College of Pharmacy utilizes an academic honor code. The honor code is predicated on the
premise that pharmacy students, as future health care practitioners, will develop maturity through a
system of self-government.

The honor system may be defined as a method for student self-government that permeates and
operates in all facets of the students' academic and professional activities. It operates on the
assumption that all students in the College are honest and enjoy working best in a
situation where their honesty and the honesty of others is not in question.

The system contributes to the development and expression of moral standards of conduct that are
desirable for all, and that are essential for professionally trained individuals in whom the public
places confidence. Each student is to pledge complete honesty and also is to be vigilant in reporting
infractions of the code by others. Prior to admission, students are given a copy of the honor code and
agree to read and adhere to the code.

Technical Standards
The goal of the College of Pharmacy is to broadly prepare students to practice pharmacy with special
emphasis on practicing in primary care settings. Regardless of eventual type of practice (e.g.,
community, clinic, health care system), students must demonstrate competence in those intellectual,
physical and social tasks that together represent the fundamentals of being able to provide
contemporary pharmaceutical care. Students will be judged by their respective program faculty not
only on their scholastic achievement and ability, but also on their intellectual, physical and
emotional capacities to meet the full requirements of the college's curriculum. As an advisory
committee to the Dean, the Admissions Committee is instructed to exercise judgment on behalf of
the faculty to recommend the entering class, and to consider character, extracurricular achievement,
and overall suitability for the pharmacy profession based upon information in the application, letters
of recommendation, and personal interviews.

The Accreditation Council on Pharmacy Education, the accrediting body for colleges and schools of
pharmacy, requires that the curriculum provide a general professional education, enabling each
student to eventually practice as a pharmacy generalist. This requires the development of broad
knowledge, skills, behaviors, ongoing self-directed learning, and the eventual ability to deliver
competent pharmaceutical care within a reasonable time frame and within the context of the legal
and ethical framework of the profession. The basic science curriculum includes the study of
biochemistry, medicinal chemistry, molecular biology, immunology, physiology, pharmaceutics,
pathology and pharmacology; all within the context of application to solving clinical problems. The
practice skill curriculum includes the behavioral, administrative, supervisory, economic, legal,
ethical, analytical, integrative, historical and contextual aspects of practice. The basic sciences and
practice skills curricula are interwoven and are designed to establish a core of knowledge necessary
for understanding pharmacotherapeutics and undergoing advanced clinical training. The clinical
curriculum includes diverse experience in primary care, in ambulatory and inpatient setting, and in
specialized environments such as long term care, and managed care or home infusion practices. The
basic science, practice skills and clinical experiences develop the ability to practice pharmacy with
the goal of providing cost-effective improvement in patient outcomes, independently or with a team
of other health care professionals, regardless of the future choice of practice site. The faculty
requires each student to pass each required course and all of the experiential rotations to graduate.

The following technical standards specify those attributes the faculty considers necessary for
completing pharmacy training, enabling each graduate to subsequently enter clinical practice,
residency or fellowship training. These standards describe the essential functions students must
demonstrate in order to fulfill the requirements of a general pharmacy education, and thus, are
prerequisites for entrance, continuation, and graduation from the College of Pharmacy.

The University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy will consider for admission any applicant who
demonstrates the ability to perform or to learn to perform the skills listed in this document.
Applicants are not required to disclose the nature of their disability(ies), if any, to the Admissions
Committee. However, any applicant with questions about these technical standards is strongly
encouraged to discuss the issue with the Chair of the Admissions Committee prior to the interview
process. If appropriate, and upon the request of the applicant/student, reasonable accommodations
will be provided.

Certain chronic or recurrent illnesses and problems that interfere with patient care or safety may be
incompatible with pharmacy training or practice. Other conditions that may lead to a high likelihood
of student illness should be carefully considered. Deficiencies in knowledge base, judgment,
integrity, character, or professional attitude or demeanor, which may jeopardize patient care, may be
grounds for course/rotation failure and possible dismissal.

A student must possess aptitude, abilities, and skills in five areas: 1) observation; 2) communication;
3) sensory and motor coordination and function; 4) conceptualization, integration and quantitative
evaluation; and 5) behavioral and social skills, abilities and aptitude. These are described in detail
below. The program faculty will monitor maintenance of these standards. Students must be able to
independently perform the described functions.

Students must be able to observe demonstrations and conduct exercises in a variety of areas related
to contemporary pharmacy practice, including but not limited to, monitoring of drug response and
preparation of specialty dosage forms. A student must be able to observe a patient accurately at a
distance and close at hand, noting nonverbal as well as verbal signals. Specific vision-related
requirements include, but are not limited to the following abilities: visualizing and discriminating
findings on drug or fluid monitoring tests; reading written and illustrated material; observing
demonstrations in the classroom or laboratory, including projected slides and overheads; observing
and differentiating changes in body movement; observing anatomic structures; discriminating
numbers and patterns associated with diagnostic and monitoring instruments and tests, and
competently using instruments for monitoring drug response.

Students must be able to relate effectively and sensitively with patients and their caregivers and or
partners, and convey a sense of compassion and empathy. A student must be able to communicate
clearly with, and observe patients in order to elicit information, accurately describe changes in mood,
activity and posture, and perceive verbal as well as nonverbal communication. Communication
includes not only speech but also reading and writing. Students must be able to communicate
quickly, effectively and efficiently in oral and written English with all members of the health care
team. Specific requirements include but are not limited to the following abilities: communicating
rapidly and clearly with the health care team on rounds; eliciting a thorough history from patients;
and communicating complex findings in appropriate terms to patients and their caregivers, partners
and various members of the health care team (fellow students, physicians, nurses, aides, therapists,
social workers, and others). Students must learn to recognize and promptly respond to emotional
communication such as sadness, worry, agitation, and lack of comprehension of communication.
Each student must be able to read and record observations and care plans legibly, efficiently and
accurately. Students must be able to prepare and communicate concise but complete summaries of
individual encounters and complex, prolonged encounters with patients. Students must be able to
complete forms or appropriately document activities according to directions in a complete and timely
Students must have sufficient sensory and motor function to monitor drug response and to prepare
and or dispense pharmaceuticals. A student should be able to execute motor movements reasonably
required to participate in the general care and emergency treatment of patients. They must be able to
respond promptly to urgencies within the practice setting and must not hinder the ability of their co-
workers to provide prompt care. Examples of such emergency treatment reasonably required of
pharmacists include arriving quickly when called, participating in the initiation of appropriate
procedures, and rapidly and accurately preparing appropriate emergency medication.

These abilities include measurement, calculation, reasoning, analysis, judgment, numerical
recognition and synthesis. Especially important is the appropriate and rapid calculation of dosages
in a variety of conditions such as renal or hepatic failure, obesity, cardiac or respiratory arrest, etc.
Additionally, calculations involving appropriate dilution or reconstitution of drug products,
electrolytes, etc. must be made accurately and quickly. Problem solving, a critical skill demanded of
all pharmacists, requires all of these intellectual abilities and must be performed quickly, especially
in emergency situations. Students must be able to identify significant findings from history, physical
assessment, and laboratory data; provide a reasonable explanation and analysis of the problem;
determine when additional information is required; suggest appropriate medications and therapy;
develop appropriate treatment plans to improve patient outcomes; develop patient counseling
information at a complexity level appropriate to a particular situation; and retain and recall
information in an efficient and timely manner. The ability to incorporate new information from peers
or teachers, and to locate and evaluate new information from the literature to be used appropriately
in formulating assessments and pharmaceutical care plans is essential, as is good judgment in patient
assessment and therapeutic planning for disease management. Students must be able to identify and
communicate the limits of their knowledge to others when appropriate and be able to recognize when
the limits of their knowledge indicate further study or investigation is essential before participating
in decision making. Students must be able to interpret graphs or charts describing biologic,
economic or outcome relationships.

Empathy, integrity, honesty, concern for others, good interpersonal skills, interest and motivation are
all personal qualities that are required. Students must possess the emotional health required for full
use of their intellectual abilities; the exercise of good judgment; the prompt completion of all
responsibilities attendant to the care of patients; and the development of mature, sensitive and
effective relationships with patients and their caregivers and partners. At times this requires the
ability to be aware of and appropriately react to one's own immediate emotional responses and
environment. For example, students must maintain a professional demeanor and organization in the
face of long hours and personal fatigue, dissatisfied patients, and tired colleagues. Students must be
able to develop professional relationships with patients and their caregivers and partners, providing
comfort and reassurance when appropriate while protecting patient confidentiality. Students must
possess adequate endurance to tolerate physically taxing workloads and to function effectively under
stress or with distractions. All students are at times required to work for extended periods,
occasionally with rotating shifts. Students must be able to adapt to changing environments, to
display flexibility, and to learn to function in the face of uncertainties inherent in the clinical
problems of many patients. Students must also develop the skills necessary to instruct and supervise
technical personnel assisting with the delivery of pharmaceutical services. Students are expected to
accept appropriate suggestions and criticism and if necessary, respond quickly, appropriately and
cooperatively by modification of behavior.

Responsibility for Professionalism and Conforming to Rules, Standards and Regulations
Because the College of Pharmacy is charged with the education and training of competent
pharmacists, and because competence must be ensured not only in the fund of knowledge and
technical abilities of the student but also in their standards of personal and professional conduct,
student progress is carefully monitored to certify that students have acquired appropriate knowledge,
skills, behavioral characteristics and ethical principles. To this end, students are responsible for
conforming to all rules, standards and regulations specified in such documents as the Health Care
Colleges Student Professional Behavior Code, Behavior Standards in Patient Care, University Rights
and Responsibilities, and the College of Pharmacy Technical Standards. Review of how well
students satisfy such responsibility is vested with the Academic Performance Committee (APC),
which will seek recommendations from an advisory group composed of the APC core faculty and an
equal number of student representatives.

The faculty of the College of Pharmacy do their utmost to provide and promote an atmosphere
conducive to learning, professional growth and development. Such an environment can only occur,
however, with the complete cooperation of each individual of the student body. In order to remain
respected members of a health care profession, each member of the profession must subscribe to a
code of behavior and ethics that is more stringent than that placed on society at large. The profession
fully expects pharmacy students and faculty to display similar characteristics. Students are expected
to develop a professionalism beginning with their admission to the program. This includes regular
class attendance, adequate preparation for class, punctuality, a neat appearance and appropriate
professional demeanor. Students not meeting these expectations will be referred to the dean.

Any student may be denied admission or permission to continue enrollment in the College of
Pharmacy if, in the opinion of the faculty, the moral and ethical character of the student casts
grave doubts upon his or her potential capabilities as a pharmacist. Any type of involvement in
the illegal use of drugs, or any illegal or unethical acts relating to the practice of pharmacy are
examples of incidents which would provide cause for denying admission, or readmission, or
considering dismissal of a student from the College of Pharmacy.

All College of Pharmacy students are subject to the rights, rules and regulations governing
University of Kentucky students in all matters not specifically covered in Medical Center and
College of Pharmacy documents.

Students Seeking Readmission Following Dismissal
Students dismissed from the College of Pharmacy because of a recommendation from the Academic
Performance Committee (APC) may petition readmission through the Academic Performance
Committee. Students withdrawing from the College while in good academic standing may petition
readmission to the Admissions Committee through the associate dean for academic affairs. Students
expelled from the College because of violations of academic integrity are ordinarily not eligible for
readmission, but may petition readmission to the faculty through the dean.

Part-time Study and Progress of Students Not in Good Academic Standing
Because the curriculum of the College of Pharmacy integrates material from a variety of courses in
which the student is enrolled, part-time study is extraordinarily difficult and is allowed only in
unusual cases. Students allowed such an option must plan a course of study through the College of
Pharmacy Office of Academic Affairs and with the approval of the College's Academic Performance
Committee (APC). Alteration of such a plan may not occur without prior approval of the APC.
Students who are not in good academic standing may also have an altered plan of study as specified
by the APC. The College reserves the right to alter such plans unilaterally should curricular changes
or significant changes in course content occur while a student in part-time study or a student not in
good academic standing is enrolled.

Employment while Classes are in Session
The Doctor of Pharmacy curriculum consumes the entire effort of students. Therefore, upon
acceptance to the program of study, students are expected to devote their energies to the academic
program. The College discourages employment while courses are in session, at least until students
have documented academic success. The College cannot take outside employment or activities into
account when scheduling classes, laboratories, small group activities, examinations, reviews, field
trips, individual course functions or special projects.
Course Meeting Patterns
Due to curricular requirements, course functions and/or examinations outside the normal Monday
through Friday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. business hours will occur. Clinical responsibilities include evening
and weekend work.

Convocations and Field Experiences
Each semester, special lectures are held for students, faculty and staff. Announcements are made in
advance, and attendance is required by the dean. In addition, special field experiences for students
may be scheduled during enrollment in the program. Students must participate in these
experiences in order to qualify for course credit.

Experiential Education Assignments and Policies
The Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPE) are experience-based integrated problem-
solving courses designed to help the student become an active participant in providing contemporary
pharmaceutical care services. The student, under the direction of different faculty, will integrate their
knowledge of pharmacotherapy, disease states, dosage formulations and pharmacokinetics in developing
and assessing therapeutic plans and in evaluating drug selection for patients. The student will learn
about drug delivery systems, dispensing issues, and management strategies in the various sites. Each
rotation will stress outcome-oriented decision making in clinical situations regarding drug therapy in
specific disciplines. Students will attend physician rounds/ interdisciplinary team meetings, attend
conferences and discussions, monitor and present assigned patients, and interact with patients and health
care professionals. Over the course of their experience, students will learn to develop recommendations
and participate in decisions about drug therapy considering factors involving efficacy, toxicity, cost,
third party coverage, and unique methods of delivery.

Each student shall complete one of each of the following types of rotations: community pharmacy,
ambulatory clinic, hospital pharmacy, and general practice. A variety of APPE sites are available,
including experiences in general medicine, surgery, pediatrics, geriatrics, critical care,
pharmacokinetics, ambulatory care, psychiatry, nutrition, administration, hematology-oncology,
home health care, community pharmacy and clinical drug research.

The College of Pharmacy has established Clinical Education Centers (CECs) across the
Commonwealth. These centers serve as the home base for students on APPE rotations during their
4th year. Students admitted to the College may be assigned to a CEC to complete their entire 4th year
of APPE, or students may be assigned to APPEs statewide. Every attempt will be made to secure
financial assistance during these rotations through the statewide Area Health Education Center
(AHEC) system. However, students should be prepared to incur additional expenses and
inconvenience during the time he/she is assigned to sites outside the greater Lexington area, or at
sites within one of the CECs. Assignments are normally made as early as possible, giving students
time to work with local AHEC coordinators to secure housing.

In addition, enrollment in experiential education courses (IPPE and APPE) requires appropriate
immunization status and verification of such status. In order to ensure that each applicant
understands this situation before he or she accepts admission, the College requires each applicant to
sign appropriate documentation, which is also the Off-Campus Assignment Agreement.

Immunization Status
Enrollment in PHR 928 Early Pharmacy Practice Experience (EPPE) and APPE (PHR 988)
courses requires proof of immunization status for a variety of diseases, including measles
and hepatitis and a tuberculin (TB) skin test. Immunization requirements are updated yearly
by Student Health Services in accordance with recommendations from the Centers for
Disease Control. Students intending to enroll in experiential courses must become aware of
the immunization requirements the year prior to intended enrollment and take steps to
ensure they will meet the requirements in a timely manner, to avoid delays in their program
of study. Students must file an immunization record with the Office of Academic Affairs
and Student Services of the College of Pharmacy. Students must have their immunization
status verified as appropriate for professional level coursework by Student Health.

Drug Testing and Criminal Background Checks
A.     Criminal background checks (CBC) and drug screens (DS) are becoming standard
       requirements for employment, especially at health care facilities, in order to enhance
       the safety and well-being of patients. In addition both may be required prior to
       granting of licenses or permits to practice by regulatory boards. Such requirements
       are in place for students who rotate through health care facilities as part of required
       educational experiences. The College of Pharmacy is being asked to attest that
       criminal background checks and drug screens, plus other requirements (e.g., CPR,
       HIPAA compliance, health insurance, immunizations etc.) have been completed
       prior to students being allowed in clinical education sites. If students are not
       eligible for entry to clinical education sites required to complete their degree, they
       are not eligible for admission to the college.

       Level one admission CBCs and DSs will therefore be performed on conditionally
       admitted students to the College of Pharmacy, A conditionally admitted student is
       one who has been given an initial offer of admission, but who has not yet satisfied all
       of the requirements for full admission. Subsequent CBCs and DSs may be required
       prior to participation or continuation in experiential education courses if the most
       recent CBC and DS is more than one year old (See Below).

       The presence of a criminal record does not mean automatic denial of admission.
       Failure to fully truthfully disclose the details of a criminal record however, can be a
       basis for denial.

B.     Applicability, Expenses, Policy Statement and Disclosure
       Conditionally admitted applicants must consent to, and satisfactorily complete, a
       criminal background check and drug screen prior to final acceptance and
       matriculation into the College of Pharmacy. Enrollment will not be final until the
       completion of the admission CBC and DS with results deemed acceptable to the
       College. All expenses associated with admission CBCs and DSs are the
       responsibility of the applicant. Applicants who do not consent to the required CBC
       and/or DS, refuse to provide information necessary to conduct either, or provide
       false or misleading information or samples in regard to the CBC and/or DS, will be
       subject to disciplinary action up to, and including, refusal of admission or dismissal
       from the program if the infraction is discovered after admission.

       By accepting admission to the College of Pharmacy the applicant also gives
       permission to the College of Pharmacy to conduct initial (admission) and subsequent
       CBCs and DSs as needed, and disclose the results of CBCs and DSs to sites where
       the student may do experiential education rotations if there is any concern as to
       whether a student would be acceptable to the site.

       Please understand that acceptable CBC and DS by the College of Pharmacy for
       admission do not guarantee that a student will be eligible to complete the program or
       obtain a pharmacy license to practice upon graduation. A clinical education site or
       any regulatory board may interpret CBC and DS information more severely, or
       uncover new information not revealed in previous checks and/or screens making the
       student ineligible to complete the program.
C.   Procedures and Conditions
     As part of the Supplemental Application to the College of Pharmacy applicants will
     be asked questions regarding their background and possible convictions etc, and
     given the opportunity to explain any incidents reported. For the purposes of this
     policy a conviction is considered to be a guilty plea, a guilty verdict, an Alford Plea
     or a Nolo Contendere (No Contest) plea. Answers to such questions do not
     necessarily disqualify a student from admission, but failure to truthfully disclose
     information will be grounds for discipline up to and including withdrawal of
     conditional acceptance or termination from the program.

     Answers to the above questions are kept as confidential as possible and screened by
     the Director of Admissions. Information will be retained by the college separate
     from other student educational and academic records and are not shared with the
     admissions committee but evaluated by a three member CBC/DS Advisory
     committee separate from the Admissions Committee. The CBC/DS Advisory
     committee reports to the Dean as to the potential seriousness of the information
     disclosed and any explanations provided by the student. The CBC/DS Advisory
     Committee makes a recommendation as to any stipulations or requirements placed
     on potential conditional admission. The Dean then makes a decision as to whether
     this information affects the relative ranking among all applicants to the program.

     When applicants are given conditional acceptance to the College of Pharmacy they
     will be provided with information regarding the performance of an admission CBC
     and DS. Failure to have both the admission CBC and DS performed within the
     deadlines specified may result in revocation of conditional admission.

     Information from the CBCs and DSs are also kept as confidential as possible, are not
     shared with the admissions committee, and are retained in a file separate from other
     educational and academic records. Information from CBCs and DSs is evaluated on
     a case by case basis by the Director of Admissions.

     Information disclosed by the criminal background check that was not disclosed by
     the applicant in the Supplemental Application, as well as information from the drug
     screen, may also result in revocation of conditional acceptance. Applicants have
     access to the results of the criminal background check and drug screen, and are
     responsible for ensuring the accuracy of the information. It is the responsibility of
     the conditionally admitted applicant to ensure that any misinformation in the initial
     criminal background check and drug screen report is corrected, and to ensure that a
     written statement with supporting documentation indicating the correction is
     submitted to the Director of Admissions within 10 days of results being reported.

     Conditional admission may be revoked by the Director of Admissions on the basis of
     information appearing in the CBC that was not disclosed by the applicant in the
     Supplemental Application, by the absolute bars to admission described below, or by
     the results of a DS positive for banned substances or psychoactive substances
     without a prescription (except for medications available without a prescription). If
     conditional admission is revoked the applicant may appeal the decision to the
     CBC/DS Advisory committee through the Director of Admissions within 10 working
     days of notification, provide any additional information the applicant feels
     important, and appear in person before the advisory committee if they wish. The
     advisory committee will then make a recommendation to the Dean. Applicants may
     be admitted, admitted with specific stipulations for continuing in the program, or
       have admission revoked. The decision of the Dean regarding the revocation of the
       offer of admission, and any stipulations for admission and continuation, is final and
       cannot be appealed. Applicants who are admitted with stipulations, but who do not
       follow those stipulations, forfeit their admission and/or are subject to dismissal with
       due process.

D.     Factors affecting decisions from CBCs and DSs
       Factors in affecting decisions on applicants may include, but are not limited to;
              •        the nature, circumstances, and frequency of any reported offense(s)
              •        the length of time since the offense(s) were committed
              •        whether the pattern of the offenses indicates a continuing behavior
              •        available information that addresses efforts at rehabilitation
              •        the accuracy of the information provided by the applicant in their
                      application materials
              •        the relationship between the responsibilities of a student pharmacist
                      participating in the educational program and the offense(s)

       Absolute bars to admission from information disclosed in CBCs include
             •        Crimes involving abuse of a dependent person.
             •        Child sexual offenses.
             •        Murder conviction.
             •        Felony drug trafficking.

       Absolute bars to admission from DSs include the presence of banned substances or
       psychoactive medications without a prescription, except for medications available
       without a prescription.

Continuing Students
A.     Introduction
       Clinical training sites are increasingly requiring CBCs and/or DSs prior to accepting
       a student for a clinical rotation or are requiring that the College certify such tests
       have been performed and the student is acceptable for assignment to the site.
       Therefore CBCs and/or DSs will be required for students prior to undertaking
       experiential education courses.

B.     Applicability, Expenses and Disclosure
       Acceptable CBCs and DSs less than one year old are required for assignment to
       experiential education sites for all experiential education rotations in the College of
       Pharmacy. Acceptability is determined by the CBC/DS Advisory Committee using
       information from consultation with experiential education faculty and staff regarding
       requirements of clinical education facilities.

       All expenses associated with CBCs and DSs for experiential rotations are the
       responsibility of the student. When accepting admission to the College of Pharmacy,
       and registering for experiential education courses, the student gives permission to the
       College of Pharmacy to conduct further CBCs and DSs and to disclose the results of
       CBCs and DSs to sites where the student may do experiential education rotations as
       needed if there is any concern as to whether a student would be acceptable to the
C.   Procedures and Conditions
     Prior to students being allowed to participate in experiential education courses they
     will be asked to undergo updated CDCs and DSs. Students who:
             a.     do not consent to the required CBC and DS,
             b.     refuse to provide information necessary to conduct them in a timely
                    manner and by the required deadlines,
             c.     or provide false or misleading information or samples in regard to the
                    CBC and DS are not eligible to participate in experiential education
                    courses and are subject to disciplinary action up to and including
                    dismissal from the college with due process.

     Information from the updated CBCs and DSs are kept as confidential as possible and
     are retained in a file separate from other educational and academic records.
     Information will be shared with the CBC/DS Advisory Committee, the Dean and
     with clinical education sites if there is a need to determine the acceptability of a
     student to the site.

     Results from CBCs and DSs will be reviewed by the Director of Student Services.
     Students without any issues are immediately cleared to the Director of Experiential
     Education to participate in experiential education courses. Students with any
     positive results on the CBC or DS will be referred to the CBC/DS Advisory
     Committee who will make a recommendation to the Dean regarding a course of
     action. Possible actions include:
             a.      allowing the student to proceed to experiential education courses but
                     following consultation with the clinical education site(s) as to
             b.      requiring the student to undertake a course of action i.e. further
                     evaluation, treatment or rehabilitation, in an attempt to increase
                     acceptability to clinical education sites
             c.      recommend the student be dismissed from the program with due

     Absolute bars to participation in experiential education courses from information
     disclosed in CBCs include
            •       Crimes involving abuse of a dependent person.
            •       Child sexual offenses.
            •       Murder conviction.
            •       Felony drug trafficking.
     Absolute bars to participation in experiential education courses from DSs include the
     presence of banned substances or psychoactive medications without a prescription,
     except for medications available without a prescription.

     Additional Considerations
            •      Admitted students cannot refuse to go to a particular experiential site
                   because they do not wish to submit to further drug testing or criminal
                   background checks required by the site.
            •      Students who are refused admission to a clinical training site, or who
                   are asked to leave a site because of information divulged through any
                   CBC and/or DS will have a plan developed by the CBC/DS Advisory
                   committee in an attempt to make the student more acceptable to
                   clinical education sites. Students must follow the plan and any
                   evaluation, treatment and rehabilitation guidelines imposed in the
                        plan, before and/or during subsequent enrollment in experiential
                        education courses. The requirements of the plan are not subject to
                        appeal. The results of evaluation and the existence of treatment and
                        rehabilitation guidelines imposed by the plan will be disclosed to the
                        Human Resources office of the clinical training site and/or to the
                        individual preceptor.
                •       The College of Pharmacy does not accept responsibility for any
                        student being ineligible for coursework, continued enrollment in the
                        college, or subsequent licensure for any reason, including failure to
                        pass a CBC and/or DS regardless of whether or not the student has
                        participated in a plan attempting to make them acceptable to clinical
                        education sites.
                •       The College of Pharmacy does not accept responsibility to continually
                        search out new clinical education sites who will accept students
                        previously denied access to any assigned site. The college will work
                        with the student, and with a number of sites, in an attempt to allow
                        the student to complete their education. However, if a student is
                        denied access to three different clinical education sites the
                        responsibility of the College to identify further sites ceases.

        Reporting of misdemeanor/felony offenses
               •      Any student, or conditionally admitted applicant, convicted of a
                      felony of any type, or a misdemeanor involving drugs or alcohol
                      while a student or a conditionally admitted applicant in the College of
                      Pharmacy, must report that offense to the college Dean of Academic
                      Affairs in writing within 10 days of conviction. The CBC/DS
                      Advisory committee will them make recommendations to the Dean
                      regarding possible stipulations for continued enrollment i.e.
                      participation in treatment programs etc. Conviction includes plea
                      agreements, guilty pleas etc. as defined above. Failure to report may
                      result in dismissal from the College with due process.

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)
The College of Pharmacy requires that all pharmacy students be certified in an approved CPR
training program. A CPR training course is available during the new student orientation period
and/or early in the fall semester. Students are required to annually update their certification.

Physical, Mental and/or Learning Disabilities
The University of Kentucky is committed to meeting its obligations pursuant to Section 504 of the
Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, as
amended. An individual with a disability is defined as someone who has “a physical or mental
impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities of such individual.” Any
student who has such a disability and who seeks special accommodations from the University must
notify the Office of Academic Affairs of the College of Pharmacy of that disability, in writing,
preferably before the beginning of the school year, but in no case later than the third day of classes
for the fall semester. If a disability develops during the school year for which accommodations are
requested, the student must notify the Office of Academic Affairs, in writing, as soon as they
become aware of the disability. The student will be required to provide current documentation of the
condition for which they require accommodation to the University Disability Resource Center.
Notification of the condition and request for special accommodation will be referred to the same
office. All requests for special accommodation and notification of conditions will be kept
confidential. Provision of services will be based upon a review by the Disability Resource Center of
current medical or psychological documentation and an assessment of current needs and appropriate
Students have access to a variety of traditional and audiovisual library resources, including computer
laboratories. Libraries include the Medical Center Library, the Medical Center Audiovisual Library,
the University of Kentucky Margaret I. King Library and the William T. Young Library, one of the
largest libraries in the South.

Fees, Expenses and Refunds
As a state-assisted institution, tuition and fees for the University of Kentucky and the College of
Pharmacy are established annually by the Council on Higher Education and are subject to change
each academic year. Exact tuition and fees are available prior to each academic year from the Office
of Academic Affairs in the College of Pharmacy or from the University registrar's office. Tuition and
fees for the College of Pharmacy differ from the University.

Fee refund and liability/reassessment policies of the University of Kentucky are published in the
University Bulletin. Refunds of registration/tuition fees vary from 50 to 100 percent of the amount
paid, depending upon the date of withdrawal, normally up to eight weeks into the semester. No
refunds are given if withdrawal is after the last day to drop a class.

College of Pharmacy students arrange their own housing. The majority of students live in
apartment complexes, townhouses, duplexes, or homes near campus. As you might expect in
a college town, there are a large number of apartment complexes in the city. Some students
choose to live within walking distance of campus while others choose to live farther away.
Lexington truly offers something for everyone.

Professional students who are unmarried may wish to live in residence halls and may apply
for Undergraduate Housing. This is not common for students in the Pharm.D. program for a
variety of reasons including a differing academic calendar and the rigor and challenge of the
academic work in the professional program. If a student does choose to live in
Undergraduate Housing, you may want to consider choosing a 12-month dorm option. 12-
month dorms are New North, Smith Hall and Greg Page Apartments. Contact information:
Undergraduate Assignment Office, 125 Funkhouser Building, Lexington, KY 40506-0054.
859-257-1866. Email: ukhousing@lsv.uky.edu.

Applicants for University Graduate & Family Housing are restricted to full-time single,
graduate, doctoral or professional students; full-time students with families; non-traditional
adult full-time students; post-doctoral, visiting scholars and others affiliated with the
University. Graduate & Family Housing offers efficiency, one-bedroom and two-bedroom
apartments. It is not common for students in the Pharm.D. program to live in this housing.
We typically have only one or two students choose this option.
Contact information: Cooperstown Bldg., C 0132, Lexington, KY 40508. 859-257-3721.
Email: ukapthousing@lsv.uky.edu.
Financial Aid
The University has some funds available for students who need financial assistance. Federal loans
are available through two programs: the Federally Insured Student Loan Program, which is available
to all students; and the Health Education Assistance Loans, which are awarded on the basis of need.
Both are administered by the University's Student Financial Aid Office. Pharm.D. students are in a
professional/graduate category and therefore qualify for higher loan amounts than undergraduate
students. For more information and applications:
          Student Financial Aid Office
          University of Kentucky
          127 Funkhouser Building
          Lexington, KY 40506-0054
          Phone: (859) 257-3172

General scholarships from the University are available on the basis of grade point average and need.
Applications may be obtained from the UK Student Financial Aid Office listed above.

The College of Pharmacy also has scholarships available to students after enrollment in the College
for at least one semester. The College’s Student Services office has information about these

Employment at the College or University
Part-time employment is available in the various programs of the College or the University for a
limited number of students in good academic standing. Information on part-time employment is
available through the University of Kentucky Human Resources office at http://www.uky.edu/HR/ or
at 859-257-9555.

The College Student Services office cooperates fully with the University Career Center in seeking
employment for its graduates and arranging interview opportunities. Representatives of
many pharmacies, hospitals, manufacturers, and residencies visit the campus each year to interview
graduates. For the past 15-20 years, students have had multiple offers of employment upon

Graduation Rates
Approximately 95 percent of the students admitted to the College of Pharmacy graduate on time with
the students in their class.

Board Exam Scores and Pass Rates
Graduates of the College of Pharmacy take the North American Pharmacy Licensing Examination
(NAPLEX). Scaled scores for UK College of Pharmacy graduates routinely exceed the national
average, often by as many as 15 to 20 points. Pass rate is commonly 100 percent.

Student Organizations, Honor and Leadership Societies
In addition to numerous campus-wide social and cultural activities, and the intramural sports
program, the College has active organizations of its own which sponsor professional and social

All pharmacy students are eligible for membership in the Kentucky Alliance of Pharmacy Students
(KAPS). This organization is the student affiliate of the American Pharmacists Association, the
American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, the Kentucky Pharmacists Association, the
Kentucky Society of Health-System Pharmacists and the National Community Pharmacy
Association. Prompt affiliation with KAPS upon enrollment in the College not only serves to
identify students with the profession, but also is regarded as evidence of interest in and enthusiasm
for the profession. Through KAPS, students become acquainted with organizational work, develop
professional attitudes with moral and ethical values, and lay the groundwork for continued growth
and development after graduation.
National professional pharmaceutical fraternities or organizations are on the UK campus: Kappa Psi
Pharmaceutical Fraternity, Upsilon Chapter; Lambda Kappa Sigma, Alpha Nu Chapter; Student
National Pharmacists Association; and the Fellowship of Christian Pharmacists International.

Rho Chi, the national pharmaceutical honorary society, elects outstanding student members to the
Alpha Xi Chapter. These members have at least 70 hours of professional credit, with a GPA of 3.0 or
above, and are recommended by the Dean of the College of Pharmacy. In addition to high
scholarship, eligibility requires class ranking in the top 20 percent, outstanding character, personality
and leadership.

Phi Lambda Sigma is an honorary society that recognizes leadership. The purpose of PLS, also
known as the national Pharmacy Leadership Society, is to promote the development of leadership
qualities among pharmacy students. By peer recognition, the Society encourages participation in all
pharmacy activities.

A large number and wide variety of awards are given to students in all classes of the College to
recognize excellence. These awards are based upon such criteria as academic achievement,
leadership, self-improvement, professional activities and service. They are sponsored by a variety of
organizations, individuals and the pharmaceutical industry.

Public and Professional Service Projects
Each year students engage in a variety of public and professional service projects. Many of these
projects have resulted in national recognition and awards. The faculty of the College consider such
activities important in refining leadership skills, personal empathy for others and appropriate
professional development. The faculty encourage students to take advantage of these opportunities
and consider them an integral part of the professional education experience.
A Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) program is offered with areas of concentration in most of the
pharmaceutical sciences. Currently, there are approximately 77 students in the College working
toward the Ph.D. degree. Some of these students work closely with graduate students in other
training programs (including biochemistry, chemistry, chemical engineering, public policy and
administration, and toxicology) who are also training under College of Pharmacy faculty.

The Doctor of Philosophy degree is indicative of a high order of independent scholarship and is
usually a requirement for a faculty academic appointment in the pharmaceutical sciences or for
employment as a study leader in the pharmaceutical industry.

Graduates of the UK program are avidly sought and readily placed in academia and industry.
Recent graduates have taken academic appointments at Baylor University, University of California
Berkeley, Eastern Tennessee State University, the University of Florida, Georgetown University,
Hacettepe University, Harvard University, the Johns Hopkins University, the University of Kansas,
the University of Kentucky, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, the University of Maryland, the
University of Nebraska, the University of North Carolina, Northeastern Ohio Universities College of
Pharmacy, Ohio State University, Oregon State University, the University of Pittsburgh, Purdue
University, Rice University, the University of South Alabama, the University of Texas, the
University of Vermont and Virginia Commonwealth University. Graduates are also employed by the
U.S. Food and Drug Administration and many prominent pharmaceutical and research companies in
the United States and abroad, such as Abbott, Allergan, Amgen, AstraZeneca, Berlex, Boehringer
Ingleheim, Boots, Bristol Myers Squibb, Centocor, Conrad, Discovery Labs, Dupont-Merck, ENDO
Pharmaceuticals, Eurand, Genetics, GlaxoSmithKline, Hoffman LaRoche, ISIS Pharmaceuticals,
Lederle, Lilly, Madash, The Medicines Company, Nektar, Palatin Technologies, Pfizer, Polymer
Technology Consultants, Proctor and Gamble, Qualyst, Schering Plough, Scintipharma, Searle,
Somatogen, Syntex, Teva, and Wyeth Pharmaceuticals.

At the university level, the graduate program in Pharmaceutical Sciences has been recognized for its
success. In competition for University fellowships, the Pharmaceutical Sciences program has been
awarded the maximum number of fellowships in the biological sciences area for each of the past 20
years. Three members of the Pharmaceutical Sciences graduate faculty have been recognized as
recipients of the University of Kentucky Sturgill Award for outstanding contributions to graduate
education at UK.

Areas of Study
In pursuit of the doctoral degree a student identifies an area of research interest and then works very
closely with a graduate faculty member specializing in that field to develop an individualized
program of study and research. Students undertaking graduate study in the Pharmaceutical Sciences
take graduate courses provided by faculty within the College, and draw upon appropriate courses in
academic units outside the College of Pharmacy. Pharmaceutical Sciences graduate students often
enroll in graduate courses offered in the Integrated Biomedical Sciences Curriculum and by the
departments of chemistry, statistics, biochemistry, pharmacology, physiology, engineering, computer
science and others depending upon the focus of the student's program.

More than 55 research-oriented faculty are full or associate members of the Pharmaceutical Sciences
Graduate Program and University of Kentucky Graduate Faculty and are therefore eligible to
supervise the training of Pharmaceutical Sciences graduate students. Organized within two
Departments, Pharmaceutical Sciences and Pharmacy Practice and Science, the faculty represent
disciplinary areas such as pharmaceutics and pharmaceutical analysis, biopharmaceutics and
pharmacokinetics, pharmaceutical technology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology and toxicology,
clinical pharmacology, molecular biology, and biotechnology; in addition to the new program in
Pharmaceutical Policy.

Much of the support for graduate training comes from funded research projects. Currently there are
approximately 70 extramurally funded research projects for which College of Pharmacy faculty are
the primary investigators. The total of these awards exceeds $11 million. Additionally, College
faculty are involved in approximately 30 other extramurally-funded collaborative projects with
investigators outside of the College which have a total of another $12 million in awards. Funding for
this research is diverse, with approximately 66% percent from the National Institutes of Health, 8%
from non-NIH federal government agencies, 11% from the Commonwealth of Kentucky, 2% from
foundations and 13% from the pharmaceutical industry.
Current areas of graduate student and faculty research include:
     • Cell Biology
     • Chemical Biology
     • Computational Chemistry
     • Medicinal Chemistry
     • Molecular Biology
     • Molecular, Cellular, Integrative Pharmacology
     • Natural Product Chemistry
     • Structure-based Drug Design
     • Analytical Chemistry
     • Clinical Research
     • Drug Delivery/Pharmaceutics
     • Drug Metabolism/Pharmaco-kinetics/-dynamics
     • Formulations and Process Analytical Technology
     • Materials Sciences
     • Pharmacogenomics
     • Transporters

Specific details of contemporary research projects can be obtained from recent faculty publications
available in the College graduate studies office or on the World Wide Web through the College of
Pharmacy home page: http://pharmacy.mc.uky.edu/ under Directory/Faculty.
Laboratory, library and patient care facilities of the Medical Center provide an exceptional
opportunity for Pharmaceutical Science graduate students who wish to participate in clinical research
in cooperation with the faculty and staff of other colleges in the University of Kentucky Medical
Center, such as the Colleges of Medicine and Dentistry.

Specialization in Clinical and Experimental Therapeutics
The Clinical and Experimental Therapeutics (CET) Track within the Pharmaceutical Sciences
program provides a structured training program in combined aspects of clinical drug research and
methodology through research projects that involve the investigation of problems at the interface of
clinical and basic science. The graduate student in CET will participate in and carry significant
responsibility in the conceptualization, design, execution and evaluation of human studies involving
investigational and marketed drugs and drug delivery systems. Admission to the graduate program
specializing in Clinical and Experimental Therapeutics requires a professional degree (Pharm.D.,
M.D., D.D.S., or D.V.M.).

Specialization in Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy
Specialization in Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy is the newest track within the Pharmaceutical
Sciences Ph.D. program. This program is designed to train research specialists focused on the
relationship between pharmacotherapy and health outcomes, pharmacoeconomics,
pharmacoepidemiology, and pharmaceutical policy. The program will prepare students for careers in
the pharmaceutical industry, governmental positions related to pharmaceuticals, and academic
positions focused on research related to pharmaceutical outcomes and policy.
Graduate Program Requirements
The Doctor of Philosophy degree is not intended to represent a specific amount of work covering a
specified time. It is the attainment, through intensive study and research, of independent and
comprehensive scholarship in a specialized field.

A minimum of three collegiate years of full-residence graduate work is required for the doctorate.
Credit toward this requirement for prior graduate study at another institution may be allowed, as
determined jointly by the Director of Graduate Studies in the area and the Dean of the UK Graduate
School, after the student has been enrolled.

Students obtain a background in the disciplines relevant to the dissertation research by taking
courses, attending and presenting seminars, and participating in literature discussion groups. Many
of the students gain teaching experience as teaching assistants and in classroom presentations.

Each student seeking a Ph.D. degree must pass a qualifying examination (usually at the end of the
fifth semester of full-time graduate study) prior to admission to candidacy, present a dissertation that
is the result of original research, and pass a final examination (dissertation defense).

Financial Aid
All applicants to graduate study in the Pharmaceutical Sciences may be considered for award of a
teaching or research assistantship. Most of these assistantships provide an annual stipend plus a
tuition scholarship to cover the out-of-state portion of the tuition fees. Additional support to cover
the remainder of tuition costs may be available from the student’s mentor or home department.
Various graduate-school fellowships, which provide a stipend but require no service or teaching
commitment, are available on a competitive basis. To be considered for a fellowship, a student must
submit all application materials, including scores from the aptitude portion of the Graduate Record
Examination, before February 1st of each year.

Application Deadline
Ordinarily, students are admitted into the graduate program only for fall semester entry.
Deadlines for application are June 15 for domestic applicants and February 1 for international
students. Students seeking financial aid should have completed applications filed with the Graduate
School before February 1. Applicants residing in the United States should complete their
applications prior to January 15th in order to qualify for invitation to the Interview Day in late

Grade Point Average
Applicants should possess a Pharm.D. or a baccalaureate degree in pharmaceutical sciences or a
related area of science, and should have achieved an undergraduate grade point average of at least
3.2 based on a 4.0 scale. Applicants not meeting this requirement will be required to furnish
supplementary evidence of qualification for graduate study, such as exceptionally high Graduate
Record Examination scores.

Graduate Record Examination
The Graduate Record Examination is a requirement for admission. Applicants are required to take
the verbal, quantitative and analytical portions of the GRE. Information relative to the dates on
which these examinations will be administered in your area can be obtained by writing to the
Graduate Record Examinations, Box 955, Princeton, NJ 08541-0955 or visiting www.gre.org/
Application for Admission to Graduate Studies
Requests for application forms and/or for further information should be directed to:
                Director of Graduate Studies
                College of Pharmacy
                University of Kentucky
                College of Pharmacy Building
                725 Rose Street
                Lexington, KY 40536-0082
                Phone: (859) 257-1998

When requesting information, always refer to the graduate program and indicate Pharmaceutical
Sciences as the area of interest.

University of Kentucky Pharm.D. Students Interested in the Pharmaceutical Sciences Ph.D.
The Pharm.D. curriculum of the University of Kentucky allows students to take courses as part of
the professional degree program that gives them a head start toward their graduate degree
requirements. By making judicious use of electives, students can shorten the time required for
completing a Ph.D. Individuals interested in a potential research career should contact the Director
of Graduate Studies and the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs as early as possible for counseling
on appropriate electives and course scheduling.
                               GRADUATE COURSE OPTIONS
A course which deals with the application of modern analytical methods, primarily instrumental
methods, in the determination of the strength, purity and quality of drugs and pharmaceuticals.
Laboratory exercises include analysis of raw materials and finished dosage forms. Lecture, three
hours; laboratory, four hours. Prereq: CHE 226.

Discussion of the legal framework and special legal issues in pharmacy practice. Topics will
include application of antitrust laws to pharmacy, patent and trademark issues relevant to
pharmacy, legal issues related to prescription drug insurance programs, professional liability
and legislative issues such as drug product selection. Prereq: PHR 910.

Basics of radioactive decay and detection. Labeling of molecules and cells with radionuclides.
Imaging systems and clinical aspects of radiopharmaceuticals. Radioanalytical applications in
pharmaceutical sciences, including position tomography and gamma scintigraphy. Development of
new radiopharmaceuticals and absorbed dose calculations. The principles of radiation safety and
radiobiology. Prereq: consent of instructor.

The course will describe the fundamental concepts, principles and techniques involved in the
characterization, development, evaluation and preparation of sterile products. Lecture, two credits;
lecture with laboratory, three credits. Prereq: consent of instructor.

Quantitative treatment of dynamics of drug absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion,
including development of both mathematical models and model-independent approaches for
describing these processes. Prereq: MA 114 and consent of instructor. (Same as PHA 612).

An overview of the biochemical pathways leading to compounds called natural products/secondary
metabolites. Prereq: Two semesters of organic chemistry. (Same as BCH 620/PLS 642.)

Advanced treatment of factors affecting drug availability from dosage forms and the influence of the
route of administration and the dosage regimen on drug availability. Prereq: PHR 612.

Kinetics of reactions of pharmaceutical interest; mechanisms of drug decomposition and theoretical
approaches to stabilization and preservation; accelerated stability analysis. Prereq: physical
chemistry and chemical kinetics.

An advanced study in special topics of a physical chemical nature which are applicable to pharmacy,
with special emphasis on physical properties and molecular structure, solubility, complexation and
equilibria in solution. Prereq: physical chemistry.

A discussion of the development of potential therapeutic entities using molecular biotechnology,
Recent advances in the design and delivery of target-specific treatments such as special peptides,
monoclonal antibodies and gene therapies will be the primary focus. Prereq: BCH 501 and 502,
BCH 401G or equivalent, or consent of instructor.

The intent of this course is to describe the molecular aspects of a variety of physiological systems
that are subject to pharmacological manipulation. Emphasis will be on the molecular genetics,
biochemistry and subcellular organization and biology of these systems, and on the pharmacological
techniques used to study these systems. Genetic diseases associated with these systems will also be
described. The course will focus on areas of research which represent the forefront of modern
pharmacological investigation. Prereq: PHA 522, PGY 502, BCH 501, 502, or consent of instructor.
(Same as PHA/TOX 649).

Based on NIH guidelines for Responsible Conduct of Research, this course will present ethical and
regulatory guidelines for conducting clinical research. Prereq: Participation in curriculum leading to
Graduate Certificate in Clinical Research Skills, or permission of instructor. (Same as CPH 665.)

Half-time to full-time work on thesis. May be repeated to a maximum of six semesters. Prereq: All
course work toward the degree must be completed.

Half-time to full-time work on dissertation. May be repeated to a maximum of six semesters. Prereq:
registration for two full-time semesters of 769 residence credit following the successful completion
of the qualifying exams.

This course deals with emerging concepts in pharmaceutical sciences which are not being covered in
other courses. May be repeated to a maximum of 10 hours. Prereq: consent of instructor.

An in-depth discussion on the bioorganic chemistry aspects of the active sites of enzymes and drug
receptors, the molecular base of drug design, and principles of drug metabolism. Within these topics,
the mode of action of some of the major coenzymes and drugs will be discussed from a mechanistic
chemistry point of view. Prereq: CHE 538, CHE 633, BCH 501, or consent of instructor.

A study of the pharmaceutical development process and its regulation, including a detailed
examination of clinical research methodologies. Students will demonstrate their competence by
developing a clinical trial protocol. Prereq: Enrollment in the Pharmaceutical Sciences Graduate
Program or consent of instructor.

Residency credit for dissertation research after the qualifying examination. A minimum of two
semesters are required as well as continuous enrollment until the dissertation is completed and

Reports and discussion of pertinent research and literature in a disciplinary area of the
pharmaceutical sciences. Required of all graduate students. Prereq: graduate standing.

Reports and discussion of pertinent research and literature in a disciplinary area of the
pharmaceutical sciences. May be repeated to an eight-credit maximum. Prereq: graduate standing.

Selected problems of laboratory or literature nature in which a student pursues a topic of interest to
him under the supervision of a faculty member particularly qualified in that area. May be repeated
once. Prereq: consent of instructor.

Research work to be conducted in selected areas of pharmaceutical sciences. Prereq: approval of
student's special committee and consent of instructor.
The College of Pharmacy has approximately 25 post-doctoral students who work on specific
research projects in the areas noted above in Areas of Study, usually under the mentorship of one
faculty researcher. The post-doctoral student’s activities and time are focused on the research
project. A Ph.D. or comparable degree is required for a post-doctoral appointment. The research is
funded by the faculty mentor’s sponsored project. The sponsoring faculty member hires the post-
doctoral scholar or fellow. Opportunities for post-doctoral support are best ascertained by directly
contacting the faculty member. The research interests of College of Pharmacy faculty can be seen be
visiting their homepages on the World Wide Web: http://pharmacy.mc.uky.edu/ under

                                RESIDENCY PROGRAMS

The College of Pharmacy is associated with a variety of practice-oriented, nationally recognized
residency programs designed to train highly motivated pharmacists for careers in the advanced
aspects of pharmaceutical care and specialty practice. Residency programs are accredited by the
American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP).

Residency programs provide direction for the development of professional goals and objectives, an
environment that promotes the accomplishment of individual goals, a formal plan for advanced
training and experience, constructive evaluation and positive reinforcement, professional contacts
that assist individuals throughout their entire career, and an opportunity for professional and personal
maturation. All residents receive a competitive stipend and fringe benefits, including insurance,
meal discounts, parking permits, etc.

Residents have many opportunities to submit research management studies, medication use
evaluations, and case reports for presentation at state and national meetings and for publication in
peer-reviewed journals, with the help and direction of preceptors. Residents also participate in
annual residency conferences, where they present their projects to other residents and preceptors
from this region of the country.

University of Kentucky Healthcare Pharmacy Residency Programs
The College of Pharmacy and the UKHealthcare Department of Pharmacy offer multiple PGY1
ASHP-accredited residency program positions in pharmacy practice and also multiple PGY2 ASHP
accredited specialty residency program positions in ambulatory critical care, infectious diseases,
pediatrics, and oncology pharmacy practice. Other one-year specialty residencies are also available.
These residencies require a Pharm.D. for admission. There are usually 17 positions overall between
the general practice and specialty programs.

Since the inception of the residency, over 350 pharmacists have completed the programs. These
residents have primarily sought careers in academics, pharmaceutical research, hospital and clinic
health systems management. All residents have the opportunity to participate in both clinical and
applied research under the direction of program preceptors. In addition, residents participate in the
various teaching programs of the College of Pharmacy, including those involving classroom sessions
and experiential courses.

Rotations available include cardiology, pulmonary, emergency and general internal medicine,
general, cardiothoracic and trauma surgery, critical care, neurosurgery, neurology, pediatrics,
oncology, bone-marrow and solid organ transplant, infectious disease, pharmacokinetics, ambulatory
care, clinical nutrition, and pharmacy practice management.
Information on University of Kentucky HealthCare residency programs can be obtained from:
UK HealthCare Pharmacy Residency Programs
Department of Pharmacy
University of Kentucky Chandler Medical Center
800 Rose Street, Room H110
Lexington, KY 40536-0293
Phone: (859) 323-6289

University of Kentucky Community Pharmacy Residency Program
The University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy has partnered with American Pharmacy Services
Corporation (APSC), Kroger Pharmacy, and PharmacistCARE to develop three training sites for
community residents. The PGY1 community residency program is a one-year ASHP-accredited
program. There are three sites with one resident position in each site, i.e. independent pharmacy
practice, chain, and clinic/clinic pharmacy.

Residents have opportunities to enhance their patient care skills through health and wellness
programs, community screenings, advanced immunization clinics, anticoagulation services, and
through other disease management and education programs such as osteoporosis, diabetes,
hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and smoking cessation.

Further information on the Community Residency Program can be obtained at
http://pharmacy.mc.uky.edu/programs/residency/pgy1.php or by contacting:

UK Community Residency Program
Holly S. Divine, Pharm.D., CGP, CDE
725 Rose Street, College of Pharmacy
Lexington, KY 40536-0082

Lexington Veterans Administration Medical Center Pharmacy Residency
Faculty in the UK College of Pharmacy who also hold appointments in the adjacent VA Medical
Center offer both a PGY1 pharmacy residency, as well as a PGY2 psychiatric pharmacy residency.

The VA residency program requires a Pharm.D. for admission and has three to five residency
positions. Residents in this program spend a majority of time in the VA Medical Center, but do
optional rotations at UK Hospital.

Information on VA residency programs can be obtained from:

VA Medical Center Pharmacy Residency Program
Matthew Lane, Pharm.D., BCPS
Lexington VA Medical Center Department of Pharmacy
2250 Leestown Rd.
Lexington, KY 40511
Phone: (859) 233-4511, ext. 4544

In addition to these residency opportunities, there are several other residency programs offered in the
state of Kentucky, as described on the Kentucky Pharmacy Residency network website
(http://pharmacy.mc.uky.edu/programs/residency/kprn.php ).

For further information on each of these programs, access the American Society of Health System
Pharmacists (ASHP) website at http://www.ashp.org/import/accreditation/residencydirectory.aspx .
                       ORGANIZATION OF THE COLLEGE

The College is organized into two major Departments, Pharmacy Practice and Science, and
Pharmaceutical Sciences. These Departments deal primarily with the practice,
social/behavioral/administrative sciences, and chemical/biochemical and biological aspects of the
pharmaceutical sciences. Administratively, the dean has overall responsibility for College programs,
with assistant or associate deans for academic affairs, research and graduate education, professional
affairs and service programs.


The PPS Department endorses the concept that an academic unit should excel in teaching,
scholarship/research, patient care, and public service. The Department is responsible for teaching a
large component of both the didactic and experiential courses in the College of Pharmacy and
includes some 29 full- and 15 part-time faculty. Most faculty, in addition to participating in teaching
and research, also maintain an active clinical practice at a teaching site. The Department is closely
associated with the departments of pharmacy at both University of Kentucky Hospital and the
Lexington VA Medical Center, where faculty also serve as clinical specialists in their areas of
expertise. In addition, the Department has over 400 pharmacy practitioners throughout Kentucky
who serve as community-based voluntary faculty in the College’s experiential education program.
This variety of practice sites enables students to gain a breadth of pharmacy experiences in actual
patient care settings. In both the University of Kentucky and the VA Medical Center, faculty
members also serve as preceptors for pharmacy residents, and for postdoctoral research fellows. A
community pharmacy residency program also is available in the Department.

A major focus of the PPS Department in the area of practice is the development of innovative
practice models. One such model is the PharmacistCARE program, which is a patient-focused
medication therapy management service currently addressing the special needs of patients with
diabetes and cardiovascular problems. This program has practice sites at the Kentucky Clinic, and
the Kentucky Clinic North in Lexington.

Historically, most of the faculty members in the PPS Department have performed collaborative
research with faculty in the College of Medicine or with basic-science faculty in the College of
Pharmacy. This type of research has been very successful and has attracted both industrial and
federal funding for a variety of projects. The Department has a PhD program in Clinical and
Experimental Therapeutics in conjunction with the Pharmaceutical Sciences Department, and is
developing a PhD program in Pharmaceutical. In addition, a faculty member in the Department
coordinates joint Pharm.D. masters programs in Public Administration, Business Administration,
Economics, and Public Health.

                              PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES

The University of Kentucky Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences is a research-intensive
department dedicated to improving the health and well-being of the citizens of the
Commonwealth, the nation and the world through excellence in teaching and research.
The UK Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences:
    •   Facilitates learning, driven by research and scholarship.
    •   Expands knowledge through research, scholarship and creative activity.
    •   Serves a global community by disseminating, sharing and applying knowledge.

The Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences provides strength in both education and
research. Members of the department include faculty, graduate students, postdoctoral
scholars and staff who are engaged in multi-disciplinary pharmaceutical research and
teaching at the graduate and professional level. Multiple members conduct clinical and
translational research as well. The department is organized into two broad disciplinary areas
- the Drug Discovery Division, which encompasses the fields of drug discovery and design
plus pharmacology; and the Drug Development Division, which includes pharmaceutics and
drug delivery plus pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics. Scientists in the department
also play key roles in the economic development of Kentucky through their patents,
development of UK intellectual property within start-up companies.

The Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences is involved in the teaching of pharmaceutical
sciences in the professional pharmacy program including pharmacology, drug discovery,
dosage form design and drug delivery, and pharmacokinetics. Interested professional
students can also engage in laboratory research under the supervision of Department faculty.

The Department has played a major role in the development of graduate programs in the
health sciences at the University of Kentucky. The first Ph.D. degree in Pharmaceutical
Sciences was awarded in 1970, and more than 250 degrees have been awarded as of 2008.
The Department has consistently maintained a large graduate program, successfully
competing for extramural research dollars, both from federal sources and from the
pharmaceutical industry.

Faculty are clustered into research topic or focus groups, each of which operates journal
clubs and laboratory meetings for the affiliated graduate students, postdoctoral scientists and

Research efforts of faculty have played a major role in the development of intellectual
property at the University with patents pertaining to novel delivery of drugs and therapeutic
uses of niacin, camptothecin and nicotine analogs. Considerable promise is offered in the
broad area of therapies for drug abuse, cancer therapeutics, novel drug delivery and others.

Pharmaceutical faculty have made strong contributions to the multidisciplinary research
centers at the University. These include the Markey Cancer Center, the Sanders-Brown
Center on Aging, the Spinal Cord and Brain Injury Research Center, Center on Drug Abuse
Research Translation , the Coldstream Laboratories Inc., Center for Membrane Sciences and
the Computational Sciences Center. Close ties have also been forged with the Colleges of
Medicine, Engineering and Agriculture.

The Colleges of Pharmacy and Medicine combined efforts in continuing education. The combined
program delivers quality educational activities for pharmacists and pharmacy technicians that 1) is
based on demonstrated needs, 2) is responsive to advances in pharmacotherapy and patient care and
3) has an emphasis on health care needs in the Commonwealth of Kentucky. The Program offers
pharmacists and other healthcare professionals worldwide an opportunity to maintain and enhance
their knowledge and skills in medication use through interactive live activities and enduring

Learning opportunities include live conferences and symposia, teleconferences, poster sessions,
videos, Internet, CD-ROMs, monographs, and journal articles. The program offers an innovative
“CE Learning System” designed to serve as a primary source of quality continuing education for
those who prefer web-based learning. A statewide teleconferencing network (Kentucky TeleHealth
Network) exists with links to various hospitals and clinics throughout Kentucky.

For further information, please contact:

Colleges of Pharmacy and Medicine Continuing Education Program
University of Kentucky
One Quality Street, 6th Floor
Lexington, KY 40507-1428
Phone: (859) 257-5320

The true quality of an institution can only be measured by the accomplishments of its graduates,
students and faculty. Examples of some of these are as follows:

Graduates of the Professional Programs and Residencies
   • Prominent positions as practitioners and directors of hospital pharmacies, owners of
      independent pharmacies and managers of chain pharmacies in Kentucky and around the
   • Former presidents of the American Pharmacists Association.
   • Former presidents of the National Community Pharmacists Association.
   • Former president of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy.
   • Former presidents of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy.
   • Former presidents of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists.
   • Faculty members in over two-thirds of the Colleges of pharmacy in the United States.
   • Directors or coordinators of clinical research with Bristol Myers-Squibb, Glaxo/Wellcome,
      Hoechst-Marion-Roussel, Miles, and Stuart.

Graduates of Ph.D. or Post-Doctoral Scientist Program
   • Academic appointments at prominent institutions such as Baylor, Berkeley, Harvard, Johns
      Hopkins, Kansas, M.D. Anderson, Michigan State, North Carolina, Purdue and Rice.
   • Industrial positions at more than 25 U.S. companies, including:
              idirector of pharmacokinetics and biopharmaceutics, Hoffman LaRoche;
              isection manager, drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics, Bristol Myers-Squibb;
              ibiology research head, cancer research, Pharmacia-Upjohn;
              idirector of pharmacokinetics and drug metabolism, Alcon;
              idirector of scientific services, Duramed;
              iunit head, analytical control services, Smith Kline Beecham;
              idirector, dosage form development, Watson Laboratories;
              idepartment head, analytical chemistry, Glaxo/Wellcome.

   • National Chapter of the Year Awards, APhA student chapter
   • 1st Place AA Chapter Achievement Award
   • The first Professional Promotion Award from the Kentucky Pharmacists Association.
   • Outstanding Student Organization on Campus Award from the Kentucky Student
       Government Association.
   • First place in "Innovations in Health Promotion" competition sponsored by the U.S.
       Secretary of Health and Human Services.
   • Five student leadership awards from the American Pharmaceutical Association.
   • Three presidents of the national Academy of Students of Pharmacy of the American
       Pharmaceutical Association.
   • Four Research Participation awards from the American Association of Colleges of
   • Pharmacy.
   • Three American Heart Association Predoctoral Fellowships
   • One of 7 nationally awarded PhRMA Foundation Fellowships in Pharmacology/Toxicology
   • One of 2 nationally awarded PhRMA Foundation Fellowships in Pharmaceutics
   • Individual National Research Service Award Fellowship from National Institute on Drug
   • More than twice the average extramural funding per faculty member than benchmark
   • Six University Great Teacher awards.
   • Three William B. Sturgill awards for outstanding contributions to graduate education.
   • Sullivan Medallion Award recipient.
   • Several KPhA and KSHP Pharmacists of the Year
   • Four former presidents of the American Pharmaceutical Association Academy of
       Pharmaceutical Sciences and president of the American Association of Pharmaceutical
   • Four Research Career Development awards from the National Institutes of Health.
   • Recipient of a NSF Presidential Young Investigator Grant.
   • Former presidents and section chairs of the American Pharmacists Association and the
       American Society of Health-System Pharmacists.
   • Chairman of the board of trustees, United States Pharmacopeial Convention.
   • Members, board of directors, American Pharmacists Association and American Society of
       Health- System Pharmacists.
   • Winners of the prestigious "IBM Supercomputer Competition."
   • Recipient of the “Outstanding Pharmacy Educator” from the American Association of
       Colleges of Pharmacy.
   • Recipient of the highest honor for a clinical pharmacist from the American College of
       Clinical Pharmacy.
   • Director of the nation’s most outstanding pharmacy residency program.
   • Numerous Fellows of the American Academy of Pharmaceutical Sciences, the American
       College of Clinical Pharmacy, and the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists.
   • Former president and chairs of academic sections and prominent committees in the
       American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy.
   • Over 17 patents awarded in the last five years.
 Aimee R. Gelhot-Adams, assistant adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Cincinnati, 1991
Val R. Adams, associate professor, Pharm.D., Texas-Austin, 1993
Abeer Alghananeem, assistant professor, Ph.D., Kentucky, 1999
Ann B. Amerson, professor emeritus, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1971
Brad Anderson, H.B. Kostenbauder professor, Ph.D., Kansas, 1978
Heidi M. Anderson, professor, Ph.D., Purdue, 1986
John Armitstead, associate clinical professor, M.S., Ohio State, 1982
Gregory J. Bausch**, instructor, Pharm.D., 1975
Younsoo Bae, assistant professor, Ph.D., The University of Tokyo, 2005
Michael C. Berger, clinical instructor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 2003
Esther Penni Black, assistant professor, Ph.D., Florida, 1997
Karen Blumenschein, associate professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1991
Sheila Botts, assistant professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1993
Ralph Bouvette*, associate professor, Ph.D., Kentucky, 1986
Jan A. Brandenburg*, B.S., instructor
Paul M. Bummer, associate professor, Ph.D., Wisconsin, 1987
Janice Buss, Professor, Ph.D., University of California, San Diego, 1983
Lisa A. Cassis***, professor, Ph.D., West Virginia, 1984
Tim Clifford, assistant adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1998
Peter Cohron*, associate professor, JD, Kentucky 1993
Aaron M. Cook, assistant adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 2000
Peter A. Crooks, professor, Ph.D., Manchester, England, 1970
Sylvia Daunert***, professor, Ph.D., Barcelona, Spain 1991
George A. Davis, associate adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Arkansas, 1993
Patrick P. DeLuca, professor, Ph.D., Temple, 1962
George Digenis, professor emeritus, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, 1964
Holly Divine, associate clinical professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1998
Steven Dunn, assistant adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Virginia Commonwealth University, 2004
Linda P. Dwoskin, professor, Ph.D., Minnesota, 1983
Greg Elliott, assistant professor, Ph.D., University of California, Santa Cruz, 2001
David Feola, assistant professor, Ph.D., Kentucky, 2005
Joseph L. Fink III, professor, J.D., Georgetown, 1973
Jeremy Flynn, assistant adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1999
Thomas S. Foster, professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1973
Michelle D. Fraley, assistant clinical professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 2001
Patricia Freeman, associate clinical professor, Ph.D., Kentucky, 1991
Gregory Graf, assistant professor, Ph.D., Kentucky, 2000
Dwaine K. Green, assistant adjunct professor, B.S., Kentucky, 1971
Steven A. Haist***, associate professor, M.D., Kentucky, 1981
Mary L. Harper, associate voluntary professor, Pharm.D., Purdue, 1987
Jimmi C. Hatton, professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1984
Kimberly Hite, assistant adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1998
Jill Johnson, assistant clinical professor, Pharm.D., Tennessee, 1998
Carrie Johnson, assistant clinical professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky 1997
Mikael Jones, assistant clinical professor, Pharm.D., Florida, 2002
Shelly “Mandy” Jones, assistant clinical professor, Pharm.D., Florida, 2002
Kyungbo Kim, associate professor, Ph.D., Ohio State, 1997
Kenneth Kirsh, assistant professor, Ph.D., IUPUI, 2001
Robert J. Kuhn, professor, Pharm.D., Texas, 1984
Seok-Woo Kwon***, assistant professor, Ph.D., University of Southern California, 2003
Matthew Lane, associate clinical professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1993
Wooin Lee, assistant professor, Ph.D., University of Buffalo, SUNY, 2001
Markos Leggas, assistant professor, Ph.D., Tennessee, 2004
Daniel Lewis, assistant adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Duquesne, 1999
Tonglei Li, associate professor, Ph.D., Purdue, 1999
Carrie Lifshitz*,assistant professor, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, 2004
John Littleton*, professor, Ph.D., University of London, 1969
Robert A. Lodder, professor, Ph.D., Indiana, 1988
Charles D. Loftin, assistant professor, Ph.D., Univ. of North Carolina, 1995
William C. Lubawy, professor, Ph.D., Ohio State, 1972
Tracy Macaulay, assistant adjunct professor, Pharm.D., South Carolina, 2003
Melanie Mabins, assistant clinical professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 2004
Barbara L. Magnuson, associate adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1990
Heidi Mansour, assistant professor, Ph.D., UW-Madison, 2003
Craig Martin, associate adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1999
James H. Marton, assistant professor, Ph.D., Washington University (St. Louis), 2002
Tera McIntosh, assistant clinical professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 2001
Bruce McIntosh, assistant clinical professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1995
Patrick J. McNamara, professor, Ph.D., SUNY at Buffalo, 1979
Chris Miller, assistant clinical professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky 2003
Trenika Mitchell, assistant clinical professor, Pharm.D., Mississippi, 2004
Debbie Murphy, assistant adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky 1994
Richard A. Neill***, assistant professor, M.D., Kentucky, 1986
Amy Nicholas, associate clinical professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1997
Kimberly Nixon, assistant professor, Ph.D., Texas-Austin, 2000
Margaret Nowak-Rapp, assistant adjunct professor, Pharm.D., SUNY at Buffalo, 1973
Kalpana Paudel, assistant research professor, Ph.D., Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical
University, 1999
James Pauly, associate professor, Ph.D., Marquette, 1986
John Peppin, associate clinical professor, D.O., Iowa, 1992
Mary M. Piascik, associate professor, Ph.D., Ohio State, 1978
John J. Piecoro, Jr., professor emeritus, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1978
Anne Policastri, assistant clinical professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1982
Todd D. Porter, associate professor, Ph.D., Illinois, 1981
Robert P. Rapp, professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1970
Kenneth E. Record, associate professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1978
Kenneth B. Roberts, professor, Ph.D., Mississippi, 1975
Jurgen Rohr, professor, Ph.D., Georg-August-Universitat Gottingen, 1984
Frank Romanelli, associate professor, Pharm.D., Mass. College of Pharmacy, 1996
Kimberly B. Roth, assistant adjunct professor, M.S., Ohio State, 1989
Melody Ryan, associate professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1993
F. Douglas Scutchfield, *** professor, M.D. Kentucky, 1966
Kelly M. Smith, associate professor, Pharm.D., Georgia, 1993
Doug Steinke, assistant professor, Ph.D., University of Dundee, 2001
Audra Stinchcomb, associate professor, Ph.D., Michigan, 1995
Stephanie Sutphin, assistant adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky 1995
Hsin-Hsiung “Daniel” Tai, professor, Ph.D., Wisconsin, 1970
Jeffery C. Talbert, associate professor, Ph.D., Texas A&M, 1995
Christine Tully***, assistant professor, M.D., Universita di Roma, 1979
Steven Van Lanen, assistant professor, Ph.D., Portland State University, 2003
Sarah Wackerbarth***, associate professor, Ph.D., Wisconsin-Madison, 1997
Dave Watt***, professor, Ph.D., Harvard University, 1972
Peter J. Wedlund, associate professor, Ph.D., Washington, 1981
Daniel P. Wermeling, associate professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1983
Shane Winstead, assistant adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1999
John Yanelli***, professor, Ph.D., Virginia Commonwealth University, 1982
Robert A. Yokel, professor, Ph.D., Minnesota, 1973
Chang-Guo Zhan, associate professor, Ph.D., Notre Dame, 1998
Guangrong Zheng, assistant research professor, Ph.D., Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica,
Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2000

*part time **field appt. ***joint appt.
                         THE UNIVERSITY COMMUNITY
Lexington, a city with a population of 250,000, is located in the heart of Kentucky's renowned
Bluegrass region, 81 miles south of Cincinnati and 74 miles east of Louisville. Rolling meadows and
beautiful horse farms surround the city. The climate is moderate. Average mean temperatures range
from a low of 33 in January to a high of 76 in July.

The Lexington area offers a wide range of entertainment, educational and cultural opportunities:
   • A restored opera house, with a Broadway-Live series
   • Lexington Philharmonic Orchestra
   • Lexington Ballet
   • Chamber Music Society
   • Lexington Musical Theater
   • Lexington Children's Theater
   • Living Arts and Science Center
   • Three active community theater groups
   • University of Kentucky theater, opera, and a concert and lecture series
   • Kentucky Horse Park
   • UK Athletic Events
   • Keeneland and the Red Mile horse-racing tracks
   • Lexington Legends Baseball
   • Men of War Hockey
   • A number of historic homes and museums

In addition, the University of Kentucky Singletary Center for the Arts schedules more than 300
performances a year by national, international and local performers and groups.

The University of Kentucky
The University of Kentucky is the land-grant institution of the Commonwealth. It is a
comprehensive research university with 17 Colleges, varying from agriculture, engineering and fine
arts to pharmacy, medicine, dentistry and nursing. A variety of centers of excellence and research
centers exist on campus, including aging, cancer, pharmaceutical science and technology,
supercomputing, membrane sciences, robotics, biomedical engineering and a graduate center for
toxicology. The University has approximately 27,000 students on the Lexington campus, with
approximately 10,000 faculty and staff, and more than 100 major buildings. The University of
Kentucky is classified as a Type I research institution by the Carnegie Foundation, one of only 45
public universities in the United States so designated.

UK HealthCare
The University of Kentucky Chandler Hospital, located on the main campus of the University,
opened in 1962 and provides comprehensive medical care to patients from all areas of Kentucky.
University of Kentucky Chandler Hospital is the primary teaching facility for the Colleges of
Pharmacy, Medicine, Dentistry, Nursing, Public Health and Health Sciences professions. It is a 473-
bed acute, general medicine and surgical hospital, servicing more than 130,000 inpatient care days,
386,000 outpatient clinic visits and 34,000 emergency room visits each year. The UK Children’s
Hospital was established in 1997 with a 44 bed in-patient center and out-patient center, a 50 bed
Level III neonatal nursery and a 12 bed pediatric intensive care unit. Outstanding medical services
include solid-organ and bone-marrow transplants, neurosurgery, open-heart surgery, burn care,
neonatal intensive care, coronary care and helicopter-support emergency service. University of
Kentucky Hospital also serves as the region’s Level I trauma center.

Adjacent to the Hospital are the six Colleges of the Medical Center, Kentucky Clinic, Sanders-
Brown Center on Aging, Lucille Parker Markey Cancer Center and a 338-bed Veterans Affairs
Medical Center.

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