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BULLETIN 2008-2009 UK COLLEGE OF PHARMACY BULLETIN 2008-2009 Click on each subject header for information on that subject. Welcome Drug Testing and Criminal Background Checks History of the College Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) Students with disabilities Pre-Professional Program Requirements Libraries Academic preparation for Pharm.D. Fees, expenses and refunds PharmCAS online application Housing UK Supplemental Application Financial aid Admission Requirements Employment at the College or University Drug Testing and Criminal Placement Background Checks Graduation rates Pharmacy College Admission Test (PCAT) Board exam scores/pass rates Deadlines Student organizations, honor and leadership Rolling Admissions societies Early Admission Awards PharmCAS Verification Public and professional service projects Transfer or Readmission The Interview Graduate, Research, and Postdoctoral Admission Programs Out-of-state applicants Doctoral training program Contact information Areas of study Clinical pharmaceutical sciences The Professional Program Pharmaceutical Policy Doctor of Pharmacy degree (Pharm.D.) Graduate program requirements Professional curriculum Financial aid Pharm.D. degree requirements Application deadline Pathways options Grade point average Dual-degree and concurrent degree programs Graduate Record Examination Course sequence Application for admission Course descriptions Pharm.D. students interested in Ph.D. program Graduate course descriptions Academic Progress and Promotion Postdoctoral Training Program Academic honor code Residency Programs Technical standards Rules, standards and regulations Organization of the College Students seeking readmission Pharmacy Practice and Science Part-time study Pharmaceutical Sciences Employment Continuing Pharmacy Education Professional Program General Institutional Effectiveness Information Course meeting patterns Faculty in the College of Pharmacy Convocations and field experience Experiential Education Assignments The University Community Immunization status WELCOME TO THE COLLEGE OF PHARMACY The University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy has a rich and successful tradition as one of the premier pharmacy schools in the country. The College has been ranked among the top 10 programs for more than 30 years and is currently ranked 5th in the nation. Graduates of the College have the highest passing rate on the national licensing exam compared to all other Colleges of Pharmacy in the country. Recently the Kentucky Pharmacy Practice Residency program was selected as the number one program in the nation. Academics and Analytics ranked the research program as fourth in the country in pharmacy research productivity. These national measures point to the quality of the College’s programs and its faculty, students and staff. Our mission is to make a difference in the health and well-being of society by advancing pharmaceutical education, research, service and patient care. We achieve this by providing the highest quality education to the best and brightest young men and women from Kentucky and from around the world to make them excellent pharmacists and pharmaceutical scientists. Our responsibility is to prepare them to take on vital roles in today’s rapidly changing health care system and to have them act as agents of change for the betterment of health care. The UK College of Pharmacy offers a four-year professional curriculum leading to the Doctor of Pharmacy degree (Pharm.D.); a graduate program in the pharmaceutical sciences leading to the Doctor of Philosophy degree (Ph.D.), a postdoctoral scholars program; and in collaboration with UK Chandler Hospital, postgraduate year one (PGY1) and postgraduate year two (PGY2) pharmacy residency programs. The College also collaborates with the Kroger Company and the American Pharmacy Services Corporation to offer PGY1 community pharmacy residencies. Continuing pharmacy education is provided through a joint program with continuing medical education and provides extensive learning activities – both live and online – to pharmacists and other health care practitioners in Kentucky and throughout the United States. The college has 60 full-time faculty members; and currently enrolls approximately 515 professional Pharm.D. Students; 77 graduate (Ph.D.) students; and 30 postdoctoral fellows. It’s our goal to expand enrollment and our capabilities to educate even more pharmacists to meet a growing health care need. In 2006, funding was approved for the construction of a new pharmacy building to be located on Limestone Street. The new 280,000 square-foot facility is expected to be completed in 2010. The new building will enable the college to provide more pharmacy students with a premier education experience and reduce Kentucky’s pharmacist shortage. Research space also will increase more than 40 percent in the new facility, allowing the College’s highly productive and innovative research program to continue to expand. The UK College of Pharmacy is a vital force in the advancement of research and health care programs that extend far beyond the Commonwealth from the first development stages of new drugs for killer diseases such as cancer, AIDS and cardiovascular disease to more patient-centered initiatives created to improve the lives of people with chronic illnesses. Ongoing research at the college involves a wide array of health innovations including treatments for nicotine addiction, potential treatments for lung cancer, nanoengineering of drug delivery systems and the evaluation of drugs for transdermal therapy. To date more than 5,600 men and women have graduated from the UK College of Pharmacy and now serve as company presidents, industry executives, community leaders, health care administrators, scientists, professors, deans and valued health professionals. Their achievements and success reflect our dedication to making a difference in the health care of Kentuckian citizens and beyond. HISTORY OF THE COLLEGE What is now the University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy was established Aug. 16, 1870, as the Louisville College of Pharmacy, an independent institution of higher education. Under the leadership of Dean Earl P. Slone, the College became a Department of the University of Kentucky in 1947. The College moved to the Lexington campus in 1957 and became part of the newly-developed UK Chandler Medical Center in 1966. Joseph V. Swintosky, Ph.D. became dean in 1967 and led an era of incredible expansion, program development and creativity. The college attracted nationally recognized faculty, added the Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) and Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) degree programs, pharmacy practice residencies, clinical service programs, a program for postdoctoral scholars and established the Center for Pharmaceutical Science and Technology (CPST). In 1985, the college moved to its current facility on Rose Street. Between the late 1980s and the mid- 1990s research funding tripled and the continuing education program expanded nearly tenfold. Large commitments of resources were devoted to enhancing technology and computerization in teaching and research programs. In 1995, the college redesigned the professional education program and discontinued the Bachelor of Science in pharmacy program. As part of a national trend in pharmacy education, the Doctor of Pharmacy degree became the only professional degree offered. In addition, the nature of the educational experience was changed to concentrate on medication therapy management, student- centered and patient-centered learning, developing skills for avoiding drug therapy problems, identifying and solving problems in ambulatory and acute care patients, health promotion and disease prevention, and the development of skills and competencies necessary to function in and help mold changes in health care in an interdisciplinary environment. In 2000, Kenneth B. Roberts, Ph.D., became dean and the college embarked on a systematic plan for expansion in all of its missions. New initiatives began in improving the outcomes of drug therapy, in quantifying and documenting the value of contemporary medication therapy management services, and in expanding its base of funding, as well as its physical facilities. Research, contract and service programs all nearly tripled in size. In 2003, the largest single research grant ever received by the College totaling $6 million was awarded by the NIH to study new treatments for nicotine addiction. In addition, major federal and state initiatives were developed to improve and track the medication use outcomes of Kentuckians and serve as demonstration projects for expanded roles of pharmacists in medication management. Dean Roberts began working with alumni, legislators and University leaders as soon as he arrived on campus to gain approval and funding for a new building to house an expanded program. In 2010 the faculty, staff and students will move into the new 280,000 sq ft Pharmacy Building located in the newly developing health care college campus adjacent to the main campus. The building is the largest academic facility built in Kentucky and may be the largest single pharmacy building in the United States. The new building provides an excellent environment for student centered education, professional growth and development, an expanding and more intensive research and graduate training program. PRE-PROFESSIONAL PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS Admission to the professional program is competitive. The number of students admitted to the Doctor of Pharmacy program depends upon the availability of resources such as faculty, clinical facilities and space for implementation of a quality educational program. Consideration for admission will be based on the applicant’s previous academic record, potential for academic achievement, standardized admission test scores, and an assessment of the applicant’s communicative skills, contributions to diversity, integrity, commitment, dedication, motivation, character, maturity and emotional stability. Each applicant must have the physical, mental and emotional ability to learn and accomplish those competencies required of a pharmacy practitioner, as well as the character and thought processes necessary to make professional judgments that benefit the patient. The minimum undergraduate GPA for admission consideration is 2.5; however the average GPA for admitted students in recent years has been 3.5. Students are admitted only for the fall semester. The applicant should research opportunities available to pharmacy graduates, services provided by pharmacists and obligations of pharmacy practitioners to the people they serve. In addition, the applicant is expected to communicate knowledge of these areas effectively in the interview. The Admissions Committee believes the applicant should base a decision to enter the pharmacy profession on more solid reasoning than merely an interest in science courses. Any student may be denied admission or permission to continue enrollment in the College of Pharmacy if, in the opinion of the faculty, the moral or ethical character of the student casts grave doubts upon his or her potential capabilities as a pharmacist. Any type of involvement in the illegal use of drugs or other illegal or unethical acts relating to the practice of pharmacy are examples of incidents which would provide cause for considering denying admission or for dismissal of a student from the College. Academic Preparation for the Pharm.D. Program A minimum of 70 semester credit hours of pre-pharmacy coursework is required for admission. Approximately 50-60 of those hours are in required subjects; the remaining credit hours can be elective courses of your choice. Elective courses to consider are Psychology, Public Speaking, Interpersonal Communications, Medical Terminology, Physiology, and Biochemistry, Logic, Health Care Ethics, as well as courses that meet the University of Kentucky University Studies Program general education requirements. Pre-Pharmacy courses should be completed by the end of the spring semester prior to the desired fall enrollment. Prior approval must be obtained by students wishing to take required coursework after the spring semester. One semester in organic chemistry, physics and either anatomy or microbiology must be completed by the end of the fall semester prior to our application deadline. See the chart below for the number of semester credit hours required in each pre-pharmacy subject area and the exact courses as offered at the University of Kentucky. Students may complete the pre- pharmacy coursework at another accredited college or university. Pre-Pharmacy Required Number of Semester UK Pre-Pharmacy Courses Subjects Credit Hours Required in Each Subject English 2 semesters ENG 104 & ENG 200+* (6-7 semester credit hours) Animal Biology & lab 1 semester plus lab BIO 152 & Either BIO 151 or 153 (bio (4 – 5 semester credit hrs.) labs) Microbiology & lab 1 semester plus lab BIO 208 & 209 (lab) (4 –5 semester credit hrs.) (BIO 308 also acceptable w/ BIO 209 lab) Calculus (Students can choose to 1 semester (4 semester MA 113 OR BOTH MA 109 (College bypass Calculus by taking both credit hrs. OR 6 semester Algebra) & MA 123 (Elementary College Algebra & Elementary hrs.- if taking College Calculus) Calculus.) Algebra & Elementary Calculus) Statistics 1 semester STA 291 (3 semester credit hours) Human Anatomy or Physiology 1 semester ANA 209 or PGY 206 (Non-UK students may take (3 semester credit hours) (Anatomy is preferred) Physiology or combined A/P courses if Anatomy is not offered at your school.) General Chemistry & lab(s) 2 semesters plus lab(s) CHE 105 & CHE 111, CHE 107 & CHE (8 – 10 semester credit 113 hrs.) Organic Chemistry & labs 2 semesters plus labs CHE 230 & CHE 231, CHE 232 & CHE (8 – 10 semester credit 233 hrs.) Physics & labs (Algebra-Based 2 semesters plus labs PHY 211 & PHY 213 Physics) (8 – 10 semester credit hrs.) If the Physics lecture courses are worth a minimum of 8 semester credit hours, then the labs are not needed.) Microeconomics 1 semester ECO 201 (3 semester credit hours) Elective Courses Enough to bring the total to Electives to consider: Psychology, 70 semester credits. Public Speaking, Interpersonal Communication, Medical Terminology, Physiology, Biochemistry, Logic, Health Care Ethics, and University Studies general education courses. *English requirement: University of Kentucky students must take ENG 104, a first-year, 4-credit hour writing course, and an approved English 200-level, 3-credit hour English course. All other students: 2 semesters of English writing/composition and/or English literature, will suffice. For questions about this requirement, contact the Pre-Pharmacy Advisor at 859-323-2755. Special notes regarding required courses Since admissions decisions are made prior to the end of the spring semester, all applicants must have a grade of C or higher in any required pre-pharmacy course taken in the spring semester prior to entering the College of Pharmacy. A grade less than C in any of these classes will result in a review of status by the Admission Committee and could result in a rescinding of admission. Please note that a grade of D or below is not acceptable in any required pre-pharmacy course. PharmCAS Online Application The College of Pharmacy utilizes a centralized application service called PharmCAS (Pharmacy College Application Service). Through PharmCAS, applicants submit a web-based application comprised of biographical data, postsecondary institutions attended, academic course history, work experience, extracurricular activities, and a personal statement, and official transcripts from all accredited U.S. and Canadian institutions attended. PharmCAS allows students to submit a single application to apply to multiple Pharm.D. programs. Students planning to apply to enter the University of Kentucky’s Pharm.D. program are required to utilize PharmCAS, www.pharmcas.org. UK Supplemental Application In addition to applying through PharmCAS, applicants are required to submit a UK Pharm.D. Supplemental Application package. The application is found on our web site, http://pharmacy.mc.uky.edu/admissions/admissions.php , and is updated each year in early June. Admission Requirements Consideration for admission to the University of Kentucky's Pharm.D. (Doctor of Pharmacy) program will be based on expected completion of pre-pharmacy coursework, previous academic record, potential for academic achievement, standardized admission test scores (PCAT), and an assessment of the applicant’s communicative skills, contributions to diversity, integrity, commitment, dedication, motivation, character, maturity, and emotional stability. Each applicant must have the physical, mental, and emotional ability to learn and accomplish those competencies required of a pharmacy practitioner, as well as the character and thought processes necessary to make professional judgments that benefit the patient. The minimum grade-point average needed for admissions consideration is 2.5 and the minimum composite percentile score needed on the PCAT is 50%. Please note that the average GPA for admitted students is 3.5 and the average composite percentile score on the PCAT is 82%. Work experience is not required for admission to our Pharm.D. program. However, work experience can provide some insight into what a pharmacist does, knowledge about the drugs themselves, the daily routine of a pharmacist, stressors of the job as well as the various settings in which you can work within the field of pharmacy. While work experience is not a requirement, applicants should research the pharmacy profession, the role of the pharmacist & trends for the future by either working in the field, shadowing a pharmacist, or doing some volunteer work in a pharmacy or health care environment prior to entering a pharmacy program. Generally, students who have prior experience in a pharmacy enhance their performance during the interview process. Drug Testing and Criminal Background Checks (CBC) Applicants should be aware that both criminal background checks (CBCs) and drug screens are becoming increasingly common requirements for participation in specific coursework in the College of Pharmacy and for eventual licensure as a pharmacist. As a result, CBC and drug screens are now requirements for those students tentatively accepted for admission and must be completed with satisfactory results prior to matriculation at the College. Instructions for completion of CBC and drug screen requirements will be forwarded immediately following a student’s tentative acceptance to the College. The CBC and drug screens will be annual requirements for all Pharm.D. students enrolled in the College. The types of tests required as well as the cost involved are subject to change and beyond the control of the College of Pharmacy. The expense for background checks and drug screens will be borne by the individual applicant and/or student. Pharmacy College Admission Test (PCAT) In addition to completing the pre-pharmacy coursework, prospective students must also take and submit at least one set of PCAT (Pharmacy College Admission Test) scores for admission consideration. Students should request that PCAT scores be sent directly to PharmCAS and NOT to UK. The PCAT is a standardized test designed to measure general ability and scientific knowledge in five areas: verbal reasoning, reading comprehension, biology, chemistry, and quantitative ability. There is also a critical thinking essay. The PCAT is developed and administered by Harcourt Assessment, Inc., which currently offers the exam four times per year. Test dates can vary from year to year. For more information about PCAT test dates, registration process and deadlines, contact Harcourt Assessment at: 1(800)622-3231 or via the web at www.pcatweb.info. The University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy considers the candidate’s composite percentile score in the admission process and considers only the highest score if more than one test result is submitted. There is no limit to the number of times an applicant can take the PCAT. We do not consider PCAT scores that are over 3 years old. Deadlines: Fall 2009 admissions Early Decision Deadline: September 3, 2008 PharmCAS application & UK Supplemental Application must be submitted by this date. PharmCAS Application deadline: January 5, 2009 UK Supplemental Application deadline: January 5, 2009. Although PharmCAS applications will be accepted through the January 5, 2009 deadline, we strongly recommend that, to be competitive, you submit your application, with official transcripts, as early as possible. An early application receives stronger consideration. Rolling Admissions Please note that the University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy uses a rolling admissions process. While our application deadline is January 5, we begin review of applications in September through the Early Decision process. We interview applicants and make admission decisions on a continual basis until the class is filled. Early Admission Applicants are strongly encouraged to apply early (summer months or September) as waiting until the January deadline will mean that many positions in the class will already be filled and interview spaces will be more limited. PharmCAS Verification Important Note regarding your PharmCAS application: PharmCAS WILL NOT begin to verify your transcripts and process your application until you e-submit your complete PharmCAS application, arrange for sealed official transcripts to be mailed to PharmCAS directly from every U.S. and Canadian postsecondary institution attended, and pay the correct PharmCAS application fee. It is not necessary to wait for the arrival of references, transcripts, fall grades, or PCAT scores to e-submit your application. Early Decision and Regular Decision Deadline Notes The interview dates for each admission cycle are set in late summer by our Pharmacy Admissions Office. Those dates may vary considerably from year to year. It is strongly suggested that applicants apply well in advance, 6-8 weeks, of either the Early Decision deadline (Sept. 3) or the Regular Admission deadline (Jan. 5) to allow for the time necessary for PharmCAS to verify and process your transcripts. Transfer or Readmission The Admissions Committee cannot consider applications from students in other colleges of pharmacy when the applicant has previously been denied admission to the UK professional program or when the maximum number of students is already enrolled in the program. Individuals who have been dropped for academic or other reasons applying for reinstatement in the College will have their application considered through the Academic Performance Committee, but on a competitive basis with new applicants. The Interview To be considered for admission, applicants must be selected for an interview. The interview assesses the applicant’s communication skills, confidence, integrity, maturity, commitment to the field of pharmacy, motivation, character and ability to interact with others. Students selected for an interview can expect to spend about two hours interviewing. The interview may include a two-on-one session with faculty members and a group portion with other Pharm.D. applicants before a committee of practitioners, faculty members and current students. Admission Once interviews conclude, candidates will be assessed based on a holistic review of both the PharmCAS and UK supplemental application and will include evaluation of GPA (weighing the science GPA most heavily), PCAT composite percentile score, interview, references, work/leadership/volunteer activity, written essays and an assessment of the characteristics described above under “Admission Requirements:”. The total number of students admitted each year will depend upon the availability of resources such as faculty, clinical facilities and space for implementation of a quality educational program. The University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy currently admits 132 students to the Pharm.D. program each fall. Out-of-State Applicants: The University of Kentucky is a public institution, and its primary mission is to educate residents of the Commonwealth of Kentucky and to produce professionals who will provide pharmaceutical care for the citizens of Kentucky. A considerable number of out-of- state applicants are admitted annually. Out-of-state students are encouraged to apply. A geographically and culturally diverse student body contributes to more robust exchange of creative ideas and experiences, one that benefits all students. Contact Information Questions concerning admission, pre-pharmacy course work or a visit to the College should be directed to: Pre-Pharmacy Advisor University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy Room 331 Pharmacy Building 725 Rose Street University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40536-0082 Phone: (859) 323-2755 email@example.com THE PROFESSIONAL PROGRAM The Doctor of Pharmacy Degree The College of Pharmacy offers a four-year curriculum leading to the Doctor of Pharmacy degree (Pharm.D.). This program is fully accredited by the Accreditation Council on Pharmacy Education, 311 W. Superior St., Suite 512, Chicago, IL 60610, (312) 664-3575, (800) 533-3606; FAX, (312) 664-4562. The goal of the Professional Program of College of Pharmacy is the education of outstanding competent and contemporary pharmacy practitioners who manage drug therapy to achieve optimal response and contain costs, and who, in cooperation with other health care professionals, can favorably influence both overall health care and the quality of life of individual patients. In addition they possess the competencies necessary for the provision of pharmacist delivered patient care including medication management services. They also are prepared Kelly Smith, PharmD, BCPS, FASHP, FCCP to advance the practice of pharmacy and its contributions to society and Assistant Dean of pursue research and other scholarly activity along with the assessment of Academic Affairs and evaluation of desired outcomes. The pharmacist is expected to be educated and trained to best serve patients. Thus, pharmacy education is oriented toward bringing together a drug product authoritativeness, compassion and a service-before-self attitude. The professional program also seeks to produce an educated individual who is able to participate effectively as a responsible citizen in community affairs. The accreditation manual of the Accreditation Council on Pharmacy Education states that the Pharm.D. program is intended to prepare pharmacists who: • can cope with the complex problems in the delivery of comprehensive health care; • possess both the knowledge and skill that enables them to function as authorities in the clinical use of drugs; • can apply pharmaceutical and biomedical sciences to the practical problems of drug therapy; • are motivated to participate in the interdisciplinary delivery of health care; and • can function as easily accessible health care informants and educators. Graduates with the Pharm.D. degree are professionally more mature because of the amount, nature and level of course work required. For this reason, the only professional degree offered by the College of Pharmacy at the University of Kentucky is the Doctor of Pharmacy degree. More than 95% of the students entering the College of Pharmacy graduate and 100% of them have employment upon graduation with most having many offers. Most graduates enter practice in community pharmacies, clinics and hospitals. Others take advantage of postgraduate educational opportunities such as Ph.D. programs, residencies, fellowships, or work in regulatory affairs e.g. the FDA, in the pharmaceutical industry or in clinical research enterprises. In 2008, UK College of Pharmacy graduates achieved a 100% first-time pass rate on the NAPLEX, the national pharmacy licensing exam. UK students had the highest composite first-time pass rates on the NAPLEX from 2002-2006 and from 2003-2007 among 90 accredited pharmacy programs. The Professional Curriculum The professional curriculum of the College of Pharmacy is designed to develop critical thinking and problem-solving skills, and an empathy and appreciation for the patient in a graduated manner as the student progresses through the program. Students are given a foundation upon which to develop skills, moving progressively to become independent learners and practitioners. First professional year courses concentrate on basic principles and skills, including a heavy emphasis on patient communication and interaction, nonprescription medications, basic science foundations for practice, and solving well-defined problems. Learning formats include small-group discussions, independent learning projects, laboratory exercises, computer-based learning programs, simulated patient/situation encounters and actual practice-site exposure in both acute and ambulatory care settings. Second professional year courses concentrate on further development of problem-solving ability, with emphasis on less-well-defined problems, critical analysis of the biomedical literature, database management, additional basic science foundations, legal/ethical issues in practice and dealing with more complex therapeutic situations. The same breadth of learning formats as in the first year are utilized. Experiences in simulated clinical encounters and work with standardized patients to help develop skills for practice are expanded. The third professional year concentrates on information, skills and attitudes necessary to solve very complex problems. Third-year students refine the ability to learn independently yet function as members of an interdisciplinary health care team in a rapidly changing health care environment. Simulated clinical encounters and experiences with actual or simulated patients in a controlled environment are utilized to help frame complex therapeutic problems. The fourth professional year is totally experiential education, where students function under the supervision of preceptors in a patient care setting. In the fourth year, students perfect the skills necessary to apply all the abilities and attitudes developed earlier in actual practice environments. Learning experiences take place in a wide variety of health care settings both on and off campus and with diverse patient populations. Total Credit Hour Requirement and Approval for the Pharm.D. Degree The Doctor of Pharmacy degree is awarded upon completion of a minimum of 164 semester credit hours of specified course work, and with a GPA of at least 2.0 out of a possible 4.0. Changes in Degree Requirements The College reserves the right to make additions or changes, as necessary, to the professional curriculum to better meet accreditation guidelines or reflect continuous quality improvement. Students who remain in good academic standing will graduate under the curriculum in place at the time of their entry into the College, with the exception that course topics, sequences or credit hours may be modified. However, the total credit hour requirement required for graduation will not change and no retroactive requirements for courses completed will be made. Students who do not remain in good academic standing, and who repeat courses or curricular segments may be behind a year or more, and if so will be considered as part of that subsequent entering class. As such they will be required to complete the curriculum in effect for that class. Pathways Program (elective courses) The Doctor of Pharmacy program offers core course work to educate students to become generalist entry-level pharmacists. Options exist for the student to choose additional elective course work in areas of interest. The goal of these elective options, called the Pathway Options program and normally taken in the second and third years, is to allow students to obtain additional, individual specialized skills. Students should begin to explore potential special interest areas and develop or sharpen unique skills to become more competitive in the health care environment. Students are encouraged to take elective didactic course work outside of the College of Pharmacy to develop a fuller understanding of the health care system in general, of management or administrative procedures in the health care environment, and of the thought processes of other individuals on the health care team. Students may also use these elective options to satisfy requirements for additional or joint degrees. Lists of sample Pathway options and example courses are found on the College of Pharmacy web site: http://pharmacy.mc.uky.edu/programs/pharmd/pathway.php During the experiential phase, students may take a portion of their clerkship rotations in selected areas on a space-available basis to more fully develop the specialized skills begun in the Pathway Options. Dual Degree Programs: Pharm.D./MPA, Pharm.D./MBA, Pharm.D./M.S. Economics, Pharm.D./M.S. Public Health Several dual-degree programs are available through the College of Pharmacy. The dual-degree programs allow students to earn both degrees in a total time period less than if the degrees were earned independently and sequentially. For example, with judicious use of Pathway Option electives it may be possible to complete a dual-degree program, at the same time, or within four months of when a Pharm.D. alone would be earned. Admission requirements for the dual-degree programs are separate from admission to the College of Pharmacy, and a separate admission procedure must be completed, including a GRE or GMAT requirement. Students apply to the dual-degree programs after admission to the College of Pharmacy; a prior bachelor’s degree is not required. The Pharm.D./MPA program is designed to prepare students for careers in state and federal regulatory and administrative agencies, the pharmaceutical industry, managed care organization, not- for-profit health organizations and academia. Clinical skills in managing individual and population drug therapy are combined with knowledge skills in quantitative analysis, leadership, budgeting systems and operations, and effective written and oral communication. Students develop a working knowledge of the theories and skills necessary to identify policy issues in health care; define problems; and analyze consequences, costs and benefits of various policy alternatives. Completion of the program facilitates the pharmacist’s movement into the management/policy/decision-making arena. For more information, visit our web site at: http://pharmacy.mc.uky.edu/programs/prepharm/pmpa.php The Pharm.D./MBA program is designed to prepare students for careers in the management and administration of health care systems. Individuals grounded in both business management and clinical skills provide an increasingly important and unique interface between practitioners and managers to balance clinical decision-making with bottom-line financial realities. This dual degree option is relevant for those seeking careers in institutional practice settings, the pharmaceutical industry, managed care organizations and pharmacy benefit management organizations. For more information, visit our web site at: http://pharmacy.mc.uky.edu/programs/prepharm/pmba.php The Pharm.D./M.S. in Economics is specifically focused on developing skills and knowledge in health economics evaluation. This program is particularly well suited for students with a previous background in economic theory. The Pharm.D./M.S. in Economics is excellent preparation for careers within managed care organization, the pharmaceutical industry, state and federal regulatory and administrative agencies and academia. For more information, visit our web site at: http://pharmacy.mc.uky.edu/programs/prepharm/msecon.php Students admitted to the College of Pharmacy who are interested in a dual-degree program should contact the dual-degree program coordinator in the College of Pharmacy (Karen Blumenschein, Pharm.D., phone: (859)-257-5778) email: KBLUM1@email.uky.edu at the earliest possible date for information on program prerequisites, admission requirements, course schedules and sequences, etc. Concurrent Pharm.D./Ph.D. program The College offers a concurrent Pharm.D./Ph.D. program whereby Pharm.D. students may complete the Pharm.D. on the way to a Ph.D. degree. The concurrent program allows students to save 12 to 18 months of time compared to earning both degrees separately. For more information see the College graduate program website at http://pharmacy.mc.uky.edu/programs/graduate/clinexp.php Students currently enrolled in the College may also contact the Pharmaceutical Sciences Graduate Program Director of Graduate Studies (DGS) for additional information. Course Sequence FIRST PROFESSIONAL YEAR FALL 19 hours (3) PHR 910 Introduction to Pharmacy Practice (4) PHR 911 Physiological Basis for Therapeutics I (3) PHR 912 Physiological Chemistry & Molecular Biology I (3) PHR 913 Pharmacological Basis for Therapeutics: Antibiotics (3) PHR 914 Basic Principles of Pharmaceutical Science: Pharmaceutics & Biopharmaceutics I (2) PHR 916 Non Prescription Pharmaceuticals & Supplies I (1) PHR 919 Patient Care Laboratory I SPRING 19 hours (3) PHR 920 Communication and Behavior in Pharmacy Practice (4) PHR 921 Physiological Basis for Therapeutics II (3) PHR 922 Physiological Chemistry & Molecular Biology II (3) PHR 923 Pharmacological Basis for Therapeutics: Nutrition & Health Promotion (3) PHR 924 Basic Principles of Pharmaceutical Science: Pharmaceutics & Biopharmaceutics II (2) PHR 926 Non Prescription Pharmaceuticals & Supplies II (1) PHR 929 Patient Care Laboratory II SUMMER 4 hours (4) PHR 928 Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience I SECOND PROFESSIONAL YEAR FALL 19 hours (4) PHR 930 Legal, Ethical, and Access Issues in Pharmacy (5) PHR 931 Pharmacological Basis for Therapeutics: Nervous System (3) PHR 932 Immunology, Cancer & Biotechnology (3) PHR 933 Pharmacological Basis for Therapeutics: Endocrine System (2) PHR 939 Patient Care Laboratory III (2) Elective SPRING 19 hours (4) PHR 940 Evidence Base for Pharmacy Practice (3) PHR 944 Basic Principles of Pharmaceutical Science: Medicinal Chemistry (5) PHR 946 Advanced Pharmacotherapy I (4) PHR 947 Applied Biopharmaceutics & Pharmacokinetics (1) PHR 949 Patient Care Laboratory IV (2) Elective SUMMER 4 hours (4) PHR 948 Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience II THIRD PROFESSIONAL YEAR FALL 19 hours (4) PHR 950 Pharmaceutical Policy and Public Health (5) PHR 951 Pharmacological Basis for Therapeutics: Cardiopulmonary & Renal Systems (1) PHR 953 Current Topics in Pharmacy Seminar (5) PHR 957 Advanced Pharmacotherapy II (2 PHR 959 Patient Care Laboratory V (2) Elective SPRING 19 hours (5) PHR 960 Pharmacy Practice Management (5) PHR 966 Advanced Pharmacotherapy III (5) PHR 967 Advanced Pharmacotherapy IV (2) PHR 969 Patient Care Laboratory VI (2) Elective FOURTH PROFESSIONAL YEAR (12 months) Summer, Fall, Spring 42 hours (42) PHR 988 Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experience (APPE) 164 TOTAL HOURS PROFESSIONAL PROGRAM COURSE DESCRIPTIONS Required Professional Core PHR 910 INTRODUCTION TO PHARMACY PRACTICE (3) An introduction to the practice of pharmacy within the major practice settings. Includes an introduction to the profession and discussions of the pharmacist within the health care system, professional pharmacy organizations, models and sites of practice, postgraduate educational and career opportunities, an introduction to product compounding and administration, professionalism, and required community service experiences. Prereq: Admission to first year, College of Pharmacy PHR 911 PHYSIOLOGICAL BASIS FOR THERAPEUTICS I. (4) Integrated concepts of human organ system functions with particular emphasis on the physiology of the central and autonomic nervous system, the cellular and molecular mechanisms of neurotransmission and transduction and the response of target issues. The course includes an introduction to the pathophysiology of each system and the pharmacodynamics of therapeutic agents as a framework for discussion. Variable mixtures of lecture, group discussion and independent study. Prereq: admission to the first year, College of Pharmacy. PHR 912 PHYSIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY I. (3) The first of a two-course sequence covering integrated concepts of human biochemistry from a physiological viewpoint, functional group chemistry essential to biology, key structural and functional relationships of the biomolecules in living systems, energy metabolism emphasizing inter- organ relationships and an in-depth discussion of information storage and transfer. The course includes an introduction to common metabolic diseases and the therapeutic agents used in those diseases as a framework for discussion. Variable mixture of lecture, group discussion and independent study. Prereq: admission to the first year, College of Pharmacy. PHR 913 PHARMACOLOGICAL BASIS FOR THERAPEUTICS: ANTIBIOTICS. (3) A study of the pathophysiology and microbiology of infectious diseases concentrating on the pharmacology of the therapeutic agents (antibiotics) used to treat those diseases, including discussions of their rational use. Variable mixture of lectures, discussions and independent study. Prereq: admission to the first year, College of Pharmacy. PHR 914 BASIC PRINCIPLES OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCE: PHARMACEUTICS AND BIOPHARMACEUTICS I (3) The first of a two-course sequence in basic principles of Pharmaceutical Science concentrating on absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and bioavailability of drugs; and an introduction to dosage forms, oral drug delivery systems, drug solutions and drug solids, bioequivalence determinations and ratings, and official compendia. Content delivered via a modified problem-based learning format. Prereq: admission to first year, College of Pharmacy. PHR 916 NONPRESCRIPTION PHARMACEUTICALS AND SUPPLIES I. (2) A study of various nonprescription pharmaceuticals, medical and surgical supplies and appliances commonly found in ambulatory pharmacy practice sites, their rational use and therapeutic efficacy. Decision-making skills for ambulatory patient triage are emphasized. The use of home remedies and their limitations in the treatment of minor ailments is considered. Variable mixture of lecture, discussions and independent study. Prereq: admission to the first year, College of Pharmacy. PHR 919 PATIENT CARE LABORATORY I (1) An integration and application of the skills needed to fill the professional responsibilities of pharmacy practice as they relate to patient-centered care and the patient care process, utilizing principles taught in the co requisite courses to provide the contextual framework for the skills considered. Prereq: Admission to the first year College of Pharmacy. Coreq: All concurrent PHR 91X series courses. PHR 920 COMMUNICATION AND BEHAVIOR IN PHARMACY PRACTICE (3) An introduction to the social and behavioral issues that impact health including their influence on the pharmacist-patient relationship and the ability of the pharmacist to provide patient care. Includes discussions of stress and stress coping, communication with patients and other health care professionals, cultural and religious influences on patient compliance and disease management, and required community service experiences. Prereq: PHR 910 and PHR 919. PHR 921 PHYSIOLOGICAL BASIS FOR THERAPEUTICS II. (4) A continuation of PHR 911, covering integrated concepts of human organ system functions, with particular emphasis on the physiology of the cardiovascular, renal, pulmonary and endocrine systems. The course includes an introduction to the pathophysiology of each system and the pharmacodynamics of prototype therapeutic agents as a framework for discussion. Variable mixture of lecture, group discussions and independent study. Prereq: PHR 911 and admission to the first year, College of Pharmacy. PHR 922 PHYSIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY II. (3) A continuation of PHR 912. Variable mixture of lectures, group discussion and independent study. Prereq: admission to the first year, College of Pharmacy; and PHR 912. PHR 923 PHARMACOLOGICAL BASIS FOR THERAPEUTICS: NUTRITION AND HEALTH PROMOTION. (3) Consideration of the role of the pharmacist in health promotion and disease prevention, including both pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic methods. Major problems of nutrition and certain metabolic/chronic disorders for which nutrition plays a pivotal role will be addressed, including hypertension, cancer and eating disorders. In addition, the pharmacology of drugs affecting the gastrointestinal tract and drugs used to treat common gastrointestinal problems are discussed. Variable mixture of lecture, group discussion and independent study. Prereq: admission to the first year, College of Pharmacy. PHR 924 BASIC PRINCIPLES OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCE: PHARMACEUTICS AND BIOPHARMACEUTICS II (3) The second of a two course sequence in the basic principles of Pharmaceutical Science concentrating on modified release oral dosage forms; modified release parenteral dosage forms; nasal, buccal, rectal, vaginal and ophthalmic delivery systems; aerosols and pulmonary delivery systems, and the drug development process. Variable mixture of lecture, group discussion and independent study. Prereq: admission to the first year, College of Pharmacy; and PHR 914. PHR 926 NONPRESCRIPTION PHARMACEUTICALS AND SUPPLIES II. (2) A continuation of PHR 916. Content delivered via a modified problem-based learning format. Prereq: admission to the first year, College of Pharmacy; and PHR 916. PHR 928 INTRODUCTORY PHARMACY PRACTICE EXPERIENCE I. (4) An introductory experience in the clinical use of drugs in the diagnosis, treatment and management of diseases. Experiences may involve on-call and evening/weekend responsibilities. Offered on a pass/fail basis only. Laboratory, 40 or more hours per week. Prereq: successful completion of required courses in the 9x0 series and consent of instructor. PHR 929 PATIENT CARE LABORATORY II. (1) A continuation of PHR 919. Prereq: PHR 919. Coreq: All concurrent PHR 92X series courses. PHR 930 LEGAL, ETHICAL AND ACCESS ISSUES IN PHARMACY (4) The legal, ethical and access issues affecting the practice of pharmacy. Course includes community service experiences. Prereq: PHR 920. PHR 931 PHARMACOLOGICAL BASIS FOR THERAPEUTICS: NERVOUS SYSTEM. (5) A study of human disease processes and rational pharmacotherapeutics relating to the autonomic, central and peripheral nervous system, including a discussion of the factors influencing the development of substance dependence and the strategies for risk reduction. Emphasis is placed on the principles of pathophysiology, pharmacology, toxicology and therapeutics, the incorporation of these principles in the clinical application of modern drug therapy, and how these principles can be utilized in pharmacy practice. Variable mixture of lecture, group discussion and independent study. Prereq: admission to the second year, College of Pharmacy. PHR 932 IMMUNOLOGY, CANCER & BIOTECHNOLOGY. (3) A study of the immune system, immunopathologies and select autoimmune diseases and their treatment. Includes a discussion of immunizations, immunology of cancer, neoplasias and an introduction to antineoplastic therapy. The course concludes with a discussion of biotechnology and its application to the production and use of pharmaceuticals, diagnostic agents and advanced therapies. Variable mixture of lecture, group discussion and independent study. Prereq: admission to the second year, College of Pharmacy. PHR 933 PHARM. BASIS FOR THERAPEUTICS: ENDOCRINE SYSTEM. (3) A study of the pathophysiology of the major disorders affecting the endocrine system, concentrating on the pharmacology of the therapeutic agents used to treat those disorders, including discussions of the rational use of endocrine agents and their congeners in the treatment of non-endocrine diseases. Variable mixture of lecture, group discussion and independent study. Prereq: admission to the second year, College of Pharmacy. PHR 939 PATIENT CARE LABORATORY III. (2) A continuation of PHR 929. Prereq: PHR 929. Coreq: All concurrent PHR 93X series courses. PHR 940 EVIDENCE BASE FOR PHARMACY PRACTICE (4) A discussion of the evidence base for pharmacy practice including sources of drug information, drug study design, applied data analysis, and biostatistics in the interpretation and critical analysis of biomedical literature with the purpose of developing evidence-based care recommendations for a given patient or patient population. The course is implemented using a variety of educational methods including lectures, structured reading of biomedical literature, and practice in developing protocols to address various health-related research questions. Course includes community service experiences. Prereq: PHR 930. PHR 944 BASIC PRINCIPLES OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCE: MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY (3) The rational design of molecules to produce safe and effective therapeutic responses in humans; molecular changes in drug molecules that affect affinity and activity at drug receptors and influence the absorption, distribution, metabolism, excretion and stability of drugs; and the properties of drug molecules which are important in their formulation into drug products. Variable mixture of lecture, group discussion and independent study. Prereq: admission to the second year, College of Pharmacy. PHR 946 ADVANCED PHARMACOTHERAPY I (5) An advanced study of the pathology, pathophysiology and optimal treatment of common diseases. Through a series of case studies students will acquire and reinforce their skill at understanding diseases and developing and defending optimal treatment plans for successfully managing those diseases. The case studies utilized will integrate relevant pathophysiological, pharmacokinetic, pharmacoeconomic and pharmacological concepts with appropriate patient-specific parameters. Students will be expected to communicate and defend their decisions, including the process followed in making those decisions, in understandable, appropriate written and verbal formats. Variable mixture of discussion, lecture, independent study and laboratory. Prereq: admission to the second year, College of Pharmacy. PHR 947 APPLIED BIOPHARMACEUTICS AND PHARMACOKINETICS. (4) The theoretical and practical considerations of the processes of drug absorption (including dosage formulation), distribution, metabolism and excretion and the mathematical models that describe these events including the calculation of dosage regimens for patients, with problems ranging from simple to complex. A variable mixture of computer-assisted learning, formal lecture, interactive lecture and problem-based learning laboratory experiences. Prereq: admission to the second year, College of Pharmacy. PHR 948 INTRODUCTORY PHARMACY PRACTICE EXPERIENCE II. (4) An introductory experience in the clinical use of drugs in the diagnosis, treatment and management of diseases. Experiences may involve on-call and evening/weekend responsibilities. Offered on a pass/fail basis only. Laboratory, 40 or more hours per week. Prereq: successful completion of required courses in the 920 series and consent of instructor. PHR 949 PATIENT CARE LABORATORY IV. (1) A continuation of PHR 939. Prereq: PHR 939. PHR Coreq: required PHR 94X series courses. PHR 950 PHARMACEUTICAL POLICY AND PUBLIC HEALTH (4) An introduction to health economics, pharmaceutical policy and public health, including issues of access to and disparities in healthcare and pharmaceuticals, health and disease indicators, health promotion, emergency preparedness, and the involvement of the pharmacist in public health and pharmaceutical policy. Course includes community service experiences. Prereq: PHR 940. PHR 951 PHARMACOLOGICAL BASIS FOR THERAPEUTICS: CARDIOPULMONARY AND RENAL SYSTEMS. (5) A study of the pathophysiology of the major disorders affecting the cardiovascular, renal and respiratory systems, concentrating on the pharmacology of the therapeutic agents used to treat those disorders. Variable mixture of lecture, group discussion and independent study. Prereq: admission to the third year, College of Pharmacy. PHR 953 CURRENT TOPICS IN PHARMACY SEMINAR (1) A seminar course dealing with some of the current clinical and nonclinical issues affecting health care and health care practitioners. Prereq: PHR 940. PHR 957 ADVANCED PHARMACOTHERAPY II (5) A continuation of PHR 956. Variable mixture of discussion, lecture, independent study and laboratory. Prereq: admission to the third year, College of Pharmacy. PHR 959 PATIENT CARE LABORATORY V. (2) A continuation of PHR 949. Prereq: PHR 949. Coreq: All concurrent PHR 95X series courses. PHR 960 PHARMACY PRACTICE MANAGEMENT (5) A discussion of pharmacy practice management in both community and health system practice settings including general business, human, financial, and operations management, and quality assurance/risk management issues. Course includes community service experiences. Prereq: PHR 950. PHR 966 ADVANCED PHARMACOTHERAPY III (5) A continuation of 957. Variable mixture of discussion, lecture, independent study and laboratory. Taught part of term. Prereq: Admission to the third year, College of Pharmacy, PHR 946 and PHR 957. PHR 967 ADVANCED PHARMACOTHERAPY IV (5) A continuation of PHR 966. Variable mixture of discussion, lecture, independent study and laboratory. Taught part of term. Prereq: Admission to the third year, College of Pharmacy, PHR 946 and PHR 957. PHR 969 PATIENT CARE LABORATORY VI. (2) A continuation of PHR 959.Prereq: PHR 959. Coreq: All concurrent PHR 96X series courses. PHR 988 ADVANCED PHARMACY PRACTICE EXPERIENCE. (42) A clinical experience in the use of drugs in the diagnosis, treatment and management of diseases. Emphasis is placed on a rationale of drug therapy, the provision of contemporary pharmaceutical care services and functioning as a member of an interdisciplinary health care team. Experiences will be obtained in a variety of areas and may involve on call and evening/weekend responsibilities. May be repeated to a maximum of 44 credits. Laboratory: 40 or more hours per week. Prereq: admission to the fourth year, College of Pharmacy; and permission of instructor. Professional Electives PHR 520 SPECIAL TOPICS IN PHARMACY LAW. (2) Discussion of the legal framework and special legal issues in pharmacy practice. Topics will include application of antitrust laws to pharmacy, patent and trademark issues relevant to pharmacy, legal issues related to prescription drug insurance programs, professional liability and legislative issues such as drug product selection. PHR 595 INDEPENDENT PROBLEMS IN PHARMACY ADMINISTRATION. (1-3) Selected problems of interest in the areas of behavioral, economic, ethical, historical, legal, psychological and social aspects of pharmacy. Methods may include literature search, surveys, field studies and experimental design. The course may serve as a professional elective for the pharmacy student and as a graduate course for the graduate student. May be repeated for a maximum of six credits. Prereq: consent of instructor. PHR 813 GERIATRIC PHARMACY. (3) A course designed to educate students in the basic knowledge of attitudes and skills required to meet the pharmaceutical needs of the elderly. Topics include discussions of the aging process, physiological and psychological changes in the elderly, how these changes influence patient compliance and the responses to drug and non-drug treatments, monitoring drug use in long-term care facilities, and special community services available to the elderly. (Same as GRN 513.) PHR 892 CLINICAL DRUG COMMUNICATION. (1-5) This course serves the specific purpose of providing instruction and experience of such a nature and quality as to promote the professional role of the pharmacist in the communication of clinical pharmacology data and therapeutics information. May be repeated to a maximum of 10 credits. Lecture, one hour; laboratory, 4-16 hours. PHR 895 INDEPENDENT PROBLEMS IN CLINICAL PHARMACY. (1-3) Selected problems in patient care, drug information, pharmacy administration, and pharmaceutical technology as related to pharmaceutical services. May be repeated to a maximum of six credits. Prereq: consent of instructor. PHR 896 INDEPENDENT PROBLEMS IN PHARMACY. (1-3) Selected problems pertaining to the various aspects of pharmacy, which may include such problems as pharmaceutical procedures, pharmaceutical formulations, pharmaceutical history and pharmaceutical economics. May be repeated to a six-credit maximum. Prereq: consent of instructor. PHR 972 INTRODUCTION TO POST-GRADUATE PHARMACY PRACTICE (1) Survey course introducing students to post-graduate training opportunities and clinical opportunities such as residency, fellowship, graduate school, medical writing, and clinical research. Prereq: PY2 student, currently enrolled in the Pre-Residency pathway. PHR 973 INTRODUCTION TO CRITICAL CARE PHARMACY (2) Advanced, clinically-focused course building on critical care foundation provided in PHR 956/7. Prereq: Successful completion of PHR 956/7. PHR 974 CLINICAL ASPECTS OF PRESCRIPTION MEDICATIONS (2) A discussion of the clinical aspects of prescription medications designed to supplement, integrate and enhance the material covered in the Patient Care Laboratory course series (PHR 919-969) and the Advanced Pharmacotherapy course sequence (PHR 946, 956, 957, 966 and 967). Emphasis is placed on 1) a critical analysis of the important difference between various drugs and drug classes, and 2) refining drug information and clinical communication skills through simulated written drug consults and oral exams involving other health care practitioners. Prereq: PHR 956 and 957. Coreq: PHR 960, 966, 967, and 969. PHR 976 COMPUTER AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN PHARMACY (2) A discussion and introduction to the use of computer and other information technologies, such as Personal Data Assistant (PDAs) and patient management software, as aids to providing more effective and efficient pharmaceutical care services. Lecture: 1 hour; laboratory, 2 hours per week. Prereq: Admission to the second or third year, College of Pharmacy. Academic Progress and Promotion The Academic Performance Committee (APC) is charged with monitoring students’ progress through the curriculum. The committee reviews the performance of each student based on course grades and written comments of each student’s performance, both of which are shared with the student and are part of the student record. The APC for students in a particular year will consist of the course directors and laboratory instructors for that year plus a standing core of faculty. The APC will recommend an action appropriate to the particular student’s standing and record, i.e., proceed to the next series of courses, promotion to the next year, graduation, probation, probation with remedial action, removal from probation, academic leave, suspension, or other action. Recommendations are made to the dean. Student’s promotion to subsequent year standing is not automatic, but must be earned based on appropriate performance and satisfactory completion of prior coursework. The APC may also recommend other actions including, but not limited to, adjustment of academic load, repetition of curriculum segments and participation in counseling sessions. Although the APC considers the overall record of the student in making decisions, the APC will rely on the following: All students must maintain a minimum GPAa of 2.0 and earn a minimum grade of “C” in each course taken during the time they are students in the College of Pharmacy. Further: 1. Any student with a GPA less than 2.0 in a single semester or with a cumulative GPA less than 2.0 will be placed on probationb or may be suspendedc from the College. Students who fail to earn a minimum of “C” in any one course may be placed on probation. The Academic Performance Committee (APC) will determine the remediation required. 2. A failure in a pass/fail course will be considered a grade less than C. 3. Students who fail to earn a minimum of “C” in two courses will be placed on probation and remediation may be required. The APC will determine the level of remediation required. 4. Students who fail to earn a minimum of “C” in three or more courses will be suspended from the College of Pharmacy, regardless of GPA. 5. Students who satisfactorily complete the remediation requirements for probation will be removed from probation. 6. Students who are on probation and fail to meet the requirements for remediation or fail to meet the requirements needed to remove them from probation as determined by the APC will be suspended from the College. 7. Students eligible for probation on a second occasion may be suspended from the College. 8. Repeat Options are not recognized by the College of Pharmacy for students enrolled in the College. The original grade received in each course will remain on the transcript, be averaged into the cumulative GPA, and be considered in discussions of probation and suspension regardless of any grades earned in repeated courses. a Includes all coursework, including PHR and non-PHR electives, that comprise the First through Fourth Professional Years of the Pharmacy program. b Students who are on academic probation may not be allowed: • To serve as officers or committee members in any campus organization • To participate in any University extracurricular activities or in the activities of any University organization if the participation involves the expenditure of an appreciable amount of time. • To be employed by any department or College of the University Students on academic probation may have a restricted academic schedule as dictated by the Academic Performance Committee. Students placed on academic probation must meet the requirements dictated by the APC before being removed from probation. c Students suspended from the College may petition the Dean for reconsideration of their case and for permission to re-take College of Pharmacy courses to correct their academic deficiencies. That permission may or may not be granted. If a student is allowed to re-take required Pharmacy courses, and the academic deficiencies have been satisfactorily addressed, these students may re-enter the College but will do so on probationary status. If the student is judged after two semesters to be performing satisfactorily by the APC while taking normal academic course loads, his/her probation status may be removed. Academic rules will not be changed during a student's enrollment if and only if the student has continued to progress in good academic standing within the class of matriculation. Rules affecting leaves and standards of behavior may be changed with notice. Academic Honor Code The College of Pharmacy utilizes an academic honor code. The honor code is predicated on the premise that pharmacy students, as future health care practitioners, will develop maturity through a system of self-government. The honor system may be defined as a method for student self-government that permeates and operates in all facets of the students' academic and professional activities. It operates on the assumption that all students in the College are honest and enjoy working best in a situation where their honesty and the honesty of others is not in question. The system contributes to the development and expression of moral standards of conduct that are desirable for all, and that are essential for professionally trained individuals in whom the public places confidence. Each student is to pledge complete honesty and also is to be vigilant in reporting infractions of the code by others. Prior to admission, students are given a copy of the honor code and agree to read and adhere to the code. Technical Standards The goal of the College of Pharmacy is to broadly prepare students to practice pharmacy with special emphasis on practicing in primary care settings. Regardless of eventual type of practice (e.g., community, clinic, health care system), students must demonstrate competence in those intellectual, physical and social tasks that together represent the fundamentals of being able to provide contemporary pharmaceutical care. Students will be judged by their respective program faculty not only on their scholastic achievement and ability, but also on their intellectual, physical and emotional capacities to meet the full requirements of the college's curriculum. As an advisory committee to the Dean, the Admissions Committee is instructed to exercise judgment on behalf of the faculty to recommend the entering class, and to consider character, extracurricular achievement, and overall suitability for the pharmacy profession based upon information in the application, letters of recommendation, and personal interviews. The Accreditation Council on Pharmacy Education, the accrediting body for colleges and schools of pharmacy, requires that the curriculum provide a general professional education, enabling each student to eventually practice as a pharmacy generalist. This requires the development of broad knowledge, skills, behaviors, ongoing self-directed learning, and the eventual ability to deliver competent pharmaceutical care within a reasonable time frame and within the context of the legal and ethical framework of the profession. The basic science curriculum includes the study of biochemistry, medicinal chemistry, molecular biology, immunology, physiology, pharmaceutics, pathology and pharmacology; all within the context of application to solving clinical problems. The practice skill curriculum includes the behavioral, administrative, supervisory, economic, legal, ethical, analytical, integrative, historical and contextual aspects of practice. The basic sciences and practice skills curricula are interwoven and are designed to establish a core of knowledge necessary for understanding pharmacotherapeutics and undergoing advanced clinical training. The clinical curriculum includes diverse experience in primary care, in ambulatory and inpatient setting, and in specialized environments such as long term care, and managed care or home infusion practices. The basic science, practice skills and clinical experiences develop the ability to practice pharmacy with the goal of providing cost-effective improvement in patient outcomes, independently or with a team of other health care professionals, regardless of the future choice of practice site. The faculty requires each student to pass each required course and all of the experiential rotations to graduate. The following technical standards specify those attributes the faculty considers necessary for completing pharmacy training, enabling each graduate to subsequently enter clinical practice, residency or fellowship training. These standards describe the essential functions students must demonstrate in order to fulfill the requirements of a general pharmacy education, and thus, are prerequisites for entrance, continuation, and graduation from the College of Pharmacy. The University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy will consider for admission any applicant who demonstrates the ability to perform or to learn to perform the skills listed in this document. Applicants are not required to disclose the nature of their disability(ies), if any, to the Admissions Committee. However, any applicant with questions about these technical standards is strongly encouraged to discuss the issue with the Chair of the Admissions Committee prior to the interview process. If appropriate, and upon the request of the applicant/student, reasonable accommodations will be provided. Certain chronic or recurrent illnesses and problems that interfere with patient care or safety may be incompatible with pharmacy training or practice. Other conditions that may lead to a high likelihood of student illness should be carefully considered. Deficiencies in knowledge base, judgment, integrity, character, or professional attitude or demeanor, which may jeopardize patient care, may be grounds for course/rotation failure and possible dismissal. A student must possess aptitude, abilities, and skills in five areas: 1) observation; 2) communication; 3) sensory and motor coordination and function; 4) conceptualization, integration and quantitative evaluation; and 5) behavioral and social skills, abilities and aptitude. These are described in detail below. The program faculty will monitor maintenance of these standards. Students must be able to independently perform the described functions. 1. OBSERVATION Students must be able to observe demonstrations and conduct exercises in a variety of areas related to contemporary pharmacy practice, including but not limited to, monitoring of drug response and preparation of specialty dosage forms. A student must be able to observe a patient accurately at a distance and close at hand, noting nonverbal as well as verbal signals. Specific vision-related requirements include, but are not limited to the following abilities: visualizing and discriminating findings on drug or fluid monitoring tests; reading written and illustrated material; observing demonstrations in the classroom or laboratory, including projected slides and overheads; observing and differentiating changes in body movement; observing anatomic structures; discriminating numbers and patterns associated with diagnostic and monitoring instruments and tests, and competently using instruments for monitoring drug response. 2. COMMUNICATION Students must be able to relate effectively and sensitively with patients and their caregivers and or partners, and convey a sense of compassion and empathy. A student must be able to communicate clearly with, and observe patients in order to elicit information, accurately describe changes in mood, activity and posture, and perceive verbal as well as nonverbal communication. Communication includes not only speech but also reading and writing. Students must be able to communicate quickly, effectively and efficiently in oral and written English with all members of the health care team. Specific requirements include but are not limited to the following abilities: communicating rapidly and clearly with the health care team on rounds; eliciting a thorough history from patients; and communicating complex findings in appropriate terms to patients and their caregivers, partners and various members of the health care team (fellow students, physicians, nurses, aides, therapists, social workers, and others). Students must learn to recognize and promptly respond to emotional communication such as sadness, worry, agitation, and lack of comprehension of communication. Each student must be able to read and record observations and care plans legibly, efficiently and accurately. Students must be able to prepare and communicate concise but complete summaries of individual encounters and complex, prolonged encounters with patients. Students must be able to complete forms or appropriately document activities according to directions in a complete and timely fashion. 3. SENSORY AND MOTOR COORDINATION OR FUNCTION Students must have sufficient sensory and motor function to monitor drug response and to prepare and or dispense pharmaceuticals. A student should be able to execute motor movements reasonably required to participate in the general care and emergency treatment of patients. They must be able to respond promptly to urgencies within the practice setting and must not hinder the ability of their co- workers to provide prompt care. Examples of such emergency treatment reasonably required of pharmacists include arriving quickly when called, participating in the initiation of appropriate procedures, and rapidly and accurately preparing appropriate emergency medication. 4. INTELLECTUAL-CONCEPTUAL INTEGRATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE ABILITIES These abilities include measurement, calculation, reasoning, analysis, judgment, numerical recognition and synthesis. Especially important is the appropriate and rapid calculation of dosages in a variety of conditions such as renal or hepatic failure, obesity, cardiac or respiratory arrest, etc. Additionally, calculations involving appropriate dilution or reconstitution of drug products, electrolytes, etc. must be made accurately and quickly. Problem solving, a critical skill demanded of all pharmacists, requires all of these intellectual abilities and must be performed quickly, especially in emergency situations. Students must be able to identify significant findings from history, physical assessment, and laboratory data; provide a reasonable explanation and analysis of the problem; determine when additional information is required; suggest appropriate medications and therapy; develop appropriate treatment plans to improve patient outcomes; develop patient counseling information at a complexity level appropriate to a particular situation; and retain and recall information in an efficient and timely manner. The ability to incorporate new information from peers or teachers, and to locate and evaluate new information from the literature to be used appropriately in formulating assessments and pharmaceutical care plans is essential, as is good judgment in patient assessment and therapeutic planning for disease management. Students must be able to identify and communicate the limits of their knowledge to others when appropriate and be able to recognize when the limits of their knowledge indicate further study or investigation is essential before participating in decision making. Students must be able to interpret graphs or charts describing biologic, economic or outcome relationships. 5. BEHAVIORAL ATTRIBUTES Empathy, integrity, honesty, concern for others, good interpersonal skills, interest and motivation are all personal qualities that are required. Students must possess the emotional health required for full use of their intellectual abilities; the exercise of good judgment; the prompt completion of all responsibilities attendant to the care of patients; and the development of mature, sensitive and effective relationships with patients and their caregivers and partners. At times this requires the ability to be aware of and appropriately react to one's own immediate emotional responses and environment. For example, students must maintain a professional demeanor and organization in the face of long hours and personal fatigue, dissatisfied patients, and tired colleagues. Students must be able to develop professional relationships with patients and their caregivers and partners, providing comfort and reassurance when appropriate while protecting patient confidentiality. Students must possess adequate endurance to tolerate physically taxing workloads and to function effectively under stress or with distractions. All students are at times required to work for extended periods, occasionally with rotating shifts. Students must be able to adapt to changing environments, to display flexibility, and to learn to function in the face of uncertainties inherent in the clinical problems of many patients. Students must also develop the skills necessary to instruct and supervise technical personnel assisting with the delivery of pharmaceutical services. Students are expected to accept appropriate suggestions and criticism and if necessary, respond quickly, appropriately and cooperatively by modification of behavior. Responsibility for Professionalism and Conforming to Rules, Standards and Regulations Because the College of Pharmacy is charged with the education and training of competent pharmacists, and because competence must be ensured not only in the fund of knowledge and technical abilities of the student but also in their standards of personal and professional conduct, student progress is carefully monitored to certify that students have acquired appropriate knowledge, skills, behavioral characteristics and ethical principles. To this end, students are responsible for conforming to all rules, standards and regulations specified in such documents as the Health Care Colleges Student Professional Behavior Code, Behavior Standards in Patient Care, University Rights and Responsibilities, and the College of Pharmacy Technical Standards. Review of how well students satisfy such responsibility is vested with the Academic Performance Committee (APC), which will seek recommendations from an advisory group composed of the APC core faculty and an equal number of student representatives. The faculty of the College of Pharmacy do their utmost to provide and promote an atmosphere conducive to learning, professional growth and development. Such an environment can only occur, however, with the complete cooperation of each individual of the student body. In order to remain respected members of a health care profession, each member of the profession must subscribe to a code of behavior and ethics that is more stringent than that placed on society at large. The profession fully expects pharmacy students and faculty to display similar characteristics. Students are expected to develop a professionalism beginning with their admission to the program. This includes regular class attendance, adequate preparation for class, punctuality, a neat appearance and appropriate professional demeanor. Students not meeting these expectations will be referred to the dean. Any student may be denied admission or permission to continue enrollment in the College of Pharmacy if, in the opinion of the faculty, the moral and ethical character of the student casts grave doubts upon his or her potential capabilities as a pharmacist. Any type of involvement in the illegal use of drugs, or any illegal or unethical acts relating to the practice of pharmacy are examples of incidents which would provide cause for denying admission, or readmission, or considering dismissal of a student from the College of Pharmacy. All College of Pharmacy students are subject to the rights, rules and regulations governing University of Kentucky students in all matters not specifically covered in Medical Center and College of Pharmacy documents. Students Seeking Readmission Following Dismissal Students dismissed from the College of Pharmacy because of a recommendation from the Academic Performance Committee (APC) may petition readmission through the Academic Performance Committee. Students withdrawing from the College while in good academic standing may petition readmission to the Admissions Committee through the associate dean for academic affairs. Students expelled from the College because of violations of academic integrity are ordinarily not eligible for readmission, but may petition readmission to the faculty through the dean. Part-time Study and Progress of Students Not in Good Academic Standing Because the curriculum of the College of Pharmacy integrates material from a variety of courses in which the student is enrolled, part-time study is extraordinarily difficult and is allowed only in unusual cases. Students allowed such an option must plan a course of study through the College of Pharmacy Office of Academic Affairs and with the approval of the College's Academic Performance Committee (APC). Alteration of such a plan may not occur without prior approval of the APC. Students who are not in good academic standing may also have an altered plan of study as specified by the APC. The College reserves the right to alter such plans unilaterally should curricular changes or significant changes in course content occur while a student in part-time study or a student not in good academic standing is enrolled. Employment while Classes are in Session The Doctor of Pharmacy curriculum consumes the entire effort of students. Therefore, upon acceptance to the program of study, students are expected to devote their energies to the academic program. The College discourages employment while courses are in session, at least until students have documented academic success. The College cannot take outside employment or activities into account when scheduling classes, laboratories, small group activities, examinations, reviews, field trips, individual course functions or special projects. PROFESSIONAL PROGRAM GENERAL INFORMATION Course Meeting Patterns Due to curricular requirements, course functions and/or examinations outside the normal Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. business hours will occur. Clinical responsibilities include evening and weekend work. Convocations and Field Experiences Each semester, special lectures are held for students, faculty and staff. Announcements are made in advance, and attendance is required by the dean. In addition, special field experiences for students may be scheduled during enrollment in the program. Students must participate in these experiences in order to qualify for course credit. Experiential Education Assignments and Policies The Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences (APPE) are experience-based integrated problem- solving courses designed to help the student become an active participant in providing contemporary pharmaceutical care services. The student, under the direction of different faculty, will integrate their knowledge of pharmacotherapy, disease states, dosage formulations and pharmacokinetics in developing and assessing therapeutic plans and in evaluating drug selection for patients. The student will learn about drug delivery systems, dispensing issues, and management strategies in the various sites. Each rotation will stress outcome-oriented decision making in clinical situations regarding drug therapy in specific disciplines. Students will attend physician rounds/ interdisciplinary team meetings, attend conferences and discussions, monitor and present assigned patients, and interact with patients and health care professionals. Over the course of their experience, students will learn to develop recommendations and participate in decisions about drug therapy considering factors involving efficacy, toxicity, cost, third party coverage, and unique methods of delivery. Each student shall complete one of each of the following types of rotations: community pharmacy, ambulatory clinic, hospital pharmacy, and general practice. A variety of APPE sites are available, including experiences in general medicine, surgery, pediatrics, geriatrics, critical care, pharmacokinetics, ambulatory care, psychiatry, nutrition, administration, hematology-oncology, home health care, community pharmacy and clinical drug research. The College of Pharmacy has established Clinical Education Centers (CECs) across the Commonwealth. These centers serve as the home base for students on APPE rotations during their 4th year. Students admitted to the College may be assigned to a CEC to complete their entire 4th year of APPE, or students may be assigned to APPEs statewide. Every attempt will be made to secure financial assistance during these rotations through the statewide Area Health Education Center (AHEC) system. However, students should be prepared to incur additional expenses and inconvenience during the time he/she is assigned to sites outside the greater Lexington area, or at sites within one of the CECs. Assignments are normally made as early as possible, giving students time to work with local AHEC coordinators to secure housing. In addition, enrollment in experiential education courses (IPPE and APPE) requires appropriate immunization status and verification of such status. In order to ensure that each applicant understands this situation before he or she accepts admission, the College requires each applicant to sign appropriate documentation, which is also the Off-Campus Assignment Agreement. Immunization Status Enrollment in PHR 928 Early Pharmacy Practice Experience (EPPE) and APPE (PHR 988) courses requires proof of immunization status for a variety of diseases, including measles and hepatitis and a tuberculin (TB) skin test. Immunization requirements are updated yearly by Student Health Services in accordance with recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control. Students intending to enroll in experiential courses must become aware of the immunization requirements the year prior to intended enrollment and take steps to ensure they will meet the requirements in a timely manner, to avoid delays in their program of study. Students must file an immunization record with the Office of Academic Affairs and Student Services of the College of Pharmacy. Students must have their immunization status verified as appropriate for professional level coursework by Student Health. Drug Testing and Criminal Background Checks A. Criminal background checks (CBC) and drug screens (DS) are becoming standard requirements for employment, especially at health care facilities, in order to enhance the safety and well-being of patients. In addition both may be required prior to granting of licenses or permits to practice by regulatory boards. Such requirements are in place for students who rotate through health care facilities as part of required educational experiences. The College of Pharmacy is being asked to attest that criminal background checks and drug screens, plus other requirements (e.g., CPR, HIPAA compliance, health insurance, immunizations etc.) have been completed prior to students being allowed in clinical education sites. If students are not eligible for entry to clinical education sites required to complete their degree, they are not eligible for admission to the college. Level one admission CBCs and DSs will therefore be performed on conditionally admitted students to the College of Pharmacy, A conditionally admitted student is one who has been given an initial offer of admission, but who has not yet satisfied all of the requirements for full admission. Subsequent CBCs and DSs may be required prior to participation or continuation in experiential education courses if the most recent CBC and DS is more than one year old (See Below). The presence of a criminal record does not mean automatic denial of admission. Failure to fully truthfully disclose the details of a criminal record however, can be a basis for denial. B. Applicability, Expenses, Policy Statement and Disclosure Conditionally admitted applicants must consent to, and satisfactorily complete, a criminal background check and drug screen prior to final acceptance and matriculation into the College of Pharmacy. Enrollment will not be final until the completion of the admission CBC and DS with results deemed acceptable to the College. All expenses associated with admission CBCs and DSs are the responsibility of the applicant. Applicants who do not consent to the required CBC and/or DS, refuse to provide information necessary to conduct either, or provide false or misleading information or samples in regard to the CBC and/or DS, will be subject to disciplinary action up to, and including, refusal of admission or dismissal from the program if the infraction is discovered after admission. By accepting admission to the College of Pharmacy the applicant also gives permission to the College of Pharmacy to conduct initial (admission) and subsequent CBCs and DSs as needed, and disclose the results of CBCs and DSs to sites where the student may do experiential education rotations if there is any concern as to whether a student would be acceptable to the site. Please understand that acceptable CBC and DS by the College of Pharmacy for admission do not guarantee that a student will be eligible to complete the program or obtain a pharmacy license to practice upon graduation. A clinical education site or any regulatory board may interpret CBC and DS information more severely, or uncover new information not revealed in previous checks and/or screens making the student ineligible to complete the program. C. Procedures and Conditions As part of the Supplemental Application to the College of Pharmacy applicants will be asked questions regarding their background and possible convictions etc, and given the opportunity to explain any incidents reported. For the purposes of this policy a conviction is considered to be a guilty plea, a guilty verdict, an Alford Plea or a Nolo Contendere (No Contest) plea. Answers to such questions do not necessarily disqualify a student from admission, but failure to truthfully disclose information will be grounds for discipline up to and including withdrawal of conditional acceptance or termination from the program. Answers to the above questions are kept as confidential as possible and screened by the Director of Admissions. Information will be retained by the college separate from other student educational and academic records and are not shared with the admissions committee but evaluated by a three member CBC/DS Advisory committee separate from the Admissions Committee. The CBC/DS Advisory committee reports to the Dean as to the potential seriousness of the information disclosed and any explanations provided by the student. The CBC/DS Advisory Committee makes a recommendation as to any stipulations or requirements placed on potential conditional admission. The Dean then makes a decision as to whether this information affects the relative ranking among all applicants to the program. When applicants are given conditional acceptance to the College of Pharmacy they will be provided with information regarding the performance of an admission CBC and DS. Failure to have both the admission CBC and DS performed within the deadlines specified may result in revocation of conditional admission. Information from the CBCs and DSs are also kept as confidential as possible, are not shared with the admissions committee, and are retained in a file separate from other educational and academic records. Information from CBCs and DSs is evaluated on a case by case basis by the Director of Admissions. Information disclosed by the criminal background check that was not disclosed by the applicant in the Supplemental Application, as well as information from the drug screen, may also result in revocation of conditional acceptance. Applicants have access to the results of the criminal background check and drug screen, and are responsible for ensuring the accuracy of the information. It is the responsibility of the conditionally admitted applicant to ensure that any misinformation in the initial criminal background check and drug screen report is corrected, and to ensure that a written statement with supporting documentation indicating the correction is submitted to the Director of Admissions within 10 days of results being reported. Conditional admission may be revoked by the Director of Admissions on the basis of information appearing in the CBC that was not disclosed by the applicant in the Supplemental Application, by the absolute bars to admission described below, or by the results of a DS positive for banned substances or psychoactive substances without a prescription (except for medications available without a prescription). If conditional admission is revoked the applicant may appeal the decision to the CBC/DS Advisory committee through the Director of Admissions within 10 working days of notification, provide any additional information the applicant feels important, and appear in person before the advisory committee if they wish. The advisory committee will then make a recommendation to the Dean. Applicants may be admitted, admitted with specific stipulations for continuing in the program, or have admission revoked. The decision of the Dean regarding the revocation of the offer of admission, and any stipulations for admission and continuation, is final and cannot be appealed. Applicants who are admitted with stipulations, but who do not follow those stipulations, forfeit their admission and/or are subject to dismissal with due process. D. Factors affecting decisions from CBCs and DSs Factors in affecting decisions on applicants may include, but are not limited to; • the nature, circumstances, and frequency of any reported offense(s) • the length of time since the offense(s) were committed • whether the pattern of the offenses indicates a continuing behavior pattern • available information that addresses efforts at rehabilitation • the accuracy of the information provided by the applicant in their application materials • the relationship between the responsibilities of a student pharmacist participating in the educational program and the offense(s) committed. Absolute bars to admission from information disclosed in CBCs include • Crimes involving abuse of a dependent person. • Child sexual offenses. • Murder conviction. • Felony drug trafficking. Absolute bars to admission from DSs include the presence of banned substances or psychoactive medications without a prescription, except for medications available without a prescription. Continuing Students A. Introduction Clinical training sites are increasingly requiring CBCs and/or DSs prior to accepting a student for a clinical rotation or are requiring that the College certify such tests have been performed and the student is acceptable for assignment to the site. Therefore CBCs and/or DSs will be required for students prior to undertaking experiential education courses. B. Applicability, Expenses and Disclosure Acceptable CBCs and DSs less than one year old are required for assignment to experiential education sites for all experiential education rotations in the College of Pharmacy. Acceptability is determined by the CBC/DS Advisory Committee using information from consultation with experiential education faculty and staff regarding requirements of clinical education facilities. All expenses associated with CBCs and DSs for experiential rotations are the responsibility of the student. When accepting admission to the College of Pharmacy, and registering for experiential education courses, the student gives permission to the College of Pharmacy to conduct further CBCs and DSs and to disclose the results of CBCs and DSs to sites where the student may do experiential education rotations as needed if there is any concern as to whether a student would be acceptable to the site. C. Procedures and Conditions Prior to students being allowed to participate in experiential education courses they will be asked to undergo updated CDCs and DSs. Students who: a. do not consent to the required CBC and DS, b. refuse to provide information necessary to conduct them in a timely manner and by the required deadlines, c. or provide false or misleading information or samples in regard to the CBC and DS are not eligible to participate in experiential education courses and are subject to disciplinary action up to and including dismissal from the college with due process. Information from the updated CBCs and DSs are kept as confidential as possible and are retained in a file separate from other educational and academic records. Information will be shared with the CBC/DS Advisory Committee, the Dean and with clinical education sites if there is a need to determine the acceptability of a student to the site. Results from CBCs and DSs will be reviewed by the Director of Student Services. Students without any issues are immediately cleared to the Director of Experiential Education to participate in experiential education courses. Students with any positive results on the CBC or DS will be referred to the CBC/DS Advisory Committee who will make a recommendation to the Dean regarding a course of action. Possible actions include: a. allowing the student to proceed to experiential education courses but following consultation with the clinical education site(s) as to acceptability. b. requiring the student to undertake a course of action i.e. further evaluation, treatment or rehabilitation, in an attempt to increase acceptability to clinical education sites c. recommend the student be dismissed from the program with due process. Absolute bars to participation in experiential education courses from information disclosed in CBCs include • Crimes involving abuse of a dependent person. • Child sexual offenses. • Murder conviction. • Felony drug trafficking. Absolute bars to participation in experiential education courses from DSs include the presence of banned substances or psychoactive medications without a prescription, except for medications available without a prescription. Additional Considerations • Admitted students cannot refuse to go to a particular experiential site because they do not wish to submit to further drug testing or criminal background checks required by the site. • Students who are refused admission to a clinical training site, or who are asked to leave a site because of information divulged through any CBC and/or DS will have a plan developed by the CBC/DS Advisory committee in an attempt to make the student more acceptable to clinical education sites. Students must follow the plan and any evaluation, treatment and rehabilitation guidelines imposed in the plan, before and/or during subsequent enrollment in experiential education courses. The requirements of the plan are not subject to appeal. The results of evaluation and the existence of treatment and rehabilitation guidelines imposed by the plan will be disclosed to the Human Resources office of the clinical training site and/or to the individual preceptor. • The College of Pharmacy does not accept responsibility for any student being ineligible for coursework, continued enrollment in the college, or subsequent licensure for any reason, including failure to pass a CBC and/or DS regardless of whether or not the student has participated in a plan attempting to make them acceptable to clinical education sites. • The College of Pharmacy does not accept responsibility to continually search out new clinical education sites who will accept students previously denied access to any assigned site. The college will work with the student, and with a number of sites, in an attempt to allow the student to complete their education. However, if a student is denied access to three different clinical education sites the responsibility of the College to identify further sites ceases. Reporting of misdemeanor/felony offenses • Any student, or conditionally admitted applicant, convicted of a felony of any type, or a misdemeanor involving drugs or alcohol while a student or a conditionally admitted applicant in the College of Pharmacy, must report that offense to the college Dean of Academic Affairs in writing within 10 days of conviction. The CBC/DS Advisory committee will them make recommendations to the Dean regarding possible stipulations for continued enrollment i.e. participation in treatment programs etc. Conviction includes plea agreements, guilty pleas etc. as defined above. Failure to report may result in dismissal from the College with due process. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) The College of Pharmacy requires that all pharmacy students be certified in an approved CPR training program. A CPR training course is available during the new student orientation period and/or early in the fall semester. Students are required to annually update their certification. Physical, Mental and/or Learning Disabilities The University of Kentucky is committed to meeting its obligations pursuant to Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, as amended. An individual with a disability is defined as someone who has “a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities of such individual.” Any student who has such a disability and who seeks special accommodations from the University must notify the Office of Academic Affairs of the College of Pharmacy of that disability, in writing, preferably before the beginning of the school year, but in no case later than the third day of classes for the fall semester. If a disability develops during the school year for which accommodations are requested, the student must notify the Office of Academic Affairs, in writing, as soon as they become aware of the disability. The student will be required to provide current documentation of the condition for which they require accommodation to the University Disability Resource Center. Notification of the condition and request for special accommodation will be referred to the same office. All requests for special accommodation and notification of conditions will be kept confidential. Provision of services will be based upon a review by the Disability Resource Center of current medical or psychological documentation and an assessment of current needs and appropriate services. Libraries Students have access to a variety of traditional and audiovisual library resources, including computer laboratories. Libraries include the Medical Center Library, the Medical Center Audiovisual Library, the University of Kentucky Margaret I. King Library and the William T. Young Library, one of the largest libraries in the South. Fees, Expenses and Refunds As a state-assisted institution, tuition and fees for the University of Kentucky and the College of Pharmacy are established annually by the Council on Higher Education and are subject to change each academic year. Exact tuition and fees are available prior to each academic year from the Office of Academic Affairs in the College of Pharmacy or from the University registrar's office. Tuition and fees for the College of Pharmacy differ from the University. Fee refund and liability/reassessment policies of the University of Kentucky are published in the University Bulletin. Refunds of registration/tuition fees vary from 50 to 100 percent of the amount paid, depending upon the date of withdrawal, normally up to eight weeks into the semester. No refunds are given if withdrawal is after the last day to drop a class. Housing College of Pharmacy students arrange their own housing. The majority of students live in apartment complexes, townhouses, duplexes, or homes near campus. As you might expect in a college town, there are a large number of apartment complexes in the city. Some students choose to live within walking distance of campus while others choose to live farther away. Lexington truly offers something for everyone. Professional students who are unmarried may wish to live in residence halls and may apply for Undergraduate Housing. This is not common for students in the Pharm.D. program for a variety of reasons including a differing academic calendar and the rigor and challenge of the academic work in the professional program. If a student does choose to live in Undergraduate Housing, you may want to consider choosing a 12-month dorm option. 12- month dorms are New North, Smith Hall and Greg Page Apartments. Contact information: Undergraduate Assignment Office, 125 Funkhouser Building, Lexington, KY 40506-0054. 859-257-1866. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Applicants for University Graduate & Family Housing are restricted to full-time single, graduate, doctoral or professional students; full-time students with families; non-traditional adult full-time students; post-doctoral, visiting scholars and others affiliated with the University. Graduate & Family Housing offers efficiency, one-bedroom and two-bedroom apartments. It is not common for students in the Pharm.D. program to live in this housing. We typically have only one or two students choose this option. Contact information: Cooperstown Bldg., C 0132, Lexington, KY 40508. 859-257-3721. Email: email@example.com. Financial Aid The University has some funds available for students who need financial assistance. Federal loans are available through two programs: the Federally Insured Student Loan Program, which is available to all students; and the Health Education Assistance Loans, which are awarded on the basis of need. Both are administered by the University's Student Financial Aid Office. Pharm.D. students are in a professional/graduate category and therefore qualify for higher loan amounts than undergraduate students. For more information and applications: Student Financial Aid Office University of Kentucky 127 Funkhouser Building Lexington, KY 40506-0054 Phone: (859) 257-3172 http://www.uky.edu/FinancialAid/ General scholarships from the University are available on the basis of grade point average and need. Applications may be obtained from the UK Student Financial Aid Office listed above. The College of Pharmacy also has scholarships available to students after enrollment in the College for at least one semester. The College’s Student Services office has information about these opportunities. Employment at the College or University Part-time employment is available in the various programs of the College or the University for a limited number of students in good academic standing. Information on part-time employment is available through the University of Kentucky Human Resources office at http://www.uky.edu/HR/ or at 859-257-9555. Placement The College Student Services office cooperates fully with the University Career Center in seeking employment for its graduates and arranging interview opportunities. Representatives of many pharmacies, hospitals, manufacturers, and residencies visit the campus each year to interview graduates. For the past 15-20 years, students have had multiple offers of employment upon graduation. Graduation Rates Approximately 95 percent of the students admitted to the College of Pharmacy graduate on time with the students in their class. Board Exam Scores and Pass Rates Graduates of the College of Pharmacy take the North American Pharmacy Licensing Examination (NAPLEX). Scaled scores for UK College of Pharmacy graduates routinely exceed the national average, often by as many as 15 to 20 points. Pass rate is commonly 100 percent. Student Organizations, Honor and Leadership Societies In addition to numerous campus-wide social and cultural activities, and the intramural sports program, the College has active organizations of its own which sponsor professional and social events. All pharmacy students are eligible for membership in the Kentucky Alliance of Pharmacy Students (KAPS). This organization is the student affiliate of the American Pharmacists Association, the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, the Kentucky Pharmacists Association, the Kentucky Society of Health-System Pharmacists and the National Community Pharmacy Association. Prompt affiliation with KAPS upon enrollment in the College not only serves to identify students with the profession, but also is regarded as evidence of interest in and enthusiasm for the profession. Through KAPS, students become acquainted with organizational work, develop professional attitudes with moral and ethical values, and lay the groundwork for continued growth and development after graduation. National professional pharmaceutical fraternities or organizations are on the UK campus: Kappa Psi Pharmaceutical Fraternity, Upsilon Chapter; Lambda Kappa Sigma, Alpha Nu Chapter; Student National Pharmacists Association; and the Fellowship of Christian Pharmacists International. Rho Chi, the national pharmaceutical honorary society, elects outstanding student members to the Alpha Xi Chapter. These members have at least 70 hours of professional credit, with a GPA of 3.0 or above, and are recommended by the Dean of the College of Pharmacy. In addition to high scholarship, eligibility requires class ranking in the top 20 percent, outstanding character, personality and leadership. Phi Lambda Sigma is an honorary society that recognizes leadership. The purpose of PLS, also known as the national Pharmacy Leadership Society, is to promote the development of leadership qualities among pharmacy students. By peer recognition, the Society encourages participation in all pharmacy activities. Awards A large number and wide variety of awards are given to students in all classes of the College to recognize excellence. These awards are based upon such criteria as academic achievement, leadership, self-improvement, professional activities and service. They are sponsored by a variety of organizations, individuals and the pharmaceutical industry. Public and Professional Service Projects Each year students engage in a variety of public and professional service projects. Many of these projects have resulted in national recognition and awards. The faculty of the College consider such activities important in refining leadership skills, personal empathy for others and appropriate professional development. The faculty encourage students to take advantage of these opportunities and consider them an integral part of the professional education experience. GRADUATE, RESEARCH AND POSTDOCTORAL PROGRAMS THE DOCTORAL TRAINING PROGRAM IN PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES: A Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) program is offered with areas of concentration in most of the pharmaceutical sciences. Currently, there are approximately 77 students in the College working toward the Ph.D. degree. Some of these students work closely with graduate students in other training programs (including biochemistry, chemistry, chemical engineering, public policy and administration, and toxicology) who are also training under College of Pharmacy faculty. The Doctor of Philosophy degree is indicative of a high order of independent scholarship and is usually a requirement for a faculty academic appointment in the pharmaceutical sciences or for employment as a study leader in the pharmaceutical industry. Graduates of the UK program are avidly sought and readily placed in academia and industry. Recent graduates have taken academic appointments at Baylor University, University of California Berkeley, Eastern Tennessee State University, the University of Florida, Georgetown University, Hacettepe University, Harvard University, the Johns Hopkins University, the University of Kansas, the University of Kentucky, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, the University of Maryland, the University of Nebraska, the University of North Carolina, Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Pharmacy, Ohio State University, Oregon State University, the University of Pittsburgh, Purdue University, Rice University, the University of South Alabama, the University of Texas, the University of Vermont and Virginia Commonwealth University. Graduates are also employed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and many prominent pharmaceutical and research companies in the United States and abroad, such as Abbott, Allergan, Amgen, AstraZeneca, Berlex, Boehringer Ingleheim, Boots, Bristol Myers Squibb, Centocor, Conrad, Discovery Labs, Dupont-Merck, ENDO Pharmaceuticals, Eurand, Genetics, GlaxoSmithKline, Hoffman LaRoche, ISIS Pharmaceuticals, Lederle, Lilly, Madash, The Medicines Company, Nektar, Palatin Technologies, Pfizer, Polymer Technology Consultants, Proctor and Gamble, Qualyst, Schering Plough, Scintipharma, Searle, Somatogen, Syntex, Teva, and Wyeth Pharmaceuticals. At the university level, the graduate program in Pharmaceutical Sciences has been recognized for its success. In competition for University fellowships, the Pharmaceutical Sciences program has been awarded the maximum number of fellowships in the biological sciences area for each of the past 20 years. Three members of the Pharmaceutical Sciences graduate faculty have been recognized as recipients of the University of Kentucky Sturgill Award for outstanding contributions to graduate education at UK. Areas of Study In pursuit of the doctoral degree a student identifies an area of research interest and then works very closely with a graduate faculty member specializing in that field to develop an individualized program of study and research. Students undertaking graduate study in the Pharmaceutical Sciences take graduate courses provided by faculty within the College, and draw upon appropriate courses in academic units outside the College of Pharmacy. Pharmaceutical Sciences graduate students often enroll in graduate courses offered in the Integrated Biomedical Sciences Curriculum and by the departments of chemistry, statistics, biochemistry, pharmacology, physiology, engineering, computer science and others depending upon the focus of the student's program. More than 55 research-oriented faculty are full or associate members of the Pharmaceutical Sciences Graduate Program and University of Kentucky Graduate Faculty and are therefore eligible to supervise the training of Pharmaceutical Sciences graduate students. Organized within two Departments, Pharmaceutical Sciences and Pharmacy Practice and Science, the faculty represent disciplinary areas such as pharmaceutics and pharmaceutical analysis, biopharmaceutics and pharmacokinetics, pharmaceutical technology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology and toxicology, clinical pharmacology, molecular biology, and biotechnology; in addition to the new program in Pharmaceutical Policy. Much of the support for graduate training comes from funded research projects. Currently there are approximately 70 extramurally funded research projects for which College of Pharmacy faculty are the primary investigators. The total of these awards exceeds $11 million. Additionally, College faculty are involved in approximately 30 other extramurally-funded collaborative projects with investigators outside of the College which have a total of another $12 million in awards. Funding for this research is diverse, with approximately 66% percent from the National Institutes of Health, 8% from non-NIH federal government agencies, 11% from the Commonwealth of Kentucky, 2% from foundations and 13% from the pharmaceutical industry. Current areas of graduate student and faculty research include: • Cell Biology • Chemical Biology • Computational Chemistry • Medicinal Chemistry • Molecular Biology • Molecular, Cellular, Integrative Pharmacology • Natural Product Chemistry • Structure-based Drug Design • Analytical Chemistry • Clinical Research • Drug Delivery/Pharmaceutics • Drug Metabolism/Pharmaco-kinetics/-dynamics • Formulations and Process Analytical Technology • Materials Sciences • Pharmacogenomics • Transporters Specific details of contemporary research projects can be obtained from recent faculty publications available in the College graduate studies office or on the World Wide Web through the College of Pharmacy home page: http://pharmacy.mc.uky.edu/ under Directory/Faculty. Laboratory, library and patient care facilities of the Medical Center provide an exceptional opportunity for Pharmaceutical Science graduate students who wish to participate in clinical research in cooperation with the faculty and staff of other colleges in the University of Kentucky Medical Center, such as the Colleges of Medicine and Dentistry. Specialization in Clinical and Experimental Therapeutics The Clinical and Experimental Therapeutics (CET) Track within the Pharmaceutical Sciences program provides a structured training program in combined aspects of clinical drug research and methodology through research projects that involve the investigation of problems at the interface of clinical and basic science. The graduate student in CET will participate in and carry significant responsibility in the conceptualization, design, execution and evaluation of human studies involving investigational and marketed drugs and drug delivery systems. Admission to the graduate program specializing in Clinical and Experimental Therapeutics requires a professional degree (Pharm.D., M.D., D.D.S., or D.V.M.). Specialization in Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy Specialization in Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy is the newest track within the Pharmaceutical Sciences Ph.D. program. This program is designed to train research specialists focused on the relationship between pharmacotherapy and health outcomes, pharmacoeconomics, pharmacoepidemiology, and pharmaceutical policy. The program will prepare students for careers in the pharmaceutical industry, governmental positions related to pharmaceuticals, and academic positions focused on research related to pharmaceutical outcomes and policy. Graduate Program Requirements The Doctor of Philosophy degree is not intended to represent a specific amount of work covering a specified time. It is the attainment, through intensive study and research, of independent and comprehensive scholarship in a specialized field. A minimum of three collegiate years of full-residence graduate work is required for the doctorate. Credit toward this requirement for prior graduate study at another institution may be allowed, as determined jointly by the Director of Graduate Studies in the area and the Dean of the UK Graduate School, after the student has been enrolled. Students obtain a background in the disciplines relevant to the dissertation research by taking courses, attending and presenting seminars, and participating in literature discussion groups. Many of the students gain teaching experience as teaching assistants and in classroom presentations. Each student seeking a Ph.D. degree must pass a qualifying examination (usually at the end of the fifth semester of full-time graduate study) prior to admission to candidacy, present a dissertation that is the result of original research, and pass a final examination (dissertation defense). Financial Aid All applicants to graduate study in the Pharmaceutical Sciences may be considered for award of a teaching or research assistantship. Most of these assistantships provide an annual stipend plus a tuition scholarship to cover the out-of-state portion of the tuition fees. Additional support to cover the remainder of tuition costs may be available from the student’s mentor or home department. Various graduate-school fellowships, which provide a stipend but require no service or teaching commitment, are available on a competitive basis. To be considered for a fellowship, a student must submit all application materials, including scores from the aptitude portion of the Graduate Record Examination, before February 1st of each year. Application Deadline Ordinarily, students are admitted into the graduate program only for fall semester entry. Deadlines for application are June 15 for domestic applicants and February 1 for international students. Students seeking financial aid should have completed applications filed with the Graduate School before February 1. Applicants residing in the United States should complete their applications prior to January 15th in order to qualify for invitation to the Interview Day in late February. Grade Point Average Applicants should possess a Pharm.D. or a baccalaureate degree in pharmaceutical sciences or a related area of science, and should have achieved an undergraduate grade point average of at least 3.2 based on a 4.0 scale. Applicants not meeting this requirement will be required to furnish supplementary evidence of qualification for graduate study, such as exceptionally high Graduate Record Examination scores. Graduate Record Examination The Graduate Record Examination is a requirement for admission. Applicants are required to take the verbal, quantitative and analytical portions of the GRE. Information relative to the dates on which these examinations will be administered in your area can be obtained by writing to the Graduate Record Examinations, Box 955, Princeton, NJ 08541-0955 or visiting www.gre.org/ Application for Admission to Graduate Studies Requests for application forms and/or for further information should be directed to: Director of Graduate Studies College of Pharmacy University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy Building 725 Rose Street Lexington, KY 40536-0082 Phone: (859) 257-1998 http://pharmacy.mc.uky.edu/programs/graduate When requesting information, always refer to the graduate program and indicate Pharmaceutical Sciences as the area of interest. University of Kentucky Pharm.D. Students Interested in the Pharmaceutical Sciences Ph.D. Program The Pharm.D. curriculum of the University of Kentucky allows students to take courses as part of the professional degree program that gives them a head start toward their graduate degree requirements. By making judicious use of electives, students can shorten the time required for completing a Ph.D. Individuals interested in a potential research career should contact the Director of Graduate Studies and the Associate Dean for Academic Affairs as early as possible for counseling on appropriate electives and course scheduling. GRADUATE COURSE OPTIONS PHR 510 MODERN METHODS IN PHARMACEUTICAL ANALYSIS. (5) A course which deals with the application of modern analytical methods, primarily instrumental methods, in the determination of the strength, purity and quality of drugs and pharmaceuticals. Laboratory exercises include analysis of raw materials and finished dosage forms. Lecture, three hours; laboratory, four hours. Prereq: CHE 226. PHR 520 SPECIAL TOPICS IN PHARMACY LAW. (2) Discussion of the legal framework and special legal issues in pharmacy practice. Topics will include application of antitrust laws to pharmacy, patent and trademark issues relevant to pharmacy, legal issues related to prescription drug insurance programs, professional liability and legislative issues such as drug product selection. Prereq: PHR 910. PHR 530 RADIOPHARMACEUTICS. (3) Basics of radioactive decay and detection. Labeling of molecules and cells with radionuclides. Imaging systems and clinical aspects of radiopharmaceuticals. Radioanalytical applications in pharmaceutical sciences, including position tomography and gamma scintigraphy. Development of new radiopharmaceuticals and absorbed dose calculations. The principles of radiation safety and radiobiology. Prereq: consent of instructor. PHR 545 STERILE PARENTERALS AND DEVICES. (2-3) The course will describe the fundamental concepts, principles and techniques involved in the characterization, development, evaluation and preparation of sterile products. Lecture, two credits; lecture with laboratory, three credits. Prereq: consent of instructor. PHR 612 QUANTITATIVE PHARMACODYNAMICS. (3) Quantitative treatment of dynamics of drug absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion, including development of both mathematical models and model-independent approaches for describing these processes. Prereq: MA 114 and consent of instructor. (Same as PHA 612). PHR 620 BIOSYNTHESIS OF NATURAL PRODUCTS. (3) An overview of the biochemical pathways leading to compounds called natural products/secondary metabolites. Prereq: Two semesters of organic chemistry. (Same as BCH 620/PLS 642.) PHR 622 ADVANCED BIOPHARMACEUTICS. (2) Advanced treatment of factors affecting drug availability from dosage forms and the influence of the route of administration and the dosage regimen on drug availability. Prereq: PHR 612. PHR 630 PHARMACEUTICAL RATE PROCESSES. (3) Kinetics of reactions of pharmaceutical interest; mechanisms of drug decomposition and theoretical approaches to stabilization and preservation; accelerated stability analysis. Prereq: physical chemistry and chemical kinetics. PHR 631 EQUILIBRIUM PHENOMENA IN PHARMACEUTICAL SYSTEMS. (3) An advanced study in special topics of a physical chemical nature which are applicable to pharmacy, with special emphasis on physical properties and molecular structure, solubility, complexation and equilibria in solution. Prereq: physical chemistry. PHR 647 INTRODUCTION TO MOLECULAR PHARMACOTHERAPEUTICS. (3) A discussion of the development of potential therapeutic entities using molecular biotechnology, Recent advances in the design and delivery of target-specific treatments such as special peptides, monoclonal antibodies and gene therapies will be the primary focus. Prereq: BCH 501 and 502, BCH 401G or equivalent, or consent of instructor. PHR 649 MOLECULAR PHARMACOLOGY. (3) The intent of this course is to describe the molecular aspects of a variety of physiological systems that are subject to pharmacological manipulation. Emphasis will be on the molecular genetics, biochemistry and subcellular organization and biology of these systems, and on the pharmacological techniques used to study these systems. Genetic diseases associated with these systems will also be described. The course will focus on areas of research which represent the forefront of modern pharmacological investigation. Prereq: PHA 522, PGY 502, BCH 501, 502, or consent of instructor. (Same as PHA/TOX 649). PHR 665 ETHICAL ISSUES IN CLINICAL RESEARCH. (3) Based on NIH guidelines for Responsible Conduct of Research, this course will present ethical and regulatory guidelines for conducting clinical research. Prereq: Participation in curriculum leading to Graduate Certificate in Clinical Research Skills, or permission of instructor. (Same as CPH 665.) PHR 748 MASTER'S THESIS RESEARCH (0) Half-time to full-time work on thesis. May be repeated to a maximum of six semesters. Prereq: All course work toward the degree must be completed. PHR 749 DISSERTATION RESEARCH. (0) Half-time to full-time work on dissertation. May be repeated to a maximum of six semesters. Prereq: registration for two full-time semesters of 769 residence credit following the successful completion of the qualifying exams. PHR 760 TOPICS IN PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES. (1-4) This course deals with emerging concepts in pharmaceutical sciences which are not being covered in other courses. May be repeated to a maximum of 10 hours. Prereq: consent of instructor. PHR 762 BIOORGANIC MECHANISMS. (3) An in-depth discussion on the bioorganic chemistry aspects of the active sites of enzymes and drug receptors, the molecular base of drug design, and principles of drug metabolism. Within these topics, the mode of action of some of the major coenzymes and drugs will be discussed from a mechanistic chemistry point of view. Prereq: CHE 538, CHE 633, BCH 501, or consent of instructor. PHR 764 DRUG DEVELOPMENT REGULATION AND CLINICAL RESEARCH A study of the pharmaceutical development process and its regulation, including a detailed examination of clinical research methodologies. Students will demonstrate their competence by developing a clinical trial protocol. Prereq: Enrollment in the Pharmaceutical Sciences Graduate Program or consent of instructor. PHR 767 DISSERTATION RESIDENCY CREDIT (2) Residency credit for dissertation research after the qualifying examination. A minimum of two semesters are required as well as continuous enrollment until the dissertation is completed and defended. PHR 776 SEMINAR IN PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES I. (1) Reports and discussion of pertinent research and literature in a disciplinary area of the pharmaceutical sciences. Required of all graduate students. Prereq: graduate standing. PHR 778 SEMINAR IN PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES II. (1) Reports and discussion of pertinent research and literature in a disciplinary area of the pharmaceutical sciences. May be repeated to an eight-credit maximum. Prereq: graduate standing. PHR 780 SPECIAL PROBLEMS IN PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES. (1-6) Selected problems of laboratory or literature nature in which a student pursues a topic of interest to him under the supervision of a faculty member particularly qualified in that area. May be repeated once. Prereq: consent of instructor. PHR 790 RESEARCH IN PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES. (1-12) Research work to be conducted in selected areas of pharmaceutical sciences. Prereq: approval of student's special committee and consent of instructor. THE POSTDOCTORAL TRAINING PROGRAM: The College of Pharmacy has approximately 25 post-doctoral students who work on specific research projects in the areas noted above in Areas of Study, usually under the mentorship of one faculty researcher. The post-doctoral student’s activities and time are focused on the research project. A Ph.D. or comparable degree is required for a post-doctoral appointment. The research is funded by the faculty mentor’s sponsored project. The sponsoring faculty member hires the post- doctoral scholar or fellow. Opportunities for post-doctoral support are best ascertained by directly contacting the faculty member. The research interests of College of Pharmacy faculty can be seen be visiting their homepages on the World Wide Web: http://pharmacy.mc.uky.edu/ under Directory/Faculty. RESIDENCY PROGRAMS The College of Pharmacy is associated with a variety of practice-oriented, nationally recognized residency programs designed to train highly motivated pharmacists for careers in the advanced aspects of pharmaceutical care and specialty practice. Residency programs are accredited by the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP). Residency programs provide direction for the development of professional goals and objectives, an environment that promotes the accomplishment of individual goals, a formal plan for advanced training and experience, constructive evaluation and positive reinforcement, professional contacts that assist individuals throughout their entire career, and an opportunity for professional and personal maturation. All residents receive a competitive stipend and fringe benefits, including insurance, meal discounts, parking permits, etc. Residents have many opportunities to submit research management studies, medication use evaluations, and case reports for presentation at state and national meetings and for publication in peer-reviewed journals, with the help and direction of preceptors. Residents also participate in annual residency conferences, where they present their projects to other residents and preceptors from this region of the country. University of Kentucky Healthcare Pharmacy Residency Programs The College of Pharmacy and the UKHealthcare Department of Pharmacy offer multiple PGY1 ASHP-accredited residency program positions in pharmacy practice and also multiple PGY2 ASHP accredited specialty residency program positions in ambulatory critical care, infectious diseases, pediatrics, and oncology pharmacy practice. Other one-year specialty residencies are also available. These residencies require a Pharm.D. for admission. There are usually 17 positions overall between the general practice and specialty programs. Since the inception of the residency, over 350 pharmacists have completed the programs. These residents have primarily sought careers in academics, pharmaceutical research, hospital and clinic health systems management. All residents have the opportunity to participate in both clinical and applied research under the direction of program preceptors. In addition, residents participate in the various teaching programs of the College of Pharmacy, including those involving classroom sessions and experiential courses. Rotations available include cardiology, pulmonary, emergency and general internal medicine, general, cardiothoracic and trauma surgery, critical care, neurosurgery, neurology, pediatrics, oncology, bone-marrow and solid organ transplant, infectious disease, pharmacokinetics, ambulatory care, clinical nutrition, and pharmacy practice management. Information on University of Kentucky HealthCare residency programs can be obtained from: UK HealthCare Pharmacy Residency Programs Department of Pharmacy University of Kentucky Chandler Medical Center 800 Rose Street, Room H110 Lexington, KY 40536-0293 Phone: (859) 323-6289 http://www.mc.uky.edu/Residency University of Kentucky Community Pharmacy Residency Program The University of Kentucky College of Pharmacy has partnered with American Pharmacy Services Corporation (APSC), Kroger Pharmacy, and PharmacistCARE to develop three training sites for community residents. The PGY1 community residency program is a one-year ASHP-accredited program. There are three sites with one resident position in each site, i.e. independent pharmacy practice, chain, and clinic/clinic pharmacy. Residents have opportunities to enhance their patient care skills through health and wellness programs, community screenings, advanced immunization clinics, anticoagulation services, and through other disease management and education programs such as osteoporosis, diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and smoking cessation. Further information on the Community Residency Program can be obtained at http://pharmacy.mc.uky.edu/programs/residency/pgy1.php or by contacting: UK Community Residency Program Holly S. Divine, Pharm.D., CGP, CDE 725 Rose Street, College of Pharmacy Lexington, KY 40536-0082 Lexington Veterans Administration Medical Center Pharmacy Residency Faculty in the UK College of Pharmacy who also hold appointments in the adjacent VA Medical Center offer both a PGY1 pharmacy residency, as well as a PGY2 psychiatric pharmacy residency. The VA residency program requires a Pharm.D. for admission and has three to five residency positions. Residents in this program spend a majority of time in the VA Medical Center, but do optional rotations at UK Hospital. Information on VA residency programs can be obtained from: VA Medical Center Pharmacy Residency Program Matthew Lane, Pharm.D., BCPS Lexington VA Medical Center Department of Pharmacy 2250 Leestown Rd. Lexington, KY 40511 Phone: (859) 233-4511, ext. 4544 In addition to these residency opportunities, there are several other residency programs offered in the state of Kentucky, as described on the Kentucky Pharmacy Residency network website (http://pharmacy.mc.uky.edu/programs/residency/kprn.php ). For further information on each of these programs, access the American Society of Health System Pharmacists (ASHP) website at http://www.ashp.org/import/accreditation/residencydirectory.aspx . ORGANIZATION OF THE COLLEGE The College is organized into two major Departments, Pharmacy Practice and Science, and Pharmaceutical Sciences. These Departments deal primarily with the practice, social/behavioral/administrative sciences, and chemical/biochemical and biological aspects of the pharmaceutical sciences. Administratively, the dean has overall responsibility for College programs, with assistant or associate deans for academic affairs, research and graduate education, professional affairs and service programs. PHARMACY PRACTICE AND SCIENCE (PPS) The PPS Department endorses the concept that an academic unit should excel in teaching, scholarship/research, patient care, and public service. The Department is responsible for teaching a large component of both the didactic and experiential courses in the College of Pharmacy and includes some 29 full- and 15 part-time faculty. Most faculty, in addition to participating in teaching and research, also maintain an active clinical practice at a teaching site. The Department is closely associated with the departments of pharmacy at both University of Kentucky Hospital and the Lexington VA Medical Center, where faculty also serve as clinical specialists in their areas of expertise. In addition, the Department has over 400 pharmacy practitioners throughout Kentucky who serve as community-based voluntary faculty in the College’s experiential education program. This variety of practice sites enables students to gain a breadth of pharmacy experiences in actual patient care settings. In both the University of Kentucky and the VA Medical Center, faculty members also serve as preceptors for pharmacy residents, and for postdoctoral research fellows. A community pharmacy residency program also is available in the Department. A major focus of the PPS Department in the area of practice is the development of innovative practice models. One such model is the PharmacistCARE program, which is a patient-focused medication therapy management service currently addressing the special needs of patients with diabetes and cardiovascular problems. This program has practice sites at the Kentucky Clinic, and the Kentucky Clinic North in Lexington. Historically, most of the faculty members in the PPS Department have performed collaborative research with faculty in the College of Medicine or with basic-science faculty in the College of Pharmacy. This type of research has been very successful and has attracted both industrial and federal funding for a variety of projects. The Department has a PhD program in Clinical and Experimental Therapeutics in conjunction with the Pharmaceutical Sciences Department, and is developing a PhD program in Pharmaceutical. In addition, a faculty member in the Department coordinates joint Pharm.D. masters programs in Public Administration, Business Administration, Economics, and Public Health. PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES The University of Kentucky Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences is a research-intensive department dedicated to improving the health and well-being of the citizens of the Commonwealth, the nation and the world through excellence in teaching and research. The UK Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences: • Facilitates learning, driven by research and scholarship. • Expands knowledge through research, scholarship and creative activity. • Serves a global community by disseminating, sharing and applying knowledge. The Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences provides strength in both education and research. Members of the department include faculty, graduate students, postdoctoral scholars and staff who are engaged in multi-disciplinary pharmaceutical research and teaching at the graduate and professional level. Multiple members conduct clinical and translational research as well. The department is organized into two broad disciplinary areas - the Drug Discovery Division, which encompasses the fields of drug discovery and design plus pharmacology; and the Drug Development Division, which includes pharmaceutics and drug delivery plus pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics. Scientists in the department also play key roles in the economic development of Kentucky through their patents, development of UK intellectual property within start-up companies. The Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences is involved in the teaching of pharmaceutical sciences in the professional pharmacy program including pharmacology, drug discovery, dosage form design and drug delivery, and pharmacokinetics. Interested professional students can also engage in laboratory research under the supervision of Department faculty. The Department has played a major role in the development of graduate programs in the health sciences at the University of Kentucky. The first Ph.D. degree in Pharmaceutical Sciences was awarded in 1970, and more than 250 degrees have been awarded as of 2008. The Department has consistently maintained a large graduate program, successfully competing for extramural research dollars, both from federal sources and from the pharmaceutical industry. Faculty are clustered into research topic or focus groups, each of which operates journal clubs and laboratory meetings for the affiliated graduate students, postdoctoral scientists and faculty. Research efforts of faculty have played a major role in the development of intellectual property at the University with patents pertaining to novel delivery of drugs and therapeutic uses of niacin, camptothecin and nicotine analogs. Considerable promise is offered in the broad area of therapies for drug abuse, cancer therapeutics, novel drug delivery and others. Pharmaceutical faculty have made strong contributions to the multidisciplinary research centers at the University. These include the Markey Cancer Center, the Sanders-Brown Center on Aging, the Spinal Cord and Brain Injury Research Center, Center on Drug Abuse Research Translation , the Coldstream Laboratories Inc., Center for Membrane Sciences and the Computational Sciences Center. Close ties have also been forged with the Colleges of Medicine, Engineering and Agriculture. CONTINUING PHARMACY EDUCATION The Colleges of Pharmacy and Medicine combined efforts in continuing education. The combined program delivers quality educational activities for pharmacists and pharmacy technicians that 1) is based on demonstrated needs, 2) is responsive to advances in pharmacotherapy and patient care and 3) has an emphasis on health care needs in the Commonwealth of Kentucky. The Program offers pharmacists and other healthcare professionals worldwide an opportunity to maintain and enhance their knowledge and skills in medication use through interactive live activities and enduring materials. Learning opportunities include live conferences and symposia, teleconferences, poster sessions, videos, Internet, CD-ROMs, monographs, and journal articles. The program offers an innovative “CE Learning System” designed to serve as a primary source of quality continuing education for those who prefer web-based learning. A statewide teleconferencing network (Kentucky TeleHealth Network) exists with links to various hospitals and clinics throughout Kentucky. For further information, please contact: Colleges of Pharmacy and Medicine Continuing Education Program University of Kentucky One Quality Street, 6th Floor Lexington, KY 40507-1428 Phone: (859) 257-5320 http://ukyce.cecentral.com/ INSTITUTIONAL EFFECTIVENESS The true quality of an institution can only be measured by the accomplishments of its graduates, students and faculty. Examples of some of these are as follows: Graduates of the Professional Programs and Residencies • Prominent positions as practitioners and directors of hospital pharmacies, owners of independent pharmacies and managers of chain pharmacies in Kentucky and around the country. • Former presidents of the American Pharmacists Association. • Former presidents of the National Community Pharmacists Association. • Former president of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy. • Former presidents of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy. • Former presidents of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. • Faculty members in over two-thirds of the Colleges of pharmacy in the United States. • Directors or coordinators of clinical research with Bristol Myers-Squibb, Glaxo/Wellcome, Hoechst-Marion-Roussel, Miles, and Stuart. Graduates of Ph.D. or Post-Doctoral Scientist Program • Academic appointments at prominent institutions such as Baylor, Berkeley, Harvard, Johns Hopkins, Kansas, M.D. Anderson, Michigan State, North Carolina, Purdue and Rice. • Industrial positions at more than 25 U.S. companies, including: idirector of pharmacokinetics and biopharmaceutics, Hoffman LaRoche; isection manager, drug metabolism and pharmacokinetics, Bristol Myers-Squibb; ibiology research head, cancer research, Pharmacia-Upjohn; idirector of pharmacokinetics and drug metabolism, Alcon; idirector of scientific services, Duramed; iunit head, analytical control services, Smith Kline Beecham; idirector, dosage form development, Watson Laboratories; idepartment head, analytical chemistry, Glaxo/Wellcome. Students • National Chapter of the Year Awards, APhA student chapter • 1st Place AA Chapter Achievement Award • The first Professional Promotion Award from the Kentucky Pharmacists Association. • Outstanding Student Organization on Campus Award from the Kentucky Student Government Association. • First place in "Innovations in Health Promotion" competition sponsored by the U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services. • Five student leadership awards from the American Pharmaceutical Association. • Three presidents of the national Academy of Students of Pharmacy of the American Pharmaceutical Association. • Four Research Participation awards from the American Association of Colleges of • Pharmacy. • Three American Heart Association Predoctoral Fellowships • One of 7 nationally awarded PhRMA Foundation Fellowships in Pharmacology/Toxicology • One of 2 nationally awarded PhRMA Foundation Fellowships in Pharmaceutics • Individual National Research Service Award Fellowship from National Institute on Drug Abuse Faculty: • More than twice the average extramural funding per faculty member than benchmark institutions. • Six University Great Teacher awards. • Three William B. Sturgill awards for outstanding contributions to graduate education. • Sullivan Medallion Award recipient. • Several KPhA and KSHP Pharmacists of the Year • Four former presidents of the American Pharmaceutical Association Academy of Pharmaceutical Sciences and president of the American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists • Four Research Career Development awards from the National Institutes of Health. • Recipient of a NSF Presidential Young Investigator Grant. • Former presidents and section chairs of the American Pharmacists Association and the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. • Chairman of the board of trustees, United States Pharmacopeial Convention. • Members, board of directors, American Pharmacists Association and American Society of Health- System Pharmacists. • Winners of the prestigious "IBM Supercomputer Competition." • Recipient of the “Outstanding Pharmacy Educator” from the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy. • Recipient of the highest honor for a clinical pharmacist from the American College of Clinical Pharmacy. • Director of the nation’s most outstanding pharmacy residency program. • Numerous Fellows of the American Academy of Pharmaceutical Sciences, the American College of Clinical Pharmacy, and the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. • Former president and chairs of academic sections and prominent committees in the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy. • Over 17 patents awarded in the last five years. FACULTY IN THE COLLEGE OF PHARMACY Aimee R. Gelhot-Adams, assistant adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Cincinnati, 1991 Val R. Adams, associate professor, Pharm.D., Texas-Austin, 1993 Abeer Alghananeem, assistant professor, Ph.D., Kentucky, 1999 Ann B. Amerson, professor emeritus, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1971 Brad Anderson, H.B. Kostenbauder professor, Ph.D., Kansas, 1978 Heidi M. Anderson, professor, Ph.D., Purdue, 1986 John Armitstead, associate clinical professor, M.S., Ohio State, 1982 Gregory J. Bausch**, instructor, Pharm.D., 1975 Younsoo Bae, assistant professor, Ph.D., The University of Tokyo, 2005 Michael C. Berger, clinical instructor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 2003 Esther Penni Black, assistant professor, Ph.D., Florida, 1997 Karen Blumenschein, associate professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1991 Sheila Botts, assistant professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1993 Ralph Bouvette*, associate professor, Ph.D., Kentucky, 1986 Jan A. Brandenburg*, B.S., instructor Paul M. Bummer, associate professor, Ph.D., Wisconsin, 1987 Janice Buss, Professor, Ph.D., University of California, San Diego, 1983 Lisa A. Cassis***, professor, Ph.D., West Virginia, 1984 Tim Clifford, assistant adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1998 Peter Cohron*, associate professor, JD, Kentucky 1993 Aaron M. Cook, assistant adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 2000 Peter A. Crooks, professor, Ph.D., Manchester, England, 1970 Sylvia Daunert***, professor, Ph.D., Barcelona, Spain 1991 George A. Davis, associate adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Arkansas, 1993 Patrick P. DeLuca, professor, Ph.D., Temple, 1962 George Digenis, professor emeritus, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, 1964 Holly Divine, associate clinical professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1998 Steven Dunn, assistant adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Virginia Commonwealth University, 2004 Linda P. Dwoskin, professor, Ph.D., Minnesota, 1983 Greg Elliott, assistant professor, Ph.D., University of California, Santa Cruz, 2001 David Feola, assistant professor, Ph.D., Kentucky, 2005 Joseph L. Fink III, professor, J.D., Georgetown, 1973 Jeremy Flynn, assistant adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1999 Thomas S. Foster, professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1973 Michelle D. Fraley, assistant clinical professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 2001 Patricia Freeman, associate clinical professor, Ph.D., Kentucky, 1991 Gregory Graf, assistant professor, Ph.D., Kentucky, 2000 Dwaine K. Green, assistant adjunct professor, B.S., Kentucky, 1971 Steven A. Haist***, associate professor, M.D., Kentucky, 1981 Mary L. Harper, associate voluntary professor, Pharm.D., Purdue, 1987 Jimmi C. Hatton, professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1984 Kimberly Hite, assistant adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1998 Jill Johnson, assistant clinical professor, Pharm.D., Tennessee, 1998 Carrie Johnson, assistant clinical professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky 1997 Mikael Jones, assistant clinical professor, Pharm.D., Florida, 2002 Shelly “Mandy” Jones, assistant clinical professor, Pharm.D., Florida, 2002 Kyungbo Kim, associate professor, Ph.D., Ohio State, 1997 Kenneth Kirsh, assistant professor, Ph.D., IUPUI, 2001 Robert J. Kuhn, professor, Pharm.D., Texas, 1984 Seok-Woo Kwon***, assistant professor, Ph.D., University of Southern California, 2003 Matthew Lane, associate clinical professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1993 Wooin Lee, assistant professor, Ph.D., University of Buffalo, SUNY, 2001 Markos Leggas, assistant professor, Ph.D., Tennessee, 2004 Daniel Lewis, assistant adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Duquesne, 1999 Tonglei Li, associate professor, Ph.D., Purdue, 1999 Carrie Lifshitz*,assistant professor, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, 2004 John Littleton*, professor, Ph.D., University of London, 1969 Robert A. Lodder, professor, Ph.D., Indiana, 1988 Charles D. Loftin, assistant professor, Ph.D., Univ. of North Carolina, 1995 William C. Lubawy, professor, Ph.D., Ohio State, 1972 Tracy Macaulay, assistant adjunct professor, Pharm.D., South Carolina, 2003 Melanie Mabins, assistant clinical professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 2004 Barbara L. Magnuson, associate adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1990 Heidi Mansour, assistant professor, Ph.D., UW-Madison, 2003 Craig Martin, associate adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1999 James H. Marton, assistant professor, Ph.D., Washington University (St. Louis), 2002 Tera McIntosh, assistant clinical professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 2001 Bruce McIntosh, assistant clinical professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1995 Patrick J. McNamara, professor, Ph.D., SUNY at Buffalo, 1979 Chris Miller, assistant clinical professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky 2003 Trenika Mitchell, assistant clinical professor, Pharm.D., Mississippi, 2004 Debbie Murphy, assistant adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky 1994 Richard A. Neill***, assistant professor, M.D., Kentucky, 1986 Amy Nicholas, associate clinical professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1997 Kimberly Nixon, assistant professor, Ph.D., Texas-Austin, 2000 Margaret Nowak-Rapp, assistant adjunct professor, Pharm.D., SUNY at Buffalo, 1973 Kalpana Paudel, assistant research professor, Ph.D., Toyama Medical and Pharmaceutical University, 1999 James Pauly, associate professor, Ph.D., Marquette, 1986 John Peppin, associate clinical professor, D.O., Iowa, 1992 Mary M. Piascik, associate professor, Ph.D., Ohio State, 1978 John J. Piecoro, Jr., professor emeritus, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1978 Anne Policastri, assistant clinical professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1982 Todd D. Porter, associate professor, Ph.D., Illinois, 1981 Robert P. Rapp, professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1970 Kenneth E. Record, associate professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1978 Kenneth B. Roberts, professor, Ph.D., Mississippi, 1975 Jurgen Rohr, professor, Ph.D., Georg-August-Universitat Gottingen, 1984 Frank Romanelli, associate professor, Pharm.D., Mass. College of Pharmacy, 1996 Kimberly B. Roth, assistant adjunct professor, M.S., Ohio State, 1989 Melody Ryan, associate professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1993 F. Douglas Scutchfield, *** professor, M.D. Kentucky, 1966 Kelly M. Smith, associate professor, Pharm.D., Georgia, 1993 Doug Steinke, assistant professor, Ph.D., University of Dundee, 2001 Audra Stinchcomb, associate professor, Ph.D., Michigan, 1995 Stephanie Sutphin, assistant adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky 1995 Hsin-Hsiung “Daniel” Tai, professor, Ph.D., Wisconsin, 1970 Jeffery C. Talbert, associate professor, Ph.D., Texas A&M, 1995 Christine Tully***, assistant professor, M.D., Universita di Roma, 1979 Steven Van Lanen, assistant professor, Ph.D., Portland State University, 2003 Sarah Wackerbarth***, associate professor, Ph.D., Wisconsin-Madison, 1997 Dave Watt***, professor, Ph.D., Harvard University, 1972 Peter J. Wedlund, associate professor, Ph.D., Washington, 1981 Daniel P. Wermeling, associate professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1983 Shane Winstead, assistant adjunct professor, Pharm.D., Kentucky, 1999 John Yanelli***, professor, Ph.D., Virginia Commonwealth University, 1982 Robert A. Yokel, professor, Ph.D., Minnesota, 1973 Chang-Guo Zhan, associate professor, Ph.D., Notre Dame, 1998 Guangrong Zheng, assistant research professor, Ph.D., Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2000 *part time **field appt. ***joint appt. THE UNIVERSITY COMMUNITY Lexington Lexington, a city with a population of 250,000, is located in the heart of Kentucky's renowned Bluegrass region, 81 miles south of Cincinnati and 74 miles east of Louisville. Rolling meadows and beautiful horse farms surround the city. The climate is moderate. Average mean temperatures range from a low of 33 in January to a high of 76 in July. The Lexington area offers a wide range of entertainment, educational and cultural opportunities: • A restored opera house, with a Broadway-Live series • Lexington Philharmonic Orchestra • Lexington Ballet • Chamber Music Society • Lexington Musical Theater • Lexington Children's Theater • Living Arts and Science Center • Three active community theater groups • University of Kentucky theater, opera, and a concert and lecture series • Kentucky Horse Park • UK Athletic Events • Keeneland and the Red Mile horse-racing tracks • Lexington Legends Baseball • Men of War Hockey • A number of historic homes and museums In addition, the University of Kentucky Singletary Center for the Arts schedules more than 300 performances a year by national, international and local performers and groups. The University of Kentucky The University of Kentucky is the land-grant institution of the Commonwealth. It is a comprehensive research university with 17 Colleges, varying from agriculture, engineering and fine arts to pharmacy, medicine, dentistry and nursing. A variety of centers of excellence and research centers exist on campus, including aging, cancer, pharmaceutical science and technology, supercomputing, membrane sciences, robotics, biomedical engineering and a graduate center for toxicology. The University has approximately 27,000 students on the Lexington campus, with approximately 10,000 faculty and staff, and more than 100 major buildings. The University of Kentucky is classified as a Type I research institution by the Carnegie Foundation, one of only 45 public universities in the United States so designated. UK HealthCare The University of Kentucky Chandler Hospital, located on the main campus of the University, opened in 1962 and provides comprehensive medical care to patients from all areas of Kentucky. University of Kentucky Chandler Hospital is the primary teaching facility for the Colleges of Pharmacy, Medicine, Dentistry, Nursing, Public Health and Health Sciences professions. It is a 473- bed acute, general medicine and surgical hospital, servicing more than 130,000 inpatient care days, 386,000 outpatient clinic visits and 34,000 emergency room visits each year. The UK Children’s Hospital was established in 1997 with a 44 bed in-patient center and out-patient center, a 50 bed Level III neonatal nursery and a 12 bed pediatric intensive care unit. Outstanding medical services include solid-organ and bone-marrow transplants, neurosurgery, open-heart surgery, burn care, neonatal intensive care, coronary care and helicopter-support emergency service. University of Kentucky Hospital also serves as the region’s Level I trauma center. Adjacent to the Hospital are the six Colleges of the Medical Center, Kentucky Clinic, Sanders- Brown Center on Aging, Lucille Parker Markey Cancer Center and a 338-bed Veterans Affairs Medical Center.
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