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The Aftermath

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					               The Aftermath
•   The world is left in a mess
•   What is going to happen to Germany?
•   What is going to happen to Japan?
•   What is going to happen to all the Eastern
    European Countries that Germany took over?
            The United Nations
• Created to stop another
  world war
• 51 nations were
  represented at the first
  meeting.
• BIG 5: U.S., Russia (Now
  the Soviet Union),
  England, France, and
  China.
The United Nations
           Potsdam Conference
• Stalin, Truman, and
  others work out a deal
  concerning Germany
  and Eastern European
  Countries.
• German will be split
  into four parts.
The World Post WW II
          • Soviet Union (A.K.A. =
            U.S.S.R) takes control of
            all Eastern European
            countries.
          • Forces those countries
            to become Communist.
          • The World is now scared
            of the quick spread of
            Communism.
         The World Post WW II
• The Countries Albania, Poland, Romania,
  Bulgaria, and Czechoslovakia become
  communist and are known as Satellite
  Nations.
• America adopts a policy of Containment. (Will
  cause a lot of problems later)
• The separation between the U.S.S.R. and the
  Western powers became known as “The Iron
  Curtain”.
   The Beginning of the Cold War
• Truman Doctrine:
  – “it must be the policy of the United States to
    support free peoples who are resisting attempted
    subjugation by armed minorities or by outside
    pressures.”
• The Marshall Plan:
  – The United States will provide aid to all European
    nations that needed it
   The Beginning of the Cold War
• The Soviets see this as
  America trying to buy
  away, loyal communist
  countries.
• U.S.S.R. Blocks off all
  access to Western
  Berlin
• Berlin Airlift
                   Berlin Airlift
• For 327 days, planes
  took off and landed
  every few minutes,
  around the clock.
• In 277,000 flights, they
  brought in 2.3 million
  tons of supplies—
  everything from food,
  fuel, and medicine.
• That’s 847 flights a day.
                   NATO
• North Atlantic Treaty Organization
• Belgium, Denmark, France, Great Britain,
  Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands,
  Norway, and Portugal—joined with the United
  States and Canada.
• pledged military support to one another in
  case any member was attacked.
• In retaliation U.S.S.R. creates Warsaw Pact
              Back In The U.S.A
• In the United States the
  soldiers come back and
  want two things:
             Back In The U.S.A
1. To get married and
   start a family.
           The American Dream
2. To own a home
Rise of the suburbs.
                 BABY BOOM
• 1946 – 1964
• 76 million babies born
• By 1954 annual births
  were over 4 million.
• What ends it?
                   G.I. Bill
•    Gave war veterans:
1.   One year unemployment compensation
2.   Loans to help buy homes
3.   Loans to start businesses
4.   Money for college/vocational training
•    This policy leads to the end of the
     depression.
     The Korean Policing Action
            1950-1953
• In 1949 Mao Zedong (known as Mao) takes
  over China
• China is now communist
• SO WHAT?
• Policy of containment seems to be failing.
The Korean Policing Action
       The Korean Policing Action
• After WW II Korea is
  split in half along the
  38TH parallel.
• After China becomes
  communist, they help
  North Korea Surprise
  attack South Korea.
The Korean Policing Action
     The Korean Policing Action
• America and the U.N. send troops to help
  South Korea
• General Douglass McArthur is put in
  command.
      The Korean Policing Action
• McArthur quickly overtakes North Korean
  forces and pushes them all the way to the Yalu
  River (border Between China and N. Korea)
• China Warns America not to come any closer
  with troops or they will attack.
• Truman doesn’t want to continue.
• McArthur does want to keep attacking.
      The Korean Policing Action
• China Joins the battle and pushes back American
  forces – Again.
• McArthur wants to attack China directly
• Truman refuses because it would start WW III
• Truman fires McArthur
• After two more years of fighting the American
  troops push back the Chinese troops to the 38th
  Parallel.
• A stalemate truce is declared
• The situation has not change yet.
     The Korean Policing Conflict
• One piece of important
  technology came out of
  the Korean War.
• Homework – Watch
  M.A.S.H. tonight
           The “RED SCARE”
• Soviets control all of Eastern Europe
• China has become communist
• Americans are afraid that communists are
  going to try and take over the world
• 80,000 Americans have claimed membership
  in the communist party.
             The “RED SCARE”
• Congress passes the Federal Loyalty Program:
1. Forced government employees to take loyalty oaths
2. 91 organizations identified as “subversive”
3. Investigated 3.2 million federal employees
4. 212 were fired
5. 2,900 forced to quit because they refused take part
   in the investigation
6. Accused people could not see the evidence against
   them
            The “RED SCARE”
• HUAC – House of Un-American Activities
  Committee.
• Investigated suspected communists
  throughout America
• Targeted the movie industry
• Threw 10 movie stars in jail because they
  refused to testify for the committee.
• Hollywood creates a “Black List”
             The “RED SCARE”
• In Sept. 1949, Soviets
  detonated their first
  atomic bomb
• German born scientist
  Klaus Fuchs
• Ethel and Julius
  Rosenberg
                The “RED SCARE”
• Senator Joseph McCarthy
• Was going to lose next
  election so……
• Claimed that communists
  were trying to take over the
  government
• Claimed he knew of up to
  200 communists in the
  American government.
• Never had any proof
             The “RED SCARE”
• Known as
  “McCarthyism”
• Claims that there are
  many communists in
  the army.
• Senate hearings held on
  T.V.
• Public opinion of
  McCarthy changes
            The “RED SCARE”
• Americans feel that
  Truman and the
  democratic party are
  not strong enough to
  battle communism.
• Dwight D. Eisenhower
  easily wins the next
  election for the
  republican party.
            The “RED SCARE”
• The arms race –
• H-Bomb
• 450 times more
  powerful then the
  A- bomb dropped on
  Hiroshima
• Brinkmanship
               The “RED SCARE”
• Eisenhower scales
  down the army, and
  builds up the air force.
• WHY?
• Secretary of State Dulles
  defined his policy of
  brinkmanship: "The ability
  to get to the verge without
  getting into the war ..."
• Americans are now afraid of
  a nuclear attack.
                Brinkmanship
• Creation of the C.I.A.
• Performed covert
  operations in the
  Middle East and South
  America
                  RED SCARE
• Stalin dies in 1954
• Nikita Khrushchev takes
  over.
• SPACE RACE
               The RED SCARE
• Russia launches Sputnik
  in 1957
• What is the big deal?
             The RED SCARE
• U-2 spy plane shot
  down over U.S.S.R.
• Francis Gary Powers
• Huge embarrassment to
  U.S.A. and Eisenhower
• 1st paragraph: What were America’s two
  policies towards Communism
• 2nd paragraph: Discuss what is the first policy
  and how was it suppose to work.
• 3rd paragraph: Discuss what is the second
  policy and how was it suppose to work
• 4th paragraph: Discuss which policy was best
  and why.

				
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posted:10/14/2011
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