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Japanese Internment in The U_S_


									Japanese Internment in the U.S.
          By: Peter Park
              Period 3

                       How could such a tragedy have occurred in a
                       democratic society that prides itself on
                       individual rights and freedoms?...I have
                       brooded about this whole episode on and off
                       for the past three decades...
                                 -Milton S. Eisenhower
Pearl Harbor & Racism
                -After Pearl Harbor, Americans all over the
                country became furious.

                 “Japs”, and Yellow Journalism

                 spread more throughout the west
                 part of the United States.

                -Many Japanese Americans lost their jobs
               or were forced out of their position.

           •     - Japanese Americans were
                 threatened and assaulted by prejudice
                 Americans. Chinese had to wear a
                 “I’m not Japanese sign around.”
               General John DeWitt
•   In charge of the army’s Western
    Defense Command.

At the time, DeWitt was 62 years old and

was a head strong general believing that
Japanese people pose a threat to the

"General DeWitt claimed to have heard
many signals coming from the Pacific and
day by day, was passing on these, “false”
facts to his superiors.

"DeWitt passed many “letters” to the
president with the help of Stimson. The
letter was about the “Evacuation of
Japanese & other Subversive Persons
from the pacific Coast.”
Getting Ready for E-Day
           •      Valuable household items were in risk
                  of being stolen if taken to camp.

           •      Items sold for fraction of their original
                  price. Japanese became frustrated.

                    of what terror could have
            happened in Pearl Harbor, some
            Japanese decided to evacuate willingly.

               •Notmany, but some veterans of World
               War I or just prideful citizens just that just
               couldn't afford to lose their shops and
               leave commited suicide.
•   Finally the time has come. Certain
    regions had certain curfews to be at
    their relocation centers.

•   About 25% of all evacuees were
    children. Only the seriously ill were
    allowed to remain behind.

•Armedsoldiers were watching the
Japanese evacuate always.

•Children and Adults had to wear ID tags
in case they got lost.
The Camps
    •     There were 10 camps set up for
          Japanese Americans during World
          War II.

    •      Among the popular was Manzanar,
           CA, Tule Lake, CA, & Topaz, UT.

        •The WRA was in charge of the camps.
        The food in the camps were provided by
        the WRA. Still costed money though.

        •The camps, even though not as brutal as
        Nazi camps, it was still a prison.
               The "Typical" Camp
•   9 wards, 4 blocks per ward,
    24 barracks per block.

•   Mess Hall, Laundry Rooms,
    Bathrooms, showers,

•   Hospital, Fire Department.
•   Work available for abled

•   "Unsanitary"

•   Watchtowers, signs,
    barbed wire, search lights,
    & armed soldiers.
           The "Typical" Education

•   Education was a problem.

•   Shortage in textbooks, non-
    experienced teachers.

•   Disadvantage in college.
•   Grade school has school in
    empty barracks.

•   Poor features.

•   Starts late, ends early.
•   Kids who ditch.
                 Life in Camp
                         •   Many don't even think of

                         •   Furniture hand-made.

                         •   Trouble at Manzanar.

                         •   Frequent trouble at
Trouble at Manzanar
                         •   Angry food mob, Manzanar
                             Dec. 6 1942.

                         •   Girl Scouts, baseball.
                         •   "Informers" led to serious
                             strikes and beatings.

 Typical Japanese Home
              A Sudden Opportunity
•   In February 3rd, 1943 the U.S.
    army activated the 442nd
    Regimental Combat Team.

•   Over 10,000 young ”Nisei" men
    joined the 442nd Regimental
    Combat Team.

•   442nd Regiment becomes
    honored by President Truman
    that they fought for honor and
    prejudice after World War II.
Manzanar & Tule Lake
          •   Among all the other camps,
              Manzanar and Tule Lake were
              the most trouble.

          •   While and angry crowd was
              fired at by the MP's in
              Manzanar, Tule Lake was
              occupied by the army because
              of the demonstration.
                          Finally Over
•   After the bombings of Hiroshima
    and Nagasaki, President Harry
    Truman lifted the Executive Order
•   Following the Japanese surrender
    on August 15, 1945 - 1947 all
    camps closed down.
•   Many Japanese Americans had
    nowhere to go and were placed in
•   On August 10, 1988 the H.R. 442
    is signed by President Ronaled
    Reagan giving $20,000 to each
    surviving internee. And an official
    apology to the Japanese people
    was signed later by President

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