Odds and Ends

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					     Odds and Ends:
     A Portrait of Mosaicist
     Elizabeth Raybee

     by Dot Brovarney
          Odds and ends have proven to be the stuff of                        ken bits of cars.
     Elizabeth Raybee’s life. Born in urban Detroit, Raybee                   I assembled the
     soon relocated with her family to Michigan’s farming                     pieces and glued
                                                                                                   Elizabeth Raybee in action grouting Diversity Flag, a
     country about thirty minutes away. The move turned out                   them in a Buster ceramic and smalti piece she created for the Bayside
     to be a critical juncture in the young girl’s life. After set-           Brown shoebox Community Center in San Diego as part of an
     tling in, her parents transformed their twenty acres into                top, so it was annual Mosaic Marathon hosted by the Society of
     a business venture. Harold and Mickey Rayberg retained                   framed already.” American Mosaic Artists
     the house and garden but began stacking ten-foot piles                         The land
     of wrecked cars and car parts everywhere else. Elizabeth                 where she grew up also inspired Raybee’s love of the
     and her five siblings took full advantage of their junkyard              natural world. The place, surrounded by farms, was filled
     backyard and its treasures. This giant playground also                   with frogs and bursting with berries in the summer. She
     became a hands-on artistic training ground for Raybee.                   recalls exploring the property barefoot and drawing and
     Springs, gauges, car parts, and other discarded odds and                 painting from a young age. Although she received formal
     ends fed her creative imagination.                                       art training in painting and printmaking at the Kansas
          “I was probably about seven or eight years old when                 City Art Institute, her earlier experiences seem to have
     I made my first mosaic,” says Raybee. “I made it out of                  been among the most important steps in her artistic
     junkyard stuff – copper wire, rubber, ball bearings, bro-                development.
                                                                                               Raybee says, “I always considered myself
                                                                                         an artist and people knew me as an artist in
                                                                                         grade school and high school. I painted murals
                                                                                         in my parents’ bedroom and in my high school
                                                                                         cafeteria.”
                                                                                               As soon as she graduated from KCAI in
                                                                                         1976, Raybee headed to San Francisco. She
                                                                                         arrived on the heels of the hippie revolution
                                                                                         and made a beeline for its center. She moved
                                                                                         into a flat in the Haight, where she spent a year
                                                                                         tiling her bathroom. This effort led to her first
                                                                                         mosaic tiling commissions – a tub surround in
                                                                                         the City and a ceiling in Berkeley.
                                                                                              In 1981, Raybee joined the collective of San
                                                                                         Francisco artisans known as Project Artaud.
                                                                                         Here she occupied her own quarters but col-
                                                                                         laborated with her fellow artists on projects,
      Wasted Space, a mixed media mosaic, was exhibited at the Museum of Man in San
      Diego and appeared in Mosaic Art Now, 2008                                         including crafts, visual arts, and performing
46
arts. By 1988, she’d expanded beyond                                                           The artist’s personal work contin-
functional tile work to creating wall                                                     ues to evolve. In 2000, Raybee, long
pieces.                                                                                   a collector of scrap commercial tile,
      “In 1990 and 1991, I really started                                                 began making her own ceramic tiles.
doing mosaics and never looked back,”                                                     “Handmade tiles opened up a whole
Raybee says. “The permanence is nice                                                      new world to me,” Raybee explains.
and I like the little challenges and the                                                  “I’m a storyteller and this really allows
excitement of finding just the right                                                      me to get the narrative to come through
small piece.”                                                                             like when I was a painter.”
      Raybee’s experience at Artaud,                                                           Raybee’s new world is chock full of
a business course for artists at Fort                                                     stories that she conveys through hand
Mason Art Center, teaching art at City                                                    formed and hand painted tiles, glass
College, and a job at California Lawyers                                                  beads, smalti (small, colorful glass tiles),
for the Arts led her on a new path –                                                      mirrors, photographs, and millefiore (“a
artistic activism. Raybee’s mission is at                                                 thousand flowers,” the Italian name for
least two-fold: first, to use art to touch                                                floral patterned beads and discs made
people, not simply to entertain them                                                      from rods of glass or clay), among
but to inspire them to find their own                                                     other odds and ends. Some of her nar-
creative voice and make their own art;                                                    rative portraits are commissioned and
second, to provide artists the practical                                                  others emerge naturally from the soul
tools they need to succeed in marketing                                                   of her experience. Richly textured and
                                                Wood-Cutter’s Story, ceramic mosaic fire-
their art.                                      wall in the artist’s living room
                                                                                          colored, they stand as striking visual
      Over the past fifteen years since she                                               personal histories. At the same time,
moved to rural Potter Valley in Mendocino County, the Raybee continues her artistic mission, pressing for civic
mosaicist has nurtured art and artists in her community. approval of downtown mural projects, collaborating
She developed Grout Camp, a summer mosaic work- with student muralists, teaching, and developing new
shop at her 40-acre ranch on                                                                        exhibits and programs for
the Russian River. Raybee                                                                           her local art center. With
also became active with GASP                                                                        Elizabeth Raybee, odds and
(Get Artists in the Schools                                                                         ends tell the story and com-
Program), directing student                                                                         plete the picture.
mural projects. She encour-
ages her students to create
an overall vision for each                                                                          Elizabeth Raybee’s work is cur-
mural, rather than executing                                                                        rently on view at the Corner
an established design.                                                                              Gallery in Ukiah. To learn
      Most recently, she’s                                                                          more about Raybee’s art, see
poured her organizational                                                                           www.eraybeemosaics.com.
energy into Art Center Ukiah,                                                                       Historian and author Dot
where she’s now Program                                                                             Brovarney runs Landcestry, a
Director, booking exhibits                                                                          historical and cultural research
and events. Currently, Raybee                                                                       firm at www.landcestry.com
has two ACU exhibits in the
planning stages. She’s curat-                                                                       Historian and author Dot
ing “Patron Saints,” a show of                                                                      Brovarney runs Landcestry, a
handmade books scheduled                                                                            historical and cultural research
to open in December. She’s                                                                          firm at www.landcestry.com
also organizing a national jur-
ied art exhibit for 2011 enti- Pastry Queen, kitchen cupboard door mosaic, ceramic, glass,
                                    jewelry and millefiore, 2008
tled “Land of the Free.”
                                                                                                                                         47
                                   Mendocino Art Center’s

                  Art & Abalone                                          51st Annual Thanksgiving
       Friday, November 12, 5 pm – 8 pm
                                                                             Arts & Crafts Fair
                                                                                         Friday & Saturday,
             Part of Mendocino County’s                                            November 26 & 27, 10 am – 5 pm
             Wine & Mushroom Festival

                                                                                         Free Admission • Indoors




                                                                                                               Margriet Seinen
                                                                         Marge Stewart




        Inside Out, acrylic painting by Debra Garcia
                                                                                         Julie Higgins




           Mendocino County Wine Tasting
        Delicious Abalone Cakes Prepared by
     Little River Inn’s Executive Chef Marc Dym
      Mushroom and Abalone-Themed Exhibit                                Shop Locally This Holiday Season
                                                                        Original High Quality Art from Juried
          Advance Tickets: Members $20,                                      Northern California Artists
          Non-Members $25. Door: $30
                                                                                                          Unique Gift Items
         Price includes a commemorative
         Mendocino Art Center wine glass                                                                 Festive Food & Drink

      A Benefit for the Mendocino Art Center                           A Benefit for the Mendocino Art Center


                                                       707 937-5818 • 800-653-3328
                                                       45200 Little Lake Street at Kasten Street, Mendocino
                                                       www.MendocinoArtCenter.org

48
                                                Rotary Club of Mendocino
                                                           presents the

                                   E. John Robinson Art Auction & Raffle
                                              Saturday October 9, 2010
                                                Mendocino Art Center
“Yellow Sky” by George Rohrer
is one of dozens of fine art by            45200 Little Lake, Mendocino CA
many artists that will be auc-
tioned on October 9th. Rohrer,
pictured below, is the Featured      Artist’s Reception 11:00 AM to 1:00 PM
Artist for our 39th Annual Art
Auction & Raffle. Rohrer’s           Art Auction & Raffle 1:00 PM to 4:00 PM
paintings are found in private
collections and museums
across the
Nation, and
                                      Preview Week at Mendocino Art Center
his art is                              Oct 2-8, 2010 10:00 AM to 5:00 PM
shown at the
Panache
Gallery in
Mendocino.                           www.mendocinoartauction.com
The auction and raffle is in its 39th year, and over the years has brought in more than $500,000 to help
various community organizations, youth projects, and student scholarships. Our annual event has
truly proven that “Art Can Make Difference.” Funds from past auctions HAVE made the difference in
the lives of hundreds of individuals living on the Mendocino coast. In 2010, we have again set a goal
to continue our support of local organizations needing assistance with funding of their projects and to
provide scholarships to many high school graduating seniors. We hope you will come to our event
and help us reach our goal.
How can you help? You may purchase raffle tickets to have the opportunity to win any of seven art
pieces including a stunning gold bracelet, wonderful Ark sculpture, exquisite glass vase, and several
lovely paintings by well known artists. Tickets can be purchased from any Mendocino Rotarian or by
calling 707-937-3939. Please see our website www.mendocinorotary.org for further information.

                                    Raffle Ticket Prices
                  1 for $5, 3 for $10, 9 for $25, 20 for $50 or 50 for $100

In addition to helping the community through raffle ticket purchases, you can be a successful
bidder during the auction and personally benefit by taking home beautiful art created by tal-
ented local artists who generously participate in our auction and raffle. Join the fun—come
view the art during the preview or reception, then bid on your choices at our Auction!

                                                                                                           49
     LAKE COUNTY BACKROADS
     Over Hill And Dale In
     Western Lake County
     by Pete Halstad

           As I started out to explore the byways of
     neighboring Lake County, I reminded myself of
     these interesting facts: Clear Lake is the largest
     natural freshwater lake in California, and possi-
     bly the oldest lake in North America; the Geysers
     area, on Cobb Mountain, is the largest produc-
     ing geothermal field in the world; and Adams
     Springs Golf Course, between Clear Lake and
     Cobb Mountain, is my favorite place in the world
     for an affordable round of golf. And, perfect for
     my purposes, the course is only accessible via
     one or more of Lake County’s many delightful
     backroads.
           There are four ways to go directly by car
     from Ukiah to Lake County, only one of which
     will get you there in less than half a day. The oth-
     ers, Hwy 175, or dirt roads over Cow Mountain Photos by Pete Halstad
     or the old Toll Road from Hopland, are adven-
     tures unto themselves. Only having half a day              spersed with stately, shade-filled old walnut groves and
     (reserving the other half for golf and relaxation) I opted horse pastures – and well worth the few extra minutes to
     for the sensible route, up Hwy 101 and then east on scenic get to Lakeport.
     Hwy 20.                                                         At Hwy 29, get on Lake County’s token stretch of
           Our tour of Lake County begins at the Mendocino/ honest-to-god freeway and drive eight miles or so, past
     Lake County line, about 15 miles east of Hwy 101, where the Kelseyville junction to Bottle Rock Road, on your
     within a mile or two you’ll come upon the sparkling right. Turn right here and climb quickly up Bottle Rock
     waters of Blue Lakes, on the edge of which is one of toward the dark, conifer-covered eastern slope of Cobb
     the cleanest, sincerest looking “Welcome” signs on the Mountain. As you approach the forested hillside, notice
     planet. If you’re not in a hurry, pull over and jump in the glittering obsidian – from which the road gets its
     the lake; the refreshingly cool, clean water makes a great name – exposed by the steep road-cuts. In your rearview
     introduction to Lake County’s “vacationland.” After a mirror looms the impressive form of volcanic Mount
     dip continue a little way down the highway to the Scott Konocti.
     Valley Road turnoff. As a county road-sign tells you,           When the road levels off after a long, uphill pull,
     the next nine miles are full of twists and turns. But the look for Harrington Flat Road on your left. This narrow,
     scenery is classic backroad Lake County – cone-shaped, mostly paved country lane winds through oak, pine and
     chaparral-covered hills, grasslands and meadows inter- manzanita woodland, past pretty Boggs Lake Preserve.

50
                                                                 29 you can either turn left and drive back toward Lakeport,
                                                                 passing the turnoff to Bottle Rock Road along the way, or
                                                                 you can extend your journey by turning right and driving
                                                                 about ten miles down Hwy 29 to Point Lakeview Road. A
                                                                 left turn on Point Lakeview will reward you with stunning
                                                                 views across miles of vineyards to distant Clear Lake and
                                                                 a close-up view of Mt. Konocti. The road takes you to the
                                                                 shores of Clear Lake, past a number of pleasant lakeside
                                                                 communities (and, incidentally, more golf courses, the
                                                                 best of which is semi-private Buckingham Country Club).
                                                                       Whether you take the long or short way from Hwy
After about four miles it intersects with Sulphur Creek
                                                                 175 back toward Lakeport, take the time to drive into
Road, coming up the hill from Bottle Rock Road. (If
                                                                 the little town of Kelseyville, which figured prominently
you’re gravel averse, stay on Bottle Rock Road to the
                                                                 in the early – and notoriously bloody – settlement of the
bottom of the hill and turn left on Sulphur Creek Road.)
                                                                 region. Kelseyville, the “Pear Capital of the World,” is also
Turn left here and within a few minutes you’ll drive right
                                                                 the home of Steele Winery, one of Northern California’s
past the seventh green at Adams Springs Golf Course. If
                                                                 premier winemakers. Just out of town, on the old road
you’re a golfer – or even if you just enjoy a pleasant green
                                                                 between Kelseyville and Lakeport, is beautiful Clear Lake
landscape evocative of California in “the good old days”
                                                                 State Park, whose shoreline teems with a rich variety of
(when a gallon of gas was less than $2 and a round of golf
                                                                 bird life and whose trails and beaches afford wonderful
was less than $40!) – you’ll love this delightful little moun-
                                                                 vistas across the lake – which, in case you’ve forgotten, is
tain course. Follow the road around to the clubhouse for
                                                                 the largest natural, freshwater lake in California!
a quick nine holes and/or a first-rate burger, prepared by
                                                                       Finally, if you’re driving back to Ukiah, and have a
the friendliest clubhouse staff anywhere.
                                                                 few minutes for a quick back-road side-trip, take Bachelor
      Adams Springs was once one of the most popular
                                                                 Valley Road north from Hwy 20, a few miles west of Hwy
family resorts in northern California. It and Hoberg’s,
                                                                 29, and follow the road around this pretty, agricultural
just down Hwy 175 a few miles, featured first-rate lodg-
                                                                 corner of Lake County, to the intersection with Witter
ings, hot spring baths, Olympic-sized outdoor swimming
                                                                 Springs Road. A left turn on Witter Springs takes you
pools, trail rides and, on weekend summer nights, live
                                                                 right back out to Hwy 20.
entertainment by such top names as Tommy Dorsey and
his orchestra. Unfortunately, the vacationing public’s
                                                                 Happy motoring!
tastes changed after World War II, and Cobb Mountain’s
hot springs resorts faded into the sepia-toned past. The
ramblingly beautiful Adams Springs Lodge burned to the
ground in the late 1940’s and was never rebuilt. Hoberg’s,
at one time the largest private resort in the state, has
operated as a religious retreat since the early 1970’s.
(Incidentally, Rob Roy Golf Course, near Hoberg’s, is
open to the public and, like Adams Springs, is an attrac-
tive, and attractively-priced, nine-hole course.)
      To complete your drive and “close the loop” drive
back toward Hwy 29 on Hwy 175. (From Adams Springs,
turn left on Hwy 175.) The two-lane highway winds
downhill past the still-active resort town of Loch Lomond,
along a wooded creek and eventually through the middle
of an eye-catching vineyard, which sprawls over acres and
acres of gently rolling foothills, outlined in the distance by
dark evergreen forest. At the intersection of Hwys 175 and
                                                                                                                                 51
                                        PAWN SHOP
     Ukiah                                Wonderful & Unusual!
                                           WE BUY AND SELL
                                         GOLD • SILVER • COINS

     Willits                              JEWELRY • GUITARS
                                              FREE APPRAISALS
                                           306 N. State St. Ukiah
                                           Call us! 707 463-3900




                                     Three Sisters

                                                                                        Cellars
     Books                                                                             Wine Tasting
                                                                                        Gift Shop
     Classes
     Yarn
     Natural & Synthetic                Recycled oil drums from Haiti
     Gift Certificates
                                          Gifts for
                                      Body, Mind & Soul
     180 S. School St. Ukiah, CA                                                Open daily, 11 am - 5 pm
           (707) 462-0544               112 S. School St, Ukiah
                                                                                 3001 S. State St. # 42
                                                                                      Ukiah, CA
                                             707-462-2320
        email: hyhyarn@pacific.net                                                  707 462-6300
                                     Mon. - Fri. 10 - 5:30, Sat. 10 - 5
        www.heidisyarnhaven.com                                           Visit our web site for Special Events
                                       www.threesistersukiah.com
                                                                                   www.simaine.com

52
  American Masterpieces: Artistic
Legacy of California Indian Basketry
   November 20, 2010 - February 27, 2011




     Grace Hudson Museum
        and Sun House
           431 South Main Street, Ukiah
   (707) 467-2836 • www.gracehudsonmuseum.org

 Hours: Wed. - Sat., 10:00 - 4:30 • Sun., Noon - 4:30
      Admission $4 per person, $10 per family,
    $3 for seniors and students, free to members.



Come Enjoy
             a Place in the Sun!
               Visit the SOLAR LIVING CENTER in Hopland
                                          The	Solar	Living	Center	is	a	world-famous	demonstration	site	for	renewable	energy,	
                                                                                                                                   	
                                              alternative	fuels,	green	building,	permaculture,	and	sustainable	living	technologies.	
                                           It	is	also	home	to	the	“Greenest	Store	on	Earth”,	a	playground	for	the	eco-minded	
                                                       imagination.	Come	stroll	our	12-acre	oasis	and	see	what	we’re	all	about!
                                                                                 •	   Solar-powered	carousel
                                                                                 •	   Aquaculture	ponds	&	picnic	grounds
                                                                                 •	   Cool	&	tranquil	water	gardens
                                                                                 •	   Real	Goods	retail	store,	featuring:
                                                                                      -	 Educational	toys	&	solar	kits	for	kids
                                                                                      -	 Organic	cotton	&	hemp	clothing
                                                                                      -	 Green	housewares
                                                                                      -	 Natural	body	care	products
                                                                                      -	 Extensive	book	selection	on	sustainable	living
                                                                                      -	 Solar	charging	alternatives	for	cell-phones,	
                                                                                         ipods,	&	more
                                                                                      -	 Air	&	water	filters	for	the	home
                                                                                      -	 Alternative	energy	technology

                                                                                         13771	S.	Hwy	101,	Hopland,	CA
                                                                                           Open	Daily	10	am	to	6	pm
                                                                                         RealGoods.com	•	SolarLiving.org
                                                                                                  707-472-2403


                                                                                                                                          53
                                                                             The Best Rock & Roll
                                                                                  Ever Made
                                                                                  In Lake & Mendo counties
                                                                                   LOCAL FEATURES, NEWS,
                   94.1 FM in Fort Bragg & Willits
                                                                                     SPORTS, WEATHER.
                                                                                        (707) 462-1488
                          Today’s Hits
                                                                                          459-MMax
                      Yesterday’s Favorites                                          From Willits 459-6629

                    Hourly news, Information and
                    Popular Local Programming.

                                LIVE • LOCAL

                               707 462-0945
                              www.kwine.com



                                                                                                 DIEGO’S
L ake Co un ty




                   CPS/County Air Properties             The Gourd Gallery
                 	
                 	
                        									SHERRY	HARRIS
                        										REALTOR®	GRI
                                                                             DECORATIVE
                                                                               GOURDS
                                                                                                GALLERY
                 	      										ARTIST                                       Enjoy our      Paintings • Jewelry
                 		                                                             gallery’s    Basketry • Gourd Art
                 Specializing	in	helping	artists	and	                          new look
                  artistic	people	find	and	buy	that	
                  perfect	property	in	Lake	County.	     Wednesday – Sunday 11:00-4:00       9495 Main Street, Suite 3
                                                        6197 E. Hwy. 20, P.0. Box 608             Upper Lake
                          707	350-2116                                                         corner of Main & 1st Street
                  www.BuyAHouseInLakeCounty.com                 Lucerne, CA
                       Each	office	is	independently	           707 274-2346                       707 350-4209
                          owned	and	operated.           email: thegourdgallery@yahoo.com    www.diegoandsherrycraftart.com
  54
LAKE COUNTY
ART SCENE                                                              Inspirations Gallery in Lakeport
by Linda Kelly
    The towns surrounding Clear Lake now offer guests         showcases a variety of new artists each month, and also
and residents the opportunity to explore an exciting and      offers art workshops. Two blocks away is Inspirations
growing number of art galleries and artists’ studios.         Gallery, owned by artist Gail Salituri (the gallery is also
                                                              a Thomas Kinkade “Showcase” gallery). Her Web site
LUCERNE is the home of The Harbor Village Artist,             www.gailsalituri.com showcases the gallery’s original art
a group of four galleries featuring a diverse array of        and limited edition prints of over 20 artists.
artistic endeavors: The Gourd Gallery offers decorative
gourds and is the only gallery in California exclusively      UPPER LAKE offers two galleries and a shop of eclec-
for gourds; the Pomo Fine Art Gallery displays Native         tic crafters on Main Street. Diego’s Gallery exhibits
American art and artifacts, including museum quality          detailed gourd art, intricate woven baskets and paint-
baskets; the Lakeside Art Gallery displays the unique         ings (www.diegoandsherrycraftart.com). Lightning Rod
designs of two jewelry artists, couture hats, painted fur-    Gallery features ever-changing exhibits of work by artists
niture and original paintings; and the Serendipity Art        from the Bay Area. Across the street from these two gal-
& Boutique exhibits handpainted clothing, metal sculp-        leries is Gracious Ladies which has approximately 100
ture, jewelry, whimsical statuary, paintings, pottery and     crafters and displays J.P Sarlande’s innovative pastels of
wood turned vases.                                            local buildings and people.

LOWER LAKE: The Tuscan Village on Main Street                 The art community of Lake County is growing and the
includes the art gallery and shop of AnnDrewArt and           individuality and creativity of each artist can be enjoyed
features the arts and crafts of local artists and artisans,   along with a visit to our many award winning winer-
from paintings, drawings, hand-made jewelry, tie-dyed         ies. An art and wine adventure weekend is the perfect
clothing, ceramics and knitted scarves to art supplies and    getaway.
essential oils.

COBB MOUNTAIN is the home of the Cobb Mountain
Artists. This group of artists, craftsmen and musicians
has a diverse membership including painters, glass art-
ists, dollmakers, photographers, potters, jewelers and
more. Their annual “Art in the Pines” gives the public an
opportunity to view their artistic variety; also view their
work at www.cobbmtnartist.org.

KELSEYVILLE’s Saw Shop Gallery Bistro on Main
Street displays fine art by local artists.

LAKEPORT is the home of the Lake County Arts
Council & Main Street Art Gallery, founded in 1981 to
encourage and develop the arts and cultural activities
throughout Lake County. The Main Street Art Gallery            Diego’s Gallery in Upper Lake
                                                                                                                            55
      Early
      Communal
      History in
      Interior
      Mendocino
      County
by Sylvia Erickson Bartley
         Most Mendocino folks know about the communes                              north coast soon after the timber boom replaced the gold
of the 1960’s and '70s, but few know that communes have                            rush. Soon mills sprouted at the mouth of every stream or
been a part of Mendocino County history since the late-19th                        anchorage for the “dog-hole schooners” from Rockport
century. Some communal groups homesteaded near the                                 south to Nip 'n Tuck. Shiploads of men arrived by schooner,
                                                                                                          many of them immigrants seeking a
                                                                                                          better life.
                                                                                                             Life in the logging camps, mills
                                                                                                          and woods was grueling. Most early
                                                                                                          camps had crude accommodations
                                                                                                          for families, or none. Time off from
                                                                                                          work was mostly spent in the bars in
                                                                                                          nearby towns, fighting or visiting the
                                                                                                          “ladies of the night.” Money gone,
                                                                                                          the men returned to the camps.
                                                                                                             More is known about the
                                                                                                          Finnish communes established near
                                                                                                          Fort Bragg and Redwood Valley
                                                                                                          thanks to local newspapers. And
                                                                                                          some descendants are still County
                                                                                                          residents. However, the colonies
                                                                                                          that developed inland in the County
                                                                                                          included several groups of Russians
Goforth Stage, Covelo (1915). The only “public transportation” connecting the Jeram Colony with Covelo or with no connection to Fort Ross.
points south.
                                                                                                          The rolling hills and valleys of the
 56
On Left Top: Eden Valley Ranch is the approximate site of Father Jeram’s Colony.
(1896) It continues to be privately owned ranch land.




                                                                                          interior looked very inviting to would-be settlers,
Harvest in Covelo, Round Valley (c. 1900). The inland valleys were prime land for agri-   especially in the spring, but the interior was
culture and ranching.
                                                                                          connected to the outside world only by deer and
                                                                                          Indian trails. Available public transportation was
                                                                                          by horse, stagecoach, or on foot. Homesteaders
                                                                                          in a valley ventured out only when necessary,
                                                                                          so even neighbors scarcely knew one another.
                                                                                          Each little community had to be pretty self-
                                                                                          sufficient. Newcomers were unfamiliar with
                                                                                          farming techniques for rainless summers. Many
                                                                                          could not speak the language of their neighbors,
                                                                                          and so could not learn from others.
                                                                                             The first recorded inland communal settlement
                                                                                          was founded by Father Peter Jeram, a Slavonian
                                                                                          Catholic priest who believed his group would
                                                                                          prosper in northern California. He traveled to
                                                                                          San Francisco and negotiated for land through
Historic-Mothers outside typical homestead (c. 1890). Simple wood structures provided     the archdiocese there. In 1896 he bought a
housing for immigrant families.                                                           tract in Eden Valley, northeast of Willits. Soon
                                                                                          a group of Slavonian settlers arrived. Under
                                                                                          Jeram’s direction they built a saw mill to provide
                                                                                          the colony with a livelihood. They built two
                                                                                          long houses with communal living and dining
                                                                                          facilities. Everything looked so promising that
                                                                                          the group sent word to the Balkans for more
                                                                                          Slavonians to come, and they began construction
                                                                                          of a third long house. The Carey post office,
                                                                                          established in 1891, was changed to Jeram in
                                                                                          1896.
                                                                                             When Father Jeram journeyed sixteen miles to
                                                                                          Covelo, the nearest town, for supplies, he had to
                                                                                          cross the Middle Fork of the Eel River. His horse
                                                                                          slipped into a hole, throwing him into the swift
                                                                                          current and he drowned. Their only real leader
Indian Hop Pickers’ Camp, Round Valley. Locals worked in the hops harvest. Migrant        lost, the group lacked the necessary skills
Indian families camped in the fields during the harvest.

                                                                                                                                                57
                                                                                                         Another group of Russians tried a
                                                                                                    communal farm in Potter Valley, near
                                                                                                    Ukiah. They were initially handicapped
                                                                                                    by the lack of affiliations with any support
                                                                                                    group, but worse, they spoke no English.
                                                                                                    They could not communicate with
                                                                                                    neighbors or establish cooperative relations
                                                                                                    essential to such an isolated existence. They
                                                                                                    tried to compensate with prodigious labor,
                                                                                                    but the era of large-scale farming had
                                                                                                    arrived. Other neighboring small farms
                                                                                                    also went under.
                                                                                                         One cooperative venture was
     Pack Train, early Covelo. Pack trains were the main source of supplies into remote settlements undertaken by several Indian tribes.
     like Covelo, where the Jeram Colony and all local homesteaders had to go for their supplies.
                                                                                                    Throughout the second half of the last
                                                                                                    century, the natives had watched the whites
     and knowledge to continue in their new environment.                            take over their land. Attempts at retaliation had brought
     Unease grew, and when a colony child drowned in an U.S. Army posts to Fort Bragg and Round Valley. They
     accident freakily similar to the priest’s, the colonists felt they were being herded onto shrinking patches of
     decided that God had turned against their venture. They land. At a meeting three chiefs proposed using white
     abandoned their dreams and departed, leaving vague tactics. They agreed to buy land from the whites. A
     rumors of foreign treasure buried on colony land. A few blanket was spread out and $800 was collected for a
     fortune-hunting neighbors searched but found only a down payment. Next a site was selected and they hired a
     few Balkan coins. The Jeram post office closed in 1897. knowledgeable white man as their agent.
           Early last century, another hardy band of Russian                                When a group of whites later challenged the
     Baptists appeared near the Mendocino-Sonoma county Indians’ right to the land they had purchased, the chiefs
     border where they purchased a farm. They were better filed suit. The case went all the way to the State Supreme
     equipped than the Eden Valley group. The San Francisco Court, and the Indians eventually won.
     Baptist Church supplied some of their initial capital, and
     gave them occasional donations. They were familiar Sylvia Erickson Bartley is a third generation north coast
     with modern farming methods, and their religious faith resident, born on Sointula (“harmony”), a Finnish
     provided a strong bond which carried them through commune east of Fort Bragg. A credentialed secondary
     several years of disappointing farming results.                                teacher, she taught several years in Fort Bragg, then went
           Because their crops were not earning sufficient to Wisconsin for a Masters Degree. In the 1980s she was
     income for the colony they decided to enlarge their a photojournalist based in Mexico City. In 1991 she and
     production. With most of their remaining cash they her husband established Noyo Hill House, a nonprofit
     bought several tractors in San Francisco. The tractors to preserve perishable historical materials and promote
     were delivered by schooner to Point Arena where colony public interest in history. They have published a number
     men unloaded them and drove them inland. Enroute a of historical books and articles, and work as archivists for
     bridge collapsed under the heavy machinery. The colony FB-MCHS, the coast historical society. Sylvia edits the
     simultaneously lost a new tractor and an old member. FB-MCHS quarterly newsletter, Voice of the Past, and is
     A year and a half later, the Russians abandoned that working on a comprehensive local history.
     cooperative venture.
58
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