MENNONITE HISTORIAN Published by the Mennonite Heritage Centre and the Centre for MB Studies in Canada Volume XXI, No. I, March, 1995 acres of land. Because the Canadian government had land dealings with Mennonites and Metis during the same time period, it is interesting to compare how each fared in these negotia- tions. Mennonites wanted to live in block settlements to resist assimilation into the dominant Canadian culture. A block of eight townships of land was ready for their pos- session when they arrived in the summer of 1874, although the first inquiry made to the Canadian government was as early as March 7, 1872. The federal government loaned the newly-arrived Mennonites $100,000, co- signed by Ontario Mennonites. Without this material aid, they could not have bought implements, building materials, and supplies 1'1 <;2.- l'ilg-z.. to begin farming. RAIL WAY ~/1WItY Like the Mennonites, the Metis wanted blocks ofland with their river lots, hay fields, 1--- 19-----1 1----2) ----1 and children's land grant in one area. To A partial map of Metis homesteads in the former community of Ste. Madeleine, located keep the extended family together was the some miles southwest of Russell, MB. near the Saskatchewan border. For the full story key to Metis survival, given Manitoba's cli- of this community read Ste. Madeleine. Community without a Town. Metis Elders In mate and the group's limited amount of farm IntelV/ew (Winnipeg, MB: Pemmican Publications Inc.• 1987) by Ken and Victoria Zeilig. equipment. However the children's allot- The map is on p. 124. Used by permission. ments, promised them in the Manitoba Act, were chosen randomly. Indeed, it is a matter for speculation whether they received land Metis, Mennonites, and Land in Manitoba or scrip at all in many cases. Much procras- tination and many amendments and changes by Alvina Block were made to regulations about land while the Metis waited, became demoralized and On September 19, 1993, a "Mennonite them into settling on barren land? disenchanted with the government, and Landing Site dedication" took place at the As interesting as a study of these pio- many fmally moved to the West. junction of the Red and Rat Rivers south neering Mennonites may be, one should note When the first contingent of Mennonite west of Niverville, Manitoba. At this occa- that they did not come to an unpopUlated immigrants were taken to the East Reserve, sion, the Honourable Clayton Manness, then province. More should certainly be said Roger Goulet of the Lands Office was with Minister of Finance for Manitoba, presented about some of the people resident there at them. Several "half-breeds" protested tell- the Mennonite Memorial Landing Site As- the time, particularly the Metis families who ing him, that parts of the Reserve actually sociation with the lease of a two and one- had lived in Manitoba for many, many years. belonged to them. He entered these Metis half acre tract of land--the spot where the When Manitoba officially entered Confed- claims into the books of the Dominion Lands first Mennonite settlers from Ukraine arrived eration in 1870, the Metis were concerned Office in pencil and did not give those lands one-hundred and twenty years ago. On about their land rights. Changes were cer- to the Mennonites.' But before the federal August I, 1994, a cairn was unveiled in a tain since their territory was now under Ca- government's Order-in-Council of February, small park which now marks that landing site. nadian government authority and no longer 1881, regarding unsettled claims had been At such times of celebration, the audi- in the possession of the Hudson's Bay Com- issued, Mennonites had already settled on ence pictures the historical setting from a pany. these lands. 2 Mennnonite point of view. What was it like Section 32.1 of the Manitoba Act assured Perhaps the Canadian government was for those first emigrants from Ukraine who them, however, that "all grants ofland in free- influenced and pressured by discriminatory left comfortable homes to settle in a mos- hold made by the Hudson's Bay Company attitudes such as those expressed by the quito-infested wilderness? Had the del- up to the eighth day of March aforesaid, Daily Free Press. Of Mennonite immigrants egates made a good decision when they shall, if required by the owner, be converted the editor wrote: chose the eight townships that comprised into an estate in freehold by grant from the "The individuals composing the party the "East Reserve", rather than a US loca- Crown." Section 31 committed the govern- seem to be composed of exactly the right tion, or had the Canadian government duped ment to granting Metis children 1.4 million (conl'd 011 page 2) Page 2 Metis, Mennonites, and Land record which deed and other records of title a) Beilageakten zum Hypothekenbuch, (cont'd from page 1) he could produce, indicating where the Kommerau Nr.4, Amt Graudenz (sygn.939), boundary lines and neighbors of his land p. I; b) Hans Goertz records original land kind of stuff physically, for pioneer life, and were located. The court then assigned a Blatt title and boWldaries in 1783, p. 2; c) Hans this, taken in connection with the well-known and Hof number to his plot of land which Goertz acquires land by marrying Helene, frugal habits and thriftiness of the Gennans, had to be displayed at his residence. dau. of Stephan Franz, 1776, p. 6; d) ensures their prosperity here."J Unfortunately there are no listings of in- Assignrunent of Nr.4 in first deed book to Less than a week later, an article appeared ventories 'or archives indicating exactly Hans Goertz property in 1783, p. 13 ; e) in the same paper saying that the decision where these mortgage books may be found Erbvergleich of Stephan Franz daughters in to allot 1.4 million acres to Metis children today. Readers are requested to report their 1776, p. 14. f) Death, Erbvergleich, probate had inflicted "a great and lasting evil" upon findings and experience in this matter includ- of Helene Franz, frrst wife of Hans Goertz in Manitoba and was made "against the better ing call numbers of the archives. The Polish 1778,p.18. judgement of the then government." If a State Archives have published inventories One can also fmd helpful infonnation in settlement could be made by granting scrip but these say very little about these mort- the Praestations-Tabellen (tax lists) of 1806 then "in God's name give it to them and take gage books. of Geh. Preussisches Staatsarchiv in Berlin, otT the blot from the map of our Province As an example of what is available, the Germany. They are useful since they give a which turns from our door the most wished records of Amtsgericht Stuhm are almost brief title history for each Hof for emigrants."4 complete in the Marienburg Archives. The The notations seem somewhat cryptic, Clearly the Mennonites and the Metis same holds for those of Amtsgericht but I add a few. were not treated as equals. Why was there Neuenburg in the Bydgoszcz archives which Geh. StaatsarchivPrK., Berlin: General- such discrimination against the Metis? More are of interest to researchers in the Montau Directorium Westpreussen, Materien Tit. 109, studies need to be done to clarify these area. In some cases the Hypotheken- ad Nr.1 Bd.2 Acta betrefs die VeranschlagWlg events and to help bring about reconcilia- Beilageakten have remained in the regional und anderweitige Austhuung der tion with Manitoba's aboriginal peoples. courts like in Chelmno for Amtsgericht Kulm GrundstOcke der emphyteutischen where frequently lack of personnel makes Einsassen zu Kommerau, Amt Graudenz, Endnotes getting the proper infonnation a frustrating 1806. Geh. Staatsarchiv PrK., Berlin: experience. The researcher must always frrst Marienwerder, 20. May 1806, ad Nr.3. I Roger Goulet, WInnipeg to Department of identify the correct pages of the Vol. 1 Einrichtungsakten des Amts Interior, May 23, 1892. Hypothekenakten which he or she wishes Graudenz. Nr. 12 Praestations Tabelle 2 Department of the Interior, Ottawa to Do- to check. You have to know the correct Blatt Kommerau minion Lands Agent, WInnipeg, February and Hof number of "your" Hof, if you want a) Subemphyteut Hans Krause luth. olirn 18,1879. to avoid unnecessary costs. You could start Jacob Janz, derselbe von Jacob Franz J Daily Free Press, August I, 1874. by ordering photocopies of the first three Andreas Kienbaum aus Krusch; b) 4Daily Free Press, August 7, 1874. pages with title and sygnatura of all Hofe of Emphyteut Heinr. Kliewer, menn., olim "your" ancestral village before you think of caduc.1800, 1774 fuer seine Kinder erkauft Alvina Block is currently enrolled in a additional pages. Subemphyteut Heinrich Adrian, dito, 1800 Masters program in archival studies at the In 1992 I received the first 230 pages of erkauft vom Menn.Stobbe; c) Emphyt Georg University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB. the Hypotheken-Beilageakten of Komme- Lux, luth., caduc. 1810, ererbt. rau Hof Nr. 4, sygnatura 68/939, I have additional infonnation which I can Rural Research in West Prussia Amtsgericht Neuenburg. Prior to 1815, the mail to interested researchers for $ 1.00 US following Mennonite villages were part of and a self-addressed envelope. If you need the court district (Domainen.Justiz-Amt) of assistance in transcribing or translating the by Adalbert Goertz Graudenz. Later they were reassigned to tricky Gennan script, I may be able to help. Neuenburg: Kom'merau, Gross and Klein My postal address and E-mail address are In addition to the church books, there are Lubin, Compagnie, Dragas. Additional as follows: Adalbert Goertz,12934 other documents and sources for genealo- Mennonnite villages in Amt Neuenburg were Buchanan Trail East, Waynesboro PA gists needing infonnation on rural Prussia. Montau, Gross and Klein Sanskau, Treul and 17268-9329 USA. Email: adalbertgoertz One major source are the mortgage books of Neusass Treul. @bbs.serve.org the Prussian courts which go Wlder the name To give researchers some idea what kind of Hypothekenbflcher, Hypotheken-Akten of information may be expected in the Adalbert Goertz has done extensive re- or Hypotheken-Beilageakten of the Hypotheken-Akten I attach part of a table of search in Mennonite records from West Amtsgericht. contents of a collection called: Prussia. Copies of many of his published The legal basis for introducing the mort- Hypothekenakten Kommerau Nr.4., Bd.l, articles can be obtained from the Mennon- gage books in West Prussia was the Prus- Amtsgericht Neuenburg, vor 1815 Graudenz ite Heritage Centre. A listing of deposited sian Mortgage Decree of 1783. Each land From Archiwwn Panstwowe, Bydgoszcz: articles is available - allfor the cost ofcopy- owner had to appear in court to present and Akt Sadu Obwodowego w Nowem ing and postage. MENNONITE HISTORIAN is published by the Mennonite Heritage Centre of the Conference of Mennonites in Canada and the Centre for Mennonite Brethren Studies (Winnipeg) of the Canadian Conference of MB Churches. Editors: Lawrence Klippenstein (MHCA) and Abe Dueck (CMBS). All correspondence and unpUblished manuscripts should be sent to the editorial office at 600 Shaftesbury Blvd., Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, R3P OM4 (Phone 204-888-6781) or 1-169 Riverton Ave., Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, R2L 2E5 (Phone 204-669-6575). Subscription rates: $8.00 per year. Individual subscriptions may be ordered from these addresses. ISSN 0700 8066. Page 3 GENEALOGYAND FAMILY IIJSIORY Several descendants came to Canada after has recently been acquired by the Mennon- World War II. Another of the descendants ite Heritage Centre in Wmnipeg. This copy by Alf Redekopp left the Soviet Union for Gennany during the has additional handwritten genealogical data 1980s. Contact: Margaret Warkentin, 875 added from 1977 till 1994. Queries Goulding Street, Wmnipeg, ME R3G 2S9. Noteworthy Articles Dyck - Looking for infonnation about the Herbert D. and Justina Peters, cds. A Ge- following: Peter Dyck, b. Apr. 6, 1749, in nealogy of the Jacob Dahl Family Goertz, Adalbert, "Ostpreufiische Men- Neuendorf, first marriage to Justina (Saskatoon, SK: Private publication, 1994) noniten im Regierungsbezirk Konigsberg", Giesbrecht, and second marriage to Maria ?, pb., 60 pp. OstdeuJsche FamilienAumk (Heft 4, 1994), b. 1759. Also looking for infonnation about This book traces the Dahl family back to 402-407. another Peter Dyck, b. 1769, and married to a an ancestor, Paul Dahl, member of the _ _,"Ostpreufiische Mennoniten im Re- Maria ?, born 1770, with children Maria, b. Tragheimerweide Mennonite Church in gierungsbezirk Gumbinnen", Ostdeutsche 1795, Peter, b. 1799 or Aug. 12, 1796, Heinrich, Prussia during the late 17008. Specifically, FamilienAumk (Heft 4, 1993),267-272. b. 1801, Gerhard, b. 1804, and Anna, b. 1806. the book documents the descendants of ,"Mennoniten des Danziger Land- Contact: George Dyck, Box 218, Aberdeen, three great grandchildren of Paul Dahl. They gebietes im Jahre 1793", Ostdeutsche SK SOKOAO. were Jacob Dahl (1858-1927), Katharina FamilienAumk (Heft 2, 1992), 54-56. Epp - We are looking for parents/siblings Penner (nee Dahl) (1866-1958) and Heinrich ,"Erwerbungen westpreuBischer of Peter Jacob Erp, b. April I, 1855, near Dahl (1869-1947), all children of Jacob Dahl Mennonitenhi'Jfe in den Jahren 1789-1898", Berdiansk, and his wife, Marie Schmidt b. (1834-1878) and Helena Epp (1836-1909) of OstdeuJsche Familienkunde (Heft I, 1991), August 30, 1858, Ukraine. They were Kronsweide, Chortiza Colony, Russia. The 316-319. wealthy fanners in Wohldemfuerst of the Penner family immigrated to Canada in the _ _,"Mennonitengeburten 1759-1781 Kuban. They had three sons, Jacob, Johann, 1920s and settled at Springstein, Manitoba. urn TiegenortlWestpreul3en", Ostdeutsche and Nicholas, b. May 16, 1896. Nicholas The Heinrich Dahl family also immigrated in FamilienAunde (Heft 2, 1990), 198-200. came to the USA in 1921 as part of the group the 1920s and settled in the Rosthem, Sas- Koop, Gerhard S., "Mennonite Families of 62 Mennonite soldiers who had served katchewan, area. Contact: Herbert D. Peters, in Belize", Mennonite Family History Vol. under General Wrangel and escaped via Con- 1420 Faulkner Crescent, Saskatoon, SK S7L XIV (January, 1995),40-43. stantinople. Peter may have had a brother, 3R4. Schapansky, Henry, "Chortitza: The Old William, who came to America long before Colony Russia: TheFirstSettlers: 1788-1803, that. Contact: Herb and Carol Epp, 27427 Abram B. Giesbrecht,ed. Die usten Part III", Mennonite Family History Vol. XIV Sunnyridge Road, Palos Verdes Peninsula, mennoniJischen Einwamkrer in Paraguay: (January, 1995),29-34. CA 90274. Einwandererliste (Lorna Plata, Paraguay: Giesbrecht - I would like anecdotal infor- Sociedad Civil Chortitzer Komitee, 1994) pb., Periodical Addresses: mation from anyone who knew my father, 84pp. SI8.00. Meamonite Family History, PO. Box 171, George K. Giesbrecht born 1905 in Plum Cou- This book documents the first Canadian Elverson, PA 19520-0171. lee Manitoba and died 1951 in Abbotsford, Mennonite migration to Paraguay. It in- Ostdeutsche Familienkunde, Verlag Be. He attended Bethany Bible Institute in cludes the names of 1,745 individuals with Degener & Co. Postfach 1360, D-91403 the 1930s and worked for the Western Chil- birth dates and place of last residence of Neufstadt/Aisch, Gennany. dren's Mission at Hague Ferry, Saskatch- those who left Canada for Paraguay in 1926 ewan, in the late 1930s and early 1940s be- and 1927. The individuals are first listed with fore ill health forced him to move to Vineland, one of the seven emigration groups. Here it BOOK FOR SALE Ontario and then to Clearbrook, BC. Con- comments on the individuals who returned tact: Vern Giesbrecht, RR 4, Russell Road, to Canada. Another list includes the names From Prussian Lowlands to Gibbons, BC VON IVO. of all individuals from these seven groups Saskatchewan Prairies: who had died by January I, 1929. Several A History of the Recent Books other lists, sets of statistics and a name in- 1iefengrund Friesens. dex, make this book very useful for genealo- 155pp., 355 photos. $ 40.00 Margaret Warkentin, ed. Descendants of gists who wish to document the story offami- Jacob Heinrich Thiessen 1781-1994 (Will- lies who settled in the Menno Colony in nipeg, ME: Private publication, 1994) hdc., Paraguay. Contact: Mennonitische Post, Order from: 153 pp. Steinbach, ME ROA 2AO. This book traces the descendants of Alfred Wieler Nicolai Thiessen (1832-1910) and Helene Isaac H. Unger, ed. The Family Register 2113 Clarence Ave. S., Peters (1836-1908) who lived in Gnadenthal, of Peter A. Giesbrecht (Altona, ME: Private Saskatoon, SK S7J IU. Russia. Nicolai Thiessen was the youngest publication, 1977) pb., 109 pp. son of Jacob Heinrich Thiessen (b. ca.1781) This book traces the Giesbrecht family back to David Giesbrecht (1750-1852) and Make cheques payable to: who settled in the village of Tiegenhagen, Molotschna, in 1805. Most of the descend- Christina Harder (1758-?). Specifically, it Friesenfest '91 ants of Nicolai and Helene Thiessen lived in traces the descendants of a grandson of this the Soviet Union throughout the first half of David named Peter A. Giesbrecht (1843-1922) Send inquiries to Aif Redelwpp, CMBS, the 20th century. Several of the oldest grand- who came from Russia to Gretna, Manitoba, 1-169 Riverton Avenue, Winnipeg, MB R2L children inunigrated to Canada in the I920s. in 1879. The book is out of print, but a copy 2E5. PIgC4 13. Sommerfeld Mennonite Church Waisen- CMC History Symposium Coming amI records (1908-1956) loaned from the MENNO!1MR'T~GECENTRE '" '" Sommerfeld community, Herbert, SK and Several years ago the History-Archives microfilmed by AlfRedekopp. Brought in Committee began planning to write a history 600 Shaftesburv Blvd, Winnipeg,Manitoba.Canada R3P OM4 by Jake E. Peters, Wmnipeg, MB. of the Conference of Mennonites in Canada. Some very helpful research was completed and it was hoped that a writer could be found to do a manuscript text. Then plans changed due to the need for funding. At present the committee is plan- Recent Acquisitions ning a one-day symposium at which papers on selected topics will be read and dis- I. Passenger ship lists of Gennans from cussed. Russia arriving in Canadian ports 1906- It is hoped that the meetings can be held 1909, ca. 40 typed pages. Donated by just before the CMC summer sessions of 1996 George Dorscher, Calgary, AB. which will take place in Alberta. People plan- 2. NellfeM AlICestors fIIUl Lineage (1772- ning to attend those sessions will be invited 1994),23 pp. Compiled and donated by to come a little earlier to take in the sympo- Herman A. Neufeld, Canoga Park, CA., sium also. Everyone will be welcome. It is USA. hoped that the papers will speak to non-aca- 3. Materials related to the CMC mission demics as well as academics, i.e., to provide church in The Pas, MB. Ca. 40 pp. a congregational-level discussion. Donated by Cornel G. Rempel, Nine non-eommittee persons were invited Elizabethtown, PA., USA. to help in the planning. Three meetings have 4, Lehn Family Register - supplement to a been held at CMBC to date. register on Lehn's prepared by George Further information will appear in our Krahn in Saskatoon, Ca. 50 pp. Do- Conference newsletter, Nexus, and other pub- Stan Born, of St. Andrews, MB., with sam- nated by John 1. Janzen, Hague, SK. ples of an artistic wood-turning (lathe) ex- lications soon. If you have questions about 5. Photo of Peter Regier (fiefengnmd) hibit mounted In the Mennonite Heritage the project please write us here at the Centre descendants with background notes (10 Centre Gallery. The exhibit will run until (600 Shaftesbury Blvd., Wmnipeg, MB R3P pp.). Donated by the family. about April 15. Stan's phone number Is 1- OM4) or call 1-204-888-6781. 6. Gesangbuch Treasures. Hymns ofthe 204-757 -8332. Photo: Courtesy of Robb Nickel, Winnipeg, MB. 1804 Unpartheyisches Gesangbuch. Cassette. Purchased from Harmonies Publications Grant Awarded Workshop, Leola, PA., USA. 7. Album of data on the village of The Gerhard Lohrenz Publication Fund Neuendorf, Ukraine. Brought in by Committee provided financial support for Henry Sawatzky, Wmnipeg, MB. four new books in its annual allotment of 8. Personal papers of David H. Rempel publishing subsidies: (1869-1962). Donated by John D. a) Elisabeth Peters, retired Wrnnipeg au- Rempel, Hague, SK. thor and educator, for two collections of 9. 1. 1. Thiessen photo album received in stories and recollections, Err,llhlungen aIlS 1950 in South America. Donated by dem mennonitischen Leben and Wem Gott Jake K. Wiens, Wmnipeg, MB. will rechte GllIUt erweisen; 10. Manitoba Women in Mission records, b) to the Conference of Mennonites in 1988-1993. 0.25 metres textual records. Manitoba for the publication of its history; Received from Jolanda Friesen, Altona, c) to CMBC Publications and the Mani- MB. toba Mennonite Historical Society for their II. Ben Braun collection of records related publication in English translation of Am to Bethel Mennonite Church (Winni- Trll1ct, the seventh monograph of the Echo peg), Bethel Place (Wmnipeg), Elim Historical Series. Bible Institute (Altona), and Eden The late Gerhard Lohrenz left behind a Mental Health Centre 1949-1989 wealth of historical information about Men- (Wmkler). O. 45 metres textual records. nonite life in Russia and the Soviet Union Heinrich Thles..n has buib a model of the Donated by Ben Braun, Wmnipeg, MB. village of Neuendorf, Chortitza settlement, which he collected, wrote and published 12. Peter Schmidt collection consisting of Ukraine, as it existed in 1943 when all the during his lifetime. In his will he provided a three journals documenting personal Mennonite Inhabitants joined the trek of means to continue "to assist in the publica- trips to Russia from 1979 to 1982, the retreating German army westward. tion of manuscripts dealing with various The model may be viewed In the Mennon- approximately 1000 slides and several phases of Mennonite life." Ite Heritage Centre during the next several roof tile fragments from former Men- months. Henry's address is: 1 Reinhard Pl., The Fund Committee invites applications nonite buildings in Ukraine. Donated Winnipeg, MB R2G 1Y1. Photo: Courtesy of for future grants. The next awards will be by Etta Schmidt, Goshen, IN., USA. Der Bote, Winnipeg, MB. made in January, 1996. Page 5 News from CMBS change in location. If Concord College C Centre for should move to a new site, the Centre will M Mennonite Heritage Presen-ation Wooobops have to determine whether to move with the College or to stay near the Canadian Confer- B Brethren At its June 1994 annual meeting, the His- S Studies in Canada ence offices, assuming they will remain at torical Commission of the General Confer- \·169 Riveoon Ave.. Winnipeg, Canada R21. 2E5 the present location. ence of Mennonite Brethren Churches de- cided to sponsor a series of workshops on "Heritage Preservation" at each of its Pro- Historical Commission to Meet witb other vincial and District Conferences (US) within Mennonite Bodies the next two years. The workshops will in- The annual meeting of the Mennonite secretary, Winnipeg, MB. troduce congregational historians/archi- Brethren Historical Commission will take 7. Wmkler Bible School photos, one dated vists/secretaries to the book Heri/age Pres- place on May 19-20 in Salem, Oregon. The 1927 and one undated. Donated by Helen ervation: A Resource Book for Congrega- Mermonite Church Historical Committee will (Harder) Loewen, Waterloo, ON. tions (1993) by David A. Haury. (See review also have its sessions there and some joint 8. Photograph of students and teachers of on p. 8) sessions are being planned. The General Halbstadt School, South Russia and book This volume emerged initially from a man- Conference Mennonite Church, which no entitled, SkeelUl Aground written by date of the Historical Committee of the Gen- longer has a Historical Committee, will have Isaac Unger. Donated by the author, Wm- eral Conference Mennonite Church, but the some representatives there for the joint ses- nipeg, MB. Mennonite Brethren Historical Commission sIOns. 9. "The Mennonite Central Committee as realized the need for a similar resource for an agency of development in the third the Mennonite Brethren congregations and Conference on Canadian Evangelicalism world" (B.A. honours thesis, 1985), and, agreed to cooperate in the publication. A An academic conference on "Aspects of "The work of Mennonite Central Com- few additions and revisions were made to the Canadian Evangelical Experience" is be- mittee volunteers in a developing abo- take into account the specific needs of Men- ing held at Queen's University in Kingston, riginal community" (M.A. thesis, 1993). nonite Brethren congregations. Ontario from May 10 to 14. This conference Written and donated by Heinz Dyck, B.C. Successful workshops have already taken is part of a project undertaken by Professor 10. German New Testament printed by the place at the Central District and Pacific Dis- George A. Rawlyk and funded by the Pew unregistered Baptist underground press trict Conferences in the United States and at Charitable Trusts. Papers on a variety of in the USSR in 1973. Donated by Anne the Ontario Provincial Conference in Canada topics will be presented including one enti- Schmidt, Wmnipeg, MB. in late February. Workshops will be con- tled "Mennonites and Canadian Evangeli- 11. Evangelical Mennonite Brethren Confer- ducted under the guidance of Historical calism" by Bruce Guenther, a Ph.D. candi- ence (earlier known as the Wehrlosen Commission members and statT representa- date at McGill University. More information Mennoniten BrUder in Christo) year- tives of the various centres in Saskatchewan may be obtained from the Department of His- books, annual reports, constitution, and and Alberta in March, and in British Colum- tory, Queen's University, Kingston, ON K7L historical sketches, 1917-1979. Donated bia in June. Each congregation is being 3N6. by Travis Reimer, Wmnipeg, MB. asked to send a representative. One volume 12. East End Mission and Riverview Mis- of the resource book is being presented to sion (Brandon) records, 1954-1965. Do- each congregation. Paul Toews from the Recent Acquisitions nated by Shirley Bergen, Brandon, ME. Center in Fresno recently remarked that he 13. Portraits by Balthasar Denner (page re- was "persuaded that the Congregational I. Files of Henry Brucks (Conference minis- prints from a published source). Donated Heritage Preservation project is one of the ter),1983-1987. Transferred by Susan by Bin Schroeder, Wmnipeg, MB. best things the Commission has done in re- Brandt, Conference Ministers administra- cent years." tive assistant, Wmnipeg, MB. 2. Hetb Giesbrecht (1925-1992) Personal Col- Needs Assessment lection consisting of 3.25 metres of tex- tual records, 1950s-1990. Donated by Mrs. RUNDSCHAU INDEX AVAILABLE The Centre for Mennonite Brethren Stud- ies in Winnipeg recently completed a "Needs Margaret Giesbrecht, Wmnipeg, MB. Assessment" report pertaining to the status 3. Topographical map of the Dnepropetrovsk The following volumes of the of the present facility and the projected Oblast (I :200000). Donated by John Mennonitische Rumlschau Index have needs for the foreseeable future. It has be- Friesen, Winnipeg, MB. been reprinted: come increasingly clear that the present fa- 4. Photocopy of a Christmas and New Volume I: 1880-89 cility is inadequate to serve the needs of the Year's poem written by Helena Derksen, age 9, in 1900, at Fischau, Molotschna Volume II: 1890-1899 Canadian Conference for many more years. Inadequate space is one of the factors, but Settlement, to her parents, David and Volume III: 1900-1909 there are also other factors related to envi- Katharina Derksen. Donated by Gertrude Volume V: 1920-29 ronment and access. The Centre is located Klassen, Winnipeg, MB. Volume IA: Author Index, 1880-1909 in a basement which is prone to flooding. It 5. Six-volume set of Matthew Henry's Bible Price: $55.00 pervolwne, ~l. V: $45.00. is also difficult to fmd and is quite inaccessi- Commentary published by Herald Press. Add $5.00 pervolwne to a maximum of ble to the physically challenged. Donated by Gerry Ediger, Wmnipeg, MB. $15.00 for shipping and handling, At the same time that the Centre is seek- 6. Board of Evangelism of the Canadian MB ing to make plans for the future, Concord Conference Records, 1976-1979. Trans- Order from the Centre for MB Studies. College is investigating the possibility of a ferred by Rikki Oelke, Evangelism office Page 6 MMHS 1995 Annual Meeting The Manitoba Mennonite Historical So- ciety held its annual meeting on January 21, 1995 at the Mennonite Heritage Village in Steinbach. The first part of the meeting was concerned with various reports from the ex- ecutive and boards. A lengthy discussion followed concerning the Mennonite Histori- cal Society of Canada. Those in attendance agreed to continue to support a national society in principle. Several suggestions were made as to what the national society could do after Volume m of the Mennonites in Canada series is published. It was also Members of the MMHS Local History committee presenting the new Re/nMnder Gemelnde reported that the Manitoba Mennonite His- Such. Front (I-r): John Dyck (Winnipeg); Bruce Wiebe (Winkler); Mary Ellen Neufeld torical Society is involved in planning a con- (Gnadenthal); Ed Falk (Winkler); Henry Unger (Crystal City); Abe Loewen (Gretna); Back (1- ference of Jews, Mennonites and Ukrainians r) John Wall (Morden); Adolf Ens, committee chairperson (Winnipeg), Otto Harrm (Morden); to discuss their experiences in Canada. 1bis Jake E. Peters (Winnipeg) and William Harms (Altona). Photo: Courtesy of Carl Zacharias, Relnland, MB. conference will be held August 28-3 I, 1995, at the University of Manitoba. time a new executive was chosen, and boards ment area west of the Red River. The first Alf Redekopp, treasurer, reported income were reorganized as follows: president: Bert Mennonite families to arrive enmasse for 1994 of $14,209.81 with total expenses Friesen (Winnipeg); vice-president: Ken docked at Fort Dufferin near Emerson, being $16,580.39. This difference left Reddig (Winnipeg); secretary: Richard Manitoba, on Ju/y 15, 1875. Most were $8,260.34 in the general fund as of Decem- Thiessen (Winnipeg); treasurer: Alf members of the group which organized as ber31,1994. Redekopp (Wmnipeg); and member-at-Iarge: the Rein/tinder Mennonitengemeinde while The Research, Scholarship and Publica- Evelyn Friesen (Steinbach). The other di- they were still at the immigration sheds on tions committee reported that work is under rectors include: Abe Dueck (Winnipeg); the Fort Dufferin grounds. way on several more volumes in the Echo- Adolf Ens (Winnipeg); Henry Ens Ver/ag series, but that an assessment will be (Reinland); Helene Friesen (Wmnipeg); law- undertaken before any additional volumes rence Giesbrecht (Altona); Dolores Harder Local History Committee Report will be committed to publication. (Winnipeg); Marianne Janzen (Winnipeg); The Membership and Publicity commit- Lawrence Klippenstein (Wmnipeg); Conrad The Local History Committee recently tee reported that the society's membership Stoesz (Altona); and Henry Unger (Crystal met to plan a number of activities for 1995. as of December 31, 1994 stood at 147 mem- City). The first event of the year took place on Sat- bers, representing a small decrease from the Standing committee chairpersons were urday, March 4, at the Reinland CommWlity previous year, when membership stood at also appointed. They include: Research, Centre in Reinland, ME. At that time the 157. Scholarship and Publication: Abe Dueck, public was introduced to the book entitled After the business meeting those in at- Membership and Publicity: Richard ReinlibuJer GemeUuk Buch, Volume One in tendance were treated to music provided by Thiessen, with a Genealogy committee chair- the West Reserve Historical Series. Editors the Steinbach Bible College brass ensemble. person still to be appointed. Special com- of the book are John Dyck of Wmnipeg and This was followed by a presentation by Dr. mittees include the Local History commit- William Hanus of Altona. Rev. Peter D. Harvey Plett of Steinbach Bible College on tee, now chaired by Dr. Adolf Ens, CMBC, Zacharias presented material concerning the the history of Mennonite church groups in and the newly-formed Historical Sites Com- Rein/dnder Gemeinde and Altester Johann the former East Reserve. Dr. Plett reviewed mittee to be organized and chaired by Dr. Wiebe, and John Dyck gave a paper on the the current church scene (52 congregations Lawrence Klippenstein, Mennonite Heritage Rein/tinder Gebietsamt and Oberschu/ze of which 31 are members of 9 Mennonite Centre, Wmnipeg. Dr. Victor Doerksen will Isaak Mueller. groups or conferences), reviewed the his- continue to serve as chairperson of the Echo- The committee also gave an update on tory of the Bergthaler and Kleine Gemeinde Ver/ag translation project sub-committee. Volume II to appear in the West Reserve His- groups and their descendants, including the torical Series. 1bis volume will feature the Chortitzer Mennonite Conference, presented Mennonite Settlement Registers, a listing of information on other Mennonite groups, and Note: This year "West Reserve" Mennonites 1880 West Reserve residents by village. Brief finally presented a brief overview of the his- may commemorate the 120th anniversary family data will be added, where possible, as tory of non-Mennonite congregations. of the coming ofMennonites to their setlle- well as cross-referencing to the Quebec Pas- senger Lists and to various church regis- ters. The New MMHS Board BOOK FOR SALE The ReinliJnder Gemeinde Buch, appear- The Manitoba Mennonite Historical So- ing in a 525-pp. paperback edition, can be ciety Board of Directors met for its first meet- purchased from the Mennonite Heritage ing of the year on February 28 at the Men- Centre for $ 25.00 plus postage and GST. nonite Heritage Centre in Wmnipeg. At that See address at the bottom of p. 2. Page 7 Canadian Mennonites. ity and family, while denying the illusion that West Reserve (Manitoba) The essay that sets the stage of the main nations can forge themselves into homoge- Workshop theme is third in the book. Adolf Ens deline- neous nationalisms defined by such ele- ates how, historically, Canadian Mennon- ments of origin. His solution is the "ethnic- Where: Winkler Senior Citizens' ites have sorted themselves out on vital is- and nationally-polymorphic state in which Home, Winkler, MB. sues such as being subject to a sovereign ethnically-defmed groups are treated equally authority within the limitations and privi- and fairly on the basis of a shared hwnan- VVhen Saturday, April 22, 1995, leges of privilegia or accepting the respon- ity" (p. 20). 9:30 a.m. and 1:00 p.m. sibilities and involvements inherent in be- Menno Wiebe's case study of "Mennon- ing citizens of a nation state. He asks if ites and Aboriginal Identity" appears to Topics: History of Burwalde village Mennonites who have accepted Canadian serve as an example of how Reimer's ideal of (Ed Hoeppner) an "ethnic and nationally-polymorphic state" citizenship have perhaps succumbed to the My Templer relatives pressures of nationalism. might constitute a concrete challenge to a (Nettie Neufeld) Rodney Sawatsky offers an analysis of Mennonite peoplehood. For Wiebe, Men- Teaching in Southern Mani Mennonite conferences and agencies in the nonite peoplehood stands in need of being toba Villages light of the binational character of the larger reborn as a corporate reality. Such a rejuve- (Elisabeth Peters) North American Mennonite commwlity. He nation would need to be tested and validated Book exhibits discovers a series of challenges inherent in by challenges such as the call to atfum and the observation that the forty-ninth parallel contribute to the corporate viability of Abo- For further information call John Dyck, does indeed foster a Canadian Mennonite riginal peoples as self-determining entities Winnipeg, 1-204-256-1637 sense of nationalism. He feels that Cana- along side Mennonite people in the Cana- dian Mennonites need to admit and validate dian context. Watch local papers for further their uniquely Canadian Mennonite experi- A trio of articles seem to stand somewhat announcements ence. But they must also transcend this par- outside the scope of the book. James Urry ticularity with a new continentalism and in- offers an examination of the Russian Men- ternationalism in order to confront the dan- nonite confrontation of nationalism and the gers of a narrowly-defined Canadian Men- state between the late eighteenth and early ALTONA CENTENNIAL nonite chauvinism. twentieth centuries. John D. Thiesen docu- CELEBRATIONS 1895 - 1995 John H. Redekop goes on to ask if "na- ments the Mennonite fascination with Na- tionalism has moved Mennonites towards tional Socialism in Latin America in the first Dates: July 25-27, 1995 involvement in non-Mennonite national re- half of the twentieth century. Royden Information: Call Ted Friesen ligious bodies" (p. I I I). He notes that many Loewen presents a socio-historic analysis 1-204-324-1333 Mennonites do not hesitate to involve them- of the confluence of American nationalism selves in such groups, some of which claim and the rural Mennonite experience. One KlIPPENSTEIN REUNION a national Canadian mandate. Conferences wishes that these themes had been more thor- All Clans welcome! are less eager for such alliances. MCC oughly directed at highlighting dimensions Canada has perhaps been the most active in of the challenge nationalism presents for Date: July 25, 1995 articulating a national agenda for Canadian Canadian Mennonites, perhaps by compara- Place: Rhineland Pioneer Mennonites. Redekop concludes that while tive analysis. Centre, Altona, MB Mennonites may be moved to ecumenical Abe Dueck has done his readers a fme Information and Call Ted Friesen involvement on theological grounds, they service in assembling these papers into such registration: 1-204-324-1333 are not motivated by nationalistic agenda, a readable and accessible collection. Al- hence are not challenged by nationalism in though writers such as Reimer and Urry that realm. rightly locate their understanding of the roots Book Review The whole discussion touches on the of modern nationalism in the historiography historic Christian ideal that a wliversal reli- dealing with Euro-America in the eighteenth, gion should transcend the claims of histori- nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the is- Dueck, Abe, ed. Canadian Mennonites and cal particularity. Larry Miller explores this sues raised by the book are endemic to the the Challenge of Nationalism (Winnipeg, ideal as he asks if Mennonites have achieved whole of Christian history. The challenges MB: Manitoba Mennonite Historical Soci- an "international Christian fellowship" dis- of particularity and universalism, separatism ety, 1994) Pb., 207 pp., Cnd. $ 17.95 tinguished by the cardinal signs of "solidar- and assimilation, bridge-building and fence- ity" and "accountability" (pp. 139-140). In building, have confronted Christians since Reviewed by Gerry Ediger the end Miller declares the experience of glo- the earliest centuries. Modem Mennonites, bal Christian fellowship among Mennonites Canadian or not, cannot escape the likeli- Abe Dueck presents his readers with a to be a divinely-ordained goal which has not hood that their answers to the challenges of series of perspectives on the subject of Ca- yet been fully met. James Reimer also poses nationalism move them in the direction of nadian Mennonites and the Cha//enge of the question of particularity and one current or another existing in the larger Nationalism. With this he adds a helpful universalism using the language of human stream of Christian response to the world. volwne to the literature of religion and soci- origins: nature, soil, blood, family, tribe and ety. The most noteworthy of its various par- nation (p. I) . Reimer embraces and atfmns Dr. Gerry Ediger is Assistant Professor ticularities is the suggestion that national- what he sees as the inescapable elements of of Historical Theology at Concord College ism constitutes a multi-faceted challenge to hwnan identity rooted in nationality, ethnic- in Winnipeg. MB. Page 8 BOOK REVIEWS district Mennonite Brethren conferences. anticipation" for what may still lie ahead. The authors and the respective commis- McKee, Wilma. Heriulge CelebrGoons : A sioning bodies who published these re- Dora Dueck is a writer from Winnipeg, GuUe to CelebrllJing the History 0/ Your sources are to be commended for a job well MB. Church. (Newton, KS : Faith and Life Press, done. 1993), binder, lID pp., $12.00. Bartel, Siegfried. Living with Co"viction. Haury, David A. HerUGge PreservGtio" : A Aif RedeJropp is archivist at CMBS and Gernuusy Army Officer Turns 10 CIlltiVIII- assistant archivist at the MHC Archives, Resource Book lor Co"gregllJions. (New- ;"g Peuce. (Wmnipeg, MB: CMBC Publica- ton, KS and Fresno, CA : Historical Commit- both in Winnipeg, MB. tions, 1994) Pb., 212 pp.; $15.00. tee of the General Conference Mennonite Church and Historical Commission of the Koop, A.E. Heidi. The HeD 0/ God's CtdJ. Reviewed by Lorina Marsch. General Conference of Mennonite Brethren One Wonuus's Pilgrinulge from "Commit- Churches, 1993) Pb., 30 pp., $6.00. ment 10" tltrolllfh "Uncommitmmt from" Siegfried Bartel was born in West Prussia Church Muwtry. (Wmnipeg, MB: private and lost his mother in an accident at the age Reviewed by AlJ RedeJropp. publication, 1991) Pb., 81 pp.; $12.00. of eight. With the remarriage of his father, the children again belonged to a loving, car- Many congregations will find these two Reviewed by Dora Dueck. ing family, growing up on a prosperous es- books a very practical and user friendly re- tate with servants and farm hands. source for preserving and celebrating herit- The title of this book is startling. There- When he was twenty-two, with the ques- age. The flTst publication, Heriluge Cel- fore it is effective in drawing the reader with tion of serving in the army no longer an is- ebrGlio"s not only provides the theology real curiosity into its pages. Wmnipeg resi- sue within the Prussian Mennonite behind celebrating our heritage but also of- dent Heidi Koop, the first Mennonite Breth- churches, Siegfried joined the army, where fers numerous tips and examples of activi- ren woman to graduate from seminary with he soon advanced through the ranks to be- ties to use when planning a celebration. an M.Div., (Master of Divinity) degree, tells come an officer. He describes many of his The author says "that the meaning of about twenty y~rs ofher life (I %7-87), years experiences, including details of fierce bat- celebration needs to be broadened within in which she both studied and served in the tles and his own command to a subordinate congregations" and not be "limited to large church. They were also years in which the to execute a prisoner. Meeting a wounded anniversaries." Congregations are encour- hopes she had nurtured to use her gifts fully German-speaking evangelical face to face on aged "to use their many opportunities to would not be realized. the "enemy" side, as well as hearing Christ- celebrate." With this underlying motiva- As a woman, she faced many obstacles. mas carols sung in the Polish trenches, tion, the book has been written "to stimulate She left Associated Mennonite Biblical Semi- shook his self-confidence in the justice of congregations to reach out to God in praise naries (AMBS) in Elkhart, Indiana, "confi- the war effort. The atrocities and death he and thanksgiving, to joyfully remember their dent that God was calling me and that I would witnessed and the terror and suffering of Christian heritage, and to consequently gain fulfill His will in good time." She served as countless people changed his perspective a vision for future mission." dean of women and teacher at Elim Bible In- on the just-war theory he had accepted from Anyone who is asked to help plan a con- stitute in Altona, MB for three years and in a Martin Luther earlier. gregational heritage event will find here a variety of other ministries. However, these Much of the book is devoted to family host of suggestions on planning, organiza- ministries were often brief and of a "setting life and the author's intense involvement in tion, publicity and involving the congrega- up" nature. An effective, sustained minis- church life and Mennonite Central Commit- tion to make the celebration successful. try opportunity eluded her. "Repeatedly I tee, both nationally and internationally. One Heritlllfe Pruuvutio" provides sugges- have come into bloom only to wither away," is constantly struck by the self-confidence tions for enhancing the collection and pres- she writes. Compounding these disappoint- and independence of the author. Midway ervation of archival materials which become ments were serious personal health prob- through the book, the author gets caught indispensable in planning these events, and lems, as well as the sudden loss of her only up with trivial details of his everyday life on especially in preparing a written history of sibling and the failing health of their par- the farm in Canada. It is only when the book the congregation. ents. "I felt like Job of old," she writes. is read in its entirety, that one realizes that all David Haury encourages congregations The book consists of typed pages bound of these chapters are needed to present a to consider and appreciate more the role of a spirally. This gives it the feel of an intimate, complete picture and to provide a sense of congregational historian or archivist. In the somewhat private docwnent, with all of its understanding for the whole life and person- author's view, "collecting and preserving the first-draft, unpolished qualities. It is very ality of the man. records which chronicle the life of your con- much Koop's own story; there is little at- The author portrays himself as a man of gregation are complex tasks." This book tempt to step back and draw for the reader strong convictions throughout the book. addresses such questions as: Who should the details of the larger context in which Often he stands alone with his insights; many keep the records? What records should be events occurred. Sometimes I felt I was hear- times his views forcefully counter those of created and kept? Where and how should ing one side of an argwnent. Yet I appreci- his peers. Through dialogue, observation, records be kept? ated reading these pages. writing, reading and lecturing, Siegfried Both of these volumes have been distrib- Koop is very honest in relating her feel- Bartel comes to terms with his past, moves uted free of cost to all GCMC congregations ings, hurts, and victories. There is merit, I beyond it, and embraces Christ's way of and the latter in MB congregations also. The believe, in people setting down their indi- peace. second volume is also being used as the vidual and particular "argwnent". She has basis for workshops offered to congrega- experienced brokenness, but exhibits cour- Lorina Marsch is editor of the Menno- tional historians at various provincial and age, persistence, and at the end, has "eager nitische Rwulschuu in Winnipeg, MB.
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