Mennonite Historian Vol. 21 No. 1 by dfgh4bnmu


Published by the Mennonite Heritage Centre and the Centre for MB Studies in Canada                           Volume XXI, No. I, March, 1995

                                                                                                   acres of land.
                                                                                                      Because the Canadian government had
                                                                                                   land dealings with Mennonites and Metis
                                                                                                   during the same time period, it is interesting
                                                                                                   to compare how each fared in these negotia-
                                                                                                   tions. Mennonites wanted to live in block
                                                                                                   settlements to resist assimilation into the
                                                                                                   dominant Canadian culture. A block of eight
                                                                                                   townships of land was ready for their pos-
                                                                                                   session when they arrived in the summer of
                                                                                                   1874, although the first inquiry made to the
                                                                                                   Canadian government was as early as March
                                                                                                   7, 1872. The federal government loaned the
                                                                                                   newly-arrived Mennonites $100,000, co-
                                                                                                   signed by Ontario Mennonites. Without this
                                                                                                   material aid, they could not have bought
                                                                                                   implements, building materials, and supplies
        1'1 <;2.-                                     l'ilg-z..                                    to begin farming.
     RAIL WAY                                       ~/1WItY                                           Like the Mennonites, the Metis wanted
                                                                                                  blocks ofland with their river lots, hay fields,
 1---      19-----1                             1----2)     ----1
                                                                                                  and children's land grant in one area. To
A partial map of Metis homesteads in the former community of Ste. Madeleine, located              keep the extended family together was the
some miles southwest of Russell, MB. near the Saskatchewan border. For the full story             key to Metis survival, given Manitoba's cli-
of this community read Ste. Madeleine. Community without a Town. Metis Elders In                  mate and the group's limited amount of farm
IntelV/ew (Winnipeg, MB: Pemmican Publications Inc.• 1987) by Ken and Victoria Zeilig.
                                                                                                  equipment. However the children's allot-
The map is on p. 124. Used by permission.
                                                                                                  ments, promised them in the Manitoba Act,
                                                                                                  were chosen randomly. Indeed, it is a matter
                                                                                                  for speculation whether they received land
Metis, Mennonites, and Land in Manitoba                                                           or scrip at all in many cases. Much procras-
                                                                                                  tination and many amendments and changes
by Alvina Block                                                                                   were made to regulations about land while
                                                                                                  the Metis waited, became demoralized and
    On September 19, 1993, a "Mennonite         them into settling on barren land?                disenchanted with the government, and
Landing Site dedication" took place at the          As interesting as a study of these pio-       many fmally moved to the West.
junction of the Red and Rat Rivers south        neering Mennonites may be, one should note            When the first contingent of Mennonite
west of Niverville, Manitoba. At this occa-     that they did not come to an unpopUlated          immigrants were taken to the East Reserve,
sion, the Honourable Clayton Manness, then      province. More should certainly be said           Roger Goulet of the Lands Office was with
Minister of Finance for Manitoba, presented     about some of the people resident there at        them. Several "half-breeds" protested tell-
the Mennonite Memorial Landing Site As-         the time, particularly the Metis families who     ing him, that parts of the Reserve actually
sociation with the lease of a two and one-      had lived in Manitoba for many, many years.       belonged to them. He entered these Metis
half acre tract of land--the spot where the     When Manitoba officially entered Confed-          claims into the books of the Dominion Lands
first Mennonite settlers from Ukraine arrived   eration in 1870, the Metis were concerned         Office in pencil and did not give those lands
one-hundred and twenty years ago. On            about their land rights. Changes were cer-        to the Mennonites.' But before the federal
August I, 1994, a cairn was unveiled in a       tain since their territory was now under Ca-      government's Order-in-Council of February,
small park which now marks that landing site.   nadian government authority and no longer          1881, regarding unsettled claims had been
    At such times of celebration, the audi-     in the possession of the Hudson's Bay Com-        issued, Mennonites had already settled on
ence pictures the historical setting from a     pany.                                             these lands. 2
Mennnonite point of view. What was it like          Section 32.1 of the Manitoba Act assured          Perhaps the Canadian government was
for those first emigrants from Ukraine who      them, however, that "all grants ofland in free-   influenced and pressured by discriminatory
left comfortable homes to settle in a mos-      hold made by the Hudson's Bay Company             attitudes such as those expressed by the
quito-infested wilderness? Had the del-         up to the eighth day of March aforesaid,          Daily Free Press. Of Mennonite immigrants
egates made a good decision when they           shall, if required by the owner, be converted     the editor wrote:
chose the eight townships that comprised        into an estate in freehold by grant from the          "The individuals composing the party
the "East Reserve", rather than a US loca-      Crown." Section 31 committed the govern-          seem to be composed of exactly the right
tion, or had the Canadian government duped      ment to granting Metis children 1.4 million                                 (conl'd 011 page 2)
Page 2

Metis, Mennonites, and Land                       record which deed and other records of title         a) Beilageakten zum Hypothekenbuch,
(cont'd from page 1)                              he could produce, indicating where the           Kommerau Nr.4, Amt Graudenz (sygn.939),
                                                  boundary lines and neighbors of his land         p. I; b) Hans Goertz records original land
kind of stuff physically, for pioneer life, and   were located. The court then assigned a Blatt    title and boWldaries in 1783, p. 2; c) Hans
this, taken in connection with the well-known     and Hof number to his plot of land which         Goertz acquires land by marrying Helene,
frugal habits and thriftiness of the Gennans,     had to be displayed at his residence.            dau. of Stephan Franz, 1776, p. 6; d)
ensures their prosperity here."J                      Unfortunately there are no listings of in-   Assignrunent of Nr.4 in first deed book to
    Less than a week later, an article appeared   ventories 'or archives indicating exactly        Hans Goertz property in 1783, p. 13 ; e)
in the same paper saying that the decision        where these mortgage books may be found          Erbvergleich of Stephan Franz daughters in
to allot 1.4 million acres to Metis children      today. Readers are requested to report their      1776, p. 14. f) Death, Erbvergleich, probate
had inflicted "a great and lasting evil" upon     findings and experience in this matter includ-   of Helene Franz, frrst wife of Hans Goertz in
Manitoba and was made "against the better         ing call numbers of the archives. The Polish      1778,p.18.
judgement of the then government." If a           State Archives have published inventories            One can also fmd helpful infonnation in
settlement could be made by granting scrip        but these say very little about these mort-      the Praestations-Tabellen (tax lists) of 1806
then "in God's name give it to them and take      gage books.                                      of Geh. Preussisches Staatsarchiv in Berlin,
otT the blot from the map of our Province             As an example of what is available, the      Germany. They are useful since they give a
which turns from our door the most wished         records of Amtsgericht Stuhm are almost          brief title history for each Hof
for emigrants."4                                  complete in the Marienburg Archives. The             The notations seem somewhat cryptic,
   Clearly the Mennonites and the Metis           same holds for those of Amtsgericht              but I add a few.
were not treated as equals. Why was there         Neuenburg in the Bydgoszcz archives which            Geh. StaatsarchivPrK., Berlin: General-
such discrimination against the Metis? More       are of interest to researchers in the Montau     Directorium Westpreussen, Materien Tit. 109,
studies need to be done to clarify these          area. In some cases the Hypotheken-              ad Nr.1 Bd.2 Acta betrefs die VeranschlagWlg
events and to help bring about reconcilia-        Beilageakten have remained in the regional       und anderweitige            Austhuung der
tion with Manitoba's aboriginal peoples.          courts like in Chelmno for Amtsgericht Kulm      GrundstOcke          der    emphyteutischen
                                                  where frequently lack of personnel makes         Einsassen zu Kommerau, Amt Graudenz,
Endnotes                                          getting the proper infonnation a frustrating     1806. Geh. Staatsarchiv PrK., Berlin:
                                                  experience. The researcher must always frrst     Marienwerder, 20. May 1806, ad Nr.3.
I Roger Goulet, WInnipeg to Department of         identify the correct pages of the                    Vol. 1 Einrichtungsakten des Amts
  Interior, May 23, 1892.                         Hypothekenakten which he or she wishes           Graudenz. Nr. 12 Praestations Tabelle
2 Department of the Interior, Ottawa to Do-       to check. You have to know the correct Blatt     Kommerau
  minion Lands Agent, WInnipeg, February          and Hof number of "your" Hof, if you want            a) Subemphyteut Hans Krause luth. olirn
  18,1879.                                        to avoid unnecessary costs. You could start      Jacob Janz, derselbe von Jacob Franz
J Daily Free Press, August I, 1874.               by ordering photocopies of the first three       Andreas Kienbaum aus Krusch; b)
4Daily Free Press, August 7, 1874.                pages with title and sygnatura of all Hofe of    Emphyteut Heinr. Kliewer, menn., olim
                                                  "your" ancestral village before you think of     caduc.1800, 1774 fuer seine Kinder erkauft
  Alvina Block is currently enrolled in a         additional pages.                                Subemphyteut Heinrich Adrian, dito, 1800
Masters program in archival studies at the           In 1992 I received the first 230 pages of     erkauft vom Menn.Stobbe; c) Emphyt Georg
University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB.             the Hypotheken-Beilageakten of Komme-            Lux, luth., caduc. 1810, ererbt.
                                                  rau Hof Nr. 4, sygnatura 68/939,                     I have additional infonnation which I can
Rural Research in West Prussia                    Amtsgericht Neuenburg. Prior to 1815, the        mail to interested researchers for $ 1.00 US
                                                  following Mennonite villages were part of        and a self-addressed envelope. If you need
                                                  the court district (Domainen.Justiz-Amt) of      assistance in transcribing or translating the
by Adalbert Goertz                                Graudenz. Later they were reassigned to          tricky Gennan script, I may be able to help.
                                                  Neuenburg: Kom'merau, Gross and Klein            My postal address and E-mail address are
   In addition to the church books, there are     Lubin, Compagnie, Dragas. Additional             as follows:        Adalbert Goertz,12934
other documents and sources for genealo-          Mennonnite villages in Amt Neuenburg were        Buchanan Trail East, Waynesboro PA
gists needing infonnation on rural Prussia.       Montau, Gross and Klein Sanskau, Treul and       17268-9329 USA. Email: adalbertgoertz
One major source are the mortgage books of        Neusass Treul.                         
the Prussian courts which go Wlder the name          To give researchers some idea what kind
of Hypothekenbflcher, Hypotheken-Akten            of information may be expected in the                Adalbert Goertz has done extensive re-
or Hypotheken-Beilageakten of the                 Hypotheken-Akten I attach part of a table of     search in Mennonite records from West
Amtsgericht.                                      contents of a collection called:                 Prussia. Copies of many of his published
   The legal basis for introducing the mort-         Hypothekenakten Kommerau Nr.4., Bd.l,         articles can be obtained from the Mennon-
gage books in West Prussia was the Prus-          Amtsgericht Neuenburg, vor 1815 Graudenz         ite Heritage Centre. A listing of deposited
sian Mortgage Decree of 1783. Each land              From Archiwwn Panstwowe, Bydgoszcz:           articles is available - allfor the cost ofcopy-
owner had to appear in court to present and       Akt Sadu Obwodowego w Nowem                      ing and postage.

MENNONITE HISTORIAN is published by the Mennonite Heritage Centre of the Conference of Mennonites in Canada and the Centre
for Mennonite Brethren Studies (Winnipeg) of the Canadian Conference of MB Churches. Editors: Lawrence Klippenstein (MHCA)
and Abe Dueck (CMBS). All correspondence and unpUblished manuscripts should be sent to the editorial office at 600 Shaftesbury
Blvd., Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, R3P OM4 (Phone 204-888-6781) or 1-169 Riverton Ave., Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, R2L 2E5
(Phone 204-669-6575). Subscription rates: $8.00 per year. Individual subscriptions may be ordered from these addresses. ISSN 0700
                                                                                                                                          Page 3

GENEALOGYAND FAMILY IIJSIORY                       Several descendants came to Canada after          has recently been acquired by the Mennon-
                                                   World War II. Another of the descendants          ite Heritage Centre in Wmnipeg. This copy
by Alf Redekopp                                    left the Soviet Union for Gennany during the      has additional handwritten genealogical data
                                                   1980s. Contact: Margaret Warkentin, 875           added from 1977 till 1994.
Queries                                            Goulding Street, Wmnipeg, ME R3G 2S9.
                                                                                                     Noteworthy Articles
    Dyck - Looking for infonnation about the          Herbert D. and Justina Peters, cds. A Ge-
following: Peter Dyck, b. Apr. 6, 1749, in         nealogy of the Jacob Dahl Family                     Goertz, Adalbert, "Ostpreufiische Men-
Neuendorf, first marriage to Justina               (Saskatoon, SK: Private publication, 1994)        noniten im Regierungsbezirk Konigsberg",
Giesbrecht, and second marriage to Maria ?,        pb., 60 pp.                                       OstdeuJsche FamilienAumk (Heft 4, 1994),
b. 1759. Also looking for infonnation about           This book traces the Dahl family back to       402-407.
another Peter Dyck, b. 1769, and married to a      an ancestor, Paul Dahl, member of the                _ _,"Ostpreufiische Mennoniten im Re-
Maria ?, born 1770, with children Maria, b.        Tragheimerweide Mennonite Church in               gierungsbezirk Gumbinnen", Ostdeutsche
1795, Peter, b. 1799 or Aug. 12, 1796, Heinrich,   Prussia during the late 17008. Specifically,      FamilienAumk (Heft 4, 1993),267-272.
b. 1801, Gerhard, b. 1804, and Anna, b. 1806.      the book documents the descendants of                       ,"Mennoniten des Danziger Land-
Contact: George Dyck, Box 218, Aberdeen,           three great grandchildren of Paul Dahl. They      gebietes im Jahre 1793", Ostdeutsche
SK SOKOAO.                                         were Jacob Dahl (1858-1927), Katharina            FamilienAumk (Heft 2, 1992), 54-56.
    Epp - We are looking for parents/siblings      Penner (nee Dahl) (1866-1958) and Heinrich                   ,"Erwerbungen westpreuBischer
of Peter Jacob Erp, b. April I, 1855, near         Dahl (1869-1947), all children of Jacob Dahl      Mennonitenhi'Jfe in den Jahren 1789-1898",
Berdiansk, and his wife, Marie Schmidt b.          (1834-1878) and Helena Epp (1836-1909) of         OstdeuJsche Familienkunde (Heft I, 1991),
August 30, 1858, Ukraine. They were                Kronsweide, Chortiza Colony, Russia. The          316-319.
wealthy fanners in Wohldemfuerst of the            Penner family immigrated to Canada in the            _ _,"Mennonitengeburten 1759-1781
Kuban. They had three sons, Jacob, Johann,          1920s and settled at Springstein, Manitoba.      urn TiegenortlWestpreul3en", Ostdeutsche
and Nicholas, b. May 16, 1896. Nicholas            The Heinrich Dahl family also immigrated in       FamilienAunde (Heft 2, 1990), 198-200.
came to the USA in 1921 as part of the group       the 1920s and settled in the Rosthem, Sas-           Koop, Gerhard S., "Mennonite Families
of 62 Mennonite soldiers who had served            katchewan, area. Contact: Herbert D. Peters,      in Belize", Mennonite Family History Vol.
under General Wrangel and escaped via Con-          1420 Faulkner Crescent, Saskatoon, SK S7L        XIV (January, 1995),40-43.
stantinople. Peter may have had a brother,         3R4.                                                 Schapansky, Henry, "Chortitza: The Old
 William, who came to America long before                                                            Colony Russia: TheFirstSettlers: 1788-1803,
that. Contact: Herb and Carol Epp, 27427              Abram B. Giesbrecht,ed. Die usten              Part III", Mennonite Family History Vol. XIV
 Sunnyridge Road, Palos Verdes Peninsula,          mennoniJischen Einwamkrer in Paraguay:            (January, 1995),29-34.
 CA 90274.                                         Einwandererliste (Lorna Plata, Paraguay:
    Giesbrecht - I would like anecdotal infor-     Sociedad Civil Chortitzer Komitee, 1994) pb.,        Periodical Addresses:
 mation from anyone who knew my father,            84pp. SI8.00.                                        Meamonite Family History, PO. Box 171,
 George K. Giesbrecht born 1905 in Plum Cou-          This book documents the first Canadian         Elverson, PA 19520-0171.
 lee Manitoba and died 1951 in Abbotsford,         Mennonite migration to Paraguay. It in-              Ostdeutsche Familienkunde, Verlag
 Be. He attended Bethany Bible Institute in        cludes the names of 1,745 individuals with        Degener & Co. Postfach 1360, D-91403
 the 1930s and worked for the Western Chil-        birth dates and place of last residence of        Neufstadt/Aisch, Gennany.
 dren's Mission at Hague Ferry, Saskatch-          those who left Canada for Paraguay in 1926
 ewan, in the late 1930s and early 1940s be-       and 1927. The individuals are first listed with
 fore ill health forced him to move to Vineland,   one of the seven emigration groups. Here it
                                                                                                               BOOK FOR SALE
 Ontario and then to Clearbrook, BC. Con-          comments on the individuals who returned
 tact: Vern Giesbrecht, RR 4, Russell Road,        to Canada. Another list includes the names             From Prussian Lowlands to
 Gibbons, BC VON IVO.                              of all individuals from these seven groups               Saskatchewan Prairies:
                                                   who had died by January I, 1929. Several                     A History of the
Recent Books                                       other lists, sets of statistics and a name in-            1iefengrund Friesens.
                                                   dex, make this book very useful for genealo-
                                                                                                          155pp., 355 photos. $ 40.00
   Margaret Warkentin, ed. Descendants of          gists who wish to document the story offami-
Jacob Heinrich Thiessen 1781-1994 (Will-           lies who settled in the Menno Colony in
nipeg, ME: Private publication, 1994) hdc.,        Paraguay. Contact: Mennonitische Post,               Order from:
153 pp.                                            Steinbach, ME ROA 2AO.
   This book traces the descendants of                                                                  Alfred Wieler
Nicolai Thiessen (1832-1910) and Helene               Isaac H. Unger, ed. The Family Register           2113 Clarence Ave. S.,
Peters (1836-1908) who lived in Gnadenthal,        of Peter A. Giesbrecht (Altona, ME: Private
                                                                                                        Saskatoon, SK S7J IU.
Russia. Nicolai Thiessen was the youngest          publication, 1977) pb., 109 pp.
son of Jacob Heinrich Thiessen (b. ca.1781)           This book traces the Giesbrecht family
                                                   back to David Giesbrecht (1750-1852) and             Make cheques payable to:
who settled in the village of Tiegenhagen,
Molotschna, in 1805. Most of the descend-          Christina Harder (1758-?). Specifically, it          Friesenfest '91
ants of Nicolai and Helene Thiessen lived in       traces the descendants of a grandson of this
the Soviet Union throughout the first half of      David named Peter A. Giesbrecht (1843-1922)          Send inquiries to Aif Redelwpp, CMBS,
the 20th century. Several of the oldest grand-     who came from Russia to Gretna, Manitoba,         1-169 Riverton Avenue, Winnipeg, MB R2L
children inunigrated to Canada in the I920s.       in 1879. The book is out of print, but a copy     2E5.

                                                              13. Sommerfeld Mennonite Church Waisen-        CMC History Symposium Coming
                                                                 amI records (1908-1956) loaned from the

                                                         '"      Sommerfeld community, Herbert, SK and           Several years ago the History-Archives
                                                                 microfilmed by AlfRedekopp. Brought in      Committee began planning to write a history
600 Shaftesburv Blvd, Winnipeg,Manitoba.Canada R3P OM4
                                                                 by Jake E. Peters, Wmnipeg, MB.             of the Conference of Mennonites in Canada.
                                                                                                             Some very helpful research was completed
                                                                                                             and it was hoped that a writer could be found
                                                                                                             to do a manuscript text.
                                                                                                                 Then plans changed due to the need for
                                                                                                             funding. At present the committee is plan-
Recent Acquisitions                                                                                          ning a one-day symposium at which papers
                                                                                                             on selected topics will be read and dis-
I. Passenger ship lists of Gennans from                                                                      cussed.
   Russia arriving in Canadian ports 1906-                                                                       It is hoped that the meetings can be held
    1909, ca. 40 typed pages. Donated by                                                                     just before the CMC summer sessions of 1996
   George Dorscher, Calgary, AB.                                                                             which will take place in Alberta. People plan-
2. NellfeM AlICestors fIIUl Lineage (1772-                                                                   ning to attend those sessions will be invited
   1994),23 pp. Compiled and donated by                                                                      to come a little earlier to take in the sympo-
   Herman A. Neufeld, Canoga Park, CA.,                                                                      sium also. Everyone will be welcome. It is
   USA.                                                                                                      hoped that the papers will speak to non-aca-
3. Materials related to the CMC mission                                                                      demics as well as academics, i.e., to provide
   church in The Pas, MB. Ca. 40 pp.                                                                         a congregational-level discussion.
   Donated by Cornel G. Rempel,                                                                                  Nine non-eommittee persons were invited
   Elizabethtown, PA., USA.                                                                                  to help in the planning. Three meetings have
4, Lehn Family Register - supplement to a                                                                    been held at CMBC to date.
   register on Lehn's prepared by George                                                                         Further information will appear in our
   Krahn in Saskatoon, Ca. 50 pp. Do-                                                                        Conference newsletter, Nexus, and other pub-
                                                              Stan Born, of St. Andrews, MB., with sam-
   nated by John 1. Janzen, Hague, SK.                        ples of an artistic wood-turning (lathe) ex-   lications soon. If you have questions about
5. Photo of Peter Regier (fiefengnmd)                         hibit mounted In the Mennonite Heritage        the project please write us here at the Centre
   descendants with background notes (10                      Centre Gallery. The exhibit will run until     (600 Shaftesbury Blvd., Wmnipeg, MB R3P
   pp.). Donated by the family.                               about April 15. Stan's phone number Is 1-      OM4) or call 1-204-888-6781.
6. Gesangbuch Treasures. Hymns ofthe                          204-757 -8332. Photo: Courtesy of Robb
                                                              Nickel, Winnipeg, MB.
   1804 Unpartheyisches Gesangbuch.
   Cassette. Purchased from Harmonies                                                                        Publications Grant Awarded
    Workshop, Leola, PA., USA.
7. Album of data on the village of                                                                               The Gerhard Lohrenz Publication Fund
   Neuendorf, Ukraine. Brought in by                                                                         Committee provided financial support for
   Henry Sawatzky, Wmnipeg, MB.                                                                              four new books in its annual allotment of
8. Personal papers of David H. Rempel                                                                        publishing subsidies:
   (1869-1962). Donated by John D.                                                                               a) Elisabeth Peters, retired Wrnnipeg au-
   Rempel, Hague, SK.                                                                                        thor and educator, for two collections of
9. 1. 1. Thiessen photo album received in                                                                    stories and recollections, Err,llhlungen aIlS
    1950 in South America. Donated by                                                                        dem mennonitischen Leben and Wem Gott
   Jake K. Wiens, Wmnipeg, MB.                                                                               will rechte GllIUt erweisen;
10. Manitoba Women in Mission records,                                                                           b) to the Conference of Mennonites in
    1988-1993. 0.25 metres textual records.                                                                  Manitoba for the publication of its history;
   Received from Jolanda Friesen, Altona,                                                                        c) to CMBC Publications and the Mani-
   MB.                                                                                                       toba Mennonite Historical Society for their
II. Ben Braun collection of records related                                                                  publication in English translation of Am
    to Bethel Mennonite Church (Winni-                                                                       Trll1ct, the seventh monograph of the Echo
   peg), Bethel Place (Wmnipeg), Elim                                                                        Historical Series.
   Bible Institute (Altona), and Eden                                                                            The late Gerhard Lohrenz left behind a
   Mental Health Centre 1949-1989                                                                            wealth of historical information about Men-
   (Wmkler). O. 45 metres textual records.                                                                   nonite life in Russia and the Soviet Union
                                                              Heinrich Thles..n has buib a model of the
   Donated by Ben Braun, Wmnipeg, MB.                         village of Neuendorf, Chortitza settlement,    which he collected, wrote and published
12. Peter Schmidt collection consisting of                    Ukraine, as it existed in 1943 when all the    during his lifetime. In his will he provided a
    three journals documenting personal                       Mennonite Inhabitants joined the trek of       means to continue "to assist in the publica-
    trips to Russia from 1979 to 1982,                        the retreating German army westward.           tion of manuscripts dealing with various
                                                              The model may be viewed In the Mennon-
   approximately 1000 slides and several                                                                     phases of Mennonite life."
                                                              Ite Heritage Centre during the next several
   roof tile fragments from former Men-                       months. Henry's address is: 1 Reinhard Pl.,        The Fund Committee invites applications
   nonite buildings in Ukraine. Donated                       Winnipeg, MB R2G 1Y1. Photo: Courtesy of       for future grants. The next awards will be
   by Etta Schmidt, Goshen, IN., USA.                         Der Bote, Winnipeg, MB.                        made in January, 1996.
                                                                                                                                             Page 5

News from CMBS                                     change in location. If Concord College
                                                                                                        C      Centre for
                                                   should move to a new site, the Centre will
                                                                                                        M         Mennonite
Heritage Presen-ation Wooobops                     have to determine whether to move with the
                                                   College or to stay near the Canadian Confer-
                                                                                                        B           Brethren
    At its June 1994 annual meeting, the His-                                                           S               Studies in Canada
                                                   ence offices, assuming they will remain at
torical Commission of the General Confer-                                                              \·169 Riveoon Ave.. Winnipeg, Canada R21. 2E5
                                                   the present location.
ence of Mennonite Brethren Churches de-
cided to sponsor a series of workshops on
"Heritage Preservation" at each of its Pro-
                                                   Historical Commission to Meet witb other
vincial and District Conferences (US) within       Mennonite Bodies
the next two years. The workshops will in-            The annual meeting of the Mennonite              secretary, Winnipeg, MB.
troduce congregational historians/archi-           Brethren Historical Commission will take        7. Wmkler Bible School photos, one dated
vists/secretaries to the book Heri/age Pres-       place on May 19-20 in Salem, Oregon. The            1927 and one undated. Donated by Helen
ervation: A Resource Book for Congrega-            Mermonite Church Historical Committee will          (Harder) Loewen, Waterloo, ON.
tions (1993) by David A. Haury. (See review        also have its sessions there and some joint     8. Photograph of students and teachers of
on p. 8)                                           sessions are being planned. The General             Halbstadt School, South Russia and book
    This volume emerged initially from a man-      Conference Mennonite Church, which no               entitled, SkeelUl Aground written by
date of the Historical Committee of the Gen-       longer has a Historical Committee, will have        Isaac Unger. Donated by the author, Wm-
eral Conference Mennonite Church, but the          some representatives there for the joint ses-       nipeg, MB.
Mennonite Brethren Historical Commission           sIOns.                                          9. "The Mennonite Central Committee as
realized the need for a similar resource for                                                           an agency of development in the third
the Mennonite Brethren congregations and           Conference on Canadian Evangelicalism               world" (B.A. honours thesis, 1985), and,
agreed to cooperate in the publication. A              An academic conference on "Aspects of           "The work of Mennonite Central Com-
few additions and revisions were made to           the Canadian Evangelical Experience" is be-         mittee volunteers in a developing abo-
take into account the specific needs of Men-       ing held at Queen's University in Kingston,         riginal community" (M.A. thesis, 1993).
nonite Brethren congregations.                     Ontario from May 10 to 14. This conference          Written and donated by Heinz Dyck, B.C.
    Successful workshops have already taken        is part of a project undertaken by Professor    10. German New Testament printed by the
place at the Central District and Pacific Dis-     George A. Rawlyk and funded by the Pew              unregistered Baptist underground press
trict Conferences in the United States and at      Charitable Trusts. Papers on a variety of           in the USSR in 1973. Donated by Anne
the Ontario Provincial Conference in Canada        topics will be presented including one enti-        Schmidt, Wmnipeg, MB.
in late February. Workshops will be con-           tled "Mennonites and Canadian Evangeli-         11. Evangelical Mennonite Brethren Confer-
ducted under the guidance of Historical            calism" by Bruce Guenther, a Ph.D. candi-           ence (earlier known as the Wehrlosen
Commission members and statT representa-           date at McGill University. More information         Mennoniten BrUder in Christo) year-
tives of the various centres in Saskatchewan       may be obtained from the Department of His-         books, annual reports, constitution, and
and Alberta in March, and in British Colum-        tory, Queen's University, Kingston, ON K7L          historical sketches, 1917-1979. Donated
 bia in June. Each congregation is being           3N6.                                                by Travis Reimer, Wmnipeg, MB.
 asked to send a representative. One volume                                                         12. East End Mission and Riverview Mis-
 of the resource book is being presented to                                                            sion (Brandon) records, 1954-1965. Do-
 each congregation. Paul Toews from the            Recent Acquisitions                                 nated by Shirley Bergen, Brandon, ME.
 Center in Fresno recently remarked that he                                                         13. Portraits by Balthasar Denner (page re-
 was "persuaded that the Congregational            I. Files of Henry Brucks (Conference minis-         prints from a published source). Donated
 Heritage Preservation project is one of the          ter),1983-1987. Transferred by Susan             by Bin Schroeder, Wmnipeg, MB.
 best things the Commission has done in re-           Brandt, Conference Ministers administra-
 cent years."                                         tive assistant, Wmnipeg, MB.
                                                   2. Hetb Giesbrecht (1925-1992) Personal Col-
Needs Assessment                                       lection consisting of 3.25 metres of tex-
                                                       tual records, 1950s-1990. Donated by Mrs.
                                                                                                    RUNDSCHAU INDEX AVAILABLE
    The Centre for Mennonite Brethren Stud-
ies in Winnipeg recently completed a "Needs            Margaret Giesbrecht, Wmnipeg, MB.
Assessment" report pertaining to the status        3. Topographical map of the Dnepropetrovsk       The following volumes of the
of the present facility and the projected              Oblast (I :200000). Donated by John          Mennonitische Rumlschau Index have
needs for the foreseeable future. It has be-           Friesen, Winnipeg, MB.                       been reprinted:
come increasingly clear that the present fa-       4. Photocopy of a Christmas and New
                                                                                                    Volume I: 1880-89
cility is inadequate to serve the needs of the         Year's poem written by Helena Derksen,
                                                       age 9, in 1900, at Fischau, Molotschna       Volume II: 1890-1899
Canadian Conference for many more years.
Inadequate space is one of the factors, but            Settlement, to her parents, David and        Volume III: 1900-1909
there are also other factors related to envi-          Katharina Derksen. Donated by Gertrude       Volume V: 1920-29
ronment and access. The Centre is located              Klassen, Winnipeg, MB.                       Volume IA: Author Index, 1880-1909
in a basement which is prone to flooding. It       5. Six-volume set of Matthew Henry's Bible       Price: $55.00 pervolwne, ~l. V: $45.00.
is also difficult to fmd and is quite inaccessi-       Commentary published by Herald Press.        Add $5.00 pervolwne to a maximum of
ble to the physically challenged.                      Donated by Gerry Ediger, Wmnipeg, MB.
                                                                                                    $15.00 for shipping and handling,
    At the same time that the Centre is seek-      6. Board of Evangelism of the Canadian MB
ing to make plans for the future, Concord              Conference Records, 1976-1979. Trans-        Order from the Centre for MB Studies.
College is investigating the possibility of a          ferred by Rikki Oelke, Evangelism office
Page 6

MMHS 1995 Annual Meeting
     The Manitoba Mennonite Historical So-
 ciety held its annual meeting on January 21,
  1995 at the Mennonite Heritage Village in
 Steinbach. The first part of the meeting was
 concerned with various reports from the ex-
 ecutive and boards. A lengthy discussion
 followed concerning the Mennonite Histori-
 cal Society of Canada. Those in attendance
 agreed to continue to support a national
 society in principle. Several suggestions
 were made as to what the national society
 could do after Volume m of the Mennonites
 in Canada series is published. It was also        Members of the MMHS Local History committee presenting the new Re/nMnder Gemelnde
 reported that the Manitoba Mennonite His-         Such. Front (I-r): John Dyck (Winnipeg); Bruce Wiebe (Winkler); Mary Ellen Neufeld
 torical Society is involved in planning a con-    (Gnadenthal); Ed Falk (Winkler); Henry Unger (Crystal City); Abe Loewen (Gretna); Back (1-
 ference of Jews, Mennonites and Ukrainians        r) John Wall (Morden); Adolf Ens, committee chairperson (Winnipeg), Otto Harrm (Morden);
 to discuss their experiences in Canada. 1bis      Jake E. Peters (Winnipeg) and William Harms (Altona). Photo: Courtesy of Carl Zacharias,
                                                   Relnland, MB.
 conference will be held August 28-3 I, 1995,
 at the University of Manitoba.                    time a new executive was chosen, and boards ment area west of the Red River. The first
     Alf Redekopp, treasurer, reported income      were reorganized as follows: president: Bert Mennonite families to arrive enmasse
 for 1994 of $14,209.81 with total expenses        Friesen (Winnipeg); vice-president: Ken docked at Fort Dufferin near Emerson,
 being $16,580.39. This difference left            Reddig (Winnipeg); secretary: Richard Manitoba, on Ju/y 15, 1875. Most were
 $8,260.34 in the general fund as of Decem-        Thiessen (Winnipeg); treasurer:           Alf members of the group which organized as
 ber31,1994.                                       Redekopp (Wmnipeg); and member-at-Iarge: the Rein/tinder Mennonitengemeinde while
    The Research, Scholarship and Publica-         Evelyn Friesen (Steinbach). The other di- they were still at the immigration sheds on
tions committee reported that work is under        rectors include: Abe Dueck (Winnipeg); the Fort Dufferin grounds.
way on several more volumes in the Echo-           Adolf Ens (Winnipeg); Henry Ens
 Ver/ag series, but that an assessment will be     (Reinland); Helene Friesen (Wmnipeg); law-
undertaken before any additional volumes           rence Giesbrecht (Altona); Dolores Harder Local History Committee Report
will be committed to publication.                  (Winnipeg); Marianne Janzen (Winnipeg);
    The Membership and Publicity commit-           Lawrence Klippenstein (Wmnipeg); Conrad           The Local History Committee recently
tee reported that the society's membership         Stoesz (Altona); and Henry Unger (Crystal     met to plan a number of activities for 1995.
as of December 31, 1994 stood at 147 mem-          City).                                        The first event of the year took place on Sat-
bers, representing a small decrease from the           Standing committee chairpersons were urday, March 4, at the Reinland CommWlity
previous year, when membership stood at            also appointed. They include: Research, Centre in Reinland, ME. At that time the
 157.                                              Scholarship and Publication: Abe Dueck, public was introduced to the book entitled
    After the business meeting those in at-        Membership and Publicity:            Richard ReinlibuJer GemeUuk Buch, Volume One in
tendance were treated to music provided by         Thiessen, with a Genealogy committee chair- the West Reserve Historical Series. Editors
the Steinbach Bible College brass ensemble.        person still to be appointed. Special com- of the book are John Dyck of Wmnipeg and
This was followed by a presentation by Dr.         mittees include the Local History commit- William Hanus of Altona. Rev. Peter D.
Harvey Plett of Steinbach Bible College on         tee, now chaired by Dr. Adolf Ens, CMBC, Zacharias presented material concerning the
the history of Mennonite church groups in          and the newly-formed Historical Sites Com- Rein/dnder Gemeinde and Altester Johann
the former East Reserve. Dr. Plett reviewed        mittee to be organized and chaired by Dr. Wiebe, and John Dyck gave a paper on the
the current church scene (52 congregations         Lawrence Klippenstein, Mennonite Heritage Rein/tinder Gebietsamt and Oberschu/ze
of which 31 are members of 9 Mennonite             Centre, Wmnipeg. Dr. Victor Doerksen will Isaak Mueller.
groups or conferences), reviewed the his-          continue to serve as chairperson of the Echo-     The committee also gave an update on
tory of the Bergthaler and Kleine Gemeinde         Ver/ag translation project sub-committee.     Volume II to appear in the West Reserve His-
groups and their descendants, including the                                                      torical Series. 1bis volume will feature the
Chortitzer Mennonite Conference, presented                                                       Mennonite Settlement Registers, a listing of
information on other Mennonite groups, and         Note: This year "West Reserve" Mennonites 1880 West Reserve residents by village. Brief
finally presented a brief overview of the his-     may commemorate the 120th anniversary family data will be added, where possible, as
tory of non-Mennonite congregations.               of the coming ofMennonites to their setlle- well as cross-referencing to the Quebec Pas-
                                                                                                 senger Lists and to various church regis-

The New MMHS Board                                                                                            BOOK FOR SALE
                                                                                                  The ReinliJnder Gemeinde Buch, appear-
   The Manitoba Mennonite Historical So-                                                          ing in a 525-pp. paperback edition, can be
ciety Board of Directors met for its first meet-                                                   purchased from the Mennonite Heritage
ing of the year on February 28 at the Men-                                                         Centre for $ 25.00 plus postage and GST.
nonite Heritage Centre in Wmnipeg. At that                                                            See address at the bottom of p. 2.
                                                                                                                                           Page 7

                                                 Canadian Mennonites.                              ity and family, while denying the illusion that
     West Reserve (Manitoba)                         The essay that sets the stage of the main     nations can forge themselves into homoge-
           Workshop                              theme is third in the book. Adolf Ens deline-     neous nationalisms defined by such ele-
                                                 ates how, historically, Canadian Mennon-          ments of origin. His solution is the "ethnic-
 Where:     Winkler Senior Citizens'             ites have sorted themselves out on vital is-      and nationally-polymorphic state in which
            Home, Winkler, MB.                   sues such as being subject to a sovereign         ethnically-defmed groups are treated equally
                                                 authority within the limitations and privi-       and fairly on the basis of a shared hwnan-
 VVhen      Saturday, April 22, 1995,            leges of privilegia or accepting the respon-      ity" (p. 20).
            9:30 a.m. and 1:00 p.m.              sibilities and involvements inherent in be-           Menno Wiebe's case study of "Mennon-
                                                 ing citizens of a nation state. He asks if        ites and Aboriginal Identity" appears to
 Topics:    History of Burwalde village
                                                 Mennonites who have accepted Canadian             serve as an example of how Reimer's ideal of
            (Ed Hoeppner)                                                                          an "ethnic and nationally-polymorphic state"
                                                 citizenship have perhaps succumbed to the
            My Templer relatives                 pressures of nationalism.                         might constitute a concrete challenge to a
            (Nettie Neufeld)                         Rodney Sawatsky offers an analysis of         Mennonite peoplehood. For Wiebe, Men-
            Teaching in Southern Mani            Mennonite conferences and agencies in the         nonite peoplehood stands in need of being
            toba Villages                        light of the binational character of the larger   reborn as a corporate reality. Such a rejuve-
            (Elisabeth Peters)                   North American Mennonite commwlity. He            nation would need to be tested and validated
            Book exhibits                        discovers a series of challenges inherent in      by challenges such as the call to atfum and
                                                 the observation that the forty-ninth parallel     contribute to the corporate viability of Abo-
 For further information call John Dyck,         does indeed foster a Canadian Mennonite           riginal peoples as self-determining entities
       Winnipeg, 1-204-256-1637                  sense of nationalism. He feels that Cana-         along side Mennonite people in the Cana-
                                                 dian Mennonites need to admit and validate        dian context.
     Watch local papers for further              their uniquely Canadian Mennonite experi-             A trio of articles seem to stand somewhat
           announcements                         ence. But they must also transcend this par-      outside the scope of the book. James Urry
                                                 ticularity with a new continentalism and in-      offers an examination of the Russian Men-
                                                 ternationalism in order to confront the dan-      nonite confrontation of nationalism and the
                                                 gers of a narrowly-defined Canadian Men-          state between the late eighteenth and early
     ALTONA CENTENNIAL                           nonite chauvinism.                                twentieth centuries. John D. Thiesen docu-
   CELEBRATIONS 1895 - 1995                          John H. Redekop goes on to ask if "na-        ments the Mennonite fascination with Na-
                                                 tionalism has moved Mennonites towards            tional Socialism in Latin America in the first
 Dates:               July 25-27, 1995           involvement in non-Mennonite national re-         half of the twentieth century. Royden
 Information:         Call Ted Friesen           ligious bodies" (p. I I I). He notes that many    Loewen presents a socio-historic analysis
                      1-204-324-1333             Mennonites do not hesitate to involve them-       of the confluence of American nationalism
                                                 selves in such groups, some of which claim        and the rural Mennonite experience. One
     KlIPPENSTEIN REUNION                        a national Canadian mandate. Conferences          wishes that these themes had been more thor-
           All Clans welcome!                    are less eager for such alliances. MCC            oughly directed at highlighting dimensions
                                                 Canada has perhaps been the most active in        of the challenge nationalism presents for
 Date:           July 25, 1995
                                                 articulating a national agenda for Canadian       Canadian Mennonites, perhaps by compara-
 Place:          Rhineland Pioneer
                                                 Mennonites. Redekop concludes that while          tive analysis.
                 Centre, Altona, MB
                                                 Mennonites may be moved to ecumenical                 Abe Dueck has done his readers a fme
 Information and Call Ted Friesen                involvement on theological grounds, they          service in assembling these papers into such
 registration:   1-204-324-1333
                                                 are not motivated by nationalistic agenda,        a readable and accessible collection. Al-
                                                 hence are not challenged by nationalism in        though writers such as Reimer and Urry
                                                 that realm.                                       rightly locate their understanding of the roots
Book Review                                          The whole discussion touches on the           of modern nationalism in the historiography
                                                 historic Christian ideal that a wliversal reli-   dealing with Euro-America in the eighteenth,
                                                 gion should transcend the claims of histori-      nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the is-
Dueck, Abe, ed. Canadian Mennonites and          cal particularity. Larry Miller explores this     sues raised by the book are endemic to the
the Challenge of Nationalism (Winnipeg,          ideal as he asks if Mennonites have achieved      whole of Christian history. The challenges
MB: Manitoba Mennonite Historical Soci-          an "international Christian fellowship" dis-      of particularity and universalism, separatism
ety, 1994) Pb., 207 pp., Cnd. $ 17.95            tinguished by the cardinal signs of "solidar-     and assimilation, bridge-building and fence-
                                                 ity" and "accountability" (pp. 139-140). In       building, have confronted Christians since
Reviewed by Gerry Ediger                         the end Miller declares the experience of glo-    the earliest centuries. Modem Mennonites,
                                                 bal Christian fellowship among Mennonites         Canadian or not, cannot escape the likeli-
    Abe Dueck presents his readers with a        to be a divinely-ordained goal which has not      hood that their answers to the challenges of
series of perspectives on the subject of Ca-     yet been fully met. James Reimer also poses       nationalism move them in the direction of
nadian Mennonites and the Cha//enge of           the question of particularity and                 one current or another existing in the larger
Nationalism. With this he adds a helpful         universalism using the language of human          stream of Christian response to the world.
volwne to the literature of religion and soci-   origins: nature, soil, blood, family, tribe and
ety. The most noteworthy of its various par-     nation (p. I) . Reimer embraces and atfmns           Dr. Gerry Ediger is Assistant Professor
ticularities is the suggestion that national-    what he sees as the inescapable elements of       of Historical Theology at Concord College
ism constitutes a multi-faceted challenge to     hwnan identity rooted in nationality, ethnic-     in Winnipeg. MB.
Page 8

BOOK REVIEWS                                    district Mennonite Brethren conferences.           anticipation" for what may still lie ahead.
                                                   The authors and the respective commis-
McKee, Wilma. Heriulge CelebrGoons : A          sioning bodies who published these re-               Dora Dueck is a writer from Winnipeg,
GuUe to CelebrllJing the History 0/ Your        sources are to be commended for a job well         MB.
Church. (Newton, KS : Faith and Life Press,     done.
1993), binder, lID pp., $12.00.                                                                    Bartel, Siegfried. Living with Co"viction.
Haury, David A. HerUGge PreservGtio" : A           Aif RedeJropp is archivist at CMBS and          Gernuusy Army Officer Turns 10 CIlltiVIII-
                                                assistant archivist at the MHC Archives,
Resource Book lor Co"gregllJions. (New-                                                            ;"g Peuce. (Wmnipeg, MB: CMBC Publica-
ton, KS and Fresno, CA : Historical Commit-     both in Winnipeg, MB.                              tions, 1994) Pb., 212 pp.; $15.00.
tee of the General Conference Mennonite
Church and Historical Commission of the         Koop, A.E. Heidi. The HeD 0/ God's CtdJ.           Reviewed by Lorina Marsch.
General Conference of Mennonite Brethren        One Wonuus's Pilgrinulge from "Commit-
Churches, 1993) Pb., 30 pp., $6.00.             ment 10" tltrolllfh "Uncommitmmt from"                  Siegfried Bartel was born in West Prussia
                                                Church Muwtry. (Wmnipeg, MB: private               and lost his mother in an accident at the age
Reviewed by AlJ RedeJropp.                      publication, 1991) Pb., 81 pp.; $12.00.            of eight. With the remarriage of his father,
                                                                                                   the children again belonged to a loving, car-
   Many congregations will find these two       Reviewed by Dora Dueck.                            ing family, growing up on a prosperous es-
books a very practical and user friendly re-                                                       tate with servants and farm hands.
source for preserving and celebrating herit-        The title of this book is startling. There-        When he was twenty-two, with the ques-
age. The flTst publication, Heriluge Cel-       fore it is effective in drawing the reader with    tion of serving in the army no longer an is-
ebrGlio"s not only provides the theology        real curiosity into its pages. Wmnipeg resi-       sue within the Prussian Mennonite
behind celebrating our heritage but also of-    dent Heidi Koop, the first Mennonite Breth-        churches, Siegfried joined the army, where
fers numerous tips and examples of activi-      ren woman to graduate from seminary with           he soon advanced through the ranks to be-
ties to use when planning a celebration.        an M.Div., (Master of Divinity) degree, tells      come an officer. He describes many of his
    The author says "that the meaning of        about twenty y~rs ofher life (I %7-87), years      experiences, including details of fierce bat-
celebration needs to be broadened within        in which she both studied and served in the        tles and his own command to a subordinate
congregations" and not be "limited to large     church. They were also years in which the          to execute a prisoner. Meeting a wounded
anniversaries." Congregations are encour-       hopes she had nurtured to use her gifts fully      German-speaking evangelical face to face on
aged "to use their many opportunities to        would not be realized.                             the "enemy" side, as well as hearing Christ-
celebrate." With this underlying motiva-            As a woman, she faced many obstacles.          mas carols sung in the Polish trenches,
tion, the book has been written "to stimulate   She left Associated Mennonite Biblical Semi-       shook his self-confidence in the justice of
congregations to reach out to God in praise     naries (AMBS) in Elkhart, Indiana, "confi-         the war effort. The atrocities and death he
and thanksgiving, to joyfully remember their    dent that God was calling me and that I would      witnessed and the terror and suffering of
Christian heritage, and to consequently gain    fulfill His will in good time." She served as      countless people changed his perspective
a vision for future mission."                   dean of women and teacher at Elim Bible In-        on the just-war theory he had accepted from
    Anyone who is asked to help plan a con-     stitute in Altona, MB for three years and in a     Martin Luther earlier.
gregational heritage event will find here a     variety of other ministries. However, these            Much of the book is devoted to family
host of suggestions on planning, organiza-      ministries were often brief and of a "setting      life and the author's intense involvement in
tion, publicity and involving the congrega-     up" nature. An effective, sustained minis-         church life and Mennonite Central Commit-
tion to make the celebration successful.        try opportunity eluded her. "Repeatedly I          tee, both nationally and internationally. One
    Heritlllfe Pruuvutio" provides sugges-      have come into bloom only to wither away,"         is constantly struck by the self-confidence
tions for enhancing the collection and pres-    she writes. Compounding these disappoint-          and independence of the author. Midway
ervation of archival materials which become     ments were serious personal health prob-           through the book, the author gets caught
indispensable in planning these events, and     lems, as well as the sudden loss of her only       up with trivial details of his everyday life on
especially in preparing a written history of    sibling and the failing health of their par-       the farm in Canada. It is only when the book
the congregation.                               ents. "I felt like Job of old," she writes.        is read in its entirety, that one realizes that all
    David Haury encourages congregations            The book consists of typed pages bound         of these chapters are needed to present a
to consider and appreciate more the role of a   spirally. This gives it the feel of an intimate,   complete picture and to provide a sense of
congregational historian or archivist. In the   somewhat private docwnent, with all of its         understanding for the whole life and person-
author's view, "collecting and preserving the   first-draft, unpolished qualities. It is very      ality of the man.
records which chronicle the life of your con-   much Koop's own story; there is little at-             The author portrays himself as a man of
gregation are complex tasks." This book         tempt to step back and draw for the reader         strong convictions throughout the book.
addresses such questions as: Who should         the details of the larger context in which         Often he stands alone with his insights; many
keep the records? What records should be        events occurred. Sometimes I felt I was hear-      times his views forcefully counter those of
created and kept? Where and how should          ing one side of an argwnent. Yet I appreci-        his peers. Through dialogue, observation,
records be kept?                                ated reading these pages.                          writing, reading and lecturing, Siegfried
    Both of these volumes have been distrib-        Koop is very honest in relating her feel-      Bartel comes to terms with his past, moves
uted free of cost to all GCMC congregations     ings, hurts, and victories. There is merit, I      beyond it, and embraces Christ's way of
and the latter in MB congregations also. The    believe, in people setting down their indi-        peace.
second volume is also being used as the         vidual and particular "argwnent". She has
basis for workshops offered to congrega-        experienced brokenness, but exhibits cour-            Lorina Marsch is editor of the Menno-
tional historians at various provincial and     age, persistence, and at the end, has "eager       nitische Rwulschuu in Winnipeg, MB.

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