Vaiko - Tamil Isai Thean by elamaran24

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rªnjhZ - r¤atÅjh

MÆu« M©LfŸ thœf!
gÂòǪJ tU»‹w bgUªjif Í.M®. nfhɪjuh#&Y mt®fŸ, br‹id âahfuha efǚ cŸs fiyP‹ gâ¥gf¤âš Ehšfis¤ bjÇî brŒJ bfh©L ïUªjnghJ, m§nf eh‹ mt®fis¢ rªâ¤nj‹. itnfh mt®fˋ ïy¡»a ciufis¤ bjhF¤J eh§fŸ btËÆ£L ïU¡»‹w, ‘nj‹ky®fŸ’ v‹w Ehiy th§»¢ br‹wh®fŸ. mªj Ehiy¥ go¤J¢ Rit¤jã‹d®, jkJ ghuh£Lfis¤ bjhiyngáƚ bjÇɤjh®fŸ. nfhit kht£l«, gšyl« t£l« bt§f£lhòu« »uhk¤ij¢ nr®ªj, Í.u§frhÄ -g¤khtâ M»nahNj kfdhf¥ ãwªj nfhɪjuh#&Y mt®fˋ cl‹ãwªjt®fŸ, ru°tâ, rnuhÍÅ, uh#hkÂ, étu¤âd«, M»a rnfhjÇfS«, ntYk v‹w rnfhjuU«. Étrha¡ FL«g«. gšyl« gFâƚ tw£á V‰g£lnghJ, u§frhÄ, nfhit mUnf óisnkL òJh® gFâ¡F¡ Fobga®ªjh®. m§nf kËif¡ fil, czî ÉLâ el¤â tªjh®. ã.È£ Ko¤j nfhɪjuh#&Y mt®fŸ, 1973 ïš ïilÃiy MáÇauhf¥ gÂƚ nr®ªjh®. ã‹d® v«.v£. go¤J, g ca®î bg‰W, 1986Kjš jĜ MáÇauhf¥ g M‰¿ tU»wh®. 35 M©L¡fhy MáÇa¥ gÂƚ bgU« kdÃiwî bfhŸ»wh®. nfhɪjuh#]Y-mÄ®j« ïizaU¡F, ãnu«Fkh®, rªnjhZ vd ïu©L kf‹fŸ. ãnu«Fkh® ã.bl¡. bl¡°ilš° g£l« bg‰W, k¤âa M¥ãÇ¡f¡ f©l¤âš,Uth©lh eh£oš g M‰¿dh®. j‰nghJ, b#®kÅƚ ãbu°l‹ gšfiy¡fHf¤âš, v«.bl¡ go¤J tU»wh®. ïtuJ JizÉah® ɤah, ã.bl¡ bl¡°ilš go¤J, Uth©lhɚ fztUl‹ g M‰¿dh®. j‰nghJ, mtU« b#®kÅ brš»wh®. kzkf‹ rªnjhZ, ã.ï.Ko¤J, br‹id, bgU§Foƚ ~ ngh®L ï‹~nghbl¡ ÃWtd¤âš g M‰¿ tU»wh®. kzkfŸ r¤atÅjh, v«.ï.go¤J Ko¤J, r¤âak§fy«, g©zhÇ m«k‹ bgh¿Æaš fšYhÇƚ, ÉÇîiuahsuhf¥ g M‰¿dh®.

nfhit ó.rh.nfh. r®t#d nkšÃiy¥gŸËƚ jĜ MáÇauhf¥

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gHFj‰F ïÅa g©ghsuhd âU nfhɪjuh#&Y mt®fŸ, ïisakf‹ rªnjhZ âUkz ÉHhÉidbah£o, xU Ehiy btËÆl ÉiHªjh®fŸ. muáaš rh®ò m‰w itnfhɋ ciufŸ ïu©il¤ nj®î brŒJ, Ehyhf¤ bjhF¤J¤ jUkhW nf£L¡ bfh©lh®fŸ. jÄHf¤â‹ mid¤J¤ ju¥ò k¡fisí« btFthf <®¤j, âUthrf« ïir¥ngiH btËp£L ÉHhɚ itnfh M‰¿a ciuí«, bghŸsh¢áešyK¤J fî©l® eh.kfhȧf« fšYhÇƋ bgh‹ÉHh bjhl¡f ÃfœÉš (07.08.2007) M‰¿a ciuí« ïªj EhȚ ïl« bg‰W ïU¡»‹wJ. ‘jĜeh£oš eilbgW»w x›bthU âUkz¤âY« xU Ehš btËÆLjš nt©L«’ v‹w mo¥gilƚ, 28.3.2008 m‹W nfhit mÉdhá rhiy, nfhš£É‹° $ uhky£RÄ kfhš âUkz k©lg¤âš eilbg‰w rªnjhZ-r¤atÅjh âUkz¤J¡F tUifjªJ, kzk¡fis thœ¤â¢ áw¥ã¤j rh‹nwh®fŸ midtU¡F« ïªj Ehš m‹gË¥ghf tH§f¥gL»wJ. ïšyw« v‹D« ešyw« fhQ« kzk¡fŸ ïUtU«, thœÉ‹ mid¤J ey‹fisí« bg‰W, MÆu« M©LfŸ ita¤JŸ thœth§F thœªâl, e« ïja thœ¤Jfis¤ bjÇɤJ¡ bfhŸnth«. ïªj üš F¿¤J c§fŸ fU¤Jfis vd¡F¤ bjÇÉí§fŸ.itnfh EhšfŸ, ciufˋ xË¥gl¡ FWt£Lfis¥ bgw¤ bjhl®ò bfhŸS§fŸ. jÄiH neuhf m¢áL§fŸ, rhŒ¤J m¢álhÔ®fŸ jĜ¢ brh‰fis¤ jŤjÅahf KGikahf vGJ§fŸ! xUKiwnaD« cyf¤ij¢ R‰¿ thU§fŸ. c§fŸ thœ¡ifia xU Ehyhf vGJ§fŸ.

(9444 39 39 03)

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âUkz thœ¤J
(neÇir bt©gh) rªnjhR - r¤ah tÅjh jiH¤Ja®f! áªij kz¡f¢ brÊ¥òWf! - tªj ey« ngQ« FL«g« bgUik Ãj«ts®¤J¡ fhQf ehS« fË¥ò. ešykd¥ bg‰nwh® ey«fh¤J¢ rªnjhR« tšyiknr® r¤a tÅjhî« - gštsK« nr®ªJaU« m‹ò¢ brÊ¥nghL thÊant nt®brÊ¡F« ï‹g« ÄFªJ
- brªjiy e.fîjk‹

ó.rh.nfh. r®t#d nkšÃiy¥gŸË, óisnkL nfhit - 4.

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bghUie M‰¿‹ r§Ñj« - nk‰F¤ bjhl®¢á kiyfˋ f«Õu« eh£L¥ òw¥ghlšfˋ âiu tot« - bj‰F¢ ÓikƋ v§fŸ Ójdkh« ïisauh#h mt®fˋ mU£bfhilahf, M‹Äf¥ ghlšfis¥ gšntW ïir¡ fUÉfnshL«, gy tif¡ FušfnshL« ãiz¤J - ïiz¤J ïir¥bg£lfkhf¤ ‘âUthrf« MunlhÇnah’ v‹D« gil¥ãid btËÆL»‹w ïªj Ãfœ¢áƚ jiyik V‰W¢ áw¥ã¤J, flik fhuzkhf Éilbg‰W¢ br‹W ïU¡»‹w k¤âa mik¢r®, vdJ ïÅa e©g® kh©òÄF b#Œghš bu£o mt®fns, K¤jĜ eh£L¡F ïirƋ _ykhf¥ òfœKo N£oa ïir khk‹d®ïªj ÉHhɋ ehaf® ïisauh#h mt®fns, fU¤J cÇikƋ ftrkhf¤ âfœ»w ‘ïªJ’ M§»y ehËjʋ MáÇa® bgUkâ¥ò¡F cÇa v‹. uh« mt®fns, btŸË¤ âiuƚ b#hÈ¡»‹w c‹djkhd e£r¤âu« bgUkâ¥ò¡F cÇa uÍÅfhª¤ mt®fns, v‹ mUik e©g®, ehlhSk‹w¤âY«, r£lk‹w¤âY« M‰wšÄF ciufshš K¤âiu gâ¤j, e£ò¡F ïy¡fzkhd Õ£l® mšngh‹° mt®fns, bgUkâ¥ò¡F cÇa j£ázh_®¤â RthÄfŸ mt®fns, âUthrf¤â‹ bgUikia, ïisauh#h mt®fˋ ïirƋ M‰wiy, m»y¤â‹ všyh¤ âirfS¡F« vL¤J¢ bršY»w âU¥gÂƚ thif No ïU¡»‹w ‘jĜ kŒa¤â‹’ ÃWtdU«, îthf ïa¡FeUkhd mUŸjªij b#f¤ f°gh® mt®fns, mUŸjªij ɋbr‹£ á‹dJiu mt®fns, jĜ kŒa¤â‹ îth»fns, âiu cyf¤J¥ bgUk¡fns, ïir cyf¤â‹ ɤjf®fns, m‹ò cila jhŒkh®fns, mUik¥ bgÇat®fns, k¡fŸ M£á¡F kh©ò nr®¡»‹w brŒâahs®fns, bjhiy¡fh£á ÃWtd§fˋ xË¥gâths®fns, tz¡f«. ïªj Ãfœ¢áƚ ciu M‰w¡Toa thŒ¥ò¡ »il¤jj‰fhf e‹¿ bjÇÉ¡»‹w flik ïU¡»‹wnghJ, vij¢ brhšÈ eh‹ e‹¿

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bjÇÉ¥gJ bghU¤jkhf ïU¡F« v‹W v©Âajhš V‰g£l âif¥ãš, ïisauh#h âUthrf¤âš vªj¥ ghlš tÇfis¤ nj®ªJ vL¤J, mt® beŠáš Ãiwªj tÇfshfnt mt® gil¤J ïU¡»‹w ïªj á«bghÅ MunlhÇahɚ tH§»a mªj tÇfisna e‹¿ahf M¡»¡ TWtnj bghU¤jkhdJ vd¡ fUJ»nw‹.

bghšyh Éidna‹ Ë bgUŠÓ® òfGkhW x‹w¿na‹! bghŒahÆd btšyh« nghafy tªjUË bkŒPhd kh» ÄË®»‹w bkŒ¢Rlnu! Ë bgUŠ Ó® òfGkhW x‹w¿na‹

v‹W kh¡fthrfuhfnt kh¿, ïiw cz®nthL x‹¿¥ nghŒ¤ j‹idna khdÓfkhf¡ fUâ ïisauh#h ghL»wh®. jĜ ïirahY«, jĜ¥ g©zhY« v©Â¥ gh®¡f Koahj rhjidfis¥ gil¡»‹w xU khnkij, Kšiy M‰w§fiuƚ, ïªj¡ »uhk¤âš ãw¥gh® v‹Wjh‹, mªj¡ »uhk« jd¡F¥ ‘g©iz¥òu«’ v‹W bga® N£o¡ bfh©lJ. jhƋ m‹ghd mutiz¥ãš ts®ªJ, m©z‹ ghty® tujuh#‹ guhkǥ㚠gƋW, Vfiyt‹ ɚɤij f‰W¡ bfh©lij¥nghy¤ jhnd ïir¡ fUÉnahL M‰wiy ts®¤J¡ bfh©L, âiu cy»š mo vL¤J it¤J, Kjš gil¥ãnyna vtbu°£ áfukhf ca®ªJÉ£l ïisauh#h mt®fˋ bgUikia¥ ghuh£L»‹w ÉHh ïJ!v‹ thœeh˚ kw¡fKoahj ïªj thŒ¥ig¤ jªJ ïU¡»‹w ïisauh#h mt®fS¡F«, mnj brh‰fis e‹¿ahf¤ bjÇÉ¡»nw‹.

ï‹g¢ áÈ®¥ò
beU¡fo Ãiy fhy¤âš, ghisa§nfh£il áiw¢rhiyƋ ca®ªj k⚠Rt®fS¡F cŸns gy khj§fŸ eh‹ milg£L¡ »lªj 1976 M« M©oš, fh‰¿‹ miyfnshL jtœªJ tªj xU ghlš v‹ brÉf˚ nkhâanghJ, v‹ clȚ ï‹g¢ áÈ®¥ò«, gutrK« V‰g£lJ. x›bthU ehS« fhiy¥ bghGâY«, khiyƚ gwitfŸ ku§fis¤ njo XL»w ntisÆY«, mªj¤ âiu ïir¥ghlš bjhiyɚ

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ïUªJ tu tu, ïªj¥ ghliy¤ jªjt® ah®? ïir mik¤jt® ah®? »uhk¤J kz« fkG»‹w ïªj ïir v§nfh taš btËf˚ xȤj¤ bj«kh§F¢ r¤j« nghš nf£»wnj, e« ïja¤ij CLUî»wnj v‹W eh‹ âif¤nj‹. mªj¥ ghlšjh‹ ‘k¢rhid¥ gh¤Ô§fsh? kiy thiH¤ njh¥ò¡FŸns’ vD« ghlš! ‘m‹d¡»Ë’ gl¤â‹ ghlšf˚ j‹id¡ fhš gâ¤J¡ bfh©l ïisauh#h mt®fˋ guk ïuáfdh»É£l eh‹ mtiu É£L¥ ãǪjnj ïšiy. M«! nkhdkhd ïuîf˚, beLªbjhiyî¡ fh® gaz§f˚ ïuÉY«, gfÈY« eh‹ ÉU«ã¡ nf£f¡Toa âiu ïir¥ ghlšf˚ v‹iw¡F« eh‹ kw¡f Koahj ghlšfis ïir mik¤J¤ jªjt® mšyth? fhjš XÉa«, miyfŸ XŒtâšiy, flnyhu¡ fÉijfŸ, 16 taâÅny, Kjš kÇahij, KŸS« kyU«, M¿ÈUªJ mWgJ tiu, ehaf‹, _‹wh« ãiw, nfso f©kÂ, fÉ¡Fƚ, ïuh#gh®it, fufh£l¡fhu‹, á‹d¡fî©l®, á‹d¤j«ã, Ú§fŸ nf£lit, áªJ iguÉ, ïsik CŠryhL»wJ, gaz§fŸ Kotâšiy, cjaÑj« v‹W tÇirahf¢ brhšÈ¡ bfh©nl nghfyh«. 840 âiu¥ gl§fS¡F« nkš ïir mik¤J ïU¡»wh®. fhy¤ij bt‹W ïU¡f¡Toa ghlšfshfnt mik¤J ïU¡»wh®. mJ ċÄÅia¥ nghš kiw»‹w ghlšfŸ mšy. ï‹D« üW, üW M©LfS¡F xÈ¡»‹w rhjf¥ gwitfˋ fhd§fŸjh‹ mit. 1993 - M« M©L ïy©l‹ efu¤âš ‘Royal Philharmonic Orchestra’ FGÉdNj ïir¡ fUÉfS¡F eLɚ, e«Kila ïisauh#h mt®fŸ á«bghÅ ïir mik¡»wh® v‹w brŒâ, nk‰F cyf¤ij¤ âL¡»l¢ brŒjJ. Inuh¥gh¡ f©lnk mtiu c‰W¥ gh®¤jJ. ïJ m›tsî vËjhd x‹W mšy. mt® ngh‰W»‹w ‘th‹ Y£É¡ Õ¤njht‹’ b#®kÅƚ ãwªj mªj kfh ïir nkij, x‹gJ á«bghÅ mik¤J ïU¡»‹wh®. mªj¥ Õ¤njhtid¢ á‹dŠáW ta⚠gh®¤j bkh[h®£, ‘Watch this young fellow, he is going to create a stir in the musical world’ ‘ïªj ïisPid¥ gh®, ït‹ r§Ñj cyf¤âš bgU« »s®¢áia V‰gL¤j¥ ngh»wh‹’ v‹W bkh[h®£ ghuh£odh®. mªj¥ Õ¤njht‹, ‘HEROICA’ ‘ïnuhŒ¡fh’ v‹»‹w mtuJ _‹whtJ

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á«bghÅia, be¥nghÈaŋ gilbaL¥òf˚ mtdJ ngh® bt‰¿fis¡ F¿¤j á«bghÅahf, ngh®¡fs§f˚ bt‰¿ia <£oajhš mªj bt‰¿fS¡F, åu¤J¡F ïy¡fzkhd be¥nghÈaD¡F m®¥g¡»nw‹’ v‹W brh‹dh®. Mdhš, mnj be¥nghÈa‹ jd¡F¤jhnd KoN£o¡ bfh©L, jh‹jh‹ ãbuŠR¥ nguuዠr¡fut®¤â v‹W m¿É¤jnghJ, bfhŠr« Tl m¢r« , He did tore that dedication mªj m®¥gÂ¥ò¤ jhis¡ »ÊªJ v¿ªJ eh‹ v⮡»nw‹’ v‹W brh‹dh® Õ¤njht‹. m¤jifa cz®î bg‰w mt®, bfhŠr« bfhŠrkhf¢ brÉ¥òyid ïHªJ, nf£»‹w tÈik ïHªJ, mL¤jt®fŸ ngRtJ« nf£fhj ntisƚ, v£lhtJ, x‹gjhtJ á«bghÅ mik¤jnghJ mªj¡ fUÉfˋ ïir guî»wnghJ, ï§nf âu©L ïU¥gij¥nghy m§nf âu©L ïUªj gšyhÆu¡fz¡fhd k¡fŸ vGªJ ËW ifbahÈ vG¥ãanghJ, mªj¥ ghuh£L xÈfŸmtNj fhJf˚ ÉHhjjhš, mtUila ïir¡ fUÉƋ ÛJ ÉGªJ f©Ù® É£lh®. mªj¥ Õ¤njht‹ gil¤j rhjidia e«Kila ïisauh#h gil¤J ïU¡»wh®.

ïirƋ ãw¥ãl«
eh‹ ehlhSk‹w khÃy§fŸ mitƚ brh‹nd‹. ïªj eh£o‹ ftd¤J¡F tuhkš nghd fhuz¤âdhš brh‹nd‹. ‘xU bfhÇah¡fhu‹ rhâ¡fhjij, Ódh¡fhu‹ rhâ¡fhjij, #¥gh‹fhu‹ rhâ¡fhjij, X® ïªâa‹ - xU jÄH‹ - xU bj‹dh£L¤ jÄH‹ v§fŸ g©iz¥òu¤J ïisauh#h rhâ¤J ïU¡»wh®’ v‹W brh‹nd‹. ïisauh#hî¡F M‰wš v§»UªJ tªjJ? MÆu« MÆu« M©Lfshf cyf¤âš njh‹¿a Kjš ïir - jĜ ïir v‹w fhuz¤âdhš, jilfis cil¤J v¿ªJ bfh©L, mªj¤ bj‹dh£L¤ jÄH‹ ïiria¥ gil¤J ïU¡»‹wh®. ïir v§nf ïUªJ tªjJ? rhk ntj¤âš ïUªJ tªjJ mšy. ‘r Ç f k g j Ò v‹wh®fŸ. r£rk«, ÇÎg«, fhªjhu«, k¤âk«, gŠrk«, ijtj«, Ãrhj« - r Ç f k g j Ò v‹W brh‹dh®fŸ. mj‰F K‹ng ïs§nfh mofŸ,

FlKjš ïlKiwah, Fuš, J¤j«, if¡»is, ciH, ïË, ÉsÇ, jhu« vd

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v‹W gho ïU¡»wh®. ï§nf gy ehLfS¡F¥ nghŒ tªjt®fŸ ïU¡»‹Ö®fŸ. kâ¥ò¡F cÇa uh« mt®fŸ ïU¡»wh®fŸ. cyf¤â‹ gHikahd ehfÇf¤ij milahs« fh£o¡ bfhŸ»w <k¡ nfhòu§fŸ, k‹d®fŸ ïwªjj‰F¥ ãwF mt®fˋ clšfis ml¡f« brŒJ it¤J ïU¡»wh®fns ãuÄLfŸ, mªj v»¥âa¥ ãuÄLf˚ ahœ fUÉƋ njh‰w« toî mik¡f¥g£L ïU¡»‹wJ. m§nf ‘ahœ’ v‹»‹w fUÉ ïUªjJ. 3,500 M©LfS¡F K‰g£l mªj ahœ ïir¡ fUÉ, ïy©l‹ efu¤â‹ mU§fh£á mf¤âš it¡f¥g£L ïU¡»‹wJ. mij¥nghynt bkrgnlhÄahɚ 5,000 M©LfS¡F K‹dhš ïUªj RnkÇa ehfÇf« gHikahd ehfÇf«. m§nf ïUªj ahœ ïir¡fUÉ x‹W gh¡jh¤ efu¤â‹ mU§fh£á mf¤âš it¡f¥g£L ïU¡»‹wJ. ‘‘X® ïir¡fUÉƚ VG Ru§fŸ tU»‹wd. VG eu«òfis¡ bfh©l ahœ ïUªjJ’’ v‹W ‘R Rth‹’ v‹»‹w, ».K. 522-M« M©L vGj¥g£l xU Ód ïir üš bjÇÉ¡»wJ. »nu¡f¤â‹ nAhk®, ahʋ âwikia - eu«ò¡ fUÉfˋ âwikia¢ brhš»wh®. mUik¢ rnfhju®fns, bkhAŠrjhnuh, Au¥ghɚ elªj mfœîfis¥ g‰¿ <uh° ghâÇah® F¿¥ã£L ïU¡»‹wh®. ‘‘ï§nf ahœ v‹»‹w mªj ïir¡fUÉƋ K¤âiu »il¤J ïU¡»‹wJ. ïJ ó®åf¤ jÄH®fŸ - M⤠jÄH®fŸ ga‹gL¤âa fUɒ’ v‹W F¿¥ã£lh®. VHhÆu« M©LfS¡F K‹dhš ïUªj ‘bgUehiu, bgU§FUF’ v‹»‹w ïir üšfŸ bjÇÉ¡»‹wd. ïJ x‹W« f‰gid mšy f£L¡fij mšy. by_Çah¡ f©l¤âš - bj‹ kJiuƚ ïir¡ fUÉfŸ ïUªjd v‹gij, jŠir Mãufh« g©oj® ‘fUzhÄ®j rhfu«’ v‹D« 1376 g¡f§fŸ bfh©l jkJ üȚ - ïUgjh« ü‰wh©oš tªj Kjš MuhŒ¢á üȚ - 1917-M« M©L btËÆ£l mªj üȚ ahʋ bgUikfis¡ F¿¥ãL»‹wh®. Éòyhdªj mofŸ vGâa ‘ahœ üȚ’ F¿¥ãL»‹wh®. 14 tifahd ahœfŸ jÄH®fËl« 7,000 M©LfS¡F K‹dhš ïUªjd.

‘ngÇahœ’ v‹w MÆu« eu«òfis¡ bfh©l xU ahœ ïUªjJ. cy»š vªj eh£oY«, vªj¡ fhy¤âY« ïšyhjJ - bj‹kJiuƚ ïUªjJ. mJ mʪJÉ£lJ flÈny! mj‰F¥ãwF, 19 eu«òfis¡ bfh©l ‘kfuahœ’, 14 eu«òfis¡ bfh©l ‘rnfhlahœ’, 7 eu«òfis¡ bfh©l ‘br§nfh£o ahœ’, 100 eu«òfis¡ bfh©l ‘Ñrf ahœ’,

‘ehuj ahœ’, ‘J«òU ahœ’, ‘kU¤Jt ahœ’, ‘kfâ ahœ’, ‘f¢rÉ ahœ’, ‘âU¡F¢áif ahœ’, ‘tuhË ahœ’, ‘tšÈ» ahœ’, ‘Éš ahœ’

v‹»‹w gâdhW tifahd ahœfŸ ïUªjd v‹W F¿¥ãL»‹wh®. vdnt, ïir ï§nf ãwªjJ. ïªj¤ bj‹dh£oš ãwªjJ ïir. ïirƋ toɚ ïiwtid¡ f©lh®fŸ. eh‹ ÉU¥ò, btW¥òfS¡F m¥gh‰g£L xU gh®itahsuhf, X® ïuáfdhf, ïirƚ òyik bg‰wtdhf mšy - xU jĜ¥ g‰whs‹ v‹»‹w Kiwƚ mij¥ gh®¡»nw‹. njthu _t®fŸ mij¤jh‹ brh‹dh®fŸ.

‘VÊirahŒ, ïir¥gadhŒ, v‹Dila njhHDkhŒ’
v‹W Rªju_®¤â ehadh® ïiwtid¥ g‰¿¢ brh‹dh®. mnj cz®Éš, ‘Xir, xÈ všyh« ehî¡furuh« m¥g® mofŸ brh‹dh®fŸ. v‹W âUPhd r«gªj® brh‹dh®.

MdhŒ Úna’ v‹W

‘gj« VG« g©Q« cUjhs¤J xÈ gyî« Ã‹wh‹ ïiwt‹’

ïij¤jh‹ f¤njhÈ¡f¤ âU¢rigÆd®, bj‹ïªâa »¿¤Jt kh®¡f¤â‹ âU¢rigÆd® ï§nf tªJ ïU¡»‹wh®fns, mt®fŸ ngh‰W»‹w ÉÉÈa¤âš, òâa V‰gh£oš, nahth‹ RÉnõr¤âš, mªj mâfhu¤â‹ Kjš trd« -

‘Mâƚ th®¤ij ïUªjJ. mªj th®¤ij njtÅl¤âš ïUªjJ. mªj th®¤ij njtdhfnt ïUªjJ’
vd¡ TW»wJ. mij¤jh‹ r§Ñj¤âš 122-MtJ mâfhu¤â‹ _‹whtJ trd¤âš “vUrny« ïirÉiz¥ghd efukhf¡

f£l¥g£L ïUªjJ” vd¡ TW»wJ. jhå⋠r§Ñj§fŸ ôj®fS¡F«, »¿¤jt®fS¡F« k»œ¢á C£L»‹w r§Ñj§fŸ, »¿¤J kh®¡f¤ JwÉfˋ cŸs¤ij¡ ft®ªj fhuz¤âdhš âUthrf¤ij¤ jªj kh¡fthrfiu mt®fŸ V‰W¡ bfh©lh®fŸ. M«. ïªj¤ âUthrf« v¥go tªjJ?

g‹ÅU âUKiwfŸ
jÄʚ, irt ïy¡»a¤âš g‹ÅU âUKiwfŸ c©L. g‹ÅU âUKiwfSŸ Kjš VG âUKiwfŸ âUehî¡furU«, âUPhd r«gªjU«, Rªju_®¤â ehadhU« jªjit. v£lhtJ âUKiw kh¡fthrfNj âUthrf« - Kjš gFâ âUthrf«; ïu©lh« gF⠑âU¡nfhitah®!’ x‹gjhtJ âUKiw x‹gJ moah®fŸ jªj âUKiwfŸ. âUkhËif¤ njt®, fUñ®¤ njt®, nrªjdh®, nrJuha®, f©luhâ¤j®, óªJU¤â¡ fhle«ã, òUnlh¤jk e«ã, âUthÊa mKjdh®, ntzh£L mofŸ M»a x‹gJ moah®fŸ Ô£oaJjh‹ x‹gjh« âUKiw. g¤jh« âUKiw âU_y® jªj ‘âUkªâu«.’ 11-M« âUKiw fhiu¡fhš m«ikah®, e¡Ñu njt ehadh®, fãynjt ehadh®, guznjt ehadh®, nfh‹ ehadh®, nrukh‹ bgUkhŸ ehadh®, g£od¤J¥ ãŸisah®, e«ãah©lh® e«ã ït®fŸ jªjit. 12-M« âUKiw nr¡»Hh® jªj‘bgÇaòuhz«’. ïªj¥ g‹Åbu©L âUKiwfˋ mo¥gilí« ‘ekátha’ v‹w IªJ vG¤Jjh‹. ïªj ‘ekátha’ v‹w IªJ vG¤ij it¤J¤jh‹ átòuhz¤ij¤ bjhl§F»wh® kh¡fthrf®. âUthrf¤ij¥ g‰¿ tlÿ® tŸsyh® mU£bgUŠnrhâ jÅ¥bgU§fUiz ïuhkȧf mofsh® TW«nghJ,

‘th‹ fyªj kh¡fthrf Ëthrf¤ij eh‹fyªJ ghL§fhš e‰fU¥gŠrh‰¿Åny nj‹fyªJ ghšfyªJ brG§fŤ ԊRitfyªJ C‹fyªJ cÆ®fyªJ ct£lhkš ïÅ¥gJnt’
- vd¥ ghoanjhL,

‘th£lÄyh kh¡fthrfNj thrf¤ij¡ nf£lnghJ, m§»Uªj ќ¥gwit¢rhâfS« nt£lKW« bghšyh Éy§FfS« bkŠPhd eh£lKW« v‹Åš ï§F ehdiljš Éa¥ò m‹nw’
- v‹W« ghodh®. tlÿ® tŸsyhNj cŸs¤âš kh¡fthrf® âUthrf« ïl« bg‰wij¥nghy, 炙yhªJ eh£oš ïUªJ tªj Í.í.ngh¥ cŸs¤âY« ïl« bg‰wh®. 1837-ïš bjhl§», 63 M©LfŸ mt® jĜ go¤jh®. mt® âUthrf¤âš cU»¥ nghdh®. ã‹d®, ïy©lŚ M¡°ngh®L gšfiy¡fHf¤âš ghÈahš fšÿÇƚ jĜ¤ Jiw¤ jiyt® Mdh®. mªj¡ fšÿÇƋ jiyt® bgŠrċ n#ht®£ v‹gtnuhL xU Ãyh btË¢r¤âš elªJ ngh»wnghJ, ‘jÄʚ ïU¡»‹w âUthrf¤ij¥ ngh‹wbjhU üiy cy»š ïJtiu eh‹ go¤jJ ïšiy’ v‹W mt® brh‹dnghJ, ‘mjid bkhÊbga®¡fyhnk’ v‹W mªj¥ gšfiy¡fHf¤â‹ jiyt® T¿dh®. ‘vd¡F KJik tªJÉ£lJ. mij bkhÊbga®¡F« M‰wš ïšiy’ v‹W ngh¥ brh‹dnghJ, ‘To have a fine work in progress is the way to live long, you will live till you finish it’ xU ešy braY¡fhf¥ bgÇa gÂƚ K‹nd¿¢ brštJ Ú©l fhy¤J¡F thH tÊ tF¡F«. ïij Ko¡F« tiu Ú cÆnuhL ïU¥ghŒ’ v‹W bgŠrċ n#ht®£ brh‹dh®. 1900 M« M©L V¥uš 20 M« ehŸ mtUila bkhÊbga®¥ò btËahƉW. âUthrf¤J¡F¥ gy® ciu Ô£o ïU¡»‹wh®fŸ. fhy¤â‹ mUik fUâ eh‹ ÉÇthf¢ bršy ÉU«gɚiy. âUthrf« 51 jiy¥òfis¡ bfh©lJ. 656 mšyJ 658 ghlšfŸ v‹W brhšth®fŸ. ïªj 51 jiy¥òf˚ g¤J¥ g¤J¥gh£lhf 19 g¤JfŸ ïU¡»‹wd. X® mâfhu¤J¡F¡ FwŸfŸ g¤J, nkhrዠf£lisfŸ g¤J, r§f ïy¡»a§f˚, g¤J¥gh£L v‹gJ ‘‘Kšiy¥gh£L, F¿Šá¥gh£L, âUKUfh‰W¥gil, bghUe® M‰W¥gil, bgU«ghzh‰W¥gil, áWghzh‰W¥gil, g£od¥ghiy, beLešthil, kJiu¡fhŠá, kiygLflh«’’ v‹W g¤J üšfŸ cŸsd. mij¥nghy¤jh‹ âUthrf¤âš 51 jiy¥òf˚ 19 g¤JfŸ ïU¡»‹wd.

m¢r¥ g¤J mâra¥ g¤J Mir¥ g¤J Fƚ g¤J br¤âyh¥ g¤J ãuh®¤jid¥ g¤J

mil¡fy¥g¤J m‰òj¥ g¤J cÆU©Â¥ g¤J Fyh¥ g¤J br‹Å¥ g¤J òz®¢á¥ g¤J thHh¥ g¤J.

mUŸg¤J m‹id¥ g¤J f©l g¤J FiH¤j g¤J ão¤j g¤J ah¤âiu¥ g¤J
(ifj£lš)

ïªj¥ g¤âš ïisauh#h vij¥g‰¿¡ bfh©lh® bjÇíkh? ït® _‹W g¤ij¥ g‰¿¡ bfh©lh®. ïªj¥ g¤bjh‹gJ g¤Jf˚ ekJ ïisauh#h _‹W g¤JfS¡F ïir mik¤J ïU¡»wh®. x‹W ‘ah¤âiu¥ g¤J’. mL¤j g¤J v‹d bjÇíkh? (itnfh âU«ã¥ gh®¡»wh®. ïisauh#h ‘Fƚ g¤J’ v‹»wh®. itnfh; ïšiy. ‘ão¤j g¤J’ v‹W TW»wh®.) Ú§fŸ âUthrf¤âš cU» I¡»akh» É£O®fŸ. mjdhš m¥go¢ brh‹Ü®fŸ. eh‹ btËƚ ïUªJ gh®¥gt‹. Ú§fŸ ïiraik¤j ghlš ‘ão¤j g¤J’. mL¤j g¤J “m¢r¥g¤J.” mt® nj®ªJ vL¤jJ ïªj _‹W ‘g¤âš’ ïUªJ« x›bthU ghlY¡F ïir mik¤J cŸsh®. ïita‹¿ mt® átòuhz¤âš ïUªJ ghlš vL¡»wh®. ‘ekátha thœf’ v‹D« brh‰bwhl®jh‹ âUthrf¤â‹ bjhl¡f«! V‹ ïªj¤ âUthrf« ïa‰w¥g£lJ? ïJ gyU¡F« bjǪj fijjh‹. gh©oa eh£L muritƚ bj‹dt‹ ãukuha‹ v‹»w mik¢r® ïUªjh®. thjñǚ ãwªjt®. mt®jh‹ thjñ® mofŸ kh¡fthrf®! mt® Fâiu th§Ftj‰F¢ br‹wnghJ muR¥ gz¤ij všyh«, mªjz® toɚ ïUªj átdoahnuhL nr®ªJ, átDila âU¥gÂfS¡F¢ bryî brŒJ mʤJÉ£l fhuz¤âdhš, ‘FâiunahL V‹ tu¤ jhkj«?’ v‹W nfhã¤J k‹d‹ brŒâ mD¥ãanghJ, thjñuh® kd« fy§»a neu¤âš, ïiwtŋ mUŸth¡F¡ nf£L, ‘Fâiu tU« v‹W Ú xiy mD¥ò. Xiyia mD¥ãÉ£L Ú K‹dhš brš. ã‹dhš FâiufŸ tU« v‹W brhš’ v‹w brh‰fis¡ nf£lh®.

ã£L¡F k© Rkªj bgUkh‹
kh¡fthrf® v‹w bga® m¥bghGJ ïšiy. mt® k‹dÅl¤âš tªJ, ‘FâiufŸ tªJ bfh©L ïU¡»‹wd’ v‹W brhš»wh®.

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Fâiu¢ nrtf‹ tU»wh‹ - át‹ tU»wh‹ Fâiu¢ nrtfdhf! eÇfis¡ FâiufŸ M¡» tU»wh‹. FâiufŸ ïyha¤âš f£l¥gL»‹wd. ïuî neu¤âš mªj¡ FâiufŸ Û©L« eÇfshf kh¿¤ jisfis mW¤J¡ bfh©L mid¤ijí« fo¤J¥ ngh£LÉ£L XL»‹wd.

üȋ jiy¥ò : bg©Â‹ bgUik Kjš gâ¥ò : 12 kh®¢ 2008 MáÇa®, : g. mUz»Çehj‹ fÂÅ totik¥ò üȋ msî : bl«Ä ir° 8½ x 5½ jhŸ : 80 G.S.M. nk¥ Ȥnjh Kf¥ò m£il totik¥ò : É#a‹

( 98402 75550

m¢á£nlh® : átr¡â m¢rf«, átfhá

( 04562-27 4005; 27 5005
Cell: 94433-79005

e‹bfhil : % 10/-

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jĜ ïir¤ nj‹

M¤âu« milªj k‹d‹, thjñuhiu¢ áiwƚ ó£L»wh‹. áiwƚ bfhLikfŸ el¡»‹wd. ïiwt‹ nkY« âUÉisahlš brŒ»wh‹. itifƚ j©Ù®¥ bgU¡F vL¡»wJ. fhy§bf£l fhy¤âš itifƚ j©Ùuh? fiu cil¤J¥ ghŒ»wnj btŸs«? v‹W ftiy¥g£l k‹d‹, fiuia mil¥gj‰F å£L¡F x›bthUtuhf tªJ gÂah‰w¡ f£lis ïL»‹wh‹. ã£L th¢áahd tªâ v‹w brªjĜ¢bršÉ¡F, mªj¡ »HÉ¡F¡

tz§F»nw‹!
gâbdhU M©L¡ fhykhf vd¡F¤ njhŸ bfhL¤J tU»‹w v‹Dila njhH®fŸ, v‹Dila m‹ò¢ rnfhjÇfŸ, ïªj¥ nghuh£l¡ fhy¤âš, itnfhî¡F cWJizahf ïU§fŸ v‹W brh‹d jhŒkh®fŸ, thœ¡ifƚ Jau§fis¢ rÇrkkhf¥ g§bfL¤J¡ bfhŸ»w khj® Fy¤â‹ kÂÉs¡FfŸ, mt®fˋ thœ¡if¤ JizÉa®, mt®fŸ ïU¡»w ïl¤J¡F eh‹ ïªj ïl¤âš ïUªJ v‹Dila e‹¿ia¤ bjÇɤJ¡ bfhŸ»nw‹. v‹ jhŒ khÇa«khˋ fhiy¤ bjh£L tz§Ftij¥ nghynt mt®fis¥ bg‰bwL¤j jhŒkh®fˋ fhiy¤ bjh£L tz§F»nw‹.

- itnfh

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fiuia mil¥gj‰F å£oš ãŸis xUtU« ïšiy. vdnt, ïiwt‹ áWãŸisahf kh¿, k©bt£oílD«, TilílD« Xo¢br‹W, ‘eh‹ fiuia mil¡»nw‹; v‹d bfhL¥ghŒ?’ v‹W nf£lh‹. mj‰F tªâ, ‘v‹Ål« x‹W« ïšiy. c⮪j ã£L k£L«jh‹ ïU¡»wJ’ v‹W brhšy, ã£il th§»¡ bfh©L, fiuiaí« mil¡fhkš j©Ùǚ Fâ¥gJ«, ÚªJtJ«, ÉisahLtJkhf ïUªjh‹. nrtf‹ mij¡f©L ãu«ghš mo¡f, mt‹ KJ»š ÉGªj mo, midtNj KJ»Y« ÉGªjJ, k‹d® KJ»Y« ÉGªjJ. m¥nghJ thd¤âš ïUªJ vGªj xÈ, ‘áiwƚ ïU¡»‹w thjñ® mofis ÉLɤâLf’ vd¡ Tw, mj‹ãwF k‹d‹ ntjidí‰W ÉLÉ¡f, btËna tªj thjñ® mofŸ MythŒ¢ brh¡f® ïl¤âš mUŸbg‰W¥ òw¥gL»wh®. ‘nghŒ th! x›bthU ïlkhf gšntW Mya§fS¡F¢ br‹W, c¤âunfhrk§if - fhisah® nfhɚ br‹W, âUKJF‹w«, âU¡fG¡F‹w« všyh ïl§fisí« jÇá¤JÉ£L¡ filáƚ âU¢á‰w«gy¤J¡F tªJ nr®thŒ’ vd mUŸth¡F brh‹dgo á‰w«gy¤J¡F¥ nghdh®. m§nf âUthrf¤ij¥ ghodh®. ïJjh‹ âUthrf« njh‹Wtj‰fhd moehj«. ‘ekátha thœf’ v‹Wjh‹ KjȚ bjhl§F»wJ. Mdhš, e«Kila ïisauh#h mt®fŸ mij KjȚ it¡fɚiy. KjȚ ‘ah¤âiu¥ g¤J’ it¡»wh®. ah¤âiu¥ g¤J v‹whš v‹d? gaz« òw¥gLnth« ïªj k©QyifÉ£L, ï¢irfis É£L We start the journey v‹W brhšY»wt®fŸ...

‘óth® br‹Å k‹dbd« òa§f¥ bgUkh‹ á¿nahik Xth JŸs§ fyªJz®thŒ cU¡F« btŸs¡ fUizÆdhš M M v‹d¥ g£l‹ghŒ M£g£ O®tª bjhU¥gLċ nghnth« fhy« tªjJfh© bghŒÉ£ Lilah‹ fHšòfnt.
ïJ ah¤âiu¥ g¤J. mj‰F mL¤J, átòuhz¤ij¥ ghL»wh®. vL¤j vL¥ãš ‘ekátha thœf’ v‹W it¡fhkš,

‘bghšyh Éidna‹ Ë bgUŠÓ®

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jĜ ïir¤ nj‹
òfGkhW x‹w¿na‹’

‘c‹id¥ òfH¡Toa m¿î M‰wš vd¡F ïšiyna’ v‹W kh¡fthrf® ghL»w ghliy it¤J ïU¡»wh®. ïisauh#nt kh¡fthrf® nghy M»ÉL»wh®. Vw¡Fiwa eh‹ 20 Kiw ïªj ïir¥ gil¥ig¡ nf£nl‹. mij¡ nf£F«nghJjh‹ V‹ ïªj¥ ghliy it¤jh®? v‹W v©Ând‹. mbkÇ¡f eh£oY«, 炙yhªJ eh£oY« ïir¡fUÉfis ïir¡f¡Toa, AhÈî£ âiu¥gl§fS¡F ïir mik¤J bt‰¿ f©l - ÉUJ bg‰w khnkij vGâa M§»y tÇfS¡F ïir¡fUÉfis ïir¡»wh®fns, mªj¥ ghlšfis¤jh‹ Ú§fŸ nf£O®fŸ. ‘bghšyh Éidna‹’ v‹W brhš»wnghJ ïilƚ , I am just a man imperfect lowly. mL¤j tÇfŸ How can I reach for something Holy v‹w M§»y tÇfŸ tU»‹wd. mªj c‹djkhd ïl¤ij eh‹ v¥go mila Koí«? ïªj¥ ghlš Äf mUikahd ghlš. ïªj¥ ghliy it¤JÉ£L, mj‹ãwFjh‹,

vD« átòuhz tÇfis it¤J ïU¡»wh® ïisauh#h! ïªj¥ ghliy ïu©lhtJ ghlyhf it¤J ïU¡»wh®. mL¤j¥ ghlY« Äf mUikahd ghlš. kh¡fthrf® kJiuƚ elªJ brš»wh®. M§fh§F bg©fŸ ku ÃHšf˚, åLf˚, K‰w§f˚, CŠršf˚, mk®ªjthW«, ËwthW« gho¡ bfh©L ïU¡»wh®fŸ. ïs« áWt®fŸ M§fh§F xo¤ âÇ»wh®fŸ. »ËfŸ bfhŠR»‹wd. nrhiyƚ FƚfŸ Twd. J«ãfŸ, t©LfŸ ߧfhu« brŒJ gho¡ bfh©L gw¡»‹wd. mJ mur t©L. mªj t©il¥ gh®¤J¢ brhš»wh®. ‘V‹ ï¥go¥ gho¤ âǻ֮fŸ? ïiwtŋ fhyoƚ nghŒ¥ ghL§fŸ’ v‹W brhštj‰fhf,

‘ekátha thœf! ehj‹ jhŸ thœf! ïik¥bghGJ« v‹beŠáš Ú§fhjh‹ jhŸ thœf! nfhfÊ M©l FUkÅj‹ jhŸ thœf! Mfk« M» Ëw©Â¥gh‹ jhŸ thœf! Vf‹ mnef‹ ïiwtdo thœf!’

‘âid¤jid cŸsnjh® óÉŚnj‹ c©zhnj Ãid¤bjhW«, fh©blhW« ngRªbjhW« v¥nghJ«

itnfh
mid¤bjY«ò« cŸbef Mdªj¤nj‹ brhÇí« FÅ¥òilahD¡nf br‹ùjhŒ nfh¤J«Õ’

19

vd¥ ghL»wh®. ïJjh‹ mt® mik¤J ïU¡»‹w ghlš. mj‰F mL¤J v§nf tU»wh®? ‘ão¤j¥ g¤J’ ghliy vL¤J MŸ»wh® ïisauh#h! ïnjh mªj¥ ghlš:

“m«ikna! m¥gh! x¥ãyh kÂna! m‹ãŚ ÉisªjM uKnj! bghŒ«ikna bgU¡»¥ bghGâid¢ RU¡F« òG¤jiy¥ òiyand‹ jd¡F¢ br«ikna Ma átgj« mˤj brštnk átbgU khnd ï«ikna c‹id¢ á¡bfd¥ ão¤nj‹ v§bfGª jUSt âÅna.”

Mf, ão¤j¥ g¤âš ïªj¥ ghliy¢ brh‹dh®. mt‹jh‹ jÄH‹! ïªj mu§f¤âš Ãfœ¢áfŸ el¡»‹wnghJ xU eld¡ fh£áia mik¤J ïUªjh®fŸ. eld¤ij¥ g‰¿¥ ghuâah® brhšYth®. ‘v§fËlkh ïir ïšiy? v§fŸ R©z« ïo¡»w bg©fˋ ïir¡F Ãf® cy»š v§nf ïU¡»wJ? v‹W brh‹dh® ghuâah®. mJjh‹ âU¥bgh‰ R©z«. bg©fŸ R©z« ïo¡»wh®fŸ. R©z« ïo¡»wnghJ, cy¡ifia vL¤J ï§nf e§iffŸ ïo¤J¥ ghodh®fŸ. cy¡ifia¡ F¤J»wnghJ, r¤j¤njhL mªj¥ ghlš btË tU«.

“K¤j bfh§iffŸ Ml Ml bkhŒFHš t©od« Ml Ml¢ á¤jŠ átbdhL« Ml Ml¢ br§fa‰ f©gÅ Ml Ml¥ ã¤bj« ãuhbdhL« Ml Ml¥ ãwÉ ãwbuhL« Ml Ml m¤j‹ fUiz bahL Ml Ml Ml¥ bgh‰ R©z« ïo¤J ehnk”
ïªj¥ gh£il IªjhtJ ghlyhf it¤JÉ£L, filáahf v‹d

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jĜ ïir¤ nj‹

it¡»wh®? mt®jh‹ ïisauh#h! vtU¡F« mŠrkh£nlh«. vj‰F« mŠrkh£nlh«. T‰Wtnd tªjhY« mŠrkh£nlh«. V‹ kh¡fthrf® vGâdh®? ehî¡furUila fU¤J mt® kdâny ïU¡»wJ. gšyt eh£L¢ r¡fut®¤âƋ k©lg¤âš, ‘ahidƋ fhȚ ï£L c‹ jiyia ïlw¢ brŒnth«’ v‹wnghJ«, R©zh«ò¡ fhsthƚ ngh£L cÆiu¥ ngh¡Fnth« v‹wnghJ«, fšiy¡ f£o¡ flȚ ö¡» v¿nth« v‹wnghJ«, bfhšnth« v‹W k‹d‹ KobtL¤jnghJ«,

‘ehkh®¡F« Foašnyh« ekid mŠnrh« euf¤âš ïl®¥gnlh« eliyašnyh« -Vkh¥ngh« - ã m¿nah«!’
v‹W KH§»dhnu ehî¡fur® bgUkh‹! mnj ghliy ï§nf kh¡fthrf® m¢r¥g¤J¡F¡ bfh©L tU»wh®. ïisauh#hî« Vw¡Fiwa m¥go¤jh‹. vtU¡F« jiytz§f kh£lh®. òfœ¢á¡F« ka§f kh£lh®. òfœ gyiu 圤âÉL«. gyiu 圤â ïU¡»wJ. òfHhš 圤j Koahjt®fŸjh‹ cy»š ca®ªJ ïU¡»wh®fŸ. m¥go¥g£l xU khkÅj‹ v§fŸ jÄH‹ - v§fŸ bj‹dh£L¤ jÄH‹. mjdhšjh‹ m¢r¥g¤âš kh¡fthrf® brhš»wh®. ïnjh mªj¥ ghlš.

“ò‰¿šthŸ muî« mŠnr‹ bghŒa®j« bkŒí« mŠnr‹ f‰iwth® rilv« m©zš f©Qjš ghj« e©Â k‰Wnkh® bjŒtª j‹id c©bld Ãidªbj« bg«kh‹ f‰¿yh jtiu¡ f©lhš m«keh« mŠR khnw.”
beU¥ig cĜ»‹w nt§if¡F« mŠrkh£nl‹. f£L¤j¿ia cil¤J tU»‹w ahid¡F« mŠrkh£nl‹. tisî ïšyhkš neuhf¥ ghŒªJ tU»‹w m«ò¡F« mŠrkh£nl‹, T‰Wt‹ Ӊw« mŠnr‹, cÆ® Ko¡F« vkD¡F« mŠrkh£nl‹.

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ïJjh‹ mt® Ãiwthf it¤j ghlš! ïªj MW ghlšfnshL e«Kila jĜ ïiria¡ bfh©L nk‰f¤âa ïir¡fUÉfnshL, lh‹ô¥ eâ¡fiuƚ, m§nfÇ eh£o‹ jiyef® òlhbg°£ efu¤âš, ïir¡fiyP®fnshL - ïir¡fUÉfnshL xÈ tot§fis ïiz¤J, cy»‹ bjh‹ikahd ïiria ïªj cyf¤â‹ v£L¤ âirfS¡F« bfh©L nghŒ¢ nr®¤J ïU¡»Ö®fŸ. ïij¡ nf£f¡ nf£f, mt®fˋ beŠr« ftu¡ ftu vtU« brŒahj xU gÂia¢ brŒJ ïU¡»Ö®fŸ. eh‹ ghuh£l ÉU«òtJ xU jhŒ ãŸisia¥ ghuh£Ltij¥ nghy. jÄHfnk jhah» É£lJ v‹W brh‹dh®fns! Mdhš, ah® ïtiu¥ ghuh£L»wh®fŸ v‹W bjÇíkh? °Og‹ °th®£° (STEPHEN SCHWARTZ) AhÈî£ âiu¥gl§f˚ M°fh® ÉUJbg‰w ïir mik¥ghs®. mt® ïisauh#hit¥ ghuh£o vGJ»wh®.
Last night at Sony Studios in New york City, I had the pleasure of hearing the almost finished mix of Ilaiyaraja’s amazing work. eh‹ ne‰W ïuî

Ãôah®¡ efu¤â‹ nrhÅ °Lonahɚ mnefkhf K‰W¥ bg‰WÉ£l, ïisauh#h mt®fˋ m‰òjkhd ïir Mšg¤ij¢ brÉ bfhL¤J¡ nf£»‹w k»œ¢áia¥ bg‰nw‹.

It is unlike anything I have ever heard before a stunning blend of Indian and western music and instruments. I asked Mr. Raja, if this was something different for him too, and he said he had never done anything like this piece before. I don’t know if anyone has! ïJtiu ï¥go cy»š

vtU« gil¤jJ ïšiy v‹W M°fh® gÇR bg‰w AhÈî£oš ïU¡»‹w ïir nkij brhšÈ ïU¡»wh®. ï¥go¥g£l ghuh£il¥ bg‰w Ú§fŸ âUthrf¤J¡F á«bghÅ MunlhÇnah ïir mik¤J ïU¡»Ö®fŸ.

fh‰¿š fyªj xÈ
jĜ ïir, rhâ, kj všiyfis¡ flªJ ïU¡»‹wJ. f¤njhÈ¡f¥ ghâÇkh®fS«, âU¢rig ghâÇkh®fS«, jÄG¡F¤ bjh©L brŒjh®fŸ. âUthrf¤â‹ bgUikia ïirahf¤ jU»nwh«. všiyfis¡ flªJ ‘ahJ« Cnu ahtU« nfË®’ v‹W cyf¤J¡F xU fhy¤âš bfhŸifia¤ jªnjhnk, e«Kila ehfÇf¤ij, e«Kila ïir¡fiyia cyF¡F¤ jU»‹w ïªj¥ bgUik ï‹D« MÆu« MÆu« M©LfS¡F ÉF«. fh‰¿š xÈ miyfŸ ïU¡»‹w tiuƚ kh¡fhthrfNj âUthrf« ïU¡F«. xÈ

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jĜ ïir¤ nj‹

miyfŸ ïU¡»‹w tiuƚ ïisauh#hɋ gil¥òfŸ ïU¡F«. ïªj xÈ ehlhit Kiwahf Éiy bfhL¤J th§»¡ nfS§fŸ. m⚠ït® brhšY»wh®. xnu xU ïl¤âšjh‹ mt® ng¢R tU»wJ. Kjš IªJ ghlšfis¥ gâî brŒJ Ko¤jãwF, ïisauh#h uhf Myhgid brŒ»wh®. mªj Myhgid brŒ»wnghJ, ïir¡fUÉf˚ ïir tU»wJ. ‘mllh ïJjh‹ á«bghÅ M®bf°£uhth? v›tsî mUikahf ïU¡»wJ! ï⚠kh¡fthrf® ghliy¥ ghodhš v›tsî e‹whf ïU¡F«? ïj‰F vªj¥ gh£L rÇahf tU«? K¤âbe¿ m¿ahj _®¡fnuhL Kašntdh? v‹W brhšÈÉ£L, ïJ th®¤ij ãÇ¡f¥ ãÇ¡f tU»wnj! ïj‰F v‹d oô‹ nghLtJ? v‹W brhšÈathW,

‘ò‰¿šthœ muî« mŠnr‹ bghŒa®j« bkŒí« mŠnr‹’
v‹w mªj gh£il¥ ngh£LÉ£L, filáahf ‘thjñ® mofŸ thœf! thœ¤J ciu¡F« moah® thœf! vd Ko¡»wh®. ï§nf m‰òjkhf¥ ghoa fšÿÇ e§iffŸ mij¥ ghlȚ nr®¤J ïUªjh®fŸ. thjñ® mofŸ âUthrf¤â‹ _ykhf¤ jĜ ïU¡F« tiu thœth®. v§fŸ ïisauh#h ïªj ïir¥ gil¥ghš thœth®. jÄHf« mtU¡F e‹¿¡ fl‹ g£L ïU¡»wJ. ïa‰if¤ jhŒ c§fS¡F üW M©LfS¡F nkY« thG»‹w M‰wiyí«, clš ey¤ijí« bfhL¤J, ïªj¤ jÄHf¤J¡F«, jĜ ïir¡F« Ú§fŸ bgU« nrit brŒa nt©L« v‹W brhšÈ, vËnadh»a vd¡F ïªj mUikahd thŒ¥ig¤ jªj c§fS¡F vªehS« kwthj e‹¿ia¡ T¿ ÉilbgW»nw‹.

(30.6.2005 m‹W br‹id Äôá¡ mflÄ mu§»š eilbg‰w ‘‘âUthrf« Oratorio” - ïisauh#hɋ á«~bghÅ ïir¤ bjhF¥ò btËp£L ÉHhɚ itnfh M‰¿a ciu)ïªj á«bghÅ MunlhÇahɚ tH§»a mªj tÇfisna
e‹¿ahf M¡»¡ TWtnj bghU¤jkhdJ vd¡ fUJ»nw‹.

bghšyh Éidna‹ Ë bgUŠÓ® òfGkhW x‹w¿na‹!

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bghŒahÆd btšyh« nghafy tªjUË bkŒPhd kh» ÄË®»‹w bkŒ¢Rlnu! Ë bgUŠ Ó® òfGkhW x‹w¿na‹

23

v‹W kh¡fthrfuhfnt kh¿, ïiw cz®nthL x‹¿¥ nghŒ¤ j‹idna khdÓfkhf¡ fUâ ïisauh#h ghL»wh®. jĜ ïirahY«, jĜ¥ g©zhY« v©Â¥ gh®¡f Koahj rhjidfis¥ gil¡»‹w xU khnkij, Kšiy M‰w§fiuƚ, ïªj¡ »uhk¤âš ãw¥gh® v‹Wjh‹, mªj¡ »uhk« jd¡F¥ ‘g©iz¥òu«’ v‹W bga® N£o¡ bfh©lJ. jhƋ m‹ghd mutiz¥ãš ts®ªJ, m©z‹ ghty® tujuh#‹ guhkǥ㚠gƋW, Vfiyt‹ ɚɤij f‰W¡ bfh©lij¥nghy¤ jhnd ïir¡ fUÉnahL M‰wiy ts®¤J¡ bfh©L, âiu cy»š mo vL¤J it¤J, Kjš gil¥ãnyna vtbu°£ áfukhf ca®ªJÉ£l ïisauh#h mt®fˋ bgUikia¥ ghuh£L»‹w ÉHh ïJ!v‹ thœeh˚ kw¡fKoahj ïªj thŒ¥ig¤ jªJ ïU¡»‹w ïisauh#h mt®fS¡F«, mnj brh‰fis e‹¿ahf¤ bjÇÉ¡»nw‹.

ï‹g¢ áÈ®¥ò
beU¡fo Ãiy fhy¤âš, ghisa§nfh£il áiw¢rhiyƋ ca®ªj k⚠Rt®fS¡F cŸns gy khj§fŸ eh‹ milg£L¡ »lªj 1976 M« M©oš, fh‰¿‹ miyfnshL jtœªJ tªj xU ghlš v‹ brÉf˚ nkhâanghJ, v‹ clȚ ï‹g¢ áÈ®¥ò«, gutrK« V‰g£lJ. x›bthU ehS« fhiy¥ bghGâY«, khiyƚ gwitfŸ ku§fis¤ njo XL»w ntisÆY«, mªj¤ âiu ïir¥ghlš bjhiyɚ ïUªJ tu tu, ïªj¥ ghliy¤ jªjt® ah®? ïir mik¤jt® ah®? »uhk¤J kz« fkG»‹w ïªj ïir v§nfh taš btËf˚ xȤj¤ bj«kh§F¢ r¤j« nghš nf£»wnj, e« ïja¤ij CLUî»wnj v‹W eh‹ âif¤nj‹. mªj¥ ghlšjh‹ ‘k¢rhid¥ gh¤Ô§fsh? kiy thiH¤ njh¥ò¡FŸns’ vD« ghlš! ‘m‹d¡»Ë’ gl¤â‹ ghlšf˚ j‹id¡ fhš gâ¤J¡ bfh©l ïisauh#h mt®fˋ guk ïuáfdh»É£l eh‹ mtiu É£L¥ ãǪjnj ïšiy. M«! nkhdkhd ïuîf˚, beLªbjhiyî¡ fh® gaz§f˚

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jĜ ïir¤ nj‹

ïuÉY«, gfÈY« eh‹ ÉU«ã¡ nf£f¡Toa âiu ïir¥ ghlšf˚ v‹iw¡F« eh‹ kw¡f Koahj ghlšfis ïir mik¤J¤ jªjt® mšyth? fhjš XÉa«, miyfŸ XŒtâšiy, flnyhu¡ fÉijfŸ, 16 taâÅny, Kjš kÇahij, KŸS« kyU«, M¿ÈUªJ mWgJ tiu, ehaf‹, _‹wh« ãiw, nfso f©kÂ, fÉ¡Fƚ, ïuh#gh®it, fufh£l¡fhu‹, á‹d¡fî©l®, á‹d¤j«ã, Ú§fŸ nf£lit, áªJ iguÉ, ïsik CŠryhL»wJ, gaz§fŸ Kotâšiy, cjaÑj« v‹W tÇirahf¢ brhšÈ¡ bfh©nl nghfyh«. 840 âiu¥ gl§fS¡F« nkš ïir mik¤J ïU¡»wh®. fhy¤ij bt‹W ïU¡f¡Toa ghlšfshfnt mik¤J ïU¡»wh®. mJ ċÄÅia¥ nghš kiw»‹w ghlšfŸ mšy. ï‹D« üW, üW M©LfS¡F xÈ¡»‹w rhjf¥ gwitfˋ fhd§fŸjh‹ mit. 1993 - M« M©L ïy©l‹ efu¤âš ‘Royal Philharmonic Orchestra’ FGÉdNj ïir¡ fUÉfS¡F eLɚ, e«Kila ïisauh#h mt®fŸ á«bghÅ ïir mik¡»wh® v‹w brŒâ, nk‰F cyf¤ij¤ âL¡»l¢ brŒjJ. Inuh¥gh¡ f©lnk mtiu c‰W¥ gh®¤jJ. ïJ m›tsî vËjhd x‹W mšy. mt® ngh‰W»‹w ‘th‹ Y£É¡ Õ¤njht‹’ b#®kÅƚ ãwªj mªj kfh ïir nkij, x‹gJ á«bghÅ mik¤J ïU¡»‹wh®. mªj¥ Õ¤njhtid¢ á‹dŠáW ta⚠gh®¤j bkh[h®£, ‘Watch this young fellow, he is going to create a stir in the musical world’ ‘ïªj ïisPid¥ gh®, ït‹ r§Ñj cyf¤âš bgU« »s®¢áia V‰gL¤j¥ ngh»wh‹’ v‹W bkh[h®£ ghuh£odh®. mªj¥ Õ¤njht‹, ‘HEROICA’ ‘ïnuhŒ¡fh’ v‹»‹w mtuJ _‹whtJ á«bghÅia, be¥nghÈaŋ gilbaL¥òf˚ mtdJ ngh® bt‰¿fis¡ F¿¤j á«bghÅahf, ngh®¡fs§f˚ bt‰¿ia <£oajhš mªj bt‰¿fS¡F, åu¤J¡F ïy¡fzkhd be¥nghÈaD¡F m®¥g¡»nw‹’ v‹W brh‹dh®. Mdhš, mnj be¥nghÈa‹ jd¡F¤jhnd KoN£o¡ bfh©L, jh‹jh‹ ãbuŠR¥ nguuዠr¡fut®¤â v‹W m¿É¤jnghJ, bfhŠr« Tl m¢r« , He did tore that dedication mªj m®¥gÂ¥ò¤ jhis¡ »ÊªJ v¿ªJ eh‹ v⮡»nw‹’ v‹W brh‹dh® Õ¤njht‹. m¤jifa cz®î bg‰w mt®, bfhŠr« bfhŠrkhf¢ brÉ¥òyid ïHªJ, nf£»‹w tÈik ïHªJ, mL¤jt®fŸ ngRtJ« nf£fhj

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ntisƚ, v£lhtJ, x‹gjhtJ á«bghÅ mik¤jnghJ mªj¡ fUÉfˋ ïir guî»wnghJ, ï§nf âu©L ïU¥gij¥nghy m§nf âu©L ïUªj gšyhÆu¡fz¡fhd k¡fŸ vGªJ ËW ifbahÈ vG¥ãanghJ, mªj¥ ghuh£L xÈfŸmtNj fhJf˚ ÉHhjjhš, mtUila ïir¡ fUÉƋ ÛJ ÉGªJ f©Ù® É£lh®. mªj¥ Õ¤njht‹ gil¤j rhjidia e«Kila ïisauh#h gil¤J ïU¡»wh®.

ïirƋ ãw¥ãl«
eh‹ ehlhSk‹w khÃy§fŸ mitƚ brh‹nd‹. ïªj eh£o‹ ftd¤J¡F tuhkš nghd fhuz¤âdhš brh‹nd‹. ‘xU bfhÇah¡fhu‹ rhâ¡fhjij, Ódh¡fhu‹ rhâ¡fhjij, #¥gh‹fhu‹ rhâ¡fhjij, X® ïªâa‹ - xU jÄH‹ - xU bj‹dh£L¤ jÄH‹ v§fŸ g©iz¥òu¤J ïisauh#h rhâ¤J ïU¡»wh®’ v‹W brh‹nd‹. ïisauh#hî¡F M‰wš v§»UªJ tªjJ? MÆu« MÆu« M©Lfshf cyf¤âš njh‹¿a Kjš ïir - jĜ ïir v‹w fhuz¤âdhš, jilfis cil¤J v¿ªJ bfh©L, mªj¤ bj‹dh£L¤ jÄH‹ ïiria¥ gil¤J ïU¡»‹wh®. ïir v§nf ïUªJ tªjJ? rhk ntj¤âš ïUªJ tªjJ mšy. ‘r Ç f k g j Ò v‹wh®fŸ. r£rk«, ÇÎg«, fhªjhu«, k¤âk«, gŠrk«, ijtj«, Ãrhj« - r Ç f k g j Ò v‹W brh‹dh®fŸ. mj‰F K‹ng ïs§nfh mofŸ,

FlKjš ïlKiwah, Fuš, J¤j«, if¡»is, ciH, ïË, ÉsÇ, jhu« vd ÉÇjU ó§FHš És§»a bganu
v‹W gho ïU¡»wh®. ï§nf gy ehLfS¡F¥ nghŒ tªjt®fŸ ïU¡»‹Ö®fŸ. kâ¥ò¡F cÇa uh« mt®fŸ ïU¡»wh®fŸ. cyf¤â‹ gHikahd ehfÇf¤ij milahs« fh£o¡ bfhŸ»w <k¡ nfhòu§fŸ, k‹d®fŸ ïwªjj‰F¥ ãwF mt®fˋ clšfis ml¡f« brŒJ it¤J ïU¡»wh®fns ãuÄLfŸ, mªj v»¥âa¥ ãuÄLf˚ ahœ fUÉƋ njh‰w« toî mik¡f¥g£L ïU¡»‹wJ. m§nf ‘ahœ’ v‹»‹w fUÉ ïUªjJ. 3,500 M©LfS¡F K‰g£l mªj ahœ ïir¡ fUÉ, ïy©l‹

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efu¤â‹ mU§fh£á mf¤âš it¡f¥g£L ïU¡»‹wJ. mij¥nghynt bkrgnlhÄahɚ 5,000 M©LfS¡F K‹dhš ïUªj RnkÇa ehfÇf« gHikahd ehfÇf«. m§nf ïUªj ahœ ïir¡fUÉ x‹W gh¡jh¤ efu¤â‹ mU§fh£á mf¤âš it¡f¥g£L ïU¡»‹wJ. ‘‘X® ïir¡fUÉƚ VG Ru§fŸ tU»‹wd. VG eu«òfis¡ bfh©l ahœ ïUªjJ’’ v‹W ‘R Rth‹’ v‹»‹w, ».K. 522-M« M©L vGj¥g£l xU Ód ïir üš bjÇÉ¡»wJ. »nu¡f¤â‹ nAhk®, ahʋ âwikia - eu«ò¡ fUÉfˋ âwikia¢ brhš»wh®. mUik¢ rnfhju®fns, bkhAŠrjhnuh, Au¥ghɚ elªj mfœîfis¥ g‰¿ <uh° ghâÇah® F¿¥ã£L ïU¡»‹wh®. ‘‘ï§nf ahœ v‹»‹w mªj ïir¡fUÉƋ K¤âiu »il¤J ïU¡»‹wJ. ïJ ó®åf¤ jÄH®fŸ - M⤠jÄH®fŸ ga‹gL¤âa fUɒ’ v‹W F¿¥ã£lh®. VHhÆu« M©LfS¡F K‹dhš ïUªj ‘bgUehiu, bgU§FUF’ v‹»‹w ïir üšfŸ bjÇÉ¡»‹wd. ïJ x‹W« f‰gid mšy f£L¡fij mšy. by_Çah¡ f©l¤âš - bj‹ kJiuƚ ïir¡ fUÉfŸ ïUªjd v‹gij, jŠir Mãufh« g©oj® ‘fUzhÄ®j rhfu«’ v‹D« 1376 g¡f§fŸ bfh©l jkJ üȚ - ïUgjh« ü‰wh©oš tªj Kjš MuhŒ¢á üȚ - 1917-M« M©L btËÆ£l mªj üȚ ahʋ bgUikfis¡ F¿¥ãL»‹wh®. Éòyhdªj mofŸ vGâa ‘ahœ üȚ’ F¿¥ãL»‹wh®. 14 tifahd ahœfŸ jÄH®fËl« 7,000 M©LfS¡F K‹dhš ïUªjd. ‘ngÇahœ’ v‹w MÆu« eu«òfis¡ bfh©l xU ahœ ïUªjJ. cy»š vªj eh£oY«, vªj¡ fhy¤âY« ïšyhjJ - bj‹kJiuƚ ïUªjJ. mJ mʪJÉ£lJ flÈny! mj‰F¥ãwF, 19 eu«òfis¡ bfh©l ‘kfuahœ’, 14 eu«òfis¡ bfh©l ‘rnfhlahœ’, 7 eu«òfis¡ bfh©l ‘br§nfh£o ahœ’, 100 eu«òfis¡ bfh©l ‘Ñrf ahœ’,

‘ehuj ahœ’, ‘J«òU ahœ’, ‘kU¤Jt ahœ’, ‘kfâ ahœ’, ‘f¢rÉ ahœ’, ‘âU¡F¢áif ahœ’,

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‘tuhË ahœ’, ‘tšÈ» ahœ’, ‘Éš ahœ’

27

v‹»‹w gâdhW tifahd ahœfŸ ïUªjd v‹W F¿¥ãL»‹wh®. vdnt, ïir ï§nf ãwªjJ. ïªj¤ bj‹dh£oš ãwªjJ ïir. ïirƋ toɚ ïiwtid¡ f©lh®fŸ. eh‹ ÉU¥ò, btW¥òfS¡F m¥gh‰g£L xU gh®itahsuhf, X® ïuáfdhf, ïirƚ òyik bg‰wtdhf mšy - xU jĜ¥ g‰whs‹ v‹»‹w Kiwƚ mij¥ gh®¡»nw‹. njthu _t®fŸ mij¤jh‹ brh‹dh®fŸ.

‘VÊirahŒ, ïir¥gadhŒ, v‹Dila njhHDkhŒ’
v‹W Rªju_®¤â ehadh® ïiwtid¥ g‰¿¢ brh‹dh®. mnj cz®Éš, ‘Xir, xÈ všyh« ehî¡furuh« m¥g® mofŸ brh‹dh®fŸ. v‹W âUPhd r«gªj® brh‹dh®.

MdhŒ Úna’ v‹W

‘gj« VG« g©Q« cUjhs¤J xÈ gyî« Ã‹wh‹ ïiwt‹’

ïij¤jh‹ f¤njhÈ¡f¤ âU¢rigÆd®, bj‹ïªâa »¿¤Jt kh®¡f¤â‹ âU¢rigÆd® ï§nf tªJ ïU¡»‹wh®fns, mt®fŸ ngh‰W»‹w ÉÉÈa¤âš, òâa V‰gh£oš, nahth‹ RÉnõr¤âš, mªj mâfhu¤â‹ Kjš trd« -

‘Mâƚ th®¤ij ïUªjJ. mªj th®¤ij njtÅl¤âš ïUªjJ. mªj th®¤ij njtdhfnt ïUªjJ’
vd¡ TW»wJ. mij¤jh‹ r§Ñj¤âš 122-MtJ mâfhu¤â‹ _‹whtJ trd¤âš “vUrny« ïirÉiz¥ghd efukhf¡ f£l¥g£L ïUªjJ” vd¡ TW»wJ. jhå⋠r§Ñj§fŸ ôj®fS¡F«, »¿¤jt®fS¡F« k»œ¢á C£L»‹w r§Ñj§fŸ, »¿¤J kh®¡f¤ JwÉfˋ cŸs¤ij¡ ft®ªj fhuz¤âdhš âUthrf¤ij¤ jªj kh¡fthrfiu mt®fŸ V‰W¡ bfh©lh®fŸ. M«. ïªj¤ âUthrf« v¥go tªjJ?

g‹ÅU âUKiwfŸ
jÄʚ, irt ïy¡»a¤âš g‹ÅU âUKiwfŸ c©L. g‹ÅU âUKiwfSŸ Kjš VG âUKiwfŸ âUehî¡furU«, âUPhd r«gªjU«, Rªju_®¤â ehadhU« jªjit.

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jĜ ïir¤ nj‹

v£lhtJ âUKiw kh¡fthrfNj âUthrf« - Kjš gFâ âUthrf«; ïu©lh« gF⠑âU¡nfhitah®!’ x‹gjhtJ âUKiw x‹gJ moah®fŸ jªj âUKiwfŸ. âUkhËif¤ njt®, fUñ®¤ njt®, nrªjdh®, nrJuha®, f©luhâ¤j®, óªJU¤â¡ fhle«ã, òUnlh¤jk e«ã, âUthÊa mKjdh®, ntzh£L mofŸ M»a x‹gJ moah®fŸ Ô£oaJjh‹ x‹gjh« âUKiw. g¤jh« âUKiw âU_y® jªj ‘âUkªâu«.’ 11-M« âUKiw fhiu¡fhš m«ikah®, e¡Ñu njt ehadh®, fãynjt ehadh®, guznjt ehadh®, nfh‹ ehadh®, nrukh‹ bgUkhŸ ehadh®, g£od¤J¥ ãŸisah®, e«ãah©lh® e«ã ït®fŸ jªjit. 12-M« âUKiw nr¡»Hh® jªj‘bgÇaòuhz«’. ïªj¥ g‹Åbu©L âUKiwfˋ mo¥gilí« ‘ekátha’ v‹w IªJ vG¤Jjh‹. ïªj ‘ekátha’ v‹w IªJ vG¤ij it¤J¤jh‹ átòuhz¤ij¤ bjhl§F»wh® kh¡fthrf®. âUthrf¤ij¥ g‰¿ tlÿ® tŸsyh® mU£bgUŠnrhâ jÅ¥bgU§fUiz ïuhkȧf mofsh® TW«nghJ,

‘th‹ fyªj kh¡fthrf Ëthrf¤ij eh‹fyªJ ghL§fhš e‰fU¥gŠrh‰¿Åny nj‹fyªJ ghšfyªJ brG§fŤ ԊRitfyªJ C‹fyªJ cÆ®fyªJ ct£lhkš ïÅ¥gJnt’
- vd¥ ghoanjhL,

‘th£lÄyh kh¡fthrfNj thrf¤ij¡ nf£lnghJ, m§»Uªj ќ¥gwit¢rhâfS« nt£lKW« bghšyh Éy§FfS« bkŠPhd eh£lKW« v‹Åš ï§F ehdiljš Éa¥ò m‹nw’
- v‹W« ghodh®. tlÿ® tŸsyhNj cŸs¤âš kh¡fthrf® âUthrf« ïl« bg‰wij¥nghy, 炙yhªJ eh£oš ïUªJ tªj Í.í.ngh¥ cŸs¤âY« ïl« bg‰wh®. 1837-ïš bjhl§», 63 M©LfŸ mt® jĜ go¤jh®. mt® âUthrf¤âš cU»¥ nghdh®. ã‹d®, ïy©lŚ M¡°ngh®L gšfiy¡fHf¤âš ghÈahš fšÿÇƚ

itnfh
jĜ¤ Jiw¤ jiyt® Mdh®.

29

mªj¡ fšÿÇƋ jiyt® bgŠrċ n#ht®£ v‹gtnuhL xU Ãyh btË¢r¤âš elªJ ngh»wnghJ, ‘jÄʚ ïU¡»‹w âUthrf¤ij¥ ngh‹wbjhU üiy cy»š ïJtiu eh‹ go¤jJ ïšiy’ v‹W mt® brh‹dnghJ, ‘mjid bkhÊbga®¡fyhnk’ v‹W mªj¥ gšfiy¡fHf¤â‹ jiyt® T¿dh®. ‘vd¡F KJik tªJÉ£lJ. mij bkhÊbga®¡F« M‰wš ïšiy’ v‹W ngh¥ brh‹dnghJ, ‘To have a fine work in progress is the way to live long, you will live till you finish it’ xU ešy braY¡fhf¥ bgÇa gÂƚ K‹nd¿¢ brštJ Ú©l fhy¤J¡F thH tÊ tF¡F«. ïij Ko¡F« tiu Ú cÆnuhL ïU¥ghŒ’ v‹W bgŠrċ n#ht®£ brh‹dh®. 1900 M« M©L V¥uš 20 M« ehŸ mtUila bkhÊbga®¥ò btËahƉW. âUthrf¤J¡F¥ gy® ciu Ô£o ïU¡»‹wh®fŸ. fhy¤â‹ mUik fUâ eh‹ ÉÇthf¢ bršy ÉU«gɚiy. âUthrf« 51 jiy¥òfis¡ bfh©lJ. 656 mšyJ 658 ghlšfŸ v‹W brhšth®fŸ. ïªj 51 jiy¥òf˚ g¤J¥ g¤J¥gh£lhf 19 g¤JfŸ ïU¡»‹wd. X® mâfhu¤J¡F¡ FwŸfŸ g¤J, nkhrዠf£lisfŸ g¤J, r§f ïy¡»a§f˚, g¤J¥gh£L v‹gJ ‘‘Kšiy¥gh£L, F¿Šá¥gh£L, âUKUfh‰W¥gil, bghUe® M‰W¥gil, bgU«ghzh‰W¥gil, áWghzh‰W¥gil, g£od¥ghiy, beLešthil, kJiu¡fhŠá, kiygLflh«’’ v‹W g¤J üšfŸ cŸsd. mij¥nghy¤jh‹ âUthrf¤âš 51 jiy¥òf˚ 19 g¤JfŸ ïU¡»‹wd.

m¢r¥ g¤J mâra¥ g¤J Mir¥ g¤J Fƚ g¤J br¤âyh¥ g¤J ãuh®¤jid¥ g¤J

mil¡fy¥g¤J m‰òj¥ g¤J cÆU©Â¥ g¤J Fyh¥ g¤J br‹Å¥ g¤J òz®¢á¥ g¤J thHh¥ g¤J.

mUŸg¤J m‹id¥ g¤J f©l g¤J FiH¤j g¤J ão¤j g¤J ah¤âiu¥ g¤J
(ifj£lš)

ïªj¥ g¤âš ïisauh#h vij¥g‰¿¡ bfh©lh® bjÇíkh? ït®

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jĜ ïir¤ nj‹

_‹W g¤ij¥ g‰¿¡ bfh©lh®. ïªj¥ g¤bjh‹gJ g¤Jf˚ ekJ ïisauh#h _‹W g¤JfS¡F ïir mik¤J ïU¡»wh®. x‹W ‘ah¤âiu¥ g¤J’. mL¤j g¤J v‹d bjÇíkh? (itnfh âU«ã¥ gh®¡»wh®. ïisauh#h ‘Fƚ g¤J’ v‹»wh®. itnfh; ïšiy. ‘ão¤j g¤J’ v‹W TW»wh®.) Ú§fŸ âUthrf¤âš cU» I¡»akh» É£O®fŸ. mjdhš m¥go¢ brh‹Ü®fŸ. eh‹ btËƚ ïUªJ gh®¥gt‹. Ú§fŸ ïiraik¤j ghlš ‘ão¤j g¤J’. mL¤j g¤J “m¢r¥g¤J.” mt® nj®ªJ vL¤jJ ïªj _‹W ‘g¤âš’ ïUªJ« x›bthU ghlY¡F ïir mik¤J cŸsh®. ïita‹¿ mt® átòuhz¤âš ïUªJ ghlš vL¡»wh®. ‘ekátha thœf’ v‹D« brh‰bwhl®jh‹ âUthrf¤â‹ bjhl¡f«! V‹ ïªj¤ âUthrf« ïa‰w¥g£lJ? ïJ gyU¡F« bjǪj fijjh‹. gh©oa eh£L muritƚ bj‹dt‹ ãukuha‹ v‹»w mik¢r® ïUªjh®. thjñǚ ãwªjt®. mt®jh‹ thjñ® mofŸ kh¡fthrf®! mt® Fâiu th§Ftj‰F¢ br‹wnghJ muR¥ gz¤ij všyh«, mªjz® toɚ ïUªj átdoahnuhL nr®ªJ, átDila âU¥gÂfS¡F¢ bryî brŒJ mʤJÉ£l fhuz¤âdhš, ‘FâiunahL V‹ tu¤ jhkj«?’ v‹W nfhã¤J k‹d‹ brŒâ mD¥ãanghJ, thjñuh® kd« fy§»a neu¤âš, ïiwtŋ mUŸth¡F¡ nf£L, ‘Fâiu tU« v‹W Ú xiy mD¥ò. Xiyia mD¥ãÉ£L Ú K‹dhš brš. ã‹dhš FâiufŸ tU« v‹W brhš’ v‹w brh‰fis¡ nf£lh®.

ã£L¡F k© Rkªj bgUkh‹
kh¡fthrf® v‹w bga® m¥bghGJ ïšiy. mt® k‹dÅl¤âš tªJ, ‘FâiufŸ tªJ bfh©L ïU¡»‹wd’ v‹W brhš»wh®. Fâiu¢ nrtf‹ tU»wh‹ - át‹ tU»wh‹ Fâiu¢ nrtfdhf! eÇfis¡ FâiufŸ M¡» tU»wh‹. FâiufŸ ïyha¤âš f£l¥gL»‹wd. ïuî neu¤âš mªj¡ FâiufŸ Û©L« eÇfshf kh¿¤ jisfis mW¤J¡ bfh©L mid¤ijí« fo¤J¥ ngh£LÉ£L XL»‹wd. M¤âu« milªj k‹d‹, thjñuhiu¢ áiwƚ ó£L»wh‹. áiwƚ bfhLikfŸ el¡»‹wd. ïiwt‹ nkY« âUÉisahlš brŒ»wh‹. itifƚ j©Ù®¥ bgU¡F vL¡»wJ. fhy§bf£l fhy¤âš itifƚ j©Ùuh? fiu cil¤J¥ ghŒ»wnj btŸs«? v‹W ftiy¥g£l k‹d‹, fiuia mil¥gj‰F å£L¡F

itnfh
x›bthUtuhf tªJ gÂah‰w¡ f£lis ïL»‹wh‹.

31

ã£L th¢áahd tªâ v‹w brªjĜ¢bršÉ¡F, mªj¡ »HÉ¡F¡ fiuia mil¥gj‰F å£oš ãŸis xUtU« ïšiy. vdnt, ïiwt‹ áWãŸisahf kh¿, k©bt£oílD«, TilílD« Xo¢br‹W, ‘eh‹ fiuia mil¡»nw‹; v‹d bfhL¥ghŒ?’ v‹W nf£lh‹. mj‰F tªâ, ‘v‹Ål« x‹W« ïšiy. c⮪j ã£L k£L«jh‹ ïU¡»wJ’ v‹W brhšy, ã£il th§»¡ bfh©L, fiuiaí« mil¡fhkš j©Ùǚ Fâ¥gJ«, ÚªJtJ«, ÉisahLtJkhf ïUªjh‹. nrtf‹ mij¡f©L ãu«ghš mo¡f, mt‹ KJ»š ÉGªj mo, midtNj KJ»Y« ÉGªjJ, k‹d® KJ»Y« ÉGªjJ. m¥nghJ thd¤âš ïUªJ vGªj xÈ, ‘áiwƚ ïU¡»‹w thjñ® mofis ÉLɤâLf’ vd¡ Tw, mj‹ãwF k‹d‹ ntjidí‰W ÉLÉ¡f, btËna tªj thjñ® mofŸ MythŒ¢ brh¡f® ïl¤âš mUŸbg‰W¥ òw¥gL»wh®. ‘nghŒ th! x›bthU ïlkhf gšntW Mya§fS¡F¢ br‹W, c¤âunfhrk§if - fhisah® nfhɚ br‹W, âUKJF‹w«, âU¡fG¡F‹w« všyh ïl§fisí« jÇá¤JÉ£L¡ filáƚ âU¢á‰w«gy¤J¡F tªJ nr®thŒ’ vd mUŸth¡F brh‹dgo á‰w«gy¤J¡F¥ nghdh®. m§nf âUthrf¤ij¥ ghodh®. ïJjh‹ âUthrf« njh‹Wtj‰fhd moehj«. ‘ekátha thœf’ v‹Wjh‹ KjȚ bjhl§F»wJ. Mdhš, e«Kila ïisauh#h mt®fŸ mij KjȚ it¡fɚiy. KjȚ ‘ah¤âiu¥ g¤J’ it¡»wh®. ah¤âiu¥ g¤J v‹whš v‹d? gaz« òw¥gLnth« ïªj k©QyifÉ£L, ï¢irfis É£L We start the journey v‹W brhšY»wt®fŸ...

‘óth® br‹Å k‹dbd« òa§f¥ bgUkh‹ á¿nahik Xth JŸs§ fyªJz®thŒ cU¡F« btŸs¡ fUizÆdhš M M v‹d¥ g£l‹ghŒ M£g£ O®tª bjhU¥gLċ nghnth« fhy« tªjJfh© bghŒÉ£ Lilah‹ fHšòfnt.
ïJ ah¤âiu¥ g¤J. mj‰F mL¤J, átòuhz¤ij¥ ghL»wh®.

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jĜ ïir¤ nj‹
‘bghšyh Éidna‹ Ë bgUŠÓ® òfGkhW x‹w¿na‹’

vL¤j vL¥ãš ‘ekátha thœf’ v‹W it¡fhkš,

‘c‹id¥ òfH¡Toa m¿î M‰wš vd¡F ïšiyna’ v‹W kh¡fthrf® ghL»w ghliy it¤J ïU¡»wh®. ïisauh#nt kh¡fthrf® nghy M»ÉL»wh®. Vw¡Fiwa eh‹ 20 Kiw ïªj ïir¥ gil¥ig¡ nf£nl‹. mij¡ nf£F«nghJjh‹ V‹ ïªj¥ ghliy it¤jh®? v‹W v©Ând‹. mbkÇ¡f eh£oY«, 炙yhªJ eh£oY« ïir¡fUÉfis ïir¡f¡Toa, AhÈî£ âiu¥gl§fS¡F ïir mik¤J bt‰¿ f©l - ÉUJ bg‰w khnkij vGâa M§»y tÇfS¡F ïir¡fUÉfis ïir¡»wh®fns, mªj¥ ghlšfis¤jh‹ Ú§fŸ nf£O®fŸ. ‘bghšyh Éidna‹’ v‹W brhš»wnghJ ïilƚ , I am just a man imperfect lowly. mL¤j tÇfŸ How can I reach for something Holy v‹w M§»y tÇfŸ tU»‹wd. mªj c‹djkhd ïl¤ij eh‹ v¥go mila Koí«? ïªj¥ ghlš Äf mUikahd ghlš. ïªj¥ ghliy it¤JÉ£L, mj‹ãwFjh‹,

vD« átòuhz tÇfis it¤J ïU¡»wh® ïisauh#h! ïªj¥ ghliy ïu©lhtJ ghlyhf it¤J ïU¡»wh®. mL¤j¥ ghlY« Äf mUikahd ghlš. kh¡fthrf® kJiuƚ elªJ brš»wh®. M§fh§F bg©fŸ ku ÃHšf˚, åLf˚, K‰w§f˚, CŠršf˚, mk®ªjthW«, ËwthW« gho¡ bfh©L ïU¡»wh®fŸ. ïs« áWt®fŸ M§fh§F xo¤ âÇ»wh®fŸ. »ËfŸ bfhŠR»‹wd. nrhiyƚ FƚfŸ Twd. J«ãfŸ, t©LfŸ ߧfhu« brŒJ gho¡ bfh©L gw¡»‹wd. mJ mur t©L. mªj t©il¥ gh®¤J¢ brhš»wh®. ‘V‹ ï¥go¥ gho¤ âǻ֮fŸ? ïiwtŋ fhyoƚ nghŒ¥ ghL§fŸ’ v‹W brhštj‰fhf,

‘ekátha thœf! ehj‹ jhŸ thœf! ïik¥bghGJ« v‹beŠáš Ú§fhjh‹ jhŸ thœf! nfhfÊ M©l FUkÅj‹ jhŸ thœf! Mfk« M» Ëw©Â¥gh‹ jhŸ thœf! Vf‹ mnef‹ ïiwtdo thœf!’

itnfh
‘âid¤jid cŸsnjh® óÉŚnj‹ c©zhnj Ãid¤bjhW«, fh©blhW« ngRªbjhW« v¥nghJ« mid¤bjY«ò« cŸbef Mdªj¤nj‹ brhÇí« FÅ¥òilahD¡nf br‹ùjhŒ nfh¤J«Õ’

33

vd¥ ghL»wh®. ïJjh‹ mt® mik¤J ïU¡»‹w ghlš. mj‰F mL¤J v§nf tU»wh®? ‘ão¤j¥ g¤J’ ghliy vL¤J MŸ»wh® ïisauh#h! ïnjh mªj¥ ghlš:

“m«ikna! m¥gh! x¥ãyh kÂna! m‹ãŚ ÉisªjM uKnj! bghŒ«ikna bgU¡»¥ bghGâid¢ RU¡F« òG¤jiy¥ òiyand‹ jd¡F¢ br«ikna Ma átgj« mˤj brštnk átbgU khnd ï«ikna c‹id¢ á¡bfd¥ ão¤nj‹ v§bfGª jUSt âÅna.”

Mf, ão¤j¥ g¤âš ïªj¥ ghliy¢ brh‹dh®. mt‹jh‹ jÄH‹! ïªj mu§f¤âš Ãfœ¢áfŸ el¡»‹wnghJ xU eld¡ fh£áia mik¤J ïUªjh®fŸ. eld¤ij¥ g‰¿¥ ghuâah® brhšYth®. ‘v§fËlkh ïir ïšiy? v§fŸ R©z« ïo¡»w bg©fˋ ïir¡F Ãf® cy»š v§nf ïU¡»wJ? v‹W brh‹dh® ghuâah®. mJjh‹ âU¥bgh‰ R©z«. bg©fŸ R©z« ïo¡»wh®fŸ. R©z« ïo¡»wnghJ, cy¡ifia vL¤J ï§nf e§iffŸ ïo¤J¥ ghodh®fŸ. cy¡ifia¡ F¤J»wnghJ, r¤j¤njhL mªj¥ ghlš btË tU«.

“K¤j bfh§iffŸ Ml Ml bkhŒFHš t©od« Ml Ml¢ á¤jŠ átbdhL« Ml Ml¢ br§fa‰ f©gÅ Ml Ml¥ ã¤bj« ãuhbdhL« Ml Ml¥ ãwÉ ãwbuhL« Ml Ml m¤j‹ fUiz bahL Ml Ml Ml¥ bgh‰ R©z« ïo¤J ehnk”

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jĜ ïir¤ nj‹

ïªj¥ gh£il IªjhtJ ghlyhf it¤JÉ£L, filáahf v‹d it¡»wh®? mt®jh‹ ïisauh#h! vtU¡F« mŠrkh£nlh«. vj‰F« mŠrkh£nlh«. T‰Wtnd tªjhY« mŠrkh£nlh«. V‹ kh¡fthrf® vGâdh®? ehî¡furUila fU¤J mt® kdâny ïU¡»wJ. gšyt eh£L¢ r¡fut®¤âƋ k©lg¤âš, ‘ahidƋ fhȚ ï£L c‹ jiyia ïlw¢ brŒnth«’ v‹wnghJ«, R©zh«ò¡ fhsthƚ ngh£L cÆiu¥ ngh¡Fnth« v‹wnghJ«, fšiy¡ f£o¡ flȚ ö¡» v¿nth« v‹wnghJ«, bfhšnth« v‹W k‹d‹ KobtL¤jnghJ«,

‘ehkh®¡F« Foašnyh« ekid mŠnrh« euf¤âš ïl®¥gnlh« eliyašnyh« -Vkh¥ngh« - ã m¿nah«!’
v‹W KH§»dhnu ehî¡fur® bgUkh‹! mnj ghliy ï§nf kh¡fthrf® m¢r¥g¤J¡F¡ bfh©L tU»wh®. ïisauh#hî« Vw¡Fiwa m¥go¤jh‹. vtU¡F« jiytz§f kh£lh®. òfœ¢á¡F« ka§f kh£lh®. òfœ gyiu 圤âÉL«. gyiu 圤â ïU¡»wJ. òfHhš 圤j Koahjt®fŸjh‹ cy»š ca®ªJ ïU¡»wh®fŸ. m¥go¥g£l xU khkÅj‹ v§fŸ jÄH‹ - v§fŸ bj‹dh£L¤ jÄH‹. mjdhšjh‹ m¢r¥g¤âš kh¡fthrf® brhš»wh®. ïnjh mªj¥ ghlš.

“ò‰¿šthŸ muî« mŠnr‹ bghŒa®j« bkŒí« mŠnr‹ f‰iwth® rilv« m©zš f©Qjš ghj« e©Â k‰Wnkh® bjŒtª j‹id c©bld Ãidªbj« bg«kh‹ f‰¿yh jtiu¡ f©lhš m«keh« mŠR khnw.”
beU¥ig cĜ»‹w nt§if¡F« mŠrkh£nl‹. f£L¤j¿ia cil¤J tU»‹w ahid¡F« mŠrkh£nl‹. tisî ïšyhkš neuhf¥ ghŒªJ tU»‹w m«ò¡F« mŠrkh£nl‹, T‰Wt‹ Ӊw« mŠnr‹, cÆ® Ko¡F« vkD¡F« mŠrkh£nl‹.

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35

ïJjh‹ mt® Ãiwthf it¤j ghlš! ïªj MW ghlšfnshL e«Kila jĜ ïiria¡ bfh©L nk‰f¤âa ïir¡fUÉfnshL, lh‹ô¥ eâ¡fiuƚ, m§nfÇ eh£o‹ jiyef® òlhbg°£ efu¤âš, ïir¡fiyP®fnshL - ïir¡fUÉfnshL xÈ tot§fis ïiz¤J, cy»‹ bjh‹ikahd ïiria ïªj cyf¤â‹ v£L¤ âirfS¡F« bfh©L nghŒ¢ nr®¤J ïU¡»Ö®fŸ. ïij¡ nf£f¡ nf£f, mt®fˋ beŠr« ftu¡ ftu vtU« brŒahj xU gÂia¢ brŒJ ïU¡»Ö®fŸ. eh‹ ghuh£l ÉU«òtJ xU jhŒ ãŸisia¥ ghuh£Ltij¥ nghy. jÄHfnk jhah» É£lJ v‹W brh‹dh®fns! Mdhš, ah® ïtiu¥ ghuh£L»wh®fŸ v‹W bjÇíkh? °Og‹ °th®£° (STEPHEN SCHWARTZ) AhÈî£ âiu¥gl§f˚ M°fh® ÉUJbg‰w ïir mik¥ghs®. mt® ïisauh#hit¥ ghuh£o vGJ»wh®.
Last night at Sony Studios in New york City, I had the pleasure of hearing the almost finished mix of Ilaiyaraja’s amazing work. eh‹ ne‰W ïuî

Ãôah®¡ efu¤â‹ nrhÅ °Lonahɚ mnefkhf K‰W¥ bg‰WÉ£l, ïisauh#h mt®fˋ m‰òjkhd ïir Mšg¤ij¢ brÉ bfhL¤J¡ nf£»‹w k»œ¢áia¥ bg‰nw‹.

It is unlike anything I have ever heard before a stunning blend of Indian and western music and instruments. I asked Mr. Raja, if this was something different for him too, and he said he had never done anything like this piece before. I don’t know if anyone has! ïJtiu ï¥go cy»š

vtU« gil¤jJ ïšiy v‹W M°fh® gÇR bg‰w AhÈî£oš ïU¡»‹w ïir nkij brhšÈ ïU¡»wh®. ï¥go¥g£l ghuh£il¥ bg‰w Ú§fŸ âUthrf¤J¡F á«bghÅ MunlhÇnah ïir mik¤J ïU¡»Ö®fŸ.

fh‰¿š fyªj xÈ
jĜ ïir, rhâ, kj všiyfis¡ flªJ ïU¡»‹wJ. f¤njhÈ¡f¥ ghâÇkh®fS«, âU¢rig ghâÇkh®fS«, jÄG¡F¤ bjh©L brŒjh®fŸ. âUthrf¤â‹ bgUikia ïirahf¤ jU»nwh«. všiyfis¡ flªJ ‘ahJ« Cnu ahtU« nfË®’ v‹W cyf¤J¡F xU fhy¤âš bfhŸifia¤ jªnjhnk, e«Kila ehfÇf¤ij, e«Kila ïir¡fiyia cyF¡F¤ jU»‹w ïªj¥ bgUik ï‹D« MÆu« MÆu« M©LfS¡F ÉF«. fh‰¿š xÈ miyfŸ ïU¡»‹w tiuƚ kh¡fhthrfNj âUthrf« ïU¡F«. xÈ

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jĜ ïir¤ nj‹

miyfŸ ïU¡»‹w tiuƚ ïisauh#hɋ gil¥òfŸ ïU¡F«. ïªj xÈ ehlhit Kiwahf Éiy bfhL¤J th§»¡ nfS§fŸ. m⚠ït® brhšY»wh®. xnu xU ïl¤âšjh‹ mt® ng¢R tU»wJ. Kjš IªJ ghlšfis¥ gâî brŒJ Ko¤jãwF, ïisauh#h uhf Myhgid brŒ»wh®. mªj Myhgid brŒ»wnghJ, ïir¡fUÉf˚ ïir tU»wJ. ‘mllh ïJjh‹ á«bghÅ M®bf°£uhth? v›tsî mUikahf ïU¡»wJ! ï⚠kh¡fthrf® ghliy¥ ghodhš v›tsî e‹whf ïU¡F«? ïj‰F vªj¥ gh£L rÇahf tU«? K¤âbe¿ m¿ahj _®¡fnuhL Kašntdh? v‹W brhšÈÉ£L, ïJ th®¤ij ãÇ¡f¥ ãÇ¡f tU»wnj! ïj‰F v‹d oô‹ nghLtJ? v‹W brhšÈathW,

‘ò‰¿šthœ muî« mŠnr‹ bghŒa®j« bkŒí« mŠnr‹’
v‹w mªj gh£il¥ ngh£LÉ£L, filáahf ‘thjñ® mofŸ thœf! thœ¤J ciu¡F« moah® thœf! vd Ko¡»wh®. ï§nf m‰òjkhf¥ ghoa fšÿÇ e§iffŸ mij¥ ghlȚ nr®¤J ïUªjh®fŸ. thjñ® mofŸ âUthrf¤â‹ _ykhf¤ jĜ ïU¡F« tiu thœth®. v§fŸ ïisauh#h ïªj ïir¥ gil¥ghš thœth®. jÄHf« mtU¡F e‹¿¡ fl‹ g£L ïU¡»wJ. ïa‰if¤ jhŒ c§fS¡F üW M©LfS¡F nkY« thG»‹w M‰wiyí«, clš ey¤ijí« bfhL¤J, ïªj¤ jÄHf¤J¡F«, jĜ ïir¡F« Ú§fŸ bgU« nrit brŒa nt©L« v‹W brhšÈ, vËnadh»a vd¡F ïªj mUikahd thŒ¥ig¤ jªj c§fS¡F vªehS« kwthj e‹¿ia¡ T¿ ÉilbgW»nw‹.

(30.6.2005 m‹W br‹id Äôá¡ mflÄ mu§»š eilbg‰w ‘‘âUthrf« Oratorio” - ïisauh#hɋ á«~bghÅ ïir¤ bjhF¥ò btËp£L ÉHhɚ itnfh M‰¿a ciu)

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37

‘ïy¡»a§f˚ kÅj cÇikfŸ’
bghU¥ãny ãwªJ bj‹d‹ òfÊny »lªJ r§f¤J ïU¥ãny ïUªJ itia V£ony jtœªj ngij beU¥ãny ËW f‰nwh® ÃidÉny elªnjh® vd kU¥ãny gƋw ghit kU§»ny ts®»‹w kh¤jĜ bgUik nr®¡F«
ešyK¤J¡ fî©l® kfhȧf« fšÿÇƋ bgh‹ÉHh EiHthÆȋ Ãidthf, jĜ¤JiwÆd® el¤J»‹w ïªj ïÅa Ãfœ¢á¡F tUif jªJ ïU¡»‹w midtU¡F« tz¡f«. eh‹ ehQ»w msî¡F v‹id¥ òfœªJ ciu¤J, ciu M‰W»‹w mÇanjh® thŒ¥ãidí« tH§» ïU¡»‹w, ešyK¤J fî©l® kfhȧf« fšÿÇƋ îthf¡ FGÉd®¡F, jiyik jh§F»‹w bgUªjifahs®¡F, fšÿÇ KjštU¡F e‹¿ bjÇɤJ¡ bfhŸs ÉU«ò»nw‹.

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tH¡fkhf fšÿÇƚ tF¥òfŸ vªj neu¤âš Koî milí«? ku§fˋ »isfis neh¡»¥ gwitfŸ Û©L« âU«òtij¥ nghy ÉLâfS¡F«, åLfS¡F« khzt¡ f©kÂfŸ brš»‹w neu« vJ? v‹W eh‹ ÉHh¤ jiytiu¡ nf£nl‹. ‘khiy 4 k’ v‹W T¿dh®. m¥go Éilbg‰W¢ bršY« ntisƚ eh‹ ciu M‰Wtijí« brÉkL¡fyh« v‹W ïªj mu§f¤âš ÃiwªJ ïU¡f¡Toa khzt¢ bršt§fns, c§fŸ neu¤ij vd¡fhf xJ¡» ïU¡»Ö®fŸ. ïJ f£lha« mšy. ïJ tF¥ò miwí« mšy. ïªj ÉHhɚ g§bfL¤J¤ Ôu nt©L« v‹w njití« ïšiy. MÆD«, ÉUªJ X«ò»‹w g©ò¡nf jĜ¡ Fy¤âš áfu¤âš ïU¡»‹w bfh§F¢ Óik k¡fˋ g©gh£il Ãidñ£L»‹w Éj¤âš, v‹id¥ bgUik¥gL¤J»w Ãiy¡F Û©L« xUKiw khzt®fS¡F«, khzÉfS¡F« e‹¿ bjÇɤJ¡ bfhŸ»nw‹.

‘ïy¡»a§f˚ kÅj cÇikfŸ’ vD« jiy¥ãš ciuah‰w

miH¤J ïU¡»Ö®fŸ. fhy¤J¡F V‰w jiy¥ig¤ jªJ ïU¡»Ö®fŸ. kÅjFy tuyh‰¿š ehfßf¤â‹ milahsK« rh£áaK«jh‹ ïy¡»a«. m¥goahdhš vªj ïy¡»a¤ij K‹it¥gJ? ïªj¥ óîy»š ïU¡f¡Toa bkhÊfŸ mid¤âY« _¤jbkhÊah»a jÄʋ ïy¡»a§fS¡F Ãfuhd ïy¡»a§fŸ, ntW vªj bkhÊÆY« »ilahJ. m¿Kf ciuÆY« tunt‰ò ciuÆY« ekJ nguháÇa®fŸ F¿¥ã£lij¥nghš, eh‹ jĜ ïy¡»a« vD« MœflȚ ڪ⢠bršy neu« »ilahJ. Mdhš, <uhÆu« M©LfS¡F K‹dhš vGj¥g£l üšf˚, jĜ ïy¡»a¤âš cyf¥ bghJkiwahf¥ ngh‰w¥gL»w th‹òfœ tŸSt® tF¤j âU¡FwŸ ghliy ï§nf tunt‰ò ciuƚ F¿¥ã£lhnu,

ïuªJ« cÆ®thœjš nt©o‹ guªJ bfLf cyF ïa‰¿ah‹
ï¥go xU fU¤ij vªj eh£L ïy¡»a¤âY«, <uhÆu« M©LfS¡F K‹dhš vªj¥ òytD« áªâ¤J ïU¡f KoahJ. kÅj®fS¡F vit cÇik? gáƚ ïUªJ ÉLjiy¥ bg‰W, mt‹ thœtj‰F¤ njitahd czit¥ bg‰W, mªj cÇik kW¡f¥gL»w ïl§f˚ nghuho, mªj cÇikia Ãiy eh£Ltj‰F ï‹wsî« cyf« gšntW fs§fis¡ fhQ«

itnfh

39

neu¤âš, xUtD¡F czî ïšiy, mt‹ gánahL ïU¡»wh‹ v‹whš, ïªj cyfnk mÊa£L«, ïªj mik¥ng behW§f£L«, mij cUth¡»atnd mʪJ behW§f£L«’ v‹w fU¤ij¢ brh‹dt® tŸSt®. ‘M‰Wth® M‰wš gá M‰wš’ v‹W F¿¥ã£lnjhL, m¥gáia¥ ngh¡F»‹wtŋ M‰wš mijí« ÉŠáaJ v‹w cz®it¤jh‹ beL§fhy¤â‰F¥ ãwF tªj v£ilaòu¤J¡ fÉP‹, ‘ïJtiu ïU¡»‹w Éâ v‹gJ ntW; “jÅ xUtD¡F czî ïšiy v‹whš, ïªj b#f¤âid mʤâLnth«” v‹wh‹. gáia¥ ngh¡F»‹w, gáia v⮡f¡Toa ïªj cz®î, áªjid jÄH®fËl« ïUªjJ. mjdhšjh‹ I«bgU§fh¥ãa§fSŸ x‹wh»a kÂnkfiyƚ, m£ra¥ gh¤âu¤ij Vªâ tU»‹w kÂnkfiy, mKjRuãia¤ ö¡» tU»w kÂnkfiy, ‘‘thU§fŸ v‹Ål«; J‹g¥gLgt®fŸ, gh®it m‰wt®fŸ, fhJ nfshjt®fŸ, ngr Koahjt®fŸ, nehƋ ãoƚ jÉ¥gt®fŸ, Mjuî m‰wt®fŸ, mdhijfŸ ït®fŸ všnyhU« v‹Ål¤âš tUf; ‘fhzh®, nfsh®, ngrh®, fhšKl« Mndh®, gáahš thL»wt®fŸ všnyhU« thU§fŸ. ïªj m£ra¥ gh¤âu¤âš ïUªJ mŸË¤ jU»nw‹’ v‹W brh‹dhŸ. vtU« gánahL ïU¤jš MfhJ v‹w fU¤ij¢ brh‹d jÄH‹jh‹, ‘‘ahJ« Cnu ahtU« nfË®’’ v‹w cz®îfis Éij¤jh‹. mªj¡ fhy¤âš ï§nf tUzháuk« ïšiy itÔf« ãǤJ it¤j kDj®k¡ bfhLikí« ïšiy. Mfntjh‹, ‘‘ãw¥ò x¡F« všyh cÆ®¡F«’’ v‹w fU¤ij tŸSt¥ bgUªjif K‹it¤jh®. <uhÆu« M©LfS¡F K‹dhš ïUªj áªjid. k‹d® M£á¡ fhy¤âš, cÇikfS¡fhf¥ nghuhl¡Toa cz®î e« ïy¡»a§f˚ Ô£l¥g£L ïU¡»wJ. Mfntjh‹, jĜ¤JiwÆd® ‘ïy¡»a§f˚ kÅj cÇikfŸ’ v‹wd®. njthu _t®fˋ ïy¡»a«, rka ïy¡»a«. Mdhš, irtbe¿ jiH¤J X§Ftj‰fhf ïa‰w¥g£l mªj rka ïy¡»a§f˚, k‹didí« v⮡»‹w cz®î c©L. k‹dNj mit¡ fs¤â‰F¢ br‹whY«Tl, k©oÆL« kd¥gh‹ik ïšiy v‹w fhuz¤âdhšjh‹, knfªâu gšyt k‹dNj MSik mâfhu¤ij - M£áia v⮤J,

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ehkh®¡F« Foašnyh« ekid mŠnrh« euf¤âš ïl®gnlh« Vkh¥ngh« ãÂa¿nah« gÂnth« mšnyh« ï‹gnk vªehS« J‹gĚiy

v‹W ghodh® âUehî¡fur®. ï¥go¥ ghLtj‰F, brhštj‰F cd¡F cÇik ïšiy; ïªj¡ fU¤ij eh§fŸ V‰gj‰F ïšiy v‹W, mtuJ cÆiu¥ g¿¥gj‰fhf rkz®fˋ VîjÈdhny, ‘ahidƋ fhyhš ït® jiyia ïlw¢ brŒí§fŸ’ v‹W ehî¡furNj jiyia ïlw¢ brhš»‹w c¤juî ãw¥ã¡f¥g£l ntisÆY«, cÇik¡F¥ nghuhL»‹w cz®î m¡fÉPD¡F, m¥g® mofŸ v‹W jĜ cyf« ngh‰W»‹w ehî¡fur® bgUkhD¡F ïUªjjdhšjh‹,

R©zbt‹ rªjd¢ rhªJ« Rl®â§fŸ NlhkÂí« t©z tÇit cilí« gts ÃwK« tsU« m©zš mu©Ku© VW« â©z‹ bfoy¥ òdY« cilah® xUt® jk®jh« mŠRtJ ahbjh‹W« ïšiy mŠr tUtJ« ïšiy
v‹W gho, k‹didna v⮡f¡Toa cz®î âUehî¡furU¡F ïUªjJ. r£l¤J¡F K‹dhš všnyhU« rk«. cÇikfŸ všnyhU¡F« rkkhf ïU¡f nt©L«. ïªj cÇikfis Ãiyeh£Ltj‰fhf¤ jh‹, ïUgjh« ü‰wh©oš, ïu©lh« cyf¥ngh® Koªjj‰F¥ ãwF, 1948 M« M©L or«g®¤ â§fŸ 10 M« ehŸ, cyf ehLfˋ bghJk‹wkh»a I.eh. rig bghJk‹w¤âš, kÅj cÇikfŸ ãufld« brŒa¥g£lJ. ‘r£l¤J¡F K‹dhš všnyhU« rk«’ v‹w nfh£gh£o‹ mo¥gilƚ, xUtiu xUt® tU¤Jjš MfhJ; bfhLik brŒjš MfhJ v‹w ïªj¡ fU¤ij v©Â¥ ghU§fŸ. jĜ¤ Jiwƚ,

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41

M§»y¤Jiwƚ ïy¡»a§fis¥ go¡»‹Ö®fŸ. jÄH®fˋ fh¥ãa§f˚, áy¥gâfhu¤â‰F <lhd fh¥ãa« ï‹bdh‹W ïšiy. eh‹ fhy¤â‹ mUik fUâ, x›bth‹iwí« ÉtǤJ¢ brhšyhkš, brhšy tU« brŒâfis¡ bfhŠr« ntfkhf¢ brhšy nt©oa f£lha¤J¡F Msh» ïU¡»‹w fhuz¤âdhš, eh‹ m§bfh‹W« ï§bfh‹Wkhf¢ áy Ãfœ¢áfis, Ãiyikfis kh¤âu« c§fŸ kd¤âiuƚ gâî brŒa ÉU«ò»nw‹. ‘všnyhU« rk«’ v‹w nfh£ghL v¥nghJ tªjJ? ïnjngh‹w muritÆny, k‹dŋ rigƚ, gh©oa k‹dNj mit¡fs¤âš, ‘ml m¿î¡ bf£L¥nghd murnd’ v‹W, xU rhjhuz tÂf¡ FL«g¤âš ãwªj f©z»¥ bgUªnjÉ nf£lhŸ.

‘njuh k‹dh br¥òtJ cilna‹’ v‹whŸ.
“f©f˚ ÚnuhL tªJ ïU¡»w bg©nz, Ú ahu«kh?” v‹W nf£l kh¤âu¤âš,

‘thƉ filk eLeh eL§f Mɉ filk cFÚ® beŠR Rl¤ jh‹ j‹ mU«bgwš òjštid MÊƚ ko¤njh‹ bgU«bga® òfh® v‹ gâna’
v‹W xU rǤâu¤ij K‹it¤jhŸ. ‘v‹ f©ÙU¡fh Ú fhuz« nf£»whŒ? xU gRɋ f©ÙU¡fhf, gRî¡F¤ Ô§F ne®ªJÉ£lJ v‹w fhuz¤â‰fhf¤ j‹ kfid¤ nj®¡fhȚ ï£l kDÚ⢠nrhH k‹d‹ ãwªj nrhH k©ly¤âš ïUªJ tªJ ïU¡»nw‹’ v‹whŸ. ï¥go cÇikfS¡fhf¥ nghuhL»w cz®î e« fh¥ãa§f˚ Ô£l¥g£L ïU¡»wJ. ïij¥nghy, ïy¡»a§fŸ ïªj cÇikfis v§bfšyh« tÈíW¤J»wJ v‹W gh®¤jhš, gHikahd ehfßf§fŸ v§bfšyh« ts®ªjJ v‹W gh®¤jhš, m¥go ts®ªj ehfßf§fSŸ x‹Wjh‹ »nu¡f¤J ehfßf«. m§nf xU Úâk‹w«. mªj Úâk‹w¤âš ÃW¤j¥gL»wt‹, áªjidahs‹ rh¡uO°. mtDila fU¤JfŸ m§nf Éij¡f¥g£l fhuz¤âdhš, mtD¡F kuz j©lid Éâ¡f¥g£lJ. mt‹ brh‹d

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fU¤Jfns »nu¡f¤â‹ m¡fhy ïy¡»akhƉW. Mfntjh‹, ‘»nu¡f¤â‹ ïnaRehjuh»a rh¡uOi[¥ g‰¿ eh‹ F¿¥ãL»nw‹’ v‹W fÉP‹ bõšÈ brh‹dh‹. mnj rh¡uŐ thœ¡ifia, gy® ehlf§fshf¤ Ô£o ïU¡»wh®fŸ. fijfshf¤ Ô£o ïU¡»wh®fŸ. eh« mJtiu m¿ahj brŒâfis cŸsl¡», rh¡uŐ thœ¡ifia ehlfkhf xUt‹ jU»wh‹. mJ mªj eh£o‹ ïy¡»a«.

thŸKidia¤ Jh©oa ngdh Kid
ï§nf tuyh‰W¥ nguháÇa®fŸ ïU¡»wh®fŸ. cÇikfS¡fhf¤ jh‹ cyf¤âš ngh®¡fs§fŸ mikªjd. òu£áfŸ eilbg‰wd. cÇikfis Ãiyeh£lnt thŸ Vªâ, ïu¤j« áªâ ïU¡»wh®fŸ. moik Éy§Ffis cil¥gj‰fhf, cÇik bgWtj‰fhf el¤j¥g£l òu£áfS¡F¡ fhuzkhdit mid¤J« ïy¡»a§fŸ jh«! thŸ Kidia Vªâ¢ bršgt®fis¤ ö©oÉ£lJ ngdh Kidjh‹! ‘kÅj®fŸ všnyhU« Rjªâukhf¤jh‹ ãw¡»wh®fŸ; Mdhš, mt®fŸ v§F gh®¤jhY« moik Éy§Ff˚ ó£l¥g£L¡ »l¡»wh®fŸ’ v‹W, ‘rKjha x¥gªj¤â‹’ bjhl¡f¤âš vGâa ãbuŠR eh£L¢ áªjidahs‹ %nrh, ‘Man is born free: but, he is everywhere in chain’ v‹W %nrh %nrh vGâa mnj ãbuŠR eh£oš, eh‹ F¿¥ã£l ïªj ehlf¤ij¤ Ô£oat‹ thšnl®. ‘‘mÊɋ c¢áÆny ïU¡»wJ ãbuŠR ehL. r®thâfhu¤â‹ bfhLKoƚ ïU¡»wh‹ k‹d‹ ÿÆ. ïªj¡ bfhLik Úo¡Fkhdhš, ïªj¥ ãbuŠR ehnl mʪJÉL«’’ v‹W vGâaj‰fhf, 1717 M« M©L nk khj« 16 M« ehŸ, thšnl® áiwƚ mil¡f¥g£lh‹. vªj¢ áiwƚ? ãbuŠR¥ òu£á bto¥gj‰F¡ fhuzkhd gh°ilš áiwƚ mt‹ mil¡f¥g£lh‹. mªj¢ áiwƚ ïUªjnghJjh‹ mt‹ rh¡uŐ ehlf¤ij vGâdh‹. eh‹ go¤j rh¡uO° ehlf§fis Él, thšnl® fh£l¡Toa ïªj rh¡uO° ehlf¤âš, V‹ mtD¡F Éõ« bfhL¡f¥g£lJ? vjdhš mtD¡F kuzj©lid Éâ¡f¥g£lJ? v‹w gy òâa brŒâfŸ ïU¡»‹wd. Ú§fŸ mt‰iw¥ go¡f nt©L«.

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vdnt, cÇikfS¡fhf¥ nghuhL»w cz®it V‰gL¤â¡ bfhL¤jt‹ thšnl®. mt® vGâa üšfŸ, ehlf§fŸ, mªj eh£L k¡fˋ cŸs¤âš vÇkiyahf bto¡f¢ brŒtj‰F¡ fhuzkhd ïªj ãbuŠR¥ òu£áia¡ F¿¤J, mjidna rǤâu ehtš M¡»dh‹. mJî« ïy¡»a«jh‹. mt‹, 炙yhªJ eh£oš ãwªj fh®iyš. ãbuŠR¥ òu£áƋ fjhg¤âu§fis, mt‹ ehlf¤â‹ fjhgh¤âu§fshf M¡F»wh‹. eh‹ cÇikfˋ tuyh‰¿ny vL¤J¢ brhšy ïU¡»‹w ngu¿P® m©zh mt®fŸ, fh®iyȋ vG¤ij¥ g‰¿¡ F¿¥ãL»wnghJ, ‘tÈik m‰wtŋ ghijÆny jilahf ïU¡f¡Toa fU§fš, tÈik cŸst‹ ghijƚ go¡f£lhf khW»wJ’’ v‹W fh®iyš vGâa fU¤ij, j‹ j«ãkh®fS¡F m¿P® m©zh mt®fŸ jªjh®fns, mªj¡ fh®iyš, ãbuŠR¥ òu£áƋ tuyh‰iw¡ fhÉakh¡»¤ jªjh‹.

kÅj cÇik¢ rhrd«
ï§nf ciu M‰¿a nguháÇa® mt®fŸ, 炙yhªJ eh£oš, 1815 M« M©L kÅj cÇik¢ rhrd¤â‹ K‹ndhoahf És§»a ‘nk¡dh fh®lh’it¥ g‰¿¢ brh‹dh®fŸ. thŸ Kidƚ ifbaG¤J ï£lh‹ k‹d‹ #h‹. mJ ‘kÅj cÇik¢ rhrd«’ v‹»wh®fŸ. ã‹d® tªj kÅj cÇik¥ ãufld«, 1948 M« M©L or«g® 10. ïj‰F ɤJ ï£lt‹ ah®? xU ïy¡»athâ. xU jiyáwªj fÉP‹. ïy¡»a cy»š ï‹iw¡F« b#hȤJ¡ bfh©L ïU¡»‹w, mÊah¥ òfœ¥bg‰w kfh fÉP‹ bõšÈ. mt‹jh‹ Kj‹Kjyhf 1812 M« M©oš, ‘kÅj cÇik¥ ãufld«’ v‹W btËÆ£lt‹. ‘ïy¡»a¤âš kÅj cÇikfŸ’ v‹W jiy¥ò¤ jªÔ®fŸ. kÅjcÇikfŸ v‹w brhšiy Kj‹Kjyhf¥ ga‹gL¤âatnd bõšÈ v‹gij, ï§nf R£o¡fh£l ÉU«ò»nw‹. vªj ïy©l‹ khefu¤ij¥ g‰¿ ï§nf n#hâk mt®fŸ F¿¥ã£lh®fnsh, Rt°â¡ bfho jh§»a b#®khÅa®fŸ bfh£l« mo¤J¡ bfh©L ïUªj fhy¤âš, ïy©l‹ khefu¤âš F©LfŸ bjhl®ªJ kiHia¥nghš ÉGªJ bfh©L ïUªj neu¤âš, gJ§F FÊfis¥ g‰¿¡ F¿¥ã£O®fns, mªj¡ fhy¤âš ‘cyf ïy¡»a«’ v‹w brhšiy Kj‹Kjyhf¥ ga‹gL¤âat‹ mªj b#®kÅa¡ fÉP‹ fnj v‹gij, ïªj neu¤âny F¿¥ã£L¡ fh£LtJ bghU¤jkhf ïU¡F«.

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kÅj cÇikfŸ ãufld¤ij mt‹ btËÆLtj‰F ml¡FKiw ïUªj fhuz¤âdhš, mªj¥ ãufld¤ij¤ J©L¤ jhŸf˚ vGâ, gh£ošf˚ mil¤J, ÚnuhilfËY«, eâfËY«, fl‰fiu Xu§fËY« åádh®fŸ. gÿ‹f˚ f£o mD¥ãdh®fŸ. ï¥go åáa bõšÈƋ kÅjcÇik¥ ãufld¤â‹ c£ãÇîfŸ 31. bõšÈƋ mªj kÅj cÇik¥ ãufld«jh‹, 1948 ïš Universal Declaration of Human Rights’ v‹w I.eh. k‹w¤â‹ kÅj cÇik¥ ãufld¤J¡F mo¥gilahf mikªjJ. mj‹ c£ãÇîfŸ 30. vdnt, ïy¡»a§fËny kÅj cÇikfŸ v‹»wnghJ, xU fÉP‹jh‹ mij¤ jU»wh‹.

Mask of Anarchy
kh‹br°l® efu¤âš, 1816 M« M©L xU bgÇa ml¡FKiw el¡»wJ. v©z‰w¤ bjhÊyhs®fŸ bfhšy¥gL»wh®fŸ. mªj¡ bfhLikahd Ãfœîfis, ï¤jhÈ eh£oš nfŸÉ¥gL»w fÉP‹ bõšÈƋ ïja vÇkiyƚ óf«g« bto¡»wJ. jh§f Koaɚiy mtdhš. mt‹ Ô£oa fhÉa«jh‹ ‘muh#f¤â‹ Kf_o’ (Mask of Anarchy) m‰òjkhd gil¥ò. ï‹iw¡F¤ bõšÈ bjhÊyhs¤ njhH®fŸ cybf§F« ngh®¡bfho Vªâ¥ nghuhoa tuyh‰iw¢ brhšY»wh®fns, ïnjh mt‹ brhš»wh‹. fHÅƚ ïu¤j¤ij Éa®itahf¡ bfh£o cGJ bfh©L ïU¡f¡Toa cHtD¡F c©z czî ïšiy v‹wh‹. ï‹bdhU fÉP‹ mšyhkh ï¡ghš brh‹dh®. “cGJ bfh©L ïU¡f¡Toa ÉtrhÆ¡F, fHÅƚ ghLgL»wtD¡F czî ïšiy v‹whš, Éis»‹w brªbeš mtD¡F¥ ga‹glhJ v‹whš, mJ v§nfh nfhòukhf¡ FÉ¡f¥gL»wJ v‹whš, fHÅfis¤ ÔÆ£L¡ bfhS¤J§fŸ, v§F« beU¥ò¥ gut£L«” v‹W brh‹dhnd, mnj tÇfis¤jh‹ fÉP‹ bõšÈ brhš»wh‹.

Ú§fŸ Éij¡»Ö®fŸ; vtndh mW¡»wh‹. Ú§fŸ bršt¤ij¤ njL»Ö®fŸ; vtndh FÉ¡»wh‹. Ú§fŸ beŒ»Ö®fŸ; vtndh m»wh‹.

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Ú§fŸ Míj§fis th®¥ã¡»Ö®fŸ; mªj Míj§fis vtndh VªJ»wh‹
v‹W brhšÈÉ£L,

45

ïÅnkš, tu¥ngh»w rKjhank, ïij v©Â¥gh®¤J c‹Dila áªjidia¡ T® V‰¿¡ bfhŸ.

Ú§fŸ Éijí§fŸ; vªj¡ bfhL§nfhyidí« mW¡f ÉlhÔ®fŸ. bršt¤ij¤ njL§fŸ; vªj Vkh‰W¡fhuidí« FÉ¡f ÉlhÔ®fŸ. Milfis beŒí§fŸ; vªj¢ nrh«ng¿iaí« cL¤j ÉlhÔ®fŸ. Míj§fis th®¥ãí§fŸ; Ú§fns VªJtj‰fhf!
ïªj¡ fÉij, bõšÈ jªj fÉij! ‘kÅj cÇikfŸ ãufld«’ v‹»‹w mªj mo¥gil¤ j¤Jt¤ij¤ jªj fÉP‹ bõšÈ, ïij¡F¿¥ãL»w fhy« 1812. 1848. Ú§fŸ F¿¥ã£O®fns cyf¤ bjhÊyhs®fˋ cÇik¥ ãufld« v‹W fh®š kh®¡° m¿É¤J, ifbaG¤J ï£l ãufld«. mªj¥ ãufld¤âš ‘Workers of the world unite; you have nothing to lose, but your chains’ c§fŸ Éy§Ffis¤ jÉu vijí« ïH¡f¥nghtJ ïšiy’ v‹wh®. ïJî« cÇik¥ ãufld«jh‹! eh‹ ãbuŠR¥ òu£áia¢ R£o¡fh£o, 炙yhªJ eh£oš fÉP‹ bõšÈ jªj vG¢áia t®Â¤JÉ£L, mj‹ bjhl®¢áahf kÅj cÇikfŸ v§nf kW¡f¥g£ld v‹w fh£á¡F c§fis¡ bfh©Lnghf ÉU«ò»nw‹. cy»š kÅj cÇikfŸ k©nzhL k©zhf¥ òij¡f¥g£l ïl«, v§nf bjÇíkh? Rjªâu« ãufld« brŒa¥g£l mbkÇ¡f eh£oš, kÅj cÇikfŸ v‹W ãufld¤âš brhšy¥g£l eh£oš, nfho¡fz¡fhdt®fŸ ehÆD« nftykhf, ÄUf§fisÉl¡ bfhLikahdt®fshf, ïÊîgL¤j¥g£lh®fŸ. Ãid¤J¥ gh®¡f Koahj bfhLik! j§fŸ cÇikfis ïHªjt®fshf, c©gj‰F«

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cL¥gj‰F« tá¥gj‰F« cÇik ïHªjt®fshf, kÅj‹ v‹w cz®îl‹ mo¥gilƚ ïa§f Koahjt®fshf ïUªj Ú¡nuh¡fŸ fU¥g®fŸ, mt®fŸ Ûjhd bfhoa ml¡FKiwia v⮤J, mt®fˋ moik Éy§Ffis cil¤J, mj‰fhf¤ j‹ MÉia¤ jªjt‹ Mãufh« ȧf‹.

‘Uncle Tom’s Cabin’
m‰òjkhd r¡âahf cUthd Mãufh« ȧf‹ F¿¥ãL»wh‹. moikfS¡F thœî mË¡f nt©L«, mt®fŸ cÇik bgWtj‰fhf¥ nghuhl nt©L« v‹W v©z¤ij vd¡F V‰gL¤â¡ bfhL¤jJ, xU bg©k vGâa ò¤jf« v‹W mUikahf¢ brh‹dh®. nAÇa£ Õ¢r® °nlh› 1852 M« M©oš vGâa ò¤jf«, ‘Uncle Tom’s Cabin’ ‘ïªj üšjh‹ vd¡F ïªj cz®it V‰gL¤âaJ’ v‹W brh‹dh®. 1852 M« M©oš ïªj¥ ò¤jf¤ij vGJ»wnghJ, mbkÇ¡f eh£oš ïUªj Ãiyikia vGJ»wh®. 10 M©LfŸ fʤJ, 1862 M« M©L, btŸis khËifƚ Mãufh« ȧfid¢ rªâ¤jh®. m¥bghGJ ȧf‹ FoauR¤ jiyt®. 10 ta⚠gŸË¡Tl¤â‰F¥ nghdnghJ ȧf‹ xU fÉij vGâdh®. m¥nghJ mtD¡F¤ bjǪj M‰wiy it¤J Mãufh« ȧf‹ vGJ»wh®. ‘Abraham

Lincon’s hand and pen do good. But God knows when?’ Mãufh« ȧfŋ fuK« mtDila ngdhî« áw¥ò¢
brŒí«; mJ v¥bghGJ v‹gJ M©ltD¡F¤jh‹ bjÇí«.” Mãufh« ȧf‹ thœehŸ KGtJ« nghuho, gy njhšÉfis¢ rªâ¤J, bt‰¿ bg‰wj‰F¥ ã‹d®, 1863 M« M©L #dtÇ Kjš ehŸ, M©o‹ jiyeh˚, btŸis khËif¡F cŸns tU»wh®. MÆu¡fz¡fhdt®fnshL ifFY¡»¡bfh©nl tU»‹wh®. m¤jid ngÇl¤âY« ifFY¡»É£L, Xtš mYtyf nki#¡F tªJ, rǤâu¥ ãuá¤â bg‰w ãufld¤âš, moikfS¡F cÇikfŸ tH§F»w mªj¢ r£l¤â‰F¡ ifbaG¤âl tU»wh®. ngdhit¡ ifƚ vL¡»wh®. v¥bghGnjh mtÇl¤âš bfhL¡f¥g£l bgh‹Åwkhd j§f¥ngdh, mij¡ ifƚ vL¤J ifbaG¤J¥ nghl¥ngh»wnghJ, if nyrhf eL§F»wJ. ngdhit¡ ÑnH it¤J ÉL»wh®. “eh‹ gyÇl¤âš ifFY¡»É£L tªnj‹. mjdhš ïªj¡ ifƚ xU js®¢á V‰gL»wJ. XŒî vL¤J¡ bfhŸ»nw‹. ïªj¡

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ifbaG¤âš xU áW jLkh‰w¤ij¥ gh®¤jhY«, Mãufh« ȧf‹ moikfS¡F thœî mË¡F« cÇik¥ ãufld¤âš ifbaG¤âl¥ngh»wnghJ mtuJ cŸs¤âš Vnjh ja¡fK« jLkh‰w« ïUªjJ v‹W tU§fhy« rã¤JÉl¡TlhJ v‹gj‰fhf, r‰W neu« fʤJ¡ ifbaG¤J ïL»nw‹” v‹W °nlh brh‹dh® ȧf‹. eh‹ KjȚ F¿¥ã£l ‘Uncle Tom’s Cabin’ vD« m‰òjkhd ïy¡»a¡ fhÉa¤ij vGâa nAÇa£ Õ¢r® °nlh v‹»w m«ikahiu¥ gh®¤jnghJ, You are that little woman? Ú jh‹ mªj¥ bg©kÂah? You have created the civil war cŸeh£L í¤j¤ij V‰gL¤âa¥ bg©k Újhdh? v‹W nf£L¥ ghuh£odh®. ïªj ‘Uncle Tom’s Cabin‘ vD« ò¤jf« xU ïy¡»a« mšyth?

xU mâarkhd fh£á!
áyngU¡F k®k ehtiy¥ go¡»wnghJ ÉWÉW¥ghf ïU¡F«. k®kehtY« xU ïy¡»a«jh‹. filá¡ fh£áƚ v‹d Mth‹ v‹»w ga¤âš, áyng® vd¡F¤ bjÇí«, »isnk¡° go¤JÉ£L kdij¤ jah®gL¤â¡ bfhŸth®fŸ. m⚠Rthu°ank ïU¡fhJ. áÅkhî¡F¥ ngh»Ö®fŸ. eh« buh«g fZl¥g£L o¡bf£ th§»¥ nghÆU¥ngh«. mªj¥ gl« âǚyuhf ïU¡fyh«. mšyJ nrhf« Ãiwªj glkhf ïU¡fyh«. fhjš fhÉakhf ïU¡fyh«. mJ iyyh k{D fijah» ÉLnkh? njtjh° Koth» ÉLnkh? mšyJ Rikjh§»ia¥nghš »¿°jt rhÄahuh»¥ nghŒ ÉLthndh? v‹W g‰gy rªnjf« tªJ, âiu¥gl¤âš yƤJ ïU¡»wnghJ xU ïilŠrš. ahuhtJ xUt‹, V‰fdnt gl¤ij¥ gh®¤JÉ£L tªJ, e« K‹dhnyh ã‹dhnyh c£fh®ªJbfh©L, ‘fjhehaf‹ tU»whdh? ï¥g m§f ngh»whdh? ɚy‹ tªJ ÉLth‹. bt‰¿ bgWth‹’ v‹W fijia¥ óuhî« brhšÈ ÉLth‹. ‘VdŒah eh‹ fhR bfhL¤J¥ gl« gh®¡f tªJ ïU¡»nw‹. Ú fijia¢ brhšÈÉ£lhš eh‹ vJ¡fŒah gh®¡f nt©L«’ v‹ngh«. Koit¤ bjǪJbfhŸt⚠ïU¡»w M®t«. áyng® gl¤ij¥ g‰¿¢ brhšy tUth®fŸ. gl¤ij¥g‰¿ Mu«ã¡F«nghnj, ‘eh‹ gl¤ij¥ gh®¤J¡ bfhŸnt‹, Ú§fŸ brhšy nt©lh«’ v‹ngh«.

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khzt¢bršt§fns,
‘Uncle Tom's Cabin’ v‹w ïªj¥ ò¤jf¤ij¤ bjhluhf¤jh‹ vGâdh®fŸ mªj m«ikah®. brh‹dhš, M¢r®a¥gLå®fŸ. mªj¥ ò¤jf¤â‹ filá m¤âaha¤ij¤jh‹, KjȚ vGâdh®fŸ. go¡»wt®fˋ f©f˚ f©Ùiu tutiH¡f¡Toa üš mJ. eh‹ áy üšfis¥ go¡»wnghJ kd« fy§» ïU¡»nw‹. ïªj üiy¥ go¡»wnghJ« v‹id m¿ahkš fy§»nd‹. m¥bghGJ eh‹ Ãid¤nj‹. ï¥bghGJ go¡F«nghnj kdâ‰F ï›tsî fy¡f« jU»wnj, mªj eh£oš, mªj¡ fhyf£l¤âš ïJ v›tsî cz®¢áia V‰gL¤â ïU¡F«? ïij¥ go¤j v¤jidng® fy§» ïU¥gh®fŸ? v‹W Ãid¤nj‹. nAÇa£ Õ¢r® °nlh› m«ikah®, j‹ ãŸisfis miH¤J, jh‹ vGâa filá m¤âaha¤ij thá¤J¡ fh©ã¤jh®. filᥠg¡f«. ïij mt® thá¤jîl‹, mªj¥ ãŸisfŸ fj¿ mGJ É£lh®fŸ. mj‹ãwFjh‹ mt® bjhl¡f¤âš ïUªJ fijia vGj¤ bjhl§»dh®. vd¡F¤bjÇa vªj xU gil¥ò«, filá m¤âaha¤ij KjȚ vGâ, ã‹d® KjȚ ïUªJ vGj¤ bjhl§»ajhf eh‹ go¤jnj ïšiy.

mbkÇ¡fhɚ Ãwbt¿¡ bfhLik
mbkÇ¡fhɚ fU¥g®fŸ kÅj®fshfnt el¤j¥glɚiy. j£LK£L¢ rhkh‹fis¥nghš el¤j¥g£lh®fŸ. ÄUf§fisÉl¡ nftykhf el¤j¥g£lh®fŸ. g¤J khj« tƉ¿š RkªJ bg‰w FHªijia, j‹ njhŸÛJ« kh®ÛJ« ngh£L¥ ghÿ£o ts®¤j FHªijia, xU jhŒ cÆU¡F« nkyhf neá¥ghŸ. m¥go¥g£l jhÆl« ïUªJ, fU¥g® ïd¤ij¢ nr®ªj jhÆl« ïUªJ, xU taJ¥ãŸisia ïu©L taJ¥ ãŸisia¥ ãǤJ vL¤J¢ bršth®fŸ. bfhGbfhGbt‹W ïU¡F« g¤J khj¡ FHªij. moik¢ rªijƚ Éiy¡F th§F« ÉahghÇ tU»wh‹. mªj¤ jhŒ mGJbfh©nl ïU¡»whŸ. v§nf ïs« FHªijia¥ ãǤJ ÉLth®fnsh v‹W. th§f tU»wt‹, mªj¡ FHªijia¤ j£o¥ gh®¡»wh‹. f‹d¤ij¡ »ŸË¥ gh®¡»wh‹. mjDila ò‹KWtY«, bfhL¡»w bghUis¡ ifahš th§F»w ïyhtf¤ijí« gh®¤JÉ£L, ‘ïªj¡ FHªij Äfî« RWRW¥ghf

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ïU¡»wJ’ v‹W brhšÈ, mt‹ Éiy¡F¡ bfhL¡f tªjtÅl¤âšnghŒ, ‘mªj¡ FHªijia k£L« jÅahf¡ bfhL’ v‹W nf£lh‹. jhŒ fj¿dhŸ. ‘v‹idí« FHªijnahL nr®¤J ɉW ÉL§fŸ’ v‹W. ïšiy ïªj¡ FHªijia¤ jÅahf th§», ï‹D« xU M©L ts®¤jhš, v¥go M£L¡ F£oia th§»¤ ÔÅngh£L mij¢ rªij¡F mD¥ãdhš mâf¥ gz« »il¡F« v‹W fUJ»wh®fnsh mij¥nghy, ïªj¡ FHªijia ï‹D« xU M©L fʤJ ɉwhš, ïu©L kl§F yhg« »il¡F« v‹W th§»¡bfh©L ngh»wh‹. ïit všyh« c©ikahf elªj ÃfœîfŸ. mªj¡ FHªijia¥ ãǪj jhŒ, ï‹bdhUtÅl« ɉf¥gL»whŸ. gl»š nghŒ¡bfh©L ïU¡F«nghJ, j©Ùǚ Fâ¤J ïwªJ ngh»whŸ. ï¥go¥g£l fh£áfŸ tu¡Toa fijƚ, xnubahU áW r«gt«. âUkzkh» 4 M©LfŸ M»‹wd. FHªij 3 taJ. fztid¥ ãǤJ ÉL»wh®fŸ. mtid ntbwhU rªij¡F ɉW ÉL»wh®fŸ. kidÉÆl« tªJ fjW»wh‹. ‘ïÅ v‹ thœeh˚ c‹id¥ gh®¡f KoahJ. eh« kÅj®fŸ mšy. ek¡F cz®¢áfŸ »ilahJ. eh« vijí« áªâ¡f¡TlhJ. ek¡bf‹W v§nf ïU¡»wh‹ ïiwt‹?’ v‹W j‹ M¤âu¤ij všyh« bfh£o¢ brhš»wnghJ, mtŸ rkhjhd« brhš»whŸ. m¥bghGJ mt‹ xU r«gt¤ij¢ brhš»wh‹. v‹ KjyhË, v‹id moikahf it¤J ïU¡»w g©iz¡fhu‹, v#kh‹ v‹id v¥go¡ bfhLik¥gL¤J»wh‹ bjÇíkh? Mirahf xU ehŒ ts®¤nj‹ v‹ Foirƚ. mªj ehŒ v‹id¢ R‰¿¢R‰¿ tU«. mªj ehŒ v‹Ål¤âš mâf ãÇa« fh£Ltij mtdhš r»¡f Koaɚiy. ïªj moikfS¡F« m‹ò fh£l¡Toa xU ãuh nt©Lkh? v‹W fUâ v‹id miH¤J, ‘ïªj ehia¡ fG¤âš fšiy¡f£o mo¤J VÇƚ ngh£L¡ bfh‹W ÉL’ v‹W brh‹dh‹. ‘eh‹ KoahJ’ v‹W kW¤nj‹. rî¡fhš mo¤jh‹. gykhd ïU«ò¢ r§»Èahš f£o it¤jh®fŸ. v‹ cl«ãš ïUªJ u¤j« bfh£o¡bfh©nl ïUªjJ. ïj‰F¥ãwF«, mtD¡F¢ rkhjhd« Mfɚiy. v‹ ãÇaKŸs ehia mt‹ v‹d brŒjh‹ bjÇíkh? mjDila fG¤âš fšiy¡f£o, ntiy¡fhu®fis miH¤J, mjid

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fšiy¡bfh©L mo¡f¢ brh‹dh‹. mj‹ cl«ãš ïUªJ câu« bfh£L»wJ. mªj ehia¤ ö¡» VÇƚ åR»wh®fŸ. mªj xU ïl«jh‹ v‹id cY¡» É£lJ. ‘m¥nghJ mªj ehŒ, v‹id¥ gÇjhgkhf¥ gh®¤jJ. v‹id Ú fh¥gh‰w kh£lhah? vd¡F Ú V‹ cjÉ brŒa kW¡»whŒ? mJ j©Ùǚ _œ»wnghJ mj‹ f©f˚ ïUªJ tªj gh®it, eh‹ bfhŠr« bfhŠrkhf¢ rh»nwnd, v‹ v#khdh»a Ú v‹id V‹ fh¥gh‰w kW¡»whŒ? v‹W nf£L¡bfh©nl mªj VÇƚ _œ»¢ br¤J¥nghdJ’ v‹wh‹. ïªj ehƋ Ãiyikƚjh‹ moikfŸ ïUªjh®fŸ.

fU¥g®fŸ kÅj®fns mšy
mbkÇ¡fhɋ Rjªâu¥ ãufld¤âš, ‘kÅj®fŸ všnyhU« rk cÇik cilat®fŸ’ v‹W ïU¡»wJ. ‘Men are created equal’ rkkhf¥ gil¡f¥g£lt®fŸ v‹w brhš ïU¡»wJ. Mdhš, mbkÇ¡f eh£o‹ R¥ß« nfh®£o‹ jiyik Úâgâ bfhL¤j Ô®¥ò, ‘Ú¡nuh¡fŸ moikfŸ. kÅj®fŸ mšy. mbkÇ¡fhɋ kÅj®fŸ g£oaȚ ïªj Ú¡nuh¡fis¢ nr®¡f KoahJ. ït®fŸ kÅj®fns mšy. Mfnt, kÅj cÇikfŸ v‹w nfŸÉna vHɚiy’ ïJ R¥ß« nfh®£ Ô®¥ò. obu£°fh£ tH¡»š tH§f¥g£l Ô®¥ò. 1852 M« M©oš tªj bfhLikahd Ô®¥ò ïJ. ‘kÅj®fns mšy’ v‹W kW¡f¥g£l Ãiyia v⮤J vGâa, ‘Uncle Tom’s Cabin’ ò¤jf«, bj‰F khÃy§fËny jil brŒa¥g£lJ. mbkÇ¡f eh£o‹ ÉLjiy¥ nghuh£l tuyh‰¿š, cŸeh£L¥ nghǚ, Mãufh« ȧf‹ moik xÊ¥ò¢ rhrd¤âš ifbaG¤J ï£lhnu, mj‰F¡ fhuzkhf mikªj cŸeh£L¥ nghǚ, ïªj üšjh‹ mªj cz®îfis V‰gL¤âaJ. kÅj cÇik ïy¡»a§fŸ v‹W gh®¡»wnghJ, ïªj¥ bg©k vGâa üiy, tuyh‰¿š xU ikš fšyhfnt eh‹ gh®¡»nw‹. v¤jidnah fÉP®fŸ ïU¡»wh®fŸ. thš£ É£k‹ brh‹dh‹, ‘òšÈ‹ áiyfŸ’ v‹»‹w m‰òjkhd fÉijƚ! v‹ e©gnd, ïJ ò¤jf« mšy. - ïJ xU kÅj‹. ïij¤ bjh£L¥gh®. eh‹ vGâaJ ò¤jf« mšy, ‘kÅj‹’ v‹W F¿¥ã£l mªj eh£ony jh‹, cÇikfis¥ bgWtj‰fhf ïy¡»a§fŸ Ô£l¥g£lij¢ R£o¡ fh£ond‹.

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ciH¥ãid¢ Ru©o, kÅj®fŸ moikfshf el¤j¥gL« xU r_f mik¥ig v⮤J, m‹iwa nrhÉa¤ uZahɚ òu£á bto¤jJ. mªj¥ òu£áia¤ jiyik jh§» el¤âat® khnkij byŋ. ïUgjh« ü‰wh©o‹ bjhl¡f¤âš, cÇikfS¡fhf eilbg‰w uZa¥ òu£á¡F¡ fhuzkhf¢ brhšy¥g£l gy üšf˚, kh¡á« fh®¡»Æ‹, ‘jhŒ’ v‹w m‰òjkhd üiy¢ brhšth®fŸ. mJ xU ïy¡»a«.

‘26 ngU« mªj ïs e§ifí«’
mij¥nghy, ‘òaš gwit’ v‹»‹w ghlš bjhF¥ò, ‘uh#h˒ v‹»‹w ghlš bjhF¥ò Äf m‰òjkhdit. ïitfis Él byÅid Äfî« ft®ªjJ, ‘The 26 mens and a single girl’ ‘26 ngU« mªj ïs e§ifí«’ v‹w kh¡á« fh®¡»Æ‹ ïªj¡ fijjh‹, byÅŋ beŠir¡ ft®ªj fij v‹W, mtuJ JizÉah® F%¥°fhah F¿¥ã£L cŸsh®. kh°nfh efu¤âš xU <u Ãytiwƚ nehahY«, gáahY«, tho tj§»a 26 bjhÊyhs®fis mil¤J it¤J ïU¡»wh®fŸ. mj‹ nkšj£l¤âš ijaš bjhʚ eilbgW»wJ. m§nf, ijaš bjhÊȚ <Lg£L ïU¡»whŸ 16 taJ e§if jhÅah. ïªj 26 ngU« Äf¡ bfhLikahd fh®¡» Kiwƚ á¤âutij¡F Msh¡f¥gL»wh®fŸ. c©z czî ïšiy. nehŒfS¡F kUªJ ïšiy. gšntW nehŒf˚ mt®fŸ m¥gona Ãytiwƚ tho tj§F»wh®fŸ. mt®fsJ ntjidfisí«, jhÅah mt®fS¡F cjÉaijí« vGâ ïU¡»wh®. ïy¡»a§fŸjh‹ r_f kh‰w§fis¡ bfh©L tªjJ. Äf¥bgÇa kh‰w§fŸ v‹W brhšy¥g£l ãbuŠR¥ òu£áahf£L«, mbkÇ¡f cŸeh£L¥ nghuhf£L«, kh®¡Ì‹ Fuyhf£L«, uZa¥ òu£áahf£L«, mj‰F¥ã‹d® Ód¤âš ÉLjiy¡fhf V‰g£l Äf¥bgÇa òu£áia khnth el¤â¡ fh£odhnd, ïit všyht‰W¡F« mo¥gil ïy¡»a§fns. ‘EhW ó¡fŸ kyu£L«, EhW áªjidfŸ K»œ¡f£L«’ v‹w fÉP‹ khnthɋ fÉijfns Ód¤âš cz®îfis C£o‰W.

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ViH gL« ghL
ïªj¥ òu£áfˋ fhy¤â‰F¥ ã‹dhny Û©L« tU»wJ, ïªj ïUgjh« ü‰wh©oš »ôghɋ òu£á. mij el¤âa khbgU« jiyt‹ ï‹iw¡F« cÆnuhL ïU¡»wh‹. mt‹jh‹ ~ãlš fh°£nuh. mt‹ kdij¡ ft®ªj ò¤jf§fSŸ x‹Wjh‹ É¡l® àônfh vGâa ‘Les miserables’ - ‘ViH gL« ghL’ v‹w ò¤jf«. _‹wh« be¥nghÈaŋ r®thâfhu¤ij v⮤J vGâaj‰fhf¢ áiwão¡f¥g£L, ehL fl¤j¥g£l É¡l® àônfh mt® áiwƚ vGâa ò¤jf«, ‘ViH gL« ghL’ v‹w jiy¥ãny tªjJ. ‘ïªj ïy¡»a§fŸ gil¤j cz®îfŸ, ãbuŠR¥ òu£áƚ eh‹ go¤j thšnlNj üšfŸ, ïitjh« ïªj k©Âš, Éa£eh« k©Âš ÉLjiy¡ bfhoia ca®¤j¡Toa cz®¢áia¤ jªjJ’ v‹W nAh-á-ċ brh‹dh®. e« fhy¤âš, e« f©K‹nd, mbkÇ¡fhî¡F vâuhd nghǚ Éa£eh« bt‰¿ bg‰wJ.

filaŋ fil¤nj‰w«
moik thœit v⮤J¥ nghuhoat®fŸ mbkÇ¡f eh£oš k£L« mšy, fU¥g®fˋ jhŒ k©zh»a M¥ãÇ¡f¡ f©l¤âny Äf ïÊthf el¤j¥g£l fU¥g® k¡fS¡fhfnt thœªJ, 27 M©LfŸ nuhbg‹ Ôî¢áiwƚ thoa bešr‹ k©nlyh vGJ»wh®. ‘vd¡F ïªj cz®îfis C£oa ïy¡»a« vJ bjÇíkh? ïªâa eh£L¡F ÉLjiy th§»¡ bfhL¤j m©zš kfh¤khɋ kd« ft®ªj mnj üšjh‹. ‘#h‹ u°»‹ vGâa ‘Unto this Last ’ (filaŋ fil¤nj‰w«) . ïªj üšjh‹ vd¡F« cz®î C£oaJ v‹W ah® brhštJ? bešr‹ k©lnyh brh‹dh®. kfh¤kh fhªâ brh‹dh®: ‘1942 M« M©oš ïªj Mf°£ 8 ïšjh‹ òu£á bto¤jJ mšyth? mªj¡ fhyf£l¤âš brh‹dh®. v‹ thœit kh‰¿ mik¤jJ u°»‹ vGâa ‘Unto this Last’ (filaŋ fil¤nj‰w«) v‹»w üšjh‹’ v‹W. xU ïy¡»a« kfh¤khɋ thœitna be¿¥gL¤âaJ v‹W mt® TW»wh® v‹whš, v›tsî tÈik thŒªjit ïy¡»a§fŸ!

u°»‹

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vªj¢ rKjha¤âny ïy¡»a« kâ¡f¥gL»wnjh, vªj¢ rKjha« ïy¡»a¤â‹ be¿fis¥ ngh‰W»wnjh, mªj¢ rKjha« ca®thf ïU¡F«. vªj rKjha« ïy¡»a¤â‹ be¿fis kw¡»wnjh, mªj¢ rKjha« ghœg£L¥nghF«. ï‹iw¡F, tuyh‰¿‹ âU¥òKidƚ ËW bfh©L ïU¡»nwh« eh«. ï§nf eh‹ muáaš ngr kh£nl‹. muáaš ngR« ïlK« ïJ mšy. cyf« ngh‰w thœªjt‹ jÄH‹. ïªj cyfnk ï¥go¤jh‹ ïU¡f nt©L« v‹w be¿fis, ïy¡»a¤âš jªjt‹ jÄH‹. mtDila vâ®fhy« v‹d? jĜ¢ rKjha¤â‹ vâ®fhy« v‹d? v‹gij¡ ftÅ¡»‹w neu¤âš, ïªj eh£o‹ ÉLjiy¥ nghuh£l¤â‰F vitbašyh« fhuzkhf ïUªjd v‹W MŒî el¤âanghJ, v©z‰w üšfis¢ brhšyyh«.

ÑjhŠrÈ
fÉaur® uåªâueh¤ jhT®, #hÈa‹ thyhgh¡ bfhLik¡F¥ã‹ M§»y muR jªj g£l§fis cj¿dh®. ‘ÑjhŠrȒ fÉij jªj jhTNj fÉijf˚jh‹, m¿th®ªj k¡fshf ïU¡f nt©L«, m¢r«  ïU¡f nt©L« v‹W ehî¡fur® brh‹dij, tŸSt® brh‹dij, jhT® brhš»wh®.

‘Where the mind is without fear, where knowledge is free where the head is held high...... into that heaven of freedom, My father, let my country awake’
v§nf kd« m¢r« m‰W ïU¡»wnjh, v§nf m¿î jiy ÃÄ®ªJ ïU¡»wnjh, mªj Rjªâu¤â‹ brh®¡f¤âš ïªj ehL ÉʤJ vH£L«. m¿î jiyö¡» Éf nt©L«. gF¤j¿î jiyö¡» ïU¡f nt©L«.

uåªâueh¤ jhT®

v¥bghUŸ ah®ah® thŒ¡ nf£ãD« m¥bghUŸ bkŒ¥bghUŸ fh©gJ m¿î
v‹W tŸSt¥ bgUªjif brh‹dh®. mªj¥ gF¤j¿it C£l

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jĜ ïir¤ nj‹

nt©oa ntis v¥bghGJ tªjJ? ‘ãw¥ghš ït‹ ca®ªjt‹, ãw¥ghš ït‹ jhœªjt‹, ãw¡F«bghGnj moikahf¥ ãw¡»wh‹, bjhGt¤âš mil¡f¥g£L ïU¡»w g£okhLfis¥ nghy el¤jyh« v‹gJ jÄH®fˋ j¤Jt« mšy. jÄH®fˋ thœ¡if mšy. jÄH®fˋ be¿ mšy. m¥go¤ â¡f¥g£l t®zháuk¤ij v⮤J, ek¡F K‰¿Y« khWg£l fU¤Jfis v⮤J, xU fyh¢rhu¥ gilbaL¥ò el¤j¥g£lj‹ Éisthf, jÄHf« jhœªJ É£l fhuz¤âdhny mij v⮤J¤ jªij bgÇah® ngh®KuR bfh£odhnu, mªj tÊƚ ïªj eh£o‹ ïisP® rKjha¤ij th®¥ã¤jt® ngu¿P® m©zh. mt® to¤j ehlf§fŸ, áWfijfŸ, ehtšfŸ, f£LiufŸ, j«ã¡F¤ Ô£oa foj§fns ïy¡»a§fŸjh«. mt‰¿‹ _ykhf¤ j« j«ãfis mt® th®¥ã¤jh®.

m©zhɋ ïy¡»a«
mij¥g‰¿ Ãiwa¢ brhštj‰F neu« ïšiy. xnubahU ehlf«jh‹. ‘áthÍ f©l ïªJ uh{a«’ mšyJ ‘rªâunkhf‹’. mJ kuh£oa¤â‹ åu tuyhW. M«, áthÍƋ thS¡F K‹dhš fšah© nfh£il ÉGªjJ. òuªj® nfh£il rhŒªjJ. mtid v⮤J ÉF« gilfŸ v§F« ïšiy. Mdhš, mªj r¤âugâ áthÍ¡F, thˋ Kidƚ nridfis¢ ájwo¤j áthÍ¡F, KoN£L« gly« tU»wnghJ; mt‹ fhfg£lNj fhiy¡ fGÉ, k©oÆ£L, j§f ehza§fshš mtid mãnõf« brŒJ, ghg Énkhrd« bgw nt©L«’ v‹wbfhLik ïUªjJ mšyth, ïij m©zš m«ng¤fh® mt®fŸ mUikahf¤ Ô£o ïU¡»wh®. ïij¤jh‹ rªâunkhfŚ m¿P® m©zh T¿dh®. fhLf˚ ghriwfŸ, kiyf˚ nfh£ilfŸ, ïit všyh« ahuhš tªjJ? áthÍƋ thŸ jªjJ. mJ cy®ªj rUif¡ f©L gJ§Fthnd‹? v‹W brhšÈÉ£L, ‘thŸ Vªj nt©oa njit ïšiy. gF¤j¿î Míj« Vªâ¢ bršY§fŸ’ v‹wh®. vdnt, ïªj eh£o‹ tuyh‰¿š vªj ïy¡»a§fŸ jÄHD¡F thœî bfhL¤jnjh, ca®î bfhL¤jnjh, tÊfh£oa mnj ïy¡»a¤â‹ _ykhf kWky®¢áia cUth¡»¤ jªjt® ngu¿P® m©zh.

‘ï§nf ghntªj® ghlȚ brh‹dh®fŸ. bfhiy thËid vllh

itnfh
ÄFbfhonah® braš mwnt k©ÛJ ciH¥gh® všyh« t¿auh« mt® ò© ÛJ m«ò ghŒ¢R« òiya® brštuh« mij¤j‹ f©ÛJ gfȚ f©L mªâ¡F¥ã‹ É©ÛdhŒ bfh¥gˤj ÉÇthd« ghuhŒ j«ã’

55

kŠR¡T£l« ÃiwªJ ïU¡»wJ bghŸsh¢á efǚ. ï¡T£l« eilbgW« neu¤âny kiH nkf§fŸ NœªJ ïU¡»‹wd. ïªj kiH nkf§fŸ fiyªJ, îkykhd ïuɚ, ÉÊfˋ gly¤J¡FŸ gâa¡TL« jhuiffŸ, e£r¤âu§fŸ, fÉP®fS¡F¥ gyÉjkhd f‰gidfis¤ jU«. É©Ãyî Xo¢brš»wnghJ fhjy®fS¡F¥ òâa fdîfis¤ jUtJnghy! Mdhš, ghntªj® gh®itƚ, ‘xL¡f¥g£l, J‹òW« ViH k¡fS¡F ïiH¡f¥gL« bfhLikfis¡ f©L, thd« ò©zhf¡ bfh¥gˤJ É£lJ. mJjh‹ ɩۋ’ v‹whnu, mªj¥ ghntªj‹ gil¤jit ïy¡»a§fŸ!

ãnu«rªâ‹ ‘u§fóĒ
ïy¡»a§fŸ v‹W brhš»wnghJ, fij, ehlf«, ehtš vd všyhnk ïy¡»a§fŸjh«! ãnu«rª¤ xU mUikahd ehtš MáÇa®. ï‹iw¡F k©Âš Ãy¤â‰fhf el¡»‹w nghuh£l¤ij, Ãy§fis¡ fgçfu« brŒtj‰F, v§bf§nfh ïUªJ nfhO°tu®fŸ gztiyia åá ViH ÉtrhÆfŸ thœit¢ ÓuÊ¡»w bfhLik el¡»wJ v‹W brhš»nwhnk, ïij¤jh‹ ‘u§fóĒ v‹»‹w mUikahd ehtyhf ãnu«rª¤ gil¤J ïU¡»wh®. N®jh°, xU FU£L¥ ã¢ir¡fhu‹. mtdJ »uhk¤âš 2 V¡f® Ãy« mtdJ ó®åf¢ brh¤J. m§nf bgÇa g©izah® ïU¡»wh®. Ãy§fis všyh« tis¤J¥ngh£L É£lh®. ïªj Ãy¤ij Fiwªj Éiy¡F vd¡F¡ bfhL¤J ÉL v‹W N®jhál« nf£»wh‹. mt‹ ju kW¡»wh‹. vj‰fhf¤ bjÇíkh? mªj¥ gFâƚ ïU¡f¡Toa ML,khLfŸ, ïªj Ãy¤âš tsU»w òšiy nkŒªJ tÆW ts®¡»‹wd. ‘ïªj¡ fhšeilfS¡F v‹ Ãy« ga‹gL»wJ; vdnt ïij ɉf kh£nl‹’ v‹»wh‹. bfhLikfŸ el¡»wJ. mt‹ Foir Ô ïl¥gL»wJ. ngu¥ãŸisfŸ T¡Fuš ïL»wh®fŸ,mG»wh®fŸ.

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m¥bghGJ mt‹ brhš»wh‹: ‘ne‰W khiy gŸË khzt®fŸ Éisaho¡ bfh©L ïUªjh®fŸ. mt®fŸ ÉisahL« r¤j« v‹ brÉÆny nf£lJ. mt®fS¡FŸ á¿a r©il tªJ É£lJ. m¥nghJ ahnuh xUt‹ mo¤J ÉL»wh‹. mt‹ mG»wh‹. clnd ï‹bdhUt‹ brhš»wh‹, Éisah£L¤jhnd, ïj‰F V‹ mG»whŒ? ïj‰bfšyh« mHyhkh? v‹W ïªj És¡f¤ij¢ brhšÈÉ£L, ‘Foir vǪjhš v‹d? ï‹bdhU Foiria¡ f£o¡bfhŸnth«, mªj¡ Foiriaí« vǤjhš, Û©L« f£o¡bfhŸnth«, 10 Kiw vǤjhš 10 Kiw f£o¡bfhŸnth«, 100 Kiw vǤjhš, 100 Kiw f£o¡bfhŸnth«’ vd ï¥gona ngu¥ãŸisfS¡F¢ brhšÈ¡bfh©L ïU¡»wh‹. filáƚ mt‹ f£lhÇahš rhŒ¡f¥gL»wh‹. kuzthrȚ cÆ® CryhL»wJ. mtid¤ jh¡»at®fŸ c£gl všnyhU« TL»wh®fŸ. m¥bghGJ brhš»wh‹, ‘vd¡F c§fŸ ah® ÛJ« nfhg« ïšiy. gŸË¥ ãŸisfŸ Éisah£L¤jhnd? thœ¡ifí« xU Éisah£Ljh‹. c§fŸ ÉU¥g¤ij Ú§fŸ Ãiwnt‰¿Ü®fŸ, v‹ v©z¤ij eh‹ Ãiwnt‰¿nd‹. Mfnt, ï⚠vd¡F vªj¡ nfhgK« ïšiy’ v‹W brhšÈ¡bfh©nl br¤J¥ngh»wh‹. mjhtJ, j‹ Ãy¤ij k£L« mšy, mªj Ãy¤ij¥ ãwU¡F ML,khLfS¡F¥ ga‹gL¤J»w mªj cz®î ïUªjJ v‹W brh‹dhš, jh‹ V¿ tªj k¤njiu, thL»w Kšiy¡bfho¡F¤ jªJÉ£l k‹d®fŸ thœªj ehL ïªj ehL. ãwUila Jau¤ij¤ jh§»¡ bfhŸs Koahkš, j§fis m®¥g¤J¡ bfh©l f©z¥g®fŸ thœªj ehL ïªj ehL. ï¥go¥g£l eh£oš, cÇik¥ nghuh£l¤ij¥ g‰¿¢ brhš»w ntisƚ, v¤jidnah brhšÈ¡ bfh©nl nghfyh«. ehlf ïy¡»a§fŸ, áWfij ïy¡»a§fŸ, mâY«, kuh£oa¤J fh©nlfNj m‰òjkhd gil¥òfŸ. jÄHf¤â‹ v¤jidnah gil¥ghËfŸ ït‰iw všyh« eh‹ brhšÈ¡bfh©L ngh»wijÉl, ï‹iw¡F ïªj¡ fhyf£l¤âš m©zh mt®fŸ F¿¥ã£lij eh‹ F¿¥ã£nl‹ mšyth? m¿P® m©zh mt®fŸ, mbkÇ¡f eh£o‹ naš gšfiy¡fHf¤J¡F¢ br‹wh®fŸ. m§nf ïij¥nghy khzt®fŸ

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57

m©zhÉl¤âny jĜ nfh£ghLfis¥ go¡f¥ nghdh®fŸ. mt®fS¡F m©zh M§»y¤âš brhšÈ¡ bfhL¤jh®. jÄHŋ bgUikia, âU¡Fwis vL¤J¢ brh‹dh®. ïu©lhÆu« M©LfS¡F K‹dhš jÄHf¤âš ïUªj be¿fis, naš gšfiy¡ fHf khzt®fS¡F, jĜ ïy¡»a¤ij vL¤J¢ brh‹dh®.

ïja¤ juhᚠvilnghL§fŸ
mªj¥ gšfiy¡ fHf¤â‰F xU nfh£ghL ïU¡»wJ. mJ m©zhɋ kdij Äfî« ft®ªjJ. If not I, then Who? If not now, then when? x›bthU ïisPD«, x›bthU j§ifí«, eh‹ ïšyhÉ£lhš ntW ah® vijí« rhâ¥gj‰F? vªj¤ Jiwahf ïU¡f£L«. Ú§fŸ nj®ªJ vL¡»w vªj¤ Jiwahf ïU¡f£L«. vG¤J¤ Jiwah? á‰ãia¥nghy fÉij¤ Jiwah? bgh¿Æaš Jiwah? fHÅƚ thœ¡if el¤J»w Étrhakh? XÉakh? fiyfsh? eh£o‹ jiyÉâÆid¤ Ô®khÅ¡F« muáayh? vªj¤ Jiwia nt©LkhdhY« Ú§fŸ nj®ªJ vL¤J¡ bfhŸS§fŸ. v‹dhš Koí« v‹w e«ã¡if¡F thU§fŸ. v‹dhš KoahÉ£lhš ãwF ahuhš? ïij v¥bghGJ el¤JtJ? ehisah? ehis kWehsh? x¤â it¡fhÔ®fŸ. If not now, then when? ãwF v¥bghGJ? ï¥nghnj vªj cz®nthL ïªj¡ fU¤Jfis¥ ngu¿P® m©zh T¿dh® v‹»nwnd, Ãfœfhy cyf¤â‰F tUnth«. r‰Wneu¤â‰F c§fŸ brÉf˚ ÉG»w fU¤Jfis¤ jU»wt‹ fU¥ò¤ J©L mªJ ïU¡»w xU muáaš f£áia¢ nr®ªjt‹, xU F¿¥ã£l nfh£gh£o‰fhf thœeh˚ bgU«gFâia¢ brytʤjt‹ v‹gij¢ r‰W neu¤â‰F kwªJÉ£L, c§fSila ïja¤ij¤ juhዠKidƚ it¤J¡bfh©L,

m¢rK« mtyK« M®tK« Ú¡» br‰wK« ctifí« brŒahJ fh¤J Pk‹nfhš m‹d Ó®ik¤ jh» áwªj bga® mw§T® mitakhf
thœªj jÄHf¤âš, c§fŸ ïja¤ij¤ juhR Kidƚ

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it¤J¡bfh©L eh‹ brhštij vilngh£L¥ ghU§fŸ.

cÇik¥ nghuh£l§fŸ
Ãfœfhy¤â‰F tUnth«. ï‹iw¡F cÇik¡F¥ nghuhL»‹w r_f« vJ? mo¥gil cÇikfS¡F¥ nghuhL»wt®fŸ ah®? ghy°Ôd¤âš cÇik¥ nghuh£l«, »H¡F¤ ij_ǚ cÇik¥ nghuh£l«, ngh°Åahɚ cÇik¥ nghuh£l«, bfhnrhthɚ cÇik¥ nghuh£l«, V‹, M°ânuÈahɚTl mÜ~¥ KfkJit ÉLÉ¥gj‰F cÇik¥ nghuh£l«. ïit všyh« e« f©K‹dhš el¡F« fh£áfŸ! <uhÆu« M©LfS¡F K‹dhš tŸSt‹ thœªj jÄHf¤ij, fÇfhy‹ bt‹w jÄHf¤ij, ïs§nfh t®Â¤j jÄHf¤ij, mj‰F¥ã‹d® njthu _t® thœªj jÄHf¤ij, m¥g® mofŸ cyÉa jÄHf¤ij, ghntªj® ghoa jÄHf¤ij, m©zh muáaš xËÉs¡if ca®¤â¥ ão¤j jÄHf¤ij¢ R£o¡fh£lhkš nghdhš, eh‹ flik jt¿at‹ Mnt‹. e« f© K‹dhš cÇikfŸ v§F kW¡f¥gL»wJ v‹W ghU§fŸ. ïªj eh£o‹ vâ®fhy¤ij¤ Ô®khÅ¡»w jiyKiw c§fŸ jiyKiw. v‹Dila jiyKiw mšy. ïÅ mL¤j 20 M©LfŸ ïªj¤ jÄHfnkh - ïªâahnth v¥go ïU¡f nt©L«? jÄH® ju v¥go ïU¡F«? Ô®khÅ¡»‹w ïl¤âš ïU¥gt®fŸ, tsU« jiyKiwia¢ nr®ªj ïªj eh£o‹ vâ®fhy¤ij Ô®khÅ¡»‹w òâa th®¥òfsh»a Ú§fŸ.

thšnlNj fU¤J
kÅj cÇikfis¥ g‰¿¥ ngRtj‰F ïtD¡F v‹d jFâ c©L? v‹W vd¡F ehnd nf£L¡ bfh©nl‹. ‘c‹ fU¤J vd¡F cl‹ghL mšy. Mdhš c‹ fU¤ij Ú brhštj‰F, kuz« tiuƚ nghuhLnt‹’ v‹W brh‹dh‹ thšnl®. ïªj mo¥gilia ïªj r_f« v©Â¥ gh®¡fnt©L«. v‹ fU¤J c§fS¡F cl‹ghlhf ïšyhkš ïU¡fyh«. Mdhš v‹ fU¤ij¢ brhš»‹w cÇik ïU¡fnt©L«. c§fŸ fU¤J vd¡F¥ ão¡fhkš ïU¡fyh«. Mdhš, c§fŸ fU¤ij¡ nf£»‹w kd¥gh‹ik nt©L«. ïJjhnd #dehaf¡ nfh£ghL. ïJjhnd mo¥gil¤ j¤Jt«. Mfntjh‹, cÇikfS¡fhf¥ ngR»‹w jFâ

itnfh
vd¡F c©L v‹W v‹ kdrh£á g⚠brhšY«.

59

ò¤jhÆu« M©L ky®ªjj‰F¥ ã‹d®, ».ã. 2000 M« M©oš, V¥uš â§fŸ 3 M« ehŸ, eh‹ b#Üth efǚ mikªJ ïU¡»‹w I.eh. k‹w¤â‹ kÅj cÇikfŸ Miza¤â‹ fjîfis¤ j£ond‹. Human Rights Commisson thrÈny nghŒ Ënw‹. kÅj cÇikfŸ Miza¤â‹ Jiz¤ jiytiu¢ rªâ¤nj‹. m‰òjkhd xU eluhr® áiyia¡ bfh©LnghŒ¡ bfhL¤nj‹. jĜeh£oš ïUªJ v‹ ng¡nf͚ ö¡f Koahj ghu¤njhL Jh¡»¢ RkªJ br‹W ïUªj mªj¥ ã¤jis¢ áiyia, kÅj cÇikfŸ Miza¤â‹ Jiiz¤jiytÇl« bfhL¤nj‹. ‘ïJ v§fSila fiy¥bgh¡»õ« v‹nw‹.’ eh‹ mij kj¡f©nzh£l¤Jl‹ gh®¡fɚiy. mªj¢ áiyƋ mHif¡f©L Éaªj mªj ešy kÅj®, ‘ïij v‹ nki#ƚ it¤J¡ bfhŸ»nw‹’ v‹wh®. m¥nghJ mtÇl¤âš, ‘eh‹ kÅjFy¤â‹ kdrh£áahf¡ fUJ»w I.eh. k‹w¤â‹ kÅj cÇikfŸ Miza¤â‹ thrȚ tªJ É»nw‹. <H¤âš v§fŸ k¡fŸ mʪJbfh©L ïU¡»wh®fns, mt®fSila cÇikfis¢ brhštj‰F eh§fŸ v§nf nghtJ? v§fS¡F ïJjh‹ njthya«. ‘This is our Church - This is our Mosque - This is our Temple’ ‘ïJjh‹ v§fŸ nfhƚ, ïJjh‹ v§fS¡F kNâ, ïJjh‹ v§fS¡F¤ njthya«. vdntjh‹, ï§nf tªJ ïU¡»nw‹’ v‹W brh‹nd‹.

br«k òijFÊfŸ
jĜ <H¤âš el¥gJ v‹d v‹gij ÉtǤJÉ£L, m§nf 400 jÄH®fŸ bfhšy¥g£L, ‘br«k’ v‹w ïl¤âš òij¡f¥g£L ïU¡»wh®fŸ. mªj m¥ghɤ jÄH®fŸ, m¥ghɤ jÄH¢áfŸ brŒj ght« v‹d? jÄHdhf¥ ãwªjJjh‹ ghtkh? brŒj F‰w« v‹d? jÄH¢áahf¥ ãwªjjh? g¢ás« FHªijfŸ brŒj ght« v‹d? jÄHD¡F«, jÄH¢á¡F« FHªijahf¥ ãwªjJjh‹. bfh‹W òij¡f¥g£L mªj 400 ngU« Míj« Vªâat®fŸ mšy. mt®fŸ J¥gh¡» Vªâat®fŸ mšy. mt®fŸ ngh®¡fs¤â‰F¢ br‹wt®fŸ mšy. Mdhš, mt®fŸ òij¡f¥g£L ïU¡»wh®fŸ. á§fs ïuhQt¤â‹ bfhLikahš bfhšy¥g£L òij¡f¥g£L ïU¡»wh®fŸ. bfhnrhth v‹»‹w ïl¤â‰F I.eh. k‹w¤â‹

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rh®ãš Physicians of Human Rights v‹w mik¥ã‹ rh®ãš Ãòz®fis mD¥ãÜ®fns, mnj mik¥ã‹ Ãòz®fis Ú§fŸ ahœ¥ghz¤â‰F¥ g¡f¤âš ïU¡F« br«k¡F mD¥ò§fŸ. k©iz¤ njh©l¢ brhšY§fŸ. òij¡f¥g£l ãz§fŸ mG»¥nghŒ, k©nzhL k©zhf k¡»¥nghdj‰F¥ãwF Ä¢r« ïU¡»w vY«ò¡TLfis vL¤J¥ghU§fŸ v‹W nf£L¡bfh©nl‹. m›Éjnk brŒtjhf¢ brh‹dh®. Ãòz®fŸ mD¥g¥g£lh®fŸ. br«k k© njh©l¥g£lJ. bkhfŠrjhnuh, Au¥gh njh©l¥g£lnghJ, ïiria¤ jªjt‹ jÄH‹, ïir¡ fUÉfis¤ jªjt‹ jÄH‹ v‹W cyf¤â‹ f©fS¡F¤ bjÇa tªjij¥nghš, br«kÂƚ njh©o vL¡f¥g£l vY«òf˚ iffis¥ ã‹òwkhf¡ f£o Éy§F nghl¥g£l Ãiyƚ, F©Lfshš Jis¡f¥g£l ãz§fŸ »il¤jd. ïij V‹ TW»nw‹ v‹whš, kÅjcÇikfŸ v¥go kW¡f¥g£L ïU¡»‹wd v‹gij c§fŸ gh®it¡F¡ bfh©L tUtj‰fhf¤jh‹.

<H¤jĜ¥ bg©fˋ Jau«
ï§nf ïU¡f¡Toa j§iffS¡F¢ brhšnt‹. mj‹ãwF, kÅj cÇikfŸ Miza¤âš Ãfœîfis¥ gâî brŒtj‰fhf ïU¡f¡Toa FGÉdÇl¤âš v‹id mD¥ã it¤jh®. v£L¥ ng® c£fh®ªJ ïUªjh®fŸ. m⚠4 ng® bg©fŸ. eh‹ ifbaG¤J ï£l rh‹W Mtz§fis mt®fËl¤âš bfhL¤nj‹. ngr¢ brh‹dh®fŸ. ngánd‹. ïu©blhU r«gt§fis¤jh‹ brh‹nd‹. bghJthf nkiyeh£od® mGtJ ïšiy, cz®¢átr¥gLtJ ïšiy, f©Ù®ÉLtJ ïšiy v‹Wjh‹ mJtiu v©Â¡bfh©L ïUªnj‹. Mdhš mªj Miza¤âš mk®ªj ïUªj bg©fˋ f©f˚, f©Ù® K¤JfŸ âu©ld. KUnfrãŸis nfhnd°tÇ v‹»w xU m«ikah®. taJ 35. _‹W FHªijfS¡F¤ jhŒ. gh®¥gj‰F ešy njh‰w¥ bghÈî cŸs bg©. åL òFªJ ïuhQt¤âd® mªj¥ bg©iz ehr« brŒJ, f‰gʤJ¡ bfh‹W, áijªJnghd cliy¤ bj‹dªnjh¥ãš åáÉ£L¢ br‹wh®fŸ. ãz¥ gÇnrhjid¡F¥ nghuh£l« el¤â, kU¤Jt® bgÇ° mt®fŸ ãnuj gÇnrhjid el¤âaã‹d®, kuz« v¥go elªjJ v‹W J¢ryhf¡

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F¿¥ã£lh®. mªj¥bg© v¥go¡ bfhšy¥g£lh® v‹gij, v‹ j§ifa® c£fh®ªJ ïU¥gjhš ï§nf eh‹ brhšy KoahJ. m§nf brh‹nd‹. mt® v‹d vGâ ïU¡»wh®? ïJtiu eh‹ gh®¤J m¿ahj, nf£L m¿ahj Kiwƚ ïªj¥ bg© bfhšy¥g£L ïU¡»wh® v‹W vGâ ïUªjh®. ï‹bdhU bg© nAkyjh. gŸË¥ go¥ò KoªJ fšÿÇ¡F¢ brš»whŸ. 17 taJ. nj®î¡fhf å£oš ghl« go¤J¡ bfh©L ïU¡»whŸ. jhí«, jf¥gD« ö§» É£lh®fŸ. fjî j£l¥gL»wJ. fjit¤ âw¡»whŸ. ïªj mfhy neu¤âš ah®? v‹W gh®¡»wh®. á§fs ïuhQt¢ á¥ghŒfŸ. jhí« jf¥gD« mut« nf£L ÉÊ¡»wh®fŸ. mt®fis mo¤J cij¤J¡ f£oȚ f£o¥ngh£LÉ£L, fjw¡fjw ïªj¥ bg©iz¤ ö¡»¡bfh©L nghdh®fŸ. ïu©L ehŸfŸ fʤJ, áijªJ nghd Ãiyƚ njh£l¤âš »il¡»wJ nAkyjhɋ clš. ïij všyh« kW¡f Koahj rh£áa§fnshL mªj k‹w¤âš nghŒ it¤nj‹. ï¥go XuhÆu« r«gt§fŸ. ï¥bghGJ áy eh£fS¡F K‹ò, ahœ¥ghz¥ gšfiy¡ fHf¤âš gƚ»w j®Î v‹»‹w 16 taJ¥bg©, á§fs ïuhQt¤âduhš f‰gÊ¡f¥g£L, ehrkh¡f¥g£L, fšiy¡ f£o¡ »z‰¿š ngh£L ïUªjh®fŸ. áyeh£fS¡F¥ãwF mªj clš f©L vL¡f¥g£L, cyf¤â‹ gh®it¡F tªjJ. v¤jid ng® kdrh£áia ïJ j£o ïU¡»wJ?

vJ ÔÉuthj«?
m§nf Uncle Tom’s Cabin ïš vGâdhnu, ehƋ fG¤âny fšiy¡f£o¥ ngh£lij¢ brh‹dj‰fhf¡ bfhªjˤJ vGªjh‹ Mãufh« ȧf‹. eh‹ nf£»nw‹.vJ ÔÉuthj«? ÔÉuthj« V‹ tU»wJ? xL¡f¥g£L¡ »l¡»wt®fŸ, xU neu¤âš mij v⮤J¥ nghuhlnt©L« v‹w cz®î vG»wJ. v¥bghGJ? kÅj®fshf thœtj‰fhf, rk cÇik cŸst®fshf thœtj‰fhf, eh§fS« kÅj®fŸ v‹w Ãiyƚ thœtj‰fhf! muR mik¤J thœªjt®fŸ eh§fŸ. v§fŸ ehL ïªj <H¤ jĜ k©. <H« v§fŸ ehL. á§fst®fS¡F eh§fŸ moikfshf ïU¡fkh£nlh« v‹W nghuhL»wh®fŸ. mt®fS¡F Énuhjkhd

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brŒâfŸjhnd 99 ÉG¡fhL jĜeh£L Clf§f˚ tU»wJ. vËat‹ brhštij¡ nfS§fŸ. mij V‰W¡bfhŸs¢ brhšyɚiy. Ú§fŸ go¤J¤ bjǪJ bfhŸS§fŸ. tU§fhy cyf¤ij th®¥ã¡f¥ngh»w v‹ m‹ã‰F cÇa ïisP®fns, mUik¤ j§iffns, mt®fŸ ju¥ò v‹d v‹gij¥ goí§fŸ, nfS§fŸ. u¤j¤jhš e«kt®fŸ mšyth? XL« FUâ X£l¤âš, fyªJ ïU¡F« jĜ cz®¢áahš jÄH®fŸ mšyth? bjǪJ bfhŸS§fŸ. mt®fŸ V‹ nghuhL»wh®fŸ? vj‰fhf Míj¥ nghuh£l«? V‹ ïªj Ãiyik? v‹gij¥ goí§fŸ.

cz®¢á¡ fÉijfŸ
kÅjcÇik¡fhf mªj¡ fÉP®fŸ, mJ ïu¤âdJiuahf ïU¡f£L«, fhá Mdªjdhf ïU¡f£L«. mt®fŸ Ô£oa fÉijfŸ.

g¤J¤ jlit ghil tuhJ gJ§»¡ »l¡F« òÈna jÄHh áǤJ¡ bfh©nl brU¡fs« thlh!
v‹w mªj¡ fÉijfŸ, cz®¢á¡ C£lToad! ngh®¡fs¤â‰F¥ ngh»wh‹. kh®ãš F©L ghŒ»wJ. koa¥ngh»wh‹. ïu¤j btŸs¤âš »l¡»wh‹. m¥nghJ mt‹ brhš»wh‹. ‘vd¡F ïijÉl v‹d gh¡»a« ïU¡f Koí«? “eh‹ rhf¥ngh»nw‹. v‹ rnfhjund, v‹id MHkhf¡ FÊnjh©o¥ òij¤J ÉL. v‹ ifƚ ïU¡»w J¥gh¡»ia Ú ö¡»¡ bfh©L brš. V‹ v‹id MHkhf òij¡f¢ brhš»nw‹ bjÇíkh? ï¥nghJ cldoahf ehŒ eÇfŸ v‹ cliy¤ njh©o¤ â‹WÉl¡ TlhJ. ntW vj‰fhfî« mšy. ïÅ vâ®fhy¤âš e« njhH®fS¡F¡ iff˚ Míj« »il¡fhÉ£lhš, v‹ vY«òfŸ mtD¡F Míj§fshf¥ ga‹gl£L«’ v‹»wh‹.

X ku¤j åund c‹ ÓUilfis vd¡F¤ jh c‹ fhyÂfis vd¡F¤ jh c‹ Míj§fis vd¡F¤ jh

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vd¡F ÄfÄf ão¤j¥ ghlš ïy¡»a« v‹whš, cÇikfS¡F KuR bfh£L»w ghlš. ïªj¥ ghliy bõšÈ brh‹dhš tunt‰Fkh cyf«? bõšÈ ïij¤jhnd brh‹dh‹. kfh¤kh fhªâ ïnj fÉijia 1942 ïš R£o¡ fh£odhnu?

á§f§fis¥ nghy ÉʤJ vG§fŸ cw¡f¤âš ïUªJ vG§fŸ msÉl Koahj v©Â¡ifƚ thU§fŸ ö¡f¤âš ïUªJ ÉH¤J vGªJ thU§fŸ gŤJËfis cjWtij¥nghy c§fŸÛJ ó£l¥g£l Éy§Ffis¢ áj¿ moí§fŸ. Ú§fŸ gy® - mt®fnsh áy®
ïijna ïªj eh£o‹ nfho¡fz¡fhd ïisP®fˋ e«ã¡if e£r¤âukhf, ï‹iw¡F eh£o‹ ca®gjÉƚ ïšyhÉ£lhY« vªehS« ïja¥gjÉƚ ïU¡»‹w m¥Jš fyh«, j‹Dila ‘m¡Å¢ áwFf˒š brh‹dh®. xU k¤âa ju¡ fhy¤âš vGj¥g£l fÉijia, ïy¡»aK« cÇikfS« v‹gjhš mt® th®¤ijfis¢ brhštijna bghU¤jkhf ïU¡F« v‹gjhš brhš»nw‹.

all the days you prepare meet them ever alike
všyh ehS« Ma¤jkhF§fŸ všyh eh£fisí« rkkhfnt fUJ§fŸ

when you are the anvil, bear,
g£liwahf ïU¡»w fhy¤âš moth§»¡bfhŸ

when you are the hammer, strike
Úna r«k£oahf khW»wnghJ mo! e‹¿, tz¡f«. (bghŸsh¢á ešyK¤J fî©l®-eh.kfhȧf« fšYhÇƋ bgh‹ÉHh¤ bjhl¡f ÃfœÉš, 7.8.2007 m‹W itnfh M‰¿a ciu)

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Øku¤çB sòDA¼kVì. . .

ýÂï ¼kõ½B ±_ï^
J J J J J Tell Tell Tell Tell me me me me Where? How? Who? About.

J âU¡FwŸ J Encyclopaedia Britannica

(Book Rs.45,000 or CD Rs.2000)(jÄÊY« cŸsJ)

J National Geographic Traveller

(x›bthU eh£il¥ g‰¿í« KGÉtu§fŸ ml§»a R‰W¥ gaz tÊfh£o¥ ò¤jf§fŸ) J cy»‹ áwªj 100 ò¤jf§fŸ J cyif kh‰¿a ɊPhÅfŸ - 12 ò¤jf§fŸ
J People Who have helped the World - 26 books J Organizations that helps the world - 6 books (_‹W« Orient Longman btËpL) J 100 Great 19th Century Lives J 100 Great Adventures J 100 Great Speeches J Webster ’s New World Dictionary of Quotations J Guinness Book of World Records J Competition Success Year Book J Manorama Year Book J Limca Book of records J Glimpses of World History J Shakespeare Drama’s J Gulliver’s Travel J gŠr jªâu¡ fijfŸ J <rh¥ Úâ¡ fijfŸ J bjdhÈuhk‹ fijfŸ J áªJgh¤ fijfŸ J b#‹ fijfŸ J Time - Stephen Hawkins J Tell me What? J Tell me When?

òâa tuyhW gil¤njhNj tÇir Kiw - 100 ng® J cy»‹ áwªj 100 brh‰bghÊîfŸ J cyf rǤâu« - neU J M§»y« - jĜ¢ brh‰ fsŠáa« J fÂÅ fiy¢brhš fsŠáa« J ï‹l®be£ J c¢á Kjš cŸs§fhš tiu ( 3 ghf«) J áy¥gâfhu« J bjhšfh¥ãa« J òweh}W, mfeh}W, r§f ïy¡»a§fŸ, fUzhÄ®j rhfu« (jĜ ïir Ehš), jĜ¤ âiu¥gl tuyhW J gF¤j¿î¡ fU¤JfŸ ml§»a bgÇah® fÂÅ, bgÇah® fsŠáa«. bgÇah® <.bt.uh.áªjidfŸ J f«g ïuhkhaz« J kfhghuj« J njthu«, âUthrf«, âUkªâu« J ig㟠J F® M‹ J gft¤ Ñij J m®¤jrh°âu« J The Prince J kÇahij uhk‹ fijfŸ J É¡»ukhâ¤j‹ fijfŸ J ïuha® - m¥ghÍ fijfŸ J m¡g® - Õ®gš fijfŸ J Kšyh eÌU¤Ô‹ fijfŸ J 1001 ïuî muò¡ fijfŸ J gukh®¤j FUî«, Ól®fS«

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cy»š brhšy¥g£L tU»‹w mid¤J¤ j¤Jt§fS«, eh« bjǪJ bfhŸs nt©oa brŒâfS« nk‰f©l Ehšf˚ ml§» cŸsd. vdnt, ïªj üšfis Ú§fŸ go¥gJl‹, c§fŸ FHªijfis 17 taJ¡FŸ xUKiw go¡f¢ brŒJ ÉL§fŸ. F¿¥ghf, ehŸnjhW« xU âU¡Fwis c§fŸ FHªijfS¡F, Ú§fŸ go¤J¡fh£o És¡f« brhšY§fŸ. mt®fˋ thœehŸ KGikí«, mt®fSila fhJf˚ c§fŸ Fuš xȤJ¡bfh©nl ïU¡F«. e‹ik ga¡F«. nk‰f©l üšfŸ mid¤ijí« ÉiybfhL¤J th§f ïayhÉoD«, üš Ãiya§f˚ njo¥ão¤J¥ goí§fŸ. clšey«kU¤Jt«, É©btË, bgh¿Æaš f©Lão¥òfŸ, gaz Ehšfis¥ goí§fŸ. g¡â, nrhâl« ngh‹w bghŒfis¥ go¡fhÔ®fŸ. bjhl®fijfŸ, fÉijfŸ ngh‹w f‰gid ïy¡»a§f˚ c§fŸ bgh‹dhd bghGij åzh¡fhÔ®fŸ. x›bthU JiwÆY« áwªj üš vJ v‹gij ÉrhǤJ¤ bjǪJbfh©L, mijk£L« goí§fŸ. ãw® vGâa Ehšfis¥ go¥gJ k£L« nghjhJ; c§fŸ thœ¡if¡ F¿¥òfis, c§fŸ fU¤Jfis k£L« bjhF¤J xU Ehyhf Ú§fŸ vGJ§fŸ. c§fŸ Ehšf˚, ‘òz®¢á É⒠v‹w bgaǚ ïu©L brh‰fis¢ nr®¤J vGjhÔ®fŸ. 21 M« Eh‰wh©L ïisa jiyKiwÆdU¡FvË⚠òÇ»‹w tifƚ, jĜ¢brh‰fis¤ jŤjÅahf, KGikahf vGJ§fŸ. òâa jĜ¢brh‰fis cUth¡F§fŸ. jĜ vG¤Jfis neuhf m¢áL§fŸ - rhŒ¤J m¢álhÔ®fŸ. c§fŸ FL«g Mtz§fis, gl§fSl‹ cUth¡F§fŸ. mj‹_y« Ú§fŸ MÆu« M©LfŸ thœå®fŸ. V‰fdnt ãw¥ig¤ Ô®khŤJÉ£l kÅj‹, ïw¥igí« btšy¡Toa fhy« beU§» É£lJ. ïÅ, clyhY« MÆu« M©LfŸ thH Koí«. F¿¥ã£l fhy ïilbtËƚ kU¤Jt¥ gÇnrhjidfŸ brŒJ bfhŸS§fŸ. eil, Ú¢rš, cl‰gƉá brŒí§fŸ. FUâ¡bfhil tH§F§fŸ. k‰wt®fis, ‘EhW M©LfŸ thœf’ v‹W thœ¤Jtj‰F¥ gâyhf, ‘MÆu« M©LfŸ thœf’ v‹W thœ¤Jf!

ïu©L Éušfshš vGJtij ÃW¤J§fŸ - g¤J Éušfshš vGJ§fŸ
J ïu©LÉušfshš vGJ»‹w fhy« KoªJ É£lJ. ifbaG¤ij k£L« ifÆdhš vGJ§fŸ. Ú§fŸ Ãid¡»‹w fU¤ij mnj ntf¤âš vGj nt©Lkhdhš fÂÅƚ g¤J Éušfshš vGJ§fŸ. å£L¡F åL bjhiyngá, bjhiy¡fh£á, J Jit¡F« bgh¿, muit¥ bgh¿fŸ ïl« ão¤jJnghš, j‰nghJ bgU«ghyhd eL¤ju¡ FL«g§f˚ fÂÅ Äf ntfkhf ïl« ão¤J¡bfh©L ïU¡»wJ. åLf˚ ïUªjthnw fÂÅƚ g M‰¿ bg©fŸ tUkhd« <£l¤ bjhl§» É£lh®fŸ. vdnt, c§fŸ ïšy¤âš fÂÅia ïl«bgw¢ brŒí§fŸ. fÂÅ ïšyhj åL fil¤njw

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KoahJ. fÂÅ ïa¡F« gƉáia Ú§fŸ bgwhÉ£lhš kU¤Jtuhf ïUªjhY«, bgh¿ahsuhf ïUªjhY«, fÂÅƚ foj§fis vGJtj‰F ntbwhUtNj cjÉia¤jh‹ ehl neÇL«. m¥nghJ, fÂÅƚ vGj¤ bjÇahjt®fŸ g£oaȚ Ú§fŸ ïl« bg‰W ÉLå®fŸ. v¢rÇ¡if! tUK‹ fh¥ngh«! j‰nghJ, gy jÅah® gŸËf˚ 1 M« tF¥ò Kjny fÂÅ fšÉ brhšÈ¤ jU»wh®fŸ. vdnt, muR¥ gŸËf˚ FiwªjJ Mwh« tF¥ãš ïUªJ mid¤J khzt, khzÉaU¡F« jŤjÅahf xU fÂÂia xJ¡» gƉá mË¡f nt©L«. FiwªjJ ïu©L mšyJ _‹W khj§fŸ Kiwahf¤ j£l¢R¥ gƉá bg‰W¡ bfh©lhš k£Lnk, fÂÅƚ g¤J Éušfisí« ga‹gL¤â ntfkhf¥ g M‰w Koí«.

mašehLf˚ ntiy thŒ¥òfŸ : c§fŸ ċmŠrš KftÇ v‹d?
1. muã¡ 2. irÜ° (kh©lNj) 3. ~ãbuŠ¢ 4. uZa‹ 5. M§»y« 6. °ghÅZ. cy»š mâf k¡fshš ngr¥gL»‹w nk‰f©l MW
bkhÊf˚jh‹ cyf ehLfŸ x‹¿a¤â‹ (United Nations) mYtšfŸ eilbgW»‹wd. ïªj MW bkhÊfisí« go¥gj‰F Ka‰á brŒa nt©L«. mšyJ VnjD« x‹¿u©L bkhÊfisahtJ go¡f nt©L«. mj‹ _y« Vuhskhd ntiythŒ¥òfis¥ bgw Koí«. ï⚠FiwªjJ eh‹F bkhÊfshtJ bjǪJ ïUªjhšjh‹ cyf ehLfˋ x‹¿a mYtyf¤âY«,cyf« KGikí« cŸs c.eh. mik¥òfËY« gÂah‰W« thŒ¥ò »il¡F«. mJ k£L« mšy; Vw¤jhH 30¡F« nk‰g£lbghUshjhu tsÄ¡f nkiy ehLf˚ ãw¥ò É»j« FiwªJ tU»wJ. mªj ehLf˚ mid¤J¤ JiwfËY« gÂah‰Wtj‰F btËehLf˚ ïUªJ ntiy¡F MŸ vL¡f nt©oa NœÃiy cUth» ïU¡»wJ. kU¤Jt®fŸ, bgh¿ahs®fŸ, brÉÈa®fŸ, cztf nkyh©ik gƉá bg‰wt®fS¡F cldoahf ïy£r¡fz¡fhd ntiythŒ¥òfŸ cŸsd. btËeh£L¤ bjhl®òfis cUth¡»¡ bfhŸS§fŸ. foj§fŸ vGâ fhy¤ij åzh¡fhÔ®fŸ. bjhiyngáƚ bjhl®ò bfhŸS§fŸ. ïiza¤âš, c§fS¡bfd ċ mŠrš KftÇia cUth¡»¡ bfh©L, âdK« c§fŸ ċ mŠriy¤ âwªJ gh®¡f nt©L«, g⚠vGj nt©L«. v‹Dila ċ mŠrš KftÇ: chessarunagiri@yahoo.com bjhl®ò bfhŸS§fŸ.

cyf« xU »uhk« - xU KiwnaD« R‰¿ thU§fŸ
J cy»š ïªâahɋ Ãy¥gu¥ò 7 ÉG¡fh£L¡F« Fiwîjh‹.

ïj‰FŸ, jĜeh£o‹ Ãy¥gu¥ò v›tsî? mâY« eh« vªj

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_iyƚ ïU¡»nwh«? ïªj¡ FW»a t£l¤J¡F cŸnsna eh« v›tsî ïl§fis¥ gh®¤J ïU¡»‹nwh«? v‹gij v©Â¥ ghU§fŸ. eh« tá¡F« cyf¤â‹ bganu j‰nghJ “cyfshÉa »uhk«” (Global village) v‹Wjh‹ miH¡f¥gL»‹wJ. nk‰F ehLf˚, x›bthU thu ïWâÆY« rÅ, PhÆW ïu©L ehŸfS« cŸeh£L¢ R‰Wyh brš»wh®fŸ. g¤J khj« ntiy brŒJ tUkhd« <£L»‹wh®fŸ. nrÄ¡»‹wh®fŸ. Xuh©oš, ïu©L khj§fŸ ãw ehLf˚ R‰Wyh brš»‹wh®fŸ. mij¥nghy Ú§fS« btËehLfS¡F mšyJ bjhiyɚ cŸs ïl§fS¡F R‰Wyh bršY§fŸ - gaz mDgt§fis¥ bgW§fŸ. c§fŸ thœeh˚ FiwªjJ 25 ehLfisahtJ R‰¿¥gh®¡f nt©L« v‹gij¡ F¿¡nfhshf¡ bfhŸS§fŸ. c§fŸ gaz Ãfœîfis xË¥gâî brŒJ, fh£áfis¤ bjhF¤J FWt£Lfshf kh‰¿, e©g®fŸ, cwÉd®fis¥ gh®¡f¢ brŒí§fŸ.

òâa bjhʚ brŒnth«
J mbkÇ¡f eh£o‹ k¡fŸ bjhifƚ Eh‰W¡F ïu©L ngnu

ÉtrhÆfŸ. mt®fns 98 ÉG¡fh£odU¡F« czî¥ bghUŸfis ÉisÉ¡»wh®fŸ. btËehLfS¡F« V‰Wkâ brŒ»wh®fŸ. k‰w midtU« ãw bjhʚfis¢ brŒ»wh®fŸ. vdnt, vªj xU bghUS¡fhfî« mt®fŸ btËehLfis¢ rh®ªJ ïU¡f nt©oa f£lha« ïšiy. Mdhš, ïªâahɚ Vw¤jhH Eh‰W¡F 50 ng® ï‹dK« Étrha« rh®ªj bjhʚfis¤jh‹ brŒJbfh©L ïU¡»‹wh®fŸ. xU å£oš g¤J¥ ngU¡F¤ njitahd czit ïu©L ng® rik¤jhš nghJ«. MW ng® njit ïšiy. 1990 M« M©L¡F¥ ã‹d®, v°.o.o. bjhiy¤ bjhl®ò ika§fŸ, f«ãtʤ bjhiy¡fh£á (Cable TV), ï©l®be£, fÂÅ ika§fŸ, nfhÊ ts®¥ò, thfd ngh¡Ftu¤J, M£nlh ïJngh‹w òâa bjhʚfˋ _y« c§fŸ gFâƚ, jĜeh£oš v¤jid y£r« ïisP®fŸ òâjhf ntiythŒ¥ò¥ bg‰W ïU¡»‹wh®fŸ v‹gij¡ fz¡»£L¥ ghU§fŸ. ï‹D« v¤jidnah òâa bjhʚ thŒ¥òfŸ cUth» ïU¡»‹wd. bjhiy¡fh£áf˚ gh®¡»‹w Éisah£Lfis c§fŸ gFâƚ m¿Kf¥gL¤jyh«. 100 nfho k¡fŸ bjhif bfh©l ïªâahɚ eilbgW»‹w tÂf¤â‹ kâ¥ò, cyf tÂf¤âš IªJ ÉG¡fh£L¡F« Fiwîjh‹. vdnt, rhjhuz muR¥ gÂfis ehlhkš, Ú§fns xU bjhʚ Kidnth® Mf nt©L«. c§fŸ bghU£fis btËehLfS¡F V‰Wkâ brŒa nt©L«. thÂg« brŒtj‰fhf¥ òw¥g£l Inuh¥ãa eh£lt®fŸjh‹ cy»‹ ghâ¡F« nk‰g£l ehLfis bt‰¿ bfh©lh®fŸ v‹gij Ãidɚ bfh©L,

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âiuflnyho âuÉa« njL§fŸ. go¤j ïisP®fns, eh£il É£L btËnaW§fŸ. bghUŸ Fɤj ïisP®fns, eh£L¡F¤ âU«ã thU§fŸ. k‰wt®fS¡F ntiy thŒ¥ò tH§F§fŸ. g§F¢ rªijf˚ KjäL brŒJ, t§»f˚ Onk£ fz¡Ffis¤bjhl§», (Demat A/C) fÂŤâiufˋ tÊahfî« âuÉa« njL§fŸ. To thœªjhš nfho e‹ik. ef®¥òw§f˚ FonaW§fŸ. MW f©l§fËY« jyh IªJ M©LfŸ thG§fŸ.

c§fŸ ïšy¤â‹ Rt®f˚ ќ¡fhQ« gl§fŸ ïl« bg‰W ïU¡»‹wjh?
J cyf tiugl«, cyf cU©il (Globe) J jĜehL tiugl«, J ïªâa tiugl« ,J cyf ehLfˋ bfhofŸ J cyf ehLfˋ ehza§fŸ, J cyf ehLfˋ muR K¤âiufŸ J bgUefu§f˚

tá¥gt®fshf ïU¥ã‹, mªj efNj tiugl«.

âdK« vij¥ gh®¡»nwhkh mªj¡ fh£á e« kd⚠MH¥gâªJ ÉL«. vdnt, njita‰w gl¡fh£áfis å£L¢ Rt®f˚ ïl«bgw¢ brŒahÔ®fŸ. kd⚠gâa it¡fhÔ®fŸ. nk‰f©l tiugl§fis¤ âdK« xUKiw c‰W¥ ghU§fŸ. mt‰iw kd⚠gâa it¤J¡ bfhŸS§fŸ. M©L¡F xUKiw å£o‹ cŸ mik¥ig kh‰W§fŸ. cy»š v¤jid ehLfŸ ïU¡»‹wd v‹gij Ú§fŸ bjǪJ bfh©L ïU¡»‹Ö®fsh? cyf tiugl¤âš Ú§fŸ v§nf ïU¡»‹Ö®fŸ v‹gij¤ bjǪJ bfh©L ïU¡»‹Ö®fsh? brŒâ¤jhŸf˚ mšyJ bjhiy¡fh£áƚ xU ehL F¿¤j brŒâfis¥ go¡F«nghJ«, gh®¡F«nghJ« mªj ehL v§nf ïU¡»wJ v‹gij cyf tiugl¤âš clnd gh®¤J¤ bjǪJ bfhŸS§fŸ. tl JUt¤âš irÕÇa¡ f©l¤âš ïUªJ g¤J MÆu« ikšfis¡ flªJ ntlªjh§fY¡F tU»‹w gwitfŸ, Û©L« mnj ghijƚ âU«ã¢ brš»‹wd. mªj tʤjl« gwitƋ á¿a jiyƚ gâªJ ïU¡»‹wJ. mJ nghš c§fŸ Ãidɚ cyf tiugl¤ij¥ gâa it¤J¡ bfhŸS§fŸ. cy»š eh« v§nf ïU¡»‹nwh«? gaz§fŸ nk‰bfhŸS«nghJ - vªj¤ âirƚ brš»nwh« - v›tsî bjhiyî brš»nwh«? mj‰fhd fhy« v›tsî? v‹W gaz¤âš k£L« mšy, thœ¡if¥ ghijÆY« c§fŸ ïy¡if¤ Ô®khŤJ¡ bfh©L bršY§fŸ. â£lÄ£L¢ brašgL§fŸ. bt‰¿ c§fS¡nf!

(itnfhɋ bray®)
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nfhɪjuh#]Y mt®fˋ _¤j kf‹ ãnu«Fkh® - ɤah âUkz« kzk¡fˋ bg‰nwhUl‹ g¤khtâ m«ikah®, ru°tâ, âUkâ. rhɤâÇ

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Í.M®.nfhɪjuh#]Y - Í.mÄ®j«

kh.khÇa¥g‹ - kh.Mây£RÄ (r¤atÅjh bg‰nwh®)

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r¤atÅjhî¡F rªnjhZ fizahÊ mÂɤjš

Í.ãnu«Fkh® - ɤah âUkz¤âš... ɤahɋ bg‰nwh® ã. Rªj®-#Kdh uhÂ, m©z‹ fh®¤â¡

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jĜ tsu . . . jÄH® ca®Ãiy bgw . . .
1. všnyhU« vG¤jhs®fns. ò¤jf§fis¥ go¥gJl‹ ËW Élhkš, x›bthU kÅjU« j‹ thœ¡ifƚ »il¤j go¥ãidfis vGâ Ehyhf btËÆl nt©L«. c§fŸ FL«g¤â‹ tU§fhy¤ jiyKiwÆdU¡fhf, c§fŸbfhotÊia, FL«g¤âdiu¥ g‰¿a brŒâfŸ, cwÉd®fˋ Kf¥gl§fis - FL«g Mtzkhf¥ gâî brŒJ it¡f nt©L«. 炙yhªJ, ~ãuh‹° ngh‹w nk‰F ehLfŸ, #¥gh‹, Ódh ngh‹w »H¡F ehLf˚ gy Eh‰wh©Lfshf ïªj¥ gÂia¢ brŒJ ïU¡»wh®fŸ. #¥ghŚ, x›bthU FL«g¤âY« 30 jiyKiwÆdiu¥ g‰¿a brŒâfŸ ïU¡»‹wd. 2. jÄiH¥ ngR»w x›bthU jÄHU«, g¤J òâa jĜ¢ brh‰fis cUth¡f nt©L«. m¢brh‰fis, ïa¡Fe®, jĜ ts®¢á¤ Jiw, Fwsf«, br‹id; jĜ¥ gšfiy¡fHf«, jŠrhñ®; jÄHf¤âš cŸs gšfiy¡fH§fˋ jĜ¤JiwfŸ; cyf¤ jĜ MuhŒ¢á ÃWtd«,jukÂ,br‹id; (Centre of Indian Languages, Mysore) M»a mik¥òfS¡F vGâ mD¥g nt©L«. 3. jÄHf¤âš eilbgW»‹w x›bthU âUkz¤âY«, òâa brŒâfŸ ïl« bgW»‹w xU òâa Ehš btËÆLjš nt©L«. âUkz¤J¡F tUif jUnthU¡F m‹gË¥ghf tH§Fjš nt©L«. mªj EhȚ, âUkz miH¥ãjœ, kzk¡fˋ Kf¥gl§fŸ, âUkz¤J¡F tUif jªnjhU¡fhd e‹¿ m¿É¥ò M»ait ïl« bgw nt©L«. eh‹ ïJtiuÆY«, 15 âUkz§f˚, Ehšfis cUth¡»¡ bfhL¤J ïU¡»nw‹. 4. jÄʚ tlbkhÊ¢ brh‰fŸ, M§»y¡ fy¥ig¡ f©L m¿ªJ, KGikahf¤ jÉ®¡f nt©L«. jĜeh£oš cŸs efu§fˋ tuyhW fis¤ bjhF¤J vGj nt©L«. r§fu‹nfhɚ efu tuyh‰iw¤ bjhF¤J vGJ« Ka‰áia eh‹ nk‰bfh©L ïU¡»nw‹. 5. nrhâl«, g¡â EhšfŸ vGJtij¤ jil brŒa nt©L«. flªj ïUgJ Eh‰wh©Lfshf vGj¥g£l EhšfSŸ g¡â tÊghL k£Lnk ïl« bg‰wJ. m¿Éaš EhšfŸ ïšiy. ïUgjh« Eh‰wh©o‹ ã‰gFâƚjh‹ ãw ïy¡»a§fŸ cUth»d. vdnt, ïÅí« g¡â Ehšfis vGj¡TlhJ - gâ¥ã¡f¡ TlhJ. g¡â ïy¡»a« v‹gJ bghŒ ïy¡»ank. fij, fÉij vGJtij ÃW¤J§fŸ. áWfijfŸ nghJ«, bjhl®fijfŸ nt©lh«. m‹whl¢ brŒâfis myR»‹w f£Liufis¤ j¡f rh‹WfSl‹ vGj nt©L«. kU¤Jt«, m¿Éaš, É©btË ïaš, gaz¡ f£Liu Ehšfis¥ bgU« msɚ jÄʚ bfh©L tU« gÂia¢ brŒa nt©L«. bkhÊbga®¥ò EhšfŸ bgUf nt©L«. Ehšfis caÇa ju¤âš, bjËthf¥ go¡F« tifÆyhd neuhd vG¤J cU¡f˚ m¢ál nt©L«. jÄiH¢ rhŒ¤J m¢ál¡ TlhJ.

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6. ‘òz®¢á É⒠v‹w bgaǚ, ïu©L brh‰fis¢ nr®¤J vGj¡ TlhJ. òz®¢á Éâ v‹gJ vË⚠òÇahj Éâna! ïUgjh« Eh‰wh©o‹ bjhl¡f¤âš brŒíŸ eilƚ, gh£L toɚ ïUªj jĜ, mªj Eh‰wh©o‹ ã‰gFâƚ ciueil, fÉij v‹w òâa tot§fis¥ bg‰wJ. vdnt, ïUg¤J x‹wh« Eh‰wh©L¡F V‰w tifƚ, jÄiH vËikahf, jĜ¢brh‰fis¤ jŤjÅahf, KGikahf vGJjš nt©L«. m¥nghJjh‹, j‰fhy, tU§fhy ïisa jiyKiwÆd® jÄiH vË⚠go¤J¥ òǪJ bfhŸt®. ïªj¡ f£Liuƚ m›thW vGâ cŸns‹. vG¤jhs®fŸ midtU«, j§fSila gil¥òf˚ brh‰fis¥ ãǤJ vGJkhW nf£L¡ bfhŸ»nw‹. 7. mašehLfS¡F¢ brš»‹w jĜ ïisP®fŸ, bghUŸ nr®¤jã‹ò brhªjkhf¤ bjhʚ ÃWtd§fis¤ bjhl§» KjyhËfŸ Mf nt©L«.jÄHf¤âY« bjhʚfis¤ bjhl§f nt©L«. thœehŸ KGikí« ãwÇl« ntiy gh®¤J¡bfh©L ïU¡f¡TlhJ. mašehLf˚ cŸs jÄH®fS¡F«, jĜeh£L¤ jÄH®fS¡F« ïilna tÂf¤ bjhl®òfŸ bgUf nt©L«. cyf¤ jÄH® KftÇ¡ fsŠáa« cUth¡f¥gl nt©L«. 8. jÄH®fŸ midtU« thDh®âf˚ gw¡f nt©L«. xUKiwnaD« cyf« R‰¿ tu nt©L«. Ú§fŸ gwªJ ïU¡»Ö®fsh? ïšiynaš, v¥nghJ gw¡f¥ ngh»Ö®fŸ? v¤jid ehLfis¥ gh®¡f¥ ngh»Ö®fŸ? ïÅ tU§fhy¤ jiyKiwÆd®, MÆu« M©LfŸ thœtj‰fhd rh¤âa¡TWfŸ cŸsd. ïJF¿¤J, ‘MÆu« taR’ v‹w jiy¥ãš eh‹ ÉÇthf xU f£Liu vGâ cŸns‹. 2050 ¡F¥ ã‹d® ãw¡»‹wFHªijfŸ, clyhY« MÆu« M©LfŸ thH Koí«. V‰fdnt ãw¥ig¤ Ô®khŤJÉ£l kÅj‹, ïw¥igí« btštJ cWâ. ek¡F«Tl MÆu« taRjh‹. v¥go v‹»Ö®fsh? âU¡FwŸ ngh‹W MÆu« M©LfS¡F K‹ò vGj¥g£l Ehšfis ï‹W eh« thá¡f KotJ nghš, Ú§fS«, ehD« vGJ»‹w Ehšfis MÆu« M©LfS¡F¥ ã‹dU« mÊahkš ghJfh¡f¡ Toa fUÉfŸ, fÂÅfŸ tªJ É£ld. vG¤JfŸ mt‰¿š gâî brŒa¥gL»‹wd. vdnt, ò¤jf« vGâdhš, c§fS¡F« MÆu« taRjh‹! Ú§fŸ vGJ»‹w EhȚ, ‘f«g® brh‹dh® - fhªâ brh‹dh® - Éntfhdªj® brh‹dh® - ghuâ brh‹dh®’ v‹W xU tÇ Tl nk‰nfhŸfis vGjhÔ®fŸ. c§fŸ bfhotÊia, c§fŸ thœ¡ifƚ bg‰w go¥ãidfŸ, c§fS¡F¤ njh‹¿a fU¤Jfis k£L« gâî brŒí§fŸ. xU kÅj‹ thœªJ kiwªjh‹ v‹gj‰F _‹W milahs§fŸ! 1. xU FHªijia¥ bg‰W ïU¡f nt©L«. 2. xU å£il¡ f£o ïU¡f nt©L«. 3. xU ò¤jf« vGâ ïU¡f nt©L«.

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