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CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES IN NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ADEGBITE, M. A.; ERHIMONA, O. G.; UMUKORO, J. O. Department of Welding Engineering and Offshore Technology, Petroleum Training Institute, Effurun, Delta State, Nigeria Content 1. INTRODUCTION 2. CHALLENGES AND ISSUES 3. INDICATORS OF SUSTAINABILITY FOR NDT FACILITIES 4. OPPORTUNITIES 5. CONCLUSION 1. INTRODUCTION Non-destructive testing (NDT), Non-destructive examination (NDE), Non-destructive inspection (NDI): Family of specialized technical inspection methods which provide information about the condition of materials and components without destroying them The term (NDT) is generally applied to non - medical investigations of material integrity. NDT examines actual production pieces and reveals the presence of flaws which can be evaluated against accept / reject criteria NDT Applications NDT is used in a variety of settings that covers a wide range of industrial activity: Automotive Engine parts Frame Aviation / Aerospace Airframes Power plants Space frames Jet engines • Rocketry Construction Petrochemical Structures Pipelines Bridges Storage tanks Manufacturing Miscellaneous Machine parts Amusement park rides Nuclear engineering Pressure vessels Modern nondestructive tests are used by manufacturers to: Ensure product integrity, and in turn, reliability Avoid failures, prevent accidents and save human life Make a profit for the user Ensure customer satisfaction and maintain the manufacturer's reputation Aid in better product design Control manufacturing processes Lower manufacturing costs Maintain uniform quality level Ensure operational readiness NDT Methods There are several established NDT methods currently in industrial use. New methods are being constantly researched and developed, and many of the established ones have their effectiveness and efficiency enhanced by conversion to electronic, computerized, or robotic operation. Five basic methods: Liquid Penetrant Testing (PT) Magnetic Particle Testing (MT) Radiographic Testing (RT) Ultrasonic Testing (UT) Eddy Current Testing (ET). 2.0 CHALLENGES AND ISSUES Establishment of clear national policies and regulations Acceptance by decision-makers; integration into national science system Technology transfer mechanisms Relevance and appropriateness of technologies Quality management and control New management approach and management skills Organizational transformation Market intelligence; keeping up to date with scientific / technological changes Clear programme plans and business plans with quantified objectives Confidence building Communication; sharing of information Satisfaction of needs and interests of all stakeholders Establishment of alliances Relationship between research, development and commercial activities Ethics in all activities Maintained credibility Weak manufacturing facilities Weak standard and safe infrastructure Engineering and technical education without NDT content Technical personnel lacks necessary skills 3.0 INDICATORS OF SUSTAINABILITY FOR NDT FACILITIES 1) Legal Sustainability 2) Institutional Sustainability 3) Sustainable Physical Facilities 4) Sustainable Financial Resources 5) Sustainable Human Resources 4.0 OPPORTUNITIES The issues and challenges could be best interpreted as opportunities for ensuring safe engineering components and systems, and hence, a sustainable development. Such opportunities include: NDT education and research, training and certification sales and services of NDT equipment, devices and consumables and handling of Transportation, storage NDT equipment and accessories Production ofqualified and certified personnel that would be gainfully engaged in the various related economic activities. 5.0 CONCLUSION Nigeria needs a vibrant oil, gas and other industrial sectors anchored on sound, home- grown, human and technological initiatives, Nigerian Content Development : NOT limited to ‘BUILDING CAPACITY’ BUT create ‘opportunities for Nigerians’ and thus enhance sustainable development for economic self reliance ADEGBITE M. A. Dept. of Welding Engineering & Offshore Technology Petroleum Training Institute, Effurun, Delta State email@example.com
"CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES IN NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING"