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					                      Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA)
                              Guidelines for Union 92
                           Kindergarten through Grade 3

   What’s the purpose for using the DRA?
   The DRA is used in Union 92 to determine if students are meeting the grade
   level benchmarks. (See chart below.) Teachers are also responsible for
   tracking student progress through classroom level assessments such as
   running records, miscue analyses, informal reading inventories, etc.
   Additionally, teachers use these classroom assessments to determine the
   reading level of exceptional readers (those who exceed the benchmark).

   When is the DRA administered?
   The DRA is given to Kindergarten students in the spring.
   It is administered to first grade students in January and in the spring.
   Second grade students are assessed in the fall and the spring, using fiction.
   Third grade students are assessed in the fall and the spring, using
   nonfiction.

                        Union 92 K-3 Reading Benchmarks
                    Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA)
Grade Level      Administration     Does Not Partially
                      Period          Meet      Meets    Meets  Exceeds*
Kindergarten Spring                    A, B       1, 2     3       4
Grade 1        January                A-3        4-8    10 – 14    16
               Spring                 A-8       10 - 14 16 - 18    20
               Fall – Fiction         A-8       10 – 14 16 – 18    20
Grade 2        Spring – Fiction       A - 14    16 - 22 24 - 28    30
               Fall – Nonfiction      A – 14    16 – 22 24 – 28    30
Grade 3        Spring – Nonfiction    A - 20    24 - 30    38      40
    * Do not use the DRA to assess students beyond the determined
    “Exceeds” text level for the grade they are in.

   Who administers the DRA?
   Classroom teachers administer the DRA to their own students. The possible
   exception is for special education students who receive their entire reading
   program through special education. For these particular students, the



   Sms/local assessments/ELA/DRA/DRA Guidelines                             12/12/07
special education teacher or the regular classroom teacher may administer
the DRA, as determined locally.

Where are the results recorded?
The results are recorded on the UNION 92 DRA CLASSRROM REPORTING
FORM developed for the appropriate grade level (Kindergarten, Grade 1, or
Grades 2 – 3). A copy of the completed form needs to be submitted to the
curriculum coordinator.

The results are also recorded on each student’s individual LOCAL
ASSSESSMENT STUDENT PROFILE located in the assessment portfolios.

What about students who could go beyond the “Exceeds” level?
Teachers should use classroom assessments (running records, miscue
analyses, informal reading inventories, etc.) to determine the instructional
reading level of exceptional readers (those who exceed the benchmark). Do
not use the DRA to assess students beyond the determined “Exceeds” text
level for the grade they are in.

How do you determine a student’s text level?
A student is reading at the text level if:
    His/her accuracy rate is 94% or higher, and
    His/her fluency score, using the Union 92 Fluency Rubric is a 3 or 4,
      and
    His/her comprehension score is a 3 or 4.

What level do you use to assess in the fall of Grade 3 if the student
was at a level between 24 and 30 as a Grade 2 student?
Since there is a switch in genres from fiction to nonfiction, start by
assessing the Grade 3 student at the same text level they were in the spring
of the previous year. Move up or down according to the same criteria to find
the nonfiction text level: accuracy rate of 94% or higher, and a fluency
score (using the Union 92 Fluency Rubric) of a 3 or 4, and a comprehension
score of a 3 or 4.




Sms/local assessments/ELA/DRA/DRA Guidelines                            12/12/07

				
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