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MEAT AND MEAT PRODUCTS-WEEK 6

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					                                   MEAT AND MEAT PRODUCTS




Meat has been a part of human diet, since time immemorial. Archaeological evidences suggest that
humans used to consume various types of meat, as they learned the art of hunting. Meat consumption
soared with the concept of organized hunting, which helped them to catch bigger animals, like, bison.
This was followed by domestication of animals (started around 10,000 years ago) for their meat. Initially,
sheep, various breeds of cattle and wild pigs were domesticated. Now, there are various types of meat,
obtained from different animals and birds. It includes, beef, pork, mutton, chicken, ostrich meat, etc. Read
on to know more about the various aspects of different types of meat. Read more on meatloaf recipes.

Types of Meat

Meat can be defined as animal flesh used for human consumption. Usually, the skeletal muscle and the
fat attached to it are referred to as meat, but some organs, like, lungs, liver, kidneys, brain, skin, bone
marrow, etc. are also included in this term. It is a collective term, used to denote a wide range of meat,
obtained from different animals and birds. Usually, fish is not considered as a type of meat. The eating
habits and diet of people are different in different parts of the world. This applies to meat too. There are
people, who consume spiders, rats, zebra, snakes, etc. But, they are not so common. But, there are
some types of meat, which are commonly used in almost all parts of the world. The following is a list of
various types of meat, which are widely used.

Beef is one of the popular types of meat, which is used to prepare food recipes, across the globe. This
meat is obtained from cow and is one of the much sought-after types of red meat. Read more on beef
recipes.

Another popular meat, that it is consumed by people world wide, is chicken. Though, a type of poultry, it is
considered as a healthy meat and can be found as an indispensable ingredient in most of the regional
cuisines of the world. Read more on chicken recipes.

Pork is another choice, as far as types of meat are concerned. Pork is derived from pig and is classified
as red meat. However, this meat is less fatty than beef and is more leaner. Read more on benefits of eating
meat.

Sheep meat is also a staple food in some parts of the world and is consumed in many regions. Sheep
meat is otherwise known as mutton (meat of mature sheep) or lamb (immature sheep). This is also a type
of red meat.
   The above mentioned were some of the commonly used types of meat. But, there are various other
 types, which are specific to some region, or less available. In case of poultry, turkey, geese, ducks, etc.
    are consumed. The meat of rabbits, deer (venison), possum, zebra, water buffalo, camel, etc. are
  consumed by humans. Even birds, like, dove, emu and ostrich are hunted (and also raised) for meat.

  Nowadays, meat production and packaging is one of the flourishing industries, which uses advanced
techniques of raising, breeding and butchering animals. Even packaging of meat is done with the help of
 modern technology. We have different kinds of meat, as per the cuts. Meat is also classified as per the
 growing and feeding factors. As per such classification, meat can be divided into conventional, organic,
                                      natural and grass-fed ones.




The butcher’s store can be a shop of delights. There are so many great meats on display that it’s
hard to know where to begin. To the uninitiated, different cuts of meat can be confusing. Without
direction, it’s hard to know which ones cook quickly and which ones need more time, as well as
which ones offer more flavor while others might offer more texture.

Luckily, we present to you our guide to different cuts of meat for just such questions. Think of it
as a quick reference guide to the butcher’s shop. In all, we’ve listed the eight primal cuts of meat
every man should know.

Chuck
Also known as the 7-bone steak because of the shape of the bone in this cut, chuck comes from
the area above the brisket toward the animal’s front. A chuck cut of meat is loaded with
connective tissues such as collagen, which add a stronger flavor to the meat.

How to cook this cut of meat: A chuck’s cut is good grilled or braised, but it’s best in ground
beef.
Price: Chuck roast usually goes for between $2 and $4 per pound. Buy a pound per person.

                       Rib

                       A rib cut of meat is arguably one of the finest cuts of meat from the cow.
                       It’s here you’ll find the best cuts such as prime rib, short ribs and rib eye
                       steaks, all of which are prized for their juiciness, tenderness, marbling,
                       and superb flavor.

                        How to cook this cut of meat: A rib cut is best cooked over dry heat,
such as on the barbecue, with a gourmet sauce and plenty of resting to let the juices sit.
Price: Prime rib usually goes for between $4 and $6 per pound. Again, plan to buy at least a
pound per person for a good meal.

Short loin

You may not have heard of the short loin cut of meat, but it’s another
part of the cow in which you’ll find some of your favorites, such as
tenderloin, T-bone and porterhouse.

How to cook this cut of meat: These cuts are best presented as steaks
and cooked over a dry heat, such as on a grill. Again, let these cuts sit
after they've been cooked and cover them so the heat continues to cook and the flavors and juices
stay locked inside.
Price: Porterhouse steaks don’t come cheap. Expect to pay nearly $1 per ounce for these gems.
                        So a meal for two could easily cost around $40.

                       Sirloin

                       Sirloin is a good cut of meat that comes from the lower portion of the
                       animal’s ribs, and it’s got more of the best cuts out there, such as the
                       tenderloin and the top and bottom sirloins.

                        How to cook this cut of meat: These cuts are pretty versatile. We’d
                        normally recommend slow cooking, but you can grill them as well. Just
remember that these cuts come without a bone so they can dry out faster. Be careful with your
cooking time, which varies by weight and thickness.
Price: Anywhere from $2 and $4 per pound is a good price for a top sirloin roast. Again, expect
to feed each person on a pound of uncooked meat.
Round

A round steak or roast comes from the animal’s rump. It’s a lean cut with
little fat, which makes it a bit tougher than the best cuts listed above. It's
a popular cut but can be difficult to cook.

				
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posted:10/12/2011
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