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					                                        George Williams College
                                           Aurora University
                                          School of Education
                                            Course Syllabus
Course Title

OEDT 5023 Building Instruments
Instructors:

Prof. Kyle Cudworth                     Prof. Richard Kron           Prof. Al Harper
kmc@yerkes.uchicago.edu                 rich@oddjob.uchicago.edu     al@oddjob.uchicago.edu
262-245-5555 x 826
Max Mutchler, STScI                     Mrs. Vivian Hoette           Frank Mills ofmills@att.net
mutchler@stsci.edu                      vhoette@yerke.uchicago.edu   Ed Sadler edsadler@live.com
Marc Berthoud                           262-245-5555 x 815           Rich Dreiser
berthoud@yerkes.uchicago.edu                                         rdd@yerkes.uchicago.edu

Course Credit: One (1) Graduate Credit

Class Meets on Tuesday Nights (6:30-8:45 Sept 9, 23 and 6:00-8:15 Oct. 7, 21, Nov. 18th, 2008)

I. Catalog Description

NSM500_? Building Instruments is a course for educators who want to understand the importance of
engineering and technology to the history of astronomy and understanding of the Universe. Teachers will
not only use astronomical instruments but will design and build their instruments with astronomers.
Teachers will participate in a series of classes and then document sessions where they teach the material to
their students.

II. Purpose of the Course
This course is designed to introduce educators to astronomical technology and technological design. The
educators will also learn methods for teaching the materials to their students. The work in the course will
be based on Wisconsin and Illinois teaching and learning standards.

Building Instruments: Building instruments is an important aspect of STEM, emphasizing engineering.
Educators and their students will build simple refractors out of cardboard tubes and lenses, build larger 2-
inch diameter refractors from PVC pipe, lenses, and wood for telescope mounts, perhaps mount their
telescopes onto a Yerkes telescopes with cameras attached for recording astronomical data, or adding a
prism or grating to their telescope to create a “spectra-gadget”. The culminating projects will include
designing detectors for visible and invisible light (UV, IR, and Radio), and doing spectroscopy with data
taken with their own instruments. Spectroscopy is of special interest to YAAYS because it is quantitative,
graphical, and allows for the investigation of color by students who are blind when images and graphs are
made tactile, since color information in light is stretched out in the spectrum.




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Yerkes Astrophysics Academy for Young Scientists
Ring Nebula Spectra from Yerkes 24 inch telescope.




III. Course Goals and Objectives
      Objectives                                                 Indicators
1.    The course should lead teachers to understand the     1.   The teachers will demonstrate during class that they
      importance of developments in technology for               understand the importance of astronomical
      astronomical research and how technology relates           instruments: design, construction, and use.
      to the history of astronomy and facilitates
      discovery.
2.    The course should lead the teachers to learn and be   2.   The teachers will demonstrate during class that they
      able to teach the fall constellations, recognize           can recognize the fall constellations and planets
      planets in the plane of the ecliptic.                      visible in the night sky and demonstrate that they
                                                                 have taught the material to their students
3.    The course should lead teachers to understand the     3.   The teachers will demonstrate during class that they
      design, construction, and use of one or more               understand the importance of astronomical
      astronomical instruments or detectors or software          instruments: design, construction, and use.
      programming for data analysis.
4.    The course should lead the teachers to learn how to   4.   The teachers will observe the spectrum of one or
      observe and analyze the spectra of stars and other         more stars using Yerkes telescopes; they will be
      celestial objects.                                         able to analyze spectral data using software tools.



IV. Illinois Teaching Standards http://www.isbe.state.il.us/profprep/PDFs/ipts.pdf

     Standard 1 – Content Knowledge

     The teacher understands the central concepts, methods of inquiry, and structures of the discipline(s)
     and creates learning experiences that make the content meaningful to students.

     Standard 2 – Human Development and Learning

     The teacher understands how individuals grow, develop, and learn and provides learning opportunities
     that support the intellectual, social, and personal development of students.

     Standard 3 - Diversity



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Yerkes Astrophysics Academy for Young Scientists
     The teacher understands how students differ in their approaches to learning and creates instructional
     opportunities that are adapted to diverse learners.

     Standard 4 – Planning for Instruction

     The teacher understands instructional planning and designs instruction based upon knowledge of the
     discipline, students, and community, and curricular goals.

     Standard 6- Instructional Delivery

     The teacher understands and uses a variety of instructional strategies to encourage students‟
     development of critical thinking, problem solving, and performance skills.

     Standard 7- Communication

     The teacher uses knowledge of effective written, verbal, nonverbal, and visual communication
     techniques to foster active inquiry, collaboration, and supportive interaction in the classroom.

     Standard 8- Assessment

     The teacher understands various formal and informal assessment strategies and uses them to support
     the continuous development of all students.


     Standard 10- Reflective and Professional Growth

     The teacher is a reflective practitioner who continually evaluates how choices and actions affect
     students, parents, and other professionals in the learning community and actively seeks opportunities to
     grow professionally.

V. Wisconsin State Teaching Standards http://www.cesa5.k12.wi.us/pdf/WiTeachS.pdf

     1.   The teacher understands the central concepts, tools in inquiry, and structures of the disciplines he
          or she teaches and can create learning experiences that make these aspects of subject matter
          meaningful for pupils.

     2.   The teacher understands how children with broad ranges of ability learn and provide instruction
          that supports their intellectual, social, and personal development.


     3.   The teacher understands how pupils differ in their approaches to learning and the barriers that
          impeded learning and can adapt instruction to meet the diverse needs of pupils, including those
          with disabilities and exceptionalities


     4.   The teacher understands and uses a variety of instructional strategies, including the use of
          technology to encourage children‟s development of critical thinking, problem solving, and
          performance skills.

     6.   The teacher uses effective verbal and nonverbal communication techniques as well as instructional
          media and technology to foster active inquiry, collaboration, and supportive interaction in the
          classroom.

     7.   The teacher organizes and plans systematic instruction based upon knowledge of subject matter,
          pupils, the community, and curriculum goals.


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Yerkes Astrophysics Academy for Young Scientists
     8.   The teacher understands and uses formal and informal assessment strategies to evaluate and ensure
          the continuous intellectual, social, and physical development of the pupil.

     9.   The teacher is a reflective practitioner who continually evaluates the effect of his or her choices
          and actions on pupils, parents, professionals in the learning community and others and who
          actively seeks out opportunities to grow professionally.

National Science Education Content Standards
http://www.nap.edu/readingroom/books/nses/6a.html#unifying

     Unifying Concepts and Processes
         Systems, order and organization
         Evidence, models and explanation
         Change constancy and measurement
         Form and function
     Physical Science
         Properties and changes of properties of matter
         Transfer of energy
     Science and Technology
         Abilities of technological design
         Understandings about science and technology
     Science in Personal and Social Perspectives
         Risks and benefits
         Science and technology in society


VI. Text and Materials
Texts:
         Discovering the Universe Seventh Edition, Comins and Kaufmann
         Sky Challenger, Discovery Corner, Lawrence Hall of Science
         Uncle Al’s Star Wheels http://www.handsonuniverse.org/activities/uncleal/index.html
         The Stars: A New Way to See Them, H. A. Rey, page 119; pages 134-5; Part 4 Some Hows and
          Whys, pages 108-150.
         Journey to Palomar PBS Series beginning Nov. 10th. See http://www.journeytopalomar.org/
          October 8th http://quest.nasa.gov/lunar/palomar/ Webcast

         The Universe at Your Finger Tips, Andrew Fraknoi Editor
         Astronomy Technology Overview Notes (Kyle Cudworth)

         Building Instruments - Ultraviolet Sensor (Rich Kron)

         Hubble Space Telescope Servicing Mission October 2008 (pdf) or (ppt) (Max Mutchler)
          Hubble Servicing Mission http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/hubble/servicing/SM4/main

         Building Instruments – Bolometer (Al Harper)

         Learn to Program in Python (Marc Berthoud)

               o    python.org: official python website

               o    Elkner.net: Site on teaching with python, free webbook, many links

               o    scipy.org: scientific calculations and arrays package


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Yerkes Astrophysics Academy for Young Scientists
               o    matplotlib.sourceforge.net: Plotting library

               o    pygame.org: Interactive display (other options are available)

               o    PyFits at StSci: Fits Files

         Building Instruments – Oatmeal Box Radio (Ed Sadler and Frank Mills)
               o    http://sci-toys.com/scitoys/scitoys/radio/radio.html
               o    http://www.hobbyengineering.com/CatEEKIDS.html
               o    http://www.midnightscience.com/oat-box-project.html

         Astro-spectroscopy: http://sunra.lbl.gov/~vhoette/Explorations/edo/spectra/index.html

Magazines:

   Astronomy http://www.astronomy.com/asy/default.aspx

   Mercury http://www.astrosociety.org/pubs/mercury/mercury.html

   Sky and Telescope http://www.skyandtelescope.com/

Calendars:

   Abrams Planetarium Sky Calendar http://www.pa.msu.edu/abrams/SkyCalendar/

   Astronomical Calendar 2008 by Guy Ottewell

   Heavens Above http://www.heavens-above.com/ for date-location-specific tracking the International
   Space Station (ISS), the Space Shuttle, Iridium Flares, etc.

Resource Websites:

   Adler Planetarium http://www.adlerplanetarium.org/

   Astronomy Education Review http://aer.noao.edu/cgi-bin/new.pl

   Cool Cosmos http://coolcosmos.ipac.caltech.edu/

   Cool Cosmos Multiwavelength Astronomy

   Globe at Night http://www.globe.gov/GaN/

   Hubble Heritage Gallery http://heritage.stsci.edu/gallery/gallery.html

   International Year of Astronomy http://www.astronomy2009.org/

   Journey to Palomar http://www.journeytopalomar.org/ begins Nov. 10, 2008

          Webcast Oct. 8, 2008 http://quest.nasa.gov/lunar/palomar/

   NASA's Imagine the Universe http://imagine.gsfc.nasa.gov/index.html

   SETI http://www.seti.org/

   Sloan Digital Sky Survey SkyServer http://cas.sdss.org/dr6/en/

   Sun Earth Connection http://sunearth.gsfc.nasa.gov/



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Yerkes Astrophysics Academy for Young Scientists
   SOFIA Education http://www.sofia.usra.edu/Edu/edu.html

   SOHO: Our Star the Sun http://soho.nascom.nasa.gov/classroom/classroom.html

   StarDate http://stardate.org/

   Star Wheels: Uncle Al's Star Wheels (Choose Nov. 2007); Double Sided Planisphere

   Stars by Jim Kaler http://www.astro.uiuc.edu/~kaler/sow/sowlist.html

   The Constellations http://www.dibonsmith.com/menu.htm

   Windows to the Universe http://www.windows.ucar.edu/

   Universe Forum Learning Resources
   http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/seuforum/learningresources.htm

   Universe in the Classroom
   http://www.astrosociety.org/education/publications/tnl/tnl.html

   Yerkes Clear Sky Clock http://cleardarksky.com/c/YerkesObILkey.html?1


VII.      Evaluation Procedures
Individual grade in this course will be based on a total of 100% as described below.

100%- 90% A
89%- 80% B
79%- 70% C

Attendance                              Attendance is important. This is an activity oriented class, where
                                        participants build instruments. In a spirit of fairness, make-up work will
                                        be assigned for excused absences.
Readings and Discussion                 Reading the material before class is important for your success. There
                                        will be discussions focused around the content, and everyone is
                                        expected to participate. Comprehension of the content should be
                                        apparent in class discussion and lesson development
Teaching Activity / Reporting           The teacher will create teaching activities. They will use the activities
                                        with their students and report on content, attendance and meeting times.
                                        The activity will facilitate the learning about astronomical instruments
                                        and how they are built, designed and used.


VIII. Ethics Statement
Aurora University‟s core values include integrity and ethical behavior. A community of learners, Aurora
University students and faculty share responsibility for academic honesty and integrity. The University
expects active participation and equitable contributions of students involved in group assignments. Aurora
University‟s Code of Academic Integrity prohibits cheating, fabrication, plagiarism, obtaining an unfair
advantage, unauthorized access to computerized records or systems and facilitating academic dishonesty
regardless of intent.

Cheating: intentionally using or attempting to use unauthorized materials, information, or study aids in any
academic exercise (e.g. exams).




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Yerkes Astrophysics Academy for Young Scientists
Fabrication: intentional or unauthorized falsification or invention of any information or citation in an
academic exercise (e.g. paper reference).

Facilitating academic dishonesty: intentionally or knowingly helping or attempting to help another to
commit academic dishonesty (e.g. allowing another to copy from your test).

Plagiarism: intentionally or knowingly representing the words or ideas of another as one‟s own in any
academic exercise (e.g. failing to cite references or taking verbatim from another source. (Aurora
University Graduate Catalog Online)).

IX. Accommodations
In compliance with ADA guidelines, students who have a condition, either permanent or temporary, which
might affect their ability to perform in the class are encouraged to inform the instructor at the beginning of
the term. Adaptations of teaching methods, class materials, including text and reading materials or testing,
may be made as needed to provide for equitable participation.

X. Courtesy
Cell phones and pagers should be turned off during class sessions. Children and others not registered for
the course are not permitted to be present during class sessions. Exceptions to the above may be made with
the instructor prior to the class when there are extenuating circumstances.

Schedule
Class Meets on Tuesday Nights (6:30-8:45 Sept 9, 23 and 6:00-8:15 Oct. 7, 21, Nov. 18th, 2008)
The dates listed are the current plan, but bad weather or major schedule conflicts may shift any session to
an alternate week.

The activities will be altered as appropriate to take advantage of the sky conditions or special situations.
Some nights and sky conditions are better for observing than others.

Unless students are notified otherwise, class sessions will always begin at GWC. Some sessions may move
to Yerkes soon after class begins.

Date          Focus                                         Assignment
Sept. 9,      1. The history of astronomy began with        Read Discovering the Universe, Chapter 3, pages 63-
2008          observing with the naked eye and using a      94.
              variety of „protractor‟ instruments to
              measure positions.
                                                            Astronomy Technology Overview Notes (Kyle
              2. Advances in telescopes, photography,
                                                            Cudworth)
              spectroscopy, space flight, detecting light
              outside visible spectrum, and electronic
              imaging, data systems and data analysis
              software, have all contributed to the
              advancement of astrophysics and our
              understanding of the Universe.
Sept. 23,     1. Teachers will brainstorm instruments       Read Discovering the Universe pp. 62-68
2008          YAAYS students have built or used.
              2. Teachers will learn about servicing the    Reference The Stars: A New Way to See Them (winter
              Hubble Telescope, Max Mutchler.               and circumpolar constellations)
              3. Teachers will see a demonstration of
              Python by Marc Berthoud.                      See references above under texts for links to
              4. Teachers will understand the rationale     documents prepared by scientists.
              and background for building a UV


53cb82bd-ccb2-4408-9058-009ed920b395.doc                                                              Page 7 of 8
Yerkes Astrophysics Academy for Young Scientists
              sensor, Rich Kron.
TBA:          Teachers observe with their students at      Read Discovering the Universe, Chapter 4 Visible
Observ-       Yerkes, using a grating on the eyepiece      Light and Other Electromagnetic Radiation, pp. 95-
ing Night     of the telescopes to see spectra of stars,   114. Use the Sky Challenger and Uncle Al‟s star
              and practicing the fall constellations on    wheels to prepare for observing. Students should
              the South Lawn.                              bring star wheels to observing nights.
October       Teachers will work with scientists to        Jouney to Palomar
                                                           See http://www.journeytopalomar.org/ and October 8th
7th, 2008     build and enhance the design of
                                                           http://quest.nasa.gov/lunar/palomar/ Webcast
and           astronomy instruments for detecting
              Infrared, Ultraviolet, Radio, or work on     Refer to text and links above, specifically
October       learning how to program with Python.         Building Instruments - Ultraviolet Sensor (Rich Kron)
21st, 2008
              Re-Check and update our YAAYS                Building Instruments – Bolometer (Al Harper)
              records for attendance, meetings, Adler
                                                           Learn to Program in Python (Marc Berthoud)
              field trips, observing nights, and
              Saturday programs.                             python.org: official python website
                                                             Elkner.net: Site on teaching with python, free webbook, many
                                                           links
              Observe star spectrum if clear skies.          scipy.org: scientific calculations and arrays package
                                                             matplotlib.sourceforge.net: Plotting library
              (Oct. 21st)Use image processing software       pygame.org: Interactive display (other options are available)
                                                             PyFits at StSci: Fits Files
              to analyze star and nebula images.
              http://sunra.lbl.gov/~Evhoette/Exploratio    Building Instruments – Oatmeal Box Radio (Ed Sadler and Frank
                                                           Mills)
              ns/edo/spectra/index.html
                                                           http://sci-toys.com/scitoys/scitoys/radio/radio.html
                                                           http://www.hobbyengineering.com/CatEEKIDS.html
                                                           http://www.midnightscience.com/oat-box-project.html
Nov. 8th      Adler Planetarium Field Trip                 Investigate instruments built for astronomical
2008                                                       observing, modeling, and illustrating celestial sky,
                                                           motions, and events (Zeiss Projector). Web
                                                           Conference with Max Mutchler regarding the results
                                                           of the Hubble Servicing Mission.
TBA           Saturday UNIVERSE Liveshows with             Use webcam videoconferencing, internet transfer of
              Science Museum Tokyo                         images, remote observing technologies.
Nov. 18th     Share instruments built by teams of          Prepare practical outlines for building instruments
2008          teachers with scientists and suggest         and presentations to class in groups.
              implementation plans with students.
On or         Submit final activity and attendance         Final report on all activities with students and
Before        reports.                                     attendance due on or before Dec. 9th, 2008
Dec. 9th,
2008




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Yerkes Astrophysics Academy for Young Scientists

				
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