Drawing strength from history

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                                                                                                                                      ISSUE NO. 64, WINTER 2011



“Today we gain strength by             officials spoke of the significance
remembering past struggles and         of Louis Riel Day during the Year
we use that strength to find ways      of the Métis. Métis dances and
to move forward,” proclaimed           songs were performed and our
Gary Lipinski, President of the        stories re-told. People gathered
Métis Nation of Ontario (MNO),         together for traditional feasts and
during Louis Riel Day commemo-         celebrated with friends and family.
rations at Queen’s Park in Toronto         Every Riel Day celebration is
on November 16. President Lipin-       special, but it is perhaps the cere-
ski’s remarks eloquently captured      mony held at the provincial legis-
what many Métis people felt            lature in Queen’s Park in Toronto         (clockwise from above) Métis lawyer and Riel descendant Jean Teillet; PCMNO Region 4 Councillor,
across the Homeland as they gath-      that captures most strongly the           Art Bennet; MNO President Gary Lipinksi; Métis fiddler Roger Giroux and Bob Goulais, Nipissing
ered in their communities to both      historical significance of the day. It    First Nation, honours the Métis Nation by singing the Michif Song.
remember Riel, the heroic              was the Government of Ontario in
defender of Métis rights, and to       that very legislature that declared
celebrate their own growing Métis      Louis Riel a criminal, and placed a
pride. This year’s Louis Riel Day      price on his head, after the Red
was especially full of meaning         River Resistance in 1870, which
because it took place during the       prevented him from taking his
Year of the Métis, a time desig-       duly elected seat in the House of
nated by the governments of            Commons. It was the Legislature
Canada and Ontario to recognize        of Ontario that on its very own
the contributions of Métis people.     grounds raised a monument to the
Even this designation is rich with     soldiers who had fought the Métis
irony, because the Year of the Métis   in Batoche in 1885. Despite this
also commemorates the 125th            tragic history, on November 16,
anniversary of the end of the          2010, Ministers of the Ontario
Northwest Resistance, where            Government gathered with Métis
these same governments attacked        people to remember Riel and rec-
the Métis and executed our leader.     ognize his remarkable legacy, and
    As has happened for 18 years in    to speak hopefully about the
Ontario, Métis people across the       growing positive relationship
province gathered in their com-        between Ontario and the MNO.
munities on November 16, the day           While often in the past, Novem-
Riel was executed, to commemo-         ber 16 has not been a pleasant day
rate Louis Riel through speeches       for the outdoor ceremonies held
and celebrations of Métis culture.     at Queen’s Park, this year was a
The Métis flag was raised in special   glorious fall day. President Lipinski
ceremonies in many cities and          with the Honourable Chris Bent-
towns across the province. At each     ley, the Ontario Attorney-General
of these ceremonies, local Métis
leaders and elders along with local                          continued page 14

                                       MÉTIS WAY                                 REGISTRY                        MÉTIS                             HEALTH
                                       Is the complexity of past                 MNO holds province-wide         RENDEZVOUS                        Did you know youth have
            4 0 0 2 5 2 65

                                       and contemporary                          Métis Identification and        MNO Region 7 holds its            the highest risk
                                       Métis society lost in the                 Registry Community              annual Métis Rendezvous           of developing gambling
                                       retelling of our history?                 Consultation meetings           in Port Severn                    related problems?
                                       Page 27                                   Page 3                          Page 8 PAGE 4 & 22                Page 21
                                                     PAGE 15-21                                     PAGE 36                                                          PAGE 6
2                                                                                                                                                                          MÉTIS VOYAGEUR

                                            Announcements                                           Spotted                                           Special Days

             Linda Lord

        design & production
         Marc St. Germain           Weighing 8 lbs. Onyx Reath Maksoud
                                    was born at home on August 19, 2010, via
            contributors            water birth. He is a second son for Amanda
        Barbaranne Wright           Desbiens, the MNO’s North Bay Healthy
            Barbara Rusk            Babies and Healthy Children Program Co-
            Bradley Rusk            ordinator and her husband Joe Maksoud,
            Bonny Cann              and a new Métis for North Bay.
          Brian Cockburn
             Chris Paci
           Chris McLeod
         David I.M. Clark
          Don McDonald
            Donn Fowler                                                              Ancestor Shrine
            Gary Lipinski                                                                                                                 First Hunting Trip
                                                                                     This photo is from our campout this past
         Hank Rowlinson
                                                                                     summer. The canoe was hand made by a                 Joel Henley, President of the Kenora
         Jessica Cameron
                                                                                     cousin. I thought I would make a small               Métis Council, , and his six year old grand-
           Joann Panizza
                                                                                     shrine in honour of my six great-grand-              daughter, Hailey Fortier. This was Hai-
           Joanne Meyer                                                              fathers, who are my voyageur ancestors:              ley's first hunting trip with her Papa. It was
          Jo-Anne Parent            Janel Charron and Nathan Vallillee are proud     the Berthiaumes; the Seguins; and the Ler-           a very exciting and successful day for both
            Leora Wilson            to announce the birth of their son Taylum        ouxs. – Senator Jacques Leroux                       of them.
          Lianne Dumais             Vallillee. Taylum was born in Timmins on
          Marley Hodges             August 25, 2010, weighing 6lbs 5oz. Proud
             Mike Fedyk             grand parents are Joe and Nicole Charron.
            Natalie Lloyd
     Rachelle Brunelle-McColl
       Raymond Tremblay
         Rebekah Wilson
            Reta Gordon
              Rob Pilon
         Scott Carpenter
        TerryLynn Longpre
             Tracy Bald

         Linda Lord, editor
       RR1 Hartington, ON           Blessed with two little babies sweet as can be
                                      What cherished additions to our family!
             K0H 1W0
                                    We are delighted to announce the birth of                                                             Homecoming
                                    our twins, Preston John, 7 lbs 7 oz., and
       Tel: 613-374-2305
                                    Samuel Sunny, 6 lbs 5 oz., born on Friday,                                                            The Boese Family and the Niagara Region
     If undeliverable return to:
                                    September 24, 2010. Proud Parents are            Santa at the Dentist                                 Métis Council received a very special
                                    Sunny and Laurie Fonjong.                                                                             Christmas present. About a week before
      Métis Nation of Ontario                                                        Do you recognize this Métis Santa? He was            Christmas Kevin Boese returned to his
    500 Old St.Patrick St, Unit D                                                    discovered getting a little work done at             family after a tour of duty in Afghanistan.
      Ottawa, ON, K1N 9G4                                                            the Rideau Dental Centre. (It’s our fre-             He was greeted by his parents Doug and
         PH: 613-798-1488                                                            quent poet, Raymond Tremblay, who                    Huguette Boese at the airport in Toronto.
      marcs@metisnation.org                                                          helps out the “big guy” from time to                 Welcome home from your friends at the
        www.metisnation.org                                                          time.)                                               MNO and the Voyageur!

            The next
        Voyageur deadline:                                                                            CONGRATULATIONS AND BEST WISHES:
      February 21st, 2011                                                                             After 33 years of serving children, youth and their caregivers, Louise Logue has
                                                                                                      been appointed a Justice of the Peace for Ontario. She will remain in Ottawa.
         PUBLICATION #:
          PM 40025265               Mathis Joseph Denis Vien Perron and
                                    his mother Louise Vien attended the Métis                                       Letter to the editor
                                    Identification and Registry consultations in
                                    Ottawa on December 5. Mathis, who was
                                    born on November 24, 2010, is so far the
                                    youngest person to attend one of the con-        The Gift
                                    sultation meetings.
                                                                                     of Sight
                                                                                         Dear Linda,
                                                                                         My name is Fernand (Fern) Tremblay. I
                                                                                     have been involved as a volunteer with the
                                                                                     Canadian National Institute for The Blind
                                                                                     sinne 1966.
                                                                                         You will agree with me that we are born to
                                                                                     die and what a beautiful gift we could leave to
                                                                                     someone when we die such as our eyes and             Fern Tremblay and Timmins Mayor, Tom
                                                                                     or organs.                                            Laughren, proudly display wallets with
                                                                                         To promote the donation of tissues and              the bilingual donor vinyl stickers.
                                    Councillor Donald Crawford of the Grand          organs I have developed a bilingual donor
                                    River Community Métis Council recently           vinyl sticker to place on a wallet or card holder    receiving the gift of sight.
                                    celebrated the birth of his first great-grand-   to identify the bearer as someone who is will-           I would be happy to provide the Métis
                                    child, Joseph Vernon Parsons Crawford.           ing to donate their eyes or organs at death.         Nations’ Regional Health Offices with these
                                    Above left to right: Donald Crawford, Ver-       There are so many visually impaired persons          bilingual donor vinyl stickers at no charge to
                                    non Crawford Sr., Vernon Crawford Jr., and       that could benefit from a cornea transplant to       promote and identify would-be donors.
                                    Joseph Crawford. Donald has served with          allow them to clearly see their loved ones and           Proud family member of the Métis Nation.
                                    the GRCMC since its 2007 inception as            live a better and more productive life after             Fern Tremblay
                                    interim Senator and councillor.
WINTER 2011                                                                                                                                                                                    3

                                                                                                         Métis Nation News

(clockwise from above) The crowd at the MNO Métis Identification and Registry Con-
sultation Meeting in Midland on Nov. 20; Chair France Picotte and Larry Duval,
President of the Moon River Métis Council in Parry Sound on Nov. 21; MNO Pres-
ident Gary Lipinski at the Parry Sound meeting.

    ver 600 Métis citizens joined     borough, Flinton and Ottawa.          social housing, economic devel-         the MNO and our rights-based           important process.
    MNO President, Gary Lipin-            At these meetings, President      opment, the Crown’s duty to con-        agenda. These discussions are             In all, over 30 community con-
    ski and MNO Chair, France         Lipinski updated citizens on the      sult, scholarships and bursaries,       part of a multi-year, province-        sultation meetings will be held
    Picotte at 12 Métis Identifica-   progress the MNO continues to         promoting Métis culture and care        wide consultation process about        throughout the province over the
tion and Registry Community           make towards advancing its            for our elders.                         the Métis identification and regis-    next few months. Details on
Consultation meetings held            agenda throughout Ontario. As            Another key aspect of each           tration that the 2010 MNO Annual       upcoming meetings will be
before Christmas in Welland,          well, the meetings provided citi-     consultation meeting was a pres-        General Assembly directed the          posted on the MNO website and
Hamilton, Kitchener, Mississauga,     zens with an opportunity to dis-      entation and discussion on the          MNO leadership to carry out.           every MNO citizen will receive an
Owen Sound, Midland, Parry            cuss their priorities and interests   MNO Registry, and its importance        These community consultation           invitation to the meetings held in
Sound, Toronto, Oshawa, Peter-        in such areas as harvesting rights,   to the credibility and integrity of     meetings are Phase I in this           their communities.

  2011 AGA

  Moon River Métis Council to host
  2011 MNO Assembly in Parry Sound
  The Town of Parry Sound                        business of the nation, celebrate our proud    the most memorable MNO AGAs ever!”
  on Georgian Bay will be the                    heritage and culture and reconnect with            Pauline Saulnier, PCMNO Councillor for       away
                                                 friends and family. “On behalf of the Moon     Region 7, which includes Parry Sound, con-       by air, Parry
  venue for the 2011 AGA,                        River Council, we would like to express a      gratulated the Moon River Council for tak-       Sound has a
  taking place at the Bobby                      warm welcome to all the staff of the Métis     ing the initiative to host the AGA. “This will   year-round pop-
  Orr Community Centre                           Nation of Ontario and to all the Ontario       be a great event,” she said, “let’s show the     ulation of 18,000
                                                 Councils and citizens to this year's AGA. We   Nation what Region 7 is capable of accom-        and will welcome the
                                                 are honoured and excited to be hosting         plishing!”                                       MNO with its small-

      n December 8, 2010, the Provisional        this event and promise to make it very             MNO President, Gary Lipinski stated:         town charm.
      Council of the Métis Nation of Ontario     memorable,” stated Larry Duval, the Presi-     “The Moon River Council has a lot to offer,         The AGA business meeting
      (PCMNO) announced that the 2011            dent of the Moon River Council.                and along with the local council, I look for-    and many of the associated events are tak-
      Métis Nation of Ontario (MNO)                  “We are extremely honoured to be host-     ward to welcoming MNO citizens to the            ing place at the Bobby Orr Community
 Annual General Assembly (AGA) will be           ing the MNO AGA for the first time,”           2011 AGA. I am confident this will be            Centre with several other great venues
 hosted by the Moon River Métis Council in       exclaimed Louise Goulding, Chair of the        another productive AGA, where we both            available such as the Charles W. Stockey
 the small picturesque community of Parry        Moon River Council. “Parry Sound will be       learn a lot and enjoy ourselves as we expe-      Centre for the Performing Arts, which coin-
 Sound, Ontario, August 20-22, 2011. The         an ideal location as it is right on Georgian   rience the flavour of Métis communities          cidentally is the home of the Bobby Orr
 business meeting and cultural events of         Bay. The Bay was very important to all         from across the province.”                       Hall of Fame.
 the weekend for the last few years have         Métis as our ancestors lived on, and trav-         Hugging the shores of Georgian Bay, the         Announcements about registration,
 been preceded by two days of workshops          elled it extensively as voyageurs, fisher-     Town of Parry Sound is the world                 activities, venues, accommodations and
 and it is hoped that format will be available   men, trappers and lumbermen. The Moon          renowned jewel of the 30,000 Islands of the      meals will be forthcoming, but for now,
 this year as well. It looks like an exciting    River Métis Council and the Town of Parry      Georgian Bay. Located approximately two          mark August 18th-22nd on your calendar
 venue for MNO citizens to conduct the           Sound will ensure that this will be one of     hours north of Toronto, and 45 minutes           for the 2011 MNO AGA!
4                                                                                                                                                                         MÉTIS VOYAGEUR

                                     DUTY TO CONSULT:
Energy News                                                                                                                                             Funding News

    MNO                                                                                                                                                 Our
    optimistic                                                                                                                                          Missing
    about                                                                                                                                               Sisters
    Long-Term                                                                                                                                           Feds announce funding
    Energy                                                                                                                                              to address tragedy of
    Plan                                                                                                                                                hundreds of murdered
                                                                                                                                                        and missing Aboriginal
    Plan recognizes
    importance of                                                                                                                                       On October 29, 2010, the fed-
    Métis participation                                                                                                                                 eral government announced
                                                                                                                                                        $10 million in funding to
                                                                                                                                                        address the tragedy of hun-
On November 23, 2010, the                                                                                                                               dreds of murdered and missing
Government of Ontario, after         (Left to right) Robert Pellerin, President of the Ottawa Métis Council; Gary Lipinski, President of the            Aboriginal women and girls.
extensive public consultations,      Métis Nation of Ontario; Tom Thompson Jr., President of the Seven Rivers Métis Council; and                            Women of the Métis Nation
released its Long-Term Energy        JoAnne Wass, Region 6 Councillor.                                                                                  President, Melanie Omeniho,
Plan (LTEP). This updated plan                                                                                                                          says, “Although it is promising
will help guide the province as                                                                                                                         that the federal government is
it continues to build a reliable,
clean and cost-effective energy
system for Ontario families
                                     Métis Nation of Ontario                                                                                            taking steps to address the
                                                                                                                                                        issue, it is disappointing that
                                                                                                                                                        they did not recognize the need
now and into the future.
    The LTEP recognizes that
the successful participation by
                                     signs seventh Regional                                                                                             for consultation and impor-
                                                                                                                                                        tance of working at the grass-
                                                                                                                                                        roots level to make best use of
Métis and First Nation commu-
nities is important to advance
                                     Consultation Protocol                                                                                              this opportunity for change.
                                                                                                                                                            “The decision to provide the
key energy projects. It includes                                                                                                                        RCMP with $4 million dollars to

a section on Aboriginal commu-            n October 18, 2010, The          of the Ottawa Métis Council, Tom       was developed based on                expand their missing women
nities and developing opportu-            Métis Nation of Ontario          Thompson Junior, President of          province-wide consultations on        and unidentified remains
nities for Aboriginal participa-          (MNO) signed the seventh         the Seven Rivers Métis Council         the Crown’s duty to consult and       branch could be better spent.
tion in renewable energy and              of its Regional Consultation     and JoAnne Wass, Region Six            accommodate back in 2008,”            The police and authorities can-
transmission projects. The plan      Protocols. The Protocol was           Councillor on the Provisional          President Lipinski said. “It          not help find solutions without
recognizes that the path for-        signed between the MNO and the        Council of the MNO at the sign-        demonstrates the commitment of        first understanding the commu-
ward requires regular and            Ottawa Regional and Seven Rivers      ing ceremony in Ottawa. The            Ontario Métis to work together to     nities they need to work with
meaningful dialogue between          Métis Councils to help ensure         event formalized the traditional       ensure all citizens have input        and for.”
the government and Métis and         Métis in the region are effectively   working relationship that exists       when projects related to land use         Other notable concerns
First Nations leadership.            engaged and consulted.                among the Métis in the region.         planning, energy, mining and          include imposing a region-spe-
    “This government has                Gary Lipinski, President of the        “The signing of this Protocol is   forestry on Métis traditional lands   cific funding requirement that
clearly demonstrated the             Métis Nation of Ontario (MNO)         an important part of the MNO’s         are proposed,” he added.              only includes the western
respect it has for its relation-     joined Robert Pellerin, President     Consultation Framework, which                                                provinces and has no Aborigi-
ship with the Métis people of                                                                                                                           nal-specific nor women and
Ontario both through unique                                                                                                                             girls-specific requirements for
program supports and com-            MÉTIS WOMEN’S ASSEMBLY                                                                                             approval.
mitment to future relationship
building,” said Métis Nation of
Ontario (MNO) President,
Gary Lipinski. “I look forward
to continued opportunities for
discussion as proposed by
Ontario in the LTEP. The gov-
ernment’s clean energy plan is                                                                                                                          People
in line with our environmental
values and we appreciate being                                                                                                                          McGuinty Government
able to play an important role
and to benefit from the realiza-
                                                                                                                                                        Invests In Friendship
tion of the clean green econ-                                                                                                                           Centres
omy of the future.”
    In particular, the following                                                                                                                        Ontario is partnering with the
aspects of the LTEP are encour-                                                                                                                         Ontario Federation of Indian
aging to the MNO:                                                                                                                                       Friendship Centres to build or
                                                                                                                                                        renovate friendship centres so
• Ontario’s commitment to                                                                                                                               they continue to play a promi-
  meeting its duty to consult                                                                                                                           nent role in the lives of urban
  Métis and First Nation com-                                                                                                                           Aboriginal people.
  munities and accommodate           (left to right - standing) Lisa Pigeau, Patricia Lejour, Sharon McBride, Phoebe Mandry, Pearl Gabona,                  Over the next three years, a
  these communities if the           Brenda Powley, Colette Surovy, Barbaranne Wright, Pat Taylor, Lynn Pantuso, (seated) newly elected                 number of friendship centres
  potential exists that these        WMN President, Melanie Omeniho.                                                                                    will receive funding through
  communities could be                                                                                                                                  the $8-million capital initiative
  adversely impacted;                                                                                                                                   for renovations of existing facil-
• provision of capacity fund-
  ing for aboriginal communi-        MNO participates in founding                                                                                       ities and new building projects.
                                                                                                                                                            This program will support
  ties that are discussing part-                                                                                                                        the creation of short-term con-
  nerships on future transmis-
  sion projects;
                                     of ‘Women of the Métis Nation’                                                                                     struction and renovation jobs
                                                                                                                                                        across Ontario and is part of the
• distinct processes for work-                                                                                                                          “Open Ontario Plan” to create

  ing with Métis and First                en women, representing the       for the MNO Women’s Secretariat        dered Aboriginal women. The           jobs and strengthen the
  Nation communities;                     Métis Nation of Ontario          and Vice-chair of the MNO. Dele-       WMN is calling on the federal gov-    province’s economy.
• programs to support con-                (MNO), participated in the       gates from all five of the govern-     ernment to fulfill its promise of         Sylvia Maracle, Executive
   servation initiatives (partici-        historic founding assembly       ing members of the Métis               providing 10 million dollars for      Director of the Ontario Federa-
   pation in conservation ini-       of the Women of the Métis Nation      National Council attended this         investigating the number of miss-     tion of Indian Friendship Cen-
   tiatives, including Aborigi-      (WMN) in Saskatoon, Sask. The         event, which elected Melanie           ing and murdered Aboriginal           tres, said: “Friendship Centres
   nal Community Energy              WMN is now the national voice         Omeniho as the WMN National            women in Canada. The WMN is           desperately need to address
   Plans and targeted conser-        representing Métis women in           Interim President.                     also calling on Ottawa to provide     health and safety issues and
   vation programs);                 Canada, within the governance            The WMN will address impor-         the support and services to help      space requirements. This new
• opportunities for Métis and        structure of the Métis National       tant issues facing Métis communi-      Métis women entrepreneurs grow        capital will permit them to bet-
   First Nations communities         Council.                              ties such as child suicide, access     businesses that will create jobs in   ter provide their services and
   in the renewable energy               The MNO delegation included       to health care, jobs and the grow-     their communities.                    programs to urban Aboriginal
   sector.                           Sharon McBride, Spokesperson          ing number of missing and mur-                                               people.”
WINTER 2011                                                                                                                                                                                   5

 Aboriginal Skills and Employment Strategy (ASETS)

MNO to receive
$30.6 million for
Employment &
Training over
five years
      This funding will have a lasting inter-generational
       impact. It will help our citizens develop skill sets
        and qualifications that will have ripple effects
          across the province. – MNO President, Gary Lipinski

        ovember 22, 2010, was a     training delivery foundation com-
        great day for the Métis     bined with an ongoing commit-
        Nation of Ontario (MNO)     ment to partnership and skills
        as MNO President Gary       development culminated in MNO
        Lipinski, welcomed to the   being the first ASETS agreement
MNO head office in Ottawa,          approved in Ontario.
Shelly Glover, Parliamentary Sec-       President Lipinski thanked the
retary to the Minister of Indian    HRSDC for investing in the MNO
Affairs and Northern Develop-       over the next five years stating:       (Left to right) Bruce Stanton, Chair of the Parliamentary Committee on Aboriginal Affairs; Shelly
ment. Secretary Glover, who is a    “Métis are a proud people who           Glover, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development; and,
proud Métis woman from St.          have contributed to the building        Gary Lipinski, President of the MNO, on November 22, 2010, in the MNO head office in Ottawa.
Boniface, Manitoba, the home of     of this province and Canada. This
Louis Riel, spoke warmly about      funding will have a lasting inter-
feeling she was among family at     generational impact. It will help       you have faced many challenges,       ments like the one today demon-           training delivery structure and
the MNO. “I usually don’t smile     our citizens develop skill sets and     you and your team have over-          strate that we will continue to           design new programs and serv-
quite this much,” said Secretary    qualifications that will have ripple    come them.” Secretary Glover          work together. I look forward to          ices for Métis people in Ontario.
Glover, “but when you are with      effects across the province             called on Métis to celebrate their    many new accomplishments in               As a result, many Métis will secure
family, that’s what happens!”       because having a career will            success and not to rest, “until the   the months and years ahead.”              jobs over the duration of the proj-
   With CBC cameras present,        improve life in all other areas,        Métis story is one success story          MNO Chair France Picotte,             ect, and Aboriginal youth will get
and before an audience of MNO       which will then have positive           after another from beginning to       who has worked tirelessly for the         help to return to school or to find
and Human Resources and Skills      impacts on families and commu-          end.”                                 advancement of Education and              full-time work.
Development (HRSDC) staff, the      nities.”                                    Bruce Stanton, the Chair of       Training issues within the MNO,               “Métis people across Ontario,”
MNO and HRSDC formally                  Parliamentary Secretary Glover,     the Parliamentary Committee on        was unable to attend the media            concluded President Lipinski,
announced the MNO’s new five-       who was representing the Hon-           Aboriginal Affairs, also attended     event and was missed by all par-          “understand the significant bene-
year $30.6 million agreement for    ourable Diane Finley, Minister of       the media event. Commenting on        ticipants. Her work has been crit-        fits of this agreement to their
employment and training pro-        HRSDC, congratulated President          the large Métis population in his     ical to MNO’s ongoing success in          families and communities and to
grams through HRSDC’s Aborigi-      Lipinski and the MNO for its            own riding of Simcoe North,           the education and training field.         all families and all communities in
nal Skills and Employment Strat-    record of success. “The MNO has         Chair Stanton said: “The Métis            The ASETS agreement will              Canada. Long term investments
egy (ASETS) program. The            grown under your leadership” she        are very connected with the suc-      allow the MNO to expand upon              like the one announced today
MNO’s solid employment and          told President Lipinski, “and while     cess in our region. Announce-         an established employment and             benefit all of us.”

MNO congratulates Audrey                                                                                                          MÉTIS NATION OF ONTARIO
                                                                                                                               EDUCATION AND TRAINING BRANCH
Poitras on receiving National
Aboriginal Achievement Award                                                                                                 SEEKING MÉTIS
                                                                                                                     The Métis Nation of Ontario Education and Training (MNOET) Branch
                                                                                                                     is seeking Métis community members who are interested in volunteer-
                                                                                                                     ing their time as members of the Regional Advisory Committee (RAC)
                                                                                                                     or the Métis Awards Committee (MAC). These roles offer an oppor-
November 23/10 – On behalf                                                                                           tunity to make valuable contributions to Métis communities across
of Ontario Métis, Métis Nation of                                                                                    Ontario. RAC and MAC members assist in the review of employment
Ontario (MNO) President Gary                                                                                         and training services in keeping with MNOET program principles, poli-
Lipinski, congratulated Audrey                                                                                       cies and procedures.
Poitras for being selected to
receive a 2011 National Aborigi-                                                                                     Roles and responsibilities
nal Achievement Award.
    The Awards were created by                                                                                       • RAC members review and recommend training proposals through
the National Aboriginal Achieve-                                                                                       an anonymous review process with the assistance of the Regional
ment Foundation in 1993, in                                                                                            Employment and Training Coordinator (RETC). While reviews are
conjunction with the United                                                                                            ongoing, time commitment is limited in nature.
Nation’s International Decade
of the World’s Indigenous Peo-      Métis Nation of Alberta President, Audrey Poitras (left) with                    • MAC members are required to review bursary applications once or
ples. The awards recognize the      MNO President, Gary Lipinski (centre) and MNO Chair, France                        twice a year.
outstanding career achieve-         Picotte (right) in August 2010, signing the Memorandum of
ments of First Nations, Inuit and   Understanding between the MNO and the MNA.                                       • All RAC and MAC business is to be completed by fax, e-mail and/or
Métis people, in diverse occupa-                                                                                       teleconference wherever possible. MNOET will provide the tools
tions.                                                                                                                 necessary to assist us with making informed decisions
    Audrey, as the President of     Métis Nation as a whole. Her full      and rights of the Métis in Alberta
the Métis Nation of Alberta         biography is available at              and the entire Métis Nation. This         • RAC/MAC work is strictly voluntary
(MNA), has been selected to         www.naaf.ca.                           award could not go to a more
receive the award for political        MNO President, Gary Lipinski,       deserving Métis citizen.”                 What a great way to provide valuable feedback to our communities.
service. She was elected as the     said, “Over her years of dedi-             In August 2010, President Lip-
first female president of the MNA   cated service to the Métis Nation,     inski and President Poitras                    If you are interested in this position or would like to know more
in 1996. Since then, Audrey has     Audrey has been a shining exam-        signed a MOU to strengthen the                  please contact Guylaine Morin Cleroux for more information:
been re-elected by Alberta Métis    ple of Métis leadership with           relationship between Ontario                                   guylainem@metisnation.org
for four consecutive terms. As      integrity and credibility. She is a    and Alberta Métis as well as to                                or 1-800-263-4889 ext. 116.
MNA President, she has              role model for many and is             share best practices between the
advanced the interests and rights   known for unwavering commit-           MNA and MNO in order to bene-
of Alberta Métis as well as the     ment to advancing the interests        fit Métis in both provinces.
6                                                                                                                                                                         MÉTIS VOYAGEUR

An Afternoon of Celebration
Métis Nation of Ontario signs                                                                                                                     Several local Métis citizens were instru-
                                                                                                                                              mental in opening the doors of the CE
agreement with Central East                                                                                                                   LHIN to the MNO. These include Art
LHIN                                                                                                                                          Henry, his mother Rose and his sister Kelly
                                                                                                                                              Semjan. Marsee (thank you) should also
                                                                                                                                              be extended to Senator Andre Bosse,
By NATALIE LLOYD                                                                                                                              Brenda Bosse and Dawn Boston for work-
Health Branch Supervisor                                                                                                                      ing with the LHIN to develop the Terms of
                                                                                                                                              Reference. Jai Mills, the Aboriginal Liaison

       atalie Lloyd (seated on left) signs                                                                                                    Representative, with the CE LHIN also
       the Central East Local Health Inte-                                                                                                    played a critical role by asking questions,
       gration Network (CE LHIN) LHIN                                                                                                         listening and understanding the concerns
       Terms of Reference on behalf of the                                                                                                    and reality of the groups involved in CE
       MNO. Signing with Natalie is Debo-                                                                                                     LHIN.
rah Hammons, CEO of the CE LHIN.                                                                                                                  The importance of tying the Métis rela-
Standing on the left is Foster Loucks, Chair                                                                                                  tionship with the CE LHIN was signified
of the CE LHIN who also signed the agree-                                                                                                     with the presentation of a sash to Foster
ment with the MNO. The other four peo-                                                                                                        Loucks, the CE LHIN Chair by Senators
ple were signers of a separate agreement                                                                                                      Bosse and Gordon. They shared that the
with local First Nations.                                                                                                                     sash was not just a garment, but also a tool
    On Sept 30, 2010, I had the pleasure of                                                                                                   to help Métis voyageurs carry large loads.
attending the signing ceremony for the         (Left to right, seated) Natalie Lloyd, Senator Andre Bosse, Senator Olive Tiedema              We asked the Chair to use it to help carry
Terms of Reference with the Central East       (standing) Terry Bloom, Brenda Bosse, Senator Reta Gordon, Cecile Wager, Claire                the large load necessary to move forward
Local Health Integration Network (CE           Kearns and Gregory Bloom.                                                                      on issues of Métis and Aboriginal health.
LHIN) for the Métis, Inuit and Urban and                                                                                                          Following presentations by James
Non-Status Indians. At the same event, the     flag during the opening that also included     words on the significance of this day, and      Meloche, the Senior Director of Planning,
First Nations Terms of Reference was also      an honour song and youth and adult tradi-      then I had the honour of speaking on            Integration and Community Engagement,
signed by representatives of local First       tional dancers. The youngest dancer was a      behalf of the MNO. I reflected on my drive      and Deborah Hammons, CEO of LHIN, the
Nations communities. Representatives           jingle dress dancer who could not have         to Alderville First Nation with Senator Gor-    two Terms of Reference were signed with
from the mainstream health care system         been more than four years old, but who         don and how we both enjoyed the beauti-         drummers providing a suitable accompa-
also attended. The Alderville First Nation     danced with intensity beyond her years.        ful colours of the changing leaves in the       niment. Following the ceremony, Chair
was the host for the day, and welcomed         Representatives of the Alderville First        slow steady rain. I then spoke about how        Foster presented everyone with a gift of
everyone into their beautiful community        Nation welcomed the participants and           the signing in 2010 is special for Métis peo-   tobacco to signify the sealing of the agree-
centre.                                        spoke of the importance of addressing the      ple in Ontario and across Canada because        ment.
    The Métis Nation of Ontario (MNO) was      health issues through the CE LHIN. An          both the provincial and federal govern-             To say the least, the attention to detail
well represented with approximately ten        Elder from the community provided a            ments declared 2010 the “Year of the Métis      and the respect shown throughout the day
citizens attending including: Senators Reta    prayer, which was followed by a smudging       Nation”. For too long the contributions of      was truly beautiful. The MNO looks for-
Gordon, André Bosse, Olive Tiedema, and        to clean the room to ensure the energy         Métis people to both the Aboriginal com-        ward to building on these relationships
representatives from the Northumberland,       going into the signing was clear of any neg-   munity and to Canada have been down-            and future meetings are already being
Wapiti and Oshawa and Durham Métis             ativity, and also supported the CE LHIN        played, ignored or denied, but with the         planned. I would encourage all Métis citi-
Councils. All of the Métis in attendance       moving forward positively.                     signing of the CE LHIN Terms of Refer-          zens to learn about the LHIN in their areas
proudly wore sashes for the occasion.              The chiefs from Curve Lake and             ence, we can say the Métis voice has been       and check out the www.lhins.on.ca
    Senator André Bosse carried the Métis      Hiawatha First Nations shared powerful         heard and today we can say “you count”.

PARTNERSHIPS WITH INDUSTRY                                                    PARTNERSHIPS WITH INDUSTRY

Detour Gold and MNO                                                           Union Gas and MNO sign
sign Memorandum of                                                            relationship Agreement
                                                                              Formalizes the process

      etour Gold Corporation         agreement represents a mile-
      (TSX: DGC) (“Detour Gold”      stone in our continuing working
                                                                              for engagement and
      or the “Company”) is           relationship with the Métis com-         consultation
      pleased to announce that       munity as we plan to build upon
the Métis Nation of Ontario          it to provide opportunities to the

(MNO) and Detour Gold have           regional Métis. The development                n October 14, 2010, The
formally signed a Memorandum         of the Detour Lake mine will pro-              Métis Nation of Ontario
of Understanding (MOU) to            vide positive economic and                     (MNO) and Union Gas Lim-
guide their working relationship     employment benefits to all the                 ited, a Spectra Energy com-
in regard to the development of      local communities in the region.”        pany, signed an agreement that
the Detour Lake gold mine in             The MOU details the way the          will guide their future working
north-eastern Ontario.               local Métis have been and will be        relationship in Ontario.
    “Based on the positive rela-     consulted regarding the develop-            “Based on province-wide
tionship-building efforts we have    ment of the project and if there is      consultations with Métis com-
been making over the past year       an impact on Métis way of life,          munities on the duty to consult
with Detour Gold, we developed       then how the parties will work           in 2007, the MNO’s leadership         Julie Dill, President of Union Gas (left) and Gary Lipinski, MNO
this MOU collaboratively to guide    together to address them in an           was directed to establish posi-       President (right).
engagement and consultation          accommodation         agreement          tive working relationships with
with the regional rights-bearing     based on impacts.                        companies like Union Gas in
Métis communities in the James           MNO Regional Councillor Mar-         order to guide future engage-           “Union Gas strives to be the      MNO’s consultation framework
Bay/Abitibi-Témiscamingue tradi-     cel Lafrance, Chair of the James         ment and consultation with           partner of choice for communi-       in order to engage and consult
tional territories. I am pleased     Bay / Abitibi-Témiscamingue Con-         regional Métis communities in        ties and that includes building      Métis communities as early as
that the MNO was able to sign its    sultation Committee, com-                Ontario. I am very pleased that      long-term productive relation-       possible in the planning for proj-
first MOU in the mineral sector      mented: “Our community has               the MNO was able to sign a rela-     ships with citizens of the Métis     ects that have the potential to
with Detour Gold and I applaud       worked hard with Detour Gold             tionship agreement with Union        Nation based on mutual respect       impact their traditional way of
Detour Gold’s pro-active efforts     and we are very proud of our pos-        Gas and I applaud Union Gas’s        and economic opportunity,” said      life, in areas such as hunting,
in working with the Métis            itive relationship and successful        pro-active efforts in working        Union Gas President, Julie Dill.     fishing and harvesting of medic-
Nation,” said MNO President,         negotiations.”                           with the Métis Nation,” said         “That’s why we are thrilled to be    inal plants and herbs.
Gary Lipinski.                                                                MNO President, Gary Lipinski.        entering into this new partner-          Union Gas also seeks to iden-
    Gerald Panneton, President       About Detour Gold                           The agreement formalizes          ship.”                               tify business development and
and CEO of Detour Gold, added:       Detour Gold is a Canadian gold           the process for engagement and          The two-year agreement            procurement opportunities that
“Since the acquisition of the        exploration and development              consultation between Union Gas       reflects the MNO and Union           assist Aboriginal peoples by cre-
Detour Lake project, we have         company whose primary focus is           and regional Métis communities       Gas’s ongoing efforts to work        ating jobs, introducing training
been committed to working and        to advance the development of            in Ontario on construction proj-     together in a forward-looking,       opportunities or addressing the
consulting with all local commu-     its flagship Detour Lake gold            ects occurring within Métis tra-     productive and transparent           social or economic needs of a
nities, including the First Nation   project located in north-eastern         ditional homelands in the            manner. It builds on the process     particular community.
and Métis people. This initial       Ontario towards production.              province.                            for Union Gas to make use of the
WINTER 2011                                                                                                                                                                             7

                                      PROVINCIAL RELATIONS
House of Commons

 Advancing                            Anniversary of
 Issues by
                                      Framework Agreement                                                                                              MNC welcomes
                                                                                                                                                       Canada’s long
 Working                              with Ontario marked                                                                                              awaited endorse-
 Together                                                                                                                                              ment of UN
                                                                                                                                                       Declaration on
                                           ollowing a series of success-
                                           ful Louis Riel Day and “Year
                                           of the Métis” events held                                                                                   the Rights of
 MNO Position Raised                       throughout the province on
 in House of Commons                  November 16th, the MNO’s lead-                                                                                   Indigenous Peoples
                                      ership and the Ontario Govern-
                                      ment issued a progress report                                                                                    On November 12, 2010, the
 by Gary Lipinski                     on the MNO-Ontario Framework                                                                                     Métis National Council (MNC)
 President, Métis Nation of Ontario   Agreement.                                                                                                       expressed approval of Canada’s
                                         “The Métis Progress Report”                                                                                   endorsement of the United

       nother example of the          was developed in collaboration                                                                                   Nations Declaration on the
       effectiveness of the           with the Ontario Government,                                                                                     Rights of Indigenous Peoples
       MNO’s efforts to advance       and outlines many of the collab-                                                                                 (UNDRIP) as a positive step for
       Métis issues was recently      orative initiatives that have been                                                                               the promotion and protection of
 demonstrated in the House of         pursued and achieved through                                                                                     human rights and fundamental
 Commons.                             the Framework Agreement.                                                                                         freedoms for Canada’s Aboriginal
     At the 2010 Annual General          “Today marks the two year                                                                                     population.
 Assembly, MNO citizens               anniversary of the signing of our                                                                                   MNC President, Clément
 passed a motion calling on           historic Framework Agreement                                                                                     Chartier says: “Ever since Septem-
 the federal government to            with the Ontario Government. I                                                                                   ber, 2007, when the UN adopted
 reverse its plans to eliminate       am pleased to provide this                                                                                                    ,
                                                                                                                                                       the UNDRIP the Métis Nation has
 the mandatory long-form cen-         progress report to our citizens                                                                                  been urging Canada to reverse its
 sus. Community councils and          and communities in order to                                                                                      decision not to support the
 Métis citizens were encour-          show the tangible results we                                                                                              .
                                                                                                                                                       UNDRIP Today, Canada finally lis-
 aged to contact their Mem-           have achieved so far,” said MNO                                                                                  tened and we congratulate the
 bers of Parliament requesting        President, Gary Lipinski.               David Zimmer, Parliamentary Secretary to the Honourable                  government on taking this impor-
 that these Métis concerns be            Lipinski added, “This anniver-       Chris Bentley, Minister of Aboriginal Affairs presents MNO               tant step.”
 conveyed to the Honourable           sary also provides us an oppor-         President, Gary Lipinski with a certificate recognizing the sec-            President Chartier adds: “This
 Tony Clement, the Minister of        tunity to take stock and assess         ond anniversary of the MNO-Ontario Framework Agreement.                  decision helps to clear the way for
 Industry and to the Harper           where we have been successful                                                                                    a positive, constructive path for-
 Government in Ottawa.                and where we want to go in the                                                                                   ward for the Métis Nation and all
     In response, Marlene             future with respect to priorities       the Ontario Minister for Aborigi-    tory and culture; enhancing the     Canadians in addressing many of
 Davidson, the President of the       under the Framework Agree-              nal Affairs signed the MNO-          well-being of Métis individuals,    the challenges facing our people
 Atikokan Métis Council wrote         ment process. I look forward to         Ontario Framework Agreement          families and communities; and,      across the Homeland.”
 to her Member of Parliament,         hearing about the priorities of         on November 17th, 2008. The          facilitating the recognition of        The Métis National Council
 John Rafferty, who represents        our Métis citizens and communi-         Framework Agreement commits          Métis rights in Ontario.            and its governing members are
 Thunder Bay-Rainy River. As a        ties, as a part of the MNO’s            the MNO and the Ontario Gov-                                             ready to work closely with the
 direct result, Mr. Rafferty          province-wide community con-            ernment to promote the mutu-         For information on the MNO-         Government of Canada in adopt-
 raised the census issue in the       sultation process that is cur-          ally agreeable objectives of:        Ontario Framework Agreement         ing the UNDRIP’s core principles
 House of Commons and in              rently ongoing.”                        strengthening the MNO; recog-        visit www.metisnation.org           of mutual respect, equality, part-
 his remarks quoted exten-               The MNO’s leadership and             nizing and promoting Métis his-                                          nership and good faith.
 sively from Marlene’s letter,
 which forcefully outlined the
                                                                                                                       QUEEN’S PARK
 MNO position on the census.
     On behalf of the MNO, I
 want to thank Marlene, the
                                      MNO contributions
 Atikokan Community Council
 and all other MNO Commu-
 nity Councils and Métis citi-
                                      recognized at
 zens who have raised this
 issue with their local Members       Prince Arthur’s Landing
 of Parliament. This is another

 example of how we can effec-             he Métis Nation of Ontario          Spirit Garden that will be located
 tively raise and advance the             (MNO) was front-and-centre          on Wilson Island in Lake Superior.
 Métis Nation’s agenda by                 at a ceremony held on Sep-              The MNO was well repre-
 working together.                    tember 17 in Thunder Bay to cel-        sented at the ceremony by
                                      ebrate the one year anniversary of      PCMNO Secretary-Treasurer, Tim
                                      the Prince Arthur’s Landing             Pile; Region 2 PCMNO Represen-
                                      Waterfront Development Project.         tative, Cam Burgess; and Thunder
                                      The first phase of the Prince           Bay Métis Community Council
                                      Arthur’s Landing Development            President, Wendy Landry. The
                                      involves preparation for future         MNO delegation was joined by
                                      construction and the develop-           Prime Minister, Stephen Harper;
MICHIF                                ment of attractions. Preparations       provincial Minister of Northern
                                      include electrical installations,       Development,        Mines     and
 Métis                                water systems, foundation piles
                                      for piers, boardwalk renewal and
                                                                              Forestry, Michael Gravelle; and
                                                                              the Mayor of Thunder Bay, Lynn           MNO President, Gary Lipinski (left) and MNO Chair, France
 Council                              break wall relocation. When the
                                      project is complete, the attrac-
                                                                              Peterson. Minister Gravelle and
                                                                              Mayor Peterson both specifically
                                                                                                                       Picotte (centre) with Premier Dalton McGuinty (right) during
                                                                                                                       their meeting on Monday, December 13, 2010.
 receives                             tions will include a water garden,
                                      skating rink, splash pad and a
                                                                              acknowledged the contributions
                                                                              of the MNO in their remarks, and
 funding                              spirit garden. It is anticipated that
                                      Phase 1 will be completed by the
                                                                              Minister Gravelle introduced our
                                                                              MNO representatives to Prime             MNO leadership
 The Kenora Métis Council             end of March 2011.                      Minister Harper. Secretary-Treas-
 received a grant of $20,000
 this past fall to be used to
                                         The MNO is among the part-
                                      ners involved in the project, along
                                                                              urer Pile presented the Prime
                                                                              Minister and Minister Gravelle
                                                                                                                       meets with
 support the Michif language.
 Lessons and a lending library
                                      with the federal government, the
                                      provincial government and the
                                                                              with “Year of the Métis Nation”
                                                                              pins and a group photograph was
                                                                                                                       Premier McGuinty
 are planned.                         City of Thunder Bay. As the terms       taken for the occasion.
    MP Greg Rickford visited          of reference for the project                The MNO’s involvement in this        President Gary Lipinski and      annual meeting gives the Pre-
 the Métis Centre in person to        include Aboriginal consultation,        huge project, and our recognition        Chair France Picotte of the      mier and Minister an opportu-
 make this, his first announce-       particularly in respect to the envi-    at this ceremony, provide another        Métis Nation of Ontario met      nity to listen to the MNO on a
 ment as Parliamentary Secre-         ronment, the MNO has been               example of the growing influence         with Premier Dalton McGuinty     variety of issues allowing us to
 tary for Official Languages.         directly involved in the develop-       and prominence of the Métis              and Minister Chris Bentley at    strengthen and move our rela-
                                      ment and consultations on the           Nation of Ontario.                       the Ontario Legislature. This    tionship forward.
8                                                                                                                                                                             MÉTIS VOYAGEUR

 Community Council News

Métis Rendezvous ‘10
by Rachelle Brunelle-McColl                                                                                                                                experience of being Métis. It
                                                                                                                                                           brought happy tears to my eyes to

          y family and I have been                                                                                                                         see him on the cover of the
          involved with the Métis                                                                                                                          fall/winter 2007 Voyageur--a close
          Rendezvous from its first                                                                                                                        up picture of my father with my
          year and it has become a                                                                                                                         son on his shoulders. My uncle
          tradition. It has made us                                                                                                                        even had a print of it framed for us
even more proud or who we are                                                                                                                              for our wedding. It is just so beau-
and our culture. It represents                                                                                                                             tiful and it now sits at my front
learning, living and loving every-                                                                                                                         entrance for everyone to see.
thing about being Métis. The                                                                                                                                   This year, my youngest son,
music and dancing have always                                                                                                                              Nathan, who is 14 months old
been in our blood and when the                                                                                                                             wore his brother’s shirt and sash
fiddle starts to play our feet just                                                                                                                        and had his own real Métis experi-
need to move.                                                                                                                                              ence. You could smell bannock
   My children have also learnt                                                                                                                            cooking over an open fire, hear
many wonderful things by being                                                                                                                             fiddle music playing on a beauti-
at the Rendezvous--more than                                                                                                                               fully decorated stage along with
anything, respecting the culture                                                                                                                           laughter from the children at the
and being able to say they are                                                                                                                             voyageur games area. There was
proud! My first son, Camden, was                                                                                                                           so much to see and learn that my
only eight weeks old when he first                                                                                                                         son just walked everywhere over
attended in 2006 and experienced                                                                                                                           and over looking at what best
his first smudge. It was a beautiful                                                                                                                       describes his Métis pride--geese
moment and he slept for almost                                                                                                                             hanging on display, hides and furs,
eight hours straight as well! (Not                                                                                                                         along with many arts and crafts.
sure what all that tobacco was                                                                                                                             Even if it wasn't the warmest fall
spiked with.)                                                                                                                                              day, the warmth in the air was
   His second year he was                                                                                                                                  beyond belief. To see my children
dressed to impress with his                                                                                                                                grow with the opportunity to
voyageur shirt made by our friend                                                                                                                          learn and be part of their culture
Ruth Quesnelle and his sash given                                                                                                                          is more than I could ever ask for.
to him by Scott Carpenter. That                                                                                                                                To sum it up: The Métis Ren-
year he sat on top of his pépère's                                                                                                                         dezvous is more than just a yearly
shoulders (Victor Brunelle) and                                                                                                                            event; it's tradition and always will
wandered the grounds of the Ren-                                                                                                                           be. Thank you to the planning
dezvous in amazement at every-                                                                                                                             committee along with all the vol-
thing he could see, hear, smell        Nathan Thomas McColl takes in the sights at the 2010 Métis Rendezvous under the watchful eye                        unteers who made this day so suc-
and taste. This was his first real     of mom, Rachelle Brunelle-McColl and Lisa McCron (bottom right).                                                    cessful and so special for my family.

                                                                              GRAND RIVER MÉTIS COMMUNITY COUNCIL:
                                                                              Métis receive grant Workshop
                                                                              to bring cultural   & Harvest
                                                                              knowledge to youth Feast in
                                                                              by Barb Rusk
                                                                                                  Renfrew           help bring cultural and tradi-
                                                                                                                    tional knowledge to the youth of
                                                                              The Grand River Métis Commu-          the community.
                                                                              nity Council recently received a          “Like every ethnic group, it is     By Shannon Davis
                                                                              grant from The Department of          important for their cultural her-       Community Wellness Coordinator
                                                                              Canadian Heritage and Official        itage to be passed from one gen-        RENFREW
                                                                              Languages.                            eration to the next, otherwise it
                                                                                 Presented by Stephen Wood-
                                                                              worth, Member of Parliament for
                                                                              Kitchener Centre, on behalf of
                                                                                                                    will be lost forever,” said MP Wood-
                                                                                                                    worth. “I am pleased that our gov-
                                                                                                                    ernment places such a high value
                                                                                                                                                            T    he Renfrew office would
                                                                                                                                                                 like to express its apprecia-
                                                                                                                                                            tion and sincere gratitude to
                                                                              the Honourable James Moore,           on preserving the traditions and        Darlene Gauthier, Linda Thi-
                                                                              the purpose of the grant is to        culture of all Canadians.”              bodeau and Monica Owl for their
                                                                                                                                                            help in preparing for our work-

Métis Nation in                                                               Council Prez wins
                                                                                                                                                            shop and feast. On September
                                                                                                                                                            15th the smell of fresh tomatoes,
                                                                                                                                                            onions, peppers and spices filled
the Thunder Bay                                                               at Seniors’ Games                                                             the air as Linda Thibodeau facili-
                                                                                                                                                            tated a canning workshop. Linda
Christmas Parade                                                              The Ontario Senior Games, Act-        social interaction and to main-
                                                                                                                                                            showed the community how to
                                                                                                                                                            make and can salsa.
                                                                              ifest, was held in Oshawa with        tain and enhance their physical            On September 29, 2010,
by Joan Panizza                        proud Métis moment. From the           1,260 athletes requested to com-      and psychological well-being            laughter and conversation were
Community Wellness Coordinator         snowman and snow shoes to the          pete in 20 different sports, rang-    through participation in recre-         heard throughout the Renfrew
THUNDER BAY                            20 foot long sash and traditional      ing from golf to slow pitch,          ational activities and sports.          office. Elder Darlene Gauthier
                                       games this float was the culmina-      swimming, tennis, bocce, darts           Congratulations to Trent             made delicious venison stew

N      ovember 20 was National
       Child Day and in Thunder
Bay it was our annual Christmas
                                       tion of many hours of planning,
                                       organizing, decorating, and the
                                       inevitable troubleshooting. Kerry
                                                                              and bowling among others.
                                                                                  To compete at this level, ath-
                                                                              letes must have qualified as sen-
                                                                                                                    Desaulniers on winning the gold
                                                                                                                    medal in golf. Trent is President
                                                                                                                    of the Superior North Shore
                                                                                                                                                            which everyone enjoyed. Mon-
                                                                                                                                                            ica Owl made scrumptious ban-
                                                                                                                                                            nock for the citizens. The Métis
Parade. Kerry New, CAP-C Coor-         was able to get the help of more       ior champions in their local dis-     Métis Council and was spon-             community united to celebrate
dinator seized the opportunity to      than 12 different families to pull     trict, which allows them the          sored by the Geraldton and Area         the beauty of autumn and the
enter a float for the Métis Nation.    this feat off. We have to give a big   chance to test their skills against   Métis Council.                          harvest that the earth had pro-
   It is estimated that up to          hats-off to Kerry, Liisa, and all      other champions across Ontario.          Former MNO President, Tony           vided us this year. On behalf of
35,000 people line the parade          their families. You did the Métis          The Ontario Senior Games          Belcourt, has given Trent fair          the Renfrew office we would like
route for this annual event. See-      Nation of Ontario proud for this       provide adults 55 years plus an       warning that he intends to chal-        to wish the Métis Nation a happy
ing ourselves showcased was a          annual event!                          opportunity to increase their         lenge him next year. Stay Tuned!        and safe New Year!
WINTER 2011                                                                                                                                                                               9

                                                                                                                   Métis Student Success

                                                                                                                   With a little help
                                                                                                                   from her friends
                                                                                                                   -- at MNO
                                                                                                                   “Thanks to MNOET, I was able to enjoy my
                                                                                                                   college years without financial worries”

                                                                                                                   by Rebekah Wilson

                                                                                                                         ince before I can remem-
                                                                                                                         ber, I have wanted to be a
                                                                                                                         writer. I have always had a
                                                                                                                         creative flare for things
                                                                                                                   and recall finding a particular
above: Jacinthe Trudeau and daughter Victoria.                                                                     joy in tagging along with my
                                                                                                                   dad to work on days that I
                                                                                                                   stayed home sick from school.
                                                                                                                       When I was young, my dad

Invitation to                                                                                                      worked for The Dundalk Her-
                                                                                                                   ald, a local weekly newspaper.
                                                                                                                   On days that I was too sick to
                                                                                                                   go to school, my dad would

jig in the Soo
                                                                                                                   take me to the office with him
                                                                                                                   where he could keep an eye          more intense and textbook
                                                                                                                   on me. He would sit me down         costs were piling up. Finally,
                                                                                                                   with a notepad and a pencil         with financial support from
                                                                                                                   and I would write away to my        the MNO, I could focus on my
                                                                                                                   heart’s content. Occasionally, I    class work and assignments
by Anne Trudel                         caller, please share your talents.   dance club in the future, espe-        would also draw pictures, cut       and not have to worry that
                                       Do not let skill level or shyness    cially with access to fiddle playing   them out and then stick them        when I got home, my cup-

       he Métis Dance Club of          limit your involvement. We do        musicians like Mrs. Trudeau. I         back in my notepad using the        boards would be bare.
       Algoma, encompassing the        not force anyone to perform, but     even challenge our MNO Region          office’s glue machine. One of          I graduated with high hon-
       Historic Sault Ste. Marie       sometimes strongly push a tal-       4 youth representative Mitchell        my most exciting adventures         ours from the program in
       and North Channel Métis         ented youth who just needs some      Case and his drum group White          was when my dad let me put a        April of 2009 following an
       Communities, continues to       encouragement.                       Frost to be in attendance at the       photo through the glue              exciting and successful intern-
offer fun, physically active heart        We have yearly events in the      next festival.                         machine and place it in the         ship with a small town news-
pumping step dancing. Started in       Algoma and Sault Ste. Marie             Rebekah and I had the oppor-        newspaper layout (yes, this         paper, The Creemore Echo. In
2006 the club practices on             region such as Bruce Mines Com-      tunity to return to Sudbury to         was before the layout process       October of that same year, I
selected Monday nights from 7:00       munity Day, Fort St. Joseph Parks    perform and present Métis cul-         became digital).                    moved to Ottawa and began
to 8:00 P at the Sault Métis           Canada, Old Stone House Fall         ture at the Ontario Native                 In elementary school, I         work with the Métis Nation of
Centre. For specific times and         Rendezvous, Passport to Unity.       Women’s Association’s 39th             always excelled in my English       Ontario and was able to give
events, contact either Senator         We also exhibit at local Métis       Annual General Assembly on             and writing courses. I was          back a little in my work as a
Brenda Powley or me, Anne              gatherings.                          October 16, 2010. Once again, we       even told in seventh grade          Registry and Communications
Trudel.                                   This year the dance club          danced to the music of Jacinthe        that my writing skills topped       assistant.
   This year we are very pleased       stepped out of our region and        Trudeau of Sudbury and guitar          out at a grade twelve level! So,
to introduce Elders Clifford Saun-     were invited to Sudbury for the      player Geoff Horricks of Ottawa.       while my fellow students were
ders (First Nation fiddle player)      “Northern Aboriginal Festival”       Mr. Horricks is also interested in     dreaming of careers as doc-           “I could focus on
and Eugene Provencher (mouth           held the first weekend of Octo-      the Métis dancers and would like       tors and lawyers and movie            my class work
organ). With Elder Saunders on         ber. This yearly grand scale pow-    to have a Métis dance group in         stars, I was fantasizing about        and assignments
the fiddle we have started our         wow event held in the Sudbury        Ottawa to access. To our enjoy-        my byline on the Globe &              and not have to
own band made up of local Métis        Arena comes to fruition due to       ment, at this assembly we met fel-     Mail’s front page.                    worry that when
musicians who play guitar (Bran-       the hard work of First Nation and    low Métis women. It was a warm             After high school I took a        I got home, my
don Boyer, Jordan Stolar, Neil and     Métis volunteers. Local Sudbury      welcome that we received from          year off and moved to Calgary
                                                                                                                                                         cupboards would
Rebekah Trudel), mouth organ           Métis, Gail Charbonneau, Métis       our Métis Nation of Ontario            to work as a portrait photog-
and jew’s harp (Cody Rydal),           Facilitator from Cambrian Col-       Provincial vice chair Sharon           rapher but returned in 2007 to
                                                                                                                                                         be bare.”
drums and guitar (Brent McHale),       lege, and Bobbi Aubin, Laurentian    McBride.                               begin studying Print Journal-
and accordion/key board (Anne          University Métis Outreach worker,       In the same cordial sincerity,      ism at Sheridan College. The           In November of 2010, I
Trudel). The list of musicians fluc-   volunteer their time to make this    the Métis Dance Club of Algoma         program was phenomenal and          began my work with “Motivate
tuates. Because our events are         event a reality. They even pro-      challenges and invites Métis peo-      taught me aspects of print,         Canada”, a Canadian charity
held at a variety of locations and     vided us with the outstanding        ple throughout this province to        video, online and new media         that encourages youth to
times during the day, not all musi-    music of Jacinthe Trudeau and        join us for fun, physically active     journalism. I also delved into      become positive role models
cians or all dancers are available     her band “Jacinthe Trudeau”.         heart pumping step dancing.            some photojournalism and            through engaging in sport and
for every event. If you are a musi-    Being optimistic, I foresee Sud-     Enjoy your heritage, get jigging!      dabbled in broadcast. These         physical activity and taking on
cian, dancer or square dance           bury Region having its own Métis                                            were long, exhausting days          leadership roles within their
                                                                                                                   but I loved each and every          communities. I am the pro-
                                                                                                                   moment.                             gram coordinator for one of
                                                                                                                       I was in class almost daily     the organization’s Aboriginal
                                                                                                                   from 9am to 6pm which didn’t        programs called the GEN7
                                                                                                                   leave much time for part-time       Aboriginal Role Model Pro-
                                                                                                                   work, and so I was finding it       gram. GEN7 aims to engage
                                                                                                                   hard to afford rent in student      First Nations, Inuit and Métis
                                                                                                                   housing and to keep food in         youth in sport and physical
                                                                                                                   the fridge. I was nearly at my      activity while also tackling the
                                                                                                                   wit’s end – I couldn’t give up      unique issues that face them.
                                                                                                                   on my dream now but I didn’t        My job duties include coordi-
                                                                                                                   know where to turn.                 nating travel for GEN7 Role
                                                                                                                       Through connections with        Models to Aboriginal commu-
                                                                                                                   my family’s local Métis com-        nities, website updates and
                                                                                                                   munity, I got in touch with         maintenance as well as the
                                                                                                                   Scott Carpenter who helped          design and creation of promo-
                                                                                                                   me to fill out an application       tional materials.
                                                                                                                   for post-secondary funding             Thanks to MNOET, I was
                                                                                                                   through the Métis Nation of         able to enjoy my college years
                                                                                                                   Ontario’s Education and Train-      without financial worry and
clockwise from above: Tammy Hill, Rebekah Trudel, and Ariel Biron; Jean-Marie Wissell, Christine Viens,            ing Branch which came               landed a job I love working
Neil Trudel; Bobbi Aubin, Laurentian University Métis Outreach-worker and Gail Charbonneau,                        through at just the right time!     with motivated youth like
Métis Facilitator from Cambrian College.                                                                           My school schedule got even         myself!
10                                                                                                                                                                             MÉTIS VOYAGEUR


Feast of the harvest moon
by Brian Cockburn                                                                                                                                            children and 42 parents. Other
                                                                                                                                                             activities included crafts, colour-

      he cars are loaded in the                                                                                                                              ing contest, and learning about
      dark, goodnights abound, as                                                                                                                            animals and identifying their
      I drive down the lane I notice                                                                                                                         tracks.
      one more sign to be taken                                                                                                                                  On November 11th, Remem-
down, tied from a fence post to a                                                                                                                            brance Day, Senator Greenwood
lone birch tree. Harvest day is                                                                                                                              laid a wreath for the Métis Nation
over and many thanks go out to                                                                                                                               of Ontario Veterans at a ceremony
Mike Stevens and his staff at                                                                                                                                in North Bay, while veteran Gerry
Dutrisac Cottages in Sturgeon                                                                                                                                Potvin attended the observance in
Falls. The hall he donated for the                                                                                                                           Sturgeon Falls.
fourth year was bouncing with                                                                                                                                    On the 17th of December, pro-
music all afternoon, as his staff set                                                                                                                        grams and services celebrated
up the deep fryers that supplied                                                                                                                             “2010 the Year of the Métis”, with
the huge crowd with a great pick-                                                                                                                            their annual open house and
erel dinner cooked by Marc Laurin                                                                                                                            potluck lunch, along with music
and supplied by the North Bay                                                                                                                                and activities, and conversation.
Métis Council. The Feast of the                                                                                                                                  A “Métis on Ice” day is in the
Harvest Moon, put on by pro-                                                                                                                                 planning stages for February 19th,
grams and services, was one of                                                                                                                               2011, to be held on Lake Nipissing.
the warmest I had attended. Visi-                                                                                                                                We wish everyone all the best
tors came from all over and                                                                                                                                  in the new year from Lise Malette,
included Chair, France Picotte;         back from left: Marc Laurin and North Bay Métis Council President, Walter Deering.                                   Long Term Care; Stacey Rivet,
Region 5 PCMNO Councillor,              front: Doris Evans and Senator Marlene Greenwood.                                                                    Community Wellness; Amanda
Maurice Sarrazin; and Captain of                                                                                                                             Desbiens, Healthy Babies; Brian
the Hunt, Richard Sarrazin.             candles and placed them about.         of phone numbers and addresses          Desbiens, MNO’s Healthy Babies        Cockburn; Susan Van Der Rassel;
   The North Bay Métis Council          Senator Marlene Greenwood,             out of service on the list we use. If   Healthy Children Co-ordinator in      Linda Krause, Education and
held their Annual General Meet-         Doris Evans, and President Walter      you are not sure if you have            North Bay, and Jaynne Jansen,         Training; Jason Jamieson, Com-
ing (AGM) on October 27th, dur-         Deering, joined 45 members that        updated your address in a while,        Aboriginal Best Start Co-ordinator    munity Wellness Supervisor; and
ing a major storm that had the          evening for a meal and Métis busi-     send a letter to the North Bay          with the North Bay Friendship         all of the North Bay Métis Council.
lights out from Sturgeon Falls to       ness at hand. All the staff from the   Métis Council (address below). An       Centre, organized a “Métis Aware-
Mattawa. Marc “chef ” Laurin            programs were there for introduc-      email list is growing (north-           ness Day” at the Early Years Learn-      CONTACT
moved upstairs in the dark to use       tions and to provide information       baymetis@gmail.com) or check            ing Centre in North Bay. Fiddle          North Bay Métis Council
the gas stoves for his spaghetti        on their services.                     on facebook, “North Bay Métis”          player, Samantha Depatie along           243-101 Worthington St. E.
supper, as David Potvin set up the         During the contacting of mem-       for events.                             with her two students Chloe and          North Bay, P1B 2V5
tables and other volunteers lit         bers for the AGM, there were a lot        On November 5th, Amanda              Danika Gravelle performed for 88         northbaymetis@gmail.com
WINTER 2011                                                                                                                                                                               11


Beautiful day, beautiful people
by France Picotte                              food--moose, deer and much more for                                        Métis youth           eration coming up waiting to take our
Chair, Métis Nation of Ontario                 lunch; then to top it off--a fish fry for sup-                             Angelica Laurin       places as they should.
                                               per. What else can one ask for? Oh yes,                                    speaking at Riel         I had a conversation with the Métis

   recently had the pleasure and privilege     good people, and there were lots of those.                                 Day ceremonies        youth role model, Angelica Laurin; she is
   of attending the New Harvest Moon Cel-      I want to thank the volunteers who helped                                  in Toronto.           an articulate, intelligent, young women.
   ebration with the North Bay Métis           put this on--the council, the staff and many                                                     We must nurture our youth for they are
   Council.                                    more. The conversation whether casual,                                                           our future. If you want her to speak at one
   The day was beautiful and so were the       business, family, or whatever, is always               Making new friends, renewing some old     of your events invite her. Her expenses are
people; the musicians were fantastic. I was    informative and enjoyable. I love being            friendships, being us; that’s what that day   covered by the role model program.
impressed with the families who are so         able to converse with people because our           was about. The children were entertained         Congratulations North Bay on a suc-
musically talented and also the fiddle play-   stories are told and that is what we are           and also encouraged in their artistic         cessful day and all the other work you are
ing students were very good. Now let’s talk    about.                                             endeavours. We have a talented Métis gen-     doing. I thank you again.


At the edge of the continent
(See Métis Voyageur #63 Fall,                                                tance between here and Wawa
2010, page 27.)                                                              doesn't seem any more signifi-
                                                                             cant than the distance between

     s of December 13th, Gar-                                                Wawa and home. I can vividly
     rett Gauthier and the rest                                              recall the mountain passes, the
     of the team were making                                                 thrilling descents, the cold
     their way down the rainy,                                               mornings, the sunny days, the
windy Oregon coast. They have                                                rainy days, the furious head-
already made the 5500 km trek                                                winds, and the innumerable
across Canada. When they                                                     warm people of our journey
reached the BC coast, Garret                                                 thus far, and it all feels like a
experienced a sort of epiphany       Wawa was only 180 km away,              logical progression....”
when he realized they had            and I remember thinking,
come to the edge of the conti-       ‘Golly, we're really out there,         You can keep track of Garrett’s
nent. Thinking back, he said: “I     and we've come all this way on          adventures and read his blog at        Derrick Pont and Barbaranne Wright prepare to pull a Red River
recalled seeing a sign in north-     our bikes! I mean, gosh, Wawa!’         www.pedalacrosstheamericas.com         Cart in St. Catharines’ Grape and Wine festival parade.
ern Ontario indicating that             “To tell the truth, the dis-

                                                                                                                    NIAGARA REGION MÉTIS COUNCIL:
                                     TEMISKAMING MÉTIS COMMUNITY COUNCIL

                                                                                                                    Red River Cart rolls
 by Gail LeBlanc                                                                                                    in Wine Fest parade
 Cranberry Scones
 2 cups all-purpose flour
                                                                                                                    T     he Niagara Region Métis
                                                                                                                          Council (NRMC) took part in
                                                                                                                    the St. Catharine’s Grape and
                                                                                                                                                         the paper work straightened out
                                                                                                                                                         so we can have our fiddler, camp
                                                                                                                                                         tent, canoe and yes, the cart
 ¼ cup sugar                                                                                                        Wine Festival during the fall of     again,” she continued.
 1 tablespoon baking powder                                                                                         2010 giving those in attendance a       Among those attending the
                                                                                                                    taste of Métis culture.              event from the Niagara Region
 ¼ teaspoon salt
                                                                                                                        “Unfortunately we could not      Métis Council were Derrick Pont,
 1/3 cup butter, diced                                                                                              use our canoe, ‘Second Chance’,      the main work horse; Valerie
 1 cup whipping cream                                                                                               as the water ways were not on the    Boese; Amanda Pont-Shanks;
 ¼ teaspoon ground nutmeg                                                                                           parade route,” said NRMC             Sarah MacDonald; Kirby-Lynn
                                                                                                                    Women’s Representative, Barb         Wright, who carried the Banner;
 1 egg white
                                                                                                                    Wright. “However, Derrick Pont       Suzanne Matte and Barbaranne
 1 teaspoon orange zest                                                                                             was strong enough to pull the        Wright, who proudly carried the
 1 cup fresh cranberries, chopped    Métis youths Mikka Fortin and Nolan Nichol donated a hamper                    Red River Cart along the route       Métis flags.
                                     of canned goods to local area food banks. The canned goods                     with Valarie Boese as his lead          Thanks to everyone who made
 Preheat oven to 375 degrees.        were collected during the TMCC’s Harvest Time Gathering and                    hand. Next year we hope to get       this day possible.
 In large bowl, combine flour,       donated to New Liskeard Lions Club members Ray Lafleur and
 sugar, baking powder, and salt.     Wayne Green on November 14, during the Santa Claus Express
 Gradually add butter until mix-     for the kids.
 ture is course and crumbly.                                                                                        CREDIT RIVER MÉTIS COUNCIL:
 Add whipping cream and stir
 until mixture is moist. Mix in
 cranberries, nutmeg, and
 orange zest. Place on a lightly
                                     Temiskaming Métis                                                              Métis community
 floured surface and knead 6 or
 7 times. Roll until ½ inch thick.
                                     hold Harvest Time                                                              activities in Peel
 Cut with a biscuit cutter and
 place each scone 2 inches
                                     Gathering                                                                      The following workshops and
                                                                                                                    activities have been planned for
                                                                                                                                                         gram includes workshops and
                                                                                                                                                         educational outreach, counselling
 apart on a lightly greased bak-
                                     by Tina Nichol                          this fall. The feast was in his hon-   the Peel Region. If you are inter-   services, friendly visiting, advo-
 ing sheet. Brush tops of scones
                                     Temiskaming Métis Community Council     our this year. The TMCC also           ested in any of them or want         cacy and referrals, assistance for
 with egg white and bake for 20
                                                                             hosted a presentation by the Elk       more information, please contact     people with disabilities, access
 minutes or until golden brown.
                                                                                                                    Simon Bain.
 12 servings.
                                     T    he Temiskaming Métis Com-
                                          munity Council (TMCC)
                                     held its annual Harvest Time
                                                                             Lake Community Forest Commit-
                                                                             tee, who is a partner in the
                                                                             TMCC’s Way of Life project. The
                                                                                                                       Nintendo Wii: Use the Wii for
                                                                                                                    recreation, leisure, and exercise.
                                                                                                                                                         programs, stress management,
                                                                                                                                                         health issues and awareness, pre-
                                                                                                                                                         natal care, child safety, gambling
 Devonshire Cream                    Gathering on Nov. 13, 2010, in          project is researching our Métis       Learn how to use the Wii and its     awareness and prevention.
 3 ounces cream cheese               Haileybury, Ontario. Approxi-           citizens to map out their tradi-       various fitness programs. These         If you are interested in any
                                     mately 50 members came out to           tional hunting and gathering           classes will be held every week      upcoming activity, or would like
 1 tablespoon powdered sugar
                                     enjoy live entertainment, kids’         areas. We are also trying to trace     during January, and February.        more information contact:
 1 teaspoon vanilla                  activities, a silent auction and cul-   the route of the Métis people             Open Circle: This will focus
 ½ teaspoon salt                     tural display. The feast was put        who arrived in the Temiskaming         on Holism and Health.                Simon Bain
 1 cup whipping cream                together by members of the              area beginning in the 1600s.              Beading and Finger Weaving:       Community Wellness Coordinator
                                     TMCC, and included everything               In addition, the TMCC will be      During the month of February         Tel: 905-625-3351 or
 Beat cream cheese, sugar, salt,     from wild berries to caribou to         launching a new website in the         beading and finger weaving will      simonb@metisnation.org
 and vanilla until well blended.     moose stew. The entire feast was        coming year. It was designed by        be available on Sunday after-
 Add whipping cream and beat         traditional and delightful. We          JR Printing in North Cobalt,           noons. Contact the council               Visit the Credit River Métis
 until mixture is stiff. Cover and   also took the opportunity to            Ontario. We cannot wait to share       (crmc@rogers.com) for informa-       Council website for more activi-
 chill at least 2 hours. Spread on   remember our Senator, Mr.               it with other councils and the         tion about location and times.       ties and up-coming events at:
 scones.                             Earnie Lavallee who passed away         MNO who made it all possible.             The Community Wellness Pro-       www.creditrivermetiscouncil.com
12                                                                                                                                                                          MÉTIS VOYAGEUR


Métis heritage festival
by Senator Cecile Wagar                                                                                                                                      We held a free draw for those
                                                                                                                                                         who completed our survey.

       n June 26 and 27, 2010, we                                                                                                                        Brandi MacLeod and her family
       hosted our fourth Annual                                                                                                                          from Oshawa were the proud
       Métis Heritage Celebration                                                                                                                        recipients of the first prize: a VIA
       at Memorial Park in                                                                                                                               Rail/Travelodge trip to Montreal.
       Oshawa--a perfect event to                                                                                                                        Dave Davenport of Whitby won
commemorate the contributions                                                                                                                            our second prize: a large dream
of the Métis Nation to the forma-                                                                                                                        catcher made by Sylvie Gagnon.
tion of Canada during this, the                                                                                                                          The results of the survey were
“Year of the Métis” and the 125th                                                                                                                        very enlightening. They will help
anniversary of the North-West                                                                                                                            us in our planning for next year’s
Resistance.                                                                                                                                              event.
    As this was our third year at                                                                                                                            I would like to acknowledge
this location, we had many return                                                                                                                        some other very important indi-
visitors and many new ones; the                                                                                                                          viduals who made the event a
furthest came from New Zealand.                                                                                                                          success: B.C. Métis artist, Dennis
Upwards of 5000 people attended                                                                                                                          Weber; Quebec Métis, Archie
and took part in the festivities.                                                                                                                        Martin; sash finger weaver, Louise
Our mandate was to entertain                                                                                                                             Vien; hand drum entertainer,
and inform Métis and non-Métis                                                                                                                           John Somosi; Manitoba fiddler,
visitors alike about traditional                                                                                                                         J.J. Lavallée; MNO Senators and
Métis culture.                                                                                                                                           presenters; Andre Bosse; Ruth
    We offered a great variety of                                                                                                                        Wagner; Alis Kennedy; MC Serge
fiddlers, singers, drummers,                                                                                                                             Gagnon and his wife Sylvie
Métis and Aboriginal vendors and                                                                                                                         Gagnon; MP Dr. Colin Carrie;
demonstrators, youth activities,                                                                                                                         MNO Past President, Tony Bel-
as well as university recruitment                                                                                                                        court; MNO President, Gary Lip-
officers, exhibitors from the MNO                                                                                                                        inski; Wapiti Métis Council Presi-
Education and Training Branch,                                                                                                                           dent, Helene Savard; Oshawa
Georgian Bay Métis Council,                                                                                                                              Deputy Mayor, Nester Pidwer-
Toronto York Region Métis Coun-                                                                                                                          becki; Brock Township Métis
cil, Wapiti Métis Council, our own                                                                                                                       Mayor, Larry O’Connor; Manitoba
Olivine Bousquet Métis Dancers                                                                                                                           Métis/International       Métisfest
and All Our Relations Drum Cir-                                                                                                                          Organizer, Dan Goodan; and our
cle. We were pleased that Métis                                                                                                                          soundman, Métis Rick Morgan.
citizens from Québec, New                                                                                                                                Most important, the Métis Her-
Brunswick, and Ontario returned                                                                                                                          itage Celebration would not have
as vendors, presenters, and visi-                                                                                                                        been the success that it was with-
tors to strengthen national Métis                                                                                                                        out the countless hours and
unity.                                                                                                                                                   effort of so many committee
    As a highlight of our Métis                                                                                                                          members and volunteers. I offer a
Heritage Celebration, we offered                                                                                                                         resounding Chii Miigwetch,
to our audience the collaborative     (clockwise from top) Rajan Anderson, Ruth Wagner, Alicia Blore, James Cheechoo and Daisy Chee-                     Marsee, Merci, and Thank You to
fiddling efforts of master fiddler    choo; Colleen, Ian, and family at the Métis Heritage Celebration; Honourary Senator Olive                          each one of you!
James Cheechoo (Moose Fac-            Tiedema and PCMNO Senator Joseph Poitras; J.J. Lavallee and Marianne; Métis Fiddler Quartet                            Finally, we sincerely wish to
tory) and elder fiddler Ruth Wag-     on stage.                                                                                                          thank our financial supporters.
ner (Bracebridge) with two                                                                                                                               They include: Celebrate Canada;
young fiddlers from southern          to our youth and that Métis and       stage for the fourth year in a row    our Celebration. The crowd kept        the City of Oshawa; the Ontario
Ontario: Alicia Blore (Toronto)       non-Métis alike were able to          with their unique style. We appre-    asking for encore after encore,        Arts Council – Aboriginal Arts
and Rajan Anderson (Guelph).          share in this experience.             ciate that we were a stop on their    and JJ was happy to oblige. His        Projects Program; CIBC; OPG;
We were thrilled that our event          It was also exciting to have the   very busy summer tour. We look        Métis fiddling while we were           VIA Rail; Travelodge; the Durham
provided the mechanism where          Métis Fiddler Quartet (Alyssa,        forward to the release of their       breaking down our tents and            District School Board; and a pri-
knowledge-holding elders were         Danton, Conlin and Nicholas Del-      next CD in the new year.              packing up ended our weekend           vate donor.
able to pass their knowledge on       baere-Sawchuck) return to our            Fiddler J.J. Lavallée closed out   appropriately and satisfactorily.


MÉTIS TRIO: jig, fiddle, canoe
OSHAWA, Nov. 10/10 -- On behalf       fiddling and how to play the                                                lessly to ensure the youth in the
of the Honourable James Moore,        instrument. Finally, the Voyageur                                           community will benefit from par-
Minister of Canadian Heritage         Canoe Project will get youth                                                ticipating in the canoe building,
and Official Languages, Colin Car-    involved in building a smaller ver-                                         Métis dance lessons, and Métis-
rie, Parliamentary Secretary to the   sion of a voyageur canoe that was                                           style fiddling lessons.”
Minister of Health and Member of      used to transport trade goods                                                   The Government of Canada              Oshawa
Parliament (Oshawa), announced        and furs mainly between Mon-                                                has provided funding of $137,015
funding to the Oshawa and             tréal and Fort William.                                                     through the Cultural Connec-              Métis
Durham Métis Council for three           “Our Government recognizes                                               tions for Aboriginal Youth initia-
projects—the Métis Dance Proj-        the importance of providing Abo-                                            tive (formerly known as the               revamp
ect, the Métis Fiddle Project, and    riginal young people with proj-                                             Urban Multipurpose Aboriginal
the Voyageur Canoe Project—           ects that connect them with their     (from left) Robert Pilon,             Youth Centre Initiative) of the           website
that will provide Aboriginal young    culture and language,” said Minis-    J.J. Lavallee, Joe Paquette and       Department of Canadian Her-
people with opportunities to          ter Moore. “By funding youth-led      Art Henry.                            itage's Aboriginal Peoples' Pro-
learn about Métis culture.            activities, we are helping these                                            gram. This initiative provides           The Oshawa and Durham
    Under the Métis Dance Proj-       young people gain the life skills     Métis Council. “Oshawa has a rel-     Aboriginal young people aged 10          Region Métis Council is con-
ect, Aboriginal youth will partici-   they need to achieve their goals,     atively large number of Aboriginal    to 24, living in urban settings          structing a new website.
pate in developing and designing      which will lead to stronger com-      residents, so having these her-       across Canada, with program-                 The old website will no
a jigging course. This includes       munities.”                            itage projects is particularly        ming that incorporates Aboriginal        longer be updated but it is
learning basic steps, moves, and         “We want to thank Canadian         meaningful to us and helps bring      values, cultures, and traditional        still up and running for now.
routines to various jigging           Heritage for providing funding        the community together, as well       practices in projects and activities         Watch the new website at
dances. In the Métis Fiddle Proj-     for our three projects and, of        as bring a sense of pride to our      designed to improve their social,        www.oshawadurhammetis.com
ect, young people will take part in   course, Colin Carrie for being so     youth. The Durham District            economic,         and    personal        as it develops.
developing, designing, and            supportive of the proposals,” said    School Board and their trustees       prospects and to strengthen their             Lots of new pictures and
implementing a fiddling program       Robert Pilon, President of the        have embraced these projects          cultural identity.                       videos coming soon.
and will learn about the history of   Oshawa and Durham Region              wholeheartedly and worked tire-
WINTER 2011                                                                                                                                                                                13


A Bannock Banquet
by Stephen Quesnelle                          It was a pleasure to have             Throughout the years the har-
President, Niagara Region Métis Council   Robert Pilon, President of the         vest dinner has become bigger
                                          Oshawa and Durham Métis Coun-          and more successful and this is

      n November 12th the MNO             cil join us. During the evening’s      due in part to the hard work of
      Health Department, in con-          festivities Robert presented our       those who diligently work in the
      junction with the Niagara           council with a gift of a framed        background. Without them, the
      Region Métis Council, held          photograph of a view of the            harvest dinner would not be the
its 5th Harvest Dinner at a new           church at Batoche, with many           success that it is. It is time to
venue, the Welland Lions Club             Métis citizens holding the Métis       acknowledge and give much
Community Centre, to accommo-             flag. It is now hanging in a promi-    thanks to Donna Labbe; Tammy
date our increasing numbers—              nent place in our council office       Wintle, Long Term Care Coordi-
more than 100 people attended.            for everyone to see and appreci-       nator; Rebecca Vander Sanden,
It was an evening filled with danc-       ate, thanks again Robert.              Healthy Babies Healthy Children
ing, fiddle music and celebrations            Enjoying the evening with us       Coordinator; and Terry Lynn
giving thanks for the many bless-         were Welland's MPP Malcolm             Longpre, Community Wellness
ings we have received throughout          Allen, Mayor-elect Barry Sharpe        Coordinator. Thank you! We
the year.                                 and his wife, and Paul Grenier,        appreciate all that you do.
    We were privileged to be              Welland Councillor for Ward 3.
entertained and awed by the fid-              Again this year the food was
dle playing of award winning fid-         wonderful. We had numerous tra-
dle player and song writer JJ             ditional dishes, including moose       (right) Fiddler JJ Lavallee and
Lavallee. We were also captivated         stew, deer, rabbit, tourtière, and     the Olivine Bousquet Métis
by the very talented Olivine Bous-        bannock as well as many other          Dancers entertain at the
quet Métis Dancers from Oshawa,           favourites brought in by our fam-      Niagara Region Métis Coun-
who were amazing, as usual.               ilies for all to share and enjoy.      cil’s Annual Harvest Dinner.

                            by Ken Simard                              Action Program for Children were             As the Métis float passed by I      zens to come out and be proud of
                            Captain of the Hunt - Region 2             busy making decorations for the          was also one of those people stand-     who they are.
                                                                       float. On route the children handed      ing on the road but I was proudly           Now for this spring, I’m remind-

                            A      big thank you to the Health
                                   Branch at the Thunder Bay
                            Métis Centre for entering a Métis
                                                                       out candy to all onlookers, and
                                                                       when they ran out of candy other
                                                                       stuff. They were able to ride on the
                                                                                                                waving a large five foot by three
                                                                                                                foot Métis flag as our Métis float
                                                                                                                passed right in front of me. What
                                                                                                                                                        ing all fishermen to take extra pre-
                                                                                                                                                        cautions when approaching early
                                                                                                                                                        ice breakup. It’s not worth the risk
                            float in the 2010 Santa Claus Parade.      float sitting on bales of straw that     better way to get our message out       to take chances. Play it safe and stay
 CAPTAIN’S                     The weather was sunny and
                            cool--a very nice day for the parade.
                                                                       kept them warm (sort of). They
                                                                       waved to the people that were
                                                                                                                to the public? I urge all Métis Coun-
                                                                                                                cils across Ontario to do the same.
                                                                                                                                                        alive; your family needs you.

CORNER                      The children from the Community            standing along the road.                 This will encourage our Métis citi-

                                                                                                                      MOON RIVER MÉTIS COUNCIL:
                                                                                  Capote Workshop

Kokomis Tchiman
Birchbark canoe being built in Oshawa                                                                                 Cathy Fournier presents the commissioned artwork to Larry
                                                                                  Simplicity                          Duval, President of Moon River Métis Council.
by Art Henry                              ings of the canoe,” said Chair of
                                          the Board and Oshawa Trustee,           of the
                                          Larry Jacula.                           blanket coat                        Métis woman
      n November 10, 2010, the
      Durham District School                 Marcel (Mahigan) has begun
      Board announced the official
      unveiling of a voyageur
canoe creation project led by
                                          constructing a full-sized, 25 foot
                                          birch bark voyageur canoe in a
                                          specially prepared room at G.L.
                                                                                  S     upported by the Niagara
                                                                                        Region Métis Council,
                                                                                  Women's Rep, Barbaranne
                                                                                                                      beads gift from
Métis master birch bark canoe
maker, Marcel Labelle, at G.L.
                                          Roberts CVI in south Oshawa. The
                                          canoe not only provides trans-
                                                                                  Wright; Treasurer, Suzanne
                                                                                  Matte; and Councillor, Giselle      local school
Roberts Collegiate in Oshawa.             portation for First Nations and         Legiehn joined master capote
                                          Métis, it is also an important vehi-
    This unique project has been
funded by a generous grant from
the Department of Canadian Her-
                                          cle for the cultural teachings
                                          which have been passed down
                                                                                  maker Fritz Steele to learn
                                                                                  another traditional Métis skill-
                                                                                  -capote making.
                                                                                                                      L     ast spring Moon River Métis
                                                                                                                            Council was requested to
                                                                                                                      do a presentation on Métis his-
                                                                                                                                                           and beaded by artist Cathy
                                                                                                                                                           Fournier. Made of elk with rac-
                                                                                                                                                           coon fur trim, the beading took
itage to the Oshawa and Durham            from generation to generation.              “We had the opportunity         tory and culture at Thorah Pub-      250 hours to complete; the pat-
Region Métis Council.                     Lessons which can be learned            to learn about the importance       lic School in Beaverton.             tern is Ojibwe.
    “The Durham District School           from the canoe include, balance,        of the simplicity of a blanket          As well as the presentation,         Cathy has been beading for
Board is proud to be a part of this       cooperation, and harmony. As            coat, its creation and how          the students were invited to         several years since taking a class
incredible project that will com-         Marcel constructs Grandmother           warm our ancestors were with        take an active role by doing a       at the Midland Métis Centre
bine the sharing of cultural teach-       Canoe (Kokomis Tchiman) stu-            a little cut here and a tuck        sampling of traditional bead-        where she developed a passion
ings with the creation of a canoe.        dents, teachers, and community          there,” said Barb, “not to men-     work. The presentation was well      and talent for this work. Cathy
The Durham District School                members will be invited to visit,       tion the modeling. We created       received and when it was             takes pride in practicing this tra-
Board thanks the Oshawa and               take part, and learn.                   three of the most incredible        explained that 2010 was the          ditional art form. She is the
Durham Region Métis Council                  The creation of Kokomis Tchi-        capotes the Niagara Region          “Year of the Métis”, the school      mother of two daughters and
and the Department of Canadian            man can be viewed on the DDSB           has ever seen! Thank you Fritz      commissioned Moon River to           proud grandmother of two. She
Heritage for giving our students,         Aboriginal Education website:           for helping us in another           have an artist complete a piece      resides in Midland with her hus-
staff and the community a unique          http://spiritcalling.ddsbschools.ca     Métis event that gives us back      of beaded art. These mittens         band Ken.
opportunity to learn the teach-                                                   our identity.”                      were the result; they were made
14                                                                                                                                       MÉTIS VOYAGEUR

Louis Riel Day • November 16th

               Drawing strength
                from our history
                   from front page

                  and Minister of Aboriginal Affairs, raised the Métis flag out-
                  side the legislature and then joined a procession led by a
                  colour guard of Métis veterans and accompanied by a Métis
                  fiddler, Roger Giroux. The long parade of over one hundred
                  people made its way across the legislature grounds to the
                  Northwest “Rebellion” monument where everyone gathered
                  for official ceremonies.
                     France Picotte, the MNO Chair, acted as MC for the cere-
                  mony and called upon each speaker, starting with Senator
                  Reta Gordon who provided the opening prayer. Senator Gor-
                     don recounted some of the indignities suffered by the
                         Métis who were even initially denied the right to pro-
                             vide Riel a decent burial. The Senator concluded,
                                 however, that despite his death, Riel was a great
                                    success. “Because they killed Riel,” she
                                      explained, “they thought they killed us too,
                                       but we all accomplished in life what he
                                        [Riel] couldn’t do in death. We could be
                                         robbed of our lands but we cannot be
                                          robbed of our dreams.”
                                               The presence of government minis-
                                            ters and MPPs as well as opposition
                                             party MPPs at the Queen’s Park cere-          (clockwise from top) Ontario Minister of Aboriginal
                                             mony testifies to the new relationship        Affairs Chris Bentley; MNO Chair France Picotte;
                                              developing between the MNO and               MPP for Beaches-East York, Michael Prue.
                                               Ontario. Minister Bentley com-
                                                mented on the many successes of
                                                 the MNO and how these successes          Louis Riel, called on the Canadian Museum of Human Rights,
                                                   enrich the entire province.            which is being built in Winnipeg, to include a statue of Louis
                                                    “Every year can be the Year of        Riel in the new building, saying: “Louis Riel was fighting for
                                                     the Métis,” stated Bentley,          the rights of all Canadians, not just Métis rights.” Angelica
                                                      “because if there is a brighter     Laurin, a representative of Métis youth said that celebrating
                                                       future for the Métis, there is a   Métis heritage was about knowing who you are and called for
                                                        brighter future for Ontario       the abandonment of old stereotypes, stating: “When we
                                                        and a brighter future for         share our Métis doctors, lawyers, CEOs, nurses, teachers,
                                                        everyone.” Northern Devel-        actors, actresses or like me, an honour-roll student, we are
                                                        opment, Mines, and Forestry       telling the world, ‘be proud of who you are; believe in your-
                                                       Minister, Michael Gravelle,        self, and reach for the stars.’”
                                                     who also attended, focused on            President Lipinski reflected on the history being com-
                                                    the extensive work going on           memorated on Louis Riel Day and on what he described as a
                                                    between his Ministry and the          “failure of leadership” that led to the tragic events of 1885.
                                                   MNO: “I cannot overstate the           He described how Riel had tried to negotiate with the Cana-
                                                  importance of your contributions        dian Government and how the government’s intransience
                                                 to the changes to the Mining Act,”       finally led Riel to the decision: “The Métis way of life is worth
                                                 said Gravelle. “By working               protecting and I would put my life on the line for it. Canada
                                                together we are assuring that the         lost a great opportunity when it executed Louis Riel,” con-
                                                Métis will benefit from resource          cluded President Lipinski, “but fortunately, today many of the
                                               development.”                              things he worked to build are becoming a reality. It is our job
                                                   In his remarks, Progressive Con-       to keeping building on that vision.” President Lipinski also
                                              servative MPP Ted Arnott called on          spoke with great hope because in the very legislature that
                                             the Ontario Government to re-dedi-           had once condemned Riel, members of that legislature voted
                                             cate the Northwest “Rebellion” monu-         unanimously this year to declare 2010 the Year of the Métis.
                                           ment to all the combatants rather than         He suggested that the presence of so many Ministers and
                                          just those who fought for the Canadian          MPPs at Louis Riel Day ceremonies points to the success and
                                         Government. New Democratic Party                 significance of the MNO-Ontario Framework Agreement,
                                        MPP Michael Prue commented on the                 which was signed just one day after Louis Riel Day two years
                                       “delicious irony” of staging Riel Day cere-        ago. “The government’s willingness to sign the framework
                                       monies at the monument. “Today they                agreement with us,” stated President Lipinski, “signalled
                                       [the people who erected the monument]              there was a new way of doing business with the Métis, and
                                       are all gone and we want to forget what            that the process of reconciliation had started.”
                                       they said,” Prue pointed out. “What is                 With the completion of the speeches, Bob Goulais of the
                                       remembered today is that this was an               Nipissing First Nation was called upon to perform the Métis
                                       uprising of people who had a story to tell.        Honour Song in Michif. After much research and investiga-
                                       [This ceremony helps us] understand that           tion, the Métis Honour Song had been recovered in North
                                       we have changed.” The Honourable                   Dakota and Mr. Goulais is one of a few people who have
                                       Michael Chan, Minister of Culture and              learned the song so far. Following his performance, wreathes
                                       Tourism, the Honourable Linda Jeffries,            were laid at the Northwest “Rebellion” monument by Sena-
                                       Minister of Natural Resources and MPPs             tor Gordon and Métis veteran Joe Paquette. The wreathes--
                                       Dave Levac, Maria Van Bommel and                   with a portrait of Riel--are placed on the monument each
                                    Garfield Dunlop also attended the cere-               Louis Riel Day to honour Riel and all the Métis who fought
                                  mony.                                                   for our rights.
                     The theme of growing Métis pride figured prominently in                  As the ceremonies closed, the participants moved inside
                  the remarks of many of the speakers. Chair Picotte com-                 the legislature where a traditional Métis feast was served. Fol-
                  mented: “While 125 years ago it would not have been the                 lowing Louis Riel events across the province, MNO citizens
                  case, today Métis people are proud to say ‘I am Métis!’ By              felt a renewed sense of purpose, which was captured by a
                  proclaiming the Year of the Métis, people are discovering               quote from Louis Riel with which Angelica Laurin closed her
                  their culture: ‘Yes I am Métis; I live the culture; I speak the         presentation:
                  language, or I remember my grandmother speaking it.’”                       “We must cherish our inheritance; we must preserve our
                     Jean Teillet, a Métis lawyer, who has defended Métis rights          nationality for the youth of our future. The story should be
                  before the Supreme Court, and who is also a descendent of               written down to pass on.”
WINTER 2011                                                                                                                                                                           15

FLAGS FLY ON LOUIS RIEL DAY ACROSS THE PROVINCE:                                                                  LOUIS RIEL DAY • November 16, 2010


BRUCE MINES - Louis Riel is remembered in Bruce Mines Ontario as the North Channel Métis                           Louis Riel after his arrest following the Battle of Batoche
Council raises the Métis flag at the town hall on November 16th.                                                   in Saskatchewan, May 16th, 1885.

 NORTH BAY                                                                                                        Whose History?
                                                                                                                  Whose Narrative?
                                                                                                                  Whose Story?
                                                                                                                  The Importance of Métis
                                                                                                                  History to Our Nation
                                                                                                                  by Brenda Macdougall               that, if treated as distinct, we
                                                                                                                  Based on a presentation at the     will be marginalized and left
                                                                                                                  Law Society of Upper Canada        out of larger national narratives
                                                                                                                  on Riel Day, November 16, 2010     to which we belong and so risk
From left: Susan Van Der Rassel, Ishmael Van Der Rassel, Rev. Terry O'Connor, Marianne Van Beek,                                                     intellectual “ghettoization” and
Mel Jamieson, Jason Jamieson, Doris Evans, Senator Marlene Greenwood, and North Bay Mayor                                                            segregation. However, this has
                                                                                                                                                     already happened and we are

Victor A. Fedeli. Photos by Stacey Rivet and Brian Cockburn                                                               few years ago, I asked
                                                                                                                          an elder from home to      little more than props to
                                                                                                                          read my PhD disserta-      explain, rationalize, or analyze
                                                                                                                          tion and give me feed-     Canadian national narratives
 OSHAWA                                                                                                                   back on some signifi-      and the history of colonization.
                                                                                                                          cant cultural concepts         The call for Canadian his-
                                                                                                                  and ideas that I had used about    tory to be more inclusive which
                                                                                                                  family and the significance of     began in the 1970s has rever-
                                                                                                                  family in a Métis worldview. I     berated into other intellectual
                                                                                                                  was a friend of this man’s son     fields and has become popular-
                                                                                                                  and other relatives so when I      ized by writers such as John
                                                                                                                  was uncertain about my work,       Ralston Saul. Several years ago,
                                                                                                                  both these people encouraged       Saul became interested in what
                                                                                                                  me to approach him. The elder      he has identified as the three
                                                                                                                  had been a high school teacher     pillars of Canadian socio-politi-
                                                                                                                  for many years and was raised      cal and judicial processes—
                                                                                                                  by his parents who are still       First Nations, English, and
                                                                                                                  acknowledged in my home ter-       French intellectual traditions.
                                                                                                                  ritory as important cultural,      In the past, Saul has described
                                                                                                                  educational and spiritual teach-   the Métis as the glue that
                                                                                                                  ers who were instrumental in       bound these three pillars
                                                                                                                  getting Native Studies and Cree    together and made their syn-
                                                                                                                  language       courses      into   ergy a uniquely Canadian expe-
                                                                                                                  Saskatchewan’s universities. We    rience. In his most recent
                                                                                                                  spoke a bit about the Métis and    book, A Fair Country, Saul has
                                                                                                                  First Nations history courses I    boldly proclaimed, “Canada is
                                                                                                                  had developed for the Depart-      indeed a Métis nation.”
                                                                                                                  ment of Native Studies at the          Some may be seduced by
                                                                                                                  University of Saskatchewan.        this statement because, super-
                                                                                                                  Before agreeing to read my         ficially at least, it appears to be
left to right: Mitch Lepage, Policy Development and Aboriginal Education, Durham Catholic District                work and comment on it             a positive affirmation of our
School Board; Claire Kearns, ODRMC Women's Representative; Senator Cecile Wagar, ODRMC;                           though, he asked me one ques-      identity and history. However,
Tiffany Harrington, Métis student at Monsignor Paul Dwyer, Catholic High School; Cathy Bazley, Sen-               tion: Why not leave the teach-     Saul’s declaration really has lit-
ior Administrative Secretary, DCDSB; Anna Mahura, Aboriginal Education Facilitator, DCDSB.                        ing of Aboriginal history to       tle to do with Métis people.
PHOTO:   Mitch LePage                                                                                             mainstream history depart-         Saul is not concerned with
                                                                                                                  ments because, after all, wasn’t   Métis history, culture, or
                                                                                                                  our history also Canadian his-     nationalism, but instead uses

Métis flag flies in Oshawa                                                                                        tory?
                                                                                                                      Without hesitating I replied
                                                                                                                  that our history belongs first
                                                                                                                                                     the term to advance an argu-
                                                                                                                                                     ment that Canada is a mixture
                                                                                                                                                     of western European and First
by Kathy Bazley                        Cecile Wagar and Claire           respect to Louis Riel and recog-         and foremost in Native Studies     Nations worldviews. Although
                                    Kearns, Oshawa Durham Métis          nized his special day. As an             and treated as an area of study    he makes reference to seminal
                                                                         employee of the Board and a                                                 figures and events in Métis his-

    n November 22, 2010, the        Council, started with a drum                                                  distinct separate from Cana-
    Durham Catholic District        song, and then Tiffany Harring-      proud Métis (and the only Métis          dian narratives. It has long       tory—Riel, Dumont, and
    School Board, with the assis-   ton a student at Monsignor Paul      working in the Catholic Educa-           been my belief that we need to     1885—to ground his notion of
tance of members of the Oshawa      Dwyer Catholic High School and       tion Centre), it is a very emo-          write, analyze, and interpret      “Métisness” in a Canadian-spe-
Durham Métis Council, raised the    the Student Representative on        tional ceremony for me to be             our history because we under-      cific historical narrative, he also
Métis flag at its Catholic Educa-   the Board's Aboriginal Advisory      involved in.                             stand who we are from a dis-       asserts that “anyone whose
tion Centre at 650 Rossland Road    Committee recited the poem               As I said last year, “Never in all   tinct worldview, framework of      family arrived before the 1760s
West in Oshawa in recognition of    “Ode to the Métis”.                  my years of walking on Mother            knowledge, and understanding       is probably part Aboriginal”
Louis Riel Day. The staff of the       The flag was then raised and      Earth did I ever think I would see       of experience that is different    and, by implication, Métis. The
Catholic Education Centre was       flown for the remainder of the       a day when I would see the Métis         from the way we have been          underlying idea embedded
invited to attend the ceremony      week. This is the second year that   flag flown and recognized in such        described, interpreted, and        within this generalization is
and a large number came out to      the Durham Catholic District         a public manner.”                        analyzed in non-Aboriginal his-
watch the event.                    School Board has publicly paid                                          ∞     tory. The counter argument is                        continued page 16
16                                                                                                                                                                      MÉTIS VOYAGEUR

                                                                                                                                                       Dr. Brenda MacDougall

                                                                                                                                                       Whose History?
                                                                                                                                                       from page 15

                                                                                                                                                       that mixed blood, mixed
                                                                                                                                                       ancestry, or just an Indian
                                                                                                                                                       is all that is necessary to be
                                                                                                                                                       Métis. This type of thinking
                                                                                                                                                       instantly negates the stories of
                                                                                                                                                       our families, the histories of
                                                                                                                                                       our communities, and the
                                                                                                                                                       authenticity of our Aboriginal-
                                                                                                                                                       ity, our Métisness, reducing us
                                                                                                                                                       to an in-between, “not-quite-
                                                                                                                                                       race,” stuck somewhere on the
MNO President, Gary Lipinski speaks at a panel discussion at the Law Society of Upper Canada.                                                          outside of the discourse. How-
                                                                                                                                                       ever unintended, declaring
                                                                                                                                                       Canada to be a “Métis nation”

                  has been
RIEL DAY PANEL | What                                                                                                                                  perpetuates the fallacy that the
                                                                                                                                                       Métis do not hold a distinct
                                                                                                                                                       place in North American his-

learned over the last 125 years?                                                                                                                       tory, as a new nation, a new
                                                                                                                                                       people, a distinct culture.
                                                                                                                                                       Instead we are, in this narra-
                                                                                                                                                       tive, simply a by-product of the
The Métis Nation of Ontario and the                  needs to change. (The full text of Dr. Mac- cussing the overall significance of the Year of       interactions between First
Law Society of Upper Canada consider the             dougall’s presentation may be found on pages the Métis. President Lipinski pointed out that,      Nations women and French or
significance of the Year of the Métis                15, 16 and 22, titled "Whose History".)         “125 years is too short a period of time when     British men. Furthermore, it
                                                        Mr. Zimmer pointed out that the relative discussing the Métis Nation. The tragedies of         posits our historical experi-
                                                     percentage of the population in Ontario, par- 1885 were not the beginning of Métis rights or      ence as an extension of the

      s part of Riel Day events in Ontario on        ticularly in urban areas, who are Métis is the Métis people.” President Lipinski provided         French-English paradigm that
      November 16, the Métis Nation of               declining significantly compared to the rising background on Métis people asserting their         permeates Canadian history.
      Ontario (MNO) and the Law Society of           immigrant population. He suggested this is a rights prior to 1885 and examples of the Métis       Saul can, perhaps, be forgiven
      Upper Canada co-hosted a panel discus-         noteworthy challenge for the Métis and asked making contributions to Canada prior to that         for his interpretive over-gener-
sion and reception at the Law Society offices        the question: “How does the                                     date as well. “Even after the     alization and simplification of
in Toronto. The event attracted over 150 peo-        Métis perspective not get                                       War of 1812, which we were a      Métis history because so many
ple, who listened to the panel examine the sig-      swamped with all the other                                      part of,” stated President Lip-   Canadian historians in the
nificance of the “Year of the Métis” within the      perspectives out there?”                                        inski, “even when we worked       20th and 21st century have
context of Métis history, identity, and Crown-          Ms. Teillet provided the             125 years               with, fought for and died for     done the same.
Métis relations today.                               audience with an overview of         is too short a             Canada, we were still not rec-        We have only to scan the
    The Honourable Mr. Justice Todd                  legal issues surrounding Métis                                                                    dominant texts by renowned
Ducharme, with the Ontario Superior Court            rights across Canada. She out-
                                                                                          period of time ognized.” Unfortunately, as
                                                                                                                     President Lipinski pointed        scholars such as Stanley,
of Justice, moderated the distinguished panel        lined the challenges she has when discussing out, the situation today has                         Giraud, Foster, Pannekoek,
that consisted of: Dr. Brenda Macdougall,            faced in defending Métis rights the Métis Nation. not changed appreciably as                      Ens, Devine, Brown, Waiser,
Chair of Métis Studies at the University of          in court and discussed the var-                                 Métis governments are being       Stonechild, Van Kirk, and so
Ottawa; David Zimmer, Parliamentary Assis-           ious types of documents and                                     forced to go to court to          on. I’m not arguing that the
tant to the Attorney General of Ontario; Jean        other sources used in these                                     defend and gain their rights.     works of these authors have
Teillet, partner in Pape Salter Teillet Barristers   cases. Métis rights court cases                                 “Governments should negoti-       no value or that we should dis-
and Solicitors and great grandniece of Louis         are crucial to the future of Métis people ate,” explained President Lipinski, “but when           regard them. Indeed the
Riel; and Amanda Carling, University of              because according to Ms. Teillet: “Right now, they don’t, we have to litigate.”                   works of these scholars are
Toronto law student.                                 history is being written by judges.”                The evening’s presentations and discus-       important sources of informa-
    In her presentation, Dr. Macdougall pro-            Ms. Carling discussed how her personal sions proved very thought provoking and pro-            tion and each one of them has
vided a sharp critique of past interpretations       identity as a Métis was formed and the chal- vided a basis for discussions about the Métis in     contributed            invaluable
of Métis history by non-Métis writers and            lenges it presented her and her family. Fol- the next 125 years. The Law Society of Upper         research to our knowledge of
stated: “We need to write our own history.”          lowing the presentations, a question and Canada recorded the presentations and will               events. It is simply that none of
She argued that Métis people have not been           answer period was held and then MNO Presi- be making them available through their web-            these authors has written from
thoroughly engaged in their history and that         dent, Gary Lipinski gave a keynote address dis- site, which can be viewed at: www.lsuc.on.ca.     a Métis perspective taking into
                                                                                                                                                       account our cultural values,
                                                                                                                                                       worldview, or intellectual tradi-
RIEL DAY • REGION 9                                                                                                                                    tions which informed the man-
                                                                                                                                                       ner in which we made deci-
The Métis                                                                                                                                              sions, ordered our society,
                                                                                                                                                       arranged our alliances, deter-

colours fly                                                                                                                                            mined who was friend or foe,
                                                                                                                                                       worshiped, and, most impor-
                                                                                                                                                       tantly, defined ourselves.
on Nov. 16                                                                                                                                                 Instead what Métis history
                                                                                                                                                       has become, from an interpre-
by Stephen Quesnelle                                                                                                                                   tive standpoint, is an extension
                                                                                                                                                       of Canadian national history
                                                                                                                                                       and so the focus of scholarship

     ovember 16, 2010, was a time
     of celebration for the Niagara                                                                                                                    has been those aspects of our
     Region Métis. In celebration                                                                                                                      history mirroring the Canadian
of the life and achievements of                                                                                                                        tradition. The focus, therefore,
Louis Riel, the Niagara Region                                                                                                                         has been on great battles that
Métis Council and Métis citizens,                                                                                                                      defined Métis nationalism
along with Vance Badawey,                                                                                                                              such as Seven Oaks in 1817,
Mayor of Port Colborne; Barb                                                                                                                           the 1869 Resistance in Red
Henderson, Mayor of Wainfleet;                                                                                                                         River, and the 1885 Northwest
Paul Grenier, City of Welland                                                                                                                          Rebellion; the assertions of
Councillor, Ward 3; were present                                                                                                                       economic independence such
at Welland City Hall to raise the                                                                                                                      as the Pemmican conflicts
Métis flag for the fourth year.                                                                                                                        between 1812-17, the 1849
    We also raised the flag in                                                                                                                         Sayer Trial; the development
St. Catharines for the third year;                                                                                                                     of agriculture in Red River
Port Colborne for the second                                                                                                                           within a history dominated by
year; Niagara Falls and Wainfleet                                                                                                                      trade; on the role of Christian-
for the first year.                                                                                                                                    ity—especially Anglican and
    After the flag raising cere-                                                                                                                       Catholic—on Métis culture;
mony, we gathered in the com-           (top) Niagara Region Métis Council and citizens are joined by Barb Henderson, Mayor of Wainfleet;              and, the leaders such as Cuth-
munity room of the City Hall for        Paul Grenier, City of Welland Councillor, Ward 3; and Vance Badawey, Mayor of Port Colborne at                 bert Grant, Louis Riel Sr.,
refreshments and to reflect on          Welland City Hall to raise the Métis flag for the fourth year. (bottom left to right) Métis flags fly in
the life of Louis Riel.                 Niagara Falls, the Township of Wainfleet, and St. Catherines.                                                                   continued page 22
WINTER 2011                                                                                                                                                                              17


                                                                                                                                                          The Métis
                                                                                                                                                          flag still
                                                                                                                                                          Métis make sure to
                                                                                                                                                          keep the colours flying
                                                                                                                                                          on Riel Day

                                                                                                                                                          by Kathy Bazley
left to right: Riel Day Celebration cake; Elder Doris Marion accepting a mandala creation by Jim Tolles; Guests enjoy the craft tables.

                                                                                                                                                              lthough Northumberland
                                                                                                                                                              County did not have

Keeping Métis culture alive                                                                                                                                   enough Métis citizens run
                                                                                                                                                          in its September, 2010, elec-
                                                                                                                                                          tion and the Northumberland
                                                                                                                                                          Métis Council went into
by Joyce Tolles                                          During the afternoon, guests were invited mented on how it reminded her of her hus-              abeyance, the flag still flew. In
                                                      to participate at the various craft tables. Sharon band and how much she liked it. Jim was very     fact, it was the first time a

       n November 14, 2010, the Credit River          McBride, Vice-Chair of the Métis Nation of drawn to and impacted by Doris and asked if              Métis flag was raised in a
       Métis Council and citizens gathered at         Ontario was helping guests make medicine he could take her picture because she                      Northumberland municipal
       the Port Credit Royal Canadian Legion          pouches. Judy Carter of Peel Aboriginal Net- reminded him of his Grandmother Vasseur.               centre ceremony and Louis
       Branch #82 in Mississauga on the Credit        work had an assortment of children’s crafts She agreed, and in appreciation, he presented           Riel was remembered.
       River. The event was to celebrate and          including bracelets, finger weaving and creat- her with his creation--a very touching moment            Past president Wayne
remember Louis Riel, as well as to see old            ing the Métis infinity symbol with paper, and for both.                                             Trudeau and past-secretary
friends and make new ones. The day included           Carol Walters was beading. We also had the            It was time to feast on goose breast shep-    Kathy Bazley along with
arts and crafts, music and a wonderful feast to       pleasure of hosting MNO Community Wellness pard’s pie, tourtière, venison and moose pre-            Wayne’s son William and wife
be enjoyed by all.                                    Coordinator, Simon Bain; Daniel                                      pared in a variety of ways.    Anna and Kathy’s husband
    A special presentation was made on behalf         Davey; and Lisa Scott, Aboriginal “It was time                       The meal also included fresh   Danny kept the Métis in the
of Heritage Mississauga to the Credit River           Healing and Wellness Strategy             to feast on                baked bannock, wild rice       forefront as long as possible
Métis Council by Elder Joseph Paquette, Chair         Worker from Hamilton, who pro-                                       casserole, delicious sugar     during the months of May to
of the Sub-Committee for Maanjidowin. It was          vided an informative display on           goose breast               pie and cake.                  November by being involved
given in recognition of the council’s participa-      Métis culture and had various             sheppard’s pie,               We want to send a warm      in Canada Day parades and
tion in Maanjidowin in July of this year (2010).      games and activities for the enjoy-       tourtière,                 note of “thanks” to all who    demonstrations; making pre-
The council was touched by the acknowledge-           ment of the guests. Shehnaz                                          attended and to the hard-      sentations to the mayors and
ment of their efforts and will cherish the            Fakim of Mississauga Halton Local
                                                                                                venison and                working, dedicated volun-      councillors of several munici-
plaque, book and thank you note for many              Health Integration Network pro-           moose...”                  teers who were involved in     palities; making presentations
years to come. Debbie Alves, President; David         vided the Aboriginal Health Needs                                    the planning of this event.    to schools; and making their
Babcock, Vice-President; Joyce Tolles, Treas-         Assessment Final Report. Jim Tolles supplied Their work and efforts are greatly appreciated.        presence known by attending
urer; Kevin Alves, Youth Rep.; and Jim Tolles,        the Credit River Métis Council display which We would also like to extend a special “thank-         Louis Riel Day celebrations--in
Councillor; were on hand to accept and unable         included trapping, taxidermy and crafts you” to Roger Lauzon for his contribution to                particular, the raising of the
to attend were Ray Bergie, Senator and Roger          exhibits. Elder Doris Marion was so touched by making this event a success--Métis heritage and      Métis flag in Brighton, ON.
Lauzon, Councillor.                                   one of Jim’s mandala creations that she com- culture kept alive by celebrating Louis Riel.
                                  Catherine McGuire
18                                                                                                                                                                                 MÉTIS VOYAGEUR

 Our Stories

                                                                                                                                                                      An array of possessions
                                                                                                                                                                      that would typically
                                                                                                                                                                      belong to a woman
                                                                                                                                                                      living on a fur trade
                                                                                                                                                                      post: brooches, eye
                                                                                                                                                                      glasses or spectacles,
                                                                                                                                                                      hair comb, tweezers,
                                                                                                                                                                      and a ring.
                                                                                                                                                                      Source: Parks Canada

                Women in the Fur Trade  assured the traders who married
                                        these women of a benefit over
                                                                                 dition of their fathers, whereas
                                                                                 the girls were sent east to
                                                                                                                           However, with more Euro-             acknowledge this connection.
Aboriginal and Métis                                                                                                    pean women coming west, and                 Were women important in fur
                                        their rivals with inclusion as           become educated. When these            the fur trade industry dying,           trade society? Do they merit bet-
women were instru-                      members of indigenous commu-             young women returned, they             Native and Métis women’s roles          ter representation in our school
mental to the growth of                 nities; it facilitated access to furs.   were known to be some of the           were ending. Missionaries helped        books? To this, I say “yes”; their
fur trade society                       Because of the mutual depend-            best interpreters, as they could       speed up the process when they          voices need to be heard, and we
                                        ency between the two people, a           speak a variety of Native lan-         denounced country marriage as           need to learn, and be reminded
                                        unique society emerged that was          guages, as well as English. These      being sinful and debased. The           that we can work together,
by MARIANNE VAN BEEK                    derived from both Indian and             mixed-blood women had ties to          words spread by these men on            despite our different cultural
                                        European customs and technol-            the Native people and their cus-       fur trade custom had a damaging         upbringings. Aboriginal and Métis

            ere it is 2010, and yet     ogy. Despite this, the arrogance         toms as well as the European tra-      effect on Native women. Traders         women were instrumental for the
            many still know little      of the Europeans was apparent,           ditions, and assumed the role of       now coming into the post felt no        growth of this society, as well as
            about women’s roles in      as they thought that the Aborigi-        intermediaries between the two         need to adhere to the ‘custom of        for their people. Their marriages
            Canadian history, in par-   nal women had everything to              cultures.                              the country’ and looked at them         insured provisions for them-
            ticular the fur trade       gain by becoming the wife of the             It took a lot to be a trader’s     as objects for temporary sexual         selves as well as their families.
            society. Some would         trader. This is how it has been          wife, as they had to go where          gratification, not wives. Ironically,   Their language, social skills, their
            argue that women are        depicted in the history books. It        their husbands went, which was         the ties were also broken by            knowledge of furs, their Aborigi-
mentioned in our history, and           was a social and cultural complex        often into remote areas where          women being pitted against each         nal family ties, as well as their
that is true, but details are lacking   as well as an economic structure         the trader needed to rely on his       other, race against race. In the        economic contributions aided
showing the importance of the           that was to endure for nearly two        partner for translation and other      Foss-Pelly scandal of 1852 a Métis      their men in the fur trade.
Aboriginal and Métis women’s            centuries.                               duties. These other duties             woman was accused of infidelity             Even today, Métis and Aborigi-
participation in history. They are          These women were the back-           included dressing the hides, mak-      and was ostracized by her com-          nal women play an important part
often seen as victims or harlots.       bone for many of these traders           ing the moccasins, pounding the        munity and husband. The after-          in the Canadian mosaic. Many still
However, women played a much            and expansion of the industry            pemmican, netting the snow-            math of this scandal reverberated       work side by side with their trap-
bigger role than what is assumed.       might not have been as swift             shoes and acting as porters when       throughout the fur trade society        per husbands. While I have met
Although sexual contact between         without their knowledge of dif-          no animal power was available.         because it led to the reinforce-        many of these women, my friend
Aboriginal peoples and Euro-            ferent dialects and tongues.             By many accounts the women             ment of racial prejudice against        and her husband remind me of
peans had happened historically,        Examples of how Native women             liked this kind of life, as many had   Native women.                           my roots. They own a store
in the west it was unique because       were useful in building kinship
there was a co-dependency               ties are throughout first-hand
between the European men and
Aboriginal women. The growth of
                                        accounts written at the time.
                                        John Rowand’s wife, Louise
                                                                                                          They had to hide their Aboriginal ancestry,
intermarriage between the two
nations developed and gave way
                                        Umfreville, a Native woman, built
                                        ties with the Plains Indians by giv-
                                                                                                                 and many were ashamed..
to diverse family unions, as the        ing them horses, which in turn
marriage rite combined both             gave her husband access to terri-        roots in nomadic tribes.                   After this scandal broke out,       located in the north where they
Indian and European customs             tories to hunt. Other examples              Full blood and Métis women          intermarriages continued, but           also rent canoes and offer guided
known as ‘a la façon du pays’           show how they were instrumen-            were also an essential part of the     with the growth of racial preju-        tours during the spring, summer
(after the custom of the country).      tal at times in saving their hus-        labour force at the forts. On top      dice there was an ever-stronger         and fall. In the fall and winter her
    It is important to note that the    bands’ lives, such as how                of their domestic duties, they         emphasis on the total emulation         husband traps. While he is trap-
Natives saw these marriages as an       Nor’Wester John Haldane got to           made mittens, caps, and leggings,      of respectable Victorian society.       ping, she is putting the skins in
alliance, and that Native women         keep his scalp because of his wife       which were useful and essential        Many ‘half-blood’ women were            the running river for the winter,
did not marry out; rather, they         who had been able to act as medi-        goods needed to keep the fur           abandoned by their ‘husbands’,          skinning hides, making moc-
integrated their French or Eng-         ator with some hostile Aborigi-          trade industry strong. Métis           as well as their tribes, leaving        casins, leggings, mitts and drums.
lish husbands into a Native soci-       nals during an incident at Rat           women were recognized for the          them to fend on their own. They         She is a living reminder of what
ety of customs and traditions.          Portage. From these accounts, we         intricate beadwork and quillwork       were women ‘en milieu’; neither         was and still is today.
The marriage of a daughter              see how these women could be             they fashioned on their hus-           white, nor Aboriginal. The assim-
brought status and security to the      resourceful as well as excellent         bands’ clothes. They were known        ilation of Métis children was suc-      Marianne van Beek is an MNO
Indian families, as well as privi-      liaisons in times of crisis.             for their gathering and hunting        cessful, but not without conse-         citizen from the North Bay
leges, such as free access to the           As time went on, these Aborig-       skills. Native and Métis women         quences. They had to hide their         area. She is currently working
posts, and provisions such as           inal women had children who              were known also for their gener-       Aboriginal ancestry, and many           toward obtaining a B.A. in his-
pots, pans and guns. A ‘trade’ or       were born as mixed bloods and            ous hearts. They helped each           were ashamed. This continues            tory and her teaching certifica-
‘marriage’ of a daughter brought        became known as “Métis”. The             other out, including the Euro-         today, as my family is of Métis         tion. Her daughter, Jessica, is a
benefits for the trader as well. It     boys usually continued in the tra-       pean women when they came.             descent and many barely                 teacher as is her foster son, Ben.
WINTER 2011                                                                                                                                                                                19

                                                                                                             Remembrance Day

Lest We Forget
Wreaths Lain on Behalf of all MNO Citizens since 2004
Laying Wreath at National                father’s brother was killed in         Day,” explained Senator Reta. The
Ceremonies a passion for                 action in Italy during World War       Senator also believes the cere-
two MNO Citizens                         II,” explained Shaun, “and it [lay-    monies are a great relationship
                                         ing the wreath] is a way to            builder with First Nations, who
                                         remember him.” Shaun also feels        like the MNO, laid wreaths follow-

      s they have every year since       that the MNO’s involvement             ing the Governor-General and the
      2004, Senator Reta Gordon          reminds Canadians that the Métis       Government of Canada. “While
      and Métis veteran Shaun            have played a part in conflicts        waiting, Shaun and I stand in a lit-
      Redmond participated in            throughout the history of              tle area with the First Nations,”
national Remembrance Day cere-           Canada. “We have participated in       Senator Reta pointed out, “and I
monies in Ottawa, by laying a            everything from the War of 1812,       think it helps us feel closer to
wreath at the national cenotaph          to peacekeeping missions, to now       each other.”
on behalf of all the citizens of the     in Afghanistan, not just in the two        Senator Reta and Shaun are
Métis Nation of Ontario (MNO).           World Wars,” Shaun pointed out.        also involved in remembrance
Senator Reta and Shaun have per-         “It is important that the MNO is       through Health Canada. Each
formed this important gesture on         present at the ceremonies to           year Health Canada invites Shaun
behalf of the MNO in good                communicate this fact to all Cana-     to lead remembrance activities
weather and bad because it is            dians.”                                for the week of Remembrance
very meaningful on a personal                Each year following protocol,      Day at the Iskatew Lodge at Tun-
level for both of them, and              Shaun, as a veteran, presents the      ney’s Pasture in Ottawa. The
because it is important to recog-        MNO wreath to Senator Reta who         Iskatew (Algonquin meaning “the
nize our many Métis veterans             then lays the wreath on the ceno-      fire from within”) Lodge high-
who gave and continue to give so         taph. Senator Reta’s father and        lights different aspects of Aborigi-
much in securing and sustaining          her nine uncles all participated in    nal culture throughout the year
the rights and freedoms that we          World War II. Then later in the        and during the week of Remem-
all enjoy.                               1950s, her four brothers also          brance Day focuses on the contri-
    Shaun enlisted in the Cana-          served in the military and one of      butions of Aboriginal veterans.
dian Army in 1971 and rose to the        her brothers, George Kelly, even       Shaun invites Reta to assist him in
rank of Lieutenant prior to join-        participated in the national           leading activities at the Lodge for
ing the Royal Canadian Mounted           Remembrance Day ceremonies             the week, which helps increase
Police in 1980. Although retired,        this year. “It is good to let every-   awareness of the many contribu-        (left) Senator Reta Gordon and Shaun Redmond (right) lay a
he still serves as a Captain in the      one know the Métis are here and        tions of Métis veterans.               wreath on behalf of all MNO citizens at the national cenotaph
Reserves and trains cadets. “My          that we support Remembrance                                                   in Ottawa during Remembrance Day Ceremonies.

                                                                                                                        Métis Council takes part in
Another reason to                                                                                                       Remembrance Day
                                                                                                                        by Stephen Quesnelle                 citizens, one being a veteran,

remember on the 11th                                                                                                    S  unday, November the 7th,
                                                                                                                           2010, the Niagara Region
                                                                                                                                                             carried the Métis flags in the
                                                                                                                                                             colour party. We were greatly
                                                                                                                                                             privileged to be able to show
                                                                                                                        Métis Council, for the first time,   our respect for the Métis citi-
by Joseph Paquette                                                              and freedom, so that I, on this         was honoured to be involved in       zens and other military person-
                                                                                day, could carry the Métis flag in a    the Remembrance Day cere-            nel who fought and died for our

      very year on November 11th,                                               Remembrance Day Parade.                 monies with the Welland              country and for those who con-
      we remember our fallen sol-                                                   This was only the beginning!        Legion, Branch 4. Three of our       tinue to serve in our military.
      diers and their contributions                                             Little did I know what was to fol-
      to this great country,                                                    low this flag carrying experience.
Canada. At war memorials and                                                    Once at the cenotaph, when the
cenotaphs various veterans’ asso-                                               colour party was in position, a
ciations and organizations con-                                                 woman named Julie Morris
duct ceremonies. This year, 2010,                                               approached me from the Port
November 11th has provided an                                                   Credit Legion. She said, “You’re,
opportunity that affected me in a                                               Joe, right?” I acknowledged that I
very profound way.                                                              was. She went on to say, “We have
    Please allow me to explain.            With this duty                       a wreath for you to lay for the
    I am a veteran; my father was a                                             Métis veterans”. At that moment,
WWII veteran, and my grandfa-
                                           done, I realized,                    I became paralysed. I did not
ther was a Merchant Marine Vet-            we--the Métis--                      know what to say. I remained
eran. So being able to participate         were moving from                     steadfast and said “thank you”.
in any of the November 11th cer-           the place of a                       The wreath for the Métis veterans
emonies is very important to me.                                                took its place at the cenotaph,
    This year, I had the wonderful
                                           forgotten people                     alongside all those veterans
opportunity to participate in the          in the past to                       remembered, on this day.
Remembrance Day parade held                a place of                               With this duty done, I realized,
at the Port Credit Royal Canadian          acknowledgement                      we--the Métis--were moving from
Legion Branch #82. I carried the                                                the place of a forgotten people in
Métis flag as part of the colour
party and it had very special
                                           in the present.                      the past to a place of acknowl-
                                                                                edgement in the present.
                                                                                                                        Pride and
meaning indeed, 2010 being the
“Year of the Métis”. This year also
commemorates 125 years since
                                                                                    Thank you, Marcee, Miig-
                                                                                wetch, to Julie and Ron, for mak-
                                                                                ing this a very special day for all
the Northwest Rebellion of 1885.         Aboriginal veterans and in this        Métis.                                  by Ted Schinbein                     me proud to be so thoughtful of
This was the first time the Métis        case, Métis veterans, sent a chill                                                                                  their heritage!
flag had flown in a Remembrance          up my spine. My father and             Joseph Paquette (QOR of C, 1st             am just sending you a picture         Yvette is originally from St.
Day parade in Port Credit. It may
very well be that it is the first time
                                         grandfather would be proud of
                                         this day.
                                                                                Bat) is an MNO Citizen and Sec-
                                                                                retary of the Métis Nation of
                                                                                                                        I  of a wonderful Métis lady,
                                                                                                                        Yvette (whom I married 44 years
                                                                                                                                                             Boniface, Manitoba, (nee Feuill-
                                                                                                                                                             latre, Nault). I moved our family
in Peel Region as well. Being               As we marched to the ceno-          Ontario Veterans Council                ago) with our grandson, Devon,       here in 1975 after several years
Métis gave me a certain pride that       taph, I could not help but             (MNOVC) and a member of the             laying our annual Métis wreath at    in the Arctic. We now own
I really cannot explain. Recogniz-       remember all those that came           National Aboriginal Veterans            the November 11th, ceremony          Schinbeins Music in downtown
ing the contributions made by            before me who fought for peace         Association (NAVA).                     in Mitchell, Ontario. They make      Mitchell.
20                                                                                                                                                                                MÉTIS VOYAGEUR


The Warrior Spirit
By DONN FOWLER                          1802 to 1812.                            (Corrigal, Scollie) Fowler. “Mag-     and on continental Europe, we          west Europe to be embarked on
                                            It is probable that the huge--       gie”, as she was known, was born      overseas war-veterans were made        one of the ships returning to Eng-

     t seems absolutely incredible      relative to Osnaburgh House--            in 1850 just north of the Hiawatha    ready and point-processed to           land. Following our repatriation
     that my ancestors—my fam-          Lake St. Ann location was the            First Nation (Ojibwa-cum-Missis-      return home to our families in         leaves we were soon cleared for
     ily—of Otonabee Township, in       region where the couple may first        sauga) of Otonabee Township.          Canada on the basis of returning       embarkation to Canada on one of
     Peterborough County, and           have met. That region was likely         She quietly married Samuel            the 1939 volunteers first, fol-        the many passenger ships return-
later of Kingston, Ontario, had         the site of their natural union          Fowler at Carver Village, Min-        lowed next by the 1940 volun-          ing all the “warriors” from the war
managed to keep the “aboriginal”        from 1794 to 1799, or in 1801. In        nesota, in 1862, where my grand-      teers, then the 1941; 1942; 1943       zones, and were not required to
part of my family secret, not just      1802, when she was 14, Mary gave         father, their first child, was born   and other remaining overseas           become part of the Canadian
from me, but from so many of my         birth to her first child. The couple     in 1872. Maggie, an accomplished      troops. But because the war with       Occupational Force (COF) Battal-
cousins and my siblings. In fact, it    named their baby girl, “Ann”, per-       organist, died in 1936 when I was     Japan did not end until the            ion units. These units were made
took me 52 years of genealogical        haps alluding to Lake St. Ann.           age ten. It was she who had pre-      atomic bombs were dropped on           up of many experienced war-vol-
research to make the discovery in       Jacob was 27, and from 1802 to           vailed upon my mother in 1925 to      Japan, many of us volunteered for      unteers, who wanted to remain in
1977 of my first known European         1812 he was the Master of the            give me the Scottish first name, of   the conflict with Japan. Fortu-        the service, and by other service-
immigrant to Canada, in 1790,           Martin Falls HBC Post. The couple        “Donald”, from which I use the        nately, that war ended before it       men who did not have enough
and also my first known indige-         were again at the Martin Falls           nickname of “Donn”, but for two       was necessary to become                points to qualify for an earlier
nous ancestor, Mary Corrigal            HBC post, from 1822 to 1824, but         very personal reasons.                engaged against Japan.                 repatriation home.
(born, c. 1788). She became the         Mary died in September of 1823.              By June of 1940 I was already a      Many of us in Europe returned           Those special wrap-up forces
beloved country wife of Jacob           Only two daughters ever married;         trained boy soldier and a military    on a brief repatriation leave to the   returned to Canada later, gener-
Corrigal formerly of Evie-Randall       namely, my great-great-aunt, Ann         bandsman in a Kingston and            United Kingdom. We had been            ally, as individual units. My unit,
Parish, Orkney, Scotland. Jacob’s       (Corrigal) Nourse who married            Ottawa (Connaught Ranges) Mili-       issued just enough travel-war-         the 1st Battalion Stormont, Dun-
“Mary” died on 23rd September,          an HBC commissioned officer              tia, and a trained machine-gunner     rants, ration cards, and on-leave      das and Glengarry (SDG) High-
1823, at the age of 35. Jacob, born     named William Nourse, of Edin-           with the PWOR (Princess of Wales      passes in order to have reason-        landers, returned, (after a very
in 1775, (not in 1772 as the HBC        burgh, Scotland, and my great-           Own Regiment M.G). I was fol-         able time to journey somewhere         rough ocean crossing) to New
records show) died in 1844 in           great-grandmother, Mary (Corri-          lowing in the same footsteps as       in England, Wales, or Scotland,        York City, and a day later, to a
Cobourg, Canada West (C.W     .).       gal) Scollie, who married Robert         three other soldiering and ances-     where we were then able to bid         major welcoming reception in the
    Because we know nothing of          Scollie, of Orkney, who was a HBC        tral war-experienced Fowlers: my      farewell to our British friends,       Cornwall, Ontario, Armoury on
the native name of “Mary”, or the       employee working for Jacob Cor-          great-grandfather, Samuel Fowler;     and to any known U.K. ancestors.       the 29th of December 1945. We
young native girl’s aboriginal fam-     rigal at Martin Falls.                   his son, my grandfather, Alfred       These visits, of course, were for      Glengarrians, known as “Glens”
ily, we may only speculate about            More recently we have learned        Herbert Fowler; and my father,        the many friendships that had          were earliest home because of
her life as follows: She was born c.    that Jacob’s a la façon de pays          Herbert James Fowler. Warriors        been established there during the      our higher point scores.
1788. Jacob was age 15 when he          (country wife) apparently carried        all, they fought against the Fenian   war years from December, 1939              Some Glens still serve in a dif-
managed to become indentured,           an Anishinabek mtDNA (mito-              Incursions; in the Boer War; in       until D-Day, the 6th June, 1944.       ferent and uglier kind of war
for five years, to the HBC on the       chondrial DNA) of the genetic            WW1; and, in the case of my late      We Canadians, still in our armed       zone, in Afghanistan, fighting
17 May, 1790; therefore, Jacob          aboriginal Haplogroup “A” and            father, WW11 (C1004 Herbert           forces uniforms, included thou-        once again toward that often elu-
was 24, in 1799, when the young         therefore Mary was a haplotype           James Fowler E.M, enlisted in         sands of aboriginals.                  sive democratic freedom from
“Mary” was probably age 12.             “A2k1”, which would have been            September 1939, with the quickly         Accordingly, we entrained           another tyranny. Our warriors
Already Jacob had journeyed as          naturally inherited by each of her       mobilised 1st Division’s, Royal       from our last location in north-       continue to “Bash on!”
an HBC inland trader in 1774 to         six Métis children, and subse-           Canadian Horse Artillery and
Sturgeon Lake from Osnaburgh            quently would be passed on to            arrived in England by December
House and back again; from 1774         their female offspring.                  of that same year.)                                Donald (Donn) Fowler enlisted as a 14-year-old in the
to 1799 he was “Master” at Lake             One of Mary (Corrigal) Scol-             Following the May, 1945, ter-                  Canadian army in June, 1940. As a member of the Glen-
St. Ann (now known as Lake Nip-         lie’s daughters is my Métis great-       mination of the six war-years                      garry Highlanders he landed in Normandy, France with
igon), and at Martin Falls from         grandmother, Margaret Charlotte          served in the United Kingdom,                      a wave of D-Day reinforcements in 1944.


      I am pleased to announce that plans are now under way for the “1st Annual Tony Belcourt Golf
      Fundraiser” to be held June 17, 2011 at the beautiful Mississippi Golf Club near Ottawa. Proceeds
      from the tournament will be to benefit the Dr. Tony Belcourt Endowment Fund for Métis in the Arts
      at Ontario College of Art & Design University (OCADU) and for the Building Expansion Project of the
      Wabano Centre for Aboriginal Health in Ottawa.

      The endowment fund in my name granted to OCADU by the Métis Nation of Ontario (MNO) is a
      great honor to me personally but it also gives me the opportunity to encourage Métis people to con-              left to right: Chief Warrant Officer (CWO) Thibault; Colonel
      sider a career in the arts, something that I am passionate about. I am equally grateful to the Wabano            Meloche; Master Warrant Officer (MWO) Patterson; President
      Centre for Aboriginal Health for providing the quality health care and related special programs that are         Allan Vallee; Interim Chair Brenda Laurin and Chief Warrant
      so greatly needed by our people. I am thankful to Wabano for the wonderful care and attention I                  Officer (CWO) Baillargeon.
      receive for my own health needs and those of my family. I appreciate the chance to provide my sup-
      port for both of these most worthy endeavors.

      Tournament details will be announced soon. To become a sponsor,
                                                                                                                       CF personnel present
      donate prizes, or volunteer for the organizing committee, please contact
      me at tonyb@tonybelcourt.com or call me (613) 791-5056.                                                          to GBMC on “Black
      Mark your calendars. June 17, 2011, 1:00 PM
      Mississippi Golf Club, Appleton, ON
                                                                                                                       Bear” program
      Marci, Meegwich, Qujannamiik
      Tony                                                                                                             O     n November 28, 2010, at
                                                                                                                             our General Assembly, the
                                                                                                                       Georgian Bay Métis Council was
                                                                                                                                                                 Seven weeks in July and
                                                                                                                                                              August provide youth with cul-
                                                                                                                                                              tural awareness, general military
      For information on MNO Scholarship and Bursary Programs:                                                         pleased to offer the Métis citizens    knowledge, self-confidence, self-
      www.metisnation.org                                                                                              of Georgian Bay, a presentation        discipline, teamwork skills, physi-
      For information on the Wabano Expansion Project:                                                                 by Canadian Forces Base Borden.        cal fitness and life skills. It is open
      www.wabano.com                                                                                                   The “Black Bear” program is a          to Aboriginal youth aged 16 to 29
      For information on OCADU: www.ocad.ca                                                                            Canadian Forces Aboriginal Entry       and there are no obligations
      For information the Mississippi Golf Club:                                                                       Program.                               attached.
      www.mississippi-golfclub.com                                                                                        This is an employment train-           Georgian Bay Métis Council
                                                                                                                       ing opportunity for Aboriginal         presented the personnel from
                                                                                                                       youth from across Canada.              Base Borden with sashes.
WINTER 2011                                                                                                                                                                                   21


Taking a
real gamble
Texas Hold’Em, BINGO, Blackjack, Lotto, Casino, Stock market, Races?
Make a bet that counts. Invest wisely and join us!

       he Métis Nation of Ontario’s             Did you know youth have the                                      tion video has been developed            provide input to the Coordinator
       Aboriginal      Responsible           highest risk of developing gam-                                     which highlights the ease with           on the activities of the program and
       Gambling Program (ARGP)               bling related problems? The MNO                                     which one can become caught up           to ensure Métis cultural perspec-
       is generously funded by               has started to respond to this grow-                                in the “thrill” of gambling. This        tive is carefully minded throughout
       Ontario Ministry of Health            ing concern with the development                                    video implements real life scenar-       all activities. This said, we are look-
Promotion. This program strives to           of a “Leaders in Training Program”                                  ios such as paying bills and unex-       ing to fill a few vacancies on the
provide relevant and up-to-date              that will empower youth to                                          pected expenses that may have to         steering committee and encourage
information about gambling and               become role models in their com-                                    be addressed after “the thrill is        anyone interested to contact our
gambling related issues to Métis             munities and to educate their               Did you know            gone”. If your community is inter-       Provincial Coordinator at the head
people that will assist everyone in          peers. Upon completion of the pro-          youth have the          ested in hosting an event to assist      office.
making healthy choices about gam-            gram youth leaders can receive              highest risk            citizens in your area to embrace             Take a gamble that is worth-
bling. The information is available          credit for their mandatory 40 hours                                 healthy gambling practices, please       while. Just a little of your time and
across the province through the              of community service towards their          of developing           contact a health coordinator in          participation can play an important
coordination and distribution of             high school diploma with a letter of        gambling related        your area or the Provincial Aborigi-     role in making a positive impact in
gambling-related print materials,            recommendation from the Métis               problems?               nal Responsible Gambling Coordi-         our communities. If your commu-
partnerships and workshops.                  Nation of Ontario.                                                  nator at the MNO head office.            nity is interested in hosting such
   With an exciting new year ahead              We have many exciting new
                                                                                         The MNO has                 The MNO will also host steering      events, or you would like to partic-
of us, the MNO will focus on two             ideas to help spread the word               started to respond      committee meetings. The purpose          ipate in the Leaders in Training Pro-
key areas: Youth Gambling and                about responsible gambling. We are          to this growing         of our provincial gambling steering      gram or be part of our steering
Internet Gambling. With evolving             working with our staff and steering                                 committee is to review program           committee please contact our
trends and technologies, these two           committee across the province to
                                                                                         concern with the        goals, develop and review                Provincial Aboriginal Responsible
subjects have been identified at the         develop new culturally appropriate          development of a        resources, assure citizen engage-        Gambling Coordinator.
forefront as main concerns. To               resources and presentations that            “Leaders in Training    ment, and that our Provincial Coor-
keep up with this trend, join our            can be delivered to our communi-            Program”                dinator is on track to address the       CONTACT
Facebook group, “Métis Nation of             ties. We are also currently working                                 real needs of our citizens and is        Loma Rowlinson
Ontario Responsible Gambling”,               on a reference guide for referrals to                               able to maximize outreach to Métis       Provincial Aboriginal Responsible
where we will provide information            treatment programs, family coun-                                    communities across the province.         Gambling Coordinator
on responsible gambling, offer dis-          sellors and credit councillors                                      The role of a steering committee         Office: 1-800-722-4225
cussion forums, and some fun con-            throughout Ontario.                                                 member is to meet at least four          Cell: 613-299-2598
tests.                                          An educational casino simula-                                    times a year by videoconference to       lomar@metisnation.org

THUNDER BAY HEALTH BRANCH | JANUARY to MARCH                                                          HEALTHY LIVING

T-Bay’s Best                                                                                          Osteoporosis best
Imaginary Beach                                                                                       treated by prevention
by Joan Panizza                                    come. What to do? Try “March Métis Mad-            OSTEOPOROSIS CANADA                           should be from food sources. Dairy prod-
THUNNDER BAY                                       ness” from March 12th to 16th (March                                                             ucts such as milk, yogurt and cheese
                                                   Break). We will be planning quite a few
                                                                                                      announces new 2010 clinical                   offer the best sources of calcium, but
                                                                                                      practice guidelines for the
      inters can be long and cold. They            outings. Golf, bowling, and swimming                                                             other foods, such as canned salmon with
      can also be fun and invigorating. It         are just some of the ideas that have been          diagnosis and management                      bones, sardines, fortified beverages
      all depends on your point of view. At        tossed around.                                                                                   (orange juice, soy and rice beverage) and
the Thunder Bay Health Branch we                      Do any of these sound like your cup             of osteoporosis in Canada,                    almonds contain calcium too. Supple-
decided to embrace both faces of this              of tea? Would you like to try something            with focus on identifying                     ments are recommended if calcium
season.                                            else? Please pass on your suggestion. We                                                         intake from diet is not enough.
   On January 14th, we enjoyed a sleigh            are always looking for new activities for
                                                                                                      fracture risk                                    Vitamin D is vital to the absorption of
ride at Centennial Park. We met at the             the family.                                                                                      calcium and bone health. Osteoporosis

Métis Centre on May Street. From there                If any of these outings sound like                   here are almost two million Canadi-      Canada recommends daily supplementa-
we took a bus to the park to enjoy one of          something you’d like to attend please                   ans who live with osteoporosis, a dis-   tion of vitamin D3. For those under 50,
the city’s best loved winter activities.           call one of the Health Branch coordina-                 ease that causes bones to become         400-1000 International Units (IU) is rec-
Later we warmed up with chili and hot              tors to register:                                  thin and weak, resulting in fractures from    ommended, over 50, vitamin D3 intake
chocolate in the chalet before heading                                                                minimal trauma, such as a simple fall.        should be in the range of 800-2000 IU.
back to the centre at the end of the after-                    Tel: 807-624-5010                          Osteoporosis is often not diagnosed          Another lifestyle factor is to ensure
noon.                                                             Long Term Care                      until a fracture has occurred, most com-      adequate physical activity, both weight-
   On January 28th, we escaped to an                                                                  monly in the wrist, spine or hip.             bearing (walking and dancing) and resist-
imaginary beach for “Hawaii Day” at the                      Tel: 807-624-5012                            Risk factors for osteoporosis and frac-   ance exercise such as lifting weights.
Complex where we enjoyed a swim and a                  Community Action Program for Children          ture include being 65 or older; a parent         Individuals should check with their
soak in a hot tub.                                                                                    having had a hip fracture; having a frac-     healthcare professional before starting
   During February we are looking for-                        Tel: 807-624-5013                       ture after age 40; low bone mass; ciga-       any new program. It’s never too early or
ward to a partnership with the Ogden                  Canadian Pre-Natal Post-Natal Program           rette smoking; excessive alcohol intake;      too late to make healthy choices for your
Community Centre. This Winter Carnival                                                                and long-term use of gluccocorticoid          bone health and reduce your risk of
Celebration on February 11, 12 and 13                          Tel: 807-624-5016                      medication, such as prednisone.               osteoporosis and related fractures.
will see all kinds of activities for kids of all        Aboriginal Healthy Babies / Children              To keep bones healthy, the new guide-
ages. Be sure to check in with us to find                                                             lines indicate that adults 19 to 50 need          For more information visit:
out what’s planned.                                            Tel: 807-624-5022                      1000 milligrams (mg) of calcium daily,            www.osteoporosis.ca
   By the time March comes around win-                         Community Wellness                     while those over 50 require 1200 mil-             or phone 1-800-463-6482
ter does seem to be overstaying its wel-                                                              ligrams. As much as possible, the calcium
22                                                                                                                                                                                        MÉTIS VOYAGEUR

 LOUIS RIEL DAY • November 16, 2010                                          MNO HEALTH | ONE STAFF MEMBER’S JOURNEY

 Whose History?
 from page 16

 Pierre Guillaume Sayer, Louis
                                                                             “And there I was picking a number and
 Riel, Gabriel Dumont, James
 Ross, and Johnny Grant. The
 trajectory of this “historio-
                                                                             waiting in line at the local food bank...”
 graphical” tradition deviates
 little from Canada’s national                                               By TerryLynn Longpre                     was 3 points. Oh there is the cook-             this?” This takes time and trans-
                                                                                                                      ing oil. Oh my Gosh, it is 5 points;            portation. This is a job in itself! My

 narrative and, as a result,                                                        here is not one MNO Health
 within the Canada’s narrative                                                      Branch Worker I know who          can’t get that. What can I get that is          third lesson in poverty: Obstacles. I
 of Métis history we see the                                                        would not go the extra mile       healthy and yet satiating? I truly felt         was about to once again not only
 battle between civilization and                                                    for our citizens and their        the burden of the client’s poverty as           look poverty in the eyes, but feel
 savagery, the advance of the                                                       community. I have often           I tried to pick out the most food I             the poverty in my body, heart and
 metropole and decline of the                                                prided myself and my esteemed            could get for 14 points--never mind             soul as a person in need.
 frontier, and the tradition of                                              colleagues on our due diligence;         now the healthy aspect. This mis-                   I arrived early and was told to
 the great man. Several things                                               but is “due diligence” enough?           sion was about quantity, not quality!           wait 15 minutes until they opened.
 should appear obviously lack-                                                                                        My neck and shoulders were liter-               Okay, now I am feeling a bit irritated
 ing. Where are the women             isn’t their story, their narra-        Wednesday November 24, 2010              ally aching from the weight of what             yet chastised by those who would
 and what about the regions           tive, theirs. That’s because           On this particular cold day I            I so arrogantly thought was a “sim-             be helping me. What is the big deal
 inhabited by Métis west of the       right now, it isn’t, but that can      received a call from a citizen--a        ple task.”                                      about 15 minutes? Fifteen minutes
 Rockies, south of the 49th par-      and will change.                       mother of two children, living in            Upon leaving I had just two bags            later I once again arrived; I was told
 allel, or east of Lake Winnipeg?         I want to end with an espe-        subsidized housing. She was in           full. The kind gentleman offered                to pick a number.
 What may be less obvious but         cially appropriate statement           need of food and had no trans-           me a small frozen pizza and some                    And so there I was picking a
 nonetheless lacking from             about the state of Métis histo-        portation with which to access the       frozen cupcakes for the kids. I then            number and waiting in line. Hence,
 these interpretive lenses is our     riography from two Métis               food bank. I thought to myself, “this    picked up my ration of bread. Upon              my fourth lesson in poverty:
 perspective. We have to ask          scholars, Bruce Sealy and              should be simple; I will just go to      leaving I noticed the room was                  Patience. At that precise moment I
 whether recreating Métis his-        Antoine Lussier.                       the food bank and pick it up.” So,       absolutely full of people in need. I            was no different from anybody in
 tory in the image of Canadian            The dominant question              with great confidence and bravado        had just learned my first lesson in             the community seeking help.
 historiographical traditions         was how cultures and environ-          I set out on my quest for food!          poverty: Humility.                                  I saw a table that had different
 indeed tells us anything about       ment could be modified and                 I entered one of the local food          When I delivered the food that              food items on it; this time there was
 the Métis historical experience      this fundamental question was          banks only to find, that I was the       day to the client she was filled with           a sign: “Select three at your own
 and if not, why are we contin-       personified in the Métis. To           first one there, great! There were       gratitude and expected no more.                 risk.” These items were “expired”.
 uing to accept this deficiency       observers at the time [that is         loaves of bread piled on a table;        My second lesson in poverty:                        When it was my turn, I went
 in the historical tradition?         the 19th century] it seemed            could I just take some? It must not      Thankfulness.                                   through the same process as the
     We can’t expect or wait for      the choices were clear cut.            be very fresh. I proceeded to give           If those were not enough, there             day before even though I had a let-
 anyone else to write our his-        The mixed bloods could                 my business card to the reception-       were more lessons to come.                      ter of authorization from the client.
 tory, our story, from our per-       become nomads of the woods             ist and explained to her that I was                                                      I was told that I must also have the
 spective. Instead, it is us that     and the plains or they could           here to pick up food for my client.      Journal Part II                                 client’s statement of earnings, chil-
 must take on this responsibil-       become as Europeans and be             Immediately, there seemed to be a        Thursday November 25, 2010                      dren’s identification and a phone
 ity. We need to take seriously       governed by the pen and the            great deal of confusion surround-        On this morning I had to complete               call from the client. I felt raw and
 the scholarship about us and         plough. The Métis chose nei-           ing my request. Suddenly, my cre-        my task of obtaining food for my                vulnerable. Is this what a person in
 engage with it in the academy        ther one, they pulled both             dentials meant nothing. What I           client. I had been informed by the              need must go through to ask for
 drawing from our rich oral and       ways incessantly and sought a          thought was a simple task, became        first food bank that I could seek out           help? This is a totally invasive and
 literary traditions to interpret,    compromise between Euro-               a huge ordeal! I was asked if I had a    another local bank to fortify the               shameful process. I was then sent
 analyze and engage with his-         pean and Indian ways,                  letter of authorization from the         small amount I was allowed.                     downstairs to pick up my food.
 tory. It is in the manner that       between paganism and Chris-            client. I was asked if I had her tele-   “Whew, how does everybody do                        This time, I did not have the lux-
 we’ll be able to produce a           tianity; between hunting and           phone number. How many chil-                                                             ury of picking out my food. My fate
 body of scholarship that is          agriculture.                           dren? Why wasn’t the client picking                                                      rested in the hands of two volun-
 about us—not just what we’ve             This idea about the intrinsic      the food up? What is her recent            Poverty Stats                                 teers. I am quiet, observing. “Wow,
 done—but also an interpre-           quality of Métis history, as first     address? How many people does                                                            I get milk and eggs!” Then I simply
 tive lens to explain how and         articulated by Sealy and               she have registered with us?                                                             asked if they have any meat; where-
 why our ancestors acted,             Lussier in their 1975 book,                What? I am just here to pick up        • Almost four in ten Aboriginal               upon, I was given bacon! Oh, this is
 behaved, chose, to do what           “The Métis: Canada’s Forgot-           food; I did not even bring the client        people in Thunder Bay live                  too good to be true. I am so happy!
 they did in the manner in            ten People”, appears to be stat-       file with me. Then I thought, “Ter-          below the low-income cut-off.               I cannot wait to deliver this food to
 which they did it.                   ing the obvious to the point           ryLynn you are so naive”.                  • Nearly one in five Aboriginal               my client, and so I did.
     It’s no longer enough to         that they may indeed be                    After much cajoling, reiterating         people in Kenora lives below                     My quest was completed.
 demand that Canadian histori-        redundant. Yet, perhaps it is          the circumstances that brought me            the low-income cut-off.                         This worker had learned the les-
 ans get it right. We have the        because Sealy and Lussier              there and with the promise of a            • Too many Aboriginal people                  sons well. From this experience I
 opportunities to do this work        stated the obvious that we             phone call from my client, I was             live in poverty in Canada. The              have gained an in depth under-
 ourselves and influence wider        haven’t really heard the mes-          authorized to proceed to the food            statistics speak for them-                  standing and a broader perspective
 historiographies that we have        sage. In the thirty-five years         bank.                                        selves.**                                   about poverty and those in need.
 impacted and it’s time to            since these words first                    When I reached the food bank           • Recent Census data shows that               For one to even reach out and ask
 begin encouraging our youth          appeared in print, we have nei-        there was an elderly gentleman (He           23 per cent of Aboriginal peo-              for help is a huge undertaking that
 to become scholars and not           ther embraced nor under-               looked like a soft soul.) standing           ple live in houses in need of               involves many personal issues and
 simply pursue professional           stood who our people were              inside a relatively small room with          major repairs, compared to                  great disclosure; I applaud each
 degrees. Law schools across          and so our ability to articulate       shelves scantily stocked with                just 7 per cent of the non-                 and every one of you!
 Canada have been amazing             how “Métisness”, that is how           canned goods and lots of macaroni.           Aboriginal population.**                        Métis Citizens and readers I
 recruiters of our young peo-         Métis identity, was, and is cur-       At that precise moment I instinc-          • The majority of Inuit people in             leave you with this:
 ple and we see the fruits of         rently, expressed is profoundly        tively knew I was no different from          Canada live in remote arctic                    Mathew 25:35
 that effort everywhere we            lacking in both depth and              any other person in the community            communities that make it diffi-                 For I was an hungered, and ye
 look. We have been less suc-         breadth. The obvious is in fact        seeking help.                                cult for them to access medical             gave me meat; I was thirsty, and ye
 cessful at producing humanist        a sophisticated, highly intellec-          Since I was deemed a “family of          services and consumer goods.                gave me drink; I was a stranger
 and social science scholars          tualized articulation of Métis-        three,” I was awarded 14 points. I           A 2005 Statistics Canada                    and ye took me in(:36) Naked and
 with the same passion and            ness that most fully expresses         boldly said to the gentleman, “I             report found that 56 per cent               ye clothed me; I was sick and ye
 commitment to history, litera-       the complexity of the 19th             thought we just had a food drive?”           of Nunavut respondents stated               visited me; I was in prison and ye
 ture, political studies, sociol-     century’s “New Nation” and             He explained that the food col-              that their household lacked the             came unto me.
 ogy, geography, and other dis-       it’s time we listened, wrote,          lected had yet to be distributed to          money over the past year to
 ciplines. I’ve heard our youth       and articulated our own com-           the local food banks, hence, the             buy enough quality food to eat.                Coincidentally, while writing of
 say that they don’t like history     plexity to Canada, to Canadi-          barely filled shelves. I am embar-           In the north, junk food is often            this experience the local newspaper
 because it’s boring—really           ans, and to ourselves.                 rassed.                                      much cheaper than nutritious                published a challenge to its readers
 what they are saying is that it                                      ∞          I asked the man: “How does this          food, because it is so much                 from the organization “Bridges
                                                                             work?” I now felt somewhat hum-              easier to ship. **                          Community Health Centre.” The
                                                                             bled and regretful for my ignorant         • One in four First Nations chil-             challenge: To live on a food bank
                    Dr. Brenda Macdougall holds the Chair of                                                                                                          diet for three days. It is their hope
                                                                             attitude thus far. He explained that         dren lives in poverty.**
                    Métis Studies at UOttawa Dr. Macdougall’s work
                                                                             with my 14 points I could shop                                                           that the challenge will “spur people
                    has been rooted in Métis families and Métis
                                                                             from the shelves. All goods were           * These data are based on the before tax      to become more vocal.” I entered a
                    communities. Some of her research to date is cap-                                                      LICO. (Germain Marie France, 2006
                                                                             marked with designated points.                                                           team on behalf of the MNO and the
                    tured in her recently released book. Called “One of                                                    Aboriginal Profile. Statistics Canada).
                                                                                 As I shopped I thought of my           ** PSAC Fact Sheet National Aboriginal Peo-   journey will be told to you in the
                    the Family,” it explores Métis culture in 19th century
                                                                             client’s needs. Tuna was 1 point,             ples' Day, June 21, 2008                   spring edition of the Voyageur. Stay
                    north-western Saskatchewan.
                                                                             macaroni was 4 points, and cereal                                                        tuned.
WINTER 2011                                                                                                                                                                                 23

                                                                                                                          Métis Senators

A tribute to our Senators
      t the start of a powwow it is                                                 tors pass over. It is          path set by our Senators, past and        are like the long grass; they bend,
      the job of the grass dancers
      to flatten the grass of the
                                                           SENATORS’                because of their hard
                                                                                    work and the hard
                                                                                                                   present, will ensure our position
                                                                                                                   as a proud and strong Aboriginal
                                                                                                                                                             and then they bounce right back
                                                                                                                                                             up. Sometimes the path must be
      arena. Now this may be a                             SPOTLIGHT                work of our Senators in        people within Canada. We mourn            walked on many times before the
First Nations’ tradition but I                                                      our councils, our Hon-         the recent death of our Senators,         direction becomes entrenched.
believe it to be an example we can                         BY RETA GORDON           ourary Senators, and           but we celebrate their lives. They        One foot after another our Sena-
relate to. We in the Métis Nation                          PCMNO SENATOR            those on the PCMNO             will always be with us in spirit;         tors have lead the way and they
have our own “grass dancers”.                                                       that our strength has          their contributions and achieve-          continue to ensure that we don't
Perhaps it is not an arena they         edge, their strength, and sense of increased. Their understandings         ments will be their lasting tributes      stray off the path.
flatten, the grass that our Métis       community, our political leaders of our teachings and their tenac-         to their time with us.                       Thank you to all the Senators
grass dancers beat down is a path       are able to enter the arena and ity have ensured a firm, sound                 I wish to pay tribute to our Sen-     of our Nation. I am proud to walk
for our future generation to fol-       advance our Nation. Our Senators base for our people to travel. The        ators: all those who have gone            alongside of you and I ask the
low. It is our Senators I refer to.     have set the groundwork and laid Métis road is not without bumps,          before us and those with us today.        Creator to give us the strength to
They have set out our path; flat-       the foundation.                    but more important, it has been         If there is one thing I have learned      continue on this journey.
tened down the way, and set our            Over the past few months we flattened in a respectful manner            from all those Senators it is a
direction. Because of their knowl-      have had a number of our Sena- in tune with Mother Earth. The              sense of optimism. Our Senators


Our flag, sash     Sash &
and a little taste feather
of bannock         And while we’re at
                   it—a tribute to Reta
by Senator Verna Porter                 which our minister blessed and

Moon River Métis Council                passed around to three congrega-           eta Gordon seems to be
                                        tions. It was an honour to have            everywhere, looking after

        hile speaking with Senator      participated in this event.                everyone and everything.
        Reta Gordon at the AGA in           In June, we held a “Soirée”       Role models are not just to
        Thunder Bay this past sum-      with the Métis Fiddler Quartet in     inspire our youth; sometimes
        mer we discussed a              Gravenhurst. I had the privilege      those of us who haven’t been a
newsletter which I had done over        of introducing them.                  “youth” for a long time need a
the past year which included                                                  little inspiration. Reta is that
events and things that might
interest other Senators and that
they, in turn, might want to share
                                           “My Métis flag
                                           which I fly proudly
                                                                              inspiration. She was recently
                                                                              presented with an Eagle
                                                                              Feather by Minwashin Lodge.
                                                                                                                   The Solitary
some of their stories as well. So
here it is.
    January 2010 came in with
                                           beside my Cana-
                                           dian flag drew a
                                           lot of attention.
                                                                              She was also a prominent
                                                                              speaker on Parliament Hill this
                                                                              fall in support of Sisters in
very cold weather. We had about            It’s surprising how                Spirit where nearly 400 people       He may not be a Métis citizen,
three days of -20 or more. So, if          many people still                  gathered for this 5th Annual
that doesn't give you a jump start         don't know who                     Sisters in Spirit Vigil.             but he has a Métis Heart!
nothing will. I also started a New                                                Even though more than 2%
                                           the Métis are.”
Year with my life as a widow when                                             of the over 600 Aboriginal           By TerryLynn Longpre                      provide greater service to those
my husband of 40 years passed                                                 women who have been mur-             Community Wellnes Coordinator             citizens in need.
away. With the support of family,          Of course, I must also mention     dered or are missing in Canada       WELLAND                                       In the fall 2009, at our Annual
friends, my Métis family and of         the G-8 held here in Huntsville.      are Métis, this was the first time                                             Harvest Dinner we raffled off

course the Creator, I have been         We--my son and daughter and           a Métis Elder had been invited              is name is Joseph Walter           Joe’s carvings. We made enough
able to move on and embrace life        family--were grounded for about       to speak on this terrible situa-            Horvat, born September 29,         money to buy a new fridge,
each day as Doug and the Creator        48 hours because of the close         tion.                                       1937. He is a wood carver,         microwave stand, cutlery and
would have wanted me to.                proximity of the resort where the         And what else has Reta been             poet, hunter, fisherman,           other small items to furnish our
    I have attended many MNO            VIPs were staying. My Métis flag      doing? She and Métis veteran         trapper, teacher, chef and above          kitchen. I cannot tell you the dif-
meetings as a Senator of Moon           which I fly proudly beside my         Shaun Redmond participated           all else, a father.                       ference it has made to the staff,
River Council and have always           Canadian flag drew a lot of atten-    in national Remembrance Day              We must always remember to            citizens and all the services we
come back home with something           tion. It’s surprising how many        ceremonies in Ottawa, by lay-        thank those who helped us along           offer!
I've learned--even if it was using      people still don't know who the       ing a wreath at the national         the way. In my humble opinion,                Please take a look at Joe’s
the staff elevator in a Toronto         Métis are. So there was a bit of      cenotaph on behalf of all the        this man deserves a great deal of         beautiful carving and join me in
hotel because the regular eleva-        education going on not far from       citizens of the MNO.                 thanks.                                   thanking him for helping us
tor was full to capacity at all times   where the “Big Talks” were taking         On Riel Day, Reta was at             When I started with the Métis         along the way.
because of a student conference         place.                                Queen’s Park to lay a wreath.        Nation of Ontario in May, 2009,               Joe, on behalf of the Métis
with over 400 students.                    I have also been a guest               In September, Reta repre-        Joe offered to donate over $1000.         Nation of Ontario I would like to
    I have made my share of ban-        speaker at a United Church            sented the Métis Nation at the       worth of his wood carvings to the         take this opportunity to thank
nock this year. During the annual       women group. I have attended          Four Directions Aboriginal Stu-      Welland office so that we could           you for your great contributions
fish fry at the “Rendezvous” in         three schools this year celebrating   dent Centre at Queen's Univer-       raise money to upgrade our facil-         and help along the way!
September I demonstrated cook-          National Aboriginal Day. Again,       sity in Kingston for the 4th         ities; doing so would enable us to
ing the bannock over an open            over 400 students in one of the       Annual Educational Powwow,
fire. At the AGA in Thunder Bay,        schools, so more bannock was          “Celebrating the Harvest of the                                 Solitary Carver
Louise Goulding, our Chair, Larry       needed--and a wee bit of pure         Three Sisters”.                                                By Joseph Walter Horvat
Duval our Council President of          maple syrup. I was also asked for         During Aboriginal Aware-
Moon River and I held another           an opening prayer at a sympo-         ness Week, 2010, Reta per-
demonstration with great results.       sium put on by our district school    formed the opening ceremony                                   A carver’s knife, I hold in my hand,
We had people share how they            board with guest speaker, Joseph      for the Métis celebration held                              Carving things both humble and grand.
cook bannock with different             Boyden.                               by the Treasury Board of                                 Seeing what they want, people look a while,
ingredients to make special                As I write this, we are now        Canada Secretariat.                                   Some pieces are comical and make them smile.
desserts or even putting a wiener       winding down a very successful            We could fill an entire                               Others stand out with appearance so bold,
on a stick and then wrapping            year I would say. If we can be        Voyageur with Reta’s activities,                           While others are too beautiful to behold.
your bannock around it. It’s great      present in our communities and        but even that would not do jus-                     But the time will come when my life’s work is done;
sharing ideas as well as friends        share our flag, our sash and a lit-   tice to this dynamic woman’s                                 I will finally carve my last setting sun.
made along the way. On Sunday,          tle taste of bannock, we have         heart and spirit.                                               But if you look closely in the sky,
June 6th, the United Church I           made a difference.                        Thank you Reta for all you                            I will be carving the clouds as they drift by.
belong to had communion Sun-               I wish you all health, happi-      do; you do inspire us.                                 I will always be learning and training my hand,
day and again I made bannock            ness, love and blessings in 2011.                        — Linda Lord                   Because I was taught by the master who first carved man.
24                                                                                                                                                                              MÉTIS VOYAGEUR

 Arts & Culture
Fresh isTracks resource                                                                                                                                      Fresh Tracks
                                                                                                                                                             is about the
Audio recording an important Métis                                                                                                                           wanderings of
                                                                                                                                                             a lonely spirit
By CHRIS PACI                           you too can go to Dr Chrétien’s          trapper called Black Sam”. Black       her in the same way as John Ral-     who returns to
                                        thesis, completed in 2005, to read       Sam is the first cut on the CD and     ston Saul, who erroneously
                                                                                                                                                             earth to find

     r. Annette Chrétien has            a bit more. National Library of          as listeners we follow his tracks      paints Canada as a Métis civiliza-
     recorded a brilliant CD called     Canada has her thesis on line, just      back into the past to find the ori-    tion. Chrétien’s knowledge is        his lost song.
     “Fresh Tracks”. The CD has         search “Fresh Tracks in Dead Air:        gins of an important part of the       more personal and much better
     seven rich tracks made up of       Mediating Contemporary Métis             Ontario Métis community. The           informed than Mr Saul’s. This his-
sound recordings from a one-            Identities through Music and Sto-        francophone and Michif tracks          tory will appeal to those who        Favourite Song”. Give it a listen
hour radio programme. Each is a         rytelling.”                              are some of the most compelling        have a broad and inclusive vision    and I hope you will agree with me
deeply researched mix of Métis             In her liner notes, Dr Chrétien       features of this attractive and        of Métis, one which continues to     when I say three cheers for
music samples, interviews with          stated that “Fresh Tracks is about       compelling CD.                         cross the imaginary boundaries,      Annette Chrétien, a strong Métis
Métis, and story-telling. After one     the wanderings of a lonely spirit           Some people may find Dr.            cultural and linguistic divides,     woman, a fine Métis scholar, and
hour I was personally left wanting      who returns to earth to find his         Chrétien’s political history a bit     established by Canada.               a valuable member of the Métis
more and if you are like me, then       lost song. It is the spirit of a Métis   challenging. But don’t think of           In the end we hear “Sam’s         community in Ontario.

                                                                                                                          Canadian Aboriginal
Finding our way                                                                                                           Music Awards handed
           The medicine wheel is a full circle of teachings that encompasses                                              out it Hamilton
         personal wisdom, knowledge and power. All this serves to provide us
      with a peaceful way of understanding the whole of life perfectly framed in

                                                                                                                             n 2010, the Canadian Aboriginal Festival moved to the Copps
     a circle,to illustrate the need for us to be in harmony with the greater whole.                                         Coliseum in Hamilton, where nearly 1000 native dancers and
                                                  — Tim Yearington                                                           drum singing groups from across North America joined
                                                                                                                             together for three spectacular Grand Entries.
By LINDA LORD                                                                    was profound. Nature was talking            The 12th Annual Canadian Aboriginal Music Awards gala was
                                                                                 to my spirit.                            staged at the Hamilton Place Theatre on November 26th, 2010.

      quick look at Google will                                                     “Guided by my own trails in           More than 300 entrants were judged by 90 jurors drawn from the
      reveal more than a million                                                 the wilderness, I found myself           Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal music industry, and the winners are:
      hits for “medicine wheel                                                   upon a sacred path that led me to
      teachings”. So the potential                                               the wisdom of the medicine                      BEST ALBUM COVER DESIGN                BEST MALE ARTIST
reader is certainly justified in ask-                                            wheel. And along the way I found               Chippewa Travellers            Wayne Lavallee - Trail of Tears
ing: “what makes this book differ-                                               my own true colours and that lost          All My Relations: Kina naag                    •••
ent?” The answer is that this is a                                               ‘red’ part of me that had been                   dawen daagnak                        BEST MUSIC VIDEO
book that will resonate with                                                     missing for so long.”                                  •••                   Digging Roots - Spring to Come
many Métis. It is a philosophical                                                   “The medicine wheel is a com-                BEST ALBUM OF THE YEAR                    •••
account of a man looking for his                                                 pass that helps us find our way                  Eagle and Hawk                      BEST ORIGINAL SCORE
identity, and most of us have                                                    using the four directions of east,             The Great Unknown                Red Sky (Sandra Laronde)
been down that road.                                                             south, west and north.” Tim                            •••                                Tono
    An old Native proverb states,                                                explains: “At a deeper level, the                  BEST BLUES ALBUM                       •••
“If you find fear in your heart, go                                              four directions hold ‘medicine’                    Joel Johnson               BEST POW WOW CONTEMPORARY ALBUM
into the mountains. Stand high                                                   that teaches us about the four            Joel Johnson Blues Joose Vol. 1          Cree Confederation
on the peak and watch the storm                                                  parts we all have: the emotional,                       •••                          Pakosiyimitan
come from the horizon. See the                                                   physical, spiritual and mental                    BEST COUNTRY ALBUM                      •••
lightning, hear the thunder, and        teachings. Tim’s new 146 page            parts of ourselves. The teachings                 Desiree Dorion               BEST POW WOW ALBUM TRADITIONAL
know that all this power is small       book, THAT NATIVE THING –                of the medicine wheel help us                     Soul Back Jack                   Chippewa Travellers
in comparison to the power the          Exploring the Medicine Wheel is          balance our four parts in order to                     •••                     All My Relations: Kina naag
Great Spirit has to protect you.”       published by Borealis Press in           bring harmony to our ‘earth walk’                  BEST FEMALE ARTIST                dawen daagnak
    So, finding fear in his own         Ottawa (ISBN 978-0-88887-411-5)          so we can make peace with our-                      Leela Gilday                           •••
heart, Tim Yearington, a self-iden-     and sells for $19.95.                    selves in life.”                                Calling All Warriors               BEST PRODUCER ENGINEER
tified Métis man living in                 Tim says: “…As I was scouting            Illuminated by Tim’s own                             •••                     Red Sky (Sandra Laronde)
Muskoka, did just that. From what       out routes for the creation of new       paintings, artwork, photos and                     BEST FIDDLE ALBUM                      Tono
he found in the mountains of            hiking trails in the mountains, I        diagrams, this is a little book with         Brad Moggie - All Fired Up                   •••
Ontario’s Madawaska Highlands           began to see how the land, its           a big message.                                         •••                        Best Rap or Hip Hop Album
he wrote a book in order to share       plants, trees, animals and birds                                                        BEST FOLK ACOUSTIC ALBUM         FEENIX (Shawn Bernard)
what he had learned about Native        were teaching me about myself. It                                                           Wayne Lavallee                   Collabanation
                                                                                                                                    Trail of Tears                        •••
                                                                                                                                         •••                       BEST RAP OR HIP HOP VIDEO
THE 12th ANNUAL NATIVE AMERICAN MUSIC AWARDS:                                                                                      BEST GROUP OR DUO             FEENIX (Shawn Bernard)
                                                                                                                                  Eagle and Hawk                         Strong

Canadians win at NAMA                                                                                                           The Great Unknown
                                                                                                                                 BEST HAND DRUM ALBUM
                                                                                                                                                                       BEST ROCK ALBUM
                                                                                                                                                               Wayne Lavallee - Trail of Tears

     he awards were held Novem-         riginal People's Choice Music            five-piece band won for its self-          Northern Cree - Temptations                    •••
     ber 12, 2010, at the Seneca        Awards; Best Male Artist, Best           titled debut CD, beating out Man-                     •••                             BEST SONG SINGLE
     Niagara Hotel and Casino in        Country Album and Best Album of          itoba veteran rockers Eagle &                   BEST INSTRUMENTAL ALBUM               Joel Johnson
     Niagara Falls, New York.           the Year (“Life Is Calling My            Hawk (“The Great Unknown”)                   Arvel Bird - Red River Jig      Joel Johnson Blues Joose Vol. 1
Canadians in the winners’ circle        Name”) at the 2007 Canadian Abo-         and Barrie, Ontario, Digging                            •••                                •••
included Shane Yellowbird, Dig-         riginal Music Awards.                    Roots (“We Are”).                               BEST INTERNATIONAL ALBUM              BEST SONG WRITER
ging Roots, and Segweh.                     Yellowbird was also nominated            The well-known Métis Fiddler          Gabriel Ayala - Remembrance            CerAmony - CerAmony
   Shane Yellowbird won Best            for the 2008 Juno Award for Coun-        Quartet was nominated for Best
Country Recording for his second        try Recording of the Year, for “Life     Instrumental Recording for their
album, It’s about Time, which was       Is Calling My Name”.                     “Tribute to Walter Flett” but lost
released on November 17, 2009,              Digging Roots won a Native           out to “Hitchin’ a Ride” by Nokie
and features the single, “Bare Feet     American Music Award for Best                 Edwards.
on the Blacktop”.                       Pop Album and had previously
   Yellowbird’s past accomplish-        won an Aboriginal Peoples
ments include: Best New Artist,         Choice Music Award for
Single of the Year (“Beautiful Con-     Best Blues Album and a
cept”) and Best Video (“Beautiful       2010 Juno for Aborigi-
Concept”) at the 2006 Aboriginal        nal Album of the Year.
People's Choice Music Awards;               The Winnipeg Abo-
Aboriginal Entertainer of the Year,     riginal rock band,
Best Country CD (“Life Is Calling       Segweh, took home
My Name”) and Best Music Video          the NAMA for Best                                                                 Opening Ceremonies of the Canadian Aboriginal Festival in
(“Pickup Truck”) at the 2007 Abo-       Rock Recording. The                                                               Hamilton at Copps Coliseum.
WINTER 2011                                                                                                                                                                               25


MNO and University of Sudbury
sign historic agreement
MNO welcomes creation                                                                                                MNO in order to better identify       Training branch. Like all past
of Centre Louis-Riel at                                                                                              and operationalize educational        MOUs, the agreement with the
                                                                                                                     opportunities for the Métis of this   University of Sudbury builds on
Collège Boréal in Sudbury                                                                                            province” said Dr. Zundel. He fur-    the MNO-Ontario Framework
                                                                                                                     ther stipulated that “our tri-cul-    Agreement, which the province

      n November 18, 2010, the                                                                                       tural and bilingual environment       signed with the MNO two years
      University of Sudbury and                                                                                      continues to influence our overall    ago.”
      the Métis Nation of Ontario                                                                                    approach and makes this partner-          The occasion also marks the
      signed a Memorandum of                                                                                         ship a logical step forward.”         establishment of a new Métis bur-
Understanding (MOU). MNO                                                                                                 The MOU with the University       sary for all Métis students meeting
Chair, France Picotte, represented                                                                                   of Sudbury is part of a process of    the requirements as set out by the
the MNO and Dr. Pierre Zundel,                                                                                       building bilateral partnerships       University of Sudbury and the
President and Vice-chancellor                                                                                        with post-secondary institutions      MNO.
represented the University of           MNO Chair, France Picotte and Dr. Pierre Zundel, President                   that began with an earlier MOU            Both the MOU and the open-
Sudbury. Chair Picotte also joined      of the University of Sudbury (right), join others in celebrations            signed between the MNO and the        ing of Centre Louis-Riel are a tes-
in celebrations for the opening of      for the opening of the new Centre Louis-Riel within Collège                  Ministry of Training, Colleges and    tament to the hard work going on
the new Centre Louis-Riel within        Boréal in Sudbury.                                                           Universities. According to Presi-     to improve post-secondary edu-
Collège Boréal in Sudbury.                                                                                           dent Lipinski, “this MOU is a sig-    cation for Métis across Ontario.
   The MOU with the University         “The University of Sudbury is the      gramming offered at the univer-        nificant achievement for the Métis    They represent great strides
of Sudbury will help to address        eighth post-secondary institution      sity addresses those unique            people in Ontario because it          made by the Sudbury Métis Coun-
the labour needs of Métis people       in the province to recognize and       needs,” explained MNO President        demonstrates a commitment to          cil in cooperation with the MNO
in Ontario by increasing participa-    address the unique needs of            Gary Lipinski.                         forge a lasting relationship          Education and Training Branch.
tion in, and access to University of   Métis and to agree to work in              “We are proud to have estab-       between post-secondary institu-                                        ∞
Sudbury programs and services.         partnership to ensure that pro-        lished this relationship with the      tions and the MNO Education and

Centre Louis-Riel opens doors to                                                                                                                            MNO BURSARIES

Métis students at Collège Boréal                                                                                                                            Assisting
by Clement Benoit
SUDBURY -- Collège Boréal held
an official opening at its Centre
Louis-Riel on November 18, 2010.
This new centre, located in the
                                                                                                                                                            MNO has always placed
heart of the college’s main cam-                                                                                                                            and continues to place
pus in Sudbury, provides Métis                                                                                                                              a high emphasis on
students a vast array of services in
a culturally responsive environ-
                                                                                                                                                            ensuring educational
ment conducive to their aca-                                                                                                                                opportunities for Métis
demic success.
   The Centre Louis-Riel facilities
include mainly work stations, a                                                                                                                             by Gary Lipinski
seminar room and a relaxation                                                                                                                               President, MNO
space. The Centre Louis-Riel also

offers tutoring, help with career                                                                                                                                s you know, MNO has
placement and the application                                                                                                                                    always placed and will con-
process for student financial assis-                                                                                                                             tinue to place a high
tance.                                                                                                                                                      emphasis on ensuring the
   In addition to government offi-                                                                                                                          best possible education for
cials, Collège Boréal also received                                                                                                                         our students and citizens. As
France Picotte, Vice-Chair of the      PCMNO Councillor, Maurice Sarrazin; MNO Chair, France Picotte; Region 5 Captain of the Hunt,                         well, MNO has and will con-
Métis Nation of Ontario. “I am         Richard Sarrazin; President of the University of Sudbury, Dr. Pierre Zundel, and others at the                       tinue to make significant
particularly pleased and hon-          opening of the Centre Louis-Riel.                                                                                    investments in post-secondary
oured to be here for the official                                                                                                                           education, including scholar-
opening of the Centre Louis-Riel”,     Ontario and Canada is immeasur-        to be studying at a College which      were on hand for the presenta-         ships and bursaries at some
she said. “This resource centre is     able. More than ever, Collège          acknowledges my Métis origin           tion of a handmade traditional         32 institutions across Ontario.
tangible proof of the work being       Boréal wants to preserve the his-      and my Franco-Ontarian identity.”      canoe, symbol of the great expe-       Each year, these institutions
done by Collège Boréal and its         tory of these founding peoples,            Collège Boréal has often dis-      ditions undertaken by the Métis        provide scholarships to eligi-
commitment to ensuring that the        while at the same time contribut-      tinguished itself by implementing      voyageurs.                             ble Métis students based on
culture and heritage of the Métis      ing to the realization of the aspi-    programs and services aimed at            2010 is a very special year for     endowments MNO has estab-
Nation can be fully supported and      rations of their descendants.”         Métis and Aboriginal populations.      the Métis as both the Province of      lished.
appreciated.”                              Collège Boréal also took the       Among these is the collaboration       Ontario and the Government of              Helping Métis individuals,
   In August of 2009, Collège          opportunity to unveil two new          with the Métis Council of Sudbury      Canada have declared this year         families and communities has
Boréal and the Métis Nation of         programs at this official opening      for the protection of the fish habi-   the Year of the Métis. As well, the    and will continue to be one of
Ontario signed a first memoran-        which are dedicated to Aboriginal      tat at Richard Lake and Daisy          16th of November commemo-              our highest priorities. It is
dum of understanding whereby           and Métis students: Electrician        Lake; in Nipissing, a number of        rated the 125th anniversary of         rewarding to see how the
the partners would work together       and Carpentry. A number of pro-        programs are offered, among            Louis Riel’s execution.                work that so many of you do
to better meet the specific needs      grams at Collège Boréal have           them Carpentry, at the Garden                                                 within your respective regions
of the Métis people in Ontario.        options geared to the First            Village reserve; as well as a num-     “Promoting knowledge and a             and communities all comes
Denis Hubert, President of Col-        Nations, such as Police Founda-        ber of contract training programs      vibrant culture”: This is Collège      together to assist Métis learn-
lège Boréal, said that over and        tions. Métis student, Sean Mar-        for Aboriginal and Métis students      Boréal’s vision, a French-lan-         ers. Each of you should take
above supporting aboriginal and        cotte who is enrolled in Police        offered     on      demand        at   guage institution of post-second-      pride as I do in seeing young
Métis persons, he appreciates the      Foundations is thrilled to see the     Attawapiskat, Constance Lake,          ary and skills training, estab-        people benefit from MNO
value-added benefit of this cul-       Centre Louis-Riel open: “Thanks        Sudbury and Timmins.                   lished in 1995, which con-             programs and services that
tural heritage to the programs of      to Collège Boréal, I can really ben-       The official opening of the        tributes to the growth and devel-      offer them the opportunity to
study at the college. “The contri-     efit from the services that are        Centre Louis-Riel began with a         opment of communities in               reach their fullest potential.
bution of the Aboriginal and Métis     suited to my needs and which           spiritual ceremony, then the           northern and central-south-                I congratulate them and
peoples to the development of          respect my ancestry. I am proud        invited guests and dignitaries         western Ontario.                       wish them all the best.
26                                                                                                                                                                                MÉTIS VOYAGEUR

Partnering for student success
Power Workers’ Union,                   do not have the same access to                                                  would also like to thank Sault            We invite corporations and
Sault College and MNO                   federal funding for post-second-                                                College for the effort they put        industry partners to join us in con-
                                        ary students as First Nations and                                               forth to secure matching funds.        tinuing the growth of our Métis
bring bursary opportunities
                                        Inuit. Because of this, MNO has                                                    MNO will continue this impor-       bursary program. Please contact
to Métis students in                    found innovative ways to support                                                tant work, bringing together fun-      Jennifer St. Germain, Director of
Electrical Studies                      Métis students in pursuit of                                                    ders and institutions, in order to     Education and Training to discuss
                                        higher education. The Education           and we were able to secure addi-      better serve all Métis students’       how you can work with MNO to
                                        and Training Branch is always             tional funding opportunities for      post-secondary needs. We know          ensure Métis citizens can pursue
by Bonny Cann                           looking for opportunities to              this bursary. Sault College secured   we have a lot of work to do            their career aspirations long into
                                        expand on our current Métis bur-          three matching donors, which          together to ensure Métis stu-          the future.

    mplementing MNO’s State-            sary program.                             enabled our bursary to grow to        dents have access to post-sec-
    ment of Prime Purpose, “to              This year, the Power Workers’         $100,000. This is a great endow-      ondary pathways, as well as the        Bonny Cann
    encourage academic and skills       Union       generously     donated        ment and will serve Métis students    support and funding in place to        bonnyc@metisnation.org
    development and to enable           $25,000 to a bursary for Métis stu-       training for electricity sector       succeed. If you are interested in      Tel: 416-977-9881
citizens of the Métis Nation to         dents pursuing careers in the elec-       careers at Sault for years to come.   learning more about our endow-
attain their educational aspira-        trical sector. Through careful plan-         The MNO would like to thank        ment programs email or call            Jennifer St. Germain
tions”, is a tall order. Métis face a   ning and research, the MNO iden-          the Power Workers’ Union for          Bonny Cann, Provincial Educa-          jennifers@metisnation.org
number of barriers because we           tified a partner in Sault College         their generous support. We            tion Initiatives Coordinator.          Tel: 1-800-263-4889


Improving Post-secondary
Education recruitment, retention
and graduation rates for Métis
by Chris Paci                                                                    leges and universities, for the
                                                                                                                         Consulting on
                                                                                 Métis bursary.
                                                                                                                         Métis education
        étis Nation of Ontario             “Student fees,                            MNO understands that post-
        (MNO) is in the process of                                               secondary education is expen-
        hiring a new person to             tuition and                           sive and our work with the fed-         Regional education meetings are
        work with all post-second-         books can be a                        eral and provincial governments
ary stakeholders including the             very expensive                        is aimed at identifying barriers in     coming to a school board near you
provincial and federal govern-                                                   Ontario and finding support for

ments, to improve Métis post-                                                    Métis in Ontario to improve                  egional outreach meetings        “leads” meetings in preparation
secondary education in Ontario.                                                  access to college, university, or            began in late December,          for regional discussions, “in order
Initiatives, such as the recent                                                  apprenticeship. Over time, our               2010. Chris McLeod, MNO          to better engage with the Ministry
opening of the Métis Centre at          signing MOUs with both Min-              work will look at costs in other             Education Officer and Ana-       and to educate superintendents
College Boreal, are examples of         istries was the first step in our        provinces and the problems that        lyst organized a series of regional    to know a bit more about our
the kinds of investments taking         efforts to narrowing the student         come when Métis students want          community meetings with school         community in their areas.” Meet-
place today.                            achievement gap for Métis in the         to study abroad.                       boards and schools. These meet-        ing with school board representa-
    The MNO has signed several          province.                                    The financial reality facing       ings are taking place throughout       tives to share and discuss best
Memoranda of Understanding                  Across Canada, federal funds         most students and their families       the nine MNO regions. According        practices, programs and policies,
(MOU) with colleges and univer-         are used to support research, to         in Ontario is: raising costs of        to Manager of Education and            is a way to improve the imple-
sities. MOUs establish a relation-      support capital projects such as         tuition, fees, books and the cost      Training, Chris Paci, “the meet-       mentation of Métis education at
ship between the MNO and insti-         new college and university build-        of living out pacing the minimal       ings are a result of some hard         the board and classroom level.
tutions to increase Métis capacity      ings, and to support students.           support available to them. Going       work by a lot of staff, community      Through these meetings the
and will lead to improvements in        Ideally, there should be regional,       into debt and being a poor stu-        councils, and PCMNO, that began        MNO has been invited to collabo-
the PSE sector in the province.         accessible, high quality post-sec-       dent is something all too com-         two years ago when MNO signed          rate more closely with many
The seventh agreement signed in         ondary education in all parts of         mon. Statistics show, however,         a memorandum of understanding          school boards in the province
November between the Univer-            Ontario.                                 that students who decide to pur-       with the Ministry of Education.”       and to review, with the help of
sity of Sudbury and by MNO                  Student fees, tuition and            sue the post-secondary path and            One of the key projects within     community councils, their pro-
Chair France Picotte, is an impor-      books can be a very expensive            complete their schooling do see        the larger work MNO is initiating      grams and policies.
tant part of the work the Educa-        proposition. Both federal and            a significant return on their          is collaboration with the Ministry,        These first meetings have set
tion and Training Branch is doing       provincial governments subsi-            investments over the long run. It      involving building relationships       the stage for additional collabora-
to advance Métis interests in           dize, to some degree, the actual         is for this reason that MNO con-       between Métis community coun-          tion and future connections for
Ontario related to post-second-         cost of education. In addition,          tinues to work to improve PSE          cils and school boards across          every community council in
ary education.                          each year Métis students can             recruitment, retention and grad-       Ontario. Many school boards            Ontario. The Region 2 meeting
    Building positive relations by      apply at many, but not all, col-         uation rates for all Métis.            have been working independ-            took place on December 7, 2010,
                                                                                                                        ently and others in collaboration      and included the Thunder Bay
                                                                                                                        with community councils to             Métis Council and Lakehead Pub-
                                                                                                                        develop programming for First          lic School Board. The Region 1
                                                                                                                        Nation, Métis and Inuit students.      meeting happened on December
                      ARE YOU A MÉTIS                                                                                   By      building      relationships    13, 2010 (Sunset Métis Council &
                      CULTURAL PRESENTER?                                                                               between school boards and Métis
                                                                                                                        Community Councils, MNO is
                                                                                                                                                               Rainy River District School
                                                                                                                        looking to increase community
                      The MNO Education and Training Branch would like to hear from you!                                awareness and capacity to                Upcoming Meetings:
                      We have produced some resource materials and will soon have the                                   improve educational outcomes             Region 8: Feb. 2011
                      Métis Education Kit to assist Métis presenters. The kit provides you with
                                                                                                                        for Métis students. Important            (date tbd)
                      up-to-date Ontario focused cultural material to use in the classroom or
                                                                                                                        topics, such as self-identification,     Toronto/York Region Métis
                      when presenting to school boards.
                                                                                                                        student achievement, and stu-            Council and the Toronto
                                                                                                                        dent retention will be discussed         District School Board
                      The MNO has also put in place a process to track the number of
                                                                                                                        during these regional meetings.
                      presentations that are taking place across the province. If you are
                                                                                                                            According to Jennifer St. Ger-     Stay tuned for other meetings
                      representing in your Métis community or if you sit on a committee for
                                                                                                                        main, Director of Education and        near you. For more contact:
                      the MNO or a community council, we would also like to hear from you.
                                                                                                                        Training, Education and Training       Chris McLeod, Education Officer
                      There is a great deal of wonderful work being done out there and we
                                                                                                                        Branch staff attended several          chrism@metisnation.org
                      want to be able to share this good work with one another. We want to
                      hear from you about what we can do to support your good work.

                                                                                                                         ABORIGINAL WRITING CHALLENGE
                      CONTACT                                                                                            Are you an Aboriginal Canadian between the ages of 14 and 29? Now
                      Bonny Cann, Provincial Education Initiatives Coordinator                                           you can showcase your talent and creativity and have you work reviewed
                      bonnyc@metisnation.org                                                                             by the foremost Aboriginal storytellers.. You could win cash and prizes and
                      Dr. Chris Paci, Manager of Education and Training,                                                 even have your work published in a national magazine. Now in its seventh
                      chrisp@metisnation.org                                                                             year, the Canadian Aboriginal Writing Challenge, presented by Enbridge
                                                                                                                         Inc., has expanded to include Arts submissions.
                                                                                                                             The deadline is March 31, 2011. For details visit: www.our-story.ca
WINTER 2011                                                                                                                                                                                27

 Louis Riel Day • Métis Education

The Métis Way
Is the complexity of past and contemporary
Métis society lost in the retelling of our history?
by CHRIS PACI                          most part, to include on topics        would include his book on the list
                                       that range from spirituality to res-   as a nice short read.

       ifty years ago, schools         idential schools. Métis stories in         Boyden’s book is one of 20
       taught history written by       Canada, in particular those from       books in Penguin’s Extraordi-
       the literate classes, those     Ontario, remain largely unwritten.     nary Canadians series edited by
       who had the leisure and             As Voyageur readers and Métis      John Raulston Saul who begins by
       money to spend time with        throughout the Homeland know,          asking: “How do civilizations
words, those who were motivated        there are only a handful of public     imagine themselves?” According
to tell a particular story. There      stories available about being          to Saul (xiii), “the tragedy of the
continues to be a rich oral his-       Métis. Maria Campbell’s “Half          Canadian internal war of 1885
tory; however, in the past it was      Breed” and other stories of            showed how badly we could go
marginalized by schools. Sad was       Saskatchewan and Manitoba are          wrong as a country, how easily
the Métis child whose pride and        probably the most recognizable.        and deeply we could scar our-
health was hurt by the teachers        Every Métis family in Ontario has      selves, both the victims and the
who mocked his Michif as broken        a rich story of what it means to be    victimizers. But the power of the
French, forbade moccasins, and         Métis, and these personal, family,     Riel-Dumont story has turned the
turned their noses up at rabbit        community and national stories         tragedy into a lesson.” For Saul’s
stew. Sometime in the 1960s,           continue to sustain Métis culture,     statement to be true we have to
change began to take hold as peo-      but more often than not they           accept that things have changed;
ple began to tell their stories        remain hidden from outsiders.          we need to know about the scars;
about wars, why certain people             The interest in Métis issues       who carries them and how they
were rich and powerful, that           continues to grow. Recently,           have impacted multiple genera-        cares about his subjects and he        communities, but there are many
Métis have always been here,           Ontario Métis writer, Raymond          tions. The reality is that Métis      ends the book by retracing per-        Métis who were not cast out of
maybe not entirely since time          Tremblay, whose book I reviewed        continue to improve Canadian          sonal visits to the spots where        Eden. Métis continue to construct
immemorial, but with roots that        a couple of editions back in the       society. Not every Canadian com-      Riel was hung in Regina and            “open freedom” throughout the
go back that far. Nowadays, after      Voyageur, asked me about a good        memorates November 16, but it         Dumont’s home around Batoche,          country in the north, east, south,
fifty years of social history, the     book on Louis Riel. At the time I      represents the on-going tragedy,      noting, “they represent the two        and west. The myth writ large
constituency of nations that is        suggested Maggie Siggins' book,        and marks the on-going active         worlds of the Métis experience:        throughout this version of the
Canada includes learning about         which         Senator        Roland    resistance movement.                  the open freedom they continu-         story of Dumont and Riel is that
the many peoples and places we         St. Germain gave me as a gift              The strength of Boyden’s          ally sought as they pushed farther     many who participated and
all are.                               when I first started at the MNO        telling comes from the character      and farther west and the fences        opposed continue to play a minor
    Pearson Publishing is close to     (marcee Senator). Around the           and creativity he imbues the          that Canadian authorities never        role. The complexity of Métis
completing two new Grade 10 and        same time I got an email asking        established story, while restrain-    stopped building to try to contain     society is lost in the retelling. As
11 text books which will be used       me about Joseph Boyden’s new           ing himself from completely           a people who were too free, too        readers we are given a romantic
in Ontario classrooms in 2012. In      work on Gabriel Dumont and             crossing over into fiction. Readers   “Indian” in their outlook. These       dichotomy. Métis still punch
order to better reflect Métis per-     Louis Riel. I hadn’t read the book     will find his book, at fewer than     two places encompass both the          above their weight in search for
spectives, they invited the MNO to     and was sceptical--after all what      200 pages, an easy read. It is an     promise and the near destruction       the middle way within the Cana-
advise them and over the past two      could a fiction writer say that had-   attractive compact book, beauti-      of a people. They also speak of        dian system.
year we have seen a whirlwind of       n’t already been written by histo-     fully bound, and stylishly modern     the two opposing forces that have         On November 16th we must all
activity to include Métis content.     rians? Boyden is an acclaimed          in its type set. Penguin has put      always made up this country: the       pause, reflect, and stand together.
It was a great learning and sharing    young writer and a Métis from          some money into this project;         wilderness and the desire to con-      Ontario schools need to include
experience, but one of the biggest     Ontario so I was interested to see     one needs only visit their website    strain it.” Boyden’s journey is        more stories from Ontario Métis
challenges continues to be finding     what a fresh set of eyes would         to see their investment in pro-       telling. He isn’t from the west; the   and the artists who inspire the
reliable and accessible Métis histo-   bring to these important men.          moting these books.                   people are still there--not in the     Nation.
ries, published accounts for the       Now that I have read Boyden, I             Boyden (183-184) obviously        same numbers or in the same

                                                                                                                      New MNO Education staff working to
New program supports Métis                                                                                            increase recruitment / retention rates
students entering first year                                                                                          of Métis in post-secondary institutions
of post-secondary education                                                                                           by Benny Michaud                     from Queen’s University. I am
                                                                                                                                                           currently completing an M.A. in
                                                                                                                      I have recently been hired as        Indigenous Studies at Trent
by Benny Michaud                       secondary education. This sup-         mentorship programs available at        the new Post-Secondary Educa-        University. My research focuses
                                       port is intended to ease the tran-     colleges     and     universities       tion Officer/Analyst at the          on Métis narrative traditions as

     recent publication by Statis-     sition of incoming PSE students        throughout the province, there is       Métis Nation of Ontario head         a resistance strategy against
     tics Canada found that only       by partnering them with an             currently no program designed           office in Ottawa. Over the past      externally imposed notions of
     35% of Aboriginal people          upper year mentor who can assist       with the specific intent of part-       eight years I have been              Métis identity. I intend to
     obtained a Post-Secondary         them during their adjustment to        nering current Métis PSE stu-           involved with the MNO in a           defend in early March.
Education (PSE) accreditation          post-secondary studies. The pro-       dents with incoming or potential        variety of capacities. I have           I am very excited about my
(degree, diploma or certificate)       gram would also provide incom-         Métis students in a mentorship          attended four Annual General         new role within the MNO and
compared with 51% of the non-          ing students with a culturally         framework.                              Assemblies; served on the            will be working on a number
Aboriginal population. Whereas         appropriate support system that           If you have any questions or         MNO Youth Council as a               of education initiatives. Cur-
23% of non-Aboriginal people           encourages the maintenance of          would like to know more about           Region 7 Youth representative,       rently, we are in the beginning
had university degrees, only 9%        traditional Métis values and prac-     the development process of this         and been part of the Cross Cul-      stages of developing a Métis
of Métis people had graduated          tices.                                 program contact:                        tural Exchange where I and           Post-Secondary Education Role
from university. These findings            Throughout Métis history the                                               eight other Métis youth trav-        Model Mentorship Program.
indicate the need for program-         survival of our culture relied on      Benny Michaud                           elled to Ecuador in 2006.            This program will be designed
ming designed to enhance the           the ability of community mem-          Post-Secondary Education Officer            I owe much of my academic        to provide support for first
recruitment and retention of           bers with specific knowledge in        Ottawa, ON                              success to the constant support      year Métis students at colleges
Métis post-secondary students.         trading, food preparation, hunt-       (613) 798-1488 ext. 137                 of the MNO Education and             and universities throughout
   In response to this informa-        ing, languages and medicines to        bennym@metisnation.org                  Training Branch and the Geor-        the province. We hope that
tion the Métis Nation of Ontario       pass these skills on to those less                                             gian Bay Métis Council. By           this support will help increase
Education and Training Branch is       experienced. Today, the future of                                              accessing bursaries and scholar-     recruitment and retention
working to develop a Post-Sec-         the Métis Nation relies on the                                                 ships made available to me           rates of Métis students in post-
ondary Education Role Model/           same principles of mentorship                                                  through my community council         secondary institutions.
Mentorship Program that would          that have always been a part of                                                I was able to attain a B.A. from        I look forward to hearing
provide support for students           our culture.                                                                   Carleton University and a B.Ed       from you!
entering their first year of post-         While there are a number of
28                                                            MÉTIS VOYAGEUR

                    Links to the most recent MNO news are posted
                    on the home page with a picture gallery highlighting
                    major stories! If you would like activities featured
                    on the MNO website send the story with pictures
                    to Mike Fedyk at mikef@metisnation.org.

                    AROUND THE MNO
                    Updated at least monthly, Around the MNO is a
                    photo gallery spotlighting Métis people and events
                    throughout the homeland! Local, provincial and
                    national events and activities can all be found here.
                    If you would like your community included in the
                    photo gallery send a picture with a 30 word or less
                    caption to Mike Fedyk at mikef@metisnation.org.

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                    reports, the annual report and Voyageur back

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