QBZ-95 - assault rifle - china

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					QBZ-95 - assault rifle - china

Standard configuration QBZ-95 early type.
WEAPON                          ROF       DAM           PEN               BLK                MAG                SS/BRST            RNG
QBZ-95 Rifle                    5         3             2-nil             5                  30                 2/5                65m
QBZ-95B Carbine                 5         3             2-nil             4                  30                 2/6                50m
QBB-95 LSW                      5         3             2-nil             6                  75                 1/3                80m
QBZ-97 Rifle                    5         2             1-nil             5                  30                 2/5                60m
QBZ-97A Rifle                   5         2             1-nil             5                  30                 2/6                55m
QBZ-97B Carbine                 5         2             1-nil             4                  30                 3/6                50m
QBB-97 LSW                      5         2             1-nil             6                  75                 1/3                75m
ROUND        See below
MAG          30/75
WEIGHT       See below
The QBZ-95 (Chinese: 轻武器,步枪,自动, 1995; pinyin: Qīng Bùqiāng--Zìdòng, 1995; literally "Light/Small, Rifle, Automatic, 1995") is an assault
rifle manufactured by Arsenal 266, part of Norinco and Arsenal 296, under Jianshe Corp, China South for the People's Liberation Army, the
armed forces of the People's Republic of China, Chinese People's Armed Police (para-military) and the Chinese law enforcements. This weapon
uses a newly-developed ammunition type of Chinese origin, the 5.8 x 42 mm DBP87. The QBZ-95 consists of a system of firearms using a
common design. This family includes a carbine variant, a standard rifle, and a light support weapon.
The QBZ-95 was first observed outside China in 1997, when the United Kingdom returned control of Hong Kong to the People's Republic of
China. The QBZ-95 is a modern weapons system in a bullpup configuration, where the weapon's action and magazine are located behind the grip
and trigger assembly. It was designed to replace the standard-issue Type 81 rifle that was similar in design to the AK-47 series.
The QBZ-95 is comparable to many modern western assault rifles in several respects. It uses modern synthetic materials in its construction, it
fires a 5.8 x 42 mm small-caliber high-velocity bullet (in a class with the NATO standard 5.56 x 45 mm SS109 and the Russian 5.45 x 39 mm M74),
and it employs a bullpup configuration like the British SA80 and the Steyr AUG.
Technical aspects
The QBZ-95 is in all respects a modern infantry weapon. It has not been used in major conflict, thus little can be said about its effectiveness.
Detailed information about the new 5.8 mm ammunition was published in Guns & Ammo magazine's special Combat Arms issue and June 2006
issue of Small Arms Review. What is known is that the QBZ-95 operates using a short-stroke gas operated rotating-bolt system, similar to most
modern military rifles.
The selector switch on the rifle has three settings. The selector settings are as follows: "0" for safe, "2" for fully automatic and "1" for "semi-
automatic" setting. There is no three-round burst mode.
The Chinese have tested their new cartridge extensively against both the 5.56 x 45 mm SS109 and the Russian 5.45 x 39 mm 7N6. They claim
their 5.8 x 42 mm outperforms both cartridges with penetration superior to the SS109, a flatter trajectory, and a higher retained velocity and
energy downrange.
The design of the QBZ-95 is completely new with little resemblance to
any of the previous Chinese designs. The QBZ-95's basic design               Type                  Assault rifle
incorporated many features from various other assault rifle designs;
those include the Czech Vz. 58, Russian Kalashnikov and Dragunov,            Place of origin       China
Belgian FNC, American M16, and French FAMAS. Thanks to the low                       Used by         People's Republic of China
recoil impulse of the small caliber ammunition and a very complex recoil
buffer system, the rifle is claimed to be more controllable in automatic             Manufacturer    China North Industries Corporation
fire.                                                                                                and China South
Operation                                                                            Produced        1995—present
Magazines are inserted into the magazine well, which is located to the
rear of the pistol grip. The magazine is inserted front-first into the well so       Variants        QBZ-95B Carbine,QBZ-95 Rifle,QBB-95 LSW,
that the notch on the front of the magazine is retained in the well. The                             QBZ-97 5.56 mm Rifle,QBZ-97A 5.56 mm
magazine is then "rocked" into place by rotating the rear of the magazine                            Rifle,QBB-97 LSW 5.56 mm Rifle,QBZ-97B
upwards into the well (in a manner similar to the AK-47 series) until the                            5.56 mm Carbine
magazine release to the rear of the well is engaged. To release the                  Weight          2.9 kg (QBZ-95B Carbine)
magazine, the magazine release is pressed rearward, and the magazine                                 3.25 kg (QBZ-95 Rifle)
pivoted forward and disengaged from the front recess.                                                3.35 kg (QBZ-97 Export)
The charging handle is located under the integral carrying handle. To                                3.9 kg (QBB-95 LSW)
chamber a round and charge the weapon, this handle is pulled fully to the
rear and then released forward to bring a round into battery. It is then             Length          609 mm (QBZ-95B Carbine)
ready to fire.                                                                                       745 mm (QBZ-95 Rifle)
Design criticisms and other issues                                                                   758 mm (QBZ-97 and QBZ-97A)
The main criticism of this design is the perceived lack of hitting power.                            840 mm (QBB-95 LSW)
This is a trait shared by all small-caliber, high-velocity cartridges. The 5.8       Barrel length   369 mm (QBZ-95B Carbine)
x 42 mm DBP87 round is much smaller (5.8 vs 7.62 mm) and lighter (64                                 463 mm (QBZ-95 Rifle)
vs. 123 grain; 4.15 vs 8.4 g) than the 7.62 x 39 mm. However, it must be                             490 mm (QBZ-97 and QBZ-97A)
noted that small-caliber high-velocity rounds have proven their                                      600 mm (QBB-95 LSW)
effectiveness in large-scale conflicts like the Vietnam War, the Russian
                                                               [citation needed]     Cartridge       5.8 x 42 mm DBP87 (QBZ-95),
invasion of Afghanistan, and conflicts in the Persian Gulf.                      The
5.8 mm round is designed to approximate the wounding effects of the                                  5.56 x 45 mm NATO (QBZ-97)
Russian and NATO cartridges. However, Chinese tests using rifles firing              Caliber         5.8 mm (QBZ-95), 5.56 mm (QBZ-97)
the 5.8 x 42 mm shells outperformed existing 7.62 x 39 mm rifles.
Common to many bullpup rifles is inability to shoot from the left                    Action          Gas-actuated, Rotating bolt
shoulder. Due to the bullpup configuration of the QBZ-95, the action of              Rate of fire    ~600-650 rounds/min (QBZ-95)
the weapon is much closer to the user's face than in a conventional-                                 ~800 rounds/min (QBZ-95B Carbine)
layout weapon. Spent casings would eject into the face of an operator
firing the weapon from the left shoulder. There is also no separate rear             Muzzle velocity QBZ-95 - 930 m/s (3,050 ft/s), QBB-95 - 970
assembly for the QBZ-95 to cater for left-hand ejection of the spent                                 m/s (3181 ft/s), QBZ-95B - 790 m/s (2581 ft/s)
casings, thus PLA soldiers are only taught how to fire right-handed in               Effective range rifle - 400m point target, 600m area target
basic training. A similar issue was solved with the Singapore-made SAR-
                                                                                                     LSW - 600m point target, 800m area target
21 by moving the ejection port forward and using an effective brass
                                                                                                     Carbine - 300m point target, 500m area target
deflector to permit left-handed shooters to use the weapon.
Some experts are also concerned over the awkward position of the safety Feed system                  30-round box magazine 75-round drum
lever near the end of the rifle away from the shooter's hand. This position
makes it difficult to quickly select "fire" when it is in "safe" mode.               Sights          hooded post front sight and aperture rear
Variants                                                                                             sight
There are seven specialised variants of the QBZ-95.
QBZ-95 (Rifle)
This is the standard version of the rifle used domestically, chambered for the 5.8 x 42 mm DBP87 round.
QBZ-95B (Carbine)
This is a shorter and lighter version of the standard rifle.
QBB-95 LSW (Light Support Weapon)
The light support weapon would fullfil the same role as the Squad Automatic Weapon in the US Armed Forces. It has a longer heavier barrel,
higher rate of fire, and is equipped with a drum magazine.
QBZ-97 (5.56 mm Assault Rifle)
The Chinese have constructed an export version, the QBZ-97, which is similar to the QBZ-95 in all respects except that it is chambered in 5.56
mm NATO instead of the original Chinese 5.8 mm cartridge and has a deep magazine well designed to accept STANAG 4179 M16 style
magazines. This design helps the gunner reload the magazine more quickly and more comfortably.
QBZ-97A (5.56 mm Assault Rifle)
This improved 5.56 mm export model with added 3-round burst mode and bolt hold-open device.
QBZ-97B (5.56 mm Carbine)
This is the carbine version of the QBZ-97.
QBB-97 LSW (5.56 mm Light Support Weapon)
The light support weapon model of the QBZ-97.

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