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Practicing DBQ by qingyunliuliu

VIEWS: 3 PAGES: 3

									Practicing DBQ: Incorporating documents as evidence

I. Prior Knowledge: Practice the skill of writing a strong argument by structuring
information according to Point-Evidence-Explanation form.

2B: Use the following chart to practice using the POINT-Evidence-Explanation form.
How do the documents A and B help explain the reasons behind Japan’s invasion of
Manchuria and her attitude towards China?

Point                     Evidence                      Explanation
Japan invaded Manchuria
because it needed more
natural resources to
sustain its economy
Japan invaded Manchuria
because it needed more
land to rid of its excess
population
Japan viewed China as a
weak, divided nation
with selfish people who
did not care about the
nation’s fate
Japan viewed China as a
group who could be
easily intimidated and
manipulated to get what
Japan needed from China

4B: Use the following chart to practice using the POINT-Evidence-Explanation form.
Point                       Evidence                    Explanation
Japanese military gained (see documents in chpt
control over the emperor 19)
and the parliament to
fulfill their goal of
conquering Manchuria,
China and other strategic
locations in Asia.

The Japanese military       (see documents in chpt
often ignored the power     21)
of the civilian
government leaders and
acted on its own accord
to bring Japan closer to
war.


II. How do you incorporate your quote in your argument?
There are different ways of structuring your paragraph and incorporating documents as
evidence.

   1. Quote method: Point-Quote-Explanation of the meaning-Explanation of
      relevance
   2. Paraphrase method: Point-Paraphrase-Explanation of relevance

Examples:
   1. Quote method: Point-Quote-Explanation of the meaning-Explanation of
      relevance

      Point: Japan invaded Manchuria because it needed more natural resources to
      sustain its economy.

      Quote: The Chief of Japanese Intelligence, Matsumuro Koryo, stated in a report
      in 1936 that “industry cannot expand without the expansion of the raw material
      supply…only in the continuous, successful search for new raw materials and new
      markets can Japan guarantee everlasting prosperity” (Source B).

      Explain the meaning of the quote: Koryo meant that Japan needed to have access
      to raw materials in order to ensure Japan’s industrial development and economic
      prosperity.

      Explain the relevance of the quote: Since Manchuria had important raw
      materials that could ensure Japan’s prosperity, such as coal and iron ore that
      Japan needed, Japan felt it was necessary to conquer Manchuria.

      (Or you can combine the meaning and the relevance of the quote)
      Since the Japanese industrial development and economic prosperity depended
      on Japan’s access to raw materials, Japan needed to take over Manchuria for its
      natural resources.



   2. Paraphrase method: Point-Paraphrase-Explanation of relevance
      Point: Japan invaded Manchuria because it needed more natural resources to
      sustain its economy.

      Paraphrase: The Chief of Japanese Intelligence, Matsumuro Koryo, stated in a
      report in 1936 that Japan’s industrial development and economic prosperity
      depended on Japan’s access to raw materials (Source A).

      Explain the relevance: Since Manchuria had the materials that Japan needed for
      its industrial development, such as coal and iron ore, Japan invaded Manchuria.



      Practice:
I. Quote method:
Point: Japan viewed China as a group who could be easily intimidated and
manipulated to get what Japan needed from China.

Quote: According to the memoirs of Paul Reinsch, he reported a Chinese minister
who “confided to me, almost with tears, that Japan had made demands which, if
agreed to, would destroy the independence of his country and reduce it to
slavery” (Source A).

Explain the meaning of the quote: Reinsch noted that the Chinese minister was in
great distress having learned that Japan was pressuring China to give up
strategic locations such as Manchuria and submit to Japan’s imperial influence.
The Chinese minister’s distress showed that China was too weak to resist Japan’s
demands.

Explain the relevance of the quote: Therefore, Japan felt it could easily intimidate
China militarily and control it politically to get necessary the resources and land
Japan needed from China.

								
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