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Immigration_Cultural_Exchanges Powered By Docstoc
					  OGT Benchmark: Analyze the
    ways that contacts between
 people of different cultures result
in exchanges of cultural practices.
• Immigration after the Civil War
• Difficulties Encountered by New
• The Effects of Immigration on Politics
• Immigration in the Late 20th Century
• Learning the New Language
I. Immigration After the Civil War

• In years after Civil War, people came pouring into the
  US looking for new opportunities

• “Old Immigrants” Prior to Civil War: W and N Europe
  (England, Ireland, Germany, Scandinavia
• “New Immigrants” 1880’s: S and E Europe (Italy,
  Poland, Russia, Grease, Turkey)
• Early 1900’s: started to come from Asia (Japan,
  China) and Mexico

• 1880-1900: 9 million total immigrants
• 1900-1914: 14 million
 A. Difficulties Encountered by
      “New Immigrants”
1. “Old”--spoke English, Protestant religion
2. “New”--did not speak English, Roman
   Catholic or Jewish religion

*They did not fit into American society, so
   they lived together in urban
    U.S. Immigration, 1861-1915

    1861- 1871- 1881- 1891- 1901- 1911- 1921-
    1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930
         B. Problems in Cities
 1. Most had been farmers, now lived and worked in
 2. did not speak English
 3. lived together
 4. hung on to customs, holidays, etc.
C. Backlash Against Immigrants
• 1. Old immigrants were prejudice against the new
• 2. competitors to jobs
• 3. new immigrants willing to work for less
• 4. American Protective Association: wanted
  Congress to restrict immigration
• 5. Chinese Exclusion Act: Chinese immigration
  stopped for over 10 years
 D. The Effect of Immigration on
• 1. More people in cities = more politicians needed
• 2. Political machines--organizations that controls
  an urban political party
• 3. Politicians used immigrants
   – a. did favors for votes (fire story)
   – b. gave jobs for votes
   – c. immigrants didn’t understand politics--so they
     would vote for anybody who gave them a job
    E. Immigration in the Late 20th

*Today, many new immigrants are still coming in

A. 1965: Congress passed Immigration and
   Naturalization Act--increased amount of immigrants
   allowed to come in
B. 1970’s, 80’s, and 90’s: Soviet Union, China, Cuba,
   Vietnam, Laos, Korea, and Thailand
     F. Education of Immigration
• 1. Immigrants in city = overcrowded schools
• 2. Students did not speak same language as
• 3. Urban schools have less money
• 4. A lot of money spent for teachers who
  speak other languages
 G. Learning the New Language
• A. 2000: 47 million speak language other
  than English
  – 1. 1/2 speak Spanish
  – 2. others: Chinese, Korean, French, German,
    Italian, Russian, Vietnamese
           H. Faster Assimilation

• 1. most immigrants did not become good at
  speaking English
• 2. the kids learned--they often taught their parents
                 I. Loan Words
• 1. words incorporated from one language into
• 2. leads to cultural exchange
• 3. Spanish examples: alligator, bronco, cafeteria,
  cigar, cigarette, guerrilla, mustang, patio, tornado
• 4. Native American examples: bayou, chipmunk,
  hickory, igloo, kayak, moccasin, moose, opossum,
  pecan, squash, tepee, toboggan, tomahawk
      1. OGT Short Answer
• Why did many immigrants come to
  the United States in the decades
  following the Civil War? (2 pts.)
       2. OGT Short Answer
• Why did many immigrants cluster together
  with other people from their nation of origin
  in American cities? (2 pts)
       3. OGT Short Answer
• What were some of the most severe
  problems faced by immigrants when they
  arrived in the US? (2 pts)
      4. OGT Short Answer
• Why did immigrants often cooperate with
  urban political machines? (2 pts)
      5. OGT Short Answer
• What is an example of a cultural exchange
  that resulted from immigration to the US?
  (2 pts)

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