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					  What ever happened to real bulletin-board systems?

     First off, I'd like to make it perfectly clear that I cannot
be objective in these notes.       These are observations, but they
are from 1) a Sysop
        2) a user of 8BBS, the greatest BBS ever evolved
        3) a boy ... who's become a boyish programmer
        4) an old timer....1977 was when I first started
           using BBS systems.
        5) the author of a BBS system

  If you're expecting objectivity, then don't bother reading on. I have
a
rather unique perspective on the entire BBS scene. I've been around
since close
to the beginning, and I'm wondering what has happened. Have BBS's gone
the way
of CB?      Is the entire system in a slump? Is there anything wrong at
all?

  I'm going to try to present these questions and show how things have
changed...for the better, and for the worst.

HISTORY:

  A long time ago, in a city far-far away, two men had an insight. Ward
Christensen and Randy Suess wanted a way to leave notes and messages to
their
programmer/engineer friends. Back then, modems were used by field-
engineers and
some high-level executives to talk to their companies computers. A 300
baud
modem was extremely fast, as most people were using 110 baud TeleTypes.
Ward
and Randy devloped the concept of the BBS. They called it CBBS, for
"Computer
Bulletin Board System." CBBS was the first of its kind. It was an
enormous
program written in 8080 assmebly language. By our standards today, it
was
kludgy and bug-ridden, but back then it was heavenly. Users could enter
messages and read messages... that was about it.

  CBBS was a wonderful concept, but it was localized to the Chicago area.
Ward
and Randy were the only ones who were running the program. Then Bill
Blue came
along and wrote ABBS, which was designed to "emulate" the CBBS system. I
feel
it was ABBS, rather than CBBS which made the real breakthrough. While
ABBS was
much less powerful, and more difficult to use, it could be run on a
"universal"
machine: --The Apple ][--
  Anyone with an Apple ][ and a D.C. Hayes MM][ modem could run ABBS.
      This
program could be installed in a matter of minutes, and anyone could have
their
own bulletin board system. Soon after the release of ABBS, several other
BBS
programs (for various computers) soon followed. ABBS was the king for
many
years, just because there were more ABBS systems than any other BBS
program
available.

  It is this time that I would like to refer to as the "Golden age of the
BBS."
It wasn't as golden as you might think. Most Sysops would come home
every
evening from work to find that their BBS had crashed because of yet
another bug.
Even back then, user's logged in under false names and left obscene
messages.

  The one point that made that age golden was the users. Without users,
a BBS
is just a program. With users, it gains a personality, and if I may be
metaphysical, a soul. The users MAKE the BBS.      A Sysop may have the
greatest
BBS program in the world, but without active users, he just has a
computer
wasting line-current.

LIFE IN THE "GOLDEN AGE"

  A user would think nothing of spending his Saturday helping "The Sysop"
find
an intermittant bug in the BBS program.

  A user would not only answer his or HER mail, but also butt into other
people's conversations and throw in his/her two cents worth.

  A user would suggest improvements to make the system easier to use.

  A Sysop would care for his BBS like a baby. He'd spend 2 hours each
night
writing messages and playing with modifications to the program.

  A Sysop would NOT restrict conversation to one particular topic...such
as CP/M
software.

  A Sysop would tolerate kids who were just learning how to use modems.
He'd
even give them a hand getting things working.
  A Sysop would [on his own preference] dilligently weed out obscene or
"pseudo-illegal" messages, -- or -- promote them as he saw fit.

  Users would start clubs, such as the well known "Gabber Gang" and later
the
infamous "Phone Phriekers" who figured so prominently into BBS history.

  The government didn't try to restrict BBS users. It was just "us"
against
tyranny (at that time "Ma Bell"). Although most users did not approve of
"Phone
Phrieking", everyone talked about it, and was interested in it for
curiosity
sake if nothing else. [Hard to believe, but true.]

  Uploading and downloading of programs did not exist.

  BBS's were few and far between. When I wrote the OxGate, the two
closest
other CP/M based machines were Kelly Smith in Simi Valley (375 miles
away), and
"Jim C" in Larkspur (100 miles away). People tended to congregate on the
local
system.

  WHAT HAS KILLED BBS SYSTEMS:

  1) Program uploading and downloading.    People just get their programs
and
leave.

  2) The technical clique's retaliation against "gabbers" who just used
the
systems for personal communication.

   3) Too many BBS systems in one area.   BBS's are still alive and healthy
in
low-density areas.

  4) The loss of "anonimity" among BBS users. The BBS used to be the
place to
escape. Where no one had to be "themselves." Users such as "James Bond"
and
"Captain Scarlet" were given free reign to vent their fantasies. Today,
most
systems do not allow false names so they can keep track of users.

  5) The anti-hacker movement.    More and more people today think the
word
"hacker" means "phone phriek/computer crasher." All it ever meant was
"great
programmer." You would feel proud if someone labeled you a "hacker."
  6) The press' ignorance of the BBS community. By trying to make a
scandal out
of all of it, they ruined a great form of communication. In particular,
the
magazine "InfoWorld" has done more harm to the BBS community than other
press
organization. While they actively TRIED to HELP the community, they have
caused
more harm in their mis-reporting of info.

  7) Sysop's ignorance. Quite frankly, the average quality of "Sysop"
has
dropped. Sysop's are (on the whole) less active and less responsive than
5
years ago. More and more of them are technically incompetent, they
couldn't fix
a bug if it bit them in the nose.

  All of these problems are inter-related. We can't solve any of them
until all
of them are solved. From my descriptions it should be obvious that the
"golden
age" certainly wasn't all gold. People like "James Bond" and "Sam
Daniels" had
to be stopped, but the pendulum has swung too far to the opposite side.

   These observations are very general. I've noticed this swing, and it
has
taken place on 95% of all of the system's I've called across America.
It's sad
that these problems have stabbed us in the back, but it's not too late to
try
and bring about a change. I don't have the answers, but maybe these
observations will prompt thought into this death of a virtual "art form"
of
communication.

  There is one possible solution to this problem... the acceptance of
children
again.     For too long we've been kicking off kids (both phyiscal and
"kids at
heart"). They've been disruptive, and caused fights galore. Many have
even
tried to crash the systems they used.

  "If there's any hope, it lies with the proles." -- George Orwell,
_1984_

  Perhaps the thing to do is call a few local Commodore and Apple boards
and let
the users know that they're just as welcome on your super-fancy 100mb
2400 baud
RCP/M system as any of your so- called "serious users" . . . "serious
users"
who can't even bring themselves to answer their own mail.   Saddening.

				
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posted:10/11/2011
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