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					                                                                                                         Unit 1
EGYPTIAN CIVILIZATION                  (OLD, MIDDLE, AND NEW KINGDOMS) 2075-1075 BC

Standard: SSWH 1b. Describe the relationship of religion and political authority in Ancient Egypt.
           SSWH 1e. Explain the development and importance of writing; include hieroglyphics.
What am I learning today? What was the relationship between Egyptian religion and political authority?
                            What is hieroglyphics and why was it important to the Egyptians?
What will I do to show I learned it? I will… participate in class discussion, take guided notes, complete the
Hammurabi’s Code activity with my partner, and take a formative assessment in the form of multiple choice
questions for tomorrow’s warm-up




How did geography and climate impact Egyptian civilization?

   Geographic Feature/Landform                       Impact(s) of Geographic Feature/Landform




                 Nile River




            granite and limestone




         Climactic Condition                                Impact of Climactic Condition
         hot sun / high temperatures



           desert aridity (dryness)


   Vast and forbidding deserts surrounding
                                                                                                                            Unit 1


                      - 3000 BC unification under King Narmer, first Egyptian dynasty centered at Memphis where Upper and lower
                      Egypt meet.
        P
Political Structure
                      - Egyptian Civilization was united under one leader called a pharaoh = _______________________________
                      - pharaohs had absolute power and owned all land; however, they were expected to behave morally and were
                         judged on good deeds.
                      - theocracy - ______________________________________________________________________________
                      - pharaoh stood at center of religion, government, and army

                      - traded agricultural surplus: wheat, barley (from Nile floods which provided silt)
        E             - mining of large mineral deposits of copper which used for bronze tools. Gold and copper were mined by slaves
    Economy              which greatly enriched the royal treasury.
                      - had enough economic strength to support massive public works= _____________________________________

                       _________________________________________________________________________________________

                      polytheism
                          - 2000+ gods/godesses—temples built to honor them
                          - main gods = Re, sun god, and Osiris, god of dead,
        R                 - main goddesses = Isis, mother goddess
    Religion
                      - with nature so much in their favor, Egyptians approached life with more confidence and optimism
                      * temporarily monotheistic under pharaoh Akhenaton

                                                         pharaoh, queen, and royal family
        S
Social Hierarchy
                                               Wealthy landowners, army commanders, govt.
                                                           officials, and priests


                                                          artisans, merchants, scribes

                                                                 peasant farmers,
                                                                     laborers



                      - hieroglyphics – ____________________________________________________________________________
                      - originally pictographs, but eventually pictures represented words as well as sounds.
        I
   Inventions
                      - hieroglyphics written on papyrus - _____________________________________________________________
                      -
                      - calendar created to track time between floods and planning planting season. 365 days (only 6 hours off our
                      clock!)
                      - science - doctors set broken bones with splints, checked pulse for heart rate, and had some forms of surgery
                      - math – created a number system to count, add, and subtract. They also were able to do basic geometry




                      - pyramids - ________________________________________________________________________________
                      - Egyptian architects first to use columns in homes, temples, and palaces
        A
Art/Architecture

				
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posted:10/11/2011
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