The 5 themes of Geography
By: Taytum Widseth
a) Absolute Location- 36 degrees, 30 degrees N, 118
degrees, and zero degrees E.
b) Relative Location- East of Tibet, West of Taiwan,
South of Jilin, and North of Jiangsu.
1) Bodies of water- There is the yellow sea from the Korean
peninsula (the yellow river).
2) Landforms- Two thirds of the provinces total area
includes a hilly central region, Centered on the famous
mount tai complex, and a fertile and intensively formed
agriculture area on the North, West, and South, which
forms part of the hang he (yellow river) basin and the
North China plain. Some other land forms include
China’s 5 sacred mountains, such as Mount tia,
monadocks, North China plain, Jiaolai plain, and the
3) Climate- Shandong characterized by a continental
climate with cold winters and hot dry summers.
Climate variation prevails, however, between the
peninsula and inland zones of the provenance. Cold
NW winds blow in December. Wind direction
reverses by march, warm SE winds throughout
summer. Inland zone annual rain ranges 20 inch NW
Shandong to 40 inch as you go to the mouth as
4) Animal Life- Some animals in Shandong are the Roe
deer and field and harvest mice; birds- mandarin
ducks, dollar birds( raller group( and large owls, with
reforestation since 1950 population of native bird and
mamels have almost vanished. Species of insects,
beetles, and moths, however, are still unusually diverse
5) Natural vegetation- Some plants found are reeds,
grassy legumes, shrubs ( Notably tamarisk),
halophytic, lianlia poplars, pines, and arborvitae,
Deciduous and coniferous forests, mixed oak, elm,
cedar, linden, ash, maple, chestnut forests. Some fruit
trees apple, pear, apricot, peach, white mummeries,
Persian walnuts, silk trees, and acacia.
1) Population- 94,000,000
2) Ethnic Groups- Predominately Northern mandran,
speaking and of han (Chinese origin) thereare small
concentrations of hui (Chinese muslums) in Jinan,
Zchoucan ( near zibo), Tailan(south of Jinan), and
Jining and linging(trading centres on the grand canal
in western Shandong). The population, more than
half of which is classified as rural, is fairly evenly
distributed over the level, cultivated area of the
3) Language- Mandrin dialects: Jilu Mandrin NW; Jinan
madrin, hongyuan Mandrin in SW; Jiao liao Mandrin
in Shandong Pennensula. Jiao liao Mandrin called
4) Customs- Some festivels are spring, lanturn, Lishun,
Qingming, dragon boat, Bouble 7th, mid autumn,
double 9th day(non festival), winter solstice, and little
new year(not festival).
5) Economy- A diversified agricultural and industrial,
most food is for interval consumption and a little is for
exporting. This food sufficiency was obtained in 1970.
In the economy development of industry, mining, and
electric. Power generation has been emphasized most
of Shandong's economy is based on cash crop
6) Government- In 1980 Shandong switched from 17
prefecture-level municipalities to a peoples
1) Major trade partners- Some trade partners are Japan,
Korea, USA, and Hong Kong.
2) Metropolitan cities- These Cities are Jinan, Qingdao,
yontai, zibo, weihai, weifang, and Dongying.
3) Major rivers Drainage- Shandong’s drainage is
predominately radial and subject to the prevailing
configuration of the mountains, only navigatable river
(other than portions of the Haung He) is the xiaoging
river which emerges from a small spring, fed lake in a
limestone outcrop zone near Jinan and flows parallel to
the huang he before emptying into Laizhou bay. The
southern hills, in contrast, are drained by several rivers in
arable valleys and eventually terminate in the marshy
plain east of the Grand Canal in Jiahgs province.
1) Climate regions- Shandong falls within the North
China climate region, which is a temperate climate
with cold winters and hot, dry, summers.
2) Vegetation- Some plants are reeds, grassy legumes,
halophytic shrubs, very scarce deciduous and
coniferous forests of pine, oak, cedar, ash and
chestnut due to deforestation. Fruit trees as apple,
pear, apricot, and peach. Lower elevations have the
pagoda, white mulberry, Persian walnuts. Silk trees,
3) Shared characteristics of the whole area- A
characteristic that is shared through the whole area is
all of China(Shandong) has one time zone.
4) Land area- 5,920 sq. mi. (153,300 sq. km.)
4. Human Environment Interaction
2) Canals- Shandong has the Grand Canal.
4) Other- Shandong's population has changed the land
by taking the forests down (deforestation).
Movement of people
1) Ethnic groups who settled there- A few ethnic groups
that settled there are Han, Itui, and Manchus.
Movement of goods
1) Foods- Peanuts are the leading cash crop and leading
manufacturer of peanut oil, sea food, and edible
2) Trade goods- Some traded goods are apples,
peanuts, vegetables, oil (2nd largest oil field in
China), and coal.
3) Manufactured goods- Some manufactored goods are
haier and hisensa electranics, tsingdao beer, China
qingqi motorcycles, longfujia liquor, and weifang
Movement of ideas
1) What ideas have the people borrowed or shared with
other states or ethnic groups- Some ideas that have
been shared with other ethnic groups is folklore
tradition has been shared and been spread across
China but is most clearly evidenced in the temples,
shrines, legends, and cults associated with Mount Tai
and with the temple, tomb, and ancestral home of
Comfucius and the kong family.
"Shandong." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 14 Mar. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shandong>.
"Shandong." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition.
Encyclopædia Britannica, 2011. Web. 3 Mar. 2011.
Shandong. (2011). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved March 3, 2011, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online School
Encyclopædia Britannica Online School Edition. Web. 03 Mar. 2011. http://school.eb.com/all/eb/article-280642
"Festivals and Customs." Traditions - China Culture. Web. 14 Mar. 2011. <http://traditions.cultural-
Bn), FIEs (us$. "Market Profiles on Chinese Cities and Provinces (hktdc.com)." China Manufacturers & Hong Kong
Manufacturers | HKTDC. 21 Feb. 2003. Web. 14 Mar. 2011. <http://info.hktdc.com/mktprof/china/Shandong.htm>.
"Shandong (province, China) :: Climate -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia." Encyclopedia - Britannica Online
Encyclopedia. Web. 14 Mar. 2011. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/538614/Shandong/71126/Climate>.
"Shandong." China Travel Guide. Web. 14 Mar. 2011. <http://www.chinatravelguide.com/ctgwiki/Shandong>