Islam and the West.ppt - PowerPoint

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					   Islam and the West

Major Themes and Identities
         Muslims and Population
 1.3 Billion Muslims in the world today
 Islam fasted growing religion
 50 Muslim states
Large Muslim minorities in West: 30 Million and
 growing
 globalization shrinks time and space
Interdependence and global connections through
 media, transport, communications, and
 economics make understanding between Islam
 and The West crucial
  Four Central Global Concerns

• SECURITY
• ECONOMY AND PROSPERITY
• IDENTITY
• JUSTICE
Shared Values between Islam and
             West?
• Respect for knowledge
• Concern for justice
• Concern for less privileged
• Love or centrality of Family
• Concern for here and now
             Fears of Muslims
• Legacy of Colonialism and Neo-Colonialism
   1. Westerners colonized Muslims politically in
   19th century (+demise of Ottoman Empire)
   2. Westerners have colonized Muslims culturally
   and economically in 20th and 21st century
   3. values of materialism, cover-ups,
   individualism, wastefulness, lies, sex, and
   violence
   4. clash between Western greed and Muslim
   faith
               Fears of West
• Islamic fundamentalism and terrorism
• Spread of theocratic regimes, challenging the
  secular state
• Difficulty accepting Muslim’s desire to balance
  matters of the world (dunya) with ideas of
  religion (din)
• Fear of Islam spreading threatening Western
  values and democracy
   Commonly misunderstood Arabic
             words
• Ummah: bond that transcends tribal, ethnic,
  identities
• Jihad
• Fatwa: formal opinion or decision on a point of
  Islamic law; does not have status of law
• Dawah: call to Islam; usually carried out by NGOs
  (private organizations outside of government)
             Islam is evangelical religion that seeks
  to spread the message and encourage conversion
      Islamic titles: Ulema (religious
                  scholars)
• Mullah: in charge of a local mosque and usually
  teaches children the Quran and prayers
• Sheik: higher standing than a Mullah and more
  learning; Sufi leaders also called sheik
• Imam: senior figure often in charge of a large mosque;
  tile is also given to highly respected spiritual figures
  descended from the Prophet in Shia Islam
• Ayatollah (sign of God): most senior category of alim—
  scholar—in Shia Islam; Ayatollahs al-uzma (Grand
  Ayatollah, f.ex. Khomeini); known for knowledge and
  piety
       Religious Titles continued
• Mufti: specialist in Islamic law who is capable of
  delivering a legal opinion (fatwa)
• Sheik al-Azhar: head of the Al-Azhar University in
  Cairo—preeminent spiritual authority in Sunni
  Islam
• Sufi terms:
  1. pir: master
  2. faqir: someone who embraced poverty as
  choice
• Caliph, Sultan, Shah: King or Ruler
      Sexual Modesty and Islam
• Hijab: veil, head scarf
• Burqa: full veil covering a woman
• Chador: Iranian term for women’s veil that
  covers hair and body, leaving only face, hands
  and feet exposed
     Common Religious Phrases
• Bismillah al-Rahman al-Rahim: In the name of
  God the Merciful, the Compassionate
• Salam: Peace
• ilm: Knowledge—Second most-used word in
  the Quran after the name of God
• The Prophet said: The first thing Created by
  god was the Intellect;

				
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posted:10/11/2011
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