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Flying                     Page 128

Golf                       Page 132

Hockey                     Page 136

Horseback Riding           Page 140

Water Sports               Page 143

Winter Sports              Page 155

Wheelchair Sports          Page 173

Other Organizations        Page 180


Freedom's Wings International (FWI) is a non-profit organization         International Wheelchair Aviators (IWA) founded in 1972, is a
run by, and for, people with physical disabilities. FWI provides the     worldwide group of disabled and able-bodied pilots interested in
opportunity for those who are physically challenged to fly in spe-       aviation and flying.
cially adapted sailplanes, known as soaring, either as a passenger
or as a member of the flight training program.                           Members have many different disabilities including, but not limited
                                                                         to, paraplegia, quadriplegia, amputee, multiple sclerosis, spina
The purpose of FWI is to bring the world of soaring to disabled          bifida, and polio. Through its hard work, persistence, and with the
persons by:                                                              help of the FAA medical system, hundreds of people have been
• Exposing them to the soaring experience                                given the opportunity to resume flying careers or fly for the first
• Teaching qualified persons with disabilities to soar                   time in their lives.
• Providing facilities for soaring to those persons with disabilities
• Providing training for instructors, ground crew, and flying students   Over the past 25 years, several hundred IWA members have flown
• Providing a non-profit educational and fraternal organization          thousands of hours all over the world, highlighted by the first round-
• Serving as a resource and model for other organizations with           the-world solo flight by paraplegic "Rode" Rodewald in 1984.
  similar intent
                                                                         IWA provides disabled children across America the opportunity to
FWI works closely with local and national organizations for people       experience the joy of soaring. Challenge Air flies all over the coun-
with physical disabilities and runs various programs in conjunction      try taking hundreds of disabled kids for free rides. On the West
with the Paralyzed Veterans of America (see page 112) and The            Coast, many of the able-bodied and para-members have flown
United Spinal Association (see page 15).                                 with the annual Eagle flight, giving thousands of disabled kids
                                                                         rides over Disneyland.

                  Freedom's Wings International
                       1832 Lake Avenue
                     Scotch Plains, NJ 07076
                      Phone: 908.232.6354

    For more information about Freedom’s Wings International,
               please visit

128 Adaptive Flying                                                                                                        Adaptive Flying 129
IWA also helps disabled persons in their quest to fly by providing
valuable information about FAA medical requirements, hand con-
trol availability and flight schools that work with the disabled. The
organization also provides a current listing of over 200 pilots and
their disability or injury, type of plane flown, and type of hand con-                                               Sailing
trol used.

                                                                         Sky Sailing, founded in 1959 and located in California, provides
                                                                         people of all abilities an opportunity to experience soaring.

                                                                         Through this organization, people with disabilities and their fami-
                                                                         lies can participate in the sport of soaring, the practice of flying
                                                                         with a sailplane or glider. The sport requires a great deal of dedi-
                                                                         cation that can translate into other aspects of one’s life.

                 International Wheelchair Aviators
                           PO Box 2799
                                                                                                    Sky Sailing
                      Big Bear City, CA 92314
                                                                                                31930 Highway 79
                       Phone: 909.585.9668
                                                                                             Warner Springs, CA 92086
                         Fax: 909.585.7156
                                                                                              Phone: 760.782.0404
                                                                                                Fax: 760.782.9251
    For more information about the International Wheelchair
       Aviators, please visit
                                                                                      For more information about Sky Sailing,
                                                                                         please visit

130 Adaptive Flying                                                                                                      Adaptive Flying 131
                                      The National                                                       The United States
                                      Amputee Golf                                                       Golf Association
                                       Association                                                          Foundation
The National Amputee Golf Association’s (NAGA) Golf for the            The United States Golf Association (USGA) Resource Center for
Physically Challenged program has enabled many people to real-         Individuals with Disabilities is funded and managed by the USGA
ize that they can play the game and enjoy an outdoor sport despite     in partnership with other national organizations. The USGA is com-
their disability. Many amputees and physically challenged individ-     mitted to making the sport of golf accessible to all and has grant-
uals have rediscovered their sense of personal pride through their     ed over $2.4 million to golf programs for individuals with disabili-
participation in NAGA golf programs.                                   ties. The Resource Center for Individuals with Disabilities was cre-
                                                                       ated to make golf more accessible for the growing population of
The NAGA coordinates “first swing” and “learn to golf” clinics. They   disabled golfers. The Resource Center operates by gathering and
provide instructors, information about hosting a clinic, as well as    making available vital information to potential or current golfers
information on programs and resources available to amputees.           with disabilities and other interested members of the golf and med-
NAGA also provides golf swing instruction, prosthetic adaptations      ical communities.
and referrals, golf equipment, and general information about living
as an amputee.                                                         In addition, the USGA has created an instruction booklet to assist
                                                                       golf facilities in becoming more welcoming and accessible to indi-
NAGA strives to raise awareness among amputees and the gen-            viduals with disabilities.
eral public about the progress and issues surrounding amputees.
They plan and organize the US National Amputee Golf
Tournament and international challenge matches. NAGA also pro-         United States Golf Association
vides suggestions and guidance for starting and running a new               1631 Mesa Avenue
tournament.                                                            Colorado Springs, CO 80906
                                                                           Phone: 719.471.4810
                                                                            Fax: 719.471.4976
    National Amputee Golf Association                                  Email:
           11 Walnut Hill Road
           Amherst, NH 03031
          Phone: 603.672.6444
          Phone: 800.633.NAGA
                                                                          For more information about the USGA Resource Center for
    For more information about NAGA,                                               Individuals with Disabilities, please visit
      please visit                                           

132 Adaptive Golf                                                                                                        Adaptive Golf 133
                                                                                                           The Physically
                                      The Eastern
                                     Amputee Golf
                                                                                                          Golf Association
The Eastern Amputee Golf Association (EAGA) was founded in           The National Golf Foundation estimates that there are approxi-
1987 as a non-profit charitable organization that assists in the     mately 36 million golfers in the United States. Of these golfers,
rehabilitation of amputees and provides for their general welfare,   many are physically challenged in some way.
both physical and psychological, through the medium of golf and
its associated activities.                                           The Physically Challenged Golf Association is a non-profit organi-
                                                                     zation that is dedicated to promoting the game of golf to the phys-
The EAGA provides annual scholarships to qualified applicants        ically challenged -- those afflicted by stroke, amputation, total joint
who are amputee members and/or family members. The EAGA              replacement, neck or back surgery, and other physical disabilities.
also provides instructional golf videos for the physically chal-
lenged, available free of charge to members, or through the EAGA
office. EAGA conducts eight two-day tournaments, 26 "Learn to
Golf" clinics, and seven one-day outings and scrambles.

                               The EAGA hopes to attract more
                               amputees to experience the
                               excitement of golf. Through the         Physically Challenged Golf Association
                               efforts of its membership, the                    10 East View Drive
                               EAGA attempts to reach as many                  Farmington, CT 06032
                               amputees as possible to introduce                Phone: 860.676.2035
                               them to the sport of golf.                        Fax: 860.676.2041

                                     Eastern Amputee Golf
                                          Association                For more information about The Physically
                                      2015 Amherst Drive              Challenged Golf Association, please visit
                                   Bethlehem, PA 18015-5606         
                                     Phone: 888.868.0992
                                       Fax: 610.867.9295

          For more information about the EAGA, please
134 Adaptive Golf                                                                                                        Adaptive Golf 135
                                                                                                               The American
                                    The United States                                                         Amputee Hockey
                                      Sled Hockey                                                               Association
The primary mission of The United States Sled Hockey Association          The American Amputee Hockey Association’s (AAHA) primary
(USSHA) is to foster the advancement of sled hockey for all indi-         mission is to develop the sport of ice hockey for amputees and
viduals without prejudice or discrimination. The organization pledges,    other amateur athletes, regardless of physical ability. The AAHA
through progressive leadership and mutual cooperation, to ensure          assists people with disabilities who are interested in competing
meaningful opportunities and enjoyable experiences for competi-           locally, nationally, and internationally. They are sanctioned by USA
tors in a sportsmanlike environment, both within the United States        Hockey and Disabled Sports USA (see page 107) to conduct
and internationally.                                                      developmental camps and clinics, and to advance the goal of
                                                                          future Paralympic participation by amputee hockey players com-
Sled hockey is played mainly by people with lower extremity dis-          peting upright on or with their prostheses.
abilities, but is not limited to, people with amputations, spinal cord
injuries, cerebral palsy, and post-polio. Players use their arms to       Amputee Hockey is identical to amateur ice hockey with the
propel themselves by digging the picks on the ends of two short           exception that the athletes are missing one or more of their upper
hockey sticks into the ice and pulling forward.                           or lower extremities. Competing with other amputees allows par-
                                                                          ticipation in a fast-paced exciting sport on a level playing field. One
In sled hockey, players are seated on sleds, which are affixed to two     of the AAHA's objectives is to grow the sport to a national level,
hockey skate blades under the seat. The sleds are about three inch-       with the hopes that other national teams and international tourna-
es off the ice and are anywhere from two to four feet long, depending     ments will follow.
on the size of the player. The sled glides on the blades and a metal
bar in the front. The few differences between a sled hockey game and
a typical hockey game are: 15 minute periods instead of 20, two sticks
instead of one, and the sled hockey players wear a sled on top of their                                                The American Amputee
skates. The puck is the same and the pads are the same.                                                                  Hockey Association
                                                                                                                           150 York Street
        USSHA                                                                                                           Stoughton, MA 02072
     922 Beverly Ct.                                                                                                    Phone: 781.297.1393
  Lewisville, TX 75067                                                                                                   Fax: 781.341.8715
  Phone: 972.814.4864
  For more information
about USSHA, please visit                                                    For more information about the American Amputee Hockey                                                             Association, please visit

136 Adaptive Hockey                                                                                                        Adaptive Hockey 137
                                   American Hearing                                                          The U.S. Electric
                                   Impaired Hockey                                                             Wheelchair
                                     Association                                                                 Hockey
The American Hearing Impaired Hockey Association (AHIHA) is
                                                                         The mission of the U.S. Electric Wheelchair Hockey Association
one of the leading sports organizations in the United States serv-
                                                                         (EWHA), a non-profit corporation, is to provide a quality hockey
ing hearing-impaired athletes. AHIHA's mission is to instill confi-
                                                                         program for persons who require the use of an electric wheelchair
dence and self-esteem in these individuals, many of whom find it
                                                                         in daily life. Electric wheelchair hockey provides a competitive
difficult to participate in regular athletic programs because of their
                                                                         sports opportunity for persons not possessing the physical upper
hearing disability.
                                                                         body strength needed to participate in other sports.
Each summer, AHIHA overcomes this problem by hosting a unique
                                                                         Anyone who uses an electric wheelchair in daily life may partici-
weeklong hockey camp designed especially for these athletes.
                                                                         pate. Participation is not restricted by age, however the suggested
The Stan Mikita Hockey School for the Hearing Impaired is named
                                                                         age to begin playing is approximately 15 years old.
after Stan Mikita, one of the co-founders of AHIHA and a member
of the National Hockey League's Hall of Fame.

Since AHIHA was founded in 1973, over 2,000 hearing-impaired
youngsters from across the country have participated in AHIHA-
sponsored programs and clinics. In addition, AHIHA has been the
primary supplier of players to the U.S. Deaf Olympic Hockey Team.

A not-for-profit organization that is based in Chicago, AHIHA also
assists the hearing-impaired community in other ways, such as
helping players obtain hearing aids and speech, auditory and lan-
guage therapy.
                                                                                   U.S. Electric Wheelchair Hockey Association
         American Hearing Impaired Hockey Association
                                                                                             7216 39th Avenue North
                    1143 West Lake Street
                                                                                             Minneapolis, MN 55427
                      Chicago, IL 60607
                                                                                               Phone: 763.535.4736
                     Phone: 312.226.5880
                                                                                                 Fax: 208.279.1368
                      Fax: 312.829.2098
                                                                                   For more information about the U.S. EWHA,
 For more information about AHIHA, please visit
                                                                                       please visit

138 Adaptive Hockey                                                                                                    Adaptive Hockey 139
                                      North American
                                       Riding for the                                                          The Adaptive
                                       Handicapped                                                            Riding Institute
The North American Riding for the Handicapped Association                The Adaptive Riding Institute, Horseback Outdoor Recreation
(NARHA) is a non-profit organization, founded in 1969, whose pur-        Special Equipment and Services (H.O.R.S.E.S.) for the Physically
pose is to promote the rehabilitation of individuals with physical,      Challenged, offers recreational horseback activities and related
emotional and learning disabilities through equine-facilitated activ-    services to people with disabilities and their significant others.
ities. NARHA does this through its worldwide network of member
therapeutic riding centers. For individuals with disabilities, thera-
peutic riding improves muscle tone, balance, posture, coordina-
tion, motor development and emotional well-being.
                                                                                                                     Services include:
NARHA promotes and supports therapeutic riding in the US and                                                         • Scenic Trail Rides
Canada. At some 700 NARHA riding centers, more then 35,000                                                           • Camping Trips
individuals with disabilities find a sense of independence through                                                   • Horse Training
horseback riding. In addition to therapeutic riding, a center may                                                    • Riding Lessons
offer any number of equine activities such as driving, vaulting, trail                                               • Adaptive Equipment
riding, competition or stable management. NARHA provides pro-
gram accreditation to ensure the highest safety standards and low-
cost liability insurance for NARHA riding centers. Instructors cou-
ple their knowledge of riding and disabilities to best serve student
needs. Other educational resources include regional workshops,
annual conferences and regional/state networks. Organizations            The Adaptive Riding Institute provides riding lessons and recreation-
participating in NARHA programs include the Muscular Dystrophy           al horseback riding for people of all abilities at their Scotts Mills,
Association, Multiple Sclerosis Society, Special Olympics, Spina         Oregon facility from October through May. Horseback camping trips,
Bifida Association and the United Cerebral Palsy.                        horse rentals and trail rides are offered from May through September.

     North American Riding for the Handicapped Association               Guided trail rides are available in Silver Falls State Park near
                        PO Box 33150                                     Silverton, Oregon and in Willamette Mission State Park near
                      Denver, CO 80233                                   Brooks, Oregon. Their facilities are designed to accommodate all
                 Phone: 800.369.RIDE (7433)                              tourists and park visitors including people with disabilities.
                      Fax: 303.252.4610

 For more information about NARHA, please visit
140 Adaptive Horseback Riding                                                                                  Adaptive Horseback Riding 141
H.O.R.S.E.S. owns approximately 40 horses, many of which are
specially trained to work with people with disabilities.
                                                                                                                The California
First time visitors receive a riding evaluation to determine their abili-                                      Adaptive Rowing
ties and needs. Each rider is encouraged to set individual goals.
During the winter months, riders improve their abilities by attend-
ing indoor lessons and training clinics. In the summer, riders are
provided the opportunity to put their skills to use during horseback        The California Adaptive Rowing Program (CARP) helps people
camping trips throughout the state.                                         with disabilities participate and enjoy the sport of rowing/sculling.

                                                                            CARP provides recreational and competitive training opportunities
                                                                            for physically challenged individuals. Experienced instructors
                                                                            teach the basics of water safety and the details of a perfect stroke.
                      Adaptive Riding Institute
                            PO Box 280                                      Rowing is a great way to get exercise while enjoying a sense of
                       Scott Mills, OR 97375                                freedom. CARP can accommodate juniors, collegiates, and sen-
                       Phone: 503.873.3890                                  iors as they participate in this challenging sport.

    For more information about the Adaptive Riding Institute,
              please visit

                                                                                         The California Adaptive Rowing Program
                                                                                            Long Beach Rowing Association
                                                                                                  5750 Boathouse Lane
                                                                                                 Long Beach, CA 90803
                                                                                                  Phone: 562.434.8334

                                                                               For more information about the California Adaptive Rowing
                                                                                           Program, please visit

142 Adaptive Horseback Riding                                                                                         Adaptive Water Sports 143
                                            C.A.S.T.                                                             Diveheart
                                            For Kids                                                            Foundation

C.A.S.T. (Catch A Special Thrill) for Kids is a non-profit foundation     The Diveheart Foundation, founded in 2001, is a national organi-
that was created in 1993 to enable disabled and disadvantaged             zation designed to teach children and adults with physical impair-
children to experience the joy of fishing. For some kids, this is their   ments to dive and snorkel. The purpose of Diveheart is to provide
first experience fishing or even spending time on the water.              and support educational SCUBA diving and snorkeling programs
                                                                          that are open to any physically impaired child or adult. Their goal
The young anglers are educated about fishing, boater safety, angler       is to provide both physical and psychological therapeutic value to
ethics, and the importance of fish and water as natural resources.        that person.

During C.A.S.T. events, the children learn skills they can use for
the rest of their lives.

                                          C.A.S.T. For Kids
                                        296 S.W. 43rd Street
                                         Renton, WA 98055
                                        Phone: 425.251.3214
                                         Fax: 425.251.3272                                    The Diveheart Foundation
                                                                                                900 Ogden Ave, #274
                                                                                              Downers Grove, IL 60515
                                                                                                Phone: 630.964.1983

               For more information about C.A.S.T.,                                     For more information about Diveheart,
                 please visit                                           please visit

144 Adaptive Water Sports                                                                                          Adaptive Water Sports 145
                                    Eels on Wheels
                                    Adaptive Scuba                                                       Fishing Has No
                                         Club                                                            Boundaries, Inc.

The Eels on Wheels Scuba Club was created in 1991 by a group           Fishing Has No Boundaries, Inc. (FHNB) is an educational, non-prof-
of individuals associated with St. David's Rehabilitation Hospital     it, volunteer organization whose purpose is to provide disabled per-
Aquatic Program in Austin, Texas.                                      sons the opportunity to experience the outdoors through the world of
                                                                       fishing. FHNB introduces educational devices to aid the disabled
The Eels on Wheels Adaptive Scuba Club is committed to provid-         angler and creates an atmosphere of friendship and camaraderie.
ing an environment in which anyone, regardless of their limitations,   Events include all-day fishing trips and overnight camping trips.
can safely learn and participate in scuba diving. The Handicapped
Scuba Association certifies the instructors, divers, and dive bud-     Fishing Has No Boundaries, Inc. had its first event in 1988 and
dies.                                                                  now has grown into a national organization with 17 chapters in
                                                                       nine states.
The Eels consist of both able-bodied and adaptive divers,
although everyone involved considers themselves an adaptive
diver because of their shared training.                                                 Fishing Has No Boundaries, Inc.
                                                                                                  PO Box 175
Through the efforts of past and present members, the Eels have                                Hayward, WI 54843
provided people from across the country the opportunity to expe-                              Phone: 800.243.3462
rience a new world underwater.                                                                 Fax: 715.634.1305

Eels on Wheels Adaptive Scuba Club                                       For more information about Fishing Has No Boundaries, Inc.,
       8024 Mesa Drive #177                                                             please visit
        Austin, Texas 78731
        Phone: 512.463.0110

    For more information about the Eels on Wheels Adaptive
            Scuba Club, please visit

146 Adaptive Water Sports                                                                                        Adaptive Water Sports 147
                                        Handicapped                                                       Scuba Association
                                           Scuba                                                          Training Center of
                                        Association                                                          New Jersey
Founded in 1981, the Handicapped Scuba Association International          The Handicapped Scuba Association (HSA) Training Center of
(HSA), a non-profit organization, has dedicated itself to improving       New Jersey is a member of Handicapped Scuba Association
the physical and social well-being of people with disabilities            International, which is the world's leading authority on recreation-
through the sport of scuba diving.                                        al diving for people with disabilities.

HSA operates as an independent diver training and certifying agency.      Handicapped students are trained and certified according to HSA
HSA’s diver education programs and Instructor Training Course (ITC)       physical performance standards and a multi-level certification sys-
were developed in conjunction with two major certifying agencies,         tem. This certification enables HSA to train people with a wide
PADI and NAUI. Since the HSA Instructor Training Course was first         range of disabilities including paraplegia, quadriplegia, blindness,
introduced in 1986, it has trained and certified a network of over 2000   mild retardation or those with high-functioning brain injuries.
instructors in over 45 countries around the world.

HSA's accessible International Dive Vacations enable divers with           Handicapped Scuba Association Training Center of New Jersey
disabilities an opportunity to visit some of the world's most beauti-                            16 Afton Road
ful dive sites.                                                                               Jackson, NJ 08527
                                                                                             Phone: 732.928.0461
     Handicapped Scuba
   Association International                                                   For more information please visit,
       1104 El Prado
San Clemente, CA 92672-4637
    Phone: 949.498.4540
     Fax: 949.498.6128

                 For more information about HSA,
                  please visit

148 Adaptive Water Sports                                                                                           Adaptive Water Sports 149
                                       The Louisville                                                                  Ocean
                                       Rowing Club                                                                     Dreams
The Louisville Rowing Club (LRC) utilizes two boat houses locat-          Our Ocean Dreams is dedicated to providing aquatic experiences
ed along the Ohio River in Louisville, Kentucky: Downtown (1501           for people with all forms of physical disabilities. Their mission is to
Fulton Street) and Harrod's Creek (Upper River Road).                     ensure that activities above and below the water fit the needs, and
                                                                          exceed the expectations, of the children and adults involved in the
Adaptive rowing encompasses individuals with numerous types of            program. Our Ocean Dreams is committed to offering the best
disabilities including, but not limited to, paraplegics, quadriplegics,   service in a safe and barrier-free environment.
amputees, and the visually impaired. The basic requirement is the
ability to use one or both upper extremities even if there is limited     Our Ocean Dreams does not limit its diving to local waters. With a
strength and an understanding of the need for safety on and               national network of divers at all experience levels, Our Ocean
around the water.                                                         Dreams can help to make your ocean dream a reality.

The basic techniques of adaptive rowing are the same as with
able-bodied rowing – balance, timing, and oar work. The adapta-                                   Our Ocean Dreams
tions are based on the needs of the individual rower. Fixed seats                                   PO Box 20874
(as opposed to sliding seats) are used for paraplegics and quadri-                          St. Petersburg, FL 33742-0874
plegics. For amputees, extra weight may be added to the boat for                                 Phone: 727.578.3095
balance. Pontoons can also be added for extra stability. Disabled
rowers can pair up with either another disabled rower or able-bod-                 For more information about Our Ocean Dreams,
ied rower in a double "shell", or row by themselves in a single.                       please visit
Adaptive rowing can be competitive, recreational, or both.

    Louisville Rowing Club
        809 Palatka Rd.
     Louisville, KY 40214

   For more information
 about the LRC, please visit
150 Adaptive Water Sports                                                                                            Adaptive Water Sports 151
                                           Sailing                                                                  Surfers
                                        Alternatives                                                                Healing

Sailing is one of the few sports in which people with many differ-      Surfers Healing is a foundation created to enrich the lives of chil-
ent disabilities can compete against each other on an equal level.      dren with autism and the lives of their families by exposing them
In this sport, able-bodied sailors compete alongside amputees,          to the unique experience of surfing.
paraplegics, and those with other disabilities. Everyone is sailing
the same boat, with no handicapping system.                             In 1999, the first Surfers Healing event was held at San Onofre
                                                                        Beach and met with resounding success. Today, Surfers Healing
Racing for sailors with disabilities is governed by the International   hosts single-day surfing events throughout the United States.
Federation of Disabled Sailing (IFDS) and domestically by Sailors       These events are free to participants and are well attended, as
With Special Needs (SWSN), a subcommittee of US Sailing.                approximately 200 individuals attend each event.

SWSN is not only involved in races and competition, but also            Autism is reaching near epidemic proportions. A cure is still years
engages in activities to promote disabled sailing programs and          away as doctors and researchers struggle to determine the exact
opportunities to learn to sail. Competitors are taught the importance   cause of this debilitating disorder. Until a cure is discovered,
of a strong program that provides therapy, rehab, and a chance to       Surfers Healing is focused on giving a day of relief to the parents
enjoy sailing as both a recreational and competitive activity.          and families of autistic children. The goal is to not only expose
                                                                        these children to the therapeutic experience of surfing, but to give
                                                                        them a normal day of fun at the beach.
                       Sailing Alternatives
                    7262 South Leewynn Drive
                       Sarasota, Fl 34240                                                       Surfers Healing
                      Phone: 941.377.4986                                                    2001 Corte Cardelina
                                                                                            San Clemente, CA 92673
         For more information about Sailing Alternatives,                                    Phone: 949.728.1100
             please visit                                         Fax: 949.728.1200

                                                                                   For more information about Surfers Healing,
                                                                                       please visit

152 Adaptive Water Sports                                                                                         Adaptive Water Sports 153
                                                                                                                Adaptive Sports
                                                                                                                   Center of
                                             Water Ski
                                                                                                                 Crested Butte

In 1994, Water Skiers with Disabilities Association was created as        Since 1987 the Adaptive Sports Center (ASC) has provided oppor-
an official sport division of USA Water Ski. Water skiing has been        tunities for people with disabilities to participate in a variety of out-
adapted so that disabled athletes can participate and compete.            door adventure activities. The ASC believes these activities pro-
Disabled water ski tournaments include slalom, tricks and jumping         vide the participant with excellent opportunities for personal and
events in men and women divisions for blind individuals, multi-           physical growth. The activities offered are also an excellent
plegics and leg and arm amputees.                                         chance for participants to experience adventure activities with
                                                                          friends and family.
Leg and arm amputees compete with the same water ski equip-
ment used by able-bodied athletes and have the option of skiing           The ASC has the capacity to provide expert instruction to partici-
with or without prosthesis. Blind athletes also do not use special        pants with physical, cognitive, developmental, social and emotional
equipment and are assisted by another water skier who serves as           disabilities of all ages and backgrounds. The program provides both
a guide. Multiplegic athletes use a sit ski, which is larger than a ski   winter and summer outdoor adventure activities. The ASC uses high
typically used by an able-bodied athlete.                                 quality facilities and equipment and all programming is conducted in
                                                                          some of the most beautiful locations in the Colorado Rockies.

                                                                          Winter activities include
                                                                          mono and bi-skiing;
                                                                          visually and hearing
                                                                          impaired guided skiing;
                                                                          Nordic, backcountry and
                                                                          snow-cat skiing; three
                                                                          and four tracking; and
                                                                          backcountry hut trips.

                         USA Water Ski
                      1251 Holy Cow Road
                    Polk City, Florida 33868
                      Phone: 863.324.4341
                       Fax: 863.325.8259
           For more information about USA Water Ski,
                please visit
154 Adaptive Water Sports                                                                                             Adaptive Winter Sports 155
Summer activities include canoeing clinics, whitewater rafting,                                              Attitash Bear
multi-day river trips, cycling/hand cycling, adaptive downhill moun-
tain biking, camping, backcountry hiking, wild flower tours, and                                             Peak’s Perfect
ropes course programming.

                                                                       Experience the freedom of skiing with the Adaptive Ski Program, a
                                                                       wonderful part of Attitash Bear Peak's Perfect Turn. Physically and
                                                                       mentally-challenged adults and children can enjoy the freedom of
                                                                       skiing unencumbered by wheelchairs and braces. All skiers with
                                                                       disabilities are welcome to participate. Participants may be
                                                                       amputees, developmentally disabled, visually impaired, spinal
                                                                       cord-injured, have neuromuscular disorders or other physical chal-
                                                                       lenges. Lessons are available daily by reservation and include a lift
                                                                       ticket, one-on-one instruction, specially-designed equipment and
                                                                       coaching by qualified staff.

                                                                                        Attitash Bear Peak's Perfect Turn
                                                                                                    Route 302
                                                                                                Bartlett, NH 03812
                                                                                               Phone: 603.374.2699

                                                                          For more information on Attitash Bear Peak’s Perfect Turn,
                                                                                        please visit

                  The Adaptive Sports Center
                         PO Box 1639
                   Crested Butte, CO 81224
                 Phone: 866.349.2296 (toll-free)

     For more information about The Adaptive Sports Center,
              please visit

156 Adaptive Winter Sports                                                                                       Adaptive Winter Sports 157
                                      The Breckenridge
                                          Outdoor                                                                       Challenge
                                      Education Center                                                                   Alaska
The Breckenridge Outdoor Education Center (BOEC) is a non-profit              Challenge Alaska is a non-profit organization that provides sports
organization that offers outdoor learning experiences to people of all        and therapeutic recreation opportunities for those with disabilities.
abilities, including people with disabilities, those with serious illnesses
and injuries, and "at-risk" populations. The BOEC is dedicated to             Physical recreation is a crucial aspect of early rehabilitation and
helping people reach their full potential through individual and group        lifelong well being. It is also an important step toward improved
programs. People of all abilities can get involved with adventure trips,      mobility, increased self-confidence, and development of specif-
internships, and volunteer positions.                                         ic skills. Challenge Alaska works to give participants the skills
                                                                              and confidence needed to eventually partake in recreational
BOEC’s goal is to provide people the opportunity to learn new                 activities independently.
skills, experience natural areas, challenge themselves and work
together to enhance their health and self-esteem. By meeting                  Challenge Alaska built, and currently operates, the International
challenges and surpassing their own preconceived limitations,                 Sports, Recreation and Education center in Girdwood, Alaska.
participants gain confidence.                                                 Girdwood is also the location of Alyeska Ski Resort, one of
                                                                              Alaska's premier downhill ski slopes.
At the Breckenridge Outdoor Education Center, skiing is available
to people with any disability. The BOEC Adaptive Ski Program
offers one-on-one instruction at Breckenridge, Copper Mountain                                         Challenge Alaska
and Keystone Resorts. The BOEC’s programs are directed toward                                           PO Box 11065
all abilities, from the beginner to the seasoned skier needing only                                 Anchorage, AK 99511
a ski buddy and fresh powder. Other winter group activities include                                 Phone: 907.344.7399
nordic skiing, backcountry touring, snowshoeing, winter camping,                                   Toll Free: 888.430.2738
a ropes course, peak climbing, and teambuilding.                                                  Ski School: 907.783.2925
                                                                                                     TTY: 907.344.7270
                                                                                                      Fax: 907.344.7349
              Breckenridge Outdoor Education Center
                           PO Box 697                                                   For more information about Challenge Alaska,
                     Breckenridge, CO 80424                                                  please visit
                       Phone: 970.453.6422
                        Fax: 970.453.4676

  For more information about BOEC, please visit
158 Adaptive Winter Sports                                                                                              Adaptive Winter Sports 159
                                          Challenge                                                                Skiing
                                           Aspen                         Maine Handicapped Skiing (MHS) is a non-profit organization that
Challenge Aspen is a year-round program that provides recreation-        provides sports programs that attract students from the United
al and cultural experiences for individuals who have mental or phys-     States, Canada and Great Britain. MHS’ mission is to develop and
ical disabilities. Challenge Aspen believes that access is the key to    operate educational programs that encourage individuals with dis-
participation, and through participation, people with disabilities can   abilities to discover new abilities through recreation. MHS hopes that
break through barriers, unite family and friends, and gain the self-     recreational experiences will enhance other aspects of their lives to
esteem and confidence necessary to lead fulfilling, productive lives.    develop self-confidence, self-motivation, increased physical strength
                                                                         and an improved self-image. MHS also wants their students to learn
Challenge Aspen, a non-profit organization, was formed in                a sport they can enjoy with family and friends throughout their lives.
December 1995, when it took over the 25-year-old adaptive ski
program from the Aspen Skiing Company. Challenge Aspen offers            MHS provides adaptive ski equipment and warm winter clothing.
a variety of daily activities such as horseback riding, whitewater       Trained volunteers work with children and adults with physical dis-
rafting, paragliding, hand cycling, fishing, hiking, singing, and        abilities so they can become independent skiers and snowboard-
dancing. Special winter activities include adaptive skiing and           ers. All lessons provided at Maine Handicapped Skiing are free of
snowboarding, snowshoeing, and ice-skating. To help their mem-           charge to their students.
bers feel more comfortable, Challenge Aspen offers a "Buddy
System" for a wide variety of their activities.                          In the summer of 1999, Maine Handicapped Skiing started a small
                                                                         summer adaptive sports program for adults and children with
                                                                         physical disabilities. Lessons offered include canoeing, kayaking,
                         Challenge Aspen                                 hand cycling, outdoor skills and adaptive golf.
                        Post Office Box M
                        Aspen, CO 81612                                           Maine Handicapped Skiing
                       Phone: 970.923.0578                                            8 Sundance Lane
                        Fax: 970.923.7338                                          Newry, ME 04281-3228
                                                                                    Phone: 207.824.2440
          For more information about Challenge Aspen,                                TTY: 207.824.2440
              please visit                                    Fax: 207.824.0453

                                                                              For more information about MHS,
                                                                                please visit

160 Adaptive Winter Sports                                                                                         Adaptive Winter Sports 161
                                                                                                         The New England
                                        Mount Snow                                                         Handicapped
                                        Adaptive Ski                                                          Sports
                                         Program                                                           Association
Mount Snow's Adaptive Ski Program has been in existence for over
15 years and has grown each year as demand for this specialized        The New England Handicapped Sports Association (NEHSA) was
instruction has increased. This program focuses on assisting guests    founded in 1972 as a non-profit organization run by and for phys-
to overcome physical challenges through strength building, balance     ically-disabled persons who wanted to enjoy active and inde-
                                                                       pendent lives through participation in sports. In 1994, NEHSA
and coordination, as well as overcoming mental challenges.
                                                                       expanded its program to include ski instruction for developmen-
                                                                       tally-disabled persons. The program's goals are to encourage
Whether the need is for stand-up or sit-down equipment designed
                                                                       positive attitudes, social opportunities and personal growth
to compensate for a variety of physical challenges, or clinics serv-
                                                                       through the challenges that participation in outdoor sports and
ing hearing and visually impaired or developmentally challenged
                                                                       recreation have to offer.
guests, Mount Snow provides the opportunity to learn a sport that
can be shared with family and friends for a lifetime.
                                                                       NEHSA offers adaptive ski and snowboard lessons to people of all
                                                                       ages and all disabilities. At Mount Sunapee Resort, skiers partici-
At Mount Snow, AbilityPLUS (see page 180) supports the adaptive
                                                                       pate in either a stand up or sit-down program, some people try
program and accepts donations to acquire new equipment.
                                                                       both. Among their stand-up skiers are amputees, persons who
                                                                       have recovered from polio or strokes, skiers with cerebral palsy,
                                                                       blind skiers, deaf skiers, and persons with developmental disabili-
                                                                       ties. Participants in their sit-down program may include persons
                                                                       with spina bifida, multiple sclerosis, paraplegic and quadriplegic.
       Mount Snow Resort
           Route 100
      West Dover, VT 05356
                                                                                 New England Handicapped Sports Association
 Phone: 802.464.1100 ext. 4699
                                                                                              PO Box 2135
                                                                                       Mt. Sunapee, NH 03255-2135
                                                                                           Phone: 800.628.4484

                                                                                     For more information about NEHSA,
      For more information about the Mount Snow Adaptive
                                                                                         please visit
         Ski Program, please visit

162 Adaptive Winter Sports                                                                                      Adaptive Winter Sports 163
                                   Ski For Light, Inc.
                                                                                                            Adaptive Sports

Ski for Light, Inc. (SFL) is a non-profit, international organization   The Telluride Adaptive Sports Program (TASP) is a non-profit
run entirely by volunteers that conducts an annual, weeklong            organization dedicated to providing adaptive skiing, horseback rid-
cross-country recreational skiing program for blind, visually and       ing and other recreational experiences for local residents and vis-
mobility-impaired, and sighted adults.                                  itors with disabilities. TASP also conducts clinics and special
                                                                        events such as the annual Expand Your Horizon's! Ski Camp for
SFL teaches participants how to cross-country ski in an atmos-          advanced skiers with disabilities held in late February, and a hand-
phere that encourages everyone to realize that the only limitations     cycle and downhill mountain biking clinic in August. TASP is a
are those they place upon themselves. Participants are encour-          member of Disabled Sports USA (see page 107), a national net-
aged to embrace the SFL motto, "If I can do this, I can do any-         work of educational sports programs for people with disabilities.
thing," in all aspects of their lives.
                                                                        Ski instructors evaluate students' individual needs and goals to
Beyond daily cross-country ski instruction and outings for both the     provide them with proper adaptive equipment. Ski methods
novice and experienced athlete, SFL also offers a wide variety of       include monoski, bi-ski, 3-track, 4-track and adaptations of skis or
workshops and cultural activities designed to promote education         snowboard, as well as guiding techniques for blind skiers.
and interaction among all participants.
                                                                        The therapeutic horseback riding program operates under the
SFL has inspired the creation of nine independent state and             standards and guidelines of the North American Riding for the
regional organizations. These offshoots offer ongoing weekend           Handicapped Association (NARHA) (see page 136). Certified rid-
and weeklong programs to teach disabled individuals to cross-           ing instructors and physical therapists develop student lesson
country ski.                                                            plans based on joint goals. Instructors guide students through a
                                                                        variety of tasks assisted by trained volunteers. As students
                                                                        progress, they may participate in trail rides, group rides, competi-
            Ski for Light, Inc.                                         tion and overnight adventures.
         1455 West Lake Street
      Minneapolis, MN 55408-2648
          Phone: 612.827.3232

   For more information about Ski for
     Light, please visit

164 Adaptive Winter Sports                                                                                       Adaptive Winter Sports 165
TASP participants experience a variety of benefits including
improved balance, muscle tone, flexibility and mobility. They also
gain greater self-confidence, self-awareness and self-esteem,
which help to build healthy relationships.                                                           Vermont Adaptive
                                                                                                      Ski and Sports
               Telluride Adaptive Sports Program
                           PO Box 2254                               Vermont Adaptive Ski and Sports (VASS) offers year-round sports
                       Telluride, CO 81435                           and recreation programs throughout Vermont. Currently, programs
                      Phone: 970.728.7537                            include skiing and snowboarding at Pico Mountain at Killington
                        Fax: 970.728.7581                            and Sugarbush Mountain Resorts; sailing on beautiful Lake
             Email:                 Champlain; canoeing, kayaking, biking, indoor rock climbing, hik-
                                                                     ing, and many specialty camps. VASS serves all ages and disabil-
    For more information about the Telluride Adaptive Sports         ities. VASS is a US Paralympic Academy state partner and the
     Program, please visit           Vermont Chapter of Disabled Sports USA (see page 107).

                                                                                     Vermont Adaptive Ski and Sports
                                                                                                PO Box 139
                                                                                           Killington, VT 05751
                                                                                           Phone: 802.786.4991
                                                                                            Fax: 802.786.4986

                                                                      For more information about Vermont Adaptive Ski and Sports,
                                                                                       please visit

166 Adaptive Winter Sports                                                                                  Adaptive Winter Sports 167
                                       The National                                                               The National
                                     Sports Center for                                                            Ability Center
                                       the Disabled

The National Sports Center for the Disabled (NSCD) is a non-profit        Located in Park City, Utah, the National Ability Center offers year-
organization that provides recreation for both children and adults with   round affordable outdoor sports and recreational experiences for
disabilities. In addition to skiing, snowboarding and snowshoeing les-    individuals with disabilities and their families. The objective of
sons, NSCD provides year-round competition training to ski racers         these experiences is to build self-esteem, confidence and physical
with disabilities. Summer recreation opportunities include biking, hik-   development, thereby enhancing active participation in all aspects
ing, in-line skating, sailing, therapeutic horseback riding, whitewater   of community life.
rafting, baseball, fishing, rock climbing for the blind, and camping.
                                                                          Programs include alpine skiing and snowboarding, Nordic skiing,
Each year, approximately 3,000 children and adults with disabilities      horseback riding, water skiing, cycling, swimming, canoeing, river
enjoy the recreation opportunities provided by the NSCD or train          rafting, scuba diving, snorkeling, indoor climbing, as well as adven-
with the NSCD's competition program. A full-time staff and more           ture learning retreats and camps. In addition to offering profes-
than 1,000 trained volunteers provide about 28,000 lessons to par-        sional instruction, the Ability Center also provides adaptive equip-
ticipants from all 50 states and almost a dozen international groups.     ment for each of its programs.
Participants' disabilities include: blindness, amputation, deafness,
developmental disabilities, birth defects, severe asthma, and             For those individuals and groups interested in visiting from out-of-
severe diabetes. Disabilities may also include permanent spine,           state, the National Ability Center has a 26-room, double-occupan-
head, or limb injuries, as well as terminal or progressive illnesses.     cy bunkhouse, complete with wheelchair accessible rooms,
                                                                          kitchen, cafeteria and workout facilities.
The NSCD attracts ski school instructors and outdoor recreation
specialists from around the world for its year-round clinics and its
annual adaptive sports symposium.                                                               National Ability Center
                                                                                                  PO Box 682799
                                                                                                 Park City, UT 84068
                          National Sports Center for the Disabled                               Phone: 435.649.3991
                                      PO Box 1290                                                Fax: 435.658.3992
                                  Winter Park, CO 80482                                        Email:
                                   Phone: 970.726.1540
                                    Fax: 970.726.4112
                                                                               For more information about the National Ability Center,
  For more information about NSCD, please visit                               please visit

168 Adaptive Winter Sports                                                                                          Adaptive Winter Sports 169
                                 The United States
                                     Adaptive                                                             The Waterville
                                 Recreation Center                                                       Valley Adaptive
                                                                                                         Skiing Program
The United States Adaptive Recreation Center (USARC) began in         The Waterville Valley Adaptive Skiing Program, founded in
1983 and provides winter and summer opportunities for people          1992, teams up physically and mentally challenged children and
with disabilities to participate in challenging outdoor recreation.   adults with volunteers to learn to ski unencumbered by a wheel-
USARC’s programs create opportunities to explore and achieve          chair or braces.
one's potential.
                                                                      The Waterville Valley Adaptive Skiing Program operates under the
Headquartered at Big Bear Mountain Resort in Big Bear Lake,           non-profit status of the Waterville Valley Foundation. The program
California, USARC provides adults and children with disabilities      is guided by over 30 trained volunteer instructors who teach les-
the instruction and resources necessary to participate in outdoor     sons seven days a week. For first time skiers, a “Learn-to-Ski”
recreation. USARC’s goal is to develop the skills and self-confi-     lesson is free. Group and private lessons are available daily,
dence of each participant necessary to undertake not only the         including holiday periods.
challenges of these adventurous activities, but those challenges
that may await them in the future.

                 U.S. Adaptive Recreation Center                                 Waterville Valley Adaptive Skiing Program
                          PO Box 2897                                                           Town Square
                 Big Bear Lake, CA 92315-2897                                                    PO Box 253
                      Phone: 909.584.0269                                              Waterville Valley, NH 03215
                       Fax: 909.585.6805                                             Phone: 603.236.8311 ext. 3175

             For more information about the USARC,                       For more information about the Waterville Adaptive Skiing
                   please visit                         Program, please visit

170 Adaptive Winter Sports                                                                                    Adaptive Winter Sports 171
                                    Whistler Adaptive                                                            Universal
                                      Ski Program                                                                Wheelchair
The Whistler Adaptive Ski Program (WASP) provides people with           Universal Wheelchair Football is an adaptation of American foot-
disabilities an opportunity to be physically active by giving them      ball that provides people with disabilities the opportunity to play
access to one of the world's top ski resorts. WASP provides an          football regardless of his or her ability. Players on a team can con-
environment where disabled patrons can have the opportunity and         sist of any combination of paraplegics, quadriplegics, amputees,
the support they need to focus on their special ability.                visually impaired, hearing impaired, able-bodied, men, women,
                                                                        kids, seniors, etc.
WASP provides an opportunity for hundreds of people with a wide
range of disabilities to ski alongside other ski enthusiasts.           The sport can be played in a gymnasium or on a parking lot.
                                                                        Participants can use a manual wheelchair, a power wheelchair, or
Whistler/Blackcomb hopes to provide individuals with any dis-           a scooter. Able-bodied individuals are encouraged to use available
ability the access to recreational facilities that will help increase   wheelchairs. If a participant does not have the ability to catch a
their self-confidence, motivation and independence through out-         ball, but does have use of his/her arms, the ball has to hit any-
door recreation.                                                        where from the elbows up. If the participant does not have use of
                                                                        his/her arms, the foam ball has to hit the person from the waist up.
                                                                        A catch or a tackle (touch) is only relevant if the ball or defensive
 Whistler Blackcomb Mountains                                           person contacts the person and not their wheelchair.
       Whistler, BC, Canada
       Phone: 604.905.2016
Toll Free: 800.766.0449 ext. 2071                                                   Universal Wheelchair Football Association
        Fax: 604.905.2016                                                                    University of Cincinnati
Email:                                                           Raymond Walters College
                                                                                        John Kraimer/ Disability Services
                                                                                              9555 Plainfield Road
    For more information about                                                             Cincinnati, OH 45236-1096
 Whistler Blackcomb Mountains,                                                                Phone: 513.792.8625
 please visit                                                               TTY: 513.745.8300
                                                                                               Fax: 513.792.8624

                                                                            For more information about Universal Wheelchair Football,
                                                                            please visit

172 Adaptive Winter Sports                                                                                   Adaptive Wheelchair Sports 173
                                                                                                                 The American
                                     World Wheelchair                                                             Wheelchair
                                          Sports                                                                   Bowling
World Wheelchair Sports was founded, organized, and is operated            The American Wheelchair Bowling Association (AWBA) is a non-
by people with disabilities. Whatever the nature of their disability,      profit organization composed of wheelchair bowlers dedicated to
athletes discover the excitement and exhilaration of independent           encouraging, developing, and regulating wheelchair bowling and
movement through sports. For many of the participants, there is a          wheelchair bowling leagues. The AWBA serves wheelchair bowling
noticeable increase in self-esteem and confidence when they find           just as the American Bowling Congress (ABC) and the Women's
themselves independently competing or teaming with other able-             International Bowling Congress (WIBC) serves able-bodied
bodied athletes. Participation in these activities is often a catalyst     bowlers. The AWBA serves to strengthen clubs and leagues that
for other positive improvements.                                           are already formed. They help independent bowlers start new
                                                                           leagues and strive to help all wheelchair bowlers with any problem
Programs are dedicated to providing recreational fitness experiences       that confronts them.
and competitive athletic opportunities to people with mobility
impairments. More specifically, the goals are to:
• Promote the concept that physical fitness is essential to all;
• Facilitate independent movement for all people with disabilities;
• Provide outdoor fitness opportunities for people with disabilities;
• Promote and improve the skills of athletes with disabilities;
• Promote the integration of disabled athletes into athletic activities.

                                           World Wheelchair Sports
                                             3552 George Court
                                             Eugene, OR 97401                       The American Wheelchair Bowling Association
                                            Phone: 541.485.1860                            6264 North Andrews Avenue
                                                                                             Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33309
                                                                                             Phone/Fax: 954.491.2886

       For more information about World Wheelchair Sports,                              For more information about the AWBA,
              please visit                                             please visit

174 Adaptive Wheelchair Sports                                                                                 Adaptive Wheelchair Sports 175
                                         The National
                                          Wheelchair                                                          USTA Eastern
                                          Basketball                                                         Wheelchair Tennis
The National Wheelchair Basketball Association (NWBA), founded            Wheelchair tennis was created in 1976, and has grown rapidly
in 1948, is the oldest and largest disability sport organization in the   ever since. The USTA manages the wheelchair tennis activities in
United States. The NWBA is comprised of over 185 teams consist-           the United States through USA Wheelchair Tennis. There are
ing of men's, women's, intercollegiate, and youth teams throughout        approximately 5,000 recreational wheelchair tennis players in the
the United States and Canada. NWBA's purpose is to provide per-           United States and about 500 competitive players.
sons with permanent lower limb disabilities a chance to compete
in wheelchair basketball. The NWBA's involvement ranges from              USA Wheelchair Tennis Committee has publications and videos
a pickup game at a local school to the Gold Medal Game at a               available on recreational and competitive wheelchair tennis. USTA
World Championship.                                                       section offices offer annual seed grants available for organizations
                                                                          interested in developing a wheelchair tennis program.
In 1946, the members of the California Chapter of the Paralyzed
Veterans of America (PVA) started the game of wheelchair basket-          Wheelchair tennis tournaments are held in every major region of the
ball. It then spread to various Veterans Administration Hospitals         United States, in all sections of the United States Tennis Association
throughout the country and by 1948 there were six teams. The              (USTA), and in over 70 foreign countries. There are tournaments held
NWBA was later formed in order to provide structure and continue          on both clay and hard surfaces, indoors and outdoors. The USTA
the growth of wheelchair basketball.                                      sponsors two international teams: the Paralympic Tennis Team and
                                                                          the World Team Cup. For more information about available tourna-
                                                                          ments, exhibitions, clinics and instructional camps contact the USTA.
    National Wheelchair
   Basketball Association                                                 For those that live near the National Tennis Center in Flushing,
  6917 Grand Prairie Drive                                                New York, every Sunday there are lessons offered for individuals
   Colorado Springs, CO                                                   of all levels.
   Phone: 719.266.4082                                                       USTA Community Tennis            USTA National Tennis Center
    Fax: 719.266.4876                                                        70 West Read Oak Lane           Flushing Meadows Corona Park
                                                                             White Plains, NY 10064                Flushing, NY 11368
For more information about                                                    Phone: 914.696.7291                 Phone: 718.760.6200
  the NWBA, please visit                                                          For more information about USTA's USA Wheelchair Tennis,
                                                                          please visit and click on USA Tennis Wheelchair.

176 Adaptive Wheelchair Sports                                                                                  Adaptive Wheelchair Sports 177
                                                                                                                The United
                                      The USTA/PVA                                                             States Quad
                                       Wheelchair                                                                 Rugby
                                      Tennis Camps                                                             Association
The Paralyzed Veterans Association (PVA) and the United States      The United States Quad Rugby Association (USQRA) was formed in
Tennis Association (USTA) annually co-sponsor the USTA/PVA          1988 to help promote and regulate the sport of quad rugby on both a
National Wheelchair Tennis Camps. Each camp is designed for         national and international level. Since its inception, the sport has
players and coaches of all skill levels and features a comprehen-   grown from four teams to more than 45 teams in the United States.
sive curriculum of instruction.                                     In addition to the growth of the sport in the United States, it has grown
                                                                    internationally and is now played in more than 24 countries.
Some of the topics covered during
the three-day camp include stroke                                   Wheelchair rugby was featured as a demonstration sport at the
production, tournament prepara-                                     1996 Paralympics in Atlanta, Georgia and is now recognized as a
tion and conditioning, singles and                                  full medal sport at the Paralympics.
doubles strategy, mobility, mental
training, and wheelchair set-up and

     USTA/PVA Wheelchair
         Tennis Camps
 900 17th Street, NW, Suite 400
  Washington, DC 20006-2504
     Phone: 202.416.7683
      Fax: 202.955.8357
                                                                                       U.S. Quad Rugby Association
                                                                                         5861 White Cypress Drive
 For more information about the                                                         Lake Worth, FL 33467-6203
  USTA/PVA Wheelchair Tennis                                                               Phone: 561.969.1970
      Camps, please visit                                                                   Fax: 561.642.4444
                                                                                 For more information about the USQRA,
                                                                                     please visit

178 Adaptive Wheelchair Sports                                                                             Adaptive Wheelchair Sports 179
                                                                          AbilityPLUS at Attitash/Bear Peak
                                                                                    Bartlett, NH
                                                                           Phone: 603.374.2368 ext. 2688

                                                                        Bretton Woods Adaptive Ski Program
                                                                                 Bretton Woods, NH
AbilityPLUS, Inc. is a non-profit organization providing sports and             Phone: 603.278.3398
recreation opportunities for people with disabilities in the
Northeast. They also provide consultation services for programs
throughout the United States and abroad.
                                                                           Wachusett Mountain Adaptive
AbilityPLUS is dedicated to helping athletes of all ages and abili-      Wachusett Mountain, Princeton, MA
ties realize their dreams. As its programs are open to everyone,          Phone: 978.464.2300 ext. 3718
the goal is to eliminate the barriers that prevent disabled athletes
from participating in mainstream sports and recreational activities.

AbilityPLUS teaches disabled individuals how to ski at                   Mt. Snow Adaptive Skiing Program
Attitash/Bear Peak, Bretton Woods, Gunstock and Waterville                        Mt. Snow, VT
Valley ski areas in New Hampshire, Wachusett Mountain and                 Phone: 802.464.1100 ext. 4699
Nashoba Valley in Massachusetts, and Mt. Snow and Stowe
Mountain in Vermont.

AbilityPLUS also helps to integrate adaptive programs into all                       AbilityPLUS
existing sports and recreational activities – especially those that                 PO Box 253
are currently unavailable to disabled athletes.                              Waterville Valley, NH 03215
                                                                               Phone: 978.365.6200
                                                                                Fax: 978.365.6230

                                                                       For more information about AbilityPLUS,
                                                                           please visit

180 Other Adaptive Organizations                                                            Other Adaptive Organizations 181
                                                                                                                   The Adaptive
                                                                                                                 Adventure Sports

Adaptive Adventures, a non-profit member of Disabled Sports USA             The Adaptive Adventure Sports Coalition (TAASC) was formed in
(see page 109), identifies, promotes, and provides recreational             1997 to enhance the opportunities for children and adults with any
opportunities for people with disabilities and their families. It creates   type of disability to participate in recreational sports and commu-
an information resource for the disabled community thereby providing        nity-based activities. TAASC offers seven different programs
greater accessibility to existing recreational opportunities for people     throughout the year which include alpine skiing, cycling, ice skat-
with disabilities and their families. Adaptive Adventures also provides     ing/sled hockey, kayaking, rock climbing, sailing and water skiing.
recreational opportunities to promote independence and motivate             The location of these programs is primarily in Central Ohio, with
people with physical disabilities to expand personal boundaries and         extended trips to various locations throughout Ohio. The majority
go beyond physical limitations.                                             of TAASC's participants are from Ohio, however many also travel
                                                                            from other states to take part.
The program promotes quality instruction for adaptive sports and
recreation by offering clinics for instructors and volunteers, as well      TAASC's programs educate while building leadership skills and
as providing manuals, books and other resources for running                 enhancing the quality of life for individuals with any type of disability.
different adaptive recreation activities. Adaptive Adventures’ goals
are to develop a greater number of participants, teachers, and role         TAASC provides participants with the necessary equipment and
models throughout the disabled community; to offer educational              safety gear for each program. Instructors have been certified by
programs designed to increase understanding and participation in            various organizations that are program specific.
recreational opportunities for all people; and to offer scholarship
opportunities for individuals with special needs. Adaptive Adventures
offers programs for amputees, paraplegia, quadriplegia, cerebral            The Adaptive Adventure Sports Coalition
palsy, head injury, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, spina                       1139 Dodd Hall
bifida, stroke and visual impairments.                                                 480 W. 9th Ave.
                                                                                    Columbus, OH 43210
                        Adaptive Adventures                                         Phone: 614.293.4963
                            PO Box 2445
                        Evergreen, CO 80439                                   For more information about TAASC,
                        Phone: 303.679.2770                                       please visit
                         Fax: 303.670.8290

         For more information about Adaptive Adventures,
             please visit
182 Other Adaptive Organizations                                                                                  Other Adaptive Organizations 183
                                    Adaptive Sports                                                                ALS
                                     Association                                                               Ride For Life

The Adaptive Sports Association (ASA) is a year-round sports and        In 1997, Chris Pendergast, a former schoolteacher from Long
recreational organization dedicated to enhancing the well being of      Island (NY), formed a not-for-profit organization called Ride For
people with disabilities. ASA offers activities such as skiing, snow    Life. His vision was for ALS patients to ride their electric-powered
boarding, whitewater rafting, canoeing, sea kayaking, hiking, fish-     wheelchairs from Yankee Stadium to the Capitol Building in
ing, etc. The goal of ASA is to provide outdoor recreational oppor-     Washington, DC.
tunities in a barrier-free environment regardless of a person's indi-
vidual financial limitations.                                           In May 1998, with the help of family and friends, Chris and his part-
                                                                        ners embarked on a 325-mile journey to the U.S. Capitol from Lou
Originally founded as an adaptive ski program, ASA's goal of            Gehrig's monument in center field of Yankee Stadium. They
becoming a year-round sports and recreational program was real-         arrived nearly 13 days later, in time for national ALS Awareness
ized in 1997. With state-of-the-art adaptive ski equipment and          and Advocacy activities sponsored by the ALS Association. In
summer equipment modifications, ASA provides instruction to both        2004, the Ride traveled from Manhattan to Montauk Point (the tip
children and adults with learning and physical disabilities such as     of Long Island) and now focuses more on the New York
cerebral palsy. Professional Ski Instructors of America (PSIA) cer-     Metropolitan Area. This annual event increases ALS awareness,
tifies many of ASA's instructors.                                       raises money to help find the cause and a cure, and supports ALS
                                                                        patients and their families.
                   Adaptive Sports Association
                          PO Box 1884
                      Durango, CO 81302
         Winter Program/Ski School Office: 970.385.2163                                        Ride For Life, Inc.
             Summer Program Office: 970.259.0374                                           645 Fifth Avenue, Suite 403
                                                                                              New York, NY 10022
                For more information about ASA,                                               Phone: 212.355.3880
                please visit                                                Fax: 212.355.3807

                                                                                    For more information about Ride For Life,
                                                                                         please visit

184 Other Adaptive Organizations                                                                            Other Adaptive Organizations 185
                                       The Bay                                                           Butlee’s Handicap
                                    Area Outreach                                                             Outdoor
                                    and Recreation                                                          Adventures
The Bay Area Outreach and Recreation Program (BORP) is a non-         Butlee's Handicap Outdoor Adventures (BHOA), founded in 2001,
profit organization that provides challenging and innovative sports   is committed to providing an environment where people, regard-
and recreation programs to people with physical disabilities and      less of their restrictions, can enjoy outdoor activities ranging from
visual impairments who live in or visit the San Francisco Bay Area.   trips down a river to rappelling down the side of a rock's peak.

BORP offers a variety of free and low-cost activities to people of    BHOA helps to focus on abilities, not disabilities, and has devel-
all ages. BORP also has a resource library on recreation and other    oped safe, affordable programs to make dreams become a reality.
disability issues, and provides consultation and training on inte-    From an ambitious adventure to a simple activity, participants can
grating recreation programs.                                          choose whatever activity fulfills their dreams.

            Bay Area Outreach & Recreation Program                              Butlee's Handicap Outdoor Adventures Corp.
                       830 Bancroft Way                                                      100 Perkins Street
                      Berkeley, CA 94710                                                    Brockton, MA 02302
                     Phone: 510.849.4663                                                   Phone: 866.588.8059
                      Fax: 510.849.4616
                                                                           For more information about Butlee's Handicap Outdoor
     For more information about The Bay Area Outreach and                  Adventures, please visit
         Recreation Program, please visit

186 Other Adaptive Organizations                                                                          Other Adaptive Organizations 187
                                     Florida Disabled                                                                 Northeast
                                        Outdoors                                                                      Passage
The purpose of the Florida Disabled Outdoors Association (FDOA)           Established in 1990 as a non-profit organization, Northeast Passage
is to enrich the lives of persons with disabilities by providing infor-   is a program designed to improve the quality of life for individuals with
mation and education about the therapeutic value of participating         disabilities. Its goal is to provide access to sports and recreation
in sports.                                                                activities that enable people with disabilities to improve their physical
                                                                          skills and self-esteem.
In 1992, FDOA developed "SPORTSABILITY," a multi-day event
that targets people of all ages with any type of disability, as well as   Northeast Passage creates an environment where individuals with
their families and friends. SPORTSABILITY provides persons with           disabilities can participate in recreation programs with freedom of
disabilities a unique opportunity to engage in sports and recre-          choice and independence. It provides opportunities for people with
ational activities such as sit skiing, sailing, kayaking, jet skiing,     disabilities to connect with their families, friends, community and
pontoon boat rides, horseback riding, wheelchair tennis, adaptive         nature, as well as with themselves. Participants accomplish their
golf, archery, wheelchair basketball, wheelchair table tennis, goal       missions through education, problem solving, and the creation of
ball and much more.                                                       opportunities while working in cooperation with other programs to
                                                                          create a strong network of accessible recreation.
SPORTSABILITY's more than 1,400 participants are challenged to
become more involved and explore opportunities that might other-
wise have been overlooked. It has also evolved into a program to
include the assistance of students from both Tallahassee                   Northeast Passage
Community College (TCC) and Florida State University (FSU).                    Hewitt Hall
FDOA plans to continue the growth of SPORTSABILITY by intro-                 4 Library Way
ducing the program to other cities in Florida.                             Durham, NH 03824
                                                                          Phone: 603.862.0070
                                                                           TTY: 800.735.2964
              Florida Disabled Outdoors Association                        Fax: 603.862.2722
                      2213 Tallahassee Drive
                      Tallahassee, FL 32309
                       Phone: 850.668.7323                                          For more information about Northeast Passage,
                        Fax: 850.668.0650                                                 please visit

  For more information about FDOA, please visit

188 Other Adaptive Organizations                                                                                Other Adaptive Organizations 189
                                           Outdoor                                                            Association For
                                         Explorations                                                          Blind Athletes

Outdoor Explorations (OE) is an inclusive disability organization        The Pennsylvania Association For Blind Athletes (PABA) is a
that inspires personal growth through outdoor adventures. OE             regional community service organization that promotes and pro-
serves individuals with all types of disabilities, including physical,   vides sports and recreational opportunities for youth and adults
cognitive, sensory, emotional and multiple disabilities, as well as      who are blind and visually impaired. PABA encourages and assists
those without disabilities. Trips are designed for youth, adults, fam-   communities and schools with the development of equal fitness,
ilies, organizations and corporate groups to come out and enjoy          recreation, sport, and social opportunities for those with sensory
daylong or multi-day adventures, regardless of skill. These adven-       and/or physical disabilities. PABA offers some instruction, practice,
tures include whitewater rafting, kayaking, cycling, rocks and           and competition in various international sports, plus other recre-
ropes, sailing, backpacking, snow shoeing and camping.                   ational activities through clinics, chapters, and partners.

OE provides transportation, food, equipment, and clothing for all        Dr. Mae Davidow created PABA, formerly known as the
participants. OE's staff and field volunteers have guided trips for      Philadelphia Blind Sports Club, in 1974. Dr. Davidow, a blind
over ten years and can accommodate all types of needs, giving            teacher at the Overbrook School for the Blind, believed that blind
participants a year-round opportunity to challenge themselves.           students who were leaving schools-for-the-blind due to main-
                                                                         streaming were not going to receive adequate access to physical
                                                                         education, fitness, recreation, sports, and social activities.

                                                                         Since 1987, PABA has hosted the Northeast-Davidow Games, an
      Outdoor Explorations                                               annual multi-state, multi-sport weekend of competitions and
      98 Winchester Street                                               instructional clinics for youth and adults. PABA also helps train and
       Medford, MA 02155                                                 support individuals and teams who wish to compete in national and
      Phone: 781.395.4999                                                international competitions. Three PABA athletes qualified to partic-
       Fax: 781.395.4183                                                 ipate in the 2000 Summer Paralympics.

                 For more information about OE,
             please visit

190 Other Adaptive Organizations                                                                             Other Adaptive Organizations 191
                                                                                               Turning POINT

                                                         Turning POINT sponsors many opportunities for physically chal-
                                                         lenged people from around the world to camp, fish, sail, scuba
                                                         dive, hunt, water ski, or take pictures from a pontoon boat while
                                                         cruising through the scenic swamps of East Texas.

                                                         Turning POINT fosters the idea that it is beneficial to get together
                                                         with other physically challenged people without feeling embar-
                                                         rassed. Turning POINT provides opportunities and equipment for
           Pennsylvania Association for Blind Athletes   independent and safe outings. Turning POINT also provides
                   465 Maplewood Avenue                  opportunities to learn about, and participate in, all wheelchair
                  Springfield, PA 19064-2901             sports including billiards, basketball, tennis, golf, skeet shooting
                    Phone: 215.602.2480                  and bowling.

                For more information about PABA,                                  Turning POINT
                please visit                              403 Pacific Avenue
                                                                                 Terrell, TX 75160
                                                                               Phone: 972.524.4231
                                                                                Fax: 972.551.4231

                                                                    For more information about Turning POINT,
                                                                      please visit

192 Other Adaptive Organizations                                                            Other Adaptive Organizations 193
                                      The United                     UFFDA also organizes and hosts 3-D archery tournaments during
                                                                     the summer months. These tournaments are hosted and staffed by
                                    Foundation for                   volunteers who work with the disabled archers to help them learn
                                                                     to shoot the bow and arrow, regardless of their physical limitations.
                                   Disabled Archers
                                                                                  United Foundation For Disabled Archers
                                                                                        PO Box 251 20 NE 9th Ave
The United Foundation For Disabled Archers (UFFDA) has been in                             Glenwood, MN 65334
existence since 1994 and currently has over 1,800 members                                  Phone: 320.634.3660
throughout the United States.                                                        Email:

The UFFDA wishes to open the door to archery and bow hunting                        For more information about UFFDA,
for any physically challenged person. Even if people have no                           please visit
desire to hunt, UFFDA provides an opportunity to experience the                      or
therapeutic benefits that modern archery can provide. UFFDA tar-
get tournaments provide both hunters and non-hunters a chance
to compete against people with similar physical limitations in 3-D
and target matches.

During the months of September and October, UFFDA hosts three
four-day Whitetail hunts in Northern Minnesota and Wisconsin for
up to 100 physically challenged members. Hunters are selected
each year by a drawing and then are assigned their own personal
guides, who then contact the hunters to cater to their personal
needs in preparing the hunting site.

194 Other Adaptive Organizations                                                                         Other Adaptive Organizations 195
                                              World                                                              The Uniroyal Tire
                                             T.E.A.M.                                                              TOPSoccer
                                              Sports                                                                 Program
                                                                           On Saturdays across the country, a growing number of soccer
World T.E.A.M. (The Exceptional Athlete Matters) Sports was cre-
                                                                           leagues are helping children with disabilities score goals on and off
ated to encourage, promote and develop opportunities in sports
                                                                           the field. Playing soccer is dramatically improving the quality of life
for all persons, especially those with disabilities. It is about greater
                                                                           for young athletes both mentally and physically.
access and the coming together of all people through sports to
learn and grow. At World T.E.A.M. Sports, the power of learning
                                                                           The rules of the Uniroyal Tire TOPSoccer Program are slightly dif-
comes through participation in creative programs, clinics, outreach
                                                                           ferent than in most soccer games. There is no offsides, and the
programs and sporting events. As individuals and organizations
                                                                           players in wheelchairs are able to use their hands. Sessions typi-
join together in sports, attitudes change and differences disappear,
uniting humanity under one common vision.                                  cally include a warm-up, skill lessons and small-sided games.
                                                                           Teams also change each week and are structured by needs and
World T.E.A.M Sports organizes and hosts between 12-15 innova-             abilities, not by age.
tive and challenging sporting events per year throughout the
world. Athletes with and without disabilities come together to par-        While the athletes reap countless rewards from the program, so do
ticipate as one. The events promote diversity and increase aware-          the soccer "buddies." Each player is paired with a buddy, an able-
ness, acceptance and integration for those with disabilities.              bodied volunteer, who assists with handling the ball and moving the
                                                                           player around the field. The players are typically 8-19 years old. The
                                                                           volunteers help the athletes improve their mobility and self-confi-
                       World T.E.A.M. Sports                               dence through soccer, and in turn, experience the thrill of making a
                       Brighton Landing East                               difference in the young players' lives.
                     20 Guest Street, Suite 450
                        Brighton, MA 02135
                       Phone: 617.779.0300
                        Fax: 617.779.0042

        For more information about World T.E.A.M. Sports,
              please visit

196 Other Adaptive Organizations                                                                                Other Adaptive Organizations 197
                     Uniroyal Tire TOPSoccer
                     Phone: 800.4.SOCCER

      For more information about TOPSoccer, please visit

198 Other Adaptive Organizations

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