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					      Report on the 54th Session / 55th Pre-Session

      of the Committee on the Rights of the Child




                        25 May – 11 June 2010


                               Geneva
                             Switzerland




                             Prepared by:



IBFAN - International Baby Food         GIFA – Geneva Infant Feeding
        Action Network                          Association




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                                                                Table of contents

I. General information .................................................................................................................................. 3

   1)       Plenary session 54 (25 May-4 June 2010)........................................................................................ 4

   2)       Pre-55 session meeting (7-11 June 2010) ........................................................................................ 4

II. Country Reviews ....................................................................................................................................... 5

   1)       Argentina (2-3 June 2010)................................................................................................................ 5

   2)       Belgium (1-2 June 2010) .................................................................................................................. 7

   3)       Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) (27-28 May 2010) ........................................... 9

   4)       Grenada (31 May – 1 June 2010) ................................................................................................... 11

   5)       Japan (27 – 28 May 2010) .............................................................................................................. 13

   6)       Nigeria (26 May 2010) ................................................................................................................... 15

   7)       Tunisia (4 June 2010) ..................................................................................................................... 17

   8)       Summary ........................................................................................................................................ 18

IV. Other points of interest discussed during Session 54 .......................................................................... 20

   1) 20th anniversary of the two Optional Protocols to the Convention ................................................... 20

   2) New Committee Member ................................................................................................................... 20

   3) Dual Chambers .................................................................................................................................... 20

   4) Complaints mechanism....................................................................................................................... 20

   5) Day of General discussion ................................................................................................................... 21

V. 55th Session, September 2010 + 56th pre-session .................................................................................. 21

   1) Plenary session 55 (September 2010) ................................................................................................ 21

   2) Pre-session 56 (January 2011) ............................................................................................................ 21

Annex 1: Members of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (May 2009) ......................................... 22

Annex 2: List of National Child Rights NGO Coalitions, by country, 2009 ................................................ 24




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I. General information

Since 1993, there have been more than 500 State party reports prepared for review by the CRC
Committee, of which about 400 have been considered so far. More and more of these are 3rd, 4th
and even 5th reports. In order to catch up on late reporting, the Committee has asked several
States Parties to present combined 3rd + 4th or 4th + 5th combined reports for a specific date. Since
January 2010, the Committee has been meeting in parallel dual chambers to reduce the backlog.
This is intended to continue during the three 2010 sessions.
Unfortunately, still a few countries such as Cook Islands, Nauru, Niue, Tuvalu & Tonga, have
not presented any report to the Committee though they have been requested to do so on several
occasions.
From one session to another, the functioning of the Committee remains similar – as described in
Part II (Articles 42 - 46) of the Convention. The most recent session 54 was divided into two
parts, the session per se, and the pre-session (of session 55). As a few years earlier, the
Committee members met in two parallel chambers to consider seven periodic reports on the
implementation of the Convention1 (Argentina, Belgium, FYR of Macedonia, Grenada, Japan,
Nigeria and Tunisia) and six reports on the implementation of the two Optional Protocols
(Argentina, Belgium, Colombia, FYR of Macedonia, Japan and Serbia). This report discusses
only the seven periodic reviews. The Committee also met in pre-session with a number of NGOs
from several of the countries that will be reviewed in September 2010 (session 55).
The members of the CRC Committee are: Ms. Agnes Akosua Aidoo (Ghana), Ms. Hadeel Al-
Asmar (Syria), Mr. Luigi Citarella (Italy), Mr. Kamel Filali (Algeria), Mr. Peter Guran
(Slovakia), Ms. Maria Herczog (Hungary), Mr. Sanphasit Koompraphant (Thailand), Mr. Hatem
Kotrane (Tunisia), Mr. Lothar Krappmann (Germany), Ms. Yanghee Lee (Republic of Korea),
Ms. Marta Mauras Perez (Chile), Ms. Maria Rosa Ortiz (Paraguay), Mr. Awich Pollar (Uganda),
Mr. Dainius Puras (Lithuania), Mr. Kamla Devi Varmah (Mauritius), Ms. Susan Villaran de la
Puente (Peru), Mr. Jean Zermatten (Switzerland). Committee Expert Ms. Moushira Khattab
resigned from the Committee and will be replaced until the end of her term by Ms. Azza el-
Ashamawy.
Ms. Yanghee Lee (Republic of Korea) is the chairperson of the Committee. Ms Agnes Aidoo,
Mr. Kamel Filali, Ms. Rosa Maria Ortiz and Mr. Jean Zermatten are the Vice-Chairpersons; Mr.
Lothar Krappmann, the Rapporteur.
Committee members’ domains of expertise and cultural backgrounds2 are various (legal,
judiciary, medical, education, social, and other). Issues related to health and nutrition of infants
and young children remain of central importance to many Committee members who have
stressed this to GIFA staff on several occasions, and discuss them at practically every State
review.



1
  Guatemala had also been scheduled for a periodic review during the 54th Session of the CRC. However, due to bad
weather conditions the Guatemalan delegation could not travel to Geneva, thus the review was postponed till the
next session to be held in September 2010.
2
  See Annex 1 for background of Committee members.


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1) Plenary session 54 (25 May – 4 June 2010)
During the Plenary meetings, seven States parties - Argentina, Belgium, FYR of Macedonia,
Grenada, Japan, Nigeria and Tunisia - were reviewed in relation to the Convention itself
(periodic review). Questions asked by Committee members to the government representatives
followed the usual given order, with issues linked to the child’s rights to health, nutrition and
more specifically breastfeeding entering into the “basic health and welfare” section. Six State
parties were reviewed regarding the two optional protocols.
At the end of the session, the Committee made official recommendations to the State parties in
its Concluding Observations3.
Representatives from NGOs, the press and UN organisations attended the session but did not
intervene; there were occasions to meet informally with Committee members, and to discuss
relevant documentation with them, data and country reports on, for example, health and nutrition
issues, including breastfeeding. The Committee uses some of this material to formulate its
questions to government officials.
The size of government delegations varies from one country review to the other: some are very
large, with official delegates from a variety of ministries such as Health, Education, Social
Affairs, Gender, Family Affairs, Economy, Labour, etc. - this was the case of the delegation
from Japan and Nigeria for example. NGO representatives attending the sessions usually change
daily depending on the countries being reviewed.
GIFA staff met with a few members of the CRC Committee during the sessions.


2) Pre- 55 session meeting (7-11 June 2010)
The pre-session meetings are not open to the public. During the pre-session, representatives from
NGOs from Angola*, Bosnia and Herzegovina**, Burundi*, Guatemala*, Montenegro***,
Nicaragua***, Sierra Leone**, Spain*, Sri Lanka***, Sudan***4 had been invited to meet with
the Committee regarding the periodic and optional protocol reviews to be held in September
2010.

The pre-session meetings generally last three hours per country, and participants include
representatives from domestic and international NGOs and/or national NGO coalitions as well as
international organisations such as WHO, UNICEF, etc. that have prepared reports on child
rights in these countries. Government officials are not present. The Committee questions NGO
representatives on various issues but most importantly on specific difficult or controversial
issues. GIFA encourages IBFAN members to contact the national NGO coalition of their


3
  For the complete text of the Concluding Observations made to State parties reviewed during this session, go to the
web pages as listed at the end of section II.8 of this report. For the recommendations related to our issues, see
section II (1-7) “Country reviews” below.
4
  Countries with one star (*) will be reporting on the CRC. Countries with two stars (**) will be reporting on the
optional protocols. Countries with three stars (***) will be reporting both in relation to the periodic review of the
CRC and to the optional protocols.


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country5 to take part in the preparation of a national coalition (or alternative) report in time for
the pre-session. Also, GIFA contacts IBFAN groups in each country to prepare a short country
report focused on the situation of infant and young child feeding.
The NGO Group for the CRC usually sets up a meeting during the pre-session and NGOs based
in Geneva meet representatives from these NGO Coalitions. It is interesting for these National
Coalitions to hear about the situation in other countries, as well as the experiences of other
National Coalitions. GIFA staff was unable to attend the meeting held for NGOs.



II. Country Reviews
The following summary concerns the discussions relating to the seven countries examined during
the plenary session: Argentina, Belgium, FYR of Macedonia, Grenada, Japan, Nigeria and
Tunisia. IBFAN-GIFA had received three reports on the situation of breastfeeding from IBFAN
national groups (Argentina, Belgium, Macedonia) but information regarding infant and young
child feeding was compiled by the GIFA office and sent to the Committee for each of the other
countries reviewed.


1) Argentina (2-3 June 2010)
This was the review of the combined 3rd + 4th periodic reports of Argentina. The government
delegation consisted of 8 members, of which one from the Ministry of Health. IBFAN presented
a report on the breastfeeding situation prepared by IBFAN-Argentina. The Committee Expert,
Marta Maura Perez, served as country rapporteur for the CRC.
Discussion
Legislation and other measures: The CRC welcomed the ratification of several international
human rights instruments (the Optional Protocol on the involvement of children in armed
conflict, the Optional Protocol on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography,
the Convention against Torture and the Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All
Migrant Workers and Members of their Families). It also welcomed new legislation on the
Convention that has been introduced in the past years both at national and provincial level - in
particular, the adoption of Law 26061 which has set forth mechanisms for the promotion and
protection of children's rights. However, dissemination and implementation of federal legislation
at both provincial and local level remains a challenge. This law provides for the establishment of
a national Ombudsman, but as no-one has been appointed to this position yet, the Committee
expressed its concern for the lack of progress on this point.
Other measures undertaken include the establishment of the Federal Council for Children,
Adolescents and the Family (2006) for policy coordination on child issues and the National Plan
of Action for the Rights of the Child (2005). The government delegation also presented the
impressive results that have been achieved with regards to reducing unemployment and poverty.


5
    See Annex 2 of this report for the list of NGO Coalitions by country.


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The discussion concerned the following issues: impact of business activities on children (with
particular reference to agro-toxic products); inhuman treatment and discrimination of children
with mental disorders; corporal punishment (not explicitly prohibited outside the home and still
tolerated within the family); birth registration (indigenous children and ineffective civil
services); children with disabilities (discrimination in education and the effects on employment
opportunities); juvenile justice (poor conditions of detention facilities, severe sentences for
juvenile offenders); adoption (intention to ratify the Hague Convention); the welfare system
(family allowance scheme, parent support programmes); child abuse and neglect; education
(vocational training as a remedy to school-drop outs, human rights education in the curricula, sex
education); indigenous peoples (protection of languages, financial assistance for higher
education, necessity to translate the Convention into indigenous languages); child labour (high
number of adolescents exploited economically, in particular in rural areas); children without
parental care (the de-institutionalization process); violence against children (often linked to
violence against women);
Concerning health issues, the Committee acknowledged the positive attitude towards health and
nutrition but expressed its concern about the high rates of maternal and neo-natal mortality. It
welcomed the adoption of a comprehensive Health Action Plan including the Plan on Birth. The
lack of human resources for high-risk birth comprises a problem. The Committee expressed also
its concern regarding the increasing rates of sexually transmitted diseases among the youth,
including HIV.
With regards to nutrition, the Committee expressed concern about the high levels of disparity in
malnutrition: in North-West Argentina, chronic malnutrition is twice as high as the national
average.
There was a discussion on infant feeding and the importance of breastfeeding was well
recognized by the government. According to the government delegation, breastfeeding rates
have increased to 40%, thanks to joint governmental and UNICEF efforts in this regard. The
Committee acknowledged the efforts made by the State party to encourage breastfeeding;
however, it was concerned about the lack of a systematic data collection process and the absence
of a National Breastfeeding Committee.
Committee Recommendations
Health and access to health services: (Paragraph 57) the Committee recommended that the
State party: "a) Increase its efforts for the promotion of mother-child health, including during
pregnancy and birth; b) Take urgent measures to address inequalities of access and quality of
health services among the provinces, with a particular focus on primary health care, as well as
addressing the causes of chronic malnutrition in the North West provinces; c) Undertake a
study into the determinants of the high percentage and stagnant rates of maternal and neonatal
mortality, and urgently address them; […] f) Seek technical assistance from UNICEF and WHO,
among others."
Breastfeeding: The Committee recommendations on breastfeeding follow most of the
recommendations included in the IBFAN report. In paragraph 60, the Committee recommends
that the State party "establish a National Breastfeeding Committee and systematically collect
data on practices of breastfeeding ensuring at the same time the enforcement of the
International Code of Marketing on Breast-Milk Substitutes. The State party should also


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promote baby-friendly hospitals and encourage breastfeeding to be included in nursery
training."

Suggestions for future action
The recommendations highlight the importance of breastfeeding and confirm that the
implementation of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes is a step toward
the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
At the centre of its recommendations, the Committee has placed the implementation of policies
that protect and promote breastfeeding, and most importantly the enforcement of the
International Code. NGOs can substantially contribute in this process especially in advocating
for the enforcement of the law. A follow-up on the recommendations is necessary, especially on
the establishment of the National Breastfeeding Committee, the collection of data on
breastfeeding, the inclusion of breastfeeding in nursery education (one of the first times this is
recommended) and the promotion of baby friendly hospitals. This is a comprehensive and
detailed set of recommendations concerning our issue. Together they can play a crucial role in
monitoring and denouncing violations of the Code.
IBFAN groups in Argentina, can play a fundamental role in the promotion and protection of the
rights of the child by being pro-active in the follow-up of the recommendations and participating
in their implementation.
The next combined 5th + 6th report is due in July 2017.
There is one National Coalition on Child Rights in Argentina:

     Comité Argentino de Seguimiento y Aplicación de la Convención Internacional sobre los Derechos
     del Niño
     Alsina 1905 5to piso “C”
     Buenos Aires, Argentina
     Tel: +54 (11) 4952 0810
     Email: casacidn@casacidn.org.ar ; prensa@casacidn.org.ar
     Website: www.casacidn.org.ar


2) Belgium (1-2 June 2010)
This was the review of Belgium’s 3rd periodic report. The country was represented by a team of
17 members, from both the Flemish and the French communities, including one person from the
Ministry of Health. IBFAN presented a report on the breastfeeding situation prepared by IBFAN-
Belgium. The Committee expert, Luigi Citarella, served as country rapporteur.

Discussion
A number of reforms and legal measures have been undertaken since the last review. The
Committee recognized the leading role that Belgium has in protecting and implementing human
rights. It welcomed the appointment in 2010 of an Ombudsman in the Flemish community, the
establishment of the National Commission for the Rights of the Child, with the function of


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coordinating policies on children at national level, and the adoption of a National Action Plan for
Children. It also welcomed the adoption of several human rights instruments (The Hague
Convention No. 33, the 2000 protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons,
especially Women and Children).
Given the particular structure of the state of Belgium composed by the federal level, the
communities and the regions, the Committee expressed it concern with regards to the
coordination of actions for the rights of children – with the possible consequence of
discrimination.
The discussion during the plenary session concerned the following issues amongst others:
children and poverty (alarming numbers show that 17% of children live under the poverty line
and this rate is increasing from year to year); the right of the child to be heard in all processes
that affect him/her; the prohibition of corporal punishment; adoption measures; education; the
situation of non-accompanied migrant minors; juvenile justice (children between 16-18 years of
age are treated as adults); child care (high rate of institutionalized children); child abuse (very
high rates: second cause of child mortality in Flanders, one third of abuses being sex abuses);
education (desired evolution towards free primary education); budget allocations (lack of clarity
on how much is allocated to child rights); discrimination (towards foreign and migrant children);
juvenile system (no alternative to detention for non-accompanied refugee children).
The Committee raised questions on the issue of breastfeeding, however due to lack of time child
health was not properly discussed during the plenary session.
Committee Recommendations
Health matters: Paragraphs 56 and 57: the Committee expressed concern regarding the health
status of disadvantaged children; the high mortality rates during the first year of life of children
from poor families; lack of universal health insurance coverage for children. In paragraph 57, the
recommendations included "measures to monitor the health status of children from the most
disadvantaged families in their first year of life; ensure access to health services to all children
and encourage parents to seek health services that are available for their children. The
Committee also recommends that the State party review health insurance systems in order to
lower cost of health services for the most disadvantaged families. "
Breastfeeding: The recommendation of the CRC Committee on breastfeeding follows the most
important recommendation of the IBFAN report to the Committee (the report highlighted the
high number of breaches of the International Code and the need to enforce the implementation
and monitoring of the Code.) In paragraph 56 the Committee expressed concern regarding "the
paucity of information on the State party’s efforts to enforce the International Code of Marketing
of Breast-Milk Substitutes." And in paragraph 57, it went on to recommend that the State party
"strengthen enforcement of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes in
all parts of the State."

Suggestions for future action
The recommendation confirms that the CRC Committee considers implementation of the
International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes as a fundamental step towards
implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.


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IBFAN groups in Belgium can take up this recommendation by pushing their government to
strengthen enforcement of the Code. A national monitoring campaign can, for example, be
launched to create momentum and sensitize the general public about the violations, and leverage
the Committee recommendation in an effective way, while creating public debate.
The next combined 5th and 6th report is due in July 2017.
There are two National Coalitions in Belgium:

     Coordination des ONG pour les Droits de l'Enfant
     Rue Marché aux Poulets 30
     1000 Bruxelles, Belgium
     Fax: + 322 209 61 60
     Email: info@lacode.be
     Website: www.lacode.be
     Tel: + 322 209 209 61 68

     Kinderrechtencoalitie Vlaanderen
     Eekhout 4
     9000 Ghent
     Belgium
     Tel: + 32 (0)9 225 90 25
     Email: info@kinderrechtencoalitie.be
     Website: www.kinderrechtencoalitie.be


3) Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM) (27-28 May 2010)
This was the review of Macedonia's 2nd periodic report. The country was represented by a team
of 13 people, one of which was from the Ministry of Health. IBFAN presented a report on the
breastfeeding situation prepared by Early Childhood Development–Research and Consulting–
IBFAN Macedonia. Ms. Hadeel Al-Asmar was the country rapporteur for the Committee.

Discussion
A number of legislative and other measures taken since the last review, were welcomed by the
Committee. These include: the establishment of a National Commission on the Rights of the
Child; the new law which prevents juvenile delinquency and introduces restorative justice; the
introduction of the 2009-2012 Action Plan for the prevention and countering of sexual abuse and
paedophilia.
The Committee expressed its concern on the fact that national legislation does not reflect all the
aspects of the Convention. Moreover, the Committee expressed concern over the poor
functioning of the national ombudsman system that has received very few complaints so far.
Discussion: The Committee expressed particular concern on the issues of birth registration (a
large number of children, mainly from the Roma community are not registered at birth and lack
identity documents; no strategy for identifying children who lack registration); use of
inappropriate punishing methods at the Educational-Correctional Institution (corporal


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punishment, solitary confinement, use of batons); children with disabilities (persistent inadequate
services for these children and their families and persistent obstacles for access to education).
The following issues were also discussed during the plenary session: discrimination; precocious
marriages and pregnancies; non-respect for the opinion and point of view of the child; adoption
procedures; the particular situation of Roma children; the separation of education along ethnic
lines; high rates of rural and Roma children dropping out of school; juvenile justice (children are
often imprisoned with adults); child labour (particularly worrying is the problem of street
children begging or forced to work by night).
As regards health, issues discussed included the following: decreasing public expenditures on
health, reproductive and sexual education, teenage pregnancies, teenage marriages.
As regards breastfeeding, the Committee investigated the reasons why nearly half of the 30
hospitals which were certified as baby friendly had lost their certification in 2008. Moreover, the
Committee expressed concern regarding the high number of violations by baby food companies
of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes. The government delegation
responded by explaining that there is no specific law on breastfeeding in Macedonia, but that
companies that market breastmilk substitutes to infants under six months of age are nevertheless
subject to fines.
Committee Recommendations
Regarding health matters, the Committee welcomed the reduction of infant mortality, but
expressed concern for high mortality rates among Roma children and the discrepancies among
rural and urban regions. It recommended that the State party eliminate rural and urban
discrepancies in the quality and availability of health services, and reduce infant mortality among
the Roma children (paragraphs 55a and 55b). It also recommended that Macedonia ensure the
provision of health care and medical assistance with particular attention to primary health care,
especially for the most vulnerable groups of the population (55/c). It urged the State to "(d) Raise
the quality of pre-natal and post-natal health care for mothers with a view to preventing peri-
natal mortality".

In relation to breastfeeding, the Committee took up all recommendations made by the IBFAN-
Macedonia report in relation to breastfeeding and the enforcement of the International Code. In
paragraph 56, the Committee "welcomes the insertion of provisions of the International Code
banning breast milk substitutes in the Law on food safety and the Law on consumer protection
and that paid maternity leave and breast-feeding breaks are guaranteed by law." Nonetheless, it
"regrets the declining rate of exclusive breastfeeding; that the paediatric association, which
controls breastfeeding guidelines, accepts sponsorship from the baby food industry; and that
baby food products are marked “for 4 months” and are widely promoted in private maternity
clinics and available in pharmacies and supermarkets."

In paragraph 57, the Committee recommends the state of Macedonia "enforce existing
legislation, enhance efforts to promote exclusive breastfeeding practices and comply with the
International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes."

Suggestions for future action


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The Committee recommendations highlight the importance of breastfeeding and confirm that the
implementation of the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes is a step toward
the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. It is to be noted that this is one
of the first times that the Committee refers specifically to a professional association, namely the
national paediatric association of Macedonia, in relation to infant and young child feeding and
Code violations. Moreover, the Committee links better child health and nutrition conditions to
better working conditions for mothers.
National NGOs should use these recommendations to integrate a child rights approach to their
work. The recommendations point to two major areas of action: 1) enforcing the existing laws
which protect breastfeeding including enforcing the International Code; 2) finding ways to
support exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months. Relevant actions include advocacy and lobbying,
direct sensitization of the public and professional associations, awareness raising campaigns,
networking with other organizations that work in the areas of the rights of the child, monitoring
violations of the IC and disseminating information on violations.
Moreover, breastfeeding advocates should use these recommendations to approach the national
paediatric association in order to improve compliance with the International Code, in particular
in relation to labelling.
The next combined 3rd + 4th + 5th + 6th periodic report, is due in March 2017.
There is one National NGO Coalition in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia:

     Macedonian National Coalition
     Macedonian National NGO Child Rights Coalitions(MNNGOCRC) c/o First Childrens Embassy in
     the World-Megjashi Kosta Novakovic 22 Stret 1000 Skopje , the former Yugoslav Republic of
     Macedonia
     Tel: 00 389 2 465 316
     Fax: 00 389 2 463 900
     Email: first@childrensembassy.org.mk


4) Grenada (31 May – 1 June 2010)
This was Grenada's 2nd periodic report on the implementation of the Convention. Ms Maria
Herczog served as the country rapporteur for the report of Grenada. There was no IBFAN report
on the state of infant feeding.

Discussion
Legislation and other measures: The Committee welcomed the ratification by Grenada of the
Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and
Children, which supplemented the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime.
Moreover, it noted that the State Party has suffered considerable damage due to the two
hurricanes (2004 and 2005), which together with the international financial crisis, have posed
significant obstacles to the implementation of the Convention.




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However, the Committee was concerned that with the exception of the bill on the creation of a
national ombudsman, no others had been passed in relation to the rights of the child, and the
Convention is still not integrated into national legislation. Several new laws - the Status of Child
Bill, the Childcare and Adoption Bill, the Domestic Violence Bill and the Juvenile Justice Bill -
are still on hold. The Committee urged the State party to accelerate the process of their adoption
and ensure the necessary resources for their enforcement. Moreover, Grenada has not ratified the
Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, the Hague Convention, nor has it yet
appointed an Ombudsman.
During the discussion, the following themes were brought up: sexual abuse (alarming numbers
concerning at least one third of the child population; incest is a significant problem; lack of
reports in the case of abuse); corporal punishment (a complete ban does not yet exist even if
alternative forms of punishment have been adopted); education (achievements in providing free
primary education); training of professionals working with children; coordination among
ministries for the implementation of the national plan on children’s rights; birth registration
(children are not allowed their documents until entering pre-primary school, registration often
includes only the father’s details and excludes the mother’s); adoption (biased toward girl
children); strong punishment for homosexuals; early childhood development.
Concerning health, the discussion focused on issues related to HIV/AIDS (advances made in this
respect) and reproductive health (sensitizing the population, especially teenagers on
contraceptive methods available).

Regarding breastfeeding, the Committee investigated the reasons why the State party does not
have a single baby-friendly hospital. Moreover, it looked into maternity leave, its duration and
support for unemployed women (8 weeks of maternity leave).

Committee Recommendations

In relation to health, the Committee recommendations addressed the issues of children with
disabilities, adolescent health and HIV/AIDS transmission. Regarding health and access to
health services, the Committee recommendations concentrated mainly on breastfeeding.
Paragraph 44: “The Committee notes with appreciation the good health indicators for infant
mortality, neonatal mortality and maternal mortality. The Committee notes with interest the
Maternal and Child Health Programme, which works with mothers in the pre- and post-natal
stages to facilitate safe and healthy delivery of babies and promote proper weaning practices
among mothers. However, the Committee is concerned that the exclusive breastfeeding
percentages are very low, particularly for children over the age of three months.” In paragraph
45, it recommends that the State party “continue its programmes to encourage proper weaning
practices and that it take steps to encourage exclusive breastfeeding until the age of six
months and to further implement the International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk
Substitutes.”

Suggestions for future action
The CRC recommendations point to breastfeeding as an essential concern regarding health and
access to health services. Particularly important are the promotion of exclusive breastfeeding and
the compliance with the International Code. This gives scope for actions through advocacy,


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lobbying and networking with other stakeholders, including public institutions. Moreover, NGOs
can play an important role in monitoring compliance of the International Code. They should also
see how they can work with advocates of maternity protection at work given the Committee’s
interest in this issue during the discussion.
The 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th combined periodic report for Grenada will have to be submitted by June
2016.
There is one National NGO Coalition on the rights of the child in Grenada:

      Grenada National Coalition on the Rights of the Child
      P.O. BOX 3594
      St. George's, Grenada
      Tel: 00 1 473 435 0944
      Email: gncrc@caribsurf.com


5) Japan (27 – 28 May 2010)
The Committee reviewed the 3rd periodic report of Japan. The governmental delegation was
composed of 27 members, two of which were from the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare.
The rapporteur for Japan’s report under the Convention was Committee Expert Lothar
Krappman. Unfortunately there was no IBFAN report.

Discussion
Since the last review, legislative and other measures have been taken such as the adoption of
the Action Plan to Combat Trafficking of Persons, the Resolution on Urgent and Effective
Promotion of Comprehensive Measures against Suicide and the amendments to the Child Abuse
Prevention Law.

However the Committee expressed concern with regard to the lack of an independent institution
such as an Ombudsman or a human rights institution which could remind the State party about its
obligations regarding the Convention. In this regard, the Committee was concerned that the
establishment of a Human Rights Commission in Japan was still pending and there was no
independent monitoring mechanism of the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

The discussion concerned the following issues: suicide committed by children and adolescents
(lack of research on the risk factors related both to suicides and attempted suicides); the status of
children born out of wedlock (different than that of children born in marriage) and stigmatization
of children in single-parent families; discrimination against children (ethnic minorities, children
of non-Japanese nationality, children of migrants and children with disabilities); violence against
women; budget allocation for children; the growing rate of poverty and of poor children;
privatization of care which has led to an increase of costs of children’s facilities; the definition of
the child (the National Youth Development Policy defined youth as people from 0 to 29 years
old, without a specific focus on children from 0 to 18); the inclusion of civil society in the
coordination bodies; minimum age of sexual consent (very low at 13 years of age); education
(child allowance provided to children from junior to high school and secondary school fees have



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been waived; high competitiveness of the educational system is a heavy burden for the lives and
personalities of children; lack of leisure and play time; allocations to migrant children, high rates
of school dropouts; bullying); the weight given to the child’s view; the status and purpose of the
Child Guidance Centres; the pressure on children to perform (not only at school but also at home
in their families); disabled children (access to education and the special programmes in place);
juvenile justice system (the age of criminal responsibility has been decreased to 14 years of age).
Concerning health, the discussion focused on: the right of the child to ask for medical assistance
without their parents’ permission; the availability of mental health services for adolescents; the
psychological condition of adolescents in Japan; the high rates of increase of the ADHD
(Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder);
Breastfeeding was not discussed during the review session.

Committee Recommendations
Regarding basic health and welfare, Concluding Observations referred to children with
disabilities (paras 58, 59: adopt legislation, provide adequate services, programmes and facilities,
provide training for professionals, ratify the Convention on the Rights of Persons with
Disabilities); mental health (paras 60, 61: address the issue of emotional and psychological well-
being of children and adolescents, monitor trends and conduct research on the ADHD
syndrome); health services (paras 62, 63: conduct an investigation on the child guidance system);
HIV/AIDS (paras 64, 65: include reproductive health in educational systems and inform
adolescents on reproductive health issues including prevention).
Concerning breastfeeding, no recommendations were made.
Suggestions for future action:
The Committee on the Rights of the Child needs information from NGOs in order to make
recommendations to the government in different areas, including the right of the child to the
highest attainable standard of health. IBFAN groups in Japan and other NGOs should monitor
the situation of infant and young child nutrition and make sure that a report on these issues is
sent to the CRC in time for the next review session. These groups should collaborate with one of
the five national coalitions on the rights of the child in Japan.
The 5th periodic report is due in May 2016.
There are five child’s rights National Coalitions in Japan:
      Action for the Rights of the Children
      Chiyoda-ku Sarugakz-cho 2-3-1-401 Tokyo 101, Japan
      Tel: 00 81 3 5281 3455
      Fax: 00 81 3 5281 3455
      Email: pga02375@nifty.ne.jp

      Commitee for NGO Reporting on the Convention on the Rights of the Child(Japan)
      C/o Federation for the Protection of Children's Human Rights Chiyoda-ku Sarugaku-cho 2-3-1-401
      Tokyo 101-0064, Japan
      Tel: +81-3-5281-3455



                                                                                                  14
      Fax: +81-3-5281-3455
      Email: yujihirano@nifty.com

      Federation for the Protection of Children's Human Rights
      6th Floor, Kaikan, Nihon-Kyoiku, Hitotsubashi 2-6-2, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101, Japan
      Tel: 00 813 3265 2174
      Fax: 00 813 3230 2172
      Email: sano_poshio@jtu-net.or.jp

      Japon National Coalition Group of NGOs and Citizens for Prepaing the Alternative Report on the
      CRC
      c/o DCI Japan Branch Setagaya- KU Kitazawa 2-10-15 Towa Shimokitozawa High Town A- 303
      Tokyo 155-0031, Japan
      Tel: +81 3 3466-0222
      Fax: +81 3 3466-0222
      Email: dci-jp@yomogi.sakura.ne.jp

      Network for the Convention of the Rights of the Child
      Minato-Ku Kaigan 1-6-1-831 Tokyo 105, Japan
      Tel: 00 81 3 3433 7990
      Fax: 00 81 3 3433 7369

6) Nigeria (26 May 2010)
The Committee considered the combined 3rd + 4th periodic reports of Nigeria. The delegation had
25 members, two of which were from the Ministry of Health. Committee expert Kamel Filali
served as the rapporteur for the Nigeria report. There was no IBFAN report.

Discussion
On legislative and other measures: Positive steps have been taken in the implementation of the
Convention with the enactment of the Child Rights Act in 24 states of the federation; the
Trafficking in Persons Law Enforcement and Administration Act; the National Policy and
Guidelines for the Establishment and Monitoring of Child Care Centres; the National Policy on
Adolescent Health and the Integrated Maternal, Newborn and Child Health; the National Plan of
Action on Orphans and Vulnerable Children; the National Child Policy and the National Child
Health Policy; the Action Plan for the birth registration system.
However, the Committee was concerned that previous recommendations have not been taken
into account with regards to coordination measures, data collection, the definition of the child in
terms of age, the use of the death penalty in juvenile justice, children with disabilities and
corporal punishment. Moreover, the ratification of the two Optional Protocols to the Convention
is still pending.
Discussion: The Committee was concerned about the issue of forty prisoners in death row for
crimes committed when they were under the age of 18. The Committee has recommended that
Nigeria brings its juvenile system in line with the Convention and that neither death penalties nor
life sentences be imposed for crimes committed before 18 years of age. Another issue of concern
is the violence against children, including reports on child victims of extrajudicial killings by law


                                                                                                   15
enforcement agencies. The discussion included also the issue of the widespread practice of
witchcraft stigmatization of children with resulting abuse, torture, abandonment and killing. The
Committee recommended that such practices be criminalized and that appropriate sensitization
campaigns be carried out to address the issue of child witchcraft.
The discussion also included the following issues: harmonization of Sharia law with international
treaty law; harmful traditional practices (female genital mutilation); childhood marriages; the
status of children with disabilities; child labour; street children; education (lack of access to free
education and low completion rates for primary and secondary schooling); the role of civil
society; discrimination and gender inequality; dissemination of the Convention; protection of the
right of the child to belief and religion; illegal adoption practices; the effects of the oil industry
on children.
On health issues, the Committee was concerned about sexual and reproductive health education
(the need to include it in school curricula, the allocation of resources, the problem of the low use
of contraceptive measures); mental health services available to adolescents; HIV/AIDS (data on
the programme of prevention of HIV transmission from mother-to-child).

Committee recommendations
Regarding health and health services, the Committee expressed concern on the following:
Paragraph 59: “the high rate of infant, child and maternal mortality (the second highest in the
world) and the high rate of preventable diseases such as malaria, HIV/AIDS and diarrhoea [...]
the significant geographical disparity between the northern and the southern regions of the State
party in terms of vaccination, the very low percentage of children who received immunization,
the rate of malnourishment, and the incidences of child diseases, and the strong correlation
between access to health care (including pre- and post-natal care) and the level of education and
income.”
The Committee urges the State party to: Paragraph 60: “(a) strengthen the capacity of its
decentralized health care system, [...] (c) Consider nutrition as a national priority and
providing appropriate resources to the implementation of nutrition programmes and ensure
their full integration into government health structures; (d) ensure community participation
and ownership especially parents, regarding pre- and post-natal care, child health, nutrition
and family planning; (e) combat maternal mortality and empower women in decision making
concerning their health care; [...] (h) ensure the provision of free maternal and child health
services to all states of the federation.”

Suggestions for future action
Although no direct recommendations were made on the issue of breastfeeding, the Committee
expressed concern regarding infant and child nutrition and addressed the issue of child
malnutrition. Also, it addressed pre- and post-natal care, preventable diseases such as diarrhoea,
and the high infant mortality rate. All these health concern relate to pregnancy, birth and infant
and young child feeding, including breastfeeding, and thus constitute a basis for further action
for NGOs working in these areas.
The lack of a national IBFAN report on the issues of breastfeeding means that the Committee did
not have specific information on this issue or on the implementation of the International Code.


                                                                                                   16
IBFAN and other groups in Nigeria, should monitor the situation of infant and young child
nutrition as well as the implementation of the International Code and prepare a report for the next
review session.
The next 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th periodic reports have been requested for November 2016.
There are two child's right National Coalitions in Nigeria.
      Child Rights Brigade International
      Bola Ige Close
      Behind Protea Hotel
      Area 11 Junction
      Asokoro Abuja, Nigeria
      Tel: +2348077587215
      Email: charlesutulu@yahoo.com

      National Coalition on Children's Rights
      c/o Child Welfare League of Nigeria EE 17 Ramat Close Husaini Bello PO BOX 10723, Kaduna
      Lagos, Nigeria
      Tel: 00 234 493 4005
      Fax: 00 234 493 4005
      Email: cwln2@hotmail.com


7) Tunisia (4 June 2010)
Tunisia reported for the 3rd time. The government delegation was composed of 7 members, one
of which represented the Ministry of Public Health. The rapporteur in charge of the country
report for the Committee was Ms. Kamla Devi Warmah. There was no IBFAN report as there is
no IBFAN group in Tunisia.

Discussion
Legislative measures: The Committee welcomed a number of positive measures that had taken
place during the reporting period such as: the creation of the coordinative post of Chief Child
Protection Officer; the empowerment of the High Committee on Human Rights and Fundamental
Freedoms to deal with individual complaints; and the adoption of the National Plan of Action for
Children. The Committee noted that the most important challenge for Tunisia is to implement
and act upon the commitments it has undertaken.

Discussion: The Committee was particularly concerned by the issue of neglect and vagrancy, the
magnitude of which is alarming; this points to the lack of adequate protection measures in place
and the lack of specific data on the situation of street children. Moreover, concerns were raised
regarding the lack of monitoring of the quality of the juvenile justice system and the adverse
effects that the very broad definition of terrorism might have on the protection of the rights of the
child.

The discussion also included the following issues: discrimination (against girls and women in the
Code of personal status; single mothers; the Hebrew community); violence against children



                                                                                                  17
(committed by law enforcement agencies); corporal punishment; the situation of children in rural
areas; violence against children (the capacity of civil society to prevent violence, violence
against children in schools); the right of the child to be heard in tribunals; the application of the
highest interest of the child; child trafficking; education (school completion rates); the fight
against toxic dependency and smoking; juvenile justice; maternity leave.
As regards the discussion on health, it focused on: maternal and child health and assisted births.

Committee Recommendations
Regarding basic health and welfare, the Committee expressed concern on: Paragraph 50: “the
relatively high infant and mortality rates [and] that infant mortality in rural areas is twice the
rate of urban areas and that important disparity between rural and urban areas regarding the
quality of health services exists. The Committee is further concerned that exclusive breastfeeding
prevalence fell significantly between 2000 (48%) and 2006 (6%).”
As for recommendations concerning health services and access to them: Paragraph 51: the
Committee recommended that the State party “continue to prioritize the allocation of financial
and human resources to the health sector, in order to ensure equal access to quality health
services by all children. [...] Furthermore, the Committee recommends that the State party
strengthen its efforts to further reduce infant and maternal mortality, especially by focusing on
preventive measures and generalizing specific actions to prevent major causes of maternal
death.”
In the same paragraph 51, with regards to breastfeeding, the Committee “urges the State party
to develop strategies and sustained programmes to inform parents and communities about the
advantages of breastfeeding.”
Suggestions for future action:
The recommendations point to the need to inform the communities and parents about the
advantages of breastfeeding. They indicate the need for programmes and strategies that raise
awareness and sensitize the population about breastfeeding. These measures are invoked in the
light of a drastic decrease of breastfeeding rates – especially exclusive breastfeeding rates - in
Tunisia. Unfortunately there is no IBFAN group in Tunisia. This may be an incentive to create
such a group.
NGOs working on infant and child health and nutrition should develop awareness-raising
campaigns, disseminate information to stimulate a public debate on the infant feeding, train
professionals and cooperate with organizations such as UNICEF. Moreover, there is scope for
pro-active action in initializing programmes and strategies in cooperation with the government in
order to fulfil the above recommendations.
The next combined 4th, 5th + 6th periodic reports have been requested for August 2017.
There is no National NGO Coalition for child rights in Tunisia.


8) Summary


                                                                                                  18
IBFAN presented alternative reports for only three of the eight countries reviewed: this is less
than usual and is partly explained by the fact that there are no IBFAN groups in countries such as
Grenada or Tunisia. In all cases however, the Committee received some basic information
compiled by GIFA in Geneva.
There was a discussion on infant feeding in six out of seven cases. In its Concluding
Observations, the Committee made direct recommendations concerning breastfeeding in five
cases out of seven, one indirect recommendation (Nigeria) and no recommendation in the case
of Japan. Promotion of breastfeeding and of exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months through
legislation and national programmes, implementation of the International Code of Marketing of
Breast-milk Substitutes, reduction of malnutrition and infant and maternal mortality, were
amongst the points that were listed in the CRC Committee recommendations.
If we aim for questions/discussions during country reviews to continue and for recommendations
to be maintained at a high level, it is essential that we continue sending in reports on the
breastfeeding situation, and maintain our presence during the sessions. Equally important, and
in the long-term even more essential: health professionals, breastfeeding and child rights
advocates have to follow up on discussions and recommendations at country level after the
review of their country. In the country summaries above, we have included information on the
due-date of the next report and the contact details of the national child rights coalitions so that
breastfeeding advocates approach them in time to work together to implement or push for the
implementation of the Committee recommendations.

For full detail of the Committee’s Concluding Observations and Recommendations, please refer
to the web pages by clicking on each country in Column 1 of the table below:



Country           IBFAN      Questions on   Summary of specific recommendations on BF (and related
                  report     BF             issues)

1   Argentina     Yes        Yes            Direct: Para 59-60: establish a National Breastfeeding
                                            Committee; systematically collect data on breastfeeding
                                            practices; ensure the enforcement of the International
                                            Code; promote baby-friendly hospitals and encourage
                                            breastfeeding to be included in nursery training

2   Belgium       Yes        Yes            Direct: Para 56-57: strengthen enforcement of the
                                            International Code in all parts of the State

3   FYR of    Yes            Yes            Direct: Para 55-56: enforce existing legislation; promote
    Macedonia                               exclusive breastfeeding practices and comply with the
                                            International Code

4   Grenada       No         Yes            Direct: Para 44-45: encourage proper weaning practices
                                            and exclusive breastfeeding up to 6 months; further
                                            implement the International Code


                                                                                                19
5   Japan         No         No             No

6   Nigeria       No         Yes            Indirect: Para 59-60: consider nutrition as a national
                                            priority; provide resources for nutrition programmes; ensure
                                            participation and ownership especially parents regarding
                                            pre- and post-natal care; empower women in decisions
                                            concerning their health

7   Tunisia       No         Yes            Direct: Para 50-51: reduce infant and maternal mortality
                                            especially by focusing on preventive measures; develop
                                            strategies and sustained programmes to inform parents
                                            and communities about the advantages of breastfeeding



IV. Other points of interest discussed during Session 54
1) 20th anniversary of the two Optional Protocols to the Convention
At the opening of the 54th session, Ms. Navy Pillay, the United Nations High Commissioner for
Human Rights, noted that the 25th of May marked the 10th anniversary of the adoption of the two
Optional Protocols to the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Commemorations took place on
the same day in New York. Ms. Pillay announced that two global campaigns will be launched
with the goal of reaching universal ratification of the two Optional Protocols by 2012.

2) New Committee member
The Committee has accepted the request of Egypt to replace Committee Expert Ms. Moushira
Khattab till the end of her term. Due to the accumulation of tasks and responsibilities undertaken
at country level since Ms. Khattab’s nomination as Minister of Family and Population (2009),
she cannot continue in her dual role. She will be replaced on the Committee by Ms. Azza el-
Ashamawy who is the Director General of the National Council for Childhood and Motherhood
and the Director of the Anti-Trafficking in Children Unit.

3) Dual Chambers
As already some years ago, since Session 53 (January-February 2010), the Committee on the
Rights of the Child has been operating in dual Chambers, A and B – and will continue until the
end of 2010. Macedonia, and Belgium were reviewed in Chamber A, while, Nigeria, Japan,
Grenada, Argentina and Tunisia were reviewed in Chamber B.

4) Complaints mechanism
There is an ongoing discussion concerning the adoption of a third Optional protocol to the CRC
regarding a complaints mechanism for individual complaints. All other HRs Conventions have
such a mechanism. States are invited to collaborate in the elaboration process and participate in a
working group on the issue.


                                                                                                 20
5) Day of General discussion
Due to the backlog of reports pending consideration, the Committee has decided that there will
be no day of general discussion in 2010 – as is usually the case during the Autumn session.


V. 55th Session, September 2010 + 56th pre-session
1) Plenary session 55 (September 2010)
The State party reviews of the following countries will take place in September: Angola,
Burundi, Guatemala, Montenegro, Nicaragua, Spain, Sri Lanka and Sudan. Optional protocol
reviews: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Nicaragua, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka and Sudan.

2) Pre-session 56 (January 2011)
NGOs from States parties to be reviewed in January 2011 will attend the pre-session in
September. Countries are: Afghanistan, Belarus, Cuba, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, New
Zealand, and Ukraine. Countries to be reviewed regarding the Optional protocols are: Bosnia
Belarus, Mexico, and Ukraine.




                                                                                           21
Annex 1: Members of the Committee on the Rights of the Child (May 2010)

Ms. Agnes Akosua Aidoo (Ghana) (Vice-Chairperson): Elected in 2007 (till 2011). Advisor and
researcher: child's rights, gender issues, social policy, poverty, exclusion. Member of the Advisory Board
of the Institute of African Studies, International Women's Empowerment Research Consortium.

Ms. Hadeel Al-Asmar (Syria): Elected in 2009 (till 2013). Has worked as UNESCO coordinator (Early
childhood sector), as well as for the Syrian Commission for Family Affairs, the Montessori School and
NGOs. Expertise in early childhood education (curriculum, licensing, book standards), child protection.
Mr. Luigi Citarella (Italy): First elected 2001-2005; elected 2007 (till 2011). Director of studies of
International Academy of International Law; professor of International Law and Human Rights (Rome);
consultant.
Mr. Kamel Filali (Algeria): Elected in 2003 (till 2011). Expert on International Humanitarian Law, with
special interest in the rights of women and children. Committee member of the National Commission on
the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights.
Mr. Peter Guran (Slovakia): Elected in 2009 (till 2013). Head of the Slovak child rights department of the
Slovak National Centre for Human Rights. Expertise in all areas of child rights as related to the
Convention, EU and child rights, research. Collaboration with UNICEF and Slovak government bodies.
Ms. Maria Herczog (Hungary). Elected 2007 (till 2011). Senior researcher (child welfare and protection);
editor of journals; consultant for UNICEF; co-author of the Hungarian NGO alternative report.
Ms. Moushira Khattab, replaced by Ms. Azza el-Ashamawy.
Mr. Sanphasit Koompraphant (Thailand): Elected in 2009 (till 2013). Areas of expertise: child abuse,
trafficking of children. Researcher. Active in several national bodies, committees and agencies in relation
to protection policies and legislation.
Mr. Hatem Kotrane (Tunisia): Elected in 2003 (till 2011). UNICEF consultant supporting the elaboration
of reports to the Committee on the Rights of the Child from Tunisia, Saudi Arabia, and Oman. ILO expert
on the revision of labour codes in several Middle-Eastern countries. Currently, law professor and
independent expert to the Commission on Human Rights and the Vice President of the Tunisian
Association of Social Rights.
Mr. Lothar Krappmann (Germany) (Rapporteur): Elected in 2003 (till 2011). Researcher at the Max
Planck Institute for Human Development and Education. Professor of Sociology and Education. Member
of various associations on human rights.
Mrs. Yanghee Lee (Republic of Korea) (Chairperson): Elected in 2003 (till 2009). Professor of Child
Psychology at Sung Kyunkwan University and member of Save the Children Korea. Currently the
governing director of the Korean Association for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect and member
of the Korean Institute for Children’s Rights. Member of the Committee on Child Welfare for the city of
Seoul.
Mrs. Marta Mauras (Chile): Elected in 2009 till 2013. Expertise in social policies, human rights and
international relations, women’s affairs, child rights, health (HIV/AIDS), UN reform agenda. Has worked
for UNICEF as well as for the UN (Executive Office of the UN General Secretary).
Mrs. Rosa Maria Ortiz (Paraguay)(Vice-Chairperson): Elected in 2003 (till 2011). Well known leader in
child rights work in Paraguay, she has personally participated in and/or founded several of Paraguay’s
most influential NGOs and has represented Paraguay’s human rights NGOs in many regional and
international fora. Is currently Joint Director of the International NGO on Infancy.



                                                                                                        22
Mr. Awich Pollar (Uganda): Re-elected in 2009 (till 2013). Areas of expertise: Legal issues, problems
between national laws and the CRC, corporal punishment, data collection, discrimination against girls,
child soldiers, plans of action.
Mr. Dainius Puras (Lithuania): Elected in 2007 (till 2011). Head and associate professor of child
psychiatry and social paediatrics; head of clinic (Vilnius Children's Hospital), WHO mental health
programme.
Mrs. Kamla Devi Varmah (Mauritius): Elected in 2009 (till 2013). Attorney at law and legal advisor on
child rights for government authorities. Expertise in child welfare, state responsibility in relation to the
child, sexual exploitation, child development and parental responsibility.
Mrs. Susana Villaran de la Puente (Peru): Elected in 2009 (till 2013). President of the Institute for
Human Safety. Areas of expertise include: prevention of violence, public safety at regional, provincial,
district level, reparation for victims in armed conflict zones, torture, youth violence, sexual abuse.
Mr. Jean Zermatten (Switzerland): Re-elected 2009 (till 2013). Lawyer by training; Judge and President
of the Tribunal if Minors (1972 - 2005), director of International Institute for the Rights of the Child
(Sion). Areas of expertise: children in institutions, alternative care and detention centres, child
participation and right to be heard, discrimination (indigenous children, asylum seekers), domestic
violence, criminal responsibility.




                                                                                                         23
Annex 2: List of National Child Rights NGO Coalitions, by country

Taken from the NGO Group website: National Coalitions
Albania:                                              Dhanmondi Residential Area
Albanian Children's Rights Network                    Dhaka-1209, Bangladesh
Kutia Postare 1738 Tirana, Albania                    Tel: + 880 2 811 0857
Tel: 00 355 425 5941                                  Fax: + 880 2 911 0017
Fax: 00 355 424 3690                                  Email: bsaf@bangla.net
Email: albchildnet@albmail.com                        Website: www.bsafchild.org/open
Website: www.crca.org.al/networking.html
                                                      Belarus:
Angola:                                               Belarus Network of NGOs working with Children
Alliance l'enfant et la paix                          PO Box 432
CP 6570, Luanda, Angola                               Minsk 220050, Belarus
                                                      Tel: +375 17 237 4857
Argentina:                                            Fax: +375 17 237 8791
Comité Argentino de Seguimiento y Aplicación de la    Email: belau@user.unibel.by
Convención Internacional sobre los Derechos del       Website: www.belau.info
Niño
Alsina 1905 5to piso “C”                              Belgium:
Buenos Aires, Argentina                               Coordination des ONG pour les Droits de l'Enfant
Tel: +54 (11) 4952 0810                               Rue Marché aux Poulets 30
Email: casacidn@casacidn.org.ar ;                     1000 Bruxelles, Belgium
prensa@casacidn.org.ar                                Tel: + 322 209 209 61 68
Website: www.casacidn.org.ar                          Fax: + 322 209 61 60
                                                      Email: info@lacode.be
Aruba:                                                Website: www.lacode.be
Asociacion Trabao de Hubentud na Aruba
Caya Appeldam 2 Dakota, Aruba, Aruba                  Kinderrechtencoalitie Vlaanderen
Tel: 00297-582-3773                                   Eekhout 4
Fax: 00297-583-4290                                   9000 Ghent
Email: atha@setarnet.aw                               Belgium
Website: www.athaaruba.org                            Tel: + 32 (0)9 225 90 25
                                                      Email: info@kinderrechtencoalitie.be
Austria:                                              Website: www.kinderrechtencoalitie.be
National Coalition for the Implementation of the UN
Convention on the Rights of the Child in Austria      Belize:
c/o Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights,       National Organization for Prevention of Child Abuse
Hessgasse 1, A-1010 Vienna, Austria                   and Neglect
Tel: 00 43 1 4277 27420                               P.O. Box 1441 Belize City, Belize
Fax: 00 43 1 4277 27429                               Email: nopcanbelize@yahoo.com
Email: helmut.sax@univie.ac.at
Website: www.kinderhabenrechte.at                     Benin:
                                                      Coalition Nationale pour les droits de l'enfant au
Azerbaijan:                                           Benin
Azerbaijan NGO Alliance for Child Rights              03 B.P 1599 Jéricho Cotonou , Benin
117, Nizami Street, AZ-1010, Baku, Azerbaijan         Tel: 00 229 30 5737
Tel: + 994 12 4932142                                 Fax: 00 229 32 1908
Email: relfuture@azdata.net                           Email: ritdeib@leland.bj
Website: www.ngoalliance.net
                                                      Comite de Liaison des Organizations Sociales pour la
                                                      Defence des Droits de l'Enfant
Bangladesh:                                           08 BP 0049 Cotonou , Benin
Bangladesh Shishu Adhikar Forum                       Tel: 00 229 21 30 52 37
House #24B (2nd Floor), Road #14A


                                                                                                           24
Fax: 00 229 21 3139 11                                  Tel: 00 237 997 0238/761 93307 948 8597
Email: esam@firstnet.bj                                 Fax: 00 237 22 62 62/ +237 22 62 63
                                                        Email: deicameroun@caramail.com
Bolivia:                                                Website:
Coordinadora National de Trabajo con Ninos y
Adolecentes                                             Coalition des ONG Camerounaises pour les Droits de
Calle Comercio No 10298 La Paz , Bolivia                l'Enfant
Tel: 00 591 234 2863                                    C/O Defense for Children International, Cameroon
Fax: 00 591 211 9121                                    PO Box 14 585 Yaoundé, Cameroon
                                                        Tel: 00 237 20 9515
Bosnia and Herzegovina:                                 Fax: 00 237 22 6262
Network of Organizations Working with Children in
B&H                                                     Canada:
c/o Zdravo De Ste Sime Matavuga 2 Banya Luka;           Canadian Coalition for the Rights of Children
Nasa Djeca B. Mutevelica 6 Sarajevo, Bosnia and         36, Quarry Ridge Street
Herzegovina                                             Orleans, Ontario
Tel: 00 38751218363;                                    Canada K1C 7S1, Canada
Fax: 00 387 33 657 012                                  Tel: 00 1 613 729 5289 ext. 224
Email: zdravo@blic.net                                  Fax: 00 1 613 729 3159
                                                        Email: info@rightsofchildren.ca
Brazil:                                                 Website: www.rightsofchildren.ca
Associação Nacional dos Centros de Defesa da
Criança e do Adolescente                                Chad:
Rua Barão de Itapentininga, 255/ Sala 1104 Centro-      Droits de L'Homme sans Frontieres
São Paulo - SP 01042-001, Brazil                        BP 4510 Ndjamena, Chad
Tel: 0055 11 3159 4118                                  Tel: 00 235 51 91 09
Fax: 0055 11 3257 0365                                  Fax: 00 235 51 91 09
Email: coordenacao@anced.org.br                         Email: dhsf64@hotmail.com
Website: www.anced.org.br                               Website:

Foro Nacional de Derechos de Ninos y Adolescentes       Chile:
CEP 70770-520, Brasilia DF , Brazil                     Red de ONGs Infancia-Chile
Tel: 00 556 134 8708                                    c/o Fundacion PIDEE Casilla 599 -11 Santiago
Fax: 00 556 134 8708                                    Santiago, Chile
                                                        Tel: 00 562 225 87 52
Burkina Faso:                                           Fax: 00 562 225 87 52
Coalition au Burkina Faso pour les Droits de l'Enfant   Email: pidee@terra.cl
SCC 01 BP 4076 Ougadougou, Burkina Faso                 Website: www.pidee.terra.cl
Tel: 00 266 364 216
Fax: 00 266 364 238                                     Colombia:
Email: aec.kinda@webmails.com                           Alianza por la Niñez Colombiana
                                                        Carrera 7 No 32-85
Cambodia:                                               Officina 302
NGO Committee on the Rights of the Child -              Bogota, Colombia
Cambodia                                                Tel: 00 571 285 4850
c/o Children's House #8A, Street 138 Sangkat Veal       Email: pquijano65@hotmail.com
Vong, Khan Prampi Makara Phnom Penh District,
Phnom Penh, Cambodia                                    NGO CRC Coalition
Tel: 00 855 23 882 412                                  Carrera 16A app 29-18 P5 Bogota, Colombia
Fax: 00 855 23 882 412                                  Tel: 00 571 285 6350
Email: ch.ngocrc@online.com.kh                          Fax: 00 571 285 6350
                                                        Email: coldni89@impsat.net.co
Cameroon:
Coalition Camerounaise des ONG pour les Droits de       Congo:
l'Enfant (COCADE)                                       Alliance Congolaise pour les Droits de l'Enfant
S/C BP: 1171 Yaoundé, Cameroon                          B.P. 2043 Brazzaville, Congo



                                                                                                          25
Tel: 00 242 810672 / 00 242 815374                   The Collaborating Group on the Children's
Fax: 00 242 810672                                   Convention in Denmark
                                                     c/o Red Barnet Rosenørns Allé 12 DK - 1634
Congo, Democratic Republic of the:                   Copenhagen V , Denmark
Groupe de Travail des ONG's pour les Droits de       Tel: +45 35 36 55 55
l'Enfant                                             Fax: 00 45 35 39 11 19
BP 11239 Kinshasa 1, Congo, Democratic Republic      Email: dh@redbarnet.dk
of the                                               Website: www.savethechildren.dk
Tel: 00 243 99 34 858
Fax: 00 243 12 20 721                                Dominican Republic:
Email: theokabango@yahoo.fr                          National Coalition - Dominican Republic
                                                     Dominican Republic
Costa Rica:                                          Email: ma.moreno@ns.intec.edu.do
Federacion Costarricense de ONG de Defense de
Derechos                                             Ecuador:
c/o DCI P O Box 4594 1000 San Jos , Costa Rica       Foro Ecuatoriano permanente de organizaciones por
Tel: 00 506 236 9134                                 y con los Ninos, Ninas y Adolescentes
Fax: 00 506 268 8470                                 Lizardo Garcia 121 y 12 de Octubre P.O. Box 17-07-
Email: info@dnicostarica.org                         9234 Quito, Ecuador
                                                     Fax: 00 593-529503
Federación Costarricense de ONG's para la Defensa
de los Derechos de la Niñez y la Adolescencia -      Egypt:
COSECODENI                                           NGO Coalition on the Rights of the Child - Egypt
c/o DCI Costa Rica PO Box 7160-2100 Guadalupe,       c/o CARITAS -Egypt, 13 Abd El-Hamid Said St.,
Costa Rica                                           Maarouf, Ramsis, Cairo , Egypt
Tel: 506 236 9134/297-2880/297-2885                  Tel: 00 202 576 2242
Fax: 506 236 5207                                    Fax: 00 202 567 2242
Email: cosecodeni@yahoo.es                           Email: info@ngo-crc.org

Cote d'Ivoire:                                       El Salvador:
Coalition Ivoirienne pour la Defense des droits de   Coordinadora para la Defensa de los Derechos del
l'enfant                                             Nino
Koumassi Résidence Aboutis                           c/o CODEFAM Calle Gabrela Mistral 614 Col
Villa U2                                             Centro América San Salvador, El Salvador
10 BP 1183                                           Tel: 00 503 226 7989
Abidjan 10 , Cote d'Ivoire                           Fax: 00 503 226 7989
Tel: 00 225 21 56 18 33                              Website:
Fax: 00 225 32 45 89
Email: bice-ci@africaonline.co.ci                    Red para la Infancia y la Adolescencia
                                                     Colonia Miramonte, calle Orizaba no. 264
Czech Republic:                                      San Salvador, El Salvador
Czech National Coalition                             Tel: 00 503 22 60 1749
c/o Duha                                             Fax: 00 503 22 607 7933
Senovazne nam. 24                                    Email: redparalainfancia@navegante.com.sv
CZ-116 47 Praha 1, Czech Republic
Tel: 00 420 234 62175                                Finland:
Fax: 00 420 603 438822                               Lastensuojelun Keskusliitto
Email: dci.praha@seznam.cz                           Armfeltintie 1,
                                                     00150 Helsinki, Finland
Denmark:                                             Tel: 00 358 9 3296 0204
NGO Co-operation Group for the CRC                   Fax: 00 358 9 3296 0299
c/o Red Barnet, Rosenoerns Allé 12, 1634             Email: maarit.kuikka@lskl.fi
Copenhagen V,, Denmark                               Website: www.lskl.fi
Tel: 00 45 35 36 55 55
Fax: 00 45 35 39 11 19
Email: dh@redbarnet.dk



                                                                                                        26
France:                                                Grenada:
Conseil Francais des Associations pour les droits de   Grenada National Coalition on the Rights of the
l'enfant                                               Child
8, Villa du Parc Montsouris 75014 Paris, , France      P.O. BOX 3594
Tel: 00 331 01 45 81 0909                              St. George's, Grenada
Fax: 00 331 01 44 81 0905                              Tel: 00 1 473 435 0944
Email: cofrade@worldonline.fr                          Email: gncrc@caribsurf.com
Website: www.asso-cofrade.org
                                                       Guatemala:
Gambia:                                                Coordinadora Institucional de Promocion por los
Child Protection Alliance                              Derechos del Nino (CIPRODENI)
P.O. Box 4611, Gambia                                  12, Avenida 7 - 21 Zona 2, Cuidad Nueva Cuidad de
Tel: 00 220 449 74 25                                  Guatemala, Guatemala
Fax: 00 220 4497425                                    Tel: 00 502 254 1830
Email: cpagambia@yahoo.com or                          Fax: 00 502 254 1830
cpa_gambia@ecpat.net                                   Email: ciprodeni@c.net.gt
Website: www.cpagambia.gm
                                                       Guinea:
Helping Lives International                            Coalition Guineenne Pour les Droit de l'Enfant
Helping Lives International                            BP 3341 Quartier Ratoma Conakry , Guinea
PO Box 3103                                            Tel: 00 224 414 499 / 224 414251
Serrekunda, Gambia                                     Fax: 00 224 413092
Tel: 00220-7719958                                     Email: karambayo@mirinet.com
Email: helpinglifesinternational@yahoo.com
                                                       Haiti:
NGO Coalition on the CRC in the Gambia                 Coalition Haïtienne pour la Défense des Droits de
P.O. Box 3218 Serekunda, Gambia                        l'Enfant
Tel: 00 220 996 666                                    Impasse Baron No. 8 Turgeau Port au Prince, Haiti
Fax: 00 220 995 959                                    Email: cohadde@hotmail.com
Email: socialalertgam@hotmail.com
Tayam                                                  Haiti Coalition for the Protection of Children's Rights
PMB 746 Serekunda Post Office Banjul, Gambia           3eme Rue du Travail #23 Port au Prince, Haiti
Tel: + 220 4395 695/980 4260                           Tel: 00 509 245 5014
Email: marcussbrima@hotmail.com                        Fax: 00 509 245 2101
Website:                                               Email: cohadde@hotmail.com

Georgia:                                               Les Brebis de Lumiere
NGO/UNICEF National Network for Children               HT 6140 B.P. 15283 Pétion-Ville (W.I.), Haiti
(Georgia)                                              Tel: + 509 257 1559 / 557
c/o Child Rights Protection Association - CLARITAS
XXI 11 m/r TEVS distr., M. Guramishvili Pediatric      Honduras:
Clinic 380091 Tbilisi Georgia , Georgia                Red de instituciones por los derechos de la niñez
Tel: 00 995 32 94 34 48                                Col. Elvel, bloque C, Casa No. 1920,
Fax: 00 995 32 94 00 09                                C/ Retorno O Oporto, Tegucigalpa.
Email: claritas@kheta.ge                               5954, Honduras
                                                       Tel: +504 239 9617
Germany:                                               Fax: +504 239 9617
National Coalition for the Implementation of the       Email: coiproden@multivisionhn.net
UNCRC in Germany                                       Website: www.coiproden.org
Mühlendamm 3,
10178 Berlin, Germany                                  India:
Tel: 00 49 (0) 30 400 40218                            Campaign Against Child Labour
Fax: 00 49 (0) 30 400 40 232                           c/o PECUC, House No. VII-H-26, Sailashree Vihar,
Email: info@national-coalition.de                      Bhubaneswar 751021, Orissa, India, India
Website: www.agj.de                                    Email: caclcs@sancharnet.in
                                                       Website: www.caclindia.org



                                                                                                           27
India Alliance for Child Rights                       Israel:
A64, Gulmohar Park, New Delhi 110049, India           Children's Rights Coalition
Tel: 0091 11 243 70959                                c/o DCI Israel PO Box 8028 Jerusalem 91080 , Israel
Fax: 0091 11 243 76025                                Tel: 00 972 2563 3003
Email: wecan@bol.net.in                               Fax: 00 972 2563 1241
Website: www.all4children.org                         Email: info@dci.org.il

People's Council For Social Welfare                   Jamaica:
137G First Floor,                                     Jamaica Coalition on the Rights of the Child
Ashok Nagar, Unit-II,                                 c/o Jamaica Association for the Deaf CB Facey
Janpath,                                              Building, Hope Estate, Papine, Kingston 6, Jamaica
Bhubaneswar-751009                                    Tel: 00 1 876 970 776
Orissa, India                                         Fax: 001 876 927 098
Tel: 00916746523988                                   Email: carsam@cwjamaica.com
Fax: 00916742532220
Email: pcswindia@rediffmail.com                       Japan:
Website: www.pcswindia.org                            Action for the Rights of the Children
                                                      Chiyoda-ku Sarugakz-cho 2-3-1-401 Tokyo 101,
Working Group on the Convention on the Rights of      Japan
the Child                                             Tel: 00 81 3 5281 3455
c/o Butterflies U-4, 1st Floor Green Park Extension   Fax: 00 81 3 5281 3455
New Delhi, 110 016, India                             Email: pga02375@nifty.ne.jp
Tel: 00 91 11 616 39 35/619 10 63
Fax: 00 91 11 619 61 17                               Commitee for NGO Reporting on the Convention on
Email: bflies@sdalt.ernet.in                          the Rights of the Child(Japan)
                                                      C/o Federation for the Protection of Children's Humn
Indonesia:                                            Rights Chiyoda-ku Sarugaku-cho 2-3-1-401 Tokyo
Indonesian Committee for Children's Rights            101-0064, Japan
c/o LAAI, Jln. Sutomo No. 6 Lt. III, Medan 20234,     Tel: +81-3-5281-3455
Indonesia , Indonesia                                 Fax: +81-3-5281-3455
Tel: 00 62-61-567871                                  Email: yujihirano@nifty.com
Fax: 00 62-61-567871
                                                      Federation for the Protection of Children's Human
Indonesian NGO Coaltion for CRC Monitoring            Rights
P.O. Box 1230 Jogjakarta 55162, Indonesia             6th Floor, Kaikan, Nihon-Kyoiku, Hitotsubashi 2-6-
Tel: 0062-274-381101                                  2, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101, Japan
Fax: 0062-274-381101                                  Tel: 00 813 3265 2174
Email: samin@yogya.wasantara.net.id                   Fax: 00 813 3230 2172
                                                      Email: sano_poshio@jtu-net.or.jp
Lembaga Advokasi Anak Indonesia
Jln. Sutomo No. 6 Lt. III Medan 20234, Indonesia      Japan National Coalition Group of NGOs and
Tel: 00 62 61 4567 871                                Citizens for Prepaing the Alternative Report on the
Fax: 00 62 61 4567 871                                CRC
Email: laai@medan.wasantara.net.id                    c/o DCI Japan Branch Setagaya- KU Kitazawa 2-10-
                                                      15 Towa Shimokitozawa High Town A- 303 Tokyo
Ireland:                                              155-0031, JAPAN, Japan
Children's Rights Alliance                            Tel: +81 3 3466-0222
4 Upper Mount Street                                  Fax: +81 3 3466-0222
Dublin 2, Ireland                                     Email: dci-jp@yomogi.sakura.ne.jp
Tel: 00 353 1 662 9400
Fax: 00 353 1 662 9355                                Network for the Convention of the Rights of the
Email: info@childrensrights.ie                        Child
Website: www.childrensrights.ie                       Minato-Ku Kaigan 1-6-1-831 Tokyo 105, Japan
                                                      Tel: 00 81 3 3433 7990
                                                      Fax: 00 81 3 3433 7369




                                                                                                        28
Jordan:                                              Tel: 00 822 735 2310
National Coalition for Children - Jordan             Fax: 00 822 738 8504
P.O. Box 941096 Amman 11194, Jordan                  Email: uncrcnpo@naver.com
Tel: 00 962 6560 6056
Fax: 00 962 6560 6686                                Kyrgyzstan:
Email: nimets@ntfc.org.jo                            Network of NGOs working with Children
                                                     c/o Youth Human Rights Group PO BOX 1893
Kazakhstan:                                          Bishkek 72000, Kyrgyzstan
Kazakhstan NGO Working Group on Child Rights         Tel: 00 996 312 681 370
Protection                                           Fax: 00 996 312 681 091
Suite 51, 2nd Floor 35 Gogolya Street Almaty 48002   Email: youth@elcat.kg
Kazakhstan
Tel: 00327 2 639461                                  Latvia:
Fax: 00327 2 639461                                  Latvian Network for Children
Email: rosa@bureau.kz                                Getrudes 19/21, LV-1011 Riga, Latvia
                                                     Tel: 00 371 731 5298
Kenya:                                               Fax: 00 371 731 5497
Coalition on Child Rights and Child Protection in    Email: glabiet.bernus@delfi.lv
Kenya
PO Box 1768, Nairobi; 00200, City Square Nairobi,    Lesotho:
Kenya                                                National Coalition of Lesotho
Tel: 00 254 2 576 502 / 573 990 / 561 086            22 Mabille Rd, Old Europa
Fax: 00 254 2 576502                                 P.O. Box 286 Maseru 100, Lesotho
Email: anppcan@africaonline.co.ke                    Tel: 00 22312905
Website:                                             Fax: 00 22310217
                                                     Email: ngoc@leo.co.ls
Kenya Alliance for Advancement of Children
PO Box 73637                                         Liberia:
Nairobi, Kenya                                       Cherish the Kids Liberia
Tel: +254 2 445 0256/7                               75 Ashmun Street PO Box 5491 1000 Monrovia 10,
Fax: +254 2 445 0092                                 Liberia
Email: kaacr@kaacr.com                               Tel: 011 377 47 512391
Website: www.kaacr.com                               Email: cherish_12002@yahoo.com

Korea, Republic of:                                  Lithuania:
Korea Council of Children's Organization             Lithuanian Voluntary Advisers - NGO Committee on
960-4 Daelim 1 dong,                                 the Rights of the Child
Youngdeugpo-gu                                       c/o Save the Children Lithuania Vilniaus Street 22/1
Seoul 150-822, Korea, Republic of                    Vilnius 01119, Lithuania
Tel: +82 2 831 1930 31                               Tel: 00 370 5 610 815
Fax: +82 2 831 1932                                  Fax: 00 370 5 610 837
Email: kocconet@kocconet.or.kr                       Email: erika.kancerevyciene@gelbvaik.lt
Website: www.kocconet.or.kr                          Website: www.gelbvail.lt

Korea NGO Coalition for the Rights of the Child      Luxembourg:
Sarangbang Group for Human Rights 4th fl.;           Coalition Nationale pour les droits de l'enfant
Myungryun 2ga, Jongno gu, Seoul, (110-522) ,         Luxembourg
Korea, Republic of                                   Boît postale 90, L-4001 Esch-sur-Alzette,
Tel: 00 822 741 5363                                 Luxembourg
Fax: 00 822 741 5364                                 Tel: 00 352 57 0368
Email: humanrights@sarangbang.or.kr                  Fax: 00 352 57 3370
                                                     Email: soisson.rob@sl.lu
Korea NPO Coalition for Un Convention on the
Rights of the Child                                  Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of:
17-1 Changsung-dong Jongno-gu                        Macedonian National Coalition
Seoul, 110-034, Korea, Republic of                   Macedonian National NGO Child Rights



                                                                                                       29
Coalitions(MNNGOCRC) c/o First Childrens               Mongolia:
Embassy in the World-Megjashi Kosta Novakovic 22       Mongolia National NGO Coalition for the CRC
Stret 1000 Skopje , Macedonia, the former Yugoslav     c/o MCRC Ulaanbaatar Central Post Office Box 1170
Republic of                                            , Mongolia
Tel: 00 389 2 465 316                                  Tel: 00 976 11 310 807
Fax: 00 389 2 463 900                                  Fax: 00 976 11 310 649
Email: first@childrensembassy.org.mk                   Email: mcrc@magicnet.mn

Mali:                                                  National Coalition of NGOs of the Rights of the
Malian Coalition for the Rights of the Child           Child
BP 3123 Bamako, Mali                                   c/o Mongolian Child Rights Centre Central Post
Tel: 00 223 22 55 64                                   Office 13 Box 1170 Ulaanbaatar 13, Mongolia
Fax: 00 223 23 25 93                                   Tel: 976-11-310807
Email: enda-bko@spider.toolnet.org                     Fax: 976-11-310649
                                                       Email: mcrc@magicnet.mn
Mauritius:
Groupement d'ONG pour l'Enfant                         Nepal:
Avenue Queen Elizabeth Curepipe , Mauritius            Child Rights Watch Nepal
Tel: 00 230 675 5810                                   C/O INHURED International PO Box 2125 New
Fax: 00 230 696 7166                                   Plaza, Putalisadak Kathmandu , Nepal
Email: apeim@intnet.mu                                 Tel: 00 977 1 429741
                                                       Fax: 00 977 1 419610
Mauritius National Children's Council                  Email: inhured@gopal.mos.com.np
4th Floor SILWF Building Edith Cavell Str. Port
Louis, Mauritius                                       Consortium of Child Clubs of Nepal
Tel: 00 230 212 - 6240                                 Kupondole, Box 3394, Kathmandu, Nepal, Nepal
                                                       Tel: 00 977 1 538204
Mexico:                                                Fax: 00 977 1 538459
Colectivo Mexicano de Apoyo a la Ninez
Gabriel Mancera 934, Col. del Valle                    National Alliance of Child Rights Organizations
C.P. 03100                                             c/o Concern for Children Nepal Chhauni, Ring Road
Mexico DF, Mexico                                      GPO Box 4543 Kathmandu, Nepal
Tel: +525 575 3668                                     Tel: 00 977 1 427 9231
Fax: +525 559 0441                                     Fax: 00 977 1 427 7033
Email: comexani@laneta.apc.org                         Email: concern@mos.com.np

Red por los Derechos de la Infancia en México          South Asia Coalition on Child Servitude (INSEC)
Av. México-Coyoacán 350                                Informal Service Centre, PO Box 2726, Kalanki,
Col. General Anaya                                     Kathmandu, Nepal , Nepal
México DF 03340, Mexico                                Tel: 00 977 1 270770/278770
Tel: +01555 56 01 71 33                                Fax: 00 977 1 270551
Fax: +01555 56042466
Email: comunicacion@derechosinfancia.org.mx            South Asia Forum on the Rights of the Child
Website: www.derechosinfancia.org.mx                   PO Box 4374 Kalimati, Tachchal Bagaincha,
                                                       Kathmandu, Gauri Pradhan, Nepal
Moldova, Republic of:                                  Tel: 00 977 127 8064
NGO Alliance in the field of child and family social   Email: cwin@mos.com.np
protection
Puschin 26, str., of 319, Chishinau, Moldova,          Netherlands:
Republic of                                            Dutch NGO Coalition for Children's Rights
Tel: 00 373 22 234 069                                 c/o Defence for Children International- Section
Fax: 00 373 22 024 268                                 Netherlands PO Box 75297, 1070 AG, Amsterdam ,
Email: office@alaintacf.net.md                         Netherlands
Website: aliantacf.net.md                              Tel: 00 31 20 420 3771
                                                       Fax: 00 31 20 420 3832




                                                                                                         30
Email: info@defenceforchildren.nl                     Tel: +92418738827
Website: www.kinderrechten.nl                         Email: sdppakistan@hotmail.com

New Zealand:                                          Palestinian Territories, Occupied:
Action for Children and Youth Aotearoa                Palestinian Coalition on the Rights of the Child
P.O. Box 41532,                                       c/o Defence for Children
St. Lukes,                                            International /Palestine Section
Auckland, New Zealand                                 P.O Box 55201
Tel: 00 64 9 828 2209                                 Jerusalem - via Israel, Palestinian Territories,
Email: feedback@acya.org.nz                           Occupied
Website: www.acya.org.nz                              Tel: + 972 2 240 7530
                                                      Fax: + 972 2 240 7018
Nicaragua:                                            Email: dci@dci-pal.org
Federación Coordinadora Nicaraguense de ONGs que
trabaja con la ninez y la Adolescencia                Panama:
c/o Dos Generaciones, de donde fue el restaurante     Comision Panamena para el Cumplimiento de la
Terraza 75 vs abajo Managua, Nicaragua                Convencion de los Derechos del Nino y la Nina
Tel: 00 505 277 3517                                  Nicolasa Terreros B c/o SERPAJ Calle 9, Rio Abajo
Email: codeni@codeni.com.ni                           Casa 22-03 "A" Panama Apartado Postal 87-2518,
                                                      Zona 7 Panama , Panama
Nigeria:                                              Tel: 00 507 240 782
Child Rights Brigade International                    Fax: 00 507 240 782
Bola Ige Close
Behind Protea Hotel                                   Comite Permanente Contra el Maltrato Infantil
Area 11 Junction                                      Servico paz y Justicia
Asokoro Abuja, Nigeria                                Servicio Paz y Justicia Apartado 812518 Zona 7
Tel: +2348077587215                                   Panama, Panama
Email: charlesutulu@yahoo.com                         Tel: 00 507 224 06 18 / 00 507 223 31 62
                                                      Fax: 00 507 224 06 18 / 00 507 223 31 62
National Coalition on Children's Rights               Email: seraj_panama@yahoo.com
c/o Child Welfare League of Nigeria EE 17 Ramat
Close Husaini Bello PO BOX 10723, Kaduna Lagos,       Paraguay:
Nigeria                                               Coordinadora por los Derechos de la Infancia y la
Tel: 00 234 493 4005                                  Adolescencia - CDIA
Fax: 00 234 493 4005                                  Roberto Stark Peru 1903 esq. Santo Domingo
Email: cwln2@hotmail.com                              Asuncion, Paraguay, Paraguay
                                                      Tel: 00 (595 21) 206 736
Norway:                                               Fax: 00 (595 21) 206 736
Forum for barnekonvesjonen                            Email: fdb@webmails.com.py
c/o Norges Rode Kors/Norwegian Red Cross
Postboks 1 Gronland,                                  Peru:
0133 Oslo, Norway                                     Grupo de Iniciativa Nacional por los Derechos del
Tel: 00 47 22 05 4000                                 Nino
Email: eva.eriksen@redcross.no                        Martín Pérez 866
                                                      Magdalena del Mar
Pakistan:                                             Lima 17, Peru
Coalition Against Child Labour                        Tel: + 511 460 9917
No 14, Fourth Floor, 109 -West, Sardar Begum Plaza,   Fax: + 511 461 0402
Blue Area Islamabad, Pakistan                         Email: gin@terra.com.pe
Tel: 00 92 51 227 9504                                Website: www.gin.org.pe
Fax: 00 92 51 227 9256
Email: sparc@comsats.net.pk                           Philippines:
                                                      Children's NGO Network - Philippines
Society For Disabled People                           c/o Children's Legal Bureau Inc.
House#1, Daud Nager Church Road                       (CNN Secretariat)
Faisalabad, Pakistan                                  10 Queen's Road, Camputhaw



                                                                                                          31
Cebu City 6000, Philippines                           Email: right-child@mtu-net.ru
Tel: 00 6332 254 5091                                 Website: www.openweb.ru/p_z
Fax: 00 6332 255 8016
Email: clbphils@pacific.net.ph                        Senegal:
                                                      Coalition Nationale des Associations et ONG en
Philippine NGO Coalition on the CRC                   Faveur de l'Enfance au Sénégal
c/o Consuelo Foundation 27th Floor Citibank Tower     Sacré Coeur III
8741 Paseo de Roxas Makati City, Philippines          Villa N° 9985
Tel: 00 632 848 0601                                  Dakar, Senegal
Fax: 00 632 848 0051                                  Tel: +221 867 40 30 / 553 57 80 / 574 39 21
Email: amoll@consuelo.org                             Email: confasenegal@yahoo.fr

Poland:                                               COSEDE
Polish Forum for Children's Rights                    c/o Tribune de l'Enfant (TRIDE) BP 18312 Pikine
PL-30-506 Cracow Brodzinskiego Str 1, , Poland        Guinaw Rail, Dakar, Senegal
Tel: 00 48 12 640 0420                                Tel: 00 221 822 4073
Fax: 00 48 12 640 0420                                Fax: 00 221 822 0702
Email: fpd@free.ngo.pl                                Email: vieuxgane@yahoo.fr

Romania:                                              Sierra Leone:
Federation of NGOs Active in Child Protection         National Coalition for the Protection and Promotion
Bdul Decebal no. 4, Bl. S11, Sc. 1, Et. 3, Ap. 9 3d   of the Rights of the Child
district 741261 Bucharest, Romania                    c/o DCI
Tel: 004013208065                                     42 Siaka Stevens Street
Fax: 004013208065                                     PO Box 1078
Email: fonpc@dial.kappa.ro                            Freetown, Sierra Leone
                                                      Tel: 00 232 76 624 060
Salvati Copiii                                        Fax: 00 232 22 224 431
Intr Stefan Furtuna, nr. 3                            Email: dcisl@yahoo.com
Sector 1, 010899
Bucharest, Romania                                    South Africa:
Tel: 00 40 21 314 40 50                               Children NOW Network
Fax: 00 40 21 312 44 86                               Suite 87, Private Bag X12, Tokai, 7966 Cape Town,
Email: rosc@salvaticopiii.ro                          South Africa
Website: www.salvaticopiii.ro                         Tel: 00 27 712 2330
                                                      Fax: 00 27 21 712 2365
Russian Federation:                                   Email: carolb1@iafrica.com
Coalition of Russian NGOs
c/o Right of the Child NGO 4, Luchnikov Lane, Entr.   National Children's Rights Committee
3, of. 6                                              PO Box 30803
Moscow, 103982, Russian Federation                    Braamfontein, 2017, South Africa
                                                      Tel: 00 2711 339 1919
Russian- Rights of the Child Programme of the         Fax: 00 2711 339 1933
Russian Research Centre for Human Rights              Email: ncrc@sn.apc.org
4, Luchnikov Lane, Entr. 3, of. 2                     Website:
Moscow, 103982, Russian Federation
Tel: (7-495) 621-15-65                                Spain:
Fax: (7-495) 624-07-52                                Plataforma de Organizaciones de Infancia
Email: right-child@mtu-net.ru                         Calle Escosura, 3, bajo derecha de Madrid,
Website: www.pravorebenka.narod.ru                    Madrid, Spain
                                                      Tel: 00 34 91 447 7853
Russia - Rights of the Child Programme                Fax: 00 34 91 369 5028
Luchnikov Lane 4 Room 10 Moscow 103982,               Email: poi@plataformadeinfancia.org
Russian Federation                                    Website: www.plataformadeinfancia.org
Tel: 00 7 095 206 9871 / 00 7 095 206 8838
Fax: 00 7 095 206 8951



                                                                                                        32
Sri Lanka:                                          Tel: + 255 23 260 3982
Child Rights Group                                  Fax: + 255 23 260 0829
10 Kynsey Terrace Colombo 8, Sri Lanka              Email: amani_centre@yahoo.com
Tel: 00 941 74 610 943
Fax: 00 941 74 610 943                              Tanzania Movement for and with Children
Email: crg@diamond.lanka.net                        TMC Secretariat P.O. Box 21159, Urambo Street,
                                                    Upanga Plot No. 344, Aga Khan Building (1st Floor)
NGO Forum on the CRC                                Dar es Salaam, Tanzania , Tanzania, United Republic
37, Mihindu, Mawatha Colombo 8, Sri Lanka           of
Tel: 00 941 927 364                                 Tel: +255 (0) 22 215 2925
Fax: 00 941 438 720 / 00 941 677 255                Fax: +255 (0) 22 215 2926
Email: dcilanka@sltnet.lk                           Email: info@tmc.kabissa.org
                                                    Website: www.tmc.kabissa.org
Sudan:
Child Rights Forum                                  Thailand:
c/o Amal Society P.O. Box 10094 Khartoum, Sudan     Child Workers in Asia
Tel: 00 249 11 467 644                              PO Box 26
Email: amalsociety@yahoo.com                        Srinakariwirot Post Office
                                                    Bangkok, 10117, Thailand
National Council for Child Welfare                  Tel: +662 662 3866 8
c/o Rädda Barnen, PO Box 3134, Khartoum, Sudan,     Fax: +662 261 2339
Sudan                                               Email: cwanet@csloxinfo.com
Tel: 00 249 11 452293                               Website: www.cwa.tnet.co.th
Fax: 00 249 306140
                                                    Working Group on Children
Sweden:                                             Foundation for the Better Life of Children 100/475
Swedish NGO Network for Children's Rights           Jangwatana 10 Tung Song Hong Dong Meung
c/o Save the Children Sweden                        Bangkok 102 10 , Thailand
Landsvagen 39, Sundbyberg                           Tel: 00 662 982 1477
07 88 Stockholm, Sweden                             Fax: 00 662 982 1477
Tel: 00 46 8698 9144
Fax: 00 46 8698 9013                                Togo:
Email: simone.ek@rb.se                              Collectif des ONGs de Protection des Droits de
                                                    l'Enfant au Togo
Switzerland:                                        c/o WAO-Afrique
Netzwerk Kinderrechte Schweiz - Réseau suisse des   Adidogomé
droits de l'enfant                                  Rue des Frères Franciscains
Koordinationsstelle c/o Stiftung Kinderdorg         B.P. 80242
Pestalozzi Haus Grund CH-9043, Trogen,              Lomé, Togo
Switzerland                                         Tel: + 228 225 8990
Tel: + 41 71 343 7380                               Fax: + 228 225 7345
Fax: + 41 71 343 7339                               Email: waoafrique@cafe.tg
Email: c.weber@pestalozzi.ch
                                                    Forum des Organizations de Defence de Droits
Tajikistan:                                         l'Enfant au Togo
National Coalition of NGOs for the Convention on    Quartier Totsi, derrière Immeuble Adébayor
the Rights of the Child in Tajikistan               Lomé, Togo
St. Tehron 12 734002 Dushanbe, Tajikistan           Tel: + 228 251 65 31
Tel: 00 109 92137 / 244220                          Fax: + 228 225 73 45
Fax: 11 109 92137 / 216582                          Email: forumtg2000@yahoo.fr
Email: rosiamo@herbs.tajik.net
                                                    Trinidad and Tobago:
Tanzania, United Republic of:                       The Trinidad and Tobago Coalition on the Rights of
Amani Centre for People with Disabilities           the Child
P.O. Box 579                                        c/o YMCA
Morogoro, Tanzania, United Republic of              Benbow Road off Wrightson Road



                                                                                                         33
Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago                 London EC1V 7QE, United Kingdom
Tel: 00 809 627 87 64                              Tel: +44 845 603 6725
Fax: 00 809 625 96 22                              Email: enquiries@participationworks.org.uk
Email: ttcrc1999@yahoo.com                         Website: www.participationworks.org.uk

Turkey:                                            Scottish Alliance for Children's Rights
National Coalition for the Rights of the Child     c/o Save The Children
Cengiz Topel, Ozden sok No 6/5, 80630 Etiler-      2nd Floor, Prospect House,
Istanbul, Turkey                                   5 Thistle Street
Tel: 00 90 212 263 0300                            Edinburgh EH12 1DF, United Kingdom
Fax: 00 90 212 263 3590                            Tel: +44 (0)131 527 8200
Email: womanchild@superonline.com                  Fax: +44 (0)131 527 8201
                                                   Email: info@sacr.org.uk
Tuvana Okuma Istekli Cocuk Egitim Vakfi            Website: www.sacr.org.uk
Nispetiye Cad. Birlik Sk. Akyildiz Sitesi A/Blok
24/19, 1. Levent Istanbul, Turkey                  Waging Peace
Tel: 0090 212 282 89 16                            32 Queensway
Fax: 0090 212 282 99 11                            W2 3RX London, United Kingdom
Email: dhabib@tocev.org.tr                         Tel: 02072430300
                                                   Email: louise.roland-gosselin@wagingpeace.info
Uganda:                                            Website: www.wagingpeace.info
Give Me A Chance
P.O. Box 11910 Kampala, Uganda                     United States:
Tel: 00 256 412 70122                              National Committee for the Rights of the Child USA
Fax: 00 256 412 70122                              2530 Riva Road, Suite LL3 Annapolis, MD 21401,
Email: achance@starcom.co.ug                       United States
Website: groups.msn.com/givemeachance              Tel: 00 1 410 224 8764/1 410 8416599
                                                   Fax: 00 1 410 224 3725/1 410 224 3725
Uganda Child Rights NGO Network                    Email: pacancpcal@aol.com
PO Box 10293 Kampala, Uganda
Tel: 00 256 41 543 548                             Uruguay:
Fax: 00 256 41 543 548                             Comité de los Derechos del Niño y Adolescente -
Email: ucrnn@utlonline.co.ug                       Uruguay
Website: www.kampala-city-guide.com/ngo/ucrnn      Plaza Independencia 1376 piso 8
                                                   CP 11100
Ukraine:                                           Montevideo, Uruguay
All Ukranian Committee for Children's Rights       Tel: + 598 2 9087803 / 9085873
c/o Pro Media, 3                                   Fax: + 598 2 9021699
Pechersky Uzvuz                                    Email: comitedn@adinet.com.uy /
Kyiv, 252023, Ukraine                              ielsur@chasque.net
Tel: +38 048 235.88.36; +38 44 213 1874            Website: www.comitedn.org
Fax: +38 044 25.29.616; +38 44 227 2398
Email: n.petrova@list.ru; npetrova@ipc.kiev.ua     Venezuela:
Website:                                           Red de los Derechos de la Niñez y Adolescencia
                                                   Apartado 63171 Caracas 1067, Venezuela
United Kingdom:                                    Tel: 00 582 12 951 4079
Children's Rights Alliance for England             Fax: 00 582 12 951 5841
94 White Lion Street                               Email: fpereira@cecodap.org.ve
London N1 9PF, United Kingdom
Tel: +44 20 7278 8222                              Viet Nam:
Fax: +44 20 7278 9552                              Vietnam Committee for the Protection and Care of
Email: info@crae.org.uk                            Children
Website: www.crae.org.uk                           35 Tran Phu Street Ha Na , Viet Nam

Participation Works
8 Wakley Street



                                                                                                      34
Yemen:
Yemen National NGO Coalition
PO Box 2701 Sanaa, Yemen
Tel: 00 967 1 327 607
Email: kassim6@yahoo.com
Website:

Zambia:
Children in Need Network - Zambia
P.O. Box 30118 Lusaka , Zambia
Tel: 00 260 1 231 298
Fax: 00 260 1 231 298
Email: chin@zamnet.zm




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