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					                Nixon
 Nixon wanted to contain communism,
  but did not want to use the military to
  do it


 Nixon believed diplomacy would
  contain communism
                Nixon
 Nixon started détente, or relaxing of
  tensions, with the Soviet Union and
  China
                           Nixon
 Nixon lifted trade and travel restrictions from China &
  removed military from defending Taiwan
 Nixon visited China in Feb. 1971, to establish relations and
  force the Soviets to pursue diplomacy with the US
                       Nixon
 The first US citizens to visit China in 20 yrs. was the
  American ping-pong team in 1971
Nixon
    Because of his visit to
     China, the Soviet Union
     asked for a summit, a
     high-level diplomatic
     meeting


    Nixon went to USSR in
     May 1972, becoming
     the first president to
     visit since WWII
                        Nixon
 During the summit, Nixon
  and Soviet Leader, Leonid
  Brezhnev, signed the first
  Strategic Arms Limitation
  Treaty (SALT I)
 This was a plan to limit
  nuclear weapons, increase
  trade and exchange
  scientific information
               Watergate
 Nixon ran for re-election
  in 1972


 George Wallace tried to
  run again, but was shot
  and paralyzed


 George McGovern
  (Dem.) who probably
  would not win
                Watergate
 Nixon’s team was nervous about winning, so they
  spied on his opponents and spread rumors
Watergate
      June 17,1972, 5 Nixon
       supporters broke into
       Democratic Party’s
       headquarters at
       Watergate complex to
       obtain sensitive campaign
       info & place wiretaps on
       phones
      They were caught by a
       security guard
                Watergate
 One of the people arrested was James McCord, an
  ex-CIA official, who worked for Nixon
 Stories appeared that White House ordered the
  break-in, which led to cover up
               Watergate
 Nixon ordered CIA to stop FBI investigation =
  threat to national security
 The White House started to destroy
  incriminating documents and said they had
  nothing to do with it


 Most people believed the White House
                  Watergate
 Nixon won the 1972 election by one of largest
  margins in history, nearly 61% popular vote (37.5%
  for McGovern)
 520 electoral votes from Nixon & 17 for McGovern
Watergate
      In trial (1973), McCord
       turned on his bosses
      He implicated John
       Dean, the head counsel
       to the president
      Dean turned on the
       president
                 Watergate
 Senator Sam Ervin led
  the investigation while
  Dean said former
  Attorney General John
  Mitchell ordered the
  break-in and Nixon
  covered it up
                Watergate
 Nixon denied it, then standoff as to who was
  telling truth
 July 16, 1973, White House aide, Alexander
  Butterfield told the investigation that Nixon
  had tapes of all his conversations for his
  memoirs
 The tapes would tell what the president knew
                Watergate
 Nixon did not give tapes because he said he had
  executive privilege – White House
  conversations should be secret to protect
  national security
                   Watergate
 Then in fall of 1973,
  Nixon’s VP, Spiro Agnew,
  forced to resign, caught
  taking bribes


 Gerald Ford became new
  vice president; he was
  Republican leader of
  House of Reps.
Watergate
    Nixon finally released edited
     transcripts of tapes in April
     1974, claiming they proved his
     innocence
    July 1974, Supreme Court had
     to force Nixon to release
     unedited tapes, not just
     transcripts
    Nixon had no other choice but
     to release them
                    Watergate
 Several days later, the House
  Judiciary Committee voted to
  impeach the president
  (officially charge him of
  misconduct)
 Charges: obstruction/cover-
  up, misuse of fed. agents,
  defiance of Congress


 Nixon resigned in disgrace on
  Aug. 9, 1974, and Gerald Ford
  became 38th president
            Watergate
 Because of Watergate, Congress
  passed laws to limit executive power


 Americans now had a lot of distrust for
  government

				
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posted:10/11/2011
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