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					Northeastern Area Community Wildfire Protection Plans
and Their Relation to Overall Fire Risk
By Matthew Hedgecock
August 2010

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Wildland-fire prevention and protection is a goal for many state and federal agencies within the
Northeastern Area. However, fire is often viewed as an issue separate from other concerns. A number of
programs within the Northeastern Area – including the Forest Legacy Program, Forest Stewardship
Program, and a variety of land-use projects – rarely take fire risk and protection into consideration. This
not only leaves areas under these programs vulnerable to uncontrolled fires, but it also fosters a
fragmented, non-comprehensive approach to fire protection.

It is within the best interest of all parties operating within the Forest Service’s Northeastern Area that
fire be integrated on an ecosystem-wide scale into as many land agencies as possible.

OBJECTIVES
       Locate, identify, and map every community-wildfire protection plan located within the
        Northeastern Area
       Compile critical information on every CWPP, including name, population, area, proximity to
        other communities and public lands, and proximity to firefighting stations
       Determine if a correlation exists between CWPP locations and areas of elevated fire risk
       Determine if a correlation exists between population density and CWPP locations
       Determine if a correlation exists between population density and areas of fire risk
       Identify hazardous fuels projects in the 2010 NA State Assessments that may be correlated with
        Forest Stewardship and Forest Health projects
       Identify Forest Legacy Tracts located near communities that may become part of a large-scale
        management plans that include fuels reduction

PROJECT STATUS
This project was assigned to the author, Matthew Hedgecock, as part of a summer internship with the
U.S. Forest Service’s Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry offices in Newtown Square, PA. The
project was supervised by Maureen Brooks, wildland-urban interface planner, with additional
supervision by Jan Polasky, FEPP coordinator.

All text and maps contained within this report are the sole work of Matthew Hedgecock unless
otherwise cited. Any recommendations contained within this report are based on his own limited
knowledge of fire policy and should not be adopted without further consideration by more experienced
parties and organizations involved directly with CWPP implementation. This document is not intended
to be the “final word” on CWPP policy and sites, but should rather serve as a guideline or starting point
for future work with CWPPs within the Northeastern Area.

This assessment is also not comprehensive. As of the termination of Matthew Hedgecock’s summer
internship, Michigan, Connecticut, and Rhode Island had submitted no CWPP proposals to the U.S.
Forest Service. Plan submissions are pending, however, and this document should be regularly updated
in the future to ensure it is accurate and current.


Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                          Page 1
CWPPs and Fire Risk
PRIMARY DATA SOURCES
Given the limited amount of time to work on this project, data creation was not feasible. Most of the
information contained within this report relies on two primary data sources that were created prior
to this project’s inception.

The first is a map created by Quinn Chavez in May 2010. It shows all existing CWPP locations on a map of
the U.S. Forest Service’s Northeastern Area. This document served as the primary locator map for most
of this report.




                    Map 1. Northeastern Area CWPP Locator Map by Quinn Chavez

For certain states, it was necessary to deviate from this map as shown. Massachusetts submitted their
plans during the summer, and Pennsylvania’s maps were generated as new data from files in the
Pennsylvania Bureau of Forestry in Harrisburg, PA. Certain alterations were also made to the shapefiles
for West Virginia, Maryland, and New Jersey, as these particular state-submitted files did not contain all
of the necessary information required for detailed analysis.




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                       Page 2
The second primary data source was derived from the report “Northeast Wildfire Risk Assessment.” This
report was published in January 2010 by the NWRA Steering Committee within the Forest Service’s
Northeaster Area State and Public Forestry offices. The goal of the area assessment was to determine
where the greatest areas of severe wildland fire risk are located in the NA. This comprehensive report
includes numerous maps and data sets, though the one that was chiefly used was the primary map
illustrating the greatest areas of fire risk.




                            Map 2. Northeast Wildfire Risk Assessment Map

The map in question was derived from a weighting of three factors: fuel load, topography, and wildland
urban interface. Of these three factors, fuel load was the most heavily weighted at 80% influence. The
remaining two factors possessed 10% influence over the final product. This means that fuels data from
the LANDFIRE data set were considered to be the most significant contributing factor to wildfire risk.

With a resolution of 30 meters, the map is primarily for use in planning and analysis on large, regional
scales. However, given the time and resource constraints of this summer project, it represents the best
and most easily utilized data source. The maps contained within should therefore not be seen as a
definitive picture of fire risk within states. They should instead be viewed more as a picture of general
fire risk, with accuracy decreasing as the scale of the map decreases. For more precise analysis of local
areas, input from regional experts should be sought.



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                       Page 3
As a design choice, the colors of the fire-risk map were altered to more clearly convey risk levels and
CWPP locations were layered on top of the risk levels to give a preliminary idea about how CWPP
locations correspond to areas of elevated risk.




       Map 3. Northeastern Area Illustrating Relationship between CWPP locations and fire risk

It is from this map that all state maps contained within this report are derived. It is the goal of this
report that these maps be used to help better understand the importance of CWPPs, how they relate to
their communities, and to develop standards to help locate new CWPPs in the future.

There are several categories of information listed for every CWPP in this document:

               Name: This is the way the plan is identified and distinguished from other plans.
                Typically, CWPPs based around an existing municipal boundary and share the name of
                that area. For example, a plan based in Cook County, Minnesota, would be identified as
                “Cook CWPP.” In some states, CWPPs are based on private property boundaries, in
                which case it assumes the same name as the private property. For example, “Fox Grape
                Farms CWPP” in Maryland.

               County or County Seat: This is the name of the county in which the plan is located. In
                the event that the plan encompasses an entire county or larger area, the county seat is
                named in its place.

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                        Page 4
              Location: This names the approximate location of the CWPP in relation to the state
               itself. For example, Colebrook CWPP in New Hampshire would be located in the
               NORTHERN portion of the state. This information is included because areas of fire risk
               are typically defined as a large-scale area, and some states exhibit noted disparities in
               fire risk between different areas of the state. Thus, if one knows that the southern
               portion of New Hampshire has a lower level of fire risk than the northern portion, one
               can make inferences about the fire risk for those respective CWPPs.

              Land Area: This category lists the size in acres of each protection plan area. This
               information is derived either from GIS map data provided by Quinn Chavez in
               Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry or from 2000 U.S. Census data. Figures
               have been rounded to the nearest acre.

              Population: This figure represents the population of the plan area and is derived in all
               cases from 2000 U.S. Census data. Certain plans do not have population data as they do
               not conform to boundaries recognized by the Census, such as with private property. In
               these instances where the population data is not readily available, this category will be
               marked “N/A.”

              Nearby Communities or Counties: This category shows areas that are adjacent to
               CWPP-protected lands. In the case of plans that conform to areas smaller than a county,
               Adjacent Communities are listed. In the case of CWPPs that conform to the area of a
               county, Adjacent Counties are listed. These areas are listed to help give policymakers an
               idea about where future CWPP sites should be located as to achieve comprehensive fire
               protection over a geographic area.

              Nearby Federal or State Lands: This category lists federal- or state-owned land that is
               either located within or near a plan. These areas are listed because they are frequently
               heavily forested and tend to increase the risk of wildland fires within an area. This is
               because the wildfire-risk data presented in this document is determined primarily by
               fuel loads. Communities or counties within the vicinity of these fuel-rich lands may be at
               greater risk of wildland fires.

              Fire Departments: This section details fire stations located near or within CWPP areas.
               Give the highly diffuse nature of the data on fire-protection jurisdictions, station
               locations are the best available measure of protection coverage. Given the time
               limitations of this project, the number of fire stations within five miles of CWPP areas
               will be limited to five (as some CWPP areas are quite large and include dozens of fire
               stations) and the information on the fire stations will be limited to telephone number
               and best-available address.




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                       Page 5
Final Population Density and Fire Risk Assessment
Population-density maps can be found in each state’s individual CWPP section.

Comparison of population-density maps and fire-risk maps across the Northeastern Area reveals several
interesting and useful observations.

            1.) Forest cover seems to be the best indicator of wildfire risk. Not population density.

            2.) No clear, direct relationship between population density and fire risk seems to exist.

            3.) CWPPs tend to be located in areas of generally low population density, even if the
                density within the CWPP is comparatively high. For example, a CWPP of a small town
                may contain 2,000 people within a single square mile, but the surrounding area will
                likely be sparsely populated.

Each of these observations has exceptions, of course, but they appear to hold generally true across the
Northeastern Area. So what role does population density play in affecting fire risk and should it be taken
into consideration with regards to selecting CWPP locations?

Even though population density and fire-risk level are not directly correlated, density does play a role in
elevating fire risk. For example, compare wildfire risk in central New Jersey with wildfire risk in upstate
New York. Upstate New York is almost certainly more forested than most parts of central New Jersey,
but New Jersey has a fire risk well above that of upstate New York’s. While the type of fuel load plays a
role in each area’s risk level, it seems a more significant fact that upstate New York is one of the least
populous areas of the NA while New Jersey is one of the most populous.

So while population density is not a reliable indicator of fire risk by itself, it should not be discounted or
dismissed. After all, wildland fires that occur near dense areas are more likely to cause structural
damage or threaten lives. Additionally, CWPPs that are located in dense or populous areas protect a
greater number of people than CWPPs located in sparsely populated regions.

Of course, that does not mean that CWPPs should be established in locations that only have a higher
population density. The lives and property of a community of 300 are as worthy of protection as a
community of 3,000.

The best answer seems to be this: Population density matters to locating CWPPs where it has an impact
on wildland fire risk. This standard seems obvious, if somewhat vague, but it seems to be a good
standard to follow. In dense communities like those in New Jersey, CWPPs should favor locations with
large populations under threat of fire. In sparsely populated states like Vermont, the population or
density of a CWPP becomes less important and perhaps should be discounted all together.

Given this standard, there are several densely populated areas in the NA that could benefit from greater
coverage from CWPPs:

        1.) Central and Southern New Jersey – These regions of the NA’s most densely populated state
            are under high threat of wildland fire. CWPPs in the state of New Jersey are all fairly small
            and typically cover an isolated community. Larger-scale CWPPs that protect a greater
            number of people in this crowded region would likely have greater utility.

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                            Page 6
       2.) Southern New Hampshire – Though New Hampshire has many CWPPs for such a small
           state, none of them are located in the southern portion of the state. These suburbs and
           exurbs of Boston are more densely populated than the northern half of the state AND have
           a higher risk of wildland fires. CWPPs in this region would protect more people and cover
           more fire-prone areas than those in the north.

       3.) Central Wisconsin – A large “hotspot” of fire risk exists in the center of the state. Though
           not located near any large population centers, it is ringed by an area of moderate density
           created by small towns in the area. Several CWPPs are located in the area, but more may
           prove beneficial.

       4.) Western West Virginia – Most of West Virginia’s population lives in the west-central part of
           the state. The fire risk for the state as a whole is mostly uniform, but just about all of the
           state’s CWPPs are located in the eastern panhandle.

       5.) Eastern Long Island and the Hudson River Valley of New York – These high-populous
           regions are located squarely in the WUI outside New York City. Thus, wildland fire risk is high
           and the stakes for people and property is large, particularly on eastern Long Island which is
           famous for its expensive real estate.

       6.) Central Massachusetts – Most of central-eastern Massachusetts is extremely densely
           populated. While the core urban areas of Boston are not under threat of wildland fires,
           much of the city’s population lives in suburbs and exurbs surrounding the metropolis. Fire
           threat here is not insignificant, yet all of the state’s CWPPs are concentrated in Barnstable
           County on Cape Cod.

       7.) Southern Maine – While Maine has many CWPP sites, only a few are located in the far
           southern tip of the state where most of the state’s population is located. Fire risk is not
           appreciably greater here than other parts of the state, but these communities would still
           benefit from enhanced fire protection.

       8.) Coastal Delaware – Portions of Delaware’s coast exhibit extreme levels of fire risk, yet there
           is only one CWPP located in the state. More coastal communities should be covered in the
           event of severe fire outbreaks.




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                       Page 7
Forest Legacy Programs




       Map 1. Forest Legacy tract polygon locations in the Northeastern Area (incomplete data)

Program Background: The Forest Legacy Program is an important conservation program that seeks to
preserve working forests. This continuing effort, administered cooperatively between the USDA and
participating states, identifies important forest ecosystems and protects them from conversion to non-
forest uses. Participation in the plan is 100% voluntary on the part of landowners. Conservation goals
are achieved either through conservation easements or fee-simple purchases. Seventy-five percent of
the funding comes from USDA, while the remainder is supplied by state or local sources

Program Achievements: As of July 27, 2010, a total of 359 land tracts totaling 1,380,451 acres with an
estimated value of $464,454,276 had been preserved at a cost of $217,013,720.1 These sensitive forest
lands will be preserved in their current, healthy state while still being worked and enjoyed by property
owners, some of whose families have owned the land for several generations. More lands continue to
be added every year, and nationwide the program is nearing 2 million protected acres.




1
 "Northeastern Area Forest Legacy Program - Tract Record - Summary of Total Completed Projects Northeastern
Area." Northeastern Area State & Private Forestry - USDA Forest Service. USDA, 27 July 2010. Web. 27 July 2010.
<http://na.fs.fed.us/legacy/library/updates/total_completed1.htm>.

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                              Page 8
         Map 2. Forest Legacy tract point locations in the Northeastern Area (complete data)

Relation to CWPP Areas: Wildland fire prevention is integral to land and forest conservation, as out-of-
control fires destroy healthy forests and set back efforts to maintain a healthy forest ecosystem that can
be enjoyed and used by people. Some FLA tracts are located in or near existing CWPP areas. These
physical proximities present the opportunity for resource-sharing and large-scale ecosystem planning
that will benefit both CWPP and FLA areas and their members.

Based on a comparison of CWPP locations and existing FLA tract locations, 10 states in the Northeastern
Area have possibility for CWPP-FLA interface. These are Delaware, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Minnesota,
New Hampshire, Ohio, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. The remaining 10 NA states either do not
have established CWPP plans or do not have FLA tracts that are located near existing CWPPs.

Maine and New Hampshire exhibit the greatest degree of proximity to FLA tracts and CWPP areas – both
have 11 FLA tracts located within 20 miles of existing CWPP locations.

       Maine:
           o Blue Mountain State Park/Tumbledown Mountain FLA – Near Rangeley, Farmington,
               and Carrabassett Valley CWPPs
           o Cupsuptic Lake FLA – Near Rangeley CWPP
           o Grafton FLA – Near Greenwood CWPP
           o Grafton Notch/Stowe Mountain FLA – Near Greenwood CWPP
           o Katahdin Forest FLA – Near Brownville and Milo CWPPs


Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                       Page 9
        Map 3. Forest Legacy Areas and FLA tracts in relation to Northeastern Area Fire Risk

           o   Katahdin Ironworks FLA – Near Sangerville, Milo, and Brownville CWPPs
           o   Leavitt Plantation Forest FLA – Near Lake Arrowhead, Standish, and Brownfield CWPPs
           o   Lower Penobscot Forest FLA – Near Glenburn and Hudson CWPPs
           o   Machias River FLA – Near Marshfield, Machias, and Jonesport CWPPs
           o   Mattawamkeag FLA – Near Mount Chase and Weston CWPPs
           o   Pierce Pond FLA – Near Carrabassett Valley CWPP

      New Hampshire:
          o 13-mile Wood FLA - Near Colebrook CWPP
          o Bunnell Mountain FLA - Near Colebrook CWPP
          o Connecticut Lakes Headwaters FLA – Near Colebrook CWPP
          o Jahoda FLA - Near Colebrook CWPP
          o Northern Forest Area Cost Share Program FLA - Near Colebrook and Berlin CWPPs
          o Ossipee Mountain Tract FLA – Near Campton and Lincoln CWPPs
          o Piermont Mountain FLA – Near Haverhill, Landaff, Lincoln, Campton, and Groton CWPPs
          o Pillsbury Sunapee Highlands FLA – Near Campton and Groton CWPPs
          o Pond of Safety FLA – Located within Randolph CWPP. Near Bethlehem, Berlin, and
             Gorham CWPPs
          o Smarts Mountain FLA – Near Campton, Groton, and Haverhill CWPPs

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                   Page 10
            o   Trout Pond FLA - Near Campton and Lincoln CWPPs

The remaining 8 states had far fewer areas of FLA/CWPP interface. In order of most overlap to least
overlap:

       Minnesota:
            o Koochiching FLA – Located within Itasca County CWPP. Near St. Louis County CWPP
            o North Duluth FLA – Located within St. Louis County CWPP. Near Lake County CWPP
            o Sugar Hills FLA – Located within Itasca County CWPP
       Vermont:
            o Area 1 Cost Share Tracts FLA – Near Newbury CWPP
            o Brushwood Community Forest FLA – Near Newbury CWPP
            o No Town/Chateauguay – Near Rochester CWPP
       Wisconsin:
            o Tomahawk Northwoods FLA – Near Conover, Land o’ Lakes, and Phelps CWPPs
            o Wolf River FLA – Near Riverview and Stephenson CWPPs
       Delaware
            o Green Horizons FLA – Near Lewes CWPP
       Indiana
            o Shawnee Hill/Highland Rim FLA – Near Lawrence County CWPP
       Iowa
            o Loess Hills Forest FLA – Located within Harrison County CWPP
       Ohio
            o Muskingum FLA – Near Licking County CWPP
       West Virginia
            o South Branch FLA – Near Applefields of Heaven, The Preserve at New Creek Lake, and
                The Woods of Taylor Lake CWPPs




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                    Page 11
                 Map 3. CWPP locations and how they relate to Forest Legacy Areas

Analysis: Little overlap currently exists between CWPPs and FLAs. Maine and New Hampshire are
currently the only states where proximity between the two categories of land use is common and spread
over a wide area. Any early attempts to test landscape-scale management efforts should be done in
either of these states first as it would not require an expansion of either the CWPP or FLA programs in
the area to provide an accurate, comprehensive test model.

It should be noted while there are many states without established FLA tracts near CWPPs, there are a
number of states where CWPPs have been established in FLA boundaries. In Ohio and West Virginia, for
example, nearly all CWPPs fall within the FLA boundaries as shown in Map 3. Should test runs of
landscape-level planning prove successful in Maine and New Hampshire, it may prove prudent to
establish future FLAs and CWPPs based upon their proximity to one another.

To get an idea of where these areas overlap, we can examine map 4 on page 13. As can be seen, CWPPs
in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Ohio, Maine, and New Hampshire already heavily overlap. Tests on resource-
sharing and information coordination could be carried out in these areas to determine whether or not
there is a larger benefit to coordinating the two programs.




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                  Page 12
Relation to Communities: Some Forest Legacy Area tracts are located in remote areas, far from large
communities and towns. However, others are located quite near larger communities. It is possible that
these tracts could be included in landscape-scale management efforts designed to conserve natural
areas while benefiting those living in rural communities.

The following is a list of Forest Legacy Area tracts located within five miles of towns with a population
greater than 500 people. These findings are based on Forest Legacy Area data provided by Rebecca Lilja
in the Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry Office in Durham, NC.

       Connecticut:
             o FLA Tracts: Great Mountain Forests; Maplewood Farm
                       Located Near: Canaan, pop. 1,081
             o FLA Tracts: Peaceful Hill Tree Farm; Pine Brook
                       Located Near: East Hampton, pop. 13,352
             o FLA Tracts: Pogmore; Stonehouse Brook
                       Located Near: North Grosvenor Dale, pop. 1,424
       Delaware:
             o FLA Tract: Green Horizons tracts 1 through 5
                       Located Near: Bridgeville, pop. 1,578, Georgetown, pop. 4,927; Milton, pop.
                          1,657; Seaford, pop. 7,185
       Illinois:
             o FLA Tract: Byron Rock River
                       Located Near: Byron, pop. 3,865; Rockford, pop. 150,115
             o FLA Tract: Daysville Forest
                       Located Near: Oregon, pop. 4,060
             o FLA Tracts: Oblate–LaVista Woods: Emmons Tract, LaVista Woods tract, Oblate Woods
                  tract
                       Located Near: Alton, pop. 30,495; Godfrey, 16,286
             o FLA Tract: Oblated–LaVista Woods: Chautauqua Woods
                       Located Near: Grafton, pop. 609
             o FLA Tract: Pere Marquette – Rattlesnake Ridge tract
                       Located Near: Grafton, pop. 609
       Indiana:
             o FLA Tract: Big Spring Farm
                       Located Near: Palmyra, pop. 633
             o FLA Tracts: Gnaw Bone Camp; Hills of Gold; Hurricane Hills; Indian Creek; Jack’s Defeat
                  Creek; Little Richland Creek; Long Tract; Mt. Tea Ridge; Wallow Hollow
                       Located Near: Bloomington, pop. 69,291
             o FLA Tract: Rattlesnake Creek
                       Located Near: New Carlisle, pop. 1,505
             o FLA Tract: River’s Edge tract


Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                     Page 13
                      Located Near: Chesterton, pop. 10,488; Michigan City, pop. 32,900; Porter, pop.
                       4,972
      Iowa:
          o FLA Tracts: Canyon Caves; Canyon Whitewater
                   Located Near: Cascade, pop. 1,958; Monticello, pop. 3,607
          o FLA Tracts: Cold Air Slope; Effigy; Franklin; Lansing Big Lake; Luster Heights; Patterson
              Creek
                   Located Near: Decorah, pop. 8,172 ; Waukon, pop. 4,131
          o FLA Tract: Loess Hills
                   Located Near: Woodbine, pop. 1,564
          o FLA Tract: Montana Road #1
                   Located Near: Boone, pop. 12,803
          o FLA Tract: Stephens Forest
                   Located Near: Chariton, pop. 4,573
      Maine:
          o FLA Tracts: Amherst; Sunkhaze-Bradley Corridor
                   Located Near: Bangor, pop. 31,473
          o FLA Tract: Cupsuptic Lake
                   Located Near: Rangeley, pop. 1,052
          o FLA Tracts: Grafton; Stowe Mountain
                   Located Near: Andover, pop. 864
          o FLA Tract:s Katahdin Forest; Katahdin Ironworks
                   Located Near: Brownville, pop. 1,259
          o FLA Tract: Leavitt Plantation
                   Located Near: Ossipee, NH, pop. 4,211
          o FLA Tracts: Mount Blue; Tumbledown Mountain
                   Located Near: Farmington, pop. 7,410
      Maryland:
          o FLA Tracts: Coastal Bay
                   Located Near: Snow Hill, pop. 2,409
          o FLA Tract: Green Cathedral
                   Located Near: Crownsville, pop. 1,670
      Massachusetts
          o FLA Tracts: 2-mile Landbridge; Eagleville Pines; Hutchison; Prospect Hill; Quabbin
              Corridor Connection
                   Located Near: Athol, pop. 11,299
          o FLA Tracts: Anciporch; Boudreau; Hatfield Watershed; Johnson
                   Located Near: Northhampton, pop. 28,978; South Amherst, pop. 5,039
          o FLA Tracts: Audubon; Kripalu; Richmond; Stockbridge; Williams
                   Located Near: Pittsfield, pop. 45,793



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                   Page 14
           o  FLA Tracts: Ballard Hill; Belmont Springs; Dack; Johnson Lots; Norcross; Southern
              Monadock Plateau; Pumpkin Brook Link
                    Located Near: Fitchburg, pop. 39,102; Gardner, pop. 20,770; Winchedon, pop.
                       9,611
          o FLA Tracts: Karner Brook Ridge; Mt. Washington High Rock
                    Located Near: Copake, NY, pop. 3,278
          o FLA Tract: Muschopauge Brook
                    Located Near: West Brookfield, pop. 3,804
      Michigan
          o FLA Tracts: Hanser; Kollmeyer
                    Located Near: Buckley, pop. 550
          o FLA Tract: Holli Family Partnership
                    Located Near:
          o FLA Tracts: Northern Great Lakes Forest Project
                    Located Near: Munising, pop. 2,539, Newberry, pop. 2,686
          o FLA Tracts: Northern Great Lakes Forest Project Phase 2
                    Located Near: Marquette, pop. 19,661
          o FLA Tract: Strasler
                    Located Near: Manistique, pop. 3,583
      Minnesota
          o FLA Tracts: Brainerd Lakes Forest Legacy
                    Located Near: Brainerd, pop. 13,718
          o FLA Tracts: Moose Mountain; Stanley Creek
                    Located Near: Duluth, pop. 86,918
          o FLA Tract: Sugar Hills
                    Located Near: Grand Rapids, pop. 7,764
          o FLA Tracts:
      Missouri
          o FLA Tract: LaBarque Creek Tract 1
                    Located Near: St. Louis, pop. 348,189
      New Hampshire
          o FLA Tracts: 13-mile Wood; Bunnell Mountain; James River
                    Located Near: Colebrook, pop. 2,321
          o FLA Tracts: Bald Mountain Tract; Cunningham Pond; Dawson Tract; Matthew’s Road;
              Pillsbury-Sunapee Highlands; Robb Reservoir
                    Located Near: Hillsborough, pop. 4,928; Stoddard, pop. 928
          o FLA Tracts: Dartmouth College; Lyme Timber; Piermont Mountain; Province Road State
              Forest Inholding; Mt. Cardigan State Forest Lot
                    Located Near: Lyme, pop. 1,679
          o FLA Tract: Kimball Pond; Rossview Tract
                    Located Near: Contoocook, pop. 1,444


Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                             Page 15
           o  FLA Tracts: Meaderborough; Moose Mountain
                   Located Near: Alton, pop. 4,502
          o FLA Tracts: Ossipee Mountain Tract; Trout Pond
                   Located Near: Gorham, pop. 2,895
          o FLA Tracts: Pond of Safety; Sullivan
                   Located Near: Berlin, pop. 10,331
          o FLA Tract: West Hill
                   Located Near: Keene, pop. 22,955
      New Jersey
          o FLA Tracts: Buckhorn Creek
                   Located Near: Washington, pop. 6,712
          o FLA Tracts: Buck Mountain; Highlands Greenway; Koehler; Lake Lookover; Macopin
              Reservoir; Meriden
                   Located Near: Kinnelon, pop. 9,365; Rockaway, pop. 6,473; West Milford, pop.
                      26,410
          o FLA Tracts: Crown Towers; FDIC; Sparta Mountain South Tract 4
                   Located Near: Hackettstown, pop. 10,403; Lake Mohawk, pop. 9,755
      New York
          o FLA Tracts: Adirondack Working Forest Easement
                   Located Near: Plattsburg, pop. 18,816
          o FLA Tracts: Alford Springs; Fox; George Allen
                   Located Near: Pittsfield, MA, pop. 45,793
          o FLA Tracts: Brown; East Branch Fish Creek
                   Located Near: Boonville, pop. 4,572
          o FLA Tracts: Greene Frog; Ticeteneyck
                   Located Near: West Hurley, pop. 2,105
          o FLA Tracts: Pochuck Mountain; Sterling Forest
                   Located Near: Warwick, pop. 30,764
      Ohio
          o FLA Tracts: Muskingum
                   Located Near: Zanesville, pop. 25,586
      Pennsylvania
          o FLA Tract: Birdsboro Waters
                   Located Near: Birdsboro, pop. 5.064; Pottstown, pop. 21,859; Reading, pop.
                      80,560
          o FLA Tract: Pike
                   Located Near: Matamoras, pop. 2,612
      Vermont
          o FLA Tracts: Adden Mountain, Cow Mountain Pond, Hancock, Maidstone Inholding,
              McConnell Pond, Monadnock Mountain, Nurse Mountain, Stookey, Victory Basin
                   Located Near: Brighton, pop. 1,260


Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                              Page 16
           o  FLA Tracts: Anderson TCF, Garrow/Blakley Lots, Lake Lot, Meadowsend, Pierce, PK
              Brown, Wilderness Corp.
                   Located Near: Rutland, pop. 17,292
          o FLA Tracts: Atlas, Green Mountain, Macks Mountain, Prelco Inc., Wheeler NE
                   Located Near: Montpelier, pop. 8,035; Waterbury, pop. 4,915
          o FLA Tracts: Ducharme/Wallstrom/Cook tracts, French Tract
                   Located Near: Bradford, pop. 2,619
      West Virginia
          o FLA Tract: Trough
                   Located Near: Romney, 5,873
      Wisconsin
          o FLA Tracts: Baraboo Hills Cooperative tracts
                   Located Near: Baraboo, pop. 11,550; Wisconsin Dells, pop. 2,418
          o FLA Tracts: Holy Hills tracts
                   Located Near: Hartford, pop. 13,900
          o FLA Tracts: Tomahawk Northwoods phases I-III
                   Located Near: Rhinelander, pop. 7,735
          o FLA Tracts: Wolf River tracts
                   Located Near: Crandon, pop. 1,961

Analysis: There exists multiple opportunities to combine FLA tracts with new CWPPs. While proximity to
FLA tracts should not serve as the primary deciding factor in locating a CWPP, it could certainly be
included as a significant factor in deciding whether or not a community is a good candidate for a CWPP.

A potential problem exists with regards to communication between CWPP programs and FLA programs.
CWPPs tend to be state-organized and locally run, while FLA is a federally managed and administered
program. It seems likely that organizers of the two different programs would have limited knowledge of
the other’s activities and locations. Improving communication between conservation groups with similar
goals seems a sound idea – perhaps a future requirement could be that CWPP organizers identify and
locate groups with similar goals and identify ways that the two groups will employ resource-sharing or
other activities beneficial to both groups.




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                   Page 17
Additional Considerations
Basal Area Loss




          Map 1. Forested lands at risk of mortality with regards to existing wildland fire risk

Problem Background: Basal area is defined as the amount of forested land that is occupied by woody
materials, measured at roughly breast-height. Basal-area loss is the diminishing of a forest’s basal area
as the result of tree loss, in this case by way of harmful insects or diseases. Trees that are removed from
a forest’s basal area become fuel on the forest floor. Increased fuel loads result in more intense wildland
fires as the dead plant matter fuels the flames.

Unfortunately, the Northeastern Area is home to a number of insect pests and tree blights. All of these
maladies result in basal-area loss where they are found, but in some places this loss is more acute than
others. Forested lands that are likely to experience a BAL of 25% or more are considered to be at
significant risk of mortality. These areas are represented by blue dots shown on Map 1.

Basal Area Loss and Fire Risk: The BAL risk of mortality areas are overlayed on a map of existing
wildland fire risk. The map, which was released in 2010 as part of the Northeast Wildfire Risk

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                        Page 18
Assessment, was compiled from data on fuels, topography, and wildland-urban interface. It did not
include forest mortality levels from bugs and blight, but recommended inclusion of such statistics in
future reports.

As can be seen, some correlation exists between locations of high BAL and current fire risk. Northern
Michigan, central Wisconsin, central New Jersey, and the New York City-Boston metropolitan area show
both high levels of fire risk and high BAL. However, there are other parts of the nation, such as upstate
New York and Northern New Hampshire, which have higher levels of BAL and comparatively low levels
of fire risk.

Analysis: Areas with risk of mortality should be more carefully studied to ensure they do not worsen
already fire-prone areas, or turn non-fire hazard areas into areas of potential concern. It may be
beneficial to locate future CWPP sites in areas with predicted risk of mortality so that residents are
forewarned about potential increases in wildland fire risk.

Additionally, CWPPs located in areas of significant BAL may be used to educate residents about the
dangers of invasive species and tree diseases so that they may help slow the spread of these forest
blights. It may prove valuable to identify state and federal programs that inform citizens about invasive
species and see if they would be willing to include a message of fire prevention in their programs, if they
do not already do so.




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                      Page 19
CWPPs and the Forest Stewardship Program




     Image 1. Forest Stewardship Programs protect important natural resources while allowing private
         forest owners to make the most of their land through sound science and conservation2

Background: The Forest Stewardship Program was founded in 1991 with the purpose of providing
comprehensive management plans to private forest owners to help keep private forests productive and
healthy. As private landowners hold about 45% of all forestland in the United States, cooperation and
sound management is essential to the continued health of all of the nation’s forests. As of 2006, 270,000
Forest Stewardship plans cover 31 million acres of property with more acres being added every year.

Relationship with CWPPs: Forest Stewardship tracts can be found in every state in the nation, but they
play an especially important role in the Northeastern Area where the vast majority of forested lands are
held by private owners. It is the goal of both CWPPs and FSPs that these private forests remain healthy,
as healthy forests are more productive and less susceptible to devastating wildland fires. Therefore,
resource and information sharing should be a priority where the two programs share the same space.



2
    Image pulled from http://ext.wsu.edu/forestry/stewardship.htm

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                    Page 20
Map 1. Forest Stewardship potential across the Northeaster Area (Note: left edge of the map includes
                            portions of states that are not within NA)

However, the total number of stewardship tracts has yet to be mapped to completion (this is the
primary goal of WebDET/WinDET). Therefore, analysis comparing CWPP locations and Stewardship plans
is best done using Stewardship potential across the NA, which the above map illustrates. There are four
categories of potential:

       No Potential: This indicates either urban land, open water, or public land. There is either no land
        to be preserved, or it is already under protection.
       Low Potential: Indicates land is not the best candidate for a Stewardship program.
       Moderate Potential: Indicates land that is a good candidate for a Stewardship program.
       High Potential: Indicates land that is the best candidate for a Stewardship program.

Since Stewardship plans are most likely to be implemented into areas that have the greatest potential
(i.e. the areas with the greatest amount of forest cover, the areas with the healthiest forests, etc.) then
it may make sense to plan CWPPs for areas that have high stewardship potential as well. Several regions
of the Northeastern Area seem like good locations to explore the relationship between Forest
Stewardship plans and CWPP plans.

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                       Page 21
    1.) Maine – Most of Maine is rated as having high stewardship potential. This is likely due to the
        state’s heavy forest cover and high percentage of privately owned forests. The state also has a
        number of CWPPs spread across the state. If one wanted to implement some sort of
        coordination plan between CWPPs and Forest Stewardship plans, Maine is the obvious
        candidate in NA.
    2.) West Virginia and eastern Ohio – Much of this forestland is rated as having a moderate to high
        stewardship potential. Several county-sized CWPPs can be found in eastern Ohio, meaning any
        Stewardship plans implemented in those locations would be automatically covered. West
        Virginia has fewer CWPPs, but this document suggests that more should be implemented, given
        the quality of forested lands in the state.
    3.) Upstate New York – While much of upstate New York is already protected by a patchwork of
        state and national forests, there still exist large swaths of private forests in the region.
        Stewardship plans implemented here will help achieve ecosystem-scale protection. Adding
        CWPP protection would enhance conservation.
    4.) Michigan’s Upper Peninsula – Most of the UP is already protected land, but there are many
        valuable private lands in region. In addition, there are a handful of good-sized towns and
        communities that fuel tourism in the region. Keeping the region in good environmental health is
        extremely important and both Stewardship plans and CWPPs could help achieve this goal.
    5.) Southeast Missouri – Missouri has less forest cover than many other states in the NA. This
        means the remaining forests in the state are crucial habitats. Combining forest protection with
        fire protection in this region would produce many ecosystem benefits for the state.

Conclusions: Data regarding the Forest Stewardship Program is currently incomplete, so it’s difficult to
make assessments on how it may overlap with the CWPP program. However, forest health is one goal of
the CWPP program and is the primary goal of the Forest Stewardship Program. With this shared goal, it
is not unrealistic to think that the two programs could share info and resources. How this would happen
is a larger question that is beyond the author’s ability to determine.

However, with the implementation of WebDET and WinDET, it may become easier to establish
connections between the two concepts. WebDET and WinDET will be discussed in the next section.




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                    Page 22
Potential Use of WinDET and WebDET




                                 Image 1. Screenshot of new WebDET program3

Background: WebDET and WinDET are new programs used by the USDA to help support the Forest
Stewardship Program. The two work together to help stewardship coordinators, contractors, and staff
members to create spatial datasets without using ArcGIS software. Users can spatially display plan
locations, track accomplishments, and enter attribute information for properties. The two programs are
functionally similar, but WebDET requires a reliable Internet connection while WinDET uses desktop
software.

With these new programs, reporting Forest Stewardship Program plans and progress should become
faster, easier, and more efficient for all parties with a vested interest in these programs.

Potential Utility for CWPPs: Though these programs were designed to be used in conjunction with the
FSP, they are potentially useful for many different Forest Service programs, including CWPP efforts.
Some ways WebDET can be of use to CWPP planners, state foresters, and federal employees are:

       1.) Improved CWPP reporting and tracking – This report was commissioned to track and catalogue
           all existing CWPPs. It was deemed necessary due to the lack of comprehensive reporting on the

3
    Image taken from http://spfnic.fs.fed.us/hd/

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                     Page 23
        part of states and the lack of continuous supervision on the part of the Forest Service. However,
        with the new program, state foresters will be able to enter CWPP spatial information into the
        WebDET database. These plans will then be able to be viewed by Forest Service employees and
        other state forestry employees with an interest in CWPPs.

    2.) Enable “on-the-fly” CWPP reporting – New CWPPs are being established in the Northeastern
        Area on a regular basis. While it is excellent that the program continues to grow, tracking plans
        can be difficult as it is usually up to state foresters to voluntarily report new plans to the Forest
        Service. With the new system, state foresters can enter CWPP information into WebDET as the
        plan is completed, eliminating the need for redundant reporting.

    3.) Standardization of CWPP reporting – As was discovered in this report, the information provided
        on CWPPs by state foresters to the Forest Service is often inconsistent, varying state-to-state
        and sometimes from plan-to-plan. The WebDET/WinDET program provides standardized data
        fields that are the same for each state. This may produce greater data uniformity across the
        entire Northeastern Area.

    4.) Easier comparison of CWPPs and other stewardship/fire protection projects – Since
        WebDET/WinDET can be used for many different programs, it can act essentially as a large-scale
        landscape database for the entire Northeastern Area. This will allow people from different
        branches and projects to observe one-another’s activities and possibly identify areas for
        resource and information sharing.

    5.) Enhanced communication between agencies – As mentioned above, the shared database will
        allow employees from different sectors within the Northeastern Area to communicate and share
        information with greater speed and clarity.


Recommendations: A concentrated effort to enter all CWPPs into the WebDET/WinDET system should
begin as soon as possible. The sooner all existing data is entered into the program, the easier it will be to
keep the system up-to-date and current with new or changing plans.

Whether this task should be undertaken by separate state foresters or by an individual employee is a
matter of preference and resources. While it would be easier for individual states to enter their own
plans into the system, it is possible that not all foresters will have the time or resources to do so. Using a
single employee would be more time consuming, but may be more thorough as the lone employee
would be able to better coordinate and manage plans and would have knowledge of what has been and
has-yet-to-be completed.

Regardless of what approach it used, it is highly recommended that states and the Forest Service take
full advantage of these new programs.




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                          Page 24
Final CWPP Analysis and Recommendations
        There are numerous factors to consider when analyzing community wildfire protection plans
and their effectiveness. Take into consideration that each community has different needs, resources,
and risk-levels and it seems quite difficult to derive a series of standards on how to locate future CWPPs.
However, there are some variables that should be considered for future CWPP locations and for
enhancing existing CWPPs.

               Proximity to other CWPP locations: For a good example of this, refer to the cluster of
                CWPP areas in Pennsylvania’s Pocono region. Many of these sites are directly adjacent
                to one-another, creating a cohesive protected area. Information and resource sharing
                would also likely be made easier for CWPPs located close together.

                This variable can work in the opposite manner as well. Areas of the NA that are lacking
                CWPPs yet have an elevated fire risk would greatly benefit from the establishment of a
                CWPP area. Creating a new CWPP in a region that lacks these projects may spur the
                creation of adjacent projects. This would help to build cohesive, protected areas in
                regions of the NA that had been previously unguarded.

               Level of fire risk: This is somewhat obvious, but CWPPs that protect communities
                located in or near areas of elevated fire risk are more likely to save lives and property
                than CWPPs located in low-risk areas. Of course, wildland fires are not restricted to just
                areas where fires are LIKELY to happen. Therefore, all CWPPs are useful. But it is a
                simple fact that some Americans live under greater threat of fire than others, and they
                are therefore in greater need of protection.

               Population density: As mentioned on page 6, population density should not be the
                decisive factor in locating a CWPP – many rural parts of the Northeastern Area exhibit
                elevated fire-risk but lower population density. However, CWPP organizers surely want
                to protect as many people as resources will allow. Densely populated areas allow for
                CWPPs to protect a greater number of people over a smaller area, which for fire-prone
                states like New Jersey would be a notable bonus.

               Proximity to Forest Legacy Areas and established FLA tracts: Currently, there exists no
                established relationship between CWPP and FLA areas and tracts. In fact, there doesn’t
                seem to be a real relationship between CWPP projects and any other forest
                protection/fire prevention efforts. Greater communication and resource sharing
                between the FLA, CWPP, and other appropriate programs may help to enhance each
                other and bring forest conservation up to the ecosystem level.

               Proximity to areas of potential basal-area loss: It can be reasonably expected that as
                certain areas suffer the loss of forest cover, fire risks in those areas will increase.
                Anticipating those areas where fire-risk is expected to rise over the next 15 years would
                allow CWPP planners to help communities prepare for elevated risk while the actual risk
                was still minimal.

There are many variables to take into account when establishing a CWPP. These are just a handful to
take into account. Feedback from state foresters could prove invaluable for determining other factors
that make CWPPs succeed and should be included in future assessments of the program.

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                      Page 25
In general, the community wildfire protection program in the Northeastern Area is large, impressive,
and important, but there is always room for improvement. Virtually none of the variables discussed in
this document are static. Fire-risk levels, population density, basal-area loss, and even CWPPs
themselves change over time. Sometimes these changes are difficult to anticipate. One variable that was
to be included and analyzed in this document was “areas likely to experience conversion to non-forest
uses over the next 30 years.” However, the report that was to be used was based on data gathered prior
to the housing-market crash of 2008. Growth estimates for suburbs and exurbs have changed
considerably over the past two years, and estimates that seemed sound in 2008 would be less reliable
given the historic home-construction downturn the U.S. is currently experiencing.

In the face of shifting data, tight budgets, and a continual threat of wildland fires, it is in the best interest
of state-forestry managers and the U.S. Forest Service to maximize communication and information
sharing. Individual states can serve as “proving grounds” of sorts for new ideas and programs, and then
share the results of these programs with other members of the NA. Since many state forestry
organizations are already heavily taxed when it comes to personnel, the Forest Service could serve as an
intermediary of sorts, monitoring state activity and forwarding information to other members in the NA.

It is in the best interest of all parties that wildland-fire suppression primarily remains the responsibility
of each member state, as state forestry officials often possess information and institutional knowledge
that cannot be acquired by federal officials living and working outside of the state. But it is also in the
best interest of the states for the federal government to help where possible. With the two levels of
government operating in concert to test innovative ideas and share results, it is in the author’s opinion
that the Northeastern Area CWPP program will be able to realize its full potential.




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                            Page 26
Individual State Reports
Delaware




                              Map 1. Delaware CWPP location map

      Number of CWPP Areas: 1
      Estimated Population Protected by CWPP Area: 2,932
      Estimated Area Protected by CWPP Area: 2368 acres

      Lewes CWPP
          o County: Sussex
          o Location: Southeast coast
          o Land Area: 2368 acres
          o Population: 2,932
          o Nearby Communities: Dewey Beach, Georgetown, Milton, Nassau, and Rehoboth Beach
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Cape Henlopen State Park, Great Marsh Preserve
          o Fire Departments:
                 Ellendale Volunteer Fire Company - Main Street, Ellendale; (302) 227-8400


Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                        Page 27
                       Georgetown Volunteer Fire Company - 100 South Bedford St., Georgetown;
                        (302) 856-7700
                       Lewes Volunteer Fire Department - 347 Savannah Road, Lewes; (302) 645-6556
                       Milton Fire Department - 116 Front St., Milton; (302) 684-8500
                       Rehoboth Beach Fire Department - 219 Rehoboth Ave., Rehoboth Beach (302)
                        227-8400




                                   Map 2. Delaware statewide fire risk
General CWPP Assessment: As a whole, tiny Delaware exhibits a mixed degree of fire risk. Inland areas
of the state appear to primarily fall into the low-to-moderate risk category with some isolated areas of
elevated risk. Along the coast, however, there exists a persistent band of very high-to-extreme fire risk.

The state’s lone CWPP in the town of Lewes is located in an area of relatively high risk (see page 8 for a
smaller scale map of the CWPP and surrounding areas). Sandwiched between Cape Henlopen State Park
to the east and Great Marsh Preserve to the west, the residents of Lewes live under threat of wildland
fire that could originate from multiple nearby locations. Future CWPP sites should focus on urbanized
areas that abut against similar swaths of high fire risk.

Population Risk Assessment: As can be seen in Map 4 on page 9, Delaware’s population is not spread
evenly across the state. The areas of greatest density are located in the northern portion of the state in
the Wilmington area, where there is relatively little fire risk.

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                       Page 28
There are two main areas of fire concern. The first is in the area surrounding Dover, in the central
portion of the state. An area of high fire risk lies just to the east of the state’s capital. The second area of
concern is the far southeastern coast, a popular summer destination. Density is moderate here, about
250 to 500 people per square mile, but the overall fire risk is fairly high.




                               Map 3. Lewes CWPP with relation to fire risk




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                           Page 29
                            Map 4. Delaware population density map




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                         Page 30
Illinois




                                 Map 1. Illinois CWPP location map
      Number of CWPP Areas: 1

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                         Page 31
      Estimated Population Protected by CWPP Area: 2,784
      Estimated Area Protected by CWPP Area: 33,600 acres
      Pembroke Township CWPP
           o County: Kankakee
           o Location: Northeastern
           o Land Area: 33,600 acres
           o Population: 2,784
           o Nearby Communities: Hopkins Park, Lake Township, McClellan Township, and St. Anne.
           o Fire Departments
                   Aroma Park Fire Department - 307 South Bridge St., Aroma Park; (815) 939-2714
                   Beaverville Township Fire Department - 108 Donovan Ave., Beaverville; (815)
                      435-2211
                   Momence Fire Department - 123 West River St., Momence, (815) 472-4525
                   Pembroke Fire Department – 4865 South 13000E Road, Pembroke Twp.; (815)
                      944-8129
                   St. Anne Fire Department - 190 N. 2nd Ave., St. Anne; (815) 427-6798




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                             Page 32
                                    Map 2. Illinois statewide fire risk




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                              Page 33
                        Map 3. Pembroke Township CWPP with relation to fire risk
General CWPP Assessment: Compared with other states in the NA, Illinois’ overall fire risk is relatively
small. In spite of its size, the state has comparatively little forested land, only about 11.5%.4 This leads to
a generally diminished risk of wildland fires. Most of the higher risk areas are concentrated in the
southern tip of the state, in the area in and around the Shawnee National Forest.

Illinois’ only CWPP is located in the northeastern portion of the state, where the fire risk is relatively
low. However, Pembroke Township is situated in a localized area of elevated fire risk. The community is
located northwest of Illinois’ Hooper Branch Savannah Nature Preserve and Indiana’s Willow Slough
Game Preserve. But, while Pembroke Township may benefit from its CWPP, the state of Illinois may be
better served if future CWPP sites were established for communities in the WUI area of the state’s
southern forests.




4
 "United States Map: Percent of Area with Forest, 2002." The Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. U.S. Forest
Service. Web. 19 July 2010. <http://www.minneapolisfed.org/Research/data/specmap/us02-11.cfm>.

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                            Page 34
                                  Map 4. Illinois population density map

Population Risk Assessment: Illinois’ population density shows little to no correlation with its overall fire
risk. The state’s population trend shows areas of very high density dotted among large swaths of very
low density. These high-density areas do not appear to be more prone to wildland fires than any other
areas of the state.




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                        Page 35
Indiana




                                Map 1. Indiana CWPP location map
      Number of CWPP Areas: 2
      Estimated Population Protected by CWPP Areas: 64,821
      Estimated Area Protected by CWPP Areas: 536,320 acres

Indiana currently has two designated CWPP areas, both of which conform to county boundaries.
      Lawrence County CWPP
          o County Seat: Bedford – 13,768
          o Location: Central southern
          o Land Area: 287,360 acres
          o Population: 45,922
          o Neighboring Counties: Greene, Jackson, Martin, Monroe, Orange
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Hoosier National Forest
          o Fire Departments
                  Bedford Fire Department - 1900 H St., Bedford; (812) 275-4544
                  Guthrie Township Fire Department - 129 Bedford Hills Drive, Bedford; (812) 834-
                     6423


Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                   Page 36
                     Indian Creek Volunteer Fire Department - 5357 Indiana 158, Bedford;
                      (812) 854-4949
                     Mitchell Fire Department – 407 South 6th St., Mitchell; (812) 849-2151
                     Oolitic Fire Department - 5 Hoosier Ave., Oolitic; (812) 279-0477

      Perry County CWPP
           o County Seat: Tell City – 7,845
           o Location: Far south
           o Land Area: 243,840 acres
           o Population: 18,898
           o Neighboring Counties: Crawford, Dubois, Spencer
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Hoosier National Forest
           o Fire Departments:
                   Anderson Township Fire Department - 12835 State Road 145, Tell City; (812)
                     836-2555
                   Cannelton Fire Department – S. 6th St., Cannelton; (812) 547-4519
                   Central-Perry Fire Department – Branchville; (812) 843-5542
                   Rome Firehouse - 13549 E State Road 66, Rome; (812) 836-4299
                   Troy Fire Department – 707 Mozart Street, Tell City; (812) 547-7501




                                Map 2. Indiana statewide fire risk


Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                   Page 37
General CWPP Assessment: In northern Indiana, there is virtually no risk of destructive wildland fires.
However, much of southern Indiana is under moderate to very high threat of fire. Much of this is due to
the Hoosier National Forest, which roughly conforms to the “Moderate Risk” zone which extends from
Perry County up through the center of the state. Lawrence County is bordered by the forest on roughly
all sides. But even outside this immediate area of urban-national forest interface, there exists the threat
of destructive fire throughout the southern portion of the state.

The two existing CWPPs are sited well. Both counties contain large tracts of forested property and have
populations in the tens of thousands. Future CWPP sites should be located within the same region.
Ideally, they should be contiguous with the Lawrence and Perry county protection plans so as to create a
protected “corridor” within the forested area of the state.




                        Map 3. Lawrence County CWPP with relation to fire risk




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                       Page 38
                        Map 4. Perry County CWPP with relation to fire risk




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                  Page 39
                                 Map 5. Indiana population density map
Population Risk Assessment: Indiana’s population density map is similar to Illinois’ map: one or two
large population cores and then multiple smaller high-density areas surrounded by low density areas.

There does not appear to be any significant correlation between areas of fire risk and population
density. The deciding factor in terms of fire risk appears to be land use rather than population density,
as low density areas in the north exhibit virtually no wildland fire risk, while areas in the south do. One
can assume that this is the result of heavier agricultural use in the north, while the south is more heavily
forested.




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                        Page 40
Iowa




                                  Map 1. Iowa CWPP location map
      Number of CWPP Areas: 3
      Estimated Population Protected by CWPP Areas: 214,376
      Estimated Area Protected by CWPP Areas: 1,324,800 acres

Iowa has three CWPP areas, all of which conform to county boundaries.

      Harrison County CWPP
          o County Seat: Logan – 1,545
          o Location: Central western
          o Land Area: 446,080 acres
          o Population: 15,666
          o Neighboring Counties: Crawford, Monona, Pottawattamie, Shelby
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: DeSoto National Wildlife Refuge, Loess Hills State Forest
          o Fire Departments:
                   Logan Fire and Rescue - 112 N 3rd Ave., Logan; (712) 644-2579
                   Modale Fire Department – 511 N Main St., Modale; (712) 645-2826
                   Mondamin Fire Department - 602 Maple St., Mondamin; (712) 646-2919


Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                Page 41
      Johnson County CWPP
          o County Seat: Iowa City – 67,831
          o Location: Central eastern
          o Land Area: 392,960 acres
          o Population: 111,006
          o Neighboring Counties: Benton, Cedar, Iowa, Jones, Linn, Louisa, Muscatine, Washington
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Park Run Wildlife Area, Saulsbury Bridge Recreation
              Area
          o Fire Departments
                  Coralville City Fire Station - 1501 5th St., Coralville; (319) 248-1835
                  Iowa City Fire Department - 2001 Lower Muscatine Road, Iowa City; (319) 356-
                     5257
                  North Liberty Fire Station - 25 E Cherry St., North Liberty; (319) 626-5717
                  Solon Fire Station - 131 N Iowa St., Solon; (319) 624-2386
                  Tiffin Fire Department – 211 Main St., Tiffin; (319) 545-2102

      Pottawattamie County CWPP
           o County Seat: Council Bluffs – 58,268
           o Location: Southwestern
           o Land Area: 610,560 acres
           o Population: 87,704
           o Neighboring Counties: Cass, Harrison, Mills, Montgomery, Shelby
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: DeSoto National Wildlife Refuge, Loess Hills State Forest
           o Fire Departments:
                  Council Bluffs Fire Department - 200 S 4th St., Council Bluffs; (712) 328-4646
                  Crescent Fire Department - 102 W Florence St., Crescent; (712) 545-3730
                  Lewis Township Fire Department - 19770 Cypress Ave., Council Bluffs; (712) 323-
                     1093
                  McClelland Volunteer Fire Department - 107 Main St., Mc Clelland; (712) 566-
                     9406
                  Treynor Fire Department - 14 W Main St., Treynor; (712) 487-3388




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                 Page 42
                                              Map 2. Iowa statewide fire risk
General CWPP Assessment: The regions of Iowa covered by the CWPPs lack the large swaths of fire-
prone forests found in other parts of the country. After all, the entire state ranks dead-last in the NA in
terms of forest cover with just 5.4% of the state covered by forest.5 However, each contains sporadic
high-risk areas that pose a threat to residents. Johnson and Pottawattamie counties are particularly at
risk due to their higher populations. The greater number of residents likely increases the incidence of
WUI conflicts. Any fires that occur in those counties are likely to threaten structures and lives.

Iowa is a state where local knowledge of fire planning and fire prone areas likely would trump any large-
scale Forest Service analysis. The fire-risk map used in this document lacks the necessary precision for a
state with such highly localized areas of fire risk.

Fire Risk Assessment: There appears to be little to no correlation between fire risk and population
density in Iowa (see Map 5, page 44). The state’s overall fire risk is so low and localized that it is difficult
to determine the primary contributor to fire-risk levels, but it does not appear to be population density.




5
    United States Map: Percent of Area with Forest, 2002."

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                            Page 43
                    Map 3. Western Iowa CWPP areas with relation to fire risk




                     Map 4. Eastern Iowa CWPP area with relation to fire risk

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                    Page 44
                               Map 5. Iowa population density map




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                        Page 45
Maine




                                Map 1. Maine CWPP location map
      Number of CWPP Areas: 28
      Estimated Population Protected by CWPP Areas: 79,427

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                     Page 46
      Estimated Area Protected by CWPP Areas: 677,824 acres

Maine has a whopping 28 CWPPs. These plans all conform to an incorporated municipal area, either a
city, town, island, or plantation.


      Blue Hill CWPP
           o County: Hancock
           o Location: Coastal
           o Land Area: 40,000 acres
           o Population: 2,390
           o Nearby Communities: Bar Harbor, Buckport, Ellsworth
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Acadia National Park
           o Fire Departments:
                    Blue Hill Fire Department - 42 Water St., Blue Hill; (207) 374-2261

      Brownfield CWPP
          o County: Oxford
          o Location: West central
          o Land Area: 28,736 acres
          o Population: 1,251
          o Nearby Communities: Fryeburg, ME; Conway and Eaton, NH
          o Fire Department:
                   Brownfield Fire Department - (207) 935-2885

      Brownville CWPP
          o County: Piscataquis
          o Location: Central
          o Land Area: 28,416 acres
          o Population: 1,259
          o Nearby Communities: Howland, Medford, Milo, West Enfield
                   Milo Fire Department - 6 Pleasant St., Milo; (207) 943-2303

      Carrabassett Valley CWPP
           o County: Franklin
           o Location: West central
           o Land Area: 49,536 acres
           o Population: 399
           o Nearby Communities: Stratton
           o Fire Department:
                   Carrabassett Valley Fire Department - 100 Carriage Road, Carrabassett Valley;
                      (207) 235-2991

      China CWPP
           o County: Kennebec
           o Location: West central
           o Land Area: 31,872 acres
           o Population: 4,106

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                 Page 47
           o   Nearby Communities: Augusta, Liberty, Waterville, Winslow
           o   Fire Department:
                    Albion Fire Department - 15 Benton Road, Albion; (207) 437-2183

      Cumberland CWPP
          o County: Cumberland
          o Location: Southwest
          o Land Area: 16,704 acres
          o Population: 7,159
          o Nearby Communities: Portland, Freeport, Yarmouth
          o Fire Department:
                  Cumberland Fire Department - 366 Tuttle Road, Cumberland Center, (207) 829-
                    5421
                  North Yarmouth Fire Station - 10 Village Square Road, North Yarmouth; (207)
                    829-3025

      Farmington CWPP
          o County: Franklin
          o Location: West central
          o Land Area: 35,712 acres
          o Population: 7,580
          o Nearby Communities: Chesterville, Wilton
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Mt. Blue State Park
          o Fire Department:
                  Farmington Fire Department - 153 Farmington Falls Road, Farmington; (207)
                    778-3235
                  Farmington Falls Fire Department - 114 Philbrick Street, Farmington; (207) 778-
                    5291
                  Wilton Fire Department – East Wilton, (207) 645-4511

      Freeport CWPP
           o County: Cumberland
           o Location: Southwest
           o Land Area: 22,208 acres
           o Population: 7,800
           o Nearby Communities: Brunswick, Pownal, Yarmouth
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Bradbury Mountain State Park, Wolfe’s Neck State Park
           o Fire Department:
                   Freeport Fire Department - 4 Main Street, Freeport; (207) 865-3421

      Fryeburg CWPP
           o County: Oxford
           o Location: West central
           o Land Area: 37,312 acres
           o Population: 3,083
           o Nearby Communities: Conway and Eaton, NH
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: White Mountain National Forest
           o Fire Department:

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                               Page 48
                     Fryeburg Fire Department - 101 Main Street, Fryeburg; (207) 935-2615

      Glenburn CWPP
          o County: Penobscot
          o Location: Central
          o Land Area: 17,408 acres
          o Population: 3,964
          o Nearby Communities: Bangor, Brewer, Kenduskeag, Stillwater
          o Fire Department:
                  Glenburn Fire Department - 144 Lakeview Road, Glenburn; (207) 942-6118

      Gorham CWPP
          o County: Cumberland
          o Location: Southwest
          o Land Area: 32,384 acres
          o Population: 14,141
          o Nearby Communities: Portland, Westbrook
          o Fire Department:
                 Gorham Fire Department - 270 Main Street, Gorham; (207) 839-5581

      Greenwood CWPP
          o County: Oxford
          o Location: West central
          o Land Area: 26,752 acres
          o Population: 802
          o Nearby Communities: North Waterford, South Paris
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: White Mountain National Forest
          o Fire Department:
                 West Paris Fire Department - (207) 674-2288

      Hudson CWPP
          o County: Penobscot
          o Location: Central
          o Land Area: 24,192 acres
          o Population: 1,393
          o Nearby Communities: Kenduskeag, Milford, Old Town
          o Fire Department:
                 Fire Department - 314 Main Street, Hudson; (207) 285-3303

      Jonesport CWPP
          o County: Washington
          o Location: Coastal
          o Land Area: 18,240 acres
          o Population: 1,408
          o Nearby Communities: Beals
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Great Wass Island Preserve
          o Fire Department:
                   Jonesport Fire Department - Main Street, Jonesport; (207) 497-5702

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                 Page 49
      Lake Arrowhead CWPP
          o County: York
          o Location: Southwest
          o Land Area: 3,328 acres
          o Population: 2,264
          o Nearby Communities: Waterboro, West Newfield
          o Fire Department:
                  Town of Limerick Fire House - 24 School Street, Limerick; (207) 793-2687

      Machias CWPP
          o County: Washington
          o Location: Coastal
          o Land Area: 8,896 acres
          o Population: 2,353
          o Nearby Communities: Beals, Dennysville, Marshfield
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Cross Island National Wildlife Refuge
          o Fire Department:
                  Machias Fire Department - 25 McDonald Lane, Machias; (207) 255-4424

      Mapleton CWPP
          o County: Aroostook
          o Location: Northern
          o Land Area: 21,760 acres
          o Population: 1,889
          o Nearby Communities: Ashland, Presque Isle
          o Fire Departments:
                  Mapleton Fire Department - 117 Pulcifur Road, Mapleton; (207) 760-8001

      Marshfield CWPP
          o County: Washington
          o Location: Coastal
          o Land Area: 10,880 acres
          o Population: 494
          o Nearby Communities: Beals, Dennysville, Machias
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Cross Island National Wildlife Refuge
          o Fire Departments:
                   Machiasport Fire Department - 25 McDonald Lane, Machiasport; (207) 255-4424

      Milo CWPP
          o County: Piscataquis
          o Location: Central
          o Land Area: 20,992 acres
          o Population: 2,383
          o Nearby Communities: Brownfield, Howland, Medford, West Enfield
          o Fire Departments:
                  Milo Fire Department - 6 Pleasant Street, Milo; (207) 943-2303


Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                              Page 50
      Mount Chase CWPP
         o County: Penobscot
         o Location: Northern
         o Land Area: 23,232 acres
         o Population: 247
         o Nearby Communities: Benedicta , Knowles Corner
         o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Baxter State Park, Mt. Chase St. Forest
         o Fire Departments:
                  Patten Fire Department – Patten; (207) 528-2197

      Oxbow Plantation CWPP
          o County: Aroostook
          o Location: Northern
          o Land Area: 24,192 acres
          o Population: 56 sq. miles
          o Nearby Communities: Ashland, Knowles Corner
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Baxter State Park, Mt. Chase St. Forest
          o Fire Department:
                  Ashland Fire Department - 17 Bridgham St., Ashland; (207) 435-6323

      Peaks Island CWPP
          o County: Cumberland
          o Location: Southwest
          o Land Area: 1,280 acres
          o Population: 843
          o Nearby Communities: Cumberland, Gorham, Portland, Scarborough, Yarmouth
          o Fire Department:
                    Fire Station - 488 Island Avenue, Long Island; (207) 766-5538
                    Fire Department - 133 Island Ave, Portland

      Rangeley CWPP
          o County: Franklin
          o Location: West central
          o Land Area: 26,624 acres
          o Population: 1,052
          o Nearby Communities: Dallas Plantation, Oquossoc, Sandy River Plantation
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Mt. Blue State Park, Rangeley Lake State Park
          o Fire Departments:
                  Avon Fire Department - Phillips, ME

      Sangerville CWPP
          o County: Piscataquis
          o Location: Central
          o Land Area: 26,640 acres
          o Population: 1,270
          o Nearby Communities: Dover-Foxcroft, Guilford, Upper Abbot
          o Fire Departments:
                    Sangerville Fire Department - 9 School St., Sangerville; (207) 876-4181

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                   Page 51
       Standish CWPP
            o County: Cumberland
            o Location: Southwest
            o Land Area: 37,824 acres
            o Population: 9,285
            o Nearby Communities: Little Falls-South Windham, Sebago Lake
            o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Steep Falls Wildlife Management Area
            o Fire Departments:
                    Gorham Fire Department - 270 Main St., Gorham; (207) 839-5581

       Swans Island CWPP
           o County: Hancock
           o Location: Coastal
           o Land Area: 8,960 sq. miles
           o Population: 327
           o Nearby Communities: Bass Harbor, Bernard
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Acadia National Park
           o Fire Departments:
                    Swans Island Fire Department – Swans Island; (207) 526-4329

       Weston CWPP
           o County: Aroostook
           o Location: Northern
           o Land Area: 19,520 acres
           o Population: 203
           o Nearby Communities: Glenwood Plantation, Reed Plantation, Wytopitlock
           o Fire Departments:
                  Danforth Fire Department - 77 Central St., Danforth; (207) 448-2255

       Winterville Plantation CWPP
           o County: Aroostook
           o Location: Northern
           o Land Area: 22,848 acres
           o Population: 196
           o Nearby Communities: Fort Kent, New Canada, Portage, Quimby
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Winterville Forest
           o Fire Departments:
                     Eagle Lake Town Fire Department - 36 Devoe Brook Road, Eagle Lake; (207) 444-
                        5125

General CWPP Assessment: Maine is heavily forested, so most of the state is at least under moderate
risk for wildland fires. However, Maine is also sparsely populated, so the threat of catastrophic fires to
people and structures is less than that of other, less-forested-yet-more-densely-populated states. There
does exist, though, a higher risk area in the southwestern corner of the state. This is where much of the
state’s population lives, not even including summer residents from the rest of New England and Mid-


Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                      Page 52
Atlantic states. Fires in this area would be more likely to happen within the wildland-urban interface,
and would be a great threat to life and property.

The southwest and coastal regions of the state should therefore be given priority in the development of
future CWPPs.

Population Risk Assessment: As noted above, the greatest areas of fire risk in Maine correlate to the
greatest areas of population density. See Map 8 on page 39 for a more comprehensive look at
population-density patterns.




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                      Page 53
                                 Map 2. Maine statewide fire risk




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                        Page 54
               Map 3. Maine’s southwestern CWPP locations with location to fire risk



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                           Page 55
                 Map 4. Maine’s west-central CWPP locations in relation to fire risk



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                           Page 56
                    Map 5. Maine central CWPP locations in relation to fire risk



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                       Page 57
                    Map 6. Maine coastal CWPP locations in relation to fire risk



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                       Page 58
                   Map 7. Maine northern CWPP locations in relation to fire risk



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                       Page 59
                              Map 8. Maine population-density map




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                        Page 60
Maryland




                              Map 1. Maryland CWPP location map




                          Map 2. Maryland western CWPP location Map



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                          Page 61
                           Map 3. Maryland central CWPP location map




                          Map 4. Maryland eastern CWPP location map

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                           Page 62
      Number of CWPP Areas: 20
      Estimated Population Protected by CWPP Areas:
      Estimated Land Area Protected by CWPP Areas: 90,851 acres

The 20 CWPP areas in the state of Maryland are based on the boundaries of various private and public
land organizations.

      Alleghany Highland Estates CWPP
           o County: Allegany
           o Location: Northwest
           o Land Area: 27 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Carpendale, Cresaptown, Cumberland, La Vale
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Dans Mountain Wildlife Management Area, Rocky Gap
              State Park, Warrior Mountain State Wildlife Management Area, Willis Mountain State
              Park
           o Fire Departments:
                   Cumberland Fire Department - 20 Bedford Street, Cumberland; (301) 759-6485
                   La Vale Volunteer Fire Department - 421 National Highway, Cumberland; (301)
                      777-0871

      Baker Training Facility CWPP
          o County: Washington
          o Location: Northwest
          o Land Area: 880 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Hancock, Little Orleans
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Green Ridge State Forest, Round Top State Natural
              Heritage Park, Sideling Hill Wildlife Management Area
          o Fire Departments:
                    Orleans Volunteer Fire Company - 12210 Orleans Road Northeast, Little Orleans;
                       (301) 478-2229

      Clear Spring VFD CWPP
           o County: Washington
           o Location: Northwest
           o Land Area: 56,666 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Big Pool, Hagerstown, Hancock
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Fort Frederick State Park
           o Fire Departments:
                    Clear Spring Volunteer Fire Department - 12323 Big Spring Road, Clear Spring;
                      (301) 842-2200

      Cumberland Chase CWPP
          o County: Allegany
          o Location: Northwest


Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                  Page 63
           o   Land Area: 1,321 acres
           o   Population: N/A
           o   Nearby Communities: Barton, Pekin, McCoole, Rawlings, Westernport
           o   Nearby Federal or State Lands: Dans Mountain Wildlife Management Area
           o   Fire Departments:
                    Barton Fire Department - 19202 Legislative Road Southwest, Barton; (301) 463-
                       6163
                    Good-Will Fire Company - 6 Douglas Avenue, Lonaconing; (301) 463-2555
                    Rawlings Fire Department - 18900 Volunteer Drive, Rawlings; (301) 729-8229

      DC Highlands CWPP
          o County: Garrett
          o Location: Northwest
          o Land Area: 166 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Deer Park, Hoyes, Oakland
          o Nearby Federal or State Land: Broadford Recreation Area, Deep Creek Lake State Park,
              Garrett State Forest
          o Fire Departments:
                   Garrett County Fire and Rescue - 311 East Alder St., Oakland; (301) 334-1929
                   Oakland Volunteer Fire Department - 31 South 3rd St., Oakland; (301) 334-3535

      Eaglehead CWPP
           o County: Frederick
           o Location: Central
           o Land Area: 704 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Braddock Heights, Clover Hill, Frederick, Middletown, Myersville,
              Walkersville
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Frederick Municipal Forest, South Mountain State Park
           o Fire Departments:
                   Braddock Heights Volunteer Fire Company - 6715 Jefferson Blvd, Frederick;
                     (301) 371-6820
                   United Fire and Rescue Services - 3602 Urbana Pike, Frederick; (301) 663-3822
                   Walkersville Volunteer Fire Company - 79 West Frederick Street, Walkersville;
                     (301) 600-9110

      Frederick City Watershed CWPP
           o County: Frederick
           o Location: Central
           o Land Area: 7,140 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Braddock Heights, Clover Hill, Frederick, Middletown, Myersville,
               Walkersville
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Frederick Municipal Forest, South Mountain State Park
           o Fire Departments:
                    Braddock Heights Volunteer Fire Company - 6715 Jefferson Boulevard,
                       Frederick; (301) 371-6820

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                               Page 64
                     United Fire and Rescue Services - 3602 Urbana Pike, Frederick; (301) 663-3822
                     Walkersville Volunteer Fire Company - 79 West Frederick Street, Walkersville;
                      (301) 600-9110

      Fox Grape Farms CWPP
           o County: Caroline
           o Location: Eastern central
           o Land Area: 197 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Denton, Greensboro, Ridgely
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Tuckahoe State Park
           o Fire Departments:
                   Queen Hillsboro Fire Company - 13520 1st Street, Queen Anne; (410) 364-5612
                   Ridgely Fire House - 8 West 1st Street, Ridgely; (410) 634-2424

      Franklin VFD CWPP
           o County: Baltimore
           o Location: Central
           o Land Area: 9,551 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Garrison, Owings Mills, Randallstown, Reisterstown
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Patapsco Valley State Park
           o Fire Departments:
                   Baltimore County Fire Department - 10017 Falls Road, Lutherville; (410) 825-
                      1748
                   Chestnut Ridge Volunteer Fire Department - 12020 Greenspring Avenue, Owings
                      Mills; (410) 252-9734
                   Liberty Road Volunteer Fire Company - 10010 Liberty Road, Randallstown; (410)
                      922-7451
                   Reisterstown Volunteer Fire Department - 108 Main Street, Reisterstown; (410)
                      833-1370

      Gambrill Park Road CWPP
          o County: Frederick
          o Location: Central
          o Land Area: 1,312 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Braddock Heights, Clover Hill, Frederick, Middletown, Myersville,
              Walkersville
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Frederick Municipal Forest, South Mountain State Park
          o Fire Departments:
                   Braddock Heights Volunteer Fire Company - 6715 Jefferson Boulevard,
                      Frederick; (301) 371-6820
                   United Fire and Rescue Services - 3602 Urbana Pike, Frederick; (301) 663-3822
                   Walkersville Volunteer Fire Company - 79 West Frederick Street, Walkersville;
                      (301) 600-9110

      Haystack Mountain CWPP

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                 Page 65
           o   County: Allegany
           o   Location: Northwestern
           o   Land Area: 268 acres
           o   Population: N/A
           o   Nearby Communities: Carpendale, Corriganville, Cumberland, La Vale
           o   Nearby Federal or State Lands: Rocky Gap State Park, Willis Mountain State Park
           o   Fire Departments:
                    Bowling Green Fire Company - 12420 McMullen Highway Southwest,
                       Cumberland; (301) 729-1522
                    Cresaptown Volunteer Fire Department - 13113 Warrior Dr, Cumberland; (301)
                       729-1111
                    Cumberland Fire Department Central - 20 Bedford Street, Cumberland; (301)
                       759-6485
                    La Vale Volunteer Fire Department - 421 National Highway, Cumberland; (301)
                       777-0871

      Kent Island Estates CWPP
          o County: Queen Anne’s
          o Location: Chesapeake Bay
          o Land Area: 1,180 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Chester, Stevensville
          o Fire Departments:
                    Kent Island Fire Company - 1610 Main Street, Chester; (410) 643-5454
                    United Communities Volunteer Fire Department - 9406 Romancoke Road,
                       Stevensville; (410) 643-1162

      Liberty Reservoir CWPP
           o County: Baltimore
           o Location: Central
           o Land Area: 877 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Garrison, Owings Mills, Randallstown, Reisterstown
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Patapsco Valley State Park
           o Fire Departments:
                    Baltimore County Fire Department - 10017 Falls Road, Lutherville; (410) 825-
                      1748
                    Chestnut Ridge Volunteer Fire Department - 12020 Greenspring Avenue, Owings
                      Mills; (410) 252-9734
                    Liberty Road Volunteer Fire Company - 10010 Liberty Road, Randallstown; (410)
                      922-7451
                    Reisterstown Volunteer Fire Department - 108 Main Street, Reisterstown; (410)
                      833-1370

      Loch Raven Reservoir CWPP
          o County: Baltimore
          o Location: Central
          o Land Area: 8,087 acres

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                              Page 66
           o   Population: N/A
           o   Nearby Communities: Cockeysville, Hampton, Mays Chapel, Towson
           o   Nearby Federal or State Lands: Gunpowder Falls State Park
           o   Fire Departments:
                    Long Green Volunteer Fire Company - 4506 Long Green Road, Glen Arm; (410)
                       592-8337
                    LVFC Inc. Fire Department - 1609 Bellona Avenue, Lutherville; (410) 887-7778
                    Providence Volunteer Fire Company - 1416 Providence Road, Baltimore; (410)
                       828-9029

      Lodestone CWPP
          o County: Garrett
          o Location: Northwest
          o Land Area: 745 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Deer Park, Hoyes, Oakland
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Broadford Recreation Area, Deep Creek Lake State Park,
              Garrett State Forest
          o Fire Departments:
                   Garrett County Fire and Rescue - 311 East Alder Street, Oakland; (301) 334-1929
                   Oakland Volunteer Fire Department - 31 South 3rd Street, Oakland; (301) 334-
                      3535

      Pinehurst Village CWPP
           o County: Frederick
           o Location: Central
           o Land Area: 308 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Dearbought, Frederick, Linganore-Bartonsville, Nicodemus
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Patuxent River State Park
           o Fire Departments:
                   Frederick County Central Alarm - 110 East Airport Drive, Frederick; (301) 662-
                       6548
                   United Fire Company - 79 South Market Street, Frederick; (301) 600-1711

      Prettyboy Reservoir CWPP
           o County: Baltimore
           o Location: North central
           o Land Area: 685 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Bentley Springs, Greenmount, Hampstead, Parkton
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Prettyboy Reservoir Park
           o Fire Departments:
                   Hampstead Volunteer Fire Company - 1341 Main St, Hampstead; (410) 239-4280
                   Hereford Volunteer Fire Department - 510 Monkton Road, Monkton; (410) 357-
                      4443

      Potomac Vistas CWPP

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                 Page 67
           o   County: Washington
           o   Location: Central
           o   Land Area: 377 acres
           o   Population: N/A
           o   Nearby Communities: Brownsville, Burkittsville, Gapland, Rohrersville
           o   Nearby Federal or State Lands: Antietam National Battlefield
           o   Fire Departments:
                    Boonsboro Volunteer Fire Department - 3417 Rohrersville Road, Rohrersville;
                       (301) 432-8120
                    Potomac Valley Fire Company - 2202 Dargan School Road, Sharpsburg; (301)
                       432-2130

      Sky Valley CWPP
           o County: Allegany
           o Location: Northwestern
           o Land Area: 321 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Deer Park, Swanton
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Big Run State Park, Potomac State Forest, Savage River
               State Park
           o Fire Departments:
                    Kitzmiller Volunteer Fire Department - 249 East Main Street, Kitzmiller; (301)
                          -

      Twelve Oaks CWPP
          o County: Caroline or Dorchester
          o Location: East central
          o Land Area: 39 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Federalsburg, Hurlock, Preston
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Idylwild State Wildlife Management Area
          o Fire Departments:
                  Federalsburg Volunteer Fire Department - 208 N University Ave, Federalsburg;
                     (410) 754-7400
                  Hurlock Volunteer Fire Company - 300 Charles Street, Hurlock; (410) 943-3110
                  Preston Volunteer Fire Company - 3680 Choptank Road, Preston; (410) 673-
                     7874




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                Page 68
                                   Map 5. Maryland statewide fire risk
General CWPP Assessment: Due to Maryland’s odd shape, the state possesses a wide variety of
environments and topography. The most fire-prone areas are in the Appalachian and Piedmont regions
of the state and coastal zones along the southwestern coast of the Delmarva Peninsula. Areas of
moderate to high fire risk can also be found south of Washington D.C. Current CWPPs are located well,
and cover communities at risk of wildland fires.

Population Density Assessment: While CWPPs are found in just about every region of the state, these
densely populated suburbs for the D.C.-Arlington-Alexandria metro area are inadequately covered by
the CWPP program.

The densest areas are located in the center of the state between Washington, D.C., and Baltimore, but
this is an area of relatively low fire risk. However, risk levels increase sharply on the outskirts of these
suburbs and exurbs where they meet forested lands that have a built-in higher level of risk. For a closer
look, see Map 9 on Page 50.




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                        Page 69
                     Map 6. Maryland eastern CWPP locations with relation to fire risk




                          Map 7. Maryland central CWPPs in relation to fire risk

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                             Page 70
                          Map 8. Maryland eastern CWPPs in relation to fire risk




                            Map 9. Maryland population density map



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                       Page 71
Massachusetts




                             Map 1. Massachusetts CWPP location map

      Number of CWPP Areas: 8
      Estimated Population Protected by CWPP Areas: N/A
      Estimated Land Area Protected by CWPP Areas: 6093 acres

All CWPPs in Massachusetts are located in Barnstable County. Their boundaries conform to uniquely
defined areas of state and private lands.

      Chatham Town Forest and Harwick Water Department Lands CWPP:
          o Location: Eastern Barnstable County
          o Land Area: 341 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Chatham, Dennis, Harwich
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Hawksnest State Park
          o Fire Departments:
                  Chatham Fire Department - 135 Depot Road, Chatham; (508) 945-2324
                  Dennis Fire Department - 883 Main Street, West Dennis; (508) 398-2242


Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                 Page 72
                     Harwich Fire Department - 175 Sisson Road, Harwich; (508) 430-7546

      Maple Swamp and Discovery Hill Sandwich Town Lands Complex CWPP
          o Location: Western Barnstable County
          o Land Area: 1,705 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Forestdale, Sagamore, Sandwich
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Camp Edwards, Great Marshes State Park, Otis Air
              National Guard Base, Sandy Neck State Park
          o Fire Departments:
                   Bourne Fire Department - 130 Main Street, Buzzards Bay, MA
                   West Barnstable Fire Department - 2160 Meetinghouse Way, West Barnstable;
                     (508) 362-3241
                   Sandwich Fire Department - 115 Route 6A, Sandwich; (508) 888-0525

      Old Jail Lane Conservation Area and Adjacent Town Land CWPP
           o Location: Central Barnstable County
           o Land Area: 1,404 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Barnstable, Cummaquid, Yarmouth
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Great Marshes State Park, Sandy Neck State Park
           o Fire Departments:
                    Barnstable Fire Station - 3249 Main Street, Barnstable; (508) 362-3312
                    Hyannis Fire Department - 95 High School Road Ext, Hyannis; (508) 775-1300
                    Yarmouth Fire Department - 96 Old Main Street, South Yarmouth; (508) 398-
                       2212

      The Goose Pond Tract CWPP
          o Location: Eastern Barnstable County
          o Land Area: 139 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Chatham, Dennis, Harwich
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Hawksnest State Park
          o Fire Departments:
                   Chatham Fire Department - 135 Depot Road, Chatham; (508) 945-2324
                   Dennis Fire Department - 883 Main Street, West Dennis; (508) 398-2242
                   Harwich Fire Department - 175 Sisson Road, Harwich; (508) 430-7546

      The Town of Mashpee River Woods
          o Location: Western Barnstable County
          o Land Area: 255 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Forestdale, Mashpee, Marstons Mills,
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Camp Edwards, Frances A. Crane Wildlife Management
              Area, Otis Air National Guard Base, Quashnet Woods State Reservation
          o Fire Departments:
                  Cotuit Fire District - 64 High Street, Cotuit; (508) 428-5009
                  Mashpee Fire Department - 20 Frank E Hicks Dr, Mashpee; (508) 539-1454

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                Page 73
                     Osterville Fire Department - 999 Main Street, Osterville; (508) 790-2380

      Thompson’s Field Conservation Area and Adjacent Water Lands District CWPP
          o Location: Eastern Barnstable County
          o Land Area: 223 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Chatham, Dennis, Harwich
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Hawksnest State Park
          o Fire Departments:
                  Chatham Fire Department - 135 Depot Road, Chatham; (508) 945-2324
                  Dennis Fire Department - 883 Main Street, West Dennis; (508) 398-2242
                  Harwich Fire Department - 175 Sisson Road, Harwich; (508) 430-7546

      Wiley Park, The Nickerson Property, and Cottontail Acres
          o Location: Northern Barnstable County
          o Land Area: 95 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: North Eastham, Orleans
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Cape Cod National Seashore, Wellfleet Bay Wildlife
              Sanctuary
          o Fire Departments :
                    Eastham Fire Department - 2520 State Hwy, Eastham; (508) 255-2324
                    Orleans Fire Department - 58 Eldridge Park Way, Orleans; (508) 255-0050
                    Wellfleet Fire Department - 10 Lawrence Road, Wellfleet; (508) 349-3754

      Yarmouth Town Lands CWPP
          o Location: Central Barnstable County
          o Land Area: 1,931 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Barnstable, Cummaquid, Yarmouth
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Great Marshes State Park, Sandy Neck State Park
          o Fire Departments:
                  Barnstable Fire Station - 3249 Main Street, Barnstable; (508) 362-3312
                  Hyannis Fire Department - 95 High School Road Ext, Hyannis; (508) 775-1300
                  Yarmouth Fire Department - 96 Old Main Street, South Yarmouth; (508) 398-
                    2212




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                     Page 74
                                Map 2. Massachusetts statewide fire risk map

General CWPP Assessment: Statewide, Massachusetts has a relatively high degree of fire risk. Much of
the central portion of the state falls under the high-risk category, while the coastal regions and
southeastern area of the state possess areas of even greater risk. This is likely the result of the dense
population that lives in the eastern half of the state.6

All of Massachusetts CWPP areas are located on Cape Cod. On the cape, there exists a considerable risk
of serious wildland fires. The intermixing of hazardous fire zones and expensive houses and real estate
creates the potential for fires that would result in costly loss of property. Additionally, given Cape Cod’s
relatively narrow shape and small area, residents have fewer evacuation routes available to them in the
event of large fires.

Future CWPPs should be sited near areas of significant WUI. Potential locations could include the
northeastern area of the state, as well as Martha’s Vineyard and the nearby mainland.

Fire Risk Assessment: As mentioned, the eastern half of Massachusetts and the Cape Cod area are very
densely populated. Whether or not this high population contributes to the overall fire risk of the region

6
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Massachusetts_population_map.png

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                        Page 75
is unknown, but it certainly compounds the risk. Indeed, few states in the NA exhibit such a clear
correlation between areas of high risk and high population.




                            Map 3. CWPP locations with relation to fire risk




                            Map 4. Massachusetts population-density map


Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                     Page 76
Minnesota




                               Map 1. Minnesota CWPP location map

      Number of CWPP Areas: 4
      Estimated Population Protected by CWPP Areas: 257,086
      Estimated Land Area Protected by CWPP Areas: 7,974,400 acres

Minnesota has four designated CWPP areas. Each conforms to the boundaries of a county.

      Cook County CWPP
          o County Seat: Grand Marais – 1,353
          o Location: Northeast
          o Land Area: 928,640 acres
          o Population: 5,168
          o Neighboring Counties: Lake County
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Isle Royale National Park, Superior National Forest
          o Fire Departments:
                  Colvill Fire Department - 3151 E Highway 61, Grand Marais; (218) 387-2931
                  Grand Marais Fire Hall - 516 5th Avenue West, Grand Marais; (218) 387-9092


Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                             Page 77
                     Grand Portage Fire Department - General Delivery, Grand Portage; (218) 475-
                      2291
                     Lutsen Fire Department - 116 Caribou Trail, Lutsen; (218) 663-7002
                     Maple Hill Volunteer Fire Department - 53 Devil Track Road, Grand Marais; (218)
                      387-1667

      Itasca County CWPP
           o County Seat: Grand Rapids – 7,764
           o Location: Northeast
           o Land Area: 1,699,200 acres
           o Population: 44,359
           o Neighboring Counties: Aitkin, Beltrami, Cass, Koochiching, Saint Louis
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Chippewa National Forest, Savannah Portage State Park,
               Superior National Forest
           o Fire Departments:
                   Balsam Fire Hall - 41388 Scenic Highway, Bovey; (218) 245-2099
                   Coleraine Fire Hall - 10 Roosevelt Street, Coleraine; (218) 245-1830
                   Deer River Fire Department
                   Keewatin Fire Department - 224 West 3rd Avenue, Keewatin; (218) 778-6332
                   Warba Fire Department - 24 1st Avenue, Warba; (218) 492-1445

      Lake County CWPP
          o County Seat: Two Harbors – 3,613
          o Location: Northeast
          o Land Area: 1,343,360 acres
          o Population: 11,058
          o Neighboring Counties: Cook, St. Louis
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Superior National Forest
          o Fire Departments:
                   Beaver Bay Fire Department - 1023 Main Street, Beaver Bay; (218) 226-3161
                   Silver Bay Fire Department - 87 Banks Boulevard, Silver Bay;        -
                   Two Harbors Fire Department - Two Harbors;            -

      St. Louis County CWPP
            o County Seat: Duluth – 86,918
            o Location: Northeast
            o Land Area: 4,003,200 acres
            o Population: 196,501
            o Neighboring Counties: Aitkin, Carlton, Itasca, Koochiching, Lake
            o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Chippewa National Forest, Savannah Portage State Park,
                Superior National Forest
            o Fire Departments:
                    Aurora Fire Hall Complex - 20 Central Ave, Aurora; (218) 229-3131
                    Biwabik Fire Department - 3rd Ave & Main, Biwabik; (218) 865-4332
                    Duluth City Fire Department - 602 West 2nd Street, Duluth; (218) 730-4380
                    Fredenburg Volunteer Fire Department - 5095 Fish Lake Road, Duluth; (218)
                       721-3614
                    Meadowlands Fire Department - Meadowlands; (218) 427-2333

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                Page 78
                            Map 2. Minnesota statewide fire risk map




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                           Page 79
                        Map 3. Minnesota CWPP areas with relation to fire risk


General CWPP Assessment: The Northeast corner of Minnesota is one of the most high-risk areas in the
Northeastern Area of the Forest Service. Though the further north counties are sparsely populated, they
contain massive swaths of forestland owned by the federal government, the state, and private
landowners. Keeping the residents of these counties informed and knowledgeable about fire risks is
essential as a large wildland fire in this region could likely burn many thousands of acres.

Other areas of concern exist in the central portion of the state, as well as the northwestern area.
Additionally, most of the state’s population is concentrated in the Twin Cities region – some suburban
areas that fall within the WUI could also be good candidates for CWPPs.

Population Risk Assessment: Minnesota possesses a wildly imbalanced population density. The majority
of the states’ residents are concentrated in the Twin Cities region while the density level across the
remainder of the state tends to be pretty low.

Thus, Minnesota’s CWPP locations and areas of high fire risk do not conform to population-density
trends. In this case, risk levels seem to be more greatly dependent upon forest cover and fuel loads
rather than population or WUI levels. See Map 4 on page 60.


Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                     Page 80
                            Map 4. Minnesota population-density map




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                          Page 81
Missouri




                                  Map 1. Missouri CWPP location map
       Number of CWPP Locations: 1
       Estimated Number of People Protected by CWPP Area: 14,957
       Estimated Land Area Protected by CWPP Area: 70,400 acres

Missouri’s lone CWPP area is conforms to the boundaries of the Redings Mill Fire Protection District.
This district covers roughly all of Five Mile and Shoal Creek townships.

       Redings Mill Fire Protection District CWPP
           o County: Newton
           o Location: Southwest
           o Land Area: 110 sq. miles
           o Population: 14,957
           o Nearby Communities: Dennis Acres, Joplin, Leawood, Loma Linda, Saginaw, Shoal Creek
               Drive
           o Fire Departments:
                    Diamond Fire Department - 301 East Market Street, Diamond; (417) 325-4442
                    Duenweg Fire Department - 303 Wolfe Drive, Duenweg; (417) 623-7408

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                     Page 82
                        Granby City Fire Department - 238 North Main Street, Granby; (417) 472-3333
                        Joplin Central Fire Department - 303 East 3rd Street, Joplin; (417) 623-0403




                                    Map 2. Missouri statewide fire risk
General CWPP Assessment: Generally, Missouri’s wildland fire risk is comparatively low. The overall
pattern of risk ranges from No Risk to Medium with only small areas of high-risk or greater. These areas
of higher risk are on such a small scale that inferences should not be drawn about their threat to their
nearby communities.

Southwestern Missouri is characterized by large swaths of moderate fire risk intermixed with “hotspots”
and zones of relative safety. This variance of fire risk is evident within the boundaries of the CWPP itself.
With such irregular risk patterns, fire crews are likely to have a challenging time predicting where fires
are likely to crop up. Additionally, it appears as though many residents of the fire-protection zone live
within a WUI. Wildland fires are therefore likely to threaten structures once they get out of control.

However, given the small scale of this map, inferences that can be drawn about the risk level within the
CWPP are limited and likely to be inaccurate. As for picking the site of future CWPPs within Missouri, no
obvious area of elevated risk presents itself.

Population Risk Assessment: The areas of greatest risk in Missouri are found in the central to
southeastern portion of the state. This is an area of relatively low population density.

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                        Page 83
                      Map 3. Missouri CWPP location with relation to fire risk




                             Map 4. Missouri population-density map




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                     Page 84
New Hampshire




                             Map 1. New Hampshire CWPP locations
      Number of CWPP Locations: 10

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                       Page 85
      Estimated Population Protected by CWPP Areas: 27,325
      Estimated Land Area Protected by CWPP Areas: 368,320 acres

All of New Hampshire’s CWPPs conform to existing municipal boundaries.

      Berlin CWPP
           o County: Coos
           o Location: Northern
           o Land Area: 39,488 acres
           o Population: 10,331
           o Nearby Communities: Dummer, Gorham, Milan, Randolph
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Cape Horn State Forest, Nash Stream Forest, White
               Mountain National Forest
           o Fire Departments:
                  Berlin Fire Department - 263 Main Street, Berlin, ; (603) 752-3135
                  Gorham Fire Department - 347 Main Street, Gorham, ; (603) 466-2549
                  Randolph Fire Station - 104 Pinkham B Rd, Randolph, ; (603) 466-3911
                  Shelburne Fire Department - 20 Park Street, Gorham, ; (603) 466-3345

      Bethlehem CWPP
          o County: Grafton
          o Location: Central
          o Land Area: 58,176 acres
          o Population: 2,199
          o Nearby Communities: Littleton, Twin Mountain, Whitefield
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Forest Lake State Park, White Mountain National Forest
          o Fire Departments:
                  Carroll Fire Department - U.S. 3, Twin Mountain, ; (603) 846-5545
                  Town of Bethlehem Fire Department - 2155 Main Street, Bethlehem, ; (603)
                    869-5822

      Campton CWPP
          o County: Grafton
          o Location: Central
          o Land Area: 33,216 acres
          o Population: 2,719
          o Nearby Communities: Ellsworth, Plymouth, Thornton
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Mount Cardigan State Park, White Mountain National
             Forest
          o Fire Departments:
                  Campton-Thornton Fire Department -186 New Hampshire 49, Campton, ; (603)
                    726-3300

      Colebrook CWPP
           o County: Coos
           o Location: Northern
           o Land Area: 26,240 acres


Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                              Page 86
           o   Population: 2,321
           o   Nearby Communities: Columbia, Gifford Field
           o   Nearby Federal or State Lands: Coleman State Park, Nash Stream Forest
           o   Fire Department:
                    Colebrook Fire Department - 18 Pleasant Street, Colebrook, ; (603) 237-5798

      Gorham CWPP
          o County: Coos
          o Location: Northern
          o Land Area: 20,416 acres
          o Population: 2,895
          o Nearby Communities: Berlin, Randolph
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: White Mountain National Forest
          o Fire Departments:
                 Berlin Fire Department - 263 Main Street, Berlin, ; (603) 752-3135
                 Gorham Fire Department - 347 Main Street, Gorham, ; (603) 466-2549
                 Randolph Fire Station - 104 Pinkham B Rd, Randolph, ; (603) 466-3911
                 Shelburne Fire Department - 20 Park Street, Gorham, ; (603) 466-3345

      Groton CWPP
          o County: Grafton
          o Location: Central
          o Land Area: 26,112 acres
          o Nearby Communities: East Hebrun, Orange, Rumney
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Mt. Cardigan State Park, White Mountain National
              Forest

      Haverhill CWPP
          o County: Grafton
          o Location: Central
          o Land Area: 32,704 acres
          o Nearby Communities: Piermont and Pike, NH; Bradford, VT
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: White Mountain National Forest

      Landaff CWPP
          o County: Grafton
          o Location: Central
          o Land Area: 18,176 acres
          o Nearby Communities: Benton, Franconia, Lisbon, Woodville
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: White Mountain National Forest

      Lincoln CWPP
           o County: Grafton
           o Location: Central
           o Land Area: 83,648 acres
           o Nearby Communities: North Woodstock, Woodstock
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: White Mountain National Forest


Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                               Page 87
       Randolph CWPP
           o County: Coos
           o Location: Northern
           o Land Area: 30,114 acres
           o Population: 339
           o Nearby Communities: Berlin, Gorham
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: White Mountain National Forest

            o   Fire Departments:
                     Berlin Fire Department - 263 Main Street, Berlin, ; (603) 752-3135
                     Gorham Fire Department - 347 Main Street, Gorham, ; (603) 466-2549
                     Randolph Fire Station - 104 Pinkham B Rd, Randolph, ; (603) 466-3911
                     Shelburne Fire Department - 20 Park Street, Gorham, ; (603) 466-3345


General CWPP Assessment: Despite most of New Hampshire’s CWPP areas being located in or around
White Mountain National Forest, the risk level for these regions is considered to be generally low. In
fact, the area of highest risk in New Hampshire is found in the southern portion of the state. While
reasons for this are unknown, it seems possible that southern New Hampshire is more heavily populated
than northern New Hampshire, and therefore fire risks to life and property are more acute.

Population Density Assessment: As mentioned, greatest fire risk areas correlate to the areas of greatest
population density, mostly in the southeastern corner of the state. These southern exurbs and suburbs
of Boston should be considered for future CWPP sites. See Map 5 on page 71.




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                    Page 88
                            Map 2. New Hampshire statewide fire risk



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                           Page 89
                     Map 3. New Hampshire CWPP locations with relation to fire risk



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                          Page 90
                      Map 4. New Hampshire northern CWPPs in relation to fire risk



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                         Page 91
                             Map 5. New Hampshire population-density map




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                               Page 92
New Jersey




                               Map 1. New Jersey CWPP locations




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                      Page 93
                   Map 2. Lake Plymouth Community Center CWPP location map



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                 Page 94
                          Map 3. New Jersey central CWPP location map



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                            Page 95
                           Map 4. New Jersey southern CWPP locations



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                           Page 96
      Number of CWPP Sites: 8
      Estimated Population Protected by CWPP Areas:
      Estimated Land Area Protected by CWPP Areas: 3,003 acres

All CWPP locations in New Jersey are based upon private-property boundaries.

      East Vineland CWPP
           o County: Cumberland
           o Location: Southern
           o Land Area: 98 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Buena, Millville, Milmay, Richland, Vineland
           o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Parvin State Park
           o Fire Departments:
                    Hamilton Fire - 4834 Landis Avenue, Vineland; (856) 213-5582
                    Minotola Fire Department - 255 E Wheat Rd, Minotola; (856) 697-2626
                    Mizpah Volunteer Fire Department - 6478 Dehirsch Avenue, Mizpah; (609) 476-
                      2898
                    Richland Volunteer Fire Hall - 876 Main Avenue, Vineland; (856) 697-0868
                    Vineland Fire Department - 110 North 4th Street, Vineland; (856) 691-2480

      Fox Hollow CWPP
           o County: Ocean
           o Location: Central
           o Land Area: 410 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Cedar Glen West, Lakehurst, Lakewood, Leisure Knoll, Leisure
               Village
           o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Fort Dix, Naval Engineering Station Lakehurst, New
               Jersey Wildlife and Game Refuge
           o Fire Departments:
                     Cassville Fire Company - 12 Toms River Road, Jackson; (732) 928-3054
                     Jackson Mills Fire Company - 465B North County Line Road, Jackson; (732) 833-
                       2981
                     Jackson Township Fire Company No. 1 - 113 North New Prospect Road, Jackson;
                       (732) 363-7595
                     Ridgeway Volunteer Fire Department - 2848 Ridgeway Road, Manchester; (732)
                       657-5858
                     Whitesville Fire Company - 81 South Hope Chapel Road, Jackson; (732) 363-2595

      Lake Plymouth Community Center CWPP
          o County: Sussex
          o Location: Northern
          o Land Area: 51 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Crandon Lakes, Hampton Township, Swartswood



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                               Page 97
           o   Nearby Federal or State Lands: Bear Swamp Wildlife Management Area, Delaware
               Water Gap National Recreation Area, Walpack Fish and Wildlife Management Area
           o   Fire Departments:
                    Fredon Fire Hall - 436 State Route 94 S, Newton; (973) 383-9424
                    Hampton Township Fire Rescue - 189 Halsey Myrtle Grove Rd, Newton; (973)
                       940-7322
                    Newton Fire Department - 39 Trinity Street, Newton; (973) 383-4141

      Milmay CWPP
          o County: Cumberland
          o Location: Southern
          o Land Area: 152 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Buena, Millville, Milmay, Richland, Vineland
          o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Parvin State Park
          o Fire Departments:
                 Hamilton Fire - 4834 Landis Avenue, Vineland; (856) 213-5582
                 Minotola Fire Department - 255 E Wheat Rd, Minotola; (856) 697-2626
                 Mizpah Volunteer Fire Department - 6478 Dehirsch Avenue, Mizpah; (609) 476-
                    2898
                 Richland Volunteer Fire Hall - 876 Main Avenue, Vineland; (856) 697-0868
                 Vineland Fire Department - 110 North 4th Street, Vineland; (856) 691-2480

      Richland CWPP
           o County: Cumberland
           o Location: Southern
           o Land Area: 140 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Buena, Millville, Milmay, Richland, Vineland
           o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Parvin State Park
           o Fire Departments:
                   Hamilton Fire - 4834 Landis Avenue, Vineland; (856) 213-5582
                   Minotola Fire Department - 255 E Wheat Rd, Minotola; (856) 697-2626
                   Mizpah Volunteer Fire Department - 6478 Dehirsch Avenue, Mizpah; (609) 476-
                     2898
                   Richland Volunteer Fire Hall - 876 Main Avenue, Vineland; (856) 697-0868
                   Vineland Fire Department - 110 North 4th Street, Vineland; (856) 691-2480

      Roosevelt City CWPP
          o County: Ocean
          o Location: Central
          o Land Area: 123 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Cedar Glen West, Lakehurst, Lakewood, Leisure Knoll, Leisure
              Village
          o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Fort Dix, Naval Engineering Station Lakehurst, New
              Jersey Wildlife and Game Refuge
          o Fire Departments:

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                             Page 98
                     Cassville Fire Company - 12 Toms River Road, Jackson; (732) 928-3054
                     Jackson Mills Fire Company - 465B North County Line Road, Jackson; (732) 833-
                      2981
                     Jackson Township Fire Company No. 1 - 113 North New Prospect Road, Jackson;
                      (732) 363-7595
                     Ridgeway Volunteer Fire Department - 2848 Ridgeway Road, Manchester; (732)
                      657-5858
                     Whitesville Fire Company - 81 South Hope Chapel Road, Jackson; (732) 363-2595

      Shawnee Country Open Space CWPP
          o County: Medford
          o Location: Central
          o Land Area: 345 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Evesham Township, Leisuretown, Medford Lakes
          o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Brendan T. Byrne State Forest, Wharton State Forest
          o Fire Departments:
                  Forest Fire Services - 103 Shinns Road, Vincentown; (609) 726-9010
                  Hampton Lakes Volunteer Fire - 72 Holly Ct, Tabernacle; (609) 859-2600
                  Medford Farms Volunteer Fire - 76 Hawkin Road, Tabernacle; (609) 268-1020

      Timber Green CWPP
          o County: Ocean
          o Location: Central
          o Land Area: 1273 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Cedar Glen West, Lakehurst, Lakewood, Leisure Knoll, Leisure
              Village
          o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Fort Dix, Naval Engineering Station Lakehurst, New
              Jersey Wildlife and Game Refuge
          o Fire Departments:
                    Cassville Fire Company - 12 Toms River Road, Jackson; (732) 928-3054
                    Jackson Mills Fire Company - 465B North County Line Road, Jackson; (732) 833-
                      2981
                    Jackson Township Fire Company No. 1 - 113 North New Prospect Road, Jackson;
                      (732) 363-7595
                    Ridgeway Volunteer Fire Department - 2848 Ridgeway Road, Manchester; (732)
                      657-5858
                    Whitesville Fire Company - 81 South Hope Chapel Road, Jackson; (732) 363-2595

      Warren Grove CWPP
          o County: Ocean
          o Location: Central
          o Land Area: 250 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Barnegat, Bass River Township, Chatsworth, Manahawkin, Ocean
              Acres
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Bass River State Forest, Penn State Forest

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                               Page 99
           o   Fire Departments:
                    Barnegat Volunteer Fire Co. - 499 North Barnegat Boulevard, Barnegat; (609)
                       698-1544
                    Parkertown Volunteer Fire Co. - 0 Railroad Dr, Ltl Egg Hbr Twp; (609) 296-2800
                    Pinewood Estates Volunteer Fire Company - Route 72, Barnegat; (609) 698-4168
                    Stafford Volunteer Fire - 340 Nautilus Drive, Manahawkin; (609) 978-1676
                    Tuckerton Volunteer Fire Company - 111 North Green Street, Tuckerton; (609)
                       296-4546

      Wynnewood CWPP
         o County: Ocean
         o Location: Central
         o Land Area: 161 acres
         o Population: N/A
         o Nearby Communities: Cedar Glen West, Lakehurst, Lakewood, Leisure Knoll, Leisure
            Village
         o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Fort Dix, Naval Engineering Station Lakehurst, New
            Jersey Wildlife and Game Refuge
         o Fire Departments:
                  Cassville Fire Company - 12 Toms River Road, Jackson; (732) 928-3054
                  Jackson Mills Fire Company - 465B North County Line Road, Jackson; (732) 833-
                    2981
                  Jackson Township Fire Company No. 1 - 113 North New Prospect Road, Jackson;
                    (732) 363-7595
                  Ridgeway Volunteer Fire Department - 2848 Ridgeway Road, Manchester; (732)
                    657-5858
                  Whitesville Fire Company - 81 South Hope Chapel Road, Jackson; (732) 363-2595




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                              Page 100
                            Map 5. New Jersey statewide fire risk map



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                            Page 101
                 Map 6. New Jersey northern CWPP location in relation to fire risk



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                         Page 102
                  Map 7. New Jersey central CWPP locations in relation to fire risk



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                          Page 103
                 Map 8. New Jersey southern CWPP locations in relation to fire risk



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                          Page 104
General CWPP Assessment: The state of New Jersey is one of the states in the NA that is most at risk of
severe wildfires. Its small size, high population density, and high fire risk (particularly in the central and
coastal portions of the state) all work together to create the potential for destructive and costly wildland
fires.

The state’s existing CWPPs are small but located within areas of noted risk. It may be wise to make
future sites larger in area, but they should be situated near existing plans to better protect the most
vulnerable areas of the state.

Population Risk Assessment: As the state with the greatest population density in the entire United
States,7 wildland fires in New Jersey pose a significant risk. However, the areas of highest risk are found
in the central part of the state, home to some of the few open, depopulated areas in New Jersey. Given
the state’s small size and high population, though, wildland fires should be considered potential threats
to property and people no matter where they crop up.




                                Map 9. New Jersey population-density map


7
 "United States by States; and Puerto Rico - GCT-PH1-R. Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density (geographies
Ranked by Total Population): 2000." American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau, 2000. Web. 26 July 2010.
<http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/GCTTable?_bm=n&_lang=en&mt_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U_GCTPH1R_US9S
&format=US-9S&_box_head_nbr=GCT-PH1-R&ds_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U&geo_id=01000US>.

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                          Page 105
New York




                                 Map 1. New York CWPP location map
       Number of CWPP Locations: 2
       Estimated Population Protected by CWPP Areas: 3,474
       Estimate Land Area Protected by CWPP Areas: 8,064 acres

The two protected areas in the state of New York are not official government bodies. Cragsmoor is a
historic area and a census-designated place (CDP), while Brookhaven National Laboratory is a scientific-
research facility.

       Brookhaven National Laboratory CWPP
           o County: Suffolk
           o Location: Central Long Island
           o Land Area: 5,248 acres
           o Population: Approximately 3,000 full-time staff members
           o Nearby Communities: Manorville, Medford, Ridge, Upton
           o Fire Departments:
                   Center Moriches Fire Department - 301 Main Street, Center Moriches; (631)
                     878-0089

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                   Page 106
                     Manorville Fire Department - 14 Silas Carter Road, Manorville; (631) 878-6614
                     Medford Fire Department - 171 Oregon Avenue, Medford; (631) 475-0411
                     Ridge Fire Department - 20 Francis Mooney Drive, Ridge; (631) 924-3256
                     Yaphank Fire Department - 451 Main Street, Yaphank; (631) 924-3200

      Cragsmoor CWPP
           o County: Ulster
           o Location: Hudson River Valley
           o Land Area: 2,816 acres
           o Population: 474
           o Nearby Communities: Ellenville, Spring Glen, Walker Valley
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Awosting Reserve, Minnewaska State Park, Roosa Gap
             State Forest, Shawangunk Ridge State Park
           o Fire Departments:
                  Cragsmoor Volunteer Fire House - 66 Sams Point Road, Cragsmoor; (845) 647-
                     7927
                  Pioneer Engine Company - 73 Center Street, Ellenville; (845) 647-9348
                  Walker Valley Fire House - 3679 Route 52, Walker Valley; (845) 744-4756




                               Map 2. New York statewide fire risk



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                               Page 107
General CWPP Assessment: Both of New York’s CWPP sites are located in areas that are under high risk
of wildland fires. Considering one site is a nationally important laboratory and the other is a historic
village, these protection plans are of critical importance to protecting these sensitive sites.

The Empire State, though, doesn’t exhibit the same degree of fire risk as other states in the NA.
However, areas of high risk and greater can be seen in the Hudson River Valley region, and on Long
Island where open lands intermix with expensive homes and communities. Consideration should be
given to these regions when selecting future CWPP locations.

Population Risk Assessment: Population density appears to play a significant role with regards to fire
risk in New York State. The areas of greatest risk are found on Long Island and on either side of the
Hudson River valley. Conversely, the areas of lowest risk (aside from heavily urbanized New York City,
which is considered to be unburnable) are in upstate New York in the Adirondack State Park region
where population density is among the lowest in the eastern United States. This disparity suggests that
risk in New York is closely tied with density, and future attempts to site CWPPs should take population
into close consideration. See Map 5 on page 88.




                      Map 3. New York CWPP locations with relation to fire risk




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                   Page 108
                          Map 4. Cragsmoor CWPP in relation to fire risk




                            Map 5. New York population-density map

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                               Page 109
Ohio




                                    Map 1. Ohio CWPP locations
      Number of CWPP Areas: 13
      Estimated Population Protected by CWPP Areas: 742,210
      Estimated Land Area Protected by CWPP Areas: 4,163,200 acres

All of Ohio’s CWPP Areas conform to existing county boundaries.
      Adams County CWPP
          o County Seat: West Union – 2,903
          o Location: South central
          o Land Area: 373,760 acres
          o Population: 28,170
          o Neighboring Counties: Brown, Highland, Pike, Scioto
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Brush Creek State Forest, Shawnee State Forest,
             Tranquility State Wildlife Area
          o Fire Departments:
                  Green Township Fire Department - 2243 Blue Creek Road, Stout; (937) 549-4464


Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                          Page 110
                      Jefferson Township Fire Department - 9130 Blue Creek Road, Blue Creek; (937)
                       544-5391
                      Manchester Village Fire Department - 204 West 4th Street, Manchester; (937)
                       549-3131
                      Russellville Fire Department - 126 W South St, Russellville; (937) 377-6661
                      West Union Fire Department - 57 Logans Lane, West Union; (937) 544-3121

      Athens County CWPP
          o County Seat: Athens – 21,342
          o Location: Southeast
          o Land Area: 324,480 acres
          o Population: 63,216
          o Neighboring Counties: Hocking, Meigs, Morgan, Perry, Washington, Vinton
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Stroudts Run State Park, Wayne National Forest, Zaleski
              State Forest
          o Fire Department:
                   Athens Fire Department - 61 Columbus Road, Athens; (740) 592-3301
                   Chauncey Fire Department - 40 Converse Street, Chauncey; (740) 797-2600
                   Richland Area Fire Department - 9255 Hooper Road, Athens; (740) 593-6077
                   Rome Township Volunteer Fire Department - State Route 144, Stewart; (740)
                      662-2224

      Belmont County CWPP
          o County Seat: St. Clairsville – 5,057
          o Location: East central
          o Land Area: 343,680 acres
          o Population: 68,278
          o Neighboring Counties: Guernsey, Harrison, Jefferson, Monroe, Noble
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Egypt Valley Wilderness Area
          o Fire Departments:
                  Barton Fire Department - Barton Colerain Road, St Clairsville; (740) 695-3029
                  Neffs Fire Department - 54044 Pike Street, Neffs; (740) 676-5563
                  St. Clairsville Fire Station - 142 South Marietta Street, St Clairsville; (740) 695-
                     5147

      Columbiana County CWPP
           o County Seat: Lisbon – 2,788
           o Location: Northeast
           o Land Area: 340,480 acres
           o Population: 108,550
           o Neighboring Counties: Carroll, Jefferson, Mahoning, Stark
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Beaver Creek State Park
           o Fire Department:
                  Center Township Fire Department – Lisbon, OH
                  Hanover Township Fire Department - 33555 Ohio 172, Lisbon; (330) 222-2610
                  Lisbon Village Fire Department - 113 South Jefferson Street, Lisbon; (330) 420-
                     9672


Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                    Page 111
                      Perry Township Fire Department - 8473 County Home Rd, Lisbon; (330) 424-
                       7356
                      Winona Fire Department - 4894 Whinnery Road, Winona; (330) 222-1524

      Gallia County CWPP
           o County Seat: Gallipolis– 4,180
           o Location: South central
           o Land Area: 300,160 acres
           o Population: 30,857
           o Neighboring Counties: Jackson, Lawrence, Meigs, Vinton
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Dean State Forest, Shawnee State Forest, Wayne
               National Forest
           o Fire Department:
                    Centerville Fire Department - 56 Vinton Avenue, Gallipolis; (740) 245-5313
                    Gallipolis Fire Department - 2018 Chestnut Street, Gallipolis; (740) 446-9553
                    Village of Rio Grande Fire Station - 241 Lewis Road, Gallipolis; (740) 245-5012

      Hocking County CWPP
          o County Seat: Logan – 6,704
          o Location: South central
          o Land Area: 270,720 acres
          o Population: 28,851
          o Neighboring Counties: Athens, Fairfield, Perry, Pickaway, Ross, Vinton
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Hocking State Forest, Tar Hollow State Forest, Wayne
              National Forest, Zaleski State Forest
          o Fire Department:
                   Corning Fire Department- 107 E Main St, Corning; (740) 347-4511
                   Good Hope Township Fire Department - 26838 Main Street, Rockbridge; (740)
                     385-1390
                   Logan Fire Department - 155 East Main Street, Logan; (740) 385-3955
                   New Straitsville Fire Department - Main Street, New Straitsville; (740) 394-2400

      Jackson County CWPP
           o County Seat: Jackson – 6,184
           o Location: East central
           o Land Area: 343,680 acres
           o Population: 68,278
           o Neighboring Counties: Guernsey, Harrison, Jefferson, Monroe, Noble
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Egypt Valley Wilderness Area
           o Fire Departments:
                   Bloomfield Volunteer Fire Department - 1424 Dixon Run Road, Jackson; (740)
                      286-3538
                   Coalton Fire Department - 11 Stewart Road, Jackson; (740) 577-3773
                   Franklin Township Fire - 199 Portsmouth Street, Jackson; (740) 286-4131
                   Liberty Township Volunteer Fire Department - 2315 Harrison Road, Jackson;
                      (740) 288-3000
                   Rubyville Volunteer Fire Department - 6000 State Route 139, Jackson; (740) 456-
                      4419

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                 Page 112
      Lawrence County CWPP
          o County Seat: Ironton – 11,211
          o Location: Far south
          o Land Area: 291,200 acres
          o Population: 62,605
          o Neighboring Counties: Gallia, Jackson, Scioto
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Dean State Forest, Shawnee State Forest
          o Fire Departments:
                  Elizabeth Township Fire Department - 127 Township Road 113, Pedro; (740)
                     532-5075
                  Ironton City Fire Department - 526 South 4th Street, Ironton; (740) 532-1301
                  Upper Township Fire Department - 3616 County Road 181, Ironton; (740) 532-
                     4800
                  Volunteer Fire Department - 14112 Ohio 141, Kitts Hill; (740) 643-2198

      Licking County CWPP
           o County Seat: Newark – 46,279
           o Location: Central
           o Land Area: 439,040 acres
           o Population: 156,590
           o Neighboring Counties: Coshocton, Delaware, Fairfield, Franklin, Knox, Muskingum, Perry
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Dillon Wilderness Area, Powelson Wilderness Area,
               Woodbury Wildlife Area
           o Fire Departments:
                   Alexandria Fire Department - 25 East Main Street, Alexandria; (740) 924-2211
                   Granville Fire Department - 133 N Prospect St, Granville; (740) 587-0261
                   Heath Fire Department - 193 Heath Road, Heath; (740) 522-4585
                   Licking Fire Department - 11152 Flint Ridge Rd SE, Newark; (740) 323-0622
                   Newark Fire Department - 75 South 4th Street, Newark; (740) 349-6754

      Meigs County CWPP
          o County Seat: Pomeroy – 1,966
          o Location: South central
          o Land Area: 274,560 acres
          o Population: 22,816
          o Neighboring Counties: Athens, Gallia, Vinton
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Shade River State Forest, Stroudts Run State Park,
              Zaleski State Forest
          o Fire Departments:
                   Middleport Fire Department - 286 Race Street, Middleport; (740) 992-7368
                   Pomeroy Fire Department - 125 Butternut Avenue, Pomeroy; (740) 992-6617
                   Rutland Fire Department - 22 Larkin, Rutland; (740) 742-3415
                   Syracuse Fire Department - 2581 3rd Street, Syracuse; (740) 992-7524

      Perry County CWPP
           o County Seat: New Lexington – 4,689
           o Location: Central

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                             Page 113
           o   Land Area: 262,400 acres
           o   Population: 34,961
           o   Neighboring Counties: Athens, Fairfield, Hocking, Licking, Morgan, Muskingum
           o   Nearby Federal or State Lands: Perry State Forest, Wayne National Forest
           o   Fire Department:
                    Corning Fire Department - 107 E Main St, Corning; (740) 347-4511
                    Crooksville Fire Department - 22 China Street, Crooksville; (740) 982-5222
                    Junction City Fire Department - 109 Mulberry Street, Junction City; (740) 987-
                       3001
                    New Lexington Fire Department - 125 South Main Street, New Lexington; (740)
                       342-4535

      Pike County CWPP
           o County Seat: Waverly – 4,433
           o Location: South central
           o Land Area: 282,240 acres
           o Population: 27,695
           o Neighboring Counties: Adams, Highland, Jackson, Ross, Scioto
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Brush Creek State Forest, Lake White State Park, Pike
              State Forest, Scioto Trail State Forest
           o Fire Department:
                   Beaver Fire Department - 7000 State Route 335, Beaver; (740) 226-5771
                   Jackson Township Volunteer Fire Department - 17600 State Route 335, Beaver;
                      (740) 941-4121
                   Pebble Township Volunteer Fire Department - 330 Carl Penn Road, Waverly;
                      (740) 947-7000
                   Scioto Township Fire Department - 269 Cove Road, Jackson; (740) 988-2861
                   Waverly Fire Department - 202 South Market Street, Waverly; (740) 947-2826

      Scioto County CWPP
           o County Seat: Portsmouth – 20,909
           o Location: Far south
           o Land Area: 391,680 acres
           o Population: 76,404
           o Neighboring Counties: Adams, Jackson, Lawrence, Pike
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Brush Creek State Forest, Dean State Forest, Shawnee
               State Forest
           o Fire Departments:
                    New Boston Fire Department - 82 Rhodes Avenue, New Boston; (740) 456-4107
                    Porter Township Fire Department - 676 Center Street, Wheelersburg; (740) 574-
                       6030
                    Portsmouth Fire Chief - 1529 Gallia Street, Portsmouth; (740) 353-2660
                    Union Township Fire Department - 389 Henry Cooper Road, Lucasville; (740)
                       259-3111
                    Valley Township Fire Department - 219 Beechwood Avenue, Lucasville; (740)
                       259-5251



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                               Page 114
                               Map 2. Ohio statewide fire risk map




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                         Page 115
                    Map 3. Ohio southern CWPP locations in relation to fire risk



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                       Page 116
                     Map 4. Ohio central CWPP locations in relation to fire risk



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                       Page 117
General CWPP Assessment: The most fire-prone areas in Ohio are located in the southern and eastern
portion of the state, with some bands of risk stretching into the central areas. As can be seen on the
map, this is where all of the CWPP areas in Ohio are located. The large number of state and federal lands
within this region is likely the reason why the fire risk in this part of the state is elevated.

Given that most of the CWPPs in the state are contiguous, Ohio has done well in covering the residents
of the most fire-prone areas of the state. Future CWPPs should expand this block of counties with the
goal of eventually covering most of the region.

Population Risk Assessment: Data suggests that population density and fire risk are not closely
correlated. The most fire-prone areas of the state are in the central to southeastern portion, but these
areas actually have the lower overall population density. This suggests that fuel-loading and terrain is
more important to assessing fire risk in Ohio.




                                  Map 5. Ohio population-density map




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                    Page 118
Pennsylvania




                             Map 1. Pennsylvania CWPP location map
      Number of CWPP Locations: 33
      Estimated Population Protected by CWPP Areas: N/A
      Estimated Area Protected by CWPP Areas: 36,208 acres

All of Pennsylvania’s CWPP areas are based on private-property boundaries.

      Bear Creek CWPP
          o County: Carbon
          o Location: Eastern
          o Land Area: 1,261 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Beaver Meadows, Bowmanstown, East Side, Jim Thorpe,
              Lansford, Lehighton, Nesquehoning, Palmerton, Summit Hill, Weatherly, Weissport
          o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Beltzville State Park, Hickory Run State Park, Lehigh
              Gorge State Park
          o Fire Departments:
                   Franklin Township Volunteer Fire Company - 2440 Fairyland Road, (610) 377-
                      2144

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                              Page 119
                     Lower Towamensing Fire Department - 270 Little Gap Road, (610) 826-2066
                     Nesquehoning Fire Company - 953 East Catawissa Street, (570) 669-6684
                     Palmerton Fire Company - 855 Princeton Avenue, (610) 826-2244
                     Parryville Fire Department - 359 Main Street, (610) 852-2350

      Bear Run Property Association CWPP
          o County: Clearfield
          o Location: Central
          o Land Area: 724 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Brisbin, Burnside, Chester Hill, Clearfield, Coalport, Curwensville,
              DuBois, Falls Creek, Glen Hope, Houtzdale, Irvona, Lumber City, Mahaffy, New
              Washington, Newburg, Osceola Mills, Ramey, Troutville, Wallaceton, Westover
          o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Parker Dam State Park, S.B. Elliott State Park
          o Fire Departments:
                   Clearfield Fire Department - 911 Leonard Street, Clearfield, (814) 236-0111
                   Curwensville Fire Department - 408 Filbert Street, Curwensville, (814) 236-2960
                   Grampian Penn Bloom Volunteer Fire Department - 251 Main Street, Grampian,
                      (814) 236-1180
                   Lawrence Township Fire Company - 425 Mill Road, Clearfield, (814) 765-4055
                   Ramey Fire Company - 161 Market Street, Ramey, (814) 378-5515

      Black Forest Village CWPP
           o County: Lycoming
           o Location: Central
           o Land Area: 173 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Duboistown, Hughesville, Jersey Shore, Montgomery,
               Montoursville, Muncy, Picture Rocks, Salladasburg, South Williamsport, Williamsport
           o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Little Pine State Park, Loyalsock State Forest,
               Susquehanna State Park, Tiadaghton State Forest, Upper Pine Bottom State Park
           o Fire Departments:
                    Duboistown Fire Department - 2661 Euclid Avenue, Williamsport, (570) 323-
                        6903
                    Hepburn Township Volunteer Fire Department - 615 State Route 973 E, Cogan
                        Station, (570) 494-0411
                    Loyalsock Township Volunteer Fire Department - 715 Northway Road,
                        Williamsport, (570) 323-3603
                    Montoursville Volunteer Fire Department - 837 Broad Street, Montoursville,
                        (570) 368-7486
                    Old Lycoming Township Fire Department - 1600 Dewey Avenue, Williamsport,
                        (570) 323-7016

      Deer Lake Community CWPP
          o County: Fayette
          o Location: Central
          o Land Area: 862 acres
          o Population: N/A

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                               Page 120
           o   Nearby Communities: Belle Vernon, Connellsville, Dawson, Everson, Fayette City,
               Masontown, Ohiopyle, Point Marion, Smithfield, Uniontown, Vanderbilt
           o   Nearby State or Federal Lands: Fort Necessity National Battlefield
           o   Fire Departments:
                    Dunbar Township Fire Department - 1 Fireman Drive, Dunbar, (724) 277-8783
                    Masontown Fire Department - 221 North Washington Street, Masontown, (724)
                       583-7171
                    New Haven Volunteer Fire Department - 123 South 7th Street, Connellsville,
                       (724) 626-1171
                    North Union Street Fire Department - 51 Main Street, Lemont Furnace, (724)
                       439-3430
                    Uniontown Forest Fire Fighters - 20 North Gallatin Avenue, Uniontown, (724)
                       437-5121

      Emerald Lakes CWPP
          o County: Monroe
          o Location: Eastern
          o Land Area: 2,084 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Delaware Water Gap, East Stroudsburg, Mount Pocono,
              Stroudsburg
          o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area, Middle
              Delaware National Scenic River
          o Fire Departments:
                   Delaware Water Gap Fire Company - Rte 611, (570) 476-0092
                   Pocono Summit Volunteer Fire Company - 200 Winona Road, (570) 839-7241
                   Pocono Township Volunteer Fire Company - 169 Prospect Hills, (570) 629-0930
                   Stroudsburg Borough Fire House - 700 Sarah Street, (570) 421-6960

      Green Forest CWPP
          o County: Potter
          o Location: Central
          o Land Area: 91 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Austin, Coudersport, Galeton, Oswayo, Shinglehouse, Ulysses
          o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Cherry Springs State Park, Denton Hill State Park, Lyman
              Run State Park, Ole Bull State Park, Patterson State Park, Prouty Place state Park,
              Sinnemahoning State Park, Sizerville State Park
          o Fire Departments:
                   Austin Fire Company - 42 Main St, Austin, (814) 647-5594
                   Galeton Fire Department - 18 Constitution Avenue, Galeton, (814) 435-2670
                   Galeton Goodyear Hose Fire Company - 87 Sherman Street, Galeton, (814) 435-
                      2451
                   Kettle Creek Hose Company - 7 Fire House Lane, Cross Fork, (570) 923-2111

      Hemlock Farms CWPP
          o County: Pike
          o Location: Eastern

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                              Page 121
           o   Land Area: 4,924 acres
           o   Population: N/A
           o   Nearby Communities: Blooming Grove Township, Greene Township, Lehman Township,
               Matamoras, Milford
           o   Nearby State or Federal Lands: Delaware State Forest, Delaware Water Gap National
               Recreation Area, Middle Delaware National Scenic River, Upper Delaware Scenic and
               Recreational River
           o   Fire Departments:
                    Dingman Volunteer Fire Department - 680 Log Tavern Road, Milford, (570) 686-
                       3696
                    Greeley Volunteer Fire Department - 245 Pennsylvania 590, Greeley, (570) 685-
                       7537
                    Hawley Fire Department - 10 Columbus Avenue, Hawley, (570) 226-9820
                    Matamoras Fire Department - 506 Avenue Q, Matamoras, (570) 491-4154
                    Sparrowbush Fire Department - 79 Main Street, Sparrow Bush; (845) 856-5047

      Hemlock Springs CWPP
          o County: Columbia
          o Location: Eastern
          o Land Area: 163 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Ashland, Benton, Berwick, Bloomsburg, Briar Creek, Catawissa,
             Centralia, Millville, Orangeville, Stillwater
          o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Ricketts Glen State Park
          o Fire Departments:
                  Beaver Township Fire Company - 102 Mountain Shadow Lane, Bloomsburg -
                     (570) 784-4852
                  East Berwick Hose Company - 701 East 5th Street, (570) 759-3010
                  Bloomsburg Fire Department - 911 Market Street, (570) 784-1951
                  Reliance Fire Company - 501 West 3rd Street, Berwick, (570) 752-5621
                  Shickshinny Fire Company – 36 West Union Street, Shickshinny, PA - (570) 542-
                     5281

      Heritage Hills CWPP
           o County: Perry
           o Location: Central
           o Land Area: 84 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Blain, Bloomfield, Duncannon, Landisburg, Liverpool, Marysville,
              Millerstown, New Buffalo, Newport
           o Fire Department
                    Friendship Fire Company - 177 Spring Road, Carlisle, (717) 243-2124
                    Halifax Fire Company - 22 South River Road, Halifax, (717) 896-9029
                    New Bloomfield Fire Department - 23 West High Street, New Bloomfield, (717)
                       582-2144
                    Shermans Dale Fire Company - 5450 Spring Road, Shermans Dale, (717) 582-
                       2575
                    West Enola Fire Company - 118 Chester Road, Enola, (717) 732-1919

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                             Page 122
      Hickory Run Development CWPP
           o County: Carbon
           o Location: Eastern
           o Land Area: 775 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Beaver Meadows, Bowmanstown, East Side, Jim Thorpe,
               Lansford, Lehighton, Nesquehoning, Palmerton, Summit Hill, Weatherly, Weissport
           o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Beltzville State Park, Hickory Run State Park, Lehigh
               Gorge State Park
           o Fire Departments:
                    Franklin Township Volunteer Fire Company - 2440 Fairyland Road, (610) 377-
                       2144
                    Lower Towamensing Fire Department - 270 Little Gap Road, (610) 826-2066
                    Nesquehoning Fire Company - 953 East Catawissa Street, (570) 669-6684
                    Palmerton Fire Company - 855 Princeton Avenue, (610) 826-2244
                    Parryville Fire Department - 359 Main Street, (610) 852-2350

      Indian Mountain Lakes CWPP
           o County: Carbon and Monroe
           o Location: Eastern
           o Land Area: 3,147 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Beaver Meadows, Bowmanstown, East Side, Jim Thorpe,
              Lansford, Lehighton, Nesquehoning, Palmerton, Summit Hill, Weatherly, Weissport
           o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Beltzville State Park, Hickory Run State Park, Lehigh
              Gorge State Park
           o Fire Departments:
                   Franklin Township Volunteer Fire Company - 2440 Fairyland Road, (610) 377-
                      2144
                   Lower Towamensing Fire Department - 270 Little Gap Road, (610) 826-2066
                   Nesquehoning Fire Company - 953 East Catawissa Street, (570) 669-6684
                   Palmerton Fire Company - 855 Princeton Avenue, (610) 826-2244
                   Parryville Fire Department - 359 Main Street, (610) 852-2350

      Julian Woods CWPP
            o County: Centre
            o Location: Central
            o Land Area: 249 acres
            o Population: N/A
            o Nearby Communities: Bellefonte, Centre Hall, Howard, Milesburg, Milheim, Philipsburg,
               Port Matilda, Snow Shoe, South Philipsburg, State College, Unionville
            o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Bald Eagle State Park, Black Moshannon State Park,
               McCalls Dam State Park, Penn-Roosevelt State Park, Poe Paddy State Park, Poe Valley
               State Park
            o Fire Departments:
                    Alpha Fire Company - 400 West Beaver Avenue, (814) 237-4127
                    Centre Hall Fire Company - 207 North Pennsylvania Avenue, (814) 364-1816

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                               Page 123
                     Logan Fire Company - 120 East Howard Street, (814) 355-3100
                     Pleasant Gap Fire Company - 475 Robinson Lane, (814) 359-2102
                     Undine Fire Company - 133 East Bishop Street, (814) 355-2100

      Juniata Forests CWPP
           o County: Juniata
           o Location: Central
           o Land Area: 597 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Mifflin, Mifflintown, Port Royal, Thompsontown
           o Fire Departments:
                    Henderson Fire Company - 26 West 3rd Street, (717) 248-3312
                    Highland Park Fire Hose Company - 425 Highland Avenue, (717) 248-5023
                    Ickesburg Fire Company - 10350 Racoon Valley Road, (717) 438-3113
                    Mifflintown Hose Company - 510 Washington Avenue, (717) 436-6717
                    New Bloomfield Fire Department - 23 West High Street, (717) 582-2144

      Lake Aleeda Property Owners Association CWPP
          o County: Luzerne
          o Location: Eastern
          o Land Area: 648 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Ashley, Bear Creek Village, Courtdale, Dupont, Exeter, Hazelton,
               Hughestown, Laflin, Luzerne, Nanticoke, Penn Lake Park, Pittston, Shickshinny, Wilkes-
               Barre
          o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Frances Slocum State Park, Lehigh Gorge State Park,
               Nescopeck State Park, Ricketts Glen State Park
          o Fire Departments:
                    Kingston Fire Department - 600 Wyoming Avenue, (570) 287-0770
                    Newport Township Fire Department - 1002 Center Street, (570) 735-2000
                    Shickshinny Fire Department - 36 West Union Street, (570) 542-5281
                    Warrior Run Volunteer Fire Department - 316 Academy Street, (570) 824-2588
                    Wilkes-Barre Fire Department - 20 East Ross Street, (570) 208-4261

      Lake Harmony CWPP
          o County: Carbon
          o Location: Eastern
          o Land Area: 1,495 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Beaver Meadows, Bowmanstown, East Side, Jim Thorpe,
              Lansford, Lehighton, Nesquehoning, Palmerton, Summit Hill, Weatherly, Weissport
          o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Beltzville State Park, Hickory Run State Park, Lehigh
              Gorge State Park
          o Fire Departments:
                   Franklin Township Volunteer Fire Company - 2440 Fairyland Road, (610) 377-
                      2144
                   Lower Towamensing Fire Department - 270 Little Gap Road, (610) 826-2066
                   Nesquehoning Fire Company - 953 East Catawissa Street, (570) 669-6684

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                 Page 124
                     Palmerton Fire Company - 855 Princeton Avenue, (610) 826-2244
                     Parryville Fire Department - 359 Main Street, (610) 852-2350

      Laurelbrook Estates CWPP
           o County: Luzerne
           o Location: Eastern
           o Land Area: 564 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Ashley, Bear Creek Village, Courtdale, Dupont, Exeter, Hazelton,
              Hughestown, Laflin, Luzerne, Nanticoke, Penn Lake Park, Pittston, Shickshinny, Wilkes-
              Barre
           o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Frances Slocum State Park, Lehigh Gorge State Park,
              Nescopeck State Park, Ricketts Glen State Park
           o Fire Departments:
                   Kingston Fire Department - 600 Wyoming Avenue, (570) 287-0770
                   Newport Township Fire Department - 1002 Center Street, (570) 735-2000
                   Shickshinny Fire Department - 36 West Union Street, (570) 542-5281
                   Warrior Run Volunteer Fire Department - 316 Academy Street, (570) 824-2588
                   Wilkes-Barre Fire Department - 20 East Ross Street, (570) 208-4261

      Meadow Run Mountain Lake CWPP
          o County: Luzerne
          o Location: Eastern
          o Land Area: 342 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Ashley, Bear Creek Village, Courtdale, Dupont, Exeter, Hazelton,
            Hughestown, Laflin, Luzerne, Nanticoke, Penn Lake Park, Pittston, Shickshinny, Wilkes-
            Barre
          o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Frances Slocum State Park, Lehigh Gorge State Park,
            Nescopeck State Park, Ricketts Glen State Park
          o Fire Departments:
                 Kingston Fire Department - 600 Wyoming Avenue, (570) 287-0770
                 Newport Township Fire Department - 1002 Center Street, (570) 735-2000
                 Shickshinny Fire Department - 36 West Union Street, (570) 542-5281
                 Warrior Run Volunteer Fire Department - 316 Academy Street, (570) 824-2588
                 Wilkes-Barre Fire Department - 20 East Ross Street, (570) 208-4261

      Mt. Pocahontas CWPP
           o County: Carbon
           o Location: Eastern
           o Land Area: 916 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Beaver Meadows, Bowmanstown, East Side, Jim Thorpe,
              Lansford, Lehighton, Nesquehoning, Palmerton, Summit Hill, Weatherly, Weissport
           o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Beltzville State Park, Hickory Run State Park, Lehigh
              Gorge State Park
           o Fire Departments:


Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                Page 125
                     Franklin Township Volunteer Fire Company - 2440 Fairyland Road, (610) 377-
                      2144
                     Lower Towamensing Fire Department - 270 Little Gap Road, (610) 826-2066
                     Nesquehoning Fire Company - 953 East Catawissa Street, (570) 669-6684
                     Palmerton Fire Company - 855 Princeton Avenue, (610) 826-2244
                     Parryville Fire Department - 359 Main Street, (610) 852-2350

      Penn Forest Estate CWPP
          o County: Carbon
          o Location: Eastern
          o Land Area: 794 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Beaver Meadows, Bowmanstown, East Side, Jim Thorpe,
              Lansford, Lehighton, Nesquehoning, Palmerton, Summit Hill, Weatherly, Weissport
          o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Beltzville State Park, Hickory Run State Park, Lehigh
              Gorge State Park
          o Fire Departments:
                   Franklin Township Volunteer Fire Company - 2440 Fairyland Road, (610) 377-
                      2144
                   Lower Towamensing Fire Department - 270 Little Gap Road, (610) 826-2066
                   Nesquehoning Fire Company - 953 East Catawissa Street, (570) 669-6684
                   Palmerton Fire Company - 855 Princeton Avenue, (610) 826-2244
                   Parryville Fire Department - 359 Main Street, (610) 852-2350

      Penn Forest Streams CWPP
          o County: Carbon
          o Location: Eastern
          o Land Area: 1,248 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Beaver Meadows, Bowmanstown, East Side, Jim Thorpe,
              Lansford, Lehighton, Nesquehoning, Palmerton, Summit Hill, Weatherly, Weissport
          o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Beltzville State Park, Hickory Run State Park, Lehigh
              Gorge State Park
          o Fire Departments:
                   Franklin Township Volunteer Fire Company - 2440 Fairyland Road, (610) 377-
                      2144
                   Lower Towamensing Fire Department - 270 Little Gap Road, (610) 826-2066
                   Nesquehoning Fire Company - 953 East Catawissa Street, (570) 669-6684
                   Palmerton Fire Company - 855 Princeton Avenue, (610) 826-2244
                   Parryville Fire Department - 359 Main Street, (610) 852-2350

      Pine Township CWPP
           o County: Armstrong
           o Location: Western
           o Land Area: 3,375 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Apollo, Atwood, Elderton, Ford Cliff, Kittanning, Manorville,
              Parker, South Bethlehem, Worthington

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                              Page 126
           o   Fire Departments:
                    Chicora Independent Hose Company - 202 West Slippery Rock Street, Chicora,
                       (724) 445-2220
                    Ford City Fire Department - 1000 4th Avenue, Ford City, (724) 763-3041
                    New Bethlehem Fire Department - 425 Arch Street, New Bethlehem, (814) 275-
                       3000
                    Sugarcreek Township Fire Department - 110 Rodgers Road, East Brady, (724)
                       526-5433
                    West Kittanning Fire Department - 401 Arthur Street, Kittanning, (724) 543-1313

      Pleasant Valley West CWPP
           o County: Carbon
           o Location: Eastern
           o Land Area: 928 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Beaver Meadows, Bowmanstown, East Side, Jim Thorpe,
              Lansford, Lehighton, Nesquehoning, Palmerton, Summit Hill, Weatherly, Weissport
           o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Beltzville State Park, Hickory Run State Park, Lehigh
              Gorge State Park
           o Fire Departments:
                   Franklin Township Volunteer Fire Company - 2440 Fairyland Road, (610) 377-
                       2144
                   Lower Towamensing Fire Department - 270 Little Gap Road, (610) 826-2066
                   Nesquehoning Fire Company - 953 East Catawissa Street, (570) 669-6684
                   Palmerton Fire Company - 855 Princeton Avenue, (610) 826-2244
                   Parryville Fire Department - 359 Main Street, (610) 852-2350

      Roamingwood Lake CWPP
          o County: Wayne
          o Location: Eastern
          o Land Area: 1,883 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Bethany, Hawley, Honesdale, Prompton, Starrucca, Waymart
          o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River
          o Fire Departments:
                 Browndale Fire Department - 520 Marion Street, Browndale, (570) 785-5300
                 Carbondale Fire Bureau - 8 6th Avenue, Carbondale,New (570) 282-2410
                 Forest City Fire Department - 340 Main St, Forest City, (570) 785-3226
                 Honesdale Fire Department - 500 Grove Street, Honesdale, (570) 253-6389

      Roaring Creek Forest Reserve CWPP
          o County: Columbia
          o Location: Eastern
          o Land Area: 980 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Ashland, Benton, Berwick, Bloomsburg, Briar Creek, Catawissa,
              Centralia, Millville, Orangeville, Stillwater
          o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Various State Game Lands

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                               Page 127
           o   Fire Departments:
                    Beaver Township Fire Company - 102 Mountain Shadow Lane, Bloomsburg -
                       (570) 784-4852
                    East Berwick Hose Company - 701 East 5th Street, (570) 759-3010
                    Bloomsburg Fire Department - 911 Market Street, (570) 784-1951
                    Reliance Fire Company - 501 West 3rd Street, Berwick, (570) 752-5621
                    Shickshinny Fire Company – 36 West Union Street, Shickshinny, PA - (570) 542-
                       5281

      Sierra View Development CWPP
           o County: Monroe
           o Location: Eastern
           o Land Area: 1,842 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Delaware Water Gap, East Stroudsburg, Mount Pocono,
               Stroudsburg
           o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area, Middle
               Delaware National Scenic River
           o Fire Departments:
                    Delaware Water Gap Fire Company - Rte 611, (570) 476-0092
                    Pocono Summit Volunteer Fire Company - 200 Winona Road, (570) 839-7241
                    Pocono Township Volunteer Fire Company - 169 Prospect Hills, (570) 629-0930
                    Stroudsburg Borough Fire House - 700 Sarah Street, (570) 421-6960

      Thornhurst CWPP
          o County: Lackawanna
          o Location: Eastern
          o Land Area: 384 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Archbald, Blakely, Carbondale, Clarks Green, Clarks Summit,
              Dalton, Dickson City, Dunmore, Jermyn, Jessup, Mayfield, Moosic, Moscow, Old Forge,
              Olyphant, Taylor, Throop, Vandling
          o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Various state game lands
          o Fire Departments:
                   Clarks Summit Fire Company - 321 Bedford Street, (570) 586-9656
                   Covington Fire Company - 117 North Main Street, (570) 842-9458
                   Dunmore Fire Department - 400 South Blakely Street, (570) 347-2592
                   Scranton Fire Chief - 340 North Washington Avenue, (570) 348-4132
                   Wilson Fire Company - 700 Erie Street, (570) 383-2286

      Towamensins Trail CWPP
          o County: Carbon
          o Location: Eastern
          o Land Area: 3,879 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Beaver Meadows, Bowmanstown, East Side, Jim Thorpe,
            Lansford, Lehighton, Nesquehoning, Palmerton, Summit Hill, Weatherly, Weissport


Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                              Page 128
           o   Nearby State or Federal Lands: Beltzville State Park, Hickory Run State Park, Lehigh
               Gorge State Park
           o   Fire Departments:
                    Franklin Township Volunteer Fire Company - 2440 Fairyland Road, (610) 377-
                       2144
                    Lower Towamensing Fire Department - 270 Little Gap Road, (610) 826-2066
                    Nesquehoning Fire Company - 953 East Catawissa Street, (570) 669-6684
                    Palmerton Fire Company - 855 Princeton Avenue, (610) 826-2244
                    Parryville Fire Department - 359 Main Street, (610) 852-2350

      Valley View Estates CWPP
           o County: Carbon
           o Location: Eastern
           o Land Area: 828 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Beaver Meadows, Bowmanstown, East Side, Jim Thorpe,
               Lansford, Lehighton, Nesquehoning, Palmerton, Summit Hill, Weatherly, Weissport
           o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Beltzville State Park, Hickory Run State Park, Lehigh
               Gorge State Park
           o Fire Departments:
                    Franklin Township Volunteer Fire Company - 2440 Fairyland Road, (610) 377-
                       2144
                    Lower Towamensing Fire Department - 270 Little Gap Road, (610) 826-2066
                    Nesquehoning Fire Company - 953 East Catawissa Street, (570) 669-6684
                    Palmerton Fire Company - 855 Princeton Avenue, (610) 826-2244
                    Parryville Fire Department - 359 Main Street, (610) 852-2350

      White Rock Acres CWPP
          o County: Cumberland
          o Location: Central
          o Land Area: 718 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Camp Hill, Carlisle, Lemoyne, Mechanicsburg, Mount Holly
              Springs, New Cumberland, Newburg, Newville, Shippensburg, Shiresmanstown,
              Wormleysburg
          o Nearby State or Federal Lands: Colonel Dennings State Park, Kings Gap Environmental
              Education and Training Center, Pine Grove Furnace State Park
          o Fire Departments:
                   Citizens Fire Station 1 - 100 Chestnut Street, Mt Holly Springs, (717) 486-5151
                   Citizens Fire Station 2 - 405 Forge Road, Boiling Springs, (717) 258-6440
                   Friendship Fire Company - 177 Spring Rd, Carlisle, (717) 243-2124
                   Union Fire Company Number 1 - 35 West Louther Street, Carlisle,              -


      Windsor Hill Estates CWPP
          o County: Lackawanna
          o Location: Eastern
          o Land Area: 250 acres

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                 Page 129
           o   Population: N/A
           o   Nearby Communities: Archbald, Blakely, Carbondale, Clarks Green, Clarks Summit,
               Dalton, Dickson City, Dunmore, Jermyn, Jessup, Mayfield, Moosic, Moscow, Old Forge,
               Olyphant, Taylor, Throop, Vandling
           o   Nearby State or Federal Lands: Various state game lands
           o   Fire Departments:
                    Clarks Summit Fire Company - 321 Bedford Street, (570) 586-9656
                    Covington Fire Company - 117 North Main Street, (570) 842-9458
                    Dunmore Fire Department - 400 South Blakely Street, (570) 347-2592
                    Scranton Fire Chief - 340 North Washington Avenue, (570) 348-4132
                    Wilson Fire Company - 700 Erie Street, (570) 383-2286




                          Map 2. CWPP locations in Eastern Pennsylvania




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                              Page 130
                         Map 3. CWPP Locations in Western Pennsylvania




                           Map 4. Pennsylvania statewide fire risk map

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                             Page 131
                     Map 5. Eastern CWPP locations shown with fire risk data




                     Map 6. Western CWPP locations shown with fire risk data

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                   Page 132
General CWPP Assessment: As should be evident, the majority of CWPPs in Pennsylvania are located in
the Eastern part of the state. More specifically, they are found in the Poconos region. The majority are
located in an “arc” of sorts in Carbon County. This cluster of CWPPs represents possibly the most
uniform, cohesive collection of protection plans within the NA. Considering that each of these plans are
situated on privately held property rather than on a municipality boundaries (see Minnesota and Ohio
for examples of protection-plan clusters based on county boundaries) it is all the more remarkable.

Outside of the Poconos, most of Pennsylvania’s protection plans are generally solitary. This is typical of
most states, but more cohesive coverage in other regions of the state would be advised, considering
that the state has a generally uniform level of fire risk. Most of the state ranges from No Risk to
Moderate. However, there are regions of elevated concern, such as in the Delaware Water Gap area and
the aforementioned Poconos. This makes the CWPPs in the region extremely well located and useful. In
fact, it could be recommended that the “Pocono Arc” serve as a template for future CWPP locations,
with the main criteria for selection being:

        1.) Is there a CWPP adjacent to the planned site?
        2.) Is the planned site located on or near an area of fire risk rated above Moderate?

These rules could prove to be especially important for states that base CWPP areas on private property,
rather than municipal boundaries.

Population Risk Assessment: The most dense population areas in Pennsylvania are located around
Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. As with most urban areas, the fire risk in these regions tends to be lower
than in areas with more forest cover. However, there are smaller regions of high density that are more
remote and surrounded by rural and forested areas. One of these areas conforms with the Scranton-
Wilkes-Barre metropolitan area, which is located in the same area as the Pocono CWPP cluster. Once
again, this shows that this area of CWPPs is particularly useful as it protects a densely populated area of
the state.




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                      Page 133
                           Map 7. Pennsylvania population density map




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                            Page 134
Vermont




                                 Map 1. Vermont CWPP locations
       Number of CWPP Locations: 2
       Estimated Population Protected by CWPP Areas: 3,126
       Estimated Land Area Protected by CWPP Areas: 77,056 acres

Vermont’s CWPP areas conform to existing town boundaries.

       Newbury CWPP
           o County: Orange
           o Location: Central eastern
           o Land Area: 41,088 acres
           o Population: 1,955
           o Nearby Communities: Bradford, Wells River, West Newbury
           o Nearby Federal and State Lands: Groton State Forest, White Mountain National Forest
           o Fire Departments:
                  Bradford Engine House - 135 Carson Lane, Bradford; (802) 222-5224
                  Newbury Fire Department - PO Box 236, Newbury, VT



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                            Page 135
                      Vershire Volunteer Fire Department - 9111 Vt Route 113, Vershire; (802) 685-
                       3013

       Rochester CWPP
           o County: Windsor
           o Location: Central
           o Land Area: 35,968 acres
           o Population: 1,171
           o Nearby Communities: Bethel, Brandon, Chittenden, Gaysville, Hancock, Randolph
           o Nearby Federal and State Lands: Branbury State Park, Green Mountain National Forest,
               Mt. Cushman State Park
           o Fire Departments:
                    Granville Volunteer Fire Department - 5051 Vermont 100, Granville; (802) 767-
                      3033
                    Pittsfield Volunteer Fire Department - 2918 Route 100, Pittsfield; (802) 746-
                      8393
                    Rochester Town Fire House - Rochester; (802) 767-1136




                              Map 2. Vermont statewide fire risk map



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                Page 136
General CWPP Assessment: For such a heavily forested state, Vermont’s fire risk is comparatively small
compared to areas found within New Hampshire and New York. The areas of greatest risk are located at
the border of New Hampshire and New York.

Future CWPP sites should be located in these areas of higher risk, or near any of Vermonts’ few
urbanized areas. Overall risk for the state is likely low due to the lack of WUI areas. However, those
areas that do exist, as determined by the Vermont Department of Forests, Parks, and Recreation.

Population Risk Assessment: Vermont has a small population, approximately one-third of which live in
the Burlington metropolitan area. This general low density likely contributes to the state’s low fire risk,
as there are only a few areas in the state where wildland fires would act as a large-scale threat to
property and people.




                        Map 3. Vermont CWPP locations with relation to fire risk




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                      Page 137
                             Map 4. Vermont population-density map




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                         Page 138
West Virginia




                                Map 1. West Virginia CWPP locations
              Number of CWPP Locations: 8
              Estimated Population Protected by CWPP Areas:
              Estimated Land Area Protected by CWPP Areas: 4,502 acres

All of West Virginia’s CWPPs are based upon existing private-property boundaries.

      Applefields of Heaven CWPP
          o County: Hampshire
          o Location: Northeastern
          o Land Area: 792 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Romney, Shanks, Vanderlip, Wappocomo
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Fort Mill Ridge Wildlife Management Area, Nathaniel
               Mountain Wildlife Management Area, Short Mountain Wildlife Management Area
          o Fire Departments:
                    Augusta Fire Department - County Route 50/25, Augusta; (304) 496-7971
                    Burlington Volunteer Fire Company - Rte 50, Burlington; (304) 289-3032

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                            Page 139
                     Capon Valley Fire Company - 190 E Main St, Romney; (304) 874-3222
                     North River Fire Company - Highway 29, Augusta; (304) 496-8421
                     Romney Volunteer Fire Department - PO Box 970, Romney; (304) 822-5141

      Crystal Valley Estates/Weathering Heights CWPP
           o County: Hampshire
           o Location: Northeastern
           o Land Area: 519 acres
           o Population: N/A
           o Nearby Communities: Fort Ashby, Levels, Points, Wappocomo
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Springfield Wildlife Management Area
           o Fire Departments:
                     Fort Ashby Fire Department - West Virginia 28 & Dans Run Rd, Fort Ashby; (304)
                        298-3615
                     Fountain Fire Department - County Route 46/4, Keyser; (304) 788-4071
                     Levels Fire Department - Jersey Mt Rd & French Station, Levels; (304) 492-5331
                     Oldtown Fire Company - 18712 Maryland 51, Oldtown; (301) 478-5151
                     Rawlings Fire Company - 18900 Volunteer Drive, Rawlings; (301) 729-8229

      Lowe Lodge Estates CWPP
          o County: Jefferson
          o Location: Northeastern
          o Land Area: 133 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Kearneysville, Martinsburg, Shepardstown
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Antietam National Battlefield, Chesapeake and Ohio
              Canal National Historic Park, Harpers Ferry National Historic Park
          o Fire Departments:
                  Bakerton Fire Department - 891 Carter Avenue, Harpers Ferry; (304) 876-0007
                  Bedington Volunteer Fire Department - 1036 Mid Atlantic Parkway,
                     Martinsburg; (304) 263-0243
                  Martinsburg Fire Department - 200 North Raleigh Street, Martinsburg; (304)
                     264-2111
                  Shepherdstown Fire Department - 8052 Martinsburg Pike, Shepherdstown;
                     (304) 876-2311

      Oak Flat Estates CWPP
          o County: Pendleton
          o Location: Eastern
          o Land Area: 55 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Brandywine, Franklin, Miles, Sugar Grove
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: George Washington National Forest, Monongahela
               National Forest, Shenandoah National Park
          o Fire Departments:
                    Brandywine Fire Department - Brandywine, WV
                    Franklin Volunteer Fire Deparment - 270 Mill Road, Franklin; (304) 358-7994
                    Upper Tract Fire Department - Upper Tract; (304) 358-2939

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                               Page 140
      Sunset Mountain Village CWPP
          o County: Pocahontas
          o Location: Eastern
          o Land Area: 291 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Cass, Mace, Slaty Fork, Snowshoe, Valley Head
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Monongahela National Forest
          o Fire Department:
                  Cass Volunteer Fire and Rescue - PO Box 62, Cass; (304) 456-4118
                  Marlinton Fire Department - 709 2nd Avenue, Marlinton; (304) 799-4211
                  Shavers Fork Fire and Rescue - 1 Blackrun Rd, Snowshoe; (304) 572-0555
                  Valley Head Fire Department - PO Box 36, Valley Head; (304) 339-4343

      The Crossings at the Great Cacapon CWPP
          o County: Hampshire
          o Location: Northeastern
          o Land Area: 1145 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Paw Paw, Unger
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Cacapon State Park, Green Ridge State Forest
          o Fire Departments:
                   Berkeley Springs Volunteer Fire - 16 North Mercer Street, Berkeley Springs;
                       (304) 258-3191
                   Levels Fire Department - Jersey Mt Rd & French Station, Levels; (304) 492-5331
                   PawPaw Fire Department - Moser Avenue, Paw Paw; (304) 947-7644
                   Reynolds Store Volunteer Fire Department - 9381 North Frederick Pike, Cross
                       Junction, VA - (540) 888-3000

      The Preserve at New Creek Lake CWPP
          o County: Grant
          o Location: Northeastern
          o Land Area: 920 acres
          o Population: N/A
          o Nearby Communities: Elk Garden, Sulphur City, Mt. Storm, New Creek
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Monongahela National Forest, Potomac State Forest
          o Fire Departments:
                   Elk Garden Volunteer Fire Department - 33 Maple Street, Elk Garden; (304) 446-
                      5447
                   Kitzmiller Volunteer Fire Department - 249 East Main Street, Kitzmiller; (301)
                      453-3323
                   Maysville Volunteer Fire Department - 5 Highland Avenue, Petersburg; (304)
                      749-7731
                   Mt. Storm Volunteer Fire Department - Mt Storm; (304) 693-7157

      The Woods of Taylor Lake CWPP
          o County: Mineral
          o Location: Northeastern

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                              Page 141
            o    Land Area: 647 acres
            o    Population: N/A
            o    Nearby Communities: Burlington, Cross, Keyser, New Creek
            o    Nearby Federal or State Lands: Big Run State Park, Dans Mountain Wildlife
                 Management Area, Savage River State Forest
            o    Fire Departments:
                      Burlington Volunteer Fire Company - Rte 50, Burlington; (304) 289-3032
                      Fountain Fire Department - County Route 46/4, Keyser; (304) 788-4071
                      Keyser Fire Department - North Mineral Street & Center, Keyser; (304) 788-1371
                      Short Gap Volunteer Fire Department - RR 2 Box 146C, Keyser; (304) 726-4388




                                  Map 2. West Virginia statewide fire risk
General CWPP Assessment: Most of West Virginia displays a degree of fire risk, ranging primarily from
Low to Moderate levels with certain areas ranging into High status. As such, all of the CWPP locations
are located in areas of necessity. The eastern panhandle of the state in particular has large bands of High
risk that pass through national forests and near popular mountain resort communities. More plans are
needed in such a heavily forested state, but the CWPPs that exist are serving communities at risk.

Population Risk Assessment: West Virginia is mostly sparsely populated, but it does exhibit some
gradation in density levels across this state. This contrasts with the fire risk levels, which are mostly

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                        Page 142
uniformly moderate to high. This suggests that terrain and fuel-load are the most important indicators
for fire risk in West Virginia.




                          Map 3. West Virginia CWPPs in relation to fire risk




                             Map 4. West Virginia population-density map

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                  Page 143
Wisconsin




                                 Map 1. Wisconsin CWPP locations
      Number of CWPP Areas: 9

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                       Page 144
      Estimated Population Protected by CWPP Areas: 11,583
      Estimated Land Area Protected by CWPP Areas: 538,560 acres

All Wisconsin CWPP areas conform to existing town boundaries.

      Barnes CWPP
          o County: Bayfield
          o Location: Northwest
          o Land Area: 75,200 acres
          o Population: 610
          o Nearby Communities: Grand View, Highland, Solon Springs
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Chequamegnon National Forest, Douglas County State
              Wildlife Area, Totagatic Lake State Wildlife Management Area
          o Fire Departments:
                   Barnes Fire Department - County Highway North, Barnes; (715) 795-2424
                   Cable Fire Department - 43395 Randysek Road, Cable; (715) 798-3141
                   Drummond Fire Department - 52560 Front Avenue, Drummond; (715) 739-6660
                   Grand View Fire Department - Grand View; (715) 763-3311
                   Solon Springs Fire Department - Solon Springs; (715) 378-4111

      Conover CWPP
          o County: Vilas
          o Location: North central
          o Land Area: 51,200 acres
          o Population: 1,137
          o Nearby Communities: Cloverland, Land O’ Lakes
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: American Legion State Forest, Nicolet National Forest,
             Northern Highland State Forest
          o Fire Departments:
                  Conover Fire Department - 4661 East County Road K, Conover; (715) 477-2036
                  Eagle River Fire Department - 820 East Pine Street, Eagle River; (715) 479-8835
                  Phelps Fire Department - 4499 Town Hall Road, Phelps; (715) 545-2972

      Crystal Lake CWPP
           o County: Marquette
           o Location: Central
           o Land Area: 22,592 acres
           o Population: 513
           o Nearby Communities: Cumberland, Turtle Lake
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Loon Lake Woods State Natural Area
           o Fire Departments:
                    Clayton Fire Department - 133 East Clayton Avenue, Clayton; (715) 948-4155
                    Cumberland Rural Fire Department - 1060 Water Street, Cumberland; (715) 822-
                      8107
                    Turtle Lake Fire Department - 340 Industrial Avenue, Turtle Lake; (715) 986-
                      2510



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                              Page 145
      Drummond CWPP
          o County: Bayfield
          o Location: Northwest
          o Land Area: 87,808 acres
          o Population: 541
          o Nearby Communities: Grand View, Highland, Kelly, Mason
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Brule River State Forest, Chequamegnon National
            Forest, Totagatic Lake State Wildlife Management Area
          o Fire Departments:
                 Cable Fire Department - 43395 Randysek Road, Cable; (715) 798-3141
                 Drummond Fire Department - 52560 Front Avenue, Drummond; (715) 739-6660
                 Grand View Fire Department - Grand View; (715) 763-3311

      Land O’ Lakes CWPP
          o County: Vilas
          o Location: North Central
          o Land Area: 53,184 acres
          o Population: 882
          o Nearby Communities: Cloverland, Eagle River, Phelps, Star Lake
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Northern Highland State Forest, Ottawa National Forest
          o Fire Departments:
                   Conover Fire Department - 4661 East County Road K, Conover; (715) 477-2036
                   Land O Lakes Fire Department - 4337 County Road B, Land O Lakes; (715) 547-
                      6170
                   Plum Lake Fire Department - 217 Froelich Drive, Sayner; (715) 542-3395

      Phelps CWPP
          o County: Vilas
          o Location: North central
          o Land Area: 60,736 acres
          o Population: 1,350
          o Nearby Communities: Cloverland, Eagle River, Land O’ Lakes, Star Lake
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Nicolet National Forest, Ottawa National Forest
          o Fire Departments:
                  Conover Fire Department - 4661 East County Road K, Conover; (715) 477-2036
                  Eagle River Fire Department - 820 East Pine Street, Eagle River; (715) 479-8835
                  Phelps Fire Department - 4499 Town Hall Road, Phelps; (715) 545-2972

      Riverview CWPP
           o County: Oconto
           o Location: Northeast
           o Land Area: 44,608 acres
           o Population: 829
           o Nearby Communities: Doty, Stephenson, Wolf River
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Governor Thompson State Forest, Nicolet National
               Forest, Peshtigo River State Forest
           o Fire Departments:
                    Duluth Fire Department - 1106 Commonwealth Avenue, Duluth; (218) 723-3210

Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                              Page 146
                     Superior Fire Department - 3326 Tower Avenue, Superior; (715) 394-0227

      Rome CWPP
          o County: Adams
          o Location: Central
          o Land Area: 34,688 acres
          o Population: 2,656
          o Nearby Communities: Hebron, Helenville, Sullivan
          o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Kettle Morain State Forest
          o Fire Departments:
                 Rome Fire Department - 1156 Alpine Drive, Nekoosa; (715) 325-8013

      Stephenson CWPP
           o County: Marinette
           o Location: Northeast
           o Land Area: 108,544 acres
           o Population: 3,065
           o Nearby Communities: Crivitz, Wausaukee
           o Nearby Federal or State Lands: Beaver Creek State Public Hunting Grounds, Nicolet
              National Forest, Peshtigo River State Forest
           o Fire Departments:
                   Crivitz Rescue Squad - 1020 Henriette Avenue, Crivitz; (715) 854-7666
                   Middle Inlet Fire Department - N9299 US Highway 141, Crivitz; (715) 854-3559
                   Wausaukee Fire Department - 428 Harrison Avenue, Wausaukee; (715) 856-
                     5442




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                             Page 147
                               Map 2. Wisconsin statewide fire risk



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                          Page 148
              Map 3. Wisconsin northwestern CWPP locations with relation to fire risk



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                            Page 149
              Map 4. Wisconsin north central CWPP locations with relation to fire risk



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                             Page 150
              Map 5. Wisconsin northeastern CWPP locations with relation to fire risk



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                            Page 151
                 Map 6. Wisconsin central CWPP locations with relation to fire risk



Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                          Page 152
General CWPP Assessment: Wisconsin has four large swaths of elevated fire risk. One is located near
the center of the state, while the other three are located far north, near the borders of Michigan and
Minnesota. All of the state’s CWPPs are located in or near these areas of greatest concern.

Future protection plans should be added to these zones of elevated risk so that a contiguous area of
CWPPs can be created to help strengthen each other and protect as many residents as possible.

Population Risk Assessment: The areas of greatest fire risk in Wisconsin correlate to some of the areas
in the state with the lowest population density. This suggests that the primary drivers of fire risk in
Wisconsin are fuel loads and forest cover rather that WUI or proximity of natural areas to urban areas.




                               Map 7. Wisconsin population-density map




Northeastern Area State and Private Forestry                                                    Page 153

				
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