Contact: William A. Capouillez, Bureau Director, Pennsylvania Game Commission, (717) 787-
6818, firstname.lastname@example.org, 2001 Elmerton Ave., Harrisburg PA 17110
Installed Utility Scale Wind Power: 179 MW
INCENTIVES FOR WIND DEVELOPMENT
Renewable Portfolio Standard: Yes - 8% Tier I, 10% Tier II by 2020 (wind is Tier I)
Incentives for Industrial or “Big Wind” Production:
FirstEnergy (formerly GPU) established the Metropolitan Edison Company Sustainable Energy
Fund and Penelec Sustainable Energy Fund to provide funding in the form of loans or equity
investments (a limited number of grants may be available) to businesses that advance the fund’s
objectives: the development and use of renewable energy and clean-energy technologies; energy
conservation and efficiency; sustainable-energy businesses; and projects that improve the
environment in the companies' service territories; loans typically do not exceed $500,000 and
grants typically do not exceed $25,000.
The Sustainable Development Fund Grant Program (PECO Territory) provides financial
assistance in the form of grants, commercial loans, subordinated debt, royalty financing, and
equity financing for Sustainable Energy Business Planning Grants, Sustainable Energy
Demonstration Grants, and other grants that follow the SDF’s mission of “promoting renewable
energy, energy conservation and sustainable energy businesses”; grants average approximately
$25,000 and are available for up to 75% of the cost of the work.
The West Penn Power Sustainable Energy Fund (WPPSEF) promotes the use of renewable
energy and clean energy among commercial, industrial, institutional and residential customers,
funding for eligible projects may include grants, commercial loans, equity investment,
subordinated debt and royalty financing; commercial loans are available to manufacturers,
distributors, retailers and service companies involved in renewable and advanced clean energy
technologies, as well as energy efficiency and conservation products and services to end-user
companies and community-based organizations.
The Sustainable Energy Fund of Central Eastern Pennsylvania (SEF) disburses a limited number
of grants and loans to organizations seeking funding for projects consistent with the Fund’s
mission “to promote research and invest in clean and renewable energy technologies, energy
conservation, energy efficiency and sustainable energy enterprises that provide opportunities and
benefits for PP&L ratepayers”; research projects are not eligible for grant financing.
The Pennsylvania Energy Development Authority (PEDA) offers periodic grant and loan funding
to provide support for innovative, advanced energy projects, and for businesses interested in
locating or expanding their alternative-energy manufacturing or production operations in
Pennsylvania; Commercial, Industrial, Nonprofit, Schools, Local Government, Agricultural
sectors are eligible and the maximum individual award is $1 million.
Incentives for Residential and “Small Wind” Production:
Pennsylvania law provides that wind turbines and related equipment (including towers and
foundations) may not be counted by tax assessors when setting property values, instead the
valuation of real property used for the purpose of wind-energy generation is developed by the
county assessor utilizing the income capitalization approach to value (the capitalized value of the
land-lease agreements, supplemented by a sales comparison data approach).
Pennsylvania’s Energy Harvest program provides financing for the implementation of clean and
renewable-energy technologies that have measurable benefits in terms of pollution reduction,
environmental quality and reduced energy use; grants are intended to address the dual concerns of
energy and environmental quality so proposals must simultaneously reduce or supplement the use
of conventional energy sources and lead to improvements in water or air quality.
The Keystone Home Energy Loan Program (HELP) is a low-interest loan program for
homeowners to make their homes more energy efficient or to install wind, solar or geothermal
systems; maximum loan amount is $10,000 with a 10-year repayment term and 8.99% interest
rate, some low-income participants may qualify for a lower 6.99% interest rate.
Interconnection and Net Metering Standards:
Pennsylvania’s interconnection standards include provisions for four levels of interconnection for
generators up to two megawatts (MW) in capacity. The Commonwealth’s investor-owned utilities
must make net metering available to residential customers with systems up to 50 kilowatts (kW) in
capacity; nonresidential customers with systems up to one megawatt (MW) in capacity; and
customers with systems greater than 1 MW but no more than 2 MW who make their systems
available to the grid during emergencies, or where a microgrid is in place in order to maintain
ENERGY SITING PROCESS
Power Siting Authority: Local government has the authority to plan and regulate land use.
Wind Specific Siting Authority? No, however there are state regualtions which entail protection
compliance to certain wildlife resources
Code or Regulations: Land use authority granted to local government in Municipalities Planning
Role of State Fish & Wildlife Agency: Department of Conservation & Natural Resources and
Pennsylvania Game Commission and PA Fish & Boat Commission all have jurisidictional
mandatory oversight on review of proposal; to include, wetlands, streams, Yhreatened or
Endangered Species etc.
How are wildlife laws applied: Mitigation is mandatory when protection and minimizatoin
processes are not enough to significantly reduce any probabale adverse impacts to state agency
juridictional oversight resources, such as stream, wetlands, Threatened or Endangered species, etc.
WILDLIFE GUIDELINES FOR WIND
Wildlife Guidelines for Wind Power Siting: Wind Energy Voluntary Cooperative Agreement
Lead Agency on Guidelines: Pennsylvania Game Commission
Status of Wildlife Guidelines: Final – February 2007
Summary of Guidelines: The Pennsylvania Game Commission developed a voluntary cooperative
agreement to help avoid, minimize and potentially mitigate any adverse impacts the development of
wind energy may have on the state’s wildlife resources; the agreement has been signed by 28 wind
power companies (“Cooperator”). Included with the agreement are site and project risk assessments
and survey processes, defiend efforts for protection and minimization of known resources, and
planned efforts to reduce potential adverse impacts to wildlfie resources, as well as standardized
protocols for wildlife monitoring and impact review procedures primarily for migrating raptors -
particularly eagles - and bats. In return, Coopertors reap the benfit of reduced liabailty for potetnail
unauthroized takes, increased planning effieincy, reduced overhead costs for permitting and
regaultory complinace, and overall improved public relations. The Game Commission has also
outlined steps for appropriate post-construction mortality studies and in 2005 finalized guidelines
for development of wind facilities on Game Lands.
Web site for Guidelines:
Detailed Summary of Pennsylvania’s Voluntary Guidelines
Pre-construction surveys are required as part of the Cooperative Agreement
for both birds and bats. Migrating raptor studies are required in both spring
and fall and if the area is a known eagle migratory route than an additional
spring eagle survey would be required. If the project area is within an
Important Bird Area (IBA) as previously designated by the Audubon
process, or within an area supporting birds identified as those priority
species of “greatest conservation concern” within the Pennsylvania
Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy, a survey (consisting of
three days of effort one day in May, two in June, separated by at least one
week) to confirm or deny the presence of the species will be required. The
cooperator is responsible for surveying the project area for any caves,
abandoned mine portals, or other openings that may harbor bats to be
surveyed by a qualified bat biologist in order to determine those bat
hibernacula existing within 5 miles of the project area that may induce
additional avoidance and minimization measures due to anticipated adverse
bat impacts from project operations. The cooperator will conduct pre- and
post-construction acoustic surveys based on priority level to assess the level
of bat activity for both hibernating and tree bats. Specific pre-construction
monitoring protocols for both birds and bats that describe habitat priority
levels as well as duration and extent of surveys are outlined in addendums
to the cooperative agreement.
The Cooperator agrees to utilize to the greatest extent possible, all
Design/Operation reasonable and feasible generally accepted wind industry and Commission
Recommendations best management practices relevant to the conservation of wildlife resources
during construction and subsequent operation of the wind-energy facility.
None are given initially, however as part of the agreement, Cooperator’s
meet with the PA Game Commission after initial project review in order to
jointly assess risk of site development and project placement based on
vegetative cover types, field verified local wildlife resources and survey
Site Development results, known migration rates, proximity to hibernacula’s and species
Recommendations populations, and overall forest fragmentation, slope, wind speeds,
infrastructure build-out plans, etc. Site development recommendations and
adherence to them are than made part of the overall Cooperator’s
obligations in order for the Cooperator to remain in good standing with
compliance of the Cooperative Agreement.
The agreement with the Game Commission provides that the Commission
will be notified of a pending development at least 14 months prior to
construction. The Commission in consultation with the Cooperator will
determine the risk level for monitoring and survey efforts. The Commission
and Cooperator agree to share relevant information concerning wildlife
resources under the jurisdiction of the Commission in and around the
project area and the potential adverse impact to those resources. The
Commission will to the extent feasible, be made available to provide
consistency and oversight management for all conducted surveys.
Commission recommendations or decisions under the Cooperative
Agreement do not supersede any comments, decisions, or recommendations
of the United States Fish & Wildlife Service.
In the event that an incidental take occurs upon a Pennsylvania listed
threatened or endangered species of bird or mammal during the operation of
any of the Cooperator’s wind-energy facilities, the Cooperator liability is
less due to having adhered to the protect, minimize process and is
subsequently directed to take all reasonable measures as deemed
appropriate by the Commission and the Cooperator to further avoid,
minimize and/or mitigate such wildlife losses in the future. Failure on the
Cooperator’s part to do so, causes a breach in the Agreement and the
Cooperator liability and risk is immediately increased.
The Cooperator is required to perform bird and bat mortality monitoring for
a minimum of two years post-construction. Mortality studies shall be
Post-Construction/ conducted from April 1 through November 15 by a qualified biologist(s)
Operational Surveys having expertise in the identification of bats and/or birds. Detailed
overviews of mortality studies are included as addendums to the