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6.3102 Gang Prevention_ Intervention_ and Enforcement

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					6.3102 Gang Prevention,
Intervention, and Enforcement                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Policy
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



Original Adoption: 06/25/07                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Effective Date: 06/25/07
Revision Dates:
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________




I. PURPOSE

To prohibit the activities of gangs and other organizations that engage in unlawful or delinquent behavior in
the Memphis City Schools.

II. SCOPE

This policy applies to all students in the Memphis City Schools.

III. DEFINITIONS

Gang – A formal or informal ongoing organization, association, or group consisting of three or more
persons that has as one (1) of its activities the commission of criminal or delinquent acts; and has two (2) or
more members who, individually or collectively, engage in or have engaged in a pattern of criminal or
delinquent gang activity.

III. POLICY STATEMENT

Memphis City Schools seeks to maintain an educational environment that is safe and secure and that fosters
an attitude of mutual respect among students. Memphis City Schools believes that gangs and other
organizations that engage in unlawful or delinquent behavior are harmful to students, schools, and the
community. The district recognizes that gang activity that begins in the community often enters into the
school environment and threatens the safety of students and staff. Student participation in such groups is
contrary to the goals, mission, and vision of the district and undermines the educational process by bringing
disruption, disrespect, and disorder into the learning environment. Therefore, all activities related to gangs
and other organizations that engage in unlawful or delinquent behavior are prohibited within the Memphis
City Schools and are subject to disciplinary action.

In addition to enforcing disciplinary consequences for gang activity, Memphis City Schools seeks to
support students, schools, and the community by providing gang prevention and intervention services. The
district shall implement comprehensive district-wide gang prevention and intervention programs to address
the needs of students involved in gangs, students at-risk for gang involvement, and schools and
neighborhoods with high gang activity. To this end, the district shall partner with law enforcement
agencies to continuously monitor school and neighborhood gang activity and provide ongoing prevention,
intervention, and gang awareness training to school staff, parents, and community members. Moreover, the
district shall seek collaborations with community, faith-based, and law enforcement agencies to provide
students with programs on gang awareness, conflict resolution, decision-making, and life skills.




6.3102 Gang Prevention, Intervention, and Enforcement                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1
IV. RESPONSIBILITY

   A. The Chief of Staff, Office Department of School Safety, Security and Emergency Management
      Services is responsible for implementing this policy.

   B. The Chief of Staff, Office Department of School Safety, Security and Emergency Management
      Services is responsible for developing and implementing district-wide gang prevention and
      intervention programs in collaboration with the Chief of Academic Affairs, the Chief of School
      Support Services, and the Executive Director of Exceptional Children and Health Services.

   C. The Chief of Staff, Office Department of School Safety, Security and Emergency Management
      Services is responsible for seeking ongoing collaborations with law enforcement, community, and
      faith-based organizations in order to develop strategies for addressing gang issues in schools.

   D. The Director of Alternative Schools and Programs is responsible for coordinating gang prevention
      counseling services for students who have been disciplined for gang-related activity.

   E. Principals shall ensure that students and their parents are provided with information on the policy on
      Gang Prevention, Intervention, and Enforcement and the policy on Discrimination/Harassment
      Student Harassment, and Bullying/, and Intimidation at the beginning of the school year during
      registration or during a student’s transfer or enrollment into a school.

   F. In addition to the district-wide program, principals are responsible for implementing gang
      prevention and intervention programs at their schools.




______________________________________                     ______________________________________
Legal References:                                          Cross References:
1. TCA 49-6-4215                                           1. 6.310 School Uniforms and Dress Codes
                                                           2. 6.3102 Non-School Sponsored Organizations
                                                           3. 6.3107 Appeals Relating to Student Discipline
                                                           4. 6.304 Student Harassment, Bullying, and
                                                              Intimidation




6.3102 Gang Prevention, Intervention, and Enforcement                                                         2
6.3102 Gang Prevention, Intervention, and Enforcement   3
6.3102 Gang Prevention,
Intervention, and Enforcement                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Administrative Rules and Regulations
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



Original Adoption: 06/25/07                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Effective Date: 06/25/07
Revision Dates:
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________




Enforcement

Gang-related activities are prohibited at schools, school activities, and school sponsored events. Gang-
related activities are activities implying gang affiliation or membership. They include:

Gestures                                                                                                                                       Possessing or distributing gang information
Actions                                                                                                                                        Participating in gang recruitment or solicitation
Signals                                                                                                                                        Participating in gang initiation/hazing activities
Literature                                                                                                                                     Verbal or nonverbal communications
Clothing apparel or colors1                                                                                                                    Writings including graffiti
Manner of grooming                                                                                                                             Gang-related threats, intimidation, and extortion
Signs                                                                                                                                          Coordinating and ordering gang-activities at school
Drawings                                                                                                                                       Gang fights
Jewelry                                                                                                                                        Any other gang activity or acts that imply gang affiliation or membership

Students in grades K-5 found engaging in gang-related activity shall generally receive a 3-5 day
suspension; middle and high school students shall be expelled for a period between 11 and 180 days.
Students shall also receive mandatory gang prevention counseling and may receive an adjustment transfer
and/or remand/alternative placement.

Decisions regarding expulsion may be appealed in accordance with board policy. (See 6.317 Appeals
Relating to Student Discipline.)

Prevention

The Coordinator of Gang Prevention shall work with community organizations to provide students with
school-sponsored and/or community-based gang prevention services. These may include gang awareness
services; programs on life skills, conflict resolution and decision-making; mentoring and tutoring programs;
and social and recreational activities.

Prevention efforts shall include continuous monitoring of school and neighborhood gang activity,
including an annual evaluation conducted in consultation with local law enforcement of the threat to
and influence on school children by gangs in the community and targeted prevention programming for
areas with high gang concentration. When a substantial threat to or influence on school children by
gangs is found, the district will institute gang awareness education for students and their parents in
schools in neighborhoods with gang activity or the potential for gang activity. Curriculum around
gang-awareness education for elementary and middle school students shall be a part of the regular
curriculum for those schools. Prevention efforts shall also include annual and on-going gang awareness
training to school staff, parents, and the community. Schools shall also sponsor gang prevention programs.



  6.3102 Gang Prevention, Intervention, and Enforcement                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         4
Intervention

A student who is disciplined for gang-related activity shall participate in intervention services. The student
must successfully complete a mandatory gang prevention counseling program before he/she is allowed to
return to the home school. Completion of the intervention program shall be evidenced by the student’s
attainment of measurable and progressive outcomes identified by the Office of Gang Awareness and
Intervention in the Department of School Safety, Security, and Emergency Management. Director of
Alternative Programs and Services in collaboration with the Coordinator of Gang Prevention. Other
intervention services may also occur at the student’s school. In addition, the district shall provide
information on community-based gang intervention and counseling services to parents.




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