ENTOMOLOGY 621 - Download as DOC by liuqingyan

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									Note: Michael Soderlund has a web page on Cynipoidea
      http://www.alognet.se/~cynipoid/index.htm
                                                                    ENTOMOLOGY 621

                                     CYNIPOIDEA

Biology and Morphology

                           ALLOXYSTINAE/CHARIPINAE

Andrews, F. G. 1978. Taxonomy and host specificity of Nearctic Alloxystinae with a
      catolog of the World species (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae). Occ. Papers in Entomol.
      #25, Calif. Dept. Agr.

Ayal, Y, Green, R.F. 1993, Optimal egg distribution among host patches for parasitoids
       subject to attack by hyperparasitoids. Am. Nat, 141(1): 120-138.

Gutierrez, A. P. 1970. Studies on host selection and host specificity of the aphid
       hyperparasite Chafips vittix (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae). 3. Host suitability studies.
       4, The effect of age of host on host selection. 5. Host selection. 6. Description of
       sensory structures and a synopsis of host selection and host specificity. Ann. Ent.
       Soc. Am. 63: 1485-98, 1705-09.

Gutierrez, A. P. and R. van den Bosch. 1970. Studies on host selection and host
       specificity of the aphid hyperparasite Chaiips vitiix (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae). 1.
       Review of hyperparasitism and the field ecology of C. vitlix, 2. The bionomics of
       Charips vittix. Ann. Ent. Soc. Am. 63: 1345-1360.

Horn, D. J. 1989. Secondary parasitism and population dynamics of aphid parasitolds
       (Hymenoptera: Aphidiidae), J. Kans. Entomol. Soc. 62(2): 203-210.

Matejko, I. and D. J. Sullivan. 1980. Bionomics and behavior of Alloxysta megourae, an
      aphid hyperparasitoid. J. N, Y. Ent. Soc, 87: 275-282.

Menke, A. S, and H, H. Evenhuis. 1991. North American Charipidae: Key to genera,
      nomenclature, species checklists, and a new species of Dilyta Forster
      (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 93(l): 136-158.

Nahif, A. A. and G. Madel. 1990. Zur biologle des hyperparasitoiden Alloxysta
       fuscicomis (=A. ancylocera) (Hym.: Charipidae).

Rathman, R. J. and J. F. Brunner. 1988. Observations on the biology of a new species of
      Dilyta (Hymenoptera: Charipidae) from Washington State. Pan-Pac Ent, 64: 93-
      97.

Read, D. P., P, P. Feeny and R. B. Root. 1970. Habitat selection by the aphid parasite
       Diaeretiolia repae (Hymenoptera; Braconidae) and hyperparasits Charips
       bressicae (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae). Can. Entomol. 102: 1567-78.



                                             1
Singh, R, and P, N. Srivastava. 1989. Effect of parasitoid density on the functional
       response and sex ratio of a cynipoid hyperparasitold Alloxysta plus (Hym.:
       Alloxystidae). Entomophaga 34: 11-18.

Volkl, W. Hubner, G. Deffner, K. 1994. Interactions between Alloxysta brevis
       (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea, Alloxystidae) and honeydew-collecting ants: how an
       aphid hyperparasitoid overcomes ant aggression by chemical defense. J. chem.
       ecol. 20(11): 2901-2915.

                          CYNIPIDAE S.S. AND GENERAL

Bronner, R. 1985. Anatomy of the ovipositor and oviposition behavior of the gall wasp
      Diplolepis rosae (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae). Can. Ent. 117(7); 849-858.

Fergusson, N. 1992. A remarkable new genus and species of Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera)
       from Papua New Guinea. J. Nat, Hist. 26: 659-662.

Hails, R, S,, R. R. Askew, and D. G. Norton. 1990, The parasitoids and inquilines of the
        agamic generation of Andricus quercusalicis (Hym.; Cynipidae) in Britain.
        Entomologist 109: 165-172.

Nordlander, G. 1984. Vad vet vi on parasitiska Cynipoidea. Ent. Tidskr. 106: 36-40.

Ronquist, F. 1994. Evolution of parasitism among closely related species: phylogenetle
      relationships and the origin of inquilism in gall wasps (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae).
      Evolution 48: 241-266.

                             FIGITIDAE: EUCOILINAE

Butterrield, A. and M. Anderson. 1994. Morphology and ultrastructure of antennal
        sensilia of the parasitold, Trybliographa rapae (Westw.) (Hymenoptera:
        Cynipidae). Int. J. Insect. Morphol. Embryol. 23: 11-20.

Carton, Y. and J. Claret. 1982. Adaptive significance of a temperature induced diapause
       in a cosmopolitan parasitold of Drosophila. Ecol. Ent. 7: 239-247.

Dicke, M. Lenteren, J. C. van Boskamp, G. J. F. Voorst, R. van 1985. Intensification
       and prolongation of host searching in Leptopilina heterotoma (Thomson)
       (Hymenoptera: Eucollidae) through a kalromone produced by Drosophlla
       melanogaster. J. Chem. Ecol. 11(1): 125-136.

Diaz, N. B. 1979. Estudio ecologico y sistematico de Cinipoideos Neotropicales IV.
       Neotropica 24: 123-125.

Diaz, N. B., F. E. Gallardo, and G. C. Walsh. 1996. Pareganaspis egetia, a New Genus
       and Species of Eucollidae (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea). Ann. Entomol. Soo.
       Amer. 89(4): 497-500.


                                            2
Eijs, I.E.M. and J.J.M. van Alphen. 1999. Life history correlations: why are
         hymenopteran parasitoids an exception? Ecology Letters 2:1-9.

Eskafl, F. M. and E, F. Logner. 1974. Descriptions of immature stages of the cynipid
        Hexacola sp. near wobsteri, a larval-pupal parasite of Hippelates eye gnats. Can.
        Ent. 106: 1043-1048.

Hennoman, M. L., Papai, D. R., Figueredo, A. J., and Vet, L. E, M. 1995. Egg-laying
     experience and acceptance of parasitized hosts by the parositoid, Leptopilina
     heterotoma (Hymenoptera: Eucollidae). J. insect behav. 8(3): 331-342.

Hoeven, R. and L. E. M. Vet. 1984. Comparison of the behavioral response of two
      Leptopilina species (Hymenoptera; Eucoilidae), living in different microhabitats,
      to kairomone of their host (Drosophilidae). Netherlands J. of Zool. 34(2): 220-
      227.

James, H. C. 1928. On the life-histories and economic status of certain cynipid parasites
       of dipterous larvae, with descriptions of some new larval forms. Ann. Appl. Biol.
       15: 287-316. (Biology, Figites.)

Jong, R. de, and Kaiser, L. 1991. Odor learning by Leptopilina boulardi, a specialist
       parasitoid (Hymenoptera: Eucoilidae). J. Insect Behav. 4(6): 743-750.

Kopolman, A. H. and P. C. Chabora. 1979. Resource availability and reproductive
      variation in Pseudeucoila spp. (Hymenoptera: Cymipidae). J. NY. Ent. Soo. 86:
      302.

Kopelman, A. H. and P. C. Chabora. 1984. Immature stages of Leptopilina boulardi
      (Hymenoptera: Eucollidae), a protelean parasite of Drosophila spp. (Diptera:
      Drosophilidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 77: 264-269.

Kopelman, A. H. and P. C. Chabora. 1986. Aspects of the reproductive biology of
      Leptopilina boulardi (Hymenoptera: Eucoilidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 79:
      808-813.

Kopelman, A, H. and P. C. Chabora. 1992. Resource variability and life history
      parameters of Leptopilina boulardi (Hymenoptera: Eucoilidae). Ann. Entomol.
      Soc. Am. 85: 195-199.

Meyers, D. M, Deonier, D. L. 1993. A behavioral-ecological study of Kleidotoma
      parydrae Beardsley (Hymenoptera: Eucollidae), with notes on Anaphes sp.
      (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) parasites of Parydra app. (Diptera: Ephydridae).
      Contrib. Am. Entomol. Inst. 27(5): 7-29.

Ovruski, S. M. 1994. Host detection behavior of Aganaspis pelleranoi (Hymenoptera:
      Eucoilidae), larval parasitoid of Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae). Rev.


                                            3
       Soc. Entomol. Argent. 53(1-4): 121-127.

Ovruski, S, M. 1994. Immature stages of Agranaspis pelleranoi (Bréthes)
      (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Eucollidae), a parasitoid of Ceratitis capitata (Wied.)
      and Anastrepha spp. (Diptera: Tephritidae). Jour. Hymen. Res. 3: 233-239.

Papaj, D. R. and L. E. M. Vet. 1990. Odor learning and foraging success in the
       parasitoid, Leptopilina haterotoma. J. Chem. Ecol. 16: 3157-31 50.

Papaj, D. R, Snellen, H. Swaans, K. Vet, L. E. M. 1994. Unrewarding experiences and
       their effect on foraging in the parasitic wasp Leptopilina heterotoma
       (Hymenoptera: Eucailidae). J. insect behav. 7(4): 465-481.

Petchart, J. and Johnson, M. W. 1988, Biology of the leafminer parasitold Ganaspidium
       utilis Beardsley (Hymenoptera: Eucollidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 81(3); 477-
       480.

Rathman, R, J. Johnson, M. W. Tabashnik, B. E. 1991. Production of Ganaspidium
      utilis (Hymenoptera: Eucollidae) for biological control of Litiomyza spp, (Diptera:
      Agromyzidae). Biol. Control. 1(3): 256-260.

Reader, P. M. and T, H. Jones. 1990. Interactions between an eucoilid (Hymenoptera)
       and a staphylinid (Coleoptera) parasitoid of the cabbage root fly. Entomophaga
       35(2): 241-246.

Rotheray, G. E. 1979. The biology and host searching behaviour of a cynipoid parasite
       of aphidiophagous syrphid larvae. Ecol. Entomol. 4: 75-82.

van Alphen, J. J. M. and I. Thunnissen. 1983. Host selection and sex allocation by
       Pachycrepoideus vindemiae Rondani (Pteromalidae) as a facultative
       hyperparasitold of Asobara tabida Nees (Braconidae: Alyslinae) and Leptopilina
       heterotome (Cynipoidea; Eucoilidae). Netherlands J. Zool. 33(4): 497-514.

van Alphen, J. J. M. Nordlander. G., and Eijs, I. 1991. Host habitat finding and host
       selection of the Drosophlla perasitold Leptopilina australis (Hymenoptera;
       Eucollidae), with a comparison of the niches of European Leptopilina species.
       Oecologia. 87(3): 324-329.

van Alphen, J. J. M., J. C, van Lenteren, H. W, Nell, and H. Ecbes. The response of a
       polyphagous parasitoid (Leptopilina heterotoma (Thomson)) to a kairomone
       produced by one of its hosts (Drosophila melanogaster Meigen). Noth. J. Zool.
       34: 215-219.

van den Assem, J. 1969, Reproductive behavior of Pseudeucoila bochei (Hymenoptera:
       Cynipidae). I. A description of courtship behavior. Netherlands J. Zool. 19: 641-
       648.



                                            4
van Lenteren, J, O. 1976. The development of host discrimination and the prevention of
       superparasitism in the parasite Pseudeucoila bochei. Netherl. J. Zool. 25: 1-83.

van Lenteren, J. C. and K. Bakker. 1978. Behavioral aspects of the functional responses
       of a parasite (Pseudeucoila bochei (Weld) to its host (Drosophila melanogaster.
       Noth, J. Zool. 28: 213-233.

van Lenteren, J.C., N. Isidoro, and F. Bin. 1998. Functional Anatomy of the Ovipositor
       Clip in the Parasitoid Leptopilina heterotoma (Thompson) (Hymenoptera:
       Eucoilidae), a Structure to Grip Escaping Host Larvae. Int. J. Insect Morph. &
       Embryol. 27: 263-268.

van Lenteren, J.C., N. Isidoro, R. Romani, and F. Bin. 1999. The Multipurpose
       Ovipositor of Leptopilina heterotoma: Relationships between Form and Function.
       Atti dell'Accademia Nazionale Italiana di Entomologia, Rendiconti, Anno XLVII.
       pp. 265-275.

Vassileva-Samnalieva, L. 1983. Studies on Eucoilidae from Bulgaria. Acta Zool,
       Bulgarica 22: 61-63.

Veerkamp, F. A. 1980. Behavioural differences between two strains and the hybrids of
      the wasp Pseudeucolla bochei Weld (Hym.; Cynipidae), a parasite of Drosophila
      melanogaster. Netherlands J. Zool. 30: 431-449.

Vet, L. E. M. 1983. Host-habitat location through olfactory cues by Leptopilina clavipes
        (Hartig) (Hym.: F:ucoilidae), a parasitoid of fungivorous Drosophila: the
        influence of conditioning. Netherlands J. Zool. 33(3): 225-248.

Vet, L. E. M. and R. V. D. Hoeven. 1984. Comparison of the behavioural response of
        two Leptopilina species (Hymenoptera: Eucoilidae), living in different
        microhabitats, to kairomone of their host (Drosophilidae). Neth, J. Zool. 34: 220-
        227.

Vet, L. E. M,, R. de Jong, W. A. van Giessen, and J. H. Visser. 1990. A learning-related
        variation in electroantennogram responses of a parasitic wasp. Physiological
        Entomol. 15:243-247.

Vet, L. E. M., and D. R. Papaj. 1992. Effects of experience on parasitoid movement in
        odour plumes. Physiological Entomol. 17:90-96.

Vet, L. E. M., M. B. Sokolowski, D. E. MacDonald, and H. Snellen. 1993. Responses of
        a generalist and a specialist parasitoid (Hymenoptera; Eucoilidae) to Drosophilid
        larval kairomones. J. Insect Behav. 6(5): 615-624.

Visser, M. E. 1995. The effect of competition on oviposition decisions of Leptopiline
        heterotoma (Hymenoptera: Eucoilidae). Anim. behav. 49(6): 1677-1687.



                                            5
Wajnberg, E., M. Bouletreau, G. Prevost, P. Fouillet. 1990. Developmental relationships
      between Drosophila larvae and their endoparasitoid Leptopilina (Hymenoptera:
      Cynipidae) as affected by crowding. Arch. Insect Biochem. Physiol. 13: 239-245.

Wisart, G. and E. Monteith. 1954. Trybliographa rapae (Westw,), a parasite of Hylemya
       spp. Can. Ent. 86: 145-154.

Wiskerke, J. S. C., M. Dicke, and L, E. M. Vet. 1993. Larval parasitoid uses aggregation
      pheromone of adult hosts in foraging behaviour: a solution to the reliability
      detectability problem. Oecologia 93; 145-148.

                                 OTHER FIGITIDAE

Cave, R. D. and G. L. Miller. 1987. Notes on Anacharis melanoneure (Hymenoptera:
       Figitidae) and Chatitopes mellicomis (Hymenoptera: lchneumonidae) parasitizing
       Micromus posticus (Neuroptera: Hemerobriidae). Ent. News 98: 211-216.

Evenhuis, H. H. 1968. Some ecological facts about two Dutch Melanips species. Ent.
      Bericht. 28: 175-176. (figitid biol.)

Lipkow, E. 1969. Cynipoidea and lchneumonidae als parasiten von Botiomyia
      subnebulosa (Steph.). Entomophaga 14; 229-241. Attacks lacewings.

Miller, G. L. and P. L. Lambdin. 1985. Observations on Anachatis molononeura
        (Hymenoptera, Figitidae), a parasite of Hemerobius stigma (Neuroptera,
        Hemerobiidae). Ent. News 96: 93-97.

Selhime, A. G. and R. F. Konevel. 1968. Ann. Ent. Soc. Am. 61: 1212-1215. (rearing
      record, figitid).

                                      IBALIIDAE

Spradbery, J. P. 1970. The biology of lbalia drewseni Borries, a parasite of siricid
      woodwasps. Proc. Roy. Ent. Soc. London (A)45:104-113.

Taylor, K. L. 1978. Evaluation of the insect parasitoids of Sirex noctilis in Tasmania.
       Oecologia 32: 1-10.




                                            6
Nomenclatorial changes:

        Papers by Quinlan and Nordlander have introduced considerable nomenclatorial
changes in generic and specific names which made the section on Eucoilidae in the
Hymenoptera Catalog in America North of Mexico (see Burks, 1979) outdated. The
genera Bewelda and Leptopilina are not listed in the Catalog (see Quinlan, 1976 and
Nordlander, 1980). Quinlan (1978) synonymized Aglaotoma under Glaumspidia, and
Nordlander (1980, 1981) placed Pseudeucolla, Psichacra, and Hypolethlia in synonymy
with Trybliographa. Nordlander (1981) recognized Didyctium as a genus rather than as a
subgenus of Trybliographa where it is placed in the catalog. The widespread and well-
studied species Pseudeucoila bochei Weld has been transferred to the genus Leptopilina
where it is a synonym L. heterotoma (Thomson) (see Nordlander, 1980). These are only
some of the more significant changes made by these authors; and their papers, along with
those of Beardsley, should be examined for additional details pertinent to the North
American fauna. Nordlander’s thesis (1982) includes a synopsis of the changes made in
his previous papers.




                                           7
                                    CYNIPOIDEA

Taxonomy

                          ALLOXYSTINAE/CHARIPINAE

Andrews, F. G. 1978. Taxonomy and host specificity of Nearctic Alloxystinae with a
      catolog of the World species (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae). Occ. Papers in Entomol.
      #25, Calif. Dept. Agr.

Beardsley, J. W. Jr. 1985. Notes on Hawaiian Alloxystidae and Cynipidae
       (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea). Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 25: 49-52.

Evenhuis, H. H. 1982. A study of Hartig's Xystus species with type designations and new
      synonyms (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae, Alloxystinae and Charipinae). Spixiana 5:
      19-29. Name changes for some N. American Alloxysta.

Kierych, E. 1979. Notes on the genera Dilyta Foerster, 1869 and Glyptoxysta Thomson,
       1887 (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea, Alloxystidae). Part II. Dilytinae subfam. n.
       Ann. Zool. 35: 59-64.

Schick, K. 1994. Dilyta Subclavata Förster (Hymenoptera; Charipidae) found in North
       America and new records for D. rathmanae Menke and Evenhuis, with a key to
       the two species in North America. Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 96(3): 580-581.

                         CYNIPIDAE S.S. AND GENERAL

Eady, R. and J. Quinlan. 1979. Cynipoidea. Handbooks Iden. British Insects 8(la): 1-81.

Fergusson, N. D. M. 1988. A comparative study of the structures of phylogenetic
       importance of female genitalia of the Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). Syst. Ent. 13:
       13-30.

                            FIGITIDAE: EUCOILINAE

Beardsley, J. W,, Jr. 1986. Notes on the Ashmead types of Hawaiian Eucoilidae
       (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea). Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 27: 105-119.

Beardsley, J. W., Jr. 1986. Taxonomic notes on the genus Ganaspidium Weld
       (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Eucoilidae). Proc. Haw. Ent. Soc. 26: 35-39.

Beardsley, J. W., Jr. 1988. Eucoilidae parasites of agromyzid leafminers in Hawaii
       (Hym.: Cynipoidea). J. Haw. Inst. Trop. Agr. Hum. Res. 28: 33-47.

Beardsley, J. W. Jr. 1989. Hawaiian Eucoilidae (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea), key to
       genera and taxonomic notes on apparently non-endemic species. Proc. Hawaii
       Entomol. Soc. 29:165-193.


                                           8
Beardsley, J, W. 1990. The genus Kleidotoma Westwood in Hawaii, with descriptions of
       three new species (Hymenoptera; Cynipoidea; Eucoilidae). Proc. Hawaii
       Entomol. Soc. 30:131-146.

Beardsley, J. W. 1992. Review of the genus Aspidogyrus Yoshimoto, with descriptions
       of three new species (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Eucoilidae). Proc. Hawaii
       Entomol. Soc. 31: 139-160.

Beardsley, J. W. 1992. Review of the genus Alesodiranchis Perkins, with descriptions of
       three new species (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Eucoilidae). Proc. Hawaii
       Entomol. Soc. 31: 109-118.

Beardsley, J. W. 1993. A new species of Kleidotoma from North America
       (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Eucoilidae), parasitic on larvae of Parydra
       quadrituberculata Loew (Diptera: Ephydridae). Contrib. Am. Entomol. lnst.
       27(5): 1-6.

De Santis, L. 1965. Nota sobre un parasito de la mosca Sudamericana de la fruta. Rev.
      Soc. Ent. Argentina 27; 73-74.

De Santis, L. N. B. Diaz, and I. del Carmen Redolfi. 1976. La mosca del girasol
      (Diptera, Agromyzidae) y sus Himenopteros parasitoides, Dusenia 9: 31-38.

Diaz, N. B. 1980. Note sobre los Alloxystinae de la Republica Argentina (Hym.
       Cynipoidea). Rev. Soc. Entomol. Argentina 39: 15-18.

Diaz, N. B. 1985. Revision del genero Prosaspicere Kieffer, 1907 (Hymenoptera:
       Cynipoidea). Rev. Soc. Entomol. Argentina 43; 221-238.

Lin, K. S. 1987. Aganaspis, a new genus of Eucollidae (Hym.: Cynipoidea). Taiwan
        Agric. Res. lnst. 22: 67-79.

Miller, T. O. 1989. First nearatic record ofthe genus Nordlanderia (Hymenoptera:
        Eucoilidae), with descriptions of two new species. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash.
        91(2): 158-268.

Nordlander, G. 1976. Studies on Eucoilidae. I. A revision of the Northwestern European
      species of Cothonaspis Htg, with description of a new species and notes on some
      other genera. Ent. Tidskr. 97: 65-77. (contains biological and taxonomic data).

Nordlander. G. 1978. Revision of the genus Rhoptromeris Foerster, 1869 with reference
      to northwestern European species. Studies on Eucoilidae II. Ent. Scan. 9: 47-62.
      (contains biological and taxonomic data).

Nordlander, G. 1980. Revision of the genus Leptopilina Foerster, 1869, with notes on
      the status of some other genera (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea: Eucoilidae). Ent.


                                           9
       Scand. 11: 428-453. (contains biological and taxonomic data).

Nordlander, G. 1981. A review of the genus Trybliographa Forster, 1869 (Hymenoptera,
      Cynipoidea: Eucoilidae). Ent. Scan. 12: 381-402. (considerable synonymy and
      reassignments of taxa, redescription of the genus).

Nordlander, G. 1982. Identities and relationships of the previously confused genera
      Odonteucoila Coneucoela and Trtichoplasta (Hymenoptera; Cynipoidea:
      Eucoilidae). Entomol. Scand. 13(3): 269-292.

Nordlander, G. 1982, Systematics and phylogeny of an Interrelated group of genera
      within the family Eucoilidae. Univ. Stockholm, 34 pp.

Quinlan, J. 1978. Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea: Eucollidae. Handb. Iden. Brit. Insects.
       8(1b): 1-58.

Quinlan, J. 1979. A revisionary classification of the Cynipoidea of the Ethiopian
       zoogeographical region. Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.). Entomol. 39: 85-133.

Quinlan, J. 1986. A key to the Afrotropical genera of Euoilidae (Hymenoptera), with a
       revision of certain genera. Bull Brit. Museum (Nat. Hist.) 52(4): 243-366.

Quinlan, J. 1988. A revision of some Afrotropical genera of Eucoilidae (Hymenoptera).
       Bull. Br. Mus. (NH) Ent Series 56(4): 171-229.

Quinlan, J. and Evenhuis, H. H. 1980. Status of the subfamily names Charipinae and
       Alloxystinae (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae). Syst. Ent. 5: 427-430.

Schilthuizen, M., G. Nordlander, R. Stouthamer, and J.J.M. van Alphen. 1998.
       Morphological and molecular phylogenetics in the genus Leptopilina
       (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea: Eucoilidae). Systematic Entomology 23: 253-264.

                                 OTHER FIGITIDAE

Fergusson, N. D. M. 1985. British species of the parasitic cynipid-wasp genus Aegilips
       (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea, Anacharitinae). J. Nat. Hist. 19: 811-818.

New, T. R. 1979. An Australian species of Xyalaspis Hartig (Hymenoptera: Figitidae).
      J. Austr. Entomol. Soc. 18: 177-180. Attacks lacewings




                                     IBALIIDAE

Lul, Zhiwei and Göran Nordlander. 1992. lbaliid parasitolds of siricid woodwasps in
       North America: Two now lbalia species and a key to species (Hymenoptera:


                                           10
Cynipoidea). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 94(4): 500-507.




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