I. DEIC had control over Indonesia, British had Singapore,
France, Indochina. Germans had Solomon Islands and
Marshall Islands and New Guinea.
II. Dutch had large plantations
a. Called Indonesia home, at top of rigid social structure.
Dutch on top, wealthy & educated Indonesians next,
workers at bottom
b. 1/5 of crops were export crops
British take Malayan Peninsula
To compete with Dutch, British needed stop on India-China
a. Large sheltered port in Singapore
b. Suez Canal and demand for tin and rubber makes
Singapore one of the world’s busiest ports.
Britain encouraged Chinese to immigrate to Malaysia causing a
minority of native peoples. (Conflict still exists today.)
French in Indochina
Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia Quote page 327
- French tried to impose their culture
- French filled bureaucracy did not encourage local
Economies based on cash crops, roads, harbors, rail systems
improved, not for gain of natives
Millions of people moved around, creating a cultural and racial
melting pot of Hindus, Muslims, Christians, and Buddhists.
Results still seen today.
Siam remains independent
Seen as buffer zone between Burma and Indochina
King Mongkut worked to start schools, reform legal system, and
reorganized the govt
- They were able to escape colonialism
Philippines Spanish American War Americanize and
Christianize the natives
Philippine American war- Emilio Aguinaldo Want self
- Americans exploited the Philippines but set up schools,
- railroads, hospitals
Test on Thursday! Notebooks due Thursday!