Liverpool City Council
Parking Enforcement Policy
PO Box 981
Tel: 0151 233 3011
Powers of Enforcement
On 14 May 2002 the Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions,
in exercise of powers conferred by paragraphs 1(1), 2(1) and 3(3) of Schedule 3 to the
Road Traffic Act 1991 and of all other powers enabling him in that behalf, made the
The Road Traffic (Permitted Parking Area and Special Parking Area) (City of
Liverpool) Order 2002. This Order came into force on 1st July 2002.
Statutory Instrument 2002 No 1353
The area for which the City Council has been granted Permitted Parking Area and Special
Parking Area status, The Road Traffic (Permitted Parking Area and Special Parking Area)
(City of Liverpool) Order 2002, comprises the entire City of Liverpool, with the exception of
the M62 motorway including its on and off slip roads, for the whole its length within the
As a consequence of the above legislation, as from 1 July 2002, the responsibility of
enforcing on-street parking restrictions moved from Merseyside Police to Liverpool City
Legislative changes (effective from 31 March 2008) have superseded the above
regulations and Civil Parking Enforcement within Liverpool is now undertaken in
accordance with Part 6 of the Traffic Management Act 2004.
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
This document sets out the City Council’s current parking enforcement policy as
from 2009 This document is intended as guidance only and will be updated as and
This policy seeks to identify where and when parking is permitted, where and when it is
not, and by whom. It provides guidance in the way in which the City Council and it staff
carry out parking enforcement and on how any subsequent Appeal against a Penalty
Charge Notice is dealt with. Appeals against a Penalty Charge Notice will be considered
on its own merit taking account of all evidence provided.
The City Council's Parking Services staff are committed to enforcing parking regulations
fairly and equitably; to improving conditions for people living, and working in Liverpool and
visitors to the city, through effective on-street parking enforcement; reducing the dangers
posed by illegal, inconsiderate and dangerous parking, and to using parking enforcement
to improve safety for pedestrians and cyclists by keeping junctions and pavements clear.
Further benefits are improved access for the emergency services, local bus operations
and reductions in congestion and associated airborne pollution.
The City Council‟s Parking Services and its partners endeavour to deal with all „parking‟
enquiries in a courteous and helpful manner and respond to all written representations
regarding Penalty Charge Notices. Telephone enquiries should be via Liverpool Direct on
0151 233 3011, please note that details of individual challenges cannot be dealt with other
than by written correspondence, addressed either to Parking Services, PO Box 981,
Liverpool L69 1JB or by going on line to the LCC website and lodging your appeal using
the form available. Further information on Parking is available via the internet
In addition to enforcement and any subsequent appeals process, Parking Services is
responsible for the operation and maintenance of Liverpool City Council Pay & Display car
parks located within the city centre. There are approximately 1800 on-street and 3500 off-
street car parking spaces managed by Liverpool City Council.
This policy will be reviewed regularly
Section/Description Page No
Aims and Objectives 2
Parking Enforcement Policy
Abandoned / unclaimed vehicles 5
Adopted Highway 5
Authorisation Notice 5
Bank Holidays 6
Bank Visits 6
Blue Badge 6
Blue Badge Parking Concessions 6
Broken Down Vehicles 7
Bus Lane Enforcement 7
Bus Layover 7
Car Club 7
Car Park Locations – Liverpool City Council (See APPENDIX C) 35
Car Park Regulations 8
Civil Enforcement Officer 8
Civil Parking Enforcement 8
Coach Parking 8
Complaints Against Civil Enforcement Officers 9
Consolidation of Traffic Regulation Order‟s 9
Contract Parking 9
Contravention Codes 9
Controlled Parking Zones 9
Court Attendance 9
Courtesy Car 10
Cycle Lanes/Tracks 10
Dental/Doctor‟s Appointments 10
Disabled Drivers/Passengers 10
Disabled Residents Parking Place 10
Dropping Off/ Picking Up Passengers 11
Emergency Call Outs 11
Exempt Vehicles 11
FMRPZ – Football Match Residents Parking Zone 12
Footway Parking 12
Foreign Disabled Badges 12
Foreign Registered Vehicles 12
Funerals and Weddings 13
Garages (awaiting repair) 13
Grass Verge Parking 13
„H‟ Markings 13
Hackney Carriage 13
Hired Vehicles 13
Hospital Visits 14
ICPZ - Inner Controlled Parking Zone 14
Lapsed Parking Permits 14
Loading/unloading Bays 15
Lord Mayor‟s Proclamation 15
Match Day Enforcement (Football Match Residents Parking Zone) 15
Motorcycle (solo) Parking/Security 15
Multi-Use Parking Bays 16
Notes in a Vehicle 16
Observation Times 16
OCPZ – Outer Controlled Parking Zone 16
Parking Disc 16
Patrol of Parking Areas 17
Pavement Parking 18
Pay and Display Machines 19
Pay and Display Parking Ticket 19
Pedestrianised Areas 20
Penalty Charge Notice 20
Permitted Parking Area 22
Persistent Evader 22
Pocket Book 22
Primary Care Trust 22
Private Property 22
Residents Parking Schemes 23
Road Closures 23
Road Markings 23
Royal Mail Vehicles 24
School Keep Clear Markings 24
Special Parking Area (SPA) 24
Statutory Undertakers (see Exempt Vehicles) 11
Sunday - enforcement 24
Temporary Traffic Regulation Orders 25
Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions 2002 25
Untaxed Vehicles 26
Visitors Permits 26
Visitors Vouchers 26
Wheel Clamping & Tow Away‟s 26
Zig-Zag markings (pedestrian crossings) 26
Appendix A – Contravention Codes 27
Appendix B – Application for Suspension / Dispensation 31
Appendix C – Off-street Car Park Location / Charges / 33
Appendix D – Motorcycle Parking Places 34
PARKING ENFORCEMENT POLICY
The contents of this policy set out to explain how the City Council deals with various
enforcement issues and situations of vehicles parked in contravention of waiting and/or
loading/unloading restrictions within the City boundary. Other headings within this section
provide explanation of issues that are relevant to the enforcement process.
How the City Council manages “appeal‟s”, in relation to Penalty Charge Notice‟s, is
explained within the Penalty Charge Notice - Appeal Process Policy.
Abandoned cars should be reported to Liverpool Direct on 0151 233 3045, who enter the
relevant details onto the „ELVIS‟ database (Easy Link Vehicle Identification System) the
city councils contractor will usually remove a vehicle to their compound within the hour.
Once in the compound, attempts are made to identify an owner and contact them for
potential recovery (subject to payment of recovery and storage charges). The contractor
will have an „End of Life Vehicle‟ permit which empowers them to decontaminate, crush
and recycle any unclaimed vehicles.
Abandoned vehicles may also be reported via the City Council‟s website
The DVLA operate a wheelclamping/tow away procedure for unclaimed vehicles on
the highway. Vehicles are initially clamped, but if not claimed within 48 hours they
are removed to a compound. Registered keepers will be contacted to arrange
release. Vehicles that remain unclaimed after 14 days will be disposed of.
The vast majority of Traffic Regulation Orders (TRO‟s) within the City are applied to
sections of adopted highway, i.e. those lengths of highway that are owned and maintained
by the City Council and over which the public have the right of passage. Detailed records
of the extent of the adopted highway can be viewed, by appointment, in the Highways
Development Control Section of the City Council‟s Highways Management, Millennium
House, 60 Victoria Street, Liverpool (Tel: - 0151 233 5217). TRO‟s may also apply to
areas of highway that are not adopted but that the public have access to, by right or
tolerance. TRO‟s are not introduced on Private sections of highway.
This is the notice issued by a Civil Enforcement Officer to indicate that a vehicle, already
issued with a Penalty Charge Notice, is to be clamped or removed.
Bank Holidays are not exempt from parking restrictions unless there are traffic
signs/timeplates that specifically state otherwise. It is the responsibility of the motorist to
ensure they park in compliance with the restrictions in place.
There is no exemption within Traffic Regulation Orders to permit parking whilst money is
being taken to and from a bank. The only exemption is to permit loading and unloading of
large, and therefore heavy, quantities of coin and cash boxes from bullion vehicles, during
approved times. The use of cash machines is no defence for parking in contravention.
The term „Blue Badge‟ means a badge in the form prescribed in the Disabled Persons
(Badges for Motor Vehicles) Regulations 1982 as amended by the Disabled Persons
(Badges for Motor Vehicles) (England) Regulations 2000 and Regulation 10 of the
Disabled Persons (Badges for Motor Vehicles) (England) (Amendment) Regulations 2007,
issued by a local authority for display on a Motor Vehicle driven by a Disabled Person, or
used for the carriage of a Disabled Person, or of several Disabled Persons, for the
purpose of parking concessions.
Blue Badge Parking Concessions:
Guidance on the use of a Blue Badge, in terms of parking concessions, is provided in the
Department for Transport booklet entitled The Blue Badge scheme: – rights and
responsibilities in England (ref T/INF/1214). A copy of the booklet is issued with a Blue
Badge and can also be viewed on the internet.
Blue Badge holders may park free of charge and without time limit at „Pay & Display‟
parking facilities both „on-street and off-street‟ (City Council car parks only – see
individual car park signs for details. Please note that free Blue Badge parking in
Mount Pleasant Car Park is only available in designated bays on Level 5). The Blue
Badge must be clearly displayed on the windscreen/dashboard/fascia panel of the vehicle,
so that the front of the badge should face upwards, showing the wheelchair symbol. If
there is no dashboard or fascia panel in the vehicle, the badge must be displayed in a
place where it can clearly be read from outside the vehicle, for the duration that the
vehicle is parked. (See Parking Disc paragraph also).
Badge holders may also park on single or double yellow lines, for up to 3 hours, except
where there is a ban on loading or unloading. There must be an interval of at least 1 hour
from a previous period of waiting before the same vehicle can be parked in the same
road, or part of a road, on the same day. Additionally parking for an unlimited time is
permitted in limited parking areas on-street. Both the Blue Badge and parking disc must
be displayed, with the disc being set to the time the vehicle was parked up.
The Badge must not be used other than for the transport of a disabled person, e.g. it
should not be used whilst parked to go shopping for the disabled person, when they
themselves are not being transported in the vehicle.
Vehicles displaying a valid Blue Badge with parking disc must not be wheel clamped, due
to an exemption under Section 70 of the Road Traffic Act 1991. In circumstances where a
Blue Badge is clearly being misused, then the vehicle may be clamped or removed.
Powers within the Traffic Management Act 2004 (Part 7, Section 94), allow Civil
Enforcement Officers to request that a blue badge displayed in a vehicle, be produced for
inspection. It is an offence (punishable by a fine not exceeding level 3 - £1000) to fail to
comply with such a request, without a reasonable excuse.
Should a badge holder fail or refuse to produce the badge, for inspection by a Civil
Enforcement Officer, then the parked vehicle will be treated as though there is no badge
in force and a Penalty Charge Notice issued for the relevant parking offence.
Should a Blue Badge be retained by the police, as evidence pending a possible
prosecution, then a duplicate badge will not be issued and the original badge will only be
returned upon determination of any legal proceedings.
Broken Down Vehicles:
A note displayed in a vehicle stating, “the vehicle has broken down” will not be accepted
by a Civil Enforcement Officer as a reason for not issuing a Penalty Charge Notice or the
cancellation of a Penalty Charge Notice. The appeals process provides for mitigating
circumstances to be considered as part of any appeal.
Before setting off on any journey motorists have a responsibility to ensure their
vehicle or trailer complies with the full requirements of the relevant Road Vehicles
(Construction and Use) Regulations and Road vehicles Lighting Regulations.
Bus Lane Enforcement
The City Council currently enforces bus lanes in the city centre through the use of
cameras both fixed and mobile. Bus lanes are provided specifically to assist with the
efficient movement of buses, taxis and bicycles, during the times specified on traffic signs
that delineate the extent of the bus lane.
Bus layover facilities are occasionally provided on the highway. Such facilities will be
highlighted by the location of yellow „bus cage‟ road markings together with associated
timeplates detailing the permitted duration of layover (e.g. - 15 minutes) and at what times
(e.g. - „at any time‟). Layover of buses is not permitted, within the Controlled Parking
Zones, unless within a specifically dedicated location.
“Car Club” means a formally constituted car-sharing scheme approved of by the City
Council to operate within its boundaries. There are various car club parking bays within
the city centre which are dedicated to provide parking specifically for vehicles belonging to
City Council approved „car club schemes‟.
Such vehicles would need to display a Car Club Parking Permit, whilst parked in a „Car
Club Parking Bay‟. Car Club vehicles, unless parked in a dedicated car club bay with a
valid permit on display, must park in accordance with any parking restrictions in place (i.e.
Car Club vehicles are not exempt from use of Pay & Display parking). In the event that a
Car Club bay is occupied then vehicles displaying the relevant valid permit may park free
of charge on Level 11 of Mount Pleasant Car Park.
Car Park Regulations (City Council Car Parks):
Drivers must first park their vehicle wholly within a marked out bay, then purchase a ticket
and display it clearly on the inside of the windscreen such that the expiry time of the valid
ticket can be clearly seen for the duration that the vehicle is parked. If a ticket machine is
out of order, a ticket must be purchased from the nearest available machine. Failure to
„Pay and Display‟ a valid ticket; park within a marked out bay; or overstay paid for time,
may constitute a parking contravention for which a Penalty Charge Notice could be
As part of the terms and conditions of use of the City Council off-street car parks,
motorists are advised that the City Council, its agents and servants will not be responsible
as bailees or otherwise for:
1. Loss, damage or injury to any vehicle or its contents.
2. Loss, damage or injury to persons entering or using the car park other than death
or personal injury resulting from the negligence of The City Council, its agents,
servants or contractors.
3. Blue Badge holders (who must be present in the vehicle) may park free of charge,
provided a valid disabled persons Blue Badge is clearly and correctly displayed on
the dashboard/windscreen for the duration the vehicle is parked in the bay. (Mount
Pleasant Car Park has specifically designated bays for Blue Badge holders on
Level 5 where parking is free for valid badge holders – use of any other bay within
this car park requires payment).
Civil Parking Enforcement
The Road Traffic Act 1991 introduced the concept of local authorities undertaking
enforcement of parking management schemes. This system was called Decriminalised
Parking Enforcement (DPE). Parking „offences‟ became „contraventions‟ and Civil
Enforcement Officers employed by the relevant Local Authority, issued [civil] Penalty
Charge Notices where previously traffic wardens employed by police, undertook the
enforcement and issued [criminal] Fixed Penalty Notices (FPN). This reflected the need
for police to concentrate on core policing priorities with police Traffic Wardens continuing
to deal with moving traffic offences and the management of Red Routes.
With the advent of the Traffic Management Act 2004, as from 31 March 2008, the term
Decriminalised Parking Enforcement became Civil Parking Enforcement and the title of
Parking Attendant became Civil Enforcement Officer.
The definition of a Coach, in relation to TRO‟s within Liverpool is: "Coach" means a public
service vehicle but excluding such a vehicle when it is being used to operate a local
service as defined by the Transport Act 1985. A public service vehicle is defined in the
relevant TRO as: a motor vehicle (other than a tramcar) which - (a) being a vehicle
adapted to carry more than eight passengers is used for carrying passengers for hire or
reward; or (b) being a vehicle not so adapted, is used for carrying passengers for hire or
reward at separate fares in the course of a business of carrying passengers.
Specific coach parking bays and drop off bays, are located within the city centre. Any
vehicle parked within such a bay, other than a coach as described above, will receive a
Penalty Charge Notice.
Complaints Against Civil Enforcement Officers:
Complaints relating to alleged misconduct by a Civil Enforcement Officer, will be
investigated by the City Council. In the event that the outcome does not prove acceptable
to the complainant, the second stage of the City Councils „Have Your Say‟ complaints
procedure will be invoked. Further details can be obtained from the City Council‟s website:
A limited number of contract parking permits are currently available to businesses wishing
to make use of off road parking facilities. Contact Liverpool Direct Limited (Tel: 0151 233
3011) for further details.
Appendix A is a list of „parking offence‟ codes, utilised by civil parking enforcement
authorities across the country.
Higher and Lower levels of contravention reflect a distinction between locations where
parking in contravention is considered to have a greater impact on traffic flow. Higher
contraventions attract a penalty charge of £70 and Lower contraventions a penalty charge
Controlled Parking Zones:
There are currently 3 controlled parking zones (CPZ‟s) in the City, these are the Inner
Controlled Parking Zone, the Outer Controlled Parking Zone and the Football Match
Residents Parking Zone. Entry/exit points to the Zones are clearly signed and provide
details of the waiting restrictions appertaining to the single yellow lines throughout the
area. There is no requirement for individual timeplates to inform of the restrictions within a
CPZ, unless they are different to the restrictions on the entry zone signs.
The use of Pay and Display car parking facilities, when attending any court hearing or
trial, is not recommended since once in court „attendees‟ may find they are unable to
leave to purchase further pay and display time. The Courts will not pay any Penalty
Charge Notice‟s issued due to delays in proceedings etc.
In circumstances in which a permit owners‟ car has been damaged, and a temporary
courtesy car is provided in its place, unless the parking permit is retrieved from the
damaged vehicle it will be deemed as lost. A temporary replacement permit (valid for a
maximum of 8 weeks) may be applied for, however, normal proofs of residency will be
required, in addition to payment of a fee of £25 for this service.
Cycle lanes may be either mandatory or advisory and the relevant traffic signs and road
markings differentiate between the two types. Mandatory cycle lanes specifically prohibit
use/parking by motor vehicles. Cycle tracks are dedicated for use by cyclists on the
footway, as opposed to the carriageway.
If there are single or double yellow lines adjacent to a cycle lane, then these can be
enforced regardless of the status of the cycle lane itself.
It is the responsibility of the motorist to ensure that adequate parking time is purchased
prior to attendance at dental/doctor‟s appointments. There are no legal grounds on which
such parking would be exempt from the issue of a Penalty Charge Notice.
Disabled Residents Parking Place (DRPP):
A DRPP is a parking bay specifically designated for the sole use of a nominated resident
who holds a current disabled persons Blue Badge and meets the relevant City Council
criteria for such a facility. Only a vehicle displaying the appropriate permit, ie with the
corresponding number designated on the timeplate associated with the bay, may be
parked in a DRPP.
Dispensations: (see Appendix B)
Dispensations will not be issued to allow parking on double yellow lines, or
where there is a loading ban in place, unless the City Council is satisfied that it
Generally dispensations will only allow single yellow line parking, except in
circumstances which dictate that this is impractical.
Dispensations will only be issued in extra-ordinary circumstances when it is
essential for the vehicle to be adjacent to the affected property or site. (e.g.
Fitting large panels of glass or when the use of a mobile generator is required).
These circumstances will not include the use of the vehicle as a mobile
workshop. Any tools required to carry out work should be unloaded before
parking a vehicle. Materials and tools should be kept at the site location.
Loading and unloading should be carried out in accordance with the normal
rules as explained in the Road Traffic Act or the Highway Code.
Dispensations will only be issued to vehicles of transit size or larger in the Inner
/ Outer Controlled Parking Zone (OCPZ / ICPZ). In all other circumstances other
vehicles will only be considered on merit.
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Tradesmen working for a client in a Controlled Parking Zone (CPZ) are advised
to request from the client the use of a resident‟s visitor‟s permit/voucher, where
available, before requesting a Dispensation.
Documentation / proof of work to be carried out must be provided in all cases,
when applying, or when requested by a Civil Enforcement Officer.
Applications will be individually assessed taking each location‟s conditions into
Applications received without proof of work will be rejected without notice.
Requests for dispensations should be made to the One Stop Shop system, or via
contact with Liverpool Direct (0151 233 3011)
Dropping Off – Picking Up Passengers:
At locations where there are waiting and/or loading restrictions in force (with the exception
of St John‟s Lane in the city centre), it is permissible for drivers to drop off and pick up
passengers only. The driver should remain with the vehicle at all times. In the event a
Penalty Charge Notice is issued, the appeal process provides for mitigating circumstances
to be considered.
Emergency Call Outs
Water, gas or electricity emergency call outs are considered to last only for as long as it
takes to turn off/isolate the mains supply, whether, water, gas or electricity. Any
associated call out vehicle should then be moved to an appropriate parking place before
any further repair work is carried out.
The following vehicles are considered to be exempt from parking restrictions whilst being
used in pursuance of statutory powers or duties –
Fire Brigade vehicles
Marked Police vehicles
Additionally vehicles are exempt in the following circumstances:
for so long as may be necessary to enable the vehicle, if it cannot conveniently be
used for such purpose in any other road, to be used in connection with any building
operation, demolition or excavation in or adjacent to any Restricted Road, the
removal of any obstruction to traffic in any Restricted Road, the maintenance,
improvement or reconstruction of any Restricted Road, or the laying, erection,
alteration or repair in or adjacent to any Restricted Road of any sewer or of any
main, pipe or apparatus for the supply of gas, water or electricity, or of any
Telecommunications Apparatus, wide area traffic control cable, or apparatus or
if the vehicle is waiting owing to the Driver being prevented from proceeding by
circumstances beyond his control or to such waiting being necessary in order to
avoid an accident;
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if the vehicle is in the service of or employed by the Post Office, British
Telecommunications plc or Mercury Communications Limited and is waiting while
postal packets addressed to premises adjacent to that road are being unloaded
from the vehicle or, having been unloaded, are being delivered, or while postal
packets are being collected from premises or posting boxes adjacent to that road;
or is in use in connection with the servicing of telephone kiosks adjacent to that
if the vehicle is being used in connection with any wedding or funeral;
if the vehicle is being used in connection with a Civil Enforcement Officer carrying
out official duties.
FMRPZ- Football Match Residents Parking Zone:
The FMRPZ is a controlled parking zone located within the vicinity of both Liverpool and
Everton football stadiums. All entrance points to the zone are clearly defined to inform
motorists that waiting is prohibited, between Monday-Friday 5-10pm and Saturday and
Sunday 10am-6pm, August–May. There is no requirement for timeplates for waiting
restrictions within the zone. Other restrictions, such as residents parking bays, disabled
person parking bays, taxi bays etc, do require timeplates to indicate the relevant
restrictions. Residents parking facilities are provided within the FMRPZ (residents may
apply for a permit for their vehicle and a permit for their visitors). Valid permits must be
clearly displayed on the inside windscreen of parked vehicles, during the operational times
of the Zone.
Most waiting and loading restrictions cover the whole width of the highway, including
footways and verges; consequently footway/verge parking can be enforced where a TRO
is in place. TRO‟s can also be introduced specifically targeted at preventing footway/verge
parking. Without such a TRO it can still be an offence for a vehicle to be parked on the
footway and may be dealt with under criminal powers retained by Merseyside Police.
Although the general exceptions to this are:
HGV‟s (Sect 19, RTA 1988)
Cycle Tracks (Sect 21, RTA 1988)
Foreign Disabled Badges
Disabled parking concessions, within Liverpool, are only afforded in respect of display of a
valid European Communities Model of blue badge (see „Blue Badge‟). Disability badges
from other countries are not eligible for concessionary parking.
Foreign Registered Vehicles:
Foreign registered vehicles, parked in contravention, may either be towed away or
wheelclamped. This approach is taken as a result of current legislation preventing
recovery of debts and will remain until such time that the European Commission
introduces a new directive under which fines imposed by UK courts could be enforced by
bailiffs throughout the European Union.
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Exemptions exist within waiting restrictions for vehicles actively involved in a funeral or
wedding and such vehicles would be given due consideration and respect and Penalty
Charge Notice‟s will not normally be issued. Vehicles belonging to mourners or wedding
guests that are not actively involved in the ‘ceremony’ will not be able to park in
contravention of any waiting restrictions. However, any Penalty Charge Notice issued to
vehicles associated with a funeral or wedding will be considered with due respect and
Penalty Charge Notice‟s will only be enforced when the city council believes there has
been a blatant disregard to the restrictions such that there is a danger to other road users
Garages (vehicles awaiting repair)
Motorists leaving a vehicle at a garage for repair/servicing or other works still remain
responsible for the vehicle as the registered keeper therefore payment of any Penalty
Charge Notice‟s issued during this time remains the responsibility of the registered
Grass Verge Parking - see Footway Parking
An „H‟ marking is a driveway protection marking, it is advisory only and is provided by the
City Council in response to resident‟s requests for assistance in preventing vehicles
obstructing their driveway. There is a charge for the marking. Application forms for an „H‟
marking are available via the internet (www.liverpool.gov.uk) and from Liverpool Direct
Limited on 0151 233 3000.
It is an offence, under the Highways Act 1980, for a person to cause an obstruction by
parking across a driveway. Any such incidents can be reported to Merseyside Police who
can take appropriate action. Unless there are waiting restrictions in addition to an „H‟
marking, no action can be taken by Civil Enforcement Officers. (This may be amended by
future changes introduced via the Traffic Management Act 2004).
The term „Hackney carriage‟ is - any wheeled vehicle licensed to ply for hire within a
controlled district as per the Town Police Clauses Act 1847.
Responsibility for a Penalty Charge Notice issued to a hired/leased vehicle rests with the
hirer of the vehicle at the time of issue. This is subject to the hire/lease company making a
formal representation to the Council, once they receive a Notice to Owner, without which
the Penalty Charge Notice would be enforced against the hire/lease company. Details of
the hire/lease agreement, clearly showing the hirers name and address, signature and
hire period etc need to be provided. Such documents should also include a statement
regarding the hirer‟s liability for any Penalty Charge Notice‟s incurred during the hire/lease
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A Penalty Charge Notice will only be cancelled in
cases where the driver of a vehicle is claiming an
emergency visit to a hospital when supporting
evidence, in the form of a letter form the hospital, is
provided. Pre arranged appointments are not deemed
to be emergency visits, similarly drivers visiting a sick
relative would not be considered as sufficient
justification for cancellation of a Penalty Charge
ICPZ – Inner Controlled Parking Zone:
The ICPZ is a controlled parking zone within the central core of the city centre. All
entrance points to the zone are clearly defined to inform motorists that waiting is
prohibited between 8am and 6pm everyday. There is no requirement for timeplates for
waiting restrictions within the zone. Other restrictions, such as loading/unloading, disabled
person parking bays, taxi bays etc, do require timeplates to indicate the relevant
restrictions. Residents parking facilities are not provided within the ICPZ. On-street Pay &
Display parking tickets within this zone are coloured green.
The Civil Enforcement of Parking Contraventions (England) General Regulations 2007
(Part 2 Section 5) state that the Penalty Charge Notice “shall be payable by the person
who was the owner of the vehicle involved in the contravention at the material time”. This
is deemed to be registered keeper of the vehicle, as per records held at the Driver and
Vehicle Licensing Agency (DVLA). If at the time of the contravention the keeper was not
the driver of the vehicle, then it is their responsibility to pay the Penalty Charge Notice
and seek recompense from the driver.
If a keeper‟s name be spelt wrongly on an Notice to Owner, this does not invalidate it or
discharge the liability of the person receiving it. Names and addresses are obtained via
the DVLA, which in turn are supplied by the keeper themselves, so it is incumbent upon
the keeper to ensure that such details are correct. If a misspelling is radically different
from the correct version then consideration will be given to cancelling the Penalty Charge
Lapsed Parking Permits
In situations where a parking permit has lapsed beyond its expiry date, a Penalty Charge
Notice will be issued to a vehicle parked in contravention whilst displaying such a permit.
It is the holders‟ responsibility to ensure renewal of a permit. The excuse that the City
Council does not send out renewal reminders will not, of itself and without additional
relevant factors, be accepted as valid reason for an out of date permit.
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The specific Acts relevant to civil parking enforcement are: Traffic Management Act 2004
and the Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984.
"Loading and Unloading" means the transference from (or to) a vehicle to (or from)
premises adjacent to where the vehicle is parked, of heavy or unmanageable Goods that
are not designed to be carried by hand other than over a very short distance. Regulations
permit a vehicle to be parked on a single/double yellow line whilst loading and/or
unloading is taking place. An observation period of 5 minutes is allowed to confirm such
action, since the activity of loading and/or unloading must be continuous whilst the vehicle
is parked within the bay.
Loading bays are specifically designated areas to be used for loading and/or unloading
only and not for parking for any other reason. Bays are signed with appropriate timeplates
detailing the maximum time for which loading and/or unloading is permitted, which varies
between 15 minutes and one hour. The activity of loading and/or unloading must be
continuous whilst the vehicle is parked in the bay. An observation period of 10 minutes is
allowed to confirm such action. Blue Badge holders may not park in a loading bay
Lord Mayor’s Proclamation (LMP):
An LMP is a declaration made on behalf of the Lord Mayor of Liverpool to temporarily
close specific roads (as identified within the proclamation) in association with powers
contained within the Town Police Clauses Act 1847. Such closures are required to
maintain public safety and to help control crowds when streets are thronged with people
due to processions/events on or near the public highway. The road closures are controlled
by Merseyside Police.
Unless specifically exempted within the terms of the LMP, vehicles are not permitted
access to closed roads and so enforcement will still take place with regard to non exempt
vehicles, parked in contravention.
Match Day (FMRPZ) Enforcement
Close liaison takes place between Merseyside Police and Parking Services prior to any
scheduled football match at either Anfield or Goodison Stadium, to ensure parking
enforcement is targeted appropriately on the day and any specific security issues fed into
the risk assessment process, to maximise support/protection for Civil Enforcement
Officers. Enforcement will commence approximately 2 hours before kick-off.
Motorcycle (solo) Parking/Security:
Motorcycles are defined as being a mechanically propelled vehicle (not being an Invalid
Carriage) with fewer than 4 wheels of which the weight unladen does not exceed 410
kilograms. Parking at LCC off-street Pay & Display facilities is free for such vehicles.
Secure parking facilities for solo motorcycles (mechanically propelled vehicle, with fewer
than 3 wheels) are available in Victoria St car park and on Level 3 of Mount Pleasant Car
Park. Currently there are approximately 80 dedicated spaces for motorcycles to be parked
on-street, in 11 different locations (see Appendix D). Such bays are indicated by white
- 15 -
lines and timeplates in accordance with Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions
2002. However motorcycles are not permitted to be parked in on-street Pay and Display
Cycle racks are provided for the express use of secure parking for pedal cycles.
Motorcycles parked at cycle racks are likely to receive a Penalty Charge Notice.
Multi Use Parking Bays:
These are marked out parking bays within the Outer Controlled Parking Zone. They are
available for use by Residents and their visitors and Businesses who display the relevant
permit/voucher and by motorists who „Pay & Display‟.
Notes in a Vehicle
Motorists displaying a note in their vehicle explaining why they have parked their vehicle
in breach of the parking regulations will not prevent the issue of a Penalty Charge Notice.
The observation time is the period, prior to issue of a Penalty Charge Notice, during which
a Civil Enforcement Officer will visually determine whether a specific contravention has
occurred or not. The details of the vehicle would be entered into the Civil Enforcement
Officers HHC, when first observed, and the computer will subsequently prevent issue of a
Penalty Charge Notice until the relevant observation period for the contravention has
elapsed. Observation times can vary. Penalty Charge Notice‟s for some contravention
codes can be issued instantly, however many require a 5 minute observation time. With
regard to loading bays in particular, the observation time is extended to a period of 10
minutes to make allowance for delivery to properties that may not necessarily be adjacent
to the location of the bay.
In certain extreme circumstances, in which parked vehicles are causing an immediate
danger to the public, then the observation time may be reduced from 5 minutes to „instant‟
to reflect the seriousness of the problem that such inconsiderate parking constitutes.
Within current civil enforcement legislation the offence of obstruction cannot be enforced
through the process of civil parking enforcement. Civil Enforcement Officers can only
enforce parking „contraventions‟ where there are yellow lines associated with a Traffic
Regulation Order. Without such restrictions enforcement associated with vehicles parked
in an obstructive manner can only be undertaken by the police (Section 137 of the
Highways Act 1980).
OCPZ – Outer Controlled Parking Zone:
The OCPZ is a controlled parking zone that forms a perimeter of the ICPZ. All entrance
points to the zone are clearly defined to inform motorists that waiting is prohibited between
8am and 6pm everyday. There is no requirement for timeplates for waiting restrictions
within the zone. Other restrictions, such as loading/unloading, disabled person parking
bays, taxi bays etc, do require timeplates to indicate the relevant restrictions. Residents
parking facilities are provided within the OCPZ (residents may apply for a permit and
- 16 -
scratch card vouchers for their visitors). On-street Pay & Display parking tickets within this
zone are coloured red.
A parking disc is issued by the City Council when it issues a Blue Badge. The disc is for
use by the registered holder only and can only be used in conjunction with a valid Blue
Badge. The time limit for the use of a parking disc is 3 hours.
When using a parking disc you must not
set a false arrival time; or
Reset the disc after parking
An individual‟s badge may be displayed on a vehicle while it is parked if it –
a) has been driven by the holder, or has been used to carry the holder, to the place
where it is parked; or
b) is to be driven by the holder, or is to be used to carry the holder, from that place.
The badge should be exhibited on the dashboard or fascia of the vehicle, or in the case of
a vehicle without a dashboard or fascia, in a conspicuous position in the vehicle such that
the front of the badge is clearly legible when viewed from the outside of the vehicle. The
badge must be displayed for the full duration that the vehicle is parked.
The Blue Badge must be displayed (as described above) when parked in a pay and
display parking bay on-street, or off-street (LCC car parks), in order to qualify for parking
When parked on a single or double yellow line (where appropriate) parking concessions
only apply if both the Blue Badge and the Parking Disk are displayed correctly.
Patrol of Parking Areas:
On each visit to an area a Civil Enforcement Officer will –
check that parking equipment appears to be in correct working order by a thorough
visual inspection and for a ticket machine, a coin acceptance check.
- 17 -
check that all appropriate signs and markings are readily visible and correct for
motorists to comply with.
check each vehicle parked in an area subject to controls for compliance with the
relevant Traffic Regulation Order‟s/legislation.
report any defects found in the above checks.
issue a Penalty Charge Notice to all vehicles which appear to be contravening
those Traffic Regulation Order‟s/legislation within the guidelines stated in the
Contravention Codes listings.
if the City Council has started the service, authorise the clamping or removal of any
vehicle parked in contravention of a Traffic Regulation Order provision and in
accordance with the appropriate guidelines.
Report any vehicle suspected of being abandoned or untaxed to Liverpool City
Council or its agencies, for action regarding possible disposal etc. Any initiative in
relation to such a vehicle will be at their explicit instruction.
Paved footways, pavements, are constructed/provided for pedestrian use. Vehicles
parked on pavements are:
a hazard to pedestrians causing an obstruction which may result in them having to
step off the pavement onto the highway thus putting themselves in danger.
a hazard by restricting the width of the pavement making it difficult for someone
with a pushchair or wheelchair; or a pedestrian with visual impairments, to pass
safely - again this person may have to step into the highway to avoid the
a hazard due to the damage caused by driving on and off the pavement - broken
If there are yellow lines (waiting restrictions) on the highway adjacent to the pavement,
then a parking ticket (Penalty Charge Notice) would be issued to a vehicle parked on the
footway as this is a contravention of the
waiting restrictions. Waiting restrictions
cover the highway from centre of the
carriageway to the back of footway.
If there are no waiting restrictions on the
highway adjacent to the pavement, then
the Civil Enforcement Officer‟s have no
powers to take action. If a vehicle is
blocking the pavement, Merseyside
Police should be contacted as such
parking constitutes an obstruction of the
highway (Highways Act 1980).
In certain locations Traffic Regulation
Orders have been introduced that
- 18 -
permits parking wholly on the footway, in clearly marked designated parking bays. Waiting
restrictions at the location only apply to the carriageway. These measures have been put
in place to combat parking problems where residents have no off road parking provision
and have historically parked on the footway. Clearly such parking has been in
contravention, however in these circumstances the footway is wide enough to
accommodate parking and still leave ample room for pedestrian access. Similar measures
may be introduced elsewhere subject to certain criteria being met.
Pay and Display Machines:
In circumstances where a machine is faulty the nearest available Pay & Display machine
should be utilised to purchase a parking ticket. Faulty machines noted by the public can
be reported to Liverpool Direct Limited (0151 233 3011).
Faults – claims from a „keeper‟ that a Pay & Display machine was not working can
be verified by the Civil Enforcement Officer‟s pocketbook and fault report log. If duly
confirmed then consideration will be given to cancelling the Penalty Charge Notice
unless an alternative machine is located within line of sight, or as described on
signs within the car park (if parked off-street). All machines have the following
statement on display - “If a machine is out of order, a ticket must be purchased
from another machine”.
Wrong Machine – tickets purchased from on-street pay and display machines are
not valid for use in off-street car parks and will be enforced. Discretion may be
exercised in circumstances in which a ticket of a higher value has been purchased
by mistake and is time valid.
Getting Change – a 5 minute period of grace is observed for vehicles parked
without a Pay and Display ticket, to allow a driver to obtain change for payment and
subsequently purchase and then display a ticket, prior to a Penalty Charge Notice
Payment method - Machines are designed to accept coins in denominations of 5p
10p, 20p, 50p £1, & £2. Some machines will accept payment by credit card.
Motorcycles are not permitted to be parked in Pay & Display bays on-street.
Pay and Display Parking Ticket:
Pay and Display parking operates on the principle of purchasing a parking ticket for the
amount of parking time required (maximum 2 hours on-street, unless specified otherwise).
Once purchased the ticket must be displayed on the inside of the vehicle windscreen,
kerbside, so that its details (date, fee, expiry time and machine number) are clearly visible,
from outside of the vehicle, to a person standing at the front or nearside of such vehicle
for the whole of the time during which the vehicle is left at the Pay and Display Parking
Place, or Multi Use Parking Place.
The ticket must always be displayed the correct side up for the full duration that the
vehicle is parked within the bay. Tickets are non adhesive and must be placed face up on
the vehicle dashboard or fascia panel where they can be clearly read through the front
- 19 -
Coin operated Pay & Display machines are used to facilitate payment for both on and off-
street City Council controlled parking, in the city centre. In the event that an individual
machine develops a fault, preventing ticket issue, then the next available Pay & Display
machine should be used to purchase a parking ticket from. In these circumstances tickets
purchased from off-street Pay & Display machines cannot be used at on-street locations
as the pricing structure is different. For ease of reference Pay & Display tickets issued in
off-street car parks are white, those for on-street Inner City Parking Zones are green and
those on-street Outer City Parking Zones are red. Discretion may be exercised in
circumstances in which a ticket of a higher value has been purchased by mistake and is
Correct coinage should be used for purchase as the machines do not give change. Not
having correct change is not an acceptable excuse for non purchase of a Pay & Display
ticket and representations made for this reason will not be upheld.
Machines not be „fed‟ i.e. further tickets purchased after the expiry of a previous ticket, as
the maximum permitted stay, on-street, is 2 hours (unless stipulated otherwise).
In off-street car parks where a ticket is purchased for the „day rate‟ then the ticket will
show the time of expiry as being the closing time of the car park for that day, regardless of
what time the ticket was purchased.
Failure to properly display a ticket for the duration a vehicle is parked may result in a
Penalty Charge Notice being issued.
Pedestrianised areas (vehicular access):
Vehicular access to the pedestrianised areas of the city centre is not permitted during the
core hours of 10am-6pm (10am-11pm in the Cavern Quarter). Access is physically
controlled with the use of hydraulic bollards. Proximity cards, which activate the bollards to
lower, are only issued under strict guidance in exceptional circumstances, with the
exception of those issued to the emergency services and statutory undertakers.
Legitimate vehicles parked within the pedestrianised areas during the core hours can be
identified by the display of the relevant permit. Permits are issued via Traffic Management
(0151 233 5225) under the strict understanding that vehicles are required to facilitate
works. In circumstances where vehicles are parked whilst displaying a permit, yet are
simply being used for convenience (eg. tea breaks, free parking) with no obvious need for
their presence, then a Penalty Charge Notice will be issued. Permit holders have signed
an agreement to confirm understanding of this approach.
Penalty Charge Notice
A Penalty Charge Notice is a notice issued by a Civil Enforcement Officer to a vehicle
which is believed to be parked in contravention of a Traffic Regulation Order. The notice
must contain certain information, including a description of which contravention is alleged
to have occurred. A charge of £50/£70 is levied against receipt of a Penalty Charge
Notice, however if paid not later than the last day of the period of 14 days, beginning with
the date on which the Penalty Charge Notice was served, the charge will be reduced by a
discount of 50%.
- 20 -
Part of the process of issuing a Penalty Charge Notice involves a Civil
Enforcement Officer making a note of the vehicle make (where able) , colour
and registration number, details of which appear on the Penalty Charge
Notice. Additionally the tax disc number, class of licence and position of tyre
valves is also noted.
The City Council issues various permits (see below) in relation specifically dedicated
parking facilities on the highway. Certain permits can only be used for the vehicle whose
registration details are shown on the permit (e.g., residents parking permits and disabled
resident parking permit). Scratch cards can also be used (by visitors) in designated areas
within the Outer Controlled Parking Zone and are only valid for the date scratched out on
the card. Permits should display details of an expiry date beyond which they are no longer
valid. Permits are not transferable between zones. Permits should be clearly displayed on
the inside windscreen (kerbside) of vehicles, for the full duration that the vehicle was
parked within the appropriate bay, during operational hours of restrictions.
Examples of permits are:
Business parking permit (available within Outer Controlled Parking Zone - £560 per
annum and within the Football Match RPZ – no charge)
Contract parking permit (available for certain off-street car parks, purchase of a
permit is no guarantee of a parking space being available)
Disabled resident parking permit
Residents parking permit
Visitors parking permit (also visitor vouchers – OCPZ)
Further details regarding permits are available from Liverpool Direct (Tel: 0151 233 3011)
If a permit is stolen, before a replacement can be issued the applicant must obtain a crime
reference number from Merseyside Police. Failure to provide such evidence will result in
a charge of £25 being levied for a replacement permit. Such a charge is also levied for
replacement of lost permits.
In circumstances where a Business Quarter residents parking permit has been issued,
these are valid for free parking in on-street Pay and Display bays only, before 9am and
after 5pm Monday-Friday and all weekend and Bank Holidays. A period of grace of 5
minutes will be allowed beyond the expiry of the free time period, in which to purchase
and display a Pay and Display parking ticket, after which a Penalty Charge Notice may be
The City Council operates a policy of zero tolerance with regard to permit holders who
physically or verbally abuse Civil Enforcement Officers, or who allow their parking permit
to be duplicated. Resident, Visitor or Business Parking Permits will be withdrawn on all
occasions from such individuals, for a period of 12 months. Once a permit has been
withdrawn it ceases to be valid and any further use, to facilitate parking, will attract
a Penalty Charge Notice.
The city council will take criminal or civil proceedings action on all occasions of verbal or
physical abuse of its parking enforcement staff.
- 21 -
Permitted Parking Areas (PPA):
In the context of civil parking enforcement the term PPA refers to the designation of the
City of Liverpool as an area where contraventions of Orders for permitted on-street
parking places (such as Pay and Display bays, disabled persons‟ bays, residents bays) is
no longer a criminal offence and becomes subject to new enforcement arrangements (ie
enforced by the City Council. See „Introduction‟)
The term PPA is also used to describe areas of highway (usually culs-de-sac) for which
specific site approval has been granted by Department for Transport, for parking
restrictions to be applied without the requirement for road markings/ timeplates. PPA‟s can
be found both within the OCPZ and the FMRPZ. Entrance to a PPA is signed to advise
that parking in the area is for “resident permit holders only beyond this point”. There is no
requirement for any further traffic signing or road markings (yellow lines, or marked out
parking bays) in respect of waiting restrictions/parking bays. Vehicles parked in a PPA
during the restricted hours, without displaying a valid permit, would be in contravention.
A persistent evader is defined as the keeper of a vehicle with three or more unpaid
Penalty Charge Notice‟s that have progressed to the Charge Certificate stage and are not
the subject of a representation or appeal. If a persistent offender is found to be parked in
contravention of parking regulations their vehicle may be wheelclamped as a priority.
Where a vehicle appears to be registered in the UK, but is not on the DVLA database,
details will be referred to the police or other enforcement agencies for possible further
It is not a statutory requirement to take photographs of a vehicle parked in contravention,
as part of the evidence gathering procedure, however photographs can provide
confirmation of a situation and remove certain ambiguities when determining the outcome
of any representation/challenge.
The „pocket book‟ is used by Civil Enforcement Officers to record information whilst on
duty. The pocket books can be used as additional evidence to support any Penalty
Charge Notice being challenged through the independent adjudication.
Primary Care Trust
Parking permits may be issued to Primary Care Trust to facilitate visits to patients at
locations where parking is restricted. The permits permit parking within residents parking
bays, on-street pay and display bays and on single yellow lines for up to 45 minutes. The
permits are not to be used to allow parking at the place of work.
Waiting restrictions incorporate the width of the public highway from the centre of the
carriage way to the building line of the property, or adjacent land. If such land, albeit open
- 22 -
private land, is accessible for the public to pass or re-pass at any time, it therefore forms
part of the highway. In such circumstances a pedestrian would have no reason to
distinguish between any part of the area and would quite reasonably assume that there
was public access to the whole width of paving. Thus, the whole area was one to which
the public has access whether by right or tolerance. Accordingly, the location is one to
which the Traffic Regulation Order would apply and a vehicle parked on such land would
be parked in contravention.
Residents Parking Schemes
Liverpool City Council has created a number of official Residents Parking Zones. These
are designed to prevent non-residents parking outside people's houses in areas where
parking facilities are limited. There are currently four „residents parking schemes‟:
Football Match Residents Parking Zone
Outer Controlled Parking Zone
Woolton Rd/Holly Farm Road
Residents living within a Residents Parking Zone can apply for a Permit by telephoning
Liverpool Direct on 0151 233 3011, or by writing to:
Parking Services c/o Resolution Centre
PO Box 981
Road Closures (temporary):
Temporary road closures will be supported by the introduction of a Temporary Traffic
Regulation Order to prohibit vehicles, using powers contained in Section 14 of the Road
Traffic Regulation Act 1984. In such circumstances the waiting restrictions are still
enforceable as they have not been suspended. Accordingly vehicles can still be issued
with a Penalty Charge Notice where it is deemed they are parked in contravention.
Ordinarily it would not be considered that a vehicle was parked in contravention if the
closed section of the highway was not accessible to traffic, i.e. that it was cordoned off. In
circumstances where only an area of the „officially closed highway‟ is actually cordoned off
and the remainder is used as a parking area then such parking would be considered to be
in contravention of the restrictions and not conforming to the use of highway justified by
the closure and would be justification for the issuing of a Penalty Charge Notice.
Road markings associated with Traffic Regulation Order‟s (e.g. single/double yellow lines
etc) should be clearly visible to motorists to define areas of the highway where waiting is
prohibited during certain times. All such road markings must accord with the Traffic Signs
Regulations and General Directions 2002.
- 23 -
At locations where road markings may be faded, but are visible, motorists are advised that
they should not consider this an acceptable excuse for parking in contravention. Penalty
Charge Notice‟s may still be issued in such circumstances.
Royal Mail Vehicles:
Royal Mail liveried vehicles, being used for the collection or delivery of postal packets, are
exempt from waiting restriction regulations provided they can be seen to be actively
involved in such. A Penalty Charge Notice will be issued to these vehicles if it is clear that
they are not engaged in official duties. The Penalty Charge Notice would only be
cancelled if written confirmation that the vehicle was involved in official duties was
provided by the area manager.
School Keep Clear Markings
Signs and lines in accordance with Diagram 642.2A/1027.1 of the Traffic Signs
Regulations and General Directions 2002, delineate a School Keep Clear Order. Such
Orders specifically prohibit vehicles from stopping on the yellow zig-zag road markings at
school entrance points. The City Council‟s policy is to work with schools to reduce
accidents and in support School Keep Clear markings are robustly enforced.
Special Parking Area (SPA)
The term SPA refers to the designation of the City of Liverpool as an area where
contraventions of non-endorsable parking offences, are decriminalised and enforced by
the City Council (in addition to those mentioned within a PPA). See “Statutory Instrument
2002 No 1353” in the Introduction.
Sunday – enforcement:
Motorists should not assume that parking restrictions do not apply on a Sunday unless
signs state to the contrary. It is the responsibility of the motorist to comply with the
restrictions in place.
Suspensions: (see Appendix B)
The City Council allows Pay & Display spaces to be suspended and in most cases a
charge is made for the service. (£22 per parking space, per day plus £25 administration
fee) A suspension can be used to prohibit parking where traffic flow might otherwise be
restricted during carriageway works or due to additional traffic attending special events.
Alternatively a suspension can be used for the purpose of reserving a parking place for
particular vehicles related to carriageway or building works, filming, removals, weddings,
funerals, etc. Suspensions are administered through the One Stop Shop system, or via
contact with Liverpool Direct (0151 233 3011).
If the complete bay is suspended then the bays will be coned off and signs erected to
advise motorists of the details of the suspension. Any unauthorised vehicle that
subsequently parks in a suspended bay will be subject to a Penalty Charge Notice and
may be towed away.
- 24 -
There are currently over 1500 on-street parking spaces in the city centre which operate on
a 'pay and display' basis. The maximum parking period is 2 hours (unless specified
otherwise). The charge hours are 8am - 6pm, 7 days a week, and the current fees (as at
27 June 2011) are as follows:
Inner zones Outer zones OCPZ Long Stay L Zone
Up to ½ hour: £1.10 Up to ½ hour: £1.10 Up to ½ hour: £1.10
Up to 1 hour: £2.20 Up to 1 hour: £2.20 Up to 1 hour: £2.20
Up to 1½ hours: £3.30 Up to 1½ hours: £3.30 Up to 1½ hours: £3.30
Up to 2 hours: £4.40 Up to 2 hours: £4.40 Up to 2 hours: £4.40
2–4hours £1.10 per extra ½ hour
The City Council 'pay and display' off-street car parks and tariffs are shown in Appendix
Tariffs will be reviewed on an annual basis to determine whether any increase is required,
either as a demand management measure or to account for inflation and to maintain
Temporary Traffic Regulation Orders (TTRO’s):
Temporary Traffic Regulation Order‟s are introduced to enable roads to be legally closed
for a period of up to 18 months, whilst necessary works are taking place on or adjacent to
the highway that may present a danger to users of that highway. When roads are closed
in this way the relevant Orders relating to parking/loading etc are suspended and so
enforcement does not take place within the defined boundary of the road closure.
Timeplates are the small traffic signs associated with waiting/loading restrictions etc, that
stipulate the times that the restrictions are in force. They are usually mounted on lamp
columns along the affected length of road but can be mounted on posts, walls or street
furniture. Unless as stated below, timeplates are required, together with the relevant road
markings, to indicate the prohibitions in force to ensure compliance and enable
enforcement. All such signs must accord with the Traffic Signs Regulations and General
Timeplates are not required where there are double yellow lines, since these lines prohibit
waiting „at any time‟. Timeplates are also not required in association with single yellow
lines, where such lines fall within Controlled Parking Zones (ie the Inner/Outer and
Football Match, Parking Zones). Regulations stipulate that the entrance to CPZ‟s must be
signed with the extent of the waiting restrictions and that consequently there is then no
need for repeater timeplates within the Zone itself.
Traffic Signs Regulations and General Directions 2002:
Abbreviated to TSRGD, this is the Statutory Instrument (2002 No.3113) that determines
the appropriate road markings and timeplates/traffic signs applicable to parking
- 25 -
restrictions etc, for use on the public highway. For restrictions to be legal and enforceable
the relevant ‘signs and lines’ must accord with these Regulations.
Where able details of vehicle tax discs are recorded in the Civil Enforcement Officer‟s
pocketbook for verification of the vehicle to which a Penalty Charge Notice was being
Visitors who wish to park within Controlled Parking Zones, Residents Parking Schemes or
Permitted Parking Areas, excluding such areas within the Outer Controlled Parking Zone
(see Visitor’s Vouchers), during the restricted hours, must clearly display a valid Visitors
Permit in the windscreen, or on the dashboard of their vehicle, such that the details can be
easily read from outside the vehicle by a Civil Enforcement Officer. A Visitors Permit is
only valid for parking in the road named on the permit.
Permits are available (one per household) to residents who provide the following as proof
Council Tax Bill
Current Utility Bill
These take the form of scratch cards where the day, month and year should be scratched
to validate the voucher for use within the OCPZ. A validated voucher must be clearly
displayed on the dashboard of a vehicle parked within a residents parking bay, or multi
use bay (or Permitted Parking Area, within the OCPZ) during the restricted hours.
Vouchers are issued in booklet form, each containing 10 vouchers. A maximum of 5
books are issued per 6 monthly period, to a household in which a resident provides the
following as proof of residence (extra may be issued in exceptional circumstances upon
Council Tax Bill
Current Utility Bill
A Visitors Voucher is only valid within the Outer Controlled Parking Zone and for the
specific sub zone indicated on the Voucher.
Wheel Clamping & Tow-Aways
The introduction of wheelclamping and removal is currently under consideration.
Zig-Zag markings (Pedestrian Crossings):
The police are able to issued fixed penalties for such parking and these would take
precedence over any Penalty Charge Notice issued.
- 26 -
Standard Penalty Penalty Charge Notice Codes v6.5.1
Code General Description Differential Notes
01 eoyz Parked in a restricted street during prescribed hours Higher Suffixes y & z for bbh only
02 aejo Parked or loading/unloading in a restricted street where Higher
waiting and loading/unloading restrictions are in force
04 cs Parked in a meter bay when penalty time is indicated Lower
05 cpsuv Parked after the expiry of paid for time Lower
06 cipv Parked without clearly displaying a valid pay & display Lower
ticket or voucher
07 cmprsv Parked with payment made to extend the stay beyond Lower „meter feeding‟
08 c Parked at an out-of-order meter during controlled hours Lower Electronic meters only
09 ps Parked displaying multiple pay & display tickets where Lower Some boroughs only
10 p Parked without clearly displaying two**** valid pay and Lower Some boroughs only
display tickets when required
11 u Parked without payment of the parking charge Lower
12 rstwxy Parked in a residents' or shared use parking place or Higher
zone without clearly displaying either a permit or
voucher or pay and display ticket issued for that place
13 - - - - RESERVED FOR TfL USE (LOW EMISSION n/a
ZONE) - - - -
14 Parked in an electric vehicles‟ charging place during Higher
restricted hours without charging
16 bdhqstwxyz Parked in a permit space without displaying a valid Higher Suffix “s” only for use
permit where bay is completely
17 - - - - RESERVED FOR TfL USE (CONGESTION n/a
CHARGING) - - - -
18 bcdfhmprsv Using a vehicle in a parking place in connection with Higher
the sale or offering or exposing for sale of goods when
19 irswxyz Parked in a residents' or shared use parking place or Lower
zone displaying an invalid permit, an invalid voucher or
an invalid pay & display ticket
20 Parked in a loading gap marked by a yellow line Higher
21 bcdfhjlmprqs Parked in a suspended bay or space or part of bay or Higher
22 cflmnopsv Re-parked in the same parking place or zone within Lower
one hour* of leaving
23 bcdfghjklprs Parked in a parking place or area not designated for Higher
v that class of vehicle
24 bcdfhmpqrsv Not parked correctly within the markings of the bay or Lower
25 jn Parked in a loading place during restricted hours Higher On-street loading bays
26 e Parked in a special enforcement area more than 50 Higher
cm from the edge of the carriageway and not within a
designated parking place
27 jo Parked in a special enforcement area adjacent to a Higher
30 fnou Parked for longer than permitted Lower
- 27 -
31 j n/a London only
Entering and stopping in a box junction when prohibited
32 jdtw n/a Code specific suffixes
Failing to drive in the direction shown by the arrow on a apply. London only
33 jbcefghikqrs n/a Code specific suffixes
Using a route restricted to certain vehicles apply. London only
34 j0 n/a
Entering, proceeding or waiting in a bus lane when
35 Parked in a disc parking place without clearly displaying Lower
a valid disc
36 Parked in a disc parking place for longer than permitted Lower
37 j Failing to give way to oncoming vehicles n/a London only
38 jlr Failing to comply with a sign indicating that vehicular n/a Code-specific suffixes
traffic must pass to the specified side of the sign apply. London only.
40 n Parked in a designated disabled person‟s parking place Higher
without displaying a valid disabled person‟s badge in
the prescribed manner
41 j Parked in a parking place designated for diplomatic Higher
42 j Parked in a parking place designated for police vehicles Higher
45 n Parked on a taxi rank Higher
46 jn Stopped where prohibited (on a red route or clearway) Higher
47 jn Stopped on a restricted bus stop or stand Higher
48 j Stopped in a restricted area outside a school when Higher
49 j Parked wholly or partly on a cycle track or lane Higher
50 jlru Performing a prohibited turn n/a Code specific suffixes
apply. London only
51 j Failing to comply with a no entry sign n/a London only
52 jgmsvx Failing to comply with a prohibition on certain types of n/a Code specific suffixes
vehicle apply. London only
53 j Failing to comply with a restriction on vehicles entering n/a London only
a pedestrian zone
54 j Failing to comply with a restriction on vehicles entering n/a London only
and waiting in a pedestrian zone
55 A commercial vehicle parked in a restricted street in Higher
contravention of the Overnight Waiting Ban
56 Parked in contravention of a commercial vehicle waiting Higher Non- overnight waiting
57 Parked in contravention of a coach ban Higher Non- overnight waiting
58 Using a vehicle on a restricted street during prescribed n/a London Lorry Ban only
hours without a valid permit
59 Using a vehicle on a restricted street during prescribed n/a London Lorry Ban only
hours in breach of permit conditions
61 124cgj A heavy commercial vehicle wholly or partly parked on Higher Code specific suffixes
a footway, verge or land between two carriageways apply.
62 124cgj Parked with one or more wheels on or over a footpath Higher Code specific suffixes
or any part of a road other than a carriageway apply.
63 c Parked with engine running where prohibited Lower This contravention occurs
in certain coach bays.
67 ---- RESERVED FOR VEHICLE EMISSIONS ---- n/a
68 ---- RESERVED FOR VEHICLE EMISSIONS ---- n/a
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99 jo Stopped on a pedestrian crossing or crossing area Higher Pedestrian Crossings
marked by zigzags
* = or other specified time **** = or other number = or other specified distance
70 Parked in a loading area during restricted hours without Higher Off-street loading areas
73 u Parked without payment of the parking charge Lower Off-street car parks
74 prs Using a vehicle in a parking place in connection with Higher Off-street car parks
the sale or offering or exposing for sale of goods when
77 - - - RESERVED FOR DVLA USE - - - n/a
80 Parked for longer than the maximum period permitted Lower Off-street car parks
81 o Parked in a restricted area in a car park Higher Off-street car parks
82 puv Parked after the expiry of paid for time Lower Off-street car parks
83 Parked in a car park without clearly displaying a valid Lower Off-street car parks
pay & display ticket or voucher or parking clock
84 Parked with additional payment made to extend the Lower Off-street car parks
stay beyond time first purchased
85 btrw Parked in a permit bay without clearly displaying a valid Higher Off-street car parks
86 prs Parked beyond the bay markings Lower Off-street car parks
87 Parked in a designated disabled person‟s parking place Higher Off-street car parks
without displaying a valid disabled person‟s badge in
the prescribed manner
89 Vehicle parked exceeds maximum weight or height or Higher Off-street car parks
length permitted in the area
90 psv Re-parked within one hour* of leaving a bay or space in Lower Off-street car parks
a car park
91 cg Parked in a car park or area not designated for that Higher Off-street car parks
class of vehicle
92 o Parked causing an obstruction Higher Off-street car parks
93 Parked in car park when closed Lower Off-street car parks
94 p Parked in a pay & display car park without clearly Lower Off-street car parks
displaying two**** valid pay and display tickets when
95 Parked in a parking place for a purpose other than the Lower Off-street car parks
designated purpose for the parking place
96 c Parked with engine running where prohibited Lower Off-street car parks - this
contravention may occur
in certain coach bays.
* = Or other specified time **** = or other number
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a) temporary traffic order b) business bay c) coach parking bay d) doctor‟s
e) double parked/obstruction f) free parking bay g) motor cycle bay h) hospital
i) wrong type of voucher j) camera enforcement k) ambulance bay l) loading
m) parking meter n) red route o) blue badge holder p) pay &
q) market traders‟ bay r) residents‟ bay s) shared use bay
t) voucher/P&D ticket used in permit bay u) mobile phone parking v) voucher
w) wrong parking zone x) incorrect VRM y) obscured/illegible permit
z) out of date permit
0) local buses / trams only
Footway parking only:—
1) One wheel on footway 2) Partly on footway 4) All wheels on footway
c) on vehicle crossover g) on grass verge
Moving traffic contraventions only:—
32 d) proceeding in the wrong direction t) turning in the wrong direction w) one way traffic
33 b) buses only c) buses and cycles only e) buses, cycles and taxis only f) buses and taxis only g)
local buses only
h) local buses and cycles only i) local buses, cycles and taxis only k) local buses and taxis only q)
tramcars and local buses only
r) tramcars only s) tramcars and buses only
38) l) must pass to the left r) must pass to the right
50 r) no right turn l) no left turn u) no U turn
52 v) all vehicles except non-mechanically propelled ones being pushed m) motor vehicles x) motor
vehicles except solo m/cycles
s) solo motorcycles g) goods vehicles exceeding max gross weight indicated
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Suspension/Dispensation Application Form
I am applying for (Please select)
A Suspension of pay & display bays
(Minimum of 5 working days* required - payment also to be received before 3pm the last working day*
before Suspension is due to commence)
Dispensation to park on a single yellow line waiting restriction
(Minimum of 2 working days* notice required)
Please refer to Eligibility Notes on page 2 before completing this form, if you have not completed all
required information your application may be rejected without notice.
*required information please complete all details in BLOCK
Details of Applicant Contact Details
Company Name* …………………………………………………… Contact Name* ……………………………………………………..
Address* ……………………………………………………………… Company Telephone* ……………………………………….……
………………………………………………………………………….… Mobile Number* …………………………………………………….
Postcode* ……………………………………………………….…… Email address* …….…………………………………………………
Details of vehicle(s)* please list registrations and make/model of each required
Registration 1 …………………………… Make ………………………………… Model ………………………………
Registration 2 …………………………… Make ………………………………… Model ………………………………
Registration 3 …………………………… Make ………………………………… Model ………………………………
Registration 4 …………………………… Make ………………………………… Model ………………………………
Registration 5 …………………………… Make ………………………………… Model ………………………………
Details of location(s)* (maximum of 3 locations per application) Pay & Display bays are £22.00 per bay (5 metres), per day (or
part of) and each application form (max 5 vehicles and 3 locations per application) incurs an administration fee of £25.00.
No. of Pay & Display bays (if applicable)
Location 1 …………………………………….. …………. Date(s) from …………………… to ……………………..
Location 2 …………………………………….. …………. Date(s) from …………………… to ……………………..
Location 3 …………………………………….. …………. Date(s) from …………………… to ……………………..
Please specify the location where bays are to be suspended i.e. outside newsagents, opposite No. 5 etc.
Please provide reason for suspension/dispensation*
Dispensations will only be authorised if the vehicle is essential for the work (see point 4 of Section 2 in eligibility notes on page 2 of this form)
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I have read the Eligibility Notes in full and accept the conditions on which I am applying; all information is correct. I acknowledge if applying
for a Suspension of Pay & Display bays that payment is required BEFORE 3.00pm the last working day before the Suspension is due to start
*working days are Monday – Friday, excluding Bank Holidays.
I have provided proof of work and acknowledge application will not be approved without it
(this is only required when applying for a Dispensation to park on a single yellow line)
Signed ……………………………………… Print Name .............................................. Date of Application ……………………………
Completed Application to be emailed to firstname.lastname@example.org (please mark either ‘Suspension’ or ‘Dispensation application’
in subject box). Alternatively, fax to 0151 233 2384 or post to Parking Services, Liverpool City Council, Municipal Buildings, Liverpool, L69 1JB
For Office Use Only
Date Application Received ……………….………… Application Approved? Y N Reason: …………………………………………………………
Version 3 created 05/07/2011
Parking Services only suspend Council owned pay & display bays, if you require
any other type of bay to be suspended you must apply through Traffic Management (address below).
Dispensations only allow a vehicle to be parked on a single yellow line waiting restriction.
SECTION 1 – APPLICABLE TO SUSPENSION OF PAY & DISPLAY BAYS ONLY
1) The completed application form (page 1) must be received no later than 5 working days*
before the date of commencement. The applicant is responsible for ensuring it is received with sufficient time
2) Payment must be received BEFORE 3.00pm the last working day* before the suspension is due to
3) If a suspension is no longer required, Parking Services must be informed no later than 3.00pm the day before
the commencement date, failure to do so may result in costs being awarded for loss of revenue, and any
future applications being denied.
4) One pay & display bay is measured at 5 metres, one bay (or part of) is charged at £22.00 per day. There is
also an admin charge of £25.00 per application.
5) There is a maximum of 3 locations per application.
6) Applicants requiring a suspension for large vehicles must take into account the size of the vehicle and apply for
the suitable amount of bays required to allow for easy manoeuvre.
7) Pay & display machines must not be obstructed or covered when a suspension is in place unless the entire
strip of bays is paid for – if only part of a bay section is suspended then other motorists must still be able to
access the machine.
8) Any works to be carried out which require alteration of the carriageway or pavement must be directed through
Traffic Management (address below). Payment of pay & display bays within a road closure still apply.
9) The Applicant is responsible for ensuring that sufficient bays have been applied for, vehicles parked in any
bays other than those paid for will be liable for a Penalty Charge Notice unless a valid pay & display ticket is
clearly displayed (not applicable to HGV or solo motorcycles – please see conditions on pay & display
10) Equipment left in pay & display bays which have not been suspended may be removed with potential costs
levied for removal.
SECTION 2 – APPLICABLE TO DISPENSATIONS FOR PARKING ON SINGLE YELLOW LINES ONLY
1) The completed application form (page 1) must be received no later than 2 working days* before the date of
commencement. The applicant is responsible for ensuring it is received with sufficient time for processing.
2) Vehicles must not park on a single yellow line until the application has been approved and the vehicle is clearly
displaying the permit.
3) Applications will not be granted for private goods vehicles, if an application is made with false information then
a Penalty Charge Notice will be issued under the contravention applicable regardless of whether a dispensation
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4) Vehicles must be essential for the completion of the work being carried out i.e. the vehicle is being used to
hold hazardous materials such as glass or chemicals, or has machinery attached. Any tools or equipment that
is required for a job should be unloaded and stored on site. Dispensations are not issued for convenient
parking. If vehicles are not actively seen to be used in accordance with these terms then a Penalty Charge
Notice will be issued.
5) Proof of work MUST be provided i.e. documents from employer, work contract, purchase order detailing work
to be carried out (we only require the relevant page relating to the work being carried out and the dates work
is to take place).
6) Anything other than a vehicle i.e. skips, scaffolding, crates must be referred to Traffic Management (address
below), if there are pay & display bays available then a dispensation will be refused and a suspension must be
7) Dispensations will only be issued for a maximum period of two weeks per application.
For maintenance or any other work that will affect the appearance/layout of the carriageway and/or road
closures you must contact: -
Traffic Management Tel: 0151 233 8286
Liverpool City Council Fax: 0151 233 8241
Municipal Buildings Email: email@example.com
Dale Street Web: www.liverpool.gov.uk
*Working days are Monday – Friday excluding Bank Holidays
Off-street Car Park Location/Charges/Operating Hours
(as at July 2011)
Multi Spaces Hourly Rate Day Rate Opening Closing
Off Street Storey/Surfac Hours Hours
Parking Location e Car Park
Beetham Plaza Multi Storey 113 £1.60 + Over 6 hours 7.30am 7pm
(underground) Contracts £10.00 Mon-Fri Mon-Fri
Burgess Street Surface 40 £1.10 Over 4 hours 7.30am 7.30pm
Craven Street Surface 28 £1.10 Over 4 hours 7.30am 7.30pm
Dale Street Surface 51 £1.30 Over 5 hours 7.30am 7.30pm
Finch Place Surface (22) Contracts only N/A 7.30am 7.30pm
Fraser Street** Surface 82 £1.30 Over 4 hours 7.30am** Midnight
(Contract only £6.00
Fontenoy Street Surface 30 £1.30 Over 4 hours 7.30am 7.30pm
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Hunter Street*** Surface 65 £1.30 Over 4 hours 7.30am 7.30pm
Kempston Street Surface 45 £1.10 Over 4 hours 7.30am 7.30pm
Lambert Street Surface 69 £1.10 Over 4 hours 7.30am 7.30pm
Old Haymarket Surface 39 £1.30 Over 5 hours 7.30am 7.30pm
Mount Pleasant Multi Storey 1412 £1.30 Over 5 hours Mon-Sat 8.00pm
Victoria Street Surface 122 £1.80* £1.80/hr* 7.30am Midnight
* Charge alters to 80p/hour after 6pm
** Fraser St car park is contract parking only Mon-Fri, 7.30am – 17.00pm. Pay &
Display parking is Mon-Fri 17.00pm – midnight and Sat & Sun 7.30am – midnight.
*** Hunter St car park is segregated into permit holders only on one side and Pay &
Display parking on the other side, until 2012 (approx)
Number Each area described below in this column being an area forming part of the Position in which
of carriageway of a specified highway is a Designated Motorcycle Parking Place motorcycles may
19A All that part of the northwest side of Brunswick Street which is bounded on the northwest by At angle of 90° to the
so much of the edge of the carriageway of that highway as extends from a point 24.70 edge of the
metres (81 feet) southwest of its junction with Goree in a southwesterly direction for a carriageway
distance of 14.63 metres (48 feet) and which has a width throughout of 2 metres (6 feet 7
29A All that part of the northwest side of Castle Hill which is bounded on the northwest by so At angle of 90° to the
much of the edge of that highway as extends from a point 1 metre northeast of its junction edge of the
with Fenwick Street in a northeasterly direction for a distance of 10 metres all measured carriageway
along the said road and which has a width throughout of 2 metres.
66A All that part of the northeast side of East Street which is bounded on the northeast by so At an angle of 90º to
much of the edge of the carriageway as extends from a point 31.8 metres south east of the the kerb line.
south eastern kerb line of Rigby Street in a south easterly direction for a distance of 10.85
metres having a width throughout of 2 metres.
70A All that part of the northwest side of Exchange Passage West which is bounded on the At angle of 90° to the
northwest by so much of the edge of the carriageway of that highway as extends from a edge of the
point 22.87 metres (75 feet) northeast of its junction with Rumford Street in a northeasterly carriageway
direction for a distance of 4.57 metres (15 feet) all measured along the said road and which
has a width throughout of 2 metres (6 feet 7 inches)
95A All that part of the northwest side of Heathfield Street which is bounded on the northwest by At angle of 90° to the
so much of the edge of the carriageway of that highway as extends from a point 14.33 edge of the
metres (47 feet) southwest of its junction with Renshaw Street in a southwesterly direction carriageway
for a distance of 10.06 metres (33 feet) all measured along the said road and which has a
width throughout of 2 metres (6 feet 7 inches)
95B All that part of the southeast side of Heathfield Street which is bounded on the southeast At angle of 90° to the
by so much of the edge of the carriageway of that highway as extends from its junction with edge of the
Cropper Street in a northeasterly direction for a distance of 6.10 metres (20 feet) all carriageway
measured along the said road and which has a width throughout of 2 metres (6 feet 7
134A All that part of the southwest side of Old Church Yard which is bounded on the southwest Parallel to the edge
by so much of the edge of the carriageway of that highway as extends from a point 39.63 of the carriageway
metres (130 feet) southeast of its junction with Chapel Street in a southeasterly direction for
a distance of 18.29 metres (60 feet) all measured along the said road and which has a
width throughout of 1 metre (3 feet)
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