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					Safer Streets Summary Report 2008/9

                                   Safer Streets Summary Report 2008/9

SECTION 1 .............................................................................................................................. 1

INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................................... 1
BACKGROUND .......................................................................................................................... 1
ACTIVITIES FUNDED BY AREA .................................................................................................. 2

SECTION 2 .............................................................................................................................. 5

ACTIVITIES AND THEIR IMPACT ................................................................................................ 5
HIGH VISIBILITY AND ADDITIONAL POLICING ............................................................................ 5
TAXI MARSHALLING .................................................................................................................. 6
INITIATIVES WITH LICENSED PREMISES .................................................................................... 7
DRINK DRIVING CAMPAIGNS ................................................................................................... 10
STREET PASTORS AND OTHER INTERESTING ACTIVITIES ..................................................... 11

SECTION 3 ............................................................................................................................ 13

MAINSTREAMING .................................................................................................................... 13
EVIDENCE ................................................................................................................................ 13

SECTION 4 ............................................................................................................................ 14

CONCLUSIONS ........................................................................................................................ 14

                     Safer Streets Summary Report 2008/9

Section 1


This report collates self evaluation information for Scottish Government‟s
Safer Streets programme 2008/09. The purpose of the programme was to
fund activity that will make Scotland‟s streets safer and feel safer over the
festive period. Activities were carried out by Community Safety Partnerships
(CSPs), or equivalent, in each of Scotland‟s 32 local authority areas. An
appropriate person from the CSP completed the evaluation report.

Before receiving funding CSPs were asked to provide evidence of their
priorities and how these activities would help to meet those priorities. The
main methods of providing evidence that objectives had been met were police
statistics, surveys with service users and feedback from partner agencies.

Rather than summarise information by area section 2 of the report collates
information by activity. This approach allowed for common themes and issues
to be drawn out and discussed in section 3. Section 4 makes conclusions.
The nature of the report means that not all CSPs are referred to equally. The
purpose of this report is to summarise Safer Streets activity so it can be
shared across CSPs and other partners.


The Safer Streets programme has now run over the festive period for the last
three years. The main objectives are to:
      Reduce crime, in particular violent crime
      Tackle alcohol related disorder
      Divert young people from crime and antisocial behaviour
      Reduce the fear of crime - increasing community reassurance
      Improve road, fire and home safety
      Strengthen partnership working

Following the success of the 2006 and 2007 Safer Streets programmes,
Ministers agreed to run the programme in 2008. The 2008 programme
emphasised the need to mainstream activities by reducing the level of funding
from £1m to £660k and making it a condition that local partners show match
funding of at least the same amount. Over the period of the programme
Scottish Government has invested £2.2 million.

                        Safer Streets Summary Report 2008/9

Activities funded by area

Funding was taken up by all 32 local authorities. Activities included high
visibility police patrols in „hot spot‟ areas, street pastors, enhanced CCTV, late
night taxi marshals and events for young people. This table details the
activities carried out in each area and how much Scottish Government and
local partners invested in those activities.

                                                                                      FUNDING ALLOCATION
                                                                                      (MATCHED FUNDING)
                          1. High visibility patrols by British Transport Police
                          around Aberdeen Station, rail networks and
Aberdeen City             2. Extra police officers and high visibility patrols
                          3. Additional deployment of taxi marshals
                          4. Servewise training to licensees, bar and off-
                          sales staff
Aberdeenshire             1. Additional high visibility patrols in 'hot spot' areas
                          1. High profile police patrols
                          2. Promote Best Bar None and Pubwatch schemes
                          3. Extend „Age Restricted Products‟ initiative
Angus                     4. Promote designated driver scheme
                          5. Personal safety leaflets
                          6. Inputs relating to alcohol related crime and
                          disorder at education establishments in Angus
                          1. Town centre high profile policing
                          2. Targeting off-sales/licensed premises
Argyll and Bute           3. Targeting youth and adult street drinkers
                          4. Targeting drink driving incident
                          5. Enhanced CCTV surveillance of „hot spots‟
                          1. Targeted support for evidenced problem
                          premises and locations
                          2. High visibility, targeted policing
                          3. Provision of Safe/Night Zones
Clackmannanshire          4. Identify persistent offenders (in relations to
                          alcohol related disorder and violence)
                          5. Extending Pubwatch schemes
                          6. Support licensing inspectors
                          7. Alcohol-free events for young people
                          1. High profile/visibility patrols within town centre
                          shopping areas
Dumfries and Galloway     2. High profile and plain clothes patrols to reduce
                          misuse of alcohol in public places and licensed
                          1. Additional police cover and high profile/visibility
                          patrols, to include knife and drug searches in
                          evidenced problem premises; enforcement of
Dundee City               street drinking ban; policing of Safe/Night Zone;
                                                                                      (£76,652) –over the year
                          issuing Fixed Penalty Notices for alcohol-related
                          antisocial behaviour; promotion of alcohol-free
                          youth events and Best Bar None scheme.
                          1. High profile policing
                          2. Late night taxi marshalling scheme
                          3. Late night bus service
East Ayrshire             4. Attendance by St Andrew‟s Ambulance
                                                                                      (£17,910 + in kind)
                          5. Publicity and advertising
                          6. Initiatives to support persistent offenders
                          7. Alcohol free events for young people
                          1. High visibility policing including mobile road
                          policing patrols
                          2. Targeting licensed premises
East Dunbartonshire       3. Additional Community Support Officer patrols
                          4. Enhanced CCTV capability
                          5. Public reassurance media campaign
                          6. „Where is your Child Tonight?‟ campaign

                    Safer Streets Summary Report 2008/9

                      1. High profile policing
                      2. Targeted enforcement and distribution of
                      education packs at licensed premises                      £6,600.00
East Lothian
                      3. Ad Trailer initiative                                  (£11,446)
                      4. Educational roadshows/school drop-ins
                      5. Test purchasing scheme
                      1. Town centre high profile policing/community
                      warden patrols/public space CCTV
East Renfrewshire     2. Media campaign
                      3. Targeting off-sales premises
                      4. Events for young people
                      1. Targeted deployment of police personnel
                      2. Targeted enforcement of and support for
                      licensed premises
                      3. Targeted deployment of British Transport Police
                      4. Intelligence-led deployment of Mobile CCTV van         £40,000
                      5. Night time environmental wardens patrols               (£76,475)
                      6. High visibility community safety patrols
                      7. Festive drink and drug driving campaign
                      8. Taxi marshals at 6 sites in the Nightzone
                      9. Detached Youth Worker at Winter Wonderland
                      1. Alcohol free events for young people                   £6,600
Eilean Siar
                      2. High profile policing                                  (£1,000 + in kind)
                      1. Late night taxi marshalling scheme/Safe Night
Falkirk               zones
                      2. Festive police operations
                      1. Taxi marshal scheme
                      2. Alcohol free music and dance events for young
                      3. Safer Towns initiative – additional police officers
                      and patrols                                               £20,000
                      4. Three camcorders to record antisocial behaviour        (£33,887)
                      5. Festive road safety initiative
                      6. Festive drink and drug drive campaign
                      7. Alcohol „Drink Safe Be Safe‟ campaign
                      8. Community crime prevention surgeries
                      1. Expand Nite Zone – high visibility policing,
                      transport marshals, mobile CCTV
Glasgow               2. Enhance Nite Zone – mobile medical facility,
                      „Place of Safety‟ for young people suffering from
                      excessive alcohol consumption
                      1. Provision of night buses
                      2. Enhanced police presence
Highland              3. Deployment of taxi marshals
                                                                                (£4,250 + in kind)
                      4. Pubwatch scheme
                      5. Street Pastors
                      1. High visibility community warden and police
                      2. Provision of alcohol-free youth events
                      3. Provision of „Safe Zones‟ for young people under       £26,000
                      the influence of alcohol                                  (£30,825)
                      4. Provision of a reassurance model with
                      information on reporting disorder and promoting
                      safe drinking
                      1. High profile policing
                      2. Targeted enforcement of problem premises
                      3. CCTV operator                                          £20,000
                      4. „The Writing‟s On The Wall‟ publicity campaign         (£18,894)
                      5. Targeting drink driving
                      6. Alcohol free youth events
                      1. Taxi marshals/posters and taxi cards
Moray                 2. Increased high visibility police patrols
                      3. Alcohol free information/disco event
                      1. Targeted enforcement of problem premises and
                      2. High visibility, targeted policing
                      3. Late night taxi marshalling schemes                    £26,000
North Ayrshire
                      4. Activities to support the targeting of drink driving   (£27,961)
                      5. Identify persistent offenders in relation to alcohol
                      related disorder
                      6. Provision of Safe/Night Zones

                      Safer Streets Summary Report 2008/9

                        1. Targeted enforcement of problem premises and
                        2. High visibility, targeted multi-agency policing
                        3. Supporting licensing inspectors                    £26,000
North Lanarkshire
                        4. Reducing risks for users of the night-time         (£26,000)
                        5. Targeting drink drivers
                        6. Enforcing standards for licensing staff
                        1. Door stewards                                      £6,600
                        2. Concessionary taxi fares                           (£1,000 + in kind)
                        1. Taxi marshal scheme
Perth and Kinross       2. Training for additional Street Pastors
                        3. Targeted police patrols
                        1. Highly visible additional police and warden
                        2. Alcohol free diversionary events
                        3. Bottled water initiative
Renfrewshire            4. The Ad-Tower – a 22 foot tall illuminated tower
                        as centrepiece for activity for one week
                        5. Text messaging service for persons entering
                        town centre
                        6. Taxi Marshals
                        1. Additional police officers and patrols
                        2. Additional road policing and checks
                        3. Operation Grenadine – marked bottle scheme         £6,600
Scottish Borders
                        4. Two test purchasing operations targeting off-      (£6,468)
                        5. Officers to monitor high school dances
                        1. High profile targeted policing
                        2. Targeted enforcement of problem premises           £6,600
                        3. On-going activities to support targeting drink     (£6,600)
                        1. Expansion of SafeAyr Weekend Zone project
                        2. Additional Joint CSO/Waste
South Ayrshire          Management/Environmental Health Patrols
                        3. Under-age disco
                        4. Festive publicity campaign
                        1. Town centre high profile policing
                        2. Taxi marshalling
                        3. Road policing
                        4. Radio/CCTV public space links
South Lanarkshire       5. Media campaign and publicity material
                        6. Targeting off sales premises
                        7. Public survey and public reassurance
                        8. Portaloos
                        9. Youth event
                        1. High visibility policing
                        2. SafeBase 08                                        £20,000
                        3. Operation Bluetooth – sending targeted personal    (£30,718)
                        safety messages

                        1. Targeted policing
                        2. Co-ordinated approach to licensed premises
                        3. Taxi marshal scheme
                        3. „Wrecked‟ binge-drinking campaign
West Dunbartonshire     4. Support for domestic abuse services
                        5. NightZone initiatives – environmental, publicity
                        and promotion
                        6. Alcohol free events for young people
                        7. Working with individual offenders
                        1. High visibility police patrols
                        2. Violence/alcohol data collection
                        3. „Keep Safe‟ youth information cards
                        4. Alcohol information cards
                        5. Young people‟s initiative
                        6. Safely Home – taxi initiative                      £20,000
West Lothian
                        7. „Out of Hours‟ domestic abuse crisis initiative    (£26,655)
                        8. Alcohol dip test
                        9. Best bar none scheme
                        10. Test purchasing scheme
                        11. Drink driving patrols
                        12. Pubwatch communication
Total match funding = £875,362 plus in kind contributions

                     Safer Streets Summary Report 2008/9

Section 2

Activities and their Impact

This section describes activities that have been used in a number of areas
and assesses their impact on the community.

High visibility and additional Policing

Additional policing was the most common use for Safer Street funding. It was
utilised by all but one of the 32 CSPs. For the main part additional police
patrols were used to increase crime detection, discourage potential
disturbances and to reassure the public and make them feel safer.

Most additional policing was in the form of targeted high visibility police
patrols. Patrols were often targeted to local „hotspots‟ where violence and anti
social behaviour (ASB) are known to occur. These hotspots are predominately
within town centres at weekends and are linked to alcohol consumption. This
included the areas around Safe and Night Zones and taxi ranks. High visibility
police patrols were mostly focused at night in order to make town and city
centres feel safer and to deter offending.

Additional policing was also used to target drinking and ASB, especially by
young people. In Argyll and Bute detections for consuming alcohol in a public
place increased by 28% compared to the same period the previous year and
detections for urinating in public were up 105.9% on five year December
average. Stop Searches were up 13% since same period last year. In East
Ayrshire there were 22 positive alcohol searches compared to 5 the previous
year and in Shetland there were 37 incidents of alcohol being seized from
youths compared to 23 in the previous three months. There was also a
decrease in ASB and disorder with 27 incidents reported compare to 41 over
the previous three months. During the initiative in the Scottish Borders 36.5
litres of alcohol were confiscated from underage drinkers.

In some areas British Transport Police (BTP) and Community Warden patrols
were funded. In Aberdeen the BTP patrols were considered to be a success
with a 62.5% reduction in the number of ASB offences committed compared
to the same period the previous year. In North Ayrshire additional BTP patrols
led to a higher detection rate of disorder cases; 21 during the initiative as
opposed to 8 in the same period of the previous year. Some CSPs, including
the Highlands, utilised funding to target shoplifting and ASB in town and city
centres during the day. In Aberdeenshire during this period, 21 incidents of
theft by shoplifting were reported, of which 17 have been detected (77.3%
detection rate). There were 6 incidents, reported and detected in the same
period in 2007.

The majority of CSPs believed that these police activities have a positive
impact on crime reduction and crime detection. In Aberdeen vandalism
reduced by 9 offences to 56, serious and violent crime reduced by 2 crimes to
13. Breach of the peace offences remained constant at 148 but there was a

                    Safer Streets Summary Report 2008/9

2% rise in detection. In Argyll and Bute violent crime was down 30% on the 5
year December average, serious assaults were down 9.1% on the 5 year
December average. In East Dunbartonshire Crimes of violence fell by 47% on
the previous year. There were 1300 crimes committed in East Lothian
between 1st December 2008 and 26th February 2009, a decrease of 14%
compared to the same period in 2007. In Renfrewshire violent crime was
down 15% and breach of the peace down 18%.

The presence of high visibility police patrols also made people feel safer. In
Hamilton, South Lanarkshire, 77% of people felt there was a safer
atmosphere in the places they visited during the initiative (66% in 2007/8) and
61% would be more likely to visit Hamilton town centre rather than
surrounding locations due to police presence (56% 2007/8). The police were
also involved in many other activities. They also had radios which linked them
to taxi marshals and licensed premises. This meant that the additional police
were able to closely monitor situations, and where appropriate quickly
respond to incidents and limit escalation.

Some general positive outcomes
   Reduction in disturbances and offences
   Reduction in ASB
   Positive feedback from the surveys – people feel safer
   Positive impact on the Health Services as a result of fewer assaults
   Increased number of drugs and weapons searches
   Increase in numbers of violent or antisocial acts detected by police
   Positive media coverage
   Improved partnership working

Taxi marshalling

Taxi Marshals, sometimes referred to as Transport Marshals, were funded or
extended through the Safer Streets project in 12 CSPs. Taxi ranks are often
known to be areas of high ASB and the presence of taxi marshals helps to
ensure that order is maintained and people are able to travel home safely.
Taxi Marshals ensure that the taxi queue remains calm and ordered and to
ensure that there are no disturbances at Taxi ranks. Deploying Taxi Marshals
frees up police time to deal with priority matters.

The Taxi Marshals were seen as an important success because they help to
ensure that large numbers of people were able to get out of city and town
centres safely. Taxi Marshals make people feel safer and encourage people
to go into town centres at night as they provide an easy and safe way home.

In Glasgow more than 46,000 people used the taxi ranks and the average
wait time was 4 minutes. In Falkirk questionnaires were distributed over the 3
month period the Safer Streets initiative was in effect and 87% of respondents
felt safer because of the scheme up from 79% from the same period last year.
92% said they would feel safer in Falkirk if the taxi marshal scheme was a
permanent service. Falkirk provided high visibility police patrols near taxi

                    Safer Streets Summary Report 2008/9

ranks in an effort to support taxi marshals and provide an additional deterrent
to disorder. In some areas such as Edinburgh the Taxi Marshal service had
been expanded and in 2008/9 benefited from mainstream funding.

In the Highlands the Taxi Marshals were equipped with the Inverness “link”
radio system. This allowed them to communicate with the police and other
emergency services where there were any ASB that they could not deal with
themselves. The taxi marshal team and the police have indicated that this
partnership worked well. There were also fewer calls to police than the
previous year.

Some general positive outcomes
   Positive feedback from surveys – people feel safer
   Decrease in disturbances and offences
   Improved partnership working

Initiatives with licensed premises

15 of the CSPs used funding to increase the frequency of visits to licensed
premises or to participate in Pub Watch and Best Bar None schemes. These
measures were targeted at increasing the safety of pubs and clubs through
training and police presence. Test purchases also targeted off-sales premises
selling alcohol to underage youths by sending young people to buy alcohol.
These initiatives promoted closer working between police and licensed
premise owners and there employees.

Increased visits to licensed premises targeted both on and off sales premises
that sold alcohol to young people in order to reduce underage drinking.
Increased visits to licensed premises also helped to increase feelings of
security and to reduce escalation of incidence in premises known to be „hot
spots‟ of violence. In Argyll and Bute the total number of official visits to
licensed premises in December 2008 was 546 up 22.4% from the previous
month. In Clackmannanshire the number of visits to licensed premises was up
from 148 to 173 compared to the same period of the previous year. In East
Ayrshire there were 1769 visits to licensed premises in December 2008
compared with 936 in December 2007.

In East Lothian there were initiatives that targeted youth drinking and agent
purchase with leaflets and educational packages being distributed to all
licensed premises in the county. „Test Purchase‟ also formed part of the
overall operation. In the Scottish Borders there were two test purchase
operations and one failure. West Lothian also increased Pubwatch
communication and utilised a test purchasing scheme. In East Renfrewshire
owners and staff working found that increased visits from police not only
deterred individuals and groups from trying to buy alcohol illegally for young
people, but knowing that the police were nearby increased staff confidence to
robustly challenge those who did.

There were also other initiatives to increase safety in licensed premises.
Dundee and Fife trialled the use of polycarbonate glasses in licensed

                    Safer Streets Summary Report 2008/9

premises in order to reduce injuries from violence involving glass. In Fife
plastic glasses were delivered to 28 licensed premises in the 6 largest town
centres. Feedback from the premises was good with many Fife premises now
routinely using plastic, instead of glass. During the campaign Fife police
recorded only one incident involving a glass. In Orkney the number of
licensed door stewards was increased and they received additional training.
This allowed the owners of licensed premises to enhance the safety of their
clients and enabled the police to concentrate on other public spaces.

Some general positive outcomes
   Reduced number of incidents within licensed premises
   Improved partnership working with licensed premises and security
   Positive feedback from partners

Safe Zones and CCTV

9 CSPs provided funding for Safe or Night Zones in town centres to provide
places of safety and in some cases first aid for people who were lost or under
the influence of alcohol. Safe or Night Zones were one of the more common
features of the Safer Streets funding, though they were in different forms in
different areas. In some areas Safe Zones did not deal with a particularly
large number of people.

The Glasgow „Nite Zone‟ is in place all year round. Safer Streets funding
allowed it to be extended during the festive period. There was a first aid
centre which resulted in 76 patients treated and only 38 (51.4%) requiring
hospital treatment. In Stirling, Safe Base 08 was a safe facility for people who
felt vulnerable or unsafe whilst out at night. Safe base was staffed by a
supervisor from the Night-Time Economy Group and others from the following
agencies (Police (civilian staff); Stirling Family Support; Signpost Forth Valley;
The Rock Community Centre and Central Scotland Rape Crisis). Staff were
able to provide First Aid and Mental Health First Aid to members of the public.
They were also trained in working with substance misuse. Safe Base
recorded 14 incidents. All incidents removed requirement for police or A&E
and ambulance to become immediately involved.

In Inverclyde the „Safe-zone‟ was located within Council premises and was
focused on young people who were caught drinking or were in groups of
people who were drinking. The „Safe-zone‟ was staffed by the Community
Warden Service, Community Learning and Development, Inverclyde Council
Alcohol Services and St Andrew‟s Ambulance Association. This follows on
from a similar initiative in 2007/08. 5 young people were brought to the safe
zone, where their parents or guardians then had to collect them.

The main benefit of monitored CCTV is that it allowed for greater detection of
offences and meant that any disturbances could be addressed quickly. East
Dunbartonshire had a police officer deployed at the CCTV monitoring station
at peak times. They also hired three mobile cameras which in addition to the
two they already possess were stationed at „hotspot‟ areas. In Glasgow there

                     Safer Streets Summary Report 2008/9

was also a control centre that allowed monitoring of CCTV and radio
communications. The control room alerted police to 51 incidents over the
Festive period. In Moray, during the period of this year‟s initiative 11 incidents
were captured on the CCTV system. CCTV is considered to have been an
effective way to quickly direct police to any disturbances. It can also help in

Some general positive outcomes
   Reduced disturbances and offences
   Partnership working with NHS, St John‟s Ambulance, charities and
     security companies
   Increase in detection of incidents
   Reduced burden on police and A&E

Diversionary activities and alcohol-free events

Diversionary activities for young people were funded through the Safer
Streets initiative by 13 CSPs. Alcohol-free discos and other activities such as
sports events and educational workshops were used to reduce the number of
young people out on the streets and engaging in ASB. Diversionary activities
were seen as positive, but in some areas there were questions about whether
the young people who attended the diversionary activities would have been
drinking or engaging in ASB if they had not been at the diversionary events.

In Renfrewshire there were three „Hit the Beat‟ music events where young
bands from Renfrewshire performed. There were also tutors and equipment
available so that the young people in attendance could have a go themselves.
Over 300 young people from across Renfrewshire attended these events.
During the period of the events there was a 15.8% decrease in violent crimes
and a 16.6% decrease in vandalism. In Midlothian 790 young people
participated in diversionary activity. This is believed to have contributed to a
38% reduction in youth calls.

Fife also had „alcohol free events‟. 740 young people attended 2 events and
were breathalysed on the way in. This project, led by Kirkcaldy YMCA sits
within the agenda on the Kirkcaldy Area Youth Strategy Group a multi-agency
partnership group made up of: Community Services; Police; Health and
Education. Dundee used funding for additional diversionary activities at „The
Shore‟. These included the opening of an early evening drop-in café bar,
Duke of Edinburgh‟s Award group activity sessions; visual, performing art and
media workshops; and Awards Scheme Development and Accreditation
Network qualifications. 900 young people took part in these activities. When
asked at a Friday band night what they would be doing if they were not at the
Shore, 49% said they would be hanging about and 10% said they would be

In some areas diversionary activities were available to everyone but in others
specific areas or individuals were targeted. In Clackmannanshire they
targeted young people who lived in areas highlighted as having high levels of

                    Safer Streets Summary Report 2008/9

ASB. There was a 42 hour programme of free football and swimming which
attracted 600 participants. In East Ayrshire individuals on the cusp of
offending were identified and given the opportunity to attend an evening group
where they learnt skills which would increase their employability. 32 young
people showed commitment to attending this group. In Inverclyde 60 young
people were identified as being responsible for causing ASB within the area.
These young people were invited to attend a series of educational workshops
and diversionary activities. Support was offered from various partners
including Community Learning and Development who could divert young
people to youth facilities.

Some general positive outcomes
   Participation in diversionary activities for young people
   Improved partnership working
   Decrease in disturbances and offences
   Positive feedback

Drink driving Campaigns

5 CSPs used some of the Safer Streets funding to finance anti-drink driving
campaigns. Drink driving campaigns were often focused in rural areas and
targeted people driving home from nights out. They also targeted people
driving the next morning who might still be under the influence. Well
advertised drink driving campaigns attempted to discourage people from
driving home after a night out but also to increase the detection rate of drink
driving offences.

In Shetland mobile patrols targeting drink driving led to an increase in drink
driving detections on the previous three month period. In Eilean Siar there
were 324 vehicles stopped, 29 breathalyser tests were given and 6 drink or
drug drivers were reported. In North Lanarkshire 234 vehicles were stopped.
In Angus the „Designated Driver‟ scheme was promoted and extended. 15
people were reported for drink driving, while none were reported for driving
while under the influence of drugs.

Drink driving campaigns were also paired with other measures such as
concessionary taxi fares in Orkney and additional late night bus services in
the Highlands to make it easier to get home without driving.

Some general positive outcomes
   Increased number of persons apprehended
   Positive feedback from surveys - people feel safer
   Reduction in the number of people drink driving following closure of
     licensed premises

Other advertising campaigns, safety information and media involvement

Many of the 32 CSPs used at least part of the money to fund campaigns. This
was to make the public aware of the initiatives and to make them feel safer.

                    Safer Streets Summary Report 2008/9

The aim was to encourage more people to go into town and city centres and
use facilities. The campaigns also sought to discourage ASB and disorder
through advertising that there would be a heightened police presence.

In several areas information leaflets were produced about how to stay safe on
nights out and when drinking. For example, West Dunbartonshire had a
„Wrecked‟ campaign targeting binge drinking. In Midlothian the Safer Streets
funding was used to create “The Writings On The Wall” publicity campaign.
An advertising campaign with 2 distinct designs. Design 1 was aimed at
reducing alcohol fuelled violence in Midlothian and design 2 targeted Drink
Driving. Both designs tie in with the on-going Midlothian “The Writings on The
Wall” anti-vandalism campaign.

In East Renfrewshire Safer Streets funding was used to promote a „Safer East
Renfrewshire‟ campaign through poster distribution. This was used alongside
existing campaigns such as „Pink Handbag‟ targeting young women towards
safe use of alcohol and the „Don‟t Risk It‟ advert in East Renfrewshire cinema
which provide an additional commercial to encourage those with alcohol
problems to contact the Renfrewshire Council on Alcohol Trust. In Angus
3000 Festive Season Personal Safety Menus were printed and distributed in
licensed premises throughout the area. There were campaigns targeting
parents of young people who might be out drinking and involved in ASB.
These include East Dunbartonshire‟s „Where is your child tonight?‟ campaign
which was aimed at the parents of 11 to 18 year olds.

Being safe while out at night was not the only topic covered in advertising
campaigns. East Lothian and others also targeted domestic violence. In North
Lanarkshire Community Safety Department Staff in partnership with
representatives from Routes to Work, Careers Scotland, Women‟s Aid,
Landed Peer Education, NHS Public Health Team and Crimestoppers set up
stalls in supermarkets and shopping centres to provide information on all
aspects of crime prevention and personal safety. In Dumfries and Galloway
public reassurance shoplifting patrols were highlighted in a series of media
articles. A further series of media articles before and after the initiative
highlighted alcohol misuse issues. This included input from NHS D&G (the
Consultant at Dumfries and Galloway Royal Infirmary, Accident and
Emergency Department) and senior police officers.

Some general positive outcomes
   Improved partnership working with NHS, Crimestoppers and other
     charitable groups.
   Reduced fear of crime

Street Pastors and other interesting activities

Street Pastors are a Christian based voluntary group. They provide a
supportive and friendly ear, particularly for vulnerable individuals in town and
city centres at night. They are also a high visibility presence to prevent
situations developing into conflict as well as to make people feel safer. They

                    Safer Streets Summary Report 2008/9

provide support in minor incidents enabling police to concentrate on more
serious issues.

Although they were not directly funded they did play a role in Operation
Respect in Inverness where Street Pastors carried out high visibility patrols as
well as the police. Through the Safer Streets programme in Perth 10
additional volunteers received uniforms and intensive training which enabled
them to deal with the issues that they faced on patrol. This was an example of
a programme that had already been mainstreamed being enhanced through
the Safer Streets funding.

Although not prevalent other interesting activities included; environmental
patrols in areas such as North Lanarkshire, where areas that generate
disorder, such as overgrown shrubbery were removed. White lighting systems
were introduced in areas of Stirling City Centre to make it feel safer at night.

In South Lanarkshire portaloos were introduced for a 5 week period. This was
an increase from 3 weeks the previous year. This led to a 43.7% decrease in
fixed penalty notices for urinating in public (16 in 2007/8, 9 in 2008/9).

In two areas, Stirling and Renfrewshire, targeted personal and community
safety messages were sent to people entering town centres through text
messages. In Renfrewshire the service reached over 100 people per evening.
Renfrewshire also had an Ad-Tower. The 22 foot tall illuminated tower
displayed personal safety messages. Water bottles were handed out to
people leaving clubs and to people who had had alcohol confiscated. In the
Scottish Borders there was a marked bottle scheme called Operation
Grenadine but we do not have further information on the success of this

Some general positive outcomes
   Positive feedback - people feel safer
   Free up police resources
   Improved partnership working with charitable groups
   Decrease in offences

                    Safer Streets Summary Report 2008/9

Section 3

The Safer Streets funding was provided on the basis that some parts of the
programme would be mainstreamed in future years. Most CSPs expressed a
wish to mainstream activities, or at least to repeat the activities in 2009/10.
However, funding was sometimes stated as a barrier to doing this.

Falkirk has mainstreamed the Safer Streets initiative. It is being funded
through the Community Safety Projects fund. Funding has been allocated to
support initiatives including enforcement activities and the 24 hour helpline
and to community safety-related projects, including, home fire safety checks,
diversionary activities for young people and an inter-generational project to
research the causes of conflict involving young people. Safer Streets has
also been mainstreamed in Midlothian. The Council has funded additional
police resources to specifically target ASB. Investment has also been made in
the Community Safety Team to bring together the ASB team and community
safety team. This will allow partners to jointly plan and task.

Aberdeenshire CSP and partners are keen for similar activities to take place
next year. The Partnership will use funding from Aberdeenshire Council to do
this and cessation of funding would not prevent further initiatives from taking
place. Many areas have mainstreamed some of the activities funded. In other
areas it has been stated that additional funding would be required in order to
ensure that such proactive measures could be continued, especially during
the busy festive period.


Looking across the evaluation reports demonstrated the variety of approaches
taken by CSPs to gather and analyse information. All areas viewed the Safer
Streets project as a success.

However, some areas saw an increase in crimes detected as a positive and
others saw a reduction in the number of crimes as a positive measure.
Another view was that although there was an increase in crime the additional
police and other activities meant that these issues could be dealt with robustly
during a busy period. This demonstrates the need to understand the rathionsl
behind local decision making when evaluating the success of the Safer
Streets initiative.

One further issue highlighted was the difficulty in knowing whether the young
people who attended diversionary activities would have been out drinking or
causing trouble if they hadn‟t been taking part in the activity. In some areas
this was tackled by surveying those who attended and asking what they would
have been doing if they did not attend. In other areas some events were
deliberately targeted at people who were identified as being on the cusp of
offending. Finally, Safe Zones were considered to be positive although it was
noted that relatively few people were attended to.

                    Safer Streets Summary Report 2008/9

Section 4


The Safer Streets funding covered a wide range of activities that dealt with a
number of safety issues. In some areas activities funded through Safer
Streets 2006 and 2007 had already been mainstreamed. This allowed
2008/09 funds to be used to support other activities as part of a wider
programme. In other areas the funding was used to provide more of an
activity than had already been planned. The great majority of CSPs used at
least some of the funding to pay for additional police hours. Several areas
said that the Safer Streets funding allowed them to be proactive and try out
new types of activity. Many supplemented the grant with more than match
funding which shows commitment to this type of activity.

There was a focus on making people feel safer. The increased police
presence, along with the taxi marshals, street pastors and increased CCTV all
served to make people feel safer. Many of the public reassurance measures
were seen to encourage people to come into town and city centres on nights
out which was seen to have a positive effect on the night time economy.

Feedback on the programme was generally positive. It is seen to be
successful with either reducing crime rates or increasing detection. It was also
successful in increasing capacity to deal with crime over the festive period.
However, in terms of specific activities it is sometimes hard to tell what direct
impact each individual activity had. The only criticism repeatedly highlighted
was the lack of time between when the funding was announced and the
period when activities took place.

Overall, there is the agreement that the initiatives would not have been able to
exist to the extent that they did without Government funding.


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