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					    History of the Ministry of Higher Education &
            Scientific Research (MOHESR)
 Independent   at start ,   University of Baghdad attached to
Prime Minister’s Council.

In    (1966-1967) established Basrah & Mosel universities.
They were linked to Baghdad university as separate campuses
at first ; 2 years later they became independent and 2
presidents were appointed.

   The first Iraqi private university was Al-Mustansiriya
university in the late 60’s.

     The Ministry was established in 1970.




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The organization of technical institutes was established    in the
early 80’s with 11 institutes all over Iraq.


    In 1988 four new universities were established in the central
region of Iraq.


    New universities were established consecutively in all major
cities (18 province capitals) the latest established is Missan
university and Muthana university.

   Presently five universities in Baghdad, four in Kurdistan, and 13
others in all major cities of Iraq.

   There are nearly 35 technical colleges , institutions, and nearly 42
research centers or research institutions attached to the universities.



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   Independent universities at first .

   When Ministry established:

         A central budget distributed by ministry to
         universities.

         Administration of universities nearly independent
         (appointments-central, other matters–university
         authority).

         In 1980’s as the Iran-Iraq war broke up things
         became more centralized.




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      After the first American war on Iraq as well as lack of
      funds things became more centralized and activities
      were literally stagnant.

     After 2003 there are calls ( mostly politically
      motivated) to disengaged the universities from the
      Ministry and a few calls for the cancellation of the
      Ministry. This is very unrealistic and non-feasible
      basically for three main reasons:

Centralized        ministerial     budget     from   a    central
government.

 Centralized student applications and acceptance.
 Unified       rules   and   regulations   that   apply   for   all
universities.



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                       Future Outlook



 Rebuilding the infrastructure of all universities and research
centers.

  Upgrading the academic standards of teaching and research
methods.

   Decentralizing the administrative policy.

   Decentralizing the students acceptance policy.




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                                       Minister
                                                                    Minister’s offices



                                        Iraqi medical board                                        D.G’s
Deputies
                                                         Technical institution

           Advisers
                                             Technical colleges
                                                                              Planning
                 University presidents
                                             Technical institutes             Research

                                                                              Administration

           College deans          Univ.-administration                        Cultural relations

                                                                              Evaluation
                                                                              Construction
                    Research centers
                                                                              Inspector
10
 Duhouk U.

                              Erbil U.           Koya U.
Mosul U.
                                           Sulaymania U.


           Kirkuk U.


           Tikrit U.
                                      Dayala U.

Anbar U.

                                                  Wasit U.
                           Babil U.
   Karbala U.
                                                       Missan U.

           Kufa U.

                Qadisiya U.
                                                           Basra U.
                       Muthana U.
                                         Thi-Kar U.




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  Duhouk I.

                                Erbil I.
 Mosul I.
                                              Sulaymania I.


            Kirkuk I.


            Tikrit I.
                                        Ba’qubah I.

Ramadi I.

                                                        Kut I.
                            Hillah I.
    Karbala I.
                                                             Amarah I.
            Kufa I.
             Najaf I.                      Shatrah I.
                 Diwaniyah I.
                                                                 Basra I.
                        Samawah I.
                                           Nasiriyah I.




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