History of the Ministry of Higher Education &
Scientific Research (MOHESR)
Independent at start , University of Baghdad attached to
Prime Minister’s Council.
In (1966-1967) established Basrah & Mosel universities.
They were linked to Baghdad university as separate campuses
at first ; 2 years later they became independent and 2
presidents were appointed.
The first Iraqi private university was Al-Mustansiriya
university in the late 60’s.
The Ministry was established in 1970.
The organization of technical institutes was established in the
early 80’s with 11 institutes all over Iraq.
In 1988 four new universities were established in the central
region of Iraq.
New universities were established consecutively in all major
cities (18 province capitals) the latest established is Missan
university and Muthana university.
Presently five universities in Baghdad, four in Kurdistan, and 13
others in all major cities of Iraq.
There are nearly 35 technical colleges , institutions, and nearly 42
research centers or research institutions attached to the universities.
Independent universities at first .
When Ministry established:
A central budget distributed by ministry to
Administration of universities nearly independent
(appointments-central, other matters–university
In 1980’s as the Iran-Iraq war broke up things
became more centralized.
After the first American war on Iraq as well as lack of
funds things became more centralized and activities
were literally stagnant.
After 2003 there are calls ( mostly politically
motivated) to disengaged the universities from the
Ministry and a few calls for the cancellation of the
Ministry. This is very unrealistic and non-feasible
basically for three main reasons:
Centralized ministerial budget from a central
Centralized student applications and acceptance.
Unified rules and regulations that apply for all
Rebuilding the infrastructure of all universities and research
Upgrading the academic standards of teaching and research
Decentralizing the administrative policy.
Decentralizing the students acceptance policy.
Iraqi medical board D.G’s
Technical institutes Research
College deans Univ.-administration Cultural relations
Erbil U. Koya U.
Najaf I. Shatrah I.