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									    JOHN DEWEY

 AGED 3203
Life and Times
            John Dewey
• 1859 Birth date
• Grammar school #3,
     Burlington, VT
• 1875, High School Grad
• 1879, A.B. degree -
     University of Vermont,
     delivers commencement
             John Dewey
• 1879 - High school teacher, Oil City, PA,
     teaches science and algebra
• 1880-1881 - assistant principal
• 1881-1882 - Principal, Lake View
     Seminary, Charlotte, VT
• 1882-1884 - Graduate Student in
     Philosophy, John Hopkins University
• 1884 - Ph.D
            John Dewey
• 1884 - Teaches philosophy
  University of Michigan
• 1888 - University of Minnesota
• 1894 - University of Chicago
• 1904 - Columbia University (New York)
            John Dewey
• Advocated practical learning
• Students should solve problems
• Schools should work to solve social
• Thought learning was like evolution
• First dues paying member of American
  Federation of Teachers
Experience and Education
Traditional vs. Progressive Education

• The subject matter of today is
  bodies of information and skills
  worked out in the past -- the
  purpose of school is to transmit this
  information and skills to a new
• Moral training in the schools is of
  forming habits by conforming to
  rules and standards.
Experience and Education
Traditional vs. Progressive Education

• School is different from all other social
  institutions - School is like no other
  social institution.
   – schemes of classifications
   – its time schedule
   – its rules of order
   – examinations
Experience and Education
Traditional vs. Progressive Education

The traditional scheme is to impose
 information and rules from above, from
 outside. It imposes adult standards,
 subject matter and methods upon those
 who are only growing only slowly
 towards maturity.
Experience and Education
The Need of a Theory of Experience
  • All genuine education comes about
    through experience.
     – some experiences can be mis-
     – may be immediately enjoyable, yet
        form slack and careless attitude
  • It is not that young people do not have
    experiences, but that these experiences
    are defective and of the wrong character.
Experience and Education
Social Control

School is like a game - the teacher is the
  referee or umpire; as long as all know
  the rules and the consequences of the
  rules, all is well. Students (athletes)
  become disenchanted and
  argumentative when they feel as
  though they have been unfairly treated
Experience and Education
The Nature of Freedom

There cannot be complete quietude in a
 laboratory or workshop. But . . . there
 should be brief intervals of time for
 quiet reflection. They are periods of
 genuine reflection only when they
 follow after times of action and are
 used to organize what has been gained
 in periods of activity.
Experience and Education
The Nature of Freedom

The old phrase “stop and think” is sound
 psychology. For thinking is stoppage
 of the immediate manifestation of
 impulse until that impulse has been
 brought into connection with other
 possible tendencies to action.

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