THE SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION

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					    MINISTRY OF LEGAL AFFAIRS
     CONSUMER AFFAIRS DIVISION




THE SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION AND
  PRODUCTION INDICATORS PROJECT




             August 12th ,2008
        Overview of Presentation
 Definition
 Background
 The Four Phases of the Sustainable Production and
  Consumption Project:
     Phase I - Development of a Model of Social Indicators
             Objectives
             Defined Action Areas
             Outcomes
   Phase II - Diagnostic Assessment
             Objectives
             Shortcomings encountered
             Recommendations
     Phase III - System Design
             Objectives/Activities
     Phase IV - Implementation/Evaluation
 DEFINITION OF SUSTAINABLE PRODUCTION
            AND CONSUMPTION



 The use of goods and services that respond to
  basic needs and bring a better qualify of life,
  while minimizing the use of natural resources,
  toxic materials and emissions of waste and
  pollutants over the life cycle, so as not to
  jeopardize the needs of future generations."

  Symposium on Sustainable Consumption. Oslo, Norway; 19-20
  January 1994
              Background

 In 1999 the Consumer Affairs Division (CAD)
  as part of its responsibility for monitoring
  consumer trends, proposed a project to
  determine the Nation’s prosperity and
  sustainability.

 Cabinet agreed to the appointment of a
  Consumer Affairs Division (CAD) led
  committee to develop indicators to measure
  sustainable consumption and production.
         Background cont’d
 The committee comprised of the following
  persons:
     • Dr Godfrey St. Bernard, U.W.I (Chairman)
     • Mr. Matthew Ramsaroop, Central Statistical
       Office
     • Mr. Lennox Marcelle, Ministry of Labour
     • Ms Linda Hewitt, U.W.I
     • Ms. Sonia Cuales, United Nations Economic
       Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
       (UNECLAC), P.O.S
        Background cont’d
 The committee was guided by the
  Commission on Sustainable Development
  (CSD) Model: ‘Measuring changes in
  Consumption and Production Patterns- a
  set of indicators (1998) ’
           Background cont’d
   This document identified a core set of
    seventeen (17) provisional indicators in two
    broad categories from which the Committee
    drew reference:

    I.    Consumption clusters (mobility, consumer goods
          and services, buildings and house-keeping, food and
          recreation)


    II.   Key resources (energy, materials, water and land)
          Background cont’d
 The exercise emphasized the need for
  additional indicators that realistically reflect
  the aims and objectives of public policy
  prescriptions in Trinidad and Tobago for a
  number of action areas.
    The Four Phases of the Sustainable
Production and Consumption Project entail:

I.     Development of a Model of Social Indicators
       to Measure Sustainable Production and
       Consumption

II.    Diagnostic Assessment

III.   System Design – the modification, design
       and implementation of systems to capture
       and assess data based on the diagnostic
       assessment; and

IV.    Implementation/Evaluation
             Phase I- Objective

   The development of a provisional set of
   indicators, quantitative and qualitative.

 Indicators are of two classes, those that relate to
  production and those relating to consumption.

 Indicators to be used by policy and decision makers
  to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of such
  policies and their implementation in defined action
  areas .
                     Phase I
           Defined Action Areas:
Economic                               Human Health
 Production                             Human Settlement
 Activities
Education                              International Trade
Environment                            Key Resources
Food Security                          Living Conditions
Health                                 Recreation and
                                         Leisure

  There are at least 214 production indicators/data items & 266
  pertaining to consumption
           Action Area              - Economic Activity
PRODUCTION CONCERNS                       CONSUMPTION CONCERNS

   Characteristics of the Labour Force      Private Final Consumption
   Unemployment                             Changes in Private Final Consumption
   Type of Worker                           Domestic Production as a share of
                                              Status Government Final Consumption
   Employment                               Changes in Government Final
   Main Type of Economic Activity            Consumption
   Type of Industry                         Domestic Production as a share of fixed
   Gross capital formation and change        capital
   Domestic production as a share of        Changes in consumption of fixed
                                              capital
    compensation to employees
   Changes in consumption of fixed
    capital
           Action Area         - Economic Activity

PRODUCTION CONCERNS
    (continued)


   Changes in compensation to
    employees
   Operating surplus and change
   Contribution of the informal sector
   Violation of best practice and
    standards in production processes
    and service delivery
   Use of inputs/raw materials
   Labeling
   Advertising
          Phase I-Outcomes

   The committee completed the Phase I Report
    in November 1999.

   Cabinet agreed in 2002 to commence Phase
    II (Diagnostic Assessment) of the project with
    CAD having responsibility for it in
    collaboration with the Central Statistical
    Office, Ministry of Finance, Planning and
    Development and UWI
Phase II - Diagnostic Assessment
Background
 Phase II of the project commenced in
   February 2003 with the hiring of a consulting
   team of three experts and the appointment of
   a Technical Implementing Committee.

   The consultants were mandated to develop
    indicators to measure sustainable
    consumption and production in Trinidad and
    Tobago and determine the Ministries that
    would supply the indicators.
 Phase II - Diagnostic Assessment

Background cont’d
 The consulting team comprised the
  following persons:
    • Dr Godfrey St. Bernard (UWI. ISER) –
      Project coordinator
    • Ms Linda Hewitt (UWI. Statistical Research
      Specialist)
    • Mr. Wendell Thomas – I.T. Specialist
    Phase II - Diagnostic Assessment
Background cont’d
 The Technical Implementing Committee was required
  to produce and supply data in the activity areas in
  which indicators were generated.

 The Technical Implementing Committee comprised of
  representatives from the following Ministries/Agencies:
      •   Health
      •   Education
         The Ministry of Planning, Housing and the Environment
      •   Public Utilities
      •   Trade and Industry
      •   Agriculture Land And Marine Resources
      •   Finance
      •   Central Statistical Office
      •   University of the West Indies, St Augustine
    Phase II - Diagnostic Assessment
Background cont’d

    The assessment led to indicators being classified into three
     groups:
           1) Feasible
           2) Potentially feasible
           3) Unfeasible

    These ratings revealed variations between sectors including:
           a) Availability/non-availability of data
           b) Efficiency of data collection procedures
           c) Status of I.T. being used to process data generated
             Phase II Objectives
Objectives

I.   To Establish a fully computerized
     Research Unit within the
     Consumer Affairs Division which
     would co-ordinate the collection
     of data from other ministries and
     departments, for the indicators
             Phase II Objectives
Objectives
II.   To determine specifications for
      each action area and specify all
      possible origins of data items
      from which indicators could be
      derived.
             Phase II Objectives
Objectives

III. To examine and assess the
     capability of producers of such
     data to sustain such production.
             Phase II Objectives
Objectives

IV. To determine the best possible
    means by which these data can
    be transformed into indicators to
    be fed into a central database
    system.
             Phase II Objectives
Objectives

V.   To examine existing data for
     reliability and validity as well as
     comparability with established
     standards and data generation
     procedures
             Phase II Objectives
Objectives

VI. To assess the consistency of
    method being used by data
    producers.
             Phase II Objectives
Objectives
VII. To assess the feasibility of data
     collection, storage, processing
     and dissemination systems used
     in selected government
     departments, service delivery
     organizations and other
     establishments that have been
     identified as possible sources of
     data for the generating the
     indicators
             Phase II Objectives
Objectives

VIII. To comment on data reliability
      and issues pertaining to
      periodicity, timeliness and
      completeness of data.
             Phase II Objectives
Objectives

IX. To propose modifications
    required and methods for
    updating the system.
          Phase II Objectives
Objectives

X.   To assist in the establishment of
     analytical capacity within the
     Research Unit of the CAD and
     the enhancement of methods for
     identifying and collecting data
     required for the system.
             Phase II Objectives
Objectives

XI. To examine and assess the total
    Information Technology capability
    and requirements of each data
    producing unit.
             Phase II Objectives
Objectives

XII. To catalogue and rate existing
     hardware and software
     equipment and tools in use, and
     their suitability in the context of
     the indicators project
     requirements.
     Shortcomings encountered:

 Under-coverage of the total population with
  statistics generated relating primarily to
  public/formal institutions e.g.. Health,
  Education and Economic activity status

 Limitations in new areas for which statistical
  systems are only now being developed such as
  the environment, recreation & leisure and key
  resources.
       Shortcomings encountered:

 There are sub-sectors that are unevenly
  developed in terms of having an organized
  knowledge and information base, e.g. food
  security and living conditions.

 Over-lapping and inter-linkages exist between
  some sectors, such as key resources and the
  environment, human settlement and living
  conditions, and poverty for which distinguishing
  concepts and classification systems need to be
  developed or fine-tuned.
  Phase II : Recommendations
 The Phase II Diagnostic Assessment
  Report outlines several recommendations
  to address the shortcomings encountered.

 For example, Baseline data across all
  sectors should be generated to clearly
  establish distinctive domains and cross
  linkages.
  Phase II : Recommendations

 Cabinet acceptance of the Final Report on the
  Sustainable Production and Consumption Indicators
  Project Phase II – Diagnostic Assessment


 Appoint the Technical Committee, the chairmanship of
  which is to be decided by the Cabinet, to implement
  Phase III of the Project.


 Technical Committee to submit an interim report to
  Cabinet within six months of appointment
The way forward : Phase III - System Design
   Objectives/Activities:


          The modification, design and
           implementation of systems to
           capture and assess data based on
           the diagnostic assessment
  Phase IV - Implementation/Evaluation

 Application of the indicators in the defined
  action areas developed to measure SPC
  in Trinidad and Tobago.

 Evaluation of the effectiveness of policies
  implemented in defined action areas.
The End

				
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