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Alcohol by qingyunliuliu

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									 Responsible Drinking for
Incoming Freshmen @ UF
            Ch.25- Alcohol
   Lesson 1- Responsible Drinking
 Group 2-Ashley Arthur, Amy Block,
 Jillian Herringdine, Ashley Belcher


         University of Florida Preview 2005
Introduction: Video




   University of Florida Preview 2005
        Myth or Fact?
• A statement will appear on the following
  slides
• If the statement is TRUE, go to the
  side of the room with the FACT poster
• If the statement is FALSE, go to the
  side of the room with the MYTH poster



            University of Florida Preview 2005
    Myth or Fact?


Drinking isn’t dangerous



      University of Florida Preview 2005
                   Myth
• Alcohol-related accidents are the leading
  cause of death in young adults aged 17-24
• Over 1,700 college students die each year
  from alcohol-related unintentional injuries




              University of Florida Preview 2005
   Myth or Fact?

Alcohol is a stimulant




     University of Florida Preview 2005
                Myth
• Alcohol is a Depressant
• Ability to make good decisions is
  depressed first, followed by loss of
  coordination and motor functioning
• If consumed in high enough doses,
  alcohol can depress the CNS so much
  that breathing and heartbeat may cease

           University of Florida Preview 2005
    Myth or Fact?

Coffee, cold showers, or
   dry toast will help
   sober someone up

      University of Florida Preview 2005
                 Myth
• Drinkers may feel more alert after
  drinking coffee or taking a cold shower,
  but the BAC will remain unchanged
• BAC only diminishes as the liver
  metabolizes the alcohol at a set, slow,
  pace


            University of Florida Preview 2005
  Myth or Fact?


Alcohol improves sexual
     performance



     University of Florida Preview 2005
                          Myth
Shakespeare got it right:
“..it provokes the desire, but it takes away the performance.”
(Macbeth)
                                  • CNS Depressant
                                  • Numbs nerve endings
                                    in both male and
                                    female genitalia
                                  • Decreases normal
                                    hormone levels
                                  • Decreases female
                                    lubrication
                  University of Florida Preview 2005
     Myth or Fact?


People who drink too much only
       affect themselves



        University of Florida Preview 2005
                    Myth

• Each of the 18 million problem drinkers
  in this country affects 4 other people
• 87% of students that live on campus
  have experienced some “secondhand
  effects” of binge drinking



            University of Florida Preview 2005
   Myth or Fact?
 Frequent binge drinkers
consume 72% of all alcohol
that college students drink



      University of Florida Preview 2005
         Fact




University of Florida Preview 2005
            Binge Drinking

Periodic excessive drinking characterized as:

• 5 or more drinks per         • 4 or more drinks in
  sitting for boys               one sitting for girls




             University of Florida Preview 2005
   Effects of Binge Drinking
 Frequent binge drinkers were 21 times more
 likely than non-binge drinkers to have:

• Missed Class                • Engaged in unplanned
• Fallen behind in              sexual activity
  school work                 • Been in trouble with
• Been hurt or injured          campus police
• Damaged property            • Driven a car after
                                drinking

             University of Florida Preview 2005
         Alcohol Poisoning
• A toxic condition
  that occurs when a
  person drinks a
  large amount of
  alcohol in a short
  period of time




            University of Florida Preview 2005
   Signs of Alcohol Poisoning

• Confusion                    • Seizures
• Vomiting                     • Pale, bluish skin
• Unconsciousness                color
  (“Passed Out”)               • Irregular breathing
• Slow breathing                 (10 seconds or more
  (fewer than 8                  between breaths)
  breaths per minute)



             University of Florida Preview 2005
    Untreated Alcohol Poisoning
• Victim chokes on his or her own vomit
• Breathing slows or stops
• Heart beats irregularly or stops
• Hypoglycemia (too little blood sugar)
  leads to seizures
• Severe dehydration can cause seizures,
  permanent brain damage, or death

           University of Florida Preview 2005
The Story of Scott Krueger

             Video Clip




      University of Florida Preview 2005
Effects of alcohol: BRAIN
                        • Alcohol reaches the
                          brain in minutes
                        • Depresses CNS and
                          brain activity
                        • Dulls memory and
                          concentration
                        • Alters decision
                          making
                        • Destroys brain cells

      University of Florida Preview 2005
  Effects of alcohol: LIVER
• The liver is where alcohol oxidation
  takes place
• Alcohol interferes with the liver’s
  ability to break down fats
• The liver suffers the most life-
  threatening damage from alcohol



            University of Florida Preview 2005
   Effects of alcohol: LIVER
• Fatty liver: fats
  build up in the liver
  and cannot be
  broken down

• Cirrhosis: liver
  tissue is destroyed
  and replaced with
  scar tissue

              University of Florida Preview 2005
    Effects of alcohol: HEART


• Weakens heart pumping action
• Increases heart rate and blood pressure
• Scar tissue may build up on muscle fibers
• Arrhythmias (Irregular heart beat)
• Inhibits production of white and red blood
  cells
• Increases risk of heart attack and stroke
             University of Florida Preview 2005
Effects of alcohol: VISION

                    • Blurs vision
                    • Causes night blindness
                    • Experience contrast
                      sensitivity
                    • Interferes with depth
                      perception
                    • “Beer Goggles”


       University of Florida Preview 2005
Effects of alcohol: Motor Skills

•   Decreases motor skills
•   Slows reaction time
•   Weakens muscle tone
•   Decreases coordination
•   Difficulty walking




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       Synergistic Effect

• Occurs when two or more drugs are
  taken simultaneously
• Often associated with alcohol intake
• Results can be fatal




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           Out of Control
• Purpose: To demonstrate the effects
  alcohol can have on your vision and
  motor skills
• 2 volunteers will spin in circles for 15
  seconds:
  – One student will write the sentence:
    “Gators are 1”
  – The other student will attempt to walk a
    straight line
            University of Florida Preview 2005
 Driving Under the Influence
• Definition
  – When under 21, driving with a BAC above
    .02
• What is BAC?
  – Stands for blood alcohol concentration
  – Amount of alcohol in a person’s blood
    expressed as a percentage



               University of Florida Preview 2005
 Driving Under the Influence
  32% of college students report driving under
             the influence of alcohol
• Almost 3 million college students drove under the influence of
  alcohol in the past year
• This is an 18% increase from the previous year
• In addition, over 3 million students rode as a passenger with a
  drinking driver




                   University of Florida Preview 2005
      Consequences of DUI
• Under state law
  – Second degree misdemeanor
  – Fines and/or prison time
  – Restrictions on driving privileges
• At UF
  – Probation
  – Suspension
  – Expulsion

             University of Florida Preview 2005
       Consequences of DUI




• Alcohol-involved drivers ages 16-20 are more
  than 2 times as likely to die in a fatal crash
  than alcohol-involved drivers 21 and older.
              University of Florida Preview 2005
     Why Do Underage Students
             Drink?
•   Feel more mature
•   To escape problems, pressures
•   Feel more outgoing
•   Everyone in college drinks
•   Relieves stress




             University of Florida Preview 2005
Truth About College Drinking
• Did you know that 42% of underage
  college students usually consumed 5 or
  more drinks compared to only 27% of
  older students
• Survey at UF
  – Most students have 4 or less drinks when
    they party



            University of Florida Preview 2005
     Saying NO in a Cool Way
•   “I already have something to drink.”
•   “I’m on a diet.”
•   “I just don’t like the taste.”
•   “I have a class early in the morning.”
•   “I don’t feel like being arrested.”




              University of Florida Preview 2005
  Irresponsible vs. Responsible
            Drinking
• Who cares and why should I bother?
  –   Reduce injuries
  –   Reduce unnecessary death
  –   So you don’t get arrested
  –   Stay in school
  –   For your future career
  –   Health


              University of Florida Preview 2005
“Tell Me Something I Don’t
          Know”

             Video Clip




      University of Florida Preview 2005

								
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