Family Values Charts 601 by MrRail

VIEWS: 39 PAGES: 14

									The Real Threat
to Family Values




United for a Fair Economy                             Episcopal Network for
37 Temple Place · Second Floor                              Economic Justice
Boston, MA 02111                                      4800 Woodward Avenue
Phone: 617-423-2148                                          Detroit, MI 48201
Fax: 617-423-0191                                         Phone: 313-833-4413
E-mail: info@faireconomy.org                                 Fax: 313-831-0259
Web: www.faireconomy.org         Web: www.episcopalchurch.org/peace-justice/enej
         Average Hours Worked Outside
          the Home per Year, 1967-98

   Stagnant wages and benefits are forcing many
 employees to work longer hours to make ends meet.

1900                                                                                            1878
1875

1850
                                                                              1827
1825

1800                                                           1783
1775
                                            1703
1750

1725        1716
1700                       1679
 1675
$12.00
           1967            1973            1979                     1989            1995           2000


 Source:   Analysis of Census Bureau Current Population Survey data and Kevin Murphy and Finis Welch (1989) in
           Mishel, Bernstein and Boushey, The State of Working America 2002-03 (ILR Press, 2002) p. 115.




                                                      1
    Average Real Hourly Earnings for Production
     and Non-Supervisory Workers, 1973-2001


  Working families in the U.S. have fallen behind.
                                                                                  in 2001 dollars
$14.00      $13.92              $13.92
$13.80

$13.60

$13.40                                                                                              $14.33
$13.20                                                         $13.32
$13.00                                                                                 $13.19
$12.80

$12.60

$12.40

$12.20
$12.00
              1973                 1979                              1989                  1995              2001


 Note:     Production and Non-supervisory workers account for about 80% of wage and salary employment.
 Source:     Mishel, Bernstein and Boushey, The State of Working America 2002-03 (ILR Press, 2002), p.121.




                                                         2
        Pay for Full-Time, Part-Time and
          Temporary Workers, 1994

         Part-time and temporary workers earn less.
        For every $1.00
          a full-time.
          permanent
        worker earns ...
                                           ... a temporary
$1.00                                       worker earns
                                                                                   ... and a
                                                  77¢
                                                                                  part-time
$0.75                                                                            worker earns
                                                                                      60¢
$0.50



$0.25



$0.00

  Source:   “The New Migrant Workers,” U.S. News and World Report, July 4, 1994, p.54.




                                                        3
        Increase in Number of Total Employees
       and Temporary Help Employees, 1990-98


120%
                                                                                      + 119 %

100%




80%




60%




40%




20%                    + 15 %

0%
                      Total                                                Temporary Help
                    Employees                                                Employees
 Source:   U.S. Census Bureau, Statistical Abstract of the United States, Table 690, “Nonfarm Industries—Employees and Earnings:
           1980 to 1998,” p. 438. Increase is for “Help Supply Services” category.



                                                              4
      Percentage of Employees with Employer-
      Provided Insurance Coverage, 1979-2000
                     by Income

  Fewer employees have health insurance benefits.

100%
            88%                                  84%                                         82%
                                                                          79%                             Top
80%                                                                                                       20%

                                                                                                     Middle
            76%                                                                                       20%
60%                                              69%                                         68%
                                                                          64%

40%

            41%                                                                                     Bottom
                                                                                                     20%
                                                 29%                                        33%
20%
                                                                          28%

0%

          1979                                     1989                    1995              2000


Source:   Mishel, Bernstein and Boushey, The State of Working America 2002-03 (ILR Press, 2001), p.142.
          Figures cover private sector wage and salary workers, age 18-64.




                                                  5
      Percentage of Employees with Employer-
      Provided Insurance Coverage, 1979-2000
                      by Race

       A greater percentage of Latino employees lost
       health insurance benefits than other groups.

80%


75%         72%
70%                                              66%                                        67%
           64%                                                                                        White
65%                                                                       62%
                                                                                            60%
60%                                               57%                                                 Black
            61%                                                          53%
55%


50%                                               46%
                                                                                           45%
45%                                                                        42%
                                                                                                     Latino
40%
          1979                                     1989                    1995              2000

Source:   Mishel, Bernstein and Boushey, The State of Working America 2002-03 (ILR Press, 2002), p.142.
          Figures cover private sector wage and salary workers, age 18-64.




                                                  6
      Percentage of Employees with Employer-
      Provided Pension Coverage, 1979-2000 by
                      Income

  Fewer employees have pension insurance benefits.

100%




             77%
80%
                                                    70%                           72%                 73%
                                                                                                                       Top
                                                                                                                       20%
60%
                                                                                                                  Middle
                                                                                                                   20%
             53%                                                                  48%                  54%
40%                                                 46%


20%
                                                                                                                 Bottom
             20%                                                                                                  20%
                                                                                                      18%
0%                                                  14%                           14%
           1979                                      1989                          1995                2000


 Source:    Mishel, Bernstein and Boushey, The State of Working America 2000-01 (ILR Press, 2002), p.142.
            Figures cover employees, age 18-64 who worked at least 20 hours per week and at least 26 weeks per year.




                                                         7
      Percentage of Employees with Employer-
       Provided Pension Coverage, 1979-2000
                      by Race

 The percentage of Latino employees with pension
    benefits has dropped by 10% since 1979.

                                                                                            55%
55%         53%                                                                                           White
                                                                          49%
50%                                               47%
            46%
45%                                                                       43%               43%
                                                  41%                                                 Black
40%         38%

35%


                                                  27%                                       29%
30%
                                                                           25%                        Latino
25%


20%
          1979                                     1989                    1995              2000

Source:   Mishel, Bernstein and Boushey, The State of Working America 2002-03 (ILR Press, 2002), p.142.
          Figures cover private sector wage and salary workers, age 18-64.




                                                  8
       College Costs and Government
             Support, 1976-94

     Since 1976, college costs have more than doubled
        but government support has barely budged.
      1976 = 100
250




200

                                           Cost per student
150



100

                                                      Government support
                                                          per student
50



 0
       1976         1978        1980       1982        1984       1986        1988       1990        1992        1994


 Source:   Housing Vacancies and Homeownership Annual Statistics: 2000, U.S. Bureau of the Census. (www.census.gov/
           hhes/www/housin/hvs/annual00/ann00t15.html).




                                                        9
         U.S. Savings Rate, 1982-2000

  Rising health care, education, and child care costs — not
 frivoulous spending — are putting the squeeze on families.
         10.9
 11%

 10%

 9%
                                                              8.7
 8%
                         8.2
 7%                                               7.8
 6%
                                                                    6.1
 5%
                                                                                             3.7
 4%

 3%

 2%

 1%
                                                                                                     –0.1
  0%
$12.00
         1982     1984       1986       1988      1990       1992       1994       1996     1998   2000

 Source:   www.bea.doc.gov/bea/glance.htm. “BEA’s Overview of the Economy”, May 25, 2001.




                                                    10
  Household Debt as a Percentage of Annual
   Disposable Personal Income, 1949-2001


   To make ends meet, families go deeper into debt.

120%
                                                                                                         109%

10%                                                                                           94%
                                                                                   86%
80%                                                                 73%
                                              69%

60%                                                       67%


40%

                    33%
20%
           1949                                1967       1973       1979                1989       1995 2001


 Source:    Analysis of Federal Reserve Board (2001a) and Economagic (2002), in Mishel, Bernstein and Boushey, The
            State of Working America 2002-03 (ILR, 2002), p.296.




                                                       11
         The Cost of Our
        Consumer Identity


         12
         ▲

                                    We spend 6
9                   3              hours a week
                                    shopping ...
         ▼

         6


         12

                                     ... and 40
             ▼

                                  minutes a week
9                   3             playing with our
                                      children
    ▲




         6


                 Source:   “Affluenza”, aired on PBS, Monday, Sept. 15, 1997.




                    12
     A True Pro-Family Agenda

★ Lift the floor for lower income families
 •   Higher mimimum wage
 •   Adequate income so families can save
 •   Greater access to homeownership
 •   Individual Development Accounts
 •   Protect Social Security
 •   Extend Family & Medical Leave benefits

★ Level the Playing Field for Everyone
 • Equal access to education and training
 • Fair tax es that treat income from investments
   and work the same
 • Labor and consumer participation in Federal
   Reserve Board decision-making
 • Fair trade policies that benefit wage-ear ners,
   consumers, communities, and the environment,
   as well as investors


                         13

								
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