Overview of the rapid changes taking place in the Arab world.pdf by lovemacromastia

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									 Overview of the rapid changes taking place in the
                    Arab world

March 2011
Submitted by: the International Bureau for Children’s Rights (IBCR)
For more information, please contact:

Guillaume Landry
Director of Programmes

International Bureau for Children’s Rights
2715 Chemin Côte-Sainte-Catherine, Montréal (Québec) H3T 1B6
Tel: +1 514 932 7656, poste / extension 222
Fax : + 1 514-932-9453
Email : g.landry@ibcr.org
Website : www.ibcr.org




Table of Contents:

1.   GENERAL OVERVIEW....................................................................................... 3
     UN Urged to Put Human Rights First in Middle East .................................................................. 3
     Mideastern Democracy? The World Plays Both Sides ....................................................................... 3
2.   COUNTRY OVERVIEW ...................................................................................... 4
     Algeria: Is Algeria Prepared For a New Revolution? ....................................................................... 4
     Algeria: Algerian Protesters Clash with Riot Police.......................................................................... 4
     Bahrain: Evidence of Bahraini Security Forces’ Brutality Revealed ................................................... 4
     Bahrain: Investigate Deaths Linked to Crackdown .......................................................................... 4
     Égypte : Révolution numérique en Égypte, la suite ............................................................................ 5
     Egypt: Egyptian Voters Say ‘Yes’ to Speedy Elections ..................................................................... 5
     Egypt: Egypt's Military Rulers Promise Presidential Election by November...................................... 5
     Jordan: Jordan Reform Efforts Stumble ............................................................................................ 5
     Kuwait: Kuwait shows Revolution’s Nuances.................................................................................... 5
     Libya: International Criminal Court Investigates Libya Violence in Response to UN Request ......... 6
     Libya: Double Standard Seen in Arab Response to Libya ............................................................... 6
     Libya: Aid Workers Call for Access to the Vulnerable ................................................................... 6



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Morocco: Several Hundred Keep up Protest Pressure in Morocco ....................................................... 6
Oman Protests Carry on Despite Sultan's Reforms........................................................................... 7
Saudi Arabia: As Protests Near Saudi Borders, king Offers Money ................................................ 7
Saudi Arabia: Arrests for Peaceful Protests on the Rise ................................................................... 7
Syria: Peaceful Demonstration Violently Dispersed .......................................................................... 7
Syria's Revolt: How Graffiti Stirred An Uprising ........................................................................... 8
Syria's Coming Revolution? ............................................................................................................. 8
Syria Tests Internet Freedom Theory ................................................................................................ 8
Tunisia: Ban Pledges Full UN Help for Tunisia’s Transition to Democracy .................................... 8
Tunisia: How Uprising Propelled One Tunisian from Jail to Government......................................... 9
Tunisia Decries Israeli Call for Jews to Emigrate ............................................................................. 9
Yemen: Forty killed in Clashes in Northern Governorate of Al-Jawf ................................................ 9
Yémen : Le Parlement approuve l’état d’urgence................................................................................ 9
Yemen: Yemen’s Saleh Makes New Offer to Protesters .................................................................. 10




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    1. General Overview

Middle East and North Africa: Update on State Violence Against
Civilians Protesters
10 March 2011 - In Libya, clashes between Muammar Gaddafi loyalists and anti-government
supporters have intensified in the past week, with more than 20 people killed and over 100
injured on Monday morning alone in the town of Misrata, and with at least seven people
killed and more than 50 injured in the city of Ben Jawad. In one of the regime’s remaining
strongholds, the country's capital, Tripoli, supplies to and from the city have been disrupted,
which has led to fears of food, water and electricity shortages. One 13-year-old boy has said:
―I'm terrified, not feeling safe, and I'm afraid I'll be an orphan. I've heard that fathers of my
friends are being taken and 'disappeared'.‖
Full article (CRIN)


UN Urged to Put Human Rights First in Middle East
15 March 2011 - Amnesty International Secretary-General Salil Shetty has urged the UN to
support human rights in the Middle East and North Africa, as protests calling for reform
continued to erupt.
In a meeting with UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon in New York yesterday, Shetty urged
the UN to do more to help combat human rights violations in Libya, and to push for human
rights to be put at the centre of political reform in Egypt and Tunisia.
The UN Secretary-General is visiting Egypt and Tunisia later this week, and his Special
Envoy Abdul Ilah Khatib has arrived in Libya.
In their meeting Shetty asked Ban to make it clear to the Libyan authorities, and to Col.
Muammar al-Gaddafi in particular, that further violations of human rights will not be
tolerated.
Full article (Amnesty International)

Mideastern Democracy? The World Plays Both Sides
29 March 2011 - The revolutions in Tunisia, Egypt, Bahrain, Libya and Yemen – and
protests in Oman, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and Syria – will all eventually result in a political
solution. But influential outside actors, ranging from the United States and the European
Union to the Arab League and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC, have greeted
developments in these countries with very different types and levels of intervention – and
not always in support of a democratic settlement once the dust clears.
Until March, intervention predominantly took the form of ―soft power,‖ with the Qatari
satellite television station Al-Jazeera and online social networking playing a significant role in
the revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt. Open political statements by governments outside the
region against or in favor of a regime, or such governments’ ties to armies in the region, also
helped direct the process of change in these countries.
Full article (Daily Star)



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Related articles : Courrier International , The National




   2. Country Overview
Algeria: Is Algeria Prepared For a New Revolution?
23 March 2011-After Tunisia and Egypt, Algeria was the third Arab country that attempted
to start a social and political revolution. However, the two marches of 12 and 19 February
organised by the National Coordination for Change and Democracy (CNCD), demanding
essentially a repeal of the state of emergency and a ―change of system‖, reportedly mobilised
only 250 and 500 people respectively, according to Algérie Presse Service.
Due to these low numbers, some people might say that Algerians do not want to engage in
revolution and are therefore not ready for change. In fact the situation is different: Algerians
do want change, but they are afraid of a potential drift into unchecked anarchy and violence.
And in any case the Algerian revolution is slowly finding its way via the structures of civil
society.
Full article (Middle-east Online)

Algeria: Algerian Protesters Clash with Riot Police
24 March 2011 - Hundreds of people clashed with riot police in a poor neighborhood of the
Algerian capital on Wednesday, in an eruption of violence that speaks to the growing social
unrest across the North African country. The clashes broke out at dawn when city
authorities ordered bulldozers to destroy a group of houses built on a public garden on the
grounds that they had been illegally constructed. Estimates of the number of people injured
differed: Witnesses said about 40 wounded people were evacuated by ambulances. Local
police said 20 people, mainly police officers, had been hurt in the clashes.
Full article (The Wall Street Journal)

Bahrain: Evidence of Bahraini Security Forces’ Brutality Revealed
17 March 2011 - Amnesty International today revealed evidence of the Bahraini security
forces’ systematic use of excessive force in cracking down against protesters, as fresh
violence left as many as eight people dead. In a new report released today, Bloodied but
Unbowed: Unwarranted State Violence against Bahraini Protesters, the organization documents how
security forces used live ammunition and extreme force against protesters in February
without warning and impeded and assaulted medical staff trying to help the wounded.
Full article (Amnesty International)
Related articles: Amnesty International

Bahrain: Investigate Deaths Linked to Crackdown
29 March 2011 - The Bahraini government should urgently investigate the killing of at least
18 people during violent crackdowns since protests began on February 14, 2011, Human
Rights Watch said today. Most were killed by security forces using excessive force, namely
crowd-control equipment at extremely close range and live gunfire, Human Rights Watch
said. Four government security officers were also killed, according to the Interior Ministry.


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Full article (Human Rights Watch)

Égypte : Révolution numérique en Égypte, la suite
10 Mars 2011 - Google aura décidément été en première ligne pendant la révolution
égyptienne. Après la mise en place de son outil dit "speak-to-tweet" qui a permis à des
microbloggeurs égyptiens de poster des messages sur Twitter via une boîte vocale alors que
le gouvernement avait coupé l'accès à Internet, la firme californienne se trouve maintenant
au cœur des projets de renouveau du pays.
Article complet (Le Monde)

Egypt: Egyptian Voters Say ‘Yes’ to Speedy Elections
20 Mach 2011 - On Sunday, judicial officials reported that 77 percent of those who cast
ballots in a historic referendum Saturday voted ―yes‖ on constitutional amendments
designed to speed Egypt’s transition from temporary military rule to credible parliamentary
and presidential elections.
About 18 million out of more than 45 million eligible voters went to the polls — or 41
percent, below the optimistically high estimates officials had issued Saturday but still a
remarkable display of democratic vigor as Egyptians embraced their first chance since the
colonial era to participate in a political process whose outcome wasn’t essentially rigged.
Full article (Washington Post)

Egypt: Egypt's Military Rulers Promise Presidential Election by
November
30 March 2011 - Egypt's military rulers say the first presidential election since an uprising
that ousted president Hosni Mubarak last month will be held by November. A member of
the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces that has ruled Egypt since Mubarak's ouster
made the announcement at a news conference Wednesday. General Mahmoud Shaheen says
the presidential vote will be held in a month or two after parliamentary elections to be held
in September.
Full article (Voice of America)

Jordan: Jordan Reform Efforts Stumble
30 March 2011 - When so-called regime loyalists attacked few hundred peaceful protesters
who had gathered at the Interior Ministry Roundabout, also known as Gamal Abdel Nasser
Square, in Amman on Friday, it became clear that the country had suddenly turned a corner
and entered a dark tunnel.
The protesters, mostly young Jordanians of various political backgrounds who got organized
on Facebook, were calling for political and constitutional reforms and an end to the
interference and dominance of Jordan’s security apparatus on civil and political life.
Full article (Alarabiya)

Kuwait: Kuwait shows Revolution’s Nuances
28 March 2011 - On Kuwait City’s seafront close to midnight, half a dozen young men are
seated on rugs as part of a tiny and almost genteel political protest.




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They are calling for wide-ranging political reforms – but without the intensity or single-
minded intent of their Egyptian counterparts who forced President Hosni Mubarak from
power only last month.
―Don’t think it’s like [Cairo’s] Tahrir Square – it’s 180-degrees different,‖ warns one of the
Kuwaiti six. ―We don’t want to change our president, because we love him.‖
Full article (Financial Times)

Libya: International Criminal Court Investigates Libya Violence in
Response to UN Request
3 March 2011 - The Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) said today he is
investigating alleged crimes against humanity committed in Libya, including by President
Muammar Al-Qadhafi and members of his inner circle, following a request from the United
Nations Security Council to probe the violent crackdown on protesters. The announcement
comes just days after the Security Council asked the Court to look into the violent repression
of protesters, in which more than 1,000 people are reported to have been killed and many
more injured as Mr. Qadhafi’s loyalists opened fire on peaceful civilians demanding his
ouster.
Full article (UN News Centre)

Libya: Double Standard Seen in Arab Response to Libya
21 March 2011 - Arab leaders don't relish attacking one of their own. But bloodshed across
Libya and Western pressure have forced them into supporting international airstrikes against
Col. Moammar Kadafi, who in many ways is merely a caricature of monarchies and autocrats
throughout the Middle East. The Arab League urged the United Nations to impose a no-fly
zone over Libya. Now, with French warplanes and U.S. Tomahawk missiles streaking across
the North African sky, the league is criticizing the air assault as Arab kings and presidents
confront decades-old ironies, religious animosities and fears they will be blamed for siding
with Western imperialism.
Full article (Los Angeles Times)

Libya: Aid Workers Call for Access to the Vulnerable
29 March 2011 - Mechanisms must be established quickly to ensure humanitarian access to
millions of Libyans trapped behind battle lines, relief officials say.
"Tell them please, please have a ceasefire,‖ Muftah Etwild, director of international relations
of the Libya Red Crescent, told IRIN by phone. ―We need access particularly to the areas
where fighting is still taking place to be able to make assessments and provide the required
aid." Some relief organizations have been able to get into areas of eastern Libya that are now
largely controlled by the opposition. ―Our branch in Misrata [in the east] is able to provide
support to the hospitals - we have no problems with access within the parts where there is
no violence,‖ Etwild said. ―We just don’t know what the situation is where the fighting is
going on - it is too dangerous for our workers to go in. ”
Full article (IRIN)

Morocco: Several Hundred Keep up Protest Pressure in Morocco
22 March 2011 - Several hundred teachers marched through Rabat on Monday for better pay
a day after one of Morocco's largest anti-government protests in recent decades against


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corruption and demanding government change. Monday's protest, which briefly and noisily
disrupted traffic in central Rabat, proceeded peacefully, as did wider nationwide protests on
Sunday in the North African kingdom. The Interior Ministry estimated that 35,000 people
from all sectors of life marched on Sunday in the capital Rabat, in the country's largest city
Casablanca, and elsewhere.
Full article (Reuters Africa)

Oman Protests Carry on Despite Sultan's Reforms
28 March 2011 - Pro-reform demonstrators are keeping up a sit-in demonstration in Muscat
and other Oman cities despite offers already on the table from Sultan Qaboos who has ruled
the Gulf state for four decades.
Residents of the Omani capital said on Monday that dozens of youths have been holding a
daily vigil on a square near the offices of Oman's Consultative Council and huddling round
at night-time to talk politics.
Elsewhere in the sultanate, which has a 2.5-million population of whom an estimated 20 per
cent are foreigners, peaceful sit-in actions are being held in other cities, especially the
industrial hub of Sohar, north of the capital.
Full article (Ottawa Citizen)

Saudi Arabia: As Protests Near Saudi Borders, king Offers Money
18 March 2011 - Saudi Arabia's king promised a multibillion dollar package of reforms,
raises, cash, loans and apartments on Friday in what appeared to be the Arab world's most
expensive attempt to appease residents inspired by the unrest that has swept two leaders
from power. He also announced 60,000 new jobs in the security forces — a move that
would employ huge numbers of otherwise jobless young men, while bolstering his kingdom's
ability to snuff out protests. Though protests in Sunni-dominated Saudi Arabia have been
tiny and were swiftly quelled, the monarchy apparently fears they could escalate as have
others around the Arab world — particularly in the neighboring.
Full article (The Daily News Egypt)

Saudi Arabia: Arrests for Peaceful Protests on the Rise
27 March 2011- Saudi Arabia should immediately release protesters and critics arrested and
detained without charge over the past weeks, Human Rights Watch said today. More than
100 people have been arrested in the Qatif district, and about 45 in the al-Ahsa' district, both
Shia population centers in the kingdom's Eastern Province. A smaller number of people
have been arrested in Riyadh and Qasim governorates.
The arrests violate the rights to peaceful expression and assembly, Human Rights Watch
said.
Full article (Human Rights Watch)

Syria: Peaceful Demonstration Violently Dispersed
16 March 2011- Syria should immediately release all those detained on March 16, 2011, when
security services violently dispersed a peaceful protest calling for the release of political
activists, Human Rights Watch said today. The government should respect the right of
Syrians to assemble peacefully and release all prisoners detained for peaceful political activity
or for exercising their right to free expression, Human Rights Watch said.



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A group of about 150 people, most of them human rights activists and relatives of political
detainees, gathered outside the Interior Ministry in Damascus at about noon to present a
petition calling for the release of Syria's political prisoners.
Full article (HREA)

Syria's Revolt: How Graffiti Stirred An Uprising
21 March 2011-The words have been repeated from Tunisia to Egypt, from Yemen to
Bahrain. "The people want the regime to fall" — the mantra of revolution. And so, last
week, after 15 kids wrote those words on a wall in the agricultural town of Dara'a in
southern Syria, the local governor decided to come down hard. The young people — all
under 17 — were thrown in jail. The punishment stunned the town, and suddenly, Syria —
so confidently authoritarian — got its first strong taste of rebellion in the Arab Spring.
Full article (Time)

Syria's Coming Revolution?
22 March 2011 - The revolution that was sparked in Tunisia has given birth to a new pan
Arab-movement, a "neo-Arabism", which privileges freedom and democratic participation
of the people over ideology, sectarianism and the interest of dictators.
As we witness a rebirth of a revolutionary neo-Arabism that has infected millions from
Morocco to Bahrain, we cannot ignore the birth-place of the original pan Arab movement of
the past century – Syria.
Much has been written about Syria and why it cannot be next in line of the modern day
Grand Arab Revolution. Very few have asked the question: "Why not?"
 Full article (Aljazeera)

Syria Tests Internet Freedom Theory
30 March 2011 - In the wake of Egypt's "Facebook revolution," which was fueled in part by
online social networks, much has been made about the role of technology in encouraging or
even creating democracy.
Syria, the latest country in the region to announce reforms in the wake of protests, is a
curious test of that theory. The country -- squished between Iraq and Turkey -- is known as
one of the world's toughest police states. But unlike in Egypt and Tunisia, the government
supported the development of local technology, at least before the protests that pushed
President Bashar al-Assad on Tuesday to announce the resignation of most of the country's
government officials.
Full article (CNN)

Tunisia: Ban Pledges Full UN Help for Tunisia’s Transition to
Democracy
22 March 2011 - Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon today pledged full United Nations support
for Tunisia’s transition to democracy, hailing the country’s revolution as the spark that lit
―the profound and dramatic changes‖ sweeping the Arab world.
―The United Nations is ready to provide all support to the Tunisian Government and
people, particularly in the area of the electoral process and constitution drafting and helping
the Tunisian Government to restore the rule of law and promote human rights, promote
gender equality,‖ he said after meeting with Prime Minister Beji Caid Essebsi in Tunis.


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Full article (UN News Centre)

Tunisia: How Uprising Propelled One Tunisian from Jail to Government
29 March 2011 - Two months after the people of Tunisia toppled a tyrant, the homes of the
former dictator have become strange tourist attractions for visiting foreigners and curious
Tunisians.
Change has now been taking place across Tunisia at breath-taking speed.
Until recently, the looming concrete structure that housed the Ministry of Interior was the
nerve center of the much-feared "political police": legions of plain-clothed spies who
monitored conversations in bars, coffee shops and public parks.
But this month Tunisia's interim authorities announced the dissolution of the "political
police." A remarkable phenomenon now unfolds on the tree-lined promenade that leads to
the interior ministry.
As the euphoria of the revolution gives way to grim economic realities, further political
instability is likely, ahead of what may be the first free elections in decades.
Full article (CNN)

Tunisia Decries Israeli Call for Jews to Emigrate
30 March 2011- Tunisia's government on Monday condemned an effort by Israeli officials to
entice Tunisian Jews to emigrate to Israel over concerns about possible economic hardship
in the North African country. The "ill-disposed" call from Israeli officials amounted to
meddling in Tunisia's domestic affairs, an effort to sow suspicion, and "an attempt by Israel
to tarnish the post-revolutionary image of Tunisia," wrote the Foreign Ministry in a
statement.
Full article (YNet News)

Yemen: Forty killed in Clashes in Northern Governorate of Al-Jawf
23 March 2011 - The anti-government uprising, backed by opposition parties, has sparked
clashes between pro- and anti-government tribesmen in the northern Yemeni governorate of
Al-Jawf where at least 40 people have been killed in the past few days, said Sheikh
Abdulhamid Amer, chairman of local NGO Social Development and Peace Association.
"The clashes broke out five days ago when government-paid thugs opened fire on peaceful
protesters supporting the `Youth Revolution’ in front of the governorate administrative
buildings in Al-Jawf city,‖ he told IRIN.
Full article (IRIN News)

Yémen : Le Parlement approuve l’état d’urgence
23 Mars 2011 - Le Parlement du Yémen a approuvé mercredi l'instauration de l'état
d'urgence pour 30 jours, signe supplémentaire de la volonté du président Ali Abdallah Saleh
de garder le pouvoir malgré les grandes manifestations appelant à son départ. Le texte élargit
les pouvoirs des forces de sécurité pour arrêter et détenir des suspects sans passer par la
justice. Il suspend la Constitution, permet de censurer les médias et interdit les
manifestations de rue. L'adoption de la loi n'était guère qu'une formalité dans un Parlement
dominé par le parti présidentiel. Plus de 160 députés étaient présents sur un total de 301,
selon le Parlement, mais les élus indépendants et de l'opposition ainsi que plusieurs dizaines




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de membres du parti au pouvoir n'ont pas participé. Le décompte des voix n'a pas été fourni
après un vote qui s'est déroulé à main levée dans une ambiance chaotique.
Article complet (Nouvel Obs)

Yemen: Yemen’s Saleh Makes New Offer to Protesters
30 March 2011 - Yemen's president has made a new offer to protesters demanding his
ouster, proposing he stays in office until elections are held but transferring his powers to a
caretaker government, an opposition source said on Wednesday. Ali Abdullah Saleh made
his offer at a meeting on Tuesday night with Mohammed al-Yadoumi, head of the Islamist
Islah party. It was the first time Saleh had dealt with Islah, once a partner in his government,
an opposition spokesman said.
Full article (Reuters)




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