Video 20th Century Biography Dictators Juan Peron Introduction

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					   Video: 20th Century Biography:
 Dictators: Juan Peron: Introduction
What 2 Watch 4
1. What country did
   Juan Peron rule?
2. How did Peron
   come to power?
3. How did Peron
   attempt to stay in
   office?
4. What his wife
   Eva called by the    (0:59)
   populace?
What country did Juan Peron rule?


            Argentina
How did Peron come to power?


      Through the military
How did Peron attempt to stay in
            office?

       By gaining popularity with urban
                     labor
       He raised wages and social benefits
What his wife Eva called by the
          populace?

             Evita
  Video: 20th Century Biography:
      Dictators: Juan Peron
What 2 Watch 4
1. What organizations did Peron
   use to promote his ideas?
2. What did Peron do to
   Argentina’s main industries?
3. How did Evita Peron’s help
   women in Argentina?
                                  (3:07)
4. How did Peron upset the
   Catholic Church?
5. Who succeed Juan Peron as
   president of Argentina after
   Juan Peron died?
What organizations did Peron use
     to promote his ideas?

           Labor Unions
What did Peron do to Argentina’s
        main industries?


             Nationalized them
     Owned and operated by the government
How did Evita Peron’s help women
         in Argentina?
          She worked to get women the
                   right to vote
           Founded a women branch of
              Peron’s political party
          She attempted to run for vice-
          president in 1951 but the army,
         shocked by the idea of a woman
            in high office, blocked her
                    candidacy
How did Peron upset the Catholic
           Church?

     By legalizing divorce and prostitution
      As a result he was excommunicated
Who succeed Juan Peron as president
 of Argentina after Juan Peron died?

                   His wife Isabel
          She was the first woman president
             in the western hemisphere
         Isabel became vice-president when
          Juan Peron was returned to power
                       in 1973
 Video: 20th Century Biography:
Dictators: Juan Peron: Highlights
What 2 Watch 4
1. How did Juan Peron
   make himself popular
   with urban labor?
2. What freedoms did
   Juan Peron suspend?
3. What was Juan
   Person’s stance on
   the international
   conflict between       (0:42)
   communism and
   democracy?
How did Juan Peron make himself
   popular with urban labor?

       By giving them better wages and
                   benefits
What freedoms did Juan Peron
          suspend?

    Freedom of speech and press
What was Juan Person’s stance on the
    international conflict between
   communism and democracy?


          He remained neutral
     Video: 20th Century Biography:
Dictators: Zaldivar Batista: Introduction
What 2 Watch 4
1. What country was
   Batista the dictator of?




                              (0:39)
What country was Batista the
        dictator of?
            Cuba
  Video: 20th Century Biography:
    Dictators: Zaldivar Batista
What 2 Watch 4
1. Did Batista become the official
   leader of Cuba after the revolt of the
   sergeants?
2. What often happened to Batista’s
   enemies?                                 (2:45)
3. Why did the United States
   government prefer Batista even
   though he ran a corrupt government
   and had links to organized crime?
4. Who lead the rebellion against
   Batista?
Did Batista become the official leader of
Cuba after the revolt of the sergeants?
                        No
     He appointed one of his followers to the
                    presidency
   Batista ruled the country behind the scenes
  through a number of tightly controlled puppet
                      leaders
What often happened to Batista’s
           enemies?
  They would meet an untimely death
          Or just disappear
    Why did the United States
  government prefer Batista even
though he ran a corrupt government
 and had links to organized crime?
  The ex-president of Cuba had socialist
                leanings
         Communist philosophies
Who lead the rebellion against
          Batista?
          Fidel Castro
   Video: 20th Century Biography:
Dictators: Zaldivar Batista: Highlights
What 2 Watch 4
1. What countries used
   to control Cuba?
2. What did Cuba
   become a center for
   under Batista?



                         (0:40)
What countries used to control
           Cuba?
                 Spain
        United States of America
       Cuba was a colony of Spain
Spain lost Cuba as a result of the Spanish-
              American war
What did Cuba become a center for
          under Batista?
            Gambling
     Video: 20th Century Biography:
Dictators: Francisco Franco: Introduction
What 2 Watch 4
1. What war did Franco
   led his side to victory
   and what country did
   he become the
   dictator of?
2. What political
   philosophy caused
   Franco to impose
                             (0:43)
   strict restraints on
   his people?
   What war did Franco led his side to
victory and what country did he become
             the dictator of?
              Spanish Civil War
                   Spain
   What political philosophy caused
Franco to impose strict restraints on his
                people?
                Fascism
   Video: 20th Century Biography:
Dictators: Francisco Franco: Dictator
What 2 Watch 4
1. What ruling group was ousted from
   Spain in 1931?
2. What groups supported General
   Francisco Franco taking charge of
   the nationalist military forces?
3. What other country supported the
   liberal loyalists who supported the
   king?
4. What does the title El Caudillo          (2:46)
   mean?
5. What was the only political party that
   Francisco Franco permitted?
6. What did Spain get from the
   agreement that permitted the United
   States to build airbases in Spain?
What ruling group was ousted from
          Spain in 1931?
            Monarchy
   What groups supported General
Francisco Franco taking charge of the
     nationalist military forces?
                 The fascists of Spain,
                  Germany and Italy
    What other country
supported the liberal loyalists
  who supported the king?
           Soviet Union (Communists)
What does the title
El Caudillo mean?
               The leader
         Francisco Franco gave
       himself the title El Caudillo
                 of Spain
 What was the only political party
that Francisco Franco permitted?
                Spanish Fascist Party
             He attempted to eliminate all
                     opposition
             He imposed harsh censorship
Francisco Franco during World War II
              • Franco declared Spain
                neutral during World War II,
                not supporting either side
              • Leaning towards Germany
                after the fall of France
              • Then becoming friendly
                towards Britain and the
                United States when the tied
                turned against the Axis
                forces
    What did Spain get from the
agreement that permitted the United
 States to build airbases in Spain?
  1 billion dollars in loans and grants
    Video: 20th Century Biography:
Dictators: Francisco Franco: Highlights
What 2 Watch 4
1. What was Spain’s
   role in World War II
   under Francisco
   Franco?
2. Which side was
   Spain on during the
   Cold War against
   communism?
3. How many years was     (0:39)
   Francisco Franco the
   dictator of Spain?
What was Spain’s role in World
War II under Francisco Franco?
            Neutral
Which side was Spain on during the
 Cold War against communism?
          United States’ side
How many years was Francisco
 Franco the dictator of Spain?
                    39 years
            Until his death in 1975
   Video: Discovering History: 20th
   Century Biographies: Dictators
   Marshal Josip Tito: Introduction
What 2 Watch 4
1. Where did the Marshal part of
   his name come from?
2. What country was Marshal
   Josip Tito the leader of?
3. What kind of government did
   his country have while Marshal   (2:29)
   Josip Tito was leader?
4. Was his country under
   influence of the Soviet Union
   while Marshal Josip Tito was
   leader?
Where did the Marshal part
 of his name come from?
           Military title
       Tito was a nickname
      He was born Josip Broz
What country was Marshal
 Josip Tito the leader of?
     Former Yugoslavia
 What kind of government did
Yugoslavia have while Marshal
   Josip Tito was leader?
         Communist
Was Yugoslavia under influence
  of the Soviet Union while
Marshal Josip Tito was leader?
               No
       He stood up to Stalin
     Video: Discovering History: 20th
     Century Biographies: Dictators
            Marshal Josip Tito
What 2 Watch 4
1. Which side was Marshal Tito’s guerillas on
   during World War II?
2. Did Tito always side with the Soviet Union?
3. When Tito disagreed with Stalin where did
   he go seeking aid for Yugoslavia?
4. How did Tito carefully guard his power?          (2:29)
5. When did Tito first support communism?
6. When did Tito become the sole leader of
   Yugoslavia?
7. How did Tito treat the different nationalities
   of Yugoslavia?
8. What happened to Hungary and
   Czechoslovakia when they tried to gain
   their freedom?
 Which side was Marshal Tito’s
guerillas on during World War II?
            Fought against Germany
        Winning Russian and Allied support
Did Tito always side with
   the Soviet Union?
                 No
      Only when it suited him
     Despite being a communist
When Tito disagreed with Stalin where
did he go seeking aid for Yugoslavia?
                       England
            NATO hoped to encourage this
              seeming split in the eastern
                   communist block
          Tito negotiated money and military
           assistance from anti-communist
                        nations
How did Tito carefully
 guard his power?
    By declaring Yugoslavia to be
                neutral
   Despite taking money from anyone
            who would give it
When did Tito first support
     communism?
         During the World War I
     He was captured by czarist Russia
      during the Bolshevik revolution
When did Tito become the sole
   leader of Yugoslavia?
               After World War II
       By assembling a powerful secret
       police force and crushing anyone
            who disagreed with him
How did Tito treat the different
 nationalities of Yugoslavia?
       He tried to unit them
What happened to Hungary and
Czechoslovakia when they tried
    to gain their freedom?
        They suffered retaliation from
                 the Soviet Union
           Yugoslavia never suffered
        retaliation from the Soviet Union
    Video: Discovering History: 20th
    Century Biographies: Dictators
      Marshal Josip Tito: Lifetime
What 2 Watch 4
1. What side did Marshal
   Tito fight with in the
   Russian Revolution?
2. How did Tito treat
   women in Yugoslavia?
3. Did Tito only get help
   for his country from
   the Soviet Union and     (0:44)
   other communist
   countries?
What side did Marshal Tito fight
with in the Russian Revolution?
          The Bolsheviks
         a.k.a. Communists
How did Tito treat women in
       Yugoslavia?
 He gave women the right to vote
Did Tito only get help for his country
  from the Soviet Union and other
       communist countries?
                         No
           He shifted his loyalty at crucial
            moments to get aid from both
           communist and non-communist
                      countries

				
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posted:10/10/2011
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