P2 Costs Calculator - Peaks to Prairies.xls by zhaonedx

VIEWS: 0 PAGES: 94

									Welcome to the Pollution Prevention Program's Cost Calculator.

  The P2 Program has developed a P2 Cost Calculator tool to help the program and its grantees calculate the financial dollar savings
  from implementing P2 activities. The P2 Cost Calculator tool calculates the financial value for reducing/conserving the following:
  Hazardous inputs and wastes, Air Emissions, Waste Discharges, Water Use, Energy Use, and Non-hazardous inputs and solid
  waste.

  The Pacific Northwest Pollution Prevention Research Center (PPRC) developed a P2 cost savings calculator that states access
  through the Pollution Prevention (P2) National Results Database accessible through the following link: (last updated as of 2004)
  The Office of Pollution and Prevention and Toxics (OPPT) Pollution Prevention Program worked extensively with PPRC and other
  partners to revise and update the P2 cost calculator. In 2009, the P2 National Results Database will be updated to reflect
  data/conversion factors developed by the P2 Program.


  The P2 Results Database uses the following hierarchy when applying financial savings: The database performs the following
  searches: 1) Direct cost savings as reported by the facility 2) State-specific calculators 3) Regional calculations 4) National
  calculations


  Overall improvements made to the P2 Cost Calculator include enhanced credibility with reference and justification for methodologies
  and data sources, updated cost savings values, illustrated examples for users, and the ability to aggregate per project. We believe
  that cost savings from P2 activities and strategies have been underreported and that this tool will assist in demonstrating the cost
  savings that can be derived from source reduction. The tool has the ability to aggregate cost savings from individual projects and
  categories (see Aggregate Tab). The tool also provides users with examples of how the tool converts traditional metrics for specific
  P2 activities (electricity conservation) into cost savings.
                                                        Examples of P2 Cost Saving Activities
                                                                        Worksheet to     Input Cell in                 Output Cell
  Type of Example        Examples of P2 Cost Saving Activities                                           Input Value               Output Value
                                                                             Use          Worksheet                   in Worksheet
Gallons of hazardous   Process change that reduced annual             Hazardous inputs Hazardous                4400 Savings from       $47,036
waste                  wastes from 100 55-gallon drums to 20 55- and wastes            wastes                        hazardous
                       gallon drums                                                    reduced in                    wastes
                                                                                       gallons                       reduced
Air emissions          Reduced exhaust emissions from diesel-         Air emissions    Tons of PM              210.7 Savings from         $8,323
                       fueled cruise ship at sea port. Eliminated                      and SOx                       reduced
                       35 metric tons of fuel per ship call; total of                  reduced                       emissions
                       1400 tons per cruise season; estimated
                       seasonal reductions of 7.7 tons of
                       particulate matter and 203 tons of SOx.

Water discharge        Adopted “electrocoagulation” technology in    Water discharge   Wastewater          5,000,000 Savings from       $18,000
                       metal finishing shop, reducing process                          gallons reduced               reduced
                       water discharge about 99% (5 million                                                          wastewater
                       gallons /yr.)                                                                                 discharges
Water use              Same example as above                         Water use         Reduced water       5,000,000 Savings from       $14,500
                                                                                       use                           reduced water
                                                                                                                     use
Energy                 Green buildings; installed energy-efficient   Energy            Natural gas –         150,000 Savings from      $150,000
                       lighting and reduced lighting, heating, and                     therms reduced                reduced
                       air conditioning usage at two commercial                                                      natural gas use
                       buildings.
Electricity            Same examples as above                        Electricity       Kilowatt hours      1,700,000 Savings from      $175,270
                                                                                       reduced                       kilowatt hours
                                                                                                                     reduced
AGGREGATED P2 COST SAVINGS
                                                                                                                        Non-           Non-
                  Hazardous    Hazardous                   Water                                                     Hazardous      Hazardous       Total by
                    Inputs       Waste     Air Emissions Discharges     Water Use        Energy       Electricity      Inputs         Waste          Project
                 cost savings cost savings cost savings cost savings   cost savings   cost savings   cost savings   cost savings   cost savings   cost savings
                      ($)          ($)          ($)          ($)            ($)            ($)            ($)            ($)            ($)            ($)
Aggregate
(all projects)           -            -             -            -              -              -              -              -              -              -

Project 1                -            -             -            -              -              -              -              -              -              -
Project 2                -            -             -            -              -              -              -              -              -              -
Project 3                -            -             -            -              -              -              -              -              -              -
Project 4                -            -             -            -              -              -              -              -              -              -
Project 5                -            -             -            -              -              -              -              -              -              -
Project 6                -            -             -            -              -              -              -              -              -              -
Project 7                -            -             -            -              -              -              -              -              -              -
Project 8                -            -             -            -              -              -              -              -              -              -
Project 9                -            -             -            -              -              -              -              -              -              -
Project 10               -            -             -            -              -              -              -              -              -              -
Glossary
Hazardous Inputs and Wastes
Hazardous inputs are hazardous materials used as process inputs (chemical ingredients, paints, and solvents) and hazardous products applied to
land (such as pesticides and nutrients applied, etc).
Hazardous wastes. are those listed at the state and/or federal level as hazardous or toxic or meeting the criteria for ignitability, toxicity, corrosiveness
or reactivity) Excluded: Non-hazardous waste (solid waste, construction debris, packaging, paper, glass and aluminum cans)
Air Pollutants
“Air Pollutants” are defined to include the release of any of the following: Toxic air emissions (includes CAA 112b hazardous air pollutant (HAP), TRI,
and others): Nitrogen Oxides (NOX), Sulfur Oxides (SOX), Particulate Matter of 10 micrometers or less (PM10), Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs),
and Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs). Please note that this covers pollutants to air, including SOx and NOx from boilers but excludes SOx or NOx from
utilities (due to cap and trade limitations). The cost for CO2 emissions are not yet assessed or available, pending future cap and trade or carbon tax
legislation.
Water Pollution
Water Discharges are waste waters sent to a waste water treatment plant, sometimes called publicly owned treatment plants. The first cost formula is
for the basic fee charged by a treatment plant for treating waste waters on a per gallon basis. Often treatment plants apply a surcharge for treating
biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), toxics, nutrients, non-filterable total suspended solids (TSS). A user who
knows these surcharges can enter them and the calculator will perform the calculations. Currently, the cost for toxics and nutrients in water
discharges is not known.
Water Use
Reductions of incoming raw water from outside sources through the implementation of a P2 activity. Reductions can occur through operations, facility
use and grounds maintenance.
Energy

Any source of usable power, such as: Electricity, natural gas, gasoline or diesel (calculated per vehicle miles driven), other fuels (heating oil, jet fuel
etc.) Electricity has its own tab to account for offsetting the higher prices often associated with purchasing electricity from a green source.
Non-Hazardous Inputs and Wastes
Non-hazardous inputs: Process input supplies and feedstocks that are not toxic or hazardous. Examples include packaging, building materials,
aqueous cleaners, etc. Non-hazardous material input reductions will be unique to each project. Therefore, the user must input the reduction quantity
as well as the total cost associated with the reduction. This information will also be included in the Aggregate Tab. Solid Wastes are those not
defined as hazardous under RCRA
Hazardous Inputs & Wastes

The Tool includes entry data fields for both hazardous inputs and hazardous waste. For hazardous inputs, reductions can be expressed in either pounds or gallons units of
measurement. Since hazardous material input reductions are unique for each project, the user must input the reduction quantity as well as the total cost associated with the
reduction. (Columns BC and DE) This information will also be included and appear in the Aggregate Tab.

Hazardous Waste Reductions can also be expressed in pounds or gallons of units of measurement but within the following categories:Average across management methods
(applicable when the user does not know the method of disposal), Landfill (Applicable for landfill ONLY), and Incineration (Applicable for Incineration ONLY)

                                                                                                               Hazardous Waste Reduction in       Hazardous Waste Reduction in
                                      Hazardous Input Reduction                 Hazardous Input Reduction        Pounds - Average across              Gallons - Average across
Type of Reduction                              in Pounds                                 in Gallons                management methods                   management methods
Calculation Description                 Will vary - user provides                 Will vary - user provides              $1.28/lb                             $10.69/gal
Source                                                                                                              See Reference Sheet                  See Reference Sheet
                                                    Savings from                        Savings from                          Savings from                          Savings from
                                                    Reduced                             Reduced                               Reduced                               Reduced
                                 Inputs reduced     Hazardous Input* Inputs reduced     Hazardous Input* Waste reduced        Hazardous Waste Waste reduced         Hazardous Waste
                                 (lbs)              ($)                (gallons)        ($)                (lbs)              ($)              (gallons)            ($)
Total Input - All Projects                      0.0                 $0              0.0                 $0                0.0               $0                  0.0               $0

Input Volume-Project 1                                                                                                                                   $0                      $0
Input Volume-Project 2                                                                                                                                   $0                      $0
Input Volume-Project 3                                                                                                                                   $0                      $0
Input Volume-Project 4                                                                                                                                   $0                      $0
Input Volume-Project 5                                                                                                                                   $0                      $0
Input Volume-Project 6                                                                                                                                   $0                      $0
Input Volume-Project 7                                                                                                                                   $0                      $0
Input Volume-Project 8                                                                                                                                   $0                      $0
Input Volume-Project 9                                                                                                                                   $0                      $0
Input Volume-Project 10                                                                                                                                  $0                      $0
*User enters value
Hazardous Inputs & Wastes

The Tool includes entry data fields for both hazardous inputs and hazardous waste. For hazardous inputs, reductions can be expressed in either pounds or gallons units of
measurement. Since hazardous material input reductions are unique for each project, the user must input the reduction quantity as well as the total cost associated with the
reduction. (Columns BC and DE) This information will also be included and appear in the Aggregate Tab.

Hazardous Waste Reductions can also be expressed in pounds or gallons of units of measurement but within the following categories:Average across management methods
(applicable when the user does not know the method of disposal), Landfill (Applicable for landfill ONLY), and Incineration (Applicable for Incineration ONLY)



                                     Hazardous Waste Reduction in       Hazardous Waste Reduction in          Hazardous Waste Reduction in       Hazardous Waste Reduction in
Type of Reduction                          Pounds - Landfill                    Gallons - Landfill                Pounds - Incineration                 Gallons - Incineration
Calculation Description                        $1.14/lb                             $9.52/gal                           $1.35/lb                             $11.27/gal
Source                                    See Reference Sheet                  See Reference Sheet                 See Reference Sheet                  See Reference Sheet
                                                    Savings from                         Savings from                        Savings from                           Savings from
                                                    Reduced                              Reduced                             Reduced                                Reduced
                                 Waste reduced      Hazardous Waste Waste reduced        Hazardous Waste Waste reduced       Hazardous Waste Waste reduced          Hazardous Waste
                                 (lbs)              ($)              (gallons)           ($)              (lbs)              ($)              (gallons)             ($)
Total Input - All Projects                      0.0               $0                 0.0               $0                0.0               $0                  0.0                $0

Input Volume-Project 1                                                $0                                        $0                                       $0                      $0
Input Volume-Project 2                                                $0                                        $0                                       $0                      $0
Input Volume-Project 3                                                $0                                        $0                                       $0                      $0
Input Volume-Project 4                                                $0                                        $0                                       $0                      $0
Input Volume-Project 5                                                $0                                        $0                                       $0                      $0
Input Volume-Project 6                                                $0                                        $0                                       $0                      $0
Input Volume-Project 7                                                $0                                        $0                                       $0                      $0
Input Volume-Project 8                                                $0                                        $0                                       $0                      $0
Input Volume-Project 9                                                $0                                        $0                                       $0                      $0
Input Volume-Project 10                                               $0                                        $0                                       $0                      $0
*User enters value
Air Emissions

                                             Nitrogen Oxides (NOX),
                                              Sulfur Oxides (SOX),
Type of Reduction             Particulate Matter of 10 micrometers or less (PM10),                     Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
                                     Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs),
                                        Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs)

Calculation Description                            $39.50/ton                                    [cost values not currently available]
Source                              2004 New Mexico National Title V Fee Survey
                                                         Savings from Reduced                                        Savings from Reduced
                             Tons                                                         Tons
                                                         Emissions ($)                                               Emissions ($)
Total Input - All Projects                           0.0                             $0                        0.0                          $0

Input Volume-Project 1                                                               $0
Input Volume-Project 2                                                               $0
Input Volume-Project 3                                                               $0
Input Volume-Project 4                                                               $0
Input Volume-Project 5                                                               $0
Input Volume-Project 6                                                               $0
Input Volume-Project 7                                                               $0
Input Volume-Project 8                                                               $0
Input Volume-Project 9                                                               $0
Input Volume-Project 10                                                              $0
Water Discharges
Type of Reduction                Wastewater Discharge                              BOD/COD                                                       Toxics
Calculation Description               $.0036/gal                                  $0.34/pound
Source                          AWWA 2006 Rate Survey                         AWWA 2006 Rate Survey
                             Documentation and Analysis Part                    Page 60, Exhibit 6                               [cost values not currently available]
                                      III, Page 2
                                                                                    Surcharge ($)                                           Surcharge ($)
                                                                                    (If information is                                      (If information is
                                               Savings from                                                                                                      Savings from
                                                                                    available from     Savings from                         available from
                             Gallons           Reduced              Pounds                                                 Pounds                                Reduced Toxic
                                                                                    your grantee on Reduced                                 your grantee on
                             Reduced           Wastewater           Reduced                                                Reduced                               Water
                                                                                    a per pound        BOD/COD ($)                          a per pound
                                               Discharge ($)                                                                                                     Pollutants ($)
                                                                                    basis, please                                           basis, please
                                                                                    include)                                                include)
Total Input - All Projects               0.0                   $0             0.0                0.0                  $0              0.0                  0.0                $0

Input Volume-Project 1                                         $0                                                     $0
Input Volume-Project 2                                         $0                                                     $0
Input Volume-Project 3                                         $0                                                     $0
Input Volume-Project 4                                         $0                                                     $0
Input Volume-Project 5                                         $0                                                     $0
Input Volume-Project 6                                         $0                                                     $0
Input Volume-Project 7                                         $0                                                     $0
Input Volume-Project 8                                         $0                                                     $0
Input Volume-Project 9                                         $0                                                     $0
Input Volume-Project 10                                        $0                                                     $0
Water Discharges
Type of Reduction                                Nutrients                                        Total Suspended Solids (TSS)
Calculation Description                                                                                    $0.29/pound
Source                                                                                              AWWA 2006 Rate Survey
                                   [cost values not currently available]


                                              Surcharge ($)                                                Surcharge ($)
                                              (If information is                                           (If information is
                                                                   Savings from
                                              available from                                               available from     Savings from
                             Pounds                                Reduced              Pounds
                                              your grantee on                                              your grantee on Reduced TSS
                             Reduced                               Nutrient Load        Reduced
                                              a per pound                                                  a per pound        ($)
                                                                   ($)
                                              basis, please                                                basis, please
                                              include)                                                     include)
Total Input - All Projects              0.0                  0.0                   $0                0.0                0.0                  $0

Input Volume-Project 1                                                                                                                       $0
Input Volume-Project 2                                                                                                                       $0
Input Volume-Project 3                                                                                                                       $0
Input Volume-Project 4                                                                                                                       $0
Input Volume-Project 5                                                                                                                       $0
Input Volume-Project 6                                                                                                                       $0
Input Volume-Project 7                                                                                                                       $0
Input Volume-Project 8                                                                                                                       $0
Input Volume-Project 9                                                                                                                       $0
Input Volume-Project 10                                                                                                                      $0
Water Use
Type of Reduction                         Water Use
Calculation Description                  $0.0029/gallon
Source                              AWWA 2006 Rate Survey
                                                 Savings from
                                                 Reduced Water
                             Gallons Reduced     Use ($)
Total Input - All Projects                   0.0               $0

Input Volume-Project 1                                        $0
Input Volume-Project 2                                        $0
Input Volume-Project 3                                        $0
Input Volume-Project 4                                        $0
Input Volume-Project 5                                        $0
Input Volume-Project 6                                        $0
Input Volume-Project 7                                        $0
Input Volume-Project 8                                        $0
Input Volume-Project 9                                        $0
Input Volume-Project 10                                       $0
Energy
Type of Reduction                     Natural Gas                       Natural Gas             Vehicle Miles Travelled (VMT)           Motor Gasoline
Calculation Description               $1.00/therm                      $0.01/cubic ft.                    $0.57/mile                    $2.40 per gallon
                                  Energy Information                Energy Information         American Automobile Association        Energy Information
Source
                                Administration (EIA), 2007       Administration (EIA), 2007              (AAA), 2008               Administration (EIA), 2008
                                             Savings from                     Savings from                                                      Savings from
                                                                                                               Savings from
                             Therms          Reduced          Cubic Feet      Reduced                                           Gallons         Reduced
                                                                                               Miles Reduced Reduced VMT
                             Reduced         Natural Gas      Reduced         Natural Gas                                       Reduced         Gasoline Use
                                                                                                               ($)
                                             Use ($)                          Use ($)                                                           ($)
Total Input - All Projects               0.0               $0             0.0               $0             0.0               $0             0.0               $0

Input Volume-Project 1                                    $0                               $0                               $0                               $0
Input Volume-Project 2                                    $0                               $0                               $0                               $0
Input Volume-Project 3                                    $0                               $0                               $0                               $0
Input Volume-Project 4                                    $0                               $0                               $0                               $0
Input Volume-Project 5                                    $0                               $0                               $0                               $0
Input Volume-Project 6                                    $0                               $0                               $0                               $0
Input Volume-Project 7                                    $0                               $0                               $0                               $0
Input Volume-Project 8                                    $0                               $0                               $0                               $0
Input Volume-Project 9                                    $0                               $0                               $0                               $0
Input Volume-Project 10                                   $0                               $0                               $0                               $0
Energy
Type of Reduction                       Diesel                        Heating Oil                         Jet Fuel                        Crude Oil                        Coal
Calculation Description              $3.09/gallon                   $2.99 per gallon                  $2.23 per gallon                 $57.53 per barrel              $57.69 per ton
                                 Energy Information               Energy Information          Air Transport Association, 2008         Energy Information            Energy Information
Source
                               Administration (EIA), 2008      Administration (EIA), 2008                                         Administration (EIA), 2008     Administration (EIA), 2008
                                                                            Savings from
                                            Savings from                                                       Savings from                     Savings from                  Savings from
                             Gallons                        Gallons         Reduced          Gallons                           Barrels
                                            Reduced                                                            Reduced Jet                      Reduced Crude Tons Reduced Reduced Coal
                             Reduced                        Reduced         Heating Oil Use Reduced                            Reduced
                                            Diesel Use ($)                                                     Fuel Use ($)                     Oil Use ($)                   Use ($)
                                                                            ($)
Total Input - All Projects              0.0              $0             0.0               $0              0.0               $0             0.0               $0           0.0               $0

Input Volume-Project 1                                      $0                           $0                               $0                              $0                               $0
Input Volume-Project 2                                      $0                           $0                               $0                              $0                               $0
Input Volume-Project 3                                      $0                           $0                               $0                              $0                               $0
Input Volume-Project 4                                      $0                           $0                               $0                              $0                               $0
Input Volume-Project 5                                      $0                           $0                               $0                              $0                               $0
Input Volume-Project 6                                      $0                           $0                               $0                              $0                               $0
Input Volume-Project 7                                      $0                           $0                               $0                              $0                               $0
Input Volume-Project 8                                      $0                           $0                               $0                              $0                               $0
Input Volume-Project 9                                      $0                           $0                               $0                              $0                               $0
Input Volume-Project 10                                     $0                           $0                               $0                              $0                               $0
Electricity
Type of Activity               Electricity Conservation           Purchased Green Electricity
Calculation Description              $0.1031/kWh                        -$0.0213/kWh
                                  Energy Information                 Energy Efficiency and
Source                         Administration (EIA), 2007        Renewable Energy (EERE), 2007

                                                                                   Increased
                                              Savings from       Green
                                                                                   Costs from
                                              Reduced            Electricity
                             kWh Reduced                                           Purchased
                                              Electricity Use    Purchased, in
                                                                                   Green
                                              ($)                kWh
                                                                                   Electricity ($)
Total Input - All Projects              0.0                 $0               0.0                     $0

Input Volume-Project 1                                      $0                                       $0
Input Volume-Project 2                                      $0                                       $0
Input Volume-Project 3                                      $0                                       $0
Input Volume-Project 4                                      $0                                       $0
Input Volume-Project 5                                      $0                                       $0
Input Volume-Project 6                                      $0                                       $0
Input Volume-Project 7                                      $0                                       $0
Input Volume-Project 8                                      $0                                       $0
Input Volume-Project 9                                      $0                                       $0
Input Volume-Project 10                                     $0                                       $0
Non-hazardous Inputs & Solid Wastes
                                 Non-Hazardous Inputs              Non-Hazardous Inputs
Type of Reduction                       in Pounds                          in Gallons                  Solid Waste in Pounds             Solid Waste in Gallons
Calculation Description                                                                                      $0.02/pound                       $0.17/gallon
                                 Will vary - user provides          Will vary - user provides
Source                                                                                                                  Waste Business Journal
                                              Savings from                       Savings from
                                              Reduced                            Reduced                           Savings from                      Savings from
                           Inputs Reduced Hazardous           Inputs Reduced Hazardous           Waste Reduced Reduced Solid Waste Reduced Reduced Solid
                           (lbs)              Inputs* ($)     (gals)             Inputs* ($)     (lbs)             Waste ($)       (lbs)             Waste ($)
Total Input - All Projects                0.0              $0                0.0              $0               0.0              $0               0.0              $0

Input Volume-Project 1                                                                                                         $0                                $0
Input Volume-Project 2                                                                                                         $0                                $0
Input Volume-Project 3                                                                                                         $0                                $0
Input Volume-Project 4                                                                                                         $0                                $0
Input Volume-Project 5                                                                                                         $0                                $0
Input Volume-Project 6                                                                                                         $0                                $0
Input Volume-Project 7                                                                                                         $0                                $0
Input Volume-Project 8                                                                                                         $0                                $0
Input Volume-Project 9                                                                                                         $0                                $0
Input Volume-Project 10                                                                                                        $0                                $0
References & Justification


EPA‟s P2 Program has worked closely across EPA offices and collected data from inside and outside the Agency in substantiating conversion
factors/values and securing primary and supporting documentation to justify selected methodologies. In many situations, clear standardized
conversions did not exist, so the Program chose from various options and underlying assumptions. Column E entitled, “Justification” provides the user
with background on the data source and the reason it was selected. Complete citations as well as links to the most current websites are provided.
Tab                     Reference                                                      Website                                Last Updated              Justification
                                                                                                                                                        Hazardous material input reductions will be unique to each project. Therefore, the
Hazardous Inputs
                       User-entered data                                                  N/A                                 N/A                       user must input the reduction quantity as well as the total cost associated with the
                                                                                                                                                        For average costs, not specifying management method: Using ETC incineration
                                                                                                                                                        and landfill costs for multiple waste forms, applying a weighted average based on
                                                                                                                                                        how prevalent each form is in the waste stream based on the Biennial Report, then
                                                                                                                                                        applying a weighted average of incineration vs. landfill also from the Biennial
                       1) Hazardous Waste Resource Center, Environmental                                                                                Report, including transportation costs from the RIA document, and inflating by 1.16
                       Technology Council (ETC) Survey                                                                                                  from 2004$ to 2008$ yields $0.28/lb. Adding $1.00/lb for typical overhead costs
                       2) 2005 RCRA Biennial Report                                       ETC cost table average unit costs                             from the ECAM document yields a total cost of $1.28/lb, or 10.69/gallon (based on
                       3) Economics Background Document, Regulatory Impact                (per ton) for May 2004 at:                                    8.3 lbs. per gallon).
Hazardous Waste        Analysis for USEPA‟s 2007 Supplemental Proposed Revisions          http://www.etc.org/costsurvey8.cfm                            For Incineration alone: Using ETC incineration costs and applying a weighted
                       to the Industrial Recycling Exclusions of the RCRA Definition of   2005 RCRA Biennial Report at:                                 average based on waste form ($.24), adding transportation costs ($.06), applying
                       Solid Waste (Jan 22, 2007)                                         http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/infores                           1.16 inflation factor, and $1.00 for overhead yields a cost for incineration of
                       4) Mark Eads, EPA/OSW/EMRAD                                        ources/data/br05/national05.pdf                               $1.35/lb, or $11.27/gal (based on 8.3lbs. per gallon).
                       5) Dept. of Defense Environmental Cost Analysis Methodology        Transportation Costs on pages 88-                             For Landfill alone: Using ETC landfill costs and applying a weighted average
                       (ECAM) Handbook (Mar 29, 1999). Contact John Thoms,                89 at:                                                        based on waste form ($.06), adding transportation costs ($.06), applying 1.16
                       Concurrent Technologies Corporation, (814) 269-6805,               http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/hazard/                           inflation factor, and $1.00 for overhead yields a cost of landfilling of $1.14/lb, or
                       thoms@ctc.com.                                                     dsw/abr-rule/ria.pdf                Varies                    $9.52/gal (based on 8.3lbs. per gallon).
                                                                                                                                                        Rates were based on the 2004 New Mexico Survey, which surveyed all 50 states
                                                                                                                                                        on permit fees. Research indicated that no other national survey has been
                                                                                                                                                        conducted since 2004. The key NM contact for the survey is Erik Aaboe. The
                                                                                                                                                        materials from Erik (forwarded to Abt Associates by Kathy Davey) also included
                                                                                                                                                        detailed responses from the states. A review of their responses indicates that
                                                                                                                                                        most states fall into one of four categories (1) they do not adjust their numbers
                                                                                                                                                        based on inflation or anything else, (2) they can adjust but rarely do, (3) they adjust
Air Emissions                                                                                                                                           as necessary to fund their program, or (4) they adjust for inflation based on the
                                                                                                                                                        CPI. A conservative approach is to adjust the fees based on inflation using the CPI
                                                                                                                                                        only for the states that reported adjusting their fees based on the CPI. Doing so
                                                                                                                                                        results in an average estimate of $39.32/ton. This is a conservative (i.e., low)
                                                                                                                                                        estimate because other states may have also adjusted their fees but are not
                                                                                                                                                        adjusted here. Thus, the calculator uses an estimate of $39.50, which is $39.32
                                                                                                                                                        rounded up to the nearest half dollar.
                       2004 New Mexico National Title V Fee Survey                        N/A                                 2004                      (1.16 is the inflation adjustment factor used to adjust from 2004$ to 2008$.
                       AWWA 2006 Rate Survey, Documentation and Analysis, Part                                                                          Water Discharge - $0.0033/gal (2006$). Applying an inflation factor of 1.09 for
                       III, page 2.                                                                                                                     $0.0036 (2008$)
                                                                                                                                                        BOD/COD - $0.31/lb (2006$). Applying inflation factor of 1.09 for $0.34/lb.
Water Pollution                                                                                                                                         Toxics - N/A
                                                                                                                                                        Nutrients - N/A
                                                                                          N/A                                 2006                      TSS - $0.27/lb (2006$). Applying inflation factor of 1.09 for $0.29 (2008$).
                                                                                                                                                        Rate is $.0027/gallon (2006$). Applying an inflation factor of 1.09 for $.0029
Water Use
                       AWWA 2006 Water & Wastewater Rate Survey                           N/A                                 2006                      ($2008)
                                                                                                                                                        Natural Gas - The $1.00 per therm value is the average of the 2007 commercial
                                                                                                                                                        price ($11.31 per thousand cubic feet) and the 2007 industrial price ($7.60 per
                       Natural Gas                                                                                                                      thousand cubic feet) multiplied by an inflation factor of 1.06. The result is divided
                       Energy Information Administration (EIA), 2007. Annual Energy       http://www.eia.doe.gov/aer/pdf/pages                          by ten to get the cost per therm. The result is divided by 1,000 to get a price per
                       Review 2007 . "Figure 6.8: Natural Gas Prices by Sector."          /sec6_18.pdf                         2007                     cubic foot.
                                                                                                                                                        VMT - The 2008 edition of AAA‟s “Your Driving Costs” indicates that the total
                       VMT                                                                http://www.aaaexchange.com/Assets                             vehicle expenses for a 100 mile trip are approximately $54.10 (in 2007 dollars).
                       American Automobile Association (AAA), 2008. "Your Driving         /Files/20084141552360.DrivingCosts                            Dividing $54.10 by 100 (to put the value into per mile units), and multiplying by an
                       Costs - 2008 Edition."                                             2008.pdf                           2008                       inflation factor of 1.06 gives a 2008 price for VMT of $0.57 per mile.




Energy*
References & Justification


EPA‟s P2 Program has worked closely across EPA offices and collected data from inside and outside the Agency in substantiating conversion
factors/values and securing primary and supporting documentation to justify selected methodologies. In many situations, clear standardized
conversions did not exist, so the Program chose from various options and underlying assumptions. Column E entitled, “Justification” provides the user
with background on the data source and the reason it was selected. Complete citations as well as links to the most current websites are provided.
Tab                     Reference                                                      Website                                Last Updated              Justification
                        Motor Gasoline
                        Energy Information Administration (EIA). 2008. Petroleum,
                        Reports: Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update. Updated              http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/oog/info/gdu/                           Motor Gasoline- The November 3, 2008 average national price of gasoline is
                        November 3, 2008.                                              gasdiesel.asp                          2008                      reported as $2.40 per gallon.
                        Diesel
                        Energy Information Administration (EIA). 2008. Petroleum,
Energy*                 Reports: Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update. Updated              http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/oog/info/gdu/                           Motor Gasoline- The November 3, 2008 average national price of diesel is
                        November 3, 2008.                                              gasdiesel.asp                          2008                      reported as $3.09 per gallon.
                        Heating Oil
                        Energy Information Administration (EIA). 2008. Petroleum,
                        Reports: Heating Oil and Propane Update. Updated               http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/oog/info/hopu                           Heating Oil- The November 3, 2008 average national price of residential heating
                        November 3, 2008.                                              /hopu.asp                              2008                      oil is reported as $2.99 per gallon.
                        Jet Fuel                                                                                                                        Jet Fuel - The 2008 price for jet fuel was calculated slightly differently than what
                        Air Transport Association, 2008. "Fuel Cost and Consumption http://www.airlines.org/NR/rdonlyres/                               was implied had been done in 2004. The Total 2007 fuel cost of 210.4 cents per
                        Report. U.S. Majors, Nationals & Large Regionals - All         372C78CE-33D3-4E1A-85E0-                                         gallon for „All Services‟ was used and inflated by 1.06, resulting in a 2008 price of
                        Services".                                                     993933B55543/0/fuel.xls                2008                      $2.23 per gallon.
                                                                                                                                                        Crude Oil- The October 31, 2008 US price of crude oil is reported as $57.53 per
                       Crude Oil                                                                                                                        barrel.
                       Energy Information Administration (EIA). 2008. Petroleum,        http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/dnav/pet/pet_
                       Reports: World Crude Oil Prices. Updated October 31, 2008.       pri_wco_k_w.htm                        2008
                       Coal                                                                                                                             Coal - The 2008 price for coal ($57.69 per ton) is the resultant value of the 2007
                       Energy Information Administration (EIA), 2008. "U.S. Coal        http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/coal/pa                            average domestic price for coal used in “Other Industrial Plants” ($54.42 per ton)
                       Supply and Demand - 2007 Review".                                ge/special/feature.html              2008                       multiplied by an inflation factor of 1.06.
                       Electricity Conservation
                       U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration,
                       Electric Power Annual Report, "Average Retail Price of
                       Electricity to Ultimate Customers by End-Use
                       Sector." (Used data for Commercial end-user in 2006).
                                                                                        http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electrici                          Electricity Conservation- Rate is $0.0946 kWh (2006$). Applying an inflation
                       Report released: October 22, 2007.
                                                                                        ty/epa/epat7p4.html                    2007                     factor of 1.09 for $0.1031 (2008$).
Electricity
                                                                                                                                                        Purchasing Green Electricity- An average of price premiums on green electricity
                       Purchased Green Electricity                                                                                                      is used to calculate a rate of $0.02/kWh (2007$). Applying an inflation factor of
                       U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable                                                                       1.06 to get $0.0213/kWh (2008$). After looking at the mean, weighted average,
                       Energy (EERE): Green Power Markets, Green Pricing: "Table                                                                        and median of price premiums for green power, EPA took the mean of all 200
                       of Utility Programs by State" and "Top Ten Utility Green Power                                                                   green power providers. This was representative of the entire country and the most
                       Programs."                                                       http://apps3.eere.energy.gov/greenpo                            conservative of these three values. See 'Green Electricity Premiums' worksheet
                       Updated December 2007.                                           wer/markets/pricing.shtml?page=0     2007                       for calculations.
                                                                                                                                                        Non-hazardous material input reductions will be unique to each project. Therefore,
Non-Hazardous
                                                                                                                                                        the user must input the reduction quantity as well as the total cost associated with
Inputs
                       User-entered data                                                N/A                                   N/A                       the reduction. This information will be included in the Aggregate.
                                                                                                                                                        According to an EPA source, this document provides the weighted nationwide
                                                                                                                                                        average tipping fee of $39.06 per ton in 2007. Applying an inflation factor of 1.06
Non-Hazardous          Waste Business Journal, page 33 of the "Waste Market                                                                             gives this cost in 2008$ as $41.40/ton, or $0.02/pound (based on a standard ton)
Solid Waste            Overview & Outlook 2007" (a pay for service).                    www.wastebusinessjournal.com          2007                      and $0.17/gallon (based on 8.3 pounds per gallon).
                                           New Mexico Environment Department Title V Fee Survey
                                                                                                                                                                         State Always
                                                                                                                     State Has Some          Adjusted if state has   Adjusts for Inflation      Adjusted if state
                                                                                                                        Adjustment            some adjustment        based on CPI (=Y if        reported regular
                                                                                                                   Mechanism (=Y if state        mechanism             state adjusts for          adjustments
                                                                                                                    has any adjustment      (adjusted for inflation   inflation based on     (adjusted for inflation
                                                                                                                        mechanism)               if col (1)=Y)                CPI)                 if col (3)=Y)
        State                  $ per ton                     Basis                      Cap (in tons)                       (1)                       (2)                      (3)                      (4)
Alabama              $18.50                        Actuals                  4,000 ea                                         Y                                $21.46                                           $18.50
Colorado             $13.54                        Actuals                  4,000 ea                                                                          $13.54                                           $13.54
Connecticut          $94.48                        Actuals                  $237,500 (1995 dollars)                          Y                               $109.60            Y                             $109.60
EPA                  $37.43                        Actuals                  4,000 ea                                         Y                                $43.42                                           $37.43
Hawaii               $50.75                        Actuals                  4,000 ea                                         Y                                $58.87                                           $50.75
Indiana              $33.00                        Actuals                  $125,000, $150,000, or $200,000                  Y                                $38.28                                           $33.00
Kansas               $25.00                        Actuals                  4,000 ea                                                                          $25.00                                           $25.00
Kentucky             $33.40                        Actuals                  4,000 ea                                         Y                                $38.74                                           $33.40
Louisiana            $12.83                        Actuals                  4,000 ea                                         Y                                $14.88                                           $12.83
Maryland             $37.43                        Actuals                  4,000 ea / 8,000 all                             Y                                $43.42            Y                              $43.42
Michigan             $45.25                        Actuals                  1,000 ea / 4,000 all                             Y                                $52.49                                           $45.25
Minnesota            $28.41                        Actuals                  None                                             Y                                $32.96            Y                              $32.96
Missouri             $34.00                        Actuals                  4,000 ea / 12,000 all                                                             $34.00                                           $34.00
Montana              $20.61                        Actuals                  None                                             Y                                $23.91                                           $20.61

Nebraska             $41.00                        Actuals                  4,000 ea or 400 ea for specific EGUs             Y                                $47.56                                           $41.00
New Hampshire        $85.37                        Actuals                  6,000 ea                                         Y                                $99.03                                           $85.37
New Jersey           $89.76                        Actuals                  None                                             Y                               $104.12                                           $89.76
New York             $45.00                        Actuals                  6,000 ea                                                                          $45.00                                           $45.00
North Carolina       $17.42                        Actuals                  4,000 ea                                         Y                                $20.21                                           $17.42
North Dakota         $10.00                        Actuals                  4,000 ea or $100,000                             Y                                $11.60                                           $10.00
Ohio                 $37.43                        Actuals                  4,000 ea                                         Y                                $43.42                                           $37.43
Oklahoma             $22.28                        Actuals                  4,000 ea                                         Y                                $25.84           Y                               $25.84
Oregon               $37.03                        Actuals                  None                                             Y                                $42.95           Y                               $42.95
Pennsylvania         $46.00                        Actuals                  4,000 ea                                         Y                                $53.36           Y                               $53.36
Rhode Island         $108.50                       Actuals                  4,000 ea                                                                         $108.50                                          $108.50
South Carolina       $36.60                        Actuals                  4,000 ea                                         Y                                $42.46           Y                               $42.46
South Dakota         $10.00                        Actuals                  None                                                                              $10.00                                           $10.00
Tennessee            $30.00                        Actuals                  4,000 ea                                                                          $30.00                                           $30.00
Texas                $29.18                        Actuals                  4,000 ea                                         Y                                $33.85           Y                               $33.85
Utah                 $36.31                        Actuals                  None                                             Y                                $42.12                                           $36.31
Vermont              $32.00                        Actuals                  None                                             Y                                $37.12           Y                               $37.12
Virginia             $37.78                        Actuals                  4,000 ea                                         Y                                $43.82           Y                               $43.82
West Virginia        $19.97                        Actuals                  4,000 ea                                         Y                                $23.17           Y                               $23.17
Wisconsin            $35.71                        Actuals                  5,000 ea                                                                          $35.71                                           $35.71
Wyoming              $17.00                        Actuals                  4,000 ea                                                                          $17.00                                           $17.00
Average of Actuals   $37.40                                                                                                                         $41.93                                           $39.32
Median of Actuals    $34.00

                     $12.22 + flat fee based on
Arizona              source type                   Actuals                  4,000 ea                                         Y
Nevada               $30,000 + $5.60               Actuals                  None
Massachusetts        Formula                       Actuals                  7,500 ea
Delaware             Variable                      Actuals                  4,000 ea                                         Y
Idaho                Variable                      Actuals                  Variable
Washington           Variable                      Actuals                  None                                             Y
                                       New Mexico Environment Department Title V Fee Survey
                                                                                                                                                           State Always
                                                                                                      State Has Some          Adjusted if state has    Adjusts for Inflation      Adjusted if state
                                                                                                         Adjustment            some adjustment         based on CPI (=Y if        reported regular
                                                                                                    Mechanism (=Y if state        mechanism              state adjusts for          adjustments
                                                                                                     has any adjustment      (adjusted for inflation    inflation based on     (adjusted for inflation
                                                                                                         mechanism)               if col (1)=Y)                 CPI)                 if col (3)=Y)
        State             $ per ton                       Basis                     Cap (in tons)            (1)                       (2)                       (3)                      (4)
New Mexico      $10.25                         Allowables               6,000 ea
Alaska          $12.52                         Allowables               4,000 ea                               Y
Illinois        $18.00                         Allowables               $250,000
Arkansas        $20.35                         Allowables               4,000 ea                               Y
Florida         $25.00                         Allowables               4,000 ea                               Y
City of ABQ     $31.00                         Allowables               None
Mississippi     $31.00                         Allowables               4,000 ea                               Y
Iowa            $32.25                         Allowables               4,000 ea                               Y
Average of
Allowables      $22.55
Median of
Allowables      $22.68

Maine           $6.44 to $19.34                Allowables               $178,111                               Y
Georgia         $32.50                         Operating Time           4,000 ea
California      Variable by District           Variable by District     Variable by District          Variable by District
Computation of average cost for RCRA industrial hazardous waste disposal

                          Incineration price (per ton) =
                               Landfill price (per ton) =
                     Tonnage weighted average price =
                              * Source: Exhibit 2.5 of 2005 RCRA National Biennial Re
trial hazardous waste disposal:
                                       Wtd avg                                      2005 BRS tons*
         @WEIGHTAVG(I247..I254,F247..F254); 522.995982966579                          1,437,996
         @WEIGHTAVG(I191..I198,F191..F198); 131.552304945516                          2,037,543
         @WEIGHTAVG(G5..G6,H5..H6); 293.51119627707
2.5 of 2005 RCRA National Biennial Report
         $294/ton - weighted by physical form and incin/landfill proportion

                                                                              $0.13 per pound
                                                                              $0.16 inflated
                                                                              $0.22 including transportation
Incineration Cost
 1993 BRS BRS treatment BRS
wastestream code for      physical
   count    incineration form code        Physical form code description
     1     M043          B001        Lab packs
     2     M041          B101        Non-halogen liquids (inorganic liquids)
     3     M041          B101        Non-halogen liquids (inorganic liquids)
     4     M041          B101        Non-halogen liquids (inorganic liquids)
     5     M041          B101        Non-halogen liquids (inorganic liquids)
     6     M041          B101        Non-halogen liquids (inorganic liquids)
     7     M041          B102        Non-halogen liquids (inorganic liquids)
     8     M041          B102        Non-halogen liquids (inorganic liquids)
     9     M041          B102        Non-halogen liquids (inorganic liquids)
    10     M041          B102        Non-halogen liquids (inorganic liquids)
    11     M041          B102        Non-halogen liquids (inorganic liquids)
    12     M041          B102        Non-halogen liquids (inorganic liquids)
    13     M041          B102        Non-halogen liquids (inorganic liquids)
    14     M041          B102        Non-halogen liquids (inorganic liquids)
    15     M041          B105        Non-halogen liquids (inorganic liquids)
    16     M041          B105        Non-halogen liquids (inorganic liquids)
    17     M041          B119        Non-halogen liquids (inorganic liquids)
    18     M041          B201        Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
    19     M041          B201        Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
    20     M041          B201        Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
    21     M041          B201        Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
    22     M041          B201        Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
    23     M041          B201        Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
    24     M041          B201        Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
    25     M041          B201        Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
    26     M041          B201        Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
    27     M041          B201        Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
    28     M041          B201        Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
    29     M041          B201        Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
    30     M041          B201        Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
    31     M041          B201        Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
    32     M041          B201        Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
    33     M041          B201        Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
    34     M041          B202        Organic liquids: halogenated
    35     M041          B202        Organic liquids: halogenated
    36     M041          B202        Organic liquids: halogenated
    37     M041          B202        Organic liquids: halogenated
    38     M041          B202        Organic liquids: halogenated
    39     M041          B202        Organic liquids: halogenated
    40     M041          B202        Organic liquids: halogenated
    41     M041          B202        Organic liquids: halogenated
    42     M041          B202        Organic liquids: halogenated
43   M041   B202   Organic liquids: halogenated
44   M041   B202   Organic liquids: halogenated
45   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
46   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
47   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
48   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
49   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
50   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
51   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
52   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
53   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
54   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
55   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
56   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
57   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
58   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
59   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
60   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
61   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
62   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
63   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
64   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
65   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
66   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
67   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
68   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
69   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
70   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
71   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
72   M041   B203   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
73   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
74   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
75   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
76   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
77   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
78   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
79   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
80   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
81   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
82   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
83   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
84   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
85   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
86   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
87   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
88   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
89   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
90   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
91   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
 92   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
 93   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
 94   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
 95   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
 96   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
 97   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
 98   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
 99   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
100   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
101   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
102   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
103   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
104   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
105   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
106   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
107   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
108   M041   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
109   M043   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
110   M043   B204   Organic liquids: halogenated
111   M041   B205   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
112   M041   B205   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
113   M041   B206   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
114   M041   B206   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
115   M041   B206   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
116   M041   B207   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
117   M041   B207   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
118   M041   B207   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
119   M041   B207   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
120   M041   B207   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
121   M041   B207   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
122   M041   B207   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
123   M041   B207   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
124   M041   B207   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
125   M041   B207   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
126   M041   B207   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
127   M041   B207   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
128   M041   B208   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
129   M041   B208   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
130   M041   B208   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
131   M043   B209   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
132   M041   B210   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
133   M041   B212   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
134   M041   B212   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
135   M041   B212   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
136   M041   B212   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
137   M041   B212   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
138   M041   B212   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
139   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
140   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
141   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
142   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
143   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
144   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
145   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
146   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
147   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
148   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
149   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
150   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
151   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
152   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
153   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
154   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
155   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
156   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
157   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
158   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
159   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
160   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
161   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
162   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
163   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
164   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
165   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
166   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
167   M041   B219   Non-halogen liquids (organic liquids)
168   M043   B301   Soil
169   M043   B301   Soil
170   M043   B301   Soil
171   M043   B301   Soil
172   M043   B301   Soil
173   M043   B301   Soil
174   M043   B301   Soil
175   M043   B301   Soil
176   M043   B301   Soil
177   M043   B301   Soil
178   M043   B302   Soil
179   M043   B303   Inorganic solids (assume = soil)
180   M043   B306   Inorganic solids (assume = soil)
181   M043   B307   Inorganic solids (assume = soil)
182   M043   B312   Inorganic solids (assume = soil)
183   M043   B319   Inorganic solids (assume = soil)
184   M043   B319   Inorganic solids (assume = soil)
185   M043   B319   Inorganic solids (assume = soil)
186   M043   B319   Inorganic solids (assume = soil)
187   M043   B319   Inorganic solids (assume = soil)
188   M043   B319   Inorganic solids (assume = soil)
189   M043   B319   Inorganic solids (assume = soil)
190   M043   B319   Inorganic solids (assume = soil)
191   M043   B319   Inorganic solids (assume = soil)
192   M043   B319   Inorganic solids (assume = soil)
193   M043   B319   Inorganic solids (assume = soil)
194   M043   B319   Inorganic solids (assume = soil)
195   M043   B319   Inorganic solids (assume = soil)
196   M043   B407   Organic solids (assume = soil)
197   M043   B407   Organic solids (assume = soil)
198   M043   B407   Organic solids (assume = soil)
199   M043   B409   Organic solids (assume = soil)
200   M043   B409   Organic solids (assume = soil)
201   M043   B409   Organic solids (assume = soil)
202   M043   B409   Organic solids (assume = soil)
203   M043   B409   Organic solids (assume = soil)
204   M043   B409   Organic solids (assume = soil)
205   M043   B409   Organic solids (assume = soil)
206   M043   B409   Organic solids (assume = soil)
207   M043   B409   Organic solids (assume = soil)
208   M043   B409   Organic solids (assume = soil)
209   M042   B489   Organic solids (assume = soil)
210   M043   B489   Organic solids (assume = soil)
211   M043   B489   Organic solids (assume = soil)
212   M043   B491   Organic solids (assume = soil)
213   M049   B503   Sludges
214   M042   B504   Sludges
215   M041   B519   Sludges
216   M042   B519   Sludges
217   M042   B519   Sludges
218   M041   B601   Sludges
219   M041   B602   Sludges
220   M041   B602   Sludges
221   M041   B602   Sludges
222   M042   B603   Sludges
223   M042   B603   Sludges
224   M042   B603   Sludges
225   M042   B603   Sludges
226   M043   B603   Sludges
227   M041   B606   Sludges
228   M041   B606   Sludges
229   M041   B606   Sludges
230   M042   B606   Sludges
231   M041   B607   Sludges
232   M041   B607   Sludges
233   M042   B607   Sludges
234   M042   B609   Sludges
235   M044   B701   Aerosols (gases)
                                              Column total =
    ETC Incineration Price Categories*
1   Drummed Halogen Liquid Organics
2   Drummed Non-Halogen Liquid (assume 50%)
3   Bulk Non-Halogen Liquid        (assume 50%)
4   Lab Packs
5   Drummed Pumpable Sludge (assume 50%)
6   Bulk Pumpable Sludges          (assume 50%)
7   Bulk Contaminated Soils
8   Aerosols
                                Check sum =
                                       Tonnage weighted-ave
    * Source: http://www.etc.org/costsurvey8.cfm
 1993 tons
incinerated <Tons based on OSW's 1996 NHWCS survey
         13.1
       132.2
       553.5
    40,989.0
   140,006.0
   200,937.0
       516.1
       782.6
     1,058.4
     2,601.6
     2,807.7
     7,818.0
    49,077.0
    76,709.0
    67,194.0
   964,109.0
     1,512.0
           78
       267.2
       412.1
       461.5
       493.6
       551.6
       577.1
       668.3
       999.8
     1,180.0
     1,271.8
     1,595.0
     1,605.9
     1,684.9
     1,826.5
     3,955.0
         35.8
       182.9
       600.4
          688
          998
     1,034.2
     1,090.7
     1,236.0
     3,059.0
3,421.0
8,489.0
   25.4
   25.8
  425.1
  439.7
  455.5
  461.6
  465.6
  471.1
  487.7
  581.1
  605.6
  689.5
  891.3
  903.5
    906
  908.8
  909.7
1,065.5
1,087.0
1,152.5
1,176.3
2,092.0
2,245.5
2,289.1
2,617.4
2,845.7
2,942.0
4,633.4
   21.2
  198.4
  243.8
  376.8
  400.9
  418.8
  432.3
  453.6
  483.3
  544.1
  643.3
  651.3
  674.2
  692.6
  774.1
1,001.0
1,089.2
1,111.5
1,263.4
1,705.1
1,759.0
1,918.2
1,975.0
2,178.0
2,180.1
2,274.4
2,291.4
2,903.0
3,945.9
4,165.8
5,915.0
6,394.1
7,720.0
8,286.2
8,779.3
9,220.6
   10.6
  933.1
   21.1
    479
  634.3
  783.7
9,181.0
    429
  550.8
    638
    758
  857.3
  910.8
1,220.2
1,699.9
2,370.9
3,455.3
5,788.2
9,155.0
  458.1
1,195.0
2,105.7
    2.8
1,087.5
  375.1
  396.3
  501.5
  754.3
1,234.0
1,528.5
   28.9
  119.7
   232.4
   317.9
     371
   403.9
   482.1
   497.7
   530.2
   574.9
   593.5
     645
   815.3
     836
     838
     909
 1,336.0
 1,446.3
 1,640.9
 3,296.0
 3,364.0
 3,581.0
 4,034.0
 7,243.0
13,476.0
15,807.8
17,066.0
18,643.0
24,241.4
    15.7
    22.4
      23
    23.1
    26.7
    31.4
   507.5
   544.3
   546.4
 3,479.4
     843
 1,915.0
     151
       0
 1,070.0
       2
    38.6
      56
   577.3
     603
   621.8
   708.4
      718.6
      721.3
      758.4
      779.5
    1,525.5
    2,669.3
        2.1
       24.6
      174.8
        4.1
       16.8
       18.4
       18.4
       21.3
      426.6
      830.4
      909.5
    1,528.0
   10,365.5
    1,125.0
      909.7
      909.9
      909.3
  148,355.0
   16,739.7
        714
       23.8
    2,339.0
   26,632.7
        330
      746.6
    1,043.0
       20.5
      489.7
    5,991.0
   10,640.1
      530.6
      470.5
      860.4
    1,977.0
      712.7
    1,221.5
    1,319.0
   29,904.0
         25
   17,199.0
2,192,507.5

1993 BRS      2004 ETC   Equivalent
         'subtotal tons avg price Cost basis Per-ton price
             106,863.6    $206.00 per drum             $993 Assume 55 gallons per drum @8.3 lbs per gallon
             890,086.5    $120.00 per drum             $578 Assume 55 gallons per drum @8.3 lbs per gallon
             890,086.5      $0.96 per gallon           $253 Assume 8.3 lbs per gallon
                    13.1    $1.91 per pound         $4,202 Assume 2,200 lbs per ton
             125,542.9    $278.00 per drum          $1,340 Assume 55 gallons per drum @8.3 lbs per gallon
             125,542.9    $621.00 per ton              $621
              37,173.0    $522.00 per ton              $522
              17,199.0      $0.92 per pound         $2,024 Assume 2,200 lbs per ton
           2,192,507.5
 Tonnage weighted-average unit cost (per ton) = @WEIGHTAVG(I247..I254,F247..F254); 522.995982966579
urvey8.cfm                                      $523/ton
                                                2200 lbs/ton
@8.3 lbs per gallon
@8.3 lbs per gallon


@8.3 lbs per gallon




 2.995982966579
Landfill Cost
 1993 BRS BRS treatment BRS
wastestream code for    physical
   count     landfill  form code
     1        M132        B207
     2        M132        B208
     3        M132        B209
     4        M132        B301
     5        M132        B301
     6        M132        B301
     7        M132        B301
     8        M132        B301
     9        M132        B301
    10        M132        B301
    11        M132        B301
    12        M132        B301
    13        M132        B301
    14        M132        B301
    15        M132        B301
    16        M132        B301
    17        M132        B301
    18        M132        B301
    19        M132        B301
    20        M132        B301
    21        M132        B301
    22        M132        B301
    23        M132        B301
    24        M132        B301
    25        M132        B301
    26        M132        B301
    27        M132        B301
    28        M132        B301
    29        M132        B301
    30        M132        B301
    31        M132        B301
    32        M132        B301
    33        M132        B301
    34        M132        B301
    35        M132        B301
    36        M132        B301
    37        M132        B301
    38        M132        B301
    39        M132        B301
    40        M132        B301
    41        M132        B301
    42        M132        B301
    43        M132        B301
    44        M132        B301
45   M132   B301
46   M132   B301
47   M132   B301
48   M132   B301
49   M132   B301
50   M132   B301
51   M132   B301
52   M132   B301
53   M132   B301
54   M132   B301
55   M132   B301
56   M132   B301
57   M132   B301
58   M132   B301
59   M132   B301
60   M132   B302
61   M132   B302
62   M132   B302
63   M132   B302
64   M132   B302
65   M132   B302
66   M132   B302
67   M132   B302
68   M132   B302
69   M132   B302
70   M132   B302
71   M132   B302
72   M132   B302
73   M132   B302
74   M132   B302
75   M132   B302
76   M132   B302
77   M132   B302
78   M132   B303
79   M132   B303
80   M132   B303
81   M132   B303
82   M132   B303
83   M132   B303
84   M132   B303
85   M132   B303
86   M132   B303
87   M132   B303
88   M132   B303
89   M132   B303
90   M132   B304
91   M132   B304
92   M132   B304
93   M132   B304
94    M132   B304
95    M132   B305
96    M132   B305
97    M132   B305
98    M132   B305
99    M132   B305
100   M132   B305
101   M132   B305
102   M132   B305
103   M132   B305
104   M132   B305
105   M132   B305
106   M132   B305
107   M132   B305
108   M132   B305
109   M132   B305
110   M132   B305
111   M132   B305
112   M132   B306
113   M132   B306
114   M132   B306
115   M132   B307
116   M132   B307
117   M132   B307
118   M132   B310
119   M132   B312
120   M132   B312
121   M132   B312
122   M132   B312
123   M132   B312
124   M132   B314
125   M132   B316
126   M132   B316
127   M132   B316
128   M132   B316
129   M132   B316
130   M132   B316
131   M132   B316
132   M132   B319
133   M132   B319
134   M132   B319
135   M132   B319
136   M132   B319
137   M132   B319
138   M132   B319
139   M132   B319
140   M132   B319
141   M132   B319
142   M132   B319
143   M132   B319
144   M132   B319
145   M132   B319
146   M132   B319
147   M132   B319
148   M132   B319
149   M132   B319
150   M132   B319
151   M132   B319
152   M132   B319
153   M132   B319
154   M132   B319
155   M132   B319
156   M132   B319
157   M132   B319
158   M132   B319
159   M132   B319
160   M132   B319
161   M132   B319
162   M132   B403
163   M132   B407
164   M132   B409
165   M132   B409
166   M132   B501
167   M132   B503
168   M132   B503
169   M132   B504
170   M132   B504
171   M132   B504
172   M132   B504
173   M132   B504
174   M132   B512
175   M132   B512
176   M132   B603
177   M132   B603
178   M132   B603
179   M132   B603
180   M132   B606
181   M132   B607
182   M132   B607




                    1
                    2
                    3
                    4
                    5
6
7
                                                1993 tons
            Physical form code description      landfilled   <Tons based on OSW's 1996 NHWCS
Organic liquids (assume bulk w/treatment)           1,575.0
Organic liquids (assume bulk w/treatment)              810.2
Organic liquids (assume bulk w/treatment)              810.2
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)          415.3
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)          426.9
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)          438.5
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)          499.7
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)            552
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)            752
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)          757.9
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)          877.4
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)          882.6
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)          967.4
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)          971.2
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       1,056.6
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       1,258.2
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       1,276.9
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       1,352.1
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       1,425.0
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       1,575.0
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       1,575.0
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       1,601.2
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       1,691.0
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       1,816.5
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       1,816.5
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       2,104.9
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       2,163.5
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       2,884.0
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       3,039.8
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       3,039.8
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       3,179.2
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       3,286.3
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       3,961.2
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       3,961.2
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       3,961.2
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       4,065.5
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       4,511.0
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       4,703.1
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       5,290.6
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       5,772.7
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       5,772.7
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       5,966.9
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       6,409.6
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)       7,181.3
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)              7,246.9
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)              7,444.0
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)              8,485.8
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)              8,485.8
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)              8,836.7
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)             10,906.8
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)             10,951.1
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)             12,699.6
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)             14,780.3
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)             15,739.7
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)             16,976.9
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)             21,862.5
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)             27,688.2
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)             28,928.7
Soil contaminated w/organics (assume treated)             31,977.1
Soil contaminated w/inorganics (assume w/out treatment)      500.3
Soil contaminated w/inorganics (assume w/out treatment)      723.8
Soil contaminated w/inorganics (assume w/out treatment)    1,119.4
Soil contaminated w/inorganics (assume w/out treatment)    1,575.0
Soil contaminated w/inorganics (assume w/out treatment)    1,630.7
Soil contaminated w/inorganics (assume w/out treatment)    1,816.5
Soil contaminated w/inorganics (assume w/out treatment)    1,947.1
Soil contaminated w/inorganics (assume w/out treatment)    2,724.7
Soil contaminated w/inorganics (assume w/out treatment)    2,741.0
Soil contaminated w/inorganics (assume w/out treatment)    3,105.3
Soil contaminated w/inorganics (assume w/out treatment)    4,255.9
Soil contaminated w/inorganics (assume w/out treatment)    5,024.1
Soil contaminated w/inorganics (assume w/out treatment)    5,281.7
Soil contaminated w/inorganics (assume w/out treatment)    5,772.7
Soil contaminated w/inorganics (assume w/out treatment)    8,485.8
Soil contaminated w/inorganics (assume w/out treatment)    9,706.7
Soil contaminated w/inorganics (assume w/out treatment)   23,320.4
Soil contaminated w/inorganics (assume w/out treatment)   45,162.9
Inorganic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)               451.3
Inorganic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)               495.3
Inorganic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)               498.9
Inorganic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)                 557
Inorganic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)             1,156.6
Inorganic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)             1,984.0
Inorganic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)             2,014.6
Inorganic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)             2,127.0
Inorganic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)             2,686.3
Inorganic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)             3,039.8
Inorganic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)             4,065.5
Inorganic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)            16,507.9
Inorganic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)               936.3
Inorganic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)             3,179.2
Inorganic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)             3,179.2
Inorganic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)             4,703.1
Inorganic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)             18,722.2
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)               1,242.4
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)               1,531.1
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)               1,816.5
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)               3,179.2
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)               3,961.2
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)               5,632.3
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)               5,772.7
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)               7,980.0
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)               8,485.8
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)              10,781.5
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)              15,500.0
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)              24,080.0
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)              38,004.1
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)              38,272.0
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)              56,789.0
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)              58,500.0
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)              78,274.4
Inorganic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)                  580
Inorganic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)              1,575.0
Inorganic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)             16,248.0
Inorganic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)              3,961.2
Inorganic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)              4,350.0
Inorganic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)              5,772.7
Inorganic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)              5,772.7
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)               3,961.2
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)               3,961.2
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)               3,961.2
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)               5,090.1
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)               5,730.5
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)               2,558.0
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)                 489.1
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)               1,575.0
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)               4,255.9
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)               4,703.1
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)               6,570.0
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)               7,253.4
Inorganic solids (assume bulk with treatment)              16,128.3
Inorganic solids (assume debris drummed w/out treatment)         33
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                              493.6
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                              531.2
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                                588
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                              718.9
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                              762.4
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                                960
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                            1,070.2
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                            1,121.3
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                            1,575.0
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                            1,816.5
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                       1,816.5
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                       1,842.9
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                       2,449.8
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                       3,029.8
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                       3,039.8
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                       3,628.6
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                       3,717.8
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                       4,065.5
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                       4,065.5
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                       4,065.5
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                       4,255.9
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                       4,255.9
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                       4,703.1
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                       5,198.5
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                       8,485.8
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                       8,540.5
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                      19,158.9
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                      22,269.4
Inorganic solids (assume debris)                      78,829.4
Organic solids (assume bulk w/out treatment)           5,772.7
Organic solids (assume bulk w/treatment)               4,065.5
Organic solids (assume bulk w/treatment)               4,065.5
Organic solids (assume bulk w/treatment)               4,703.1
Inorganic sludges (assume bulk w/out treatment)        3,134.7
Inorganic sludges (assume bulk w/treatment)            1,084.0
Inorganic sludges (assume bulk w/treatment)           16,805.0
Inorganic sludges (assume bulk w/treatment)            1,816.5
Inorganic sludges (assume bulk w/treatment)            1,816.5
Inorganic sludges (assume bulk w/treatment)            2,610.0
Inorganic sludges (assume bulk w/treatment)            3,961.2
Inorganic sludges (assume bulk w/treatment)            5,772.7
Inorganic sludges (assume bulk w/treatment)            1,057.4
Inorganic sludges (assume bulk w/treatment)           37,767.9
Organic sludges (assume bulk w/treatment)              1,462.5
Organic sludges (assume bulk w/treatment)              4,255.9
Organic sludges (assume bulk w/treatment)              4,523.9
Organic sludges (assume bulk w/treatment)              5,772.7
Organic sludges (assume bulk w/treatment)              2,059.3
Organic sludges (assume bulk w/out treatment)          8,720.2
Organic sludges (assume bulk w/out treatment)         35,858.0
                    Column total =                 1,351,116.3

                                                    1993 BRS      2004 ETC
ETC Landfill Price Categories*                    'subtotal tons avg price Cost basis
Debris                                                197,056.2        $194 per ton
Bulk with Treatment                                   532,834.2        $133 per ton
Bulk without Treatment                                158,049.4         $90 per ton
Drummed with Treatment                                        0.0      $175 per drum
Drummed without Treatment                                    33.0      $100 per drum
Soil Treated and Landfilled                             338,249.5       $135 per ton
Soil Direct to Landfill                                 124,894.0         $70 per ton
                                        Check sum =   1,351,116.3
                                              Tonnage weighted-average unit cost (per ton) =
* Source: http://www.etc.org/costsurvey8.cfm
OSW's 1996 NHWCS survey
 Equivalent
Per-ton price
       $194
       $133
        $90
       $843 Assume 55 gallons per drum @8.3 lbs per gallon
       $482 Assume 55 gallons per drum @8.3 lbs per gallon
     $135
      $70

@WEIGHTAVG(I191..I198,F191..F198); 131.552304945516
$132/ton
2200 lbs/ton
Source: DOE, "Green Power Markets" Feb. 2009:
http://apps3.eere.energy.gov/greenpower/markets/pricing.shtml?page=0


After looking at the mean, weighted average, and median of price premiums for green power, EPA took the mean of all 200 gre
providers. This was representative of the entire country and the most conservative of these three values.
Mean- 2 cents
Median- 1.9 cents
Weighted average 1.6 cents

STATE      ULTILITY                                                     PROGRAM                    TYPE
AL         Alabama Electric Cooperative: City of Andalusia,             Green Power Choice         landfill gas

           Baldwin Electric Membership Cooperative, City of
           Brundidge, Central Alabama Electric Cooperative,
           Clarke-Washington Electric Membership Cooperative,
           Coosa Valley Electric Cooperative, Covington Electric
           Cooperative, Dixie Electric Cooperative, City of Elba,
           City of Opp, Pea River Electric Cooperative, Pioneer
           Electric Cooperative, South Alabama Electric
           Cooperative, Southern Pine Electric Cooperative,
           Tallapoosa River Electric Cooperative, Wiregrass
           Electric Cooperative
AL         Alabama Power Company                                        Renewable Energy Rate      biomass co-
                                                                                                   firing (wood)
AL         TVA: City of Athens Electric Department, Cherokee            Green Power Switch         landfill gas,
                                                                                                   PV, wind
           Electric Coop, Cullman Electric Coop, Cullman Power
           Board, Decatur Utilities, Florence Utilities, Guntersville
           Electric Board, Hartselle Utilities, Huntsville Utilities,
           Joe Wheeler EMC, Marshall-DeKalb Electric Coop,
           Muscle Shoals Electric Board, North Alabama Electric
           Coop, Sand Mountain Electric Coop, Scottsboro
           Electric Power Board, Sheffield Utilities, Tuscumbia
           Electric Department

AK         Golden Valley Electric Association                           Sustainable Natural        various local
                                                                                                   projects
                                                                        Alternative Power (SNAP)

AZ         Arizona Public Service                                       Green Choice               wind and
                                                                                                   geothermal
AZ         Salt River Project                                           EarthWise Energy           central PV,
                                                                                                   wind, landfill
                                                                                                   gas, small
                                                                                                   hydro,
                                                                                                   geothermal
AZ         Tri-State Generation & Transmission: Columbus                Renewable Resource         wind, hydro

           Electric Cooperative, Inc.                                   Power Service
AZ   Tucson Electric                                          GreenWatts                  landfill gas,
                                                                                          PV




AZ   UniSource Energy Services                                GreenWatts                  PV
AR   Electric Cooperatives of Arkansas: (17 distribution      ECA Green Power             hydro

     coops) Arkansas Valley Electric Cooperative Corp.,
     Ashley-Chicot Electric Cooperative, Inc., C&L Electric
     Cooperative Corp, Carroll Electric Cooperative Corp.,
     Clay County Electric Cooperative Corp., Craighead
     Electric Cooperative Corp., Farmers Electric
     Cooperative Corp., First Electric Cooperative Corp.,
     Mississippi County Electric Cooperative, Inc., North
     Arkansas Electric Cooperative, Inc. Ouachita Electric
     Cooperative Corp., Ozarks Electric Cooperative Corp.,
     Petit Jean Electric Cooperative Corp., Rich Mountain
     Electric Cooperative, Inc. Southwest Arkansas Electric
     Cooperative Corp., South Central Arkansas Electric
     Cooperative, Inc., Woodruff Electric Cooperative Corp.


CA   Anaheim Public Utilities                                 Sun Power for the Schools   PV


CA   Anaheim Public Utilities                                 Green Power for the Grid    wind, landfill
                                                                                          gas
CA   Burbank Water and Power                                  Green Energy Champion       various
CA   Los Angeles Department of Water and Power                Green Power for a Green     wind, landfill
                                                                                          gas
                                                              LA
CA   PacifiCorp: Pacific Power                                Blue Sky Block              wind
CA   Palo Alto Utilities / 3Degrees                           Palo Alto Green             wind, PV
CA   Pasadena Water & Power                                   Green Power                 wind
CA   Roseville Electric / 3Degrees                                Green Roseville           wind, PV
CA   Sacramento Municipal Utility District                        SolarShares               PV
CA   Sacramento Municipal Utility District                        Greenergy                 wind, landfill
                                                                                            gas, hydro,
                                                                                            PV
CA   Silicon Valley Power / 3Degrees                              Santa Clara Green Power   wind, PV
CA   Truckee Donner PUD                                           Voluntary Renewable       wind

                                                                  Energy Certificates
                                                                  Program
CO   Colorado Springs Utilities                                   Renewable Energy          wind and
                                                                                            geothermal
                                                                  Certificates Program
CO   Colorado Springs Utilities                                   Green Power               wind
CO   Holy Cross Energy                                            Wind Power Pioneers       wind
CO   Holy Cross Energy                                            Local Renewable Energy    small hydro,
                                                                                            PV
                                                                  Pool
CO   Intermountain Rural Electric Association / Sterling          National Wind             wind

     Planet
CO   Intermountain Rural Electric Association / Sterling          National Solar            solar

     Planet
CO   Platte River Power Authority: Estes Park, Fort Collins       Wind Energy Premium       wind

     Utilities, Longmont Power & Communications,
     Loveland Water & Power
CO   Tri-State Generation & Transmission : Delta-Montrose         Renewable Resource        wind, hydro

     Electric Association, Empire Electric Association, Inc.,     Power Service
     Gunnison County Electric Association, Inc., Highline
     Electric Association, La Plata Electric Association, Inc.,
     Morgan County Rural Electric Association, Mountain
     Parks Electric, Inc., Mountain View Electric
     Association, Inc., Poudre Valley Rural Electric
     Association, Inc., San Isabel Electric Association, Inc.,
     San Luis Valley Rural Electric Cooperative, Inc., San
     Miguel Power Association, Inc., Sangre de Cristo
     Electric Association, Inc., Southeast Colorado Power
     Association, United Power, Inc., White River Electric
     Association, Inc., Y-W Electric Association, Inc.


CO   Xcel Energy                                                  WindSource                wind
CO   Xcel Energy                                                  Renewable Energy Trust    PV
CO   Yampa Valley Electric Association                            Wind Energy Program       wind
DE   Delaware Electric Cooperative                                Renewable Energy Rider    landfill gas
FL   Alabama Electric Cooperative: CHELCO, Escambia               Green Power Choice        landfill gas

     River Electric Cooperative, Gulf Coast Electric
     Cooperative, West Florida Electric Cooperative
FL   City of Tallahassee/Sterling Planet                          Green for You             biomass, PV
FL   City of Tallahassee/Sterling Planet                          Green for You             PV only
FL   Gainesville Regional Utilities                               GRUgreen Energy           landfill gas,
                                                                                            wind, PV
FL   Keys Energy Services / Sterling Planet                       GO GREEN: Florida Ever    solar hot
                                                                                            water, PV,
                                                                  Green                     biomass
FL   Keys Energy Services / Sterling Planet                       GO GREEN: USA Green       wind,
                                                                                            biomass,PV
FL   Tampa Electric Company (TECO)                                Renewable Energy          PV, landfill,
                                                                                            biomass co-
                                                                                            firing (wood)
FL   Utilities Commission City of New Smyrna Beach           Green Fund                local PV
                                                                                       projects
GA   Georgia Electric Membership Corporation (35 of 42  Green Power EMC                landfill gas,
                                                                                       PV in schools
     coops offer program): Altamaha EMC, Amicalola EMC,
     Canoochee EMC, Carroll EMC, Central Georgia EMC,
     Cobb EMC, Coastal Electric, Colquitt EMC, Coweta-
     Fayette EMC, Diverse Power, Flint Energies, Grady
     EMC, GreyStone Power, Habersham EMC, Hart EMC,
     Irwin EMC, Jackson EMC, Jefferson Energy, Little
     Ocmulgee EMC, Middle Georgia EMC, Mitchell EMC,
     Ocmulgee EMC, Oconee EMC, Planters EMC, Rayle
     EMC, Sawnee EMC, Slash Pine EMC, Snapping
     Shoals EMC, Southern Rivers Energy, Sumter EMC,
     Three Notch EMC, Tri-County EMC, Upson EMC,
     Walton EMC, Washington EMC

GA   Georgia Power                                           Green Energy              landfill gas,
                                                                                       solar
GA   TVA: Blue Ridge Mountain EMC, North Georgia EMC,        Green Power Switch        landfill gas,
                                                                                       PV, wind
     Tri-State EMC
HI   Hawaiian Electric                                       Sun Power for Schools     PV in schools

HI   Kauai Island Utility Cooperative                        Green Rate                distributed
                                                                                       renewable
                                                                                       energy
                                                                                       systems
ID   Avista Utilities                                        Buck-A-Block              wind
ID   Idaho Power                                             Green Power Program       various
ID   PacifiCorp: Rocky Mountain Power                        Blue Sky                  wind
ID   Vigilante Electric Cooperative                          Alternative Renewable     wind

                                                             Energy Program
IL   City of Naperville / Community Energy                   Renewable Energy Option   wind, small
                                                                                       hydro, PV

IL   City of St. Charles/ComEd and Community Energy, Inc. TBD                          wind, landfill
                                                                                       gas

IL   Dairyland Power Cooperative: Jo-Carroll                 Evergreen Renewable       landfill gas,
                                                                                       biogas,
     Energy/Elizabeth                                        Energy Program            hydro, wind
IL   Prairie Power and Community Energy, Inc. (8 of 11       EcoEnergy                 wind

     coops offer program): Adams Electric Co-op, Coles-
     Moultrie Electric, Eastern Illini Electric, McDonough
     Power, Menard, Rural Electric Convenience Co-op,
     Shelby Electric, Spoon River Electric Co-op
IN   Duke Energy                                             GoGreen Power             wind, PV,
                                                                                       landfill gas,
                                                                                       digester gas
IN   Hoosier Energy (6 of 17 coops offer program): Daviess- EnviroWatts                landfill gas

     Martin County REMC, Decatur County REMC, Henry
     County REMC, South Central Indiana REMC,
     Southeastern Indiana REMC, Utilities District of
     Western Indiana REMC
IN   Indianapolis Power & Light                             Green Power Option         wind
IN   Wabash Valley Power Association (7 of 27 coops offer EnviroWatts                  landfill gas

     program): Boone REMC, Hendricks Power
     Cooperative, Kankakee Valley REMC, Miami-Cass
     REMC, Tipmont REMC, White County REMC,
     Northeastern REMC
IA   Alliant Energy                                           Second Nature         landfill gas,
                                                                                    wind
IA   Associated Electric Cooperative, Inc.: Access Energy     varies by utility     biomass,
                                                                                    wind
     Cooperative, Chariton Valley Electric Cooperative,
     Southern Iowa Electric Cooperative
IA   Basin Electric Power Cooperative: Lyon Rural, Harrison   Prairie Winds         wind

     County, Nishnabotna Valley Cooperative, Northwest
     Rural Electric Cooperative, Western Iowa
IA   Cedar Falls Utilities                                    Harvest the Wind      wind
IA   Central Iowa Power Cooperatives (all 12 coops/1          Wind Power            wind

     muni): Maquoketa Valley Electric Cooperative, Eastern
     Iowa REC, East-Central Iowa REC, Linn County REC,
     Pella, TIP Rural Electric Cooperative, Clarke Electric
     Cooperative, Midland Power Cooperative, Guthrie
     County REC, Farmers Electric Cooperative, Southwest
     Iowa REC, Consumer Energy, South Iowa Municipal
     Electric Cooperative Association

IA   Corn Belt Power Cooperatives (5 of 11 coops offer Energy Wise Renewables       wind

     program): Butler County REC, Franklin REC, Grundy
     County REC, Humboldt County REC, Sac County REC

IA   Dairyland Power Cooperative: Allamakee-                  Evergreen Renewable   hydro, wind,
                                                                                    landfill gas,
     Clayton/Postville, Hawkeye Tri-County/Cresco,            Energy Program        biogas
     Heartland Power/Thompson & St. Ansgar
IA   Farmers Electric Cooperative                             Green Power Project   biodiesel,
                                                                                    wind
IA   Iowa Association of Municipal Utilities (84 of 137 munis Green City Energy     wind,
                                                                                    biomass, PV
     offer program) Afton, Algona, Alta Vista, Aplington,
     Auburn, Bancroft, Bellevue, Bloomfield, Breda,
     Brooklyn, Buffalo, Burt, Callender, Carlisle, Cascade,
     Coggon, Coon Rapids, Corning, Corwith, Danville,
     Dayton, Durant, Dysart, Earlville, Eldridge, Ellsworth,
     Estherville, Fairbank, Farnhamville, Fontanelle, Forest
     City, Gowrie, Grafton, Grand Junction, Greenfield,
     Grundy Center, Guttenberg, Hopkinton, Hudson,
     Independence, Keosauqua, La Porte City, Lake Mills,
     Lake View, Laurens, Lenox, Livermore, Maquoketa,
     Marathon, McGregor, Milford, Montezuma, Mount
     Pleasant, Neola, New Hampton, Ogden, Orient, Osage,
     Panora, Pella, Pocahontas, Preston, Readlyn,
     Rockford, Sabula, Sergeant Bluff, Sibley, Spencer,
     Stanhope, State Center, Stratford, Strawberry Point,
     Stuart, Tipton, Villisca, Vinton, Webster City, West
     Bend, West Liberty, West Point, Westfield,
     Whittemore, Wilton, Winterset

IA   MidAmerican Energy                                   Renewable Advantage       wind
IA   Missouri River Energy Services: Alton, Atlantic,     RiverWinds                wind

     Denison, Fontanelle, Hartley, Hawarden, Kimballton,
     Lake Park, Manilla, Orange City, Paullina, Primghar,
     Remsen, Rock Rapids, Sanborn, Shelby, Sioux Center,
     Woodbine
IA   Muscatine Power and Water                                 Solar Muscatine            PV
IA   Waverly Light & Power                                     Green Power Choice         wind
IA   Waverly Light & Power                                     Iowa Energy Tags           wind
KY   E.ON U.S.: Louisville Gas and Electric Co., Kentucky      Green Energy               100% KY
                                                                                          Low Impact
     Utilities Co.                                                                        Hydro
                                                                                          Institute-
                                                                                          Certified
KY   East Kentucky Power Cooperative: Blue Grass Energy, EnviroWatts                      landfill gas

     Clark, Cumberland, Fleming-Mason, Grayson, Inter-
     County Energy, Jackson, Licking Valley, Nolin, Owen
     Electric, Salt River, Shelby, South Kentucky

KY   TVA: Bowling Green Municipal Utilities, Franklin          Green Power Switch         landfill gas,
                                                                                          PV, wind
     Electric Plant Board, Hopkinsville Electric System,
     Murray Electric System, Pennyrile Rural Electric Coop,
     Russellville Electric Plant Board, Tri-County Electric,
     Warren Rural Electric Coop
LA   Entergy Gulf States                                       Green Pricing Program      biomass
MA   Concord Municipal Light Plant (CMLP)                      Green Power                hydro
MA   NSTAR                                                     NSTAR Green                wind
MA   Shrewsbury Electric and Cable Operations                  SELCO GreenLight           wind
MI   Consumers Energy                                          Green Generation           68% wind,
                                                                                          32% landfill
                                                                                          gas
MI   DTE Energy                                                GreenCurrents              wind,
                                                                                          biomass
MI   Lansing Board of Water and Light                          GreenWise Electric Power   landfill gas,
                                                                                          small hydro

MI   Traverse City Light and Power                             Green Rate                 wind
MI   Upper Peninsula Power Company                             NatureWise                 wind, landfill
                                                                                          gas and
                                                                                          animal
                                                                                          waste
MI   We Energies                                               Energy for Tomorrow        wind, landfill
                                                                                          gas, hydro
MN   Alliant Energy                                            Second Nature              landfill gas,
                                                                                          wind
MN   Austin Utilities, Owatonna Public Utilities, Rochester    SolarChoice                local PV
                                                                                          systems
     Public Utilities
MN   Basin Electric Power Cooperative: Minnesota Valley        Prairie Winds              wind

     Electric Coop, Sioux Valley Southwestern
MN   Central Minnesota Municipal Power Agency: Blue            Green Energy Program       wind, landfill
                                                                                          gas
     Earth, Delano, Glencoe, Granite Falls, Janesville,
     Kenyon, Lake Crystal, Madelia, Mt. Lake, New Ulm,
     Sleepy Eye, Springfield, Truman, and Windom
MN   Dairyland Power Cooperative: Freeborn-Mower               Evergreen Renewable        hydro, wind,
                                                                                          landfill gas,
     Cooperative / Albert Lea, People's / Rochester, Tri-      Energy Program             biogas
     County / Rushford
MN   Great River Energy (all 28 coops offer program):                 Wellspring Renewable   wind

     Agralite, Arrowhead, BENCO Electric, Brown County                Wind Energy Program
     Rural Electric, Connexus Energy, Co-op Light & Power,
     Crow Wing Power, Dakota Electric Association, East
     Central Electric Association, Federated Rural Electric,
     Goodhue County, Itasca Mantrap Cooperative,
     Kandiyohi Power Cooperative, Lake Country Power,
     Lake Region Electric Cooperative, McLeod
     Cooperative Power, Meeker Cooperative Light &
     Power, Mille Lacs Electric Cooperative, Minnesota
     Valley, Nobles Cooperative Electric, North Itasca,
     Redwood Electric Cooperative, Runestone Electric,
     South Central Electric Association, Stearns Electric,
     Steele-Waseca, Todd-Wadena, Wright-Hennepin
     Electric
MN   Minnesota Power                                                  WindSense              wind
MN   Minnkota Power Cooperative: Beltrami, Clearwater                 Infinity Wind Energy   wind

     Polk, North Star, PKM, Red Lake, Red River, Roseau,
     Wild Rice; Northern Municipal Power Agency (10
     municipals)
MN   Missouri River Energy Services: Adrian, Alexandria,              RiverWinds             wind

     Barnesville, Benson, Breckenridge, Detroit Lakes,
     Elbow Lake, Henning, Jackson, Lakefield, Lake Park,
     Luverne, Madison, Moorhead, Ortonville, St. James,
     Sauk Centre, Staples, Wadena, Westbrook,
     Worthington
MN   Moorhead Public Service                                          Capture the Wind       wind
MN   Otter Tail Power Company                                         TailWinds              wind
MN   Southern Minnesota Municipal Power Agency (all 18                SMMPA Wind Power       wind

     munis offer program): Fairmont Public Utilities, Wells
     Public Utilities, Austin Utilities, Preston Public Utilities,
     Spring Valley Utilities, Blooming Prairie Public Utilities,
     Rochester Public Utilities, Owatonna Public Utilities,
     Waseca Utilities, St. Peter Municipal Utilities, Lake City
     Utilities, New Prague Utilities Commission, Redwood
     Falls Public Utilities, Litchfield Public Utilities, Princeton
     Public Utilities, North Branch Water and Light, Mora
     Municipal Utilities, Grand Marais Public Utilities

MN   Xcel Energy                                              WindSource                     wind
MS   TVA: 4-County Electric Power Association, Alcorn         Green Power Switch             landfill gas,
                                                                                             PV, wind
     Electric Power Association, Central Electric Power
     Association, Columbus Light & Water, North East
     Mississippi Electric Power Association, Northcentral
     MS EPA, City of Okolona Electric Dept., City of Oxford
     Electric Dept., Starkville Electric System, Tallahatchie
     Valley EPA, Tippah Electric Power Association,
     Tishomingo County Electric Power Association, Tupelo
     Water & Light Department

MO   AmerenUE / 3Degrees                                              Pure Power             75% wind,
                                                                                             25% other
                                                                                             renewables
MO   Associated Electric Cooperative, Inc.: Black River          varies by utility           biomass,
                                                                                             wind
     Electric Cooperative, Boone Electric Cooperative,
     Callaway Electric Cooperative, Co-Mo Electric
     Cooperative , Crawford Electric Cooperative, Cuivre
     River Electric Cooperative, Howell-Oregon Electric
     Cooperative, Intercounty Electric Cooperative, Laclede
     Electric Cooperative, Lewis County Rural Electric
     Cooperative, Macon Electric Cooperative, White River
     Valley Electric Cooperative
MO   City Utilities of Springfield                               WindCurrent                 wind
MT   Basin Electric Power Cooperative: Flathead Electric         Prairie Winds               wind

     Coop, Lower Yellowstone, Powder River Energy
MT   Northwestern Energy                                         E+ Green                    wind, PV
MT   Park Electric Cooperative                                   Green Power Program         various
                                                                                             renewables
MT   Southern Montana Electric Generation and                    Environmentally Preferred   wind, hydro

     Transmission Cooperative (5 coops offer program):           Power
     Fergus Electric, Yellowstone Valley, Bear Tooth
     Electric, Mid Yellowstone, and Tongue River
MT   Tri-State Generation & Transmission: Big Horn Rural         Renewable Resource          wind, hydro

     Electric Company                                            Power Service
MT   Vigilante Electric Cooperative                              Alternative Renewable       wind

                                                                 Energy Program
NE   Omaha Public Power District                                 Green Power Program         landfill gas,
                                                                                             wind
NE   Tri-State Generation & Transmission: Chimney Rock           Renewable Resource          wind, hydro

     Public Power District, Highline Electric Association,       Power Service
     Northwest Rural Public Power District
NV   Deseret Power: Mt. Wheeler Power Cooperative                GreenWay                    various
NV   Sierra Pacific Resources: Nevada Power                      Desert Research             PV on
                                                                                             schools
                                                                 Institute's GreenPower
                                                                 Program
NV   Sierra Pacific Resources: Sierra Pacific Power              Desert Research             PV on school

                                                                 Institute's GreenPower
                                                                 Program
NM   El Paso Electric                                            Renewable Energy Tariff     wind
NM   Los Alamos Department of Public Utilities                   Green Power                 wind
NM   Public Service of New Mexico                                PNM Sky Blue                wind
NM   Tri-State Generation & Transmission: Central New            Renewable Resource          wind, hydro

     Mexico Electric Cooperative, Inc., Columbus Electric        Power Service
     Cooperative, Inc., Continental Divide Electric
     Cooperative, Inc., Jemez Mountains Electric
     Cooperative, Inc., Kit Carson Electric Cooperative, Inc.,
     Northern Rio Arriba Electric Cooperative, Otero County
     Electric Cooperative, Inc., Sierra Electric Cooperative,
     Inc., Southwestern Electric Cooperative, Inc., Springer
     Electric Cooperative, Inc.

NM   Xcel Energy                                                 WindSource                  wind
NC   Dominion North Carolina Power                               NC GreenPower               biomass,
                                                                                             hydro,
                                                                                             landfill gas,
NC   Duke Energy                                                 NC GreenPower               biomass,
                                                                                             hydro,
                                                                                             landfill gas,
NC   ElectriCities: City of Albemarle, Town of Apex, City of       NC GreenPower            biomass,
                                                                                            hydro,
     Concord, Town of Cornelius, Fayetteville PWC, Town                                     landfill gas,
     of Granite Falls, Greenville Utilities, City of High Point,                            PV, wind
     Town of Huntersville, City of Kinston, City of
     Laurinburg, City of Lexington, City of Monroe, City of
     New Bern, City of Newton, City of Shelby, City of
     Statesville, Town of Wake Forest, City of Washington,
     Town of Waynesville, City of Wilson-Wilson Energy

NC   NC Electric Cooperatives (22 of 27 coops offer       NC GreenPower                     biomass,
                                                                                            hydro,
     program): Albemarle Electric Membership Corp., Blue                                    landfill gas,
     Ridge Electric Membership Corp., Brunswick Electric                                    PV, wind
     Membership Corp., Carteret Craven Electric Coop.,
     Central Electric Membership Corp., Edgecombe-Martin
     County Electric Membership Corp., EnergyUnited, Four
     County Electric Membership Corp., French Broad
     Electric Membership Corp., Haywood Electric
     Membership Corp., Jones-Onslow Electric Membership
     Corp., Lumbee River Electric Membership Corp., Pee
     Dee Electric Membership Corp., Piedmont Electric
     Membership Corp., Randolph Electric Membership
     Corp., Roanoke Electric Membership Corp., Rutherford
     Electric Membership Corp., Surry Yadkin Electric
     Membership Corp., Tideland Electric Membership
     Corp., Tri-County Electric Membership Corp., Union
     Power Cooperative, Wake Electric Membership Corp.


NC   Progress Energy / CP&L                                        NC GreenPower            biomass,
                                                                                            hydro,
                                                                                            landfill gas,
NC   TVA: Mountain Electric Cooperative                            Green Power Switch       landfill gas,
                                                                                            PV, wind
ND   Basin Electric Power Cooperative: Burke Divide,               PrairieWinds             wind

     Capital, Dakota Valley, KEM Electric Coop, Oliver
     Mercer Electric Coop, McKenzie Electric Coop,
     Montrail Williams, Mor-gran-sou Electric Coop, North
     Central Electric Coop, Northern Plains, Slope Electric
     Coop, Verendrye, West Plains
ND   Minnkota Power Cooperative: Cass County Electric,             Infinity Wind Energy     wind

     Cavalier Rural Electric, Nodak Electric; Northern
     Municipal Power Agency (2 municipals)
ND   Missouri River Energy Services: City of Lakota                RiverWinds               wind
OH   AEP Ohio                                                      Green Pricing Option     landfill gas
OH   American Municipal Power-Ohio / Green Mountain                Nature's Energy          small hydro,
                                                                                            landfill gas,
     Energy: City of Bowling Green, Cuyahoga Falls,                                         wind
     Westerville, Wyandotte, Yellow Springs
OH   Buckeye Power                                                 EnviroWatts              landfill gas
OH   Dayton Power & Light                                          Green Connect            various
OH   Duke Energy                                                   GoGreen Power            wind, PV,
                                                                                            landfill gas,
                                                                                            digester gas
OH   FirstEnergy: Ohio Edison Company                              Green Resource Program   various
OH   FirstEnergy: The Cleveland Electric Illuminating          Green Resource Program      various

     Company
OH   FirstEnergy: The Toledo Edison                            Green Resource Program      various
OK   Associated Electric Cooperative, Inc.: Central Rural      varies by utility           biomass,
                                                                                           wind
     Electric Cooperative
OK   OG&E Electric Services                                    OG&E Wind Power             wind
OK   Oklahoma Municipal Power Authority: Tonkawa, Altus,       Pure & Simple               wind

     Frederick, Okeene, Prague Municipal Utilities and
OK   Western Farmers Electric Cooperative (19 of 19 coops      WindWorks                   wind

     offer program): Alfalfa Electric Cooperative, Caddo
     Electric Cooperative, Canadian Valley Electric
     Cooperative, Choctaw Electri Cooperative, Cimmaron
     Electric Cooperative, Cotton Electric Cooperative, East
     Central Oklahoma Electric Cooperative, Harmon
     Electric Cooperative, Kay Electric Cooperative,
     Kiamichi Electric Cooperative, Kiwash Electric
     Cooperative, Northfork Electric Cooperative,
     Northwestern Electric Cooperative, Oklahoma Electric
     Cooperative, People's Electric Cooperative, Red River
     Valley Rural Electric Cooperative, Rural Electric
     Cooperative, Southeastern Electric Cooperative,
     Southwest Rural Electric Cooperative

OR   City of Ashland / Bonneville Environmental Foundation     Renewable Pioneers          PV, wind


OR   Columbia River PUD                                      Choice Energy                 wind
OR   Emerald People's Utility District/Green Mountain Energy Choose Renewable              wind,
                                                                                           geothermal
                                                             Electricity
OR   Eugene Water & Electric Board                           EWEB Greenpower               various
                                                                                           renewables
OR   Eugene Water & Electric Board                             EWEB Wind Power             wind
OR   Idaho Power                                               Green Power Program         various
OR   Midstate Electric Cooperative                             Environmentally-Preferred   wind

                                                               Power
OR   Oregon Trail Electric Cooperative                         Green Power                 wind
OR   PacifiCorp: Pacific Power                                 Blue Sky Block              wind
OR   PacifiCorp: Pacific Power                                 Blue Sky QS (Commercial     wind

                                                               Only)
OR   PacifiCorp: Pacific Power / 3Degrees                      Blue Sky Habitat            wind,
                                                                                           biomass, PV
OR   PacifiCorp: Pacific Power / 3Degrees                      Blue Sky Usage              wind,
                                                                                           biomass, PV
OR   Pacific Northwest Generating Cooperative: Blachly-       Green Power                  landfill gas

     Lane Electric Cooperative, Central Electric
     Cooperative, Clearwater Power, Consumers Power,
     Coos-Curry Electric Cooperative, Douglas Electric
     Cooperative, Fall River Rural Electric Cooperative, Lost
     River Electric Cooperative, Raft River Rural Electric
     Cooperative, Umatilla Electric Cooperative, West
     Oregon Electric Cooperative, (11 of 15 coops offer
     program)
OR   Portland General Electric Company                        Clean Wind for Medium to     wind

                                                              Large Commercial &
                                                              Industrial Accounts
OR   Portland General Electric Company                        Clean Wind Power        wind
OR   Portland General Electric Company / Green Mountain       Green Source            existing
                                                                                      geothermal,
     Energy                                                                           hydro, new
                                                                                      wind
OR   Portland General Electric Company / Green Mountain       Renewable Future        wind

     Energy
OR   Springfield Utility Board                                ECOchoice               various
SC   Duke Energy Carolinas                                    Palmetto Clean Energy   wind, solar,
                                                                                      landfill gas
                                                              (PaCE)
SC   Progress Energy Carolinas                                Palmetto Clean Energy   wind, solar,
                                                                                      landfill gas
                                                              (PaCE)
SC   SCE&G                                                    Palmetto Clean Energy   wind, solar,
                                                                                      landfill gas
                                                              (PaCE)
SC   Santee Cooper: Aiken Electric Cooperative, Berkeley      Green Power Program     landfill gas

     Electric Cooperative, Blue Ridge Electric, Coastal
     Electric Cooperative, Edisto Electric Cooperative,
     Fairfield Electric Cooperative, Horry Electric
     Cooperative, Laurens Electric Cooperative, Lynches
     River Electric Cooperative, Marlboro Electric
     Cooperative, Mid-Carolina Electric Cooperative,
     Palmetto Electric Cooperative, Pee Dee Electric
     Cooperative, Santee Electric Cooperative, Tri-County
     Electric Cooperative, York Electric Cooperative

SD   Basin Electric Power Cooperative: Bon Homme-            Prairie Winds            wind

     Yankton Electric Assn., Central Electric Cooperative
     Association, Charles Mix Electric Association, City of
     Elk Point, Clay-Union Electric Corporation, Codington-
     Clark Electric Cooperative, Dakota Energy
     Cooperative, Douglas Electric Cooperative, FEM
     Electric Association, H-D Electric Cooperative,
     Kingsbury Electric Cooperative, Lyon-Lincoln Electric
     Cooperative, McCook Electric Cooperative, Northern
     Electric Cooperative, Oahe Electric Cooperative,
     Renville-Sibley Coop. Power Assn., Sioux Valley
     Southwestern Electric Coop, Southeastern Electric
     Coop, Union County Electric Cooperative, Whetstone
     Valley Electric Cooperative, Black Hills Electric Coop,
     LaCreek Electric Coop, West River Power Association,
     Butte Electric Coop, Cherry Todd Electric Coop,
     Moreau Grand, Grand Electric Cooperative, Rosebud


SD   Missouri River Energy Services: City of Vermillion       RiverWinds              wind
SD   Tri-State Generation & Transmission: Niobrara Electric   Renewable Resource      wind, hydro

     Association, Inc.                                        Power Service
TN   TVA: Alcoa Electric Department, Appalachian Electric     Green Power Switch       landfill gas,
                                                                                       PV, wind
     Cooperative, Athens Utility Board, Bristol Tennessee
     Electric System, Brownsville Utility Department, Caney
     Fork Electric Cooperative, Chickasaw Electric
     Cooperative, Clarksville Department of Electricity,
     Cleveland Utilities, Clinton Utilities Board, Columbia
     Power & Water Systems, Cookeville Electric
     Department, Covington Electric System, Cumberland
     Electric Membership Corporation, Dickson Electric
     Department, Duck River Electric Membership
     Corporation, Dyersberg Electric System, City of
     Elizabethton Electric System, EPB (Chattanooga),
     Erwin Utilities, Etowah Utilities, Fayetteville Public
     Utilities, Fort Loudon Electric Cooperative, Gallatin
     Department of Electricity, Gibson Electric Membership
     Corporation, Greeneville Light and Power System,
     Harriman Utility Board, Holston Electric Cooperative,
     Jackson Energy Authority, Jellico Electric & Water,
     Johnson City Power Board, Knoxville Utilities Board,
     Lafollette Utilities Board, Lawrenceburg Power System,
     Lenoir City Utilities Board, Lexington Electric System,
     Loudon Utilities, City of Maryville Electric Department,
     McMinnville Electric System, Memphis Light Gas &
TX   Austin Energy (City of Austin)                           GreenChoice              wind, landfill
                                                                                       gas
TX   Bandera Electric Cooperative                           Choose-To-Renew            wind, hydro
TX   CPS Energy (San Antonio)                               Windtricity                wind
TX   College Station Utilities                              Wind Watts                 new wind

                                                            (10%/50%/100%)
TX   El Paso Electric Company                               Renewable Energy Tariff    wind
TX   Pedernales Electric Cooperative                        Renewable Power            wind, hydro
UT   City of St. George                                     Clean Green Power          wind, small
                                                                                       hydro
UT   Deseret Power                                          GreenWay                   various
UT   PacifiCorp: Rocky Mountain Power                       Blue Sky                   wind
UT   PacifiCorp: Utah Power                                 Blue Sky                   wind
UT   Tri-State Generation & Transmission: Empire Electric   Renewable Resource         wind, hydro

     Association, Inc.                                      Power Service
VT   Central Vermont Public Service                         CVPS Cow Power             biogas
VT   Green Mountain Power                                   Greener GMP                various
                                                                                       renewables
VT   Green Mountain Power                                   CoolHome / CoolBusiness    wind,
                                                                                       biomass

VA   AEP Appalachian Power                                  Green Pricing Option       low impact
                                                                                       hydro
VA   Dominion Virginia Power / 3Degrees                     Dominion Green Power       biomass,
                                                                                       low-impact
                                                                                       hydro, solar,
WA   Avista Utilities                                       Buck-A-Block               wind
WA   Benton County Public Utility District                  Green Power Program        landfill gas,
                                                                                       wind, hydro
WA   Chelan County PUD                                      Sustainable Natural        PV, wind,
                                                                                       micro hydro
                                                            Alternative Power (SNAP)

WA   Clallam County PUD                                     Clallam County PUD         landfill gas

                                                            Green Power Program
WA   Clark Public Utilities                                Green Lights              PV, wind
WA   Cowlitz PUD                                           Renewable Resource        wind, PV

                                                           Energy
WA   Grant County PUD                                      Alternative Energy        wind

                                                           Resources Program
WA   Grays Harbor PUD                                      Green Power               wind
WA   Lewis County PUD                                      Green Power Energy Rate   wind


WA   Mason County PUD No. 3                                Mason Evergreen Power     wind
WA   Northen Wasco County PUD                              Pure Power                wind
WA   Orcas Power & Light                                   Go Green                  wind, hydro
WA   Pacific County PUD                                    Green Power               landfill gas
WA   Pacificorp: Pacific Power                             Blue Sky Block            wind
WA   Peninsula Light                                       Green by Choice           wind, hydro,
                                                                                     biogas
WA   Puget Sound Energy                                    Green Power Program       wind, PV,
                                                                                     biogas
WA   Seattle City Light                                    Seattle Green Power       PV, biogas
WA   Seattle City Light                                    Green Up                  wind
WA   Snohomish County Public Utility District              Planet Power              wind
WA   Tacoma Power                                          EverGreen Options         wind
WV   AEP Ohio                                              Green Pricing Option      landfill gas
WI   Alliant Energy                                        Second Nature             wind, landfill
                                                                                     gas
WI   Dairyland Power Cooperative: Barron Electric, Bayfield/ Evergreen Renewable     hydro, wind,
                                                                                     landfill gas,
     Iron River, Chippewa / Cornell Valley, Clark /              Energy Program      biogas
     Greenwood, Dunn / Menomonie, Eau Claire / Fall
     Creek, Jackson / Black River Falls, Jump River /
     Ladysmith, Oakdale, Pierce-Pepin / Ellsworth, Polk-
     Burnett / Centuria, Price / Phillips, Richland, Riverland /
     Arcadia, St. Croix / Baldwin, Scenic Rivers / Lancaster,
     Taylor / Medford, Vernon / Westby

WI   Great River Energy: Head of the Lakes               Wellspring Renewable        wind

                                                         Wind Energy Program
WI   Madison Gas & Electric                              Green Power Tomorrow        wind
WI   WPPI Energy (34 of 37 munis offer program): Algoma, Renewable Energy            small hydro,
                                                                                     wind, biogas
     Cedarburg, Florence, Kaukauna, Muscoda, Stoughton, Program
     Reedsburg, Oconomowoc, Waterloo, Whitehall,
     Columbus, Hartford, Lake Mills, New Holstein,
     Richland Center, Boscobel, Cuba City, Hustisford,
     Sturgeon Bay, Waunakee, Lodi, New London,
     Plymouth, River Falls, Sun Prairie, Waupun, Eagle
     River, Jefferson, Menasha, New Richmond, Prairie du
     Sac, Slinger, Two Rivers, Westby

WI   We Energies                                           Energy for Tomorrow       landfill gas,
                                                                                     PV, hydro,
                                                                                     wind
WI   Wisconsin Public Service                              NatureWise                wind, landfill
                                                                                     gas, biogas
WI   Wisconsin Public Service                              Solar Wise for Schools    PV in schools

WY   Basin Electric Power Cooperative: Powder River Energy Prairie Winds             wind
WY   Cheyenne Light, Fuel and Power Company/Bonneville     Renewable Premium     99% new
                                                                                 wind, 1%
     Environmental Foundation                              Program               new solar
WY   Lower Valley Energy                                   Green Power           wind
WY   Pacificorp: Pacific Power                             Blue Sky              wind
WY   Tri-State Generation & Transmission: Carbon Power &   Renewable Resource    wind, hydro

     Light, Inc.                                           Power Service
WY   Yampa Valley Electric Association                     Wind Energy Program   wind
                                                    Price           Price
                                           Mean              2.01           $0.0213
 PA took the mean of all 200 green power
ee values.
                                           Median            1.86           $0.0197


                                           Min              -0.67       -$0.0071
                                           Max              11.60        $0.1230
            YEAR        PRICE PREMIUM      n=                 196
                   2006 2.0¢/kWh




            2003/2000   4.5¢/kWh

                   2000 2.67¢/kWh




                   2005 Contribution




                   2007 1.0¢/kWh

            1998/2001   3.0¢/kWh




                   2001 0.8¢/kWh
       2000 10¢/kWh




       2004 10¢/kWh
       2008 5.0¢/kWh




       2002 Contribution


       2002 1.5¢/kWh

       2007 2.0¢/kWh
       1999 3.0¢/kWh


       2000 1.95¢/kWh
2003 / 2000   1.5¢/kWh
       2003 2.5¢/kWh
2005 1.5¢/kWh
2007 5.0¢kWh or $30/month
1997 1.0¢/kWh or $6/month


2004 1.5¢/kWh
2008 2.0¢/kWh




2008 0.34¢/kWh


1999 3.0¢/kWh
1998 1.5¢/kWh
2002 2.33¢/kWh


2006 1.0¢/kWh


2006 5.5¢/kWh


1999 1.0¢/kWh-2.5¢/kWh




1998 0.8¢/kWh




1997 -0.67¢/kWh
1993 Contribution
1999 0.6¢/kWh
2006 0.2¢/kWh
2006 2.0¢/kWh




2002 1.6¢/kWh
2002 11.6¢/kWh
2003 2.0¢/kWh

2004 2.75¢/kWh


2004 1.60¢/kWh

2001 2.5¢/kWh
      1999 Contribution

      2001 2.0¢/kWh-3.3¢/kWh




      2006 4.5¢/kWh

      2000 2.67¢/kWh


      1997 Contribution

TBD        TBD



      2002 0.33¢/kWh
      2001 0.98¢/kWh
      2003 0.71¢/kWh-1.94¢/kWh
      2003 1.1¢/kWh


      2005 2.5¢/kWh


      2003 Contribution


      1997 1.5¢/kWh


      2005 3.0¢/kWh




      2001 2.5¢/kWh


      2001 2.0¢/kWh-4.0¢/kWh




      1998 0.35¢/kWh
      2000 0.9¢/kWh-1.0¢/kWh
2001 2.0¢/kWh

2003 2.0¢/kWh-3.5¢/kWh




2000 0.5¢/kWh




2000 2.5¢/kWh
2006 1.5¢/kWh-2.5¢/kWh




2003 1.5¢/kWh




1998 3.0¢/kWh




2004 Contribution

2003 Varies by utility




2004 Contribution
2003 2.0¢/kWh-2.5¢/kWh
2004 Contribution
2003 Contribution
2001 2.0¢/kWh
2007 1.3¢/kWh-1.67¢/kWh




2002 2.75¢/kWh




2000 2.67¢/kWh




2007 2.5¢/kWh
2004 3.0¢/kWh
2008 0.8¢/kWh-1.45¢/kWh
2007 6.67¢/kWh
2005 1.67¢/kWh


2007 2.0¢/kWh-2.5¢/kWh

2001 3.0¢/kWh


1996 2.0¢/kWh
2004 4.0¢/kWh




2000 2.04¢/kWh

2002 2.0¢/kWh

2006 Contribution


2002 0.5¢/kWh


2000 1.5¢/kWh-2.5¢/kWh




1998 1.5¢/kWh
1998 1.55¢/kWh-2.0¢/kWh




2002 2.5¢/kWh
1999 0.5¢/kWh




2002 2.0¢/kWh-2.5¢/kWh




1998 1.5¢/kWh
2002 1.6¢/kWh
2000 1.0¢/kWh




2003 2.0¢/kWh
2000 2.67¢/kWh




2007 1.5¢/kWh
      2003 2.0¢/kWh-3.5¢/kWh




      2000 5.0¢/kWh
      2000 0.5¢/kWh


      2003 2.0¢/kWh
      2002 1.02¢/kWh

      2002 1.05¢/kWh




      2001 0.8¢/kWh


      2003 1.1¢/kWh


      2002 3.0¢/kWh

      2001 0.8¢/kWh




      2005 1.95¢/kWh
Unknown   Contribution




unknown   Contribution




      2003 3.19¢/kWh
      2005 1.8¢/kWh
      2003 1.8¢/kWh
      2001 0.8¢/kWh




      1999 3.0¢/kWh
      2003 2.5¢/kWh-4.0¢/kWh


      2003 2.5¢/kWh-4.0¢/kWh
2003 2.5¢/kWh-4.0¢/kWh




2003 2.5¢/kWh-4.0¢/kWh




2003 2.5¢/kWh-4.0¢/kWh


2000 2.67¢/kWh

2000 0.5¢/kWh




1999 0.5¢/kWh




2002 2.0¢/kWh-2.5¢/kWh
2007 0.7¢/kWh
2003 1.3¢/kWh-1.5¢/kWh




2006 2.0¢/kWh
2008 1.0¢/kWh
2001 2.5¢/kWh


2007 0.5¢/kWh
2007 0.5¢/kWh


2007 0.5¢/kWh
2003 2.0¢/kWh-3.5¢/kWh


2003 -0.246¢/kWh
2004 1.8¢/kWh
     (-0.45¢/kWh Edmond)
2004 0.5¢/kWh




2003 2.0¢/kWh


2005 1.5¢/kWh
2003 1.2¢/kWh


2007 1.0¢/kWh-1.5¢/kWh

1999 0.91¢/kWh
2001 0.98¢/kWh
1999 2.5¢/kWh


2002 1.5¢/kWh
2000 1.95¢/kWh
2004 Sliding scale depending on
     size

2002 0.78¢/kWh + $2.50/mo.
     donation
2002 0.78¢/kWh

1998 1.8¢/kWh-2.0¢/kWh




2003 1.7¢/kWh
2002 1.75¢/kWh
2002 0.8¢/kWh



2007 1.5¢/kWh


2007 1.0¢/kWh
2008 4.0¢s;/kWh


2008 4.0¢/kWh


2008 4.0¢/kWh


2001 3.0¢/kWh




2000 0.5¢/kWh




2002 2.0¢/kWh-2.5¢/kWh
2001 0.8¢/kWh
      2000 2.67¢/kWh




2000/1997   1.85¢/kWh

      2005 -0.114¢/kWh
      2000 3.0¢/kWh
      2009 TBD


      2001 1.92¢/kWh
      2006 0.5¢/kWh
      2005 2.95¢/kWh

      2004 1.95¢/kWh
      2003 0.71¢/kWh-1.94¢/kWh
      2000 1.95¢/kWh
      2001 0.8¢/kWh


      2004 4.0¢/kWh
      2006 3.002¢/kWh-3.425¢/kWh

      2002 Contribution


      2009 1.5¢/kWh

      2009 1.5¢/kWh


      2002 0.33¢/kWh
      1999 Contribution

      2001 Contribution




      2001 0.69¢/kWh
2002 1.5¢/kWh
2002 2.0¢/kWh


2002 2.0¢/kWh


2002 3.0¢/kWh
2003 2.0¢/kWh


2003 1.0¢/kWh
2007 2.5¢/kWh
1999 3.5¢/kWh
2002 1.05¢/kWh
2000 1.95¢/kWh
2002 2.0¢/kWh

2002 1.25¢/kWh

2002 Contribution
2005 1.5¢/kWh
2002 2.0¢/kWh
2000 1.2¢/kWh
2007 0.7¢/kWh
2000 2.0¢/kWh

1998 1.5¢/kWh




1997 1.45¢/kWh-2.0¢/kWh


1999 1.0¢/kWh
2001 1.0¢/kWh




1996 1.37¢/kWh


2002 1.86¢/kWh

1996 Contribution

2000 0.5¢/kWh
2006 3.5¢/kWh


2003 1.167¢/kWh
2000 1.95¢/kWh
2001 0.8¢/kWh


1999 0.6¢/kWh
                             High End of Price
Lower End of    Upper End of Premium Range,      Price
Price Premium Price Premium or Price Premium Premiums
Range (cents) Range (cents) if no Range (cents) (cents)
          -0.67                            -0.67        -0.67
          -0.45                            -0.45        -0.45


        -0.246                           -0.246        -0.246


        -0.114                           -0.114        -0.114
           0.2                              0.2           0.2
          0.33                             0.33          0.33




          0.33                             0.33          0.33
          0.34                             0.34          0.34




          0.35                             0.35          0.35


           0.5                              0.5           0.5
           0.5                              0.5           0.5



           0.5                              0.5           0.5

           0.5                              0.5           0.5
0.5   0.5   0.5
0.5   0.5   0.5




0.5   0.5   0.5

0.5   0.5   0.5
0.5   0.5   0.5
0.5   0.5   0.5

0.5   0.5   0.5
0.5   0.5   0.5
0.5   0.5   0.5
0.6   0.6   0.6
 0.6        0.6    0.6
0.69       0.69   0.69

 0.7        0.7    0.7
 0.7        0.7    0.7


0.78       0.78   0.78

0.78       0.78   0.78
 0.8        0.8    0.8
 0.8        0.8    0.8

 0.8        0.8    0.8

 0.8        0.8    0.8

 0.8        0.8    0.8


 0.8        0.8    0.8




 0.8        0.8    0.8
 0.8        0.8    0.8
 0.8        0.8    0.8
0.91       0.91   0.91
 0.9   1      1   0.95


0.98       0.98   0.98
0.98       0.98   0.98
   1          1      1
  1          1      1

  1          1      1
  1          1      1

  1          1      1
  1             1       1




  1             1       1
  1             1       1

  1             1       1
1.02          1.02    1.02


1.05          1.05    1.05
1.05          1.05    1.05
 1.1           1.1     1.1
 1.1           1.1     1.1

 0.8   1.45   1.45   1.125

1.16          1.16    1.16

 1.2           1.2     1.2

 1.2           1.2     1.2




  1     1.5    1.5    1.25

1.25          1.25    1.25




0.71   1.94   1.94   1.325
0.71   1.94   1.94   1.325




1.37          1.37    1.37
1.3    1.5    1.5     1.4


1.3   1.67   1.67   1.485


1.5           1.5     1.5
1.5           1.5     1.5




1.5           1.5     1.5



1.5           1.5     1.5


1.5           1.5     1.5
1.5           1.5     1.5




1.5           1.5     1.5
1.5           1.5     1.5




1.5           1.5     1.5
 1.5          1.5     1.5
 1.5          1.5     1.5
 1.5          1.5     1.5



 1.5          1.5     1.5




 1.5          1.5     1.5




 1.5          1.5     1.5
 1.5          1.5     1.5
 1.5          1.5     1.5
 1.5          1.5     1.5
 1.6          1.6     1.6

 1.6          1.6     1.6
 1.6          1.6     1.6

1.67         1.67    1.67
 1.7          1.7     1.7


 1.7          1.7     1.7
1.45    2      2    1.725
  1    2.5    2.5    1.75

 1.5    2      2     1.75

 1.8          1.8     1.8



 1.8          1.8     1.8


 1.8          1.8     1.8
1.85       1.85   1.85
1.86       1.86   1.86



 1.8   2     2     1.9




1.92       1.92   1.92
1.95       1.95   1.95
1.95       1.95   1.95




1.95       1.95   1.95
1.95       1.95   1.95




1.95       1.95   1.95

1.95       1.95   1.95
1.95         1.95   1.95
 1.5   2.5    2.5      2

 1.5   2.5    2.5     2
   2            2     2
  2            2      2



  2            2      2

  2            2      2

  2            2      2
  2            2      2


  2            2      2
  2            2      2


  2            2      2


  2            2      2
  2            2      2
  2            2      2
  2            2      2




  2            2      2
  2            2      2

  2            2      2

  2            2      2
 2           2      2




 2           2      2

 2           2      2
 2    2.5   2.5   2.25




 2    2.5   2.5   2.25


 2    2.5   2.5   2.25
 2    2.5   2.5   2.25
 2    2.5   2.5   2.25


  2   2.5   2.5   2.25
2.3         2.3    2.3
2.5         2.5    2.5

2.5         2.5    2.5
2.5         2.5    2.5
 2.5          2.5    2.5
 2.5          2.5    2.5

 2.5          2.5    2.5
 2.5          2.5    2.5
 2.5          2.5    2.5
 2.5          2.5    2.5




 2.5          2.5    2.5

2.67         2.67   2.67
2.67         2.67   2.67

2.67         2.67   2.67
2.67         2.67   2.67
2.67         2.67   2.67
2.67         2.67   2.67

  2    3.5    3.5   2.75
  2    3.5    3.5   2.75
  2    3.5    3.5   2.75

2.75         2.75   2.75
2.75         2.75   2.75
2.95         2.95   2.95




  2     4      4      3


  3            3      3
3   3   3


3   3   3

3   3   3
3   3   3

3   3   3

3   3   3

3   3   3




3   3   3




3   3   3
3   3   3

3   3   3
3.19            3.19     3.19
   3   3.425   3.425   3.2125
 2.5       4       4      3.25
 2.5       4       4      3.25

 2.5      4       4      3.25
 2.5      4       4      3.25
 2.5      4       4      3.25
 3.5             3.5      3.5
 3.5             3.5      3.5
   4               4        4
   4               4        4

  4               4         4
  4               4         4
  4               4         4

 4.5             4.5      4.5
 4.5             4.5      4.5

  5               5         5
  5               5         5
  5               5         5


 5.5             5.5      5.5

6.67            6.67     6.67
 10     10     10

 10     10     10

11.6   11.6   11.6

								
To top