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					Year          Category     Name         Birthdate Birth Place County         Residence Role/AffiliateField/Language
       1901   chemistry                 30 August 1852
                                                    Hoff
                           Jacobus Henricus van 't Rotterdam the Netherlands                          Physical chemistry, chemical kin
                                                                                         Berlin University, Berlin, Germany
       1901   literature                16 March 1839
                           Sully Prudhomme          Paris        France      France                   French
       1901   medicine                  15 Behring Hansdorf (now Jankowa ?aga?ska) Marburg University, Marburg, Germany
                           Emil Adolf von March 1854             Prussia (now Poland)
       1901   peace                     20
                           Frédéric Passy May 1822 aris
                                                    P            France      France                   Humanitarian first French move
                                                                                         Founder and President of work, peacepeace
       1901   peace                     Dunant
                           Jean Henry 8 May 1828Geneva                                                Humanitarian work, peace move
                                                                 SwitzerlandSwitzerland Originator Geneva Convention (Convention
       1901   physics                   27 March 1845
                           Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen                Prussia (now                         X-rays, Munich, Germany
                                                    Lennep (now Remscheid)Germany) Munich University,atomic physics
       1902   chemistry                 9 October Euskirchen Prussia (now Germany) Berlin University, Berlin, Germany
                           Hermann Emil Fischer 1852                                                  Organic chemistry
       1902   literature                30 November 1817
                                                    Garding Schleswig (now Germany)
                           Christian Matthias Theodor Mommsen                Germany                  German
       1902   medicine                  13          A
                           Ronald Ross May 1857 lmora            India                   University College, Liverpool, United Kingdo
       1902   peace                     21 Gobat T                                                    Peace movement
                           Charles Albert May 1843ramelan SwitzerlandSwitzerland Honorary Secretary, Permanent Internation
       1902   peace        Élie Ducommun             1833
                                        19 FebruaryGeneva                                             Peace movement
                                                                 SwitzerlandSwitzerland Honorary Secretary, Permanent Internation
       1902   physics                   18 July 1853
                           Hendrik Antoon Lorentz   Arnhem the Netherlands                            Atomic physics, quantum physic
                                                                                         Leiden University, Leiden, the Netherlands
       1902   physics                   25          Z            the
                           Pieter ZeemanMay 1865onnemaire Netherlands                                  University, Amsterdam, physic
                                                                                         AmsterdamAtomic physics, quantumthe Net
       1903   chemistry                 19 Arrhenius1859
                           Svante August FebruaryVik             Sweden                               Physical chemistry, chemical kin
                                                                                         Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
       1903   literature                8 DecemberKvikne
                                                     1832
                           Bjørnstjerne Martinus Bjørnson Norway             Norway                   Norwegian
       1903   medicine                  15 December 1860
                           Niels Ryberg Finsen      Thorshavn Faroe Islands              Finsen Medical Light Institute, Copenhagen,
       1903   peace                     18 Cremer Fareham United Kingdom Kingdom
                           William RandalMarch 1828                          United                   Peace movement, world organiz
                                                                                         Secretary, International Arbitration League,
       1903   physics                   15 December Paris
                           Antoine Henri Becquerel 1852          France                               Nuclear physics
                                                                                         École Polytechnique, Paris, France
       1903   physics                   7 November 1867
                                                    Warsaw Russian Empire (now Poland)
                           Marie Curie, née Sklodowska                                                Nuclear physics
       1903   physics                               P
                           Pierre Curie15 May 1859 aris          France                               Nuclear physique
                                                                                         École municipale dephysics et de chimie i
       1904   chemistry                 2 October Glasgow Scotland
                           Sir William Ramsay 1852                                                    Inorganic chemistry, nuclear che
                                                                                         University College, London, United Kingdom
       1904   literature                8 September 1830
                           Frédéric Mistral         Maillane France          France                   Occitan
       1904   literature                19 April 1832 adrid
                                                    M
                           José Echegaray y Eizaguirre           Spain       Spain                    Spanish
       1904   medicine                  14 Pavlov Ryazan
                           Ivan Petrovich September 1849 Russia                          Military Medical Academy, St. Petersburg, R
       1904   peace                     1873 in Ghent            Belgium                 Scientific society movement, world organiz
                           Institut de droit international (Institute of International Law)           Peace
       1904   physics                   12 November 1842 Grove Maldon Essex
                                                    Langford
                           Lord Rayleigh (John William Strutt) United Kingdom                         Gas physics, molecular physics
                                                                                         Royal Institution of Great Britain, London, U
       1905   chemistry                 31 October 1835
                                                    Berlin       Prussia (now Germany) Munich University, Munich, Germany che
                           Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer                                  Organic chemistry, industrial
       1905   literature                5 May 1846Wola Okrzejska
                           Henryk Sienkiewicz                    Poland      Poland                   Polish
       1905   medicine                  11          Clausthal Germany
                           Robert Koch December 1843 (now Clausthal-Zellerfeld)Institute for Infectious Diseases, Berlin, Ger
       1905   peace                     9 June 1843Prague        Austrian Empire (now Czech Republic) movement
                                                                             Austria      Kinsky of <i>Lay und Your
                                                                                                      Chinic
                           Baroness Bertha Sophie Felicita von Suttner, née Countess Author von PeaceDownTettauArms</i>, Hon
       1905   physics                   7 June 1862Pressburg Hungary (now                             Atomic physics
                           Philipp Eduard Anton von Lenard (now Bratislava)Slovakia)Kiel University, Kiel, Germany
       1906   chemistry                 28          Paris
                           Henri Moissan September 1852 France                                        Inorganic Paris, France
                                                                                         Sorbonne University, chemistry, nuclear che
       1906   literature                27 July     Val
                           Giosuè Carducci 1835 di Castello                  Italy
                                                                 Tuscany (now Italy)                  Italian
       1906   medicine                  7
                           Camillo Golgi July 1843 Corteno Italy                         Pavia University, Pavia, Italy
       1906   medicine                  1 May Cajal
                           Santiago Ramón y 1852Petilla de Aragó Spain                   Madrid University, Madrid, Spain
       1906   peace                     27 October New
                           Theodore Roosevelt 1858 York NY       USA         USA                      Negotiation
                                                                                         Collaborator of various peace treaties, Pres
       1906   physics                   18 December 1856         United Manchester University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United
                           Joseph John Thomson Cheetham Hill nearKingdom                              Atomic physics
       1907   chemistry                 20 May
                           Eduard Buchner 1860 unichM                                                 Biochemistry
                                                                 Bavaria (now Germany)Landwirtschaftliche Hochschule (Agricultura
       1907   literature                30 December 1865
                           Rudyard Kipling          Bombay British IndiaUnited Kingdom                English
       1907   medicine                  18 June 1845Laveran France
                           Charles Louis Alphonse Paris                                  Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
       1907   peace                     20 SeptemberMilan                    Italy
                           Ernesto Teodoro Moneta 1833 Austrian Empire (now Italy)                    Peace movement, Peace
                                                                                         President, Lombard League of world organiz
       1907   peace                     21
                           Louis Renault May 1843 utun
                                                    A            France      France                   Peace movement,
                                                                                         Professor International Law world organiz
       1907   physics                   19 December 1852 (now Strzelno) Poland) University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
                           Albert Abraham Michelson Strelno      Prussia (now                         Optical physics, electromagnetis
       1908   chemistry                 31 August 1871
                           Ernest Rutherford        Nelson       New Zealand                          Nuclear chemistry
                                                                                         Victoria University, Manchester, United King
       1908   literature                5 January 1846
                           Rudolf Christoph Eucken  Aurich                   Germany
                                                                 East Friesland (now Germany)         German
       1908   medicine                  16 May 1845              Russian Empire (now Ukraine) Pasteur, Paris, France
                           Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov Kharkov (now Kharkiv)                   Institut
1908   medicine     Paul Ehrlich14 March 1854            Prussia (now
                                             Strehlen (now Strzelin) Poland) Goettingen University, Goettingen, German
1908   peace                     21          N                                              Peace movement
                    Fredrik Bajer April 1837 æstved Denmark Denmark Honorary President of Permanent Internatio
1908   peace                     Arnoldson Gothenburg
                    Klas Pontus27 October 1844           Sweden Sweden                      Swedish Peace and
                                                                                Founder of Peace movement Arbitration L
1908   physics                   16 August 1845
                    Gabriel Lippmann         Hollerich Luxembourg                           Optical physics, applied
                                                                                Sorbonne University, Paris, France optical p
1909   chemistry                 2 September 1853
                    Wilhelm Ostwald          Riga Latvia Russian Empire                     Physical chemistry
                                                                                Leipzig University, Leipzig, Germany
1909   literature                20 November 1858
                                             Mårbacka Sweden Sweden
                    Selma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlöf                                           Swedish
1909   medicine                  25 August Berne
                    Emil Theodor Kocher 1841             Switzerland            Berne University, Berne, Switzerland
1909   peace                     26 FrançoisOstend
                    Auguste MarieJuly 1829 Beernaert Belgium Belgium                         Cour movement, world organiz
                                                                                Member of PeaceInternationale d'arbitrage
1909   physics                   25 April    B
                    Guglielmo Marconi 1874ologna Italy                                      Electromagnetism, applied elect
                                                                                Marconi Wireless Telegraph Co. Ltd., Londo
1909   physics                   6 June 1850Fulda
                    Karl Ferdinand Braun                                        Strasbourg University, Strasbourg, Alsace, th
                                                         Hesse-Kassel (now Germany)         Electromagnetism, applied elect
1910   chemistry                 27
                    Otto Wallach March 1847              Germany (now Russia) Goettingen Organic chemistry, industrial che
                                             Koenigsberg (now Kaliningrad)                   University, Goettingen, German
1910   literature                 Ludwig Heyse
                    Paul Johann15 March 1830 Berlin                 Germany
                                                         Prussia (now Germany)              German
1910   medicine                  16 September 1853 Mecklenburg (now Germany)
                    Albrecht Kossel          Rostock                            University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germa
1910   peace                     1891 in Berne           Switzerland                        Peace movement
                    Bureau international permanent de la Paix (Permanent International Peace Bureau)
1910   physics                   23 November 1837
                                             Leiden
                    Johannes Diderik van der Waals the Netherlands                           University, molecular physics
                                                                                AmsterdamGas physics,Amsterdam, the Net
1911   chemistry                 7 November 1867
                                             Warsaw Russian Empire (now Poland)
                    Marie Curie, née Sklodowska                                             Nuclear chemistry
                                                                                Sorbonne University, Paris, France
1911   literature                29 (Mooris) Polidore Marie Bernhard Maeterlinck
                    Count MauriceAugust 1862 Ghent       Belgium Belgium                    French
1911   medicine                  5 June
                    Allvar Gullstrand 1862LandskronaSweden                      Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
1911   peace                     11 November 1864
                    Alfred Hermann Fried Vienna          Austria    Austria     Founder of <i>Die Friedenswarte</i> (a pea
1911   peace                     28 Carel Asser
                                             A
                    Tobias MichaelApril 1838msterdamthe Netherlands             Lawyer, Cabinet Minister, Initiator of the Co
                                                                    the Netherlands         Peace movement
1911   physics                   13
                    Wilhelm Wien January 1864            Prussia (now Russia) Würzburg University, Würzburg, Germany
                                             Gaffken (now Parusnoye)                        Electromagnetism
1912   chemistry                 5           Carcassonnerance
                    Paul Sabatier November 1854          F                                  Organic chemistry
                                                                                Toulouse University, Toulouse, France
1912   chemistry                 6 May
                    Victor Grignard 1871Cherbourg France                                    Organic chemistry
                                                                                Nancy University, Nancy, France
1912   literature                15 November 1862
                                             HauptmannPrussia (now Germany)
                    Gerhart Johann Robert Bad Salzbrunn             Germany                 German
1912   medicine                  28          S           France
                    Alexis Carrel June 1873ainte-Foy-lès-Lyon                   Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, N
1912   peace                                  1845
                    Elihu Root 15 FebruaryClinton NY USA            USA                     Negotiation
                                                                                Originator of various treaties of arbitration,
1912   physics                   30 November 1869
                    Nils Gustaf Dalén        Stenstorp Sweden                               Mechanics, applied mechanics
                                                                                Swedish Gas-Accumulator Co., Lidingö-Stock
1913   chemistry                 12          Mulhouse France
                    Alfred Werner December 1866                                             Inorganic chemistry
                                                                                University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
1913   literature                7 Tagore
                    RabindranathMay 1861Calcutta India              India                   Bengali and English
1913   medicine                  26 Richet Paris
                    Charles RobertAugust 1850            France                 Sorbonne University, Paris, France
1913   peace                     22 April    B
                    Henri La Fontaine 1854russels Belgium Belgium                           Peace movement
                                                                                President, Permanent International Peace B
1913   physics                   21 SeptemberGroningen
                    Heike Kamerlingh Onnes 1853 the Netherlands                             Superconductivity
                                                                                Leiden University, Leiden, the Netherlands
1914   chemistry                 31 January 1868
                    Theodore William Richards            USA
                                             Germantown PA                                  Physical chemistry
                                                                                Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
1914   medicine                  22          V
                    Robert Bárány April 1876ienna        Austria                Vienna University, Vienna, Austria
1914   physics      Max von Laue             PfaffendorfGermany
                                 9 October 1879                                             Atomic physics, interferometry
                                                                                Frankfurt-on-the-Main University, Frankfurt
1915   chemistry                 13 Willstätter
                    Richard MartinAugust 1872Karlsruhe Germany                              Organic chemistry, natural
                                                                                Munich University, Munich, Germany prod
1915   literature                29 January 1866
                    Romain Rolland           Clamecy France         France                  French
1915   physics                   2 July Bragg
                    Sir William Henry 1862 Wigton        United Kingdom                     Crystallography, X-rays
                                                                                University College, London, United Kingdom
1915   physics                   31 March 1890
                    William Lawrence Bragg   Adelaide Australia                             Crystallography, X-rays
                                                                                Victoria University, Manchester, United King
1916   literature                Verner von OlshammarSweden Sweden
                    Carl Gustaf 6 July 1859 Heidenstam                                      Swedish
1917   literature                24 July 1857
                    Henrik Pontoppidan Fredericia Denmark Denmark                           Danish
1917   literature                 Gjellerup
                    Karl Adolph2 June 1857Roholte Denmark Denmark                           Danish
1917   peace                     1863 in Geneva          Switzerland                        Humanitarian
                    Comité international de la Croix Rouge (International Committee of the Red Cross) work
1917   physics                   7 June 1877Widnes
                    Charles Glover Barkla                United Kingdom                     Atomic physics
                                                                                Edinburgh University, Edinburgh, United Kin
1918   chemistry                              1868       Prussia (now                       Inorganic chemistry, industrial c
                    Fritz Haber 9 DecemberBreslau (now Wroclaw) Poland) Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut (now Fritz-Haber-Ins
1918   physics                   23 Ludwig Planck
                                             K
                    Max Karl Ernst April 1858iel         Schleswig (now Germany)            Quantum mechanics
                                                                                Berlin University, Berlin, Germany
1919   literature                24 April Spitteler
                                             L
                    Carl Friedrich Georg1845iestal       SwitzerlandSwitzerland             German
1919   medicine                 1           S
                    Jules Bordet 3 June 1870oignies Belgium                    Brussels University, Brussels, Belgium
1919   peace                    28 December Staunton USA
                    Thomas Woodrow Wilson1856 VA                    USA                     the League of Nations, Presiden
                                                                               Founder of World organizing
1919   physics                  15          S            G
                    Johannes StarkApril 1874chickenhof ermany                               Atomic physics
                                                                               Greifswald University, Greifswald, Germany
1920   chemistry                25 June 1864riesen
                    Walther Hermann Nernst  B                                               Physical chemistry, chemical the
                                                         Prussia (now Germany) Berlin University, Berlin, Germany
1920   literature               4 August 1895
                    Knut Pedersen HamsunLom              Norway     Norway                  Norwegian
1920   medicine                 15 Steenberg 1874
                                            Grenå
                    Schack August November Krogh Denmark                       Copenhagen University, Copenhagen, Denm
1920   peace        Léon Victor 21 May 1851 aris
                                 Auguste Bourgeois
                                            P            France     France                  World de la Société
                                                                               President, Conseil organizing des Nations
1920   physics                  15 FebruaryFleurier
                    Charles Edouard Guillaume1861        Switzerland                        Metals
                                                                               Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (
1921   chemistry                2 September 1877
                    Frederick Soddy         EastbourneUnited Kingdom                        Nuclear chemistry
                                                                               University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdo
1921   literature               16 April 1844aris
                    Anatole France          P            France     France                  French
1921   peace                    17 September 1869
                    Christian Lous Lange Stavanger Norway           Norway                  Peace of Inter-Parliamentary Un
                                                                               Secretary General movement
1921   peace                    23 November 1860
                    Karl Hjalmar Branting Stockholm Sweden Sweden                           World Conseil de peace movem
                                                                               Swedish Delegate,organizing, la Société des
1921   physics                  14          Ulm
                    Albert EinsteinMarch 1879            Germany                            Theoretical (now Max-Planck-In
                                                                               Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut physics
1922   chemistry                1 September 1877
                    Francis William Aston Harborne United Kingdom                           Physical chemistry
                                                                               University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United
1922   literature               12 August 1866
                    Jacinto Benavente       Madrid       Spain      Spain                   Spanish
1922   medicine                 26 September 1886 United Kingdom
                    Archibald Vivian Hill Bristol                              London University, London, United Kingdom
1922   medicine                 12 April    H
                    Otto Fritz Meyerhof1884anover Germany                      Kiel University, Kiel, Germany
1922   peace                    10 October 1861
                    Fridtjof Nansen                      Norway
                                            Kristiania (now Oslo) Norway                    Humanitarian work
                                                                               Originator of Nansen passports (for refugee
1922   physics                  7 October 1885
                    Niels Henrik David BohrCopenhagen    Denmark                            Theoretical Copenhagen,
                                                                               Copenhagen University,nuclear physicsDenm
1923   chemistry                            Laibach      Austria-Hungary (now Slovenia) Analytical chemistry
                    Fritz Pregl 3 September 1869 (now Ljubljana)               Graz University, Graz, Austria
1923   literature               13 Yeats D
                    William Butler June 1865 ublin       Ireland    Ireland                 English
1923   medicine                 14 November 1891
                    Frederick Grant BantingAlliston      Canada                University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
1923   medicine                  Rickard Macleod
                                            Cluny
                    John James 6 September 1876          Scotland              University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
1923   physics                  22 March 1868
                    Robert Andrews Millikan Morrison ILUSA                                  Particle physics, electromagneti
                                                                               California Institute of Technology (Caltech),
1924   literature               7 May 1867Kobiele
                    Wladyslaw Stanislaw Reymont Wielkie             Poland
                                                         Russian Empire (now Poland)        Polish
1924   medicine                 21 May      S            Dutch                 Leiden University, Leiden, the Netherlands
                    Willem Einthoven 1860emarang Java East Indies (now Indonesia)
1924   physics                   Georg Siegbahn
                    Karl Manne3 DecemberLund 1886        Sweden                             Atomic Uppsala,
                                                                               Uppsala University,physics Sweden
1925   chemistry                1 Zsigmondy
                    Richard AdolfApril 1865Vienna                              Goettingen Physical chemistry, colloidal che
                                                         Austrian Empire (now Austria)       University, Goettingen, German
1925   literature               26 July 1856
                    George Bernard Shaw Dublin           Ireland    United Kingdom          English
1925   peace                    27 August Marietta OH
                    Charles Gates Dawes 1865             USA        USA                     Negotiation
                                                                               Chairman of Allied Reparation Commission
1925   peace                    16 October Birmingham
                    Sir Austen Chamberlain1863                      United
                                                         United Kingdom Kingdom             Negotiation
                                                                               Part-originator of Locarno Pact, Foreign Sec
1925   physics                  22 Hertz Hamburg Germany
                    Gustav LudwigJuly 1887                                                  Atomic physics
                                                                               Halle University, Halle, Germany
1925   physics                  26
                    James Franck August 1882Hamburg Germany                                  University, Goettingen, German
                                                                               Goettingen Atomic physics
1926   chemistry                30 Svedberg Fleräng
                    The (Theodor) August 1884            Sweden                             Physical chemistry, colloidal
                                                                               Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden che
1926   literature               27 September 1871 Italy
                    Grazia Deledda          Nuoro Sardinia          Italy                   Italian
1926   medicine                 23 April 1867
                                            Fibiger
                    Johannes Andreas Grib Silkeborg Denmark                    Copenhagen University, Copenhagen, Denm
1926   peace                    28
                    Aristide BriandMarch 1862
                                            Nantes       France     France                  Negotiation
                                                                               Part-originator of Locarno Pact and Briand-K
1926   peace                    10 May      B
                    Gustav Stresemann 1878 erlin                                            Negotiation
                                                         Germany Germany Part-originator of Locarno Pact, Foreign Min
1926   physics                  30 September 1870 France
                    Jean Baptiste Perrin Lille                                              Molecular physics
                                                                               Sorbonne University, Paris, France
1927   chemistry                4 Wieland
                    Heinrich OttoJune 1877Pforzheim Germany                                 Organic chemistry, natural
                                                                               Munich University, Munich, Germany prod
1927   literature               18          Paris
                    Henri Bergson October 1859           France     France                  French
1927   medicine                 7 March 1857
                    Julius Wagner-Jauregg Wels           Austria               Vienna University, Vienna, Austria
1927   peace        Ferdinand Buisson
                                20 December 1841
                                            Paris        France     France                  Negotiation, peace movement
                                                                               Founder and President, Ligue des Droits de
1927   peace                    23
                    Ludwig QuiddeMarch 1858                                                 Negotiation, peace movement
                                            Bremen Germany Germany Participant of various peace conferences, M
1927   physics                  10 September 1892 USA
                    Arthur Holly Compton Wooster OH                                         Atomic physics
                                                                               University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
1927   physics                  14 FebruaryGlencorse Scotland
                                             1869
                    Charles Thomson Rees Wilson                                             Instrumentation
                                                                               University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United
1928   chemistry                25 December 1876
                                            Berlin
                    Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus          Germany                             University, Goettingen, German
                                                                               Goettingen Organic chemistry, natural prod
1928   literature                20          K
                    Sigrid Undset May 1882 alundborgDenmark Norway                          Norwegian
1928   medicine                  21 SeptemberRouen
                    Charles Jules Henri Nicolle1866 France                     Institut Pasteur, Tunis
1928   physics                   26 April 1879ewsbury United Kingdom
                    Owen Willans Richardson  D                                              Electromagnetism
                                                                               London University, London, United Kingdom
1929   chemistry                 12          Manchester
                    Arthur Harden October 1865           United Kingdom                     Biochemistry
                                                                               London University, London, United Kingdom
1929   chemistry                 15 February 1873
                                              von Euler-Chelpin
                    Hans Karl August SimonAugsburg Germany                                  Biochemistry
                                                                               Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
1929   literature   Thomas Mann  6 June 1875Lübeck       Germany Germany                    German
1929   medicine                  11 August Nijkerk
                    Christiaan Eijkman 1858              the Netherlands       Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherland
1929   medicine                  20 June 1861astbourneUnited Kingdom
                                             E
                    Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins                              University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United
1929   peace                     22 December 1856
                    Frank Billings Kellogg Potsdam NY    USA          USA                   Negotiation
                                                                               Part-originator of Briand-Kellogg Pact, ex-Se
1929   physics                   15 August 1892
                                             Dieppe        de Broglie
                    Prince Louis-Victor Pierre RaymondFrance                                Quantum mechanics
                                                                               Sorbonne University, Institut Henri Poincaré
1930   chemistry                 2
                    Hans Fischer 7 July 1881 Hoechst Germany                                Hochschule (Institute of Techno
                                                                               Technische Organic chemistry, natural prod
1930   literature                7           Sauk
                    Sinclair LewisFebruary 1885 Centre MNUSA          USA                   English
1930   medicine                  14 June     V
                    Karl Landsteiner 1868ienna                                 Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, N
                                                         Austrian Empire (now Austria)
1930   peace                     15 January 1866
                                             Trönö
                    Lars Olof Jonathan (Nathan) SöderblomSweden Sweden                      Peace movement
                                                                               Leader in the ecumenical movement, Archb
1930   physics                   7 November 1888
                                             Trichinopoly
                    Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Ramanndia I                                  Atomic Calcutta, India
                                                                               Calcutta University,physics, electromagnetis
1931   chemistry    Carl Bosch 27 August 1874Cologne Germany                                Industrial chemistry
                                                                               University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germa
1931   chemistry                 11 October 1884
                    Friedrich Bergius                    Germany (now Poland) University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germa
                                             Goldschmieden near Breslau                     Industrial chemistry
1931   literature                20 July
                    Erik Axel Karlfeldt 1864 Karlbo      Sweden Sweden                      Swedish
1931   medicine                  8 Warburg Freiburg imGermany
                    Otto HeinrichOctober 1883             Breisgau             Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut (now Max-Planck-In
1931   peace                     6
                    Jane Addams September 1860
                                             Cedarville IL
                                                         USA          USA                   Peace movement
                                                                               International President, Women's Internatio
1931   peace                     2 April 1862Elizabeth NJ
                    Nicholas Murray Butler               USA          USA                   Negotiation, peace movement
                                                                               Promoter of Briand Kellogg Pact, President,
1932   chemistry                 31 January 1881
                    Irving Langmuir          Brooklyn NY USA                                Physical chemistry
                                                                               General Electric Company, Schenectady, NY
1932   literature                14 August 1867
                    John Galsworthy                      United Kingdom Kingdom
                                             Kingston Hill            United                English
1932   medicine                  30 Adrian London
                    Edgar Douglas November 1889          United Kingdom        University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United
1932   medicine                  27 November 1857
                                             London
                    Sir Charles Scott Sherrington        United Kingdom        University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdo
1932   physics                     5-Dec-01 Würzburg Germany
                    Werner Karl Heisenberg                                                  Quantum mechanics
                                                                               Leipzig University, Leipzig, Germany
1933   literature                22 October 1870
                    Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin  Voronezh Russia                                Russian
1933   medicine                  25 September 1866 U
                    Thomas Hunt Morgan Lexington KY SA                         California Institute of Technology (Caltech),
1933   peace                     Angell (Ralph Lane)
                                             Holbeach United Kingdom Kingdom
                    Sir Norman 26 December 1873                       United                Peace movement, arms la Socié
                                                                               Member, Commission Exécutive de control
1933   physics                   12 August 1887
                    Erwin Schrödinger        Vienna      Austria                            Quantum mechanics
                                                                               Berlin University, Berlin, Germany
1933   physics                     8-Aug-02 Bristol
                    Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac            United Kingdom                     Quantum mechanics
                                                                               University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United
1934   chemistry                 29 Urey W               U
                    Harold ClaytonApril 1893 alkerton INSA                                  Physical chemistry, NY, USA
                                                                               Columbia University, New York,nuclear chem
1934   literature                28 June 1867grigento Sicily
                    Luigi Pirandello         A           Italy        Italy                 Italian
1934   medicine                  28 August Ashland NHUSA
                    George Hoyt Whipple 1878                                   University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA
1934   medicine                  2 December 1885
                    George Richards Minot Boston MA USA                        Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
1934   medicine                  6 Murphy Stoughton WI
                    William ParryFebruary 1892           USA                   Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA, Pe
1934   peace                     13 September 1863 Scotland United Kingdom
                    Arthur Henderson         Glasgow                                        World organizing, arms control a
                                                                               President, Disarmament Conference in 1932
1935   chemistry                 19-Mar-00 Paris
                    Frédéric Joliot                      France                             Nuclear chemistry
                                                                               Institut du Radium, Paris, France
1935   chemistry                 12 September 1897 France
                    Irène Joliot-Curie       Paris                                          Nuclear chemistry
                                                                               Institut du Radium, Paris, France
1935   medicine                  27          S
                    Hans SpemannJune 1869tuttgart Württemberg (now Germany)    University of Freiburg im Breisgau, Breisgau
1935   peace                     3 October 1889
                    Carl von Ossietzky                                                      Human rights, arms control and
                                             Hamburg Germany Germany Pacifist, Journalist (i.a. <i>die Weltbühne</i
1935   physics                   20 October 1891
                    James Chadwick           Manchester  United Kingdom                     Nuclear physics
                                                                               Liverpool University, Liverpool, United Kingd
1936   chemistry                 24 March 1884Wilhelmus Debye
                    Petrus (Peter) JosephusMaastricht the Netherlands                       Physical chemistry, structural ch
                                                                               Berlin University, Berlin, Germany, Kaiser-W
1936   literature                16 October 1888
                                             New
                    Eugene Gladstone O'Neill York NY     USA          USA                   English
1936   medicine                                          Germany
                    Otto Loewi 3 June 1873Frankfurt-on-the-Main                Graz University, Graz, Austria
1936   medicine                  9 June 1875London
                    Sir Henry Hallett Dale               United Kingdom        National Institute for Medical Research, Lon
1936   peace                     1 November 1878
                    Carlos Saavedra Lamas Buenos Aires                                      Negotiation
                                                         Argentina Argentina Foreign Minister, President of the Assembly
1936   physics                     3-Sep-05
                    Carl David Anderson New York NY     USA                               Particle physics
                                                                             California Institute of Technology (Caltech),
1936   physics                    Hess       F
                    Victor Franz24 June 1883rauenfeld Switzerland                         Astrophysics, cosmic radiation
                                                                             Innsbruck University, Innsbruck, Austria
1937   chemistry                             M
                    Paul Karrer 21 April 1889 oscow Russia                                Organic Zurich, Switzerland
                                                                             University of Zurich,chemistry, natural prod
1937   chemistry                 19 March 1883
                    Walter Norman Haworth    Chorley    United Kingdom                    Organic chemistry, natural prod
                                                                             Birmingham University, Birmingham, United
1937   literature                23 March Neuilly-sur-Seine
                    Roger Martin du Gard1881            France     France                 French
1937   medicine                  16 September 1893 Austria-Hungary (now Hungary)
                                             Budapest
                    Albert von Szent-Györgyi Nagyrápolt                      Szeged University, Szeged, Hungary
1937   peace                     14 September 1864 United Kingdom Kingdom
                                             London                United    Founder Cecil) organizing, peace movem
                                                                                          World
                    Cecil of Chelwood, Viscount (Lord Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne and President, International Peace
1937   physics                   22 Davisson Bloomington IL
                    Clinton JosephOctober 1881          USA                               Electromagnetism, christallograp
                                                                             Bell Telephone Laboratories, New York, NY,
1937   physics                   3 Thomson
                    George PagetMay 1892Cambridge United Kingdom                          Electromagnetism, christallograp
                                                                             London University, London, United Kingdom
1938   chemistry    Richard Kuhn3-Dec-00 Vienna         Austria-Hungary                   Organic chemistry, natural prod
                                                                             Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut (now Max-Planck In
1938   literature                            H          U
                    Pearl Buck 26 June 1892 illsboro WVSA          USA                    English
1938   medicine                  28 March 1892
                                             Heymans Belgium
                    Corneille Jean François Ghent                            Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium
1938   peace                     1921 in Nansen         Switzerland.         An international aid organization establishe
                                                                                          Humanitarian work
                    Office internationalGeneva pour les Réfugiés (Nansen International Office for Refugees)
1938   physics      Enrico Fermi29-Sep-01 Rome          Italy                             Nuclear physics
                                                                             Rome University, Rome, Italy
1939   chemistry                 24-Mar-03 Bremerhaven-Lehe
                    Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt Germany                              Organic chemistry, natural prod
                                                                             Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut (now Max-Planck-In
1939   chemistry                 13 September 1887 Austria-Hungary (now Croatia)
                    Leopold Ruzicka          Vukovar                                      Organic chemistry, natural (Swi
                                                                             Eidgenössische Technische Hochschuleprod
1939   literature                Sillanpää Hämeenkyrö              Finland
                    Frans Eemil16 September 1888 Russian Empire (now Finland)             Finnish
1939   medicine                  30 October 1895
                    Gerhard Domagk           Lagow      Germany              Munster University, Munster, Germany
1939   physics                     8-Aug-01 Canton SD USA
                    Ernest Orlando Lawrence                                               Accelerator Berkeley, CA, USA
                                                                             University of California, physics, instrumenta
1943   chemistry                 1 August Budapest Austria-Hungary (now Hungary) University, Stockholm, Sweden
                    George de Hevesy 1885                                    Stockholm Inorganic chemistry, nuclear che
1943   medicine                  13 November 1893
                    Edward Adelbert Doisy Hume IL USA                        Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO, USA
1943   medicine                  Peter Dam 1895
                    Henrik Carl 21 FebruaryCopenhagen   Denmark              Polytechnic Institute, Copenhagen, Denmar
1943   physics                                1888       Zory)                            Nuclear physics
                    Otto Stern 17 FebruarySorau (now Germany (now Poland) Carnegie Institute of Technology, Pittsburgh
1944   chemistry    Otto Hahn 8 March 1879              Germany
                                             Frankfurt-on-the-Main                        Nuclear chemistry
                                                                             Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut (now Max-Planck In
1944   literature                20 January 1873
                    Johannes Vilhelm Jensen  Farsø      Denmark Denmark                   Danish
1944   medicine                  5 July 1888
                    Herbert Spencer GasserPlatteville WIUSA                  Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, N
1944   medicine                  5 January 1874 Francisco CA
                    Joseph Erlanger          San        USA                  Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA
1944   peace                     1863 in Geneva         Switzerland                       Humanitarian
                    Comité international de la Croix Rouge (International Committee of the Red Cross) work
1944   physics                   Rabi
                    Isidor Isaac 29 July 1898                                Columbia Nuclear physics
                                             Rymanow Austria-Hungary (now Poland) University, New York, NY, USA
1945   chemistry                 15 January Helsinki Russian Empire (now Finland) University, Helsinki, Finland
                    Artturi Ilmari Virtanen 1895                             Helsinki     Agricultural chemistry
1945   literature                7 April
                    Gabriela Mistral 1889Vicuña         Chile      Chile                  Spanish
1945   medicine                   19-Jun-06 Berlin
                    Ernst Boris Chain                   Germany              University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdo
1945   medicine                  6 Fleming Lochfield Scotland
                    Sir Alexander August 1881                                London University, London, United Kingdom
1945   medicine                  Walter Florey
                                             Adelaide
                    Sir Howard 24 September 1898 Australia                   University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdo
1945   peace                                 Olympus TN
                    Cordell Hull2 October 1871          USA        USA                    World organizing
                                                                             Prominent participant in the originating of t
1945   physics      Wolfgang Pauli25-Apr-00 Vienna      Austria                           Quantum mechanics
                                                                             Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA
1946   chemistry                 19 November Canton
                    James Batcheller Sumner 1887 MAUSA                                    Biochemistry
                                                                             Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
1946   chemistry                 5 Northrop
                    John Howard July 1891 Yonkers NYUSA                                   Institute for
                                                                             Rockefeller BiochemistryMedical Research, P
1946   chemistry                 16-Aug-04 Ridgeville IN
                    Wendell Meredith Stanley            USA                               Institute for
                                                                             Rockefeller BiochemistryMedical Research, P
1946   literature                2 July
                    Hermann Hesse 1877 Calw             Germany Switzerland               German
1946   medicine     Hermann Joseph Muller                                    Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA
1946   peace                     8 Balch
                    Emily GreeneJanuary 1867            USA         Boston) Honorary International President, Women's
                                             Jamaica Plain MA (nowUSA                     Peace movement
1946   peace                     25 May      L          USA
                    John Raleigh Mott 1865ivingston Manor NY USA             President, World Alliance of Young Men's C
1946   physics                   21 Bridgman C
                    Percy WilliamsApril 1882ambridge MA USA                               Material physics
                                                                             Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
1947   chemistry                 13 September 1886 United Kingdom
                    Sir Robert Robinson Rufford near Chesterfield                         Organic chemistry, natural prod
                                                                             University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdo
1947   literature                22 November 1869
                    André Paul Guillaume GideParis      France     France                 French
1947   medicine                  10 April 1887uenos Aires
                    Bernardo Alberto Houssay B          Argentina            Instituto de Biologia y Medicina Experiment
1947   medicine                  5 DecemberPrague
                    Carl Ferdinand Cori       1896                           Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA
                                                       Austria-Hungary (now Czech Republic)
1947   medicine                  15 Cori, néePrague
                    Gerty Theresa August 1896                                Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA
                                              Radnitz Austria-Hungary (now Czech Republic)
1947   peace                     1917 Service Committee (The
                                             DC
                    American Friendsin Washington USA Quakers)                            Peace movement
1947   peace                     1647 in London        United Kingdom
                    Friends Service Council (The Quakers)                                 Humanitarian work, peace move
1947   physics                   6 September 1892
                                             Bradford United Kingdom
                    Sir Edward Victor Appleton                                            Space physics, electromagnetism
                                                                             Department of Scientific and Industrial Rese
1948   chemistry                 10-Aug-02 Stockholm Sweden
                    Arne Wilhelm Kaurin Tiselius                                          Physical chemistry analytical
                                                                             Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden bio
1948   literature                26 September Louis USA
                    Thomas Stearns Eliot St. 1888 MO              United Kingdom          English
1948   medicine                  12 Müller Olten
                    Paul Hermann January 1899          Switzerland           Laboratorium der Farben-Fabriken J.R. Geig
1948   physics                   18 November 1897
                                             Blackett United Kingdom
                    Patrick Maynard Stuart London                                         Particle physics
                                                                             Victoria University, Manchester, United King
1949   chemistry                 12 May 1895 N         C
                    William Francis Giauque iagara Falls anada                            Physical chemistry, chemical the
                                                                             University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
1949   literature                25 September 1897 USA
                    William Faulkner         New Albany MO        USA                     English
1949   medicine                  29 November 1874
                                             Avança    Portugal
                    Antonio Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz               University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal, Neuro
1949   medicine                  17 March Frauenfeld Switzerland
                    Walter Rudolf Hess 1881                                  University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
1949   peace                     Boyd Orr ofKilmaurs
                                             Brechin
                    Lord (John) 23 September 1880 Scotland United Kingdom                 Humanitarian Council and Worl
                                                                             President, National Peacework, world organ
1949   physics      Hideki Yukawa 23-Jan-07 Tokyo      Japan                              Quantum mechanics
                                                                             Kyoto Imperial University, Kyoto, Japan, Col
1950   chemistry                                       Prussia (now Poland) Cologne University, chemistryFederal Repub
                    Kurt Alder 10-Jul-02 Königshütte (now Chorzów)                        Organic Cologne,
1950   chemistry                 23 January 1876
                    Otto Paul Hermann Diels  Hamburg Germany                              Organic Federal Republic of Ger
                                                                             Kiel University, Kiel,chemistry
1950   literature                18 May 1872relleck
                                             T         United Kingdom Kingdom
                    Earl (Bertrand Arthur William) Russell        United                  English
1950   medicine                  8 March 1886          USA
                    Edward Calvin Kendall South Norwalk CT                   Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA
1950   medicine                  28 February 1896      USA
                    Philip Showalter Hench Pittsburgh PA                     Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA
1950   medicine                  20 July
                    Tadeus Reichstein 1897   Wloclawek Poland                Basel University, Basel, Switzerland
1950   peace        Ralph Bunche7-Aug-04 Detroit MI USA           USA                     Negotiation
                                                                             Acting Mediator in Palestine, 1948, Director
1950   physics                     5-Dec-03 Tonbridge United Kingdom
                    Cecil Frank Powell                                                    Particle physics
                                                                             Bristol University, Bristol, United Kingdom
1951   chemistry                  18-Sep-07 Redondo Beach CA
                    Edwin Mattison McMillan            USA                                Nuclear chemistry
                                                                             University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
1951   chemistry                  19-Apr-12 Ishpeming MI
                    Glenn Theodore Seaborg             USA                                Nuclear chemistry
                                                                             University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
1951   literature                23 May 1891
                    Pär Fabian Lagerkvist Växjö        Sweden Sweden                      Swedish
1951   medicine                              Pretoria South Africa
                    Max Theiler30 January 1899                               Laboratories of the Division of Medicine and
1951   peace                     1
                    Léon JouhauxJuly 1879 Paris        France     France                  World organizing, human rights
                                                                             Delegate U.N., Member Council of I.L.O. (Int
1951   physics                      6-Oct-03 Dungarvan Ireland
                    Ernest Thomas Sinton Walton                                           Accelerator physics,
                                                                             Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland nuclear phy
1951   physics                   27 May 1897odmordenUnited Kingdom
                                             T
                    Sir John Douglas Cockcroft                                            Accelerator physics, nuclear Har
                                                                             Atomic Energy Research Establishment, phy
1952   chemistry                   1-Mar-10 London
                    Archer John Porter Martin          United Kingdom                     Analytical chemistry
                                                                             National Institute for Medical Research, Lon
1952   chemistry                  28-Oct-14 Liverpool
                    Richard Laurence Millington Synge United Kingdom                      Analytical chemistry
                                                                             Rowett Research Institute, Bucksburn (Scotl
1952   literature                11 October 1885
                    François Mauriac         Bordeaux France      France                  French
1952   medicine                  22 July 1888Priluka   Russian Empire (now Ukraine) University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA
                    Selman Abraham Waksman (now Pryluky)                     Rutgers
1952   peace                     14 January 1875
                    Albert Schweitzer                  Germany (now France) Founder of Humanitarian work
                                             Kaysersberg          France                  Lambaréné (République de Gabo
1952   physics                   30-Aug-12             U
                    Edward Mills Purcell Taylorville IL SA                                Nuclear Cambridge, MA, USA
                                                                             Harvard University, physics
1952   physics      Felix Bloch 23-Oct-05 Zurich       Switzerland                        Nuclear Stanford,
                                                                             Stanford University,physics CA, USA
1953   chemistry                 23 March Worms
                    Hermann Staudinger 1881            Germany                            Polymer chemistry
                                                                             University of Freiburg, Breisgau, Federal Rep
1953   literature                Leonard Spencer Churchill
                                             WoodstockUnited Kingdom Kingdom
                    Sir Winston30 November 1874                   United                  English
1953   medicine                  Lipmann K             Germany (now Russia) Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA, M
                    Fritz Albert 12 June 1899oenigsberg (now Kaliningrad)
1953   medicine                  25-Aug-00 Hildesheim Germany
                    Hans Adolf Krebs                                         Sheffield University, Sheffield, United Kingd
1953   peace                     31 Marshall
                    George CatlettDecember 1880
                                             Uniontown USA
                                                        PA        USA                     Humanitarian work, world organ
                                                                             Originator of Marshall Plan, Delegate U.N., e
1953   physics                   16 Zernike Amsterdamthe Netherlands
                    Frits (Frederik)July 1888                                             Optical physics
                                                                             Groningen University, Groningen, the Nethe
1954   chemistry                  28-Feb-01 Portland OR
                    Linus Carl Pauling                 USA                                Theoretical chemistry, chemical
                                                                             California Institute of Technology (Caltech),
1954   literature                21 July 1899Oak
                    Ernest Miller Hemingway Park IL USA           USA                     English
1954   medicine                  25-Aug-16 Auburn
                    Frederick Chapman Robbins AL USA                         Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH,
1954   medicine                  10 February 1897      USA
                    John Franklin Enders West Hartford CT                    Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA, R
1954   medicine                   15-Jun-15
                    Thomas Huckle Weller Ann Arbor MI   USA                    Research Division of Infectious Diseases, Ch
1954   peace                     1951 in Nations        Switzerland            An (UNHCR)   Humanitarian work
                    Office of the UnitedGeneva High Commissioner for Refugees international aid organization establishe
1954   physics                                Breslau   Germany (now                        Quantum Edinburgh,
                    Max Born 11 December 1882 (now Wroclaw) Poland) Edinburgh University, mechanics United Kin
1954   physics      Walther Bothe             Oranienburg ermany
                                 8 January 1891         G                                   Instrumentation
                                                                               University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Federa
1955   chemistry                 18-May-01
                    Vincent du Vigneaud Chicago IL USA                                      Biochemistry
                                                                               Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
1955   literature                 23-Apr-02
                    Halldór Kiljan Laxness Reykjavik Iceland       Iceland                  Icelandic
1955   medicine                      6-Jul-03 Linköping Sweden
                    Axel Hugo Theodor Theorell                                 Karolinska Institutet, Nobel Medical Institut
1955   physics      Polykarp Kusch                      G
                                  26-Jan-11 Blankenburg ermany                              Nuclear physics
                                                                               Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
1955   physics                      Lamb
                    Willis Eugene12-Jul-13 Los AngelesUSACA                                 Atomic physics
                                                                               Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
1956   chemistry                 3 April 1896Saratov
                    Nikolay Nikolaevich Semenov         Russia                               Chemical Physics of the Academ
                                                                               Institute forPhysical chemistry, chemical kin
1956   chemistry                 19 May 1897ondon
                                              L
                    Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood        United Kingdom                      Physical chemistry, chemical kin
                                                                               University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdo
1956   literature                24 December 1881
                    Juan Ramón Jiménez Michelena Venezuela Spain                            Spanish
1956   medicine                  24 Cournand  Paris
                    André FrédéricSeptember 1895 France                        Columbia University Division, Cardio-Pulmo
1956   medicine                  30 October Orange
                    Dickinson W. Richards 1895 NJ USA                          Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
1956   medicine                  29-Aug-04 Berlin
                    Werner Forssmann                    Germany                Mainz University, Mainz, Federal Republic o
1956   physics      John Bardeen 23-May-08 Madison WI SAU                                   Semiconductor technology,
                                                                               University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA instr
1956   physics                    10-Feb-02
                    Walter Houser Brattain Amoy         China                               Semiconductor technology, instr
                                                                               Bell Telephone Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ
1956   physics                    13-Feb-10 London
                    William Bradford Shockley           United Kingdom                      Semiconductor of Beckman Inst
                                                                               Semiconductor Laboratory technology, instr
1957   chemistry                    2-Oct-07 Glasgow Scotland
                    Lord (Alexander R.) Todd                                                Biochemistry
                                                                               University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United
1957   literature   Albert Camus7-Nov-13 Mondovi Algeria           France                   French
1957   medicine                  2
                    Daniel Bovet 3-Mar-07 Neuchâtel Switzerland                Istituto Superiore di Sanità (Chief Institute o
1957   peace                     23 April 1897
                    Lester Bowles Pearson Toronto Canada           Canada                   Negotiation, world organizing
                                                                               former President of the 7th Session of the U
1957   physics      Chen Ning Yang22-Sep-22 Hofei AnhweiChina                                Advanced Study,
                                                                               Institute forParticle physics Princeton, NJ,
1957   physics                   24-Nov-26
                    Tsung-Dao (T.D.) Lee Shanghai China                                     Particle physics
                                                                               Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
1958   chemistry                 13-Aug-18 RendcombeUnited Kingdom
                    Frederick Sanger                                                        Biochemistry
                                                                               University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United
1958   literature                10 FebruaryMoscow Russia
                    Boris Leonidovich Pasternak1890                USSR                     Russian
1958   medicine                   14-Dec-09
                    Edward Lawrie Tatum Boulder COUSA                          Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, N
1958   medicine                   22-Oct-03
                    George Wells Beadle Wahoo NE USA                           California Institute of Technology (Caltech),
1958   medicine                  23-May-25 Montclair NJ
                    Joshua Lederberg                    USA                    University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
1958   peace        Georges Pire10-Feb-10 Dinant        Belgium Belgium                     Humanitarian work
                                                                               Leader of the relief organization for refugee
1958   physics                   8 July Tamm
                    Igor Yevgenyevich1895 VladivostokRussia                                 Electromagnetism
                                                                               University of Moscow, Moscow, USSR, P.N.
1958   physics      Il´ja Mikhailovich Frank                                   University of Moscow, Moscow, USSR, P.N.
1958   physics                     28-Jul-04 Novaya
                    Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov Chigla Russia                              Electromagnetism, Moscow, US
                                                                               P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute,instrumentat
1959   chemistry                 20 December 1890
                    Jaroslav Heyrovsky        Prague                            Czech Republic)
                                                                                            Analytical chemistry
                                                        Hungarian Empire (nowPolarographic Institute of the Czechoslovak
1959   literature                20-Aug-01
                    Salvatore Quasimodo Modica          Italy      Italy                    Italian
1959   medicine     Arthur Kornberg3-Mar-18 Brooklyn NY USA                    Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
1959   medicine     Severo Ochoa  24-Sep-05 Luarca      Spain                  New York University, College of Medicine, N
1959   peace        Philip J. Noel-Baker
                                 1 November 1889
                                              London               United
                                                        United Kingdom Kingdom              Arms control and disarmament,
                                                                               lifelong ardent worker for international pea
1959   physics                     1-Feb-05 Tivoli
                    Emilio Gino Segrè                   Italy                               Particle physics
                                                                               University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
1959   physics                     10-Jul-20 Birmingham
                    Owen Chamberlain                    United Kingdom                      Particle physics
                                                                               University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
1960   chemistry                  17-Dec-08 Grand Valley CO
                    Willard Frank Libby                 USA                                 Nuclear chemistry
                                                                               University of California, Los Angeles, CA, US
1960   literature                31 May       S         Guadeloupe Island
                    Saint-John Perse 1887aint-Léger-les-FeuillesFrance                      French
1960   medicine                   28-Feb-15
                    Peter Brian Medawar Rio de Janeiro  Brazil                 University College, London, United Kingdom
1960   medicine                  3 September 1899
                                              Traralgon Australia
                    Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet                                Walter and Eliza Hall Institute for Medical R
1960   peace                     Lutuli
                    Albert John 0 1898                             South AfricaPresident of Human rights
                                              Bulawayo Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe)the African National Congress,
1960   physics                    21-Sep-26
                    Donald Arthur Glaser Cleveland OH   USA                                 Instrumentation
                                                                               University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
1961   chemistry    Melvin Calvin8-Apr-11 St. Paul MNUSA                                    Biochemistry
                                                                               University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
1961   literature                            Dolac
                    Ivo Andric 10 October 1892          Bosnia     Yugoslavia              Serbo-Croatian
1961   medicine                  3 June
                    Georg von Békésy 1899Budapest Hungary                     Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
1961   peace                       29-Jul-05 Jönköping Sweden Sweden
                    Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld                                     Negotiation
                                                                              Secretary General of the U.N.
1961   physics                      5-Feb-15 New York NY
                    Robert Hofstadter                   USA                                Nuclear Stanford,
                                                                              Stanford University,physics CA, USA
1961   physics                    31-Jan-29 Munich
                    Rudolf Ludwig Mössbauer             Germany                            Nuclear physics
                                                                              Technical University, Munich, Federal Repub
1962   chemistry                 24-Mar-17
                    John Cowdery KendrewOxford          United Kingdom                     Biochemistry, structural chemist
                                                                              MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Camb
1962   chemistry                 19-May-14
                    Max Ferdinand Perutz Vienna         Austria                            Biochemistry, structural chemist
                                                                              MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Camb
1962   literature   John Steinbeck27-Feb-02 Salinas CA USA         USA                     English
1962   medicine                     8-Jun-16 Crick
                    Francis Harry Compton Northampton   United Kingdom        MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Camb
1962   medicine                      Watson
                    James Dewey 6-Apr-28 Chicago IL USA                       Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
1962   medicine                   15-Dec-16 Pongaroa
                    Maurice Hugh Frederick Wilkins New Zealand                London University, London, United Kingdom
1962   peace                      28-Feb-01 Portland OR
                    Linus Carl Pauling                  USA        USA                     Arms control and disarmament
1962   physics                    22-Jan-08
                    Lev Davidovich Landau Baku                                Academy Sciences, Moscow, USSR
                                                        Russian Empire (now Azerbaijan) ofCondensed matter physics, supe
1963   chemistry    Giulio Natta 26-Feb-03 Imperia      Italy                              Technology, Milan, industrial ch
                                                                              Institute of Polymer chemistry, Italy
1963   chemistry                             Helsa
                    Karl Ziegler 26 November 1898       Germany                            Polymer chemistry, industrial ch
                                                                              Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung (M
1963   literature                13-Mar-00 Smyrna (now Izmir) Empire (now Turkey)
                    Giorgos Seferis                     Ottoman Greece                     Greek
1963   medicine                     5-Feb-14 Banbury United Kingdom
                    Alan Lloyd Hodgkin                                        University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United
1963   medicine                  22-Nov-17
                    Andrew Fielding HuxleyHampsteadUnited Kingdom             University College, London, United Kingdom
1963   medicine                   27-Jan-03
                    Sir John Carew Eccles Melbourne Australia                 Australian National University, Canberra, Au
1963   peace                     1863 in Geneva         Switzerland                        Humanitarian
                    Comité international de la Croix Rouge (International Committee of the Red Cross) work
1963   peace                     1919 in Paris          France
                    Ligue des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge (League of Red Cross Societies) Humanitarian work
1963   physics                     Wigner
                    Eugene Paul17-Nov-02 Budapest Austria-Hungary                          Nuclear physics, particle physics
                                                                              Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA
1963   physics                    25-Jun-07 Hamburg Germany
                    J. Hans D. Jensen                                                      Nuclear physics
                                                                              University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Federa
1963   physics                    28-Jun-06             Germany (now
                    Maria Goeppert-Mayer Kattowitz (now Katowice) Poland) University of California, La Jolla, CA, USA
1964   chemistry                 12-May-10 Cairo
                    Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin            Egypt                              Biochemistry, structural chemist
                                                                              University of Oxford, Royal Society, Oxford,
1964   literature                 21-Jun-05 Paris
                    Jean-Paul Sartre                    France     France                  French
1964   medicine     Feodor Lynen6-Apr-11 Munich         Germany               Max-Planck-Institut für Zellchemie, Munich,
1964   medicine     Konrad Bloch                        Germany
                                  21-Jan-12 Neisse (now Nysa) (now Poland) Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
1964   peace                      15-Jan-29
                    Martin Luther King Jr. Atlanta GA USA          USA                     Human Christian Leadership Co
                                                                              Leader of Southern rights
1964   physics                     11-Jul-16 Prokhorov
                    Aleksandr Mikhailovich Atherton Australia                              Quantum Institute, Moscow, US
                                                                              P.N. Lebedev Physicalelectrodynamics, optic
1964   physics                     28-Jul-15
                    Charles Hard Townes Greenville SC   USA                                Quantum electrodynamics, optic
                                                                              Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT
1964   physics                    14-Dec-22 Usman
                    Nicolay Gennadiyevich Basov Russia  Soviet Union                       Quantum Institute, Moscow, US
                                                                              P.N. Lebedev Physicalelectrodynamics, optic
1965   chemistry                  10-Apr-17 Boston MA USA
                    Robert Burns Woodward                                                  Organic Cambridge, MA, USA
                                                                              Harvard University, chemistry, natural prod
1965   literature                 24-Jun-05 Sholokhov Russia
                    Mikhail Aleksandrovich Veshenskaya             USSR                    Russian
1965   medicine                                         France
                    André Lwoff 8-May-02 Ainay-le-Château                     Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
1965   medicine     François Jacob17-Jun-20 Nancy       France                Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
1965   medicine     Jacques Monod   9-Feb-10 Paris      France                Institut Pasteur, Paris, France
1965   peace                     1946 in New York
                                             NY         USA
                    United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)                                Humanitarian work
                                                                              An international aid organization establishe
1965   physics                    12-Feb-18 New York NY
                    Julian Schwinger                    USA                                Quantum mechanics, quantum
                                                                              Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA e
1965   physics                   11-May-18
                    Richard P. Feynman New York NY      USA                                Quantum Technology (Caltech),
                                                                              California Institute of mechanics, quantum e
1965   physics                   31-Mar-06 Kyoto
                    Sin-Itiro Tomonaga                  Japan                              Quantum mechanics, quantum e
                                                                              Tokyo University of Education, Tokyo, Japan
1966   chemistry                 7 July 1896 Newburyport MA
                    Robert S. Mulliken                  USA                                Theoretical chemistry, chemical
                                                                              University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
1966   literature                            Berlin
                    Nelly Sachs 10 December 1891        Germany Sweden                     German
1966   literature                17 July 1888           Austria-Hungary
                    Shmuel Yosef Agnon Buczacz (now Buchach)Israel(now Ukraine)            Hebrew
1966   medicine                   22-Sep-01 Halifax
                    Charles Brenton Huggins             Canada                University of Chicago, Ben May Laboratory f
1966   medicine                  5
                    Peyton Rous October 1879            USA
                                             Baltimore MD                     Rockefeller University, New York, NY, USA
1966   physics                     3                                                       Optical physics
                    Alfred Kastler -May-02 Guebwiller Germany (now France) École Normale Supérieure, Paris, France
1967   chemistry                    6
                    George Porter -Dec-20 Stainforth United Kingdom                       Physical chemistry, chemical kin
                                                                             Royal Institution of Great Britain, London, U
1967   chemistry    Manfred Eigen  9-May-27 Bochum Germany                                Physical für Physikalische Chemi
                                                                             Max-Planck-Institut chemistry, chemical kin
1967   chemistry                 9 November 1897
                                              Cambridge
                    Ronald George Wreyford Norrish United Kingdom                                  Chemistry, Cambridge,
                                                                             Institute of Physical chemistry, chemical kin
1967   literature                19 October Guatemala Guatemala Guatemala
                    Miguel Angel Asturias 1899          City                              Spanish
1967   medicine                   1
                    George Wald 8-Nov-06 New York NY    USA                  Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
1967   medicine                   22-Dec-03
                    Haldan Keffer Hartline Bloomsburg PAUSA                  Rockefeller University, New York, NY, USA
1967   medicine     Ragnar Granit 30-Oct-00 Helsinki Finland                 Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
1967   physics                       2-Jul-06           Germany (now France) Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
                    Hans Albrecht Bethe Strassburg (now Strasbourg)                       Astrophysics
1968   chemistry                  2                     Norway
                    Lars Onsager 7-Nov-03 Kristiania (now Oslo)                           Physical chemistry, chemical the
                                                                             Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
1968   literature                11 June      O
                    Yasunari Kawabata 1899 saka         Japan      Japan                  Japanese
1968   medicine                     9-Jan-22
                    Har Gobind Khorana Raipur           India                University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
1968   medicine                    Nirenberg
                    Marshall W. 10-Apr-27 New York NY   USA                  National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD
1968   medicine                    28-Jan-22 Urbana IL USA
                    Robert W. Holley                                         Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
1968   peace        René Cassin5 October 1887 Bayonne France       France                 Human rights
                                                                             President of the European Court for Human
1968   physics                     13-Jun-11 San Francisco CA
                    Luis Walter Alvarez                 USA                               Particle physics
                                                                             University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
1969   chemistry                    8-Sep-18 Gravesend United Kingdom
                    Derek H. R. Barton                                                    Organic chemistry, stereochemi
                                                                             Imperial College, London, United Kingdom
1969   chemistry                              K         Norway
                    Odd Hassel 17 May 1897 ristiania (now Oslo)                           Organic chemistry, stereochemi
                                                                             University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
1969   economics                  1
                    Jan Tinbergen2-Apr-03 the Hague the Netherlands                       Econometrics
                                                                             The Netherlands School of Economics, Rotte
1969   economics                 3
                    Ragnar FrischMarch 1895   Oslo      Norway                            Econometrics
                                                                             University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
1969   literature   Samuel Beckett13-Apr-06 Dublin      Ireland    Ireland                English and French
1969   medicine                     4-Dec-08 Owosso MI USA
                    Alfred D. Hershey                                        Carnegie Institution of Washington, Long Isl
1969   medicine     Max Delbrück4-Sep-06 Berlin         Germany              California Institute of Technology (Caltech),
1969   medicine                   13-Aug-12 Torino
                    Salvador E. Luria                   Italy                Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT
1969   peace                     1919 in Geneva         Switzerland
                    International Labour Organization (I.L.O.)                            World organization, human righ
1969   physics                    15-Sep-29 New York NY
                    Murray Gell-Mann                    USA                               Particle physics
                                                                             California Institute of Technology (Caltech),
1970   chemistry    Luis F. Leloir 6-Sep-06 Paris       France                             Biochemical
                                                                             Institute forBiochemistry Research, Buenos
1970   economics                 15-May-15 Gary IN
                    Paul A. Samuelson                   USA                               Partial and general equilibrium t
                                                                             Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT
1970   literature                 11-Dec-18 Kislovodsk
                    Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn Russia        USSR                   Russian
1970   medicine                  30-May-12 New York NY
                    Julius Axelrod                      USA                  National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD
1970   medicine                  26-Mar-11 Leipzig
                    Sir Bernard Katz                    Germany              University College, London, United Kingdom
1970   medicine     Ulf von Euler 7-Feb-05 Stockholm Sweden                  Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
1970   peace                     25-Mar-14 Cresco IA USA
                    Norman E. Borlaug                              USA                    Humanitarian work
                                                                             International Maize and Wheat Improveme
1970   physics                   30-May-08 NorrköpingSweden
                    Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén                                              Plasma physics
                                                                             Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sw
1970   physics                    22-Nov-04
                    Louis Eugène Félix NéelLyon         France                            Electromagnetism, condensed
                                                                             University of Grenoble, Grenoble, France m
1971   chemistry                  25-Dec-04 Hamburg Germany
                    Gerhard Herzberg                                                      Physical chemistry, molecular st
                                                                             National Research Council of Canada, Ottaw
1971   economics    Simon Kuznets                       Russian Empire (now Ukraine) University, Cambridge, MA, USA
                                  30-Apr-01 Kharkov (now Kharkiv)            Harvard Economic growth and economic
1971   literature   Pablo Neruda12-Jul-04 Parral        Chile      Chile                  Spanish
1971   medicine                   19-Nov-15              KS
                    Earl W. Sutherland, Jr. Burlingame USA                   Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA
1971   peace        Willy Brandt18-Dec-13 Lübeck                             Chancellor of the
                                                                                          Negotiation, world organizing
                                                        Germany Federal Republic of Germany Federal Republic of Germa
1971   physics      Dennis Gabor 5-Jun-00 Budapest Hungary                                Optical physics
                                                                             Imperial College, London, United Kingdom
1972   chemistry                  Anfinsen
                    Christian B. 26-Mar-16 Monessen PA  USA                               Biochemistry, analytical biochem
                                                                             National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD
1972   chemistry    Stanford Moore  4-Sep-13 Chicago IL USA                               University, New York, NY, USA
                                                                             Rockefeller Biochemistry, analytical biochem
1972   chemistry                   25-Jun-11 New York NY
                    William H. Stein                    USA                               University, New York, NY, USA
                                                                             Rockefeller Biochemistry, analytical biochem
1972   economics    John R. Hicks 8-Apr-04 Warwick United Kingdom                         General equilibrium Kingdom
                                                                             All Souls College, Oxford, Unitedtheory, wel
1972   economics                  23-Aug-21 New York NY
                    Kenneth J. Arrow                    USA                               General equilibrium theory, wel
                                                                             Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
1972   literature                 2
                    Heinrich Böll 1-Dec-17 Cologne Germany Federal Republic of Germany    German
1972   medicine     Gerald M. Edelman                   USA
                                     1-Jul-29 New York NY                    Rockefeller University, New York, NY, USA
1972   medicine     Rodney R. Porter                     United
                                    8-Oct-17 Newton-le-WillowsKingdom         University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdo
1972   physics      John Bardeen 23-May-08 Madison WI SA U                                Superconductivity
                                                                              University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA
1972   physics                    Schrieffer
                    John Robert31-May-31 Oak Park IL USA                                  Superconductivity
                                                                              University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
1972   physics                    28-Feb-30 New York NY
                    Leon Neil Cooper                     USA                              Superconductivity
                                                                              Brown University, Providence, RI, USA
1973   chemistry                 10-Nov-18 Munich
                    Ernst Otto Fischer                   Germany                          Inorganic chemistry, organic che
                                                                              Technical University, Munich, Federal Repub
1973   chemistry                   14-Jul-21 TodmordenUnited Kingdom
                    Geoffrey Wilkinson                                                    Inorganic chemistry, Kingdom
                                                                              Imperial College, London, Unitedorganic che
1973   economics                   5-Aug-06 St. Petersburg
                    Wassily Leontief                     Russia                           Input-output analysis
                                                                              Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
1973   literature   Patrick White28-May-12 London                   Australia
                                                         United Kingdom                   English
1973   medicine                  20           Vienna
                    Karl von FrischNovember 1886         Austria              Zoologisches Institut der Universität Münch
1973   medicine     Konrad Lorenz  7-Nov-03 Vienna       Austria              Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaft
1973   medicine                   15-Apr-07 the Hague the Netherlands
                    Nikolaas Tinbergen                                        University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdo
1973   peace                     27-May-23 Fürth
                    Henry A. Kissinger                   Germany USA                      Negotiation
                                                                              Secretary of State, State Department, Wash
1973   peace        Le Duc Tho 14-Oct-11 Nam Ha province                                  Vietnam
                                                         Vietnam Democratic Republic of Negotiation
1973   physics                      4-Jan-40
                    Brian David Josephson Cardiff        United Kingdom                   Condensed matter physics, sem
                                                                              University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United
1973   physics      Ivar Giaever 5-Apr-29 Bergen         Norway                           Condensed matter physics, sem
                                                                              General Electric Company, Schenectady, NY
1973   physics      Leo Esaki 12-Mar-25 Osaka            Japan                            Condensed Research Center, Yo
                                                                              IBM Thomas J. Watson matter physics, sem
1974   chemistry    Paul J. Flory 19-Jun-10 Sterling IL USA                               Polymer Stanford,
                                                                              Stanford University, chemistryCA, USA
1974   economics                 8 May 1899Vienna
                    Friedrich August von Hayek           Austria                          Macroeconomics and institution
1974   economics    Gunnar Myrdal              1898
                                 6 DecemberSkattungbyn   Sweden                           Macroeconomics and institution
1974   literature   Eyvind Johnson                       Sweden Sweden
                                   29-Jul-00 Svartbjörnsbyn                               Swedish
1974   literature   Harry Martinson6-May-04 Jämshög Sweden Sweden                         Swedish
1974   medicine                  24
                    Albert Claude August 1898 Longlier Belgium                Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain, B
1974   medicine                     2-Oct-17 Thames Ditton
                    Christian de Duve                    United Kingdom       Rockefeller University, New York, NY, USA
1974   medicine                  19-Nov-12 Iasi
                    George E. Palade                     Romania              Yale University, School of Medicine, New Ha
1974   peace        Eisaku Sato 27-Mar-01 Tabuse         Japan      Japan                 Human rights,
                                                                              Prime Minister of Japan arms control and
1974   peace        Seán MacBride 26-Jan-04 Paris        France     Ireland               Human rights, arms Namibia, Un
                                                                              President of the Commission of control and
1974   physics      Antony Hewish11-May-24 Fowey         United Kingdom                   Astrophysics
                                                                              University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United
1974   physics                    14-Sep-18 Brighton United Kingdom
                    Sir Martin Ryle                                                       Astrophysics
                                                                              University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United
1975   chemistry                    Cornforth
                    John Warcup 7-Sep-17 Sydney          Australia                        Organic chemistry, United Kingd
                                                                              University of Sussex, Brighton, stereochemi
1975   chemistry    Vladimir Prelog                                           Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (Swi
                                                                                          Organic chemistry, stereochemi
                                   23-Jul-06 Sarajevo Austria-Hungary (now Bosnia and Herzegovina)
1975   economics                  19-Jan-12 St. Petersburg
                    Leonid Vitaliyevich Kantorovich Russian Empire                         Sciences, Moscow, USSR
                                                                              Academy ofTheory of optimal allocation of r
1975   economics                  28-Aug-10
                    Tjalling C. Koopmans s Gravelandthe Netherlands                       Theory of optimal allocation of r
                                                                              Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
1975   literature                12 October 1896
                    Eugenio Montale           Genoa      Italy      Italy                 Italian
1975   medicine     David Baltimore7-Mar-38 New York NY  USA                  Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT
1975   medicine                   10-Dec-34
                    Howard Martin Temin Philadelphia PA  USA                  University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA
1975   medicine                   22-Feb-14 Catanzaro Italy
                    Renato Dulbecco                                           Imperial Cancer Research Fund Laboratory,
1975   peace                     21-May-21 Moscow Russia
                    Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov                     USSR                  Human rights
                                                                              Soviet nuclear physicist
1975   physics                    19-Jun-22 Copenhagen
                    Aage Niels Bohr                      Denmark                          Theoretical nuclear physics
                                                                              Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark
1975   physics      Ben Roy Mottelson9-Jul-26 Chicago IL USA                              Theoretical nuclear
                                                                              Nordita, Copenhagen, Denmarkphysics
1975   physics                     9-Dec-17
                    Leo James Rainwater Council ID USA                                    Theoretical nuclear NY, USA
                                                                              Columbia University, New York,physics
1976   chemistry                   9-Dec-19
                    William N. Lipscomb Cleveland OH     USA                              Theoretical chemistry, chemical
                                                                              Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
1976   economics    Milton Friedman31-Jul-12 Brooklyn NY USA                              Macroeconomics
                                                                              University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
1976   literature   Saul Bellow 10-Jun-15 Montreal Canada           USA                   English
1976   medicine                    28-Jul-25 New York NY
                    Baruch S. Blumberg                   USA                  The Institute for Cancer Research, Philadelp
1976   medicine                     9-Sep-23
                    D. Carleton Gajdusek Yonkers NYUSA                        National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD
1976   peace                     22-May-43 Belfast
                    Betty Williams                                  United    Founder of Peace movement
                                                         Northern Ireland Kingdom         the Northern Ireland Peace Mov
1976   peace                      27-Jan-44 Belfast
                    Mairead Corrigan                                United    Founder of Peace movement
                                                         Northern Ireland Kingdom         the Northern Ireland Peace Mov
1976   physics                   22-Mar-31 Brooklyn NY
                    Burton Richter                      USA                                Experimental particle physics
                                                                               Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Stanfor
1976   physics                      Chung Ting
                    Samuel Chao27-Jan-36 Ann Arbor MI   USA                                Experimental particle physics
                                                                               Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT
1977   chemistry    Ilya Prigogine 25-Jan-17 Moscow Russia                                 Physical chemistry, chemical the
                                                                               Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belg
1977   economics                              K
                    Bertil Ohlin23 April 1899lippan     Sweden                             International economics
                                                                               Stockholm School of Economics, Stockholm
1977   economics    James E. Meade 23-Jun-07 Swanage United Kingdom                        International Cambridge,
                                                                               University of Cambridge, economics United
1977   literature                26 April     S
                    Vicente Aleixandre 1898evilla       Spain      Spain                   Spanish
1977   medicine                   30-Nov-26 Wilno (nowPoland (now Lithuania) Veterans Administration Hospital, New Orle
                    Andrew V. Schally                    Vilnius)
1977   medicine     Roger Guillemin11-Jan-24 Dijon      France                 The Salk Institute, San Diego, CA, USA
1977   medicine     Rosalyn Yalow                       USA
                                    19-Jul-21 New York NY                      Veterans Administration Hospital, Bronx, NY
1977   peace                     1961 in London
                    Amnesty International               United Kingdom                     Human rights
                                                                               A worldwide organization for the protection
1977   physics                   13 March 1899
                    John Hasbrouck van Vleck            USA
                                              Middletown CT                                Condensed matter physics
                                                                               Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
1977   physics                    13-Dec-23 Indianapolis IN
                    Philip Warren Anderson              USA                                Condensed matter physics
                                                                               Bell Telephone Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ
1977   physics                    30-Sep-05
                    Sir Nevill Francis Mott Leeds       United Kingdom                     Condensed matter physics
                                                                               University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United
1978   chemistry                  29-Sep-20 Mitcham United Kingdom
                    Peter D. Mitchell                                                      Biochemistry
                                                                               Glynn Research Laboratories, Bodmin, Unite
1978   economics                   15-Jun-16 Milwaukee USA
                    Herbert A. Simon                    WI                                 Management science
                                                                               Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA,
1978   literature                   14-Jul-04
                    Isaac Bashevis Singer Leoncin                  USA
                                                        Russian Empire (now Poland)        Yiddish
1978   medicine     Daniel Nathans30-Oct-28 WilmingtonUSADE                    Johns Hopkins University School of Medicin
1978   medicine                    Smith
                    Hamilton O. 23-Aug-31 New York NY   USA                    Johns Hopkins University School of Medicin
1978   medicine     Werner Arber3-Jun-29 Gränichen Switzerland                 Biozentrum der Universität, Basel, Switzerla
1978   peace        Menachem Begin                      R          Israel      Prime       Negotiation
                                  16-Aug-13 Brest Litovsk ussian Empire (now Belarus) Minister of Israel
1978   peace                      25-Dec-18 Mit
                    Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat Abu al-Kawm  Egypt      Egypt                   Negotiation
                                                                               President of the Arab Republic of Egypt
1978   physics                    26-Apr-33 Munich
                    Arno Allan Penzias                  Germany                            Astrophysics
                                                                               Bell Laboratories, Holmdel, NJ, USA
1978   physics                   9 July Kapitsa
                    Pyotr Leonidovich1894 Kronshtadt Russian Empire                         Sciences, Moscow, USSR
                                                                               Academy ofCondensed matter physics, supe
1978   physics                     10-Jan-36 Houston TXUSA
                    Robert Woodrow Wilson                                                  Astrophysics
                                                                               Bell Laboratories, Holmdel, NJ, USA
1979   chemistry                 1            B
                    Georg Wittig6 June 1897erlin        Germany                            Organic chemistry
                                                                               University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Federa
1979   chemistry                 22-May-12 London
                    Herbert C. Brown                    United Kingdom                     Organic chemistry
                                                                               Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
1979   economics                   23-Jan-15 Castries British West Indies (now Saint Lucia)
                    Sir Arthur Lewis                                                       Development economics
                                                                               Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA
1979   economics                  30-Apr-02
                    Theodore W. Schultz Arlington SD    USA                                Development economics
                                                                               University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
1979   literature   Odysseus Elytis 2-Nov-11 Iráklion               Greece)
                                                        Crete (now Greece                  Greek
1979   medicine                   23-Feb-24 Johannesburg
                    Allan M. Cormack                    South Africa           Tufts University, Medford, MA, USA
1979   medicine                   28-Aug-19
                    Godfrey N. Hounsfield Newark        United Kingdom         Central Research Laboratories, EMI, London
1979   peace        Mother Teresa                        Skopje) India         Leader of Missionaries work
                                                                                           Humanitarian
                                  26-Aug-10 Uskup (nowOttoman Empire (now Republic of Macedonia)of Charity, Calcutta
1979   physics                                          India                              Particle physics
                    Abdus Salam29-Jan-26 Jhang Maghi?na (now Pakistan) International Centre for Theoretical Physics
1979   physics                      5-Dec-32
                    Sheldon Lee Glashow New York NY     USA                                Particle Lyman
                                                                               Harvard University, physics Laboratory, Cam
1979   physics      Steven Weinberg3-May-33 New York NY USA                                Particle Cambridge, MA, USA
                                                                               Harvard University, physics
1980   chemistry                  13-Aug-18 RendcombeUnited Kingdom
                    Frederick Sanger                                                       Biochemistry
                                                                               MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Camb
1980   chemistry    Paul Berg 30-Jun-26 New York NY     USA                                Biochemistry
                                                                               Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
1980   chemistry                 21-Mar-32 Boston MA USA
                    Walter Gilbert                                                         Biochemistry
                                                                               Harvard University, Biological Laboratories,
1980   economics                   Klein
                    Lawrence R. 14-Sep-20 Omaha NE USA                                     Macroeconometrics
                                                                               University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
1980   literature   Czeslaw Milosz                                 Poland, USA
                                   30-Jun-11 ?ateiniai Russian Empire (now Lithuania) Polish
1980   medicine                   29-Oct-20 Caracas
                    Baruj Benacerraf                    Venezuela              Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
1980   medicine                   19-Dec-03 Bradford MA SA
                    George D. Snell                     U                      Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, ME, USA
1980   medicine     Jean Dausset  19-Oct-16 Toulouse France                    Université de Paris, Laboratoire Immuno-Hé
1980   peace                      26-Nov-31
                    Adolfo Pérez Esquivel Buenos Aires                                     Human rights
                                                        Argentina Argentina Human rights leader, Sculptor, Architect
1980   physics                    29-Sep-31
                    James Watson Cronin Chicago IL USA                                     Particle physics
                                                                               University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
1980   physics                    Fitch
                    Val Logsdon10-Mar-23 Merriman NE    USA                                Particle physics
                                                                               Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA
1981   chemistry    Kenichi Fukui 4-Oct-18 Nara         Japan                              Theoretical chemistry
                                                                               Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan
1981   chemistry    Roald Hoffmann 18-Jul-37 Zloczov   Poland                              Theoretical chemistry
                                                                              Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
1981   economics    James Tobin 5-Mar-18 Champaign USA IL                                  Macroeconomics
                                                                              Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
1981   literature   Elias Canetti 25-Jul-05 Ruse       Bulgaria United Kingdom             German
1981   medicine     David H. Hubel27-Feb-26 Windsor ON Canada                 Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
1981   medicine                  20-Aug-13 Hartford CTUSA
                    Roger W. Sperry                                           California Institute of Technology (Caltech),
1981   medicine                     3-Jun-24 Uppsala Sweden
                    Torsten N. Wiesel                                         Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
1981   peace                     1951 in Nations       Switzerland            An (UNHCR)   Humanitarian work
                    Office of the UnitedGeneva High Commissioner for Refugees international aid organization establishe
1981   physics                     5-May-21 Mount Verno NY
                    Arthur Leonard Schawlow            USA                                 Optical physics, quantum electro
                                                                              Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
1981   physics                    20-Apr-18 Lund
                    Kai M. Siegbahn                    Sweden                              Atomic Uppsala,
                                                                              Uppsala University,physics Sweden
1981   physics                   11-Mar-20
                    Nicolaas Bloembergen Dordrecht the Netherlands                         Optical Cambridge, MA, electro
                                                                              Harvard University,physics, quantumUSA
1982   chemistry    Aaron Klug 11-Aug-26 Zelvas        Lithuania                           Biochemistry, structural chemist
                                                                              MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Camb
1982   economics                  17-Jan-11 Renton WAUSA
                    George J. Stigler                                                      Industrial Chicago, IL,
                                                                              University of Chicago,organization USA
1982   literature                  6-Mar-28
                    Gabriel García MárquezAracataca Colombia Colombia                      Spanish
1982   medicine                  21-May-34
                    Bengt I. Samuelsson Halmstad Sweden                       Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
1982   medicine     John R. Vane 29-Mar-27 Tardebigg United Kingdom           The Wellcome Research Laboratories, Becke
1982   medicine                   10-Jan-16 Stockholm Sweden
                    Sune K. Bergström                                         Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
1982   peace                     20-Mar-11
                    Alfonso García Robles Zamora       Mexico     Mexico                   Arms for Foreign disarmament
                                                                              former Secretary control and Affairs, delega
1982   peace        Alva Myrdal 31-Jan-02 Uppsala Sweden Sweden                            Arms former Cabinet Minister
                                                                              Writer, Diplomat,control and disarmament
1982   physics                      8-Jun-36 Waltham MA
                    Kenneth G. Wilson                  USA                                 Condensed matter physics, critic
                                                                              Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
1983   chemistry    Henry Taube  30-Nov-15 Neudorf Canada                                  Physical Stanford, inorganic
                                                                              Stanford University, chemistry,CA, USA ch
1983   economics    Gerard Debreu4-Jul-21 Calais       France                              General equilibrium theory
                                                                              University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
1983   literature                 19-Sep-11 St. Columb Minor Kingdom Kingdom
                    William Golding                    United     United                   English
1983   medicine                   16-Jun-02 Hartford CTUSA
                    Barbara McClintock                                        Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, Cold Spring
1983   peace        Lech Walesa29-Sep-43 Popowo Poland            Poland                   Human (Solidaritet)
                                                                              Trade union leader rights
1983   physics                    19-Oct-10 Lahore
                    Subramanyan Chandrasekhar                                              Astrophysics
                                                       India (now Pakistan) University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
1983   physics                     9-Aug-11
                    William Alfred Fowler Pittsburgh PAUSA                                 Astrophysics
                                                                              California Institute of Technology (Caltech),
1984   chemistry                    Merrifield         TX
                    Robert Bruce 15-Jul-21 Fort Worth USA                                  University, New
                                                                              Rockefeller Biochemistry York, NY, USA
1984   economics    Richard Stone30-Aug-13 London      United Kingdom                      National income accounting
                                                                              University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United
1984   literature                 23-Sep-01 Prague
                    Jaroslav Seifert                              Czechoslovakia
                                                       Austria-Hungary (now Czech Republic)Czech
1984   medicine                                        A
                    César Milstein8-Oct-27 Bahia Blanca rgentina              MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Camb
1984   medicine                   Köhler
                    Georges J.F. 17-Apr-46 Munich      Germany                Basel Institute for Immunology, Basel, Switz
1984   medicine                   2
                    Niels K. Jerne 3-Dec-11 London     United Kingdom         Basel Institute for Immunology, Basel, Switz
1984   peace                        7-Oct-31
                    Desmond Mpilo Tutu Klerksdorp South Africa                             Human rights
                                                                  South Africaformer Secretary General, South African Co
1984   physics      Carlo Rubbia 31-Mar-34 Gorizia     Italy                               Experimental particel physics
                                                                              CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
1984   physics                   24-Nov-25
                    Simon van der Meer the Hague the Netherlands                           Experimental particel physics
                                                                              CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
1985   chemistry                  14-Feb-17
                    Herbert A. Hauptman New York NY    USA                                 Physical chemistry, structural ch
                                                                              The Medical Foundation of Buffalo, Buffalo,
1985   chemistry    Jerome Karle18-Jun-18 New York NY  USA                                 Physical chemistry, Washington
                                                                              US Naval Research Laboratory, structural ch
1985   economics                  18-Jun-18 Rome
                    Franco Modigliani                  Italy                               Macroeconomics
                                                                              Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT
1985   literature                 1                    (now Antananarivo)
                                                                  F
                    Claude Simon0-Oct-13 Tananarive Madagascar rance                       French
1985   medicine                   18-Apr-40 Sumter SC USA
                    Joseph L. Goldstein                                       University of Texas Southwestern Medical C
1985   medicine                   13-Apr-41 New York NY
                    Michael S. Brown                   USA                    University of Texas Southwestern Medical C
1985   peace                     1980 in Bostonfor     USA
                    International PhysiciansMA the Prevention of Nuclear War               Arms control and disarmament
1985   physics                    28-Jun-43 Schroda German-occupied Poland
                    Klaus von Klitzing                                                     Condensed Festkörperforschung
                                                                              Max-Planck-Institut für matter physics
1986   chemistry                  18-Jun-32
                    Dudley R. Herschbach San José CAUSA                                    Physical chemistry, MA, USA
                                                                              Harvard University, Cambridge,chemical kin
1986   chemistry                  23-Jan-29 Berlin
                    John C. Polanyi                    Germany                             Physical chemistry, Canada
                                                                              University of Toronto, Toronto,chemical kin
1986   chemistry    Yuan T. Lee 19-Nov-36 Hsinchu Taiwan                                   Physical chemistry, chemical kin
                                                                              University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
1986   economics                    3-Oct-19           USA
                    James M. Buchanan Jr. Murfreesboro TN                                  Public finance
                                                                              Center for Study of Public Choice, Fairfax, V
1986   literature   Wole Soyinka13-Jul-34 Abeokuta Nigeria        Nigeria                 English
1986   medicine                  22-Apr-09
                    Rita Levi-Montalcini Turin         Italy                 Institute of Cell Biology of the C.N.R, Rome,
1986   medicine     Stanley Cohen17-Nov-22 Brooklyn NY USA                   Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, N
1986   peace        Elie Wiesel 30-Sep-28 Sighet       Romania USA                        Human rights, humanitarian wo
                                                                             Chairman of The President's Commission on
1986   physics      Ernst Ruska 25-Dec-06 Heidelberg Germany                              Electron optics, instrumentation
                                                                             Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellsc
1986   physics                                         West Germany
                    Gerd Binnig 20-Jul-47 Frankfurt-on-the-Main                           Condensed matter physics, instr
                                                                             IBM Zurich Research Laboratory, Rüschlikon
1986   physics      Heinrich Rohrer6-Jun-33 Buchs      Switzerland                        Condensed matter physics, instr
                                                                             IBM Zurich Research Laboratory, Rüschlikon
1987   chemistry                   3-Oct-04 Pusan
                    Charles J. Pedersen                Korea                              Organic chemistry
                                                                             Du Pont, Wilmington, DE, USA
1987   chemistry                 22-Apr-19 Chester VT USA
                    Donald J. Cram                                                        Organic chemistry
                                                                             University of California, Los Angeles, CA, US
1987   chemistry                 30-Sep-39 Rosheim France
                    Jean-Marie Lehn                                                       Organic chemistry
                                                                             Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France
1987   economics                 23-Aug-24 Brooklyn NY
                    Robert M. Solow                    USA                                Economic growth theory
                                                                             Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT
1987   literature               24-May-40 Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg)
                    Joseph Brodsky                                USA
                                                       USSR (now Russia)                  English (prose) and Russian (poe
1987   medicine     Susumu Tonegawa6-Sep-39 Nagoya     Japan                 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT
1987   peace                     13-Sep-41
                    Oscar Arias Sánchez Heredia Costa Rica Costa Rica                     Negotiation
                                                                             President of Costa Rica
1987   physics                  16-May-50 Neuenkirchen Germany
                    J. Georg Bednorz                   West                               Superconductivity
                                                                             IBM Zurich Research Laboratory, Rüschlikon
1987   physics                    Müller
                    K. Alexander20-Apr-27 Basel        Switzerland                        Superconductivity
                                                                             IBM Zurich Research Laboratory, Rüschlikon
1988   chemistry    Hartmut Michel                     W
                                   18-Jul-48 Ludwigsburg est Germany                      Biochemistry, structural chemist
                                                                             Max-Planck-Institut für Biophysik, Frankfurt
1988   chemistry                 30-Sep-43
                    Johann Deisenhofer Zusamaltheim    Germany                            Biochemistry, structural chemist
                                                                             University of Texas Southwestern Medical C
1988   chemistry    Robert Huber 20-Feb-37 Munich      Germany                            Biochemistry, structural chemist
                                                                             Max-Planck-Institut für Biochemie, Martinsr
1988   economics                31-May-11 Paris
                    Maurice Allais                     France                             Partial and general equilibrium t
                                                                             École Nationale Supérieur des Mines de Par
1988   literature                11-Dec-11 Cairo
                    Naguib Mahfouz                     Egypt      Egypt                   Arabic
1988   medicine                  18-Apr-05
                    George H. Hitchings Hoquiam WA     USA                   Wellcome Research Laboratories, Research
1988   medicine                   23-Jan-18 New York NY
                    Gertrude B. Elion                  USA                   Wellcome Research Laboratories, Research
1988   medicine                   Black
                    Sir James W.14-Jun-24 UddingstonScotland                 London University, King's College Hospital M
1988   peace                    1948 in New York
                                             NY
                    United Nations Peacekeeping Forces USA                                World organizing
1988   physics                  25-May-21 Bad Kissingen
                    Jack Steinberger                   Germany                            Particle physics
                                                                             CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
1988   physics                     15-Jul-22 New York NY
                    Leon M. Lederman                   USA                                Particle physics
                                                                             Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Bata
1988   physics                    2-Nov-32 New York NY
                    Melvin Schwartz                    USA                                Particle physics
                                                                             Digital Pathways, Inc., Mountain View, CA, U
1989   chemistry    Sidney Altman 7-May-39 Montreal Canada                                Biochemistry
                                                                             Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
1989   chemistry    Thomas R. Cech 8-Dec-47 Chicago IL USA                                Biochemistry
                                                                             University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
1989   economics                 13-Dec-11 Skedsmo Norway
                    Trygve Haavelmo                                                       Econometrics
                                                                             University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
1989   literature                Cela
                    Camilo José11-May-16 Iria Flavia Spain        Spain                   Spanish
1989   medicine                  18-Dec-39 Oceanside NY
                    Harold E. Varmus                   USA                   University of California School of Medicine,
1989   medicine                  22-Feb-36 York PA
                    J. Michael Bishop                  USA                   University of California School of Medicine,
1989   peace                        Lama (Tenzin Gyatso)
                    The 14th Dalai 6-Jul-35 Taktser    Tibet      Tibet                   Human rights
1989   physics      Hans G. Dehmelt9-Sep-22 Görlitz    Germany                            Atomic physics
                                                                             University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
1989   physics                   27-Aug-15 Washington DC
                    Norman F. Ramsey                   USA                                Atomic Cambridge, MA, USA
                                                                             Harvard University,physics
1989   physics      Wolfgang Paul10-Aug-13 LorenzkirchGermany                             Atomic Bonn,
                                                                             University of Bonn, physicsFederal Republic
1990   chemistry                   12-Jul-28 Methuen MA
                    Elias James Corey                  USA                                Organic Cambridge,
                                                                             Harvard University, chemistry MA, USA
1990   economics                 24-Aug-27
                    Harry M. Markowitz Chicago IL USA                                     Financial economics
                                                                             City University of New York, New York, NY,
1990   economics                16-May-23 Boston MA USA
                    Merton H. Miller                                                      Financial economics
                                                                             University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
1990   economics                  16-Jun-34 Boston MA USA
                    William F. Sharpe                                                     Financial economics
                                                                             Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
1990   literature   Octavio Paz31-Mar-14 Mexico CityMexico        Mexico                  Spanish
1990   medicine                  15-Mar-20 Mart TX USA
                    E. Donnall Thomas                                        Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Se
1990   medicine                    1-Apr-19 Milford MAUSA
                    Joseph E. Murray                                         Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA
1990   peace                      2-Mar-31 Privolnoye
                    Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev USSR            USSR                    Negotiation, world organizing, a
                                                                             President of USSR
1990   physics                     9-Dec-26 Boston MA USA
                    Henry W. Kendall                                                      Particle physics
                                                                             Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT
1990   physics                   28-Mar-30 Chicago IL USA
                    Jerome I. Friedman                                                      Particle physics
                                                                               Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT
1990   physics                     2-Nov-29 Medicine Hat Alberta
                    Richard E. Taylor                   Canada                              Particle Stanford,
                                                                               Stanford University,physics CA, USA
1991   chemistry                 14-Aug-33 Winterthur Switzerland
                    Richard R. Ernst                                                        Physical chemical methodology
                                                                               Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (Swi
1991   economics                 29-Dec-10 Willesden United Kingdom
                    Ronald H. Coase                                                         Theory of Chicago, IL, USA
                                                                               University of Chicago,market institutions
1991   literature                20-Nov-23 Springs
                    Nadine Gordimer                                South Africa
                                                        South Africa                        English
1991   medicine                   1
                    Bert Sakmann2-Jun-42 Stuttgart Germany                     Max-Planck-Institut für medizinische Forsch
1991   medicine     Erwin Neher  20-Mar-44 Landsberg Germany                   Max-Planck-Institut für Biophysikalische Che
1991   peace                      19-Jun-45 Rangoon (now Yangon)Burma
                    Aung San Suu Kyi                    Burma (now Myanmar)                 Human rights
1991   physics                    de Gennes
                    Pierre-Gilles 24-Oct-32 Paris       France                              Condensed matter physics
                                                                               Collège de France, Paris, France
1992   chemistry                   21-Jul-23 Montreal Canada
                    Rudolph A. Marcus                                                       Theoretical chemistry
                                                                               California Institute of Technology (Caltech),
1992   economics                   2
                    Gary S. Becker -Dec-30 Pottsville PAUSA                                 Microeconomics and economic
                                                                               University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
1992   literature   Derek Walcott 23-Jan-30 Castries Saint Lucia Saint Lucia                English
1992   medicine                     6-Apr-20 Shanghai China
                    Edmond H. Fischer                                          University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
1992   medicine                     6
                    Edwin G. Krebs -Jun-18 Lansing IA USA                      University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
1992   peace                        9-Jan-59
                    Rigoberta Menchú TumAldea Chimel    Guatemala Guatemala                 Human rights
1992   physics      Georges Charpak1-Aug-24 Dabrovica Poland                                Instrumentation
                                                                               École Supérieure de Physique et Chimie, Pa
1993   chemistry                 28-Dec-44 Lenoir NC USA
                    Kary B. Mullis                                                          Biochemistry
1993   chemistry    Michael Smith 26-Apr-32 Blackpool United Kingdom                        Biochemistry
                                                                               University of British Columbia, Vancouver, C
1993   economics                   5-Nov-20 Cambridge MA
                    Douglass C. North                   USA                                 Economic history
                                                                               Washington University, St. Louis, MO, USA
1993   economics    Robert W. Fogel                     USA
                                     1-Jul-27 New York NY                                   Economic Chicago,
                                                                               University of Chicago,history IL, USA
1993   literature   Toni Morrison 18-Feb-31 Lorain OH USA          USA                      English
1993   medicine                     6                   U
                    Phillip A. Sharp -Jun-44 Falmouth KY SA                    Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT
1993   medicine                     6-Sep-43 Derby
                    Richard J. Roberts                  United Kingdom         New England Biolabs, Beverly, MA, USA
1993   peace                     18-Mar-36 Johannesburg
                    Frederik Willem de Klerk                       South Africa
                                                        South Africa                        Negotiation, human rights
1993   peace        Nelson Mandela 18-Jul-18 Qunu                  South Africa
                                                        South Africa                        Negotiation, human rights
1993   physics                   29-Mar-41 Philadelphia PA
                    Joseph H. Taylor Jr.                USA                                 Astrophysics
                                                                               Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA
1993   physics                   28-Nov-50 New York NY
                    Russell A. Hulse                    USA                                 Astrophysics
                                                                               Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA
1994   chemistry                 22-May-27 Budapest Hungary
                    George A. Olah                                                          Organic chemistry
                                                                               University of Southern California, Los Angel
1994   economics                 29-May-20 Budapest Hungary
                    John C. Harsanyi                                                        Game theory
                                                                               University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
1994   economics                   Jr.                  U
                    John F. Nash 13-Jun-28 Bluefield WV SA                                  Game theory
                                                                               Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA
1994   economics    Reinhard Selten                     Germany (now                        Game theory
                                    5-Oct-30 Breslau (now Wroclaw) Poland) Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität, B
1994   literature                 3
                    Kenzaburo Oe1-Jan-35 Uchiko         Japan      Japan                    Japanese
1994   medicine     Alfred G. Gilman                     CT
                                     1-Jul-41 New HavenUSA                     University of Texas Southwestern Medical C
1994   medicine     Martin Rodbell 1-Dec-25 Baltimore MDUSA                    National Institute of Environmental Health S
1994   peace        Shimon Peres                                   Israel                   Negotiation
                                 16-Aug-23 Vishneva Poland (now Belarus) Foreign Minister of Israel
1994   peace                     2
                    Yasser Arafat 4-Aug-29 Cairo        Egypt                               Negotiation
                                                                   Palestine President of the Palestinian National Autho
1994   peace                                                       Israel      Prime Minister of
                                                                                            Negotiation
                    Yitzhak Rabin1-Mar-22 Jerusalem British Mandate of Palestine (now Israel) Israel
1994   physics                     15-Jul-18            Canada
                    Bertram N. BrockhouseLethbridge Alberta                                 Condensed matter physics, instr
                                                                               McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Ca
1994   physics                    23-Sep-15 Pittsburgh PA
                    Clifford G. Shull                   USA                                 Condensed matter physics, instr
                                                                               Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT
1995   chemistry                   Rowland
                    F. Sherwood 28-Jun-27 Delaware OHSA U                                   Atmospheric and environmenta
                                                                               University of California, Irvine, CA, USA
1995   chemistry                 19-Mar-43 Mexico CityMexico
                    Mario J. Molina                                                         Atmospheric and environmenta
                                                                               Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT
1995   chemistry                   3
                    Paul J. Crutzen -Dec-33 Amsterdamthe Netherlands                        Atmospheric and environmenta
                                                                               Max-Planck-Institut für Chemie, Mainz, Fed
1995   economics                  15-Sep-37 Yakima WAUSA
                    Robert E. Lucas Jr.                                                     Macroeconomics
                                                                               University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
1995   literature   Seamus Heaney 13-Apr-39 Casteldàwson           Ireland
                                                        Northern Ireland                    English
1995   medicine                   20-Oct-42 MagdeburgGermany
                    Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard                                Max-Planck-Institut für Entwicklungsbiologi
1995   medicine                  20-May-18 Wilkes-Barre PA
                    Edward B. Lewis                     USA                    California Institute of Technology (Caltech),
1995   medicine                     8-Jun-47 South BendUSA
                    Eric F. Wieschaus                    IN                    Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA
1995   peace        Joseph Rotblat                                 United Kingdom
                                   4-Nov-08 Warsaw Russian Empire (now Poland)              Arms control and disarmament
1995   peace                     1957 in Pugwash        Canada
                    Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs                        Arms control and disarmament
1995   physics                   16-Mar-18 Paterson NJUSA
                    Frederick Reines                                                        Particle physics
                                                                               University of California, Irvine, CA, USA
1995   physics      Martin L. Perl24-Jun-27 New York NY USA                                 Particle Stanford,
                                                                               Stanford University,physics CA, USA
1996   chemistry                    6-Jun-43 Akron OH USA
                    Richard E. Smalley                                                      Organic chemistry, structural ch
                                                                               Rice University, Houston, TX, USA
1996   chemistry                 23-Aug-33 Alice TX USA
                    Robert F. Curl Jr.                                                      Organic chemistry, structural ch
                                                                               Rice University, Houston, TX, USA
1996   chemistry                    Kroto
                    Sir Harold W. 7-Oct-39 Wisbech United Kingdom                           Organic chemistry, United Kingd
                                                                               University of Sussex, Brighton, structural ch
1996   economics    James A. Mirrlees5-Jul-36 Minnigaff Scotland                            Economics of information
                                                                               University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United
1996   economics                  21-Jun-14 Victoria BC Canada
                    William Vickrey                                                         Economics of information
                                                                               Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
1996   literature                    2-Jul-23
                    Wislawa Szymborska Bnin (now Kórnik)Poland     Poland                   Polish
1996   medicine                   15-Oct-40 Brisbane Australia
                    Peter C. Doherty                                           St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memp
1996   medicine                     6-Jan-44 Basel
                    Rolf M. Zinkernagel                 Switzerland            University of Zurich, Institute of Experiment
1996   peace                       3-Feb-48 Wailacama East Timor East Timor
                    Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo                                              Human rights, peace movement
1996   peace                      26-Dec-49 Dili
                    José Ramos-Horta                    East Timor East Timor               Negotiation, peace movement
1996   physics      David M. Lee20-Jan-31 Rye NY        USA                                 Superfluidity
                                                                               Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
1996   physics                     1-Aug-45
                    Douglas D. Osheroff Aberdeen WA     USA                                 Superfluidity
                                                                               Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
1996   physics                     26-Jul-37
                    Robert C. Richardson Washington DC  USA                                 Superfluidity
                                                                               Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA
1997   chemistry    Jens C. Skou 8-Oct-18 Lemvig        Denmark                             Biochemistry
                                                                               Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
1997   chemistry                    7
                    John E. Walker -Jan-41 Halifax      United Kingdom                      Biochemistry
                                                                               MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Camb
1997   chemistry    Paul D. Boyer31-Jul-18 Provo UT USA                                     Biochemistry
                                                                               University of California, Los Angeles, CA, US
1997   economics    Myron S. Scholes 1-Jul-41 Timmins ONCanada                              Financial economics
                                                                               Long Term Capital Management, Greenwich
1997   economics                   31-Jul-49 New York NY
                    Robert C. Merton                    USA                                 Financial economics
                                                                               Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
1997   literature   Dario Fo 24-Mar-26 Leggiuno-SangianoItaly      Italy                    Italian
1997   medicine                  28-May-42 Des MoinesUSA
                    Stanley B. Prusiner                  IA                    University of California School of Medicine,
1997   peace        International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL)                          Arms control and disarmament,
1997   peace        Jody Williams9-Oct-50 Putney VT USA            Putney, VT, USA          Arms control and disarmament,
1997   physics                     1-Apr-33 Constantine
                    Claude Cohen-Tannoudji              Algeria                             Atomic physics
                                                                               Collège de France, Paris, France, École Norm
1997   physics      Steven Chu 28-Feb-48 St. Louis MO   USA                                 Atomic physics
                                                                               Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
1997   physics                     5-Nov-48 Wilkes-Barre PA
                    William D. Phillips                 USA                                 Atomic physics
                                                                               National Institute of Standards and Technol
1998   chemistry                  3                     United
                    John A. Pople 1-Oct-25 Burnham-on-Sea Kingdom                           Theoretical chemistry
                                                                               Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
1998   chemistry    Walter Kohn 9-Mar-23 Vienna         Austria                             Theoretical Santa Barbara, CA, U
                                                                               University of California,chemistry
1998   economics    Amartya Sen 3-Nov-33 Santiniketan   India                               Welfare economics
                                                                               Trinity College, Cambridge, United Kingdom
1998   literature   José Saramago16-Nov-22 Azinhaga Portugal Portugal                       Portuguese
1998   medicine     Ferid Murad14-Sep-36 Whiting IN USA                        University of Texas Medical School at Houst
1998   medicine                  31-May-41 Brooklyn NY
                    Louis J. Ignarro                    USA                    University of California School of Medicine,
1998   medicine                     4-Jun-16 Charleston SC
                    Robert F. Furchgott                 USA                    SUNY Health Science Center, Brooklyn, NY,
1998   peace                      1
                    David Trimble5-Oct-44 Belfast                  United      MP,           of the Ulster
                                                        Northern Ireland Kingdom Leader Negotiation Unionist Party
1998   peace                                            N          United      MP,           of the Social
                    John Hume 18-Jan-37 Londonderry orthern Ireland Kingdom Leader Negotiation Democratic and La
1998   physics      Daniel C. Tsui28-Feb-39 Henan       China                               Condensed matter physics
                                                                               Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA
1998   physics                     6-Apr-49 Frankfurt-on-the-Main
                    Horst L. Störmer                    West Germany                        Condensed matter physics
                                                                               Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
1998   physics                     1-Nov-50 Visalia CA USA
                    Robert B. Laughlin                                                      Condensed matter physics
                                                                               Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
1999   chemistry                  26-Feb-46 Damanhur Egypt
                    Ahmed H. Zewail                                                         Physical chemistry, chemical kin
                                                                               California Institute of Technology (Caltech),
1999   economics                  24-Oct-32 Kingston ON
                    Robert A. Mundell                   Canada                              International macroeconomics
                                                                               Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
1999   literature   Günter Grass                        Free City Danzig Republic of Germany
                                  16-Oct-27 Danzig (now Gdansk)ofFederal (now Poland) German
1999   medicine     Günter Blobel                       Germany (now Poland)
                                 21-May-36 Waltersdorf (now Niegoslawice) Rockefeller University, New York, NY, USA, H
1999   peace                     1971 in Paris
                    Médecins Sans Frontières            France                              Humanitarian work
                                                                               An independent, neutral and impartial eme
1999   physics      Gerardus 't Hooft5-Jul-46 Den Helderthe Netherlands                     Particle physics
                                                                               Utrecht University, Utrecht, the Netherland
1999   physics                    27-Jun-31
                    Martinus J.G. Veltman Waalwijk the Netherlands                          Particle physics
2000   chemistry                  14-Apr-27
                    Alan G. MacDiarmid Masterton New Zealand                                Physical chemistry
                                                                               University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
2000   chemistry    Alan J. Heeger                      USA
                                  22-Jan-36 Sioux City IA                                   Physical chemistry
                                                                               University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, U
2000   chemistry                 20-Aug-36 Tokyo
                    Hideki Shirakawa                    Japan                               Physical chemistry
                                                                               University of Tsukuba, Tokyo, Japan
2000   economics                   29-Jul-37 Raleigh NC USA
                    Daniel L. McFadden                                                      Econometrics
                                                                               University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
2000   economics                  19-Apr-44 Chicago IL USA
                    James J. Heckman                                                        Econometrics
                                                                               University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
2000   literature   Gao Xingjian 4-Jan-40 Ganzhou China            France                   Chinese
2000   medicine                   2
                    Arvid Carlsson5-Jan-23 Uppsala Sweden                      Göteborg University, Gothenburg, Sweden
2000   medicine     Eric R. Kandel7-Nov-29 Vienna       Austria                Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
2000   medicine     Paul Greengard11-Dec-25 New York NY USA                    Rockefeller University, New York, NY, USA
2000   peace        Kim Dae-jung3-Dec-25 Mokpo                      South Korea)            Humanitarian
                                                        Korea (nowSouth KoreaPresident of South Korea work, negotiation
2000   physics                   25-Aug-28 Weimar Germany
                    Herbert Kroemer                                                         Condensed Santa physics, CA, U
                                                                               University of California,matterBarbara, instr
2000   physics                                          USA
                    Jack S. Kilby 8-Nov-23 Jefferson City MO                                Electronics technology
                                                                               Texas Instruments, Dallas, TX, USA
2000   physics                   15-Mar-30 Vitebsk Belorussia
                    Zhores I. Alferov                   USSR (now Belarus)                  Condensed matter physics, instr
                                                                               A.F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute, St. Pet
2001   chemistry                  28-Apr-41 Philadelphia PA
                    K. Barry Sharpless                  USA                                 Research Institute, La Jolla, CA,
                                                                               The Scripps Organic chemistry, industrial che
2001   chemistry    Ryoji Noyori 3-Sep-38 Kobe          Japan                               Organic chemistry, industrial che
                                                                               Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan
2001   chemistry                    1-Jun-17 Taunton MA
                    William S. Knowles                  USA                                 Organic chemistry, industrial che
2001   economics                 0 1943
                    A. Michael Spence                   USA
                                             Montclair NJ                                   Economics of information
                                                                               Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
2001   economics                  17-Jun-40 New HavenUSA
                    George A. Akerlof                    CT                                 Economics of information
                                                                               University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
2001   economics                    9-Feb-43 Gary IN
                    Joseph E. Stiglitz                  USA                                 Economics of information
                                                                               Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
2001   literature                17-Aug-32
                    Sir Vidiadhar Surajprasad Naipaul Trinidad United Kingdom               English
2001   medicine                   30-Oct-39 Los AngelesUSA
                    Leland H. Hartwell                   CA                    Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Se
2001   medicine                   25-Jan-49 Norwich United Kingdom
                    Sir Paul M. Nurse                                          Imperial Cancer Research Fund, London, Un
2001   medicine     Tim Hunt 19-Feb-43 Neston           United Kingdom         Imperial Cancer Research Fund, London, Un
2001   peace        Kofi Annan 8-Apr-38 Kumasi                     Ghana
                                                        Gold Coast (now Ghana)              World organizing
                                                                               U.N. Secretary-General
2001   peace                     1945 in New York
                    United Nations (U.N.) NY            USA                                 World organizing
2001   physics                   26-Mar-51 Corvallis ORUSA
                    Carl E. Wieman                                             University of Colorado, JILA, Boulder, CO, U
2001   physics                    19-Dec-61 Palo Alto CF
                    Eric A. Cornell                     USA                                 Atomic physics
                                                                               University of Colorado, JILA, Boulder, CO, U
2001   physics                    21-Oct-57 Heidelberg West Germany
                    Wolfgang Ketterle                                                       Atomic physics
                                                                               Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT
2002   chemistry    John B. Fenn15-Jun-17 New York NY   USA                                 Physical chemical methodology
                                                                               Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmo
2002   chemistry    Koichi Tanaka3-Aug-59 Toyama City   Japan                               Physical chemical
                                                                               Shimadzu Corp., Kyoto, Japanmethodology
2002   chemistry    Kurt Wüthrich4-Oct-38 Aarberg Switzerland                               Physical chemical methodology
                                                                               Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (Swi
2002   economics    Daniel Kahneman5-Mar-34 Tel Aviv                           Princeton Israel)
                                                                                            Economic psychology and exper
                                                        British Mandate of Palestine (nowUniversity, Princeton, NJ, USA
2002   economics    Vernon L. Smith 1-Jan-27 Wichita KS USA                                 Economic psychology VA, USA
                                                                               George Mason University, Fairfax,and exper
2002   literature   Imre Kertész 9-Nov-29 Budapest Hungary Hungary                          Hungarian
2002   medicine                    8-May-47 Chicago IL USA
                    H. Robert Horvitz                                          Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT
2002   medicine                  27-Mar-42 Cambridge United Kingdom
                    John E. Sulston                                            The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Camb
2002   medicine     Sydney Brenner13-Jan-27 Germiston South Africa             The Molecular Sciences Institute, Berkeley,
2002   peace        Jimmy Carter 1-Oct-24 Plains GA USA            USA                      Negotiation, human rights
                                                                               39th President of the United States of Amer
2002   physics                    19-Sep-26 Toyohashi Japan
                    Masatoshi Koshiba                                                       Neutrino astrophysics
                                                                               University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
2002   physics                    14-Oct-14 Washington DC
                    Raymond Davis Jr.                   USA                                 Neutrino astrophysics
                                                                               University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
2002   physics                      6-Oct-31 Genoa
                    Riccardo Giacconi                   Italy                               Astrophysics
                                                                               Associated Universities Inc., Washington, DC
2003   chemistry    Peter Agre 30-Jan-49 Northfield MN  USA                                 Biochemistry, structural chemist
                                                                               Johns Hopkins University School of Medicin
2003   chemistry                  19-Feb-56
                    Roderick MacKinnon Burlington MA    USA                                 University, New York, NY, USA, H
                                                                               Rockefeller Biochemistry, structural chemist
2003   economics                    4-Sep-34 Swansea United Kingdom
                    Clive W.J. Granger                                                      Econometrics
                                                                               University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
2003   economics                 10-Nov-42 Syracuse NY
                    Robert F. Engle III                 USA                                 Econometrics
                                                                               New York University, New York, NY, USA
2003   literature   John M. Coetzee 9-Feb-40 Cape Town South AfricaSouth Africa             English
2003   medicine                    6-May-29 Sidney OH USA
                    Paul C. Lauterbur                                            University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA
2003   medicine                     9-Oct-33 London
                    Sir Peter Mansfield                 United Kingdom           University of Nottingham, School of Physics
2003   peace        Shirin Ebadi 21-Jun-47 Hamadan Iran             Iran                      Human rights
2003   physics                    25-Jun-28 Moscow USSR (now Russia)
                    Alexei A. Abrikosov                                                       Condensed matter physics, IL, U
                                                                                 Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne,supe
2003   physics                   26-Mar-38 London
                    Anthony J. Leggett                  United Kingdom                        Condensed matter physics,
                                                                                 University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA supe
2003   physics                      4-Oct-16 Moscow Russia
                    Vitaly L. Ginzburg                                                        Condensed matter physics, supe
                                                                                 P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Moscow, Ru
2004   chemistry                    1-Oct-47 Haifa
                    Aaron Ciechanover                                            Technion ? Israel Institute of Technology, H
                                                                                              Biochemistry
                                                        British Protectorate of Palestine (now Israel)
2004   chemistry    Avram Hershko 31-Dec-37 Karcag      Hungary                               Biochemistry
                                                                                 Technion ? Israel Institute of Technology, H
2004   chemistry    Irwin Rose 16-Jul-26 Brooklyn NY    USA                                   Biochemistry
                                                                                 University of California, Irvine, CA, USA
2004   economics                  26-Dec-40 Glens Falls NY
                    Edward C. Prescott                  USA                                   Macroeconomics
                                                                                 Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA, F
2004   economics    Finn E. Kydland 1-Dec-43 Gjesdal    Norway                                Macroeconomics
                                                                                 Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA,
2004   literature                 20-Oct-46 Mürzzuschlag
                    Elfriede Jelinek                    Austria     Austria                   German
2004   medicine     Linda B. Buck29-Jan-47 Seattle WA USA                        Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Se
2004   medicine     Richard Axel 2-Jul-46 New York NY   USA                      Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
2004   peace                        1-Apr-40
                    Wangari Muta Maathai Nyeri          Kenya       Kenya                     Humanitarian work
2004   physics      David J. Gross                      USA
                                  19-Feb-41 Washington DC                        University of California, Kavli Institute for Th
2004   physics      Frank Wilczek15-May-51 New York NY  USA                      Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT
2004   physics                    31-Aug-49 New York NY
                    H. David Politzer                   USA                      California Institute of Technology (Caltech),
2005   chemistry                    4-Jan-45 Berne IN USA
                    Richard R. Schrock                                                        Organic chemistry
                                                                                 Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT
2005   chemistry                  27-Feb-42 Possum Trot KY
                    Robert H. Grubbs                    USA                                   Organic chemistry
                                                                                 California Institute of Technology (Caltech),
2005   chemistry    Yves Chauvin  10-Oct-30 Menin       France                                Organic chemistry
                                                                                 Institut Français du Pétrole, Rueil-Malmaiso
2005   economics    Robert J. Aumann                    Germany
                                    8-Jun-30 Frankfurt-on-the-Main                            Game theory
                                                                                 University of Jerusalem, Center for Rational
2005   economics                  14-Apr-21
                    Thomas C. Schelling Oakland CAUSA                                         Game theory
                                                                                 University of Maryland, Department of Econ
2005   literature                 1
                    Harold Pinter 0-Oct-30 London                   United
                                                        United Kingdom Kingdom                English
2005   medicine                   30-Sep-51 Kalgoorlie Australia
                    Barry J. Marshall                                            NHMRC <i>Helicobacter pylori</i> Research
2005   medicine                   11-Jun-37 Adelaide Australia
                    J. Robin Warren
2005   peace                     1957 in Vienna         Austria
                    International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)                                 Arms control and disarmament
2005   peace                      17-Jun-42
                    Mohamed ElBaradei Cairo             Egypt       Egypt                     Arms control
                                                                                 Director General of IAEA and disarmament
2005   physics      John L. Hall 21-Aug-34 Denver CO USA                                      Atomic physics
                                                                                 University of Colorado, JILA, Boulder, CO, U
2005   physics                      1
                    Roy J. Glauber -Sep-25 New York NY  USA                                   Quantum optics
                                                                                 Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
2005   physics                    30-Oct-41
                    Theodor W. Hänsch Heidelberg Germany                                      Atomic für Quantenoptik, Garch
                                                                                 Max-Planck-InstitutPhysics
2006   chemistry                  24-Apr-47 St. Louis MO
                    Roger D. Kornberg                   USA                                   Biochemistry, structural chemist
                                                                                 Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
2006   economics                   26-Jul-33 Evanston ILUSA
                    Edmund S. Phelps                                                          Macroeconomics
                                                                                 Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
2006   literature   Orhan Pamuk 7-Jun-52 Istanbul Turkey            Turkey                    Turkish
2006   medicine     Andrew Z. Fire27-Apr-59 Stanford CAUSA                       Stanford University School of Medicine, Sta
2006   medicine                   1
                    Craig C. Mello9-Oct-60 New HavenUSA  CT                      University of Massachusetts Medical Schoo
2006   peace                     1976
                    Grameen Bank in Dhaka               Bangladesh                            Humanitarian work
2006   peace                       Yunus                             (now Bangladesh)         Grameen Bank
                    Muhammad 28-Jun-40 Chittagong British IndiaBangladesh Founder of Humanitarian work
2006   physics                    20-Feb-45 Yukon FL USA
                    George F. Smoot                                                           Astrophysics, instrumentation
                                                                                 University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
2006   physics      John C. Mather 7-Aug-46 Roanoke VA  USA                                   Astrophysics, instrumentation
                                                                                 NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenb
2007   chemistry    Gerhard Ertl10-Oct-36 Bad Cannstatt Germany                               Inorganic chemistry, surface che
                                                                                 Fritz-Haber-Institut der Max-Planck-Gesellsc
2007   economics    Eric S. Maskin12-Dec-50 New York NY USA                                    Advanced Study,
                                                                                 Institute forMicroeconomics Princeton, NJ,
2007   economics    Leonid Hurwicz21-Aug-17 Moscow Russia                                     Microeconomics
                                                                                 University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN,
2007   economics                 29-Mar-51 Boston MA USA
                    Roger B. Myerson                                                          Microeconomics
                                                                                 University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
2007   literature   Doris Lessing 22-Oct-19 Kermanshah               Iran)
                                                        Persia (nowUnited Kingdom             English
2007   medicine                     6-Oct-37 Verona
                    Mario R. Capecchi                   Italy                    University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA, H
2007   medicine                   23-Jun-25 Halifax
                    Oliver Smithies                     United Kingdom           University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, C
2007   medicine                     1-Jan-41 Stroud
                    Sir Martin J. Evans                 United Kingdom        Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom
2007   peace                     31-Mar-48 Jr.          USA
                    Albert Arnold (Al) Gore Washington DC          USA                    Humanitarian work, world organ
2007   peace                    1988 in New on
                                             NY         USA
                    Intergovernmental PanelYorkClimate Change (IPCC)                      Humanitarian work, world organ
2007   physics                                          F
                    Albert Fert 7-Mar-38 Carcassonnerance                                 Condensed matter physics
                                                                              Université Paris-Sud, Orsay, France, Unité M
2007   physics                   18-May-39 Plzen
                    Peter Grünberg                                            Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, Germany
                                                                                          Condensed matter physics
                                                        Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic)
2008   chemistry    Martin Chalfie 1947 Chicago IL USA                                    Biochemistry
                                                                              Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
2008   chemistry    Osamu Shimomura     1928 Kyoto      Japan                             Biochemistry
                                                                              Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL), Woods
2008   chemistry    Roger Y. Tsien1-Feb-52 New York NY  USA                               Biochemistry
                                                                              University of California, San Diego, CA, USA,
2008   economics    Paul Krugman  28-Feb-53 New York NY USA                               International and regional econo
                                                                              Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA
2008   literature                 13-Apr-40 Nice
                    Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio        France     France, Mauritius      French
2008   medicine                    30-Jul-47 Paris
                    Françoise Barré-Sinoussi            France                Regulation of Retroviral Infections Unit, Viro
2008   medicine                  11-Mar-36 Gelsenkirchen
                    Harald zur Hausen                   Germany               German Cancer Research Centre, Heidelber
2008   medicine                  18-Aug-32 Chabris
                    Luc Montagnier                      France                World Foundation for AIDS Research and Pr
2008   peace                      23-Jun-37 Viipuri (now Vyborg) Finland
                    Martti Ahtisaari                    Finland (now Russia)              Negotiation
2008   physics                     7-Apr-44 Nagoya
                    Makoto Kobayashi                    Japan                              Accelerator Research Organizat
                                                                              High EnergyParticle physics
2008   physics      Toshihide Maskawa                                                     Particle physics
                                                                              Kyoto Sangyo University, Kyoto, Japan, Yuka
2008   physics      Yoichiro Nambu18-Jan-21 Tokyo       Japan                             Particle physics
                                                                              Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago
2009   chemistry                  2
                    Ada E. Yonath2-Jun-39 Jerusalem Israel                                Biochemistry, structural chemist
                                                                              Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Isr
2009   chemistry                 23-Aug-40 Milwaukee USA
                    Thomas A. Steitz                    WI                                Biochemistry, structural chemist
                                                                              Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA, Howa
2009   chemistry                        1952 Chidambaram Tamil Nadu
                    Venkatraman Ramakrishnan            India                             Biochemistry, structural chemist
                                                                              MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Camb
2009   economics    Elinor Ostrom  7-Aug-33 New York NY USA                               Economic governance
                                                                              Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA, A
2009   economics                  27-Sep-32
                    Oliver E. Williamson Superior WIUSA                                   Economic governance
                                                                              University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
2009   literature                1                      Romania Germany
                    Herta Müller 7-Aug-53 Nitzkydorf Banat                                German
2009   medicine                   15-Apr-61 San Diego CA
                    Carol W. Greider                    USA                   Johns Hopkins University School of Medicin
2009   medicine                   Blackburn             Australia
                    Elizabeth H. 26-Nov-48 Hobart Tasmania                    University of California, San Francisco, CA, U
2009   medicine     Jack W. Szostak9-Nov-52 London      United Kingdom        Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA, M
2009   peace        Barack H. Obama4-Aug-61 Honolulu HIUSA         USA                    World organizing, arms of Amer
                                                                              44th President of the United Statescontrol a
2009   physics      Charles K. Kao 4-Nov-33 Shanghai China                                Fiber technology, Laboratories,
                                                                              Standard Telecommunicationinstrumentatio
2009   physics                   10-May-30 White Plains NY
                    George E. Smith                     USA                               Semiconductor technology,
                                                                              Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ, USA instr
2009   physics                   19-Aug-24 Amherst NSCanada
                    Willard S. Boyle                                                      Semiconductor technology,
                                                                              Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ, USA instr
2010   chemistry    Akira Suzuki        1930 Mukawa Japan                     Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
2010   chemistry    Ei-ichi Negishi 1935 Changchun China                      Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, USA
2010   chemistry    Richard F. Heck 1931 Springfield MA USA                   University of Delaware, USA
2010   economics                        1948 Nicosia
                    Christopher A. Pissarides           Cyprys                London School of Economics and Political Sc
2010   economics                        1
                    Dale T. Mortensen 939 Enterprise OR USA                   Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
2010   economics    Peter A. Diamond1940 New York NY    USA                   Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT
2010   literature                28-Mar-36 Arequipa Peru
                    Mario Vargas Llosa
2010   medicine                         1
                    Robert G. Edwards925 Batley         United Kingdom        University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United
2010   peace        Liu Xiaobo                                     China                  Human rights
2010   physics      Andre Geim          1958 Sochi      Russia                University of Manchester, Manchester, Unit
2010   physics                          1974            R
                    Konstantin Novoselov Nizhny Tagil ussia                   University of Manchester, Manchester, Unit
Prize NameMotivation URL
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1901/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1901 was awarded to Jacobus H. van 't Hoff in recognition of the extraordinary servi
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1901/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1901 was awarded to Sully Prudhomme in special recognition of his poetic composit
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1901/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1901 was awarded to Emil von Behring for his work on serum therapy,
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1901/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1901 was awarded jointly to Jean Henry Dunant and Frédéric Passy
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1901/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1901 was awarded jointly to Jean Henry Dunant and Frédéric Passy
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1901/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1901 was awarded to Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen in recognition of the extraordinary serv
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1902/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1902 was awarded to Emil Fischer in recognition of the extraordinary services he has
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1902/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1902 was awarded to Theodor Mommsen the greatest living master of the art of hist
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1902/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1902 was awarded to Ronald Ross for his work on malaria, by which he
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1902/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1902 was awarded jointly to Élie Ducommun and Charles Albert Gobat
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1902/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1902 was awarded jointly to Élie Ducommun and Charles Albert Gobat
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1902/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1902 was awarded jointly to Hendrik Antoon Lorentz and Pieter Zeeman in recognition
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1902/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1902 was awarded jointly to Hendrik Antoon Lorentz and Pieter Zeeman in recognition
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1903/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1903 was awarded to Svante Arrhenius in recognition of the extraordinary services h
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1903/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1903 was awarded to Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson as a tribute to his noble, magnificent an
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1902/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1903 was awarded to Niels Ryberg Finsen in recognition of his contribu
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1903/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1903 was awarded to Randal Cremer.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1902/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1903 was divided, one half awarded to Antoine Henri Becquerel in recognition of the ex
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1902/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1903 was divided, one half awarded to Antoine Henri Becquerel in recognition of the ex
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1902/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1903 was divided, one half awarded to Antoine Henri Becquerel in recognition of the ex
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1904/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1904 was awarded to Sir William Ramsay in recognition of his services in the discove
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1904/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1904 was divided equally between Frédéric Mistral in recognition of the fresh origina
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1904/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1904 was divided equally between Frédéric Mistral in recognition of the fresh origina
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1904/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1904 was awarded to Ivan Pavlov in recognition of his work on the phy
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1904/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1904 was awarded to Institute of International Law.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1904/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1904 was awarded to Lord Rayleigh for his investigations of the densities of the most im
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1905/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1905 was awarded to Adolf von Baeyer in recognition of his services in the advancem
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1905/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1905 was awarded to Henryk Sienkiewicz because of his outstanding merits as an ep
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1905/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1905 was awarded to Robert Koch for his investigations and discoveries
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1905/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1905 was awarded to Bertha von Suttner.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1905/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1905 was awarded to Philipp Lenard for his work on cathode rays.
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1906/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1906 was awarded to Henri Moissan in recognition of the great services rendered by
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1906/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1906 was awarded to Giosuè Carducci not only in consideration of his deep learning
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1906/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1906 was awarded jointly to Camillo Golgi and Santiago Ramón y Cajal
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1906/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1906 was awarded jointly to Camillo Golgi and Santiago Ramón y Cajal
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1906/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1906 was awarded to Theodore Roosevelt.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1906/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1906 was awarded to J.J. Thomson in recognition of the great merits of his theoretical a
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1907/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1907 was awarded to Eduard Buchner for his biochemical researches and his discove
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1907/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1907 was awarded to Rudyard Kipling in consideration of the power of observation,
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1907/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1907 was awarded to Alphonse Laveran in recognition of his work on th
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1907/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1907 was awarded jointly to Ernesto Teodoro Moneta and Louis Renault
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1907/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1907 was awarded jointly to Ernesto Teodoro Moneta and Louis Renault
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1907/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1907 was awarded to Albert A. Michelson for his optical precision instruments and the
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1908/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1908 was awarded to Ernest Rutherford for his investigations into the disintegration
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1908/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1908 was awarded to Rudolf Eucken in recognition of his earnest search for truth, hi
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1908/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1908 was awarded jointly to Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov and Paul Ehrlich in re
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1908/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1908 was awarded jointly to Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov and Paul Ehrlich in re
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1908/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1908 was awarded jointly to Klas Pontus Arnoldson and Fredrik Bajer
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1908/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1908 was awarded jointly to Klas Pontus Arnoldson and Fredrik Bajer
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1908/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1908 was awarded to Gabriel Lippmann for his method of reproducing colours photogr
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1909/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1909 was awarded to Wilhelm Ostwald in recognition of his work on catalysis and fo
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1909/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1909 was awarded to Selma Lagerlöf in appreciation of the lofty idealism, vivid imag
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1909/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1909 was awarded to Theodor Kocher for his work on the physiology, p
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1909/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1909 was awarded jointly to Auguste Marie François Beernaert and Paul Henri Benjamin Ba
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1909/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1909 was awarded jointly to Guglielmo Marconi and Karl Ferdinand Braun in recognitio
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1909/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1909 was awarded jointly to Guglielmo Marconi and Karl Ferdinand Braun in recognitio
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1910/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1910 was awarded to Otto Wallach in recognition of his services to organic chemistr
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1910/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1910 was awarded to Paul Heyse as a tribute to the consummate artistry, permeated
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1910/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1910 was awarded to Albrecht Kossel in recognition of the contribution
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1910/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1910 was awarded to Permanent International Peace Bureau.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1910/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1910 was awarded to Johannes Diderik van der Waals for his work on the equation of s
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1911/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1911 was awarded to Marie Curie in recognition of her services to the advancement
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1911/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1911 was awarded to Maurice Maeterlinck in appreciation of his many-sided literary
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1911/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1911 was awarded to Allvar Gullstrand for his work on the dioptrics of t
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1911/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1911 was awarded jointly to Tobias Michael Carel Asser and Alfred Hermann Fried
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1911/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1911 was awarded jointly to Tobias Michael Carel Asser and Alfred Hermann Fried
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1911/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1911 was awarded to Wilhelm Wien for his discoveries regarding the laws governing th
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1912/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1912 was divided equally between Victor Grignard for the discovery of the so-called
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1912/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1912 was divided equally between Victor Grignard for the discovery of the so-called
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1912/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1912 was awarded to Gerhart Hauptmann primarily in recognition of his fruitful, vari
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1912/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1912 was awarded to Alexis Carrel in recognition of his work on vascula
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1912/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1912 was awarded to Elihu Root.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1912/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1912 was awarded to Gustaf Dalén for his invention of automatic regulators for use in c
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1913/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1913 was awarded to Alfred Werner in recognition of his work on the linkage of atom
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1913/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1913 was awarded to Rabindranath Tagore because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1913/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1913 was awarded to Charles Richet in recognition of his work on anap
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1913/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1913 was awarded to Henri La Fontaine.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1913/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1913 was awarded to Heike Kamerlingh Onnes for his investigations on the properties o
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1914/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1914 was awarded to Theodore W. Richards in recognition of his accurate determina
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1914/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1914 was awarded to Robert Bárány for his work on the physiology and
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1914/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1914 was awarded to Max von Laue for his discovery of the diffraction of X-rays by crys
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1915/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1915 was awarded to Richard Willstätter for his researches on plant pigments, espec
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1915/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1915 was awarded to Romain Rolland as a tribute to the lofty idealism of his literary
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1915/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1915 was awarded jointly to Sir William Henry Bragg and William Lawrence Bragg for th
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1915/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1915 was awarded jointly to Sir William Henry Bragg and William Lawrence Bragg for th
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1916/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1916 was awarded to Verner von Heidenstam in recognition of his significance as the
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1917/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1917 was divided equally between Karl Adolph Gjellerup for his varied and rich poetr
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1917/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1917 was divided equally between Karl Adolph Gjellerup for his varied and rich poetr
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1917/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1917 was awarded to International Committee of the Red Cross.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1917/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1917 was awarded to Charles Glover Barkla for his discovery of the characteristic Röntg
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1918/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1918 was awarded to Fritz Haber for the synthesis of ammonia from its elements.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1918/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1918 was awarded to Max Planck in recognition of the services he rendered to the adva
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1919/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1919 was awarded to Carl Spitteler in special appreciation of his epic, Olympian Sprin
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1919/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1919 was awarded to Jules Bordet for his discoveries relating to immun
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1919/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1919 was awarded to Woodrow Wilson.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1919/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1919 was awarded to Johannes Stark for his discovery of the Doppler effect in canal ray
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1920/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1920 was awarded to Walther Nernst in recognition of his work in thermochemistry
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1920/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1920 was awarded to Knut Hamsun for his monumental work, Growth of the Soil.
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1920/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1920 was awarded to August Krogh for his discovery of the capillary mo
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1920/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1920 was awarded to Léon Bourgeois.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1920/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1920 was awarded to Charles Edouard Guillaume in recognition of the service he has re
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1921/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1921 was awarded to Frederick Soddy for his contributions to our knowledge of the
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1921/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1921 was awarded to Anatole France in recognition of his brilliant literary achieveme
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1921/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1921 was awarded jointly to Karl Hjalmar Branting and Christian Lous Lange
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1921/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1921 was awarded jointly to Karl Hjalmar Branting and Christian Lous Lange
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1921/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1921 was awarded to Albert Einstein for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especia
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1922/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1922 was awarded to Francis W. Aston for his discovery, by means of his mass spect
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1922/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1922 was awarded to Jacinto Benavente for the happy manner in which he has conti
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1922/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1922 was divided equally between Archibald Vivian Hill for his discover
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1922/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1922 was divided equally between Archibald Vivian Hill for his discover
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1922/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1922 was awarded to Fridtjof Nansen.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1922/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1922 was awarded to Niels Bohr for his services in the investigation of the structure of
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1923/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1923 was awarded to Fritz Pregl for his invention of the method of micro-analysis of
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1923/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1923 was awarded to William Butler Yeats for his always inspired poetry, which in a
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1923/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1923 was awarded jointly to Frederick Grant Banting and John James R
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1923/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1923 was awarded jointly to Frederick Grant Banting and John James R
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1923/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1923 was awarded to Robert A. Millikan for his work on the elementary charge of elect
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1924/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1924 was awarded to Wladyslaw Reymont for his great national epic, The Peasants.
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1924/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1924 was awarded to Willem Einthoven for his discovery of the mechan
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1924/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1924 was awarded to Manne Siegbahn for his discoveries and research in the field of X-
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1925/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1925 was awarded to Richard Zsigmondy for his demonstration of the heterogenous
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1925/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1925 was awarded to George Bernard Shaw for his work which is marked by both ide
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1925/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1925 was awarded jointly to Sir Austen Chamberlain and Charles Gates Dawes
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1925/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1925 was awarded jointly to Sir Austen Chamberlain and Charles Gates Dawes
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1925/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1925 was awarded jointly to James Franck and Gustav Ludwig Hertz for their discovery
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1925/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1925 was awarded jointly to James Franck and Gustav Ludwig Hertz for their discovery
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1926/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1926 was awarded to The Svedberg for his work on disperse systems.
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1926/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1926 was awarded to Grazia Deledda for her idealistically inspired writings which wit
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1926/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1926 was awarded to Johannes Fibiger for his discovery of the Spiropte
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1926/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1926 was awarded jointly to Aristide Briand and Gustav Stresemann
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1926/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1926 was awarded jointly to Aristide Briand and Gustav Stresemann
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1926/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1926 was awarded to Jean Baptiste Perrin for his work on the discontinuous structure o
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1927/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1927 was awarded to Heinrich Wieland for his investigations of the constitution of th
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1927/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1927 was awarded to Henri Bergson in recognition of his rich and vitalizing ideas and
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1927/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1927 was awarded to Julius Wagner-Jauregg for his discovery of the the
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1927/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1927 was awarded jointly to Ferdinand Buisson and Ludwig Quidde
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1927/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1927 was awarded jointly to Ferdinand Buisson and Ludwig Quidde
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1927/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1927 was divided equally between Arthur Holly Compton for his discovery of the effect
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1927/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1927 was divided equally between Arthur Holly Compton for his discovery of the effect
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1928/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1928 was awarded to Adolf Windaus for the services rendered through his research
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1928/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1928 was awarded to Sigrid Undset principially for her powerful descriptions of Nort
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1928/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1928 was awarded to Charles Nicolle for his work on typhus.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1928/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1928 was awarded to Owen Willans Richardson for his work on the thermionic phenom
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1929/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1929 was awarded jointly to Arthur Harden and Hans Karl August Simon von Euler-C
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1929/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1929 was awarded jointly to Arthur Harden and Hans Karl August Simon von Euler-C
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1929/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1929 was awarded to Thomas Mann principally for his great novel, Buddenbrooks, w
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1929/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1929 was divided equally between Christiaan Eijkman for his discovery
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1929/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1929 was divided equally between Christiaan Eijkman for his discovery
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1929/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1929 was awarded to Frank B. Kellogg.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1929/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1929 was awarded to Louis de Broglie for his discovery of the wave nature of electrons
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1930/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1930 was awarded to Hans Fischer for his researches into the constitution of haemin
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1930/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1930 was awarded to Sinclair Lewis for his vigorous and graphic art of description an
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1930/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1930 was awarded to Karl Landsteiner for his discovery of human blood
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1930/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1930 was awarded to Nathan Söderblom.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1930/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1930 was awarded to Sir Venkata Raman for his work on the scattering of light and for
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1931/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1931 was awarded jointly to Carl Bosch and Friedrich Bergius in recognition of their
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1931/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1931 was awarded jointly to Carl Bosch and Friedrich Bergius in recognition of their
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1931/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1931 was awarded to Erik Axel Karlfeldt The poetry of Erik Axel Karlfeldt.
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1931/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1931 was awarded to Otto Warburg for his discovery of the nature and
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1931/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1931 was awarded jointly to Jane Addams and Nicholas Murray Butler
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1931/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1931 was awarded jointly to Jane Addams and Nicholas Murray Butler
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1932/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1932 was awarded to Irving Langmuir for his discoveries and investigations in surfac
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1932/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1932 was awarded to John Galsworthy for his distinguished art of narration which ta
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1932/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1932 was awarded jointly to Sir Charles Scott Sherrington and Edgar Do
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1932/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1932 was awarded jointly to Sir Charles Scott Sherrington and Edgar Do
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1932/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1932 was awarded to Werner Heisenberg for the creation of quantum mechanics, the a
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1933/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1933 was awarded to Ivan Bunin for the strict artistry with which he has carried on t
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1933/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1933 was awarded to Thomas H. Morgan for his discoveries concerning
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1933/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1933 was awarded to Sir Norman Angell.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1933/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1933 was awarded jointly to Erwin Schrödinger and Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac for the d
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1933/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1933 was awarded jointly to Erwin Schrödinger and Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac for the d
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1934/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1934 was awarded to Harold C. Urey for his discovery of heavy hydrogen.
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1934/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1934 was awarded to Luigi Pirandello for his bold and ingenious revival of dramatic a
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1934/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1934 was awarded jointly to George Hoyt Whipple, George Richards M
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1934/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1934 was awarded jointly to George Hoyt Whipple, George Richards M
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1934/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1934 was awarded jointly to George Hoyt Whipple, George Richards M
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1934/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1934 was awarded to Arthur Henderson.
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1935/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1935 was awarded jointly to Frédéric Joliot and Irène Joliot-Curie in recognition of th
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1935/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1935 was awarded jointly to Frédéric Joliot and Irène Joliot-Curie in recognition of th
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1935/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1935 was awarded to Hans Spemann for his discovery of the organizer
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1935/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1935 was awarded to Carl von Ossietzky.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1935/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1935 was awarded to James Chadwick for the discovery of the neutron.
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1936/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1936 was awarded to Peter Debye for his contributions to our knowledge of molecu
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1936/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1936 was awarded to Eugene O'Neill for the power, honesty and deep-felt emotions
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1936/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1936 was awarded jointly to Sir Henry Hallett Dale and Otto Loewi for t
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1936/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1936 was awarded jointly to Sir Henry Hallett Dale and Otto Loewi for t
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1936/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1936 was awarded to Carlos Saavedra Lamas.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1936/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1936 was divided equally between Victor Franz Hess for his discovery of cosmic radiatio
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1936/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1936 was divided equally between Victor Franz Hess for his discovery of cosmic radiatio
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1937/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1937 was divided equally between Walter Norman Haworth for his investigations on
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1937/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1937 was divided equally between Walter Norman Haworth for his investigations on
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1937/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1937 was awarded to Roger Martin du Gard for the artistic power and truth with wh
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1937/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1937 was awarded to Albert Szent-Györgyi for his discoveries in connec
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1937/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1937 was awarded to Robert Cecil.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1937/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1937 was awarded jointly to Clinton Joseph Davisson and George Paget Thomson for th
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1937/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1937 was awarded jointly to Clinton Joseph Davisson and George Paget Thomson for th
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1938/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1938 was awarded to Richard Kuhn for his work on carotenoids and vitamins.
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1938/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1938 was awarded to Pearl Buck for her rich and truly epic descriptions of peasant lif
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1938/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1938 was awarded to Corneille Heymans for the discovery of the role p
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1938/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1938 was awarded to Nansen International Office for Refugees.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1938/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1938 was awarded to Enrico Fermi for his demonstrations of the existence of new radio
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1939/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1939 was divided equally between Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt for his work on
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1939/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1939 was divided equally between Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt for his work on
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1939/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1939 was awarded to Frans Eemil Sillanpää for his deep understanding of his country
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1939/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1939 was awarded to Gerhard Domagk for the discovery of the antibac
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1939/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1939 was awarded to Ernest Lawrence for the invention and development of the cyclot
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1943/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1943 was awarded to George de Hevesy for his work on the use of isotopes as trace
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1943/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1943 was divided equally between Henrik Carl Peter Dam for his discov
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1943/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1943 was divided equally between Henrik Carl Peter Dam for his discov
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1943/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1943 was awarded to Otto Stern for his contribution to the development of the molecu
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1944/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1944 was awarded to Otto Hahn for his discovery of the fission of heavy nuclei.
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1944/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1944 was awarded to Johannes V. Jensen for the rare strength and fertility of his poe
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1944/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1944 was awarded jointly to Joseph Erlanger and Herbert Spencer Gass
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1944/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1944 was awarded jointly to Joseph Erlanger and Herbert Spencer Gass
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1944/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1944 was awarded to International Committee of the Red Cross.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1944/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1944 was awarded to Isidor Isaac Rabi for his resonance method for recording the mag
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1945/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1945 was awarded to Artturi Virtanen for his research and inventions in agricultural
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1945/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1945 was awarded to Gabriela Mistral for her lyric poetry which, inspired by powerfu
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1945/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1945 was awarded jointly to Sir Alexander Fleming, Ernst Boris Chain an
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1945/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1945 was awarded jointly to Sir Alexander Fleming, Ernst Boris Chain an
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1945/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1945 was awarded jointly to Sir Alexander Fleming, Ernst Boris Chain an
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1945/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1945 was awarded to Cordell Hull.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1945/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1945 was awarded to Wolfgang Pauli for the discovery of the Exclusion Principle, also c
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1946/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1946 was divided, one half awarded to James Batcheller Sumner for his discovery th
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1946/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1946 was divided, one half awarded to James Batcheller Sumner for his discovery th
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1946/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1946 was divided, one half awarded to James Batcheller Sumner for his discovery th
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1946/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1946 was awarded to Hermann Hesse for his inspired writings which, while growing
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1946/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1946 was awarded to Hermann J. Muller for the discovery of the produ
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1946/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1946 was awarded jointly to Emily Greene Balch and John Raleigh Mott
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1946/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1946 was awarded jointly to Emily Greene Balch and John Raleigh Mott
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1946/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1946 was awarded to Percy W. Bridgman for the invention of an apparatus to produce
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1947/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1947 was awarded to Sir Robert Robinson for his investigations on plant products of
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1947/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1947 was awarded to André Gide for his comprehensive and artistically significant w
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1947/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1947 was divided, one half jointly to Carl Ferdinand Cori and Gerty Ther
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1947/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1947 was divided, one half jointly to Carl Ferdinand Cori and Gerty Ther
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1947/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1947 was divided, one half jointly to Carl Ferdinand Cori and Gerty Ther
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1947/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1947 was awarded jointly to Friends Service Council (The Quakers) and American Friends S
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1947/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1947 was awarded jointly to Friends Service Council (The Quakers) and American Friends S
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1947/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1947 was awarded to Edward V. Appleton for his investigations of the physics of the up
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1948/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1948 was awarded to Arne Tiselius for his research on electrophoresis and adsorptio
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1948/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1948 was awarded to T.S. Eliot for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-d
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1948/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1948 was awarded to Paul Müller for his discovery of the high efficienc
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1948/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1948 was awarded to Patrick M.S. Blackett for his development of the Wilson cloud cha
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1949/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1949 was awarded to William F. Giauque for his contributions in the field of chemica
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1949/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1949 was awarded to William Faulkner for his powerful and artistically unique contri
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1949/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1949 was divided equally between Walter Rudolf Hess for his discovery
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1949/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1949 was divided equally between Walter Rudolf Hess for his discovery
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1949/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1949 was awarded to Lord Boyd Orr.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1949/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1949 was awarded to Hideki Yukawa for his prediction of the existence of mesons on th
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1950/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1950 was awarded jointly to Otto Paul Hermann Diels and Kurt Alder for their discov
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1950/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1950 was awarded jointly to Otto Paul Hermann Diels and Kurt Alder for their discov
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1950/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1950 was awarded to Bertrand Russell in recognition of his varied and significant wri
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1950/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1950 was awarded jointly to Edward Calvin Kendall, Tadeus Reichstein
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1950/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1950 was awarded jointly to Edward Calvin Kendall, Tadeus Reichstein
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1950/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1950 was awarded jointly to Edward Calvin Kendall, Tadeus Reichstein
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1950/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1950 was awarded to Ralph Bunche.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1950/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1950 was awarded to Cecil Powell for his development of the photographic method of
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1951/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1951 was awarded jointly to Edwin Mattison McMillan and Glenn Theodore Seaborg
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1951/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1951 was awarded jointly to Edwin Mattison McMillan and Glenn Theodore Seaborg
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1951/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1951 was awarded to Pär Lagerkvist for the artistic vigour and true independence of
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1951/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1951 was awarded to Max Theiler for his discoveries concerning yellow
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1951/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1951 was awarded to Léon Jouhaux.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1951/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1951 was awarded jointly to Sir John Douglas Cockcroft and Ernest Thomas Sinton Walt
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1951/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1951 was awarded jointly to Sir John Douglas Cockcroft and Ernest Thomas Sinton Walt
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1952/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1952 was awarded jointly to Archer John Porter Martin and Richard Laurence Milling
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1952/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1952 was awarded jointly to Archer John Porter Martin and Richard Laurence Milling
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1952/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1952 was awarded to François Mauriac for the deep spiritual insight and the artistic
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1952/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1952 was awarded to Selman A. Waksman for his discovery of streptom
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1952/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1952 was awarded to Albert Schweitzer.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1952/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1952 was awarded jointly to Felix Bloch and Edward Mills Purcell for their development
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1952/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1952 was awarded jointly to Felix Bloch and Edward Mills Purcell for their development
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1953/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1953 was awarded to Hermann Staudinger for his discoveries in the field of macrom
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1953/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1953 was awarded to Winston Churchill for his mastery of historical and biographica
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1953/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1953 was divided equally between Hans Adolf Krebs for his discovery o
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1953/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1953 was divided equally between Hans Adolf Krebs for his discovery o
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1953/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1953 was awarded to George C. Marshall.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1953/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1953 was awarded to Frits Zernike for his demonstration of the phase contrast method
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1954/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1954 was awarded to Linus Pauling for his research into the nature of the chemical b
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1954/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1954 was awarded to Ernest Hemingway for his mastery of the art of narrative, most
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1954/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1954 was awarded jointly to John Franklin Enders, Thomas Huckle Well
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1954/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1954 was awarded jointly to John Franklin Enders, Thomas Huckle Well
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1954/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1954 was awarded jointly to John Franklin Enders, Thomas Huckle Well
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1954/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1954 was awarded to Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1954/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1954 was divided equally between Max Born for his fundamental research in quantum
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1954/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1954 was divided equally between Max Born for his fundamental research in quantum
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1955/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1955 was awarded to Vincent du Vigneaud for his work on biochemically important
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1955/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1955 was awarded to Halldór Laxness for his vivid epic power which has renewed the
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1955/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1955 was awarded to Hugo Theorell for his discoveries concerning the
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1955/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1955 was divided equally between Willis Eugene Lamb for his discoveries concerning th
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1955/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1955 was divided equally between Willis Eugene Lamb for his discoveries concerning th
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1956/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1956 was awarded jointly to Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood and Nikolay Nikolaevich S
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1956/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1956 was awarded jointly to Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood and Nikolay Nikolaevich S
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1956/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1956 was awarded to Juan Ramón Jiménez for his lyrical poetry, which in Spanish lan
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1956/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1956 was awarded jointly to André Frédéric Cournand, Werner Forssma
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1956/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1956 was awarded jointly to André Frédéric Cournand, Werner Forssma
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1956/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1956 was awarded jointly to André Frédéric Cournand, Werner Forssma
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1956/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1956 was awarded jointly to William Bradford Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Hous
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1956/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1956 was awarded jointly to William Bradford Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Hous
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1956/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1956 was awarded jointly to William Bradford Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Hous
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1957/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1957 was awarded to Lord Todd for his work on nucleotides and nucleotide co-enzym
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1957/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1957 was awarded to Albert Camus for his important literary production, which with
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1957/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1957 was awarded to Daniel Bovet for his discoveries relating to synthe
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1957/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1957 was awarded to Lester Bowles Pearson.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1957/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1957 was awarded jointly to Chen Ning Yang and Tsung-Dao (T.D.) Lee for their penetra
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1957/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1957 was awarded jointly to Chen Ning Yang and Tsung-Dao (T.D.) Lee for their penetra
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1958/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1958 was awarded to Frederick Sanger for his work on the structure of proteins, esp
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1958/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1958 was awarded to Boris Pasternak for his important achievement both in contem
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1958/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1958 was divided, one half jointly to George Wells Beadle and Edward L
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1958/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1958 was divided, one half jointly to George Wells Beadle and Edward L
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1958/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1958 was divided, one half jointly to George Wells Beadle and Edward L
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1958/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1958 was awarded to Georges Pire.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1958/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1958 was awarded jointly to Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov, Il´ja Mikhailovich Frank and
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1958/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1958 was awarded jointly to Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov, Il´ja Mikhailovich Frank and
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1958/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1958 was awarded jointly to Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov, Il´ja Mikhailovich Frank and
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1959/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1959 was awarded to Jaroslav Heyrovsky for his discovery and development of the p
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1959/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1959 was awarded to Salvatore Quasimodo for his lyrical poetry, which with classica
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1959/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1959 was awarded jointly to Severo Ochoa and Arthur Kornberg for the
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1959/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1959 was awarded jointly to Severo Ochoa and Arthur Kornberg for the
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1959/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1959 was awarded to Philip Noel-Baker.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1959/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1959 was awarded jointly to Emilio Gino Segrè and Owen Chamberlain for their discove
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1959/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1959 was awarded jointly to Emilio Gino Segrè and Owen Chamberlain for their discove
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1960/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1960 was awarded to Willard F. Libby for his method to use carbon-14 for age deter
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1960/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1960 was awarded to Saint-John Perse for the soaring flight and the evocative image
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1960/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1960 was awarded jointly to Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet and Peter Bria
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1960/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1960 was awarded jointly to Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet and Peter Bria
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1960/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1960 was awarded to Albert Lutuli.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1960/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1960 was awarded to Donald A. Glaser for the invention of the bubble chamber.
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1961/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1961 was awarded to Melvin Calvin for his research on the carbon dioxide assimilati
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1961/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1961 was awarded to Ivo Andric for the epic force with which he has traced themes
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1961/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1961 was awarded to Georg von Békésy for his discoveries of the physi
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1961/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1961 was awarded to Dag Hammarskjöld.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1961/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1961 was divided equally between Robert Hofstadter for his pioneering studies of elect
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1961/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1961 was divided equally between Robert Hofstadter for his pioneering studies of elect
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1962/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1962 was awarded jointly to Max Ferdinand Perutz and John Cowdery Kendrew for t
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1962/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1962 was awarded jointly to Max Ferdinand Perutz and John Cowdery Kendrew for t
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1962/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1962 was awarded to John Steinbeck for his realistic and imaginative writings, combi
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1962/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1962 was awarded jointly to Francis Harry Compton Crick, James Dewe
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1962/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1962 was awarded jointly to Francis Harry Compton Crick, James Dewe
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1962/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1962 was awarded jointly to Francis Harry Compton Crick, James Dewe
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1962/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1962 was awarded to Linus Pauling.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1962/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1962 was awarded to Lev Landau for his pioneering theories for condensed matter, esp
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1963/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1963 was awarded jointly to Karl Ziegler and Giulio Natta for their discoveries in the
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1963/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1963 was awarded jointly to Karl Ziegler and Giulio Natta for their discoveries in the
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1963/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1963 was awarded to Giorgos Seferis for his eminent lyrical writing, inspired by a dee
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1963/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1963 was awarded jointly to Sir John Carew Eccles, Alan Lloyd Hodgkin
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1963/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1963 was awarded jointly to Sir John Carew Eccles, Alan Lloyd Hodgkin
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1963/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1963 was awarded jointly to Sir John Carew Eccles, Alan Lloyd Hodgkin
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1963/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1963 was awarded jointly to Comité international de la Croix Rouge (International Committ
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1963/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1963 was awarded jointly to Comité international de la Croix Rouge (International Committ
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1963/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1963 was divided, one half awarded to Eugene Paul Wigner for his contributions to the
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1963/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1963 was divided, one half awarded to Eugene Paul Wigner for his contributions to the
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1963/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1963 was divided, one half awarded to Eugene Paul Wigner for his contributions to the
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1964/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1964 was awarded to Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin for her determinations by X-ray tec
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1964/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1964 was awarded to Jean-Paul Sartre for his work which, rich in ideas and filled with
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1964/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1964 was awarded jointly to Konrad Bloch and Feodor Lynen for their d
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1964/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1964 was awarded jointly to Konrad Bloch and Feodor Lynen for their d
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1964/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1964 was awarded to Martin Luther King Jr..
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1964/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1964 was divided, one half awarded to Charles Hard Townes for fundamental work in th
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1964/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1964 was divided, one half awarded to Charles Hard Townes for fundamental work in th
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1964/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1964 was divided, one half awarded to Charles Hard Townes for fundamental work in th
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1965/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1965 was awarded to Robert B. Woodward for his outstanding achievements in the
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1965/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1965 was awarded to Mikhail Sholokhov for the artistic power and integrity with wh
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1965/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1965 was awarded jointly to François Jacob, André Lwoff and Jacques M
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1965/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1965 was awarded jointly to François Jacob, André Lwoff and Jacques M
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1965/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1965 was awarded jointly to François Jacob, André Lwoff and Jacques M
           The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1965/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1965 was awarded to United Nations Children's Fund.
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1965/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1965 was awarded jointly to Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Julian Schwinger and Richard P. Feynm
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1965/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1965 was awarded jointly to Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Julian Schwinger and Richard P. Feynm
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1965/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1965 was awarded jointly to Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Julian Schwinger and Richard P. Feynm
           The in Chemistry
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1966/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1966 was awarded to Robert S. Mulliken for his fundamental work concerning chem
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1966/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1966 was divided equally between Shmuel Yosef Agnon for his profoundly character
           The in Literature
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1966/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1966 was divided equally between Shmuel Yosef Agnon for his profoundly character
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1966/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1966 was divided equally between Peyton Rous for his discovery of tum
           The in Physiology Physiology or
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1966/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1966 was divided equally between Peyton Rous for his discovery of tum
           The in Physics
                       http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1966/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1966 was awarded to Alfred Kastler for the discovery and development of optical meth
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1967/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1967 was divided, one half awarded to Manfred Eigen for their studies of extremely
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1967/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1967 was divided, one half awarded to Manfred Eigen for their studies of extremely
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1967/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1967 was divided, one half awarded to Manfred Eigen for their studies of extremely
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1967/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1967 was awarded to Miguel Angel Asturias for his vivid literary achievement, deep-
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1967/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1967 was awarded jointly to Ragnar Granit, Haldan Keffer Hartline and
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1967/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1967 was awarded jointly to Ragnar Granit, Haldan Keffer Hartline and
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1967/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1967 was awarded jointly to Ragnar Granit, Haldan Keffer Hartline and
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1967/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1967 was awarded to Hans Bethe for his contributions to the theory of nuclear reaction
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1968/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1968 was awarded to Lars Onsager for the discovery of the reciprocal relations bear
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1968/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1968 was awarded to Yasunari Kawabata for his narrative mastery, which with great
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1968/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1968 was awarded jointly to Robert W. Holley, Har Gobind Khorana and
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1968/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1968 was awarded jointly to Robert W. Holley, Har Gobind Khorana and
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1968/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1968 was awarded jointly to Robert W. Holley, Har Gobind Khorana and
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1968/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1968 was awarded to René Cassin.
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1968/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1968 was awarded to Luis Alvarez for his decisive contributions to elementary particle p
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1969/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1969 was awarded jointly to Derek H. R. Barton and Odd Hassel for their contributio
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1969/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1969 was awarded jointly to Derek H. R. Barton and Odd Hassel for their contributio
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1969/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1969 was awarded jointly to Ragnar
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1969/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1969 was awarded jointly to Ragnar
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1969/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1969 was awarded to Samuel Beckett for his writing, which - in new forms for the no
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1969/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1969 was awarded jointly to Max Delbrück, Alfred D. Hershey and Salva
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1969/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1969 was awarded jointly to Max Delbrück, Alfred D. Hershey and Salva
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1969/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1969 was awarded jointly to Max Delbrück, Alfred D. Hershey and Salva
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1969/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1969 was awarded to International Labour Organization.
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1969/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1969 was awarded to Murray Gell-Mann for his contributions and discoveries concernin
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1970/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1970 was awarded to Luis Leloir for his discovery of sugar nucleotides and their role
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1970/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1970 was awarded to Paul A. Samue
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1970/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1970 was awarded to Alexandr Solzhenitsyn for the ethical force with which he has p
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1970/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1970 was awarded jointly to Sir Bernard Katz, Ulf von Euler and Julius A
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1970/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1970 was awarded jointly to Sir Bernard Katz, Ulf von Euler and Julius A
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1970/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1970 was awarded jointly to Sir Bernard Katz, Ulf von Euler and Julius A
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1970/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1970 was awarded to Norman Borlaug.
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1970/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1970 was divided equally between Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén for fundamental work and
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1970/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1970 was divided equally between Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén for fundamental work and
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1971/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1971 was awarded to Gerhard Herzberg for his contributions to the knowledge of el
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1971/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1971 was awarded to Simon Kuznets
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1971/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1971 was awarded to Pablo Neruda for a poetry that with the action of an elementa
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1971/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1971 was awarded to Earl W. Sutherland, Jr. for his discoveries concern
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1971/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1971 was awarded to Willy Brandt.
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1971/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1971 was awarded to Dennis Gabor for his invention and development of the holograp
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1972/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1972 was divided, one half awarded to Christian B. Anfinsen for his work on ribonucl
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1972/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1972 was divided, one half awarded to Christian B. Anfinsen for his work on ribonucl
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1972/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1972 was divided, one half awarded to Christian B. Anfinsen for his work on ribonucl
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1972/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1972 was awarded jointly to John R.
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1972/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1972 was awarded jointly to John R.
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1972/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1972 was awarded to Heinrich Böll for his writing which through its combination of a
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1972/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1972 was awarded jointly to Gerald M. Edelman and Rodney R. Porter f
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1972/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1972 was awarded jointly to Gerald M. Edelman and Rodney R. Porter f
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1972/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1972 was awarded jointly to John Bardeen, Leon Neil Cooper and John Robert Schrieffe
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1972/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1972 was awarded jointly to John Bardeen, Leon Neil Cooper and John Robert Schrieffe
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1972/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1972 was awarded jointly to John Bardeen, Leon Neil Cooper and John Robert Schrieffe
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1973/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1973 was awarded jointly to Ernst Otto Fischer and Geoffrey Wilkinson for their pion
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1973/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1973 was awarded jointly to Ernst Otto Fischer and Geoffrey Wilkinson for their pion
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1973/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1973 was awarded to Wassily Leonti
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1973/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1973 was awarded to Patrick White for an epic and psychological narrative art which
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1973/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1973 was awarded jointly to Karl von Frisch, Konrad Lorenz and Nikolaa
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1973/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1973 was awarded jointly to Karl von Frisch, Konrad Lorenz and Nikolaa
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1973/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1973 was awarded jointly to Karl von Frisch, Konrad Lorenz and Nikolaa
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1973/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1973 was awarded jointly to Henry A. Kissinger and Le Duc Tho
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1973/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1973 was awarded jointly to Henry A. Kissinger and Le Duc Tho
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1973/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1973 was divided, one half jointly to Leo Esaki and Ivar Giaever for their experimental d
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1973/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1973 was divided, one half jointly to Leo Esaki and Ivar Giaever for their experimental d
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1973/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1973 was divided, one half jointly to Leo Esaki and Ivar Giaever for their experimental d
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1974/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1974 was awarded to Paul J. Flory for his fundamental achievements, both theoretic
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1974/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1974 was awarded jointly to Gunnar
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1974/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1974 was awarded jointly to Gunnar
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1974/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1974 was divided equally between Eyvind Johnson for a narrative art, far-seeing in la
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1974/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1974 was divided equally between Eyvind Johnson for a narrative art, far-seeing in la
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1974/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1974 was awarded jointly to Albert Claude, Christian de Duve and Geor
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1974/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1974 was awarded jointly to Albert Claude, Christian de Duve and Geor
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1974/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1974 was awarded jointly to Albert Claude, Christian de Duve and Geor
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1974/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1974 was awarded jointly to Seán MacBride and Eisaku Sato
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1974/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1974 was awarded jointly to Seán MacBride and Eisaku Sato
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1974/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1974 was awarded jointly to Sir Martin Ryle and Antony Hewish for their pioneering res
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1974/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1974 was awarded jointly to Sir Martin Ryle and Antony Hewish for their pioneering res
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1975/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1975 was divided equally between John Warcup Cornforth for his work on the stereo
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1975/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1975 was divided equally between John Warcup Cornforth for his work on the stereo
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1975/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1975 was awarded jointly to Leonid
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1975/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1975 was awarded jointly to Leonid
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1975/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1975 was awarded to Eugenio Montale for his distinctive poetry which, with great ar
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1975/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1975 was awarded jointly to David Baltimore, Renato Dulbecco and Ho
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1975/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1975 was awarded jointly to David Baltimore, Renato Dulbecco and Ho
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1975/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1975 was awarded jointly to David Baltimore, Renato Dulbecco and Ho
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1975/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1975 was awarded to Andrei Sakharov.
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1975/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1975 was awarded jointly to Aage Niels Bohr, Ben Roy Mottelson and Leo James Rainw
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1975/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1975 was awarded jointly to Aage Niels Bohr, Ben Roy Mottelson and Leo James Rainw
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1975/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1975 was awarded jointly to Aage Niels Bohr, Ben Roy Mottelson and Leo James Rainw
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1976/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1976 was awarded to William Lipscomb for his studies on the structure of boranes il
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1976/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1976 was awarded to Milton Friedm
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1976/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1976 was awarded to Saul Bellow for the human understanding and subtle analysis o
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1976/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1976 was awarded jointly to Baruch S. Blumberg and D. Carleton Gajdu
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1976/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1976 was awarded jointly to Baruch S. Blumberg and D. Carleton Gajdu
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1976/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1976 was awarded jointly to Betty Williams and Mairead Corrigan
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1976/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1976 was awarded jointly to Betty Williams and Mairead Corrigan
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1976/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1976 was awarded jointly to Burton Richter and Samuel Chao Chung Ting for their pion
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1976/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1976 was awarded jointly to Burton Richter and Samuel Chao Chung Ting for their pion
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1977/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1977 was awarded to Ilya Prigogine for his contributions to non-equilibrium thermod
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1977/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1977 was awarded jointly to Bertil O
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1977/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1977 was awarded jointly to Bertil O
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1977/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1977 was awarded to Vicente Aleixandre for a creative poetic writing which illumina
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1977/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1977 was divided, one half jointly to Roger Guillemin and Andrew V. Sc
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1977/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1977 was divided, one half jointly to Roger Guillemin and Andrew V. Sc
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1977/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1977 was divided, one half jointly to Roger Guillemin and Andrew V. Sc
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1977/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1977 was awarded to Amnesty International.
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1977/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1977 was awarded jointly to Philip Warren Anderson, Sir Nevill Francis Mott and John H
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1977/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1977 was awarded jointly to Philip Warren Anderson, Sir Nevill Francis Mott and John H
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1977/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1977 was awarded jointly to Philip Warren Anderson, Sir Nevill Francis Mott and John H
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1978/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1978 was awarded to Peter Mitchell for his contribution to the understanding of bio
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1978/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1978 was awarded to Herbert A. Sim
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1978/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1978 was awarded to Isaac Bashevis Singer for his impassioned narrative art which, w
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1978/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1978 was awarded jointly to Werner Arber, Daniel Nathans and Hamilto
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1978/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1978 was awarded jointly to Werner Arber, Daniel Nathans and Hamilto
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1978/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1978 was awarded jointly to Werner Arber, Daniel Nathans and Hamilto
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1978/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1978 was awarded jointly to Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat and Menachem Begin
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1978/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1978 was awarded jointly to Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat and Menachem Begin
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1978/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1978 was divided, one half awarded to Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa for his basic invention
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1978/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1978 was divided, one half awarded to Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa for his basic invention
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1978/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1978 was divided, one half awarded to Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa for his basic invention
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1979/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1979 was awarded jointly to Herbert C. Brown and Georg Wittig for their developme
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1979/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1979 was awarded jointly to Herbert C. Brown and Georg Wittig for their developme
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1979/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1979 was awarded jointly to Theodo
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1979/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1979 was awarded jointly to Theodo
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1979/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1979 was awarded to Odysseus Elytis for his poetry, which, against the background o
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1979/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1979 was awarded jointly to Allan M. Cormack and Godfrey N. Hounsfie
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1979/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1979 was awarded jointly to Allan M. Cormack and Godfrey N. Hounsfie
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1979/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1979 was awarded to Mother Teresa.
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1979/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1979 was awarded jointly to Sheldon Lee Glashow, Abdus Salam and Steven Weinberg
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1979/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1979 was awarded jointly to Sheldon Lee Glashow, Abdus Salam and Steven Weinberg
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1979/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1979 was awarded jointly to Sheldon Lee Glashow, Abdus Salam and Steven Weinberg
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1980/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1980 was divided, one half awarded to Paul Berg for his fundamental studies of the b
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1980/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1980 was divided, one half awarded to Paul Berg for his fundamental studies of the b
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1980/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1980 was divided, one half awarded to Paul Berg for his fundamental studies of the b
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1980/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1980 was awarded to Lawrence R. Kl
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1980/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1980 was awarded to Czeslaw Milosz who with uncompromising clear-sightedness vo
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1980/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1980 was awarded jointly to Baruj Benacerraf, Jean Dausset and Georg
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1980/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1980 was awarded jointly to Baruj Benacerraf, Jean Dausset and Georg
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1980/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1980 was awarded jointly to Baruj Benacerraf, Jean Dausset and Georg
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1980/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1980 was awarded to Adolfo Pérez Esquivel.
            The in Physics
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1980 was awarded jointly to James Watson Cronin and Val Logsdon Fitch for the discov
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1980/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1980 was awarded jointly to James Watson Cronin and Val Logsdon Fitch for the discov
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1981/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1981 was awarded jointly to Kenichi Fukui and Roald Hoffmann for their theories, de
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1981/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1981 was awarded jointly to Kenichi Fukui and Roald Hoffmann for their theories, de
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1981/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1981 was awarded to James Tobin fo
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1981/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1981 was awarded to Elias Canetti for writings marked by a broad outlook, a wealth
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1981/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1981 was divided, one half awarded to Roger W. Sperry for his discover
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1981/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1981 was divided, one half awarded to Roger W. Sperry for his discover
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1981/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1981 was divided, one half awarded to Roger W. Sperry for his discover
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1981/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1981 was awarded to Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1981/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1981 was divided, one half jointly to Nicolaas Bloembergen and Arthur Leonard Schawl
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1981/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1981 was divided, one half jointly to Nicolaas Bloembergen and Arthur Leonard Schawl
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1981/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1981 was divided, one half jointly to Nicolaas Bloembergen and Arthur Leonard Schawl
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1982/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1982 was awarded to Aaron Klug for his development of crystallographic electron m
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1982/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1982 was awarded to George J. Stigl
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1982/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1982 was awarded to Gabriel García Márquez for his novels and short stories, in whi
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1982/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1982 was awarded jointly to Sune K. Bergström, Bengt I. Samuelsson an
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1982/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1982 was awarded jointly to Sune K. Bergström, Bengt I. Samuelsson an
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1982/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1982 was awarded jointly to Sune K. Bergström, Bengt I. Samuelsson an
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1982/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1982 was awarded jointly to Alva Myrdal and Alfonso García Robles
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1982/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1982 was awarded jointly to Alva Myrdal and Alfonso García Robles
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1982/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1982 was awarded to Kenneth G. Wilson for his theory for critical phenomena in conne
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1983/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1983 was awarded to Henry Taube for his work on the mechanisms of electron trans
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1983/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1983 was awarded to Gerard Debreu
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1983/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1983 was awarded to William Golding for his novels which, with the perspicuity of re
            The in Physiology Physiology or
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1983 was awarded to Barbara McClintock for her discovery of mobile g
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1983/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1983 was awarded to Lech Walesa.
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1983/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1983 was divided equally between Subramanyan Chandrasekhar for his theoretical stud
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1983/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1983 was divided equally between Subramanyan Chandrasekhar for his theoretical stud
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1984/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1984 was awarded to Bruce Merrifield for his development of methodology for chem
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1984/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1984 was awarded to Richard Stone
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1984/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1984 was awarded to Jaroslav Seifert for his poetry which endowed with freshness, s
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1984/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1984 was awarded jointly to Niels K. Jerne, Georges J.F. Köhler and Cés
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1984/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1984 was awarded jointly to Niels K. Jerne, Georges J.F. Köhler and Cés
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1984/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1984 was awarded jointly to Niels K. Jerne, Georges J.F. Köhler and Cés
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1984/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1984 was awarded to Desmond Tutu.
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1984/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1984 was awarded jointly to Carlo Rubbia and Simon van der Meer for their decisive co
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1984/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1984 was awarded jointly to Carlo Rubbia and Simon van der Meer for their decisive co
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1985/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1985 was awarded jointly to Herbert A. Hauptman and Jerome Karle for their outsta
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1985/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1985 was awarded jointly to Herbert A. Hauptman and Jerome Karle for their outsta
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1985/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1985 was awarded to Franco Modigl
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1985/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1985 was awarded to Claude Simon who in his novel combines the poet's and the pa
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1985/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1985 was awarded jointly to Michael S. Brown and Joseph L. Goldstein
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1985/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1985 was awarded jointly to Michael S. Brown and Joseph L. Goldstein
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1985/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1985 was awarded to International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War.
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1985/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1985 was awarded to Klaus von Klitzing for the discovery of the quantized Hall effect.
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1986/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1986 was awarded jointly to Dudley R. Herschbach, Yuan T. Lee and John C. Polanyi f
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1986/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1986 was awarded jointly to Dudley R. Herschbach, Yuan T. Lee and John C. Polanyi f
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1986/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1986 was awarded jointly to Dudley R. Herschbach, Yuan T. Lee and John C. Polanyi f
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1986/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1986 was awarded to James M. Buch
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1986/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1986 was awarded to Wole Soyinka who in a wide cultural perspective and with poe
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1986/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1986 was awarded jointly to Stanley Cohen and Rita Levi-Montalcini for
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1986/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1986 was awarded jointly to Stanley Cohen and Rita Levi-Montalcini for
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1986/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1986 was awarded to Elie Wiesel.
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1986/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1986 was divided, one half awarded to Ernst Ruska for his fundamental work in electro
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1986/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1986 was divided, one half awarded to Ernst Ruska for his fundamental work in electro
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1986/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1986 was divided, one half awarded to Ernst Ruska for his fundamental work in electro
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1987/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1987 was awarded jointly to Donald J. Cram, Jean-Marie Lehn and Charles J. Pederse
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1987/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1987 was awarded jointly to Donald J. Cram, Jean-Marie Lehn and Charles J. Pederse
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1987/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1987 was awarded jointly to Donald J. Cram, Jean-Marie Lehn and Charles J. Pederse
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1987/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1987 was awarded to Robert M. Solo
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1987/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1987 was awarded to Joseph Brodsky for an all-embracing authorship, imbued with c
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1987/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1987 was awarded to Susumu Tonegawa for his discovery of the geneti
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1987/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1987 was awarded to Oscar Arias Sánchez for his work for peace in Central America, efforts
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1987/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1987 was awarded jointly to J. Georg Bednorz and K. Alexander Müller for their importa
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1987/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1987 was awarded jointly to J. Georg Bednorz and K. Alexander Müller for their importa
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1988/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1988 was awarded jointly to Johann Deisenhofer, Robert Huber and Hartmut Michel
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1988/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1988 was awarded jointly to Johann Deisenhofer, Robert Huber and Hartmut Michel
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1988/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1988 was awarded jointly to Johann Deisenhofer, Robert Huber and Hartmut Michel
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1988/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1988 was awarded to Maurice Allais
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1988/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1988 was awarded to Naguib Mahfouz who, through works rich in nuance - now clea
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1988/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1988 was awarded jointly to Sir James W. Black, Gertrude B. Elion and G
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1988/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1988 was awarded jointly to Sir James W. Black, Gertrude B. Elion and G
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1988/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1988 was awarded jointly to Sir James W. Black, Gertrude B. Elion and G
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1988/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1988 was awarded to United Nations Peacekeeping Forces.
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1988/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1988 was awarded jointly to Leon M. Lederman, Melvin Schwartz and Jack Steinberger
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1988/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1988 was awarded jointly to Leon M. Lederman, Melvin Schwartz and Jack Steinberger
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1988/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1988 was awarded jointly to Leon M. Lederman, Melvin Schwartz and Jack Steinberger
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1989/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1989 was awarded jointly to Sidney Altman and Thomas R. Cech for their discovery o
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1989/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1989 was awarded jointly to Sidney Altman and Thomas R. Cech for their discovery o
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1989/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1989 was awarded to Trygve Haavel
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1989/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1989 was awarded to Camilo José Cela for a rich and intensive prose, which with res
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1989/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1989 was awarded jointly to J. Michael Bishop and Harold E. Varmus fo
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1989/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1989 was awarded jointly to J. Michael Bishop and Harold E. Varmus fo
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1989/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1989 was awarded to The 14th Dalai Lama.
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1989/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1989 was divided, one half awarded to Norman F. Ramsey for the invention of the sepa
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1989/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1989 was divided, one half awarded to Norman F. Ramsey for the invention of the sepa
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1989/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1989 was divided, one half awarded to Norman F. Ramsey for the invention of the sepa
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1990/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1990 was awarded to Elias James Corey for his development of the theory and meth
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1990/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1990 was awarded jointly to Harry M
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1990/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1990 was awarded jointly to Harry M
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1990/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1990 was awarded jointly to Harry M
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1990/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1990 was awarded to Octavio Paz for impassioned writing with wide horizons, chara
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1990/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1990 was awarded jointly to Joseph E. Murray and E. Donnall Thomas f
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1990/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1990 was awarded jointly to Joseph E. Murray and E. Donnall Thomas f
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1990/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1990 was awarded to Mikhail Gorbachev for his leading role in the peace process which tod
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1990/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1990 was awarded jointly to Jerome I. Friedman, Henry W. Kendall and Richard E. Taylo
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1990/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1990 was awarded jointly to Jerome I. Friedman, Henry W. Kendall and Richard E. Taylo
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1990/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1990 was awarded jointly to Jerome I. Friedman, Henry W. Kendall and Richard E. Taylo
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1991/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1991 was awarded to Richard R. Ernst for his contributions to the development of th
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1991/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1991 was awarded to Ronald H. Coas
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1991/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1991 was awarded to Nadine Gordimer who through her magnificent epic writing ha
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1991/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1991 was awarded jointly to Erwin Neher and Bert Sakmann for their d
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1991/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1991 was awarded jointly to Erwin Neher and Bert Sakmann for their d
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1991/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1991 was awarded to Aung San Suu Kyi for her non-violent struggle for democracy and hum
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1991/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1991 was awarded to Pierre-Gilles de Gennes for discovering that methods developed f
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1992/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1992 was awarded to Rudolph A. Marcus for his contributions to the theory of electr
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1992/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1992 was awarded to Gary S. Becker
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1992/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1992 was awarded to Derek Walcott for a poetic oeuvre of great luminosity, sustaine
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1992/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1992 was awarded jointly to Edmond H. Fischer and Edwin G. Krebs for
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1992/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1992 was awarded jointly to Edmond H. Fischer and Edwin G. Krebs for
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1992/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1992 was awarded to Rigoberta Menchú Tum in recognition of her work for social justice a
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1992/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1992 was awarded to Georges Charpak for his invention and development of particle d
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1993/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1993 was awarded for contributions to the developments of methods within DNA-ba
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1993/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1993 was awarded for contributions to the developments of methods within DNA-ba
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1993/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1993 was awarded jointly to Robert
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1993/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1993 was awarded jointly to Robert
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1993/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1993 was awarded to Toni Morrison who in novels characterized by visionary force a
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1993/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1993 was awarded jointly to Richard J. Roberts and Phillip A. Sharp for t
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1993/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1993 was awarded jointly to Richard J. Roberts and Phillip A. Sharp for t
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1993/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1993 was awarded jointly to Nelson Mandela and Frederik Willem de Klerk for their work f
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1993/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1993 was awarded jointly to Nelson Mandela and Frederik Willem de Klerk for their work f
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1993/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1993 was awarded jointly to Russell A. Hulse and Joseph H. Taylor Jr. for the discovery o
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1993/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1993 was awarded jointly to Russell A. Hulse and Joseph H. Taylor Jr. for the discovery o
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1994/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1994 was awarded to George A. Olah for his contribution to carbocation chemistry.
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1994/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1994 was awarded jointly to John C.
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1994/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1994 was awarded jointly to John C.
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1994/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1994 was awarded jointly to John C.
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1994/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1994 was awarded to Kenzaburo Oe who with poetic force creates an imagined worl
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1994/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1994 was awarded jointly to Alfred G. Gilman and Martin Rodbell for th
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1994/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1994 was awarded jointly to Alfred G. Gilman and Martin Rodbell for th
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1994/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1994 was awarded jointly to Yasser Arafat, Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin for their efforts
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1994/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1994 was awarded jointly to Yasser Arafat, Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin for their efforts
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1994/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1994 was awarded jointly to Yasser Arafat, Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin for their efforts
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1994/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1994 was awarded for pioneering contributions to the development of neutron scatter
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1994/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1994 was awarded for pioneering contributions to the development of neutron scatter
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1995/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1995 was awarded jointly to Paul J. Crutzen, Mario J. Molina and F. Sherwood Rowla
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1995/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1995 was awarded jointly to Paul J. Crutzen, Mario J. Molina and F. Sherwood Rowla
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1995/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1995 was awarded jointly to Paul J. Crutzen, Mario J. Molina and F. Sherwood Rowla
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1995/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1995 was awarded to Robert E. Luca
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1995/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1995 was awarded to Seamus Heaney for works of lyrical beauty and ethical depth, w
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1995/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1995 was awarded jointly to Edward B. Lewis, Christiane Nüsslein-Volha
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1995/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1995 was awarded jointly to Edward B. Lewis, Christiane Nüsslein-Volha
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1995/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1995 was awarded jointly to Edward B. Lewis, Christiane Nüsslein-Volha
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1995/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1995 was awarded jointly to Joseph Rotblat and Pugwash Conferences on Science and Wor
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1995/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1995 was awarded jointly to Joseph Rotblat and Pugwash Conferences on Science and Wor
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1995/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1995 was awarded for pioneering experimental contributions to lepton physics jointly w
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1995/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1995 was awarded for pioneering experimental contributions to lepton physics jointly w
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1996/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1996 was awarded jointly to Robert F. Curl Jr., Sir Harold W. Kroto and Richard E. Sm
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1996/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1996 was awarded jointly to Robert F. Curl Jr., Sir Harold W. Kroto and Richard E. Sm
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1996/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1996 was awarded jointly to Robert F. Curl Jr., Sir Harold W. Kroto and Richard E. Sm
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1996/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1996 was awarded jointly to James A
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1996/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1996 was awarded jointly to James A
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1996/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1996 was awarded to Wislawa Szymborska for poetry that with ironic precision allow
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1996/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1996 was awarded jointly to Peter C. Doherty and Rolf M. Zinkernagel f
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1996/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1996 was awarded jointly to Peter C. Doherty and Rolf M. Zinkernagel f
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1996/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1996 was awarded jointly to Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo and José Ramos-Horta for their wo
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1996/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1996 was awarded jointly to Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo and José Ramos-Horta for their wo
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1996/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1996 was awarded jointly to David M. Lee, Douglas D. Osheroff and Robert C. Richardso
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1996/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1996 was awarded jointly to David M. Lee, Douglas D. Osheroff and Robert C. Richardso
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1996/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1996 was awarded jointly to David M. Lee, Douglas D. Osheroff and Robert C. Richardso
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1997/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1997 was divided, one half jointly to Paul D. Boyer and John E. Walker for their eluci
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1997/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1997 was divided, one half jointly to Paul D. Boyer and John E. Walker for their eluci
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1997/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1997 was divided, one half jointly to Paul D. Boyer and John E. Walker for their eluci
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1997/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1997 was awarded jointly to Robert
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1997/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1997 was awarded jointly to Robert
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1997/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1997 was awarded to Dario Fo who emulates the jesters of the Middle Ages in scour
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1997/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1997 was awarded to Stanley B. Prusiner for his discovery of Prions - a
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1997/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1997 was awarded jointly to International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) and Jody Wil
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1997/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1997 was awarded jointly to International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) and Jody Wil
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1997/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1997 was awarded jointly to Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William D. Phillip
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1997/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1997 was awarded jointly to Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William D. Phillip
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1997/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1997 was awarded jointly to Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William D. Phillip
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1998/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1998 was divided equally between Walter Kohn for his development of the density-f
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1998/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1998 was divided equally between Walter Kohn for his development of the density-f
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1998/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1998 was awarded to Amartya Sen f
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1998/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1998 was awarded to José Saramago who with parables sustained by imagination, co
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1998/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1998 was awarded jointly to Robert F. Furchgott, Louis J. Ignarro and Fe
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1998/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1998 was awarded jointly to Robert F. Furchgott, Louis J. Ignarro and Fe
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1998/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1998 was awarded jointly to Robert F. Furchgott, Louis J. Ignarro and Fe
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1998/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1998 was awarded jointly to John Hume and David Trimble for their efforts to find a peacef
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1998/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1998 was awarded jointly to John Hume and David Trimble for their efforts to find a peacef
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1998/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1998 was awarded jointly to Robert B. Laughlin, Horst L. Störmer and Daniel C. Tsui for
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1998/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1998 was awarded jointly to Robert B. Laughlin, Horst L. Störmer and Daniel C. Tsui for
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1998/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1998 was awarded jointly to Robert B. Laughlin, Horst L. Störmer and Daniel C. Tsui for
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1999/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1999 was awarded to Ahmed Zewail for his studies of the transition states of chemic
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/1999/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 1999 was awarded to Robert A. Mun
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/1999/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 1999 was awarded to Günter Grass whose frolicsome black fables portray the forgot
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1999/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 1999 was awarded to Günter Blobel for the discovery that proteins hav
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1999/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 1999 was awarded to Médecins Sans Frontières in recognition of the organization's pionee
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1999/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1999 was awarded jointly to Gerardus 't Hooft and Martinus J.G. Veltman for elucidatin
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1999/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 1999 was awarded jointly to Gerardus 't Hooft and Martinus J.G. Veltman for elucidatin
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2000/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2000 was awarded jointly to Alan J. Heeger, Alan G. MacDiarmid and Hideki Shirakaw
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2000/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2000 was awarded jointly to Alan J. Heeger, Alan G. MacDiarmid and Hideki Shirakaw
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2000/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2000 was awarded jointly to Alan J. Heeger, Alan G. MacDiarmid and Hideki Shirakaw
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/2000/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2000 was divided equally between Ja
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/2000/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2000 was divided equally between Ja
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/2000/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 2000 was awarded to Gao Xingjian for an ?uvre of universal validity, bitter insights an
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2000/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2000 was awarded jointly to Arvid Carlsson, Paul Greengard and Eric R.
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2000/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2000 was awarded jointly to Arvid Carlsson, Paul Greengard and Eric R.
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2000/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2000 was awarded jointly to Arvid Carlsson, Paul Greengard and Eric R.
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2000/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 2000 was awarded to Kim Dae-jung for his work for democracy and human rights in South
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2000/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2000 was awarded for basic work on information and communication technology with
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2000/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2000 was awarded for basic work on information and communication technology with
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2000/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2000 was awarded for basic work on information and communication technology with
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2001/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2001 was divided, one half jointly to William S. Knowles and Ryoji Noyori for their w
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2001/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2001 was divided, one half jointly to William S. Knowles and Ryoji Noyori for their w
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2001/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2001 was divided, one half jointly to William S. Knowles and Ryoji Noyori for their w
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/2001/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2001 was awarded jointly to George
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/2001/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2001 was awarded jointly to George
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/2001/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2001 was awarded jointly to George
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/2001/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 2001 was awarded to V. S. Naipaul for having united perceptive narrative and incorru
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2001/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2001 was awarded jointly to Leland H. Hartwell, Tim Hunt and Sir Paul M
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2001/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2001 was awarded jointly to Leland H. Hartwell, Tim Hunt and Sir Paul M
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2001/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2001 was awarded jointly to Leland H. Hartwell, Tim Hunt and Sir Paul M
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2001/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 2001 was awarded jointly to United Nations (U.N.) and Kofi Annan for their work for a bett
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2001/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 2001 was awarded jointly to United Nations (U.N.) and Kofi Annan for their work for a bett
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2001/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2001 was awarded jointly to Eric A. Cornell, Wolfgang Ketterle and Carl E. Wieman for t
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2001/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2001 was awarded jointly to Eric A. Cornell, Wolfgang Ketterle and Carl E. Wieman for t
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2001/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2001 was awarded jointly to Eric A. Cornell, Wolfgang Ketterle and Carl E. Wieman for t
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2002/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2002 was awarded for the development of methods for identification and structure
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2002/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2002 was awarded for the development of methods for identification and structure
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2002/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2002 was awarded for the development of methods for identification and structure
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/2002/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2002 was divided equally between D
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/2002/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2002 was divided equally between D
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/2002/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 2002 was awarded to Imre Kertész for writing that upholds the fragile experience of
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2002/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2002 was awarded jointly to Sydney Brenner, H. Robert Horvitz and Joh
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2002/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2002 was awarded jointly to Sydney Brenner, H. Robert Horvitz and Joh
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2002/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2002 was awarded jointly to Sydney Brenner, H. Robert Horvitz and Joh
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2002/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 2002 was awarded to Jimmy Carter for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful soluti
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2002/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2002 was divided, one half jointly to Raymond Davis Jr. and Masatoshi Koshiba for pion
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2002/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2002 was divided, one half jointly to Raymond Davis Jr. and Masatoshi Koshiba for pion
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2002/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2002 was divided, one half jointly to Raymond Davis Jr. and Masatoshi Koshiba for pion
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2003/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2003 was awarded for discoveries concerning channels in cell membranes jointly wit
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2003/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2003 was awarded for discoveries concerning channels in cell membranes jointly wit
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/2003/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2003 was divided equally between R
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/2003/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2003 was divided equally between R
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/2003/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 2003 was awarded to J. M. Coetzee who in innumerable guises portrays the surprisin
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2003/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2003 was awarded jointly to Paul C. Lauterbur and Sir Peter Mansfield f
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2003/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2003 was awarded jointly to Paul C. Lauterbur and Sir Peter Mansfield f
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2003/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 2003 was awarded to Shirin Ebadi for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2003/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2003 was awarded jointly to Alexei A. Abrikosov, Vitaly L. Ginzburg and Anthony J. Legg
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2003/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2003 was awarded jointly to Alexei A. Abrikosov, Vitaly L. Ginzburg and Anthony J. Legg
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2003/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2003 was awarded jointly to Alexei A. Abrikosov, Vitaly L. Ginzburg and Anthony J. Legg
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2004/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2004 was awarded jointly to Aaron Ciechanover, Avram Hershko and Irwin Rose for
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2004/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2004 was awarded jointly to Aaron Ciechanover, Avram Hershko and Irwin Rose for
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2004/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2004 was awarded jointly to Aaron Ciechanover, Avram Hershko and Irwin Rose for
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/2004/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2004 was awarded jointly to Finn E. K
             Economic Sciences
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economics/laureates/2004/
The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2004 was awarded jointly to Finn E. K
            The in Literature
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/literature/laureates/2004/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 2004 was awarded to Elfriede Jelinek for her musical flow of voices and counter-voic
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2004/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2004 was awarded jointly to Richard Axel and Linda B. Buck for their dis
            The in Physiology Physiology or
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2004/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2004 was awarded jointly to Richard Axel and Linda B. Buck for their dis
            The Nobel http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2004/
The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 2004 was awarded to Wangari Maathai for her contribution to sustainable development, d
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2004/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2004 was awarded jointly to David J. Gross, H. David Politzer and Frank Wilczek for the
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2004/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2004 was awarded jointly to David J. Gross, H. David Politzer and Frank Wilczek for the
            The in Physics
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2004/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2004 was awarded jointly to David J. Gross, H. David Politzer and Frank Wilczek for the
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2005/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2005 was awarded jointly to Yves Chauvin, Robert H. Grubbs and Richard R. Schrock
            The in Chemistry
                        http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/2005/
The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2005 was awarded jointly to Yves Chauvin, Robert H. Grubbs and Richard R. Schrock
            The in Chemistry
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2005 was awarded jointly to Yves Chauvin, Robert H. Grubbs and Richard R. Schrock
             Economic Sciences
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The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2005 was awarded jointly to Robert
             Economic Sciences
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The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2005 was awarded jointly to Robert
            The in Literature
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 2005 was awarded to Harold Pinter who in his plays uncovers the precipice under ev
            The in Physiology Physiology or
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2005 was awarded jointly to Barry J. Marshall and J. Robin Warren for t
            The in Physiology Physiology or
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2005 was awarded jointly to Barry J. Marshall and J. Robin Warren for t
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The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 2005 was awarded jointly to International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Mohamed ElB
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The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 2005 was awarded jointly to International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Mohamed ElB
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2005 was divided, one half awarded to Roy J. Glauber for his contribution to the quantu
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2005 was divided, one half awarded to Roy J. Glauber for his contribution to the quantu
            The in Physics
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2005 was divided, one half awarded to Roy J. Glauber for his contribution to the quantu
            The in Chemistry
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2006 was awarded to Roger D. Kornberg for his studies of the molecular basis of euk
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The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2006 was awarded to Edmund S. Phe
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 2006 was awarded to Orhan Pamuk who in the quest for the melancholic soul of his
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2006 was awarded jointly to Andrew Z. Fire and Craig C. Mello for their
            The in Physiology Physiology or
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2006 was awarded jointly to Andrew Z. Fire and Craig C. Mello for their
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The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 2006 was awarded jointly to Muhammad Yunus and Grameen Bank for their efforts to crea
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The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 2006 was awarded jointly to Muhammad Yunus and Grameen Bank for their efforts to crea
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2006 was awarded jointly to John C. Mather and George F. Smoot for their discovery of
            The in Physics
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2006 was awarded jointly to John C. Mather and George F. Smoot for their discovery of
            The in Chemistry
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2007 was awarded to Gerhard Ertl for his studies of chemical processes on solid surf
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The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2007 was awarded jointly to Leonid
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The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2007 was awarded jointly to Leonid
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The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2007 was awarded jointly to Leonid
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2007 was awarded jointly to Mario R. Capecchi, Sir Martin J. Evans and
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2007 was awarded jointly to Mario R. Capecchi, Sir Martin J. Evans and
            The in Physiology Physiology or
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2007 was awarded jointly to Mario R. Capecchi, Sir Martin J. Evans and
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2008 was awarded jointly to Osamu Shimomura, Martin Chalfie and Roger Y. Tsien fo
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2008 was awarded jointly to Osamu Shimomura, Martin Chalfie and Roger Y. Tsien fo
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2008 was awarded jointly to Osamu Shimomura, Martin Chalfie and Roger Y. Tsien fo
             Economic Sciences
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The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2008 was awarded to Paul Krugman
            The in Literature
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 2008 was awarded to Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio author of new departures, poetic
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2008 was divided, one half awarded to Harald zur Hausen for his discov
            The in Physiology Physiology or
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2008 was divided, one half awarded to Harald zur Hausen for his discov
            The in Physiology Physiology or
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2008 was divided, one half awarded to Harald zur Hausen for his discov
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The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 2008 was awarded to Martti Ahtisaari for his important efforts, on several continents and o
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2008 was divided, one half awarded to Yoichiro Nambu for the discovery of the mechan
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2008 was divided, one half awarded to Yoichiro Nambu for the discovery of the mechan
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2008 was divided, one half awarded to Yoichiro Nambu for the discovery of the mechan
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2009 was awarded jointly to Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, Thomas A. Steitz and Ada
            The in Chemistry
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2009 was awarded jointly to Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, Thomas A. Steitz and Ada
            The in Chemistry
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2009 was awarded jointly to Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, Thomas A. Steitz and Ada
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The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2009 was divided equally between E
             Economic Sciences
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The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2009 was divided equally between E
            The in Literature
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 2009 was awarded to Herta Müller who, with the concentration of poetry and the fr
            The in Physiology Physiology or
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2009 was awarded jointly to Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Carol W. Greider a
            The in Physiology Physiology or
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2009 was awarded jointly to Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Carol W. Greider a
            The in Physiology Physiology or
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2009 was awarded jointly to Elizabeth H. Blackburn, Carol W. Greider a
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The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 2009 was awarded to Barack H. Obama for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen internat
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2009 was divided, one half awarded to Charles K. Kao for groundbreaking achievement
            The in Physics
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2009 was divided, one half awarded to Charles K. Kao for groundbreaking achievement
            The in Physics
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2009 was divided, one half awarded to Charles K. Kao for groundbreaking achievement
            The in Chemistry
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2010 was awarded jointly to Richard F. Heck, Ei-ichi Negishi and Akira Suzuki for palla
            The in Chemistry
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2010 was awarded jointly to Richard F. Heck, Ei-ichi Negishi and Akira Suzuki for palla
            The in Chemistry
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2010 was awarded jointly to Richard F. Heck, Ei-ichi Negishi and Akira Suzuki for palla
             Economic Sciences
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The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2010 was awarded jointly to Peter A
             Economic Sciences
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The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2010 was awarded jointly to Peter A
             Economic Sciences
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The Prize inThe Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2010 was awarded jointly to Peter A
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Literature 2010 was awarded to Mario Vargas Llosa for his cartography of structures of power a
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in or Medicine Medicine 2010 was awarded to Robert G. Edwards for the development of in vitr
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The Nobel Peace Prize Peace Prize 2010 was awarded to Liu Xiaobo for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental hum
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2010 was awarded jointly to Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov for groundbreaking
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The Nobel Prize Nobel Prize in Physics 2010 was awarded jointly to Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov for groundbreaking
Year        Physics     Chemistry Physiology
or Medicine Literature Peace        Economics
      1901 [[| ]]       [[| ]]      [[| ]]      [[| ]]      [[| ]]     —
      1902 Hendrik A. Lorentz;
            Hermann Emil Fischer Theodor Mommsen
Pieter Zeeman           Ronald Ross             Élie Ducommun;
Albert Gobat—
      1903 Henri Becquerel;
Pierre Curie;
                        Niels       Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson —
Marie CurieSvante ArrheniusRyberg Finsen Randal Cremer
      1904 Lord Rayleigh            Ivan        Frédéric Mistral;
                        William Ramsay Petrovich Pavlov
            Institut de Droit International
José Echegaray          —
                        Adolf       Robert
      1905 Philipp Lenard von Baeyer Koch                   Bertha
                                                Henryk Sienkiewiczvon —Suttner
      1906 J. J. Thomson            Camillo Golgi;
                        Henri Moissan
            Giosuè Carducci         —
Santiago Ramón y CajalTheodore Roosevelt
                        Eduard Buchner          Rudyard Kipling
                                                             Laveran
      1907 Albert A. Michelson Charles Louis AlphonseErnesto Teodoro Moneta;
            —
Louis Renault
                        Ernest      Ilya Ilyich
      1908 Gabriel Lippmann Rutherford Mechnikov;
                        Klas Pontus Arnoldson;
Paul EhrlichRudolf Christoph Eucken
            —
Fredrik Bajer
      1909 Ferdinand Braun;
            Wilhelm Emil Theodor Kocher Auguste Marie François Beernaert;
Guglielmo Marconi Ostwald           Selma Lagerlöf
            —
Paul-Henri-Benjamin d'Estournelles de Constant
                        Otto van derAlbrecht Paul                      —
      1910 Johannes DiderikWallach Waals Kossel Heyse International Peace Bureau
      1911 Wilhelm Wien                         Maurice Maeterlinck
                        Marie CurieAllvar Gullstrand        Tobias Michael Carel Asser;
            —
Alfred Hermann Fried
                        V
      1912 Gustaf Dalénictor Grignard;
            Alexis Carrel
Paul Sabatier                       Elihu Root
                        Gerhart Hauptmann —
                        Alfred Werner
      1913 Heike Kamerlingh Onnes               Rabindranath Tagore —
                                    Charles Richet          Henri La Fontaine
      1914 Max von Laue             Robert Bárány
                                                None
                        Theodore William Richards           None       —
      1915 William Henry Bragg;
            Richard Martin
                        None
William Lawrence Bragg Willstätter              None
                                    Romain Rolland          —
      1916 None         None        None                     Heidenstam
                                                Verner von None        —
                        None
      1917 Charles Glover Barkla None           Karl Adolph Gjellerup;
            International
Henrik Pontoppidan —Committee of the Red Cross
      1918 Max PlanckFritz Haber None           None        None       —
                        None
      1919 Johannes Stark                       C           Woodrow Wilson
                                    Jules Bordet arl Spitteler         —
                        Walther Hermann Krogh
                                    August      Knut
      1920 Charles Edouard Guillaume Nernst Hamsun BourgeoisLéon       —
                        Frederick Soddy
      1921 Albert Einstein          None                    Hjalmar Branting;
                                                Anatole France
            —
Christian Lous Lange
                                    Archibald
      1922 Niels Bohr Francis William AstonHill;
            Jacinto Benavente
Otto Fritz Meyerhof Fridtjof Nansen —
                        Fritz Pregl Frederick Banting;
      1923 Robert A. Millikan
             Richard Macleod
                        None
John James William Butler Yeats —
                        None
      1924 Manne Siegbahn                       Władysław Reymont —
                                    Willem Einthoven        None
      1925 James Franck;
Gustav Hertz            None
            Richard Adolf Zsigmondy             Austen Chamberlain;
                                    George Bernard Shaw
            —
Charles G. Dawes
                         Theodor Johannes Grazia Grib Aristide Briand;
      1926 Jean Baptiste Perrin Svedberg Andreas Deledda  Fibiger
             —
Gustav Stresemann
      1927 Arthur H. Compton;
             Heinrich Otto Wieland Henri Bergson
                         Wilson
Charles Thomson Rees Julius Wagner-Jauregg Ferdinand Buisson;
Ludwig Quidde—
                         Adolf Otto ReinholdNicolle Undset
      1928 Owen Willans Richardson              Sigrid
                                     Charles Windaus      None        —
                         Arthur
      1929 Louis de Broglie Harden;
             Christiaan Eijkman;
Hans von Euler-Chelpin
             Thomas Mann Frank
Frederick Gowland Hopkins B. Kellogg —
                         Hans        K          Sinclair
      1930 Venkata Raman Fischer arl Landsteiner Lewis                —
                                                          Nathan Söderblom
      1931 None          Carl Bosch;
             Otto        Erik Axel Karlfeldt
Friedrich BergiusHeinrich Warburg Jane Addams;
             —
Nicholas Murray Butler
                         Irving Langmuir
      1932 Werner Heisenberg Charles Scott Sherrington;
             John Galsworthy
Edgar Douglas Adrian None            —
      1933 Erwin Schrödinger;
             None
Paul A.M. Dirac                      Ivan Bunin
                         Thomas Hunt Morgan Norman Angell —
      1934 None                      George Whipple;
                         Harold Clayton Urey
George Minot;
             Luigi Pirandello Henderson
William P. Murphy        Arthur      —
      1935 James ChadwickFrédéric Joliot-Curie;
             Hans
Irène Joliot-CurieSpemannNone                   —
                                     Carl von Ossietzky
      1936 Victor F. Hess;
             Peter
Carl D. Anderson Debye   Henry Hallett Dale;
                         Carlos      —
Otto Loewi Eugene O'Neill Saavedra Lamas
      1937 Clinton Davisson;
             Walter Haworth;
George Paget Thomson
                         Roger Martin du Gard —
Paul Karrer Albert Szent-Györgyi Cecil of Chelwood, Viscount
      1938 Enrico Fermi              Corneille Heymans Buck ansen International Office For Refugees
                         Richard Kuhn[A]        Pearl S.  N           —
                         Adolf
      1939 Ernest Lawrence Butenandt;[A]
             Gerhard Domagk[A] None
Lavoslav Ružička         Frans Eemil Sillanpää —
      1940 None          None        None       None      None        —
      1941 None          None        None       None      None        —
      1942 None          None        None       None      None        —
                                     Henrik
      1943 Otto Stern George de Hevesy Dam;
             None
Edward Adelbert Doisy None           —
                         Rabi
      1944 Isidor Isaac Otto Hahn Joseph Erlanger;
             Johannes Vilhelm Jensen Committee of the Red Cross
Herbert Spencer Gasser               —
                         International
                         Artturi     Alexander
      1945 Wolfgang Pauli Ilmari VirtanenFleming;
Ernst Boris Chain;
             Gabriela Mistral
Howard Walter Florey Cordell Hull—
                         James B.
      1946 Percy W. Bridgman Sumner;
John Howard Northrop;
             Hermann Joseph
                         Hermann Hesse Greene Balch;
Wendell Meredith Stanley Muller      Emily
John Mott —
                         Robert Robinson
      1947 Edward V. Appleton Carl Ferdinand Cori;
Gerty Theresa Cori;
             André
Bernardo HoussayGide Friends Service Council;
             —
American Friends Service Committee
                          Blackett P            T. Müller
       1948 Patrick M.S.Arne Tiselius aul HermannS. Eliot None[B] —
       1949 Hideki Yukawa            Walter
                         William Giauque Rudolf Hess;
             William     John
António Egas MonizFaulknerBoyd Orr   —
       1950 Cecil PowellOtto Diels;
Kurt Alder Philip Showalter Hench;
Edward Calvin Kendall;
             Bertrand Ralph
Tadeus Reichstein Russell Bunche     —
       1951 John Cockcroft;
             Edwin
Ernest T.S. WaltonMcMillan;
             Max TheilerPär Lagerkvist Jouhaux
Glenn T. Seaborg                     Léon       —
       1952 Felix Bloch;
             Archer
Edward M. Purcell John Porter Martin;
             Selman Waksman Mauriac
                         François               —
Richard Laurence Millington SyngeAlbert Schweitzer
       1953 Frits Zernike            Hans Adolf
                         Hermann Staudinger Krebs;
             Lipmann George          —
Fritz Albert Winston Churchill Marshall
       1954 Max Born;
             Linus
Walther Bothe Pauling    John Franklin Enders;
Frederick Chapman Robbins;
             Ernest Hemingway        —
Thomas Huckle Weller United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
       1955 Willis E. Lamb;
             Vincent du Vigneaud Halldór Laxness
Polykarp Kusch           Hugo Theorell          None        —
       1956 John Bardeen;
Walter H. Brattain;
             Cyril Norman Hinshelwood;
William B. Shockley
             André Frédéric Cournand;
Nikolay Nikolaevich Semenov
Werner Forssmann;
             Juan Ramón Jiménez —
Dickinson W. Richards None
       1957 Chen Ning Yang;
             Lord        Daniel Bovet
Tsung-Dao Lee (Alexander R.) Todd               Lester B. Pearson
                                     Albert Camus           —
       1958 Pavel A. Cherenkov;
Il´ja M. Frank;
Igor Y. Tamm             George
             Frederick Sanger Wells Beadle;
Edward Lawrie Tatum;
             Boris       Georges —
Joshua LederbergPasternak[C] Pire
       1959 Emilio Segrè;
             Jaroslav Arthur
Owen Chamberlain HeyrovskýKornberg;
Severo Ochoa             Philip J. Noel-Baker
             Salvatore Quasimodo —
                         Willard
       1960 Donald A. Glaser Libby   Frank Macfarlane Burnet;
Peter Medawar            Albert
             Saint-John Perse Lutuli —
       1961 Robert Hofstadter;
             Melvin
Rudolf Mössbauer Calvin              Ivo Andrid Dag Hammarskjöld
                         Georg von Békésy                   —
       1962 Lev Landau Max Perutz;
John Kendrew Francis Crick;
James D. Watson;
             John        Linus
Maurice Wilkins Steinbeck Pauling    —
      1963 Eugene Wigner;
Maria Goeppert-Mayer;
            Karl Ziegler;
J. Hans D. Jensen
Giulio NattaJohn Carew Eccles;
Alan Lloyd Hodgkin;
            Giorgos Seferis
Andrew Huxley           International Committee of the Red Cross;
            —
League of Red Cross societies
      1964 Charles H. Townes;
Nicolay G. Basov;
            Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin
Aleksandr M. Prokhorov  Konrad Emil Bloch;
            Jean-Paul Sartre[D]Luther King, Jr.
                        Martin
Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen           —
      1965 Sin-Itiro Tomonaga;
Julian Schwinger;
            Robert Burns Woodward
Richard P. Feynman François Jacob;
André Michel Lwoff;
            Michail Aleksandrovich— International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF)
Jacques Monod                        Sholokhov
                        United Nations
                        Robert S. Mulliken Peyton Rous;
      1966 Alfred Kastler           Francis
            Shmuel Yosef
Charles Brenton Huggins Agnon;
Nelly Sachs None        —
      1967 Hans BetheManfred Eigen;
Ronald George Wreyford Norrish;
            Ragnar Granit;
George Porter
Haldan Keffer Hartline;
George Wald             None
            Miguel Ángel Asturias —
      1968 Luis AlvarezLars Onsager Robert W. Holley;
Har Gobind Khorana;
            Yasunari Kawabata
                        René
Marshall Warren Nirenberg Cassin—
                        Derek
      1969 Murray Gell-MannBarton;
Odd Hassel Max Delbrück;
Alfred Hershey;
            Samuel Beckett
Salvador Luria                      Ragnar Anton Kittil Frisch;
                        International Labour Organization
Jan Tinbergen
      1970 Hannes Alfvén;
                        J
Louis Néel Luis F. Leloirulius Axelrod;
Ulf von Euler;
Bernard Katz            Norman Borlaug
            Aleksandr SolzhenitsynPaul Samuelson
      1971 Dennis Gabor             Earl Wilbur Pablo Neruda Brandt imon Kuznets
                        Gerhard Herzberg                     Jr.
                                                Sutherland,Willy  S
      1972 John Bardeen;
Leon Neil Cooper;
            Christian B. Anfinsen;
Robert Schrieffer
Stanford Moore;
            Gerald Edelman;
William Howard Stein
            Heinrich Böll
Rodney Robert Porter None           John Hicks;
Kenneth Arrow
      1973 Leo Esaki;
Ivar Giaever;
             Josephson
Brian DavidErnst Otto Fischer;
              Karl von
Geoffrey Wilkinson Frisch;
Konrad Lorenz;
              Patrick
Nikolaas TinbergenWhite  Henry Kissinger;
Lê Ðức Thọ[E] Wassily Leontief
       1974 Martin Ryle;
              Paul
Antony Hewish Flory Albert Claude;
Christian de Duve;
              Eyvind Johnson;
George Emil Palade
              Seán
Harry Martinson MacBride;
Eisaku SatōGunnar Myrdal;
Friedrich Hayek
       1975 Aage Bohr;
Ben R. Mottelson;
              John
James RainwaterCornforth;
              David
Vladimir Prelog Baltimore;
Renato Dulbecco;
              Eugenio Montale        Leonid
Howard Martin Temin Andrei Sakharov Kantorovich;
Tjalling Koopmans
       1976 Burton Richter;
               Ting      Baruch
Samuel C.C.William Lipscomb Samuel Blumberg;
              Saul BellowBetty Williams;
Daniel Carleton Gajdusek
              Milton
Mairead Corrigan Friedman
       1977 Philip Warren Anderson;
Sir Nevill F. Mott;
               Vleck
John H. vanIlya PrigogineRoger Guillemin;
Andrew Schally;
              Vicente Aleixandre International
Rosalyn Sussman Yalow    Amnesty Bertil Ohlin;
James Meade
       1978 Pyotr Kapitsa;
Arno Penzias;
              Peter Wilson
                         Werner
Robert WoodrowD. Mitchell Arber;
Daniel Nathans;
              Isaac Bashevis SingerSadat;
Hamilton O. Smith        Anwar El
               Begin
Menachem Herbert Simon
       1979 Sheldon Glashow;
Abdus Salam;
              Herbert
Steven Weinberg C. Brown;
              A
Georg Wittig llan McLeod Cormack;
              Odysseas Mother Teresa
Godfrey Hounsfield Elytis            Theodore Schultz;
Arthur Lewis
       1980 James Cronin;
Val Fitch Paul Berg;
Walter Gilbert;
              Baruj
Frederick Sanger Benacerraf;
Jean Dausset;
              Czesław Adolfo         Lawrence
George Davis Snell Miłosz Pérez Esquivel Klein
       1981 Nicolaas Bloembergen;
Arthur L. Schawlow;
            Kenichi
Kai M. Siegbahn Fukui;
            Roger
Roald Hoffmann W. Sperry;
David H. Hubel;
            Elias Canetti nited Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Torsten N. Wiesel       U           James Tobin
                        Wilson
      1982 Kenneth G. Aaron Klug Sune Bergström;
Bengt I. Samuelsson;
            Gabriel     Alva Myrdal;
John Robert Vane García Márquez
            George Stigler
Alfonso García Robles
      1983 Subramanyan Chandrasekhar;
            Henry       B           William    Lech         G
William A. Fowler Taube arbara McClintockGolding Wałęsa érard Debreu
      1984 Carlo Rubbia;
            Robert Bruce Merrifield
Simon van der Meer Niels Kaj Jerne;
Georges J. F. Köhler;
            Jaroslav Seifert
César Milstein          Desmond TutuRichard Stone
                        Herbert
      1985 Klaus von Klitzing A. Hauptman;
Jerome KarleMichael Stuart Brown;
            Claude
Joseph L. GoldsteinSimon            Franco Modigliani
                        International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War
      1986 Ernst Ruska;
Gerd Binnig;
            Dudley
Heinrich Rohrer R. Herschbach;
Yuan T. Lee;
            Stanley Cohen;
John C. Polanyi
            Wole Soyinka
Rita Levi-Montalcini Elie Wiesel James M. Buchanan
      1987 J. Georg Bednorz;
            Donald J. Cram;
K. Alex Müller
Jean-Marie Lehn;
            Susumu Joseph           Óscar
Charles J. Pedersen Tonegawa Brodsky Arias Robert Solow
      1988 Leon M. Lederman;
Melvin Schwartz;
            Johann
Jack Steinberger Deisenhofer;
Robert Huber;
            James
Hartmut Michel W. Black;
Gertrude B. Elion;
            Naguib Mahfouz          Maurice Allais
George H. Hitchings United Nations Peace-Keeping Forces
      1989 Norman F. Ramsey;
Hans G. Dehmelt;
            Sidney Altman;
Wolfgang Paul
            J.
Thomas Cech Michael Bishop;
            Camilo       Cela       Trygve 14th Dalai
Harold E. Varmus JoséTenzin Gyatso, the Haavelmo Lama
      1990 Jerome I. Friedman;
Henry W. Kendall;
            Elias       Corey
Richard E. TaylorJames Joseph Murray;
            Octavio                 Harry Markowitz;
E. Donnall Thomas PazMikhail Gorbachev
Merton Miller;
William Forsyth Sharpe
                        Richard R. Ernst
      1991 Pierre-Gilles de GennesErwin Neher;
Bert Sakmann             Aung       Ronald
             Nadine GordimerSan Suu Kyi Coase
                         Rudolph Edmond
       1992 Georges Charpak A. Marcus H. Fischer;
             Derek
Edwin G. Krebs Walcott              Gary Becker
                         Rigoberta Menchú
       1993 Russell A. Hulse;
             Kary Jr.
Joseph H. Taylor,Mullis;
Michael SmithRichard J. Roberts;
              Sharp      Nelson Mandela;
Phillip AllenToni Morrison
             Robert Klerk
Frederik Willem deFogel;
Douglass North
       1994 Bertram N. Brockhouse;
             George Andrew OlahGilman;
Clifford G. Shull        Alfred G.
             Kenzaburo Oe
Martin Rodbell           Yasser Arafat;
Shimon Peres;
             John
Yitzhak Rabin Harsanyi;
John Forbes Nash;
Reinhard Selten
       1995 Martin L. Perl;
             Paul
Frederick ReinesJ. Crutzen;
Mario J. Molina;
             Edward B. Lewis;
Frank Sherwood Rowland
Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard;
             Seamus      Joseph
Eric F. Wieschaus Heaney Rotblat;
             Robert Lucas, Science and World Affairs
Pugwash Conferences on Jr.
       1996 David M. Lee;
Douglas D. Osheroff;
             Robert F. Curl Jr.;
Robert Coleman Richardson
Harold Kroto;
             Peter
Richard Smalley C. Doherty;
             Wisława Carlos Filipe
Rolf M. Zinkernagel Szymborska Ximenes Belo;
             James
José Ramos-Horta Mirrlees;
William Vickrey
       1997 Steven Chu;
Claude Cohen-Tannoudji;
             Paul D.
William D. Phillips Boyer;
John E. Walker;
             Stanley     Dario Fo International Campaign to Ban Landmines;
Jens Christian Skou B. Prusiner
Jody WilliamsRobert C. Merton;
Myron Scholes
       1998 Robert B. Laughlin;
Horst L. Störmer;
             Walter Kohn;
Daniel C. Tsui
John Pople Robert F. Furchgott;
Louis J. Ignarro;
Ferid Murad              John
             José Saramago Hume;
David TrimbleAmartya Sen
       1999 Gerardus 't Hooft;
             Ahmed Zewail
Martinus J.G. Veltman Günter Blobel           Médecins Sans Frontières
                                    Günter Grass        Robert Mundell
      2000 Zhores I. Alferov;
Herbert Kroemer;
Jack Kilby Alan J. Heeger;
Alan MacDiarmid;
             Arvid
Hideki Shirakawa Carlsson;
Paul Greengard;
                          Kim
Eric Kandel Gao Xingjian Dae Jung     James Heckman;
Daniel McFadden
      2001 Eric A. Cornell;
Wolfgang Ketterle;
             William S. Knowles;
Carl E. Wieman
Ryōji Noyori;
             Leland H.
Karl Barry Sharpless Hartwell;
Tim Hunt;
Paul Nurse V. S. Naipaul  United Nations;
Kofi Annan George Akerlof;
Michael Spence;
Joseph E. Stiglitz
      2002 Raymond Davis, Jr.;
Masatoshi Koshiba;
             John Bennett Fenn;
Riccardo Giacconi
Koichi Tanaka;
Kurt WüthrichSydney Brenner;
H. Robert Horvitz;
             Imre         J
John E. Sulston Kertészimmy Carter    Daniel Kahneman;
Vernon L. Smith
      2003 Alexei A. Abrikosov;
Vitaly L. Ginzburg;
             Peter Agre;
Anthony J. Leggett
             Paul Lauterbur;
Roderick MacKinnon
             J. M.
Peter Mansfield Coetzee   Shirin EbadiRobert F. Engle;
Clive Granger
      2004 David J. Gross;
H. David Politzer;
Frank WilczekAaron Ciechanover;
Avram Hershko;
Irwin Rose Richard Axel;
Linda B. Buck             Wangari Maathai Kydland;
             Elfriede Jelinek         Finn E.
Edward C. Prescott
      2005 Roy J. Glauber;
John L. Hall;
              Hänsch
Theodor W.Yves Chauvin;
Robert H. Grubbs;
             Barry Marshall;
Richard R. Schrock
Robin Warren Harold PinterInternational Atomic Energy Agency;
             Robert Aumann;
Mohamed ElBaradei
Thomas Schelling
      2006 John C. Mather;
            Roger       Andrew
George F. Smoot D. Kornberg Fire;
Craig MelloOrhan Pamuk  Muhammad Yunus;
Grameen BankEdmund Phelps
      2007 Albert Fert;
            Gerhard Ertl ario Capecchi;
Peter Grünberg          M
Martin Evans;
            Doris
Oliver Smithies Lessing Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change;
Al Gore     Leonid Hurwicz;
Eric Maskin;
Roger Myerson
      2008 Yoichiro Nambu;
Makoto Kobayashi;
            Osamu Shimomura;
Toshihide Maskawa
Martin Chalfie;
            Harald zur Hausen;
Roger Y. Tsien
Françoise Barré-Sinoussi;
            Jean-Marie Martti Ahtisaari Krugman
Luc Montagnier                      Clézio
                        Gustave Le Paul
      2009 Charles K. Kao;
Willard S. Boyle;
            Venkatraman Ramakrishnan;
George E. Smith
Thomas A. Steitz;
            Elizabeth Blackburn;
Ada E. Yonath
Carol W. Greider;
            Herta
Jack W. Szostak Müller             Elinor
                        Barack Obama Ostrom;
Oliver E. Williamson
      2010 Andre Geim;
Konstantin Novoselov
Richard Heck;
Ei-ichi Negishi;
Akira Suzuki
            Mario Vargas Llosa
Robert G. Edwards                  Peter A. Diamond;
                        Liu Xiaobo[F]
Dale T. Mortensen;
Christopher A. Pissarides
      2011 Andre Geim;
Konstantin Novoselov
Richard Heck;
Ei-ichi Negishi;
Akira Suzuki
            Mario       Liu Xiaobo[F]
Ailsa C. Mulligan Vargas Llosa     Peter A. Diamond;
Dale T. Mortensen;
Christopher A. Pissarides
Year        Physics     Chemistry Physiology
or Medicine Literature Peace       Economics

				
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