Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations

Document Sample
Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations Powered By Docstoc
					Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
Robert Fecteau
                     Introduction

• Project Team

• The Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations were developed
  pursuant to paragraph 120. (1) of CSA 2001

• The Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations replace:
       Small Fishing Vessel Inspection Regulations

• The Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations enter into force after
  the entry into force of CSA 2001


                                                                 2
                    Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
                       Schedule

•Regulatory Reform Phase I
      Small Fishing Vessels
      Vessels less than 24m in length

•Regulatory Reform Phase II
      Large Fishing Vessels
       Vessels 24m in length and more- plan to implement
      the Torremolinos International Convention for Safety
      of Fishing Vessels



                                                             3
                  Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
                    Next Steps
Complete review of stability requirements and modify the
proposed regulations as appropriate.

Resolve outstanding issues. Finalise proposed regulations.

Continue Legal drafting of the new Fishing Vessel Safety
Regulations.

Review and finalize the new Fishing Vessel Construction
Standards/ Develop guidelines as necessary.




                                                             4
                 Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
                   Background
The current regulations are outdated and do not cover all
the reasons fishing vessels sink and fishers die

The Transportation Safety Board (TSB) has identified
commercial fishing vessel accidents as a high priority

The fishing industry has evolved with many more vessels
being modified and carrying more and various fishing gear
and proceeding further offshore in conditions which they
were not initially designed for


                                                            5
                 Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
                     Objectives

 Vessel Strength, Watertight and Weathertight
Integrity
 Vessel Freeboard, Overloading, and Stability
 Equipments and Systems
 Fire Safety
 Machinery reliability-pumping and piping systems etc.
 Lifesaving Equipment Carriage
 Operation and maintenance
 Awareness of Modifications


                                                         6
                 Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
                     Concepts
General:

     Requirements based on risk
     Requirements on a “sliding scale” with no extreme
     differences across cut-offs
     “Stand alone” in nature and easily accessible
     Incorporation of industry Rules or Codes
     In-house Standards
     Plain, unambiguous language-more “choice”
     Act/ Regulations/ Standards/ Guidelines/ Policy


                                                         7
                Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
                      Concepts
Cutoffs:


     Gross tonnage eliminated; particularly the 15 tons
     gross tonnage (GT) threshold
     Length, voyage and type of vessel, i.e. closed/
     partially closed/ open instead
     Length overall (LOA) will be used
     9m and 15m are the principal cut-offs under
     consideration to reflect risk and make up of the fleet


                                                              8
                 Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
          Method of Measuring Length
“length  overall” (LOA) = distance measured from the forward end of the foremost
outside surface of the hull to the aft end of the aftermost outside surface of the
hull, and includes any extension to the structure, whether temporary or
permanent that is used for:
 --(a) increasing the cargo carrying
      capacity of the vessel,

--(b) the installation of machinery,
     or equipment,

--(c) the storage of fishing gear or
     stacking of traps, or

--(d) any purpose that exerts significant
     additional forces on the vessel such as the working of nets over the stern.




                                                                                     9
                          Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
                      Concepts
Application to Existing Vessels:

      Portable safety equipment and vessel stability within
      a prescribed time

      Vessel items such as construction to be as
      reasonable and practicable




                                                              10
                 Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
        “Reasonable and Practicable”
Transport Canada may exempt a vessel owner to comply with the construction
requirements, when;

The vessel’s construction or maintenance particulars would not expose its
occupants to danger (issues critical to safety), and

        The vessel is constructed to industry rules or codes that provide
        equivalent or greater degree of safety, or
        The vessel has operated without a marine occurrence for 5 years in
        similar environmental conditions, and the modifications required would
        result in no increase in safety, or
        The modifications required are so extensive that it would be
        “unreasonable or impracticable” to modify the vessel, and would result
        in no significant increase in safety…….




                                                                                 11
                        Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
      “Reasonable and Practicable”
…then Transport Canada could impose limitations to the
vessel, by;

a) limiting the application of items of the
   construction standards,
b) requiring additional safety equipment,
c) restricting the area of operation,
d) imposing other operational restrictions,
e) or a combination of the above



                                                         12
                   Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
            Issues Critical to Safety
Issues critical to safety are those aspects of its construction
or maintenance which would expose the occupants of a
vessel to danger, and include
       Stability and freeboard
       watertight and weathertight integrity
       downflooding
       freeing arrangements
       bilge alarms
       precautions against fire and explosion (particularly
       gasoline and propane installations)
       carbon monoxide
       other

                                                                  13
                   Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
              Critical Definitions
Some new or changed definitions:

Fishing Vessel:
       Taken from the Fisheries Act
       “means any vessel used, outfitted or designed for
      the purpose of catching, processing or transporting
      fish”
       “fish” includes marine animals, vegetation and
      other living resources of the sea.
       This definition includes “packers/transporters” and
      “aquaculture vessels”


                                                             14
                 Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
                  Critical Definitions
Some new or changed definitions:

Ice covered waters:
       waters covered by ice to such an extent as to require the
       vessel to make extraordinary manoeuvres or to be assisted by
       an icebreaker in order to avoid hull damage.

Major Modifications:
       a modification or repair or a series of modifications or repairs
       that substantially changes the capacity or size of a small
       vessel or the nature of a system on board a small vessel or
       which affects its watertight integrity or stability or which
       substantially increases its service life.



                                                                          15
                      Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
         Structure of Regulations
Portable Lifesaving Equipment and Portable Fire
Safety Equipment:

       Lifesaving equipment requirements are risk
       based according to distance from shore
       Note: In some categories there are still length based-
       cut-offs but no tonnage cut-offs

       Same new voyage categories as for other
       vessels but with two additions




                                                                16
                   Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
          Voyage Classifications
Group 1 Unlimited (>200 miles)

Group 2 Near Coastal Class I (25-200 miles)

Group 3-Near Coastal Class II(<25 miles)

Group 3A- NCII Limited (5 miles)

Group 3B-NCII Limited (2 miles)

Group 4-Sheltered


                                                    17
                Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
                       Compliance
New Act (CSA 2001)

       New enforcement provisions such as Administrative Monetary
      Penalties (AMPS) and offences under the Contraventions Act
       Basic requirements in the Fishing Vessel Regulations,
      inspection administrative procedures in guidelines
       15 GT Inspection threshold removed
       Quadrennial Inspection retained for vessels >15m but some
      additions as well
       Risk-based Inspection Regime similar to Small Vessel Regime
      (SVMIP)




                                                                     18
                     Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
                   Compliance
Vessels >15m:

      First Inspection

      Periodic (quadrennial) inspection

      Annual self-inspection checklist

      Random audit

      Supplemented by Education and Awareness

                                                     19
                 Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
                    Compliance
Vessels 9-15m:

      First Inspection

      Annual self-inspection checklist

      Random audit

      Supplemented by Education and Awareness



                                                      20
                  Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
                  Compliance

Vessels < 9m:

      Random Audit

      Education and Awareness

    New Construction:
    Manufacturer’s Conformity or Capacity label and HIN



                                                          21
                Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
                    Compliance
Plans and Data:

      Vessels >15m
        -Full plans and data for approval
      Vessels 9- 15m
        -Notification of the Minister
        -Basic plans and data when requested by the
         Minister
      Vessels < 9m and all existing vessels
        -Manufacturer apply for compliance label
        -Basic plans and data, pictures or information when
         requested by the Minister

                                                              22
                  Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
Construction and Stability Standards
     for Small Fishing Vessels

In-house Standards, incorporated by reference
        Application: 9-24m LOA
        New Vessels, Vessels subject to major
       modifications and Existing Vessels as
       reasonable and practicable
        Reflects the reality of most good practice already
       in place in the industry
        Industry Rules or Codes accepted
        Details of new stability and freeboard criteria
        Recommendations of a study carried out by Nova
       Scotia Boatbuilders Association (NSBA)
                                                             23
                Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
Construction and Stability Standards for
        Small Fishing Vessels
 Items Covered in the Standards:

        Hull strength, WT integrity; fittings (seaworthiness)
        Stability, freeboard, deck drainage, flotation
        Fuel and Ventilation Systems
        Electrical Components and Systems
        Machinery, Pumping and Piping Systems
        Fixed Fire Fighting and Structural Fire Protection
        Hull Outfit (deck machinery, fish hold divisions etc.)



                                                                 24
                  Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
 Construction Standards for Small
             Vessels
These in-house Standards will apply to FV < 9m
Note: as for non-pleasure craft

       The Standard includes manufacturer’s compliance
      label attached and Hull Identification Number (HIN)

       Also, applies to any FV >9m equipped with gasoline
      fuel systems or outboard motors for propulsion



                                                            25
                  Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
        Construction Requirements

Builders’ Quality Assurance:

      Construction and modification of major hull, deck and
      other components to be performed by specifically
      qualified workers under experienced supervision.

      Welder’s qualifications to be in accordance with the
      applicable provincial standards.




                                                              26
                   Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
         Construction Requirements

Hull:
        Structural strength: Scantlings in accordance with
        Rules or Codes. Eg, Lloyd’s Special Service Craft,
        U.K. Seafish or Fisheries Loan Board Rules (wooden
        vessels)
        Freeboard/load limit, Deck drainage
        Buoyancy for open vessels
        WT Subdivision-3 bulkheads or 2
        Hatches/ Doors/Windows to be weathertight



                                                             27
                   Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
      Construction Requirements
Electrical Systems:

More than 50 volt - TP 127, Ships Electrical Standard

Less than 50 volt
   > 15 m - TP 127, Ships Electrical Standard

   < 15 m – either
   • a) TP 1332, Construction Standards for Small
     Vessels; or
   • b) ABYC Standards for Small Craft

                                                        28
                 Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
      Construction Requirements
Machinery, Pumping and Piping Systems:

     Bilge Pumping Systems; use of metal piping, plastic
     piping now accepted in certain areas
     Submersible electric pumps (Rule Type) and pumps
     with rubber impeller (Jabsco Type) now accepted
     under restrictions
     Machinery type approval e.g. engines and gears
      - now accept Class Approvals
     Propulsion Shaft and rudder stock diameter
     calculation–now accept Rules or Codes


                                                           29
                Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
        Construction Requirements
Outfit Elements:
     • Toilets for FV over 15.2 m if sleeping berths fitted
     • Wash basin, fresh water and potable water-sufficient
       for crew and voyage
     • No requirement for galley or sleeping
       accommodations, but if fitted then some requirements
       apply
     • Fishing machinery and deck equipment safety
     • General restriction of combustible materials-see fire
     • Oil pollution and sewage pollution prevention as per
       the Pollution Prevention Regulations


                                                               30
                  Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
         Construction Requirements
Fire:
        Revised portable extinguishers carriage requirement to reflect
        FV cut-offs of 9m, 15m- increase sized of extinguishers
        Revised Means of Escape
         Structural insulation (30 minute rated and F -rated)
        Relaxed structural insulation requirement for steel vessels
        Fixed CO2 System for engine space over 32 cu. metres.
        ‘Approved’ or ‘Suitable’
        Fire Alarm and Detection: hard wired in the engine space with
        audible and visual notification at operating station
        ULC approved battery operated units sufficient in
        accommodation spaces and wheelhouse




                                                                         31
                      Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
                Lifesaving Equipment
Time to comply: 3 years (includes fire fighting equipment)

Reboarding device:
        required if the height that must be climbed in order to re-board the
        vessel from the water exceeds 0.4 metres.
Lifejacket wear:
        Applies when category 2 (inflatable), 3 (hybrid), and 4 (thermal
        protection) lifejackets are carried in order to meet the requirement for a
        lifejacket
        Where there is a risk of falling overboard and drowning
        Except if wearing a lifejacket would expose a person to greater danger




                                                                                     32
                        Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
  New Life Jacket Standard:
  The Regulations will require that all vessels carry TC approved lifejackets for each person on board. The
  new equipment will meet this standard.

• These new categories of life
  jacket are made possible by the
  new CGSB standard.                          Category 1 Category 2 Category 3 Category 4
                                              inherently       inflatable      hybrid of 1      thermal
                                              buoyant                          and 2            protection

               PFD (no change)
               15.5 lbs (70 newtons)
                                                                                    ?
               Class 2
               (Small Vessel Life
               Jacket)                                              ?               ?               ?
               22.5 lbs (100 newtons)                                         It will be some time
                                                                              before this product
               Class 1
                                                                            appears on the market.
               (Standard Life Jacket)
               33 lbs (150 newtons)                                 ?               ?               ?
                                                                                                              33
                                  Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
                                    Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
                      Lifesaving Equipment
• Group 1 – life rafts for 200% of complement plus recovery boat
• Group 2 – life rafts for 100% of complement
• Group 3 – < 12 m – life rafts for 100% of complement; or
                      – inherent buoyancy of vessel
              > 12 m – life rafts for 100% of complement



• Group 3A – immersion suits, life rafts or recovery boats for 100% of
             complement; or
           – inherent buoyancy of vessel
• Group 3B and Group 4 – no requirement for life raft or recovery boat


                             • Groups 1 and 2 must use Class 1 (Standard)
                               Lifejackets and immersion suits
                             • Groups 3 and 4 must carry at least Class 2
                               (Small Vessel) Lifejackets and anti-exposure
                               work suits.


                                                                              34
                                Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
                    Operational Issues
•Responsibility of Master and Owner
•Ice-Covered Waters and Icing Conditions
       • Fishing vessels are not to embark on any voyage into ice-covered
         waters unless they have been specially strengthened or designed to do
         so.
       • Fishing vessels embarking on a voyage in which it may be subject to
         icing conditions, must be equipped with tools for removing the ice.
•Safety briefing required before leaving port with new crew members
•Records of maintenance and modifications to be kept on board or at owner’s
premises
•Tools and spares to be carried
•Vessels > 15 m
       • Plans and diagrams to be posted on board including bilge piping system
         — portable life saving equipment, fire fighting, extinguishing, detection
         and alarm systems



                                                                                     35
                         Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations
            Questions/Comments
Ian Campbell, Marine Safety Inspector, AMSRD
Ship Design and Fishing Vessels
Tel.: (613) 998-0652
Fax: (613) 991-4818
Email: campbei@tc.gc.ca

Jim Lynch, Manager, AMSRD
Ship Design and Fishing Vessels
Tel.:(613) 998-0650
Fax: (613) 991-4818
Email: LYNCHJI@tc.gc.ca
                                                     36
                 Fishing Vessel Safety Regulations

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:7
posted:10/10/2011
language:English
pages:36