UGC Notification on Ragging - Rehabilitation Council of India

Document Sample
UGC Notification on Ragging - Rehabilitation Council of India Powered By Docstoc
					                      UNIVERSITY GRANTS COMMISSION
                        BAHADURSHAH ZAFAR MARG
                           NEW DELHI – 110 002

     UGC REGULATIONS ON CURBING THE MENACE OF RAGGING IN
            HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS, 2009.
           (under Section 26 (1)(g) of the University Grants Commission Act, 1956)

         (TO BE PUBLISHED IN THE GAZETTE OF INDIA PART III, SECTION-4)

F.1-16/2007(CPP-II)                                               Dated 17th June, 2009.



PREAMBLE.
       In view of the directions of the Hon’ble Supreme Court in the matter of
“University of Kerala v/s. Council, Principals, Colleges and others” in SLP no. 24295 of
2006 dated 16.05.2007 and that dated 8.05.2009 in Civil Appeal number 887 of 2009,
and in consideration of the determination of the Central Government and the University
Grants Commission to prohibit, prevent and eliminate the scourge of ragging including
any conduct by any student or students whether by words spoken or written or by an
act which has the effect of teasing, treating or handling with rudeness a fresher or any
other student, or indulging in rowdy or indisciplined activities by any student or students
which causes or is likely to cause annoyance, hardship or psychological harm or to raise
fear or apprehension thereof in any fresher or any other student or asking any student
to do any act which such student will not in the ordinary course do and which has the
effect of causing or generating a sense of shame, or torment or embarrassment so as
to adversely affect the physique or psyche of such fresher or any other student, with or
without an intent to derive a sadistic pleasure or showing off power, authority or
superiority by a student over any fresher or any other student, in all higher education
institutions in the country, and thereby, to provide for the healthy development,
physically and psychologically, of all students, the University Grants Commission, in
consultation with the Councils, brings forth this Regulation.


   In exercise of the powers conferred by Clause (g) of sub-section (1) of Section 26 of
the University Grants Commission Act, 1956, the University Grants Commission hereby
makes the following Regulations, namely;


                                             1
1. Title, commencement and applicability.-


1.1    These regulations shall be called the “UGC Regulations on Curbing the Menace of
Ragging in Higher Educational Institutions, 2009”.
1.2    They shall come into force from the date of their publication in the Official
Gazette.
1.3    They shall apply to all the institutions coming within the definition of an
University under sub-section (f) of section (2) of the University Grants Commission Act,
1956, and to all institutions deemed to be a university under Section 3 of the University
Grants Commission Act, 1956, to all other higher educational institutions, or elements of
such universities or institutions, including its departments, constituent units and all the
premises, whether being academic, residential, playgrounds, canteen, or other such
premises of such universities, deemed universities and higher educational institutions,
whether located within the campus or outside, and to all means of transportation of
students, whether public or private, accessed by students for the pursuit of studies in
such universities, deemed universities and higher educational institutions.


2. Objectives.-
       To prohibit any conduct by any student or students whether by words spoken or
written or by an act which has the effect of teasing, treating or handling with rudeness a
fresher or any other student, or indulging in rowdy or indisciplined activities by any
student or students which causes or is likely to cause annoyance, hardship or
psychological harm or to raise fear or apprehension thereof in any fresher or any other
student or asking any student to do any act which such student will not in the ordinary
course do and which has the effect of causing or generating a sense of shame, or
torment or embarrassment so as to adversely affect the physique or psyche of such
fresher or any other student, with or without an intent to derive a sadistic pleasure or
showing off power, authority or superiority by a student over any fresher or any other
student; and thereby, to eliminate ragging in all its forms from universities, deemed
universities and other higher educational institutions in the country by prohibiting it




                                            2
under these Regulations, preventing its occurrence and punishing those who indulge in
ragging as provided for in these Regulations and the appropriate law in force.


3. What constitutes Ragging.- Ragging constitutes one or more of any of the
following acts:
   a. any conduct by any student or students whether by words spoken or written or
        by an act which has the effect of teasing, treating or handling with rudeness a
        fresher or any other student;
   b. indulging in rowdy or indisciplined activities by any student or students which
        causes or is likely to cause annoyance, hardship, physical or psychological harm
        or to raise fear or apprehension thereof in any fresher or any other student;
   c. asking any student to do any act which such student will not in the ordinary
        course do and which has the effect of causing or generating a sense of shame,
        or torment or embarrassment so as to adversely affect the physique or psyche
        of such fresher or any other student;
   d. any act by a senior student that prevents, disrupts or disturbs the regular
        academic activity of any other student or a fresher;
   e. exploiting the services of a fresher or any other student for completing the
        academic tasks assigned to an individual or a group of students.
   f.   any act of financial extortion or forceful expenditure burden put on a fresher or
        any other student by students;
   g. any act of physical abuse including all variants of it: sexual abuse, homosexual
        assaults, stripping, forcing obscene and lewd acts, gestures, causing bodily harm
        or any other danger to health or person;
   h. any act or abuse by spoken words, emails, post, public insults which would also
        include deriving perverted pleasure, vicarious or sadistic thrill from actively or
        passively participating in the discomfiture to fresher or any other student ;
   i.   any act that affects the mental health and self-confidence of a fresher or any
        other student
with or without an intent to derive a sadistic pleasure or showing off power, authority or
superiority by a student over any fresher or any other student.




                                             3
4. Definitions.-
1)    In these regulations unless the context otherwise requires,-
      a) “Act” means, the University Grants Commission Act, 1956 (3 of 1956);
      b) “Academic year” means the period from the commencement of admission of
      students in any course of study in the institution up to the completion of
      academic requirements for that particular year.
      c) “Anti-Ragging Helpline” means the Helpline established under clause (a) of
      Regulation 8.1 of these Regulations.
      d) “Commission” means the University Grants Commission;
      e) “Council” means a body so constituted by an Act of Parliament or an Act of
      any State Legislature for setting, or co-ordinating or maintaining standards in the
      relevant areas of higher education, such as the All India Council for Technical
      Education (AICTE), the Bar Council of India (BCI), the Dental Council of India
      (DCI), the Distance Education Council (DEC), the Indian Council of Agricultural
      Research (ICAR), the Indian Nursing Council (INC), the Medical Council of India
      (MCI), the National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE), the Pharmacy Council
      of India (PCI), etc. and the State Higher Education Councils.
      f) “District Level Anti-Ragging Committee” means the Committee, headed by
      the District Magistrate, constituted by the State Government, for the control and
      elimination of ragging in institutions within the jurisdiction of the district.
      g) “Head of the institution” means the Vice-Chancellor in case of a university or a
      deemed to be university, the Principal or the Director or such other designation
      as the executive head of the institution or the college is referred.
      h) “Fresher” means a student who has been admitted to an institution and who
      is undergoing his/her first year of study in such institution.
      i) “Institution” means a higher educational institution including, but not limited
      to an university, a deemed to be university, a college, an institute, an institution
      of national importance set up by an Act of Parliament or a constituent unit of
      such institution, imparting higher education beyond 12 years of schooling leading
      to, but not necessarily culminating in, a degree (graduate, postgraduate and/or
      higher level) and/or to a university diploma.




                                             4
         j) “NAAC” means the National Academic and Accreditation Council established by
         the Commission under section 12(ccc) of the Act;
         k) “State Level Monitoring Cell” means the body constituted by the State
         Government for the control and elimination of ragging in institutions within the
         jurisdiction of the State, established under a State Law or on the advice of the
         Central Government, as the case may be.
(2)      Words and expressions used and not defined herein but defined in the Act or in
the General Clauses Act, 1897, shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in
the Act or in the General Clauses Act, 1897, as the case may be.




5. Measures for prohibition of ragging at the institution level:-
      a) No institution or any part of it thereof, including its elements, including, but not
         limited to, the departments, constituent units, colleges, centres of studies and all
         its premises, whether academic, residential, playgrounds, or canteen, whether
         located within the campus or outside, and in all means of transportation of
         students, whether public or private, accessed by students for the pursuit of
         studies in such institutions, shall permit or condone any reported incident of
         ragging in any form; and all institutions shall take all necessary and required
         measures, including but not limited to the provisions of these Regulations, to
         achieve the objective of eliminating ragging, within the institution or outside,


      b) All institutions shall take action in accordance with these Regulations against
         those found guilty of ragging and/or abetting ragging, actively or passively, or
         being part of a conspiracy to promote ragging.


6        Measures for prevention of ragging at the institution level.-
6.1      An institution shall take the following steps in regard to admission or registration
      of students; namely,
      a) Every public declaration of intent by any institution, in any electronic, audio-
         visual or print or any other media, for admission of students to any course of
         study shall expressly provide that ragging is totally prohibited in the institution,



                                              5
   and anyone found guilty of ragging and/or abetting ragging, whether actively or
   passively, or being a part of a conspiracy to promote ragging, is liable to be
   punished in accordance with these Regulations as well as under the provisions of
   any penal law for the time being in force.
b) The brochure of admission/instruction booklet or the prospectus, whether in print
   or electronic format, shall prominently print these Regulations in full.
          Provided that the institution shall also draw attention to any law
   concerning ragging and its consequences, as may be applicable to the institution
   publishing such brochure of admission/instruction booklet or the prospectus.
          Provided further that the telephone numbers of the Anti-Ragging Helpline
   and all the important functionaries in the institution, including but not limited to
   the Head of the institution, faculty members, members of the Anti-Ragging
   Committees and Anti-Ragging Squads, District and Sub-Divisional authorities,
   Wardens of hostels, and other functionaries or authorities where relevant, shall
   be published in the brochure of admission/instruction booklet or the prospectus.
c) Where an institution is affiliated to a University and publishes a brochure of
   admission/instruction booklet or a prospectus, the affiliating university shall
   ensure that the affiliated institution shall comply with the provisions of clause (a)
   and clause (b) of Regulation 6.1 of these Regulations.
d) The application form for admission, enrolment or registration shall contain an
   affidavit, mandatorily in English and in Hindi and/or in one of the regional
   languages known to the applicant, as provided in the English language in
   Annexure I to these Regulations, to be filled up and signed by the applicant to
   the effect that he/she has read and understood the provisions of these
   Regulations as well as the provisions of any other law for the time being in force,
   and is aware of the prohibition of ragging and the punishments prescribed, both
   under penal laws as well as under these Regulations and also affirm to the effect
   that he/she has not been expelled and/or debarred by any institution and further
   aver that he/she would not indulge, actively or passively, in the act or abet the
   act of ragging and if found guilty of ragging and/or abetting ragging, is liable to
   be proceeded against under these Regulations or under any penal law or any




                                         6
   other law for the time being in force and such action would include but is not
   limited to debarment or expulsion of such student.
e) The application form for admission, enrolment or registration shall contain an
   affidavit, mandatorily in English and in Hindi and/or in one of the regional
   languages known to the parents/guardians of the applicant, as provided in the
   English language in Annexure I to these Regulations, to be filled up and signed
   by the parents/guardians of the applicant to the effect that he/she has read and
   understood the provisions of these Regulations as well as the provisions of any
   other law for the time being in force, and is aware of the prohibition of ragging
   and the punishments prescribed, both under penal laws as well as under these
   Regulations and also affirm to the effect that his/her ward has not been expelled
   and/or debarred by any institution and further aver that his/her ward would not
   indulge, actively or passively, in the act or abet the act of ragging and if found
   guilty of ragging and/or abetting ragging, his/her ward is liable to be proceeded
   against under these Regulations or under any penal law or any other law for the
   time being in force and such action would include but is not limited to debarment
   or expulsion of his/her ward.
f) The application for admission shall be accompanied by a document in the form
   of, or annexed to, the School Leaving Certificate/Transfer Certificate/Migration
   Certificate/Character Certificate reporting on the inter-personal/social behavioural
   pattern of the applicant, to be issued by the school or institution last attended by
   the applicant, so that the institution can thereafter keep watch on the applicant,
   if admitted, whose behaviour has been commented in such document.
g) A student seeking admission to a hostel forming part of the institution, or
   seeking to reside in any temporary premises not forming part of the institution,
   including a private commercially managed lodge or hostel, shall have to submit
   additional affidavits countersigned by his/her parents/guardians in the form
   prescribed in Annexure I and Annexure II to these Regulations respectively along
   with his/her application.
h) Before the commencement of the academic session in any institution, the Head
   of   the   Institution   shall   convene   and   address   a   meeting   of   various
   functionaries/agencies, such as Hostel Wardens, representatives of students,



                                          7
   parents/ guardians, faculty, district administration including the police, to discuss
   the measures to be taken to prevent ragging in the institution and steps to be
   taken to identify those indulging in or abetting ragging and punish them.
i) The institution shall, to make the community at large and the students in
   particular aware of the dehumanizing effect of ragging, and the approach of the
   institution towards those indulging in ragging, prominently display posters
   depicting the provisions of penal law applicable to incidents of ragging, and the
   provisions of these Regulations and also any other law for the time being in
   force, and the punishments thereof, shall be prominently displayed on Notice
   Boards of all departments, hostels and other buildings as well as at places,
   where students normally gather and at places, known to be vulnerable to
   occurrences of ragging incidents.
j) The institution shall request the media to give adequate publicity to the law
   prohibiting ragging and the negative aspects of ragging and the institution’s
   resolve to ban ragging and punish those found guilty without fear or favour.
k) The institution shall identify, properly illuminate and keep a close watch on all
   locations known to be vulnerable to occurrences of ragging incidents.
l) The institution shall tighten security in its premises, especially at vulnerable
   places and intense policing by Anti-Ragging Squad, referred to in these
   Regulations and volunteers, if any, shall be resorted to at such points at odd
   hours during the first few months of the academic session.
m) The institution shall utilize the vacation period before the start of the new
   academic year to launch a publicity campaign against ragging through posters,
   leaflets and such other means, as may be desirable or required, to promote the
   objectives of these Regulations.
n) The faculties/departments/units of the institution shall have induction
   arrangements, including those which anticipate, identify and plan to meet any
   special needs of any specific section of students, in place well in advance of the
   beginning of the academic year with an aim to promote the objectives of this
   Regulation.
o) Every institution shall engage or seek the assistance of professional
   counsellors before the commencement of the academic session, to be available



                                        8
         when required by the institution, for the purposes of offering counselling to
         freshers and to other students after the commencement of the academic year.
      p) The head of the institution shall provide information to the local police and local
         authorities, the details of every privately commercially managed hostels or
         lodges used for residential purposes by students enrolled in the institution and
         the head of the institution shall also ensure that the Anti-Ragging Squad shall
         ensure vigil in such locations to prevent the occurrence of ragging therein.


6.2      An institution shall, on admission or enrolment or registration of students, take
      the following steps, namely;
      a) Every fresh student admitted to the institution shall be given a printed leaflet
         detailing to whom he/she has to turn to for help and guidance for various
         purposes including addresses and telephone numbers, so as to enable the
         student to contact the concerned person at any time, if and when required, of
         the Anti-Ragging Helpline referred to in these Regulations, Wardens, Head of the
         institution, all members of the anti-ragging squads and committees, relevant
         district and police authorities.
      b) The institution, through the leaflet specified in clause (a) of Regulation 6.2 of
         these Regulations shall explain to the freshers, the arrangements made for their
         induction and orientation which promote efficient and effective means of
         integrating them fully as students with those already admitted o the institution in
         earlier years.
      c) The leaflet specified in clause (a) of Regulation 6.2 of these Regulations shall
         inform the freshers about their rights as bona fide students of the institution and
         clearly instructing them that they should desist from doing anything, with or
         against their will, even if ordered to by the seniors students, and that any
         attempt of ragging shall be promptly reported to the Anti-ragging Squad or to
         the Warden or to the Head of the institution, as the case may be.
      d) The leaflet specified in clause (a) of Regulation 6.2 of these Regulations shall
         contain a calendar of events and activities laid down by the institution to
         facilitate and complement familiarization of freshers with the academic
         environment of the institution.



                                              9
e) The institution shall, on the arrival of senior students after the first week or after
     the second week, as the case may be, schedule orientation programmes as
     follows, namely; (i) joint sensitization programme and counselling of both
     freshers and senior students by a professional counsellor, referred to in clause
     (o) of Regulation 6.1 of these Regulations; (ii) joint orientation programme of
     freshers and seniors   to   be addressed by the Head of the institution and the
     anti -ragging committee;(iii) organization on a large scale of cultural, sports and
     other activities to provide a platform for the freshers and seniors to interact in
     the presence of faculty members ; (iv) in the hostel, the warden should address
     all students; and may request two junior colleagues from the college faculty to
     assist the warden by becoming resident tutors for a temporary duration.(v) as far
     as possible faculty members should dine with the hostel residents in their
     respective hostels to instil a feeling of confidence among the freshers.
f)   The institution shall set up appropriate committees, including the course-in-
     charge, student advisor, Wardens and some senior students as its members, to
     actively monitor, promote and regulate healthy interaction between the freshers,
     junior students and senior students.
g) Freshers or any other student(s), whether being victims, or witnesses, in any
     incident of ragging, shall be encouraged to report such occurrence, and the
     identity of such informants shall be protected and shall not be subject to any
     adverse consequence only for the reason for having reported such incidents.
h) Each batch of freshers, on arrival at the institution, shall be divided into small
     groups and each such group shall be assigned to a member of the faculty, who
     shall interact individually with each member of the group every day for
     ascertaining the problems or difficulties, if any, faced by the fresher in the
     institution and shall extend necessary help to the fresher in overcoming the
     same.
i) It shall be the responsibility of the member of the faculty assigned to the group
     of freshers, to coordinate with the Wardens of the hostels and to make surprise
     visits to the rooms in such hostels, where a member or members of the group
     are lodged; and such member of faculty shall maintain a diary of his/her
     interaction with the freshers under his/her charge.



                                         10
j) Freshers shall be lodged, as far as may be, in a separate hostel block, and where
   such facilities are not available, the institution shall ensure that access of seniors
   to accommodation allotted to freshers is strictly monitored by wardens, security
   guards and other staff of the institution.
k) A round the clock vigil against ragging in the hostel premises, in order to prevent
   ragging in the hostels after the classes are over, shall be ensured by the
   institution.
l) It shall be the responsibility of the parents/guardians of freshers to promptly
   bring any instance of ragging to the notice of the Head of the Institution.
m) Every student studying in the institution and his/her parents/guardians shall
   provide the specific affidavits required under clauses (d), (e) and (g) of
   Regulation 6.1 of these Regulations at the time of admission or registration, as
   the case may be, during each academic year.
n) Every institution shall obtain the affidavit from every student as referred to
   above in clause (m) of Regulation 6.2 and maintain a proper record of the same
   and to ensure its safe upkeep thereof, including maintaining the copies of the
   affidavit in an electronic form, to be accessed easily when required either by the
   Commission or any of the Councils or by the institution or by the affiliating
   University or by any other person or organisation authorised to do so.
o) Every student at the time of his/her registration shall inform the institution about
   his/her place of residence while pursuing the course of study, and in case the
   student has not decided his/her place of residence or intends to change the
   same, the details of his place of residence shall be provided immediately on
   deciding the same; and specifically in regard to a private commercially managed
   lodge or hostel where he/she has taken up residence.
p) The Head of the institution shall, on the basis of the information provided by the
   student under clause (o) of Regulation 6.2, apportion sectors to be assigned to
   members of the faculty, so that such member of faculty can maintain vigil and
   report any incident of ragging outside the campus or en route while commuting
   to the institution using any means of transportation of students, whether public
   or private.




                                        11
      q) The Head of the institution shall, at the end of each academic year, send a letter
         to the parents/guardians of the students who are completing their first year in
         the institution, informing them about these Regulations and any law for the time
         being in force prohibiting ragging and the punishments thereof as well as
         punishments prescribed under the penal laws, and appealing to them to impress
         upon their wards to desist from indulging in ragging on their return to the
         institution at the beginning of the academic session next.


6.3      Every institution shall constitute the following bodies; namely,
      a) Every institution shall constitute a Committee to be known as the Anti-Ragging
         Committee to be nominated and headed by the Head of the institution, and
         consisting of representatives of civil and police administration, local media, Non
         Government Organizations involved in youth activities, representatives of faculty
         members, representatives of parents, representatives of students belonging to
         the freshers' category as well as senior students, non-teaching staff; and shall
         have a diverse mix of membership in terms of levels as well as gender.
      b) It shall be the duty of the Anti-Ragging Committee to ensure compliance with the
         provisions of these Regulations as well as the provisions of any law for the time
         being in force concerning ragging; and also to monitor and oversee the
         performance of the Anti-Ragging Squad in prevention of ragging in the
         institution.
      c) Every institution shall also constitute a smaller body to be known as the Anti-
         Ragging Squad to be nominated by the Head of the Institution with such
         representation as may be considered necessary for maintaining vigil, oversight
         and patrolling functions and shall remain mobile, alert and active at all times.
                 Provided that the Anti-Ragging Squad shall have representation of various
         members of the campus community and shall have no outside representation.
      d) It shall be the duty of the Anti-Ragging Squad to be called upon to make surprise
         raids on hostels, and other places vulnerable to incidents of, and having the
         potential of, ragging and shall be empowered to inspect such places.
      e) It shall also be the duty of the Anti-Ragging Squad to conduct an on-the-spot
         enquiry into any incident of ragging referred to it by the Head of the institution



                                              12
   or any member of the faculty or any member of the staff or any student or any
   parent or guardian or any employee of a service provider or by any other person,
   as the case may be; and the enquiry report along with recommendations shall be
   submitted to the Anti-Ragging Committee for action under clause (a) of
   Regulation 9.1.
           Provided that the Anti-Ragging Squad shall conduct such enquiry
   observing a fair and transparent procedure and the principles of natural justice
   and after giving adequate opportunity to the student or students accused of
   ragging and other witnesses to place before it the facts, documents and views
   concerning the incident of ragging, and considering such other relevant
   information as may be required.
f) Every institution shall, at the end of each academic year, in order to promote the
   objectives of these Regulations, constitute a Mentoring Cell consisting of
   students volunteering to be Mentors for freshers, in the succeeding academic
   year; and there shall be as many levels or tiers of Mentors as the number of
   batches in the institution, at the rate of one Mentor for six freshers and one
   Mentor of a higher level for six Mentors of the lower level.
g) Every University shall constitute a body to be known as Monitoring Cell on
   Ragging, which shall coordinate with the affiliated colleges and institutions under
   the domain of the University to achieve the objectives of these Regulations; and
   the Monitoring Cell shall call for reports from the Heads of institutions in regard
   to the activities of the Anti-Ragging Committees, Anti - Ragging Squads, and the
   Mentoring Cells at the institutions, and it shall also keep itself abreast of the
   decisions of the District level Anti-Ragging Committee headed by the District
   Magistrate.
h) The Monitoring Cell shall also review the efforts made by institutions to publicize
   anti-ragging measures, soliciting of affidavits from parents/guardians and from
   students, each academic year, to abstain from ragging activities or willingness to
   be penalized for violations; and shall function as the prime mover for initiating
   action on the part of the appropriate authorities of the university for amending
   the Statutes or Ordinances or Bye-laws to facilitate the implementation of anti-
   ragging measures at the level of the institution.



                                        13
6.4   Every institution shall take the following other measures, namely;
      a)      Each hostel or a place where groups of students reside, forming part of
      the institution, shall have a full-time Warden, to be appointed by the institution
      as per the eligibility criteria laid down for the post reflecting both the command
      and control aspects of maintaining discipline and preventing incidents of ragging
      within the hostel, as well as the softer skills of counselling and communicating
      with the youth outside the class-room situation; and who shall reside within the
      hostel, or at the very least, in the close vicinity thereof.
      b)      The Warden shall be accessible at all hours and be available on telephone
      and other modes of communication, and for the purpose the Warden shall be
      provided with a mobile phone by the institution, the number of which shall be
      publicised among all students residing in the hostel.
      c)      The institution shall review and suitably enhance the powers of Wardens;
      and the security personnel posted in hostels shall be under the direct control of
      the Warden and their performance shall be assessed by them.
      d)      The professional counsellors referred to under clause (o) of Regulation
      6.1 of these Regulations shall, at the time of admission, counsel freshers and/or
      any other student(s) desiring counselling, in order to prepare them for the life
      ahead, particularly in regard to the life in hostels and to the extent possible, also
      involve parents and teachers in the counselling sessions.
      e)      The institution shall undertake measures for extensive publicity against
      ragging by means of audio-visual aids, counselling sessions, workshops, painting
      and design competitions among students and such other measures, as it may
      deem fit.
      f)      In order to enable a student or any person to communicate with the Anti-
      Ragging Helpline, every institution shall permit unrestricted access to mobile
      phones and public phones in hostels and campuses, other than in class-rooms,
      seminar halls, library, and in such other places that the institution may deem it
      necessary to restrict the use of phones.
      g)      The faculty of the institution and its non-teaching staff, which includes
      but is not limited to the administrative staff, contract employees, security guards



                                            14
and employees of service providers providing services within the institution, shall
be sensitized towards the ills of ragging, its prevention and the consequences
thereof.
h)     The institution shall obtain an undertaking from every employee of the
institution including all teaching and non-teaching members of staff, contract
labour employed in the premises either for running canteen or as watch and
ward staff or for cleaning or maintenance of the buildings/lawns and employees
of service providers providing services within the institution, that he/she would
report promptly any case of ragging which comes to his/her notice.
i)     The institution shall make a provision in the service rules of its employees
for issuing certificates of appreciation to such members of the staff who report
incidents of ragging, which will form part of their service record.
j)     The institution shall give necessary instructions to the employees of the
canteens and messing, whether that of the institution or that of a service
provider providing this service, or their employers, as the case may be, to keep a
strict vigil in the area of their work and to report the incidents of ragging to the
Head of the institution or members of the Anti-Ragging Squad or members of the
Anti-Ragging Committee or the Wardens, as may be required.
k)     All Universities awarding a degree in education at any level,       shall be
required to ensure that institutions imparting instruction in such courses or
conducting training programme for teachers include inputs relating to anti-
ragging and the appreciation of the relevant human rights, as well as inputs on
topics regarding sensitization against corporal punishments and checking of
bullying amongst students, so that every teacher is equipped to handle at least
the rudiments of the counselling approach.
l)     Discreet random surveys shall be conducted amongst the freshers every
fortnight during the first three months of the academic year to verify and cross-
check whether the institution is indeed free of ragging or not and for the purpose
the institution may design its own methodology of conducting such surveys.
m)     The institution shall cause to have an entry, apart from those relating to
general conduct and behaviour, made in the Migration/Transfer Certificate issued
to the student while leaving the institution, as to whether the student has been



                                     15
       punished for committing or abetting an act of ragging, as also whether the
       student has displayed persistent violent or aggressive behaviour or any
       inclination to harm others, during his course of study in the institution.
       n)        Notwithstanding anything contained in these Regulations with regard to
       obligations and responsibilities pertaining to the authorities or members of
       bodies prescribed above, it shall be the general collective responsibility of all
       levels and sections of authorities or functionaries including members of the
       faculty and employees of the institution, whether regular or temporary, and
       employees of service providers providing service within the institution, to prevent
       or to act promptly against the occurrence of ragging or any incident of ragging
       which comes to their notice.
       o)        The Heads of institutions affiliated to a University or a constituent of the
       University, as the case may be, shall, during the first three months of an
       academic year, submit a weekly report on the status of compliance with Anti-
       Ragging measures under these Regulations, and a monthly report on such status
       thereafter, to the Vice-Chancellor of the University to which the institution is
       affiliated to or recognized by.
       p)        The Vice Chancellor of each University, shall submit fortnightly reports of
       the University, including those of the Monitoring Cell on Ragging in case of an
       affiliating university, to the State Level Monitoring Cell.


7.     Action to be taken by the Head of the institution.- On receipt of the
recommendation of the Anti Ragging Squad or on receipt of any information concerning
any reported incident of ragging, the Head of institution shall immediately determine if a
case under the penal laws is made out and if so, either on his own or through a member
of the Anti-Ragging Committee authorised by him in this behalf, proceed to file a First
Information Report (FIR), within twenty four hours of receipt of such information or
recommendation, with the police and local authorities, under the appropriate penal
provisions relating to one or more of the following, namely;
            i.   Abetment to ragging;
         ii.     Criminal conspiracy to rag;
        iii.     Unlawful assembly and rioting while ragging;



                                               16
          iv.    Public nuisance created during ragging;
           v.    Violation of decency and morals through ragging;
          vi.    Injury to body, causing hurt or grievous hurt;
          vii.   Wrongful restraint;
        viii.    Wrongful confinement;
          ix.    Use of criminal force;
           x.    Assault as well as sexual offences or unnatural offences;
          xi.    Extortion;
          xii.   Criminal trespass;
        xiii.    Offences against property;
        xiv.     Criminal intimidation;
          xv.    Attempts to commit any or all of the above mentioned offences against
                 the victim(s);
        xvi.     Threat to commit any or all of the above mentioned offences against the
                 victim(s);
        xvii.    Physical or psychological humiliation;
       xviii.    All other offences following from the definition of “Ragging”.
        Provided that the Head of the institution shall forthwith report the occurrence of
the incident of ragging to the District Level Anti-Ragging Committee and the Nodal
officer of the affiliating University, if the institution is an affiliated institution.
        Provided further that the institution shall also continue with its own enquiry
initiated under clause 9 of these Regulations and other measures without waiting for
action on the part of the police/local authorities and such remedial action shall be
initiated and completed immediately and in no case later than a period of seven days of
the reported occurrence of the incident of ragging.


8.      Duties and Responsibilities of the Commission and the Councils.-
8.1 The Commission shall, with regard to providing facilitating communication of
information regarding incidents of ragging in any institution, take the following steps,
namely;




                                                 17
      a) The Commission shall establish, fund and operate, a toll-free Anti-Ragging
         Helpline, operational round the clock, which could be accessed by students in
         distress owing to ragging related incidents.
      b) Any distress message received at the             Anti-Ragging Helpline shall be
         simultaneously relayed to the Head of the Institution, the Warden of the Hostels,
         the Nodal Officer of the affiliating University, if the incident reported has taken
         place in an institution affiliated to a University, the concerned District authorities
         and if so required, the District Magistrate, and the Superintendent of Police, and
         shall also be web enabled so as to be in the public domain simultaneously for the
         media and citizens to access it.
      c) The Head of the institution shall be obliged to act immediately in response to the
         information received from the Anti-Ragging Helpline as at sub-clause (b) of this
         clause.
      d) The telephone numbers of the Anti-Ragging Helpline and all the important
         functionaries in every institution, Heads of institutions, faculty members,
         members of the anti-ragging committees and anti ragging squads, district and
         sub-divisional authorities and state authorities, Wardens of hostels, and other
         functionaries or authorities where relevant, shall be widely disseminated for
         access or to seek help in emergencies.
      e) The Commission shall maintain an appropriate data base to be created out of
         affidavits, affirmed by each student and his/her parents/guardians and stored
         electronically by the institution, either on its or through an agency to be
         designated by it; and such database shall also function as a record of ragging
         complaints received, and the status of the action taken thereon.
      f) The Commission shall make available the database to a non-governmental
         agency to be nominated by the Central Government, to build confidence in the
         public and also to provide information of non compliance with these Regulations
         to the Councils and to such bodies as may be authorised by the Commission or
         by the Central Government.


8.2      The Commission shall take the following regulatory steps, namely;




                                              18
a) The Commission shall make it mandatory for the institutions to incorporate in
   their prospectus, the directions of the Central Government or the State Level
   Monitoring Committee with regard to prohibition and consequences of ragging,
   and that non-compliance with these Regulations and directions so provided, shall
   be considered as lowering of academic standards by the institution, therefore
   making it liable for appropriate action.
b) The Commission shall verify that the institutions strictly comply with the
   requirement    of    getting    the      affidavits    from   the   students   and     their
   parents/guardians as envisaged under these Regulations.
c) The Commission shall include a specific condition in the Utilization Certificate, in
   respect of any financial assistance or grants-in-aid to any institution under any of
   the general or special schemes of the Commission, that the institution has
   complied with the anti-ragging measures.
d) Any incident of ragging in an institution shall adversely affect its accreditation,
   ranking or grading by NAAC or by any other authorised accreditation agencies
   while assessing the institution for accreditation, ranking or grading purposes.
e) The Commission may accord priority in financial grants-in-aid to those
   institutions, otherwise eligible to receive grants under section 12B of the Act,
   which report a blemishless record in terms of there being no reported incident of
   ragging.
f) The Commission shall constitute an Inter-Council Committee, consisting of
   representatives     of   the   various     Councils,    the   Non-Governmental       agency
   responsible for monitoring the database maintained by the Commission under
   clause (g) of Regulation 8.1 and such other bodies in               higher education, to
   coordinate and monitor the anti-ragging measures in institutions across the
   country and to make recommendations from time to time; and shall meet at
   least once in six months each year.
g) The Commission shall institute an Anti-Ragging Cell within the Commission as an
   institutional mechanism to provide secretarial support for collection of
   information and monitoring, and to coordinate with the State Level Monitoring
   Cell and University level Committees for effective implementation of anti-ragging
   measures, and the Cell shall also coordinate with the Non-Governmental agency



                                             19
         responsible for monitoring the database maintained by the Commission
         appointed under clause (g) of Regulation 8.1.


9.       Administrative action in the event of ragging.-
9.1      The institution shall punish a student found guilty of ragging after following the
procedure and in the manner prescribed hereinunder:
      a) The Anti-Ragging Committee of the institution shall take an appropriate decision,
         in regard to punishment or otherwise, depending on the facts of each incident of
         ragging and nature and gravity of the incident of ragging established in the
         recommendations of the Anti-Ragging Squad.
      b) The Anti-Ragging Committee may, depending on the nature and gravity of the
         guilt established by the Anti-Ragging Squad, award, to those found guilty, one or
         more of the following punishments, namely;
            i.    Suspension from attending classes and academic privileges.
           ii.    Withholding/ withdrawing scholarship/ fellowship and other benefits.
           iii.   Debarring from appearing in any test/ examination or other evaluation
                  process.
           iv.    Withholding results.
           v.     Debarring from representing the institution in any regional, national or
                  international meet, tournament, youth festival, etc.
           vi.    Suspension/ expulsion from the hostel.
          vii.    Cancellation of admission.
         viii.    Rustication from the institution for period ranging from one to four
                  semesters.
           ix.    Expulsion from the institution and consequent debarring from admission to
                  any other institution for a specified period.
                  Provided that where the persons committing or abetting the act of
          ragging are not identified, the institution shall resort to collective punishment.
      c) An appeal against the order of punishment by the Anti-Ragging Committee shall
         lie,
           i.     in case of an order of an institution, affiliated to or constituent part, of a
                  University, to the Vice-Chancellor of the University;



                                                 20
           ii.    in case of an order of a University, to its Chancellor.
           iii.   in case of an institution of national importance created by an Act of
                  Parliament, to the Chairman or Chancellor of the institution, as the case
                  may be.


9.2     Where an institution, being constituent of, affiliated to or recognized by a
University, fails to comply with any of the provisions of these Regulations or fails to curb
ragging effectively, such University may take any one or more of the following actions,
namely;
          i.      Withdrawal of affiliation/recognition or other privileges conferred.
          ii.     Prohibiting such institution from presenting any student or students then
                  undergoing any programme of study therein for the award of any
                  degree/diploma of the University.
                       Provided that where an institution is prohibited from presenting its
                  student or students, the Commission shall make suitable arrangements for
                  the other students so as to ensure that such students are able to pursue
                  their academic studies.
         iii.     Withholding grants allocated to it by the university, if any
        iv.       Withholding any grants chanellised through the university to the
                  institution.
          v.      Any other appropriate penalty within the powers of the university.


9.3     Where in the opinion of the appointing authority, a lapse is attributable to any
member of the faulty or staff of the institution, in the matter of reporting or taking
prompt action to prevent an incident of ragging or who display an apathetic or
insensitive attitude towards complaints of ragging, or who fail to take timely steps,
whether required under these Regulations or otherwise, to prevent an incident or
incidents of ragging, then such authority shall initiate departmental disciplinary action, in
accordance with the prescribed procedure of the institution, against such member of the
faulty or staff.
        Provided that where such lapse is attributable to the Head of the institution, the
authority designated to appoint such Head shall take such departmental disciplinary



                                                 21
action; and such action shall be without prejudice to any action that may be taken under
the penal laws for abetment of ragging for failure to take timely steps in the prevention
of ragging or punishing any student found guilty of ragging.


9.4 The Commission shall, in respect of any institution that fails to take adequate steps
to prevent ragging or fails to act in accordance with these Regulations or fails to punish
perpetrators or incidents of ragging suitably, take one of more of the following
measures, namely;
         i.    Withdrawal of declaration of fitness to receive grants under section 12B of
               the Act.
         ii.   Withholding any grant allocated.
        iii.   Declaring the institution ineligible for consideration for any assistance
               under any of the general or special assistance programmes of the
               Commission.
        iv.    Informing the general public, including potential candidates for admission,
               through a notice displayed prominently in the newspapers or other
               suitable media and posted on the website of the Commission, declaring
               that the institution does not possess the minimum academic standards.
        v.     Taking such other action within its powers as it may deem fit and impose
               such other penalties as may be provided in the Act for such duration of
               time as the institution complies with the provisions of these Regulations.
       Provided that the action taken under this clause by the Commission against any
institution shall be shared with all Councils.




                                                                     (Dr. R.K. Chauhan)
                                                                               Secretary

       To,
       The Assistant Controller,
       Publication Division, Govt. of India,
       Ministry of Urban Development and Poverty Alleviation,
       Civil Lines Delhi -110 054




                                                 22
                                  ANNEXURE I
                              AFFIDAVIT BY THE STUDENT

        I,         (full name of student with admission/registration/enrolment number)
s/o d/o Mr./Mrs./Ms. ___________________________________________ , having
been admitted to                     (name of the institution)                      , have
received a copy of the UGC Regulations on Curbing the Menace of Ragging in Higher
Educational Institutions, 2009, (hereinafter called the “Regulations”) carefully read and
fully understood the provisions contained in the said Regulations.
2)      I have, in particular, perused clause 3 of the Regulations and am aware as to
what constitutes ragging.
3)      I have also, in particular, perused clause 7 and clause 9.1 of the Regulations and
am fully aware of the penal and administrative action that is liable to be taken against
me in case I am found guilty of or abetting ragging, actively or passively, or being part
of a conspiracy to promote ragging.
4)      I hereby solemnly aver and undertake that
            a) I will not indulge in any behaviour or act that may be constituted as
                ragging under clause 3 of the Regulations.
            b) I will not participate in or abet or propagate through any act of
                commission or omission that may be constituted as ragging under clause
                3 of the Regulations.
5)      I hereby affirm that, if found guilty of ragging, I am liable for punishment
according to clause 9.1 of the Regulations, without prejudice to any other criminal action
that may be taken against me under any penal law or any law for the time being in
force.
6)      I hereby declare that I have not been expelled or debarred from admission in
any institution in the country on account of being found guilty of, abetting or being part
of a conspiracy to promote, ragging; and further affirm that, in case the declaration is
found to be untrue, I am aware that my admission is liable to be cancelled.

Declared this ___day of __________ month of ______year.

                                                            ________________
                                                          Signature of deponent
                                                        Name:
                                        VERIFICATION
Verified that the contents of this affidavit are true to the best of my knowledge and no
part of the affidavit is false and nothing has been concealed or misstated therein.

Verified at   (place)   on this the (day)   of     (month) ,     (year )   .

                                                           ________________
                                                           Signature of deponent

Solemnly affirmed and signed in my presence on this the (day)      of      (month) ,
(year ) after reading the contents of this affidavit.

                                                           OATH COMMISSIONER


                                            23
                                ANNEXURE II
                       AFFIDAVIT BY PARENT/GUARDIAN

I, Mr./Mrs./Ms. _____________________________________________________ (full
name of parent/guardian) father/mother/guardian of ,             (full name of student with
admission/registration/enrolment number)                   , having been admitted to
____(name of the institution)                           , have received a copy of the UGC
Regulations on Curbing the Menace of Ragging in Higher Educational Institutions, 2009,
(hereinafter called the “Regulations”), carefully read and fully understood the provisions
contained in the said Regulations.
2)      I have, in particular, perused clause 3 of the Regulations and am aware as to
what constitutes ragging.
3)      I have also, in particular, perused clause 7 and clause 9.1 of the Regulations and
am fully aware of the penal and administrative action that is liable to be taken against
my ward in case he/she is found guilty of or abetting ragging, actively or passively, or
being part of a conspiracy to promote ragging.
4)      I hereby solemnly aver and undertake that
            a) My ward will not indulge in any behaviour or act that may be constituted
                as ragging under clause 3 of the Regulations.
            b) My ward will not participate in or abet or propagate through any act of
                commission or omission that may be constituted as ragging under clause
                3 of the Regulations.
5)      I hereby affirm that, if found guilty of ragging, my ward is liable for punishment
according to clause 9.1 of the Regulations, without prejudice to any other criminal action
that may be taken against my ward under any penal law or any law for the time being in
force.
6)      I hereby declare that my ward has not been expelled or debarred from admission
in any institution in the country on account of being found guilty of, abetting or being
part of a conspiracy to promote, ragging; and further affirm that, in case the declaration
is found to be untrue, the admission of my ward is liable to be cancelled.

Declared this ___day of __________ month of ______year.

                                                         _____________________
                                                            Signature of deponent
                                                            Name:
                                                           Address:
                                                           Telephone/ Mobile No.:

                                       VERIFICATION
Verified that the contents of this affidavit are true to the best of my knowledge and no
part of the affidavit is false and nothing has been concealed or misstated therein.
Verified at (place)       on this the (day)    of    (month) , (year ) .

                                                            ________________
                                                            Signature of deponent

Solemnly affirmed and signed in my presence on this the (day)       of     (month) ,
(year )  after reading the contents of this affidavit.

                                                            OATH COMMISSIONER


                                            24
                                 fo'ofo|ky; vuqnku vk;ksx
                                    cgknqj'kkg tQj ekxZ
                                     ubZ fnYyh& 110002

  mPprj f'k{k.k laLFkkuksa esa jSfxax fu"ks/k ls lEcfU/kr fo'ofo|ky;
            vuqnku vk;ksx ds vf/kfu;e] 2009
   ¼fo'ofo|ky; vuqnku vk;ksx vf/kfu;e 1956 /kkjk 26 ¼1½ ¼th½ ds vUrxZr½
                 ¼Hkkjr ds jkti+= Hkkx III [k.M 4 esa izdk'ku gsrq½


fe0la0 1&16@2007¼lh-ih-ih-&II½                             fnukad 17 twu] 2009


mn~nsf'kdk
       ekuuh; mPpre U;k;ky; ds dsjy fo'ofo|ky; cuke dkmafly fizflaiy dkWyst
rFkk vU;] ,l0,y-ih0 la0 24295 ] 2006 ds 16&5&2007 rFkk fnukad 08&5&2009]
flfoy vihy ua- 887 ls izkIr funsZ'kksa rFkk dsUnz ljdkj vkSj fo'ofo|ky; vuqnku
vk;ksx ds jSfxax fu"ks/k rFkk jSfxax jksdus ds ladYi dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, A Nk= vFkok
Nk=ksa }kjk ekSf[kd 'kCnksa vFkok fyf[kr dk;Z }kjk u, vFkok vU; Nk= dks mRihM+u]
nqO;Zogkj] Nk= dks mRikr vFkok vuq'kklughurk dh xfrfof/k;ksa esa lafyIr djuk ftlls
u, vFkok fdlh vU; Nk= dks d"V] ijs'kkuh] dfBukbZ vFkok euksoSKkfud gkfu gks
vFkok mlesa Hk; dh Hkkouk mRiUu gks vFkok u, ;k vU; fdlh Nk= ls ,sls dk;Z dks
djus ds fy, dguk tks og lkekU; fLFkfr esa djs rFkk ftlls mlesa yTtk dh Hkkouk
mRiUu gks vFkok ?kcjkgV gks ftlls euksoSKkfud n`f"V ls fdlh Nk= ij nq"izHkko iM+s
vFkok dksbZ Nk= u, vFkok vU; Nk= ij 'kfDr izn'kZu djsaA ns'k ds mPprj f'k{k.k
laLFkkuksa esa leqfpr fodkl gsrq 'kkjhfjd vkSj euksoSKkfud n`f"V ls fo'ofo|ky; vuqnku
vk;skx vU; lfefr;ksa ls fopkj foe'kZ ds i'pkr~~ ;s vf/kfu;e cukrk gSA
       fo'ofo|ky; vuqnku vk;ksx ds vf/kfu;e 1956 /kkjk 26 mi [k.M ¼th½ mi[kaM
¼1½ ds vf/kdkjksa dk iz;ksx djrs gq, fo'ofo|ky; vuqnku vk;ksx fuEufyf[kr vf/kfu;e
cukrk gS] ftldk uke gS&
1-     'kh"kZd] izkjEHk vkSj iz;ksT;rk
1-1       ;s vf/kfu;e Þfo'ofo|ky; vuqnku ds mPprj f'k{k.k laLFkkuksa esa jSfxax
          ds [krjs dks jksdus ds vf/kfu;e] 2009ß dgs tk,¡xsA
1-2          ;s jkti= esa izdk'ku dh frfFk ls ykxw gksaxsA fo'ofo|ky; vunku
          vk;ksx dh /kkjk ¼2½ mi[kaM ¼,Q½ ds vuqlkj @fo'ofo|ky; dh ifjHkk"kk
          ds vUrxZr vkusokyh lHkh laLFkkvksa rFkk fo'ofo|ky; vuqnku vk;ksx ds
          vf/kfu;e 1956 /kkjk 3 ds vuqlkj lHkh MhEM fo'ofo|ky;ksa rFkk vU;
          lHkh mPprj f'k{kk laLFkkvksa rFkk bl izdkj ds fo'ofo|ky; ds lEcfU/kr
          rRoksa ls ;qDr laLFkkvksa] foHkkxksa] bdkb;ksa rFkk vU; lHkh 'kSf{kd] vkoklh;]
          [ksy ds eSnku] tyiku x`g rFkk fo'ofo|ky;] MhEM fo'ofo|ky; rFkk
          vU; 'kSf{kd laLFkkvksa pkgs os ifjlj ds Hkhrj gksa vFkok cgkj rFkk Nk=ksa
          ds lHkh izdkj ds ifjogu pkgs os ljdkjh gksa vFkok futh Nk=ksa }kjk bl
          izdkj ds fo'ofo|ky;] MhEM fo'ofo|k;ksa rFkk mPprj f'k{k.k laLFkuksa ij
          ykxw gksaxsA


2- mn~ns';
        fdlh Nk= vFkok Nk=ksa ds }kjk nwljksa dks ekSf[kd vFkok fyf[kr 'kCnksa }kjk
izrkfM+r djuk] mls NsM+uk fdlh u, Nk= ds lkFk nqO;Zogkj djuk vFkok mls
vuq'kklughu xfrfof/k;ksa esa yxkuk ftlls vkØks'k] dfBukbZ] euksoSKkfud gkfu gks vFkok
fdlh u, vFkok vU; fdlh Nk= esa Hk; dh Hkkkouk mRiUu gks vFkok fdlh Nk= ls ,sls
dk;Z dks djus ds fy, dguk tks og lkekU; fLFkfr esa ugha djs vFkok ,slk dk;Z djkuk
ftlls mlesa yTtk dh Hkkouk mRiUu gks] ihM+k gks ?kcjkgV gks vFkok euksoSKkfud n`f"V
ls nq"izHkko iM+s vFkok 'kfDr izn'kZu djuk vFkok fdlh Nk= dk ofj"B gksus ds dkj.k
'kks"k.k djukA vr% lHkh fo'ofo|ky;ksa] MhEM fo'ofo|ky;ksa rFkk ns'k ds mPprj f'k{k.k
laLFkkuksa esa bu vf/kfu;e     ds vUrxZr jSfxax jksdukA bl rjg dh ?kVukvksa esa lafyIr
O;fDr;ksa dks bu vf/kfu;e rFkk fof/k ds vuqlkj nf.Mr djukA
jSfxax dSls gksrh gS&
fuEufyf[kr dksbZ ,d vFkok vuasd dk;Z jSfxax ds vUrxZr vk,¡xs&
d        fdlh Nk= vFkok Nk=ksa }kjk u, vkusokys Nk= dk ekSf[kd 'kCnksa vFkok
        fyf[kr ok.kh }kjk mRihM+u vFkok nqO;Zogkj djukA
[k      Nk= vFkok Nk=ksa }kjk mRikr djuk vFkok vuq'kklughurk dk okrkoj.k
        cukuk ftlls u, Nk= dks d"V] vkØks'k ] dfBukbZ] 'kkjhfjd vFkok
        ekufld ihM+k gksA
x       fdlh Nk= ls ,sls dk;Z dks djus ds fy, dguk tks og lkekU; fLFkfr esa
        u djs rFkk ftlls u, Nk= esa yTtk] ihM+k] vFkok Hk; dh Hkkouk mRiUu
        gksA
?k      ofj"B Nk= }kjk fd;k x;k dksbZ ,slk dk;Z tks fdlh vU; vFkok u, Nk=
        ds pyrs gq, 'kSf{kd dk;Z esa ck/kk igq¡pk,aA
M+      u, vFkok fdlh vU; Nk= dk nwljksa dks fn, x, 'kSf{kd dk;Z dks djus
        gsrq ck/; dj 'kks"k.k djukA
p       u, Nk= dk fdlh Hkh izdkj ls vkfFkZd 'kks"k.k djukA
N       'kkjhfjd 'kks"k.k dk dksbZ Hkh dk;Z@fdlh Hkh izdkj dk ;kSu 'kks"k.k]
        leySafxd izgkj] uaxk djuk] v'yhy rFkk dke lEcU/kh dk;Z gsrq foo'k
        djuk] vax pkyu }kjk cqjs Hkkoksa dh vfHkO;fDr djuk] fdlh izdkj dk
        'kkjhfjd d"V ftlls fdlh O;fDr vFkok mlds LokLF; dks gkfu igq¡psA


t       ekSf[kd 'kCnksa }kjk fdlh dks xkyh nsuk] bZ&esy] Mkd] ifCydyh fdlh dks
        viekfur djuk] fdlh dks dqekxZ           ekxZ ij ys tkuk] LFkkukiUu vFkok
        d"Vnk; nsuk ;k luluh iSnk djuk ftlls u, Nk= dks ?kcjkgV gksA
>       dksbZ dk;Z ftlls u, Nk= ds eu efLr"d vFkok vkRefo'okl ij nq"izHkko
        iM+s A u, vFkok fdlh Nk= dks dqekxZ ij ys ykuk rFkk ml ij fdlh
        izdkj dh izHkqrk fn[kkukA
4-   ifjHkk"kk,¡
1    bu vf/kfu;eksa esa tc rd fd dksbZ vU; lanHkZ u gksA
d     vf/kfu;e dk rkRi;Z fo'ofo|ky; vuqnku vk;ksx vf/kfu;e 1956
     ¼1956@3½ gSA
[k    'kSf{kd o"kZ dk rkRi;Z fdlh laLFkk esa fdlh Nk= dk fdlh ikB~;Øe esa
     izos'k rFkk ml o"kZ dh 'kSf{kd vko';drkvksa dh iwfrZ gSA
x    jSafxax fojks/kh gSYiykbZu dk rkRi;Z bu vf/kfu;eksa ds vf/kfu;e 8-1 dh
     /kkjk ¼,½ gSA
?k    vk;ksx dk rkRi;Z fo'ofo|ky; vuqnku vk;ksx gSA
M+    lfefr ¼dkSafly½ dk rkRi;Z laln vFkok jkT; ds fo/kkueaMy }kjk
     fu;fer mPprj f'k{kk ls lacaf/kr {ks=ksa esa lg;ksx rFkk Lrj cuk, j[kus gsrq
     xfBr lfefr gSA ;Fkk vky bafM;k dkmafly QkWj VsDuhdy ,tqds'ku
     ¼,-vkbZ-lh-Vh-bZ-½ ckj dkmafly vkWQ bafM;k ¼ch-lh-vkbZ-½ MsaVy dkmafly
     vkWQ bafM;k ¼Mh-lh-vkbZ-½ MsfUVl ,tqds'ku dkmafly ¼Mh-bZ-lh-½ nh bafM;k
     dkmafly vkWQ ,xzhdYpj fjlpZ ¼ vkbz-lh-,-vkj-½ bafM;u uflaZax dkmafly
     ¼vkbZ-,u-lh-½ esfmdy dkmafly vkWQ bafM;k ¼,e-lh-vkbZ-½ us'kuy dkmafly
     QkWj Vhpj ,tqds'ku ¼,u-lh-Vh-bZ-½ izkbejh dkmafly vkWQ bafM;k ¼ih-lh-
     vkbZ-½ bR;kfn rFkk jkT;ksa ds mPprj f'k{kk dkmafly bR;kfn A
p     ftyk Lrjh; jSfxax fojks/kh lfefr dk rkRi;Z ftykf/kdkjh dh v/;{krk esa
     jkT; ljdkj }kjk jSfxax jksdus ds fy, ftys dh ifjlhek esa xfBr lfefr
     gSA
N    laLFkk/;{k dk rkRi;Z fo'ofo|ky; vFkok MhEM fo'ofo|ky;ksa gsrq dqyifr
     vFkok fdlh laLFkk dk funs'kd] dkWyst dk izkpk;Z lEcfU/kr dk dk;Zdkjh
     v/;{k gSA
t     ÞQzs'kjß ls rkRi;Z og Nk= gS ftldk izos'k fdlh laLFkk esa gks x;k gS rFkk
     ml laLFkk esa mldh i<+kbZ dk izFke o"kZ py jgk gSA
>     laLFkk dk rkRi;Z og mPprj f'k{k.k laLFkk gS tks pkgs fo'ofo|ky; gks
     MhEM fo'ofo|ky; gks] dkWyst vFkok jk"Vªh; egRo dh dksbZ laLFkku gks
     ftldh jpuk laln ds vf/kfu;e ds vuqlkj dh xbZ gksA blesa 12 o"kZ
     Ldwy dh f'k{kk ds ckn dh f'k{kk nh tkrh gks dksbZ vko';d ugh gS fd
      mlesa pje lhek rd mikf/k nh tkrh gks A Lukrd@LukrdksRrj rFkk
      mPprj Lrj vFkok fo'ofo|ky; izek.k i= dh A
¥      ,u-,-,-lh- dk rkRi;Z vk;ksx }kjk vf/kfu;e dh 12¼lh-lh-lh-½ ds vuqlkj
      LFkkfir us'kuy ,dsMfed ,aM ,sfQzfMVs'ku dkmafly gSA
V      jkT; Lrjh; ekWfuVfjax lsy dk rkRi;Z jkT; ljdkj }kjk fof/k ds vuqlkj
      vFkok dsUnz ljdkj dh lykg ij jSfxax jksdus ds fy, cuk;k x;k fudk;
      gS A ftldk dk;Z{ks= jkT; rd gksxkA
2     'kCn rFkk vfHkO;fDr dks ;gk¡ Li"V ugh fd;k x;k gS fdUrq vf/kfu;e
      vFkok vf/kfu;e ds lkekU; [k.M 1887 ogh vFkZ gksxk tks mlesa fn;k x;k
      gSA
5-    laLFkk Lrj ij jSfxax fu"ks?k ds mik;&
d     dksbZ Hkh laLFkk vFkok mldk dksbZ Hkkx] mlds rRoksa lfgr dsoy foHkkxksa
      rd ugha mldh la?k rd bZdkbZ] dkWyst] f'k{k.k dsUnz] mlds Hkw&x`g pkgs os
      'kSf{kd] vkoklh; [ksy ds eSnku vFkok tyiku x`g vkfn pkgs os
      fo'ofo|ky; ifjlj esa gks vFkok ckgj] lHkh izdkj ds ifjogu] ;k futh
      lHkh esa jSfxax jksdus gsrq bu fofu;eksa ds vuqlkj rFkk vU; lHkh vko';d
      mik; djsaxsA fjiksVZ gksus ij jSfxax dh fdlh Hkh ?kVuk dks nck;k ugha
      tk,xkA
[k     lHkh laLFkk,a jSfxax ds izpkj] jSfxax esa izR;{k vFkok ijks{k :i ls lafyIr
      O;fDr;ksa ds fo#) bu fofu;e ds vuqlkj dkjZokbZ djsaxsA
6-    laLFkk Lrj ij jSfxax jksdus ds mik;
6-1   Nk=ksa ds izos'k vFkok iathdj.k ds lanHkZ esa laLFkk fuEufyf[kr dne mBk,A
d      laLFkk }kjk tkjh bysDVªkfud n`';] JO; vFkok fizUV ehfM;k ds Nk= dks
      izos'k laca/kh ?kks"k.kk esa ;gh crk;k tk, fd laLFkk esa jSfxax iw.kZrk% fu"ks/k gSA
      ;fn dksbZ jSfxax djus vFkok mlds izpkj dk izR;{k vFkok vizR;{k :i ls
      nks"kh ik;k x;k vFkok jSfxax izpkj ds "kM+;a= esa nks"kh ik;k x;k rks mls bu
      fofu;e rFkk ns'k ds dkuwu ds vuqlkj nafMr fd;k tk,xkA
[k     izos'k dh iqfLrdk ds funsZ'k iqLrd rFkk fooj.k if=dk pkgs os bysDVªkfud
      gks vFkok eqfnzr muesa ;s fofu;e foLrkj ls Nkisa tk,¡A izos'k iqfLrdk dk
      funsZ'k iqfLrdk fofoj.k if=dk esa ;g Hkh eqfnzr fd;k tk, fd jSfxax gksus
      ;k laLFkk ds v/;{k blds lkFk laLFkk/;{k ] ladk; lnL; jSfxax fojks/kh
     lfefr ds lnL;ksa] jSfxax fojks/kh nLrksa ds lnL;ksa vFkok ftys ds
     vf/kdkfj;ksa] okMZuksa rFkk vU; lacaf/kr vf/kdkfj;ksa ds nwjHkk"k uEcj izos'k
     iqfLrdk] funsZ'k iqfLrdk vFkok fooj.k if=dk esa foLrkj ls Nkis tk,¡A
x     tgk¡ dksbZ laLFkk fdlh fo'ofo|ky; ls laca/k gS ogka fo'ofo|ky; ;g
     fuf'pr dj ys fd izos'k iqfLrdk] funsZ'k iqfLrdk ;g fooj.k if=dk
     izdkf'kr djsa rks ;g fofu;e ds fofu;e 6-1 ds [k.M ¼,½ vkSj [k.M ¼ch½
     dk vuqikyu djsaA
?k    izos'k gsrq izkFkZuk i=] ukekadu vFkok iathdj.k esa ,d 'kiFk i= vko';d
     :i ls vaxzsth vkSj fgUnh@ vH;FkhZ dh Kkr fdlh ,d izknsf'kd Hkk"kk esa
     bu fofu;e ds layXud 1 ds vuqlkj vH;FkhZ }kjk Hkjk tk, rFkk gLrk{kj
     fd;k tk, fd mlus fdlh vf/kfu;e ds fu;eksa ds i<+ fy;k gS rFkk bu
     fofu;e ds fu;eksa rFkk fofu;e ds fu;eksa rFkk fof/k dks le> fy;k gS rFkk
     og jSfxax fu"ks/k rFkk blds fy, fu/kkZfjr naM dks tkurk@tkurh gSA og
     ;g ?kks"k.k djrk@djrh gS fd mls fdlh laLFkk }kjk fu"dkflr@fudkyk
     ugh x;k gS A lkFk gh og jSfxax laca/kh fdlh xfrfof/k esa lafyIr ugha
     gksxk@gksxh vkSj ;fn og jSfxax djus vFkok jSfxax ds nq"izsj.k dk nks"kh
     ik;k@ik;h xbZ rks mls bu fofu;e rFkk fof/k ds vuqlkj nafMr fd;k tk
     ldrk gS vkSj og naM dsoy fu"dklu rd lhfefr ugh gksxkA
M+    izos'k gsrq izkFkZuk i= ] ukekadu vFkok iathdj.k esa ,d 'kiFk i= vaxzsth
     vkSj fgUnh rFkk fdlh ,d izknsf'kd Hkk"kk ;k fgUnh Hkk"kk esa bu fofu;eksa ds
     lkFk layXud gS A vH;FkhZ ds ekrk&firk vfHkHkkod dh vksj ls fn;k tk,
     fd mUgksaus jSfxax ds vf/kfu;e dks i<+ fy;k gS rFkk le> fy;k gS rFkk
     jSfxax jksdus lacaf/kr vU; dkuwu dks oks tkurs gSa rFkk blds fy, fu/kkZfjr
     naM dks tkurs gSaA os ?kks"k.kk djrs gSa fd mudk okMZ fdlh laLFkk }kjk
     fu"dkflr ugh fd;k x;k gS vkSj u gh fudkyk x;k gS rFkk mudk okMZ
     jSfxax ls lEcfU/kr fdlh dk;Z esa izR;{k@ijks{k vFkok jSfxax ds nq"izsj.k esa
     Hkkx ugh ysxk vkSj ;fn og bldk nks"kh ik;k x;k rks mudkss bu fofu;e
     rFkk dkuwu ds vuqlkj nafMr fd;k tk,xkA ;g naM dsoy fu"dklu rd
     lhfer ugha gksxkA
p    izos'k gsrq izkFkZuk i= ds lkFk Ldwy yhfoax@LFkkukarj.k izek.k&i=@izokl
     izek.k&i=@pfj= izek.k i= gks ftlesa Nk= ds O;fDrxr rFkk lekftd
    O;ogkj dh tkudkjh nh xbZ gks rkfd laLFkk blds ckn ml ij utj j[k
    ldsA
N   laLFkk ds@laLFkk }kjk O;ofLFkr O;oLFkk fd, x, Nk=kokl dh izkFkZuk
    djus okys Nk= dks izkFkZuk i= ds lkFk ,d vfrfjDr 'kiFk i= nsuk gksxkA
    'kiFk i= ij mlds ekrk@firk@vfHkHkkod ds Hkh gLrk{kj gksaxsA
t   fdlh Hkh laLFkk esa 'kSf{kd l= izkjEHk gksus ls iwoZ laLFkk v/;{k fofHkUu
    vf/kdkfj;ksa@vfHkdj.kksa tSls Nk=iky ¼okMZsu½ Nk= izfrfuf/k] Nk=ksa ds
    ekrk&firk vfHkHkkod] ftyk iz'kklu iqfyl vkfn dh ehfVax vk;ksftr djs
    rFkk jSfxax jksdus ds mi;ksa vkSj mlesa lafyIr vFkok mldk nq"ifj.kke djus
    okyksa dks fpfUgr dj nf.Mr djus ij fopkj&foe'kZ gsrq mls lEcksf/kr djsaA
>   leqnk;] fo'ks"k :i ls Nk=ksa dks jSfxax ds vekuoh; izHkko ds lanHkZ esa
    tkx`r djus gsrq rFkk laLFkk mlds izfr joS;s ls voxr djkus gsrq cM+s
    iksLVj ¼ojh;rk ls cgqjaxh½ fu;e fof/k rFkk naM gsrq Nk=kokl] foHkkxksa rFkk
    vU; Hkouksa ds lwpuk iV~V ij yxk;k tk,A muesa ls dqN iksLVj LFkk;h
    :i ds gksa ftu LFkkuksa ij Nk= ,d= gksrs gSa ogka jSfxax dk vk?kkr fd,
    tkus ;ksX; LFkkuksa ij fo'ks"k :i ls ,sls iksLVj ykxk, tk,¡A
¥   laLFkk ehfM;k ls ;g vuqjks/k djs fd og jSfxax jksdus ds fu;eksa dk
    izpkj&izlkj djsA laLFkk ds jksdus vkSj mlesa fyIr ik, tkus ij fcuk
    Hksn&Hkko ,oa Hk; ds nf.Mr djus ds fu;e izpkj djsaA
V   laLFkk }kjk lEcfU/kr O;fDr;ksa dks le>k;k tk, rFkk vlqjf{kr LFkkuksa ij
    n`f"V j[kh tk,A laLFkk }kjk ifjlj esa fo"ke le; rFkk 'kSf{kd l= ds
    izkjEHk esa lqj{kk O;oLFkk c<+kbZ tk, rFkk jSfxax fd, tkus ;ksX; LFkkuksa ij
    n`f"V j[kh tk,A iqfyl] jSfxax fojks/kh lpy ny rFkk Lo;a lsoh ¼;fn dksbZ
    gks½ O;fDr;ksa ls blesa lgk;rk yh tk,A
B   laLFkk vodk'k ds le; dks u, 'kSf{kd l= ds izkjEHk ls iwoZ jSfxax ds
    fo#) laxks"Bh] iksLVj] if=dk] uqDdM+ ukVd vkfn ds }kjk izpkj djsaA
M   laLFkk ds fofHkUu ra= ladk;@foHkkx@bdkbZ vkfnA
<   laLFkk ds ladk;@foHkkx@bdkbZ vkfn Nk=ksa dh fo'ks"k vko';drkvksa dk
    iwokZuqeku dj fuokj.k djsa rFkk 'kSf{kd l= izkjEHk gksus ls iwoZ jSfxax fu"ks/k
    laca/kh vf/kfu;e ds y{;ksa vkSj mn~ns';ksa dks /;ku esa j[krs gq, fof/kor~
    izcU/k djsaA
.k    izR;sd laLFkk vdknfed l= izkjEHk gksus ls igys is'ksoj dkmaflyjksa dh
      lsok vFkok lgk;rk ys vkSj os 'kSf{kd o"kZ izkjEHk gksus ds ckn Hkh u, rFkk
      vU; Nk=ksa dh dkmaflfyax ds fy, miyC/k gksaA
r     laLFkk/;{k LFkkuh; iqfyl rFkk vf/kdkfj;ksa dks foRrh; vk/kkj ij izcU/k fd,
      x, Nk=kokl rFkk fuokl gsrq iz;ksx fd;s tk jgs Hkou ds lacU/k esa foLr`r
      tkudkjh nsaA laLFkk/;{k ;g Hkh lqfuf'pr djsa fd jSfxax fojks/kh ny ,sls
      LFkkuksa ij jSfxax jksdus gsrq pkSdlh j[ksaA
6-2   Nk=ksa dk izos'k] ukekadu vFkok iathdj.k gksus ij fuEufyf[kr dne mBk,]
      ftldk uke bl izdkj gS&
d     laLFkk esa izos'k fn, x, izR;sd Nk= dks ,d eqfnzr if.kZdk nh tk, ftlesa
      ;g crk;k x;k gks fd mls fofHkUu mn~ns';ksa gsrq fdlls funsZ'ku izkIr djuk
      gSA blesa fofHkUu vf/kdkfj;ksa ds nwjHkk"k ua0 rFkk irs Hkh fn,a tk,¡ rkfd
      vko';drk iM+us ij Nk= fdlh Hkh lacaf/kr O;fDr ls rqjUr laidZ djsaA bu
      fofu;e esa lanfHkZr jSfxax fojks/kh gSYiykbZu] okMZu] laLFkk/;{k rFkk jSfxax
      fojks/kh lfefr rFkk ny ds lnL;ksa              rFkk lacaf/kr ftys rFkk iqfyl ds
      vf/kdkfj;ksa ds irs vkSj nwjHkk"k ua0 fo'ks"k :i ls lekfgr fd, tk,¡A
[k     laLFkk bu fofu;e ds fofu;e 6-2 [k.M ¼,½ esa funsZ'k fn, x;sa gSaA izca/kd
      dks u, Nk=ksa dks nh tkusokyh if.kZdk }kjk Li"V djsa rFkk mUgsa vU; Nk=ksa
      ls HkyhHkk¡fr ifjfpr djkus gsrq dk;Z djsaA
x     bu fofu;eksa ds fofu;e 6-2 [k.M ¼,½ esa funsZf'kr if.kZdk }kjk u, Nk=ksa
      dks laLFkk ds cksukQkbM LVwMsaV ds :i esa muds vf/kdkj Hkh crk,a tk,aA
      mUgsa ;g Hkh crk;k tk, fd os viuh bPNk ds fcuk fdlh dk dksbZ dk;Z u
      djsa pkgs muds fy, muds ofj"B Nk=ksa us dgk gks rFkk jSfxax ds iz;kl ds
      lwpuk rqjUr jSfxax fojks/kh ny] okMZu vFkok laLFkk/;{k dks ns nsaA
?k    bu fofu;eksa ds fofu;e 6-2 [k.M ¼,½ esa funsZf'kr if.kZdk esa laLFkk esa euk,a
      tkusokys fofHkUu dk;ZØeksa rFkk xfrfof/k;ksa dh frfFk nh gks rkfd u, Nk=
      laLFkk ds 'kSf{kd ifjos'k ,oa okrkoj.k ls ifjfpr gks ldsaA
M+    ofj"B Nk=ksa ds vkus ij laLFkku izFke vFkok f}rh; lIrkg ds ckn tSlk Hkh
      gks vfHkfoU;kl dk;ZØe vk;ksftr djsa ftudk uke & (i) la;qDr
      laSlsVkbts'ku izksxzke vkSj ofj"B vkSj dfu"B Nk=ksa dh dkmaflfyax
      O;kolkf;d dkmUlj ds lkFk [k.M & 6-1 fu;e ds fofu;e ds vuqlkj djs
    ¼ii½ u;s vkSj iqjkus Nk=ksa dks la;qDr vfHkfoU;kl dk;ZØe dks laLFkk rFkk
    jSfxax fojks/kh lfefr lEcksf/kr djs ¼iii½ ladk; lnL;ksa dh mifLFkfr esa
    u;s vkSj iqjkus Nk=ksa ds ifjp; gsrq vf/kdkf/kd] lkaLd`frd [ksy rFkk vU;
    izdkj dh xfrfof/k;k vk;ksftr dh tk;s ¼iv½ Nk=kokl esa okMZu lHkh Nk=ksa
    dks lEcksf/kr djs rFkk vius nks ¼2½ dfu"B lg;ksfx;ksa ls dqN le; rd
    lg;ksx nsus gsrq fuosnu djs ¼v½ tgk¡ rd laHko gks ladk;&lnL; gkWLVy
    esa jgus okys Nk=ksa ds lkFk Hkkstu Hkh djs rkfd u;s Nk=ksa esa vkRefo'okl
    dk Hkko mRiUu gksA

p    laLFkk leqfpr lfefr;ksa dk xBu djs A dkslZ bapktZ] okMZu rFkk dqN
    ofj"B Nk= bu lfefr;ksa ds lnL; gksaA ;g lfefr u;s vkSj iqjkus Nk=ksa
    ds chp lEca/k lqn`<+ cukus esa lg;ksx nsA
N   u;s vFkok vU; Nk= pkgs os jSfxax ds Hkksxh gksa vFkok jSfxax gksrs gq,
    mUgksaus nks"kh dks ns[kk gks mUgsa ,slh ?kVukvksa dh lwpuk nsus gsrq mRlkfgr
    fd;k tk, rkfd mudh igpku lqjf{kr j[kh tk, vkSj ,slh ?kVukvksa dh
    lwpuk nsus okyksa dks fdlh nq"ifj.kke ls cpk;k tk,A
t   laLFkk esa vkus ij u;s Nk=ksa ds izR;sd cSp dks NksVs&NksVs oxksZa esa ckaV fn;k
    tk, vkSj ,slk izR;sd oxZ fdlh ,d ladk; lnL; dks ns fn;k tk, tks
    Lo;a oxZ xzqi ds lHkh lnL;ksa ls ifjfpr gks vkSj ;g ns[ks fd u;s Nk=ksa
    dks fdlh izdkj dh dksbZ dfBukbZ u gks ;fn gks rks mldk lek/kku djus
    esa mfpr lgk;rk djsA
>   bl izdkj dh lfefr ds ladk; lnL; dk ;g nkf;Ro gksxk fd okMZuksa dks
    lg;ksx ns rFkk Nk=kokl esa vkSpd fujh{k.k djrs jgsa A tgk¡ ladk;
    lnL; dh vius v/khu Nk=ksa dh Mk;jh esUVsu djsaA
¥    u;s Nk=ksa dks vyx Nk=kokl esa j[kk tk;s vkSj tgk¡ bl izdkj dh
    lqfo/kk;sa u gksa ogk¡ laLFkk ;g lqfuf'pr djsa fd u;s Nk=ksa dks fn;s x;s
    fuokl LFkkuksa ij okMZu rFkk lqj{kk xkMZ vkSj deZpkjh dM+h fuxjkuh j[ksaA
V   laLFkk 24 ?kaVs Nk=kokl ifjlj esa jSfxax jksdus ds fy, dM+h utj j[kus
    dk izcU/k djsa A
B    u;s Nk=ksa ds ekrk&firk@vfHkHkkodksa dk ;g nkf;Ro gksxk fd jSfxax ls
    lEcfU/kr lwpuk laLFkk&v/;{k dks iznku djsaA
M     izos'k ds le; izR;sd Nk= tks laLFkk esa i<+ jgk gks A og vkSj mlds
      ekrk&firk@vfHkHkkod        izos'k ds le; funsZf'kr 'kiFk i= ns tSlk fd
      fofu;e ds fofu;e 6-1 [k.M ¼Mh½ ¼bZ½ vkSj ¼th½ ds vuqlkj fn;k tkuk A
      izR;sd 'kSf{kd o"kZ esa pkfg,A
<      izR;sd laLFkk fofu;e ¼6-2½ [k.M & ,y ds lUnHkZ vuqlkj izR;sd Nk= ls
      'kiFk i= ys vkSj mudk mfpr fjdkMZ j[ksA izfrfyfi;ksa dks bysDVªkfud
      :i esa lqjf{kr j[ks rkfd tc vko';drk gks deh'ku vFkok dksbZ ladfyr
      vFkok laLFkk vFkok lEcfU/kr fo'ofo|ky; vFkok fdlh vU; l{ke O;fDr
      vFkok@la?kVu }kjk mUgsa izkIr fd;k tk ldsA
.k     izR;sd Nk=@Nk=k vius iathdj.k ds le; laLFkk dks viuh i<+kbZ djrs
      le; fuokl LFkku dh lwpuk ns ;fn mldk fuokl LFkku r; ugh fd;k
      gS ;k og vius fuokl cnyuk pkgrk@pkgrh gS rks mldk fu'pe gksrh
      gh foLr`r tkudkjh miyC/k djk;h tk, vkSj fo'ks"k :i ls futh [kpZ ij
      O;fDr fd;s x;s Hkouksa vFkok Nk=koklksa dh tgka og jg jgk gS@jgh gSA
.k     vk;ksx 'kiFk i=ksa ds vk/kkj ij ,d mfpr vkadM+k cuk;s j[ks tks izR;sd
      Nk= vkSj mlds ekrk@firk@vfHkHkkod }kjk laLFkk dks miyC/k djk;k
      x;k gksA bl izdkj dk vkadM+k jSfxax dh f'kdk;rksa rFkk mlds ckn dh
      x;h dk;Zokgh dk fjdkMZ Hkh j[ksA
r      vk;ksx }kjk vkadM+k xSj ljdkjh fudk; ftls dsUnz ljdkj }kjk ukfer
      fd;k x;k gks dks miyC/k djk;k tk;s blls vke turk esa fo'okl rFkk
      lfefr ds vkns'k dk vuqikyu u djus dh lwpuk nh tk ldsA
Fk    izR;sd 'kSf{kd o"kZ iw.kZ gksus ij laLFkk/;{k izFke o"kZ iw.kZ djusokys Nk=ksa ds
      ekrk&firk@vfHkHkkodksa dks jSfxax ls lEcfU/kr fof/k vkSj tkudkjh ls
      lEcfU/kr i= Hkstsa rFkk muls vuqjks/k djsa fd u, 'kSf{kd l= ds izkjEHk esa
      okil vkus ij muds Lo;a ckyd jSfxax ls lEcfU/kr fdlh xfrfof/k esa
      Hkkx u ysaA
6-3   izR;sd laLFkk fuEufyf[kr ukeksa ls lfefr;k¡ xfBr djsaA
d     izR;sd laLFkk ,d lfefr cuk, ftls jSfxax fojks/kh lfefr ¼,aVh jSfxax
      desVh½ dgk tk,A lfefr dh v/;{krk laLFkk/;{k djsa rFkk lfefr ds
      lnL;ksa dks os gh ukekafdr djsaA blesa iqfyl rFkk ukxfjd iz'kklu ds
      izfrfuf/k Hkh gksA LFkkuh; ehfM;k ;qok xfrfof/k;ksa ls tqM+s xSj ljdkjh
      la?kVd ladk; lnL;ksa ds izfrfuf/k] ekrk&firk esa ls izfrfuf/k] u, rFkk
      iqjkus Nk=ksa ds izfrfuf/k] f'k{k.ksrj deZpkjh rFkk fofHkUu oxksZa ls izfrfuf/k
      lfefr esa ls fyax ds vk/kkj ij bl lfefr esa L=h iq:"k nksuksa gksaA
[k    jSfxax fojks/kh lfefr dk drZO; gksxk fd og bu fofu;e izko/kku rFkk
      jSfxax ls lEcfu/kr dkuwu dk vuqikyu djk, rFkk jSfxax fojks/kh ny ds
      jSfxax jksdus lEcU/kh dk;ksZa dks Hkh ns[ksA
x     izR;sd laLFkk ,d NksVh lfefr dk Hkh xBu djs ftls jSfxax fojks/kh ¼,aVh
      jSfxax LDoSM½ uke ls tkuk tk,A bls Hkh laLFkk/;{k }kjk ukfer fd;k
      tk,A ;g lfefr utj j[ks rFkk gj le; iSVjkWfyax vkSj xfr'khy cuh
      jgus gsrq rRij jgsA
        jSfxax fojks/kh ny@LDoSM esa dSEil ds fofHkUu oxksZa dk izfrfuf/kRo gksA
      blesa ifjlj ls ckgj ds O;fDr ugh gksaxsA
?k     jSfxax fojks/kh ny dk ;g nkf;Ro gksxk fd og Nk=kokl rFkk jSfxax dh
      n`f"V ls laosnu'khy vU; LFkkuksa dk ?kVuk dh vkSpd fujh{k.k djsaA
M+    jSfxad fojks/kh ny dk ;g nkf;Ro gksxk fd og laLFkk/;{k vFkok vU;
      fdlh ladk; lnL; vFkok fdlh deZpkjh vFkok fdlh Nk= vFkok fdlh
      ekrk&firk vFkok vfHkHkkod }kjk lwfpr dh xbZ jSfxax dh ?kVuk dh tk¡p
      ?kVuk LFky ij tkdj djs rFkk tk¡p dh fjiksVZ laLrqfr lfgr jSfxax
      fojks/kh lfefr dks fofu;e 9-1 mi[k.M ¼,½ ds vuqlkj dkjZokbZ gsrq lkSaisA
        jSfxax fojks/kh ny bl izdkj dh tk¡p fu"i{k ,oa ikjn'khZ fof/k ls djs
      rFkk lkekU; U;k; dk ikyu fd;k tk,A jSfxax ds nks"kh ik, tkusokys
      Nk=@Nk=ksa rFkk xokgksa dks iwjk volj nsus rFkk rF; ,oa izek.k vkfn
      ns[kus ds ckn bldh lwpuk izsf"kr dh tk,A
6-3   izR;sd laLFkk 'kSf{kd o"kZ iw.kZ gksus ij bu fofu;e ds mn~ns'; izkIr djus
      gsrq ,d ekWfuVfjax lsy cuk, ftlesa u, Nk=ksa dks ekWusVj djusokys
      Lo;alsoh Nk= gksaA u, Nk=ksa ij ,d ekWusVj gksuk pkfg,A
N     izR;sd fo'ofo|ky;] ,d lfefr dk xBu djs ftls jSfxax ds ekWfuVfjax
      lsy ds :i esa tkuk tk,] tks ml laLFkk vFkok fo'ofo|ky; ls lEc}
      dkWystksa esa bu fofu;e ds mn~ns'; izkIr djus gsrq lg;ksx nsaA ekWfuVfjax
      lsy laLFkk/;{kksa jSfxax fojks/kh lfefr jSfxax fojks/kh ny ls jSfxax xfrfof/k;ksa
      dh lwpuk izkIr dj ldrk gSA og ftykf/kdkjh dks v/;{krk esa
      xfBr@tuin Lrjh; jSfxax fojks/kh lfefr ds lEidZ esa jgsA
t     ekWfuVfjax lsy; laLFkk }kjk fd, tk jgs jSfxax fojks/kh mik;ksa dk Hkh
      ewY;kadu djsxh A ekrk&firk@vfHkHkkodksa }kjk izR;sd o"kZ esa fn, x,
      'kiFk i= rFkk jSfxax ds fu;e rksM+us ij nf.Mr fd, tkus gsrq mudh
      lgefr dh Hkh tkap djsxkA ;g nksf"k;ksa dks nf.Mr fd, tkus gsrq mldh
      eq[; Hkwfedk gksxh A jSfxax fojks/kh mik;ksa ds dk;kZUo;u esa Hkh bldh eq[;
      Hkwfedk gksxhA
6-4   izR;sd laLFkk fuEufyf[kr mik; Hkh djs] ftudk uke gks&
d      izR;sd Nk=kokl vFkok LFkku tgk¡ Nk= jgrs gSA laLFkk ds ml Hkkx esa
      iw.kZdkfyd okMZu gksa ftldh fu;qfDr laLFkk }kjk vgZrk ds fu;ekuqlkj dh
      tk; tks vuq'kklu cuk;s j[ksa rFkk Nk=kokl esa jSfxax dh ?kVukvksa dks
      jksdus ds lkFk gh ;qokvksa ls d{kk ds ckgj dkmalfyax vkSj lEca/k cuk;s
      j[ksA og Nk=kokl esa jgs ;k Nk=kokl ds vR;Ur fudV jgsA
[k    okMZu gj le; miyC/k gksA nwjHkk"k rFkk lapkj ds vU; lk/kuksa ls gj
      le;
       lEidZ fd;k tk ldsA okMZu dks laLFkk }kjk eksckby Qksu miyC/k
      djk;k tk;s ftlds uEcj dh tkudkjh Nk=kokl esa jg jgs lHkh Nk=ksa dks
      gksA
x     laLFkk }kjk okMZu rFkk jSfxax jksdjus ls lEcfU/kr vU; vf/kdkfj;ksa ds
      vf/kdkj c<+kus dk fopkj fd;k tk ldrk gSA Nk=kokl esa fu;qDr
      lqj{kkdehZ lh/ks okMZuksa ds fu;a=.k esa gksa rFkk okMZu }kjk muds dk;Z dk
      ewY;kadu fd;k tk,
?k    bu fofu;eksa ds fofu;e 6-1 mi[k.M ¼vks½ ds vuqlkj izos'k ds le;
      is'ksoj dkmaflyj j[ks tk;sa tks u;s vkSj vU; Nk= tks vius vkus okys
      thou dh rS;kjh gsrq fo'ks"k :i Nk=kokl esa jgus ls lEcfU/kr
      dkmfUlfyax pkgrs gks mugsa dkWmflafyax djsaA ,sls dkmfUlfyax l=ksa ls
      ekrk&firk rFkk f'k{kdksa dks Hkh tksM+k tk;sA
M+    laLFkk jSfxax fojks/kh mik;ksa dk O;kid dkmfUlfyax l=] dk;Z'kkyk] isafVx
      }kjk ;g dk;Z fd;k tk ldrk gSA
p     laLFkk ds ladk; lnL; mldk f'k{k.ksrj deZpkjh] tks dsoy iz'kklfud
      in rd lhfer ugha gS] lqj{kk xkMZl rFkk laLFkk ds vUnj lsok djusokys
    deZpkfj;ksa dks jSfxax rFkk mlds nq"ifj.kke ds izfr laosnu'khy cuk;k
    tk,A
N   laLFkk@f'k{k.k ,oa f'k{k.ksrj izR;sd deZpkjh ls lafonk ij j[ks x, izR;sd
    Jfed ls pkgs os dSaVhu ds deZpkjh gksa vFkok lqj{kk xkMZ gksa ;k lQkbZ
    okys deZpkjh gksa lcls ,d vuqcU/k ys fd os viuh tkudkjh esa vkusokys
    jSfxax dh ?kVuk dh tkudkjh rqjUr l{ke vf/kdkfj;ksa dks nasxsA
t   laLFkk }kjk lsok dk;Z dh fu;ekoyh esa jSfxax dh lwpuk nsusokys deZpkfj;ksa
    dks vuq'kalk i= nsus dk fu;e cuk, rFkk mls muds lsok fjdkWMZ esa j[kk
    tk,A
>   laLFkk }kjk dSaVhu vkSj eSl ds deZpkfj;ksa] pkgs os laLFkk ds deZpkjh gksa
    vFkok futh lsok nsus okys gks dks funsZf'kr fd;k tk, fd os vius {ks= esa
    dM+h utj j[ksa rFkk jSfxax dh dksbZ Hkh ?kVuk gksus ij mldks tkudkjh
    rqjUr laLFkk/;{k jSfxax fojks/kh lfefr ds lnL;ksa vFkok okMZu dks nsaA
¥   f'k{kk dh fdlh Hkh Lrj dh mikf/k nsusokyh laLFkk ;g ns[k ys fd mlds
    ikB~;Øe esa jSfxax fojks/kh dk;ksZa dks izksRlkgu fn;k tk,A ekuo vf/kdkjksa
    dh j{kk ij cy fn;k tk,A fofHkUu fo"k;ksa ds ikB~;Øe            esa jSfxax dh
    laosnu'khyrk ij izdk'k Mkyk tk,A izR;sd f'k{kd dkmfUlfyax ds fLFkfr
    ls fucVus dk <ax vkuk pkfg,A
V    izFke o"kZ u, fo|kfFkZ;ksa dh vksj gj iUnzg fnu esa xqeuke csrjrhc
    losZ{k.k fd tk,¡ A ;g ns[kus ds fy, fd laLFkk esa jSfxax ugha gks jgh gSA
    losZ{k.k dh :ijs[kk laLFkk Lo;a fuf'pr djsA laLFkk }kjk Nk= dks fn,
    tkusokys fo'ofo|ky; NksM+us ds izek.k i=] LFkkukUrj.k izek.k i= esa Nk=
    ds lkekU; pfj= vkSj O;ogkj ds vfrfjDr ;g Hkh fn;k tk, fd D;k Nk=
    dHkh jSfxax lEcU/kh vijk/k esa lafyIr jgk gSA D;k Nk= us dksbZ fgald
    vFkok nwljs dks gkfu igq¡pkus okyk vijk/k fd;k gSA
B   bu fofu;eksa fofHkUu vf/kdkfj;ksa lnL;ksa rFkk lfefr;ksa ds vf/kdkj crk,
    x, gSaA blds lkFk gh lHkh oxksZa ds vf/kdkfj;ksa ladk; ds lnL;ksa rFkk
    deZpkfj;ksa lfgr pkgs og LFkk;h gks vFkok vLFkk;h tks Hkh laLFkk dh lsok
    dj jgk gS mldk ;g lkewfgd nkf;Ro gksxk fd og jSfxax dh ?kVukvksa
    dks jksdsA
M   fo'ofo|ky; ls lEc} laLFkk/;{k vFkok vU; laLFkk dk v/;{k l= ds
           izkjfEHkd rhu eghus rd jSfxax ds vkns'k ds vuqikyu rFkk jSfxax fojks/kh
           mik;ksa dh tkudkjh ls lEcfU/kr bu fofu;e ds v/khu lkIrkfgd fjiksVZ
           ml fo'ofo|ky; ds dqyifr vFkok ftlds }kjk og laLFkk fjdkWXukbt
           dh xbZ gSaA mls nsaA
<          izR;sd fo'ofo|ky; dks dqyifr egksn; fo'ofo|ky; rFkk jSfxax dh
           ns[kjs[k djusokys lsy dh fjiksVZ izR;sd iUnzg fnu ckn jkT; Lrjh; ns[k
           js[k djus okys lsy dks nsaA
7           laLFkk/;{k }kjk dh tkusokyh dkjZokbZ&
      I.   jSfxax fojks/kh ny vFkok lEcfU/kr fdlh ds Hkh }kjk jSfxax dh lwpuk izkIr
           gksus ij laLFkk/;{k rqjUr lqfuf'pr djsa fd D;k dksbZ voS/k ?kVuk gqbZ gS
           vkSj ;fn gqbZ gS rks og Lo;a vFkok mlds }kjk vf/kd`r jSfxax fojks/kh
           lfefr ls lwpuk izkfIr ds 24 ?kaVs ds Hkhrj izkFkfedh ntZ djk, vFkok
           jSfxax ls lEcfU/kr fof/k ds vuqlkj laLrqfr nsA jSfxax ds varxZr
           fuEufyf[kr vijk/k vkrs gSaA
     II.   jSfxax gsrq mdlkuk
    III.   jSfxax dk vkijkf/kd "kM~;a=
    IV.    jSfxax ds le; voS/k <ax ls ,d= gksuk rFkk mRikr djuk
     V.    jSfxax ds le; turk dks ckf/kr djuk
    VI.    jSfxax ds }kjk 'kkyhurk vkSj uSfrdrk Hkax djuk
    VII.   'kjhj dks pksV igq¡pkuk
VIII.      xyr <ax ls jksduk
    IX.    vkijkf/kd cy iz;ksx
     X.    izgkj djuk] ekSu lEcU/kh vijk/k vFkok vizkd`frd vijk/k
    XI.    cykr~ xzg.k
    XII.   vkijkf/kd <ax ls fcuk vf/kdkj nwljs ds LFkku eas izos'k djuk
XIII.      lEifRr ls lEcfU/kr vijk/k
XIV.       vkijkf/kd /kedh
    XV.    eqlhcr esa Q¡ls O;fDr;ksa ds izfr mi;qZDr esa ls dksbZ vFkok lHkh vijk/k
           djuk
XVI.       mi;qZDr esa ls dksbZ ,d vFkok lHkh vijk/k ihfM+r ds fo#) djus gsrq
           /kedkuk
XVII.    'kkjhfjd vFkok ekufld :i ls viekfur djuk
XVIII.   jSfxax dh ifjHkk"kk ls lEcfU/kr lHkh vijk/k
         jSfxax dh ifjHkk"kk ls lEcfU/kr lHkh vijk/k ;g Hkh mYys[k fd;k tkrk gS
         A laLFkk/;{k jSfxax dh ?kVuk dh lwpuk rqjUr ftyk Lrjh; jSfxax fojks/kh
         lfefr rFkk lEc} fo'ofo|ky; ds uksMy vf/kdkjh dks nsaA
             ;g Hkh mYys[k fd;k tkrk fd laLFkk bu fofu;e ds [k.M 9 ds
         v/khu viuh tk¡p vkSj mik; iqfyl rFkk LFkkuh; vf/kdkfj;ksa }kjk dh
         tkus okyh dkjokbZ dh izrh{kk fd, fcuk izkjEHk dj ns vkSj ?kVuk ds ,d
         lIrkg ds Hkhrj vkSipkfjd dkjokbZ iwjh dj yh tk,A


8        vk;ksx vkSj ifj"kn ds drZO; ,oa nkf;Ro
8-1      vk;ksx jSfxax ls lEcfU/kr ?kVukvksa dh 'kh?kz lwpuk gsrq fuEufyf[kr dk;Z
         djsxk&

d        vk;ksx /ku fu/kkZfjr djsxk rFkk ,d VkWy Ýh jSfxax fojks/kh lgk;rk ykbu
         cuk,xk tks 24 ?kaVs [kqyh jgsxh ftldk Nk= jSfxax ls lEcfU/kr ?kVukvksa
         ds fuokj.k gsrq iz;ksx dj ldrs gSaA
[k       jSfxax fojks/kh gsYiykbu ij izkIr fd;k x;k lans'k rqjUr laLFkk/;{k]
         Nk=kokl ds okMZu lEc) fo'ofo|ky; uksMy vf/kdkjh dks izlkfjr fd;k
         tk,xkA lEc) ftys ds vf/kdkfj;ksa ;fn vko';drk gqbZ rks ftyk
         vf/kdkjh rFkk iqfyl v/kh{kd dks nh tk,xh rFkk osclkbV ij Mky nh
         tk,xh rkfd ehfM;k rFkk lkekU; turk mldk fo'ys"k.k djsA
x        laLFkk/;{k dks ,aVh jSfxax gsYiykbu ij feyh lwpuk ij Rofjr dkjZokbZ bu
         fofu;e ds mi[k.M ¼ch½ ds vuqlkj djuh gksxhA
?k       Nk= vFkok fdlh Hkh O;fDr dks jSfxax fojks/kh gsYiykbu ij lans'k nsus gsrq
         laLFkk eksckby vkSj Qksu ds cs&jksd&Vksd iz;ksx dh Nk=kokl rFkk ifjlj]
         d{kk,¡] laxks"Bh d{k iqLrdky; vkfn ds vfrfjDr lHkh LFkkuksa ij iz;ksx
         dh vuqefr ds vfrfjDr lHkh LFkkuksa ij iz;ksx dh vuqefr nsxkA
³        jSfxax fojks/kh gsYiykbu rFkk vU; egRoiw.kZ vf/kdkfj;ksa] laLFkk/;{kksa ladk;
         ds lnL;ksa] jSfxax fojks/kh lfefr ds lnL;ksa rFkk jSfxax fojks/kh ny] ftys
         ds vf/kdkfj;ksa] gkWLVy ds okMZuksa rFkk vU; lEcfU/kr vf/kdkfj;ksa] Qksu
         uEcj rFkk irs Nk=ksa dks miyC/k djk, tk,¡ rkfd vkdfLedh esa os mudk
      iz;ksx dj ldsaA
p     vk;ksx Nk=ksa rFkk mlds ekrk&firk@vfHkHkkod }kjk fn, x, 'kiFk i=ksa
      ds vk/kkj ij vkadM+k j[ksxkA ;g vkadM+k jSfxax dh f'kdk;rksa rFkk ml ij
      dh xbZ dkjZokbZ ds fjdkMZ ds :i esa dk;Z djsxkA
N     vk;ksx bl vkadM+s dks dsUnz ljdkj }kjk ukfer ,oa xSj ljdkjh la?kVu
      dks miyC/k djk,xkA blls vke turk esa fo'okl c<+sxk bu fofu;e ds
      vuqikyu u djus dh lwpuk Hkh vk;ksx dsUnz ljdkj }kjk vf/kd`r
      lfefr;ksa dks miyC/k djk,xkA
8-2   vk;ksx fu;e ds vuqlkj fuEufyf[kr dne mBk,xk&
d     vk;ksx laLFkk gsrq ;g vko';d djsxk fd og viuh foojf.kdk esa dsUnz
      ljdkj ds funsZ'k vFkok jkT; Lrjh; ekWfuVfjax lfefr ds jSfxax fu"ks/k
      lEcU/kh funsZ'k vkSj mlds ifj.kke lekfgr djsa A ;fn os ,slk ugha djrs
      rks ;g ekuk tk,xk fd os f'k{kk dk Lrj fxj jgs gSA rFkk blds fy,
      muds fo#) mfpr dkjZokbZ dh tk,xhA
[k    vk;ksx ;g izekf.kr djsxk fd bu fofu;eksa ds vuqlkj Nk=ksa rFkk muds
      ekrk&firk@vfHkHkkod ls 'kiFk i= laLFkk }kjk izkIr fd;k tk jgk gSA
x     vk;ksx }kjk laLFkk dks nh tk jgh fdlh izdkj dh fo'ks"k vFkok lkekU;
      fdlh izdkj dh vkfFkZd lgk;rk vFkok vuqnku ds ;qfVykbts'ku izek.k
      i= esa ,d 'krZ ;g yxkbZ tk,xh fd laLFkk }kjk jSfxax fu"ks/k lEcU/kh
      fofu;e ,oa mik;ksa dk vuqikyu fd;k tk jgk gSA
?k     jSfxax dh fdlh Hkh ?kVuk dk laLFkk ds jSad vFkok ,u-,-,-lh- vFkok
      fdlh vU; l{ke ,tsalh }kjk nh tkusokys jSafdax vkSj xszfMax ij nq"izHkko
      iM+ ldrk gSA
M+    vk;ksx mu laLFkkvksa dks vfrfjDr vuqnku ns ldrk gS vFkok vf/kfu;e
      [k.M 12 ch ds fy, vgZ eku ldrk gSA tgk¡ jSfxax dh ?kVuk,¡ ugha
      gksaxhA
p      tgk¡ jSfxax dh ?kVuk,a ugha gksaxhA vk;ksx jSfxax jksdus ds fy, ,d baVj
      dkSafly desVh cuk,xk ftlesa dh fHkUu ifj"knksa ds izfrfuf/k gksaxsA xSj
      ljdkjh ,tsalh vk;ksx }kjk j[ks tk jgs vkadM+s dks ns[kus ds fy, mi[kaM
      ¼th½ vf/kfu;e 8-1 ds vkSj bl izdkj ds fudk; mPprj f'k{kk esa jSfxax
      fojks/kh mikj;ksa dks n[ksus rFkk lg;ksx nsus gsrq rFkk le;&le; ij
            laLrqfr;k¡ nsus gsrq vkSj izR;sd o"kZ ds N% eghus esa bldh de ls de ,d
            cSBd gksxhA vk;ksx ,d jSfxax fojks/kh lsy vk;ksx esa cuk,xkA tks jSfxax
            ls lEcfU/kr lwpuk,¡ ,d= djus rFkk mlij n`f"V j[kus esa lfpo dh
            lgk;rk djsxkA jkT; Lrjh; n`f"V j[kus okys lsy dks rkfd jSfxax dks
            jksdus ds mik;ksa ij lqpk: :i ls dk;Z gks ldsA ;g lsy xSj ljdkjh
            la?kVu tks jSfxax jksdus ls lEcfU/kr gksaxs] dks vkadM+s ns[k js[k esa lgk;rk
            nsxkA bldh lajpuk vf/kfu;e 8-1 ds [k.M ¼th½ ds v/khu dh tk,xhA


9           jSfxax dh ?kVukvksa ij iz'kklfud dkjZokbZ&
9-1          fdlh Nk= dks jSfxax dk nks"kh ik, tkus ij laLFkk }kjk fuEufyf[kr fof/k
            vuqlkj n.M fn;k tk,xkA
d            jSfxax fojks/kh lfefr mfpr n.M ds lEcU/k esa mfpr fu.kZ; ysxh vFkok
            jSfxax dh ?kVuk ds Lo:i ,oa xEHkhjrk dks ns[krs gq, jSfxax fojks/kh ny
            n.M gsrq viuh laLrqfr nsxkA
[k           jSfxax fojks/kh lfefr jSfxax fojks/kh ny }kjk fu/kkZfjr fd, x, vijk/k ds
            Lo:i vkSj xEHkhjrk dks ns[krs gq, fuEufyf[kr esa dks dksbZ ,d vFkok
            vusd n.M nsxhA
       I.   d{kk esa mifLFkr gksus rFkk 'kSf{kd vf/kdkfj;ksa ls fuyEcu
      II.   Nk=o`fRr@Nk= v/;srko`fRr rFkk vU; ykHkksa dks jksduk@oafpr djuk
     III.   fdlh VSLV@ijh{kk vFkok vU; ewY;kadu izfØ;k esa mifLFkr gksus ls oafpr
            djuk
     IV.    ijh{kkQy jksduk
      V.    fdlh izknsf'kd] jk"Vªh; vFkok vUrjkZ"Vªh; ehV] [ksy] ;qok egksRlo vkfn esa
            laLFkk dk izfrfuf/kRo djus ls oafpr djukA
     VI.    Nk=kokl ls fu"dkflr djuk
    VII.    izos'k jn~n djuk
VIII.       laLFkk ls 04 l=ksa rd ds fy, fy, fu"dklu djukA
     IX.    laLFkk ls fu"dkflr vkSj ifj.kke :o:i fdlh Hkh laLFkk esa fuf'pr vof/k
            rd fu"dklu djukA tc jSfxax djus vFkok jSfxax djus ds fy, HkM+dkus
            okys O;fDr;ksa dh igpku u gks lds laaLFkk lkewfgd n.M dk vkJ; ysA
        x jSfxax fojks/kh lfefr }kjk fn, x, n.M ds fo#) vihy ¼izkFkZuk½
          fuEufyf[kr ls dh tk,xhA

      I.    fdlh fo'ofo|ky; ls lEc} laLFkk gksus ij dqyifr lsA
   II.      fo'ofo|ky; dk vkns'k gksus ij dqykf/kifr ls
  III.      laln ds vf/kfu;e ds vuqlkj fufeZr jk"Vªh; egRo dh laLFkk gksus ij
            mlds ps;uesu vFkok pkalyj vFkok fLFkfr ds vuqlkj
9-2         ;fn fdlh fo'ofo|ky; ds v/khu@lEc} dksbZ laLFkk ¼ tks mlds fo/kku
            ea] lEc} vFkok mlds }kjk ekU;rk izkIr gks½ buesa ls fdlh fu;e fofu;e
            ds vuqikyu esa vlQy jgrh gS rFkk jSfxax dks izHkko'kkyh <ax ls jksdus esa
            vlQy jgrk gS rFkk fo'ofo|ky; ml ij fuEufyf[kr esa ls dksbZ ,d
            vFkok fdlh lewgdkj n.M yxk ldrk gS&
       I.   lEc}rk@jsdxft'ku ;k mls fn, x, vU; fo'ks"k vf/kdkj okil ysuk
      II.   bl izdkj dh laLFkk dks py jgs fdlh 'kSf{kd izksxzke esa fMxzh vFkok
            fMIyksek esa Hkkx ysus ls jksdukA
  III.      fo'ofo|ky; }kjk mls fn, tk jgs vuqnku dks okil ysuk] ;fn dksbZ gksA
  IV.       fo'ofo|ky; }kjk laLFkk ds ek/;e ls fn, tk jgs fdlh vuqnku dks
            jksduk
      V.    fo'ofo|ky; ds vf/kdkj {ks= esa vkusokyk dksbZ vU; n.M
9-3          tgk¡ fu;qfDr nsus okys vf/kdkjh dk fopkj gS fd laLFkk dks fdlh
            deZpkjh }kjk jSfxax dh lwpuk nsus esa <hy cjrh xbZ gSA jSfxax dh lwpuk
            nssus esa Rofjr dkjZokbZ ugha dh gSA jSfxax dh ?kVuk vFkok ?kVuk,¡ jksdus ds
            fy, ugha dh gSA bu fofu;e ds vuqlkj vko';d dkjZokbZ ugh dh gSA
            jSfxax dh ml vf/kdkjh }kjk lEcfU/kr deZpkjh ds fo#) foHkkxh; dkjZokbZ
            dh tk,xhA
            ;fn bl izdkj dh <hy laLFkk/;{k ds Lrj ij gqbZ gS rks laLFkk/;{k dh
            fu;qfDr djusokys vf/kdkjh }kjk bl izdkj dh dkjZokbZ dh tk,xhA
9-4         dksbZ Hkh laLFkk tks jSfxax jksdus bu fofu;e ds vuqlkj dkjZokbZ ugh djsxk
            vFkok nksf"k;ksa dks nf.Mr ugha djrk rks fo'ofo|ky; vuqnku vk;ksx
            mlds fo#) fuEufyf[kr esa ls dksbZ ,d vFkok vusd dkjZokbZ djsxkA
       I.    vf/kfu;e ds [k.M 12 ch ds vUrxZr fn, tkusokys vuqnku dks jksdukA
      II.    fn;k tk jgk dksbz vuqnku okil ysukA
  III.       vk;ksx }kjk nh tkusokyh lkekU; vFkok fdlh fo'ks"k vkflLVsal izksxzke
            gsrq laLFkk dks v;ksx ?kksf"kr djukA
  IV.        lkekU; turk vH;fFkZ;ksa dks lekpkj i=] ehfM;k] vk;ksx dh oSclkbV
            vkfn }kjk ;g crkuk fd laLFkk esa y?kqre 'kSf{kd Lrj miyC/k ugha gSA
   V.       blh izdkj dh vU; dkjZokbZ djuk rFkk blh izdkj ls laLFkk dks rc rd
            nafMr djuk tc rd fd og jSfxax jksdus ds y{; dks izkIr u dj ys
            v;ksx }kjk fdlh laLFkku ds fo#) bl vf/kfu;e ds vuqlkj dh xbZ
            dkjZokbZ esa lHkh lfefr;k¡ lg;ksx nsaxhA



                                                          ¼MkW- vkj- ds- pkSgku½
                                                                   lfpo
lsok esa]

lgk;d fu;a=d
izdk'ku izHkkx] Hkkjr ljdkj
'kgjh fodkl rFkk xjhch fuokj.k ea=ky;
flfoy ykbZu] fnYyh&110054
                                                                                                                                                      layXud 1
                                                            vH;FkhZ dk 'kiFk izek.ki=

1-           vH;FkhZ@Nk= dk ?kks"k.kk i= eSa iq=@iq=h---------------------------------------------------------------------------
             Jh@Jherh@lqJh              ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------us
             jSfxax fu"ks?k ds fof/k@mPpre U;k;ky; rFkk dsanzh;@jkT; ljdkjksa ds blls
             lEcfU/kr funsZ'kksa dks /;ku ls i<+ fy;k gS rFkk iw.kZr;k le> fy;k gSA eSaus
             fo'ofo|ky; vuqnku vk;ksx mPp f'k{k.k laLFkkuksa esa jSfxax jksdus ls lEcfU/kr
             fofu;e 2009 dh ,d izfrfyfi izkIr dj yh gS rFkk mls /;ku ls i<+ fy;k gSA
2-             eSaus eq[;:i ls fofu;e 3 dks i<+ fy;k gS le>k fy;k gSA vkSj eSa ;g
             tkurk@tkurh gw¡ fd jSfxax ds D;k ekus gSA
3            eSaus /kkjk 7 rFkk /kkjk 9-1 fofu;e dks le> fy;k gS A vxj eSa fdlh rjg dh
             jSfxax ds fy, fdlh dks mdlkrk gw¡ ;k fdlh rjg dh jSafxax esa Hkkx ysrk gw¡ rks
             iz'kklu esjs f[kykQ naMkRed dk;Zokgh dj ldrk gSA
4            eSa fu'p;r iwoZd ;g iz;Ru d#¡axk fd
               d½ eSa fdlh dhs jSfxax tks fd /kkjk 3 fofu;e esa mYysf[kr gS mlesa                                                            Hkkx
                    ugh yw¡axk@yw¡xh
             [k½ eSa fdlh Hkh ,slh xfrfof/k;ksa esa yw¡axk@yw¡xh tks fd jSfxax ds /kkjk 3
                    fofu;e ds varxZr vkrk gksA
4            eSa fdlh Hkh izdkj dh jSfxax esa Hkkx ugha yw¡xk@yw¡xh vFkok fdlh Hkh izdkj ls
             jSfxax dk izpkj ugh d:¡xk@d:¡xh
5            eSa ;g ?kksf"kr djrk@djrh gw¡ fd vxj eSa jSfxax ds ekeys esa vijk/kh ik;k
             x;k@ik;k x;h rks eq>s fofu;e 9-1 ds vuqlkj n.M fn;k tk ldrk gSA blds
             vfrfjDr dkuwuh izko/kku ds varxZr vkijkf/kd xfrfof/k;ksa esa esjs fo#)
             naMkRed dk;Zokgh dh tk ldrh gSA
6            eSa ;g ?kksf"kr djrk@djrh gw¡ fd esjs fo#) ns'k dh fdlh Hkh laLFkk }kjk jSfxax
             ekeys esa izfrca/k ugh yxk;k x;k gS vkSj ,slk ik;k tkrk gS rks esjk izos'k fujLr
             fd;k tk ldrk gSA

gLrk{kj---------------------------fnu -------------eghuk---------------o"kZ------------------


                                                                                                      vfHklk{kh dk gLrk{kj

                                                                       'kiFk izek.ki=
esjs }kjk lR;ki.k ds i'pkr~ ik;k x;k fd 'kiFk i= esa nh xbZ tkudkjh lgh gS rFkk dksbZ rF; xyr
ugh gSA 'kiFk i= esa fdlh rjg ds rF; dks u gh fNik;k gS u gh xyr c;ku fn;k gSA
lR;kfir---------------LFkku------------ fnu -------------eghuk---------------o"kZ------------------


vH;FkhZ us gekjh mifLFkfr esa 'kiFk i= esa fn, x, rF; dks i<+us ds mijkUr 'krksZa dks Lohdkj fd;k
rFkk gLrk{kj fd,A

                                                                                                                     'kiFk vk;qDr
                                                                                                                           layXud &II
                                                 ekrk&firk@vfHkHkkod dk 'kiFk&i=
1-           Jh@Jherh@lqJh -----------------------------------------------------------------------------¼firk&ekrk@vfHkHkkod dk
             iw.kZ irk½ ekrk@firk@vfHkHkkod---------------------------------------------------¼fo|kFkhZ dk iw.kZ irk
             izos'k@iathdj.k@iathdj.k la[;k½ -------------------------------------¼laLFkk dk uke½------------------------------
             laLFkk esa izos'k fy;k gSA jSfxax fu"ks/k ls lEcfU/kr funsZ'kksa rFkk fo'ofo|ky; vuqnku
             vk;ksx ds mPp f'k{k.k laLFkkuksa esa jSfxax ls lEcU/kh fofu;e&2009 esa mfYyf[kr izko/kkuksa
             dks /;ku ls i<+ fy;k gS rFkk iw.kZr;k le> fy;k gSA
2-           eSaus eq[;:i ls fofu;e 3 dks i<+ fy;k gS le>k fy;k gSA vkSj eSa ;g tkurk@tkurh
             gw¡ fd jSfxax ds D;k ekus gSA
3            eSaus /kkjk 7 rFkk /kkjk 9-1 fofu;e dks le> fy;k gS vkSj eq>s iwjh rjg ls tkudkjh gS
             fd izR;{k ;k vizR;{k :i esa vxj esjk iq=@iq=h jSfxax ds fy, nks"kh ik;k tkrk gS ;k
             fdlh rjg dh jSfxax ds fy, mdlkrk gS ;k fdlh rjg dh jSafxax esa Hkkx ysrk gS rks
             iz'kklu esjs iq=@iq=h ds f[kykQ n.MkRed dk;Zokgh dj ldrk gSA
4            eSa 'kiFkiwoZd fu'p; djrk gw¡ fd
             d½ esjs iq=@iq=h fdlh rjg ds jSfxax tks fd /kkjk 3 fofu;e esa mYysf[kr gS mlesa
                     Hkkx ugh ysaxsA
             [k½ eSa vius iq=@iq=h dks fdlh Hkh ,slh xfrfof/k;ksa esa Hkkx ugha ysus nw¡xk@nw¡xh tks fd
                     jSfxax ds /kkjk 3 fofu;e ds varxZr vkrk gksA
5            eSa ;g ?kksf"kr djrk@djrh gw¡ fd vxj esjs iq=@iq=h jSfxax ds ekeys esa vijk/kh ik;k
             x;k@ikbZ x;h rks esjs iq=@iq=h dks fofu;e 9-1 ds vuqlkj n.M fn;k tk ldrk gSA
             blds vfrfjDr dkuwuh izko/kku ds varxZr vkijkf/kd xfrfof/k;ksa esa esjs iq=@iq=h ds
             fo#) naMkRed dk;Zokgh dh tk ldrh gSA
6            eSa ;g ?kksf"kr djrk@djrh gw¡ fd esjs iq=@iq=h ds fo#) ns'k dh fdlh Hkh laLFkk }kjk
             jSfxax ekeys esa izfrca/k ugh yxk;k x;k gS vkSj esjs iq=@iq=h dks ,sls ekeys esa ik;k
             tkrk gS rks esjs iq=@iq=h dk izos'k fujLr fd;k tk ldrk gSA

gLrk{kj -------------------------------- fnu---------- eghuk ------------- o"kZ--------------------------
                                                                                                  vfHklk{kh ds gLrk{kj

                                                                                                  uke-
                                                                                                  irk]
                                                                                                  nwjHkk"k ua-

                                                                       lR;kiu
esjs }kjk lR;kiu ds i'pkr~ ik;k x;k fd 'kiFk i= esa nh xbZ tkudkjh lgh gS rFkk dksbZ rF; xyr
ugh gSA 'kiFk i= esa fdlh rjg ds rF; dks u gh fNik;k gS u gh xyr c;ku fn;k gSAA
lR;kfir---------------LFkku------------ fnu -------------eghuk---------------o"kZ------------------
                                                                                                    vfHklk{kh ds gLrk{kj

vH;FkhZ us gekjh mifLFkfr esa 'kiFk i= esa fnu -------------eghuk---------------o"kZ------------------fn, x, rF; dks
i<+us ds mijkUr 'krksZa dks Lohdkj fd;k rFkk gLrk{kj fd,A

                                                                                                            'kiFk vk;qDr

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:6
posted:10/10/2011
language:English
pages:45