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Romance Languages and Literatures

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					Romance Languages and Literatures
Professor Luis M. Girón Negrón, Director of Undergraduate Studies

Today, Romance languages are spoken in Europe, North and South America, the Caribbean, the
Middle East, Africa, and Southeast Asia . Their rich cultural and literary heritage plays a key role
in the world's multicultural societies. The Department of Romance Languages and Literatures
welcomes concentrators in one or more of the following fields: French and Francophone Studies,
Hispanic Studies, Italian Studies, Latin American Studies, Portuguese and Brazilian Studies, and
Romance Studies. Basic language instruction in Catalan is offered; advanced reading and
research in Catalan is also available. The department encourages students to study abroad and
recommends a selection of programs based on each student's specific needs.

Each program has its own requirements, as described below. All provide concentrators with a
solid grounding in their chosen language and encourage the study of culture. In each program,
tutorials supplement course work by discussing the techniques of literary and cultural analysis
and, in certain instances, literary theory. The department offers a wide spectrum of courses that
accommodate students intending to pursue graduate degrees in literature, art, and related fields,
as well as those planning careers in medicine, law, business, social work, or other fields.

The track in French and Francophone Studies emphasizes French language, literature, and
culture, including influential recent work in various fields of the humanities and social sciences.
Students are encouraged to develop individual programs of study. Some students may wish to
focus on the evolution of fiction, drama, or film, or the literary history of a particular period;
others may opt for cultural, theoretical, or sociological issues. All concentrators acquire
proficiency in reading, writing, and speaking French, a familiarity with the long French literary
tradition, and an awareness of current intellectual and sociological trends.

The track in Hispanic Studies offers students the opportunity to explore the many riches of both
Spanish and Latin American literature, art, and film, as well as the history and politics of cultural
production. Students have the freedom to pursue additional courses in related fields such as
anthropology, government, history of art and architecture, and history, in addition to literature
courses. Course offerings cover the full range of Hispanic cultures, from the Middle Ages to the
present. Students are encouraged to design individual programs of study in consultation with
faculty members, and will acquire proficiency in the Spanish language. The growing importance
of Spanish, both in the US and abroad, has greatly increased the opportunities for Hispanic
Studies concentrators to put their knowledge and communication skills to practical use.

The track in Italian Studies provides students with proficiency in the language and knowledge of
the major periods and authors of the Italian literary tradition, from Dante and the Trecento
through the Renaissance to the present, including contributions to modern culture, theater, and
film. Concentrators are encouraged to supplement the required courses with individual projects
under the supervision of faculty members and to incorporate interdisciplinary studies in their
program. Harvard is a Local Chapter of Gamma Kappa Alpha National Italian Honor Society,
formed to acknowledge outstanding undergraduate scholarship in the field of Italian language,
literature, and culture.

The track in Portuguese and Brazilian Studies thoroughly acquaints students with the Portuguese
language and the Portuguese-speaking world's diverse and vibrant literary and cultural
expressions, both in the mainstream and popular dimensions, including film, theater, visual arts,
music, dance, architecture and urban studies. Concentrators may take courses outside the
department on various historical, economic, or political aspects of the culture of Brazil, Portugal,
or the Portuguese-speaking countries of Africa and Asia. Faculty members work closely with
students and encourage them to be creative and imaginative. Concentrators play a large role in
the development of their individual plans of study.

Students are invited to pursue a secondary field in any one of the four language sections listed
above, or a joint concentration between any one of the four language sections and a wide range
of other departments and programs.

The track in Romance Studies is intended for students who wish to combine work in two or three
Romance languages and literatures. Cross-cultural in focus and design, the track acknowledges
the commonalities and differences of the Romance traditions. It is not necessary for students to
have begun study of both, in the case of two languages, or of all three languages before arriving
at Harvard, though the ideal candidate for this concentration track will already have an advanced
proficiency in one Romance language and an intermediate proficiency in a second Romance
language. Students are not permitted to pursue a joint concentration between the Romance
Studies track and another department.

The track in Latin American Studies is intended for students who wish to focus mainly on Latin
America and its diverse cultural traditions, which include not only Spanish and Portuguese, but
also indigenous cultures. Concentrators in the Latin American Studies track are expected to
demonstrate proficiency in both Spanish and Portuguese and to take courses on the Spanish-
speaking nations in the Americas and Brazil as part of their requirements. As the track is already
cross-cultural in focus and design, allowing for interdisciplinary and bilingual approaches,
students are not allowed to pursue a joint concentration with another department.

A system of tutorials is in effect in all sections of the Department of Romance Languages and
Literatures. The tutorials are designed to promote close contact between undergraduates and
faculty. All concentrators must take one term-long tutorial, normally in the sophomore year.
Honors candidates, in addition to the sophomore tutorial, are required to take a term-long junior
tutorial and a year-long senior tutorial, culminating in a senior thesis.

Concentrators may be eligible to obtain certification to teach in middle or secondary schools in
Massachusetts and states with which Massachusetts has reciprocity. For
http://webdocs.registrar.fas.harvard.edu/ugrad_handbook/current/chapter2/UTEP.html for more
information about the Undergraduate Teacher Education Program (UTEP), see Chapter 2.

REQUIREMENTS
French and Francophone Studies

Basic Requirements: 12 half-courses

1. Required courses:
   a. Two survey half-courses: French 70a and either French 70b or French 70c.
   b. Sophomore Tutorial: French 97.
   c. A maximum of two of the following advanced half-courses in language: French 40,
      French 50, French 59, any course in the French 61 series. Note: Must be passed with
      grade of B+ or better. See language proficiency requirement below. French 55 does not
      count for concentration credit. Courses taken outside Harvard may be substituted upon
      approval by the undergraduate adviser in French. Concentrators who present advanced
      language proficiency on entering the concentration should take one or two additional
      half-courses in French literature in lieu of half-courses in language.
   d. A minimum of five half-courses in French that are numbered 100 or above or are
      tutorials. At least one of these half-courses must treat literature before 1800, and at least
      three must be taught in French.
   e. Up to two half-courses in related fields: These include courses in African and African
      American studies, the Program in General Education, History, History of Art and
      Architecture, Literature and Comparative Literature, Visual and Environmental Studies,
      among others. The undergraduate adviser in French must approve all courses to be
      counted as related fields.
2. Tutorial: The sophomore tutorial, French 97 (one term), is required of all concentrators in the
   Spring of their sophomore year. Small-group instruction. Letter-graded. See section 1b
   above.
3. Thesis: Required only of honors candidates pursuing the thesis option.
4. Other information:
   a. Pass/Fail: Courses counting for concentration credit may not be taken Pass/Fail.
   b. Language requirement: By the end of their junior year, concentrators are expected to
      demonstrate advanced proficiency in French. Proficiency may be demonstrated by a
      perfect score (800) on the SAT or Harvard Placement Test, by completion of one
      advanced language course at the 40 to 60-level with a grade of B+ or higher, or by
      passing an oral competency examination administered by the Undergraduate Adviser in
      French.
   c. Freshman Seminars: With the approval of the undergraduate adviser, up to one Freshman
      Seminar, for which the student has received a Satisfactory evaluation, may be counted in
      category 1d.
   d. Combining French with one or two other Romance languages and literary traditions: See
      Romance Studies track.
French and Francophone Studies

Requirements for Honors Eligibility: 14 half-courses

1. All Honors candidates must take one term of junior tutorial as one of the five half-courses
   under item 1d of Basic Requirements. They then have two options for their senior year:
2. Thesis Option. In addition to the Basic Requirements, students take two terms of French 99
   (graded SAT/UNS) and complete a thesis. A thesis proposal is made by the honors candidate
   and approved by the Undergraduate Adviser in French in conjunction with other faculty
   members and members of the Tutorial Board in the spring term of the junior year. In
   addition, once they have completed a thesis, students take an hour-long oral exam, normally
   during Reading Period in May of their Senior year.
3. Non-thesis Option. Honors students who prefer not to write a thesis may take two additional
   half-courses at the 100-level or above in French, in addition to the 12 half-courses under
   Basic Requirements. Students who take two additional courses at the 100-level, or one
   additional course at the 100-level and one additional course at the 200-level, with a minimum
   grade of A- in each, and who have a minimum concentration-course GPA of 3.65 can be
   recommended for a departmental degree of Honors (but not High or Highest) Students who
   take two additional courses at the 200-level with a minimum grade of A- in each and who
   have a minimum concentration-course GPA of 3.65 can be recommended for a departmental
   degree of High Honors (but not Highest). To be eligible for Highest Honors, students pursue
   the Thesis Option above.

French and Francophone Studies

Joint Concentration Requirements

Upon approval from the undergraduate adviser in French, honors candidates may combine a
concentration in French and Francophone Studies with a concentration in another department
significantly related to some aspect of French or Francophone literature or culture. Ordinarily,
only students with a strong concentration GPA and a clearly formulated project bridging the two
disciplines will receive approval. In recent years, programs in French and Linguistics, French
and English, French and Classics, and French and History of Art and Architecture have all been
approved. During the senior year, completion of an honors thesis is required, as are written and
oral general examinations in French. A total of six half-courses in French and Francophone
Studies, in addition to the senior thesis, is required of joint concentrators:

Required courses:

1. Two survey courses: French 70a and either French 70b or 70c.
2. Sophomore Tutorial: French 97.
3. Junior Tutorial: French 98, or equivalent.
4. Two half-courses in French at the 100 level or above.
5. Senior Thesis: Either two semesters of French 99 or the senior thesis tutorial in the related
   department.

For further information, please consult the undergraduate adviser in French.

Hispanic Studies

Basic Requirements: 12 half-courses

1. Required courses:
   a. Two survey half-courses:
      i.   Spanish 70a or 70c.
     ii.   Spanish 71a or 71b.
   b. A maximum of one of the following advanced half-courses in language: Spanish 40, 50,
      59, 62, or 65. Note: Must be satisfied with a grade of B+ or better. See language
      proficiency requirement below. Courses taken outside Harvard may be substituted upon
      approval from the undergraduate adviser in Spanish. Concentrators who demonstrate
      advanced language proficiency should take one additional half-course in Hispanic
      literature in lieu of an advanced half-course in language.
   c. Sophomore Tutorial: Spanish 97.
   d. One half-course in the Spanish 90 series.
   e. A minimum of four half-courses in Spanish that are numbered 100 or above or are
      tutorials. At least two of the courses in this category must treat literature before 1800, and
      all four courses must be taught in Spanish.
   f. Up to three half-courses in related fields. These include courses in Anthropology, the
      Program in General Education, Government, History, History of Art and Architecture,
      among others. The undergraduate adviser in Spanish must approve all courses to be
      counted as related fields.
2. Tutorial: The sophomore tutorial,, Spanish 97 (one term), is required of all concentrators.
   during the Spring of their sophomore year. Small-group instruction. Letter-graded. See
   requirement 1c above.
3. Thesis: Required only of honors candidates pursuing the thesis option.
4. Other information:
   a. Pass/Fail: Courses taken for concentration credit may not be taken Pass/Fail.
   b. Language Requirement: By the end of their junior year, concentrators are expected to
      demonstrate advanced oral and written proficiency in Spanish. Advanced proficiency
      may be demonstrated by a perfect score (800) on the SAT or Harvard Placement Test, or
      by completion of one advanced language course at the 40-level or above with a grade of
       B+ or higher, or by passing an oral competency examination administered by the
       undergraduate adviser in Spanish.
   c. Combining Spanish with one or two other Romance languages and literary traditions:
      See the Romance Studies track.
   d. Freshman Seminars: With the approval of the undergraduate adviser, up to one Freshman
      Seminar, for which the student has received a Satisfactory evaluation, may be counted in
      category 1e.

Hispanic Studies

Requirements for Honors Eligibility: 14 half-courses

1. All Honors candidates must take one term of junior tutorial as one of the four half-courses
   under item 1e of Basic Requirements. They then have two options for their senior year:
2. Thesis Option. In addition to the Basic Requirements, students take two terms of Spanish 99
   (graded SAT/UNS) and complete a thesis. A thesis proposal is made by the honors candidate
   and approved by the Undergraduate Adviser in Spanish in conjunction with other faculty
   members and members of the Tutorial Board in the spring term of the junior year. In
   addition, once they have completed a thesis, students take an hour-long oral exam, normally
   during Reading Period in May of their Senior year.
3. Non-thesis Option. Honors students who prefer not to write a thesis may take two additional
   half-courses at the 100-level or above in Spanish, in addition to the 12 half-courses under
   Basic Requirements. Students who take two additional courses at the 100-level, or one
   additional course at the 100-level and one additional course at the 200-level, with a minimum
   grade of A- in each, and who have a minimum concentration-course GPA of 3.65 can be
   recommended for a departmental degree of Honors (but not High or Highest) Students who
   take two additional courses at the 200-level with a minimum grade of A- in each and who
   have a minimum concentration-course GPA of 3.65 can be recommended for a departmental
   degree of High Honors (but not Highest). To be eligible for Highest Honors, students pursue
   the Thesis Option above.

Hispanic Studies

Joint Concentration Requirements

Upon approval from the undergraduate adviser in Spanish, honors candidates may combine a
concentration in Hispanic Studies with a concentration in another department significantly
related to some aspect of the literature or culture of the Spanish-speaking world. Ordinarily, only
students with a strong concentration GPA and a clearly formulated project bridging the two
disciplines will receive approval. In recent years, programs in Hispanic Studies and
Anthropology and Hispanic Studies and History of Art and Architecture have been approved.
During the senior year, completion of an honors thesis is required, as are written and oral general
examinations in Spanish. A total of six half-courses in Hispanic Studies, in addition to the senior
thesis, is required of joint concentrators:
Required courses:

1. Two survey courses: Spanish 70a or 70c and Spanish 71a or 71b.
2. Sophomore Tutorial: Spanish 97.
3. Junior Tutorial: Spanish 98, or equivalent.
4. Two half-courses in Spanish at the 100 level or above.
5. Senior Thesis: Either two semesters of Spanish 99 or the senior thesis tutorial in the related
   department.

For further information, please consult the undergraduate adviser in Spanish.

Italian Studies

Basic Requirements: 12 half-courses

1. Required courses:
   a. One of the following half-courses on Dante: Literature and Arts A-26 or Italian 131.
   b. A maximum of three upper-level or advanced half-courses in language at the 30, 40, or
      50-level. Note: Must be passed with a grade of B or better. See language proficiency
      requirement below. Courses taken outside Harvard may be substituted upon approval
      from the undergraduate adviser in Italian. Concentrators who demonstrate advanced
      language proficiency on entering the concentration should take additional half-courses in
      Italian literature in lieu of advanced half-courses in language.
   c. A minimum of four half-courses in Italian literature numbered 80 and above. Must
      include Italian 97 (or equivalent) and a minimum of two Italian half-courses at the 100
      level or above other than those listed in 1a. At least one of the 100-level courses must be
      in Italian.
   d. Up to four half-courses in related fields. These include courses in Anthropology, the
      Program in General Education, English, Government, History, History of Art and
      Architecture, Linguistics, among others. The undergraduate adviser in Italian must
      approve all courses to be counted as related fields.
2. Tutorial: The sophomore tutorial, Italian 97 (one term), is required of all concentrators
   during the Spring of their sophomore year. Small-group instruction. Letter-graded. May be
   substituted with an equivalent 100-level course, with the approval of the undergraduate
   adviser in Italian. See requirement 1c above.
3. Thesis: Required only of honors candidates pursuing the thesis option.
4. Other information:
   a. Pass/Fail: Courses taken for concentration credit may not be taken Pass/Fail.
   b. Language requirement: By the end of their junior year, concentrators are expected to
      demonstrate advanced oral and written proficiency in Italian. Advanced proficiency may
      be demonstrated by a perfect score (800) on the SATII or Harvard Placement Test, or a
      score of 5 on the Italian AP, or by completion of one advanced language course at the 35-
      level or above with a grade of B or higher, or by passing an oral competency examination
      administered by the undergraduate adviser in Italian.
   c. Combining Italian with one or two other Romance languages and literary traditions: See
      Romance Studies track described below.
   d. Freshman Seminars: With the approval of the undergraduate adviser, up to one Freshman
      Seminar, for which the student has received a Satisfactory evaluation, may be counted in
      category 1c.

Italian Studies

Requirements for Honors Eligibility: 14 half-courses

1. All Honors candidates must take one term of junior tutorial as one of the four half-courses
   under item 1c of Basic Requirements. They then have two options for their senior year:
2. Thesis Option. In addition to the Basic Requirements, students take two terms of Italian 99
   (graded SAT/UNS) and complete a thesis. A thesis proposal is made by the honors candidate
   and approved by the Undergraduate Adviser in Italian in conjunction with other faculty
   members and members of the Tutorial Board in the spring term of the junior year. In
   addition, once they have completed a thesis, students take an hour-long oral exam, normally
   during Reading Period in May of their Senior year.
3. Non-thesis Option. Honors students who prefer not to write a thesis may take two additional
   half-courses at the 100-level or above in Italian, in addition to the 12 half-courses under
   Basic Requirements. Students who take two additional courses at the 100-level, or one
   additional course at the 100-level and one additional course at the 200-level, with a minimum
   grade of A- in each, and who have a minimum concentration-course GPA of 3.65 can be
   recommended for a departmental degree of Honors (but not High or Highest) Students who
   take two additional courses at the 200-level with a minimum grade of A- in each and who
   have a minimum concentration-course GPA of 3.65 can be recommended for a departmental
   degree of High Honors (but not Highest). To be eligible for Highest Honors, students pursue
   the Thesis Option above.

Italian Studies

Joint Concentration Requirements

Upon approval from the undergraduate adviser in Italian, honors candidates may combine a
concentration in Italian Studies with a concentration in another department significantly related
to some aspect of Italian literature or culture. Ordinarily, only students with a strong
concentration GPA and a clearly formulated project bridging the two disciplines will receive
approval. In recent years, programs in Italian and Anthropology, Italian and Linguistics, Italian
and Literature, and Italian and History of Art and Architecture have all been approved. During
the senior year, completion of an honors thesis is required, as are written and oral general
examinations in Italian. A total of six half-courses in Italian Studies, in addition to the senior
thesis, is required of joint concentrators:

Required courses:

1. One half-course on Dante: Literature and Arts A-26 or Italian 131.
2. One half-course at the 40-60 level in Italian. May be replaced by a more advanced course for
   students who demonstrate a high level of linguistic proficiency in Italian.
3. Sophomore Tutorial: Italian 97 or equivalent.
4. Junior Tutorial: Italian 98, or equivalent.
5. Two half-courses in Italian at the 100-level or above, or equivalent seminar, other than the
   Dante course above.
6. Senior Thesis: Either two semesters of Italian 99 or the senior thesis tutorial in the related
   department.

For further information, please consult the undergraduate adviser in Italian.

Latin American Studies

Basic Requirements: 12 half-courses

1. Required courses:
   a. Latin American Studies 70.
   b. Either Spanish 71a or Portuguese 121a.
   c. One of the following: Spanish 71b, Portuguese 121b, or any language half-course at the
      40 level or above in Spanish or the 30 level or above in Portuguese with substantial Latin
      American content.
   d. Sophomore Tutorial: Spanish 97 or Portuguese 97.
   e. Four half-courses at the 90 or 100 level, other than tutorials, in either Spanish or
      Portuguese specifically focused on Latin America. These may include up to one half-
      course related to Latin American literatures taught by a member of the Department of
      Romance Languages and Literatures in other programs (i.e. the Program in General
      Education; Studies of Women, Gender, and Sexuality, etc.). If the student is not taking
      any course on Brazil from item 1f below, one of the courses in Romance Languages and
      Literatures should be focused on Brazil. If the student is not taking any course on Spanish
      America from item 1f below, one of the courses in Romance Languages and Literatures
      should be focused on Spanish America.
   f. Four half-courses focused on Latin America in at least two different departments or
      programs other than Romance Languages and Literatures approved by the undergraduate
      adviser in Latin American Studies. At least one half-course must be in history and at least
      one half-course must be in the social sciences (other than history). Students may also take
      an additional half-course in Spanish or Portuguese at the 100-level or above of an
      interdisciplinary nature.
2. Tutorial: The sophomore tutorial, either Spanish 97 or Portuguese 97 (one term), is required
   of all concentrators during the Spring of their sophomore year. See item 1d above. Small-
   group instruction. Letter-graded.
3. Thesis: Required only of honors candidates pursuing the thesis option.
4. Other information:
   a. Pass/Fail: Courses taken for concentration credit may not be taken Pass/Fail.
   b. Joint Concentration: Not permitted.
   c. Freshman Seminars: With the approval of the undergraduate adviser, up to one Freshman
      Seminar, for which the student has received a Satisfactory evaluation, may be counted in
      category 1e.

Latin American Studies

Requirements for Honors Eligibility: 14 half-courses

1. All Honors candidates must take one term of junior tutorial as one of the four half-courses
   under item 1e of Basic Requirements. They then have two options for their senior year:
2. Thesis Option. In addition to the Basic Requirements, students take two terms of Latin
   American Studies 99 (graded SAT/UNS) and complete a thesis. A thesis proposal is made by
   the honors candidate and approved by the Undergraduate Adviser in Latin American Studies
   in conjunction with other faculty members and members of the Tutorial Board in the spring
   term of the junior year. In addition, once they have completed a thesis, students take an hour-
   long oral exam, normally during Reading Period in May of their Senior year.
3. Non-thesis Option. Honors students who prefer not to write a thesis may take two additional
   half-courses at the 100-level or above in Spanish and/or Portuguese, in addition to the 12
   half-courses under Basic Requirements. Students who take two additional courses at the
   100-level, or one additional course at the 100-level and one additional course at the 200-
   level, with a minimum grade of A- in each, and who have a minimum concentration-course
   GPA of 3.65 can be recommended for a departmental degree of Honors (but not High or
   Highest) Students who take two additional courses at the 200-level with a minimum grade of
   A- in each and who have a minimum concentration-course GPA of 3.65 can be
   recommended for a departmental degree of High Honors (but not Highest). To be eligible for
   Highest Honors, students pursue the Thesis Option above.

Portuguese and Brazilian Studies
Basic Requirements: 12 half-courses

1. Required courses:
   a. Six half-courses in Portuguese, including required Sophomore tutorial (Portuguese 97).
      May include a maximum of two courses at the 30 to 60 level.
   b. Two half-courses in another Romance language above the introductory/requirement level.
   c. Up to four half-courses in related fields. These include courses in Anthropology, the
      Program in General Education, English, Government, History, History of Art and
      Architecture, Linguistics, etc The undergraduate adviser in Portuguese must approve all
      courses to be counted as related fields.
2. Tutorial: The sophomore tutorial, Portuguese 97 (one term), is required of all concentrators
   during the Spring term of their sophomore year. Small-group instruction. Letter-graded. See
   requirement 1a above.
3. Thesis: Required only of honors candidates pursuing the thesis option.
4. Other information:
   a. Pass/Fail: Courses counting for concentration credit may not be taken Pass/Fail.
   b. Language requirement: By the end of their junior year, concentrators are expected to
      demonstrate advanced oral and written proficiency in Portuguese. Advanced proficiency
      may be demonstrated by a perfect score on the Harvard Placement Test, or by completion
      of one advanced language course (Portuguese 37 or higher) with a grade of B+ or higher,
      or by passing an oral competency examination administered by the undergraduate
      adviser.
   c. Combining Portuguese with one or two other Romance languages and literary traditions:
      See Romance Studies track.
   d. Freshman Seminars: With the approval of the undergraduate adviser, up to one Freshman
      Seminar, for which the student has received a Satisfactory evaluation, may be counted in
      category 1c.

Portuguese and Brazilian Studies

Requirements for Honors Eligibility: 14 half-courses

1. All Honors candidates must take one term of junior tutorial as one of the six half-courses
   under item 1a of Basic Requirements. They then have two options for their senior year:
2. Thesis Option. In addition to the Basic Requirements, students take two terms of Portuguese
   99 (graded SAT/UNS) and complete a thesis. A thesis proposal is made by the honors
   candidate and approved by the Undergraduate Adviser in Portuguese in conjunction with
   other faculty members and members of the Tutorial Board in the spring term of the junior
   year. In addition, once they have completed a thesis, students take an hour-long oral exam,
   normally during Reading Period in May of their Senior year.
3. Non-thesis Option. Honors students who prefer not to write a thesis may take two additional
   half-courses at the 100-level or above in Portuguese, in addition to the 12 half-courses under
   Basic Requirements. Students who take two additional courses at the 100-level, or one
   additional course at the 100-level and one additional course at the 200-level, with a minimum
   grade of A- in each, and who have a minimum concentration-course GPA of 3.65 can be
   recommended for a departmental degree of Honors (but not High or Highest) Students who
   take two additional courses at the 200-level with a minimum grade of A- in each and who
   have a minimum concentration-course GPA of 3.65 can be recommended for a departmental
   degree of High Honors (but not Highest). To be eligible for Highest Honors, students pursue
   the Thesis Option above.

Portuguese and Brazilian Studies

Joint Concentration Requirements

Upon approval from the undergraduate adviser in Portuguese, honors candidates may combine a
concentration in Portuguese and Brazilian Studies with a concentration in another department
significantly related to some aspect of Portuguese or Brazilian literature or culture. Ordinarily,
only students with a strong concentration GPA and a clearly formulated project bridging the two
disciplines will receive approval. In recent years, programs in Portuguese-Brazilian Studies and
English, and Portuguese and Brazilian Studies and Anthropology, have been approved. During
the senior year, completion of an honors thesis is required, as are written and oral general
examinations in Portuguese. A total of six half-courses in Portuguese and Brazilian Studies, in
addition to the senior thesis, is required of joint concentrators:

Required courses:

1. Sophomore Tutorial: Portuguese 97.
2. Junior Tutorial: Portuguese 98, or equivalent.
3. Three half-courses in Portuguese. May include no more than two courses at the 30-60 level.
4. One half-course in a related field, to be approved by the undergraduate adviser in Portuguese.
5. Senior Thesis: Either two semesters of Portuguese 99 or the senior thesis tutorial in the
   related department.

For further information, please consult the undergraduate adviser in Portuguese.

Romance Studies (a program allowing students to study two or three Romance
languages and literary traditions)

Basic Requirements: 12 half-courses

1. Required courses:
   a. A maximum of two advanced language half-courses (40-level or above in French and
      Spanish; 30-level or above in Italian and Portuguese) in the Department of Romance
      Languages and Literatures. Concentrators must demonstrate advanced proficiency in at
      least two Romance languages. See advanced language proficiency requirement below.
      Concentrators who demonstrate advanced language proficiency on entering the
      concentration should take additional half-courses in literature in lieu of advanced half-
      courses in language.
   b. At least one Romance Studies course other than tutorials at the 70 or 100-level.
   c. At least seven half-courses in the Department of Romance Languages and Literatures in
      at least two Romance languages and at the 70 level or above. These seven courses must
      include one sophomore tutorial (course numbered 97, or equivalent) in any Romance
      language; at least two survey courses in at least two different Romance languages; at least
      two half-courses at the 100-level or above in at least two different Romance languages.
      At least one half-course in this category must treat literature before 1800.
   d. Two half-courses in related fields. These include courses in Anthropology, Classics, the
      the Program in General Education, English, Government, History, History of Art and
      Architecture, Linguistics, among others. The undergraduate adviser in Romance Studies
      must approve all courses to be counted as related fields.
2. Tutorial: One term-long Sophomore tutorial (97-level course) in any Romance language is
   required of all concentrators during the Spring of their sophomore year.
3. Thesis: Required only of honors candidates pursuing the thesis option.
4. Other information:
   a. Pass/Fail: Courses taken for concentration credit may not be taken Pass/Fail.
   b. Language requirement: By the end of their junior year, concentrators are expected to
      demonstrate advanced written and oral proficiency in two Romance languages. Advanced
      proficiency may be demonstrated by a perfect score (800) on the SAT or Harvard
      Placement Test, or by completion of one advanced language course with a grade of B+ or
      higher, or by passing an oral competency examination administered by the undergraduate
      adviser.
   c. Joint Concentrations: Not permitted.
   d. Freshman Seminars: With the approval of the undergraduate adviser, up to one Freshman
      Seminar, for which the student has received a Satisfactory evaluation, may be counted in
      category 1c.

Romance Studies

Requirements for Honors Eligibility: 14 half-courses

1. All Honors candidates must take one term of junior tutorial as one of the seven half-courses
   under item 1c of Basic Requirements. They then have two options for their senior year:
2. Thesis Option. In addition to the Basic Requirements, students take two terms of Romance
   Studies 99 (graded SAT/UNS) and complete a thesis. A thesis proposal is made by the
   honors candidate and approved by the Undergraduate Adviser in Romance Studies in
   conjunction with other faculty members and members of the Tutorial Board in the spring
   term of the junior year. In addition, once they have completed a thesis, students take an hour-
   long oral exam, normally during Reading Period in May of their Senior year.
3. Non-thesis Option. Honors students who prefer not to write a thesis may take two additional
   half-courses at the 100-level or above in any of the Romance languages they are studying, in
   addition to the 12 half-courses under Basic Requirements. Students who take two additional
   courses at the 100-level, or one additional course at the 100-level and one additional course
   at the 200-level, with a minimum grade of A- in each, and who have a minimum
   concentration-course GPA of 3.65 can be recommended for a departmental degree of Honors
   (but not High or Highest) Students who take two additional courses at the 200-level with a
   minimum grade of A- in each and who have a minimum concentration-course GPA of 3.65
   can be recommended for a departmental degree of High Honors (but not Highest). To be
   eligible for Highest Honors, students pursue the Thesis Option above.

ADVISING

Advising within the Department of Romance Languages and Literatures is done by the director
of undergraduate studies (DUS), the associate director of undergraduate studies (Assoc DUS)
and the undergraduate advisers (UA) for each language. For their office hours, please consult the
department's website. At the beginning of each term, students should review with the
undergraduate adviser the courses they have already completed and those to be completed.
Students are responsible for the fulfillment of the concentration requirements and should check
regularly on the current status of their programs. In the case of a joint concentration, the
concentrator must secure approval from both of the concentrations involved.

For up-to-date information on advising in Romance Languages and Literatures, please see the
Advising Programs Office website.

RESOURCES

The combined holdings of Widener and Houghton libraries constitute one of the major
collections of Romance literatures in the world.

HOW TO FIND OUT MORE

The department's offices are located in Boylston Hall on the third, fourth and fifth floors. The
director of undergraduate studies in Romance Languages and Literatures is Professor Luis M.
Girón Negrón. The Associate Director of Undergraduate Studies is Dr. Clémence Jouët-Pastré.
The undergraduate advisers are:
French
Professor Mylène Priam, Boylston 507
617-495-9209

Italian
Professor Giuliana Minghelli, Boylston 426 (Fall Term)
617-496-0486
Dr. Elvira G. DiFabio, Boylston 321 (Spring Term)
617-495-5478

Latin American Studies
Professor José Rabasa, Boylston 516
617-496-3488

Portuguese
Dr. Clémence Jouët-Pastré, Boylston 422
617-495-1929

Romance Studies
Professor Luis M. Girón Negrón, Dana Palmer House 104
617-495-2567

Spanish
Dr. Johanna Damgaard Liander, Boylston 421
617-495-5895

GENERAL EDUCATION AND CORE REQUIREMENTS

Students completing the Program in General Education—regardless of concentration—must
complete one letter-graded course in each of the eight categories in General Education, one of
which must engage substantially with the study of the past. The Class of 2013 is the first to enter
the College under these requirements. For more information about the Program in General
Education, please see Program in General Education Policies in this Handbook and the General
Education website.

Students who entered Harvard College in September 2008 or earlier are expected to fulfill the
requirements of the Core Curriculum, but are permitted to switch to the Program in General
Education if such a change is possible and advisable given their overall schedule and plan of
study. The Core requirements for students in this concentration are as follows:
Non-exempt areas         Exempt Areas
† Historical Study A     Foreign Cultures
† Historical Study B     Literature and Arts A
† Literature and Arts B Literature and Arts C
Moral Reasoning          ONE of the areas marked †
Quantitative Reasoning
Science A
Science B                                            For more information on fulfilling the
                                                     Core requirement, see The Core
Social Analysis                                      Curriculum Requirement.

ENROLLMENT STATISTICS

Number of Concentrators as of December

Concentrators                                        2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Romance Languages and Literatures                     54     42     36    43     46
Romance Languages and Literatures + another field     1      5      5      2      0
Another field + Romance Languages and Literatures     9      10     4      4      2

				
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