A U S T R A L I A’ S N AT I O N A L U N I V E R S I T Y Volume 33 No.2 Friday 1 March 2002
Internet spiders in Shaking core beliefs
for a steroid boost
IT design could make
searches 500 times better
An Honours student from The Australian given a starting set of web pages,” he said.
National University has found a way of Mr Cope said the decision-tree con-
potentially improving the coverage of cept was not known to be previously
Internet search engines by up to 500 times. attempted.
Jared Cope, from the Faculty of Engi- “A web page could have one of many
neering and Information Technology, said kinds of interfaces on it, ranging from a
that a new way of indexing web pages may search interface to something like a login
become necessary because commercial form or a voting form.
search engines like Google and Yahoo were “The ‘decision tree’ I developed uses
indexing less than one per cent of publicly machine-learning algorithms to look for
available web pages. clues within the HTML code to distin-
“Search engines have something called guish between these interfaces,” he said.
a ‘crawler’, which goes out every month “Depending on what you want to do with
or week to find all the pages it can on the the search interfaces, you can build up a
Internet. When you type your query into big list of where they are and even what
a search engine, your query is matched their specialty is. Then if you wanted to
against those pages that the crawler found. build another search engine you could
“This system is becoming increasingly make it exploit this list of search engines
flawed because many sites have their own to provide more coverage of the Web for
Photo: Australian Institute of Marine Sciences
search interface on them, and all the pages your query.”
that can be reached through that interface If incorporated into the searching
cannot be found by another search en- methods of commercial search engines,
gine’s crawler.” Mr Cope said they would match your
The incorporation of a ‘decision tree’, query against more of the Web, thus re-
developed by Mr Cope, could help search turning potentially more relevant results.
engines find up to 85 per cent of these “If, for instance, Google used this sort
hidden pages, known as dark matter. of decision tree, it would still look the
“The decision tree is an automatic way same on the surface, but what is working
to sift through various kinds of interfaces behind the scenes would be totally differ-
found on the Web, to find search engines ent. The general public will benefit from
that may have previously been unknown this because they will have access to a A study by an ANU student has overturned some basic beliefs about global
and that can then be exploited to obtain significant amount more information that climate conditions. Scientists had thought that last century was generally much
the pages hidden within. is out there in cyberspace.” warmer than the previous four but the new results show that ocean temperatures
“Basically my research has been about LEIGH B AKER in the tropical Pacific during the 18th and 19th centuries were just as warm as
developing an automated way to find the 20th century. FULL STORY, PAGE 7
search engines on the World Wide Web http://feit.anu.edu.au/
ANU academic to lead PM’s Muslim Exchange initiative
An ANU academic will help coordinate The Exchange is one of two initiatives of even more significance since the events
an initiative to improve understanding funded through the Australia Indonesia of September 11 last year.
between Indonesian and Australian com- Institute — a government funded insti- “Muslim communities in Australia
munities, announced by the Prime tute which aims to strengthen relations came under stress at that time, so this
Minister during his recent trip to Jakarta. between the peoples of the two countries. program will be a useful way for commu-
The “Muslim Exchange” program, to Prof. Hooker said the three-year pro- nities in Australia to get an idea of the
promote understanding between Muslim gram is designed to develop relations situations of Muslim life in Indonesia,
communities in Australia and Indonesia, between the people of Australia and Indo- which is another multicultural nation.
will be organised by Professor Virginia nesia by promoting greater mutual “We want to promote constructive in-
Hooker, from the Faculty of Asian Stud- understanding and expanding areas of terchanges of ideas for better relations —
ies, and Professor Merle Ricklefs, Director contact and exchange. not only between Australia and Indone-
of the Melbourne Institute of Asian Lan- “The pilot project will start this year sia, but also between Muslims and
guages and Societies (Melbourne with four emerging leaders from each Professor Virginia Hooker non-Muslims.”
University) and former Director of the country spending two weeks in rural and LEIGH BAKER
ANU’s Research School of Pacific and urban areas of each country. the next two years,” she said.
Asian Studies. “We hope to extend the project over Prof. Hooker said the exchanges were http://www.dfat.gov.au/aii/
COURT TALES NOBEL VISITOR LIST & CLASSIFIEDS
PAGE 2 PAGE 8 CENTRE SPREAD
Legal eagles gather for Court history In Brief
Chris Burgess, Pro Vice-Chancellor (Ad-
One of the biggest gatherings of prominent ministration), will leave the ANU on
members of the legal profession and the 31 March 2002. The Vice-Chancellor, Pro-
judiciary in Australia assembled recently for fessor Ian Chubb, said that Mr Burgess has
the launch of a book on the High Court, co- been a major contributor to the develop-
edited and substantially written by academics ment of the University in the six years that
from the ANU’s Faculty of Law. he has been here. “We have been fortunate
The Chief Justice of Australia, The Hon. to have a person of Mr Burgess’s calibre,
Murray Gleeson, launching The Oxford first as Pro Vice-Chancellor (Finance and
Companion to the High Court of Australia, Development) and then as Pro Vice-Chan-
praised the work of the editors, Professor cellor (Administration)”, Professor Chubb
Michael Coper, Dean of Law; Adjunct Prof. said. Mr Bob Arthur, Director (Planning
Photo: Neal McCracken, ANU Photography
Tony Blackshield and Prof. George Williams and Quality Assurance Office) will also be
from UNSW. leaving the University on the same date.
“It is a great credit to Professors
Blackshield, Coper and Williams — to their This year Dr Kevin Windle, from the
vision, their professional skill and their in- School of Languages, was nominated by
dustry, that they have combined to produce the Australian Institute of Interpreters and
this monumental work on the history and Translators for the Karel Capek Medal of
role of the Court,” Chief Justice Gleeson the Federation Internationale de
said. Traducteurs. The Medal was instituted to
He said the book, the first comprehen- Courting success: Professors Michael Coper (left) and George Williams (right), co- mark the 100th anniversary of Capek’s
sive account of the High Court as an editors of The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia, with Chief birth and is awarded triennially by an
institution, had made an important contri- Justice Murray Gleeson at last month’s launch. international jury. Dr Windle was nomi-
bution to the understanding of the nated for his translation into English of
Australian judicial system. Andrzej Drawicz’s “Mistr i diabel”, a study
“There is a need for a wider and a deeper be drawn upon not only by lawyers, but by tion we could make to start a serious debate of the Russian writer Mikhail Bulgakov.
understanding of this institution and the journalists, historians, political scientists and about the role of the Court and to stimulate
part it plays in the life of the nation. This other researchers. further literature was to publish this kind of The Australian Society of Legal Philosophy
publication will make a major contribution “The book is encyclopaedic in its for- quasi-encyclopaedia about the High Court.” has established an essay prize designed to
to that understanding,” Chief Justice mat and in its scope,” Prof. Coper said. At the launch Chief Justice Gleeson ac- encourage original research and writing in
Gleeson said. “Everything that you always wanted to know knowledged the timing of the publication, legal theory and the philosophy of law by
The Companion, which was edited over about the High Court is there, and perhaps saying it came at a significant time in Aus- young scholars. The winner will receive a cash
the last six years, consists of 435 entries, a few things you did not want to know.” tralia’s and the High Court’s history. prize of $1,000 plus a contribution of up to
including biographies of the judges, ac- He said the Companion was important “The Oxford Companion to The High $500 towards the cost of attendance at the
counts of the leading cases, analysis of the because it was the first publication that could Court was completed in the year of the Society’s annual conference to present the
Court’s contribution to all major areas of provide a wide range of people with an insight Centenary of Federation, it is being launched essay as a paper. For details contact Professor
the law, insights into the Court’s inner into the role and function of the High Court almost a century after the introduction into Peter Cane, Law program, RSSS on x54162.
workings and reflections on the nature of and the Australian judicial system. Parliament of the Judiciary Bill, and next
the judicial process. It includes contribu- “In the United States, the literature on year the High Court will celebrate its cente- The Vice-Chancellor has approved a pro-
tions from 225 of Australia’s leading experts the Supreme Court is vast. That sort of nary,” he said. posal from the Pro Vice Chancellor (Academic
on the Australian court system. thing just has not happened here and it is LEIGH BAKER Development and Information Services) for
Prof. Coper, originator of the idea and hard to understand why, because our High the establishment of a Scholarly Information
convener of the project, said his motivation Court really plays the same role. http://law.anu.edu.au/highcourt_ Strategy Program within the Division of
was to create a point of reference that could “We thought that one small contribu- project/hcpmain.htm Information. The Program is a significant
step for the Division in meeting University
Honour for Study finds malaria spread research and education goals. It will produce
position papers, plans, policies and submis-
sions related to scholarly information
RSISE Director not linked to global warming strategies. Under the proposal, Mr Colin
Steele will head the Program and take up a
Professor Brian Anderson, Director of new position as Director, Scholarly Informa-
ANU’s Research School of Information Changes in temperature through global the number of months suitable for trans- tion Strategies from today for an initial period
Sciences and Engineering, has been elected warming are not the cause of a resurgence mitting malaria. of 18 months.
a Foreign Associate of the prestigious US of malaria in mountainous East Africa, Dr Stern finds the view that there is a
National Academy of Engineering. according to a study published today. connection between climate change and Last week Smart Moves (a national strategy
Prof. Anderson is the only Australian in A paper in Nature last week, co- malaria in mountainous tropical regions set to inspire scientific innovation and en-
a group of seven new Foreign Associates authored by an ANU scientist has found surprising as temperature is expected to trepreneurship in young Australians) was
announced by the Academy. There are no connection between climate change change least in these regions as a result of launched at Questacon by Communica-
only158 Foreign Associates in the Acad- and spread of the disease in the east Afri- global warming. tions Minister, Senator Richard Alston.
emy’s 2,265 members. can highlands. “Temperature is expected to change Presenters of the tour, which will travel
Engineers recognise election to the Acad- Malaria is a leading cause of death and the least at the equator, with a gradient around Australia during 2002, are all scien-
emy as one of the highest professional sickness in tropical regions. It is widely towards the poles where most tempera- tists who completed a Graduate Diploma in
distinctions they can achieve. Academy believed that increased temperatures ture change is expected,” he said. Science Communication at the ANU. For
membership honours those who have made would extend the range of the malaria- He believes the spread of the disease is information on the Smart Moves tour check
important contributions to engineering carrying mosquito into cooler regions, due to increased resistance to anti-ma- <http://smartmoves.questacon.edu.au>.
theory and practice and those who have further from the equator and higher up larial drugs first introduced in the 1930s.
demonstrated unusual accomplishment in into mountains. “This theory has not been tested, but The Canberra School of Music’s 2002 con-
the pioneering of new and developing fields However, Dr David Stern from the our findings rule out the possibility of cert program has been released and the first
of technology. Centre for Resource and Environmental human-induced climate change as being concert was held at Llewellyn Hall last week.
The Academy elected Prof. Anderson for Studies and collaborators believe this view the reason,” Dr Stern said. This year, the major concerts have been put
his “contributions to system and control is overly simplistic. “However, it does not rule out the into five subscription series: an International
theory, and for international leadership in To determine whether temperature had possibility of spread into temperate areas, Pianists series; The Canberra Wind Soloists
promoting engineering science and tech- an effect in tropical mountain areas, they or for similar diseases such as Ross River series; a jazz series; the Sunday afternoon
nology”. investigated weather records from the past Fever spreading down the coast of Aus- coffee concerts and a Symphonic Series. The
Professor Anderson said that he was enor- century in four high-altitude sites in Kenya tralia. Opera Production in August and the regular
mously proud to have been honoured by the where malaria was on the increase. “It will be important to find out soon, lunchtime concerts on Thursdays and the
Academy. Dr Stern was called upon for his exper- as tropical diseases are on the increase and Recital series at which visiting artists per-
“The US National Academy of Engi- tise in statistical analysis of climate data are a major cause of mortality and illness form, will also be held throughout the year.
neering has a highly distinguished to “ensure the numbers would stand up to in tropical areas.” Copies of the 2002 concert program are
membership and I am honoured that it has scrutiny”. J ULIAN LEE available from the School of Music foyer and
seen fit to include me among these leading They showed no significant change in their website: <http://www.anu.edu.au/ITA/
internationally acclaimed people,” he said. temperature, rainfall, vapour pressure or http://cres.anu.edu.au/~dstern/ csmevents.html>.
2 – ANU Reporter Friday 1 March 2002 (Vol. 33, No.2) http://www.anu.edu.au/reporter
Leaders gather to discuss Humanitarian intervention after September 11
n the midst of controversy over Australia’s creased political and legal activism, evident in
refugee policy, the Department of Inter- a series of direct international military inter-
national Relations at the ANU and the ventions and in the development of new
Royal Netherlands Embassy, in assocation international judicial institutions.
with the National Institute for Government “One of the key questions facing Australia
and Law and the National Europe Centre, and the international community is whether
brought together senior national and interna- the terrorist attacks of September 11 will
tional policy-makers last month to discuss the erode or strengthen this humanitarian will
prospects for international humanitarian ac- and action,” Dr Chris Reus-Smit, Head of the
tion in the new world order. Department of International Relations in the
Broadcast nationally on ABC television, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies
the National Press Club forum included Alex- (RSPAS), said. “Will there be more or less
ander Downer, the Minister for Foreign Affairs; chance of international agreement to inter- Worldly wise: Shadow Foreign Minister, Kevin Rudd (left); Minister for
Kevin Rudd, the Shadow Foreign Minister; vene to prevent major humanitarian crises? Foreign Affairs, Alexander Downer; former Governor-General and Justice
Peter van Walsum, the former President of Will international institutions such as the on the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, Sir
the United Nations Security Council and Sir United Nations be strengthened or weakened Ninian Stephen; National Press Club president, Ken Randall and the
Ninian Stephen, former Governor General in the new security environment? What role former President of the United Nations Security Council, Peter van Walsum
and Justice on the International Criminal should Australia play in advancing interna- at the National Press Club forum.
Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia. tional humanitarianism in the 21st century?”
The last decade saw the emergence of a “The key thing to remember,” Alexander institutions that sustain a more humane inter- “The big question is whether this will be
“new international humanitarianism”, marked Downer insisted, “is that every humanitarian national order. “The Labor Party sees exploited in other situations, to license an
by a heightened concern on the part of the crisis has its own unique political conditions, strengthening these core institutions as a pri- intervention in Iraq without Security Council
international community for the plight of so no single model of humanitarian response mary foreign policy goal. Australia cannot act approval, for example.”
those subject to systematic and profound vio- can apply to all.” effectively in the international arena if the “Four key themes emerged from the
lations of human rights and crimes against In response, Kevin Rudd challenged the foundations of international order are weak- ANU roundtable,” Dr Reus-Smit said. It
humanity. This concern was matched by in- Howard Government’s commitment to the ened. We must educate the Australian public was agreed that future humanitarian inter-
about how important this is.” ventions should be conducted multilaterally,
ANUTECH EDUCATION CENTRE Prior to the National Press Club forum, a under the auspices of the United Nations.
large audience gathered on the ANU campus There was also concern that authoritarian
English Language courses: to hear Ambassador van Walsum, Professor regimes, that have committed dire crimes
♦ As an ANU staff member/student, any Andrew Byrnes from the ANU’s Centre for against their peoples, might be sheltered by
person you introduce to us for full-time International and Public Law, Professor Tony their support for the “war against terror-
English Classes will receive a 10% Discount. Coady from the Philosophy Department at ism”. Some worry was expressed that
Provider Code: 01129G the University of Melbourne, and Dr Reus- international humanitarian concern might
Vocational Education Training Programs: Smit speak on the problems of humanitarian be undermined by new security fears, en-
♦ Diploma of IT ( Multimedia Integration) intervention and world order. couraging national populations to pay less
♦ Diploma of IT (Network Engineering) “The lesson to be drawn from the Kosovo attention to their obligations to outsiders.
♦ Diploma of IT (Software Development) crisis is that humanitarian intervention with- And the danger that a language of moral
♦ Diploma of Business Administration out a Security Council mandate should be absolutes would come to characterise inter-
avoided but cannot be excluded,” Ambassa- national decision-making was also
Telephone: 6125 5000 Email: <email@example.com> Website: <www.anutech.com.au/elc> dor van Walsum said in his opening address. highlighted.
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on 6241 0103 ah.
SEMINARS 28 March
tures> 6 March
on 6125 5491 or <felicity.hopkinson@
6 March Competition as Regulation in the Australian Electric- 8 March Musica Viva presents the Belcea Quartet, Haydn, 17 March
ity Market Britten, Schubert
4pm Mr Chris Finn (ANU). Seminar Room D, Coombs 7.30am–9am Llewellyn Hall, Canberra School of Music. 3pm
Reconciliation Place — A pathway to reconciliation? Building. International Womens' Day Breakfast, 1st in Women Enquiries to ANU Ticketing on 6125 5491 or Coffee Concert 1 — Vernon Hill, flute
Sharon Payne and Karen Casey. The Centre for Enquiries to Imelda Maher, Law, RSSS on 6125 of Influence <firstname.lastname@example.org> Rehearsal Room 3.
Cross-Cultural Research, Ethnoscapes Seminar 5465 or <Imelda.Maher@anu.edu.au> Lecture series for 2002. Guest speaker Fiona Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert on 61255771 or
Series. Conference Room, Old Canberra House, <http://lawrsss.anu.edu.au/> Krautil, Director of Equal Opportunity for Women <Aernout.Kerbert@anu.edu.au>
Lennox Crossing. in the Workplace Agency. Common Room, Uni- 7 March <http://www.anu.edu.au/ITA/csmevents.html>
Enquiries to Celia Bridgewater on 61253779 or versity House.
3 April Enquiries to Noeline Delatovic on 6125 3595 or 1pm
<http://www.anu.edu.au/culture/activities/ <Noeline.Delatovic@anu.edu.au> Lunch Time Jazz Concert. Bring your lunch and 20 March to 21 March
sixpack/ethnoscapes.htm> 4pm <http://www.anu.edu.au/equity/woi_11.html> enjoy some great music!
So Much for a Name Rehearsal Room 3, School of Music. 8.15pm
Tim Bonyhady. Centre for Cross-Cultural Re- Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert on 6125 5771 or Canberra Symphony Orchestra, Haydn: Symphony
8 March search, Ethnoscapes Seminar Series. Theatrette, 11 March <Aernout.Kerbert@anu.edu.au> No 7, Concerto for Cello in D major, Symphony No
Old Canberra House, Lennox Crossing. <http://www.anu.edu.au/ITA/csmevents.html> 101 in D major
3pm Enquiries to Celia Bridgewater on 61253779 or 6.30pm Llewellyn Hall. Canberra School of Music.
Angkor encore: Current archaeological investigations <celia.bridgewater@ anu.edu.au> David Suzuki: Good News for a Change 8.15pm Enquiries to Felicity Hopkinson, ANU Ticketing
The CAR Seminar Series 2002 opens with Dr <http://www.anu.edu.au/culture/activities/ Manning Clark Theatre 1, ANU. International Pianists Series 1 — Frank Wibaut on 6125 5491 or <felicity.hopkinson@
Aedeen Cremin's seminar. All welcome. Man- sixpack/ethnoscapes.htm> Enquiries to Public Affairs on 6125 2229 or Llewellyn Hall. anu.edu.au>
ning Clark Theatre 4, Manning Clark Centre, <stefanie.zutter@ anu.edu.au> Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert on 6125 5771 or
ANU. <http://www.anu.edu.au/pad/community/lec- <Aernout.Kerbert@anu.edu.au>
Enquiries to Amanda Kennedy, Centre Adminis-
10 April tures> <http://www.anu.edu.au/ITA/csmevents.html> 21 March
trator, CAR on (02) 6125 0470 or
<email@example.com> 12.30pm 1pm
<http://car.anu.edu.au/seminars2002.html> Biotech and IT Industry Development in Germany 20 March 9 March Lunchtime Concert — bring your lunch and enjoy
— an alternative to the American model some lovely music!
GPPP Lecture Theatre, Sir Roland Wilson Build- 4.45pm 12pm Rehearsal Room 3.
12 March ing. Flaws in the Fabric: Why Physics and Chemistry have Wind, Chord and Key Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert on 6125 5771 or
Enquiries to Vicki Veness on 61259883 or never contributed generally to the Biological Sciences Rehearsal Room 3, Canberra School of Music <Aernout.Kerbert@anu.edu.au>
5.30pm <firstname.lastname@example.org> ANU Emeritus Faculty. March Lecture presented Enquiries to Felicity Hopkinson on 6125 5491 or <http://www.anu.edu.au/ITA/csmevents.html>
Why is the Nordic Area a World Leader in Mobile <http://ngsm.anu.edu.au/> by Professor Barry Ninham. Coombs Lecture <email@example.com>
Telecommunications? Government and Industry in Theatre.
the Development of Radical Innovation. 4pm Enquiries to Russell Doust on 6125 5300 or 8pm 22 March
GPPP Lecture Theatre, Sir Roland Wilson Build- Nature and Place: Landscapes of Mystery and Desire <firstname.lastname@example.org> Cologne Philharmonic Orchestra — Mozart, Cho-
ing. Deborah Rose. Centre for Cross-Cultural Re- <http://www.anu.edu.au/emeritus> pin, Dvorak 8.30pm
Enquiries to Vicki Veness on 61259883 or search, Ethnoscapes Seminar Series. Theatrette, Conductor: Volker Hartung. Llewellyn Hall, Can- Hutchison Entertainment presents the Red Army
<email@example.com> Old Canberra House, Lennox Crossing. berra School of Music Choir
<http://ngsm.anu. edu.au/> Enquiries to Celia Bridgewater on 61253779 or 21 March Enquiries to Felicity Hopkinson on 6125 5491 or Llewellyn Hall, Canberra School of Music
<celia.bridgewater@ anu.edu.au> <firstname.lastname@example.org> Enquiries to ANU Ticketing on 6125 5491 or
<http://www.anu.edu.au/culture/activities/ 6pm <email@example.com>
13 March sixpack/ethnoscapes.htm> John Nash's Contributions to Economics
Dr Matthew Ryan, School of Economics, Faculty 10 March
4pm of Economics and Commerce. Manning Clark 23 March
A Politics of Place: Making Visible the Aboriginal
15 May Theatre 3. 7.30pm
Heritage of Sydney Enquiries to Annette Hughes on 6125 2897 or Saori Yuki & Sachiko Yasuda 8pm
Melinda Hinkson. Centre for Cross-Cultural Re- 12.30pm <firstname.lastname@example.org> A recital of nostalgic folk songs and children's J.S. Bach's 'St John Passion'
search, Ethnoscapes Seminar Series. Conference Take-up of ICT in Australian Firms: Perceptions, <http://www.maths.anu.edu.au> songs (doyo) from Japan with Canberra's own The Llewellyn Choir, conductor Richard
Room, Old Canberra House, Lennox Crossing. Policy and Potential Woden Valley Youth. Choir Llewellyn Hall, McIntyre OAM, the AO's Kent McIntosh as the
Enquiries to Celia Bridgewater on 61253779 or GPPP Lecture Theatre, Sir Roland Wilson Build- ANU. Evangelist, and the Canberra Chamber Orches-
<email@example.com> ing. EXHIBITIONS, Enquiries to Shun Ikeda on 6125 4030 or tra. Llewellyn Hall, Canberra School of Music.
<http://www.anu.edu.au/culture/activities/ Enquiries to Vicki Veness on 61259883 or <Shun.Ikeda@anu.edu.au> or Felicity Hopkinson Enquiries to ANU Ticketing on 6125 5491 or
sixpack/ethnoscapes.htm> <firstname.lastname@example.org> CONCERTS on 6125 5491 or <felicity.hopkinson@ <Anthea.Hyslop@ anu.edu.au>
14 March 24 March
12 June 7 February to 10 March 12 March
Parameters of Regulatory Innovation 12.30pm 12pm–5pm Wed–Sun 12.30pm The Philippines Embassy presents the San Miquel
Mr Colin Scott (ANU), Seminar Room D, Investment or Disinvestment: what are the options Landscape as Metaphor Music at Lunchtime University House Philharmonic Orchestra
Coombs Building. for MNCs in a globalising and restructuring world. Explores late 20th-century Australian landscape Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert on 6125 5771 or Llewellyn Hall, Canberra School of Music
Enquiries to Imelda Maher on 612 55465 or GPPP Lecture Theatre, Sir Roland Wilson Build- painting bringing together the work of Peter <Aernout.Kerbert@anu.edu.au> Enquiries to ANU Ticketing on 6125 5491 or
<Imelda.Maher@anu.edu.au> ing. Booth, Jon Cattapan, Lawrence Daws, Mandy <http://www.anu.edu.au/ITA/csmevents.html> <email@example.com>
<http://lawrsss.anu.edu.au/> Enquiries to Vicki Veness on 61259883 or Martin, James Meldrum and others. ANU Drill
<firstname.lastname@example.org> Hall Gallery.
<http://ngsm.anu.edu.au/> Enquiries to Tony Oates on 6125 5832 or 13 March 26 March
15 March <email@example.com>
3pm CONFERENCES 7 February to 14 April
String Soiree 1 Visiting Artist Recital 1 — Wendy Cooper, bassoon
Human digestive strategy and its evolution Rehearsal Room 3. Rehearsal Room 3.
CAR Seminar Series 2002. Dr Judith Caton. All Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert on 6125 5771 or Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert on 61255771 or
welcome. Manning Clark Theatre 4, Manning 12pm–5pm Wed–Sun <Aernout.Kerbert@anu.edu.au> <Aernout.Kerbert@anu.edu.au>
Clark Centre, ANU.
11–12 April Icon Interior <http://www.anu.edu.au/ITA/csmevents.html> <http://www.anu.edu.au/ITA/csmevents.html>
Enquiries to Amanda Kennedy on (02) 6125 Genetic Financial Services — Threat or Opportunity? Ten years of productive collaboration between
0470 or <firstname.lastname@example.org> The conferrence will examine the impact of ge- two of Australia's most exciting artists has culmi-
<http://car.anu.edu.au/seminars2002.html> netic technology advances on the behaviour of nated in the installation Icon Interior. Together, 14 March 28 March
institutions involved in the financial services. Davila and Arkley have created their own
Enquiries to Terry O'neill on 6125 4560 or <con- interior. ANU Drill Hall Gallery. 1pm 1pm
20 March ference. email@example.com> Enquiries to Tony Oates on 6125 5832 or Lunchtime Concert. Bring your lunch and enjoy Lunchtime concert
<http://econcomm.anu.edu.au/actuarial/cfar> <anthony.oates@ anu.edu.au> some lovely music! Bring your lunch and enjoy some lovely music!
4pm Rehearsal Room 3. Rehearsal Room 3.
Peter Read "The Shadow of a Bird Across Stone", Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert on 6125 5771 or Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert on 61255771 or
and Diana Chessell "Australia's Little Italys" PUBLIC LECTURES 20 February to 5 March <Aernout.Kerbert@anu.edu.au> <Aernout.Kerbert@anu.edu.au>
Centre for Cross-Cultural Research, Ethnoscapes <http://www.anu.edu.au/ITA/csmevents.html> <http://www.anu.edu.au/ITA/csmevents.html>
Seminar Series. Conference Room, Old Can- 9.45am–4.30pm
berra House, Lennox Crossing. Discover Japan Through Contemporary Posters SPECIAL EVENTS
Enquiries to Celia Bridgewater on 61253779 or
5 March Presented by Japan Cultural Centre, Sydney (The 14 March to 14 April
<celia.bridgewater@ anu.edu.au> Japan Foundation). High Court of Australia,
<http://www.anu.edu.au/culture/activities/ 5.30pm Parkes Place, Parkes. 12pm–5pm Wed–Sun
sixpack/ethnoscapes.htm> Two Decades of Open Government — What have Enquiries to Eriko Prior, Embassy of Japan on Omar Rayo 2 March
we Learnt? 6272 7268 or <firstname.lastname@example.org> Colombian artist Omar Rayo interweaves geo-
Law Theatre. <http://www.jpf.org.au> metric forms in his paintings. ANU Drill Hall 9.30am–1.30pm
22 March Enquiries to Michelle Mabille on 6125 4070 or Gallery. Introduction to University Study: Orientation pro-
<email@example.com> Enquiries to Tony Oates on 6125 5832 or gram for new students
3pm <http://www.anu.edu.au/pad/community/lec- 21 February to 27 March <firstname.lastname@example.org> Manning Clarke LT3.
Roman archaeology and feminist theory tures> Enquiries to Stephen Milnes on 02 6125 2972 or
Dr Penelope Allison. CAR Seminar Series 2002. Oxygen: O2, The National Institute of the Arts <stephen.milnes@ anu.edu.au>
All welcome. Manning Clark Theatre 4, Man- School of Art Graduate Season 16 March <http://www.anu.edu.au/academicskills>
ning Clark Centre, ANU.
7 March CSA Gallery and the Foyer Gallery. Enquiries to
Enquiries to Amanda Kennedy on (02) 6125 Bronwen Sandland on 6125 5841 or 8pm
0470 or <email@example.com> 8pm <firstname.lastname@example.org> Australian Chamber Orchestra James Crabb, 4 March
<http://car.anu.edu.au/seminars2002.html> Humour, Feminism and the Ways of the World <http://www.anu.edu.au/ITA/CSA/gallery/> Accordion. Tamara Anna Cislowska, Piano. Strings,
Coombs Lecture Theatre. Timpani/Percussion. 1.30pm
Enquiries to Stefanie Zutter on 6125 2229 or Llewellyn Hall, Canberra School of Music. Markets for products and services of forests
27 March <stefanie.zutter@ anu.edu.au> Enquiries to Felicity Hopkinson, ANU Ticketing Forestry Lecture Theatre.
Enquiries to UN Bhati on 02 6125 2579 or
The Cultivation of Artistic Habitats in the Penama <http://sres.anu.edu.au/associated/colloquium/
Province of Vanuatu. Stephen Zagala, CCR, and Jo 2002/index.html>
Diamond "Rere atu, rere mai: The trans-Tasman
negotiation of Hone Heke Pokai"
Conference Room, Old Canberra House, Lennox
Crossing. Public Lectures Speci
nc e s
Enquiries to Celia Bridgewater on 61253779 or
<email@example.com> Literary Dinner with Thomas Keneally
<http://www.anu.edu.au/culture/activities/ ents Hyatt Hotel, Canberra.
Co Enquiries to Stefanie Zutter on 6125 4144 or
The <stefanie.zutter@ anu.edu.au>
The ANU Reporter now features a regular insert listing Conferences, Seminars, Public Lectures, Exhibitions and other Events.
For a full list of what’s on or to add your own event, check out the The List page on the ANU website at:
h t t p : / / w w w. a n u . e d u . a u /p a d / list/list.html
List Friday 1March 2002 http://www.anu.edu.au/pad/list/list.html
7 FEBRUARY 2002 does not believe all of the culture of Newcastle should be
developed in the one place.
Government’s university funding system. Deputy Vice-Chan-
cellor Education, Malcolm Gillies.
Canberra Times, p.3.
ANU in the Media PM 2NC (Newcastle).
Look into the politicians, claims that asylum seekers threw
children overboard. John Uhr questions how the Government
gathered the information.
Alien life in our galaxy. Vince Ford from ANU Mount 666 2CN (Canberra).
ANU staff are constantly featured in the media. This is a brief list of ANU mentions in the
Stromlo Observatory. A leading academic in political science, Professor John
Age, p.8. media in the past fortnight. A more comprehensive summary can be found each day at: Warhurst, says that it is time for the number of ACT politi-
John Howard is anxious to heal lingering wounds in Jakarta. cians to be increased.
Dr Greg Fealy, an Indonesia specialist at ANU.
Bulletin with Newsweek, p29.
In days of yore, BC (before calculators). Professor Ben Selinger,
www.anu.edu.au/media/today 666 2CN (Canberra).
Scientists work on a machine called the H1 Heliac at the
Australian National University probing the mysteries of super
ANU Chemistry heated plasma.
Canberra Times, p.18. Sunday Sunrise Channel 7 (Canberra) .
and consultant to the archives, John Knott. outcome of the election.
A new exhibition by John Vance. Vance studied at the ANU Age, p.4; Canberra Times, p.5. AMABC 666 2CN (Canberra).
Canberra School of Art from 1990 to 1993. Canberra will become the Asian hub for a new-generation e- Prof Bailey talks about the fact that there is now law that covers 19 FEBRUARY
Canberra Times, p.6. learning project, according to ANU visiting professor Chong the situation where politicians mislead the public. Sir Humphrey Appleby made it a political axiom. Never
Mike McKinley, ANU, discusses world politics. Talks about Choi. AM6PR (Perth). believe anything until it has been officially denied, he coun-
Amien Rice and his claims about the Prime Minister and his Canberra Times, p.17. selled. John Warhurst political professor at ANU, argues that
stance on West Papua. there are competing forces impeding the ideal.
AM ABC 702 2BL (Sydney).
ACT Business Minister Ted Quinlan announces ACT Gov- 15 FEBRUARY Sydney Morning Herald, p.12.
ernment’s multi-million dollar support for a bid to establish a
Clive Hamilton, ANU Visiting Fellow, suggests surveys show national $100 million biotechnology centre of excellence in Professor Simon Easteal from the Human Genetics Group at
that happiness does not necessarily increase with prosperity. Canberra. Professor Hearn provides visual demonstration of The scope of the Oxford Companion to the High Court of The Australian National University’s John Curtin School of
PM ABC 702 2BL (Sydney). the ANU’s leading bio-robotic technology at the launch. Australia is awesome. Editors, who wrote about a sixth of the Medical Research said that a test could be developed to show
Media release. material themselves, are Tony Blackshield, Emeritus Professor probability of Aboriginal ancestry.
The ANU has appointed Dr Geoffrey Page to the head of at Macquarie University and University of NSW; Michael Sunday Tasmanian, p.6.
ANUTech. Interviewees: Prof John Hearn, ANU Deputy Workshop entitiled “World Trade Organisation: Issues for Coper, Dean of Law, and Robert Garran Professor of Law, at
Vice-Chancellor Developing Countries” speakers include key trade policy and Mr Kovachevich, won a scholarship to study the Chinese
the ANU; and George Williams, the Anthony Mason Profes- language in Beijing for a year and after completing economics
PM 2CC (Canberra). ecomonic researchers from Australia, Professor Christopher sor and Director of the Gilbert & Tobin Centre of Public Law
Findlay, (ANU); Premachandra Athukorala, ANU. and Asian studies at The Australian National University,
Commonwealth leaders prepare for their delayed summit in at UNSW.
The 2002 Annual Conference of the Australian Agricultural returned to launch a career as a middle-man between Western
Brisbane next month, the Malaysian Prime Minister, Dr Australian Financial Review, p.52.
companies and the Chinese community.
Mahathir Mohammed, says he won’t be attending. Inter- and Resource Economics Society. Keynote presenters include On Wednesday, 115 of the 225 contributors to the Oxford
Professor Ross Garnaut from The Australian National Uni- Canberra Times, p.15.
views: Professor Tony Milner, Dean of Asian Studies, ANU. Companion to the High Court of Australia turned up at
PM Radio National (Canberra) , The World Today. PM ABC 702 2BL versity. The Parks and Wildlife Service is under fire for misplacing
University House at The Australian National University for
(Canberra) 8/2/02 . Media Release. artefacts excavated from a significant Aboriginal site in Tasma-
the ultimate gathering of the legal in-crowd. nia’s South West in 1981 by archaeologists from The Australian
Steve Murphy, a Researcher from The Australian National Gerald Teng was one of nine WA school science students who Australian Financial Review, p.53.
took part in national training squads for the Olympiads at The National University and the Parks and Wildlife Service.
University is in the Cape to study the endangered Palm Controversy about safety at major potentially hazardous in- The Mercury, p.5.
Cockatoo. Australian National University. dustrial sites has continued in the wake of the gas explosion.
AM ABC Far North (Cairns). News Chronicle, p.7; Melville Times. A sports-mad, very determined young individual who died
Andrew Hopkins, associate professor at The Australian Na- doing what he loved most, is how the father of Flying Officer
A North-West Coast Year 12 student recently returned from tional University. Luke Morrall describes his son, who perished in an aircraft
8 FEBRUARY the National Mathematics Summer School held at The Aus- Australian, p.26.
accident near Newcastle on Saturday. He had attended The
tralian National University. A proposal by the Melbourne company Autogen to search
Professor Brij Lal and Professor Hank Nelson, ANU Pacific Burnie Advocate. Australian National University, where he studied chemistry.
and Asian History, write on research expenditure on the social Tongan DNA for disease causing genes has been labelled Canberra Times, p.3.
sciences. Ruth Weston, principal research fellow at the Institute of “biopiracy” by human rights activists. Donald Denoon, Pro-
Family Studies, cites a 1971 Australian National University The NSW Government is protecting the work of the world
Australian, p.10. Canberra Times, p.10 (12/02/02). fessor of Pacific history at The Australian National University. famous Siding Spring Observatory in the state’s central west.
study. Australian Financial Review, p.3.
ANU Canberra School of Music hosts the visiting Hangzhou Australian, p.9. Gilgandra Weekly, p.11.
Acrobatic Troupe from China. John Warhurst, ANU said the PM has gratuitously insulted a Interview with Brij Lal who drafted Fiji’s 1997 constitution to
Canberra Times, p.2. Author of book called Howard’s Race discusses descriptions of person his party has to work with for the next three years.
Government’s plans and intentions to produce something like Canberra Times, p.15.
discuss the announcement that coup leader George Speight
Professor John Warhurst, ANU Political Science & Interna- the Tampa as part of their election campaign. Mentions Des has been sentenced to death.
tional Relations, says the issue of border control could threaten The main promotional tool for Canberra’s conference indus- Sky News.
Ball and Chris Barry. try was launched. Canberra, which had strong competitive
the ALP. PM2CC (Canberra). Discusses the Whitlam dismissal in context with the current
Canberra Times, p.11. advantages such as The Australian National University, needed issues involving Peter Hollingworth. John Warhurst discusses
Adam Shoemaker, Dean of Arts at ANU reads from David to make sure it met the needs of conferences and marketed
A telescope agreement between The Australian National Unaipon’s Legendary Stories of the Australian Aborigines. the dynamics of a dismissal.
University and British philanthropist Martin Faulkes was itself well. PM6PR (Perth)
PM ABC 666 2CN (Canberra). Canberra Times, p.28.
signed in January . Prof Brij Lal speculates on if Fijian coup leader George Speight
Coonabarabran Times, p.1. John Warhust discusses recriminations within the Australian A coalition of pro-choice organisations and individuals
Democrats following poor showing at weekend’s South Aus- will have his death penalty for treason commuted to a life
Julie McCrossin discusses recent moves to have significant launched yesterday, urged all ACT MLA’s to support the
tralian election. sentence.
increases in health fund premiums. Interviewees: Julie Smith, decriminalisation of abortion. Options for Women includes Regional Statewide PM ABC NSW
PMRadio National (Canberra). the ANU students association.
research fellow, Research School of Social Sciences, ANU; Dr Presenter comments on political issues and opens interview
The Australian Government has denied any significant breach Canberra Times.
Jim Butler, Deputy Director, National Centre for Epidemiol- with Dr John Uhr, ANU, and says people can’t decide if it was
ogy and Population Health, ANU. of spy agency guidelines in its handling of the Tampa affair last Former Griffith High School student Jodie Smith will be able
year. Professor Des Ball says the Government’s behaviour a cover up or foul up.
Life Matters, ABC AM Radio National . to start her double degree Bachelor of Arts/Psychology at The PM ABC Western Queensland (Longreach).
raises questions of civil liberties and privacy. Australian National University in Canberra on a good note
ANUTECH will be responsible for marketing the world class PMRadio National (Canberra) Panel discusses George Speight’s trial for treason in Fiji; his
science that goes on at the ANU. Interviewees: Dr Geoff Page, after winning the Griffith Soroptimist International tertiary
Federal Government is quite capable of using a defence agency scholarship for young women leaving year 12. death sentence; it being commuted to life in prison.
New CEO, ANUTECH Late Night Live PMRadio National (Canberra) .
to spy on the Maritime Union during the Tampa crisis. Dr Area News (Griffith).
Drive, PM ABC 666 2CN (Canberra)
Michael McKinley says Norway has every right to be upset at Queanbeyan City Council will award scholarships to two Professor Horner talks about the 60th anniversary of the
An International Relations expert has expressed disbelief over having their ship spied on, but doesn’t expect it to be taken any bombing of Darwin.
comments made by Alexander Downer. Interviews: Dr Chris Queanbeyen students undertaking tertiary studies in 2002.
further. Elizabeth Webb (combined Arts and Science degree at The AM 3AK (Melbourne).
Reus Smit, ANU Sunrise AM Channel 7 (Canberra) .
PM Triple J (Canberra) .
Australian National University) and Jason Thiem (Water
VS Napaul quotes some Indonesians are critical of Bora Bodai, Science at the University of Canberra). 20 FEBRUARY
Pauline Bryant, linguist from ANU and regular guest talks Dr George Quinn says it has a very minor role in Indonesia. Queanbeyan Age, p.11.
about new words. Religion Report AM Radio National (Canberra) . Prominent Australian National University economist, Bob
Morning, AM ABC 666 2CN (Canberra).
Prof Don Byrne talks about the psychological research into the
stress people feel after they become unemployed. Gregory discusses entrenched labour market inequality.
A statement from the Defence Minister, Robert Hill, concern- Sydney Morning Herald, p.2.
Astronomy with Vince Ford from Mt Stromlo Observatory, ing the Tampa spying allegations has failed to satisfy critics; Dr PM ABC NSW Statewide.
ACT. Interview: Vince Ford, research officer, ANU Mt Michael McKinley, Defence Expert, says the intelligence area Early-music virtuoso Geoffrey Lancaster has big plans which,
Stromlo Observatory. The long-awaited treason trial of George Speight is due to get
in Australia relies heavily on public trust. underway in Fiji on Monday. Brij Lal comments on the events he says, will put Canberra, and The Australian National
South East Morning, AM ABC South East NSW (Bega). University on the map.
AM2NC (Newcastle). in Fiji.
The Canberra Times, p.3.
Major concern among the public about just what spy technol- PM Radio National (Canberra).
12 FEBRUARY ogy can pick up and if our privacy can be compromised, Threat to Australian economy of being an off shoot of major Jenny Corbett, Peter Drysdale, ANU discuss President George
Professor Des Ball, an expert in spy technology, explains radio multinationals is not a problem, according to Prof Ross Bush’s visit to Tokyo .
Geoffry Lancaster is moving from the University of Western Australian Financial Review, p.63.
Australia, where he has spent the past few years, to the and satellite phone technologies which are picked up by Garnaut, of the ANU.
Canberra School of Music. listening stations. 666 2CN (Canberra). The State Government has found no evidence that a contami-
West Australian, p12. AM2GB (Sydney).
Canberra Academy Award nominee Snow worked on the nated batch of the herbicide 245-T — used in the defoliant
Interview with Dr Mike McKinley of The Australian National computer graphics for the film Pearl Harbor and was involved Agent Orange — was used in Queensland. Australian Na-
PM announced two initiatives, funded by the Australia- tional University scientists first revealed the existence of the
Indonesia Institute, organised by The Australian National University discusses the recent controversy over the phone in the ANU film group.
tapping during the Tampa crisis. AM ABC 666 2CN (Canberra).
University and the University of Melbourne. Courier Mail, p.6.
Media Release. AMABC 702 2BL (Sydney).
18 FEBRUARY The Australian National University — the local hub for the
Australian National University research fellow, Greg Stuart, program of live lectures via satellite, with simultaneous teach-
believes that understanding how the brain makes memories 14 FEBRUARY ing contributions or discussion possible at several sites — is
could lay the foundation for a better appreciation of condi- The leading defence academic on SigInt is Professor Des Ball, Children were an important crop, but for 40 years researchers trying to interest other universities.
tions such as dementia. from The Australian National University’s Strategic and had underestimated the cost of rearing them. One-day social Australian, p.36.
Cairns Post. Defence Studies Centre, believes that a judicial inquiry into welfare conference at The Australian National University.
DSD activities during Tampa crisis is necessary. Canberra Times, p.5. Teddy Tahu Rhodes sings with the Australian Chamber
Comments on article Paul Dibb, of the Strategic and Defence Orchestra at Llewellyn Hall, ANU on Saturday.
Studies Centre at The Australian National University, wrote Courier Mail, p.15. Fathers tend to get more involved in the “fun side” of Canberra Times, p.10.
in the Australian. John Quiggin, Australian Research Council senior fellow, parenting while the mothers do the more mundane work,
Australian Financial Review, p64. ANU. $US1 trillion ($1.97 trillion) is estimate of the amount according to a new ANU study. A recent inspection of golden wattles growing near the Can-
of real wealth that has been dissipated in bad investments Canberra Times, p.10. berra School of Art did not reveal any seed pods this season.
United Nations withdrawing from talks with Cambodia on The Canberra Times.
setting up a war crimes tribunal. Interviews: Tony Kevin, during past few years. Muscle-bound men who think they look puny are risking life-
ANU former Australian ambassador to Cambodia. Australian Financial Review, p.62. threatening injuries in their quest for the perfect body, said The NSW Government said it was “right behind” plans to
World At Noon, PM ABC Channel 2 (Canberra). The Canberra Hospital’s cardiology department and National ANU gender studies lecturer Dr Michael Flood. stop artificial lighting impacting on the effectiveness of the
Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, based at Sunday Mail (Brisbane), p.43. Siding Spring Observatory near Coonabarabran.
The Howard Government used spy satellites to tap phone calls Northern Daily Leader, p.2.
made by Australians during the Tampa crisis last year. Inter- The Australian National University, joint study of the preva- John Knott, head of history at The Australian National
view: Professor Des Ball, Strategic and Defence Studies Centre, lence of heart failure in the community. University, a consultant at the National Archives, discusses1951 Mike McKinley, ANU, discusses world affairs. Talks about
ANU. Canberra Times, p.3. notebooks released last week by the National Archives . the death penalty for treason in Fiji.
PM Radio National (Canberra), AMRadio National , AM6PR (Perth), 702 2BL (Sydney).
In September 2000, Compaq said it would invest $US100 Australian Financial Review, p.52.
AM3AW (Melbourne), 774 3LO (Canberra) , AM2UE (Sydney), ABC million in the life sciences industry. It is the technology Professor of e-commerce at the ANU, Shirley Gregor, says
(Adelaide), AMTriple J (Canberra), AM ABC Riverina (Wagga Wagga), provider for Australia’s biggest supercomputer at Australian many of her fellow trainees went on to carve out careers in 21 FEBRUARY
702 2BL (Sydney, 7ZR (Hobart), AM Channel 10 (Canberra), Daily National University in Canberra.
Telegraph, p.1, Age, p.3, SydneyMorning Herald, p.4, Age, p.3.
Business Review Weekly. Canberra Times, p.14. Geraldine Brooks speaking at an Australian National Univer-
Clive Wiliams says it is possible that there are Al Qaeda cells ACT’s bid for a national biotechnology centre endorsed. The sity literary lunch, said hers was “a book about people coping
in Australia, and the US provided evidence there was an Al Australian researcher Greg Stuart wants to find out how the with catastrophe”.
bid includes ANU. brain makes memories.
Qaeda cell in Singapore. Canberra Times. Canberra Times, p.7, 21/02/2002.
Advocate (Coffs Harbour), p.4.
AM Radio National (Canberra) . Ben Taylor, who studied at the Canberra School of Art, drew
The book Year of Wonders by Geraldine Brooks has received Australian National University research tells us 2 million
much praise. Geraldine visited the ANU as the guest at on personal agony and sadness during the past year for much
13 FEBRUARY Aussies go to church each week, with four million going once of his work in this, his 15th solo exhibition.
Literary Lunch. a month or better.
A definitive study by Judy Wajcman, a professor at The 666 2CN (Canberra). Canberra Times, p.6, 21/02/2002.
Northern Times (Strathpine), p.34.
Australian National University, and Michael Bittman, of the National Library of Indonesia has loaned Australian National Orminston College’s Lilian Barajas was among 282 of the
University of NSW’s Social Policy Research Centre reveals The Australian Technology Park, a joint effort by the ANU, country’s top science students who attended the National
Library four items for the Treasures from the World’s Great the University of Technnology Sydney, Sydney University
who really does the most work in the house. Libraries exhibition, including the Koran. Anne Kumar dis- Youth Science Forum involving by The Australian National
Sydney Morning Herald, p.13; Age, p.15.
and the University of NSW, had been dependent on public University, the University of Canberra where the forum was
cusses the history of the Koran. grants and subsidies in its initial phase.
The National Archives of Australia made public the official 666 2CN (Canberra). based, CSIRO Australia, top universities and many industry
Canberra Times, p.13. and government partners.
Cabinet notebooks from the 1951 Menzies Governemnt, John Warhurst says if it was known that the allegations about
quotes Head of history at The Australian National University Professor Patrick Troy, The Australian National University, Bayside Bulletin , 21/02/2002.
the asylum seekers were untrue, it could have changed the
Coral study exposes holes in global climate theories
transported away,” Ms Hendy said.
A study by an ANU student has overturned “The tropical ocean was saltier during
some basic beliefs about global climate con- the Little Ice Age, which indicates stronger
ditions. evaporation and movement of water vapour
Scientists had thought that the 20th out of the region.”
century was generally much warmer than This result helps explain some of the cli-
the previous four centuries. matic events occurring over the past 400 years.
However, Ms Erica Hendy, PhD stu- For example, she believes that water va-
dent from the Research School of Earth pour being transported from the tropics to
Sciences, in collaboration with the Aus- temperate regions fed the glaciers during
tralian Institute of Marine Sciences, has the Little Ice Age.
found that ocean temperatures in the She also found that, in the 1860s, the
tropical Pacific during the 18th and 19th tropical oceans abruptly freshened within a
centuries were just as warm as the 20th decade at the same time as the glaciers
century. started retreating.
Ms Hendy’s study published in Science “It is very exciting to see that the climate
last week, used corals growing since 1565 in can operate so differently and change so
Photo: Australian Institute of Marine Sciences
the Great Barrier Reef to determine ocean rapidly before any possible human influ-
temperatures. ence,” Ms Hendy said.
This 420-year temperature record, the “However it should also make us more
longest ever produced from coral, includes cautious with what we do in future because
a period known as the “Little Ice Age” from we don’t want to tinker with a natural
1450–1870. system that is so sensitive.”
During this time, rivers such as the Ms Hendy’s research will play an impor-
Thames froze over, sea ice permanently tant role in modern climate modelling and
surrounded Greenland and glaciers grew will be published on a worldwide database.
throughout the world. “Climate modellers are severely ham-
Until now, scientists have believed that pered by not having real-world data from
temperatures during the Little Ice Age were Hole picture: Core samples were taken from eight separate large corals on a site the southern hemisphere and tropics to test
cold around the globe. in the Great Barrier Reef. possible climate scenarios,” Ms Hendy said.
“The cooling is well documented in the “This is where Australian research can,
northern hemisphere, but we really didn’t and is, making an important contribution”.
know what happened in the southern hemi- the oceans were as warm as the late 20th knowing what is happening in the ocean JULIAN LEE
sphere or the tropics and assumed we’d find century. and atmosphere.
the same,” Ms Hendy said. A breakthrough at the ANU uses the “How salty the sea is tells us about the http://rses.anu.edu.au/egg/Pages/
Instead the “coral thermometers” report coral cores to monitor changes in both balance between how much rain is falling eggHendy.html
that at times in the 18th and 19th centuries temperature and salinity — the keys to and how much water is evaporated and
$3.5m grant for Survey to look at ageing of Published by
Seeing Machines academic population The Australian National
University’s Marketing & Public
An ANU-initiated company, Seeing Ma- Affairs Division
chines, has been awarded a $3.5 million Researchers from The Australian National a problem if a lot of academic experts from one
industry research and development grant. University will survey 12,000 academics particular department come to retirement at Editor: Sean Daly
The Federal AUSIndustry START from tertiary institutions to determine the the same time — fields of teaching could drop email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Grants will provide funding over three years effect of age and technological change on out and graduate students could be left with- Humanities Reporter: Leigh Baker
to help the company to commercialise the academic workforce. out supervision,” he said. email: email@example.com
FaceLAB, their fatigue-monitoring prod- Over the next few months, Professors The researchers are also interested to
Science Reporter: Julian Lee
uct for vehicles. FaceLAB is a non-invasive, Don Anderson and Richard Johnson, from discover whether university students have email: firstname.lastname@example.org
non-contact system that uses cameras to the Centre for Continuing Education and changed over the past 20 years — whether
track a driver’s head and eye gaze. the Centre for Educational Development they are more diverse or demanding, or if Marketing & Public Affairs Division
I Block, Old Admin Area
The device can be used to monitor driver and Academic Methods, and Dr Larry Saha, they work harder or are more interested in The Australian National University
fatigue and inattention, which has been from the Faculty of Arts’ School of Social honours. Canberra ACT 0200.
nominated by national and international Sciences, plan to track the implications of “I think we will find an enormous amount
Editorial enquiries: 02 6125 4171
road safety bodies as a major contributing an ageing academic workforce in Australian of change — there is no doubt about that Facsimile: 02 6125 5568
factor in road accidents. universities. simply because the circumstances of aca-
Professor Alex Zelinsky, Chief Execu- They will also look at changes in academic demic life have changed so much. For one The ANU Reporter is published throughout the
tive Officer (CEO) of Seeing Machines and work over the past 20 years and the implica- thing funding has dropped significantly so academic year.
Head of Systems Engineering at the Re- tions for future recruitment and training. we know there is a resource allocation prob- The next issue of the
search School of Information Sciences and “These are two separate reports on the lem.
Engineering (RSISE), said recognition of two major factors affecting Australian uni- “Secondly, there is an enormous use of
the importance of monitoring fatigue in versities today,” Professor Anderson said. technology in universities in terms of the will be published
vehicles and mission-critical applications “Almost half of the academic workforce use of IT and the Internet, so that has on Friday 15 March 2002.
was increasing. in Australia is over 50 and we want to find affected university teaching styles as well.”
“The personal and financial impact of out whether universities are aware of the Prof. Anderson said industrial agreements Deadline for contributions
fatigue on our highways and around the impact that could have on teaching and from the late 1980s are also expected to have is Wednesday 6 March 2002.
world is significant — our technology has research when they come to retire. impacted on the work environment of uni-
the potential to substantially lessen this “We also want to pinpoint the universi- versities as financial resources from the
human cost,” Prof Zelinsky said. ties that have an ageing workforce, because government have dropped by up to 50 per
Automotive FaceLAB customers include some seem to have comparatively young cent.
Volvo, Toyota, Nissan, DaimlerChrysler, workforces,” Prof. Anderson said. At the beginning of March academics at
Bosch and Motorola. The survey will also show how universi- the ANU (and other tertiary institutions)
Prof Zelinsky said this was possible be- ties make use of retirees with schemes such will receive an email inviting them to com-
cause Mr John Fick, Visiting Fellow at as visiting fellowships, and what other serv- plete the questionnaire related to this study.
RSISE, and Chair and CEO of the Capital ices they would be prepared to provide for It is anonymous and will take about 10
Technic Group (strategic management con- their retired academics. minutes. The researchers are relying on a
sultants), had facilitated the “We will explore whether the ageing high participation rate to ensure the accu- Printed by NCP
commercialisation process. workforce is a big problem or not and, if so, racy of the results.
JULIAN LEE how it is affecting academic work,” Prof LEIGH BAKER ISSN 0727-386X.
Anderson said. Print Post Approved PP 255003/0130
http://www.seeingmachines.com “The way we see it, there certainly could be http://www.anu.edu.au/cce CRICOS Provider #00120C
http://www.anu.edu.au/reporter Friday 1 March 2002 (Vol.33, No.2) ANU Reporter – 7
Nobel Economics Laureate gives Passmore Lecture
he ANU hosted 1996 Nobel Eco- economics could provide a systematic frame-
nomics Prize winner, Professor work.”
Emeritus James Buchanan, from Prof. Brennan said “Public Choice
George Mason University in Virginia, this Theory” has become one of the fastest grow-
week. ing areas of political science in the United
Prof. Buchanan, who won his Nobel States and more recently in Europe.
Prize for “the synthesis of the theories of “He developed an area of study — also
economic and political decision-making”, known as ‘rational choice political theory’,
was here to present the third annual John ‘modern political economy’ or ‘positive
Passmore Lecture organised by the Social political theory’ — that has provided a
and Political Theory Program in the Re- whole new way of thinking within the social
search School of Social Sciences. sciences.”
Prof. Geoffrey Brennan, from the Pro- Prof. Brennan said that, from an eco-
gram, worked closely with Prof. Buchanan nomics point of view, “Public Choice
from 1976–83, and said Buchanan’s exper- Theory” was significant because a lot of
tise in economics, political theory and economic policy discussion operated in a
philosophy made him an ideal speaker for political vacuum — studying aspects such
the Passmore Lecture. as macroeconomics, entirely independently
“Buchanan is a broad-ranging person. He of political factors.
won the Nobel Prize for work that integrated “Prof. Buchanan always felt that that
the economic and political theories of deci- was unsatisfactory and his work arose, in
sion-making. Basically what he does is a variety large part, as a reaction to the economic
of economics known as ‘Public Choice Theory’ analysis of so-called market failure. He
— which is the application of economic meth- wanted to point out that there was also
ods to the study of political processes,” Prof. political failure — and to subject political
Brennan said. processes to the same tests as market proc-
“It focuses on questions like: ‘Does elec- esses were subjected to. He developed a
toral competition have the kinds of theory of politics to set alongside the stand-
constraining properties that market compe- ard economic account of markets.”
Photo: Buchanan private collection
tition has? Is there an analogy between Prof. Brennan said Prof. Buchanan’s
monopoly in markets and despotism in ability to combine and compare the appli-
political arenas?” Prof. Brennan said. cations of economics and political science,
Prof. Buchanan worked on public choice meant his address at the Passmore Lecture,
theory for 40 years and his work is recog- “Classical Liberalism and the Perfectibility
nised for bridging the gulf between of Man”, would be of interest to a broad
economics and political science. range of people.
“What he did was innovative work that Prof. Buchanan will be in Canberra until
nobody had really contemplated before. By 4 March. Nobel thoughts: Professor Emeritus James Buchanan, 1996 Nobel
economists’ standards, much of political LEIGH BAKER Economics Prize winner (left), who visited the ANU this week, with
science is considered to be ad-hoc, operat- Professor Geoffrey Brennan of the Social and Political Theory
ing in an atheoretical, unsystematic http://socpol.anu.edu.au/events/ Program in the Research School of Social Sciences.
environment. Prof. Buchanan showed that passmore.php3
Chief Scientist outlines areas for universities’ future success
ustralia’s Chief Scientist, Dr Robin Science vision: Australia’s Chief 1.5 per cent of GDP to three per cent of
Batterham, this week opened the Scientist, Dr Robin Batterham (left), GDP), our GDP might have increased by a
seminar series, Biology Beyond 2000, spoke to Research School of Biological factor of 15 per cent.”
organised by postgraduate students at the Sciences postgraduate students this He said that if Australia does less the
Research School of Biological Sciences week. country would continue to be chained to
(RSBS) by explaining his vision for the commodity pricing of the Australian dollar.
development of science in Australia . “We may end up with a 30c dollar in real
Dr Batterham said there were four key terms,” he said.
areas to be addressed for Australian science He believes that the Federal funding for
to have a great future — research priorities, high-quality research in Backing Australia’s
collaboration, connectivity and private eq- Ability represents a significant step in the
uity. right direction.
He said biotechnology, phenomics, However he said that the effectiveness of
photonics, complex systems, coal as a bridge these programs needed to be determined
to renewables, development and well-being before committing more funds.
of young Australians, and connecting Aus- While many academics believe that the
tralians were key research priorities. push for external funding and commerciali-
Dr Batterham said the development and sation results in a reduction in academic
well-being of young Australians was an un- freedom and rigour, Dr Batterham believes
der-represented research area and, in areas there does not need to be any conflict.
such as childhood disease and social prob- He said the better the peer-reviewed
lems, it was “costing Australia an arm and a science was, the better the chance for com-
leg”. mercial success.
He said it was important to gain from the Research Centres, co-investment between “Unfortunately, Australia is under-per- “If you are hiding behind commercial
efficiencies of concentrating infrastructure States/Territories and the new look CSIRO forming overall in patenting compared to possibility and don’t publish then you may
and resources together to avoid focusing were good examples. its GDP. We are doing well in some areas, be shielding yourself from peer-review,” Dr
research attention too narrowly. However, Dr Batterham insisted that however on the whole there is not enough Batterham said.
“It is always in [Australia’s] interests to connectivity between the research world commercial activity out of our good re- Mr Ryan Wilson, RSBS PhD student
pursue excellent basic research [of any type]. and commercial activity needed to be im- search.” and organiser of the seminar series, said they
However in practice this means that univer- proved. Dr Batterham believes this may turn were honoured to have Dr Batterham speak
sities need to concentrate on a relatively “The challenge for Australian scientists, around as private and public research and and intended to invite similarly influential,
small number of key areas,” Dr Batterham whether they are working in universities, in development funding is beginning to be innovative or high-profile speakers in the
said. government-funded research agencies or in seen as an investment, not a cost. future.
He said this established an environment industry, is to see that their work is ulti- “[However], using an OECD multiplier, JULIAN LEE
where collaboration was vital and Major mately converted into high wage, high value if Australia had increased its R&D over the
National Research Facilities, Cooperative business,” he said. past 10 years, as had Finland, (going from http://www.rsbs.anu.edu.au/
http://www.anu.edu.au/reporter Friday 1 March 2002 (Vol.33, No.2) ANU Reporter – 8