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					                        A U S T R A L I A’ S N AT I O N A L U N I V E R S I T Y                                                   Volume 33 No.2 Friday 1 March 2002

Internet spiders in Shaking core beliefs
for a steroid boost
IT design could make
searches 500 times better
An Honours student from The Australian        given a starting set of web pages,” he said.
National University has found a way of            Mr Cope said the decision-tree con-
potentially improving the coverage of         cept was not known to be previously
Internet search engines by up to 500 times.   attempted.
   Jared Cope, from the Faculty of Engi-          “A web page could have one of many
neering and Information Technology, said      kinds of interfaces on it, ranging from a
that a new way of indexing web pages may      search interface to something like a login
become necessary because commercial           form or a voting form.
search engines like Google and Yahoo were         “The ‘decision tree’ I developed uses
indexing less than one per cent of publicly   machine-learning algorithms to look for
available web pages.                          clues within the HTML code to distin-
   “Search engines have something called      guish between these interfaces,” he said.
a ‘crawler’, which goes out every month       “Depending on what you want to do with
or week to find all the pages it can on the   the search interfaces, you can build up a
Internet. When you type your query into       big list of where they are and even what
a search engine, your query is matched        their specialty is. Then if you wanted to
against those pages that the crawler found.   build another search engine you could
   “This system is becoming increasingly      make it exploit this list of search engines
flawed because many sites have their own      to provide more coverage of the Web for

                                                                                                                                                                                Photo: Australian Institute of Marine Sciences
search interface on them, and all the pages   your query.”
that can be reached through that interface        If incorporated into the searching
cannot be found by another search en-         methods of commercial search engines,
gine’s crawler.”                              Mr Cope said they would match your
   The incorporation of a ‘decision tree’,    query against more of the Web, thus re-
developed by Mr Cope, could help search       turning potentially more relevant results.
engines find up to 85 per cent of these           “If, for instance, Google used this sort
hidden pages, known as dark matter.           of decision tree, it would still look the
   “The decision tree is an automatic way     same on the surface, but what is working
to sift through various kinds of interfaces   behind the scenes would be totally differ-
found on the Web, to find search engines      ent. The general public will benefit from
that may have previously been unknown         this because they will have access to a        A study by an ANU student has overturned some basic beliefs about global
and that can then be exploited to obtain      significant amount more information that       climate conditions. Scientists had thought that last century was generally much
the pages hidden within.                      is out there in cyberspace.”                   warmer than the previous four but the new results show that ocean temperatures
   “Basically my research has been about                                     LEIGH B AKER    in the tropical Pacific during the 18th and 19th centuries were just as warm as
developing an automated way to find                                                          the 20th century.                                             FULL STORY, PAGE 7
search engines on the World Wide Web

ANU academic to lead PM’s Muslim Exchange initiative
An ANU academic will help coordinate             The Exchange is one of two initiatives                                                      of even more significance since the events
an initiative to improve understanding        funded through the Australia Indonesia                                                         of September 11 last year.
between Indonesian and Australian com-        Institute — a government funded insti-                                                            “Muslim communities in Australia
munities, announced by the Prime              tute which aims to strengthen relations                                                        came under stress at that time, so this
Minister during his recent trip to Jakarta.   between the peoples of the two countries.                                                      program will be a useful way for commu-
    The “Muslim Exchange” program, to            Prof. Hooker said the three-year pro-                                                       nities in Australia to get an idea of the
promote understanding between Muslim          gram is designed to develop relations                                                          situations of Muslim life in Indonesia,
communities in Australia and Indonesia,       between the people of Australia and Indo-                                                      which is another multicultural nation.
will be organised by Professor Virginia       nesia by promoting greater mutual                                                                 “We want to promote constructive in-
Hooker, from the Faculty of Asian Stud-       understanding and expanding areas of                                                           terchanges of ideas for better relations —
ies, and Professor Merle Ricklefs, Director   contact and exchange.                                                                          not only between Australia and Indone-
of the Melbourne Institute of Asian Lan-         “The pilot project will start this year                                                     sia, but also between Muslims and
guages and Societies (Melbourne               with four emerging leaders from each           Professor Virginia Hooker                       non-Muslims.”
University) and former Director of the        country spending two weeks in rural and                                                                                     LEIGH BAKER
ANU’s Research School of Pacific and          urban areas of each country.                   the next two years,” she said.
Asian Studies.                                   “We hope to extend the project over            Prof. Hooker said the exchanges were

              COURT TALES                                                NOBEL VISITOR                                            LIST & CLASSIFIEDS
                        PAGE 2                                                           PAGE 8                                          CENTRE SPREAD
Legal eagles gather for Court history                                                                                                                                                 In Brief
                                                                                                                                                                                      Chris Burgess, Pro Vice-Chancellor (Ad-
One of the biggest gatherings of prominent                                                                                                                                            ministration), will leave the ANU on
members of the legal profession and the                                                                                                                                               31 March 2002. The Vice-Chancellor, Pro-
judiciary in Australia assembled recently for                                                                                                                                         fessor Ian Chubb, said that Mr Burgess has
the launch of a book on the High Court, co-                                                                                                                                           been a major contributor to the develop-
edited and substantially written by academics                                                                                                                                         ment of the University in the six years that
from the ANU’s Faculty of Law.                                                                                                                                                        he has been here. “We have been fortunate
    The Chief Justice of Australia, The Hon.                                                                                                                                          to have a person of Mr Burgess’s calibre,
Murray Gleeson, launching The Oxford                                                                                                                                                  first as Pro Vice-Chancellor (Finance and
Companion to the High Court of Australia,                                                                                                                                             Development) and then as Pro Vice-Chan-
praised the work of the editors, Professor                                                                                                                                            cellor (Administration)”, Professor Chubb
Michael Coper, Dean of Law; Adjunct Prof.                                                                                                                                             said. Mr Bob Arthur, Director (Planning

                                                                                                                                             Photo: Neal McCracken, ANU Photography
Tony Blackshield and Prof. George Williams                                                                                                                                            and Quality Assurance Office) will also be
from UNSW.                                                                                                                                                                            leaving the University on the same date.
    “It is a great credit to Professors
Blackshield, Coper and Williams — to their                                                                                                                                            This year Dr Kevin Windle, from the
vision, their professional skill and their in-                                                                                                                                        School of Languages, was nominated by
dustry, that they have combined to produce                                                                                                                                            the Australian Institute of Interpreters and
this monumental work on the history and                                                                                                                                               Translators for the Karel Capek Medal of
role of the Court,” Chief Justice Gleeson                                                                                                                                             the Federation Internationale de
said.                                                                                                                                                                                 Traducteurs. The Medal was instituted to
    He said the book, the first comprehen-       Courting success: Professors Michael Coper (left) and George Williams (right), co-                                                   mark the 100th anniversary of Capek’s
sive account of the High Court as an             editors of The Oxford Companion to the High Court of Australia, with Chief                                                           birth and is awarded triennially by an
institution, had made an important contri-       Justice Murray Gleeson at last month’s launch.                                                                                       international jury. Dr Windle was nomi-
bution to the understanding of the                                                                                                                                                    nated for his translation into English of
Australian judicial system.                                                                                                                                                           Andrzej Drawicz’s “Mistr i diabel”, a study
    “There is a need for a wider and a deeper    be drawn upon not only by lawyers, but by           tion we could make to start a serious debate                                     of the Russian writer Mikhail Bulgakov.
understanding of this institution and the        journalists, historians, political scientists and   about the role of the Court and to stimulate
part it plays in the life of the nation. This    other researchers.                                  further literature was to publish this kind of                                   The Australian Society of Legal Philosophy
publication will make a major contribution            “The book is encyclopaedic in its for-         quasi-encyclopaedia about the High Court.”                                       has established an essay prize designed to
to that understanding,” Chief Justice            mat and in its scope,” Prof. Coper said.               At the launch Chief Justice Gleeson ac-                                       encourage original research and writing in
Gleeson said.                                    “Everything that you always wanted to know          knowledged the timing of the publication,                                        legal theory and the philosophy of law by
    The Companion, which was edited over         about the High Court is there, and perhaps          saying it came at a significant time in Aus-                                     young scholars. The winner will receive a cash
the last six years, consists of 435 entries,     a few things you did not want to know.”             tralia’s and the High Court’s history.                                           prize of $1,000 plus a contribution of up to
including biographies of the judges, ac-             He said the Companion was important                “The Oxford Companion to The High                                             $500 towards the cost of attendance at the
counts of the leading cases, analysis of the     because it was the first publication that could     Court was completed in the year of the                                           Society’s annual conference to present the
Court’s contribution to all major areas of       provide a wide range of people with an insight      Centenary of Federation, it is being launched                                    essay as a paper. For details contact Professor
the law, insights into the Court’s inner         into the role and function of the High Court        almost a century after the introduction into                                     Peter Cane, Law program, RSSS on x54162.
workings and reflections on the nature of        and the Australian judicial system.                 Parliament of the Judiciary Bill, and next
the judicial process. It includes contribu-          “In the United States, the literature on        year the High Court will celebrate its cente-                                    The Vice-Chancellor has approved a pro-
tions from 225 of Australia’s leading experts    the Supreme Court is vast. That sort of             nary,” he said.                                                                  posal from the Pro Vice Chancellor (Academic
on the Australian court system.                  thing just has not happened here and it is                                          LEIGH BAKER                                      Development and Information Services) for
    Prof. Coper, originator of the idea and      hard to understand why, because our High                                                                                             the establishment of a Scholarly Information
convener of the project, said his motivation     Court really plays the same role.                                                          Strategy Program within the Division of
was to create a point of reference that could        “We thought that one small contribu-            project/hcpmain.htm                                                              Information. The Program is a significant
                                                                                                                                                                                      step for the Division in meeting University
Honour for                                       Study finds malaria spread                                                                                                           research and education goals. It will produce
                                                                                                                                                                                      position papers, plans, policies and submis-
                                                                                                                                                                                      sions related to scholarly information
RSISE Director                                   not linked to global warming                                                                                                         strategies. Under the proposal, Mr Colin
                                                                                                                                                                                      Steele will head the Program and take up a
Professor Brian Anderson, Director of                                                                                                                                                 new position as Director, Scholarly Informa-
ANU’s Research School of Information             Changes in temperature through global               the number of months suitable for trans-                                         tion Strategies from today for an initial period
Sciences and Engineering, has been elected       warming are not the cause of a resurgence           mitting malaria.                                                                 of 18 months.
a Foreign Associate of the prestigious US        of malaria in mountainous East Africa,                  Dr Stern finds the view that there is a
National Academy of Engineering.                 according to a study published today.               connection between climate change and                                            Last week Smart Moves (a national strategy
   Prof. Anderson is the only Australian in          A paper in Nature last week, co-                malaria in mountainous tropical regions                                          set to inspire scientific innovation and en-
a group of seven new Foreign Associates          authored by an ANU scientist has found              surprising as temperature is expected to                                         trepreneurship in young Australians) was
announced by the Academy. There are              no connection between climate change                change least in these regions as a result of                                     launched at Questacon by Communica-
only158 Foreign Associates in the Acad-          and spread of the disease in the east Afri-         global warming.                                                                  tions Minister, Senator Richard Alston.
emy’s 2,265 members.                             can highlands.                                          “Temperature is expected to change                                           Presenters of the tour, which will travel
   Engineers recognise election to the Acad-         Malaria is a leading cause of death and         the least at the equator, with a gradient                                        around Australia during 2002, are all scien-
emy as one of the highest professional           sickness in tropical regions. It is widely          towards the poles where most tempera-                                            tists who completed a Graduate Diploma in
distinctions they can achieve. Academy           believed that increased temperatures                ture change is expected,” he said.                                               Science Communication at the ANU. For
membership honours those who have made           would extend the range of the malaria-                  He believes the spread of the disease is                                     information on the Smart Moves tour check
important contributions to engineering           carrying mosquito into cooler regions,              due to increased resistance to anti-ma-                                          <>.
theory and practice and those who have           further from the equator and higher up              larial drugs first introduced in the 1930s.
demonstrated unusual accomplishment in           into mountains.                                         “This theory has not been tested, but                                        The Canberra School of Music’s 2002 con-
the pioneering of new and developing fields          However, Dr David Stern from the                our findings rule out the possibility of                                         cert program has been released and the first
of technology.                                   Centre for Resource and Environmental               human-induced climate change as being                                            concert was held at Llewellyn Hall last week.
   The Academy elected Prof. Anderson for        Studies and collaborators believe this view         the reason,” Dr Stern said.                                                      This year, the major concerts have been put
his “contributions to system and control         is overly simplistic.                                   “However, it does not rule out the                                           into five subscription series: an International
theory, and for international leadership in          To determine whether temperature had            possibility of spread into temperate areas,                                      Pianists series; The Canberra Wind Soloists
promoting engineering science and tech-          an effect in tropical mountain areas, they          or for similar diseases such as Ross River                                       series; a jazz series; the Sunday afternoon
nology”.                                         investigated weather records from the past          Fever spreading down the coast of Aus-                                           coffee concerts and a Symphonic Series. The
   Professor Anderson said that he was enor-     century in four high-altitude sites in Kenya        tralia.                                                                          Opera Production in August and the regular
mously proud to have been honoured by the        where malaria was on the increase.                      “It will be important to find out soon,                                      lunchtime concerts on Thursdays and the
Academy.                                             Dr Stern was called upon for his exper-         as tropical diseases are on the increase and                                     Recital series at which visiting artists per-
   “The US National Academy of Engi-             tise in statistical analysis of climate data        are a major cause of mortality and illness                                       form, will also be held throughout the year.
neering has a highly distinguished               to “ensure the numbers would stand up to            in tropical areas.”                                                              Copies of the 2002 concert program are
membership and I am honoured that it has         scrutiny”.                                                                           J ULIAN LEE                                     available from the School of Music foyer and
seen fit to include me among these leading           They showed no significant change in                                                                                             their website: <
internationally acclaimed people,” he said.      temperature, rainfall, vapour pressure or                                                   csmevents.html>.

2 – ANU Reporter Friday 1 March 2002 (Vol. 33, No.2)                                                                                                                                  
ANU Conferences
Leaders gather to discuss Humanitarian intervention after September 11
     n the midst of controversy over Australia’s                          creased political and legal activism, evident in
    refugee policy, the Department of Inter-                              a series of direct international military inter-
    national Relations at the ANU and the                                 ventions and in the development of new
Royal Netherlands Embassy, in assocation                                  international judicial institutions.
with the National Institute for Government                                    “One of the key questions facing Australia
and Law and the National Europe Centre,                                   and the international community is whether
brought together senior national and interna-                             the terrorist attacks of September 11 will
tional policy-makers last month to discuss the                            erode or strengthen this humanitarian will
prospects for international humanitarian ac-                              and action,” Dr Chris Reus-Smit, Head of the
tion in the new world order.                                              Department of International Relations in the
    Broadcast nationally on ABC television,                               Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies
the National Press Club forum included Alex-                              (RSPAS), said. “Will there be more or less
ander Downer, the Minister for Foreign Affairs;                           chance of international agreement to inter-                                   Worldly wise: Shadow Foreign Minister, Kevin Rudd (left); Minister for
Kevin Rudd, the Shadow Foreign Minister;                                  vene to prevent major humanitarian crises?                                    Foreign Affairs, Alexander Downer; former Governor-General and Justice
Peter van Walsum, the former President of                                 Will international institutions such as the                                   on the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, Sir
the United Nations Security Council and Sir                               United Nations be strengthened or weakened                                    Ninian Stephen; National Press Club president, Ken Randall and the
Ninian Stephen, former Governor General                                   in the new security environment? What role                                    former President of the United Nations Security Council, Peter van Walsum
and Justice on the International Criminal                                 should Australia play in advancing interna-                                   at the National Press Club forum.
Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia.                                       tional humanitarianism in the 21st century?”
    The last decade saw the emergence of a                                    “The key thing to remember,” Alexander                                    institutions that sustain a more humane inter-                          “The big question is whether this will be
“new international humanitarianism”, marked                               Downer insisted, “is that every humanitarian                                  national order. “The Labor Party sees                                   exploited in other situations, to license an
by a heightened concern on the part of the                                crisis has its own unique political conditions,                               strengthening these core institutions as a pri-                         intervention in Iraq without Security Council
international community for the plight of                                 so no single model of humanitarian response                                   mary foreign policy goal. Australia cannot act                          approval, for example.”
those subject to systematic and profound vio-                             can apply to all.”                                                            effectively in the international arena if the                              “Four key themes emerged from the
lations of human rights and crimes against                                    In response, Kevin Rudd challenged the                                    foundations of international order are weak-                            ANU roundtable,” Dr Reus-Smit said. It
humanity. This concern was matched by in-                                 Howard Government’s commitment to the                                         ened. We must educate the Australian public                             was agreed that future humanitarian inter-
                                                                                                                                                        about how important this is.”                                           ventions should be conducted multilaterally,
                                      ANUTECH EDUCATION CENTRE                                                                                              Prior to the National Press Club forum, a                           under the auspices of the United Nations.
                                                                                                                                                        large audience gathered on the ANU campus                               There was also concern that authoritarian
                                      English Language courses:                                                                                         to hear Ambassador van Walsum, Professor                                regimes, that have committed dire crimes
                                      ♦             As an ANU staff member/student, any                                                                 Andrew Byrnes from the ANU’s Centre for                                 against their peoples, might be sheltered by
                                                    person you introduce to us for full-time                                                            International and Public Law, Professor Tony                            their support for the “war against terror-
                                                    English Classes will receive a 10% Discount.                                                        Coady from the Philosophy Department at                                 ism”. Some worry was expressed that
  Provider Code: 01129G                                                                                                                                 the University of Melbourne, and Dr Reus-                               international humanitarian concern might
                                      Vocational Education Training Programs:                                                                           Smit speak on the problems of humanitarian                              be undermined by new security fears, en-
                                      ♦       Diploma of IT ( Multimedia Integration)                                                                   intervention and world order.                                           couraging national populations to pay less
                                      ♦       Diploma of IT (Network Engineering)                                                                           “The lesson to be drawn from the Kosovo                             attention to their obligations to outsiders.
                                      ♦       Diploma of IT (Software Development)                                                                      crisis is that humanitarian intervention with-                          And the danger that a language of moral
                                      ♦       Diploma of Business Administration                                                                        out a Security Council mandate should be                                absolutes would come to characterise inter-
                                                                                                                                                        avoided but cannot be excluded,” Ambassa-                               national decision-making was also
   Telephone: 6125 5000                   Email: <>              Website: <>                          dor van Walsum said in his opening address.                             highlighted.

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                                                                          of extras, 22,000km; contact Julian on 04 0301 3366.                    only. 110 per week, utilities and two wks bond. Contact Mrs Prasad on
$4,600; contact Shiu on 6125 0104.                                        TOYOTA VIENTA VXi 1998, 76,000 km, excellent condition,                 6254 0659.
FORD TRANSIT short wheelbase flat tray. good body motor runs                                                                                                                                                                    FRENCH, GERMAN, SPANISH; For more information contact
                                                                          luxuriously equipped, $21,990; contact Jon on 0407 004 614.             KAMBAH: Non-smoker to share 5br home with 2 others. (You get 2
wiring needs work $400 Tasmania 6245 0675, $400; contact jonathan                                                                                                                                                               Marie Oakes on 61254549.
                                                                          WASHING MACHINE Auto Small Suit flat dweller, $30; contact Ros          rooms), 120.00pw. Contact Girish on 6125 5043.
street on 03 6245 0675.                                                                                                                                                                                                         HOUSE-SITTER WANTED; For more information contact Jenny
                                                                          on x58477.                                                              MOSSY POINT (South Coast): Cottage on Candlagan Ck, forest &
FRIDGE/FREEZER, Westinghouse only 2yo, 420l frost free, $750.00;                                                                                                                                                                Mason-Barrow on 0419 126 018.
                                                                          WASHING MACHINE Fisher&Pykel, 6.5kg, $500. Contact Sean on              mountain views. 1 km Broulee Beach, $55/night (2br) or $45/night
contact Darren on 6241 0103 ah.                                                                                                                                                                                                 MATHS & PHYSICS TUTOR, Wanted; For more information
                                                                          6125 4171(w), 6295 7118(h).                                             (best br). Min 2 nights. Contact Owner on Ph/fax 6251-8308.
FUTON single, frame and base, in good nic, $70.00; contact Tony                                                                                                                                                                 contact Carol Johnstone on 0438 213 477.
                                                                          WASHING MACHINE, Simpson 5 kg HD top load, $150.00;                     O’CONNOR: 1 br self contained flat, good condition, fully furnished
Oates on 6125 5832.                                                                                                                                                                                                             NEED A HOUSE/FLATSITTER? For more information contact
                                                                          contact Darren on 6241 0103 ah.                                         if needed, peaceful, convenient location, $170 p/w. Contact Anna
FUTON/COUCH hardwood with cover - double, good condition,                                                                                                                                                                       Ludger Dinkler on after hours 08 8979 5925 or
                                                                          WASHING MACHINE, Simpson Riviera H/D, $150; contact Darren              Stewart, <> on 6249 1917 (h).
$200.00; contact Deirdre Ward on x52219.                                                                                                                                                                              
                                                                          on 6241 0103 ah.
SEMINARS                                               28 March
                                                                                                                 tures>                                                   6 March
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                on 6125 5491 or <felicity.hopkinson@

                                                       2pm–3.30pm                                                                                                         8.15pm
6 March                                                Competition as Regulation in the Australian Electric-     8 March                                                  Musica Viva presents the Belcea Quartet, Haydn,       17 March
                                                       ity Market                                                                                                         Britten, Schubert
4pm                                                    Mr Chris Finn (ANU). Seminar Room D, Coombs               7.30am–9am                                               Llewellyn Hall, Canberra School of Music.             3pm
Reconciliation Place — A pathway to reconciliation?    Building.                                                 International Womens' Day Breakfast, 1st in Women        Enquiries to ANU Ticketing on 6125 5491 or            Coffee Concert 1 — Vernon Hill, flute
Sharon Payne and Karen Casey. The Centre for           Enquiries to Imelda Maher, Law, RSSS on 6125              of Influence                                             <>                       Rehearsal Room 3.
Cross-Cultural Research, Ethnoscapes Seminar           5465 or <>                         Lecture series for 2002. Guest speaker Fiona                                                                   Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert on 61255771 or
Series. Conference Room, Old Canberra House,           <>                              Krautil, Director of Equal Opportunity for Women                                                               <>
Lennox Crossing.                                                                                                 in the Workplace Agency. Common Room, Uni-               7 March                                               <>
Enquiries to Celia Bridgewater on 61253779 or                                                                    versity House.
                                                       3 April                                                   Enquiries to Noeline Delatovic on 6125 3595 or           1pm
<                                                                       <>                           Lunch Time Jazz Concert. Bring your lunch and         20 March to 21 March
sixpack/ethnoscapes.htm>                               4pm                                                       <>               enjoy some great music!
                                                       So Much for a Name                                                                                                 Rehearsal Room 3, School of Music.                    8.15pm
                                                       Tim Bonyhady. Centre for Cross-Cultural Re-                                                                        Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert on 6125 5771 or          Canberra Symphony Orchestra, Haydn: Symphony
8 March                                                search, Ethnoscapes Seminar Series. Theatrette,           11 March                                                 <>                          No 7, Concerto for Cello in D major, Symphony No
                                                       Old Canberra House, Lennox Crossing.                                                                               <>            101 in D major
3pm                                                    Enquiries to Celia Bridgewater on 61253779 or             6.30pm                                                                                                         Llewellyn Hall. Canberra School of Music.
Angkor encore: Current archaeological investigations   <celia.bridgewater@>                           David Suzuki: Good News for a Change                     8.15pm                                                Enquiries to Felicity Hopkinson, ANU Ticketing
The CAR Seminar Series 2002 opens with Dr              <                Manning Clark Theatre 1, ANU.                            International Pianists Series 1 — Frank Wibaut        on 6125 5491 or <felicity.hopkinson@
Aedeen Cremin's seminar. All welcome. Man-             sixpack/ethnoscapes.htm>                                  Enquiries to Public Affairs on 6125 2229 or              Llewellyn Hall.                             >
ning Clark Theatre 4, Manning Clark Centre,                                                                      <stefanie.zutter@>                            Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert on 6125 5771 or
ANU.                                                                                                             <                <>
Enquiries to Amanda Kennedy, Centre Adminis-
                                                       10 April                                                  tures>                                                   <>            21 March
trator, CAR on (02) 6125 0470 or
<>                                       12.30pm                                                                                                                                                                  1pm
<>              Biotech and IT Industry Development in Germany            20 March                                                 9 March                                               Lunchtime Concert — bring your lunch and enjoy
                                                       — an alternative to the American model                                                                                                                                   some lovely music!
                                                       GPPP Lecture Theatre, Sir Roland Wilson Build-            4.45pm                                                   12pm                                                  Rehearsal Room 3.
12 March                                               ing.                                                      Flaws in the Fabric: Why Physics and Chemistry have      Wind, Chord and Key                                   Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert on 6125 5771 or
                                                       Enquiries to Vicki Veness on 61259883 or                  never contributed generally to the Biological Sciences   Rehearsal Room 3, Canberra School of Music            <>
5.30pm                                                 <>                                 ANU Emeritus Faculty. March Lecture presented            Enquiries to Felicity Hopkinson on 6125 5491 or       <>
Why is the Nordic Area a World Leader in Mobile        <>                                 by Professor Barry Ninham. Coombs Lecture                <>
Telecommunications? Government and Industry in                                                                   Theatre.
the Development of Radical Innovation.                 4pm                                                       Enquiries to Russell Doust on 6125 5300 or               8pm                                                   22 March
GPPP Lecture Theatre, Sir Roland Wilson Build-         Nature and Place: Landscapes of Mystery and Desire        <>                                 Cologne Philharmonic Orchestra — Mozart, Cho-
ing.                                                   Deborah Rose. Centre for Cross-Cultural Re-               <>                         pin, Dvorak                                           8.30pm
Enquiries to Vicki Veness on 61259883 or               search, Ethnoscapes Seminar Series. Theatrette,                                                                    Conductor: Volker Hartung. Llewellyn Hall, Can-       Hutchison Entertainment presents the Red Army
<>                              Old Canberra House, Lennox Crossing.                                                                               berra School of Music                                 Choir
<http://ngsm.anu.>                             Enquiries to Celia Bridgewater on 61253779 or             21 March                                                 Enquiries to Felicity Hopkinson on 6125 5491 or       Llewellyn Hall, Canberra School of Music
                                                       <celia.bridgewater@>                                                                                    <>                       Enquiries to ANU Ticketing on 6125 5491 or
                                                       <                6pm                                                                                                            <>
13 March                                               sixpack/ethnoscapes.htm>                                  John Nash's Contributions to Economics
                                                                                                                 Dr Matthew Ryan, School of Economics, Faculty            10 March
4pm                                                                                                              of Economics and Commerce. Manning Clark                                                                       23 March
A Politics of Place: Making Visible the Aboriginal
                                                       15 May                                                    Theatre 3.                                               7.30pm
Heritage of Sydney                                                                                               Enquiries to Annette Hughes on 6125 2897 or              Saori Yuki & Sachiko Yasuda                           8pm
Melinda Hinkson. Centre for Cross-Cultural Re-         12.30pm                                                   <>                        A recital of nostalgic folk songs and children's      J.S. Bach's 'St John Passion'
search, Ethnoscapes Seminar Series. Conference         Take-up of ICT in Australian Firms: Perceptions,          <>                            songs (doyo) from Japan with Canberra's own           The Llewellyn Choir, conductor Richard
Room, Old Canberra House, Lennox Crossing.             Policy and Potential                                                                                               Woden Valley Youth. Choir Llewellyn Hall,             McIntyre OAM, the AO's Kent McIntosh as the
Enquiries to Celia Bridgewater on 61253779 or          GPPP Lecture Theatre, Sir Roland Wilson Build-                                                                     ANU.                                                  Evangelist, and the Canberra Chamber Orches-
<>                         ing.                                                      EXHIBITIONS,                                             Enquiries to Shun Ikeda on 6125 4030 or               tra. Llewellyn Hall, Canberra School of Music.
<             Enquiries to Vicki Veness on 61259883 or                                                                           <> or Felicity Hopkinson         Enquiries to ANU Ticketing on 6125 5491 or
sixpack/ethnoscapes.htm>                               <>                                 CONCERTS                                                 on 6125 5491 or <felicity.hopkinson@                  <Anthea.Hyslop@>
                                                       <>                                                                                >

14 March                                                                                                                                                                                                                        24 March
                                                       12 June                                                   7 February to 10 March                                   12 March
2pm–3.30pm                                                                                                                                                                                                                      6pm
Parameters of Regulatory Innovation                    12.30pm                                                   12pm–5pm Wed–Sun                                         12.30pm                                               The Philippines Embassy presents the San Miquel
Mr Colin Scott (ANU), Seminar Room D,                  Investment or Disinvestment: what are the options         Landscape as Metaphor                                    Music at Lunchtime University House                   Philharmonic Orchestra
Coombs Building.                                       for MNCs in a globalising and restructuring world.        Explores late 20th-century Australian landscape          Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert on 6125 5771 or          Llewellyn Hall, Canberra School of Music
Enquiries to Imelda Maher on 612 55465 or              GPPP Lecture Theatre, Sir Roland Wilson Build-            painting bringing together the work of Peter             <>                          Enquiries to ANU Ticketing on 6125 5491 or
<>                              ing.                                                      Booth, Jon Cattapan, Lawrence Daws, Mandy                <>            <>
<>                           Enquiries to Vicki Veness on 61259883 or                  Martin, James Meldrum and others. ANU Drill
                                                       <>                                 Hall Gallery.
                                                       <>                                 Enquiries to Tony Oates on 6125 5832 or                  13 March                                              26 March
15 March                                                                                                         <>
                                                                                                                                                                          6pm                                                   6pm
3pm                                                    CONFERENCES                                               7 February to 14 April
                                                                                                                                                                          String Soiree 1                                       Visiting Artist Recital 1 — Wendy Cooper, bassoon
Human digestive strategy and its evolution                                                                                                                                Rehearsal Room 3.                                     Rehearsal Room 3.
CAR Seminar Series 2002. Dr Judith Caton. All                                                                                                                             Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert on 6125 5771 or          Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert on 61255771 or
welcome. Manning Clark Theatre 4, Manning                                                                        12pm–5pm Wed–Sun                                         <>                          <>
Clark Centre, ANU.
                                                       11–12 April                                               Icon Interior                                            <>            <>
Enquiries to Amanda Kennedy on (02) 6125               Genetic Financial Services — Threat or Opportunity?       Ten years of productive collaboration between
0470 or <>                               The conferrence will examine the impact of ge-            two of Australia's most exciting artists has culmi-
<>              netic technology advances on the behaviour of             nated in the installation Icon Interior. Together,       14 March                                              28 March
                                                       institutions involved in the financial services.          Davila and Arkley have created their own
                                                       Enquiries to Terry O'neill on 6125 4560 or <con-          interior. ANU Drill Hall Gallery.                        1pm                                                   1pm
20 March                                               ference.>                              Enquiries to Tony Oates on 6125 5832 or                  Lunchtime Concert. Bring your lunch and enjoy         Lunchtime concert
                                                       <>               <anthony.oates@>                              some lovely music!                                    Bring your lunch and enjoy some lovely music!
4pm                                                                                                                                                                       Rehearsal Room 3.                                     Rehearsal Room 3.
Peter Read "The Shadow of a Bird Across Stone",                                                                                                                           Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert on 6125 5771 or          Enquiries to Aernout Kerbert on 61255771 or
and Diana Chessell "Australia's Little Italys"         PUBLIC LECTURES                                           20 February to 5 March                                   <>                          <>
Centre for Cross-Cultural Research, Ethnoscapes                                                                                                                           <>            <>
Seminar Series. Conference Room, Old Can-                                                                        9.45am–4.30pm
berra House, Lennox Crossing.                                                                                    Discover Japan Through Contemporary Posters                                                                    SPECIAL EVENTS
Enquiries to Celia Bridgewater on 61253779 or
                                                       5 March                                                   Presented by Japan Cultural Centre, Sydney (The          14 March to 14 April
<celia.bridgewater@>                                                                                  Japan Foundation). High Court of Australia,
<             5.30pm                                                    Parkes Place, Parkes.                                    12pm–5pm Wed–Sun
sixpack/ethnoscapes.htm>                               Two Decades of Open Government — What have                Enquiries to Eriko Prior, Embassy of Japan on            Omar Rayo                                             2 March
                                                       we Learnt?                                                6272 7268 or <>                     Colombian artist Omar Rayo interweaves geo-
                                                       Law Theatre.                                              <>                                  metric forms in his paintings. ANU Drill Hall         9.30am–1.30pm
22 March                                               Enquiries to Michelle Mabille on 6125 4070 or                                                                      Gallery.                                              Introduction to University Study: Orientation pro-
                                                       <>                                                                                       Enquiries to Tony Oates on 6125 5832 or               gram for new students
3pm                                                    <                 21 February to 27 March                                  <>                            Manning Clarke LT3.
Roman archaeology and feminist theory                  tures>                                                                                                                                                                   Enquiries to Stephen Milnes on 02 6125 2972 or
Dr Penelope Allison. CAR Seminar Series 2002.                                                                    Oxygen: O2, The National Institute of the Arts                                                                 <stephen.milnes@>
All welcome. Manning Clark Theatre 4, Man-                                                                       School of Art Graduate Season                            16 March                                              <>
ning Clark Centre, ANU.
                                                       7 March                                                   CSA Gallery and the Foyer Gallery. Enquiries to
Enquiries to Amanda Kennedy on (02) 6125                                                                         Bronwen Sandland on 6125 5841 or                         8pm
0470 or <>                               8pm                                                       <>                            Australian Chamber Orchestra James Crabb,             4 March
<>              Humour, Feminism and the Ways of the World                <>                 Accordion. Tamara Anna Cislowska, Piano. Strings,
                                                       Coombs Lecture Theatre.                                                                                            Timpani/Percussion.                                   1.30pm
                                                       Enquiries to Stefanie Zutter on 6125 2229 or                                                                       Llewellyn Hall, Canberra School of Music.             Markets for products and services of forests
27 March                                               <stefanie.zutter@>                                                                                      Enquiries to Felicity Hopkinson, ANU Ticketing        Forestry Lecture Theatre.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Enquiries to UN Bhati on 02 6125 2579 or
4pm                                                                                                                                                                                                                             <>
The Cultivation of Artistic Habitats in the Penama                                                                                                                                                                              <
Province of Vanuatu. Stephen Zagala, CCR, and Jo                                                                                                                                                                                2002/index.html>
Diamond "Rere atu, rere mai: The trans-Tasman
negotiation of Hone Heke Pokai"
Conference Room, Old Canberra House, Lennox
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                8 March
Crossing.                                                                                                      Public Lectures                                        Speci
                                                                                    nc e s
Enquiries to Celia Bridgewater on 61253779 or
                                                                                                                                                                           al Ev
<>                                                                                                                                                                                                  Literary Dinner with Thomas Keneally
<                                                                                                                                      ents                                            Hyatt Hotel, Canberra.

                                                            Co                                                                                                                                                                  Enquiries to Stefanie Zutter on 6125 4144 or


                                                                                                                The                                                                                                             <stefanie.zutter@>

                                                            Seminars                                                                                                                 Exhibitions
                                                       The ANU Reporter now features a regular insert listing Conferences, Seminars, Public Lectures, Exhibitions and other Events.
                                                              For a full list of what’s on or to add your own event, check out the The List page on the ANU website at:
                                                                                                 h t t p : / / w w w. a n u . e d u . a u /p a d / list/list.html

   List         Friday 1March 2002                                                                                                                                                                                  
                   7 FEBRUARY 2002                                                                                                                                                                            does not believe all of the culture of Newcastle should be
                                                                                                                                                                                                              developed in the one place.

Government’s university funding system. Deputy Vice-Chan-
cellor Education, Malcolm Gillies.
Canberra Times, p.3.
                                                                                              ANU in the Media                                                                                                PM 2NC (Newcastle).
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Look into the politicians, claims that asylum seekers threw
                                                                                                                                                                                                              children overboard. John Uhr questions how the Government
                                                                                                                                                                                                              gathered the information.
Alien life in our galaxy. Vince Ford from ANU Mount                                                                                                                                                           666 2CN (Canberra).
                                                                    ANU staff are constantly featured in the media. This is a brief list of ANU mentions in the
Stromlo Observatory.                                                                                                                                                                                          A leading academic in political science, Professor John
Age, p.8.                                                           media in the past fortnight. A more comprehensive summary can be found each day at:                                                       Warhurst, says that it is time for the number of ACT politi-
John Howard is anxious to heal lingering wounds in Jakarta.                                                                                                                                                   cians to be increased.
Dr Greg Fealy, an Indonesia specialist at ANU.
Bulletin with Newsweek, p29.
In days of yore, BC (before calculators). Professor Ben Selinger,
                                                                                                                                                                          666 2CN (Canberra).
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Scientists work on a machine called the H1 Heliac at the
                                                                                                                                                                                                              Australian National University probing the mysteries of super
ANU Chemistry                                                                                                                                                                                                 heated plasma.
Canberra Times, p.18.                                                                                                                                                                                         Sunday Sunrise Channel 7 (Canberra) .
                                                                    and consultant to the archives, John Knott.                          outcome of the election.
A new exhibition by John Vance. Vance studied at the ANU            Age, p.4; Canberra Times, p.5.                                       AMABC 666 2CN (Canberra).
Canberra School of Art from 1990 to 1993.                           Canberra will become the Asian hub for a new-generation e-           Prof Bailey talks about the fact that there is now law that covers                           19 FEBRUARY
Canberra Times, p.6.                                                learning project, according to ANU visiting professor Chong          the situation where politicians mislead the public.                  Sir Humphrey Appleby made it a political axiom. Never
Mike McKinley, ANU, discusses world politics. Talks about           Choi.                                                                AM6PR (Perth).                                                       believe anything until it has been officially denied, he coun-
Amien Rice and his claims about the Prime Minister and his          Canberra Times, p.17.                                                                                                                     selled. John Warhurst political professor at ANU, argues that
stance on West Papua.                                                                                                                                                                                         there are competing forces impeding the ideal.
AM ABC 702 2BL (Sydney).
                                                                    ACT Business Minister Ted Quinlan announces ACT Gov-                                         15 FEBRUARY                                  Sydney Morning Herald, p.12.
                                                                    ernment’s multi-million dollar support for a bid to establish a
Clive Hamilton, ANU Visiting Fellow, suggests surveys show          national $100 million biotechnology centre of excellence in                                                                               Professor Simon Easteal from the Human Genetics Group at
that happiness does not necessarily increase with prosperity.       Canberra. Professor Hearn provides visual demonstration of           The scope of the Oxford Companion to the High Court of               The Australian National University’s John Curtin School of
PM ABC 702 2BL (Sydney).                                            the ANU’s leading bio-robotic technology at the launch.              Australia is awesome. Editors, who wrote about a sixth of the        Medical Research said that a test could be developed to show
                                                                    Media release.                                                       material themselves, are Tony Blackshield, Emeritus Professor        probability of Aboriginal ancestry.
The ANU has appointed Dr Geoffrey Page to the head of                                                                                    at Macquarie University and University of NSW; Michael               Sunday Tasmanian, p.6.
ANUTech. Interviewees: Prof John Hearn, ANU Deputy                  Workshop entitiled “World Trade Organisation: Issues for             Coper, Dean of Law, and Robert Garran Professor of Law, at
Vice-Chancellor                                                     Developing Countries” speakers include key trade policy and                                                                               Mr Kovachevich, won a scholarship to study the Chinese
                                                                                                                                         the ANU; and George Williams, the Anthony Mason Profes-              language in Beijing for a year and after completing economics
PM 2CC (Canberra).                                                  ecomonic researchers from Australia, Professor Christopher           sor and Director of the Gilbert & Tobin Centre of Public Law
                                                                    Findlay, (ANU); Premachandra Athukorala, ANU.                                                                                             and Asian studies at The Australian National University,
Commonwealth leaders prepare for their delayed summit in                                                                                 at UNSW.
                                                                    The 2002 Annual Conference of the Australian Agricultural                                                                                 returned to launch a career as a middle-man between Western
Brisbane next month, the Malaysian Prime Minister, Dr                                                                                    Australian Financial Review, p.52.
                                                                                                                                                                                                              companies and the Chinese community.
Mahathir Mohammed, says he won’t be attending. Inter-               and Resource Economics Society. Keynote presenters include           On Wednesday, 115 of the 225 contributors to the Oxford
                                                                    Professor Ross Garnaut from The Australian National Uni-                                                                                  Canberra Times, p.15.
views: Professor Tony Milner, Dean of Asian Studies, ANU.                                                                                Companion to the High Court of Australia turned up at
PM Radio National (Canberra) , The World Today. PM ABC 702 2BL      versity.                                                                                                                                  The Parks and Wildlife Service is under fire for misplacing
                                                                                                                                         University House at The Australian National University for
(Canberra) 8/2/02 .                                                 Media Release.                                                                                                                            artefacts excavated from a significant Aboriginal site in Tasma-
                                                                                                                                         the ultimate gathering of the legal in-crowd.                        nia’s South West in 1981 by archaeologists from The Australian
Steve Murphy, a Researcher from The Australian National             Gerald Teng was one of nine WA school science students who           Australian Financial Review, p.53.
                                                                    took part in national training squads for the Olympiads at The                                                                            National University and the Parks and Wildlife Service.
University is in the Cape to study the endangered Palm                                                                                   Controversy about safety at major potentially hazardous in-          The Mercury, p.5.
Cockatoo.                                                           Australian National University.                                      dustrial sites has continued in the wake of the gas explosion.
AM ABC Far North (Cairns).                                          News Chronicle, p.7; Melville Times.                                                                                                      A sports-mad, very determined young individual who died
                                                                                                                                         Andrew Hopkins, associate professor at The Australian Na-            doing what he loved most, is how the father of Flying Officer
                                                                    A North-West Coast Year 12 student recently returned from            tional University.                                                   Luke Morrall describes his son, who perished in an aircraft
                        8 FEBRUARY                                  the National Mathematics Summer School held at The Aus-              Australian, p.26.
                                                                                                                                                                                                              accident near Newcastle on Saturday. He had attended The
                                                                    tralian National University.                                         A proposal by the Melbourne company Autogen to search
Professor Brij Lal and Professor Hank Nelson, ANU Pacific           Burnie Advocate.                                                                                                                          Australian National University, where he studied chemistry.
and Asian History, write on research expenditure on the social                                                                           Tongan DNA for disease causing genes has been labelled               Canberra Times, p.3.
sciences.                                                           Ruth Weston, principal research fellow at the Institute of           “biopiracy” by human rights activists. Donald Denoon, Pro-
                                                                    Family Studies, cites a 1971 Australian National University                                                                               The NSW Government is protecting the work of the world
Australian, p.10. Canberra Times, p.10 (12/02/02).                                                                                       fessor of Pacific history at The Australian National University.     famous Siding Spring Observatory in the state’s central west.
                                                                    study.                                                               Australian Financial Review, p.3.
ANU Canberra School of Music hosts the visiting Hangzhou            Australian, p.9.                                                                                                                          Gilgandra Weekly, p.11.
Acrobatic Troupe from China.                                                                                                             John Warhurst, ANU said the PM has gratuitously insulted a           Interview with Brij Lal who drafted Fiji’s 1997 constitution to
Canberra Times, p.2.                                                Author of book called Howard’s Race discusses descriptions of        person his party has to work with for the next three years.
                                                                    Government’s plans and intentions to produce something like          Canberra Times, p.15.
                                                                                                                                                                                                              discuss the announcement that coup leader George Speight
Professor John Warhurst, ANU Political Science & Interna-           the Tampa as part of their election campaign. Mentions Des                                                                                has been sentenced to death.
tional Relations, says the issue of border control could threaten                                                                        The main promotional tool for Canberra’s conference indus-           Sky News.
                                                                    Ball and Chris Barry.                                                try was launched. Canberra, which had strong competitive
the ALP.                                                            PM2CC (Canberra).                                                                                                                         Discusses the Whitlam dismissal in context with the current
Canberra Times, p.11.                                                                                                                    advantages such as The Australian National University, needed        issues involving Peter Hollingworth. John Warhurst discusses
                                                                    Adam Shoemaker, Dean of Arts at ANU reads from David                 to make sure it met the needs of conferences and marketed
A telescope agreement between The Australian National               Unaipon’s Legendary Stories of the Australian Aborigines.                                                                                 the dynamics of a dismissal.
University and British philanthropist Martin Faulkes was                                                                                 itself well.                                                         PM6PR (Perth)
                                                                    PM ABC 666 2CN (Canberra).                                           Canberra Times, p.28.
signed in January .                                                                                                                                                                                           Prof Brij Lal speculates on if Fijian coup leader George Speight
Coonabarabran Times, p.1.                                           John Warhust discusses recriminations within the Australian          A coalition of pro-choice organisations and individuals
                                                                    Democrats following poor showing at weekend’s South Aus-                                                                                  will have his death penalty for treason commuted to a life
Julie McCrossin discusses recent moves to have significant                                                                               launched yesterday, urged all ACT MLA’s to support the
                                                                    tralian election.                                                                                                                         sentence.
increases in health fund premiums. Interviewees: Julie Smith,                                                                            decriminalisation of abortion. Options for Women includes            Regional Statewide PM ABC NSW
                                                                    PMRadio National (Canberra).                                         the ANU students association.
research fellow, Research School of Social Sciences, ANU; Dr                                                                                                                                                  Presenter comments on political issues and opens interview
                                                                    The Australian Government has denied any significant breach          Canberra Times.
Jim Butler, Deputy Director, National Centre for Epidemiol-                                                                                                                                                   with Dr John Uhr, ANU, and says people can’t decide if it was
ogy and Population Health, ANU.                                     of spy agency guidelines in its handling of the Tampa affair last    Former Griffith High School student Jodie Smith will be able
                                                                    year. Professor Des Ball says the Government’s behaviour                                                                                  a cover up or foul up.
Life Matters, ABC AM Radio National .                                                                                                    to start her double degree Bachelor of Arts/Psychology at The        PM ABC Western Queensland (Longreach).
                                                                    raises questions of civil liberties and privacy.                     Australian National University in Canberra on a good note
ANUTECH will be responsible for marketing the world class           PMRadio National (Canberra)                                                                                                               Panel discusses George Speight’s trial for treason in Fiji; his
science that goes on at the ANU. Interviewees: Dr Geoff Page,                                                                            after winning the Griffith Soroptimist International tertiary
                                                                    Federal Government is quite capable of using a defence agency        scholarship for young women leaving year 12.                         death sentence; it being commuted to life in prison.
New CEO, ANUTECH                                                                                                                                                                                              Late Night Live PMRadio National (Canberra) .
                                                                    to spy on the Maritime Union during the Tampa crisis. Dr             Area News (Griffith).
Drive, PM ABC 666 2CN (Canberra)
                                                                    Michael McKinley says Norway has every right to be upset at          Queanbeyan City Council will award scholarships to two               Professor Horner talks about the 60th anniversary of the
An International Relations expert has expressed disbelief over      having their ship spied on, but doesn’t expect it to be taken any                                                                         bombing of Darwin.
comments made by Alexander Downer. Interviews: Dr Chris                                                                                  Queanbeyen students undertaking tertiary studies in 2002.
                                                                    further.                                                             Elizabeth Webb (combined Arts and Science degree at The              AM 3AK (Melbourne).
Reus Smit, ANU                                                      Sunrise AM Channel 7 (Canberra) .
PM Triple J (Canberra) .
                                                                                                                                         Australian National University) and Jason Thiem (Water
                                                                    VS Napaul quotes some Indonesians are critical of Bora Bodai,        Science at the University of Canberra).                                                      20 FEBRUARY
Pauline Bryant, linguist from ANU and regular guest talks           Dr George Quinn says it has a very minor role in Indonesia.          Queanbeyan Age, p.11.
about new words.                                                    Religion Report AM Radio National (Canberra) .                                                                                            Prominent Australian National University economist, Bob
Morning, AM ABC 666 2CN (Canberra).
                                                                                                                                         Prof Don Byrne talks about the psychological research into the
                                                                                                                                         stress people feel after they become unemployed.                     Gregory discusses entrenched labour market inequality.
                                                                    A statement from the Defence Minister, Robert Hill, concern-                                                                              Sydney Morning Herald, p.2.
Astronomy with Vince Ford from Mt Stromlo Observatory,              ing the Tampa spying allegations has failed to satisfy critics; Dr   PM ABC NSW Statewide.
ACT. Interview: Vince Ford, research officer, ANU Mt                Michael McKinley, Defence Expert, says the intelligence area                                                                              Early-music virtuoso Geoffrey Lancaster has big plans which,
Stromlo Observatory.                                                                                                                     The long-awaited treason trial of George Speight is due to get
                                                                    in Australia relies heavily on public trust.                         underway in Fiji on Monday. Brij Lal comments on the events          he says, will put Canberra, and The Australian National
South East Morning, AM ABC South East NSW (Bega).                                                                                                                                                             University on the map.
                                                                    AM2NC (Newcastle).                                                   in Fiji.
                                                                                                                                                                                                              The Canberra Times, p.3.
                                                                    Major concern among the public about just what spy technol-          PM Radio National (Canberra).
                        12 FEBRUARY                                 ogy can pick up and if our privacy can be compromised,               Threat to Australian economy of being an off shoot of major          Jenny Corbett, Peter Drysdale, ANU discuss President George
                                                                    Professor Des Ball, an expert in spy technology, explains radio      multinationals is not a problem, according to Prof Ross              Bush’s visit to Tokyo .
Geoffry Lancaster is moving from the University of Western                                                                                                                                                    Australian Financial Review, p.63.
Australia, where he has spent the past few years, to the            and satellite phone technologies which are picked up by              Garnaut, of the ANU.
Canberra School of Music.                                           listening stations.                                                  666 2CN (Canberra).                                                  The State Government has found no evidence that a contami-
West Australian, p12.                                               AM2GB (Sydney).
                                                                                                                                         Canberra Academy Award nominee Snow worked on the                    nated batch of the herbicide 245-T — used in the defoliant
                                                                    Interview with Dr Mike McKinley of The Australian National           computer graphics for the film Pearl Harbor and was involved         Agent Orange — was used in Queensland. Australian Na-
PM announced two initiatives, funded by the Australia-                                                                                                                                                        tional University scientists first revealed the existence of the
Indonesia Institute, organised by The Australian National           University discusses the recent controversy over the phone           in the ANU film group.
                                                                    tapping during the Tampa crisis.                                     AM ABC 666 2CN (Canberra).
                                                                                                                                                                                                              rouge batch.
University and the University of Melbourne.                                                                                                                                                                   Courier Mail, p.6.
Media Release.                                                      AMABC 702 2BL (Sydney).
                                                                                                                                                                 18 FEBRUARY                                  The Australian National University — the local hub for the
Australian National University research fellow, Greg Stuart,                                                                                                                                                  program of live lectures via satellite, with simultaneous teach-
believes that understanding how the brain makes memories                                    14 FEBRUARY                                                                                                       ing contributions or discussion possible at several sites — is
could lay the foundation for a better appreciation of condi-        The leading defence academic on SigInt is Professor Des Ball,        Children were an important crop, but for 40 years researchers        trying to interest other universities.
tions such as dementia.                                             from The Australian National University’s Strategic and              had underestimated the cost of rearing them. One-day social          Australian, p.36.
Cairns Post.                                                        Defence Studies Centre, believes that a judicial inquiry into        welfare conference at The Australian National University.
                                                                    DSD activities during Tampa crisis is necessary.                     Canberra Times, p.5.                                                 Teddy Tahu Rhodes sings with the Australian Chamber
Comments on article Paul Dibb, of the Strategic and Defence                                                                                                                                                   Orchestra at Llewellyn Hall, ANU on Saturday.
Studies Centre at The Australian National University, wrote         Courier Mail, p.15.                                                  Fathers tend to get more involved in the “fun side” of               Canberra Times, p.10.
in the Australian.                                                  John Quiggin, Australian Research Council senior fellow,             parenting while the mothers do the more mundane work,
Australian Financial Review, p64.                                   ANU. $US1 trillion ($1.97 trillion) is estimate of the amount        according to a new ANU study.                                        A recent inspection of golden wattles growing near the Can-
                                                                    of real wealth that has been dissipated in bad investments           Canberra Times, p.10.                                                berra School of Art did not reveal any seed pods this season.
United Nations withdrawing from talks with Cambodia on                                                                                                                                                        The Canberra Times.
setting up a war crimes tribunal. Interviews: Tony Kevin,           during past few years.                                               Muscle-bound men who think they look puny are risking life-
ANU former Australian ambassador to Cambodia.                       Australian Financial Review, p.62.                                   threatening injuries in their quest for the perfect body, said       The NSW Government said it was “right behind” plans to
World At Noon, PM ABC Channel 2 (Canberra).                         The Canberra Hospital’s cardiology department and National           ANU gender studies lecturer Dr Michael Flood.                        stop artificial lighting impacting on the effectiveness of the
                                                                    Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, based at              Sunday Mail (Brisbane), p.43.                                        Siding Spring Observatory near Coonabarabran.
The Howard Government used spy satellites to tap phone calls                                                                                                                                                  Northern Daily Leader, p.2.
made by Australians during the Tampa crisis last year. Inter-       The Australian National University, joint study of the preva-        John Knott, head of history at The Australian National
view: Professor Des Ball, Strategic and Defence Studies Centre,     lence of heart failure in the community.                             University, a consultant at the National Archives, discusses1951     Mike McKinley, ANU, discusses world affairs. Talks about
ANU.                                                                Canberra Times, p.3.                                                 notebooks released last week by the National Archives .              the death penalty for treason in Fiji.
PM Radio National (Canberra), AMRadio National , AM6PR (Perth),                                                                                                                                               702 2BL (Sydney).
                                                                    In September 2000, Compaq said it would invest $US100                Australian Financial Review, p.52.
AM3AW (Melbourne), 774 3LO (Canberra) , AM2UE (Sydney), ABC         million in the life sciences industry. It is the technology          Professor of e-commerce at the ANU, Shirley Gregor, says
(Adelaide), AMTriple J (Canberra), AM ABC Riverina (Wagga Wagga),   provider for Australia’s biggest supercomputer at Australian         many of her fellow trainees went on to carve out careers in                                  21 FEBRUARY
702 2BL (Sydney, 7ZR (Hobart), AM Channel 10 (Canberra), Daily      National University in Canberra.
Telegraph, p.1, Age, p.3, SydneyMorning Herald, p.4, Age, p.3.
                                                                    Business Review Weekly.                                              Canberra Times, p.14.                                                Geraldine Brooks speaking at an Australian National Univer-
Clive Wiliams says it is possible that there are Al Qaeda cells     ACT’s bid for a national biotechnology centre endorsed. The                                                                               sity literary lunch, said hers was “a book about people coping
in Australia, and the US provided evidence there was an Al                                                                               Australian researcher Greg Stuart wants to find out how the          with catastrophe”.
                                                                    bid includes ANU.                                                    brain makes memories.
Qaeda cell in Singapore.                                            Canberra Times.                                                                                                                           Canberra Times, p.7, 21/02/2002.
                                                                                                                                         Advocate (Coffs Harbour), p.4.
AM Radio National (Canberra) .                                                                                                                                                                                Ben Taylor, who studied at the Canberra School of Art, drew
                                                                    The book Year of Wonders by Geraldine Brooks has received            Australian National University research tells us 2 million
                                                                    much praise. Geraldine visited the ANU as the guest at                                                                                    on personal agony and sadness during the past year for much
                        13 FEBRUARY                                                                                                      Aussies go to church each week, with four million going once         of his work in this, his 15th solo exhibition.
                                                                    Literary Lunch.                                                      a month or better.
A definitive study by Judy Wajcman, a professor at The              666 2CN (Canberra).                                                                                                                       Canberra Times, p.6, 21/02/2002.
                                                                                                                                         Northern Times (Strathpine), p.34.
Australian National University, and Michael Bittman, of the         National Library of Indonesia has loaned Australian National                                                                              Orminston College’s Lilian Barajas was among 282 of the
University of NSW’s Social Policy Research Centre reveals                                                                                The Australian Technology Park, a joint effort by the ANU,           country’s top science students who attended the National
                                                                    Library four items for the Treasures from the World’s Great          the University of Technnology Sydney, Sydney University
who really does the most work in the house.                         Libraries exhibition, including the Koran. Anne Kumar dis-                                                                                Youth Science Forum involving by The Australian National
Sydney Morning Herald, p.13; Age, p.15.
                                                                                                                                         and the University of NSW, had been dependent on public              University, the University of Canberra where the forum was
                                                                    cusses the history of the Koran.                                     grants and subsidies in its initial phase.
The National Archives of Australia made public the official         666 2CN (Canberra).                                                                                                                       based, CSIRO Australia, top universities and many industry
                                                                                                                                         Canberra Times, p.13.                                                and government partners.
Cabinet notebooks from the 1951 Menzies Governemnt,                  John Warhurst says if it was known that the allegations about
quotes Head of history at The Australian National University                                                                             Professor Patrick Troy, The Australian National University,          Bayside Bulletin , 21/02/2002.
                                                                    the asylum seekers were untrue, it could have changed the
Coral study exposes holes in global climate theories
                                                                                                                                                                                            transported away,” Ms Hendy said.
A study by an ANU student has overturned                                                                                                                                                       “The tropical ocean was saltier during
some basic beliefs about global climate con-                                                                                                                                                the Little Ice Age, which indicates stronger
ditions.                                                                                                                                                                                    evaporation and movement of water vapour
    Scientists had thought that the 20th                                                                                                                                                    out of the region.”
century was generally much warmer than                                                                                                                                                         This result helps explain some of the cli-
the previous four centuries.                                                                                                                                                                matic events occurring over the past 400 years.
    However, Ms Erica Hendy, PhD stu-                                                                                                                                                          For example, she believes that water va-
dent from the Research School of Earth                                                                                                                                                      pour being transported from the tropics to
Sciences, in collaboration with the Aus-                                                                                                                                                    temperate regions fed the glaciers during
tralian Institute of Marine Sciences, has                                                                                                                                                   the Little Ice Age.
found that ocean temperatures in the                                                                                                                                                           She also found that, in the 1860s, the
tropical Pacific during the 18th and 19th                                                                                                                                                   tropical oceans abruptly freshened within a
centuries were just as warm as the 20th                                                                                                                                                     decade at the same time as the glaciers
century.                                                                                                                                                                                    started retreating.
    Ms Hendy’s study published in Science                                                                                                                                                      “It is very exciting to see that the climate
last week, used corals growing since 1565 in                                                                                                                                                can operate so differently and change so

                                                                                                                                           Photo: Australian Institute of Marine Sciences
the Great Barrier Reef to determine ocean                                                                                                                                                   rapidly before any possible human influ-
temperatures.                                                                                                                                                                               ence,” Ms Hendy said.
    This 420-year temperature record, the                                                                                                                                                      “However it should also make us more
longest ever produced from coral, includes                                                                                                                                                  cautious with what we do in future because
a period known as the “Little Ice Age” from                                                                                                                                                 we don’t want to tinker with a natural
1450–1870.                                                                                                                                                                                  system that is so sensitive.”
    During this time, rivers such as the                                                                                                                                                       Ms Hendy’s research will play an impor-
Thames froze over, sea ice permanently                                                                                                                                                      tant role in modern climate modelling and
surrounded Greenland and glaciers grew                                                                                                                                                      will be published on a worldwide database.
throughout the world.                                                                                                                                                                          “Climate modellers are severely ham-
    Until now, scientists have believed that                                                                                                                                                pered by not having real-world data from
temperatures during the Little Ice Age were    Hole picture: Core samples were taken from eight separate large corals on a site                                                             the southern hemisphere and tropics to test
cold around the globe.                         in the Great Barrier Reef.                                                                                                                   possible climate scenarios,” Ms Hendy said.
    “The cooling is well documented in the                                                                                                                                                     “This is where Australian research can,
northern hemisphere, but we really didn’t                                                                                                                                                   and is, making an important contribution”.
know what happened in the southern hemi-       the oceans were as warm as the late 20th           knowing what is happening in the ocean                                                                                        JULIAN LEE
sphere or the tropics and assumed we’d find    century.                                           and atmosphere.
the same,” Ms Hendy said.                         A breakthrough at the ANU uses the                 “How salty the sea is tells us about the                                     
    Instead the “coral thermometers” report    coral cores to monitor changes in both             balance between how much rain is falling                                                  eggHendy.html
that at times in the 18th and 19th centuries   temperature and salinity — the keys to             and how much water is evaporated and

$3.5m grant for                                Survey to look at ageing of                                                                                                                              Published by
Seeing Machines                                academic population                                                                                                                               The Australian National
                                                                                                                                                                                              University’s Marketing & Public
An ANU-initiated company, Seeing Ma-                                                                                                                                                                  Affairs Division
chines, has been awarded a $3.5 million        Researchers from The Australian National           a problem if a lot of academic experts from one
industry research and development grant.       University will survey 12,000 academics            particular department come to retirement at                                                Editor: Sean Daly
    The Federal AUSIndustry START              from tertiary institutions to determine the        the same time — fields of teaching could drop                                              email:
Grants will provide funding over three years   effect of age and technological change on          out and graduate students could be left with-                                              Humanities Reporter: Leigh Baker
to help the company to commercialise           the academic workforce.                            out supervision,” he said.                                                                 email:
FaceLAB, their fatigue-monitoring prod-            Over the next few months, Professors               The researchers are also interested to
                                                                                                                                                                                             Science Reporter: Julian Lee
uct for vehicles. FaceLAB is a non-invasive,   Don Anderson and Richard Johnson, from             discover whether university students have                                                  email:
non-contact system that uses cameras to        the Centre for Continuing Education and            changed over the past 20 years — whether
track a driver’s head and eye gaze.            the Centre for Educational Development             they are more diverse or demanding, or if                                                  Marketing & Public Affairs Division
                                                                                                                                                                                             I Block, Old Admin Area
    The device can be used to monitor driver   and Academic Methods, and Dr Larry Saha,           they work harder or are more interested in                                                 The Australian National University
fatigue and inattention, which has been        from the Faculty of Arts’ School of Social         honours.                                                                                   Canberra ACT 0200.
nominated by national and international        Sciences, plan to track the implications of            “I think we will find an enormous amount
                                                                                                                                                                                             Editorial enquiries: 02 6125 4171
road safety bodies as a major contributing     an ageing academic workforce in Australian         of change — there is no doubt about that                                                   Facsimile: 02 6125 5568
factor in road accidents.                      universities.                                      simply because the circumstances of aca-
    Professor Alex Zelinsky, Chief Execu-          They will also look at changes in academic     demic life have changed so much. For one                                                   The ANU Reporter is published throughout the
tive Officer (CEO) of Seeing Machines and      work over the past 20 years and the implica-       thing funding has dropped significantly so                                                 academic year.
Head of Systems Engineering at the Re-         tions for future recruitment and training.         we know there is a resource allocation prob-                                                      The next issue of the
search School of Information Sciences and          “These are two separate reports on the         lem.
Engineering (RSISE), said recognition of       two major factors affecting Australian uni-            “Secondly, there is an enormous use of
                                                                                                                                                                                                        ANU Reporter
the importance of monitoring fatigue in        versities today,” Professor Anderson said.         technology in universities in terms of the                                                          will be published
vehicles and mission-critical applications         “Almost half of the academic workforce         use of IT and the Internet, so that has                                                         on Friday 15 March 2002.
was increasing.                                in Australia is over 50 and we want to find        affected university teaching styles as well.”
    “The personal and financial impact of      out whether universities are aware of the              Prof. Anderson said industrial agreements                                                  Deadline for contributions
fatigue on our highways and around the         impact that could have on teaching and             from the late 1980s are also expected to have                                                 is Wednesday 6 March 2002.
world is significant — our technology has      research when they come to retire.                 impacted on the work environment of uni-
the potential to substantially lessen this         “We also want to pinpoint the universi-        versities as financial resources from the
human cost,” Prof Zelinsky said.               ties that have an ageing workforce, because        government have dropped by up to 50 per
    Automotive FaceLAB customers include       some seem to have comparatively young              cent.
Volvo, Toyota, Nissan, DaimlerChrysler,        workforces,” Prof. Anderson said.                      At the beginning of March academics at
Bosch and Motorola.                                The survey will also show how universi-        the ANU (and other tertiary institutions)
    Prof Zelinsky said this was possible be-   ties make use of retirees with schemes such        will receive an email inviting them to com-
cause Mr John Fick, Visiting Fellow at         as visiting fellowships, and what other serv-      plete the questionnaire related to this study.
RSISE, and Chair and CEO of the Capital        ices they would be prepared to provide for             It is anonymous and will take about 10
Technic Group (strategic management con-       their retired academics.                           minutes. The researchers are relying on a
sultants),      had     facilitated      the       “We will explore whether the ageing            high participation rate to ensure the accu-                                                              Printed by NCP
commercialisation process.                     workforce is a big problem or not and, if so,      racy of the results.
                                 JULIAN LEE    how it is affecting academic work,” Prof                                            LEIGH BAKER                                                                  ISSN 0727-386X.
                                               Anderson said.                                                                                                                                        Print Post Approved PP 255003/0130                      “The way we see it, there certainly could be                                                                         CRICOS Provider #00120C                                                                                                         Friday 1 March 2002 (Vol.33, No.2) ANU Reporter – 7
Nobel Economics Laureate gives Passmore Lecture
         he ANU hosted 1996 Nobel Eco-             economics could provide a systematic frame-
         nomics Prize winner, Professor            work.”
         Emeritus James Buchanan, from                Prof. Brennan said “Public Choice
George Mason University in Virginia, this          Theory” has become one of the fastest grow-
week.                                              ing areas of political science in the United
    Prof. Buchanan, who won his Nobel              States and more recently in Europe.
Prize for “the synthesis of the theories of           “He developed an area of study — also
economic and political decision-making”,           known as ‘rational choice political theory’,
was here to present the third annual John          ‘modern political economy’ or ‘positive
Passmore Lecture organised by the Social           political theory’ — that has provided a
and Political Theory Program in the Re-            whole new way of thinking within the social
search School of Social Sciences.                  sciences.”
    Prof. Geoffrey Brennan, from the Pro-             Prof. Brennan said that, from an eco-
gram, worked closely with Prof. Buchanan           nomics point of view, “Public Choice
from 1976–83, and said Buchanan’s exper-           Theory” was significant because a lot of
tise in economics, political theory and            economic policy discussion operated in a
philosophy made him an ideal speaker for           political vacuum — studying aspects such
the Passmore Lecture.                              as macroeconomics, entirely independently
    “Buchanan is a broad-ranging person. He        of political factors.
won the Nobel Prize for work that integrated          “Prof. Buchanan always felt that that
the economic and political theories of deci-       was unsatisfactory and his work arose, in
sion-making. Basically what he does is a variety   large part, as a reaction to the economic
of economics known as ‘Public Choice Theory’       analysis of so-called market failure. He
— which is the application of economic meth-       wanted to point out that there was also
ods to the study of political processes,” Prof.    political failure — and to subject political
Brennan said.                                      processes to the same tests as market proc-
    “It focuses on questions like: ‘Does elec-     esses were subjected to. He developed a
toral competition have the kinds of                theory of politics to set alongside the stand-
constraining properties that market compe-         ard economic account of markets.”

                                                                                                                                                                         Photo: Buchanan private collection
tition has? Is there an analogy between               Prof. Brennan said Prof. Buchanan’s
monopoly in markets and despotism in               ability to combine and compare the appli-
political arenas?” Prof. Brennan said.             cations of economics and political science,
    Prof. Buchanan worked on public choice         meant his address at the Passmore Lecture,
theory for 40 years and his work is recog-         “Classical Liberalism and the Perfectibility
nised for bridging the gulf between                of Man”, would be of interest to a broad
economics and political science.                   range of people.
    “What he did was innovative work that             Prof. Buchanan will be in Canberra until
nobody had really contemplated before. By          4 March.                                         Nobel thoughts: Professor Emeritus James Buchanan, 1996 Nobel
economists’ standards, much of political                                            LEIGH BAKER     Economics Prize winner (left), who visited the ANU this week, with
science is considered to be ad-hoc, operat-                                                         Professor Geoffrey Brennan of the Social and Political Theory
ing in an atheoretical, unsystematic                      Program in the Research School of Social Sciences.
environment. Prof. Buchanan showed that            passmore.php3

Chief Scientist outlines areas for universities’ future success
         ustralia’s Chief Scientist, Dr Robin                                                           Science vision: Australia’s Chief          1.5 per cent of GDP to three per cent of
         Batterham, this week opened the                                                                Scientist, Dr Robin Batterham (left),      GDP), our GDP might have increased by a
         seminar series, Biology Beyond 2000,                                                           spoke to Research School of Biological     factor of 15 per cent.”
organised by postgraduate students at the                                                               Sciences postgraduate students this            He said that if Australia does less the
Research School of Biological Sciences                                                                  week.                                      country would continue to be chained to
(RSBS) by explaining his vision for the                                                                                                            commodity pricing of the Australian dollar.
development of science in Australia .                                                                                                                  “We may end up with a 30c dollar in real
    Dr Batterham said there were four key                                                                                                          terms,” he said.
areas to be addressed for Australian science                                                                                                           He believes that the Federal funding for
to have a great future — research priorities,                                                                                                      high-quality research in Backing Australia’s
collaboration, connectivity and private eq-                                                                                                        Ability represents a significant step in the
uity.                                                                                                                                              right direction.
    He said biotechnology, phenomics,                                                                                                                  However he said that the effectiveness of
photonics, complex systems, coal as a bridge                                                                                                       these programs needed to be determined
to renewables, development and well-being                                                                                                          before committing more funds.
of young Australians, and connecting Aus-                                                                                                              While many academics believe that the
tralians were key research priorities.                                                                                                             push for external funding and commerciali-
    Dr Batterham said the development and                                                                                                          sation results in a reduction in academic
well-being of young Australians was an un-                                                                                                         freedom and rigour, Dr Batterham believes
der-represented research area and, in areas                                                                                                        there does not need to be any conflict.
such as childhood disease and social prob-                                                                                                             He said the better the peer-reviewed
lems, it was “costing Australia an arm and a                                                                                                       science was, the better the chance for com-
leg”.                                                                                                                                              mercial success.
    He said it was important to gain from the      Research Centres, co-investment between              “Unfortunately, Australia is under-per-        “If you are hiding behind commercial
efficiencies of concentrating infrastructure       States/Territories and the new look CSIRO        forming overall in patenting compared to       possibility and don’t publish then you may
and resources together to avoid focusing           were good examples.                              its GDP. We are doing well in some areas,      be shielding yourself from peer-review,” Dr
research attention too narrowly.                      However, Dr Batterham insisted that           however on the whole there is not enough       Batterham said.
    “It is always in [Australia’s] interests to    connectivity between the research world          commercial activity out of our good re-            Mr Ryan Wilson, RSBS PhD student
pursue excellent basic research [of any type].     and commercial activity needed to be im-         search.”                                       and organiser of the seminar series, said they
However in practice this means that univer-        proved.                                              Dr Batterham believes this may turn        were honoured to have Dr Batterham speak
sities need to concentrate on a relatively            “The challenge for Australian scientists,     around as private and public research and      and intended to invite similarly influential,
small number of key areas,” Dr Batterham           whether they are working in universities, in     development funding is beginning to be         innovative or high-profile speakers in the
said.                                              government-funded research agencies or in        seen as an investment, not a cost.             future.
    He said this established an environment        industry, is to see that their work is ulti-         “[However], using an OECD multiplier,                                        JULIAN LEE
where collaboration was vital and Major            mately converted into high wage, high value      if Australia had increased its R&D over the
National Research Facilities, Cooperative          business,” he said.                              past 10 years, as had Finland, (going from                                                                                                        Friday 1 March 2002 (Vol.33, No.2) ANU Reporter – 8

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