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Bowers biosketch

VIEWS: 6 PAGES: 5

									                                                                                                                                   Alex Bowers

                                                      BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH


 NAME                                                                     POSITION TITLE
 Alexandra (Alex) Bowers, PhD, MCOptom                                    Assistant Scientist
 eRA COMMONS USER NAME                                                    Schepens Eye Research Institute

 EDUCATION/TRAINING (Begin with baccalaureate or other initial professional education, such as nursing, and include postdoctoral training.)
                                                                           DEGREE
                  INSTITUTION AND LOCATION                                                     YEAR(s)                FIELD OF STUDY
                                                                        (if applicable)
                                                                       BSc (Hons)
 University of Manchester (UMIST), UK                                                       June 1985         Optometry
                                                                       First Class
                                                                                                              Professional certification
 College of Optometrists, UK                                            MCOptom              Nov 1986
                                                                                                              to practice Optometry
 Glasgow Caledonian University, UK                                        PhD                Nov 1998         Vision Rehabilitation
                                                                      Postdoctoral
 Schepens Eye Research Institute, Boston, MA                                                2002-2005         Vision Rehabilitation
                                                                        Training


A. Positions and Honors.
1985-1986      Pre-registration Optometrist, St James' University Hospital, Leeds, UK
1986-1987      Research Assistant, Laboratory of Physiology, University of Oxford, UK
1987-1988      Optometrist, Manchester Royal Eye Hospital, UK
1988-1989      Senior Optometrist, Manchester Royal Eye Hospital, UK
1988-1989      Part-time Clinical Demonstrator, Department of Optometry, Uni. of Manchester, UK
1989-2002      Lecturer, Department of Vision Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, UK
1991-2002      Low Vision Rehabilitation Clinic Director, Glasgow Caledonian University, UK
1991-2002      Low Vision Rehabilitation Clinic Director, Centre for Sensory Impaired People, Glasgow, UK
1992-1998      Part-time PhD student, Department of Vision Sciences, Glasgow Caledonian University, UK
2001           Visiting Postdoctoral Research Fellow (9 weeks), Queensland University of Technology, Australia
2002-2005      Postdoctoral Fellow, Schepens Eye Research Institute, Boston, MA
2004 -         Without compensation research associate, Boston VA Healthcare System, Boston, MA
2005 - 2009    Senior Scientific Associate, Schepens Eye Research Institute, Boston, MA
2005 - 2009    Instructor in Ophthalmology, Dept Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA
2009 -         Assistant Scientist, Schepens Eye Research Institute, Boston, MA
2009 -         Adjunct Clinical Faculty, New England College of Optometry, Boston, MA
2009 -         Assistant Professor in Ophthalmology, Dept Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA
2010 -         Graduate Faculty, New England College of Optometry, Boston, MA


Other positions and professional experience
2000 - 2002            Examiner, College of Optometrists, UK
2000 – 2003            External supervisor to Allen Cheong, postgraduate student (PhD candidate),
                       Queensland University of Technology, Australia; PhD awarded 2003.
2002                   Grant reviewer for The Wellcome Trust, UK
2005                   Reviewer for Transportation Research Board (TRB) 2006 Annual Meeting
2005 - 2006            Chair Program Committee, Bioptic Driving Network Conference: Low Vision Driving,
                       Myths and Reality; London, June 2006
2007                   Member of review panel for National Science Foundation's Small Business
                       Innovation Research (SBIR) Program; “Assistive Technologies” panel, 12 Sept 07
2009                   Member of NIH Vision Sciences and Technology, Scientific Review Special
                       Emphasis Panel ZRG1 ETTN-E (92), June 2009

PHS 398/2590 (Rev. 09/04, Reissued 4/2006)                           Page                                     Biographical Sketch Format Page
                                                                                                        Alex Bowers

2010                            Member of review panel for NIH “Vision Sciences and Technology” Center for
                                Scientific Review, Special Emphasis Panel ZRG1 ETTN-E (92), and “Small
                                Business: Visual Systems”, Special Emphasis Panel ZRG1 ETTN-E (12), June 2010
Honors
1983                            Course prize, BSc (Hons) Optometry, 1st year, Univ. of Manchester
1984                            Course prize, BSc (Hons) Optometry, 2nd year, Univ. of Manchester
1985                            Course prize, BSc (Hons) Optometry, final year, Univ. of Manchester
2008                            FAAO Fellow of the American Academy of Optometry
2009                            The Alice J. Adler Fellowship of the Schepens Eye Research Institute (Eleanor and
                                Miles Shore 50th Anniversary Fellowship Program for Scholars in Medicine)

Professional Societies
2005 – present                  International Society for Low Vision Research and Rehabilitation
1994 – present                  Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
1986 – present                  College of Optometrists (UK)
1986 – present                  General Optical Council (UK)
1986 – present                  Association of Optometrists (UK)
1986 – present                  Applied Vision Association (UK)
1992 – present                  Macular Disease Society (UK)
1992 – 2002                     Association for the Welfare and Education of the Visually Handicapped (UK)

 B. Selected peer-reviewed publications (in chronological order).
1. Bowers, A. R. and Reid, V. M. (1997). Eye movements and reading with simulated visual impairment.
    Ophthal. Physiol. Opt. 17, 392-402.
2. Bowers A. R. (2000) Eye movements and reading with plus-lens magnifiers. Optom. Vis Sci. 77, 25-33
3. Lovie-Kitchin J. E., Bowers A. R. and Woods R. L. (2000) Oral and silent reading performance with macular
    degeneration. Ophthal. Physiol. Opt. 20, 360-370.
4. Bowers A. R., Lovie-Kitchin J. E. and Woods R. L. (2001) Eye movements and reading with large print and
    optical magnifiers in macular disease. Optom Vis Sci. 78, 325-334.
5. Bowers A. R., Meek C. and Stewart N. (2001) Illumination and reading performance in age-related macular
    degeneration. Clin. Exp. Optom. 84, 139-147.
6. Cheong AMY, Lovie-Kitchin JE and Bowers AR. (2002) Determining magnification for reading with low
    vision. Clin. Exp. Optom. 85, 229-237
7. Bowers A. R., Woods R. L. and Peli E. (2004) Preferred retinal locus and reading rate with four dynamic
    text presentation formats. Optom Vis Sci, 81: 205-213.
8. Bowers A. R., Luo G, Rensing N. M. and Peli E. (2004) Evaluation of a prototype minified augmented-view
    device for patients with impaired night vision. Ophthal Physiol Opt, 24: 296-312.
9. Bowers A. R., Apfelbaum D.H., and Peli E. (2005) Bioptic telescopes meet the needs of drivers with
    moderate visual acuity loss. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci, 46: 66-74.
10. Cheong AMY, Lovie-Kitchin JE, Bowers AR and Brown B. (2005) Short-term in-office practice improves
    reading performance with stand magnifiers for people with AMD. Optom Vis Sci, 82:114-127
11. Bowers, A.R., Peli, E., Elgin, J., McGwin, G., and Owsley, C. (2005) On-road driving with moderate visual
    field loss. Optom Vis Sci, 82: 657-667
12. Zebehazy, K., Zimmerman G., Bowers, A.R, and Peli, E. (2005) Establishing mobility measures to assess
    the effectiveness of night vision devices: results of a pilot study. J Vis Imp Blind, 99 (10) 663 - 670
13. Peli, E., Bowers, A. R., Mandel, A. J., Higgins, K. E., Goldstein, R. B. and Bobrow, L. (2005). Design of
    driving simulator performance evaluations for driving with vision impairments and visual aids.
    Transportation Research Record 1937, 128-135
14. Bowers AR, Cheong AMY and Lovie-Kitchin JE. (2007) Reading with optical magnifiers: page navigation
    strategies and difficulties. Optom Vis Sci. 84, 9-20
15. Peli E, Luo G, Bowers AR, Rensing N. (2007) Applications of augmented vision head-mounted systems in
    vision rehabilitation. J Soc Information Display. 15: 1037-1045

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                                                                                                  Alex Bowers

16. Bowers AR, Keeney K, Peli E. (2008) Community-based trial of peripheral prism visual field expansion
    device for hemianopia. Arch Ophthalmol. 126(5): 657-664.
17. Peli E, Luo G, Bowers AR, Rensing N. (2009) Development and evaluation of vision multiplexing devices
    for vision impairments. International Journal on Artificial Intelligence Tools.18: 365-378
18. Cheong AMY, Bowers AR, and Lovie-Kitchin JE. (2009) Does a line guide improve reading performance
    with stand magnifiers?, Optom Vis Sci, 86, 1078-1085.
19. Bowers AR, Mandel AJ, Goldstein, RB and Peli E. (2009) Driving with hemianopia: 1. Detection
    performance in a simulator. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 50; 5137-5147

Peer-reviewed proceedings of meetings
1. Bowers AR and Ackerley RG. (1994) Reading characteristics of normal observers using low vision aids. In:
    Kooijman A.C. et al editors. Low vision: research and new developments in rehabilitation. Amsterdam: IOS
    Press; p.235 – 238
2. Bowers AR. (1998) Reading performance in age-related macular degeneration: the relationship between
    intelligence and comprehension. In: Vision 96, Book 1, Proceedings of the International Conference on Low
    Vision 1996. Madrid: Spain: Organización Nacional de Ciegos Españoles; p.217-222.
3. Bowers AR. (2000) Stand magnifiers: page navigation and short-term practice effects. In: Stuen C. et al.
    editors. Vision Rehabilitation: Assessment, Intervention and Outcomes. Lisse: The Netherlands: Swets
    and Zeitlinger; p.319-323.
4. Peli E, Bowers A, Mandel A, Higgins K, Goldstein R, Bobrow L (2005) The design of driving simulator
    performance evaluations for driving with vision impairments and visual aids. TRB 2005 Annual Meeting,
    Compendium of Papers CD-ROM, 05-2578. Transportation Research Board, Washington DC.
5. Bowers A, Peli E, Elgin J, McGwin G, Owsley C (2005) Assessing Driving Performance With Moderate
    Visual Field Loss. Proceedings of the 3rd International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver
    Assessment, Training, and Vehicle Design. University of Iowa Public Policy Center, Iowa. p33-40.
6. Sodhi M, Reimer B, Tant M, Peli E, Bowers A, Woods RL, Higgins K, Turco P. Driver performance
    evaluation: Considerations underlying selection and design of routes. Vision in Vehicles X, Elsevier
    Sciences Publishers B.V. Amsterdam. In press.
7. Peli E, Luo G, Bowers AR, Rensing N. (2007) Development and evaluation of vision multiplexing devices. .
    International IEEE-BAIS Symposium on Research on Assistive Technologies (RAT-07) 1: 13-20.
8. Peli E, Luo G, Bowers AR, Rensing N. (2007) Augmented vision head-mounted systems for vision
    impairments. The SID Int Symposium, Soc Information Display, Long Beach, CA 2007. SID 07 Digest
    1074-1077.
9. Bowers AR, Mandel AJ, Goldstein RB, Peli E. (2007) Simulator-based driving with hemianopia: detection
    performance and compensatory behaviors on approach to intersections. Proceedings of the 4th
    International Driving Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training and Vehicle Design.
    Stevenson, Washington. CD-ROM. 269 – 270.
10. Mandel AJ, Bowers AR, Goldstein RB, Peli E. (2007) Analysis of driving behavior where it matters. In:
    Proceedings of the Driving Simulator Conference (DSC) North America 2007, Iowa City. DVD-ROM. 181-
    190
11. Mandel AJ, Bowers AR, Goldstein R, Peli E. (2008) Vehicle handling skills of drivers with hemianopia: a
    simulator assessment. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Low Vision, Vision 2008,
    Montreal, Canada. CD-ROM Paper 73.3
12. Doherty A, Bowers AR, Woods RL, Peli E. (2008) Is the ring scotoma of a monocular telescope present
    when viewing binocularly? Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Low Vision, Vision 2008,
    Montreal, Canada. CD-ROM Paper 51.2
13. Bronstad M, Bowers AR, Goldstein RB, Albu A, Peli E. (2009) The impact of macular disease on
    pedestrian detection: a driving simulator evaluation. In: Proceedings of the 5th International Driving
    Symposium on Human Factors in Driver Assessment, Training and Vehicle Design. Big Sky, MT, 320-326.
    Received Schepens Eye Research Institute award for best paper by a postdoctoral fellow in 2009




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                                                                                                        Alex Bowers

 C. Research Support.

On-going
NEI Pathway to Independence Award K99/R00 EY018680, Alex Bowers (PI)                             03/01/08-02/28/13
Driving with central visual field loss: attention, search and detection
The goal of this proposal is to evaluate the impact of central visual field loss on laboratory tests of visual
search and multiple object tracking, and to relate this to functional performance on realistic tests of driving
behaviors assessed using novel tests within the safe environment of a driving simulator. This research will
provide empirical data on the impact of central visual field loss on skills relevant to driving safety and will
identify clinical vision measures and visual search tests likely to be useful in screening patients with central
visual field loss when determining fitness to drive.
Role: Principal Investigator

Harvard Catalyst Pilot Grant, Alex Bowers and Todd Horowitz (co-PIs)                          02/01/10-01/31/11
(NIH Grant #1 UL1 RR 025758-02 to The Harvard Clinical and Translational Science Center)
Can a dynamic attention test predict medically at-risk older drivers?
The goal of this proposal is to determine (1) whether multiple object tracking, a test of dynamic attention, is
predictive of on-road driving performance of older persons with and without mild cognitive deficits, and (2)
whether multiple object tracking is a better predictor of driving performance than existing tests of static
attention, such as the Useful Field of View test.
Role: Co-Principal Investigator

NIA 1R21AG034553-01, Gang Luo (PI)                                                        09/15/2009-09/14/2011
Driving performance evaluation based on long term video monitoring of habitual driving by visually impaired
The goal of this proposal is to (1) develop a recording system that can be installed in visually impaired drivers’
own vehicles to monitor how they use bioptic telescopes in their daily driving activities over a long period of
time, and (2) develop a computer-aided analysis system to automatically process the lengthy recordings and
select informative segments for off-line assessments by professionals.
Role: Co-Investigator

NIH 1S10RR028122-01                                                                       12/10/2009 – 12/09/2010
Driving Simulator for Vision Research
This is a shared equipment grant to purchase a state-of-the-art driving simulator and head and eye-tracking
system for installation at Schepens Eye Research Institute
Role: Co-Investigator

NEI R24 EY12890, Eli Peli (PI)                                                                  10/01/06-09/30/11
Engineering Approaches to Low Vision Rehabilitation
This proposal continues the application of novel engineering approaches to low vision rehabilitation. We
propose to continue to develop and test optical and electronic devices aimed at restoring the important
interplay of central (high-resolution) and peripheral (wide-field) vision using vision multiplexing. We are also
developing training methods to ensure effective use of and adaptation to the devices; such training methods
should lead to better use of the devices and might help with designing more effective rehabilitation programs.
This project has a major driving simulator component which Dr. Bowers is leading.
Role: Co-Investigator
Completed
NEI R24-EY12890, Eli Peli (PI)                                                             10/01/00-09/30/06
Engineering Approaches to Low Vision Rehabilitation
The goal of this proposal was to apply engineering approaches to the problems of low vision rehabilitation. We
accomplished this by building prototype devices, based on solid theoretical foundations that will eventually
become marketable rehabilitation products. The three engineering approaches that were explored were
multiplexing, dynamic control of display and enhancement.
This project has a major driving simulator, and on-road driving assessment components which Dr. Bowers was
leading.
Role: Research Associate


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                                                                                                        Alex Bowers

NEI R44-EY014723 (SBIR II) Karen Keeney, Chadwick Optical, (PI)                                 05/01/06-04/30/10
Field expansion prism glasses for homonymous hemianopia
This project continues development of concepts for working with small optical components in an ophthalmic
laboratory setting to provide special capabilities for low vision devices, specifically prism-based visual field
expansion glasses. The main focus will be developing solutions to increase the effective powers of the prisms
(to provide greater field expansion). These solutions will be incorporated into our novel prism design for
hemianopia and will be evaluated in clinical trials.
Role: Co-Investigator and Principal Investigator on sub contract to Schepens Eye Research Institute

NEI R43-EY14723 (SBIR I), Karen Keeney, Chadwick Optical (PI)                              04/01/03-03/31/05
Field Expansion Prism Glasses for Homonymous Hemianopia
The goal of this project was to develop innovative lens designs for low vision enhancement. In particular
various techniques to include small optical elements in spectacle lenses were tested. A novel prism design for
hemianopia was developed and tested.
Role: Co-Investigator

W81XWH-04-0892, Darlene Dartt, Schepens (PI)                                                     04/01/08-03/31/09
DoD (TATRC) 2007-2008
Visual Training for Peripheral Situational Awareness
The purpose of this project is to develop and pilot test a touch-screen, computer-based peripheral situational
awareness test and training tool that will subsequently be used to evaluate the benefits of training for use of
optical devices that employ spatial multiplexing. The first application will be for the training of patients with
hemianopia learning to use peripheral prism visual field expanding glasses.
Role: Co-Investigator on sub-component (with Eli Peli and Robert Goldstein)




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