History of Baseball by wuyunqing


									     History of Baseball

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“Base ball” was born in England and played by English
children. It was called “Rounders.” In “Rounders” the
fielders threw the ball at the base runners. If the
runner was off base and struck by the thrown ball, the
runner was out. If the runner got hit, it was said that he
got “soaked.” The kids used milk stools, rocks, or
sticks as bases.
Baseball came to the United States. It was played like
“Rounders” but it was called “Town Ball.”
Alexander Cartwright, pictured above, wrote the rules of
baseball down in a handbook that are very much like those
followed today. So he is called the “Father of Baseball.” He
also helped organize the first regular baseball team called the
“New York Knickerbockers.” These were not paid players.
That came later.
               Robert E. Lee                      Ulysses S. Grant
                                                  Union Army General
               Army General

1861-1865 Civil War in America
Soldiers who lost a battle during the Civil War were
imprisoned. The Confederate soldiers who were in prison
watched the Union soldiers play baseball when they weren’t
on guard duty. After the war, when the Confederate soldiers
were released, they went back home to the South and
taught others the game they had learned in while in prison.
Before the war only large industrial cities played baseball.
The first professional baseball team was created by Harry Wright and his team
was called the Cincinnati Red Stockings. A ticket to watch them play a game
cost $.50 and players earned up to $1400 a year to play. Guess what color
their socks were. Where is Cincinnati?
                    Catcher, Moses Fleetwood Walker

The National Baseball League was formed with eight teams.
Moses Walker was the first professional black player in major
league baseball before black men were banned from playing in
the Major Leagues in the late 1890’s.
The American Baseball League was formed with eight
teams. The first World Series game was played by the two
leagues in 1903.
During this time period a deaf baseball player by the name of
William Hoy was playing professional baseball. Baseball
sign language was developed to help him know what the
pitch count was, if he was safe or out, and other things. Do
you know any baseball sign language?
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This time period is known as the “Dead Ball” era in baseball
history because the ball used during this time did not fly very
far when it was hit. Very few homeruns were hit and games
usually ended with low scores. They didn’t have cork as their
center like baseballs do today and didn’t have to meet certain
standards to be called a baseball.
Lou Gehrig-known as “Iron   George Herman (Babe) Ruth
Man” played in 2,130          was also known as “The      Dizzy Dean-great pitcher
consecutive games.            Sultan of Swat” and “The
                                                                                     Roger Hornsby-batted
                               Bambino.” He held the
                                                                                     424 in 1924
                             record of 60 homeruns in a
                                season for 34 years.

The time period in baseball history is known as the “Golden Age
of Baseball.” Baseball records were set during this time and
players today are still trying to break some of those records. In
1921 the first major league baseball game in Pittsburg was
broadcast on radio. The Pirates beat the Phillies 8-5. Some of
the famous players of that era are picture above.
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On May 24, 1934, the first nighttime game in baseball history was
held between the Cincinnati Reds and Philadelphia Phillies under
newly-installed electric lighting. Stadiums began installing lights so
that more people could attend games after work.
1st Women’s Baseball League
                                 1943 South Bend Blue Socks

Since most of the men were off fighting in WWII, the women
began playing baseball. The first professional Women’s Baseball
League was formed. However, when the men came home from
the war women’s baseball began to loose its popularity. It
dissolved in 1954.
     Jackie              Peewee Reese,              Satchel Paige
    Robinson              a teammate

Professional baseball had been segregated since the 1890’s, but a
man by the name of Branch Rickey invited Jackie Robinson, a
professional baseball player, in the Negro League to play for the
Brooklyn Dodgers. Many fans hurled insults and threatened Jackie for
playing in an all white league. Some players insulted him and tried to
hurt him on the field. Peewee Reese, however, stood up for him one
time in a game by putting his arm over Jackie’s shoulder when the
crowd was hurling insults. The crowd hushed in shock at first. The
game resumed. Satchel Paige was the first black pitcher to play in the
major leagues.
                                   Ted Williams    Bob Feller
   Joe DiMaggio   Hank Aaron                                       Yogi Berra   Ernie Banks

  Willie Mays                       Whitey Ford,
                  Mickey Mantle,                   Sandy Koufax                  Duke Snider
                                    trading card                  Hank Aaron
                   trading card

New stars were born and more records were set. Joltin’ Joe DiMaggio hit
safely in 56 consecutive games. Roger Maris broke Babe Ruth’s
homerun record by hitting 61 homeruns in a regular season. Other great
players from this time period include: Mickey Mantle, Whitey Ford, Yogi
Berra,Ted Williams, Bob Feller, Sandy Koufax, Bob Gibson, Duke Snider,
Hank Aaron, Ernie Banks, and Willie Mays just to name a few.
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Baseball records are still being made and broken today.
Who do you think we’ll be reading about in baseball history
20 years from now?

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