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History of Baseball Just click anywhere on the next screen to advance to the next slide. 1700’s “Base ball” was born in England and played by English children. It was called “Rounders.” In “Rounders” the fielders threw the ball at the base runners. If the runner was off base and struck by the thrown ball, the runner was out. If the runner got hit, it was said that he got “soaked.” The kids used milk stools, rocks, or sticks as bases. 1800’s Baseball came to the United States. It was played like “Rounders” but it was called “Town Ball.” 1845 Alexander Cartwright, pictured above, wrote the rules of baseball down in a handbook that are very much like those followed today. So he is called the “Father of Baseball.” He also helped organize the first regular baseball team called the “New York Knickerbockers.” These were not paid players. That came later. Robert E. Lee Ulysses S. Grant Confederate Union Army General Army General 1861-1865 Civil War in America Soldiers who lost a battle during the Civil War were imprisoned. The Confederate soldiers who were in prison watched the Union soldiers play baseball when they weren’t on guard duty. After the war, when the Confederate soldiers were released, they went back home to the South and taught others the game they had learned in while in prison. Before the war only large industrial cities played baseball. 1869 The first professional baseball team was created by Harry Wright and his team was called the Cincinnati Red Stockings. A ticket to watch them play a game cost $.50 and players earned up to $1400 a year to play. Guess what color their socks were. Where is Cincinnati? Catcher, Moses Fleetwood Walker 1876 The National Baseball League was formed with eight teams. Moses Walker was the first professional black player in major league baseball before black men were banned from playing in the Major Leagues in the late 1890’s. 1900 The American Baseball League was formed with eight teams. The first World Series game was played by the two leagues in 1903. During this time period a deaf baseball player by the name of William Hoy was playing professional baseball. Baseball sign language was developed to help him know what the pitch count was, if he was safe or out, and other things. Do you know any baseball sign language? QuickTime™ and a None decompressor are needed to see this picture. 1900-1919 This time period is known as the “Dead Ball” era in baseball history because the ball used during this time did not fly very far when it was hit. Very few homeruns were hit and games usually ended with low scores. They didn’t have cork as their center like baseballs do today and didn’t have to meet certain standards to be called a baseball. Lou Gehrig-known as “Iron George Herman (Babe) Ruth Man” played in 2,130 was also known as “The Dizzy Dean-great pitcher consecutive games. Sultan of Swat” and “The Roger Hornsby-batted Bambino.” He held the 424 in 1924 record of 60 homeruns in a season for 34 years. 1920’s-1930’s The time period in baseball history is known as the “Golden Age of Baseball.” Baseball records were set during this time and players today are still trying to break some of those records. In 1921 the first major league baseball game in Pittsburg was broadcast on radio. The Pirates beat the Phillies 8-5. Some of the famous players of that era are picture above. QuickTime™ and a None decompressor are needed to see this picture. 1934 On May 24, 1934, the first nighttime game in baseball history was held between the Cincinnati Reds and Philadelphia Phillies under newly-installed electric lighting. Stadiums began installing lights so that more people could attend games after work. 1st Women’s Baseball League Players 1943 South Bend Blue Socks 1943 Since most of the men were off fighting in WWII, the women began playing baseball. The first professional Women’s Baseball League was formed. However, when the men came home from the war women’s baseball began to loose its popularity. It dissolved in 1954. Jackie Peewee Reese, Satchel Paige Robinson a teammate 1947 Professional baseball had been segregated since the 1890’s, but a man by the name of Branch Rickey invited Jackie Robinson, a professional baseball player, in the Negro League to play for the Brooklyn Dodgers. Many fans hurled insults and threatened Jackie for playing in an all white league. Some players insulted him and tried to hurt him on the field. Peewee Reese, however, stood up for him one time in a game by putting his arm over Jackie’s shoulder when the crowd was hurling insults. The crowd hushed in shock at first. The game resumed. Satchel Paige was the first black pitcher to play in the major leagues. Ted Williams Bob Feller Joe DiMaggio Hank Aaron Yogi Berra Ernie Banks Willie Mays Whitey Ford, Mickey Mantle, Sandy Koufax Duke Snider trading card Hank Aaron trading card 1940’s-1950’s New stars were born and more records were set. Joltin’ Joe DiMaggio hit safely in 56 consecutive games. Roger Maris broke Babe Ruth’s homerun record by hitting 61 homeruns in a regular season. Other great players from this time period include: Mickey Mantle, Whitey Ford, Yogi Berra,Ted Williams, Bob Feller, Sandy Koufax, Bob Gibson, Duke Snider, Hank Aaron, Ernie Banks, and Willie Mays just to name a few. QuickTime™ and a None decompressor are needed to see this picture. Baseball records are still being made and broken today. Who do you think we’ll be reading about in baseball history 20 years from now?
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